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HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Handling aspects of general interest relating to thin material in the form of "separate articles" such as sheets, signatures, envelopes, blanks, cards, and thin piles thereof.

Handling aspects of general interest relating to thin material in the form of "continuous articles" such as webs, tapes, and films

Filamentary material such as threads, wires, ropes, cables, and hoses, and cover only methods or devices of general application or interest.

The coverage of the subclass can generally be divided into:

Sheets

Feeding to processes:

Feeding from processes:

Particular handling processes or apparatus therefor:

Relating both to sheet and/or web handling aspects:

Webs:

Feeding out, taking up:

Particular handling processes or apparatus therefor:

Relating both to sheet and/or web handling aspects:

Filamentary material:

Relationship between large subject matter areas

In general the subclass does not cover subject-matter (methods or devices) which are more intimately associated with operations, or means for performing such operations, on the thin or filamentary material than with the handling of the material per se. Such subject-matter is classified in subclasses relevant for the respective operations or means (see further explanation in "Special Rules of Classification", Note 3a and 3b). Such relevant subclasses are in particular:

  • Bandages or dressings A61F 13/00;
  • Card games appurtenances A63F 1/06;
  • Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, by methods involving the use of tools, brushes or like members B08B 1/02;
  • Devices accepting or dispensing paper currency, e.g. depositing machines; Automatic teller machines (ATM) G07D 11/00, G07F 19/20;
  • Conveying or guiding webs through rotary printing presses or machines B41F 13/02;
  • Conveying record carriers from one station to another G06K 13/00;
  • Composing machines B41B 21/32;
  • Counting of objects carried by a conveyer; objects in a stack G06M 7/00 and G06M 9/00;
  • Feeding, positioning or storing devices, combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal without essentially removing material B21D 43/00;
  • Film-handling mechanisms in photographic machines B41B 15/32;
  • Film-strip handling or handling of pictures in apparatus for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them G03B 1/00 and G03B 27/00;
  • Handling fabrics, fibres, yarns or other material in long lengths in drying apparatus F26B 13/00;
  • Handling for shaping or joining of plastics, for shaping of substances in a plastic state in general or for after-treatment of shaped products, e.g. feeding the material to be shaped B29C 31/00;
  • Handling intimately associated with electrographic processes using a charge pattern G03G 15/60, G03G 15/65;
  • Handling of copy- or impression-transfer material in typewriters or selective printing mechanisms B41J 11/00 to B41J 17/00;
  • Handling of labels in labelling or tagging apparatus B65C;
  • Handling of sheets or webs in apparatus for, or methods of, packaging articles, not of interest apart from their application in packaging machines B65B;
  • Handling relating to permanently attaching together sheets, quires, or signatures B42B;
  • Handling sheets in book-binding B42C;
  • Handling sheets intimately associated with inserting documents into envelopes B43M 3/00, B43M 5/00 and B43M 7/00;
  • Handling sheets not of interest apart from its use in systems for transmission or reproduction of pictures or patterns not varying in time, e.g. facsimile transmission H04N 1/00;
  • Handling sheets or webs in apparatus or devices for manifolding, duplicating or printing for office or other commercial purposes, or on addressing machines or like series-printing machines B41L;
  • Handling means for copy matter in stamping or numbering apparatus or devices B41K 3/44;
  • Information storage based on relative movement between record carrier and transducer, involving handling record carriers for recording or reproducing G11B 15/00 to G11B 19/00, G11B 23/00 and G11B 25/00;
  • Machines for severing e.g. by cutting, perforating, punching, stamping-out B26D;
  • Machines for Perforating, punching, stamping-out other than by cutting B26F;
  • Machines for winding capacitors H01G 13/02;
  • Making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags B32B;
  • Manufacturing coils for magnets, inductances, transformers, by winding H01F 41/06;
  • Means for automatic feeding of electrodes for spot or seam welding or cutting B23K 9/12;
  • Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means G01B 11/00;
  • Metal rolling involving guiding, conveying or accumulating easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands, in loops or curves B21B 41/00;
  • Postal sorting, similar sorting of documents, e.g. cheques B07C;
  • Rolls, drums, discs or the like F16C 13/00;
  • Spinning, weaving, braiding, lace-making, knitting, sewing, making ropes or cables D01 to D07;
  • Supports or handling devices for wafers for manufacturing semiconductor components H01L 21/67;
  • Transferring webs from wet ends to press sections in paper-making D21F 2/00;
  • Transport or storage devices, conveyers for objects in general B65G;
  • Testing or determining the identity or genuineness of paper currency G07D 7/00;
  • Winding-up, coiling, winding-off or temporarily accumulating metal wire, metal band or other flexible metal material, characterised by features relevant to metal processing only, other than by rolling B21C 47/00 and B21C 49/00;
  • Winding or stacking hides or leather in machines or devices for manufacturing leather C14B 1/62;
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Examples of places where the subject matter of this class is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Postal sorting, similar sorting of documents, e.g. cheques
Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, by methods involving the use of tools, brushes or like members
Metal rolling involving guiding, conveying or accumulating easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands, in loops or curves
Winding or unwinding metal band or like flexible metallic material during manufacture
Winding-up, coiling, winding-off or temporarily accumulating metal wire, metal band or other flexible metal material, characterised by features relevant to metal processing only, other than by rolling
Feeding, positioning or storing devices, combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal without essentially removing material
Working or processing wire
Means for automatic feeding of electrodes for spot or seam welding or cutting
Handling for shaping or joining of plastics, for shaping of substances in a plastic state in general or for after-treatment of shaped products, e.g. feeding the material to be shaped
Film-handling mechanisms in photographic composing machines
Conveying or guiding webs through rotary-printing presses or machines
In selective printing mechanisms
Handling of copy- or impression-transfer material in typewriters or selective printing mechanisms
Means for handling copy matter in stamping or numbering apparatus or devices
Handling sheets or webs in apparatus or devices for manifolding, duplicating or printing for office or other commercial purposes, or on addressing machines or like series-printing machines
Handling relating to permanently attaching together sheets, quires, or signatures
Handling sheets in book-binding
Unwinding, paying-out, forwarding, or winding ropes or cables in load-moving apparatus
Handling of sheets or webs in apparatus for, or methods of, packaging articles, not of interest apart from their application in packaging machines
Handling of labels in labelling or tagging apparatus
Winding or stacking hides or leather in machines or devices for manufacturing leather
Spinning, weaving, braiding, lace-making, knitting, sewing, making ropes or cables
Creels, warping, beaming, or leasing machines or methods for textile manufacturing purposes
Transferring webs from wet ends to press sections in paper-making
Handling fabrics, fibres, yarns or other material in long lengths in drying apparatus
Film-strip handling or handling of pictures in apparatus for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them
Winding, unwinding, or feeding tape to, in, or from, information-processing apparatus
Conveying record carriers from one station to another
Counting of flat articles, e.g. sheets, carried by a conveyer
Information storage based on relative movement between record carrier and transducer, involving handling record carriers for recording or reproducing
Manufacturing coils for magnets, inductances, transformers, by winding
Machines for winding capacitors
Sheet handling not of interest apart from its use in systems for transmission or reproduction of pictures or patterns not varying in time, e.g. facsimile transmission.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manipulators
Special rules of classification within this subclass

For filamentary material the following table shall be used as Informative Reference to identify overlapping classes to be searched in the field of textile.

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  • The following IPC groups are not used in the internal classification scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following internal groups:

B65H19/16/IPC covered by B65H 19/1889/EC

B65H35/07/IPC covered by B65H 35/0006/EC;

Note 1:

The B65H scheme is applied in combination with the B65H scheme for classifying complementary information which is judged to be of particular interest. The B65H scheme is divided into the following themes:

  • L65H310/00 - Particular handling processes;
  • B65H 2401/00 to B65H 2408/40 - Constructional aspects such as material choices, machine elements, parts having special functions, specific machines;
  • B65H 2511/00 to B65H 2557/62 - Control aspects such as sensing, measuring, actuating, adjusting;
  • B65H 2601/00 - Problem to be solved;
  • B65H 2701/00 - Handled material/article;
  • B65H 2801/00 - Application field;
  • In particular at least one of the following symbols should be given.

B65H 2701/17 - Nature of material

B65H 2701/18 - Form of handled article or web

B65H 2701/19 - Specific article or web

B65H 2801/00 - Application field

however, if for example a document already has a B07C symbol there is no need for adding L65H701/1619 "envelopes or articles of mail";

if for example a document already has a H04N symbol there is no need for adding B65H 2801/39 "Scanning"

Indexing codes of groups B65H 2511/00 to B65H 2519/00 and B65H 2701/13 can be combined with the following symbols relating to additional characteristics or to further specify the information. The additional symbols have the meanings indicated below:

  • B65H 2220/01 - Indicates that the first Indexing Code relates to an entity as a function of which control, adjustment or change is performed (input);
  • B65H 2220/02 - Indicates that the first Indexing Code relates to an entity which is controlled, adjusted or changed by a control process (output);
  • B65H 2220/03 - Indicates that the first Indexing Code relates to an entity which is measured, estimated, evaluated, calculated or determined but which is not adjusted or changed by the control process per se;
  • B65H 2220/04 - For distinguishing "adjusting" from controlling i.e. manual adjustments;
  • B65H 2220/08 - For distinguishing changing an entity in function of another entity purely by mechanical means i.e. no electronics involved;
  • B65H 2220/09 - Indicates that several of an entity are present;
  • B65H 2220/11 - Indicates that the code exclusively relates to machine elements, (to be combined with one of the indicators B65H 2220/01 to B65H 2220/09).

B65H 2220/09 can also be combined with other symbols when it is important to mark that several of an entity are present

Indexing Codes of groups B65H 2301/447 can be combined with additional symbols B65H 2220/01 and/or B65H 2220/02 to indicate additional characteristics. The addition has the following meaning:

  • B65H 2220/01 - For indicating a transport device whose receiving section is involved in the transfer;
  • B65H 2220/02 - For indicating a transport device whose delivering section is involved in the transfer;
  • B65H 2220/01, B65H 2220/02 - For indicating a transport device whose both receiving and delivering section are involved in the transfer;

Examples relating to the additional symbols:

If the device and/or method for controlling is not the main but only an additional aspect of the invention the B65H symbols can be given without the symbol B65H 7/02

If the rotational speed of the separator is changed manually by the operator the last code should be B65H 2513/11+B65H 2220/04

Only the following B65H entries should always be used for the B65H groups related to filamentary material:

Note 2:

If it is judged that handling aspects are relevant for both articles being fed to a process and for articles being fed from a process, they should be classified in the groups concerning "feeding to processes" as well as in the groups concerning "feeding from processes" unless precedence notes dictate otherwise.

Note 3a:

When judging whether subject-matter is to be considered as being more "intimately associated " with operations on the thin or filamentary material than with the handling of the material per se, it should be judged whether the handling aspect, in particular the handling problem to be solved, could be understood per se without referring to the particular operation, or in other words, whether the handling of the material is technically inseparable from the respective operation. If the handling aspect is clearly inseparable from the operation, then this aspect should be classified only in the subclass relevant for that operation. If the handling aspect is clearly separable from the operation, then the aspect should only be classified in B65H (see examples type A).

Note 3b:

In many cases, however, such a clear distinction concerning the technical separabillity cannot be made. In such cases, the subject-matter should be classified both in B65H and the subclass concerning the operation action per se. If it is judged, that the handling aspects to a large extent are technically separable from the operation, but the operation nevertheless has some bearing on the handling, then the subject-matter should be classified in the relevant B65H groups combined with an B65H 2801/00 symbol indicating the operation in the form of an application field (see example type B).

