PATENTS   
Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals >> Classification >>> Class Definition
    Class Numbers & Titles   | Class Numbers Only   | USPC Index   | International   | HELP  
You are viewing a Class definition.

 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 530]   CLASS 530,CHEMISTRY: NATURAL RESINS OR DERIVATIVES; PEPTIDES OR PROTEINS; LIGNINS OR REACTION PRODUCTS THEREOF
Click here for a printable version of this file

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 200]    200NATURAL RESINS OR DERIVATIVES (E.G., WOOD OR PINE TAR; CATIVO RESIN DERIVATIVES, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under Class 260, subclass 1.  Natural resin derivatives which are not pure compounds, and processes of treating natural resins or derivatives.
(1) Note. Natural resins are water-insoluble mixtures of compounds derived from trees, especially conifers. Many of the compounds present in natural resins have a hydroaromatic structure. These compounds are often recovered as mixtures of isomeric carboxylic acids, such as abietic and pimaric acids, which occur in rosin. The resins occur in nature in solvent-free form, such as fossil coal or copal resins, wood rosin in old pine tree stumps, etc., or in the form of tree sap, such as pine oleoresin, where they are dissolved in terpenic hydrocarbons, such as spirits of turpentine. Another major source of natural resin is papermaking waste from which a solution of rosin in mixed fatty acids, known as tall oil, is recovered.
(2) Note. See search this class, subclass note below for a description of the constituents of and types of rosin.
(3) Note. Tall oil, which is a liquid, is provided for here, along with its constituents and derivatives, because of significant resin acid content (34% - 40%). See search this class, subclass note below for description of tall oil and (3) Note for tall oil fatty acids.
(4) Note. Some of the natural resins encompassed by this and indented subclasses include, but are not limited to: wood, gum and tall oil rosin; wood or pine tar or pitch; shellac; copals from various sources, both recent and fossil, such as Congo, Manila, etc.; amber; dammar; kauri; coal resin; gum accroides; sandarac; cativo resin; etc.
(5) Note. This and indented subclasses (200+) provide for the production of mixtures of compounds from natural resins, whether or not the individual compounds have a known chemical structure.
(6) Note. The production of a pure resin acid or its derivative of known chemical structure from natural resins is classified in the class and subclass providing for the compound produced.
(7) Note. Compositions comprising natural resin or its derivative, together with another component, and having a known utility, are classified in the appropriate composition class.
(8) Note. The rules for determining Class placement of the Original Reference (OR) for claimed chemical compositions are set forth in the Class Definition of Class 252 in the section LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS, subsection COMPOSITION CLASS SUPERIORITY, which includes a hierarchical ORDER OF SUPERIORITY FOR COMPOSITION CLASSES.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

205,(1) Note, for description of tall oil and (3) Note for tall oil fatty acids.
210,(1) Note, for a description of the constituents of and types of rosin.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   for compositions wherein a natural resin or tall oil is utilized.
117Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor,   for processes for growing therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including inorganic or organic.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   for processes of liberating cellulosic fibers which include the recovery of an organic by-product.
506Combinatorial Chemistry Technology: Method, Library, Apparatus,   for a chemical or biological library or a process of creating said library.
520Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   including the classes which are part of the 520 series, for synthetic resin compositions wherein a natural resin or tall oil is utilized.
536Organic Compounds,   for gums which are water-soluble highly branched polysaccharides found in exudations of plants.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 201]    201Shellac containing starting material used in process, or product thereof (e.g., lac, sticklac, seedlac, flake shellac, bleached shellac, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein the starting material is shellac, or a shellac-containing substance, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Included herein are starting materials wherein the shellac has been previously modified, e.g., by bleaching, formation of a derivative, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 202]    202Cut wood starting material used in process, or product thereof (e.g., using pine stumps, chips, bark, etc., as starting material):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein the starting material is cut wood, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. A major product of the processes under this subclass is wood rosin.
(2) Note. See the search note below for description of the constituents of and types of rosin.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

210,(1) Note, for a description of the constituents of and types of rosin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 203]    203Plant sap or fossil starting material used in process, or product thereof (e.g., using copal, coal, amber, dammar, etc., as starting material):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein the starting material is plant sap or a fossilized substance, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. The starting materials include, but are not limited to: copals from various sources, e.g., Congo, Manila, Pontianac, etc.; coal which contains admixtures of resin, such as Utah; amber; dammar; kauri; gum accroides; etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 204]    204Pine oleoresin starting material used in process, or product thereof (e.g., using gum turpentine, pine gum, pine resin, etc., as starting material):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 203.  Processing wherein the starting material is pine oleoresin, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Pine oleoresin is the fresh sap of living pine trees and is variously referred to in the trade as gum turpentine, pine gum, pine resin, etc.
(2) Note. A major product of the processes under this subclass is gum rosin.
(3) Note. See (1) Note under subclass 210 for description of the constituents of and types of rosin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 205]    205Recovery of tall oil or derivatives from papermaking waste, purification of tall oil, or separation of components of tall oil; or product thereof (e.g., separation of rosin, fatty acids, sterols, etc.; decolorizing, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein: (1) tall oil or a derivative thereof is recovered from papermaking waste; (2) one or more components are separated from tall oil; (3) tall oil is purified; or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Tall oil is a by-product of the wood pulp industry and is usually recovered from pine wood "black liquor" of the sulfate or kraft paper processes. A typical composition of tall oil includes 50-60% fatty acids (e.g., oleic, linoleic, etc.), 34-40% rosin acids, and 5-10% unsaponifiable matter, such as long chain alcohols and sterols.
(2) Note. Some of the products isolated from tall oil include, but are not limited to, tall oil rosin, tall oil fatty acids, tall oil pitch, mixtures of oleic and linoleic acid, etc.
(3) Note. Although "tall oil fatty acids" contain at least 90% of free fatty acids, they are included among natural resins because of a measurable content of rosin acids (up to 10%).
(4) Note. Compositions containing tall oil or its reaction product as an ingredient thereof and having a known utility are classified in the appropriate composition class providing therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 206]    206Organic sulfur or nitrogen containing material used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Processes wherein there is utilized an organic material containing sulfur or nitrogen, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 207]    207Esterification used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Processes which include an esterification step, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 208]    208Inorganic material used in the process, or product thereof (e.g., using sulfuric acid, boric acid, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 205.  Process wherein there is utilized an inorganic material, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 209]    209Phosphorus or heavy metal containing material, elemental hydrogen, sulfur dioxide, or carbon dioxide used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Processes wherein there is utilized a material containing phosphorus, heavy metal, elemental hydrogen, sulfur dioxide, or carbon dioxide; or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 210]    210Rosin or derivative used as starting material in process, or product thereof (e.g., using gum rosin, wood rosin, solid tall oil rosin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein rosin or a derivative thereof is used as starting material, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Rosin, also known as colophony, is usually designated according to its source, e.g., gum rosin (from exudate of incisions on living trees); wood rosin (from Southern pine stumps); and tall oil rosin (from by-products of the wood pulp industry). The principal constituents isolated from rosin are carboxylic acids with a hydrophenanthrene nucleus, comprising abietic acid and its isomers, such as pimaric acid. The acids may exist in rosin as acid anhydrides. The mixed acids are known in the trade as rosin acids or resin acids, the two terms being used interchangeably.
(2) Note. Abietic acid has the following structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 210

(3) Note. This and indented subclasses (210+) provide for the production of mixtures of compounds from rosin or its derivatives, whether or not the individual compounds have a known chemical structure.
(4) Note. The production of a pure resin (rosin) acid or its derivative of known chemical structure from rosin or its derivative is classified in a class and subclass providing for the compound produced.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   for compositions wherein a resin is utilized.
520Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   including the classes which are part of the 520 series, for synthetic resin compositions wherein a natural resin is utilized.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 211]    211Polymerization or product thereof (e.g., dimer rosin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein rosin or a derivative thereof is polymerized, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. This subclass, and the indented subclass 212, are limited to polymers of rosin, per se, of a single derivative of rosin, e.g., an ester, hydrogenated rosin, etc., or of a mixture of two or more types of rosin, derivatives, etc. The most common product is dimer rosin.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 54.4+ , for reaction products of natural resins with a preformed solid polymer or specified intermediate condensation product (SICP).
526Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 238.3 , for polymers derived solely from ethylenic reactants at least one of which is a natural resin.
527Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 600+ , for solid polymers derived from natural resin or derivative by means of chemical reaction with a nonresin reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 212]    212Chemical treatment or color modification of polymerized rosin or derivative, or product thereof (e.g., hydrogenation or esterification of polymerized rosin; removal of color bodies from polymerized rosin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 211.  Processes wherein polymerized rosin or a derivative thereof undergoes further chemical treatment or color modification, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 213]    213Boron or phosphorus containing material used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein there is utilized a material containing boron or phosphorus, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 214]    214Diels-Alder adducts (e.g., of maleic anhydride, fumaric acid, etc., with conjugated dienes, such as rosin acids, terpenes, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Products which include a six-membered ring formed by the addition of an alkene or alkyne to the 1,4 - positions of a conjugated diene.
(1) Note. An example of such a reaction may be represented as follows:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 214

(2) Note. All adducts included in this class are mixtures formed from the mixed hydrophenanthrene acids or derivatives thereof present in rosin. An example of an adduct of an individual rosin acid with fumaric acid is:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 214

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 215]    215Esterification of rosin or derivative via carboxyl group, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein the carboxyl group of rosin or of a derivative thereof is esterified, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Search this class, appropriate subclasses, for the esterification of rosin via an alcoholic hydroxy group which has been introduced into rosin by a chemical reaction, e.g., with formaldehyde.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 216]    216Chemical treatment or color modification of esterified rosin or derivative, or product thereof (e.g., partial saponification of rosin triglycerides; removal of color bodies from rosin esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Processes wherein esterified rosin or a derivative thereof undergoes further chemical treatment or color modification, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 217]    217Oxygen containing ring or halogen containing material used in the esterification, or product thereof (e.g., using alkylene oxides, polysaccharides, alkyl halides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Processes wherein the esterification utilizes an oxygen ring containing compound or a halogen containing material, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 218]    218Polyhydroxy material used in the esterification, or product thereof (e.g., forming ester gum, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 215.  Processes wherein the esterification utilizes a polyhydroxy containing material, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 219]    219Sulfur, selenium, or tellurium containing material used in the process, or product thereof (e.g., disproportionation of rosin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein there is utilized a material containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Many patents in this subclass are directed to the disproportionation reaction involving an intra and inter-molecular rearrangement of the hydrogen atoms in the rosin acids to convert them into acids which lack nonbenzenoid double bond conjugation and are therefore more stable to oxidation than abietic acid. Dehydroabietic acid, one of the principal products of disproportionation, contains one aromatic ring in the hydrophenanthrene nucleus.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 220]    220The sulfur, selenium, or tellurium containing material is inorganic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 219.  Processes wherein the material containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium is inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 221]    221Nitrogen containing material used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein there is utilized a nitrogen containing material, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 222]    222The nitrogen containing material is inorganic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Processes wherein the material containing nitrogen is inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 223]    223Hydrogenation or product thereof (e.g., forming dihydro rosin acids; rosinyl alcohol or derivatives; etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein rosin or a derivative thereof is reacted with hydrogen, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 224]    224Metal containing material used to form salts of rosin acids, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein salts of rosin acids are formed using a metal containing material, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Metal salts of mixed naturally occurring resin (rosin) acids, also referred to as rosin soaps or metal resinates, are included in this and the indented subclass 225.
(2) Note. The production of a pure rosin acid derivative of known chemical structure from rosin or its derivative is classified in the class and subclass providing for the compound produced.
(3) Note. Compositions comprising a metal resinate and another component, such as water, excess alkali, etc., and having a known utility are classified in the appropriate composition class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   subclasses 218+ , for sizing compositions containing metal resinates.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 225]    225Alkali metal containing material (i.e., Li, Na, K, Rb or Cs):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 224.  Processes wherein the metal is an alkali metal.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

252Compositions,   subclass 367.1 for soap compositions containing alkali-metal salts of rosin acids.
510Cleaning Compositions for Solid Surfaces, Auxiliary Compositions Therefor, or Processes of Preparing the Compositions,   appropriate subclasses, particularly subclasses 129 , 141+, 343, 353+, 389, 437, 454, and 481+, for cleaning compositions which may comprise alkali-metal salts of rosin acids.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 226]    226Heat treatment of rosin or derivative in the absence of nonrosin organic reactants, or product thereof (e.g., forming rosin oil; disproportionated, dehydrogenated, or isomerized rosin; etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes wherein rosin or a derivative thereof is subjected to heat treatment in the absence of any additional nonrosin organic reactant, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. This subclass provides, among other things, for certain disproportionation reactions. See the search note below for a description of the disproportionation reaction.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

219,(2) Note for a description of the disproportionation reaction.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 227]    227Metal, halogen, or silicon containing material used in the process, or product thereof (e.g., using clay, zeolites, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 226.  Processes wherein a metal, halogen or silicon containing material is utilized, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 228]    228Purification process or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 210.  Processes for purification of rosin or its derivatives, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 229]    229Immiscible solvents used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 228.  Processes which utilize immiscible solvents, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 230]    230Tall oil or derivative used as starting material in process, or product thereof (e.g., metal salts of tall oil fatty acids; tall oil pitch, etc.) dehydrogenated, or isomerized rosin; etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 200.  Processes wherein the starting material used is tall oil or a derivative thereof, or products of such processes.
(1) Note. Tall oil is a by-product of the wood pulp industry and is usually recovered from pine wood "black liquor" of the sulfate or kraft paper processes. A typical composition of tall oil includes 50-60% fatty acids (e.g., oleic, linoleic, etc.), 34-40% rosin acids, and 5-10% unsaponifiable matter, such as long chain alcohols and sterols.
(2) Note. Although "tall oil fatty acids" contain at least 90% of free fatty acids, they are included among natural resins because of a measurable content of rosin acids (up to 10%).
(3) Note. Compositions containing tall oil or its reaction product as an ingredient thereof and having a known utility are classified in the appropriate composition class providing therefor.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 231]    231Nitrogen containing material used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.  Processes which utilize a nitrogen containing material, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 232]    232Esterification of tall oil acids, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.  Processes wherein the acids present in tall oil are esterified, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 233]    233Sulfur, boron, phosphorus, or iodine containing material used in the process, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 230.  Processes wherein a material containing sulfur, boron phosphorus, or iodine is utilized, or products of such processes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 300]    300PEPTIDES OF 3 TO 100 AMINO ACID RESIDUES:
 This subclass is indented under Class 260, subclass 1.  Compounds consisting of three or more amino acids joined covalently by peptide bonds.
(1) Note. A peptide bond is an amino bond between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another.
(2) Note. The border line, for purposes of subclasses 300 to 427, between peptides and proteins has been drawn at 100 amino acid residues or a molecular weight of about 10,000 where the number of residues is unknown.
(3) Note. Related peptides. A peptide is classifiable in a given subclass if its structure corresponds to at least half the amino acid residues of the named peptide. The product of side chain substitution, C or N terminal chain will be classified with the named peptide as related peptides. The product of a replacement reaction will be classified as a related peptide so long as less than half the amino acid residues of the named peptide have been replaced. The product of a removal reaction or a partial sequence (i.e., fragments) will be classifed as a related peptide if half the amino acid residues of the named peptide are present. Polypeptides which are formed by joining the named peptide of identical sequence to the named peptide should be originally classified on the basis of the named peptide and cross-referenced to the appropriate subclasses.
(4) Note. Functional Analogues. Peptides claimed or disclosed as a functional analogue should be classified on the basis of structure, i.e., is the structure of the analogue a related peptide, and cross-referenced to the subclass providing for the named peptide that the patented peptide is claimed or disclosed as functioning like. If there is no structural information present in the patent or otherwise obtainable on the structural analogue, the patent should be originally classified in the generic peptide subclass and cross-referenced to the subclass providing for the named peptides.
(5) Note. Joined peptide subunits. In the case where peptide chains are joined by covalent bonding as by S-S bonds through cysteine the number of amino acids in the peptide is the sum of the individual chains.
(6) Note. IUPAC-IUB Nonmenclature. Published in Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Titles: (1) Abbreviations and Symbols for chemical Names of Special Interest in Biological Chemistry; Revised Tentative Rules (1965); Section 5, Nucleic Acids and Nucleotides, year (1966), Volume 115, pages 1-12. (2) Abbreviated Designation of Amino Acid Derivatives and Peptides, year (1967), Volume 123, pages 1-5. (3) Rules for Naming Synthetic Modifications of Natural Peptides, year (1966), Volume 121, pages 6-8. (4) Abbreviated Nonmenclature of Synthetic Polypeptides (polymerized Amino Acid), year (1968), Volume 123, pages 633-637. (5) A One-Letter Notation for Amino Acids, year (1968), Volume 125, pages 1-5. (6) Abbreviations and Symbols for the Description of the Conformation of Polypeptides Chains; Tentative Rules (1969), year (1971), Volume 145, pages 405-421.
(7) Note. CAS REGISTRY NUMBERS Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Numbers are unique identifiers assigned to chemical substances recorded in the CAS Chemical Registry System. The CAS Registry Number itself has no chemical significance; it is simply a machine-checkable number assigned to each substance as it enters the Registry System. CAS Registry Numbers appear in CA issues and in many computer-readable files. They also may be found in several primary journals, various handbooks, and in the National Library handbooks, and in the National Library of Medicine"s TOXLINE and CHEMLINE computer-based information-retrieval services. For more about the CAS Chemical Registry System or Registry System or Registry Numbers consult the introduction to the CAS REGISTRY HANDBOOK-Number Section.
Medical Subject Headings: (1) Mesh Tree Numbers: Mesh numbers are identifiers applied to the National Library of Medicine"s indexers to articles in the medical and related literature. The subject headings are Index Medicus headings and are arranged in a hierarchical matter. The abstracts and indexing are available on line through several data base suppliers. (2) Deleted Registry Numbers: The CA registry numbers found in the definitions of subclass 300 to 427 are the current registry numbers. However, due to the long history and incomplete structural knowledge of peptide and protein chemistry, there are usually several deleted registry numbers for each current registry number. The current registry number should be used to find the deleted numbers in the registry file and should always be included in the online search statement. For further information on search technique related to deleted registry numbers see, CAS ONLINE NEWS May/June 1984, page 5.
(8) Note. Structure. The primary structure of the shorter peptide has been included in the definitions. For the larger peptides the Merck Monograph will often provide citations to articles disclosing the structure. The structure of the larger peptides and proteins may be found on the on-line services by using the compound name, C10hemical Abstracts Registry Number, or National Library of Medicine"s MESH tree number in combination with the terms "sequence" or "structure".
(9) Note. Compositions. In general a peptide or protein containing composition will be provided for in a class providing for the function or utility of the composition, e.g., medicine, food, Class 252, utilities, etc. A peptide mixed with a preserving agent whose sole function is to prevent chemical or physical change is provided for with the peptide or protein. A peptide derived from a single source material such as a plant or animal extract, so long as it is identified as a protein or peptide, is classified in this class (530) even if a Class 424 utility is disclosed or claimed. A plant or animal extract will be provided in Class 424 if it is (a) a single source material and (b) is of undetermined chemical constitution, i.e., is claimed in terms of isolation technique or physical properties. A recitation as broad as "peptide" is enough to defeat placement in Class 424 on the basis of utility. Class 424 will provide for an additive mixture containing a peptide and other ingredients if the mixture has a Class 424 utility.
(10) Note. Classification of the more common amino acids:
 Amino Acids
 

