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Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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MACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING (bundling and pressing devices for cigars A24C 1/44; paper-bag holders as shop or office accessories A47F 13/08; apparatus for coating, e.g. by dipping, B05C; devices for tensioning and securing binders adapted to be supported by the article or articles to be bound B25B, B65B 13/00; nailing or stapling devices per se B25C, B27F;
{
cutting or severing in general B26D, B26F;
}
inserting documents in envelopes and closing the latter B43M 3/00, B43M 5/00; wrappers, containers or other packaging elements, e.g. binders protective caps B65D; stacking articles in, or removing them from, pallets B65G; devices for handling sheets or webs of interest apart from their application in packaging machines B65H; packaging of matches C06F; wrapping sugar during manufacture C13H;
{
filling of grease guns F16N 37/02; packing of shotgun cartridges for immediate use F42B; wrapping of coins G07D 9/00
}
; making containers or receptacles per se, see the appropriate subclasses)
NOTE
-
The term "packaging" should be understood as including mainly the  following operations:      filling portable containers or receptacles with materials or small  articles to form packages      inserting articles, or groups of articles, into containers or  receptacles      closing filled containers or receptacles otherwise than by metal-,  glass-, or wood-working operations      enclosing, or partially enclosing, articles or quantities of  material, in sheets, strips, blanks, webs, or tubes of thin flexible  material, e.g. wrapping      bundling articles, e.g. holding articles together in groups by  applying string or wire      attaching articles to cards, sheets, or webs      Operations of these types employed in the manufacture of articles  other than packages are classified in other appropriate subclasses, e.g.  making confectionery products by casting in moulds formed by wrappers  A23G, filling ammunition cartridges F42B      Methods of packaging which are wholly characterised by the form of  the package produced, or the form of the container or packaging-element  utilised, are to be classified in B65D rather than in this subclass      In the following elaborations, the term "package" is used to mean  the end product of a packaging operation, e.g. a filled and closed  container, an article enclosed in a wrapper, a group of articles held  together by string or wire, a crate of bottles      In the following elaborations, the term "materials" is to be  understood as embracing matter, or masses of articles, which are to be  packaged, as distinct from separate or individual articles     Machines, apparatus or methods of general application for packaging  articles or materials  

WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:
B65B51/09 covered by B65B 51/00

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Guide Heading:
Machines, apparatus or methods of general application for packaging articles or materials
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Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans jars (under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00)
.
Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material B65B 9/00; making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
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B65B 1/04
.
Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
B65B 1/06
. .
by gravity flow
B65B 1/08
. .
by vibratory feeders
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B65B 1/10
. .
by rotary feeders
B65B 1/12
. . .
of screw type
B65B 1/14
. . .
of centrifugal type
B65B 1/16
. .
by pneumatic means, e.g. by suction
B65B 1/18
. .
for filling valve-bags
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B65B 1/20
.
Reducing volume of filled material
B65B 1/22
. .
by vibration
B65B 1/24
. .
by mechanical compression
B65B 1/26
. .
by pneumatic means, e.g. suction
B65B 1/28
.
Controlling escape of air or dust from containers or receptacles during filling (cleaning of, or removing dust from, container wrappers or packages B65B 55/24)
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B65B 1/30
.
Devices or methods for controlling or determining the quantity or quality or the material fed or filled
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. .
by weighing (check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles B65B 1/46; weighing in general G01G)
B65B 1/34
. . .
Adjusting weight by trickle feed
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. .
by volumetric devices or methods (checking volume of filled material B65B 1/48; volumetric measurement in general G01F)
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B65B 1/363
. . .
{
with measuring pockets moving in an endless path
}
B65B 1/366
. . . .
{
about a horizontal axis of symmetry
}
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B65B 1/38
. . .
by pistons co-operating with measuring chambers
B65B 1/385
. . . .
{
moving in an endless path
}
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B65B 1/40
. .
by timing of filling operations
B65B 1/42
. . .
and arresting flow by cut-off means
B65B 1/44
. .
Checking density of material to be filled
B65B 1/46
. .
Check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles (check-weighing in general G01G)
B65B 1/48
. .
Checking volume of filled material
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Packaging plastic material, semi-liquids, liquids, or mixed solids and liquids, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars (packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions, adding propellants to aerosol containers B65B 31/00; filling bottles or other containers with liquids or semi-liquids by bottling machines B67C; filling of gas bottles at high pressure for storing gases F17C)
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.
{
Filling medical containers such as ampoules, vials, syringes or the like
}
B65B 3/006
. .
{
Related operations, e.g. scoring ampoules
}
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.
Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (making containersor receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
. .
{
Making containers by moulding of a thermoplastic material
}
. .
{
Making parallelepipedal containers from a single carton blank
}
. .
{
Making containers from separate body and end-parts
}
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.
Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
B65B 3/045
. .
{
for filling flexible containers having a filling and dispensing spout, e.g. containers of the "bag-in-box"-type
}
B65B 3/06
. .
by gravity flow
B65B 3/08
. .
by screw-type feeders
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B65B 3/10
. .
by application of pressure to material (by screw-type feeders B65B 3/08)
B65B 3/12
. . .
mechanically, e.g. by pistons or pumps
B65B 3/14
. . .
pneumatically
B65B 3/16
. .
for filling collapsible tubes (for filling valve bags B65B 3/17)
B65B 3/17
. .
for filling valve bags
B65B 3/18
.
Controlling escape of air from containers or receptacles during filling
.
Defoaming liquids in connection with filling
.
Topping-up containers or receptacles to ensure complete filling
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B65B 3/26
.
Methods or devices for controlling the quantity of the material fed or filled
. .
by weighing (in general G01G)
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. .
by volumetric measurement (in general G01F)
B65B 3/305
. . .
{
with measuring pockets moving in an endless path
}
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B65B 3/32
. . .
by pistons co-operating with measuring chambers
B65B 3/323
. . . .
{
with measuring chambers travelling in an endless path
}
B65B 3/326
. . . .
{
for dosing several products to be mixed
}
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B65B 3/34
. .
by timing of filling operations
B65B 3/36
. . .
and arresting flow by cut-off means
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Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
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.
Machines characterised by incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material B65B 9/00; making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
. .
{
for making bags
}
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. .
{
for making containers from preformed blanks
}
. . .
{
for making trays
}
. . .
{
for making containers from two or more blanks (B65B 5/026 takes precedence)
}
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B65B 5/04
.
Packaging single articles
. .
{
in bags
}
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B65B 5/06
.
Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles
B65B 5/061
. .
{
Filled bags
}
B65B 5/062
. .
{
Confectionery
}
B65B 5/064
. .
{
Potato chips
}
B65B 5/065
. .
{
Gable-topped container
}
B65B 5/067
. .
{
in bags (B65B 5/061 - B65B 5/065 take precedence)
}
B65B 5/068
. .
{
in trays (B65B 5/061 - B65B 5/065 take precedence)
}
.
Packaging groups of articles, the articles being individually gripped or guided for transfer to the containers or receptacles
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.
Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
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B65B 5/101
. .
{
by gravity (B65B 5/12 and B65B 5/108 take precedence)
}
. . .
{
for packaging pills or tablets
}
. .
{
by grippers (B65B 5/12 and B65B 5/108 take precedence)
}
B65B 5/106
. .
{
by pushers (B65B 5/12 and B65B 5/108 take precedence)
}
B65B 5/108
. .
{
Article support means temporarily arranged in the container
}
B65B 5/12
. .