  • Example type A:
  • A document disclosing that the feeding speed of a piece of paper in an ink jet printer is controlled as a function of the ongoing printing operation should be classified in B41J and not in B65H.
  • Example type B:
  • A document discloses handling means for replenishing the pile of paper sheets from which sheets are continuously separated and fed to an off-set printing machine without having to stop the printing machine. The printing process as such only has a bearing on the replenishing means (handling means) in as much as the size of the handling means is dictated by the size of the off-set printing machine. Such a document should be classified in B65H 1/30 together with the B65H 2801/21 symbol for "industrial size printers, e.g. rotary printing press".
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Package
A mass of filamentary material, formed by coiling, depositing, or winding, with or without a supporting core or former or an enclosing container or receptacle.
Handling
Separating, orientating/positioning, feeding, gathering, collecting, storing, folding (other than in the manufacture of products), unwinding, and winding.
Filamentary material
Includes thread, wires, ropes, cables, and hoses.
Thin material
Sheets, signatures, envelopes, blanks, and thin piles thereof (hereinafter referred to as "articles"), and webs, tapes, and films, e.g. of paper, fabric, metal foil, or plastics.
Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated ( carriers used for associating, collating, or gathering articles B65H 39/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports or magazines or the like for completely separate but stacked or piled articles, such as for example a pile of A4 size paper sheets. A cassette for tickets which are semi attached to each other, so that a second ticket follows automatically when pulling the first ticked, is for example not covered.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Holders or dispensers for towels or tissues
Supports for sheets united without binding to form pads or blocks
Supports or magazines intimately associated with piling of articles
Articles in a strip, to be separated by tearing, severing or cutting from the strip, for example lottery tickets
Special rules of classification within this group
adapted to support articles on edge
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This subclass/group covers:Supports which carry piles in such a way that the weight of the pile is mainly supported by the edges of the articles. This is for example the case where a support which carries a square pile of articles on their surfaces is tilted from the horizontal to an angle more than 45 degrees. The group does not cover the cases where the weight of the pile must be said to be carried equally by the edges and the surfaces of the articles. e.g. cases where a support which carries a square pile of articles on their surfaces is tilted from the horizontal to an angle of exactly 45 degrees. These cases are covered by B65H 1/04.

See examples below:

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{with non-controlled means for advancing the pile to present the pile to the separating device, e.g. weights or spring}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

See the spring 25 pressing the support 21

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{with controlled positively-acting mechanical devices for advancing the pile to present the articles to the separating device}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Mechanical device (8,9,25,26) drives the pusher (10,11)

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Special rules of classification within this group

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{Support fully or partially removable from the handling machine, e.g. cassette, drawer}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cassettes for paper currency
Copy medium cassettes for apparatuses for electro photographic processes
adapted to support articles substantially horizontally, e.g. for separation from top of pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Supports which carry piles in such a way that the weight of the pile is mainly supported by the surfaces of the articles. This is for example the case where a support which carries a square pile of articles on their surfaces is tilted from the horizontal to an angle less than 45 degrees.
  • Cases where the weight of the pile must be said to be carried equally by the edges and the surfaces of the articles. e.g. cases where a support which carries a square pile of articles on their surfaces is tilted from the horizontal to an angle of exactly 45 degrees.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports which carry piles in such a way that the weight of the pile is mainly supported by the edges of the articles
Special rules of classification within this group

The groups B65H 1/08 to B65H 1/266 are used as if they were subgroups of B65H 1/04 even though for example B65H 1/08 and B65H 1/26 have the same level as B65H 1/04. For example:

  • Illustrative example 1 is not classified in both B65H 1/04 and B65H 1/14 but only in B65H 1/14.
  • However, Illustrative example 2 is classified both in B65H 1/06 and B65H 1/12, in order to still distinguish between supports for separating from the bottom and supports for separating from the top.

Illustrative example 1:

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Illustrative example 2:

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for separation from bottom of pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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with means for advancing the articles to present the articles to the separating device { (B65H 1/02 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printers
Copy machines
Data processing
G06F3/048A1B
Special rules of classification within this group

The groups B65H 1/08 to B65H 1/266 are used as if they were subgroups of B65H 1/04 even though for example B65H 1/08 and B65H 1/26 have the same level as B65H 1/04. For example:

  • Illustrative example 1 is not classified in both B65H 1/04 and B65H 1/14 but only in B65H 1/14.
  • However, Illustrative example 2 is classified both in B65H 1/06 and B65H 1/12, in order to still distinguish between supports for separating from the bottom and supports for separating from the top.

Illustrative example 1:

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Illustrative example 2:

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For specifically described control procedures the corresponding B65H 2511/00 to B65H 2557/62 codes and B65H 7/00 scheme should be applied:

The type of actuator for moving the articles is in indicated with a code from

comprising weights { (B65H 1/022 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

See the weight element (41,41b)

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated with non-controlled means for advancing the pile to present the pile to the separating device
comprising spring { (B65H 1/022 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated with non-controlled means for advancing the pile to present the pile to the separating device
comprising positively-acting mechanical devices { (B65H 1/025 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific mechanical /constructional details of the devices. e.g. the mechanical structure of the device is the main aspect.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated with controlled positively-acting mechanical devices for advancing the pile to present the articles to the separating device
Rollers or like rotary separators cooperating with means for automatically separating the pile from roller or rotary separator after a separation step
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printers
Copy machines
Data processing
G06F3/048A1B
Special rules of classification within this group

For specifically described control procedures the corresponding B65H 2511/00 to B65H 2557/62 codes and B65H 7/00 scheme should be applied. For example:

comprising pneumatic or hydraulic means { (B65H 1/18 , B65H 1/20 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Means for advancing the articles to present the articles to the separating device controlled by height of pile
Means for advancing the articles to present the articles to the separating device controlled by weight of pile; Floating arrangements
controlled by weight of pile; Floating arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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moving in direction of plane of articles, e.g. for bodily advancement of fanned-out piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Advancement of fanned-out piles without reversing the articles. For example from overlapped to underlapped

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
With means for replenishing the pile during continuous separation of articles therefrom
{Round stack feeders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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with auxiliary supports to facilitate introduction or renewal of the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{Auxiliary supports for keeping the pile in the separation process during introduction of a new pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{Support fully or partially removable from the handling machine, e.g. cassette, drawer (B65H 1/027 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Support fully or partially removable from the handling machine, e.g. cassette, drawer for articles supported on the edge
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cassettes for paper currency
Copy medium cassettes for apparatuses for electro photographic processes
Special rules of classification within this group

Details concerning arrangement or construction are classified by using symbols from B65H 2405/10 to B65H 2405/30:

compartmented to receive piles side-by-side
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Special rules of classification within this group

Details concerning arrangement or construction are classified by using symbols from B65H 2405/10 to B65H 2405/30.

with means for replenishing the pile during continuous separation of articles therefrom { (B65H 1/22 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The concept "replenishing the pile" consists in supplying complete piles or stacks to the support or magazine.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Means for advancing the articles to present the articles to the separating device moving in direction of plane of articles
Combinations of piling and depiling operations e.g. performed simultaneously, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling as such
Special rules of classification within this group

Supplying individual articles, either continuous or discontinuous to the pile during continuous separation therefrom: B65H 83/02

Separating articles from piles ( associating, collating, or gathering articles B65H 39/00 ; machines for separating superposed webs B65H 41/00 ; unpiling thin material combined with folding B65H 45/26 ; combinations of piling and depiling operations, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling B65H 83/00 , {B07C 1/02 , G07D 11/0084} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The various arrangements for separating (i.e. removing) articles from piles to be fed to processing machines (e.g. printers) and the associated mechanisms for ensuring that the separation is performed reliably, e.g. only one article is removed each time.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The reverse operation (i.e. stacking articles in piles)
Separating superposed webs
Separating from piles in combination with folding
Combinations of piling and depiling operations, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forming postal articles into a stream:
Separation intimately linked with a paper currency sorting or counting machine
Separating superposed articles transported in a stream
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

using friction forces between articles and separator
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use friction forces to separate the article from the pile.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Separating articles from bottom of pile of horizontal articles
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

Manually powered apparatus, additionally classify also in B65H 2403/941.

Relevant UCLA: 271/42 reciprocating separators

Endless-belt separators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using an endless belt wherein the separation force is created only by friction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Perforated belts in which suction is used to enhance adherence of the article on the belt are covered by
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{separating from the bottom of the pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{for separating substantially vertically stacked articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(top view)

{separating from the top of a pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Rollers or like rotary separators { (B65H 3/42 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using rollers or similar rotating devices (e.g. spheres) wherein the separation force is created only by friction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Separating articles from piles by two or more separators mounted for movement with, or relative to, rotary or oscillating bodies
Rollers in which suction is used to enhance adherence of the article on the roller are covered by
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{cooperating with means for automatically separating the pile from roller or rotary separator after a separation step}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which allow the sheet support to move towards the separator roller for sheet separation and which move the sheets away from the separator roller once the separation step is completed.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Special rules of classification within this group

If the subject-matter can be classified by the combination B65H 3/0607 and B65H 3/0661, then this takes precedence over B65H 1/025, see for example EP1681252A1.

The group takes precedence over B65H 1/14.

{reciprocating and rotatable in one direction only}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{acting at least during a part of each separation cycle on the articles in a direction opposite to the final separating direction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{separating from the bottom of pile (B65H 3/0615 , B65H 3/0623 take precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

For substantially vertical stacks with the separation roller below the stack additionally classify in B65H 3/0653.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rollers or like rotary separators, reciprocating and rotatable in one direction only
Rollers or like rotary separators acting at least during a part of each separation cycle on the articles in a direction opposite to the final separating direction
{Construction of the rollers or like rotary separators (B65H 3/0615 takes precedence; construction of feed or guide rollers B65H 27/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Construction of rollers or the like adapted for separating articles from piles

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media38.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For details concerning, e.g.

  • materials used and their properties additionally classified in B65H 2401/00;
  • construction or arrangemnet of roller(s) additionally classified in B65H 2404/10;
  • surface of the elements in contact with the material forwarded or guided additionally classified in B65H 2404/50.
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rollers or like rotary separators, reciprocating and rotatable in one direction only
For construction of rollers not limited to separation (e.g. feed or guide)
{Wave generation rollers, i.e. combing wheels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rollers with a plurality of surface elements which produce a pushing motion when hitting the article to be separated thereby creating a small wave in the article

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media39.jpg

{for separating substantially vertically stacked articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Separation from piles for which the weight of the pile is mainly supported by the edges of the articles. This is for example the case where a support which carries a square pile of articles on their surfaces is tilted from the horizontal to an angle more than 45 degrees.

media40.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For substantially vertical stacks with the separation roller below the stack additionally classify in B65H 3/063.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rollers or like rotary separators for separating inclined-stacked articles with separator rollers above the stack
{for separating inclined-stacked articles with separator rollers above the stack}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements wherein the stack is inclined, i.e. not completely horizontal (supported by the surface of the articles) or not completely vertical (supported by the edges of the articles).

media41.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

If the subject-matter can be classified by the combination B65H 3/0607 and B65H 3/0661, then this take precedence over B65H 1/025, see for example EP1681252A1.

If the subject-matter can be classified by B65H 3/0661, then this take precedence over B65H 3/0653.

{Driving devices therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media42.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

The group should always be used in combination with symbols in B65H 2403/00 concerning specific power transmission and driving means.