Classification

 Amino Acids commonly found in peptides and proteins:
 

 Alanine
 

562/575

 Arginine
 

562/560

 Asparagine
 

562/561

 Aspartic acid
 

562/571

 Cysteine
 

562/557

 Glutamine
 

562/563

 Glutamic acid
 

562/573

 Glycine
 

562/575

 Histidine
 

548/344

 Isoleucine
 

562/575

 Leucine
 

562/575

 Lysine
 

562/562

 Methionine
 

562/559

 Phenylalanine
 

562/445

 Proline
 

548/535

 Serine
 

562/567

 Threonine
 

562/570

 Tryptophan
 

548/496

 Tyrosine
 

562/444

 Rare amino acids from protein
 

 Desmosine
 

546/335

 5 Hydroxylsine
 

562/564

 5 Hydroxyproline
 

548/532

 Isodesmosine
 

546/335

 3-Methylthistidine
 

548/335

 E-N-Methyllysine
 

562/561

 Nonprotein Amino Acids
 

 B-Alanine
 

562/567

 V-Aminobutyric Acid
 

562/553

 Canavanine
 

562/560

 Citrulline
 

562/560

 B-Cyanvalanine
 

260/465

 Djenkolic acid
 

562/557

 Homocysteine
 

562/556

 Homoserine
 

562/567

 Ornithine
 

562/561

 Valine
 

526/575

(11) Note. Synthetic Resins vs. Polypeptides. The conceptual difference between the subject matter of synthetic resins provided for in the 520 series and polypeptides (including proteins) provided for in Class 530 is that the compounds of the 520 series have statistically distributed amino acids or blocks of amino acids in their molecules in a random sequence whereas 530 provides for molecules composed of a specific sequence of amino acids defined identity and order (i.e., primary structure) having identity or closed relation to a humorial or cellular polypeptide or having some humorial or cellular effect due to its ordered structure.
(12) Note. Peptide and Protein Structure. The nature, i.e., identity, of the constituent amino acids and their sequence is referred to as the primary structure. A primary structure will have a definite three dimensional structure which is called the secondary structure (usually helical coiling). The secondary structure of a large peptide or protein is wrapped about and interwoven to develop the overall three dimensional structure of the molecule. This arrangement of the secondary structure is referred to as the tertiary structure and determines the alosteric properties of many proteins.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

117Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor,   for processes for growing therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including inorganic or organic.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   has the following subclasses for proteins or proteinaceous material 1.11+, for radionuclide or intended radionuclide containing; 418, 456, 460, 477+, 491+, 499, 520+; for a protein or peptide containing composition which functions as an antiperspirant or deodorant; 85.1+ for a composition containing a lymphokine; 130.1+ for a composition containing an immunoglobulin, an antiserum, an antibody, or an antibody fragment; 184.1+ for a composition containing an antigen, an epitope, or another immunospecific immunoeffector that may be proteinaceous; 278.1+ for a composition containing a nonspecific immunoeffector that may be proteinaceous; 94.1+, for compositions containing proteins identified as enzymes; 520+, for compositions many of which are considered to be proteinaceous; an animal extract of undetermined constitution; 115+ for compositions which may be proteins or peptides identified by elemental analysis.
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclasses 59 .6, 537, 539, 629, 640, 642, and 643 for compositions containing proteins used in forming an image.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 68.1+ for microbial or enzymatic synthesis of proteins and peptides; subclasses 183+ for the production of enzymes; and subclasses 74+ for the formation of immobilized enzymes and subclasses 269 and 272+ for the liberation or purification of proteins by means of a microorganism or enzyme, particularly subclass 273 for the purification of collagen or gelatin.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   subclass 15 for a protein containing composition used as a standard or control; 16, for a blood standard; 66, for tests for hemoglobin or myoglobin, 66 for test for blood clotting factor tests, 86+ for tests for proteins or peptides including sequencing methods and subclass 501 for a complement binding assay and protein binding assays and subclasses 506-548 for tests using antigen antibody interactions in a chemical test, particularly subclasses 543-548 which collect methods of modifying antigens and antibodies as part of a testing procedure.
506Combinatorial Chemistry Technology: Method, Library, Apparatus,   for a peptide library or a method of making said library.
514Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 1 through 21.92and cross-reference art collections 800-809 which provide for therapeutic or body treating compositions containing a peptide or protein as an organic active ingredient.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 9+ for plant or derived cellular material, subclasses 17+ for proteins or biologically active polypeptides for a process in which the protein or polypeptide is physically mixed with a preformed resin and subclasses 70+ for a process of adding a protein or biologically active polypeptide to resin forming ingredients during reaction of the resin formers and the protein or polypeptide is nonreactive.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.1 for the chemical reaction of a peptide or protein with a preformed resin and subclass 54.11 for processes of stepwise assembly of a polypeptide on a preformed polymer, i.e., solid phase synthesis when there is no claimed cleavage of the synthesized polypeptide.
526Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 238.1 for the formation of a synthetic resin from a protein or biologically active polypeptide where the protein or polypeptide as well as all other reactants are ethylenically unsaturated.
528Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   particularly subclass 328 for a polymer of amino acids and methods of making such a polyamino acid.
930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclasses 10+ for peptide or protein sequences of four or more amino acids.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 301]    301Thymopoietin or Lipotropin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure of Thymopoietin.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 301

(1) Note. Thymopoietins; Physical Properties:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 301

(2) Note. Lipotropins; Physical Properties.

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 301

(3) Note. Thymopoietins; Physiological properties. Thymopoietin II induces T lymphocyte differentiation.
(4) Note. Lipotropins; Physiological properties. Stimulates release of fatty acids from adipose tissue. Belongs to the ATCH family of peptide hormones.
(5) Note. Thymopoietins; Synonyms. Thymin
(6) Note. Lipotropins; Synonyms: Adiposin, Lipidmobilizing hormone, Lipolytic hormone, Pituitary lipotropic hormone, Adipozin, Pituitary lipotropin LPH, adikopinetic hormone.
(7) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified forms:

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 180 for thymus derived hormone or factor peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 302]    302Endorphins and Enkephalins; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 302

(1) Note. Physical Properties: Number of Residues

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 302

(2) Note. Physiological Properties: Endorphins, Morphine like action. Found in brain, cerebrospinal fluid, pituitary and other organs. Function as neuromodulators or transmitters. Enkephalins. Pentapeptides which mimic the action of morphine. Synthesized in the brain and pituitary possibly by degradation of endorphins.
(3) Note. Synonyms. (a) Endorphins: Endogenous opiates, opiod peptides. (b) Enkephalins: Morphine line factor, pituitary opiate peptide.
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form:

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 80 for endorphin or enkephaline peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 303]    303Insulin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure of insulin.
(1) Note. Physiological properties. Regulates carbohydrate metabolism, influences protein and RNA synthesis and the storage of neutral lipids.
(2) Note. Synonyms. Iletin, Endopancrine, Insular, Insulyl, Iszilin, Decuruon, Actrapid.
(3) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form: 9004-10-8

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 303

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 304]    304Metal complexes, e.g., Zn-insulin, etc:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Peptides in which the peptide is a complex of insulin and a metal.
(1) Note. Typically the complex is formed by the addition of zinc chloride or a mixture of zinc chloride and protamine sulfate to insulin.
(2) Note. Examples: Neutral Protamine Hagedorn Insulin, Lente Insulin, Insulin Novo Lente, Depo-Insulin, Deposulin; Insulyl-Retard.
(3) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form: 9004-10-8

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 304

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 305]    305Isolation or purification:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Subject matter, in which preexisting insulin is isolated or separated.
(1) Note. Typically the processes of this subclass include solvent extraction of pancreatic tissue.
(2) Note. See subclass 344 for a guide to generic separation techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 306]    306Corticotropins (ATCH); related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 303.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 306

(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number of Residues: 39. Molecular Weight: 4541
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Pituitary hormone which stimulates release of adrenal cortical steroids and induces growth of adrenal cortex. Sequence 1-13 is equivalent to alpha melanotropin.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Adrenocorticotropic hormone Cosyntropin, 1-39 ATCH, ATCH, Acethropan, Acortan, Acorto, Acthar, Acton, Actonar, Adrenome, Alfatrofin, Cibacthen, Corstiline, Cortiphyson, Isactid, Reacthin, Solacthyl, Tubex.
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of underivitized form: 9002-60-2

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 306

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 70 for corticotropin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 307]    307Calcitonin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 307

(1) Note. Physical Properties: Numbers of Residues: 32. Molecular Weight: 3,421
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Calcium regulation hormone from thyroid gland in mammals and ultimobranchial gland in nonmammals.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Thyrocalcitonin, Elcatonin, Ultimobranchial Body, TCA, TCT, Calcimar
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form: 9007-12-9

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 307

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 60 for corticotropin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 308]    308Glucagon; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 308

(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number Residues: 29. Molecular Weight: 3,483. All mammalian glucagons appear to be identical.
(2) Note. Physiological properties: Blood glucose regulatory hormone from the alpha cells of the pancreas.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Proglucagon (69) residues MW8, 137) has been called glicentin. Glucagon, Hyperglycemic-glycosenolytic factor, HG-Factor, HGF Enteroglycagon is a glucagon like glycogenolytic peptide of intestinal tract and is called gut glucagon or oxyntomodulin.
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form: 9007-92-5

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 308

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 309]    309Secretin or gastrin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 309

(1) Note. Physical Properties:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 309

(2) Note. Secretin; Physiological properties. Intestinal hormone which stimulates secretion of water and bicarbonate from the pancreas.
(3) Note. Gastrin; Physiological properties. Stimulates gastric secretion isolated from the mucusal lining of the gastric antrum.
(4) Note. Secretin; Synonyms. Vitram
(5) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified forms:

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 309

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 310]    310Gramicidin or tyrocidin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 310

(1) Note. Synonyms. Gramodern, Pyrrolo (1, 2A) (1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28) decaazacyclotriacontine. D is a complex of four components A, B, C, and D. A second series (the isoleucine Gramacidins) has an isoleucine instead of valine in position 1. Gramicidin B has a Phe in position II, while Gramacidin has tyrosine at this position.
(2) Note. CA Registry Numbers of Unmodified form:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 310

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 311]    311Somatostatin (SRIF); related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 311

(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number of residues: 14. Molecular Weight: 1638
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Inhibits secretion of pituitary growth hormone.
(3) Synonyms. Growth hormone release-inhibiting factor, GH-RIF, somatotropin release inhibiting hormone.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 38916-34-6

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 311

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 160 for somatostatin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 312]    312Melanotropin (MSH) or eledoisin; related peptides:
 Peptides under subclass 300 containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 312

(1) Note: Physical Properties.

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 312

(2) Note. Eledoisins Physiological properties. Stimulates extravascular smooth muscle, acts as a vasodilator and hypotensive agent.
(3) Note. Melanotropins; Synonyms. Melanophore-affecting hormone; melanocyte-stimulating hormone; MSH; melanophore hormone; melanophore dilating hormone; melanophore expanding hormone; melanophore-stimulating hormone; melanatropic hormone; chromatophorotropic hormone; B-hormone;melanosome-dispersing hormone; pigmentation hormone.
(4) Note. Eledoisins; Synonyms L-Methioinamide
(5) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form:

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 312

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 313]    313Lutenizing hormone-releasing factor (LRF); related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 313

(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number of Residues: 10. Molecular Weight: 1182.33.
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Stimulates secretion of pituitary hormones LH and FSH.
(3) Note. Lutenizing hormone-releasing hormone, LRF, LH-RH, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone, Gonadotropin-releasing factor, Luteostimulin, Lulibering Gn-RH, Gonadoliberin, LRH, LH-FSH Releasing hormone, Nialutin, Hypothalamic Releasing factor, LHFSHRH, Kryptocin, Lutamin.
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodified form: 9034-40-6

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 313

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 130 for luteinizing hormone releasing hormone peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 314]    314Bradykinin; kallidin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 314

(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number of Residues: 9. Molecular Weight: 1060.25.
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Acts on smooth muscle, dilates peripheral vessels, increases capillary permeability. A tissue belonging to a group of hypotensive peptides known as plasma kinins.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Kallidin I, Kallidin 9, Callidin I, L-Bradykinin, BRS640.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 58-82-2

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 314

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 315]    315Oxytocin; vasopressin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 315

(1) Note. Physical Properties:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 315

(2) Note. Physiological properties: Oxytocin. 9aa residue hormone posterior pituitary hormone. Causes uterine contractions. Stimulates lactation. Vasopressin. 9aa residue hormone from neurohypophysis of vertebrates. Controls water metabolism. Contracts smooth muscle.
(3) Note. Synonyms: Oxytocin. Di-sipidin, alpha-Hypophamine, Pitocin, Piton S, Syntocin, Syntocinon, Uteracon, Nobitocin S, Syntocinone, Endopituitrina, Orasthin, Oxystin, 3-Isoleucine, 9 Leucine, Vasopressin, Atonin O, (1-Hemicystine) -Oxytocin, Presoxin, Hyphotocin, 1,2-Dithia-5, 8, 11, 14, 17-pentaazacycloeicosane, 8-Leucyl Vasotocin Vasopressin Tonephin, beta-Hypophamine, ADH, Antidiuretic hormone, Pitressin, ADH, (Hormone) 1 Pituitrin P, 1,2-Dithia-5-8-11-14-17 Pentaazacycloeicosane.
(4) Note. CA Registry Numbers of unmodifed form:

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 315

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 150 for oxytocin or vasopressin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 316]    316Angiotensin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues in sequence of the polypeptide with the structure:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 316

Angiotensin I

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 316

Angiotensin II

(1) Note. Physical Properties.

