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Outline
Indent Level:
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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TEXTILES; PAPER
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SUBSECTION:
Textiles or flexible materials not otherwise provided for
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NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING (metal threads B21; fibres or filaments of softened glass, minerals, or slag C03B 37/00; yarns D02)
NOTE
-
In this class, the following terms are used with the meanings indicated:

- "fibre" means a relatively-short, elongated member of natural
or artificial material
- "filament" means an endless or quasi-endless, elongated member
of natural or artificial material
- "yarn" means a unitary assembly of fibres, usually produced by
spinning
- "thread" means an assembly of yarns or filaments, usually
produced by twisting

MECHANICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FIBROUS OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FIBRES OF FILAMENTS, e.g. FOR SPINNING (crude extraction of asbestos fibres from ores B03B; apparatus for retting D01C)
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D01

CHEMICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FILAMENTARY OR FIBROUS MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FILAMENTS OR FIBRES FOR SPINNING; CARBONISING RAGS TO RECOVER ANIMAL FIBRES
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D01

MECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D01.

Apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture of carbon filaments are classified in group D01F 9/12

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
D01D 5/10 covered by D01D 5/08 and subgroups

CHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
PRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING (winding or unwinding, conducting or guiding laps, webs, slivers or rovings in general, sliver or roving cans, depositing in sliver or roving cabs B65H; preparation of fibres for paper-making D21)
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D01.

SPINNING OR TWISTING (unwinding, paying-out, forwarding, winding or coiling filamentary material not intimately associated with spinning or twisting B65H; cores, formers, supports or holders for coiled or wound material, e.g. bobbins B65H; twisting oakum D01G 35/00; crimping or curling of fibres, filaments or yarns D02G 1/00; making chenille D03D, D04D 3/00; testing yarns, rovings, slivers, fibres, or fibre webs G01)
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YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
NOTE
-
In this class, the following terms are used with the meanings indicated:

- "fibre" means a relatively-short, elongated member of natural
or artificial material;
- "filament" means an endless or quasi-endless, elongated member
of natural or artificial material;
- "yarn" means a unitary assembly of fibres, usually produced by
spinning;
- "thread" means an assembly of yarns or filaments, usually
produced by twisting.

CRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of class D02

WARPING, BEAMING OR LEASING
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D02.

FINISHING OR DRESSING OF FILAMENTS, YARNS, THREADS, CORDS, ROPES OR THE LIKE (curling or crimping D02G; by treatment with liquids, gases or vapours D06B; finishing other than by liquid treatment, of yarns in warp or sheet form D06C; for chemical matters, see D06L, D06M, D06P, D06Q; treatment during rope-making, apparatus for treating ropes auxiliary to rope-making D07B)
NOTE
-
Attention is drawn to the note following the title of Class D02.

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WEAVING
SHEDDING MECHANISMS ; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS ; PUNCHING OF CARDS ; DESIGNING PATTERNS
WARNING
-

The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject-matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups: - D03C9/04 covered by D03C 9/028

WOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
NOTE
-
Class D06 takes precedence over this subclass in respect of processes involving both weaving and finishing steps and in respect of the finished fabrics.

A method of weaving is classified in the group designating the fabric woven unless the method is characterised by the operation of a particular loom rather than by the production of a particular fabric. In this case, the method is classified in the group for the loom.

In this subclass, if there is any doubt as to which of the essential features is the most important (this is usually the most restrictive feature), the groups designating woven fabrics should be considered in the order in which they appear at each level of indentation, except that groups designating woven pile fabrics are to be considered as taking precedence over groups designating other woven fabrics.

AUXILIARY WEAVING APPARATUS; WEAVERS` TOOLS; SHUTTLES
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BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
KNITTING
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the groups designating machines, apparatus, devices, or implements include processes characterised by, or dependent on, their use and the products of such processes

Knitted products, i.e. fabrics, articles, are classified in this subclass only if they have constructional features which are of interest from the knitting aspect

BRAIDING OR MANUFACTURE OF LACE, INCLUDING BOBBIN-NET OR CARBONISED LACE; BRAIDING MACHINES; BRAID; LACE (machines for making soles from strips of material A43D 29/00; cane working B27J 1/00)
TRIMMINGS; RIBBONS, TAPES OR BANDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR (fittings or trimmings for hats, e.g. hat bands A42C 5/00; decorating art B44; yarns or threads D02G; weaving D03; braid or lace D04C; non-woven fabrics D04H)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

- "trimmings" means decorative or ornamental articles made
wholly or partly of textile or analogous material, or
strips of textile or analogous material intended to be
used for decorative or ornamental purposes, not otherwise
provided for