Introducing successive articles, e.g. confectionery products, of different shape or size in predetermined positions
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Closing containers or receptacles after filling (combinations of container-closing apparatus with apparatus for filling containers B65B 1/00, B65B 3/00, B65B 5/00; under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00)
B65B 7/01
.
Machines characterised by incorporation of means for making the closures before applying (making closures, of interest apart from this application, see the relevant subclass)
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.
Closing containers or receptacles deformed by, or taking-up shape, of, contents, e.g. bags, sacks
B65B 7/025
. .
{
Closing valve bags
}
B65B 7/04
. .
by tucking-in mouth portion to form two flaps and subsequently folding-down
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B65B 7/06
. .
by collapsing mouth portion, e.g. to form a single flap
B65B 7/08
. . .
and folding
B65B 7/10
. . .
and rolling-in
. . .
and twisting
.
Closing collapsible or resilient tubes, e.g. for tooth paste, for lighter fuel
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.
Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes, cartons (closing cans by metal-working operations B21D 51/26; stoppering or capping bottles or jars B67B)
. .
{
Sealing filled ampoules
}
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. .
{
by feeding web material to securing means
}
. . .
{
Securing by heat-sealing
}
B65B 7/165
. . .
{
Securing by deformation of the web material
}
. . .
{
Securing by heat-shrinking
}
B65B 7/168
. .
{
by applying and securing double closures
}
B65B 7/18
. .
by collapsing mouth portion and subsequently folding-down or securing flaps
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B65B 7/20
. .
by folding-down preformed flaps
B65B 7/22
. . .
and inserting flap portions between contents and wall
B65B 7/24
. . .
and interengaging tongue and slot closures
B65B 7/26
. .
by closing hinged lids
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. .
by applying separate preformed closures, e.g. lids, covers
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. . .
{
Feeding closures
}
B65B 7/2814
. . . .
{
the closures being interconnected
}
B65B 7/2821
. . .
{
applying plugs or threadless stoppers (for bottles or jars B67B 1/04)
}
B65B 7/2828
. . .
{
inserting and rotating screw stoppers (for bottles or jars B67B 1/06)
}
B65B 7/2835
. . .
{
applying and rotating preformed threaded caps (for bottles or jars B67B 3/20)
}
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B65B 7/2842
. . .
{
Securing closures on containers (in general B65B 51/00)
}
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. . . .
{
by deformation of the closure
}
B65B 7/2857
. . . . .
{
and the container rim
}
. . . .
{
by adhesive tape
}
. . . .
{
by gluing
}
. . . .
{
by heat-sealing
}
. . . .
{
by heat-shrinking (in general B65B 53/02)
}
B65B 7/2892
. . . .
{
by deformation of the container rim
}
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Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semi-liquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
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B65B 9/02
.
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material between opposed webs
B65B 9/023
. .
{
Packaging fluent material (B65B 9/04 takes precedence)
}
. .
{
the webs forming a curtain
}
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. .
one or both webs being formed with pockets for the reception of the articles, or of the quantities of material
. . .
{
for fluent material
}
. . .
{
for single articles, e.g. tablets
}
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.
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in a longitudinally-folded web, or in a web folded into a tube about the articles or quantities of material placed upon it
NOTE
-
If an invention involves both continuous and intermittent web motion, it is classified in both groups B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073.

. .
the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
. .
the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
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B65B 9/08
. .
in a web folded and sealed transversely to form pockets which are subsequently filled and then closed by sealing
NOTE
-
If an invention involves both continuous and intermittent web motion, it is classified in both groups B65B 9/087 and B65B 9/093.

. . .
the web advancing continuously
. . .
the web having intermittent motion
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B65B 9/10
.
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in preformed tubular webs, or in webs formed into tubes around filling nozzles, e.g. extruded tubular webs (sausage making A22C 11/00)
B65B 9/12
. .
Subdividing filled tubes to form two or more packages by sealing or securing involving displacement of contents (sausage making A22C 11/00)
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B65B 9/13
. .
the preformed tubular webs being supplied in a flattened state
B65B 9/135
. . .
{
for palletised loads
}
. . .
Devices for distending tubes supplied in the flattened state
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B65B 9/15
. .
the preformed tubular webs being stored on filling nozzles
B65B 9/18
. . .
Devices for storing tubular webs
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. .
the webs being formed into tubes in situ around the filling nozzles
NOTE
-
If an invention involves both continuous and intermittent web motion, it is classified in both groups B65B 9/207 and B65B 9/213.

B65B 9/2007
. . .
{
Means for stripping or squeezing filled tubes prior to sealing to remove air or products from sealing area
}
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B65B 9/2014
. . .
{
Tube advancing means
}
. . . .
{
combined with longitudinal welding devices
}
B65B 9/2028
. . . .
{
Rollers or belts
}
. . .
{
Tube guiding means
}
. . .
{
Means for altering the cross-section of the tube filling opening prior to transversal sealing, e.g. tube spreading devices (subdividing filled tubes to form two or more packages by sealing involving displacement of contents B65B 9/12)
}
. . .
{
Package shaping devices acting on filled tubes prior to sealing the filling opening (shaping or reshaping completed packages B65B 61/24)
}
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B65B 9/2056
. . .
{
Machines for packages of special type or form
}
B65B 9/2063
. . . .
{
The webs being spirally wound around the filling nozzle
}
. . .
the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
. . .
the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
. . .
Forming shoulders; Tube formers
B65B 9/24
. .
the tubes being formed in situ by extrusion
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Wrapping, e.g. partially or wholly enclosing, articles, or quantities of material, in strips, sheets or blanks, of flexible material (bundling articles by applying narrow strips or bands of flexible material B65B 13/00; devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00; devices for gathering or twisting wrappers B65B 51/00)
.
{
in blanks, e.g. sheets precut and creased for folding (devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00)
}
.
{
Helical strip wrapping combined with roping
}
.
{
by webs revolving around articles moved along the axis of revolution
}
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B65B 11/02
.
Wrapping articles, or quantities of material, without changing their position during the wrapping operation, e.g. in moulds with hinged folders (by doubling a wrapper and securing its opposed free margins to enclose contents B65B 11/48; by disposing contents between two sheets and securing their opposed free margins B65B 11/50; covering or wrapping cores by winding webs, tapes, or filamentary material B65H 81/00)
. .
{
by webs revolving around stationary articles
}
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B65B 11/04
.
the articles being rotated
{
(wrapping devices for round bales A01F 15/071)
}
B65B 11/045
. .
{
by rotating platforms supporting the articles
}
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.
Wrapping articles, or quantities of material, by conveying wrapper and contents in
{
common
}
defined paths
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B65B 11/08
. .
in a single straight path
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. . .
to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
. . . .
{
the axis of the tube being parallel to the conveying direction
}
B65B 11/12
. . . .
and then to form closing folds of similar form at opposite ends of the tube
. . . .
the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
B65B 11/16
. . .
to fold the wrappers in channel form about contents and then to close the ends of the channel by folding and finally the mouth of the channel by folding or twisting
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B65B 11/18
. .
in two or more straight paths
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B65B 11/20
. . .
to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
B65B 11/22
. . . .
and then to form closing folds of similar form at opposite ends of the tube
. . . .
the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
B65B 11/26
. . .
to fold the wrappers in channel form about contents and then to close the ends of the channel by folding and finally the mouth of the channel by folding or twisting
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B65B 11/28
. .
in a curved path, e.g. on rotary tables or turrets
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B65B 11/30
. . .
to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
B65B 11/32
. . . .
and then to form closing folds of similar form at opposite ends of the tube
. . . .
the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
B65B 11/36
. . .
to fold the wrappers in channel form about contents and then to close the ends of the channel by folding and finally the mouth of the channel by folding or twisting
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B65B 11/38
. .
in a combination of straight and curved paths
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B65B 11/40
. . .
to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
B65B 11/42
. . . .
and then to form closing folds of similar form at opposite ends of the tube
. . . .
the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
B65B 11/46
. . .
to fold the wrappers in channel form about contents and then to close the ends of the channel by folding and finally the mouth of the channel by folding or twisting
B65B 11/48
.