{with two or more separator rollers in the feeding direction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media43.jpg

{on moving support, e.g. pivoting, for bringing the roller or like rotary separator into contact with the pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media44.jpg

{Vacuum assisted separator rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements in which suction is generated outside the roller, the roller body as such is not involved in generating vacuum

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media45.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Suction rollers, the roller body as such is involved in generating vacuum
using pneumatic force { (B65H 3/40 , B65H 3/42 take precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use pneumatic forces to separate the article from the pile.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Separating articles from piles by two or more separators acting alternately on the same pile
Separating articles from piles by two or more separators mounted for movement with, or relative to, rotary or oscillating bodies
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{Suction grippers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements with piles of articles standing on edge. Horizontally pilled articles are covered by the subgroups B65H 3/0816 and B65H 3/085.

media46.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For details of suction grippers additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2406/34.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suction grippers
{separating from the top of pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media47.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For multi-axis actuating means additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2555/30.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for removing metal sheets from a stack
Destacking of articles by suction or magnetic devices
Apparatus for loading or unloading holders for X-ray films
Pile of alternate articles
L65H701/1422
{and acting on the rear part of the articles relatively to the final separating direction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media48.jpg

{and acting on the front part of the articles relatively to the final separating direction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media49.jpg

{this action resulting at least during a part of each separating cycle, in a movement of at least the front part of the articles in a direction opposite to the final separating direction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media50.jpg

{separating from the bottom of pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media51.jpg

{this action resulting merely in a curvature of each article being separated ( in combination with the use of screw or like separators B65H 3/28) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media52.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Separating articles from piles by screw or like separators
{the final separation being performed between rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

The front edge (10) of the article is separated by a suction element (2) whereafter a gripper (3) pulls out, that is finally separates, the whole article from the stack

media53.jpg

{the final separation being performed by mechanical grippers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media54.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Elongated elements traversing pile and article to be separated (peeling)
{Construction of suction grippers or their holding devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media55.jpg

media56.png

{Generating or controlling the depression (B65H 3/0883 , B65H 3/14 take precedence; in response to abnormal circumstances B65H 7/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mechanical arrangements, different from just a connection to a general vacuum source, which create the depression e.g. the vacuum which is used by the separator to perform the separation

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media57.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

If the control is in response to abnormal circumstances additionally classify in B65H 7/16.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Construction of suction grippers or their holding devices
Air blasts producing partial vacuum
Suction rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rollers wherein the suction is generated by a vacuum inside the roller.

media58.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For vacuum assisted friction rollers
{Suction tables}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

suction table 8 separates an article 1a by a reciprocating movement

media613.png

{Suction bands or belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements with piles of articles standing on edge. Horizontally pilled articles are covered by the subgroups B65H 3/126 and B65H 3/128.

media60.jpg

{separating from the bottom of pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media61.jpg

{separating from the top of pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media62.jpg

Air blasts producing partial vacuum
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media63.png

using magnetic force
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use magnetic forces to separate the article from the pile (i.e. for articles with ferromagnetic properties).

media64.jpg

using electrostatic force
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use electrostatic forces (e.g. an electrostatically charged roller) to separate the article from the pile.

media65.jpg

using adhesives
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use adhesives to separate the article from the pile (e.g. by sticking the article on an adhesive separator).

by needles or the like engaging the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using needles, or teeth-like elements or spike-like elements

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media66.jpg

media67.jpg

by pushers engaging the edges of the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements by pushers for separating single articles from piles.

media68.jpg

{for separating a part of the pile, i.e. several articles at once}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media69.png

{the pile being pre-marked}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

The sheets 20" is marking the intended division of the pile

media70.png

{the pile being off-set}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media71.png

by separators engaging folds, flaps, or projections of articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media72.png

by screw or like separators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media73.png

by escapement devices ( screw and like separators B65H 3/28) ; from staggered piles; from piles of articles having staggered formations, e.g. cuts or perforations
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices which function as article retainers when inactive, and which produce a movement which separate one or more articles when activated.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media74.jpg

media75.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Separating articles from piles by screw or like separators
by elements, e.g. fingers, plates, rollers, inserted or traversed between articles to be separated and remainder of the pile ( such elements acting only as supplementary devices to assist separation or prevent double feed B65H 3/50)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media76.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
If such elements act only as supplementary devices to assist separation or prevent double feed
{for separating a part of the pile, i.e. several articles at once}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media77.png

{the pile being pre-marked}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All forms of markings which make it possible to identify the intended division of the pile, for example coloured papers or strips or special shapes of the edges

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media78.png

{the pile being off-set}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media79.png

Article-retaining devices controlling the release of the articles to the separators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media80.png

by separators moved in special paths, e.g. enclosing an area
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media81.png

the paths not enclosing an area
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

The separator 10 reciprocates along the broken line

media82.png

by two or more separators acting alternately on the same pile ( rotary or oscillating bodies carrying two or more separators B65H 3/42)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media83.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For rotary of oscillating bodies carrying two or more separators
by two or more separators mounted for movement with, or relative to, rotary or oscillating bodies
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

two or more separators 2a are mounted for movement with rotary body 2b

media614.png

Simultaneously, alternately, or selectively separating articles from two or more piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements in which the piles from which to separate and the sequence in which to do so can be freely chosen

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media85.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

This main group should be used only for subject matter not being covered by any of its subgroups.

Supplementary devices or measures to assist separation or prevent double feed ( control means comprising detectors responsive to double feed B65H 7/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices, e.g mechanical arrangements, or measures, e.g. procedures for driving the separator, which merely assist the separation, but which can not carry out a separation act on their own.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For control means comprising detectors responsive to double feed additionally classify in B65H 7/12.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Assisting separation or preventing double feed
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

Air blast acting on edges of, or under, articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media86.png

Elements, e.g. fingers, plates, rollers, inserted or traversed between articles to be separated and remainder of the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media87.png

{Non-driven retainers, e.g. movable retainers being moved by the motion of the article}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which induce friction to articles by passive elements i.e. elements which are not driven by any power sources, neither externally nor internally with respect to the elements.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media88.png

Special rules of classification within this group

When the articles are standing on the edge (i.e. vertically stacked) the separation is done neither from the top nor from the bottom but from the side: This should be classified here.

{for separation from the top of the pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media89.png

{Retainers of the pad-type, e.g. friction pads}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(see friction pad 50)

media90.jpg

{for separation from the bottom of the pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media91.png

{Retainers of the pad-type, e.g. friction pads}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(see friction pad 40)

{Driven retainers, i.e. the motion thereof being provided by a dedicated drive}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which induce friction to articles by active elements i.e. elements which are driven by power sources either externally or internally with respect to the elements

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media92.png

Special rules of classification within this group

When the articles are standing on the edge (i.e. vertically stacked) the separation is done neither from the top nor from the bottom but from the side: This should be classified here.

{for separation from the top of the pile}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{of the roller type, e.g. rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media93.png

{of the belt type, e.g. belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media94.png

{for separation from the bottom of the pile}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{of the roller type, e.g. rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media95.png

{of the belt type, e.g. belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media96.png

Pressing or holding devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media97.png

Elements, e.g. scrapers, fingers, needles, brushes, acting on separated article or on edge of the pile { (B65H 3/52 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(see retainers 5b)

media98.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Friction retainers acting on under or rear side of article being separated
Articles spiked, threaded, cemented, or gummed together, to prevent double feed, e.g. piles with gummed edges
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media99.png

Loosening articles in piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media100.jpg

media101.png

by swinging, agitating, or knocking the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media102.jpg

media103.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Assisting separation by vibration
by vacuum apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media104.png

Article guides or smoothers, e.g. movable in operation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which guide the article during separation i.e. when the article is not completely free from the pile jet.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Article guide 13 is movable during separation

media105.png

Special rules of classification within this group

For specifying details about article guides additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2404/50, B65H 2404/60 and/or B65H 2404/70.

immovable in operation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which guide the article during separation, i.e. when the article is not completely free from the pile jet.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(article guide 14)

media106.jpg

Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines (identical mechanisms or parts for delivering or advancing articles from machined ( {B65H 9/00 takes precedence; } identical mechanisms or parts for delivering or advancing articles from machines B65H 29/00 ; recirculating articles B65H 85/00 , {G03B 27/6257} ) )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for feeding articles separated from piles to machines, for example single or continuous streams of articles.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For arrangements concerning delivering or advancing articles from machines as well as to machines additionally classify in B65H 29/00 and subgroups.

Transferring material between transport devices additionally classify in B65H 2301/447 and subgroups combined with an B65H 2220/00 symbol (see B65H header).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Registering, e.g. orientating, articles; Devices therefor
Arrangements exclusively for delivering or advancing articles from machines
Recirculating articles
Special rules of classification within this group

This main group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{Adaptations of counting devices ( delivery of articles from machines B65H 29/001) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Special arrangements related to article counting devices, such as banknote counting machines.

media107.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adaptations of counting devices directed to feeding of articles from machine
{using electrostatic force}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use electrostatic forces (e.g. electro statically charged belts) to feed articles separated from piles.

media108.png

{Feeding stacks of articles to machines}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media109.png

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Handling piles, sets or stacks of articles additionally classify in B65H 2301/422 and subgroups.

{using vibrations}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements that use vibration forces (e.g. sound waves) to feed articles separated from piles.

by belts or chains, {e.g. between belts or chains ( by combinations of endless conveyers and grippers B65H 5/085 ; by suction belts B65H 5/224) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arrangement which can be identified as either a belt or a chain.

Combinations of endless conveyers and grippers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printers
Copy machine (Handling original)
Copy machine (Handling copy sheet)
Handling banknotes
{by belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using an endless belt wherein the transport force is created only by friction.

media110.png

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For details of construction and/or arrangement of belts additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2404/20.

In particular, auxiliary handling means on the surface of the belts additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2404/23.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Perforated belts in which suction is used to enhance adherence of the article on the belt
Belts for transporting sheets through electrographic units
{between a pair of belts forming a transport nip}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media111.png

{between belts and rotary means, e.g. rollers, drums, cylinders or balls, forming a transport nip}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media112.png

{between belts and stationary pressing, supporting or guiding elements forming a transport nip}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media113.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of belts facing a transport surface, e.g. contact glass in copy machine
{by chains}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Conveying means which consist of interlinked elements.

media114.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For details of construction and/or arrangement of chains additionally classify in B65H 2404/30 and subgroups.

by movable tables or carriages ( rotary tables B65H 5/18 ; { suction gripper or gripper tables B65H 5/10} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media115.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rotary tables
Suction grippers or gripper tables
by rollers {or balls e.g. between rollers ( transport by suction rollers B65H 5/226) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using rollers wherein the transport force is created only by friction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Suction rollers
Special rules of classification within this group

Special construction of feed or guide rollers and surfaces thereof should be classified in B65H 27/00 together with an additional symbol from B65H 2404/10 and subgroups.

{between rollers or balls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media116.png

{the axes of the rollers being perpendicular to the plane of the articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media117.png

{the articles resting on rollers or balls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media118.png

{between one or more rollers or balls and stationary pressing, supporting or guiding elements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media119.png

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For specifying details about stationary pressing, supporting or guiding elements additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2404/50 and/or B65H 2404/60.

by grippers, e.g. suction grippers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements using grippers to transport the article separated from the pile.

media120.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Grippers, e.g. suction or magnetic
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{by combinations of endless conveyers and grippers ( suction belts B65H 5/224) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media121.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
General conveyors with grippers carried by endless conveyors
Grippers carried by chains or bands
Reciprocating or oscillating grippers {e.g. suction or gripper tables}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media122.png

Revolving grippers, e.g. mounted on arms, frames or cylinders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media123.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Reversing sheets inside printing machines, e.g. perfecting roller/machine
Details of grippers; Actuating-mechanisms therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media124.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manipulators with gripper heads
by pusher, needles, friction, or like devices adapted to feed single articles along a surface or table
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media125.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Auxiliary handling means on the surface of the belts
by rotary dials or tables
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(top view)

media126.jpg

by air-blast or suction device ( suction grippers B65H 5/08)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Suction grippers
{by suction devices}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{by suction belts (B65H 11/005 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media127.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Feed tables incorporating suctions belts
{by suction rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rollers wherein the suction is generated by a vacuum inside the roller.

media128.jpg

{by air-blast devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media129.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Directly conveying articles by flowing gases
{Feeding articles in overlapping streams, i.e. by separation of articles from a pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media130.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
If the overlapping stream is not formed exclusively by separation of articles from a pile then this group and subgroups take precedence.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Overlapped conveying (FTCLA)
3F053/GB00
Duplicate, alternate, selective, or coacting feeds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements in which more than one path or route of transport is selectable either to the same or to different destinations

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media131.jpg

media132.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combinations of piling and depiling operations from and o the same stack
Recirculating articles
Feeding articles stored in rolled or folded bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific details or aspects concerning feeding the stored articles from the store.

media133.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For details about the winding and unwinding means additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2301/419.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Particular details or aspects concerning feeding of articles to be stored in rolled or folded bands, as well as details about the storing arrangement as such
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Relevant UCLA
242/528
Note containers
Articles wound together with a single belt
Articles wound together between two belts facing each other
L65H401/41912
Opening devices for folded sheets or signatures
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Relevant UCLA
270/52.23, 270/52.24, 270/52.25
For opening signatures
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter not being covered by any of its sub-groups.

{comprising blade-like means inserted between the parts to be opened}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media134.png

{the blade-like means being stationary}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media135.png

{comprising movable endless means for opening the folded sheets (B65H 5/308 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media136.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Folded sheets or signatures travelling in hanging position
{comprising rotary means for opening the folded sheets (B65H 5/308 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(opening folded sheets 5)

media137.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Folded sheets or signatures travelling in hanging position
{two opposite rotary means, only one of them having gripping means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media138.png

{two opposite rotary means, both having gripping means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(gripping means 54,56)

media139.jpg

{the folded sheets or signatures travelling in hanging position}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media140.png

Saddle-like members over which partially-unfolded sheets or signatures are fed to signature-gathering, stitching, or like machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media141.png

Varying the phase of feed relative to the receiving machine
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media142.png

Special rules of classification within this group

Specific control aspects should additionally be classified in subgroups of B65H 7/00.

