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EMBROIDERING; TUFTING (making non-woven fabrics D04H; sewing D05B)
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

The embroidering and tufting machines, the embroidered or tufted products, and the base fabrics and inserts.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Details of garments or of their making

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sewing machines and manufacture of sewn products

F-Term 3B150

Embroidering and tufting

D05C 5/00 , D05C 17/00 FI classes 4L044

Sewing

Special rules of classification within this subclass

The classification in D05C is desirably complemented by a classification in the indexing scheme relating to sewing, embroidering and tufting D05D

selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind D05D 2203/00

interface between the operator and the machine D05D 2205/00

use of special elements D05D 2207/00

use of special materials D05D 2209/00

applied objects or articles D05D 2303/00

operations on the work before or after sewing D05D 2305/00

Disclosures of general nature which are both applicable to D05B and D05C are preferably classified in D05B if the classification for the subject-matter concerned is more detailed (e.g. D05B 85/00).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Embroidering

is forming decorative designs with hand or machine needleworks

Tufting

is projecting yarns drawn through a fabric or making up a fabric so as to produce a surface of raised loops or cut pile

Apparatus, devices, or tools for hand embroidering
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Decorating textiles by transferring fibres to the textile

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tools, implements, accessories, processes, apparatuses etc. for hand sewing

Work frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hoops or frames for hand sewing

{Holders for needles or threads}
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Holders

are means for supporting, storing and organizing needles and threads.

General types of embroidering machines
Definition statement
This group covers:

Multi-needles and multi-head embroidery machines.

Embroidering machines with arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps
Definition statement
This group covers:

All kinds of embroidery machines with arrangements for automatic control of a series of individual steps.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Programme-controlled sewing machines (with embroidering capability)

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam

Special-purpose or automatic embroidering machines
Definition statement
This group covers:

The embroidering machines where specific applications, e.g. for attaching decorative elements or for boring, can be carried out.

for boring or jogging
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Boring

is making a hole in the product

Jogging

is giving a slight push to a product in order to deform the product surface (e.g. embossing)

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "pierce" and "nudge" are often used as synonyms.

for embroidering festoons
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Festoons

are decorative chains or strips hanging between two points.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expression "scalloping machine" is often used.

for attaching cords, tapes, bands, or the like
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Machines for attaching cords, tapes, bands and sequins.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Work-feeding or -handling elements for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, or tapes or for binding in a sewing machine

Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2303/00 for identifying the applied objects or articles.

for separating and burning-off parts of the base fabric (making patterns or designs on fabrics by singeing or etching D06C 23/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Producing embroidered textiles by chemical means and transferring embroidered products to textiles

Appliances for holding or feeding the base fabric in embroidering machines
Definition statement
This group covers:

Work holders or carriers, feeding arrangements, and systems for holding, stretching, suspending and balancing therefor.

Devices for guiding, feeding, handling, or treating the threads in embroidering machines; Machine needles; Operating or control mechanisms therefor
Definition statement
This group covers:

Devices acting directly or indirectly on the thread material used for embroidery.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guides for filamentary materials

Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation

Needles for sewing

Sewing machine elements for supplying, handling or treating thread material

Machine needles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Needles for sewing

Arrangements for fastening or inserting in bars or carriers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for fastening needles to needle bars in sewing

Devices for inserting needles

Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2203/00.

Thread-tensioning arrangements {(inside the shuttle D05C 11/18)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Thread-tensioning arrangements in embroidering machines.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Thread-tensioning arrangements incorporated inside the shuttle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling, application of tension indicators

Needle-thread tensioning devices in sewing

Stop motions responsive to thread tension or breakage
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Warning or safety devices, e.g. stop-motions, responsive to reduction in material tension, failure of supply, or breakage of material

Shuttles; {Shuttle holders; Shuttle driving arrangements}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Shuttles, shuttle holders, shuttle driving arrangements, and systems for the preparation of the thread and the bobbin.

Arrangements for cutting the needle or lower threads
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Shearing embroidery, e.g. cutting loose threads

Removing floats

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread in sewing

incorporating devices for dyeing or impregnating the threads
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Tufting by inserting loops of different colour

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Printing on textile

Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation

Dyeing or printing textiles

Partial dyeing of textile materials

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for lubricating, waxing, or colouring the threads

Auxiliary devices incorporated in embroidering machines, not otherwise provided for; Ancillary apparatus for use with embroidering machines
Definition statement
This group covers:

Auxiliary devices incorporated in embroidering machines, not otherwise provided for, and ancillary apparatus for use with embroidering machines e.g. apparatuses for framing fabric in embroidery hoops, shuttle inserters, holding devices, apparatuses for needle threading, apparatuses for projecting sample designs.

Counting, measuring, indicating, warning, or safety devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material

B54H61/00

Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines

Lubricating devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lubricating or cooling devices in sewing machines

Apparatus for filling or threading shuttles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Needle or looper threading devices in sewing

Making pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features by inserting loops into a base material (layered products B32B; non-woven pile fabrics D04H 11/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Machines and methods for insertion of loops, which can be cut, into a base material.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products forming non-woven pile fabrics

Pile-fabric looms

Woven pile fabrics

Non-woven pile fabrics

Tufting
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Tufting

is forming projections of yarns drawn through a fabric so as to produce a surface of raised loops or cut pile

Arrangements or devices for manipulating threads (D05C 15/26 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements or devices for manipulating threads, e.g. yarn adjusters to control length in proximity of the needle.

Thread feeding or tensioning arrangements
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Thread feeding or tensioning arrangements, e.g. control of thread feeding.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forwarding filamentary material

Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling, application of tension indicators

by moving the tufting tools laterally
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is desirably complemented with the Indexing Codes D05D 2207/00 for identifying the use of special elements, i.e. pneumatic, hydraulic or magnetic devices.

Embroidered or tufted products; Base fabrics specially adapted for embroidered work; Inserts for producing surface irregularities in embroidered products (layered products B32B; non-woven pile fabrics D04H 11/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Products obtained by means of machines and methods of D05C 1/00 to D05C 15/00, the base fabrics and the inserts adapted for embroidered work.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wearing apparel

Tufted products
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Artificial grass

Mats or the like for absorbing shocks for jumping, gymnastics or the like

Mats or carpets for courts

Floor fabrics

Non-slip mats for baths

Mats or gratings combined with brushes

Producing floor coverings from plastics

Layered products

Flocking

Vehicle passenger accommodation not otherwise provided for

Fabrics, e.g. felts, non-woven fabrics, cotton-wool, wadding

Wall, floor or like covering materials

Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds

Flexible ohmic-resistance heating, e.g. heating nets or webs

Floors or floor coverings specially adapted for discharging static charges

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013