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SEWING (appliances for the tailoring trade A41H; sewing tables A47B 29/00; sewing in bookbinding B42B 2/00; sewing machines modified for knitting D04B 39/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines

Sewing processes dependent on their use

The thread seams produced thereby

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of garments (e.g. stitches) or of their making
Sewing tables (as furniture)
Permanently attaching together sheets, quires or signatures by stitching with filamentary material, e.g. textile thread (i.e. sewing in bookbinding)
Sewing machines modified for knitting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Embroidering and tufting
Making non-wovens
Special rules of classification within this subclass

The classification in D05B is desirably complemented by a classification in the indexing scheme relating to sewing, embroidering and tufting

Selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind D05D 2203/00

Interface between the operator and the machine D05D 2205/00

Use of special elements D05D 2207/00

Use of special materials D05D 2209/00

Applied objects or articles D05D 2303/00

Operations on the work before or after sewing D05D 2305/00

In addition, the classification in D05B is desirably complemented by a classification for the application in the indexing scheme relating to textiles

Wearing apparel D10B 2501/00

Domestic or personal D10B 2503/00

Industrial D10B 2505/00

Sport; military D10B 2507/00

Medical; hygiene D10B 2509/00

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Sewing
Uniting or fastening by stitches.
General types of sewing apparatus or machines without mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines wherein neither the needle nor the work moves laterally.

Running-stitch seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
A running-stitch
Basic stitch done through one or more layers, worked by passing the needle in and out the workpiece
Single chain-stitch seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Single chain stitch seams
Seams forming a chain on the upper surface of the workpiece.
Lock-stitch seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Lock-stitch seams
Seams using two threads, an upper and a lower, which lock together in the hole in the workpiece they pass through
Overedge seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Overedge seams
Seams that are typically used for sewing together and edge-finishing two fabric layers in one step
for making blind-stitch seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Blind stitch seams
Seams that are typically used for attaching lining to a garment where the stitches should not show on either side.
for making fluid-tight seams (sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams D05B 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or machines for making non-welded fluid tight seams by sewing.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams
Sewing apparatus or machines with mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both for making ornamental pattern seams, for sewing buttonholes, for reinforcing openings, or for fastening articles, e.g. buttons, by sewing (programme-controlled sewing machines D05B 19/00; with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier D05B 21/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines with mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both, e.g. for bar-tacking, i.e. forming series of stitches used for reinforcing areas of stress on a garment, such as pocket openings.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sewing machines characterised by the programme control for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both
Sewing machines characterised by devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam
for making piped openings
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Piped openings
are openings e.g. formed for making pockets in a garment. The machines for making piped openings may have two needles
for fastening articles by sewing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Sewing machines for temporarily connecting articles, e.g. pairs of socks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing machines for temporarily connecting articles, e.g. for joining knitted articles.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pairing socks
Devices for keeping articles together during laundering, e.g. for keeping socks in pairs
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Overlocking machine
Type of machine often used for temporarily connecting articles
Linking machines, e.g. for joining knitted fabrics
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

linking machines, e.g. for joining knitted fabrics, e.g. overlocking machines.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Code related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Special rules of classification within this group

Machines provided with means for sewing and knitting to create a single article are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined knitting-sewing machine where the invention lies in the sewing is classified in sewing only.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Linking
Coupling or connecting by or as if by a link
Hem-stitch sewing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hem-stitch machines, i.e. machines having one or two needles, and a piercer.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Hem
Border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression "hem-stitch sewing machines" is often used as synonym for " hemming machine".

Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses (control of workpiece-holding frames, or of sewing machines, in order to obtain particular seam configuration D05B 21/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Control of workpiece-holding frames, or of sewing machines, in order to obtain particular seam configuration
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Spring mattresses
Stuffed mattresses
Worktables or workframes specially for upholstery
Worktables or workframes specially for upholstery
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Quilt
Coverlet of two or more layers of cloth filled with padding held in place by stitched designs
Mattress
Fabric case filled with resilient material (as cotton, hair, feathers, foam rubber, or an arrangement of coiled springs), used either alone as a bed or on a bedstead
Machines for sewing sacks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Inflatable occupant restraints or confinements designed to inflate upon impact or impending impact, e.g. air bags
for closing filled bags or sacks (combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus B65B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for sewing sacks combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus
Machines for sewing sacks combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus
Machines for sewing leather goods (making pseudo-lock-stitch seams D05B 1/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines specifically designed for sewing leather goods, i.e. suitcases, bags, and shoes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Seat coverings for vehicles by sewing, stitching or threading
Manufacturing methods specially adapted for seat coverings
Machines for making pseudo-lock-stitch seams
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Seat coverings in general
Sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams (for making non-welded fluid-tight seams D05B 1/26)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams using i.e. heat, pressure, ultrasonic means, infrared means, laser or fusible materials.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sewing machines for making non-welded fluid-tight seams
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Welding
Uniting by heating and allowing the products to flow together, i.e. by compressing
Programme-controlled sewing machines (with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier D05B 21/00; devices for stopping drive when sewing tools have reached a predetermined position D05B 69/22)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Programme-controlled sewing machines, i.e. machines using computer means.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Programme-controlled sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam
Programme-controlled devices for stopping drive when sewing tools have reached a predetermined position
[N: Zig-zag sewing machines with electric or electronic programming]
Special rules of classification within this group