Article guides or smoothers, e.g. movable in operation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which guide the article during transport. The article is completely free from the pile.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media143.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For specifying details about article guides additionally classify in subgroups of B65H 2404/50, B65H 2404/60 and/or B65H 2404/70.

immovable in operation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

(cf. guide plate 23)

media144.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For stationary guides or smoothers for delivering or advancing articles from machines
Controlling article feeding, separating, pile-advancing, or associated apparatus, to take account of incorrect feeding, absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aspects related to controlling the handling of articles before they arrive to a particular process, such as pile-advancement, picking articles from piles, article feeding and separation, and apparatuses associated with such acts, to take account of incorrect feeding of articles, incorrect absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Aspects related to controlling the handling of articles after the articles have been subjected to a particular process. Such aspects are covered B65H 43/00 

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Because the sensing nowadays in the majority of cases is realized through photoelectric sensors, the majority of documents would have to be classified in B65H 7/14 if the IPC precedence notes were followed. In order to rationalize classification the IPC note "B65H 7/14 takes precedence" is ignored.

The rules followed are the following:

Documents are first classified according to which part of the article or to which situation the feelers or detectors respond. If the sensor works with an photoelectrical element and the structural build up of the sensor is particularly emphasized, then the document is classified in B65H 7/14 as well.

Additionally, codes from B65H511/00, B65H 2513/00, B65H515/00, B65H519/00, B65H551/00, B65H553/00, combined with at least the indicators B65H 2220/01, B65H 2220/02, B65H 2220/03, B65H 2220/04 should be given to further specify the control aspects.

The codes B65H511/00, B65H 2513/00, B65H515/00, B65H519/00, B65H551/00, B65H553/00, combined with indicators from the B65H 2220/00 series can be given without a symbol from the B65H 7/00 series if the control aspect is only a secondary aspect.

If the document disclose a device and/or method for controlling in which the reaction e.g. the control out put is emphasized, then the document should be further classified in one of the groups B65H 7/16, B65H 7/18, B65H 7/20.

Examples:

  • (I) A document disclosing a device and/or method for controlling responsive to double feed, and emphasizing the structure of the photoelectrical sensor which has elements which contact the articles while sensing, should be classified in: B65H 7/12 and B65H 7/14
  • If the elements which contact the articles are particularly specified (for example rotating levers), a further B65H symbol (B65H 2553/612: Contact arms, Levers, Antennas) should be given.
  • (II) A document disclosing a device and/or method for controlling responsive to double feed, and emphasizing the structure of the photoelectrical sensor which does not contact the actual articles while sensing, should be classified in: B65H 7/125 and B65H 7/14
  • (III) A document disclosing a device and/or method for controlling responsive to a wrong distance between articles successively separated from a pile of article, monitoring said distance by checking the time intervals (B65H 2513/53) between the passing of the front edges of the articles (B65H 2701/1311) (sensed by a light sensor not further specified), and responding by changing the rotational speed of the separator (B65H 2513/11), should be classified in:
  • If the change of the rotational speed of the separator, or means to do so are particularly emphasized, then the class B65H 7/18 should be given additionally.
  • (IV) A pile is advanced/moved in function of an absence of articles:
  • (V) The position of the separation end of the pile is controlled in function of the thickness of the articles:
by photoelectric feelers or detectors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Instruments using optical measuring means
Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means
Controlling associated apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The group covers for example the concept that the handling conditions (for example the feeding speed) before a process influence or determine the conditions or settings of the process it self (for example the starting time).

The group also covers subject-matter which emphasizes the particular interface means applied or functioning between the handling action (for example feeding) and the process. Such interface means could be for example communication means between the feeding controller and process controller, or user interfaces like information input or displaying means linked to the feeding controller.

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Interface means should be indicated by giving a code from B65H 2551/00 or B65H 2557/00

Registering, e.g. orientating, articles; Devices therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aspects related to correcting the orientation and/or position of the articles before they arrive to a particular process.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices intimately associated with inserting documents into envelopes:
Correcting orientation and/or position of articles when coming from a process
Combined with
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printer, registering devices
Printers, Front lays, stops, or gauges
Printers, Side lays or gauges
Printers, Means for positioning sheets in two directions under one control, e.g. for format control or orthogonal sheet positioning
Apparatus for electrographic processes, feeding path after the copy sheet separation and up to the transfer point, e.g. registering; deskewing; correct timing of sheet feeding to the transfer point
Aligning cards
Apparatus for electrographic processes, registration devices:
{changing orientation of sheet by only controlling movement of the forwarding means, i.e. without the use of stop or register wall}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements which corrects the orientations of the sheets, i.e. deskews the sheets, only by controlling the relative speed of the forwarding means without abutting the edges of the sheets against stops or register walls

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media145.png

Special rules of classification within this group

If the subject-matter also relates to an additional movement which moves the article in a second direction perpendicular to the first movement, this should be indicated by using the appropriate B65H symbol. For example, if the first change of orientation is done by counter rotating two independent roller pairs (B65H 9/002) and the second change of movement is done by moving the rollers parallel to their shafts, then the symbol B65H 2404/1424 should be given additionally, see for example US2009033029A1.

{Deskewing sheet by abutting against a stop, i.e. producing a buckling of the sheet}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The concept that the deskewing effect is caused by a significant buckling of the article

media146.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The article is moved into a stationary registered position, but not buckled
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

If a movable stop is important in connection with the buckling of the article then also classify in B65H 9/06

{the stop being formed by forwarding means in stand-by}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media147.jpg

{the stop being formed by reversing the forwarding means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media148.jpg

Fixed or adjustable stops or gauges ( gauge pins B65H 9/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media149.png

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Adjustable guides on supports which do not perform a registering or orientation action on an article but merely define a certain space for the stack according to the size should be classified as follows:

Adjustable in both length and width direction of the article by the operator:

Adjustable in width direction of the article by the operator:

Movable stops or gauges, e.g. rising and falling front stops [ N: (B65H 11/007 takes precedence ) ]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media150.jpg

media151.jpg

media152.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Feed tables with front stop arrangements
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

If the stops produce a buckling of the articles specifically used for deskewing then also classify in B65H 9/004

Holding devices, e.g. finger, needle, suction, for retaining articles in registered position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media153.png

Pusher and like movable registers; Pusher or gripper devices which move articles into registered position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means which moves the article into stationary registered positions. e.g. which move the article into a stationary position against a stop or register wall. The stop can be a physical stop or wall, but can also be a virtual stop, for example formed by an array of sensors.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Registering laterally against a side register while the article is forwarded in principal direction
Special rules of classification within this group

After the notation of the groups B65H 9/10 to B65H 9/108 and separated therefrom by a + sign, the symbol B65H 2220/15 may be added to indicate that the device moves articles, already positioned in a stationary registered position according to a first direction, into a stationary registered position along a second direction perpendicular to the first one, e.g. for lateral registering, in other words, the registration action consists of two distinct successive movements with a stop in between, the movements being perpendicular to each other.

{acting on the edge of the article}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media154.png

{acting by friction or suction on the article for pushing or pulling it into registered position, e.g. against a stop}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Acting by friction is typically done by applying friction pads (see EP1396452, pad (08)), but the group also covers the concept of pinching the article between stopped rollers and moving these parallel to their shaft (see US20040046313).

media155.jpg

media156.jpg

{using suction means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media157.png

{using rotary driven elements as part acting on the article (B65H 9/105 takes precedence; registering laterally while article is forwarded in principal direction B65H 9/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

"Using rotary driven elements" limits the coverage of this group to arrangements wherein the movement is provided by actually driven elements, like rotating rollers or belts (see US2001012465, rollers (141,143,151)).

media158.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
A non rotating roller pair which is pinching the article and then being moved for pulling the article against a stop should be classified in
Rotating suction rollers
Registering laterally against a side register wall while the article is forwarded in principal direction
{acting by air blast}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media159.png

carried by article grippers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media160.png

Retarding or controlling the forward movement of articles as they approach stops
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mechanical arrangements for controlling the forward movement of articles as they approach stops

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media161.png

Inclined tape, roller, or like article-forwarding side registers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Registering laterally against a side register while the article is forwarded in principal direction. i.e. no front stops, the forward motion continues.

media162.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Registering laterally against a side register while the article is forwarded in principal direction against a front register wall or stop
Feed tables
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media163.jpg

media164.jpg

media165.png

{incorporating transport belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media166.png

{with front stop arrangements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

See the stop elements (20) in illustrative example 1, elements (10,10') in illustrative example 2, and elements (69) in illustrative example 3 shown below:

Illustrative example 1:

media167.jpg

Illustrative example 2:

media168.png

Illustrative example 3:

media169.png

Lifting the ends of piles to facilitate the formation of overlapped piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media170.png

Overturning articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media171.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Overturning/reversing sheets inside rotary printing machines e.g. perfecting rollers/machines
Star wheel type devices
If the overturning is a mere consequence of refeeding the article back to the work-station in order to process the other side
Special rules of classification within this group

To be classified together with relevant symbols from B65H 2301/332 to B65H 2301/3332, in particular B65H 2301/3321 to B65H 2301/33216 and B65H 2301/3322 to B65H 2301/33224.

Unwinding, paying-out webs { ( reel-to-reel type web winding and unwinding mechanisms B65H 18/103 , B65H 18/145) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Unwinding mechanisms for a depleting the web continuously.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices or arrangements of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Uncoilers of wound sheet metal web material
Special rules of classification within this group

For expandable mandrels, chucks, e.g. for securing or releasing cores, holders or packages add B65H 75/242

{Dispensers, i.e. machines for unwinding only parts of web roll}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Toilet paper dispensers
Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
For constructional details of cores, supports or holders for wound material
Supporting web roll
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Support mechanisms for continuous unwinding systems.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines unwinding only parts of web roll, i.e. dispensers
Special rules of classification within this group

For further aspects of supporting web roll, e.g. constructional details, B65H 2301/413 and lower.

{Multiple web roll supports or holders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Unwinding unit presenting multiple web roll supports on several web roll holders, e.g. separate magazines, or presenting multiple web roll supports on a single web roll holder, e.g. coaxially aligned web rolls;

media172.jpg

media173.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional details of multiple web roll supports add B65H 2301/4139 or lower.

{rotatable}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The support or holder being rotatable

{on its outer circumference (B65H 16/08 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Web supports in contact with web periphery.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Parallel rollers type
cantilever type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media174.png

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional details of cantilever supports see B65H 2301/4132 or lower.

both-ends type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media175.png

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional details of both-end supports B65H 2301/4134 or lower.

parallel rollers type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media176.png

Arrangements for effecting positive rotation of web roll
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Power mechanism used for the rotation of the web-roll.

Winding webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding or rewinding of webs in a continuous process.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding mechanisms in combination with a change of web roll
Special rules of classification within this group
  • For others aspects of web winding processes add B65H 2301/414 or lower;
  • For auxiliary processes performed during winding B65H 2301/50;
  • For winding in combination with measuring a length, e.g. inspecting devices, add B65H 2511/11;
  • For winding in combination with slitted webs, add systematically B65H 2301/4148;
Supporting web roll
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Support arrangement for continuous winding units.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For winding support arrangements whereby the central support is removed after winding, e.g. a mandrel of a turret winder
Special rules of classification within this group

For details related to the core itself add B65H 75/02 and lower.

{Multiple web roll supports}
Special rules of classification within this group

For slitter-rewinder in which winding takes place on two or more shafts add B65H 2301/41486.

For additional details of multiple web roll support add B65H 2301/4139 or lower.

{on its outer circumference}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Web supports in contact with web periphery.

{Parallel rollers type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Parallel rollers supporting the web in a tangential or nip contact.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Parallel rollers with a web winding mechanism
{Cantilever type}
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional details of cantilever supports see B65H 2301/4132 or lower.

{Both ends type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports of both end type.

media177.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

For additional details of both-end supports B65H 2301/4134 or lower.