Enclosing articles, or quantities of material, by folding a wrapper, e.g. a pocketed wrapper, and securing its opposed free margins to enclose contents
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B65B 11/50
.
Enclosing articles, or quantities of material, by disposing contents between two sheets, e.g. pocketed sheets, and securing their opposed free margins (apparatus or devices for forming pockets in or from sheets, blanks or webs B65B 47/00)
. .
one sheet being rendered plastic, e.g. by heating, and forced by fluid pressure, e.g. vacuum, into engagement with the other sheet and contents, e.g. skin-,
{
blister-, or bubble-
}
packaging
.
Wrapping by causing the wrapper to embrace one end and all sides of the contents, and closing the wrapper onto the opposite end by forming regular or irregular pleats
B65B 11/56
.
Rolling articles with wrappers along a supporting surface (for bottles B65B 21/26)
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B65B 11/58
.
Applying two or more wrappers, e.g. in succession
B65B 11/585
. .
{
to stacked articles, e.g. pallettised loads
}
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Bundling articles (bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire or narrow tape or band B65B 27/00;
{
straining wire in general B21F 9/00; connecting wire to wire in general B21F 15/00
}
)
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B65B 13/02
.
Applying and securing binding material around articles or groups of articles, e.g. using strings, wires, strips, bands, tapes (specially adapted for harvesting A01D 37/00, A01D 39/00, A01D 59/00, A01F 1/00; tying devices in baling presses A01F 15/14, B30B 9/30; applying reinforcing means to non-metal sleepers E01B 31/28)
B65B 13/022
. .
{
Applying preformed bands of continuous-ring form, e.g. elastic
}
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. .
{
Hand-held tools
}
. . .
{
for applying straps having preformed connecting means, e.g. cable ties
}
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B65B 13/04
. .
with means for guiding the binding material around the articles prior to severing from supply
B65B 13/06
. . .
Stationary ducts or channels
. . .
Single guide or carrier for the free end of material movable part-away around articles from one side only
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B65B 13/10
. . .
Carriers travelling completely around the articles while holding the free end of material
B65B 13/12
. . . .
attached to rotating rings
B65B 13/14
. . .
Pairs of carriers or guides movable around opposite sides of the articles
B65B 13/16
. .
with means for severing the binding material from supply and then applying it around the articles
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B65B 13/18
.
Details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines
{
or bundling tools
}
. .
{
applying edge protecting members during bundling
}
B65B 13/182
. .
{
Affixing labels during bundling (labelling machines in general B65C)
}
B65B 13/183
. .
{
Load orienting means
}
B65B 13/184
. .
{
Strap accumulators
}
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B65B 13/185
. .
{
Details of tools (B65B 13/24 takes precedence)
}
B65B 13/186
. . .
{
Supports or tables facilitating tensioning operations
}
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B65B 13/187
. . .
{
Motor means
}
B65B 13/188
. . . .
{
pneumatic or hydraulic
}
B65B 13/189
. . . .
{
using explosives
}
B65B 13/20
. .
Means for compressing or compacting bundles prior to bundling
B65B 13/22
. .
Means for controlling tension of binding means
Collapse
B65B 13/24
. .
Securing ends of binding material
Collapse
B65B 13/26
. . .
by knotting
B65B 13/265
. . . .
{
Hand tools
}
Collapse
B65B 13/28
. . .
by twisting
. . . .
{
Hand tools
}
Collapse
B65B 13/30
. . .
by deforming the overlapping ends of the strip or band
B65B 13/305
. . . .
{
Hand tools
}
Collapse
B65B 13/32
. . .
by welding, soldering, or heat-sealing; by applying adhesive
. . . .
{
Friction welding
}
. . . .
{
Ultrasonic welding
}
. . . .
{
Hand tools
}
Collapse
B65B 13/34
. . .
by applying separate securing members, e.g. deformable clips
B65B 13/345
. . . .
{
Hand tools
}
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Attaching articles to cards, sheets, strings, webs, or other carriers
B65B 15/02
.
Attaching small articles, e.g. buttons, to cards (cards for buttons, collar-studs, or sleeve-links A44B 7/00)
B65B 15/04
.
Attaching a series of articles, e.g. small electrical components, to a continuous web
{
(ammunition filling F42B ; placing of electric components on belts holding the terminals H05K 13/003)
}
Collapse
Other machines, apparatus, or methods for packaging articles or materials
Collapse
.
Joining articles, e.g. cans, directly to each other for convenience of storage, transport, or handling
B65B 17/025
. .
{
the articles being joined by a top carrier element
}
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Machines, apparatus or methods adapted for packaging articles or materials presenting special problems, or for special packaging operations; Unpacking bottles or eggs
Collapse
Packaging rod-shaped or tubular articles susceptible to damage by abrasion or pressure, e.g. cigarettes, cigars, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws, welding electrodes (final treatment of cigars or cigarettes after manufacture A24C 1/38, A24C 5/60)
Collapse
B65B 19/02
.
Packaging cigarettes
{
(auxiliary devices for drying glued or sealed packages B65B 61/002)
}
B65B 19/025
. .
{
in webs of flexible sheet material
}
Collapse
B65B 19/04
. .
Arranging, feeding, or orientating the cigarettes
B65B 19/06
. . .
Turning individual cigarettes to present printed marks in desired position
B65B 19/08
. . .
Positioning oval cigarettes in overlapped arrangement
Collapse
B65B 19/10
. . .
Arranging cigarettes in layers each comprising a predetermined number
B65B 19/105
. . . .
{
using rotary drums for withdrawal of successive layers from a hopper
}
Collapse
B65B 19/12
. .
Inserting the cigarettes, or wrapped groups thereof, into preformed containers
Collapse
B65B 19/14
. . .
into pocket boxes, e.g. boxes of rectangular form closed at one end by a flap adapted to be inserted into a slot in the body
B65B 19/16
. . . .
into boxes with two pockets
B65B 19/18
. . .
into drawer-and-shell type boxes or cartons
. . .
into boxes with hinged lids
Collapse
B65B 19/22
. .
Wrapping the cigarettes; Packaging the cigarettes in containers formed by folding wrapping material around formers
B65B 19/221
. . .
{
in one or more straight paths (B65B 19/24 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B65B 19/223
. . .
{
in a curved path; in a combination of straight and curved paths, e.g. on rotary tables or other endless conveyers (B65B 19/24 takes precedence)
}
B65B 19/225
. . . .
{
the conveyers having continuous movement
}
B65B 19/226
. . . .
{
using endless conveyers having pockets, each pocket being provided with separate members, e.g. folders (B65B 19/225 takes precedence)
}
B65B 19/228
. . .
{
Preparing and feeding blanks (in general B65B 41/00)
}
Collapse
B65B 19/24
. . .
using hollow mandrels through which groups of cigarettes are fed
B65B 19/245
. . . .
