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EMBROIDERING; TUFTING (making non-woven fabrics D04H; sewing D05B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The embroidering and tufting machines, the embroidered or tufted products, and the base fabrics and inserts.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of garments or of their making
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sewing machines and manufacture of sewn products
F-Term 3B150
Embroidering and tufting
D05C 5/00 ,D05C 17/00 FI classes 4L044
Sewing
Special rules of classification within this subclass

The classification in D05C is desirably complemented by a classification in the indexing scheme relating to sewing, embroidering and tufting D05D

selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind D05D 2203/00

interface between the operator and the machine D05D 2205/00

use of special elements D05D 2207/00

use of special materials D05D 2209/00

applied objects or articles D05D 2303/00

operations on the work before or after sewing D05D 2305/00

Disclosures of general nature which are both applicable to D05B and D05C are preferably classified in D05B if the classification for the subject-matter concerned is more detailed (e.g. D05B 85/00).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Embroidering
is forming decorative designs with hand or machine needleworks
Tufting
is projecting yarns drawn through a fabric or making up a fabric so as to produce a surface of raised loops or cut pile
Apparatus, devices, or tools for hand embroidering
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Decorating textiles by transferring fibres to the textile
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tools, implements, accessories, processes, apparatuses etc. for hand sewing
Work frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hoops or frames for hand sewing
[N: Holders for needles or threads]
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Holders
are means for supporting, storing and organizing needles and threads.
General types of embroidering machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Multi-needles and multi-head embroidery machines.

Embroidering machines with arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All kinds of embroidery machines with arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Programme-controlled sewing machines (with embroidering capability)
Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam
Special-purpose or automatic embroidering machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The embroidering machines where specific applications, e.g. for attaching decorative elements or for boring, can be carried out.

for boring or jogging
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Boring
is making a hole in the product
Jogging
is giving a slight push to a product in order to deform the product surface (e.g. embossing)
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "pierce" and "nudge" are often used as synonyms.

for embroidering festoons
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Festoons
are decorative chains or strips hanging between two points.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expression "scalloping machine" is often used.

for attaching cords, tapes, bands, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for attaching cords, tapes, bands and sequins.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Work-feeding or -handling elements for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, or tapes or for binding in a sewing machine
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2303/00 for identifying the applied objects or articles.

for separating and burning-off parts of the base fabric (making patterns or designs on fabrics by singeing or etching D06C 23/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Producing embroidered textiles by chemical means and transferring embroidered products to textiles
Appliances for holding or feeding the base fabric in embroidering machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Work holders or carriers, feeding arrangements, and systems for holding, stretching, suspending and balancing therefor.

Devices for guiding, feeding, handling, or treating the threads in embroidering machines; Machine needles; Operating or control mechanisms therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices acting directly or indirectly on the thread material used for embroidery.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guides for filamentary materials
Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation
Needles for sewing
Sewing machine elements for supplying, handling or treating thread material
Machine needles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Needles for sewing
Arrangements for fastening or inserting in bars or carriers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for fastening needles to needle bars in sewing
Devices for inserting needles
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2203/00.

Thread-tensioning arrangements [N: (inside the shuttle D05C 11/18)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Thread-tensioning arrangements in embroidering machines.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Thread-tensioning arrangements incorporated inside the shuttle
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling, application of tension indicators
Needle-thread tensioning devices in sewing
Stop motions responsive to thread tension or breakage
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Warning or safety devices, e.g. stop-motions, responsive to reduction in material tension, failure of supply, or breakage of material
Shuttles; [N: Shuttle holders; Shuttle driving arrangements]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shuttles, shuttle holders, shuttle driving arrangements, and systems for the preparation of the thread and the bobbin.

Arrangements for cutting the needle or lower threads
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shearing embroidery, e.g. cutting loose threads
Removing floats
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for severing the needle or lower thread in sewing
incorporating devices for dyeing or impregnating the threads
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tufting by inserting loops of different colour
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printing on textile
Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation
Dyeing or printing textiles
Partial dyeing of textile materials
Devices incorporated in sewing machines for lubricating, waxing, or colouring the threads
Auxiliary devices incorporated in embroidering machines, not otherwise provided for; Ancillary apparatus for use with embroidering machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Auxiliary devices incorporated in embroidering machines, not otherwise provided for, and ancillary apparatus for use with embroidering machines e.g. apparatuses for framing fabric in embroidery hoops, shuttle inserters, holding devices, apparatuses for needle threading, apparatuses for projecting sample designs.

Counting, measuring, indicating, warning, or safety devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material
B54H61/00
Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines
Lubricating devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lubricating or cooling devices in sewing machines
Apparatus for filling or threading shuttles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Needle or looper threading devices in sewing
Making pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features by inserting loops into a base material (layered products B32B; non-woven pile fabrics D04H 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines and methods for insertion of loops, which can be cut, into a base material.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Layered products forming non-woven pile fabrics
Pile-fabric looms
Woven pile fabrics
Non-woven pile fabrics
Tufting
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Tufting
is forming projections of yarns drawn through a fabric so as to produce a surface of raised loops or cut pile
Arrangements or devices for manipulating threads (D05C 15/26 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements or devices for manipulating threads, e.g. yarn adjusters to control length in proximity of the needle.

Thread feeding or tensioning arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Thread feeding or tensioning arrangements, e.g. control of thread feeding.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forwarding filamentary material
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling, application of tension indicators
by moving the tufting tools laterally
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2207/00 for identifying the use of special elements, i.e. pneumatic, hydraulic or magnetic devices.

Embroidered or tufted products; Base fabrics specially adapted for embroidered work; Inserts for producing surface irregularities in embroidered products (layered products B32B; non-woven pile fabrics D04H 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Products obtained by means of machines and methods of D05C 1/00 to D05C 15/00, the base fabrics and the inserts adapted for embroidered work.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wearing apparel
A41
Tufted products
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Artificial grass
Mats or the like for absorbing shocks for jumping, gymnastics or the like
Mats or carpets for courts
Floor fabrics
Non-slip mats for baths
Mats or gratings combined with brushes
Producing floor coverings from plastics
Layered products
Flocking
Vehicle passenger accommodation not otherwise provided for
Fabrics, e.g. felts, non-woven fabrics, cotton-wool, wadding
Wall, floor or like covering materials
Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds
Flexible ohmic-resistance heating, e.g. heating nets or webs
Floors or floor coverings specially adapted for discharging static charges
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013