Interior-supporting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Web supports with an axial connexion body holding the web.

media178.png

Lateral-supporting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media179.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Articulated bearing
Web-winding mechanisms
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coreless winding systems
Changing the web roll in winding systems whereby the core or mandrel is removed after winding
Special rules of classification within this group

For details about the type of power transmission or driving means used B65H 2403/00.

Mechanisms in which power is applied to web-roll spindle
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Articulated bearing
{Reel-to-reel type web winding and unwinding mechanisms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement associating an unwinding mechanism and a winding mechanism whereby a source roll is unwinded while the depleted web is rewinded on a target roll, e.g. cassette apparatus

{for several juxtaposed strips}
Special rules of classification within this group

For slitting and winding on two or more shafts simultaneously add B65H 2301/41486 or lower

to effect step-by-step advancement of web
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding mechanism for a stepwise web advancement in intervals

Mechanisms in which power is applied to web roll, e.g. to effect continuous advancement of web
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding mechanism applying a driving power by contact with a web roll surface, e.g. driving belt

{Reel-to-reel type web winding and unwinding mechanisms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media180.png

by friction roller
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media181.png

Special rules of classification within this group

For step-by-step advancement mechanisms add B65H 2301/4493.

to effect step-by-step advancement of web { (not used) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding mechanism for a stepwise web advancement in intervals.

the web roll being supported on two parallel rollers at least one of which is driven
Special rules of classification within this group

For constructional details of a rider roll B65H 2404/43 and lower.

by friction band
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media182.png

Special rules of classification within this group

For step-by-step advancement mechanisms add B65H 2301/4493.

Mechanisms for controlling contact pressure on winding-web package, e.g. for regulating the quantity of air between web layers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
By means of indirect measurement or calculation
Special rules of classification within this group

For constructional details of a rider roll add B65H 2404/43 or lower.

Wound package of webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Properties of wound package of webs, e.g. bonding the outermost web trailing end to the web roll independently from a web roll change.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Starting a new winding cycle by attaching or wrapping the innermost leading end of the roll to the new core or mandrel
Finishing a winding cycle by bounding the outermost trailing end to the web roll
Special rules of classification within this group

For properties of handled webs in wound packages add L65H701/15 or lower;

For properties of storage means, e.g. special core properties, add B65H 2701/50 or lower;

For blocking outer layers add B65H 2301/41441 or lower;

For web delivery apparatus incorporating devices for performing specified auxiliary operations add B65H 37/002 or lower

Changing the web roll
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding or unwinding operations dealing with changing the web roll.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For web splicing operations not linked to a web roll change
{Opening of web rolls; Removing damaged outer layers; Detecting the leading end of a closed web roll}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Preliminary operations dealing with the external surface or leading edge of a wound web roll taking place before the unwinding starts.

Special rules of classification within this group

For further details related to the opening of web rolls add B65H 2301/4604 or lower.

{with cantilever supporting arrangements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

This arrangement provides two cantilever suppors (6,7) for two rolls (8,9)

media183.png

{with both-ends supporting arrangements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media184.png

Accumulating surplus web for advancing to machine while changing the web roll
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
During a change of web roll and in connection with winding operations
With mechanisms for advancing webs from or to the inside of web rolls
In general, i.e. for accumulating surplus of web without a change of web roll
Easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands
Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding of filamentary material, e.g. for buffer storage
Attaching, e.g. pasting, the replacement web to the expiring web { ( adhesive arrangements on leading end of replacement web, tabs and adhesive tapes for splicing B65H 19/102) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Splicing of a replacement web with an expiring web.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Adhesive arrangements on leading end of replacement web, tabs and adhesive tapes for splicing
Special rules of classification within this group

For additional features related to splicing processes B65H 2301/46 and to splicing machines or units B65H 2408/22.

{Flying splicing, i.e. the expiring web moving during splicing contact}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The operation of attachment is taking place on a moving expiring web.

{standing splicing, i.e. the expiring web being stationary during splicing contact}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The operation of attachment is taking place on a stationary expiring web.

Special rules of classification within this group

For constructional details of accumulators add B65H 2408/21 or lower.

{Support arrangement of web rolls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific web support arrangement used for splicing webs.

Cutting-off the expiring web
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details about cutting-off, i.e. separating, the expiring web in combination with a web roll change, including a splicing operation.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting-off the tail of an expiring web after a splicing operation
Special rules of classification within this group

For cutting expiring webs in combination with splicing operations add B65H 2301/4617 or lower.

{Turret-type with more than two roll supports}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media185.png

{The web roll being driven by a winding mechanism of the nip or tangential drive type (B65H 19/2276 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media186.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The web roll being driven by a winding mechanism of the coreless type
{and the roll being supported on two rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media187.png

{and the roll being displaced during the winding operation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media188.png

{Pope-roller}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media189.png

{Cradle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media190.png

{The web roll being driven by a winding mechanism of the coreless type}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding without pre-formed cores, i.e. without a core (coreless) or a core being formed with the winding process (in-line core winding), e.g. winding of logs.

media191.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

For winding a core in-line with the web (wound core made out of sheet material) add B65H 2301/414325.

For further details on core or mandrel discharge or removal add B65H 2301/4185 or lower.

{Simultaneous winding at several stations, e.g. slitter-rewinders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Aspects related to the change of web roll in combination with the simultaneous winding at several stations, e.g. web roll discharge or transport at the end of winding in a slitter-winder.
  • The simultaneous winding at several stations, e.g. slitter-rewinders

media192.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Aspects exclusively related to the rewinding process after slitting
B65H18/25
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Winder slitter
Slitting
{Removing cores from rolls or removing mandrels from coreless rolls after winding}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Attaching and winding the web around a support element before removing it axially after winding; the roll remaining without any central element,

e.g. removing a mandrel after a coreless winding or removing a mandrel and a core after winding with a core.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For expansible mandrels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roll support type, e.g. cradle, turret or bed-winder
Removing roll/core from shaft/mandrel, e.g. by compressed air
Special rules of classification within this group

For further details on core or mandrel discharge or removal add B65H 2301/4185 and lower.

This class does not include winding of rolls whereby a core remains after winding, e.g. turret winder with cores

Accumulating surplus delivered web while changing the web roll
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands
Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
During a change of web roll and in connection with unwinding operations
With mechanisms for advancing webs from or to the inside of web rolls
In general
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding, e.g. for buffer storage
Cutting-off the web running to the wound web roll
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Separating the web running to the wound web roll to finish the winding of the active roll and transfer the web to the next empty core

{using a thin or filamentary material which is wound on the new roll}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Web changing operations using a thin or filamentary material as tearing element, e.g. a double adhesive tape to tear-off the running web and to guide the leading end of the new web on a new core.

media193.png

{using a cutting member moving linearly in a plane parallel to the surface of the web and along a direction crossing the web}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A cutting process whereby a mechanical cutting element is penetrating the web and cutting the web by moving the cutting element linearly in a plane parallel to the surface of the web and along a direction crossing the web

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media194.png

{by tearing or bursting}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

I.e. any cutting process on a running web that is not using a mechanical cutting element penetrating the web in order to tear or burst the web, it includes e.g. tearing against a fixed edge, tearing by longitudinal forces, air or water cutting e.g. a jet of compressed air

media195.png

Attaching the leading end of the web to the replacement web-roll core or spindle ( cores, formers, supports or holders, e.g. reels, with arrangements for securing ends of material B65H 75/28)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cores, formers, supports or holders, e.g. reels, with arrangements for securing ends of material B65H 75/28.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Further splicing details
The kind of splicing means used, e.g. glue,
Preparing leading edge for splicing
Securing the trailing end of the wound web to the web roll ( cores, formers, supports or holders, e.g. reels, with arrangements for securing ends of material B65H 75/28)
Special rules of classification within this group

For further aspects see additionally B65H 2301/41441 or lower.

Lifting, transporting, or removing the web roll; Inserting core
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For finishing the winding process in combination with blocking the outer layers
For further actions taking place after winding process
{Inserting core}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For filamentary materials B65H 67/0405 and lower.

Advancing webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Constructional aspects of driving systems for the advancement of webs and units dealing with the advancement of webs, e.g. temporary storage of webs in accumulators.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
By advancing mechanisms using web-gripping means
Manufacture of metal sheets, i.e. profiles or tubes B21C, e.g. feeding or guiding devices in winding-up, coiling or winding-off devices
Devices for temporarily accumulating material
Working or processing of sheet metal or metal tube B21D: e.g. advancing work by means of one or more of pairs of rollers for feeding sheet or strip material
Shaping or joining of plastics, shaping of substances in a plastic state: e.g. of plates or sheets
Printing machines or presses: for conveying or guiding webs through, e.g. threading,
Packaging articles or materials B65B: e.g. feeding webs from rolls by grippers
Calenders or accessories for paper-making machines: devices for threading a web tail
Apparatus for electrographic processes which relate to the handling of copy material
[N: by chains or bands having mechanical grippers engaging the side edges of articles, e.g. newspaper conveyors]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by chains or bands carrying mechanical grippers engaging (relative to the conveying direction) the side edges of the articles.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media618.png

Mechanisms for advancing webs to or from the inside of web rolls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media196.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Guiding, conveying, or accumulating easily-flexible work
Devices for temporarily accumulating material
Accumulating surplus web for advancing to machine while changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
Accumulating surplus delivered web while changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
Advancing webs, arrangements for accumulating surplus web
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding
Special rules of classification within this group

See for coil type accumulator in FICLA B65H 19/14 or B65H 20/30.

Arrangements for accumulating surplus web ( while changing the web roll B65H 19/14 , B65H 19/24)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For easily-flexible work, e.g. wire, sheet metal bands
For manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
During a change of web roll and in connection with unwinding operation
During a change of web roll and in connection with winding operations
With mechanisms for advancing webs from or to the inside of web rolls
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding, e.g. for buffer storage
Special rules of classification within this group

(04-97) see for coil type accumulator in FICLA B65H 19/14 or B65H 20/30.

by making loops
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media197.png

with rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media198.png

Apparatus for splicing webs ( during web-roll changing B65H 19/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
When the splicing takes place during web-roll change
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Further splicing aspects
for premarked, e.g. preprinted, webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Splicing units whereby a mark or print on the web triggers the splicing operations.

Warning or safety devices, e.g. automatic fault detectors, stop-motions, for web-advancing mechanisms ( safety devices in general F16P ; investigating chemical or physical properties of materials in general G01N ; indicating devices in general G08B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Warning or safety devices, e.g. sensors, triggering an action or a signal.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For safety devices in general
For signalling or calling systems, order telegraphs, alarm systems
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For indicating, counting, warning, control, or safety device in printing machine or presses
By the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet light
By specific methods not covered by the preceding groups
responsive to presence of irregularities in running webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detecting systems inspecting irregularities in running webs, e.g. faults.

{responsive to web breakage}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detecting systems responsive to web breakage, e.g. detecting the positions of periodically recurring patterns, tension control systems.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For web breakage in printing machines or presses
for variation in tension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detecting systems responsive to variations in tension, e.g. tension measuring rolls.

responsive to predetermined lengths of webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Signal or action triggered by a predetermined length of web.

responsive to a predetermined diameter
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Signal or action triggered by a predetermined diameter.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
By means of indirect measurement or calculation
Special constructions of feed or guide rollers and surfaces thereof ( { tentering rollers B65H 23/02} ; rollers in general F16C 13/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Construction aspects of feed or guide rollers and surfaces thereof, e.g. characterized by materials, surface structure, driving means,

use of fluid, roller pair construction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rollers in general
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Metal sheets or profiles: e.g. winding-up, coiling, winding-off several parallel metal bands
Feeding or guiding devices
Printing machines or rotary presses conveying or guiding webs
Printing machines or rotary presses cylinders
Typewriters, selective printing mechanisms (e.g. ink-jet printer, thermal printer)
Transport or storage device, e.g. conveyers for loading or tipping, shop conveyers, pneumatic tube conveyers
Treating textile materials by liquids, gases, vapours characterized by the use of fluid:
Rollers for calendering, pressing, ironing, glossing or glazing textile fabrics
Textile fabrics: e.g. rollers for stretching, tentering or spreading textile fabrics
Paper-making machine: e.g. guiding rolls in wet end of machines
Pressure rollers in press section (wet presses)
In calenders and accessories for paper-making machines: controlled deflection rolls with compensation means using fluid pressure
Apparatus for electrographic processes which relate to the handling of copy material
Special rules of classification within this group

For further details concerning, e.g.