{
carried by continuously driven endless conveyers
}
B65B 19/26
.
Machines specially adapted for packaging cigars
Collapse
B65B 19/28
.
Control devices for cigarette or cigar packaging machines (of general application in packaging machines B65B 57/00)
B65B 19/30
. .
responsive to presence of faulty articles, e.g. incorrectly filled cigarettes
B65B 19/32
. .
responsive to incorrect grouping of articles or to incorrect filling of packages
.
Packaging other rod-shaped articles, e.g. sausages, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws, welding electrodes
Collapse
Packaging or unpacking of bottles (bundling bottles B65B 27/04)
Collapse
B65B 21/02
.
in or from preformed containers, e.g. crates
B65B 21/025
. .
{
the bottles being arranged in a head-to-bottom formation
}
Collapse
. .
Arranging, assembling, feeding, or orientating the bottles prior to introduction into, or after removal from, containers
{
(B65B 21/025 takes precedence)
}
B65B 21/06
. . .
Forming groups of bottles
Collapse
. .
Introducing or removing single bottles, or groups of bottles, e.g. for progressive filling or emptying of containers
B65B 21/10
. . .
using gravity flow
. . .
using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks (grippers in general B25J)
Collapse
. .
Introducing or removing groups of bottles, for filling or emptying containers in one operation
B65B 21/16
. . .
using gravity flow
Collapse
. . .
using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks (grippers in general B25J)
B65B 21/183
. . . .
{
the grippers moving in an endless path
}
. . . .
{
Inflatable grippers
}
B65B 21/20
. . . .
with means for varying spacing of bottles
B65B 21/22
. . .
by inverting and raising or lowering the container relative to bottles
Collapse
.
Enclosing bottles in wrappers
. .
{
in collapsed carton sleeves
}
. .
{
in flexible wrappers, e.g. foils (B65B 21/26 takes precedence)
}
B65B 21/247
. .
{
Wrapping individual bottles in straw-made wrappers
}
B65B 21/26
. .
Applying wrappers to individual bottles by operations involving rotation or rolling of the bottles (to articles in general B65B 11/56;
{
straw-made wrappers B65B 21/247
}
)
Collapse
Packaging fragile or shock-sensitive articles other than bottles; Unpacking eggs (embedding articles in shock-absorbing media B65B 55/20)
Collapse
.
Packaging or unpacking eggs
B65B 23/04
. .
Erecting egg trays or cartons from collapsed blanks
Collapse
. .
Arranging, feeding, or orientating the eggs to be packed; Removing eggs from trays or cartons
B65B 23/08
. . .
using grippers (testing, sorting, or cleaning eggs A01K 43/00; egg grippers for cooking purposes A47J 29/06)
Collapse
B65B 23/10
.
Packaging biscuits
Collapse
. .
Arranging, feeding, or orientating the biscuits to be packaged (in connection with baking A21C 15/00)
B65B 23/14
. . .
Forming groups of biscuits
B65B 23/16
. .
Inserting the biscuits, or wrapped groups thereof, into
{
already
}
preformed containers
B65B 23/18
. .
Wrapping individual biscuits, or groups of biscuits
.
Packaging plate glass, tiles, or shingles
{
measures for preventing damage to stacked glass sheets B65G 49/068
}
B65B 23/22
.
Packaging glass ampoules, lamp bulbs, radio valves or tubes, or the like
Collapse
Packaging other articles presenting special problems (bundling B65B 27/00)
.
{
of foodstuffs, combined with their conservation (B65B 25/041, B65B 25/062, B65B 25/067 take precedence)
}
.
{
packaging of information carriers, e.g. records, CD, DVD
}
B65B 25/003
.
{
packaging of razor blades
}
Collapse
.
{
packaging of confectionery
}
B65B 25/006
. .
{
packaging of lollipops
}
.
{
packaging of ice-cream
}
.
{
packaging of contact lenses
}
Collapse
.
Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
B65B 25/023
. .
{
Packaging flower bouquets
}
B65B 25/026
. .
{
Packaging flower pots
}
Collapse
. .
Packaging fruit or vegetables (bag or sack-filling devices associated with digging harvesters A01D 33/10)
B65B 25/041
. . .
{
combined with their conservation
}
B65B 25/043
. . .
{
of olives
}
B65B 25/045
. . .
{
by flotation means
}
. . .
{
in crates or boxes (B65B 25/045 takes precedence)
}
B65B 25/048
. . .
{
in nets
}
Collapse
.
Packaging slices or specially-shaped pieces of meat, cheese, or other plastic or tacky products
Collapse
B65B 25/061
. .
{
of fish
}
. . .
{
combined with its conservation
}
B65B 25/064
. .
{
of poultry (processing of poultry A22C 21/00)
}
Collapse
. .
{
of meat
}
. . .
{
combined with its conservation
}
B65B 25/068
. .
{
of cheese
}
B65B 25/08
. .
between layers or strips of sheet or web material, e.g. in webs folded to zig-zag form
Collapse
B65B 25/10
. .
Forming sector-shaped packages of cheese or like plastic products
B65B 25/12
. . .
and enclosing in circular containers
Collapse
.
Packaging paper or like sheets, envelopes, or newspapers, in flat, folded, or rolled form
Collapse
B65B 25/141
. .
{
packaging flat articles in boxes
}
B65B 25/143
. . .
{
by introducing successive articles
}
. .
{
packaging folded articles
}
Collapse
. .
{
packaging rolled-up articles
}
. . .
{
Jumbo paper rolls
}
Collapse
B65B 25/16
.
Packaging bread or like bakery products, e.g. unsliced loaves
. .
Sliced bread (cutting or slicing machines specially adapted for bakeries A21C 15/04; breadslicing machines or apparatus B26D)
.
Packaging garments, e.g. socks, stockings, shirts
.
Packaging articles of food, e.g. fish fillets, intended to be cooked in the package
.
Packaging annular articles, e.g. tyres
Collapse
Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band; Baling fibrous material, e.g. peat, not otherwise provided for (bundling articles in general B65B 13/00)
.
Bundling bricks or other building blocks
.
Bundling groups of cans or bottles
.
Bundling coils of wire or like annular objects
Collapse
.
Bundling paper sheets, envelopes, bags, newspapers, or other thin flat articles
B65B 27/083
. .
{
Storage receptacles therefor
}
B65B 27/086
. .
{
using more than one tie, e.g. cross-ties
}
Collapse
.
Bundling rods, sticks, or like elongated objects
B65B 27/105
. .
{
by means of adhesive tape
}
Collapse
.
Baling or bundling compressible fibrous material, e.g. peat (baling presses for straw, hay, or the like A01F 15/00; baling presses in general B30B 9/30)
B65B 27/125
. .
{
and wrapping or bagging
}
Collapse
Packaging of materials presenting special problems
Collapse
.
Packaging of substances, e.g. tea, which are intended to be infused in the package
B65B 29/04
. .
Attaching, or forming and attaching, string handles or tags to tea bags
B65B 29/06
.
Packaging of substances to which a further ingredient, e.g. water, is to be added in the package by the user for mixing prior to dispensing
.
Packaging of edible materials intended to be cooked in the package (infusible substances B65B 29/02)
B65B 29/10
.
Packaging two or more different substances isolated from one another in the package but capable of being mixed without opening the package, e.g. forming packages containing a resin and hardener isolated by a frangible partition
Collapse
Packaging articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers (auxiliary treatments during loading or unloading in a fluid medium other than air B65G 69/20)
.