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 316

(2) Note. Physiological properties: Angiotensins range in size from precursors with 14 aa"s to the 8aa Angiotensin II which is a vasoconstrictor. Changes in the aa content produce antagonistic or inactive compounds.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Angiotonin, Hypertensin, angiotonin. Angiotensin 1 is the 1-10 residue of Angiotensinongen (25 residues).
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 1407-47-2

Image 4 for class 530 subclass 316

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 40 for angiotensin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 317]    317Cyclic peptides:
 Peptides under subclass 300 containing at least one ring fused only through peptide bonds.
(1) Note. The peptide bond may be other than that formed by the alpha amino nitrogen, e.g., through the 4 amino groups of 2,4 diamino butanoic acid (2,4 DAB).
(2) Note. Cyclic compounds in which one or more links in the ring are nonpeptide bonds are called heterodectic cyclic peptides.
(3) Note. Examples, alamethicin, amanitins, antamanide, cyclosporins, ennlatins, ferrichrome, mycovbacillin, phalloidine
(4) Note. Mesh tree number: D12.644.641

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 270 for cyclic peptides excluding those cyclic due to intrachain disulfide bonds.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 318]    318The cyclisation occurring through 4-amino radical of 2,4-diamino-butanoic acid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Peptides containing at least one diaminobutanoic acid residue in the peptide cycle.
(1) Note. 2,4 diamino-butanoic acid is abbreviated Dab or DAB.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 319]    319Polymyxin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 318.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid residues of the polypeptide produced by Bacillus polymyxa and possessing antibiotic activity against Gram-negative bacteria.
(1) Note. Polymyxins are heteromeric, homodetic cyclic peptides. Polymyxins designated A, B, C, D, E and M are known.
(2) Note. Synonyms. Syno-colistin.
(3) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 1406-11-7

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 319

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 320]    320Bacitracin; related peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Peptides containing at least half the amino acid sequence of Bacitracin.
(1) Note. Bacitracins are produced by various strains of Bacillus Licheniformis and Bacillus stubilis.
(2) Note. Bacitracin. Synonyms. Ayfivin, Baciguent, Baci-Jel, Bacitek Ointment, Paretracin, Penitracin, Topitracin, Zotraacin, Baciliguin, Bacillichin. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 1405-87-4

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 320

(4) Note. The most important of the group is bacitracin A, which contains an unusual thiazoline structure synthesized from the N-terminal isoleucine and the neighboring cysteine. Bacitracin F is a rearrangment product of bacitracin A in which the amino group of the heteroproduct is oxidatively removed and the thiazoline ring system is dehydrated.

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 320

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 321]    321Containing only normal peptide links in the ring, i.e., homodetic cyclic peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 317.  Cyclic peptides containing at least one ring formed by peptide bonds through only the alpha amino group of an amino acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 322]    322Peptides containing saccharide radicals, e.g., bieomycins, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides containing at least one saccharide radical.
(1) Note. Synonyms. Peptidoglycans.
(2) Note. Mesh tree number: D12.644.233
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 323]    323Peptides with at least one nonpeptide bond other than a disulfide bond joining two or more sequences of amino acid residues, e.g., homomeric heterodectic peptide of other than cyclic disulfide, depsipeptides, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Peptides in which a peptide chain contains an interchain nonpeptide moiety.
(1) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 323

(2) Note. Depsipeptide: polypeptides which contains ester bonds as well as peptide bonds. The naturally occurring Depsipeptides are usually cyclic peptides, also called peptolides, which generally have alpha or beta B-hydroxyacids as heterocomponents. This class also includes O-peptides and peptide lactones. The most important peptide lactones are the Actinomycins, Estamycin and Echionomycin; the peptolides include the Enninatins, Valinomycin, Sporidesmolides, Serratamolide, Esperin, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 30 for peptide or protein sequences with nonpeptide or abnormal peptide links.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 324]    32425 or more amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 25 or more amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residues and primary structures are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight compositions or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 325]    32524 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising 24 amino acid residues of defined primary structures.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 326]    32615 to 23 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 15 to 23 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 327]    32711 to 14 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 11 to 14 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 328]    3288 to 10 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 8 to 10 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 329]    3296 to 7 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 6 to 7 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 330]    3304 to 5 amino acid residues in defined sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising from 4 or 5 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residue and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in the generic peptide subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 331]    331Tripeptides, e.g., tripeptide thyroliberin (TRH) melanostatin (MIF), etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Compounds comprising 3 amino acid residues of defined primary structure.
(1) Note. Amino acid residues and primary structure are discussed in the generic subclass for peptides.
(2) Note. Peptides identified only by molecular weight composition or partial sequence are provided for in subclass 300.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 332]    332Containing at least one abnormal peptide link, e.g., gamma peptide bonded, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 330.  Subject matter, in which the amino acid residues are joined by a peptide bond formed by other than an alpha amino acid.
(1) Note. Gluthathione would be provided for in this subclass.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

317,for cyclic peptides containing at least one nonalpha amino acid peptide bond.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 333]    333Synthesis of peptides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Processes which a polypeptide is synthesized (1) From amino acids or protected amino acids or (2) by joining polypeptides or protected polypeptides to amino acids or protected amino acids or polypeptides or protected polypeptides.
(1) Note. Methods of protecting or removing protective groups from peptides are included here even if the synthesis steps are nominal.
(2) Note. This and the indented subclasses provide for patents which claim synthesis techniques not directed to producing one of the named peptides provided for in subclasses 301-316 above. The synthesis of a peptide is usually unique to that peptide and the search of the subclasses providing for the disclosed products of a broad synthesis process is strongly recommended.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

526Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 238.1 for the formation of a synthetic resin from a protein or biologically active polypeptide where the protein or polypeptide as well as all other reactants are ethylenically unsaturated.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 334]    334Polymer supported synthesis, e.g., solid phase synthesis, Merrifield synthesis, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Processes in which synthesis includes the use of a soluble or insoluble polymer or resin covalently attached to an amino acid residue of the polypeptide chain being synthesized.
(1) Note. This subclass includes: (a) processes of attachment of the initial amino acid or peptide to the polymer and processes of cleavage of the polypeptide product from the polymer support; (b) processes of stepwise assembly of a polypeptide in which amino acid residues are added one at a time to the polymer supported amino acid residues or peptide; (c) processes in which a polypeptide segment is added to a polymer supported polypeptide.
(2) Note. Caution. Many patents directed to polymer supported synthesis absent a step of cleavage of the final product are originally classified in Class 525 as an after treated polymer. A complete search for polymer supported synthesis must include this class.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.1 for the chemical reaction of a peptide or protein with a preformed resin and subclass 54.11 for processes of stepwise assembly of a polypeptide on a preformed polymer, i.e., solid phase synthesis when there is no claimed cleavage of the synthesized polypeptide.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 335]    335Protecting or removing protective groups, e.g., carboxyl group protection, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Processes wherein a peptide group, whose purpose is to protect a functional group in a peptide, is attached to or removed from a peptide.
(1) Note. Carboxyl group protective agents in general use include:
(a) alklyl esters that can be removed via saponification reactions (e.g., via NaOH); the tert-butyl group is a preferred carboxyl protecting group that can be removed via treatment with trifluoroacetic acid.
(b) benzyl ester, which can be reoved via: (1) catalytic hydrogenation; (2) treatment with Na in liquid amonia; or (3) saponification via NaOH

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

334,for the protection of a functional group in a peptide, or for the removal of a protective group from a peptide, during a solid phase synthesis.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 336]    336Of side chain or sulfur containing group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 335.  Processes in which the addition or removal of the protective groups is to or from a side or a sulfur containing group.
(1) Note. Protective groups of this type include -S-benzyl, -O-benzyl, and -O-t-butyl.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 337]    337Of amino group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 335.  Processes in which the addition or removal is of a protective group that protects an amino group of the peptide.
(1) Note. Protective groups of this type include -C(=O)O-t-Bu (t-butyloxycarbonyl), C6H5CH2-O-C(=O)- (benzyloxycarbony), and trifluoroacetyl.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 338]    338Solution phase synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Processes in which the synthesis takes place in solution.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 339]    339Segment condensation, e.g., Ugi condensation, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 338.  Processes in which peptides of two or more amino acid residues are joined with other peptide of two or more amino acid residues to form a single large peptide.
(1) Note. These processes are also called fragment condensation.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 340]    340With phosphorus containing material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 338.  Processes in which phosphorus or a phosphorus containing compound is present during synthesis.
(1) Note. The phosphorus containing material is typically a reactant or a catalyst.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 341]    341With use of carbonimide or imidazole:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 338.  Processes in which an imidazole or a carbonimide is present during synthesis.
(1) Note. The use of diacyclohexylcarbodimide as an activating agent would be included here.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 342]    342Mixed anhydride synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 338.  Processes in which the synthesis includes (1) forming a mixed anhydride by reacting an alpha-acylamino acid or an alpha-acylamino peptide with a lower alkyl chloroformate in the presence of a tertiary amino base, and then (2) reacting the resulting free amino group or a peptide derivative having a free amino group, to form a peptide.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 343]    343By hydrolysis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 333.  Processes in which the synthesis includes a step of hydrolysis.
(1) Note. The hydrolysis may be autolysis or chemical hydrolysis. The use of an enzyme or microorganism to hydrolyze a material is provided for in Class 435, subclasses 68.1+.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 344]    344Separation or purification:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Processes in which a pre-existing peptide is isolated from a composition.
(1) Note. The isolation procedure may involve the chemical change or destruction of materials in the composition other than the peptide.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

34Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids,   provides for processes of separating liquids from solids or slurries, i.e., drying as well as the contact of solids with either, or both, gases or vapors. If the starting material is in the form of a liquid suspension or solution even if the process is continued to the point of complete dryness, Class 159, Concentrating Evaporators, will take the process.
62Refrigeration,   includes processes which include removing heat by refrigeration from a substance whether solid, liquid, or vapor. In particular, Class 62, subclasses 600+ will take processes of making a solidified or liquified gaseous product provided the gas has a normal boiling point below 32 (methane, ethane, propane) and Class 62, subclasses 500+ will take processes wherein a solution or mixture is cooled to solidify a constituent which is then removed from the mixture.
159Concentrating Evaporators,   provides for processes peculiar to the concentration of solids held in solution or suspension by evaporation of the liquid containing them and the recovery of the concentrate. If the starting material is a solid or slurry placement in Class 34, Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact With Solids, would be indicated. Class 159 will take concentration to the point of crystallization or to dryness; however, removal of water of crystallization is considered to be a chemical reaction and placement would not be proper in Class 159. Evaporating with subsequent vapor condensation is excluded from Class 159 and in such case, placement in Class 203, Distillation: Processes, Separatory, would be proper.
201Distillation: Processes, Thermolytic,   provides for processes of thermolytic distillation wherein a solid carbonaceous material is heated to vaporize a volatile portion and to cause chemical decomposition of the heated material to form different chemical substances at least some of which are volatile and leave behind a solid carbonaceous material.
203Distillation: Processes, Separatory,   provides for processes for separating a liquid mixture by vaporizing and condensing a portion thereof to isolate in the condensed liquid or the unvaporized portion a relatively pure compound which was present in the original mixture. The original mixture may be in a solid form so long as it melts to form a liquid before it vaporizes. A solid original mixture which undergoes chemical decomposition leaving a carbonaceous residue would be classifiable in Class 201, Distillation: Process, Thermolytic, which is superior to Class 203. Processes including a chemical reaction and separatory distillation operation are classified in Class 203 only when the chemical reaction merely facilitates the isolation by the separatory distillation operation of a preexisting substance in the distilland. See Class 260, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds, or Class 423, Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds, for a process of preparing a compound and isolating it by a separatory distillation process.
204Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy,   subclasses 456+ for gel electrophoresis.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   includes processes for the separation or purification of a constituent from a flowable liquid mixture by dialysis, sorption,, ion exchange liquid extraction, gravitational separation, or filtration as well as purification of a liquid mixture by destruction or conversion of a constituent. Processes directed to the purification of a particular compound or composition (including solution of either the compound or composition in water), are classified with the particular compound or composition. Insofar as the treatment of liquids with ion exchange or sorption materials are concerned, the following lines will be maintained.
  • Where water is the only disclosed liquid purified, the patent will be classified in this class (210).
  • (2) Where disclosure includes water, hydrocarbons and/or other liquids the patent will be classified: (a) In Class 210 if all claims are broad as to the liquid. (b) In Class 210 if several species of liquid are claimed and one species includes water. (c) In the appropriate art class if some liquid other than water is the only liquid claimed (e.g., mineral oils in Class 208, organic compounds in Class 260).
  • (3) Purification or separation of liquids by flocculation only are classified in Class 210.
  • (4) Processes wherein all claims are limited to the deposition of specific materials on ion-exchangers or sorbents with subsequent recovery of the specific materials are classified with material so operated upon.
  • Class 210 is superior to Class 95 and takes separating processes, per se, generally disclosed or claimed as fluid separation, or if the disclosure or a claim is restricted to liquid separation.
260Chemistry of Carbon Compounds,   provides for the liberation and purification by chemical or physical means of compounds and extracts falling within the class definition of Class 260. Generally the physical processes included are of two types (a) a purification process prior or subsequent to a chemical reaction producing a Class 260 product, (b) a purification process directed to the purification of a Class 260 compound by a combination of physical separation techniques the classes for which do not provide for or exclude the combination claimed. Chemical purification processes are generally provided for with each product produced.
422Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing,   subclass 527 for apparatus for carrying out the process of this subclass.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 68.1+ for methods of using microrganism or enzyme to liberate or purify a preexisting substance.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 345]    345Chemical aftertreatment, e.g., acylation, methylation, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 300.  Processes in which a preexisting peptide is chemically modified.
(1) Note. Since the synthesis of peptide has been provided for in a superior subclass, this subclass will contain only patents directed to addition or removal of nonamino acid moieties to an existing peptide structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 350]    350PROTEINS, I.E., MORE THAN 100 AMINO ACID RESIDUES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Subject matter in which a polypeptide is composed of more than 100 amino acid residues or has a molecular weight of greater than 10,000.
(1) Note. This subclass will provide for proteins described only in terms of physical properties such as molecular weight, electrophoretic mobility, etc.
(2) Note. Structures. The primary structure of the shorter peptides has been included in the definitions. For the proteins the Merck Monograph will often provide citation to articles disclosing the structure. The structure of the larger peptides and proteins may be found on the on-line services by using the compound name, Chemical Abstracts Registry Number, or National Library of Medicine"s MESH tree number in combination with the terms "sequence" or "structure".
(3) Note. Compositions. In general a protein containing composition will be provided for in a class providing for the function or utility of the composition, e.g., medicine, food, Class 252 utilities, etc.
A protein mixed with a preserving agent whose sole function is to prevent chemical or physical change is provided for with the peptide or protein.
A protein derived from a single source material such as a plant or animal extract, so long as it is identified as a protein is classified in this class (530) even if a Class 424 utility is disclosed or claimed. A plant or animal extract will be provided for in Class 424 if it is (1) a single source material and (2) is of undetermined chemical constitution i.e., is claimed in terms of isolation technique or physical properties. A recitation as broad as "protein" is enough to defeat placement in Class 424 on the basis of utility.
Class 424 will provide for an additive mixture containing a protein and other ingredients if the mixture has a Class 424 utility.
(4) Note. CAS REGISTRY NUMBERS: Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Numbers are unique identifiers assigned to chemical substances recorded in the CAS Chemical Registry System. The CAS Registry Number itself has no chemical significance; it is simply a machine-checkable number assigned to each substance as it enters the Registry System. CAS Registry Numbers appear in CA issues and in many computer-readable files. They also may be found in several primary journals, various handbooks, and in the National Library of Medicine"s TOXLINE and CHEMLINE computer-based information-retrieval services. For more about the CAS Chemical Registry System or Registry Numbers consult the introduction to the CAS REGISTRY HANDBOOK-Number Section.
  • Medical Subject Headings:
  • Mesh Tree Numbers: Mesh numbers are identifiers applied the National Library of Medicine"s indexers to articles in the medical and related literature. The subject headings are Index Medicus headings and are arranged in a hierarchical matter. The abstracts and indexing are available on-line through several data base suppliers.
  • Deleted Registry Numbers: The CAS Registry numbers found in the definitions of subclass 300 to 427 are the current registry numbers. However due to the long history and incomplete structural knowledge of peptide and protein chemistry there are usually several deleted registry numbers for each current registry number. The current registry number should be used to find the deleted numbers in the registry file and should always be included in the on-line search statement. For further information on search technique related to deleted registry numbers, see CAS ON-LINE NEWS, May/June 1984 page 5.
(5) Note. Synthetic Resin vs. Polypeptide. The conceptual difference between the subject matter of synthetic resins provided for in the 520 series and polypeptides (including proteins) provided for in Class 530 is that the compounds of the 520 series have statistically distributed amino acid or blocks of amino acids in their molecules in a random sequence whereas 530 provides for molecules composed of a specific sequence of amino acids of defined identity and order (i.e., primary structure) having identity or close relation to a humerial or cellular polypeptide or having some humerial or cellular effect due to its ordered structure.
(7) Note. Classification of the more common amino acids:
 Amino Acids
 