Materials used and their properties B65H 2401/00;

Roller(s) B65H 2404/10;

Shaft, cylinders, drums, spindles B65H 2404/40;

Surface of the elements in contact with the material forwarded or guided B65H 2404/50;

Means using fluid B65H 2406/00

Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. delivering or advancing articles from machines, advancing articles to or into piles) not being covered by any of its subgroups.

media615.png

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Belt
band, tape.
Chain
a row of article handling elements, each interlinked with the adjacent one.
{Adaptations of counting devices ( to feeding of articles to machines B65H 5/002) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adaptations of counting devices directed to feeding of articles to machine:
{by grippers (B65H 29/02 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by grippers engaging the articles at least somewhere else than at their leading edge, or somewhere that cannot be considered to be their leading edge, e.g. at the articles side, i.e. lateral edge, or e.g. at the hanging articles upper edge, or e.g. at the standing articles lower edge, or e.g. at the articles center or trailing edge.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media616.png
media617.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
by chains or bands having mechanical grippers engaging the side edges of articles
{Winding articles into rolls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Particular details about delivering articles to be stored to or into the store, as well as about the store as such.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media619.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding articles from rolls
Piling by collecting, e.g. piling, on the periphery of a cylinder
Wrapping banknotes around drum
G07D 9/00, 405C/FI
Reels taking-up banknotes
G07D 9/00, 405C/FI
Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Particular details or aspects about feeding the stored articles from the store: B65H 5/28

The use of the following Indexing Codes is mandatory:

B65H 2301/4191: articles wound together with a single belt

B65H 2301/41912: articles wound together between two belts facing each other

{Winding single articles into single rolls}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media620.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Piling by warping sheet
3F054/BA13/FT
Storage of roll-like sheet
3F054/BA15/FT
Sheet holders, retainers, movable guides, or stationary guides: for the sheet output section
by mechanical grippers engaging the leading edge only of the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by mechanical grippers engaging (relative to the conveying direction) the leading edge only of the articles.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or intopiles by grippers engaging the articles at least somewehere that relative to the conveying direction cannot be considered to be the leading edge
Special rules of classification within this subgroup

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by mechanical grippers engaging relative to the conveying direction the leading edge only of the articles) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

the grippers being carried by endless chains or bands
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by mechanical grippers engaging relative to the conveying direction the leading edge only of the articles, wherein the grippers are carried by endless chains or bands) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

{and introducing into a pile ( slowing-down from grippers B65H 29/683) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media621.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Slowing down from (gripper) chain delivery
{Intermediate conveyers, e.g. transferring devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Advancing articles between handling or process stations of a machine, by mechanical grippers being carried by endless chains or bands, and engaging (relative to the conveying direction) the leading edge only of the articles.

{conveying through a machine}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Advancing articles through (a) handling or process station(s) of a machine,by mechanical grippers being carried by endless chains or bands, andengaging (relative to the conveying direction) the leading edge only of the articles.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media622.png

{Details of grippers}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding articles separated from piles or feeding articles to machines, by grippers
the grippers being carried by rotating members
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by grippers being carried by rotating members, e.g. arms or cylinders.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media623.jpg

media624.jpg

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Transfer drums comprising grippers
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Feeding articles separated from piles or feeding articles to machines, by grippers: B65H 5/14

the grippers being oscillated in arcuate paths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media625.png

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group
Feeding articles separated from piles or feeding articles to machines, by grippers
the grippers being reciprocated in rectilinear paths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media626.png

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Feeding articles separated from piles or feeding articles to machines, by grippers, details thereof: B65H 5/14

by means of the nip between two, or between two sets of, moving tapes or bands {or rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by means of the nip between two, or between two sets of, moving tapes or bands or rollers.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media627.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
sandwiching with belt and belt
3F049/DA02/Ft .
sandwiching by belt and roller
3F049/DA04/Ft
by oscillating conveyors
B65H29/60&E/FI
by moving a portion of belt
B65H29/60&H/FI
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by means of the nip between two, or between two sets of, moving tapes or bands or rollers) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{between two sets of rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media628.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sandwiching by roller and roller
3F049/DA12
and introducing into a pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media629.png

{the pile being formed between the two, or between the two sets of, tapes or bands or rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media630.jpg

by contact of one face only with moving tapes, bands, or chains { ( with suction belts B65H 29/242) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media631.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles, by means of suction belts
and introducing into a pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

example: introduncing articles into a pile from above the pile, see US4432685A

media632.jpg

example: introducing articles into a pile from below the pile

media633.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles into piles by suction bands or belts
Advancing the articles to or into piles by dropping the articles from tapes or bands rolled from under the articles
by contact with rotating friction members, e.g. rollers, brushes, or cylinders { ( with suction rollers B65H 29/243) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media634.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to or into piles by suction rollers
and introducing into a pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media635.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles into piles by suction rollers
Advancing the articles to or into piles by dropping the articles from rollers rolled from under the articles
by air blast or suction apparatus ( {B65H 5/22 takes precedence; } dropping articles from suction carriers B65H 29/32 { ; pneumatic brakes B65H 29/686} )
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines by contact with rotating friction members and introducing into a pile
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pneumatic brakes
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles, by dropping the articles from pneumatic, e.g. suction, carriers
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles, by air blast or suction apparatus) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{Suction devices}
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles, by suction devices) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{Suction bands or belts}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media636.jpg

{Suction rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media637.png

{Air blast devices}
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by air blast devices)not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{with coanda effect ( separating from a stack B65H 3/14) }
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Separating articles from piles using partial blasts producing partial vacuum
by dropping {the articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by dropping the articles.

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles, by dropping the articles)not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

from mechanical grippers ( grippers engaging the leading edge only B65H 29/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media638.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by mechanical grippers engaging the leading edge only of the articles
Delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles by grippers engaging an edge of the articles that relative to the conveying direction can not be considered to be the leading edge, e.g. rail guided gripping means, like so called "gripper chains" or "greiferketten", i.e. endless chains or bands carrying mechanical grippers engaging e.g. the upper edge of at least partially hanging articles, or the lowest edge of standing articles
from magnetic holders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media639.png

from supports slid from under the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media640.png

from tapes, bands, or rollers rolled from under the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media641.png

by movable piling or advancing arms, frames, plates, or like members with which the articles are maintained in face contact
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media642.png

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e.delivering or advancing articles from machines, to piles or into piles,by movable piling or advancing arms, frames, plates or like members with which the articles are maintained in face contact)not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

Members rotated about an axis perpendicular to direction of article movement, e.g. star-wheels formed by S-shaped members
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media643.png

Members rotated about an axis parallel to direction of article movement, e.g. helices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media644.png

Members reciprocated in rectilinear path
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media645.png

by tables arranged to be tilted to cause sliding of articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media646.jpg

Piling apparatus of which the discharge point moves in accordance with the height to the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media647.jpg

media648.jpg

piling by collecting on the periphery of cylinders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media649.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
moving, guiding handled material by means in contact with opposite faces of handled material
B65H442/00, B65H344/00
rotary folders
storing banknotes
Stationary guides or smoothers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media650.png

Article strippers, e.g. for stripping from advancing elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media651.png

for stripping from elements or machines { for electrographic machines G03G}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Article strippers for removing from elements or machines, e.g. removing sheets from printing cylinders.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media652.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Removing a copy sheet from a xerographic drum, band or plate
G03G15/00G4
Article switches or diverters
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Constructional details of article switches or diverters, e.g. shape, material, actuation means.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media653.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Duplicate, alternate, selective or coacting feeds
Diverting sheets at a section where at least two sheet conveying paths converge, e.g. by a movable switching guide that blocks access to one conveying path and guides the sheet to another path, e.g. when a sheet conveying direction is reversed after printing on the front of the sheet has been finished and the sheet is guided to a sheet turning path for printing on the back]
{taking samples from the main stream}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media654.jpg

diverting the stream into alternative paths (B65H 29/62 takes precedence )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media655.jpg

This sub-group also covers particularties of paths, like paths arrangement or coordination, in terms of switching or diverting a stream of articles.

media656.jpg

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
diverting faulty articles from the main streams (control devices detecting faulty articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Construcional details per se of article switches or diverters
diverting faulty articles from the main streams ( control devices detecting faulty articles B65H 43/04)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Use of control, checking, or safety devices, e.g. automatic devices comprising an element for sensing a variable, namely detecting, or responding to, presence of faulty articles
directing the components of composite articles into separate paths
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media657.png

Advancing articles in overlapping streams
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Advancing articles in shingled formation.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media658.jpg

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. advancing articles in overlapping streams) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{forming an overlapping stream ( by separation of articles from a pile B65H 5/24) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media659.png

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
by separation of articles from a pile
{upon transfer from a first conveyor to a second conveyor advancing at slower speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media660.png

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. forming an overlapping stream upon transfer from a first conveyor to a second conveyor advancing at slower speed) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{in combination with auxiliary means for overlapping articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Auxiliary means facilitating the formation of a proper overlap between two articles.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media661.jpg

media662.png

{in combination with auxiliary means for underlapping articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media663.png

{buffering an overlapping stream of articles ( winding articles into rolls B65H 29/006) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buffering of a stream of articles in shingled formation, e.g. for compensating a downstream speed reduction.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media664.jpg

media665.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Widing articles, e.g. in shingled formation, into rolls
{changing the overlapping figure}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Changing the overlapping figure, e.g. changing the amount of overlap.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media666.png

{reversing the overlapping figure ( round stack feeder B65H 1/225) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reversing the overlapping figure from overlapping figure to underlapping figure, or viceversa.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media667.jpg

media668.jpg

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Round stack feeders
{dividing an overlapping stream into two or more streams; ( articles switches or diverters B65H 29/58) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media669.png

media670.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Constructional details of article switches or diverters
{merging two or more streams into an overlapping stream}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media671.png

{ending an overlapping stream}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media672.png
media673.png

Reducing the speed of articles as they advance
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for reducing the speed of articles as they advance.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Deceleration
3F053/GA00/Ft
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. reducing the speed of articles as they advance) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{Slowing-down from chain delivery (B65H 29/686 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In particular arrangements for decelerating sheets in a "Bogenausleger" of a rotary printing machine, just before their piling.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media674.jpg

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Reducing the speed of articles as they advance
{Pneumatic brakes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pneumatic means for reducing the speed of articles as they advance, e.g. suction rollers or belts making friction contact with the face of sheets, thus decelerating them from chain delivery just before being piled at a "Bogenausleger" of a rotary printing machine.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
(Deceleration) utilising suction force by air
3F053/GA07/FT
Suction belts, chains
3F053/GA08/FT
Suction rollers, pulleys
3F053/GA09/FT
Suction plates
3F053/GA10/FT
Article bending or stiffening arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media697.png

Pile receivers ( carriers used for associating, collating or gathering articles B65H 39/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pile receivers.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pile receivers intimately associated with supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
Carriers used for associating, collating, or gathering articles
Combinations of piling and depiling operations, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main-group should be used only for pile receivers not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

media676.jpg

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Belt
band, tape
Chain
a row of article handling elements, each interlinked with the adjacent one
with stationary end support against which pile accumulates
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media677.jpg

media678.jpg

with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pile receiver with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates, the articles being piled e.g. in shingled formation.

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

the articles being piled on edge
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media679.png

and applied at the top of the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media680.jpg

Devices relieving the weight of the pile or permitting or effecting movement of the pile end support during piling
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. devices relieving the weight of the pile or permitting or effecting movement of the pile end support during piling) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

Springs ( fluid springs B65H 31/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Springs, e.g. mechanical springs.

media681.png

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fluid pressure devices, e.g. fluid springs
Fluid-pressure devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fluid-pressure devices, like fluid springs.