{
Adding propellants in fluid form to aerosol containers (in solid form B65B 31/10)
}
.
{
Adding fluids for preventing deformation of filled and closed containers or wrappers
}
Collapse
.
Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers
{
or wrappers
}
in chambers maintained under vacuum or super-atmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas
B65B 31/021
. .
{
the containers or wrappers being interconnected
}
B65B 31/022
. .
{
the chambers moving in an endless path
}
B65B 31/024
. .
{
specially adapted for wrappers or bags (B65B 31/021, B65B 31/022 take precedence)
}
Collapse
B65B 31/025
. .
{
specially adapted for rigid or semi-rigid containers (B65B 31/021, B65B 31/022 take precedence)
}
B65B 31/027
. . .
{
closed by a stopper
}
. . .
{
closed by a lid sealed to the upper rim of the container, e.g. tray-like container
}
Collapse
.
Evacuating, pressurising, or gasifying filled containers or wrappers,
{
or containers or wrappers to be filled,
}
by means of nozzles through which air or other gas, e.g. an inert gas, is withdrawn or supplied (nozzles for introducing articles or materials into containers B65B 39/00)
Collapse
B65B 31/041
. .
{
the nozzles acting from above on containers or wrappers open at their top (B65B 31/044 take precedence)
}
B65B 31/042
. . .
{
the nozzles being arranged for insertion into, and withdrawal from, the container or wrapper
}
B65B 31/043
. .
{
the nozzles acting horizontally between an upper and a lower part of the container or wrapper, e.g. between container and lid
}
Collapse
B65B 31/044
. .
{
the nozzles being combined with a filling device (B65B 31/043 takes precedence)
}
. . .
{
of Vertical Form-Fill-Seal [VFFS
}
machines]
Collapse
. .
{
the nozzles co-operating, or being combined, with a device for opening or closing the container or wrapper (B65B 31/06 takes precedence)
}
. . .
{
the nozzles co-operating with a check valve in the opening of the container or wrapper
}
B65B 31/048
. . .
{
specially adapted for wrappers or bags
}
. .
the nozzle being arranged for insertion into, and withdrawal from, the mouth of a filled container and operating in conjunction with means for sealing the container mouth
B65B 31/08
. .
the nozzle being adapted to pierce the container or wrapper
.
Adding propellants in solid form to aerosol containers
Collapse
Packaging articles by applying removable, e.g. strippable, coatings (applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05; wrapping cores by winding B65H 81/00)
B65B 33/02
.
Packaging small articles, e.g. spare parts for machines or engines
Collapse
B65B 33/04
.
Packaging large articles, e.g. complete machines, aircraft
B65B 33/06
. .
the coating being applied to a supporting layer or framework of sheets or strips of thin flexible material, e.g. cocoon packaging
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Details of, auxiliary devices applied to, or auxiliary measures taken in, machines, apparatus, or methods, not otherwise provided for
Collapse
Supplying, feeding, arranging, or orientating articles to be packaged (cigarettes B65B 19/04; bottles B65B 21/04; eggs B65B 23/06; biscuits B65B 23/12;
{
adjustable conveying means B65B 59/005
}
if not restricted to packaging machines B07C, B65G, B65H)
Collapse
B65B 35/02
.
Supply magazines
B65B 35/04
. .
with buffer storage devices
Collapse
B65B 35/06
.
Separating single articles from loose masses of articles
. .
using pocketed conveyers
Collapse
B65B 35/10
.
Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles (orientating B65B 35/56)
B65B 35/12
. .
by gravity
B65B 35/14
. .
by agitators or vibrators
Collapse
B65B 35/16
. .
by grippers
B65B 35/18
. . .
by suction-operated grippers
Collapse
B65B 35/20
. .
by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
B65B 35/205
. . .
{
linked to endless conveyers
}
B65B 35/22
. .
by roller-ways
Collapse
B65B 35/24
. .
by endless belts or chains
{
(B65B 35/205 takes precedence)
}
B65B 35/243
. . .
{
using cooperating conveyers engaging the articles simultaneously
}
B65B 35/246
. . .
{
using extensible or retractable conveyers
}
B65B 35/26
. .
by rotary conveyers
B65B 35/28
. .
by pneumatic conveyers
Collapse
B65B 35/30
.
Arranging and feeding articles in groups (orientating B65B 35/56)
B65B 35/32
. .
by gravity
B65B 35/34
. .
by agitators or vibrators
Collapse
B65B 35/36
. .
by grippers
B65B 35/38
. . .
by suction-operated grippers
Collapse
B65B 35/40
. .
by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
B65B 35/405
. . .
{
linked to endless conveyers
}
B65B 35/42
. .
by roller-ways
B65B 35/44
. .
by endless belts or chains
{
(B65B 35/405 takes precedence)
}
B65B 35/46
. .
by rotary conveyers
B65B 35/48
. .
by pneumatic conveyers
Collapse
. .
Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
. . .
building-up the stack from the bottom
. .
Feeding articles along multiple paths to a single packaging position
Collapse
.
Orientating, i.e. changing the attitude of, articles, e.g. of non-uniform cross-section
. .
Turning articles by positively-acting means, e.g. to present labelled portions in uppermost position
Collapse
Supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles, to be packaged (methods of, or means for, filling individual containers with such materials or articles B65B 1/04, B65B 3/04)
B65B 37/005
.
{
by endless belts or chains
}
B65B 37/02
.
by gravity flow
B65B 37/04
.
by vibratory feeders
B65B 37/06
.
by pistons or pumps
Collapse
B65B 37/08
.
by rotary feeders
. .
of screw type
B65B 37/12
. .
of centrifugal type
B65B 37/14
.
by pneumatic feeders
Collapse
B65B 37/16
.
Separating measured quantities from supply (in container-filling machines B65B 1/30, B65B 3/26)
. .
by weighing (in general G01G)
. .
by volume measurement (in general G01F)
Collapse
Nozzles, funnels, or guides for introducing articles or materials into containers or wrappers (nozzles in general B05B; funnels in general B67C 11/00)
Collapse
.
{
with flow cut-off means, e.g. valves
}
B65B 39/002
. .
{
Pivoting plates
}
B65B 39/003
. .
{
Rotating means
}
Collapse
B65B 39/004
. .
{
moving linearly
}
B65B 39/005
. . .
{
transverse to flow direction
}
B65B 39/006
.
{
Grids for introducing bottles into cases
}
B65B 39/007
.
{
Guides or funnels for introducing articles into containers or wrappers
}
B65B 39/02
.
Expansible or contractible nozzles, funnels, or guides
B65B 39/04
.
having air-escape, or air-withdrawal, passages
Collapse
B65B 39/06
.
adapted to support containers or wrappers
Collapse
B65B 39/08
. .
by means of clamps
B65B 39/10
. . .
operating automatically
B65B 39/12
.
movable towards or away from container or wrapper during filling or depositing
Collapse
B65B 39/14
.
movable with a moving container or wrapper during filling or depositing
B65B 39/145
. .
{
in an endless path
}
Collapse
Supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material (in general B65H)
Collapse
B65B 41/02
.
Feeding sheets or wrapper blanks
Collapse
B65B 41/04
. .
by grippers
B65B 41/06
. . .
by suction-operated grippers
B65B 41/08
. .
by reciprocating or oscillating pushers
B65B 41/10
. .
by rollers
Collapse
.