Classification

 Amino Acids commonly found in peptides and proteins:
 

 Alanine
 

562/575

 Arginine
 

562/560

 Asparagine
 

562/561

 Aspartic acid
 

562/571

 Cysteine
 

562/557

 Glutaminic acid
 

562/573

 Glycine
 

562/575

 Histidine
 

548/344

 Isoleucine
 

562/575

 Leucine
 

562/575

 Lysine
 

562/562

 Methionine
 

562/559

 Phenylalanine
 

562/445

 Proline
 

548/535

 Serine
 

562/567

 Theronine
 

562/570

 Tryptophan
 

548/496

 Tyrosine
 

562/444

 Rare amino acids from proteins
 

 Desmosine
 

546/335

 5 Hydroxylsine
 

562/564

 5-Hydroxyproline
 

548/532

 Isodesmosine
 

546/335

 3-Methythistidine
 

548/335

 E-N-Methyllysine
 

562/561

 Nonprotein Amino Acids
 

 B-Alanine
 

562/576

 V-Aminobutyric acid
 

562/553

 Canavanine
 

562/560

 Citrulline
 

562/560

 B-Cyanvalanine
 

260/465

 Djenkolic acid
 

562/557

 Homocysteine
 

562/556

 Homoserine
 

562/567

 Ornithine
 

562/561

 Valine
 

526/575

(8) Note. Peptide and Protein Structure. The nature, i.e., identity, of the constituent amino acids and their sequence is referred to as the primary structure. A given primary structure will have a definite three dimensional structure which is called the secondary structure (usually helical coiling). The secondary structure of a large peptide or protein is wrapped about and interwoven to develop the overall three dimensional structure of the molecule. This arrangement of the secondary structure is referred to as the tertiary structure and determines the alosteric properties of many proteins.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

106Compositions: Coating or Plastic,   for protein containing coating or plastic compositions, particularly subclasses 4 , 24, 124+, 645+, and indented subclasses.
117Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor,   for processes for growing therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including inorganic or organic.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   has the following subclasses for proteins or proteinaceous material 1.11+, for radionuclide or intended radionuclide containing; 65+, 418, 456, 460, 477+, 491+, 499, for a protein or peptide containing compositions which functions as an antiperspirant or deodorant; for a composition containing a lymphokine; 130.1+ for a composition containing an immunoglobulin, an antiserum, an antibody, or an antibody fragment; 184.1+ for a composition containing an antigen, an epitope, or another immunospecific immunoeffector that may be proteinaceous; 278.1+ for a composition containing a nonspecific immunoeffector that may be proteinaceous; 94.1+, for composition containing proteins identified as enzymes; 520+, for compositions many of which are considered to be proteinaceous; an animal extract of undetermined constitution; 115+ for compositions which may be proteins or peptides identified by elemental analysis.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 63 , 92, 105 for edible protein compositions or products and related process involving the same.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   for a nonstructural stock material product in the form of a composite web or sheet including a layer comprising protein, and other appropriately titled subclasses (i.e., subclasses 435 and 458).
430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclasses 59.6 , 537, 539, 629, 640, 642, and 643 for compositions containing proteins used in forming an image.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 68.1+ for the microbial or enzymatic synthesis of proteins and peptides; subclasses 183+ for the production of enzymes; and subclasses 174+ for the formation of immobilized enzymes and subclasses 269 and 272+ for the liberation or purification of proteins by means of microorganism or enzyme, particularly subclass 273 for the purification of collagen or gelatin.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   subclass 15 , for a protein containing composition used as a standard or control; 16, for a blood standard; 66, for test for blood clotting factor tests; 86+, for tests for protein or peptides including sequencing methods and subclass 501 for a complement binding assays and protein binding assays and subclasses 506-548 for tests using antigen antibody interactions in a chemical test particularly subclasses 543-548 which collect methods of modifying antigens and antibodies as part of a testing procedure.
506Combinatorial Chemistry Technology: Method, Library, Apparatus,   for a protein library or a method of making said library.
514Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 1 through 21.92and cross-reference art collections 800-809 which provide for therapeutic or body treating compositions containing a peptide or protein as an organic active ingredient.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 9+ for plant or plant derived cellular material; subclasses 17+ for proteins or biologically active polypeptide or for a process in which the protein or polypeptide is physically mixed with a preformed resin and subclasses 70+ for a process of adding a protein or biologically active polypeptide to resin forming ingredients during reaction of the resin formers and the protein or polypeptide is nonreactive; and subclasses 21+ for animal derived proteins such as blood, particularly subclasses 22+ for Gelatin and subclasses 25+ for Casein, for a process in which the protein is physically mixed with a preformed resin.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.1 for the chemical reaction of a peptide or protein with a preformed resin and subclass 54.11 for processes of stepwise assembly of a polypeptide on a preformed polymer, i.e., solid phase synthesis when there is no claimed cleavage of the synthesized polypeptide and subclass 54.24 for the chemical reaction of a flour or meal with a preformed resin.
526Synthetic Resin or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 238.1 for the formation of a synthetic resin from a protein or biologically active polypeptide where the protein or polypeptide as well as all other reactants are ethylenically unsaturated.
527Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 100+ and 200+ for the formation of a synthetic resin by simultaneous chemical reaction of a protein cellular material (e.g., hair, horn, leather) or a protein or biologically active polypeptide and resin forming ingredient.
528Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   particularly subclass 328 for a polymer of amino acids and methods of making such a polyamino acid.
930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclasses 10+ for peptide or protein sequences of four or more amino acids.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 351]    351Lymphokines, e.g., interferons, interlukins, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins which are soluable immune mediators produced by the cells of immune system.
(1) Note. Examples. Interferon, interleukins, T Cell Growth Factor (TCGF), migration inhibitory factor (MIF), lymphotoxin (LT), macrophage factors (monokines, Mk; macrophage activation or inhibition factor, MAF).
(2) Note. This subclass is intended to collect both lymphocyte factors (lymphokines, LK) and macrophage factor (monokines, MK).
(3) Note. Mesh tree number: D24.611.632.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclasses 140 through 145for lymphokine peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 352]    352Phosphoproteins, e.g., phosvitin, vitellogenin, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins which are conjugated proteins containing phosphate esterified with the hydroxyl group of serine or threonine residues.
(1) Note. Casein and ovalbumin are excluded from this subclass.
(2) Note. Mesh tree number: D12.776.744.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

358,for nuclein.
360,for casein.
367,for ovalbumin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 353]    353Scleroproteins, e.g., fibroin, elastin, silk, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins having the structure of scleroproteins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Scleroproteins are subdivided on the basis of chain conformation into: A. alpha-helicial structure, e.g., alpha-keratins; B. Beta-pleated sheet structure, e.g., Beta-keratins, silk-fibroin; C. triple helical structure, e.g., collagen. Conformation is related to amino acid composition. The amino acid composition of Scleroproteins with Beta-pleated sheet structure shows 90 percent of the simple amino acids glycine, alanine and serine. Beta-keratin also contains a large number of cystine residues. Collagen characteristically contains high concentration of the nonhelix forming amino acid, proline and hydroxyproline.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 354]    354Gelatin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 353.  Proteins having the structure of gelatin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Gelatin is not found in nature but is derived by hydrolysis of collagen.
(2) Note. Composition. Approximate amino acid content: glycine 25.5 percent, alanine 8.7 percent, valine 2.5 percent, leucine 3.2 percent, isoleucine 1.4 percent, cystine and cysteine 0.1 percent, methionine 1.0 percent, phenylalanine 2.2 percent, proline 18 percent, hydroxyproline 14 percent, serine 0.4 percent, threonine 1.9 percent, tyrosine 0.5 percent, aspartic acid 6.6 percent, glutamic acid 11.4 percent, arginine 8.1 percent, lysine 4.1 percent, histidine 0.8 percent. The total is over 100 percent because water is incorporated into the molecules of the individual amino acids.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Pharmagel A or B, Spongiofort, Gelatine Gelfoam, Puragen. Older Patents use the word glue to refer to impure gelatin; these patents have been placed here arbitrarily.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 900-70-8

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 354

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclasses 537 through 539, 628, 640, and 642 for compositions containing gelatin used in forming an image.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 21+ for animal derived proteins such as blood, particularly subclasses 22+ for Gelatin and 25+ for Casein, for a process in which the protein is physically mixed with a preformed resin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 355]    355Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Processes in which gelatin is (a) isolated from a preexisting material or composition of (b) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. Processes of chemical after treatment of preexisting gelatin are provided for in 354 above.
(2) Note. See subclass 344 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 356]    356Collagen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 353.  Proteins having the structure of collagen and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Number of Residues: approximately 1000. Molecular Weight: about 130,000. The collagen molecule contains three peptides chains, each having about 1000 amino acids residues. Nearly one third of all the residues are glycine, with typical repeating sequences being Gly-Pro-Hyp and Gly-Pro-Ala. The chains are arranged in a triple helix and contain intramolecular cross-links. Denaturation of collagen is the conversion of the rigidly coiled helix to a random coil called gelatin.
(2) Note. Type of Collagen
 Type
 

Distribution

 I
 

Skin, tendon, bone, cornea

 II
 

Cartilage, intervertebral disc, vitreous body

 III
 

Fetal skin,cardiovascular system

 IV
 

Basement membrane

(3) Note. Synonyms. Ossein, Avitene, Avicon.
(4) Note. Sources. Hides, skin, leather hair, connective tissue.
(5) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 9007-34-5

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 356

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
527Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 100+ and 200+ for the formation of a synthetic resin by simultaneous chemical reaction of a protein cellular material (e.g., hair, horn, leather) or a protein or biologically active polypeptide and resin forming ingredient.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 357]    357Keratin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins having the structure of Keratin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Characteristic properties of keratins: (a) insolubility in water, including aqueous solutions of salts, hydrotropic, substances, and dilute acids and bases at tempertures not much above room temperature; (b) resistance to proteolytic enzymes: (c) resistances hydrolysis; (d) Lysis by mixtures of substances which break the -S-S- bonds and the hydrogen bonds.
(2) Note. Keratins contain all the common amino acids and have a high cystine content.
(3) Note. Sources. Horns, wool, feathers, shells, fingernail, claws, beaks, scales, whalebone (i.e., pseudokeratin).
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 357

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

536Organic Compounds,   subclass 20 for the polysaccharide chitin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 358]    358Nucleoproteins, i.e., chromatin, chromosomal proteins, histones, protamines, salmine, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins conjugated with nucleic acids.
(1) Note. Upon hydrolysis nucleoproteins yield proteins and nucleic acids. Further hydrolysis of the nucleic acid fraction will yield a mixture of purine and pyrimidine bases (Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine Thymine, Uracil), sugars (ribose or deoxyribose) and phosphoric acid.
(2) Note. Casein for purposes of this class is excluded from nucleoproteins.
(3) Note. Examples. Chromatin, Heterochromatin, nucleosomes, histone and nonhistone chromosomal proteins, clupeine, salmine, ribonucleoproteins
(4) Note. Mesh tree number: D12.776.664

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 358

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 359]    359Lipoproteins, e.g., egg yolk proteins, cylomicrons, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins which are conjugated with a lipid.
(1) Note. Lipids include complex lipids which contain fatty acids as components (e.g., acylglycerols, phosphoglycerides, sphingolipids, etc.) and the simple lipids (terpenes and steroids).
(2) Note. This subclass provides for lipoprotein systems, i.e., transport lipoproteins and membrane systems, in which the lipid and protein are held together by hydrophobic interactions between the nonpolar portions of the lipid and protein components.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Apolipoprotein-serine, Lipoprotein Cl, Vitellogenin, Proteolipids, Apolipoproteins.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number: 53570-63-1

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 359

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 360]    360Casein or caseinate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins having the structure of casein and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. (Bovine)

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 360

(2) Note. Source. Produced in mammary tissue from amino acids supplied by the blood. Obtained from milk by removing the cream and acidifying the skimmed milk which causes casein to precipitate. In cheese manufacture, casein is precipitated by the lactic acid formed from the same milk by rennet is favored for casein intended for plastics manufacture.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Protoflex, Protaflex, FN4, FN5
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form: 9000-71-9*

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 360

(5) Note. Milk proteins includes albumins, caseins and lactoglobulins.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

430Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, or Product Thereof,   subclasses 59 .6, 537, 539, 628, 640, 642, and 643 for compositions containing casein used in forming an image.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 21+ for animal derived proteins such as blood, particularly subclasses 22+ for Gelatin and 25+ for Casein, for a process in which the protein is physically mixed with a proformed resin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 361]    361Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 360.  Processes in which casein (1) is isolated from a preexisting material or composition or (2) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. Processes of chemical after treatment of preexisting casein is provided for in 360 above.
(2) Note. See subclass 345 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 362]    362Albumin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins having the structure of albumin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties: A group of proteins characterized by heat coagulability and solubility in dilute salt solution.
(2) Note. Grain and soybean albumins, as well as all plant albumins are excluded from this subclass and provided for in subclasses 370+.
(3) Note. Albumin refers to egg white or dried egg white. Albumin contains 75 percent ovalbumin, ovoconalbumin, ovomucoid, ovomucin, ovoglobulin, lysozyme and avidin.
(4) Note. Mesh tree number: D12. 776.34

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 362

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 363]    363Serum albumin, e.g., BSA, HSA etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Proteins having the structure of serum albumin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties: Molecular Weight: about 69.000 structure consists of carbohydrate-free polypeptide chain connecting four globular segments of unequal size stabilized by seventeen S-S bridges.
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Involved in osmotic regulation and the transport of sparingly soluble metabolic products from one tissue to another, especially in the transport of free fatty acids.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Albumin, from blood; Albuminate; Albuminar; Albumisol; Albuspan; Buminate; Pro-Bumin; Proserum.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number: 9048-46-8*

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 363

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 364]    364Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 363.  Processes in which serum albumins (a) is isolated from a preexisting material or composition or (b) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. Processes of chemical after treatment of preexisting serum albumin are provided for in subclass 363 above.
(2) Note. See subclass 344 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 365]    365Lactalbumin, e.g., milk source, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Proteins having the structure of lactalbumin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties: Alpha lactalbumin (Bovine). Number of Residues: 123. Molecular Weight: 14,183.
(2) Note. Physiological properties. Alpha-lactalbumin is related to animal lysozymes.
(3) Note. Synonyms.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodifed form: 12585-12-5