Group D05B 19/003 is no longer used for classification. Documents are in the process of being reorganised to groups D05B 19/02 to D05B 19/16.

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam, e.g. programme-controlled for sewing collars, for attaching pockets
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam, e.g. programme-controlled for sewing collars, for attaching pockets, bar tacking.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Bar tacking or bartacking
Specialized sewing stitch designed to provide tensile strength to the product it is used on, for reinforcing areas of stress on a garment, such as pocket openings.
[N: consisting of lateral displacement of the workpieces by a feed-dog or a fluted presser foot]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. machines with accessory devices controlled by the presser foot, with fluted means having grooves to improve friction.

Sewing apparatus or machines not otherwise provided for (for making zip closures A44B 19/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. sewing machines for sewing straw hats, straw cases, wisps of straw, canvas shoes, for hemming hats, ribbing corsets, binding or uniting carpets, assembling parts of knitted panties or closing toe parts of stockings.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sewing apparatus or machines for making zip closures
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to use of special elements
Indexing Codes related to use of special materials
Indexing Codes related to use of special materials
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
[N: Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part, after the knitting operation has been processed.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to use of special materials
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Indexing Code related to hosiery, panti-hose
Hosiery, panti-hose
Special rules of classification within this group

Machines for assembling knitted panties or stockings provided with means for sewing and other operations (e.g. turning the material inside-out, trimming the seam edges) are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined sewing machine with a turning inside-out mechanism where the invention lies in the turning inside-out of the material is classified in D06G 3/00 only. A combined sewing machine with trimming of the hosiery or seamed edges where the invention lies in the trimming is classified in D06C 13/12 only.

Sewing units consisting of combinations of several sewing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sewing units consisting of combinations of several sewing machines which can be mounted in series or in parallel, incorporating e.g. conveying devices and devices not incorporated in the sewing machines for supplying and removing the work.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to use of special materials
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Indexing Codes related to textile applications
Special rules of classification within this group

Machines provided with means for sewing and other operations (e.g. turning the material inside-out) are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined sewing machine with a turning inside-out mechanism where the invention lies in the turning inside-out of the material is classified in D06G 3/00 only.

Work-feeding means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Work-feeding means forming part of the sewing machine, e.g. feed dogs, rotary circular feed members, sewing needles, used in order to move the work through the sewing machine.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Feed dogs
A part of a sewing machine that feeds the work under the needle.
Pressers; Presser feet (for feeding D05B 27/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

pressers and presser feet resting on the work and pressing it down upon the table of the sewing machine.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Presser feet for feeding the work
Workpiece holders or hold-downs in machines for sewing leather
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Workpiece holders or hold-downs in machines for sewing leather, e.g. balls, shoes.

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for supplying or removing the work
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for supplying or removing the work, e.g. conveying devices, feeding workpieces separated from piles.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Work-feeding means, e.g. feed dogs, rotary circular feed members
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Indexing Codes related to textile applications
Work-feeding or -handling elements not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Work-feeding or work-handling elements for specific applications, e.g. for facilitating seaming, hem-turning elements, for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, for binding, ruching, gathering, casing, filling lace, pleating devices, cuttlers, curlers, edge guides, indicators for positioning work.

for facilitating seaming; Hem-turning elements; Hemmers [N: (D05B 35/062 takes precedence)]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Hem
Border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down.
for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, or tapes or for binding
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Label feeding
Attaching cords, tapes, bands or the like in embroidery machines
[N: for attaching slide fasteners (connection of the interlocking member to the stringer tape A44B 19/40)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Connection of separate, or one piece, interlocking members to stringer tapes and reinforcing such connections, e.g. by stitching
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sewing hooks, e.g. to a tape
for ruching, gathering, casing, or filling lace, ribbons, or bindings; Pleating devices; Cuttlers; Gathering feet; Crimpers; Curlers; Rufflers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Pleating, kilting, or goffering fabrics or wearing apparel by heat and/or steam
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Ruching lace
Forming a pleat of lace for trimming a work
Ruffler
Attachment on a sewing machine used for making frills
Crimper
A mechanical device consisting of a cylindrical tube around which the work is wound to curl it
[N: for making folds transversely to the sewing direction]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines for making folds transversely to the sewing direction, e.g. rufflers.