Feeding webs from rolls
B65B 41/14
. .
by grippers
B65B 41/16
. .
by rollers
.
Registering sheets, blanks, or webs
Collapse
Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging (forming pockets in sheets, blanks or webs, by pressing the material into forming dies or moving it through folding dies B65B 47/00)
.
Forming flat bags from individual sheets or blanks
Collapse
.
Forming flat bags from webs
. .
from more than one web
Collapse
.
Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material
B65B 43/10
. .
by folding the material
Collapse
B65B 43/12
.
Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
. .
{
Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
}
. .
{
Feeding carton blanks in flat or collapsed state
}
Collapse
B65B 43/14
. .
Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
{
(shopping bag dispensing systems A47F 9/042)
}
B65B 43/145
. . .
{
Feeding carton blanks from piles or magazines
}
Collapse
B65B 43/16
. . .
by grippers
B65B 43/165
. . . .
{
specially adapted for carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/18
. . . .
by suction-operated grippers
B65B 43/185
. . . . .
{
specially adapted for carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/20
. . .
by reciprocating or oscillating pushers
B65B 43/205
. . . .
{
specially adapted for carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/22
. . .
by rollers
B65B 43/225
. . . .
{
specially adapted for carton blanks
}
.
Breaking creases to facilitate setting-up cartons
Collapse
.
Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
B65B 43/262
. .
{
opening of valve bags (filling of valve bags B65B 1/18, B65B 3/17)
}
B65B 43/265
. .
{
Opening, erecting or setting-up boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
B65B 43/267
. .
{
Opening of bags interconnected in a web
}
Collapse
B65B 43/28
. .
by grippers co-operating with fixed supports
B65B 43/285
. . .
{
specially adapted for boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/30
. .
by grippers engaging opposed walls, e.g. suction-operated
B65B 43/305
. . .
{
specially adapted for boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/32
. .
by external pressure diagonally applied
B65B 43/325
. . .
{
to boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/34
. .
by internal pressure
B65B 43/345
. . .
{
applied to boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
Collapse
. . .
applied pneumatically
B65B 43/365
. . . .
{
to boxes, cartons or carton blanks
}
Collapse
B65B 43/38
.
Opening hinged lids
B65B 43/39
. .
Opening-out closure flaps clear of bag, box, or carton mouth
B65B 43/40
.
Removing separate lids
B65B 43/41
.
Opening drawer-and-shell cartons
Collapse
B65B 43/42
.
Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position (by means of filling-nozzles B65B 39/00); Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation (by filling-nozzles B65B 39/00)
B65B 43/44
. .
from supply magazines
Collapse
B65B 43/46
. .
using grippers
B65B 43/465
. . .
{
for bags
}
B65B 43/48
. .
using reciprocating or oscillating pushers
B65B 43/50
. .
using rotary tables or turrets
{
(B65B 43/46 takes precedence)
}
B65B 43/52
. .
using roller-ways or endless conveyers
Collapse
B65B 43/54
. .
Means for supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
Collapse
B65B 43/56
. . .
movable stepwise to position container or receptacle for the reception of successive increments of contents
B65B 43/58
. . . .
vertically movable
B65B 43/59
. . .
vertically movable (B65B 43/58 takes precedence)
Collapse
B65B 43/60
. . .
rotatable
B65B 43/62
. . . .
about an axis located at the filling position, e.g. the axis of the container or receptacle
B65B 45/00
Apparatus or devices for supporting or holding wrappers during wrapping operation (filling nozzles, funnels, guides B65B 39/00)
Collapse
Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved
B65B 47/02
.
with means for heating the material prior to forming
Collapse
B65B 47/04
.
by application of mechanical pressure
B65B 47/06
. .
using folding dies
Collapse
B65B 47/08
.
by application of fluid pressure
B65B 47/10
. .
by vacuum
Collapse
Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents
Collapse
B65B 49/02
.
Fixed or resiliently-mounded folders, e.g. non-driven rollers
B65B 49/04
. .
Ploughs or plates with inclined slots or opposed inclined edges
B65B 49/06
.
Resilient folders, e.g. brushes, diaphragms
B65B 49/08
.
Reciprocating or oscillating folders
B65B 49/10
.
Folders movable in closed non-circular paths
B65B 49/12
.
Rotary folders
B65B 49/14
.
Folders forming part of, or attached to, conveyers for partially-wrapped articles
B65B 49/16
.
Pneumatic means, e.g. air jets
Collapse
Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
Collapse
.
Applying adhesives or sealing liquids (activating adhesives by applying heat or pressure B65B 51/10)
B65B 51/023
. .
{
using applicator nozzles
}
B65B 51/026
. .
{
using rotating applicators
}
Collapse
.
Applying separate sealing or securing members, e.g. clips, (applying separate lids or covers B65B 7/28)
. .
{
Applying springy clips around bag necks
}
B65B 51/046
. .
{
Applying a closure element to the mouths of bags
}
B65B 51/05
. .
Stapling
Collapse
B65B 51/06
. .
Applying adhesive tape
{
(adhesive tape dispensers B65H 35/0006)
}
B65B 51/062
. . .
{
to the mouths of bags
}
. . .
{
to the necks of bags
}
B65B 51/067
. . .
{
to the closure flaps of boxes
}
B65B 51/07
. .
Sewing or stitching
B65B 51/08
. .
Applying binding material, e.g. to twisted bag necks
Collapse
.
Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof
{
(welding of plastics per se B29C 65/02; closing plastic tube ends in general B29C 57/10)
}
B65B 51/12
. .
by resilient means, e.g. brushes
Collapse
. .
by reciprocating or oscillating members (B65B 51/148 takes precedence)
B65B 51/142
. . .
{
Closing bottle necks or tubes
}
. . .
{
Closing paperboard containers
}
B65B 51/146
. . .
{
Closing bags
}
. . .
{
Hand-operated members
}
. .
by rotary members
. .
by endless bands or chains
. .
by fluid pressure acting directly on folds or on opposed surfaces, e.g. using hot-air jets (shrinking wrappers by heating B65B 53/02)
Collapse
. .
by friction or ultrasonic or high-frequency electrical means,
{
i.e. by friction or ultrasonic or induction welding
}
. . .
{
by friction welding
}
. . .
{
by ultrasonic welding
}
. . .
{
by induction welding
}
. .
to produce bead seals (combined with severing by heated wires or rods B65B 61/10)
Collapse
B65B 51/26
. .
Devices specially adapted for producing transverse or longitudinal seams in webs or tubes
. . .
Rollers for producing longitudinal and transverse seams simultaneously
Collapse
. . .
Devices, e.g. jaws, for applying pressure and heat, e.g. for subdividing filled tubes (for subdividing filled tubes involving displacement of contents B65B 9/12)
. . . .
{
reciprocating along only one axis
}
. . . .
{
Counter-rotating devices
}
.
Cooling, or cooling and pressing, package closures after heat-sealing
Collapse
Shrinking wrappers, containers, or container covers during or after packaging
Collapse
B65B 53/02
.
by heat
B65B 53/04
. .
supplied by liquids
Collapse
B65B 53/06
. .
supplied by gases, e.g. hot-air jets
B65B 53/063
. . .
{
Tunnels
}
B65B 53/066
. . .
{
Mobile frames, hoods, posts or the like
}
Collapse
Preserving, protecting, or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging (by packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00; devices for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents B65B 61/22; if not restricted to packaging A23L, A61L)
Collapse
.