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 365

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes Compositions, and Products,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 63 , 92, 105, for edible protein compositions or products and related process involving the same.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 366]    366Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 365.  Processes in which lactal albumin (a) is isolated from a preexisting material or composition or (b) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. Processes of chemical after treatment of preexisting lactal albumins are provided for in 365 above.
(2) Note. See subclass 344 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 367]    367Ovalalbumin, e.g., avidin, conalbumins, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Proteins having the structure of ovalbumin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptiede structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Numbers of residue: 400. Molecular Weight: 45,000. Structure is a complex protein consisting of a single polypeptide chain of about 400 residues, a minimum of two phosphate residues per mole, and an oligo-saccharide side chain composed of only mannose and glucosamine residues.
(2) Note. Source. Ovalbumin, comprises 75 percent of the protein of egg white from hen"s eggs where it occurs with avidin, lysozyme, conalbumin and ovomacoid.
(3) Note. Synonyms: egg albumin, ovalbumin
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodifed form:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 367

(5) Note. Physical Properties. Chicken Avidin. Number of Residues: 128. Molecular Weght: 14,332 structure is a glycoprotein containing four essentially identical subunits: With a combined molecular weight of about 66,000. Each subunit is a single polypeptide chain containing 128 amino acid residues with alanine at the N-terminal, glutamic acid at the C-terminal, and a carbohydrate moieity attached at the asparaginly residue position 17.
(6) Note. Avidin. Source. Isolated from raw egg white protein of eggs of birds and amphibia.
(7) Note. Avidin CA Registry Number of form:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 367

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 63 , 92, 105 for edible protein compositions or products and related process involving the same.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 368]    368Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 367.  Processes in which ovalbumins (a) is isolated from a preexisting material or composition or (b) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. Processes of chemical after treatment of preexisting of ovalbumins are provided for in 367 above.
(2) Note. See subclass 344 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 369]    369Separation, purification or synthesis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Processes in which albumin (a) is isolated from a preexisting material or composition or (b) is chemically synthesized.
(1) Note. See subclass 344 for a detailed description of classes providing for separation, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 370]    370Plant proteins, e.g., derived from legumes, algae or lichens, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins derived from green or nongreen plants.
(1) Note. Examples. abrin, chloroplast coupling factor, concanavalin A, ferredoxins, ricin, plastocyanin phytochrome.
(2) Note. Mesh tree number:D12.776.691, D12.776.765

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 63 , 92, 105 for edible protein compositions or products and related process involving the same.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 257.1+ for subject matter involving algae including processes and compositions for their propagation, etc.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 230 for multicelluar plant derived peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 371]    371Derived from fungi, e.g., yeasts, mushroom, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from fungi or from a fraction or isolate of fungi.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 254.1+ for subject matter involving fungi and yeast including processes and compositions for their propagation, etc.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 372]    372Derived from grain, e.g., prolamines, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from grain or from a fraction or isolate of grain.
(1) Note. Grain includes: Wheat, rye, oats, barley, treticale, corn, rice, maize and products made from grains such as flours, peeled grains, germ, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 47 for the use of a farinaceous material such as wheat as a physical additive to a preformed resin.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.24 for the chemical reaction of a flour or meal with a preformed resin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 373]    373Zein:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Proteins having the structure of zein and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Molecular Weight: greater than 38,000
(2) Note. Zein is the product of extracting gluten meal with dilute isopropanol.
(3) Note. CA Registry Number: 9010-66-6*

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 373

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 374]    374Gluten or gliadin:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Proteins having the structure of Gluten or Gliadin and compounds derived from these by addition or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. For the structure of Gluten see Pance et al, Cereal Chemistry, Vol. 27, page 335 (1950).
(2) Note. Gluten is a protein isolate from wheat intermixed with the starchy endosperm of the grain. Gliadin is a prolamine derived from grain containing up to 43 percent glutamine.
(3) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 374

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 375]    375Derived from wheat:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from wheat or from a fraction or isolate of wheat.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 47 for the use of a farinaceous material such as wheat as a physical additive to a preformed resin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 376]    376Derived from corn:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from corn or from a fraction or isolate of corn.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 377]    377Derived from oil seed, e.g., cotton seed, rapeseed, sunflower, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from oil seed or from a fraction or isolate of oil seed.
(1) Note. Included as oil seeds are: castor bean; cotton seed; flax seed; hemp seed; linseed; navy bean; peanut; pinto bean; rape seed; sesame seed; soybeans; sunflower seed

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 378]    378Derived from soybean:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 377.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from soybean or from a fraction or isolate of soybean.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 379]    379Derived from leafy green plants, e.g., alfalfa pollen, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 370.  Plant proteins which are isolated or extracted from leafy green plants or from a fraction or isolate of leafy green plants.
(1) Note. Included as leafy green plants are: alfalfa; beet foliage; celery; cabbage; kale; lettuce; silage; spinach. Also included is the juice from crushed green plants, and pollens extracted from grass.
(2) Note. Pollen is arbitrarily included here regardless of source.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 380]    380Blood proteins or globulins, e.g., proteoglycans, platelet factor 4, thyroglobulin, thyroxine, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins identified as Blood Proteins or Globulins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. This subclass includes transcobalamins, thrombosthenin, macroglobulin, microglobulin, lactoglobulin, thromboglobulin as well as serum or plasma proteins.
(2) Note. Protein found in human plasma include:
Prealbumin
Albumin
Alpha1-Lipoprotein
Alpha1-Acid glycoprotein
Alpha1-Antitrypsin
Alpha1 Glycoprotein
Transcortin
4.6S-Postalbumin
Alpha1-glycoprotein
Thyroxin-binding globulin
Inter-alpha-trypsin-inhibitor
GC-globulin
Haptoglobin
Ceruloplasmin
Cholinesterase
Alpha2-Lipoproteins(s)
Alpha2-Macroglobulin
Alpha2-HS-glycoprotein
Zn-Alpha2-glycoprotein
Alpha2-Neuramino-glycoprotein
Erythropoietin
Beta-lipoprotein
Transferrin
Hemopexin
Fibrinogen
Plasminogen
Beta2-glycoprotein I
Beta2-glycoprotein II
Immunoglobulin G
(IgG) or Gamma G-globulin
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) or Gamma A-globulin
Immunoglobulin M
(Iga) or Gamma M-globulin
Immunoglobulin D (IgD) or Gamma D-Globulin
Immunoglobulin E (IgD) or Gamma E Globulin
Free K and Gamma light chains
Complement factors
(3) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 380

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   appropriate subclasses, especially subclasses 63 , 92, 105 for edible protein compositions or products and related process involving the same.
524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 21+ for animal derived proteins such as blood, particularly subclasses 22+ for Gelatin and 25+ for casein, for a process in which the protein is physically mixed with a preformed resin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 381]    381Blood coagulation factors and fibrin, e.g., thromboplastin, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 380.  Proteins identified as Blood Coagulation Factors or fibrin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Important blood clotting factors include:
 International designation
 

Name

 I
 

Fibrinogen

 II
 

Prothrombin

 IIa
 

Thrombia

 III
 

Tissue thromboplastin

 V and VI
 

Proaccelerin, accelerat or globulin

 VII
 

Proconvertin

 VIII
 

Antihemophilic globulin (AHG)

 IX
 

Christmas Factor, plasma thromboplastin component (PTC)

 X
 

Stuart-Prower factor, autoprothrombin III

 IX
 

Plasma thromboplastin antecedent (PTA)

 XII
 

Hagemann Factor

 XIII
 

Fibrin-stabilizing factor

(2) Note. Examples, Blood Coagulation Factor XIII, Laki-Lorand Factor, Fibrin-stabilizing Factor, Fibrinase.
(3) Note. CA Registry Number of unmodified form:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 381

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates) or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 382]    382Fibrin or fibrin intermediates, e.g., fibrinogen etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Proteins having the structure of fibrin and compounds derived for these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 382

(2) Note. Fibrinogen is a hexamer of two sets of three nonidentical chains linked by disulphide bonds.
(3) Note. Example. Fibrinogen, Fibrinopeptide A (19 residues MW 1,892), antihemophilic globulin 1X, Blood Clotting Factor I, Parenogen.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number: Fibrin

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 382

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates) or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 383]    383Blood coagulation factor VIII, AHF:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Proteins having the structure of and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties: Molecular Weight: over 1,000,000
(2) Note. Physiological properties: Involved in the formation of thromboplastin by the activation of factor X.
(3) Note. Synonyms: Antihemophilic factor A, Thromboplastinogen, AHF-A Factor VIII, Antihemophilic A Factor, Factorate, Ristocetin cofactor, Blood platelet aggregating factor, Ristocetin, von Willebrand factor, antihemophioicglobulin (AHG).
(4) Note. CA Registry Number:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 383

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates) or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 100 for Factor VIII peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 384]    384Blood coagulation FACTOR II, or factor II + VII + IX +, i.e., prothrombin or prothrombin complex or factor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 381.  Proteins having the structure of factor II and or prothrombin complex and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Factor II Physical Properties. Number of Residues: 582. Molecular Weight: 68,900
(2) Note. Factor II Physiological Properties. An inactive plasma zymogen which is converted to thiombin (factor lla) by thromboplastin in the presence of calcium ions.
(3) Note. Factor II. Synonyms. Prothrombin fragment 2, factor II prothrombase, serozyme, thrombogen.
(4) Note. Factor II CA Registry Number: 9070-19-3

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 384

(5) Note. Synonyms. Prothrombin complex components.

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 384

(6) Note. Prothrombin complex components.

Image 3 for class 530 subclass 384

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates) or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents, when generically claimed or when there is hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 385]    385Hemoglobins or globins:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 380.  Proteins having the structure of hemoglobins or globins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Globin from normal adult human hemoglobin consists of four polypeptide chains: two alpha-chains and two beta-chains. The alpha-chain contains 141, the beta-chain 146 amino acids. Abnormal globins may contain gamma and delta-chains.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 385

(2) Note. Physiological properties. At pH values near neutrality, combines with ferroprotoporphyrin to yield hemoglobin, or with ferriprotoporphyrin yield methemoglobin.
(3) Note. Examples. Leshemoglobins, Uteroglobins. Hemoglobin Synonyms: Blood pigments, Ferrohemoglobins Hbs, Hb, Deoxyhemoglobins, Eryhem, Erythrocruorins carboxyhemoglobin.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number of Hemoglobins: 9008-02-0*

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 385

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

400,for myoglobins.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology or Microbiology,   appropriate subclass for lysozyme which is sometimes denominated globulin G1.
540Organic Compounds,   subclasses 145+ for heme, the oxygen carrying prosthetic group of hemogoblin and myoglobin which is a substituted porphyrin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 386]    386Globulins:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 380.  Proteins identified as globulins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties: Proteins which are insoluble in water at their isoelectric point are classified as globulins. The term "isoelectric point" is the pH at which a globulin will not migrate to either the cathode or anode when a direct current is passed through an aqueous suspension or dilute salt solution of the globulin.
(2) Note. Physiological properties. This group includes many enzymes and most glycoproteins. Enzymes are provided for in Class 435, Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology.
(3) Note. Examples, Euglobulins, Psendoglobulins.
(4) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 386

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.1]    387.1Immunoglobulin, antibody, or fragment thereof, other than immunoglobulin, antibody, or fragment thereof that is conjugated or adsorbed:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter in which the protein has the structure of an immunoglobulin, antibody, or fragment thereof that is not conjugated or adsorbed to another substance.
(1) Note. This subclass includes immunoglobulins or gamma globulins (except monoclonal antibodies) whose binding specificities are not disclosed, and methods of purifying immunoglobulins, except those methods provided for in subclasses 390.1 and 390.5. Patents pertaining generically to monoclonal antibodies whose binding specificities are not disclosed are classified in subclasses 388.1 or 388.15.
(2) Note. Immunoglobulins may be monoclonal or polyclonal. Monoclonal antibodies are identical antibody molecules produced by a clone of cells or cell line that is derived from a single antibody-producing cell, or are antibody molecules that have otherwise been made identical. Polyclonal antibodies or immunoglobulins are mixtures of antibodies produced by multiple cells or clones of cells that produce antibody molecules that are not identical to each other, but which may bind different antigenic determinants or epitopes on the same molecule.
(3) Note. Antibodies are assumed to be polyclonal unless they are specifically characterized as being monoclonal, or if they are secreted by a single cell line or cell clone.
(4) Note. The major classes of immunoglobulins are IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, and IgE. Subclasses of immunoglobulins also exist, notably the IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3, and IgG4 subclasses comprising the IgG class. IgY is similar to IgG and is found only in birds.
(5) Note. Synonyms are immune globulin, gamma globulin, Ig, etc.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

391.1+,for antibodies or antisera or fragments thereof that are conjugated or adsorbed to other substances.
407,for methods of hydrolysis of proteins.
828,for cancer-associated proteins.
829,for blood proteins, including immunoglobulins.
830,for plasma or serum proteins, including immunoglobulins.
831,for immunoglobulins and other proteins isolated via the Cohn fractionation method.
832,for immunoglobulins isolated from milk or colostrum.
833,for immunoglobulins isolated from whey.
851,for immunoglobulins isolated from placental extracts.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   for compositions intended for class defined uses such as in vivo diagnosing (e.g., imaging), methods of making such compositions, and nominal methods of using such compositions, see subclasses 1.49+ for compositions comprising radiolabelled antibody, or antibody fragment, or immunoglobulin, subclasses 9.3+ and 9.4+ for testing compositions, and subclasses 130.1+ for body-treating compositions containing an immunoglobulin, an antiserum, an antibody, or an antibody fragment.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 4+ , particularly subclasses 7.1+ for antibodies used in immunological testing involving a microorganism or an enzyme; subclass 188 for antibodies conjugated to enzymes; and subclass 188.5 for catalytic antibodies.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   subclass 15 for protein-containing compositions used as standards or controls; subclass 16 for blood standards; subclass 66 for tests for hemoglobin or myoglobin; subclass 69 for tests for blood clotting factors; subclasses 86+ for tests for proteins or peptides, including sequencing methods; subclass 501 for complement binding assays or protein binding assays; and subclasses 506-548 for tests using antigen-antibody interactions in a chemical test, particularly subclasses 543-548, which collect methods of modifying antigens and antibodies as part of a testing procedure.
514Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 1 through 21.92and cross-reference art collections 800-809 which provide for therapeutic or body treating compositions containing a peptide or protein as an organic active ingredient.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.1 for antibodies chemically bound to synthetic resins.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.2]    387.2Anti-idiotypic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or antibody fragment that binds another antibody at one of its idiotopes.
(1) Note. An idiotope is an antigenic determinant in the variable region of the antibody.
(2) Note. An idiotype is that set of idiotopes characteristic of a particular antibody.
(3) Note. "Internal image" antibodies are a subset of anti-idiotypic antibodies that mimic the antigen in their ability to elicit antibodies that bind said antigen.
(4) Note. It is suggested that the patents in this subclass be cross-referenced to the appropriate subclass(es) that provide for the binding specificity of the antibodies bound by the anti-idiotypic antibodies, if disclosed.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.3]    387.3Chimeric, mutated, or recombined hybrid (e.g., bifunctional, bispecific, rodent-human chimeric, single chain, rFv, immunoglobulin fusion protein, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or antibody fragment altered with respect to its amino acid sequence; with respect to its composition of heavy and light chains or immunoglobulin domains; or with respect to its glycosylation, as compared with that found in nature; or involving an antibody or antibody fragment fused to a nonimmunoglobulin amino acid sequence.
(1) Note. Chimeric and recombined hybrid antibodies comprise amino acid sequences derived from two or more nonidentical immunoglobulin mole-cules--e.g., interspecies combinations, etc.
(2) Note. Chimeric, mutated, and recombined hybrid antibodies may be made either by chemical alteration of existing antibodies or by the expression of cloned genes for altered or recombined antibodies. Glycosylation of the antibody molecules may be altered when expressed in host cells of species other than their own.
(3) Note. It is suggested that the patents of this subclass be cross-referenced to the appropriate subclass(es) that provide for the binding specificity of these antibodies, if disclosed.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.5]    387.5Binds oligosaccharide structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an oligosaccharide structure that is either free, a component of a glycoprotein, or a component of a glycolipid.
(1) Note. The oligosaccharide structure can be one that is schematically illustrated in the disclosure or one that is known in the art, such as the carbohydrate component of ganglioside GD3.
(2) Note. Some of the oligosaccharide structures disclosed by the patents of this subclass are expressed on the surfaces of cancer cells as components of glycoproteins or glycolipids and are related to the A, B, Le, or H blood-group antigens.
(3) Note. It is suggested that the patents in this subclass be cross-referenced to the appropriate subclass(es) that provide for antibodies that bind the microorganism(s) upon which the oligosaccharide structure is expressed, if such disclosure is present.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.7]    387.7Binds expression product of cancer-related gene or fragment thereof (e.g., oncogene, proto-oncogene, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an expression product or fragment thereof of a cancer-related gene, such as an oncogene or proto-oncogene.
(1) Note. An oncogene is a genetic sequence whose expression transforms a normal cell into a cancerous cell. A proto-oncogene is a genetic sequence found in a noncancerous cell which, when mutated in a characteristic way, can become an oncogene.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 387.9]    387.9Binds specifically-identified amino acid sequence:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a protein or peptide antigen or antigenic determinant whose amino acid sequence is disclosed.
(1) Note. It is suggested that the patents in this subclass be cross-referenced to the subclass(es) that provide for antibodies that bind the antigen or antigenic determinant that the disclosed sequence comprises.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.1]    388.1Monoclonal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving an antibody or fragment thereof produced by a clone of cells or cell line that is derived from a single antibody-producing cell, wherein said antibody is identical to all other antibodies produced by that clone of cells or cell line.
(1) Note. This subclass provides for antibodies and fragments thereof that are produced by any cloning technology that yields identical molecules, e.g., hybridoma technology, recombinant DNA technology, etc.
(2) Note. Monoclonal antibodies are sometimes termed monoclonal receptors.
(3) Note. This subclass includes monoclonal antibodies whose binding specificities are not disclosed and includes methods of purifying monoclonal antibodies, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