MAKING NETS BY KNOTTING OF FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; MAKING KNOTTED CARPETS OR TAPESTRIES; KNOTTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR (binding knotters for harvesters A01D 59/04; wire netting B21F; tying articles by knotting B65B; knotting in association with winding or unwinding B65H 69/00; knotting in weaving D03J; making nets, carpets, or tapestries by other techniques, see the relevant subclasses)
MAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL ( weaving D03; knitting D04B; braiding
{
or lace-making
}
D04C; net-making
{
or making knotted carpets
}
D04G; sewing D05B; tufting D05C,
{
e.g. D05C 15/04
}
; finishing non-woven fabrics D06 )
; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS ; COTTON-WOOL ; WADDING
{
Non-woven fabrics from staple fibres, filaments or yarns, bonded with at least one web-like material during their consolidation
}
( non-woven fabrics having an intermediate or external layer of a different kind, e.g. of woven fabric, B32B;
{
manufacturing hats A42C; filtering material B01D 39/00 ; making board or the like from wood fibre B27N; producing shaped articles from mixtures containing fibres B28B 1/52 ; making layered products from solid layers, at least one of which contains synthetic resin as an essential component B32B 27/00 ; making or treating glass wool and mineral wool C03B 37/00 ; compounding ingredients used as fillers for mortars and the like C04B 14/38 , C04B 16/06 , C04B 20/0048 ; sintering plastics particles C08J 9/24 ; manufacturing by extrusion of synthetic filaments and fibres in general D01D; paper D21C to D21H; making shaped articles from liquid suspensions of cellulose fibres D21J
}
)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:

- "non-woven fabrics" means fabrics formed wholly or partly
of textile material by processes comprising operations
other than the weaving, knitting, braiding, lacing, or
knotting of yarns, threads, or filaments for which provision
is made in other subclasses of Section D. This expression
includes felts, cotton-wool, and wadding.

In this subclass:

- some of the non-woven fabrics can also be regarded as
"layered products" within the meaning of subclass B32B,
and further classification in that subclass should be
considered in accordance with the notes thereto;
- in cases where the making of non-woven fabrics involves the
use of particular chemical compounds or compositions, e.g.
for treating or bonding fibres, filaments, or yarns,
further classification in other appropriate subclasses
should also be considered.

By varying the proportions of fibres or threads, and the chemical compounds or compositions, the final products may be given the appearance of paper, cardboard, leather or the like.

In this subclass, a number of groups, e.g. D04H 1/067 , correspond to IPC2012.01

WARNING
-

1. Documents of the complete subclass D04H including all subgroups are in the process of being reorganised to the new groups corresponding to the IPC 2012.01 classification scheme defined below.

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SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
SEWING (appliances for the tailoring trade A41H; sewing tables A47B 29/00; sewing in bookbinding B42B 2/00; sewing machines modified for knitting D04B 39/08)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the groups designating sewing apparatus or machines cover also sewing processes dependent on their use, and the thread seams produced thereby

EMBROIDERING; TUFTING (making non-woven fabrics D04H; sewing D05B)
INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES D05B AND D05C, RELATING TO SEWING, EMBROIDERING AND TUFTING
NOTE
-
This subclass constitutes an internal scheme for indexing only.

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TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
TREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS (applying liquids to surfaces in general B05; conveying in general, handling webs or filaments in general B65; treating leather C14C; mechanical removal of impurities from animal fibres D01B; laundering D06F; chemical matters, see D06L to D06Q)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

- "fabric" includes yarns in warp or sheet form;
- "textile material" includes fabrics, yarns or other fibrous
materials;
- "indefinite length" means an extent of material having the
characteristic that the longitudinal dimension is effectively
infinite in so far as the procedure for advancing or moving
the material is concerned.

FINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS (chemical matters, see D06L to D06Q; drying F26B)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

- "fabric" includes yarns in warp or sheet form

LAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES (apparatus for blocking, pressing, steaming, or stretching hats A42C; treating textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours D06B; chemical matters, see D06L, D06M)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers:

- domestic or laundry dry-cleaning apparatus using volatile
solvents;
- domestic, laundry, or tailors` ironing or other hot-
pressing of clothes, linen, or other textile articles.

This subclass does not cover:

- apparatus for wringing, washing, dry-cleaning, ironing, or
other hot-pressing of textiles in manufacturing operations,
which is covered by suclass D06B, D06C.

MECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES (mechanical preparation or mechanical treatment of bed feathers B68G 3/00)
MARKING, INSPECTING, SEAMING OR SEVERING TEXTILE MATERIALS (seaming by sewing D05B; in connection with manufacturing, see the relevant subclasses)
PLEATING, KILTING, OR GOFFERING TEXTILE FABRICS OR WEARING APPAREL (corrugating, creasing, or otherwise deforming paper, or material worked in a manner analogous to paper, without removing material B31F; by weaving D03D; by sewing D05B; apparatus for pressing or setting formed pleats D06C)
BLEACHING, e.g. OPTICAL BLEACHING, DRY-CLEANING, OR WASHING FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS (treatmentof fibres of filaments of glass, mineral wool, or slag wool C03; chemical treatment of fibrous material to obtain fibres for spinning D01; for mechanical matters D06C, D06F; bleaching paper pulp or cotton linters D21;
{
softening compositions for textiles, cleaning compositions for carpets, upholstery, fur or leather C11D
}
)
TREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS (surface treatment of fibres or filaments from glass, minerals or slags
{
also in the form of fabrics if the chemical aspects of the treatment are important
}
C03C 25/00; treatment of textiles by mechanical means, see D06B to D06J)
NOTE
-
In each of the groups D06M 11/00 to D06M 15/00, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, a substance is classified in the last appropriate place.