Sterilising, e.g. of complete packages
B65B 55/022
. .
{
of flexible containers having a filling and dispensing spout, e.g. containers of the "bag-in-box"-type (B65B 55/025, B65B 55/027 take precedence)
}
. .
{
Packaging in aseptic tunnels
}
. .
{
Packaging in aseptic chambers
}
Collapse
. .
Sterilising wrappers or receptacles prior to, or during, packaging
{
(sterilising bottles B67C 7/00)
}
. . .
by heat
. . .
by irradiation
Collapse
B65B 55/10
. . .
by liquids or gases
B65B 55/103
. . . .
{
Sterilising flat or tubular webs
}
B65B 55/106
. . . .
{
Sterilising connected bags
}
Collapse
B65B 55/12
. .
Sterilising contents prior to, or during, packaging
B65B 55/14
. . .
by heat
B65B 55/16
. . .
by irradiation
B65B 55/18
. . .
by liquids or gases (B65B 55/14 takes precedence)
B65B 55/19
. . .
by adding materials intended to remove free oxygen or to develop inhibitor gases, e.g. vapour phase inhibitors
.
Embedding contents in shock-absorbing media, e.g. plastic foam, granular material
.
Immersing contents in protective liquids
.
Cleaning of, or removing dust from, containers, wrappers, or packaging;
{
Preventing of fouling
}
Collapse
Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices (registering wrapping or container-forming material fed from rolls B65B 41/18; accident-prevention measures applicable for general use F16P;
{
factory control systems G05B 19/418; operation of audible or visible signals besides this application G08G
}
; photoelectric cells H01J, H01L; such devices in general see the relevant classes)
B65B 57/005
.
{
Safety-devices (B65B 57/18 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B65B 57/02
.
responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of binding or wrapping material, containers, or packages
B65B 57/04
. .
and operating to control, or to stop, the feed of such material, containers, or packages
B65B 57/06
. .
and operating to control, or to stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
B65B 57/08
. .
and operating to stop, or to control the speed of, the machine as a whole
Collapse
B65B 57/10
.
responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
B65B 57/12
. .
and operating to control, or stop, the feed of wrapping materials, containers, or packages
Collapse
B65B 57/14
. .
and operating to control, or stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
B65B 57/145
. . .
{
for fluent material
}
B65B 57/16
. .
and operating to stop, or to control the speed of, the machine as a whole
B65B 57/18
.
causing operation of audible or visible alarm signals
.
Application of counting devices for controlling the feed of articles (other applications B65B 65/08)
Collapse
Arrangements to enable machines to handle articles of different sizes, to produce packages of different sizes, to vary the contents of packages, or to give access for cleaning or maintenance purposes
B65B 59/005
.
{
Adjustable conveying means (B65B 59/02 takes precedence)
}
B65B 59/02
.
Arrangements to enable adjustments to be made while the machine is running (weight or volumetric adjustment of material to be packaged B65B 1/30, B65B 3/26)
.
Machines constructed with readily-detachable units or assemblies, e.g. to facilitate maintenance
Collapse
Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers, or packages, and not otherwise provided for (operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for B65B 63/00)
B65B 61/002
.
{
for drying glued or sealed packages
}
.
{
for removing material by cutting
}
.
{
Perforating strips of completed packages
}
Collapse
.
for perforating, scoring,
{
slitting,
}
or applying code or date marks on material prior to packaging
{
(scoring ampoules B65B 3/006)
}
. .
{
for applying, e.g. printing, code or date marks on material prior to packaging
}
Collapse
.
for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
Collapse
. .
by cutting
B65B 61/065
. . .
{
by punching out
}
B65B 61/08
. . .
using rotary cutters
B65B 61/10
. . .
using heated wires or cutters
B65B 61/12
. .
by tearing along perforations or lines of weakness
Collapse
B65B 61/14
.
for incorporating, or forming and incorporating, handles or suspension means in packages (attaching, or forming and attaching, string handles or tags to tea-bags B65B 29/04)
B65B 61/16
. .
Forming suspension apertures in packages
Collapse
B65B 61/18
.
for making package-opening or unpacking elements
. .
{
by applying tear-strips or tear-tapes
}
. .
{
by applying tabs over discharge openings, e.g. over discharge openings defined by tear or score lines
}
. .
{
by applying or incorporating rigid fittings, e.g. discharge spouts
}
. .
{
by applying or incorporating profile-strips, e.g. for reclosable bags
}
Collapse
.
for adding cards, coupons, or other inserts to package contents
{
e.g. for adding or applying accessories or inserts to the inside or the outside of a container
}
(adding unpacking elements B65B 61/18; labelling B65C)
B65B 61/202
. .
{
for attaching articles to the outside of a container (B65B 61/205 takes precedence)
}
B65B 61/205
. .
{
for adding drinking straws to a container
}
B65B 61/207
. .
{
for inserting partitions between package contents
}
. .
for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents, e.g. cotton-wool in bottles of pills
.
for shaping or reshaping completed packages
.
for marking or coding completed packages
B65B 61/28
.
for discharging completed packages from machines
Collapse
Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for (operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, or packages, and not otherwise provided for B65B 61/00)
.
{
for marking or coding articles prior to packaging
}
Collapse
B65B 63/02
.
for compressing or compacting articles or materials prior to wrapping or insertion in containers or receptacles (tabletting or compressing of powders B30B 11/00)
B65B 63/022
. .
{
using compressing chambers or plates moving in an endless path
}
B65B 63/024
. .
{
for compressing by winding
}
. .
{
for compressing by feeding articles through a narrowing space
}
B65B 63/028
. .
{
by pneumatic means
}
Collapse
B65B 63/04
.
for folding or winding articles, e.g. gloves, stockings (
{
B65B 63/024 takes precedence;
}
folding or winding webs or filamentary material in general B65H4w5/00, B65H 54/00; folding textile articles in connection with laundering preparatory to packaging D06F 89/00)
. .
{
for folding garments, e.g. stockings, shirts
}
B65B 63/06
. .
Forming elongated hanks, e.g. of shoe laces
.
for heating or cooling articles or materials to facilitate packaging
Collapse
Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
Collapse
.
{
Packaging lines, e.g. general layout
}
B65B 65/006
. .
{
Multiple parallel packaging lines
}
B65B 65/02
.
Driving gear
B65B 65/04
.
Mechanisms for converting a continuous rotary motion to intermittent rotary motion, e.g. Geneva drives
.
coated or treated with anti-friction or anti-sticking materials, e.g. polytetrafluoroethylene
.
Devices for counting or registering the number of articles handled, or the number of packages produced by the machine
Collapse
Apparatus or devices facilitating manual packaging operations; Sack holders
Collapse
B65B 67/02
.
Packaging of articles or materials in containers
B65B 67/04
. .
Devices facilitating the insertion of articles or materials into bags
{
e.g. guides or chutes (sack holders B65B 67/12)
}
. .
Manually-operable devices for closing bag necks, by applying and securing lengths of string, wire or tape
Collapse
.
Wrapping of articles
. .
{
using hand-held dispensers for stretch films
}
B65B 67/10
. .
Wrapping-tables
Collapse
.
Sack holders, i.e. stands or frames with means for supporting sacks in the open condition to facilitate filling with articles or materials
{
(nozzles, funnels or guides adapted to support sacks B65B 39/06)
}
B65B 67/1205
. .