808+,for cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 326+ for an animal cell, per se, which expresses immunoglobulin, antibody, or fragment thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.15]    388.15Human:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.1.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or fragment thereof derived from a human source, or whose amino acid sequence is identical to that found in humans.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.2]    388.2Binds microorganism or normal or mutant component or product thereof (e.g., animal cell, cell-surface antigen, secretory product, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.1.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a micro-organism, or with a substance shed or secreted by a micro-organism, or with a chemically-altered component of a microorganism, or with a chemically-altered substance shed or secreted by a micro-organism.
(1) Note. A micro-organism, for the purpose of this and indented subclasses, is a cell of a multicellular organism, a single-celled organism, a virus, or other intracellular organism.
(2) Note. A mutant or chemically-altered component or product of a micro-organism may be made by chemical synthesis or chemical modification or by expression of a cloned altered gene.
(3) Note. Monoclonal antibodies or fragments thereof that bind a mutant or chemically-altered component or product of a micro-organism are proper for the subclass that provides for monoclonal antibodies that bind the corresponding normal component or product.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.21]    388.21Binds nucleic acid or derivative or component thereof (e.g., DNA, RNA, DNA-RNA hybrid, nucleotide, nucleoside, carcinogen-DNA adduct, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a nucleic acid; a component of a nucleic acid, such as a nucleotide or nucleoside; or a modified nucleic acid, such as carcinogen-DNA adduct resulting from exposure to a carcinogen.
(1) Note. An adduct is an addition group or compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.22]    388.22Binds receptor (e.g., transferrin receptor, Fc receptor, dihydropyridine receptor, IL-2 receptor, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a free or micro-organism-associated receptor.
(1) Note. A receptor is a structure integral to a micro-organism or released into the surrounding milieu that has binding specificity for a particular three-dimensional structural configuration of a molecule or portion thereof.
(2) Note. For the purpose of this subclass, an antibody is not considered a receptor. Patents disclosing non-anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibodies or fragments thereof that bind other immunoglobulins are proper for subclass 388.25, unless the monoclonal antibodies specifically bind lymphocyte-bound immunoglobulins, in which case the patents are proper for subclass 388.73.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.23]    388.23Binds lymphokine, cytokine, or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, or intercellular mediator specific for a hematopoietic cell (e.g., interleukin, interferon, erythropoietin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a lymphokine, cytokine, or any other secreted growth stimulatory factor, growth inhibitory factor, differentiation factor, or intercellular mediator that targets any type(s) of hematopoietic cells.
(1) Note. The term "growth regulatory factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that is growth-stimulatory or growth-inhibitory; i.e., that will stimulate or inhibit clonal expansion of cells.
(2) Note. The term "differentiation factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that causes cells to progress from a relatively undifferentiated state to a more differentiated state, wherein said progression may include clonal expansion.
(3) Note. The term "intercellular mediator" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that affects cellular functions such as chemotaxis, etc.
(4) Note. See Patent Classification Definitions for Class 424, subclass 85.1, for examples of lymphokines and cytokines.
(5) Note. Hematopoietic cells are considered to be bone marrow stem cells and cells derived from bone marrow stem cells, including cells at any stage of differentiation from progenitor cells to mature erythrocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes, etc., both normal and neoplastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.24]    388.24Binds hormone or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, intercellular mediator, or neurotransmitter (e.g., insulin, human chorionic gonadotropin, intragonadal regulatory protein, Mullerian inhibiting substance, inhibin, epidermal growth factor, nerve growth factor, dopamine, norepinephrine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a neurotransmitter, with a hormone, or with any other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, or intercellular mediator that targets cells other than hematopoietic cells.
(1) Note. The term "growth regulatory factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that is growth- stimulatory or growth-inhibitory; e.g., that will stimulate or inhibit clonal expansion of cells.
(2) Note. The term "differentiation factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that causes cells to progress from a relatively undifferentiated state to a more differentiated state, wherein said progression may include clonal expansion.
(3) Note. The term "intercellular mediator" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that affects cellular functions such as chemotaxis, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.25]    388.25Binds plasma protein, serum protein, or fibrin (e.g., clotting factor, fibrinolytic factor, complement factor, immunoglobulin, apolipoprotein, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a plasma protein, serum protein, or with fibrin.
(1) Note. Patents with disclosures to monoclonal antibodies or fragments thereof that bind proteins, including enzymes, that are members of plasma "activation systems"--including the clotting system, the fibrinolytic system, the bradykinin system, and the complement system--are proper for this subclass.
(2) Note. Patents with disclosures to non-anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibodies or fragments thereof that bind immunoglobulins are proper for this subclass, unless the monoclonal antibodies specifically bind lymphocyte-bound immunoglobulins, in which case, they are proper for subclass 388.73.
(3) Note. See Patent Classification Definitions for Class 530, subclasses 380+, for examples of plasma and serum proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.26]    388.26Binds enzyme:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an enzyme.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.3]    388.3Binds virus or component or product thereof (e.g., virus-associated antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a virus, or with a substance shed by a virus, such as a viral antigen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.35]    388.35Binds retrovirus or component or product thereof (e.g., HIV, LAV, HTLV, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.3.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a retrovirus, or with a substance shed by a retrovirus, such as a viral antigen.
(1) Note. Retroviruses are RNA viruses that encode the enzyme reverse transcriptase and that are associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and related disorders, as well as with some forms of cancer, such as those caused by HTLV (human T-lymphotrophic virus) I and II, Rous sarcoma virus, MMTV (murine mammary tumor virus), feline leukemia virus, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.4]    388.4Binds bacterium or similar microorganism or component or product thereof (e.g., Streptococcus, Legionella, Mycoplasma, bacterium-associated antigen, exotoxin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a bacterium or similar micro-organism, or with a substance shed or secreted by a bacterium or similar micro-organism.
(1) Note. For the purpose of this subclass, micro-organisms "similar" to bacteria are those that have properties in common with typical bacteria, but which differ from them in characteristic ways. Examples of such micro-organisms are rickettsiae, chlamydiae, and mycoplasmas.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.5]    388.5Binds fungus or plant cell or component or product thereof (e.g., fungus-associated antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a fungus or plant cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a fungus or plant cell.
(1) Note. Fungi include yeast and mold.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.6]    388.6Binds parasitic protozoan or metazoan cell or component or product thereof (e.g., Dirofilaria, Eimeria, Coccidia, Trichinella, parasite cell-surface antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a parasitic protozoan or metazoan cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a parasitic protozoan or metazoan cell.
(1) Note. Metazoan parasites include such multicellular organisms as the parasitic flatworms and roundworms.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.7]    388.7Binds hematopoietic cell or component or product thereof (e.g., erythrocyte, granulocyte, macrophage, monocyte, platelet, myelogenous leukemia cell, bone marrow stem cell, granulocytic cell-surface antigen, hemoglobin, thrombospondin, glycophorin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a hematopoietic cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a hematopoietic cell.
(1) Note. Hematopoietic cells are considered to be bone marrow stem cells and cells derived from bone marrow stem cells, including cells at any stage of differentiation from progenitor cells to mature erythrocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes, etc., both normal and neoplastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.73]    388.73Binds lymphocytic or lymphocytic-like cell or component or product thereof (e.g., B cell, B-lineage bone marrow cell, null cell, natural killer cell, B-lymphoblastoid cell, B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell, B-lymphocytic cell-surface antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.7.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a lymphocytic or lymphocytic-like cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a lymphocytic cell or lymphocytic-like cell.
(1) Note. Lymphocytes are considered to be either B- or T-lineage cells. Null cells, K cells, and natural killer cells are considered "lymphocytic-like" cells, since they have the morphology of lymphocytes but not the antigenic markers of either B- or T-lineage cells.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.75]    388.75Binds T-lymphocytic cell or component or product thereof (e.g., T cell, thymocyte, T-lineage bone marrow cell, T-lymphoblastoid cell, T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell, T-lymphocytic cell-surface antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.73.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a T-lymphocytic cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a T-lymphocytic cell.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.8]    388.8Binds cancer cell or component or product thereof (e.g., cell-surface antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.2.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a cancer cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a cancer cell.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.85]    388.85Binds antigen characterized by name or molecular weight (e.g., CEA, NCA, CC glycoprotein, melanoma gp 150 antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.8.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an antigen that is an integral or isolated part of a cancer cell, or that is shed or secreted by a cancer cell, and that is disclosed by name or molecular weight.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 388.9]    388.9Binds drug, hapten, hapten-carrier complex, or specifically-identified chemical structure (e.g., theophylline, digoxin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.1.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a drug, hapten, hapten-carrier complex, or with a specifically-identified chemical structure that is disclosed.
(1) Note. A hapten is a molecule or portion thereof that has little or no antigenicity unless coupled to a carrier molecule that is antigenic. Haptens are usually, but not always, of low molecular weight. Common carriers are proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.1]    389.1Polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin of identified binding specificity:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose binding specificity is disclosed.
(1) Note. "Binding specificity" refers to the antigen or antigenic determinant that will combine with the antigen-binding site(s) of a polyclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment(s) thereof; i.e., a polyclonal antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof may have binding specificity for an animal cell, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.2]    389.2Binds hormone, lymphokine, cytokine, or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, intercellular mediator, or neurotransmitter (e.g., insulin, human chorionic gonadotropin, glucagon, cardiodilatin, interleukin, interferon, norepinephrine, epinephrine, acetylcholine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a hormone, lymphokine, cytokine, or other secreted growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, intercellular mediator, or neurotransmitter.
(1) Note. The term "growth regulatory factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that is growth-stimulatory or growth-inhibitory; i.e., that will stimulate or inhibit clonal expansion of cells.
(2) Note. The term "differentiation factor" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that causes cells to progress from a relatively undifferentiated state to a more differentiated state, wherein said progression may include clonal expansion.
(3) Note. The term "intercellular mediator" is meant to encompass any secretory factor that affects cellular functions such as chemotaxis, etc.
(4) Note. See Patent Classification Definitions for Class 424, subclass 85.1 for examples of lymphokines and cytokines.
(5) Note. This subclass includes polyclonal antibodies, immunoglobulins, or fragments thereof that bind any growth regulatory factor, differentiation factor, or intercellular mediator that targets any type(s) of cells, including hematopoietic cells.
(6) Note. Hematopoietic cells are considered to be bone marrow stem cells and cells derived from bone marrow stem cells, including cells at any stage of differentiation from progenitor cells to mature erythrocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes, etc., both normal and neoplastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.3]    389.3Binds plasma protein, serum protein, or fibrin (e.g., clotting factor, fibrinolytic factor, complement factor, immunoglobulin, apolipoprotein, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a plasma protein, serum protein, or with fibrin.
(1) Note. Patents with disclosures to polyclonal antibodies or immunoglobulins or fragments thereof that bind proteins, including enzymes, that are members of plasma "activation systems"--including the clotting system, the fibrinolytic system, the bradykinin system, and the complement system--are proper for this subclass.
(2) Note. Patents with disclosures to nonanti-idiotypic polyclonal antibodies or fragments thereof that bind immunoglobulins are proper for this subclass, unless the antibodies specifically bind lymphocyte-bound immunoglobulins, in which case the patents are proper for subclass 389.6.
(3) Note. See Patent Classification Definitions for Class 530, subclasses 380+ for examples of plasma and serum proteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.4]    389.4Binds virus or component or product thereof (e.g., virus-associated antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a virus, or with a substance shed by a virus, such as a viral antigen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.5]    389.5Binds bacterium or similar microorganism or component or product thereof (e.g., Pseudomonas, Chlamydia, Clostridium, bacterium-associated antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a bacterium or similar micro-organism, or with a substance shed or secreted by a bacterium or similar micro-organism.
(1) Note. Micro-organisms "similar" to bacteria are those that have properties in common with bacteria, but which differ from typical bacteria in characteristic ways. Examples of such microorganisms are rickettsiae, chlamydiae, and mycoplasmas.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.6]    389.6Binds hematopoietic cell or component or product thereof (e.g., erythrocyte, granulocyte, bone marrow cell, lymphocyte, leukemic cell, hematopoietic cell-surface antigen, hemoglobin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a hematopoietic cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a hematopoietic cell.
(1) Note. Hematopoietic cells are considered to be bone marrow stem cells and cells derived from bone marrow stem cells, including cells at any stage of differentiation, from progenitor cells to mature erythrocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes, etc., both normal and neoplastic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.7]    389.7Binds cancer cell or component or product thereof (e.g., cell-surface antigen, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with an integral or isolated part of a cancer cell, or with a substance shed or secreted by a cancer cell.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 389.8]    389.8Binds drug, hapten, hapten-carrier complex, or specifically-identified chemical structure (e.g., theophylline, digoxin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 389.1.  Subject matter involving a polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or antigen-binding fragment thereof whose antigen-binding site(s) will combine with a drug, hapten, hapten-carrier complex, or with a specifically-identified chemical structure that is disclosed.
(1) Note. A hapten is a molecule or portion thereof that has little or no antigenicity unless coupled to a carrier molecule that is antigenic. Haptens are usually, but not always, of low molecular weight. Common carriers are proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 390.1]    390.1Removing or inactivating virus or bacterium or component or product thereof (e.g., endotoxin, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving a process of removing or inactivating a virus, a bacterium, or a component or product thereof that contaminates an immunoglobulin preparation; or an immunoglobulin preparation prepared thereby.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

831,for immunoglobulins isolated via the Cohn fractionation method.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 390.5]    390.5Removing, dissociating or preventing the formation of aggregated, denatured, fragmented, or polymerized immunoglobulin or antibody; or preventing or reducing complement fixation or binding; or reducing antigenicity; or removing, inactivating, or inhibiting contaminating plasma proteins (e.g., proteolytic enzymes, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 387.1.  Subject matter involving a process of removing, dissociating, or preventing the formation of aggregated, denatured, fragmented, polymerized immunoglobulins or antibodies; or a process of preventing or reducing complement fixation or complement binding by an immunoglobulin preparation; or a process of reducing the antigenicity of an immunoglobulin preparation; or a process of removing, inactivating, or inhibiting plasma proteins, such as proteolytic enzymes, that contaminate an immunoglobulin preparation; or involving an immunoglobulin preparation prepared thereby.
(1) Note. This subclass provides for methods of removing plasma proteins that co-purify with immunoglobulins and for methods of removing immunoglobulin fragments or aggregates that create adverse effects, such as complement activation--i.e., "anticomplementary activity"--when an immunoglobulin preparation is administered intravenously.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