Positively-acting mechanical devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media682.png

removable or interchangeable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media683.png

multiple or compartmented, e.d. for alternate, programmed, or selective filling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Forming counted batches by diverting batches to separate receivers:
Forming counted batches by depositing articles in batches on moving supports:
Pile receiver: Forming counted batches Multiple receivers
3F054/BF00/FT, 3F107/CD+
Auxiliary devices for retaining articles in the pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media684.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Maintaining pile , preventing collapse of cargo piles
3F054/BG00/FT
Bands, chains, or like moving receivers ( for articles piled on edge B65H 31/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pile receivers being conveying bands, chains or the like, that move during piling in order to enable the piling of articles thereon.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media685.jpg

media686.jpg

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles by means of the nip between two, or between two sets of, moving tapes or bands the pile being formed between the two, or between the two sets of, tapes or bands or rollers]
Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles by contact of one face only with moving tapes, bands, or chains and introducing into a pile
Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates the articles being piled on edge
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering, advancing completed piles by moving a belt supporting the lowermost article of the pile:
Forming counted batches in stream of articles by depositing articles in batches on moving supports:
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Chain
a row of article handling elements, each interlinked with the adjacent one.
Arrangements for removing completed piles ( bands, chains, or like moving receivers B65H 31/28)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for delivering, advancing completed piles.

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main-group should be used only for arrangements for delivering or advancing completed piles not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

{from opposite part-support elements, e.g. operated simultaneously}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media687.jpg
Example, side view

{by the nip between moving belts or rollers ( pile being formed between belts or rollers B65H 29/145) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media688.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Introducing articles into piles, by means of the nip between two, or between two sets of, moving tapes or bands, the pile being formed between the two, or between the two sets of, tapes or bands:
{by gripping the pile}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Overturning piles:
Stacker cranes:
{on the outermost articles of the pile for clamping the pile}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media689.png

{by moving the surface supporting the lowermost article of the pile, e.g. by using belts or rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

NL287910A

media690.jpg

{by special supports like carriages, containers, trays, compartments, plates or bars, e.g. moved in a closed loop}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media691.jpg

media692.png

{by acting on edge of the pile for moving it along a surface, e.g. by pushing}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media693.png

Auxiliary devices for receiving articles during removal of a completed pile
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Auxiliary device = element with reference sign 304

media694.jpg

Apparatus for squaring-up piled articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Matching
3F054/BH00/FT
Registration of pile
3F343/HE+/FT
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. apparatus for squaring-up piled articles) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups

Auxiliary devices for contacting each article with a front stop as it is piled
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Auxiliary devices for contacting each article with a front stop as it is piled, typically arrangements bringing each article as it is piled into registration against stopping means.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media695.jpg

Apparatus for vibrating or knocking the pile during piling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
low vibrating articles
3f054/bh11/Ft
Separate receivers, troughs, and like apparatus for knocking-up completed piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media696.png

Forming counted batches in delivery pile or stream of articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Forming counted batches of a determined number of articles in delivery pile or stream of articles.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Combinations of piling and depiling operations, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling
Forming of counted batches (FTCLA)
3F107/FT
Special rules of classification within this group

This main-group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. forming counted batches in delivery pile or stream of articles) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Batch
Typically an articles pile, or certain determined articles of a group
by inserting marker slips in pile or stream
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media199.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Placing job divider sheet between sets of sheets
Placing job divider sheet
Insertion of dividing members
3F107/CA+ (Japanese)
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Marker slip
Identification means to delimit a batch
by displacing articles to define batches
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject-matter (i.e. forming counted batches in delivery pile or stream of articles by displacing articles to define batches) not being covered by any of its lower sub-groups.

Displacing whole batches, e.g. forming stepped piles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media200.jpg

media201.png

Displacing the end articles of a batch
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media202.png

by creating gaps in the stream
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media203.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Creating gaps in the stream
3F107/CC+ (Japanese)
by diverting batches to separate receivers { (B65H 33/16 takes precedence; article switches or diverters B65H 29/58) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media204.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forming counted batches in delivery pile or stream of articles by depositing articles in batches on moving supports
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Constructional details of article switches or diverters
by depositing articles in batches on moving supports
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Forming counted batches in stream of articles by depositing articles in batches on moving supports.

media205.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

If batches are piles: for nature of supports, or for removing batches from their supports, see B65H 31/30 and lower.

with separators between adjacent batches
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media206.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pile receiver; multiple receivers (FTCLA)
3F054/BF00
Forming counted batches; multiple receivers (FTCLA)
3F107/CD+
Delivering articles from cutting or line-perforating machines; Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices, e.g. of the kinds specified below ( cutting or perforating machines or devices in general B26D , B26F)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Severing by means other than cutting; Tearing per se
Feeding of wrapping material
Dispensing single sheets from a stack held together with temporary adhesive
Placing of tape onto a semi-conductor or wafer
H01L21/00S2P
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Closure of boxes with tape
Foil dispensers
{Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. wall-mounted dispensers of film, foil or tape.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wall-mounted dispensers of paper towels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Foil dispensers also in
{and applying the article or the web by adhesive to a surface (B65H 35/002 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hand-held or table apparatus
{Hand-held or table apparatus (B65H 35/006 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices with means for delivering a predetermined length of tape
{for delivering pressure-sensitive adhesive tape}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Application of wallpaper
Label dispensers
{and affixing it to a surface (B65H 35/004 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Simultaneously with a second roll
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Closing of boxes
{simultaneously with a second roll, e.g. masking tape}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Masking elements e.g. strips of tape or sheets
{with means for moistening or coating the articles or webs, or applying adhesive thereto}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Applying mud to drywall tape
{using movable cutting elements}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting with movable elements
from or with devices for breaking partially-cut or perforated webs, e.g. bursters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for issuing tickets from a strip
Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating devices for performing specified auxiliary operations ( incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices B65H 35/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding of thin sheet-like materials, special discharging devices, and others (FTCLA)
3F108
{Web delivery apparatus, the web serving as support for articles, material or another web}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tools for inserting weather strips
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Temporary attachment of articles
Processes for producing a decorative affect comprising an adhesive layer
{Hand-held apparatus}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. door sash jigs

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dispensing wound dressing e.g. plasters, bandages
Door sash jigs also found in
Label dispensing
Adhesive-tape dispensers (FICLA)
B65H35/07
{Applicators for applying coatings, e.g. correction, colour or adhesive coatings}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Erasing devices
for securing together articles or webs, e.g. by adhesive, stitching or stapling ( adhering replacement to expiring web during change of web roll B65H 19/18)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Attaching sheets, webs or strips
Machines for collating and permanent attaching sheets
Special rules of classification within this group

Stapler arrangements B65H 2408/12.

Associating, collating or gathering articles or webs ( machines for both collating or gathering and permanently attaching together sheets or signatures B42C 1/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rotary presses, namely collecting
Collating or gathering sheets combined with processes for permanently attaching together sheets or signatures or for interposing inserts
Combinations of piling and depiling operations, e.g. performed simultaneously, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling as such
Special rules of classification within this group

This main group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. associating, collating or gathering articles or webs) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

Associating,collating or gathering articles from several sources
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. associating, collating or gathering articles from several sources) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

from piles
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. associating, collating or gathering articles from several piles) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

the piles being disposed in superposed carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media698.png

the piles being disposed in juxtaposed carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media699.png

by collecting in superposed carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media700.png

by collecting in juxtaposed carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media701.png

from delivery streams
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. associating, collating or gathering articles from several delivery streams) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

by collecting in rotary carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media702.png

Relationship between large subject matter areas

for rotary carriers as starwheel, also allocate B65H 29/40/EC

Associating articles from a single source, to form e.g. a writing-pad { ( laminating B32B 37/00 , B32B 38/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Associating articles from a single source to form e.g. a writing-pad.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media703.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods or apparatus for laminating
Machines for both collating or gathering and permanently attaching together the sheets or signatures
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should be used only for subject matter (i.e. associating, collating or gathering articles from a single source, e.g. to form a writing-pad) not being covered by any of its lower subgroups.

in juxtaposed carriers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media704.png
media705.png

Associating two or more webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media706.png

Machines for separating superposed webs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media207.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Treatment of layered products, namely delaminating
Use of control, checking, or safety devices, e.g. automatic devices comprising an element for sensing a variable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aspects related to controlling the handling of articles after these have been subjected to a particular process, e.g.:

the concept that the handling conditions (for example the articles delivery speed) after a process influence or determine the conditions or settings of the process itself (for example the stopping time).

The sub-group also covers subject-matter which emphasizes the particular interface means applied or functioning between the process and the handling (for example delivery of articles) action; such interface means could be for example communication means between the delivery controller and process controller, or user interfaces like information input or displaying means linked to the delivery controller.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Aspects related to controlling the handling of articles before they arrive to a particular process
Aspects related to controlling the handling of webs
Special rules of classification within this group

Because the sensing nowadays in the majority of cases is realized through photoelectric sensors, the majority of documents would have to be classified in B65H 43/08 if the IPC precedence notes were followed. In order to rationalize classification, the IPC note "B65H 43/08 takes precedence" is ignored.

The rules followed are the following:

Documents are first classified according to which part of the article or to which situation the feelers or detectors respond. If the sensor works with an photoelectrical element and the structural build up of the sensor is particularly emphasized, then the document is classified in B65H 43/08 as well.

Additionally, codes from B65H 5/00, as well as the indicators +B65H 2220/00(see Special Rules for Classification within B65H, Note 1, directed to the B65H scheme) should be given to further specify the control aspects.

Examples:

detecting, or responding to, absence of articles (B65H 43/08 takes precedence )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Photoelectric devices
detecting, or responding to, presence of faulty articles (B65H 43/08 takes precedence; diverting faulty articles from main streams B65H 29/62)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Photoelectric devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Article switches or diverters for diverting faulty articles from the main stream
detecting, or responding to, completion of pile (B65H 43/08 takes precedence )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Photoelectric devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Full amount (i.e., pile completed) as target parameter
3F048/BA04 (Japanese)
Folding thin material ( specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of particular products, see appropriate subclasses, e.g. D06F 89/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Plastic bags or sacks
Airbags
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding of webs for diapers
Forming fold lines by pressing or scoring
Folding sheets
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Folding webs (B65H 20/28 takes precedence )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mechanisms for delivering webs in superposed folds and refeeding them from the lower end of the folded assemblies
longitudinally
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Includes longitudinal interfolding of webs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Longitudinal folding in a rotary printing press
by a carriage which reciprocates above the laying station
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Laying of fleece-like material
Folding articles or webs with application of pressure to define or form crease lines (B65H 20/28 takes precedence; pleating, kilting or goffering textile fabrics D06J)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mechanisms for delivering webs in superposed folds and refeeding them from the lower end of the folded assemblies
Rotary folders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding bandages or dressings
{Flying tuck folders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also known as Hypocycloidal folders.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Revolving pivotal folding blade (UCLA)
270/50
Planetary blade (UCLA)
493/431
Oscillating or reciprocating blade folders ( carried on rotary members B65H 45/16)
Special rules of classification within this group

With pressing of spine of folded material B65H 2701/13212

Zig-zag folders { (B65H 45/228 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Longitudinal folders
Longitudinal folders, i.e. for folding moving sheet material parallel to the direction of movement
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
In a rotary printing press
Interfolding sheets, e.g. cigarette or toilet papers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media208.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dispensing from interfolded stacks
Containers for interfolded stacks
Unfolding thin limp material (B65H 20/28 takes precedence; opening devices for sheets or signatures B65H 5/30)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mechanisms for delivering webs in superposed folds and refeeding them from the lower end of the folded assemblies
Unwinding or paying-out filamentary material; Supporting, storing or transporting packages from which filamentary material is to be withdrawn or paid-out ( winding B65H 54/00 ; bobbins, tubes or other cores for packages B65H 75/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Unwinding webs
Winding
Flyer unwinding
Bobbins, tubes or other cores for packages
Storing and repeatedly paying-out and restoring lengths of material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wire spool supports for plants
Twine cutter with holder (shop accessories)
Unwinding or uncoiling metal wire or band
Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for coils of wire, rope, or hose
Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for other web or tape-like material
Supports for supply packages in twisting machines
Holders or supports for packages in knitting machines
Spool carriers in braiding or lacing machines
Bearing supports for supply bobbins or reels in rope or cable making machines
Unwinding wire in missiles
Methods or apparatus in which packages do not rotate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General methods or apparatuses for unwinding filamentary material from a non-rotating package not provided for in subgroups.