[N: Fixed or adjustable pin holding the work, e.g. for circular or spiral stitching]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain spiral seams D05B 21/005.

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for slitting, grooving, or cutting (severing sewing-threads D05B 65/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for slitting, grooving or cutting the work.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices incorporated in sewing machines for severing sewing-threads
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Slitting
Forming a long and narrow cut
Grooving
Forming a long narrow channel
with oscillating tools
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting devices with oscillating tools, i.e. tools swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm, not just moving up and down.

[N: Pinking]
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Pinking
is forming a perforated pattern.
[N: Pinking]
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Pinking
is forming a perforated pattern.
Workpiece carriers (for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier to obtain particular configuration of seam D05B 21/00; in general A41H 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Workpiece carriers, e.g. for cap, support structures, sewing frames.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Code related to selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind
Indexing Codes related to use of special elements
Indexing Codes related to use of special materials
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam
Cloth-holders
[N: Quilting frames]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Quilting frames in sewing machines.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for holding or feeding the base fabric in embroidering machines
Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses
Work-collecting devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Work-collecting devices, e.g. worktables, stack support assemblies.

Spool-pin assemblies incorporated in sewing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Spool-pin assemblies incorporated in sewing machines for holding spools.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Applications of bobbin-winding or -changing devices
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Spool pin
is a pin on which the spool of thread is seated.
Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines (measuring devices in embroidery machines D05C, in general G01B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines, e.g. in order to cut the thread after performing sewing, to control the speed, to determine the thread reserve.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring devices for use with embroidery machines
Measuring length in general
Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material
Needle-thread tensioning devices; Applications of tensometers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Needle thread tensioning devices and applications of tensometers, i.e. devices controlling the needle thread in order to avoid a defective stitching or a broken thread.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to use of special elements
thread tensioning arrangements in embroidery machines
Applications of tensometers (application of tension indicators in handling thin or filamentary material B65H 59/40; for embroidery machines D05C 11/08; tensometers in general G01L)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applications of tension indicators in handling thin and filamentary material
Thread-tensioning arrangements in embroidering machines
Tensometers in general
Take-up devices, e.g. levers, for the needle thread
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Take-up devices, e.g. levers, for the needle thread, in order to provide enough thread for the loop and preventing knotted wads of thread.

Applications of needle-thread guards; Thread-break detectors (for embroidery machines D05C 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applications of needle-thread guards and thread-break detectors, i.e. devices for guiding the needle thread and for detecting the absence of the thread, respectively.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applications of needle-thread guards and thread-break detectors for embroidery machines
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Needle-thread guard
Mechanical element preventing skipping stitches
Thread- or cord-laying mechanisms; Thread fingers
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Thread laying mechanism
A device used to guide the thread in order to manage the stitches when a smooth and flat finish is desired.
Needle holders; Needle bars (needles D05B 85/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Needle holders and needle bars, e.g. devices for fastening needles to needle bars, needle guides, needle-bar drives.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Needles
Devices for fastening needles to needle bars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for fastening needles to needle bars for all kinds of needles.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Code related to selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind
Arrangements for fastening or inserting needles in bars or carriers in embroidery machines
Needle guides; Needle protectors (finger-protecting devices D05B 83/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Needle guides and needle protectors, exclusively designed to guide and protect the needle, not to guide with regard to the needle or protect from the needle.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Finger protecting devices
Loop takers, e.g. loopers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loop takers and loopers, i.e. mechanisms placed underneath the workpiece for grabbing the loop of thread before the needle pulls up, and wrapping it around either another piece of thread or another loop in the same piece of thread.

Applications of bobbin-winding or -changing devices; Indicating or control devices associated therewith
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bobbin holders or casings, case guards, bobbin discharge devices
Application of bobbins for storing the lower thread
Loop holders; Loop spreaders; Stitch-forming fingers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loop holders, loop spreaders and stitch-forming fingers, i.e. devices retaining the loop of the needle thread underneath the workpiece until the following operation.

Devices associated with the loop-taker thread, e.g. for tensioning
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices associated with the loop-taker thread, e.g. for tensioning, monitoring.