831,for immunoglobulins isolated via the Cohn fractionation method.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 391.1]    391.1Monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is conjugated or adsorbed (e.g., adsorbed to a solid support, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is bound to another molecule via a covalent bond or chemical group, or that is adsorbed to another substance.
(1) Note. An immunoglobulin chemically bound to a synthetic resin is proper for Class 525, subclass 54.1.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 178.1+ , for bio-affecting and body-treating compositions of conjugates or complexes of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, immunoglobulins, or fragments thereof with nonimmunoglobulin materials, and for bioaffecting and body-treating methods of using conjugates or complexes of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, immunoglobulins, or fragments thereof with nonimmunoglobulin materials or compositions thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 391.3]    391.3Conjugated to a detectable label or radioisotope or radionuclide or heavy metal-containing compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.1.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is conjugated to a detectable label, radioisotope or radionuclide, or heavy metal-containing compound.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclass 188 for antibodies conjugated to enzymatic labels.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 391.5]    391.5Conjugated via a specifically-identified linking group, chelating group, coordination complex, coupling agent, or conjugation agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.3.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is conjugated via a linking group, chelating group, coordination complex, coupling agent, or conjugation agent that is specifically identified in the claims by name or chemical structure.
(1) Note. Claim language such as "an antibody covalently bonded to a detectable label" or "an antibody bound covalently to a detectable label" is not intended for this subclass, but is proper for subclass 391.3. Claim language such as "an antibody bound by a disulphide bond to a detectable label" or "an antibody bound by an amide bond to a detectable label" is proper for this subclass because it describes the type of linkage between the antibody and the substance to which it is linked.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 391.7]    391.7Conjugated to a cytotoxic agent or drug or other biologically-active substance:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.1.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is conjugated to a cytotoxic agent, drug, or other biologically-active substance.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclass 188 for antibodies conjugated to enzymes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 391.9]    391.9Conjugated via a specifically-identified linking group, coupling agent, or conjugation agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.7.  Subject matter involving a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody or immunoglobulin or fragment thereof that is conjugated via a linking group, coupling agent, or conjugation agent that is specifically identified in the claims by name or chemical structure.
(1) Note. Claim language such as "an antibody covalently bonded to a toxin" or "an antibody bound covalently to a toxin" is not intended for this subclass, but is proper for subclass 391.7. Claim language such as "an antibody bound by a disulphide bond to a toxin" or "an antibody bound by an amide bond to a toxin" is proper for this subclass because it describes the type of linkage between the antibody and the substance to which it is linked.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

861,through 868, for cross-reference art collections related to subclasses 387.1-391.9.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 392]    392Alpha globulins, e.g., ceruloplastin, haptoglobins, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Proteins identified as alpha globulins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 392

(2) Note. The alpha 2 globulin includes alpha 2 glycoproteins, ceruloplasmin and prothrombin.
(3) Note. Examples: Alpha-2-macroglobulin, Alpha 1 microglobulin Alpha-2u-globulin precursor, Progesterone binding globulin.
(4) Note.

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 392

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

359,for alpha 1 lipoproteins.
384,for the alpha globulin prothrombin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 393]    393Antithrombin III:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 392.  Proteins having the structure of antithrombin III and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physiological properties. A plasma glycoprotein having antithrombin activity and serving to inhibit other enzymes.
(2) Note. Synonyms. Heparin cofactor, Antithrombin II.
(3) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 393

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 394]    394Beta globulins, e.g., transferrin, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 386.  Proteins having the structure of a beta globulin and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties. Beta 1 Lipoproteins Transferrin Plasminogen; Molecular Weight: 3-20 million - 85,00090,000. Other Components: lipid; saccharide
(2) Note. Examples. Beta-2-microglobulin, Beta-Thromboglobulin, Beta trace protein.
(3) Note. CA Registry Number:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 394

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

359,for beta 1 lipoproteins.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 395]    395Glycoproteins, e.g., mucins, proteoglycans, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins comprising a protein bonded to saccharide and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the structure.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass are:
amyloid proteins; colyony-stimulating factor; fibronectins; hemopexin; lactoferrin; mucoproteins, mucopolysaccharides; intrinsic factor; mucins; orosomucoid; proteoglycans; sialoglycoproteins; thromboprotein; thryroglobulin; thyroxine binding protein; transcortin; tubulin
(2) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 395

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 396]    396Lectins, e.g., concanavalin, hemagglutinin, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Proteins having the structure of lectins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 396

(2) Note. Physiological properties. Binder sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other changes in the cell.
(3) Note. Synonyms. Phytohemagglutinins, Agglutinins, Phytagglutinins, Hemagglutinins, Plant agglutinins.
(4) Note. CA Registry Number: 9008-97-3*

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 396

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 397]    397Glycoprotein hormones:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 395.  Proteins having the structure of or functioning as hormones and derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 397

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 398]    398Gonadatropins:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 397.  Proteins having the structure of gonadatropins and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physiological properties. Stimulate the gonads to growth and production of sex-specific hormones, i.e., estrogens and gestagens in the female and androgens in the male.
(2) Note. Examples: Choriogonin, Bigonadil, Choriogonadotropin, Chorulom, HGC, Follitropin, or Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Lutropin, or Luteinizing hormone (LH), Human menopausal gonadotropin (Urongonadotropin, hMG, Chorionic gonadotropin (Choriogonadotropin, (hCG).
(3) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 398

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 110 for gonadotropin peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 399]    399Hormones, e.g., prolactin, thymosin, growth factors, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins functioning as hormones and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Mesh tree number: D6.472

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 120 for growth factor peptide or protein sequences.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 400]    400Metal containing, e.g., chromoproteins, ferritin, ferredoxins, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Proteins containing a metal and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Examples, Myoglobin, Metallothronenin, Hemerythrin, Iron sulfur proteins.
(2) Note. CA Registry Number of Ferritin form: 9007-73-2*. Mesh tree number: D12.776.556.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

930Peptide or Protein Sequence,   subclass 25 for peptide or protein sequences containing an amino acid modified with a heavy metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 401]    401Cytochromes, e.g., chlorophyl, orgotein, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 400.  Proteins having the structure of cytochrome and compounds derived from these by addition to or deletion of parts of the polypeptide structure.
(1) Note. Physical Properties.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 401

(2) Note. Synonyms. of orgotein: heapatocuprein, cerebrocuprein, erythrocuprein, cytocuprein. Of Cytochrome c: Myohematin, Hematin-Protein, Cromoci, Cytorest, Landrax
(3) Note. CA Registry Number of underivatized form:

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 401

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 402]    402Chemical modification or the reaction product thereof, e.g., covalent attachment or coupling, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Subject matter including a step of chemically modifying a protein or the product of such modification.
(1) Note. Chemical modification includes conjugation of a protein with a nonpeptide compound or addition of simple chemical elements or compounds to the protein as well as sundering parts of a large protein molecule.
(2) Note. Treatment to deliberately change the secondary, tertiary or quaternary structure of a polypeptide is considered chemical modification.
(3) Note. Other subclasses provide for protein conjugates that occur in nature. Nucleoproteins are in subclass 358. Lipoproteins are in subclass 359. Metalloproteins in subclasses 400 and 401.
(4) Note. Immobilized Proteins. Cross-reference art collections 810+ provide for carrier bound or immobilized proteins where the protein is combined chemically or physically with a carrier that insolubilized it or otherwise aids in the recovery of the protein from solution.
(5) Note. This subclass provides for melanoidin resulting from Mallard type reactions between amino acids and sugars.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

524Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 9+ for plant or derived cellular material, subclasses 17+ for proteins or biologically active polypeptides for a process in which the protein or polypeptide is physically mixed with a preformed resin and subclasses 70+ for a process of adding a protein or biologically active polypeptide to resin forming ingredients during reaction of the resin formers and the protein of polypeptide is nonreactive.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclass 54.1 for the chemical reaction of a peptide or protein with a preformed resin and subclass 54.11 for processes of stepwise assembly of a polypeptide on a preformed polymer i.e., solid phase synthesis when there is no claimed cleavage of synthesized polypeptide.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 403]    403Protein is identified as a nantigen, e.g., immunogenic carriers, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 402.  Subject matter in which the protein is reacted with another material and the protein is claimed or disclosed as an antigen.
(1) Note. The compound reacting with the antigenic protein may itself be a protein or polypeptide. All such compounds are conclusively presumed to belong in subclass 405, even though they may contain sulfur.
(2) Note. The typical patent in this and the indented subclasses is directed to the use of an antigenic protein as an immunogenic carrier for a hapten.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

514Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclasses 1 through 21.92and cross-reference art collections 800-809 which provide for therapeutic or body treating compositions containing a peptide or protein as an organic active ingredient.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 404]    404Sulfur containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 405]    405Nitrogen containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 406]    406Oxygen containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 403.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains oxygen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 407]    407Hydrolysis of protein:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 402.  Subject matter in which the protein is subject to autolysis or chemical hydrolysis.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 68.1+ for a process of hydrolysis by micro-organism or enzyme wherein a protein is produced and subclass 272 for recovering a preexisting protein by means of a micro-organism or enzyme.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 408]    408Sulfur containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 402.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 409]    409Nitrogen containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 402.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 410]    410Oxygen containing reactant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 402.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein contains oxygen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 411]    411Oxygen containing is saccharide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 410.  Subject matter in which the material reacting with the protein is or contains saccharide.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 412]    412Separation or purification:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 350.  Processes in which a protein is separated from another material.
(1) Note. This and the indented subclasses provide for original patents directed to the production of proteins claimed generically and for cross-references of named proteins provided for above.
(2) Note. This and the indented subclasses provide for a process which includes a chemical reaction so long as the chemical reaction is part of a separation or purification procedure and provided that the reactants do not include the protein to be recovered.
(3) Note. See subclass 344 for a comprehensive listing of classes which provide for separation process where the material purified is not specifically claimed as being a protein.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 413]    413Immunological separation or affinity chromatography:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Processes in which an antigen antibody or binding protein reaction is used to effect separation of a component of a mixture.
(1) Note. Mesh tree member: H1.181.278.186.400.170 and E5.196.181.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

387.1+,for immunogloblulins, per se.
417,for separation by chromatography.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing,   subclass 824 for a digest collection of immunological separation techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 414]    414Ultra filtration or osmosis:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Processes in which separation is effected (a) by means of a permeable membrane through which a solvent is forced under pressure carrying low molecular weight compounds through the membrane or (b) by means of a permeable membrane through which compounds are forced by osmatic pressure.
(1) Note. Ultra filtration membranes typically separate compounds with molecular weight from 1,000 to 1,000,000 dalton (1 to 100 nm) in size.
(2) Note. Particle dimensions of compounds commonly separated by ultra filtration.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 414

(3) Note. Mesh tree number ultrafiltration.

Image 2 for class 530 subclass 414

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

210Liquid Purification,   subclass 650 for processes of separation by filtration and subclass 652 for processes of separation by osmosis.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 415]    415Selective absorption, e.g., Ca phosphate sorbents, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Processes in which separation of a protein from a liquid mixture is effected by contact with a solid material which preferentially attracts and holds one of the components of the liquid mixture.
(1) Note. See the extensive search class notes in Class 210, subclass 660 for related and allied arts and particularly note (4) for the disposition of ion exchange resins.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 416]    416Ion exchange:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Process in which separation of a protein from a liquid is effected by a solid insoluble material which captures from the liquid a dissociated charged chemical moiety and releases to the liquid a different charged moiety of the same polarity.
(1) Note. See Class 210, subclass 660 for comprehensive treatment of the disposition of ion exchange processes in that and other related classes.
(2) Note.

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 416

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 417]    417Chromatography or by septum selective as to material, e.g., gel filtration, molecular sieve dialysis, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 415.  Processes in which a protein is separated from a liquid mixture by a solid sorbent which competes in affinity with a moving carrier liquid or solvent such that a separation is effected by differing speeds of travel through the solid sorbent.
(1) Note. See Class 210, subclass 658 and the notes thereunder for disposition of chromatography in that and related classes, and Class 210, subclass 635 which provides for gel chromatography.
(2) Note. This subclass provides for high performance liquid chromatography.
(3) Note. Mesh tree number:

Image 1 for class 530 subclass 417

  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 418]    418Precipitation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Processes in which a protein is separated from a liquid by physical or chemical means to cause the protein or undesired material to agglomerate, coagulate, coalesce or flocculate.
(1) Note. Precipitation may be either by chemical reaction, including salting out, or by physical means such as agitation or heat.
(2) Note. See Class 210, subclass 702 for the disposition of precipitation processes Class 210 and other related classes.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 419]    419With added material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 418.  Processes in which precipitation is brought about by adding a material thereto.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 420]    420Inorganic:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 419.  Processes in which the added material is inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 421]    421Polymeric, e.g., polyethylene glycol, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 419.  Process in which the added material is a natural or synthetic polymer.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 422]    422Solvent extraction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Process in which a protein is separated from a solid or liquid mixture by preferential dissolution in an added solvent.
(1) Note. See Class 210, subclass 634 and the extensive notes therein for the disposition of solvent extraction in that class.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 423]    423Oxygenated material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 422.  Processes in which the solvent contains oxygen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 424]    424Alcohol:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Processes in which the oxgenated solvent is an alcohol.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 425]    425Carboxyl containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Processes in which the oxygenated material contains a carboxyl group.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 426]    426Hydrocarbon or halogenated hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 422.  Processes in which the solvent is a hydrocarbon or a halogenated hydrocarbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 427]    427Physical treatment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 412.  Processes in which a protein is separated or purified by a physical treatment.
(1) Note. This subclass would provide for separation by ultrasonic treatment of flotation techniques.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 500]    500LIGNINS OR DERIVATIVES:
 This subclass is indented under Class 260, subclass 1.  Lignins, i.e., the Major Noncarbohydrate Constituents of Wood and Woody Plants, or Reaction Products Thereof.
(1) Note. The chemical treatment of source materials such as, for example, waste sulfite liquor or black liquor, to derive therefrom a lignin-containing substance is included herein, unless said treatment produces a definite carbon compound which is specifically provided for elsewhere.
(2) Note. The rules for determining Class placement of the Original Reference (OR) for claimed chemical compositions are set forth in the Class Definition of Class 252 in the SECTION LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS, subsection COMPOSITION CLASS SUPERIORITY, which includes a hierarchical ORDER OF SUPERIORITY FOR COMPOSITION CLASSES.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

8Bleaching and Dyeing; Fluid Treatment and Chemical Modification of Textiles and Fibers,   for tanning agents derived from waste cellulose liberation liquors.
117Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor,   for processes for growing therein-defined single-crystal of all types of materials, including inorganic or organic.
162Paper Making and Fiber Liberation,   for processes of liberating cellulosic fibers which include the recovery of an organic by-product.
506Combinatorial Chemistry Technology: Method, Library, Apparatus,   for a chemical or biological library or a process of creating said library.
562Organic Compounds,   subclass 513 for the production of oxalic acid from waste sulfite liquor.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 501]    501Aldehyde, ketone or ozone reacted with a lignin or lignin containing substance, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein a lignin or a lignin-containing substance is reacted with an aldehyde, with a ketone, or with ozone, or the reaction products thereof.
(1) Note. See this Class, subclass 507 for processes wherein acetone, for example, is used as a solvent rather than as a reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 502]    502Compound which includes phenolic hydroxy or oxygen containing hetero ring reacted with a lignin or lignin containing substance, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein a lignin or a lignin-containing substance is reacted with a compound having hydroxy bonded directly to a benzene ring or with a compound having an oxygen-containing hereto ring, or the reaction products thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 503]    503Hydrogenation of a lignin or lignin containing substance, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein a lignin or a lignin-containing substance is reacted with hydrogen, or the reaction products thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 504]    504Carboxylic acid anhydride, or a compound having halogen bonded directly to acyclic carbon by nonionic bonding, reacted with a lignin or lignin containing substance, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein a lignin or a lignin-containing substance is reacted with a carboxylic acid anhydride or with a compound having halogen (i.e., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) bonded directly or indirectly to an acyclic carbon by nonionic bonding, or the reaction products thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 505]    505Compound containing nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding reacted with a lignin or lignin containing substance, or product therof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein a lignin or a lignin-containing substance is reacted with a compound having nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding, or the reaction products thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 506]    506Heavy metal, aluminum, silicon or phosphorus containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Compounds which contain heavy metal (i.e., metals with a density greater than 4.0), aluminum, silicon, or phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 507]    507Processes utilizing an organic solvent or a compound having alcoholic hydroxy bonded directly to an acyclic carbon, or product thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 500.  Processes wherein there is utilized a compound having alcoholic hydroxy bonded directly to an acyclic carbon or an organic solvent, or the reaction products thereof.
(1) Note. The compound having alcoholic hydroxy bonded directly to an acyclic carbon may be used as a solvent or as a reactant.
(2) Note. An alcoholic hydroxy group is one that is bonded to a carbon that is not doubly bonded to chalcogen or to nitrogen, i.e., compounds such as acetic acid, etc., are not considered to have an alcoholic hydroxy group.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