Within each one of main groups D06M 11/00 to D06M 15/00, a mixture of substances is classified at least according to the essential ingredient. If more than one ingredient is essential, the mixture is classified, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, according to the essential ingredient which belongs to the last appropriate place in the sequence of substances;

Treatment by mixtures of substances covered by two or more of main groups D06M 11/00 to D06M 15/00 is classified in each appropriate main group.

In this subclass, the treatment of textiles, not provided for for elsewhere in class D06, is classified according to the following principles:

- Treatment of textiles characterised by the treating agent
in groups D06M 11/00 to D06M 16/00;
- Treatment of textiles characterised by the process in
group D06M 23/00.

WALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR (laminates in general B32B; coated webs which retain the character of paper or cardboard D21)
NOTE
-
Layered products classified in this subclass are also classified in subclass B32B.

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

D06N7/02 covered by D06M, D06N
D06N7/04 " " D06M, D06N
D06N7/06 " " D06M, D06N

DYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM (for mechanical matters, see B41F, D06B, D06C; printing on surfaces of materials other than textiles B41M; surface treatment of fibres or filaments from glass, mineral, or slags C03C 25/00; mordanting D06M; dyeing paper D21H)
WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC system. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

D06P3/84 covered by D06P 3/82 D06P3/85 " " D06P 3/82 D06P3/852 " " D06P 3/82 D06P3/86 " " D06P 3/82 D06P3/87 " " D06P 3/82 D06P3/872 " " D06P 3/82 D06P3/874 " " D06P 3/82 D06P5/24 to D06P5/28 " " D06P 5/003 and s.gr.




DECORATING TEXTILES (for treatment of texiles by mechanical means, see D06B to D06J; metallising the entire surface of textiles D06M 11/83; textile threads, filaments, yarns or tow, glued on macromolecular material D06N 7/00; dyeing or printing D06P)
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following term is used with the meaning indicated:

- "decorating" means "local treatment" or "local effects produced"
as to change, e.g. optically, the appearance or the properties
of textile materials

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ROPES; CABLES OTHER THAN ELECTRIC
ROPES OR CABLES IN GENERAL (joining ropes or cables to one another or to other objects B65H 69/00, F16G 11/00;
{
mountaineering ropes A63B 29/02
}
; mechanical finishing or dressing of ropes D02J;
{
braiding D04C
}
; decorative ropes or cords D04D; suspension cables for bridges E01D 19/16; specially adapted for driving, or for being driven by, pulleys or other gearing elements F16G 9/00; electric cables or joints insofar as electrical aspects are essential H01B, H01R)
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INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
NOTE
-
This subclass constitutes a scheme for indexing only.

The indexing codes of this subclass, relating to the chemical constitution of the fibrous materials, are to be associated with groups of section D, with the exception of those of subclass D06M, as far as these groups themselves do not give information about the chemical nature of the fibres.

In a number of fields, the indexing codes relating to the chemical constitution of the fibrous materials are not allotted to documents having an abstract in which the chemical constitution is clearly stated, e.g. if the abstract mentions "polyamide", code D10B 2331/021 is not allotted.

Blends of fibres are indexed according to each constituent fibre.

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SUBSECTION:
Paper
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PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
FIBROUS RAW MATERIALS OR THEIR MECHANICAL TREATMENT
PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE-CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
TREATMENT OF THE MATERIALS BEFORE PASSING TO THE PAPER-MAKING MACHINE
PAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
CALENDERS; ACCESSORIES FOR PAPER-MAKING MACHINES (winders or rewinders for finished products, means for adjustment of wrinkles or lateral extensions B65H)
PULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C or D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
NOTE
-
This subclass covers also pulp compositions for the preparation of fireboard or other fibrous articles by wet processes.

In this subclass, the following terms are used with the meaning indicated:
"pulp" means a dispersion,
{
e.g. an aqueous sus-pension,
}
comprising paper-making fibres and optional additives, which is to be processed, and covers the term "stock"; it also means dry paper-making fibres which are to be made into paper by either wet or dry processes;

"paper" means paper, cardboard or wet-laid non-woven fabrics.


In groups D21H 11/00 to D21H 15/00, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.

Attention is drawn to the use of Combination Sets as specified in the Notes after groups D21H 17/00, D21H 17/69, D21H 17/71, D21H 19/00, D21H 21/00, D21H 21/14, D21H 23/00, D21H 23/22, D21H 25/00 and D21H 27/00.

FIBREBOARD; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM CELLULOSIC FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS OR FROM PAPIER-MACHE (manufacture of articles by dry processes B27N)
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Last Modified: 10/10/2013