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread, e.g. knife, heated tool, and for disposing of the severed thread end. Cutting devices inside or associated with the thread disposal device are covered by D05B 65/06.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Arrangements for cutting the needle or lower thread in embroidery machines
and for disposing of the severed thread end; [N: Catching or wiping devices for the severed thread]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread and for disposing of the severed end, only if the cutting device is inside or associated with the thread disposal device, e.g. catching or wiping devices for the severed thread.

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for lubricating, waxing, or colouring the threads
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Treatment of fibres, threads and yarns not provided for elsewhere
Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation
Devices for dyeing or impregnating the threads in embroidery machines
Driving-gear; Control devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Driving gear and control devices defined by the structure, e.g. mechanical, fluid, electrical, or by the application, e.g. changing speed, stopping drive, or by details.

Lubricating or cooling devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Lbricating or cooling devices, e.g. for loop-taker, needle, taking the workpiece into consideration.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lubricating devices in embroidery machines
for free-arm sewing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fee-arm sewing machines, i.e. machines having an arm holding bobbin, shuttle and feed dogs.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for converting free-arm sewing machines into flat-bed machines
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
A free-arm sewing machine
has a shape allowing the fabric to slip around the arm.
Frames, stands, tables, or other furniture adapted to carry sewing machines (furniture aspects A47B, A47C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

frames, stands, tables, or the like adapted to carry sewing machines, e.g. for drop-head sewing machines, with noise-suppressing devices, and arrangements for mounting sewing-machine casings to frames, stands or tables.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Furniture aspects of frames, stands, tables or the like adapted to carry sewing machines
Chairs
for drop-head sewing machines
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
A drop-head sewing machine
machine e.g. foldable, with multi-position adjustment.
Covers, or portable enclosures, for sewing machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Covers, or portable enclosures, for sewing machines, e.g. case cover, bed extension table, shield assembly.

Incorporations or adaptations of lighting equipment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Incorporations or adaptations of lighting equipment in sewing machines, e.g. lights, magnifying glasses.

Sewing machines incorporating devices serving purposes other than sewing, e.g. for blowing air, for grinding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

sewing machines incorporating devices serving purposes other than sewing, e.g. for blowing air, for grinding, for discharging material, vacuum boxes, brushes.

Guards or like devices for preventing injury to operator (machine safety devices in general F16P)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Guards or like devices for preventing injury to operator, e.g. preventing fingers to be pierced by the needle.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices in general
Needles (surgical needles A61B 17/06; manufacture of needles B21G 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Needles, e.g. hooked needles, curved needles, flexible needles, hollow needles.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Surgical needles, e.g. for sewing body parts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Making needles used for performing operations (i.e. manufacture of needles)
Machine needles in embroidery machines
Quilting needles for making upholstery
Needle- [N: or looper-]threading devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Needle- or looper-threading devices, i.e. devices for positioning the thread in the needle eye or in the looper, e.g. with mechanical means.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for filling or threading shuttles
Indexing Codes related to use of special elements
Seam-ripping devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Seam ripping devices, e.g. for ripping out or opening the seam.

Tools, implements, or accessories for hand sewing (needles, needle threaders D05B 85/00, D05B 87/00; appliances for the tailoring trade A41H)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Needles
Needle threading devices
Appliances or methods for making clothes, e.g. for dress making, for tailoring (e.g. boxes for needles)
Bodkins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bodkins, i.e. small pointed instrument used for piercing holes in cloth or instrument with a knobbed point and a large eye for drawing tape or cord through a hem.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Needles for hand knitting
Tools for hand knotting carpets or tapestries
Crocheting tools
Hand tufting needles
Thimbles; Finger shields; Palm protectors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Finger protectors for knitting
Tool receptacles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Boxes for needles or pins
Thread-spool receptables
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tool receptacles for hand sewing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holders for embroidering needles or threads
Stitches; Stitch seams
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stitches and stitch seams, e.g. combined with machine sewing, knitting, strengthened by auxiliary elements.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applied objects or articles
Operations on the work before or after sewing
Preparatory or finishing operations in connection with hand sewing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Preparatory or finishing operations in connection with hand sewing, e.g. softening material prior to sewing, flattening, pounding, or pressing stitched seams.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing
Flattening, pounding, or pressing stitched seams (in shoemaking A43D 8/44)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Creasing presses in shoemaking
Hand sewing processes or apparatus for special work or not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand sewing processes or apparatus for special work or not otherwise provided for, e.g. hand-guided apparatus, for darning, using special threads, for attaching buttons or fasteners, for attaching patches.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013