{
collapsible or foldable (B65B 67/1216, B65B 67/1244, B65B 67/1255 take precedence)
}
B65B 67/1211
. .
{
characterised by mechanisms for moving, e.g. pivoting, lids or frame parts, e.g. pedal-operated (B65B 67/1216 takes precedence; pedal- operated mechanisms for opening or closing container lids B65D 43/26)
}
B65B 67/1216
. .
{
co-operating with the door of a cabinet or the like
}
Collapse
B65B 67/1222
. .
{
characterised by means for suspending sacks, e.g. pedal- operated
}
B65B 67/1227
. . .
{
only by a part of the periphery, e.g. by single points or handles, or by one side or two opposite sides only (B65B 67/1244 takes precedence)
}
B65B 67/1233
. . .
{
Clamping or holding means
}
B65B 67/1238
. .
{
Inserts or external supports, e.g. baskets, for stiffening sacks in the open condition
}
Collapse
. .
{
characterised by mechanisms for temporarily closing the mouth of the sack, e.g. pedal-operated (B65B 67/1211, B65B 67/1255 take precedence; final closing or sealing of sacks B65B 7/02, B65B 51/00)
}
B65B 67/125
. . .
{
comprising resilient closing elements, e.g. inserts, cooperating with the mouth of the sack
}
B65B 67/1255
. .
{
characterised by positively acting means for stretching the mouth of the sack into the open condition, e.g. using springs
}
Collapse
. .
{
specially adapted for storing or dispensing sacks from a supply
}
. . .
{
for dispensing flexible tubular material gathered up in the shape of a ring
}
Collapse
Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
Collapse
B65B 69/0008
.
{
Opening and emptying bags
}
B65B 69/0016
. .
{
for urine bags or medical drainage bags
}
B65B 69/0025
.
{
Removing or cutting binding material, e.g. straps or bands
}
Collapse
.
{
by cutting (B65B 69/0008-B65B 69/0025 take precedence)
}
B65B 69/0041
. .
{
by puncturing
}
Collapse
.
{
by expelling contents, e.g. by squeezing the container
}
. .
{
Solid contents
}
.
{
Heating materials to facilitate their unpacking
}
Collapse
.
{
Emptying systems for flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBC)
}
B65B 69/0083
. .
{
using frames whereby the container is only suspended
}
B65B 69/0091
. .
{
using frames whereby the container is bottom supported
}
Collapse
B65B 2009/00
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semi-liquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
Collapse
B65B 2009/02
.
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material between opposed webs
Collapse
B65B 2009/04
. .
one or both webs being formed with pockets for the reception of the articles, or of the quantities of material
B65B 2009/047
. . .
Rotary pocket formers
Collapse
B65B 2009/06
.
Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in a longitudinally-folded web, or in a web folded into a tube about the articles or quantities of material placed upon it
NOTE
-
If an invention involves both continuous and intermittent web motion, it is classified in both groups B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073.

B65B 2009/063
. .
Forming shoulders
Collapse
B65B 2011/00
Wrapping, e.g. partially or wholly enclosing, articles, or quantities of material, in strips, sheets or blanks, of flexible material (bundling articles by applying narrow strips or bands of flexible material B65B 13/00; devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00; devices for gathering or twisting wrappers B65B 51/00)
B65B 2011/002
.
Prestretching mechanism in wrapping machines
Collapse
B65B 2039/00
Nozzles, funnels, or guides for introducing articles or materials into containers or wrappers (nozzles in general B05B; funnels in general B67C 11/00)
B65B 2039/008
.
Strainer means
B65B 2039/009
.
Multiple outlets
Collapse
B65B 2051/00
Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
Collapse
B65B 2051/10
.
Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof
{
(welding of plastics per se B29C 65/02; closing plastic tube ends in general B29C 57/10)
}
B65B 2051/105
. .
Heat seal temperature control
Collapse
B65B 2067/00
Apparatus or devices facilitating manual packaging operations; Sack holders
Collapse
B65B 2067/12
.
Sack holders, i.e. stands or frames with means for supporting sacks in the open condition to facilitate filling with articles or materials
{
(nozzles, funnels or guides adapted to support sacks B65B 39/06)
}
B65B 2067/1261
. .
Holders with lids
Collapse
B65B 2067/1266
. .
{
specially adapted for storing or dispensing sacks from a supply
}
B65B 2067/1272
. . .
the sacks being rolled-up
B65B 2067/1283
. .
Means for gathering, closing or sealing the sacks
B65B 2067/1288
. .
Inflatable parts
B65B 2067/1294
. .
Holders for multiple sacks
Collapse
B65B 2210/00
Specific aspects of the packaging machine
B65B 2210/02
.
Plurality of alternative input or output lines or plurality of alternative packaging units on the same packaging line for improving machine flexibility
B65B 2210/04
.
Customised on demand packaging by determining a specific characteristic, e.g. shape or height, of articles or material to be packaged and selecting, creating or adapting a packaging accordingly, e.g. making a carton starting from web material
Collapse
B65B 2210/06
.
Sterilising or cleaning machinery or conduits (cleaning machinery in general B08B)
B65B 2210/08
. .
Cleaning nozzles, funnels or guides through which articles are introduced into containers or wrappers
B65B 2210/10
.
Means for removing bridges formed by the material or article, e.g. anti-clogging devices
B65B 2210/12
.
Means for automatically detecting and removing jammed straps in strapping machines, e.g. jam clearing devices
Collapse
B65B 2210/14
.
Details of wrapping machines with web dispensers for application of a continuous web in layers onto the articles
B65B 2210/16
. .
the web dispenser travelling around the article along a non-rotating ring
B65B 2210/18
. .
the web dispenser being mounted on a rotary ring
B65B 2210/20
. .
the web dispenser being mounted on a rotary arm
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Details of, auxiliary devices applied to, or auxiliary measures taken in, machines, apparatus, or methods, not otherwise provided for
Collapse
B65B 2220/00
Specific aspects of the packaging operation
B65B 2220/02
.
Erecting a carton by pushing a blank into a form
B65B 2220/04
.
Means for, or method of collapsing containers with walls hinged together or detachably connected (such containers per se B65D 11/18)
B65B 2220/06
.
Cutting webs along their longitudinal direction
B65B 2220/08
.
Creating fin seals as the longitudinal seal on horizontal or vertical form fill seal (FFS) machines
B65B 2220/10
.
Creating an off-center longitudinal seal on horizontal or vertical form fill seal (FFS) machines
B65B 2220/12
.
Creating additional longitudinal welds on horizontal or vertical form fill seal (FFS) machines for stiffening packages or for creating package edges
B65B 2220/14
.
Adding more than one type of material or article to the same package
Collapse
B65B 2220/16
.
Packaging contents into primary and secondary packaging
B65B 2220/18
. .
the primary packaging being bags the subsequent secondary packaging being rigid containers, e.g. cardboard box
B65B 2220/20
. .
the primary packaging being bags, the secondary packaging being further bags, the primary bags being either finished or formed concurrently with the secondary bags
B65B 2220/22
.
Interconnected packages concurrently produced from the same web, the packages not being separated from one another
B65B 2220/24
.
Cooling filled packages (cooling articles or materials to be packaged B65B 63/08; cooling package closures after heat sealing B65B 51/32)
Collapse
B65B 2230/00
Aspects of the final package
B65B 2230/02
.
Containers having separate compartments isolated from one another (B65B 29/10 and B65B 2220/16 take preference).
B65B 2230/04
.
Cigarette packages having a hinged lid
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013