Cross-reference art collections 860-868 are related to subclasses 387.1 through 391.9

[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 800]    800ANTIHYPERTENSIVE PEPTIDES:
 Cross-reference art collection containing patents in which the peptide is claimed or disclosed as lowering blood pressure.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 801]    801PEPTIDE SWEETNERS:
 Cross-reference art collection containing patents in which the peptide is claimed or disclosed as possessing a sweet taste.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 802]    802CHROMOGENIC OR LUMINESCENT PEPTIDES:
 Cross-reference art collection containing patents in which the peptide is claimed or disclosed as luminescent or chromogenic.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 806]    806ANTIGENIC PEPTIDES OR PROTEINS:
 Cross-reference art collection containing patents in which the peptides or proteins are claimed or disclosed an antigens.
(1) Note. This collection does not include immunogenic carriers conjugated to haptens. Such patents are in subclasses 403+.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 807]    807HAPTEN CONJUGATED WITH A PEPTIDE OR PROTEIN:
 Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins bonded to a compound that is identified as or functions as a hapten.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 808]    808MATERIALS OR PRODUCTS RELATED TO GENETIC ENGINEERING OR HYBRID OR FUSED CELL TECHNOLOGY, E.G., HYBRIDOMA, MONOCLONAL PRODUCTS, ETC.:
 Cross-reference art collection containing patents in which the peptide or protein is the product of a process involving recombinant DNA technology or hybrid or fused cell technology.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 809]    809Fused cell products, e.g., hybridoma products, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 808.  Cross-reference art collection for peptide or protein products produced by a fused cell.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 810]    810CARRIER BOUND OR IMMOBILIZED PEPTIDE OR PROTEIN, PREPARATION THEREOF, E.G., USE OF BIOLOGICAL CELL FRAGMENTS AS CARRIER, ETC.:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Cross-reference art collection which is an artificially produced composition or complex or compound containing the property of physical confinement or localization during a continuous chemical process or the property of enhanced recoverability in a batch process for repeated future use and processes for preparing the same.
(1) Note. Immobilization results from covalent bonding between the peptide or protein and the carrier or an ionic bonding between the peptide or protein and a carrier or sorption of a peptide or protein with a carrier, or entrapment of a peptide or protein within a carrier.
(2) Note. A carrier material may be either water soluble or water insoluble.
(3) Note. Peptides chemically or physically bonded to a water-insoluble.
(3) Note. Peptides chemically or physically bonded to a water-soluble matrix, contained within a polymer or gel, absorbed on a resin are examples of immobilized peptides.
(4) Note. When a carrier is composed of more than one material, the patent is placed in the subclass which corresponds to the material to which the peptide is bound, e.g., a carrier which is a synthetic polymer coated metal is placed in subclass 421.
(5) Note. The carrier material or the carrier material and a covalent bond forming agent impart to the peptide or protein the property of physical confinement for localization during continuous process or the property of enhanced recoverability in a batch process which it did not possess prior to treatment with the carrier material or carrier material and a covalent bonding agent.
(6) Note. Synthetic Resins vs. Polypeptides. The conceptual difference between the subject matter of synthetic resins provided for in the 520 series and polypeptides (including proteins) provided for in Class 530 is that the compounds of the 520 series have statistically distributed amino acids or blocks of amino acids in their molecules in a random sequence whereas 530 provides for molecules composed of a specific sequence of amino acids of defined identity and order (i.e., primary structure) having identity or close relation to a humerial or cellular polypeptide or having some humerial or cellular effect due to its order structure.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

65Glass Manufacturing,   for processes of making glass articles, particularly subclass 339 for making optical fibers or waveguides by incorporating dopant into porous glass body; subclass 413 for making optical fibers or waveguides by deposition of vapor onto porous glass body; subclass 432 for making glass optical fibers or waveguides by coating porous glass fibers or waveguides with synthetic or natural resin containing material; subclasses 447+ for making glass fibers or filaments by coating porous glass body with synthetic or natural resin or asphalt containing material; subclass 22 for making a porous glass article which may find utility as an immobilization agent.
106Compositions: Coating, or Plastic,   for protein containing coating or plastic compositions, particularly subclasses 4 , 24, 124+, and 645+ indented subclasses.
156Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture,   subclasses 77+ for pore forming in combination with a laminating step.
210Liquid Purification or Separation,   subclasses 263+ and 689 for processes and apparatus for ion exchange or sorption of components from a liquid; and subclass 615 for a process of use of an immobilized enzyme or micro-organism to purify sewage.
260Chemistry of Carbon Compounds,   various subclasses for coenzymes or immobilized coenzymes; subclasses 998.2+ utilities intended for use as dyestuffs or pharmaceuticals or otherwise excluded from Class 520, subclasses 1+ by Note (1) of subclasses 1+.
264Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes,   subclasses 41+ for significant molding processes which include the step of pore forming in situ.
424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   especially subclasses 417 , 457, 459, and 468 for coated products which may contain a protein; subclasses 94.1+ for a composition containing an enzyme or coenzyme including immobilized forms and subclasses 2+ for a composition containing a protein.
428Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles,   subclasses 474.4+ for a nonstructural stock material product in the form of a composite web or sheet including a layer comprising protein, and other appropriately titled subclasses, e.g., subclasses 435 and 458; and subclasses 304.4+ for stock material in the form of a composite web or sheet embodying a component which is porous or cellular.
435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 174+ for carrier bond or immobilized enzymes or microbial cells and the preparation thereof and subclass 188 for enzyme conjugates, ligands and adducts.
436Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Chemistry,   subclasses 501 through 548particularly subclass 518 of use of immobilized antigens, antibodies, or other immunochemicals in a test or analysis.
521Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 25+ for an ion exchange resin and the processes of making or regenerating them; and subclasses 50+ for cellular or porous resinous bodies and the process of preparing them.
525Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 54.1+ for a product or process of chemically reacting a protein or polypeptide with a synthetic resin.
527Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   subclasses 200+ for resinous products and the processes of preparing them wherein protein is incorporated into the resinous structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 811]    811Peptide or proteins immobilized on, or in, an inorganic carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 810.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the carrier is an inorganic compound or metal or alloy.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 812]    812Peptides or proteins are immobilized on, or in, an organic carrier:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 810.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the support material is an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 813]    813Carrier is a saccharide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 812.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the support material is a saccharide.
(1) Note. Derivatized starch, derivatized cellulose, and polysaccharides are carbohydrates within the meaning of this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 814]    814Cellulose or derivative thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 813.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the carrier is cellulose or a substituted cellulose.
(1) Note. Examples of substituted cellulose are DEAE cellulose, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 815]    815Carrier is a synthetic polymer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 812.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the support material is a linear or cross-linked polymer which is not naturally occurring.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 816]    816Attached to the carrier via a bridging agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 815.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the peptide or protein is bonded to the polymeric carrier through an intermediate compound which attaches to both the peptide or protein and the carrier.
(1) Note. The formation of the immobilized peptide or protein may be in a stagewise manner with a reaction between the carrier and bridging agent being complete before the peptide or protein is added or in a process in which the carrier, bridging agent, and peptide or protein are present simultaneously in which case some care should be exercised in distinguishing the process of this subclass from mere entrapment. In general, if three separate entities, i.e., enzyme and two different chemical species are present simultaneously, bonding through a bridging agent should be presumed.
(2) Note. A product or process classifiable in this subclass combines a polymeric carrier with a bridging agent to provide functional groups for attachment. It should be noted that similar functional groups can be provided by formation of a polymeric carrier by copolymerization of monomers one or more of which contain the desired functional group for attachment and that such would be provided for in subclass 421.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 817]    817Entrapped within the carrier, e.g., gel, hollow fibre; etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 815.  Cross-reference art collection wherein the peptide or protein is physically trapped in a reticulated polymer structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 820]    820PROTEINS FROM MICRO-ORGANISMS:
 Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins derived from micro-organisms.
(1) Note. The indented collections are left without detailed definition in favor of the many standard reference works in microbiology.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 68.1+ for the microbial or enzymatic synthesis of proteins and peptides; subclasses 183+ for the production of enzymes; and subclasses 174+ for the formation of immobilized enzymes and subclasses 269 and 272+ for the liberation or purification of proteins by means of a micro-organism or enzyme, particularly subclass 273 for the purification of collagen or gelatin.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 821]    821Separation of nucleic acid:
 Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from nucleic acids.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 822]    822Protozoa:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 820.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from Protozoa.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 258.1+ for subject matter involving protozoa, including processes and compositions for their propagation, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 823]    823Lower fungi, e.g., mold etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 820.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from fungi.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 254.1+ for subject matter involving fungi including processes and compositions for their propagation, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 824]    824Yeasts:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 823.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from yeast.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

435Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology,   subclasses 254.2+ and 255.1+ for subject matter involving yeast including processes and compositions for their propagation, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 825]    825Bacteria:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 820.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from bacteria.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 826]    826Viruses:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 820.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from virus.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 827]    827PROTEINS FROM MAMMALS OR BIRDS:
 Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from mammals or birds.
(1) Note. For a detailed list of the parts see the National Library of Medicine"s Medical Subject Headings Category A listings. This listing is available online.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 520 for compositions with a Class 424 utility wherein the active ingredient is an animal extract or tissue of undetermined chemical constitution, i.e., the chemical structure is not sufficiently established to classify the extract elsewhere.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 828]    828Cancer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from cancer tissue.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 829]    829Blood:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from blood.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 830]    830Plasma; serum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 829.  Cross-reference collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from blood plasma or serum.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 831]    831Cohn fractions:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 830.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from Cohn fractions.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 832]    832Milk; colostrum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from milk or colostrum.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 833]    833Whey; cheese:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from whey or cheese.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 834]    834Urine; urinary system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from urine or from tissue of the urinary system.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 835]    835Kidney:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 834.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the kidney.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 836]    836Mucus; mucus glands; bursa; arthral fluid; spinal fluid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from mucus, mucus producing glands, bursa, arthral fluid or spinal fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 837]    837Lymph; lymph-glands; thymus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from lymph, lymph glands or the thymus.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 838]    838Marrow; spleen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the marrow or spleen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 839]    839Nerves; or brain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the nerves or brain.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 840]    840Bones; tendons, teeth; cartilage:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from bones, tendons, teeth or cartilage.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 841]    841Muscles; heart:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from muscles or the heart.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 842]    842Skin; hair; nails; sebaceous glands; cerumen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from skin, hair, nails, sebaceous glands or cerumen.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 843]    843Digestive system:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the digestive system.
(1) Note. For a detailed list of the parts of the various anatomical systems see the National Library of Medicine"s Medical Subject Headings Category A listings. This listing is available on line.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 844]    844Stomach; intestine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 843.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the stomach or the intestines.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 845]    845Pancreas:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 843.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the pancreas.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 846]    846Liver:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 843.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the liver.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 847]    847Bile:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 843.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the liver bile.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 848]    848Lungs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the lungs.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 849]    849Eyes; vessels; umbilical cord:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides which are separated from the eye, blood vessels or umbilical cord.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 850]    850Reproductive organs or embryos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the reproductive organs or from embryos.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 851]    851Placenta; amniotic fluid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 850.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the placenta or amniotic fluid.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 852]    852Sperm:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 850.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from sperm.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 853]    853Ovary; eggs; embryos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 852.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from the ovary, eggs or embryo.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 854]    854Glands:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 827.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins which are separated from glands not otherwise provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 855]    855PROTEINS FROM ANIMALS OTHER THAN MAMMALS OR BIRDS:
 Cross-reference art collection peptides or proteins from animals other than mammals or birds.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

424Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions,   subclass 520 for compositions with a Class 424 utility wherein the active ingredient is an animal extract or tissue of undetermined chemical constitution, i.e., the chemical structure is not sufficiently established to classify the extract elsewhere.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 856]    856Snakes; venom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 855.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins from snakes or snake venom.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 857]    857Fish, fish eggs; shell fish; crustacea:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 855.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins from fish, fish roe, shell fish or crustacea.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 858]    858Insects; venom:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 855.  Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins from insects or insect venom.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 859]    859WASTE, WASTE MATERIAL, REFUSE OR SLUDGE, E.G., EFFLUENTS, FECAL MATTER, ETC.:
 Cross-reference art collection for peptides or proteins from waste, waste material, refuse or sludge.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 860]    860RENIN INHIBITORS:
 Cross-reference art collection involving substances that inhibit the angiotensinogen-cleaving action of renin.
(1) Note. This and the following cross-reference art collections are related to subclasses 387.1 through 391.9.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 861]    861INVOLVING IgG3, IgG4, IgA, OR IgY:
 Cross-reference art collection involving immunoglobulin IgG3, IgG4, IgA, or IgY.
(1) Note. IgY is similar to IgG and is found only in birds.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 862]    862INVOLVING IgE OR IgD:
 Cross-reference art collection involving immunoglobulin IgE or IgD.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 863]    863INVOLVING IgM:
 Cross-reference art collection involving immunoglobulin IgM.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 864]    864Monoclonal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 863.  Cross-reference art collection involving a monoclonal antibody that is IgM.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 865]    865Human:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 864.  Cross-reference art collection involving a human monoclonal antibody that is IgM.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 866]    866INVOLVING IMMUNOGLOBULIN OR ANTIBODY FRAGMENT (E.G., F(ab)"2, Fab", Fab, Fv, Fc, HEAVY CHAIN, LIGHT CHAIN, ETC.):
 Cross-reference art collection involving an immunoglobulin or antibody fragment.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 867]    867INVOLVING IMMUNOGLOBULIN OR ANTIBODY PRODUCED VIA RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY:
 Cross-reference art collection involving an immunoglobulin or antibody produced via recombinant DNA technology.
  
[List of Patents for class 530 subclass 868]    868INVOLVING AUTOIMMUNITY, ALLERGY, IMMEDIATE HYPERSENSITIVITY, DE-LAYED HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMUNOSUPPRESSION, OR IMMUNOTOLERANCE:
 Cross-reference art collection involving an immunoglobulin or antibody asssociated with autoimmunity, allergy, immediate hypersensitivity, delayed hypersensitivity, immunosuppression, or immunotolerance.
  

This page is produced by the Office of Classification Support (Office of Patent Classification) for the Reference Tools Project.

Please send questions and comments to usptoinfo@uspto.gov .

Note: The Patent and Trademark Depository Library Program (PTDLP) administers a nationwide network of public, state and academic libraries designated as Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries authorized by 35 U.S.C. 13 to: Disseminate Patent and Trademark Information Support Diverse Intellectual Property Needs of the Public. PTDL Contact Information

Note: For information/comments on electronic information products, such as purchasing USPTO data, or to discuss system requirements for magnetic tape products, contact:

     Information Products Division -- U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Information Products Division Contact Information
     Or, browse their on-line catalog.

KEY: e Biz=online business system fees=fees forms=formshelp=help laws and regs=laws/regulations definition=definition (glossary)

The Inventors Assistance Center is available to help you on patent matters.Send questions about USPTO programs and services to the USPTO Contact Center (UCC). You can suggest USPTO webpages or material you would like featured on this section by E-mail to the webmaster@uspto.gov. While we cannot promise to accommodate all requests, your suggestions will be considered and may lead to other improvements on the website.


|.HOME | SITE INDEX| SEARCH | eBUSINESS | HELP | PRIVACY POLICY