Package-supporting devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports for non-rotating packages not provided for in subgroups.

for a single operative package
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports for holding a single operative non-rotating package

media209.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Securing the non-rotating package to the support for unwinding
Expandable spindles in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Also contains transport caddies which are generally not only used for transporting cops (B65H 67/06) but also for supporting the cops in the unwinding position:

media210.jpg

enclosing the package
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Containers (with or without supportive core) for unwinding filamentary material, e.g. welding wire:

media211.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Guides for assisting paying-out
Rings on top of package
Devices acting on material leaving the package for adjusting or controlling tension
Storing in cans or receptacles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dereeling means for electrodes in arc welding
Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for coils of wire, rope, or hose
Containers for unwinding yarn packages for knitting or crochet
for one operative package and one or more reserve packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

With changing operative position when switching to the reserve package

media212.jpg

the reserve packages being mounted to permit manual or automatic transfer to operating position
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

With a mechanism to transfer the reserve packages to the operating position

media213.png

for several operative packages
Special rules of classification within this group

This class is not used. Use B65H 49/16.

Stands or frameworks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stands or frameworks for several operative non-rotating packages, e.g. creels

media214.png

media215.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stands or frameworks for rotating packages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Creels
Frames or assemblies of two or more reels in knitting machines
Methods or apparatus in which packages rotate ( flyers or other guides assisting paying-out B65H 57/00 ; supports or holders, for storing and repeatedly paying-out and rewinding lengths of material provided for particular purposes B65H 75/34)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General methods or apparatuses for unwinding filamentary material from a rotating package not provided for in subgroups, e.g. methods or devices for aligned or orderly unwinding e.g. with pivoting or axially movable reel

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flyers or other guides for assisting paying-out
Supports or holders, for repeatedly paying-out and rewinding length of material provided for particular purpose
Package-supporting devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports for rotating packages not provided for in subgroups

{Hand-held or portable dispensers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Small, hand-held or belt supported dispensers, e.g. for dispensing binding wire or string.

media216.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Containers or dispensers for dental floss
Fly tying devices
Overhead suspension devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media217.png

Rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media218.png

media219.png

Axial shafts or spigots
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media220.png

Turntables {i.e. package resting on a table ( having also means for clamping the package B65H 49/30) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Packages resting on a rotating table.

media221.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Swifts or skein holders
Swifts or skein holders
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rotating (e.g. around a horizontal or vertical axis) holders for unwinding packages provided as coreless coils.

media222.jpg

{with axially adjustable or removable elements for retaining the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media223.png
media224.png

Stands or frameworks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details with regard to the stand or framework supporting the package(s).

media225.png
media226.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stands or frameworks for non-rotating packages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Show stands or shelves for flexible long articles in rolls
Show stands or shelves for carpets, wallpaper or fabrics in rolls
Racks
{characterised by features enabling their folding or dismantling}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media227.png

media228.png

{Enclosing boxes with supporting means for the package or reel during unwinding}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. cassettes to be used in machinery, or cardboard boxes with a rotating reel

media229.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for coils of wire, rope, or hose
{Constructional details}
Special rules of classification within this group

Not used, use either subgroups or B65H 49/32.

{Arrangements or adaptations for supporting the shafts, e.g. saddle type shaft bearings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media230.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dispensers for paper towels or toilet paper
Slot arrangements e.g. saddle bearings for web rolls
L65H341/306
{Arrangements or adaptations for attachment to a wall, a post or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media231.png

{Arrangements or adaptations for stacking}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media232.png

Arrangements for effecting positive rotation of packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media233.png

media234.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Loop control while feeding stock to a tool
Securing packages to supporting devices ( arrangements for applying packages to, or removing from, supports B65H 65/00 , B65H 67/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media235.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements for applying packages to, or removing from, supports
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing cores or formers for winding filamentary material
Expansible spindles, mandrels or chucks, e.g. for securing or releasing cores, holders or packages for filamentary or web-like material
Skips, cages, racks, or containers, adapted solely for the transport or storage of bobbins, cops, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media236.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles for transporting reel units
Forwarding filamentary material ( stretch-spinning methods D01D 5/12 ; drawing or drafting rovings or the like D01H 5/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding devices for metal wire or band
Feeding wire in wire-working machines
Devices for feeding saw wire
Solder feeding devices
Means for feeding electrodes
Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current connectors or for joining electric conductors of trolley lines
Stretch-spinning methods
Drawing or drafting rovings or the like
Devices for feeding threads to the needles in knitting
Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current connectors or for joining electric conductors (joining cables)
Separating a bundle of forwarding filamentary materials into a plurality of groups
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media237.png

media238.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Opening bundles to space the threads or filaments
Separating or spreading
Thread sheets, e.g. sheets of parallel yarns or wires
by means of static electricity
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media239.png

Gathering a plurality of forwarding filamentary materials into a bundle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media240.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Thread sheets, e.g. sheets of parallel yarns or wires
Rotary devices, e.g. with helical forwarding surfaces ( devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding B65H 51/20 ; driven rotary devices for controlling tension B65H 59/18)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. guiding surface on the inside of the forwarding element.

media241.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding
Driven rotary devices for controlling tension
Rollers, pulleys, capstans, or intermeshing rotary elements
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Guides as pulleys, rollers or rotary bars (not driven)
arranged to operate singly
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media242.png

arranged to operate in groups or in co-operation with other elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media243.png

with opposed co-acting surfaces, e.g. providing nips
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media244.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material by braked elements rotated by material
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material by co-operating surfaces mounted for relative movement and arranged to apply pressure to material
{one of which is an endless belt}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media245.png

in spaced relation to provide a series of independent forwarding surfaces around which material is passed or wound
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media246.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stretching or tensioning, shrinking or relaxing, e.g. by use of overfeed and underfeed apparatus
Heating or cooling the yarn, thread, cord, rope or the like by contact with at least one rotating roll
Aprons, endless belts, lattices, or like driven elements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media247.png

Devices for entraining material by flow of liquids or gases, e.g. air-blast devices ( blowing slag wool in molten state C03B 37/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media248.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Blowing slag wool in molten state
Gripping devices with linear motion
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media249.png

Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding, e.g. for buffer storage
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media250.png

media251.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for temporarily accumulating metal wire or band
{by means of a fluid}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media252.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, by devices acting on running material and not associated with supply or take-up devices, the material being subjected to the action of a fluid
Regulating tension by devices acting on running yarn and not associated with supply or take-up devices
Thread-feeding devices
Device for measuring and temporary storing the weft
Reels or cages, e.g. cylindrical, with storing and forwarding surfaces provided by rollers or bars { ( measuring and temporaly storing the weft in looms D03D 47/36 ; thread feeding devices for weft knitting machines D04B 15/48) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media253.png

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Temporary storage associated with textile machines other than weaving or knitting machines can be found by crossing the group with the subclass of the other textile field e.g. with D05B, D05C or D01H.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Measuring and cutting the weft. Devices for measuring and temporary storing the weft
Thread-feeding devices in knitting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Regulating tension by devices acting on running and not associated with supply or take-up devices in twisting or spinning
with interdigitating bars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Not used for classification.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
In weaving
In Knitting
Rollers or bars mounted askew to facilitate movement of filamentary material along them, e.g. pairs of canted rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media254.png

Devices controlling the forwarding speed to synchronise with supply, treatment, or take-up apparatus (B65H 59/10 , B65H 59/38 take precedence )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. stopping unwinding when take-up stops, or control of welding wire speed (see figure).

media255.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Thread feeding or tensioning arrangement.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material by devices acting on running material
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material by regulating speed of driving mechanism of unwinding, paying-out, forwarding, winding or depositing devices
Positive yarn feeders in knitting
Thread feeding or tensioning arrangements in embroidering
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material by regulating delivery of material from supply package
Supporting or driving arrangements for forwarding devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media256.png

Winding, coiling, or depositing filamentary material ( cores, formers, holders, cans or receptacles B65H 75/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In particular devices and processes also classified in other parts of B65H and including winding of yarns not provided in subgroups.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Continuous winding on two or more winding heads in succession

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding webs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Winding or coiling up metal wire or band
Cores, formers, holders, cans or receptacles
Slubbing-winding apparatus
Lap- or sliver-winding devices
Winding finished rope or cable in cable or rope making
{Hank to spool winders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media257.png

{Doubling winders i.e. for winding two or more parallel yarns on a bobbin, e.g. in preparation for twisting or weaving}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media258.png

for making packages with closely-wound convolutions
Special rules of classification within this group

Only used if not classified in: Arrangements for aligned winding: B65H 54/2848

for making cross-wound packages
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Traversing devices
Precision winding arrangements
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Preventing ribbon winding in a precision winding apparatus
for making packages of specified shapes or on specified types of bobbins, tubes, cores, or formers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding packages not provided for in subgroups.

{forming frusto-conical packages or forming packages on frusto-conical bobbins, tubes, cores or formers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media259.png

media260.png

{Manual or other small, compact or portable winding devices for forming packages for different purposes}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media261.png

media262.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cores, formers, supports or holders for wound material hand-held during use
on flanged bobbins or spools (B65H 54/20 takes precedence )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media263.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding forming multiple packages
on tubes, cores, or formers having generally parallel sides, e.g. cops or packages to be loaded into loom shuttles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media264.png

forming bottle bobbin packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media265.png

forming multiple packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media266.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Traversing devices with a plurality of guides for winding on a plurality of bobbins
{the winding material being continuously transferred from one bobbin to the adjacent one}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media267.png

Automatic winding machines, i.e. machines with servicing units for automatically performing end-finding, interconnecting of successive lengths of material, controlling and fault-detecting of the running material and replacing or removing of full or empty cores
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media268.png
media269.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for removing completed take-up packages and/or replacing by cores, formers, or empty receptacles at winding or depositing stations; Transferring material between adjacent full and empty take-up elements
Other common constructional features, details of accessories (spinning)
having a plurality of winding units moving along an endless path past one or more fixed servicing units
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media270.png

having one or more servicing units moving along a plurality of fixed winding units
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media271.png

media272.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Traversing devices; Package-shaping arrangements ( arrangements for preventing ribbon winding B65H 54/38 ; grooved, slotted, or split drums for driving of packages B65H 54/46)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Guiding of cables in winches and capstans
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for preventing ribbon winding
Grooved, slotted or split drums for driving of packages
Package-shaping arrangement in spinning
Traversing arrangements
Special rules of classification within this group

Guides per se or arrangements for mounting the guide on the traversing mechanism: B65H 57/006.

{with a traversely moving package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media273.png

{Traversing devices driven by cam}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media274.png

media275.jpg

{rotating grooved cam ( driving split drums B65H 54/50) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media276.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving split drums
{with a traversing guide running in the groove}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media277.png

{heart-shaped cam}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media278.png

{Traversing devices driven by rod}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media279.png

{Traversing devices driven by belts or chains (B65H 54/2836 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media280.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Traversing devices with a rotating guide for traversing the yarn
{with at least two traversing guides travelling in opposite directions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media281.png

{Traversing devices with a pivotally mounted guide arm}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media282.png

{Traversing devices driven by pneumatic or hydraulic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media283.png

{Traversing devices driven by electromagnetic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media284.png

media285.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Motors with reciprocating magnets
Propulsion systems in which a rigid body is moved along a path due to a magnetic field
{with a rotating guide for traversing the yarn}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media286.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

Multiple guides attached to one or more endless belts or chains wherein the yarn is transferred between the guides: B65H 54/2821.

{counter rotating guides, e.g. wings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media287.png

{grooved, slotted, or split drums}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media288.png

media289.png

media290.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Package drive drums
{"screw" type Owens Fiberglas}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media291.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manufacture or treatment of flakes, fibres, or filaments from softened glass, minerals, or slags
Fiberglass strands
{Arrangements for aligned winding ( reels with grooves or grooved elements for aligned winding B65H 75/26 B ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For example:

  • Manually operated devices

media292.jpg

  • Devices where the traversing movement follows a pattern

media293.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Reels with grooves or grooved elements for aligned winding
{by pressing the material being wound against the drum, flange or already wound material, e.g. by fingers or rollers; guides moved by the already wound material (B65H 54/2869 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media294.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Control of the rotating speed of the reel or the traversing speed for aligned winding
{Detection or control of aligned winding or reversal}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media295.png

{Reversal control}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. reversal determined by the position or thickness of the material or its distance to the flange e.g. calculated by a microprocessor.

media296.png

{by detection of position, or distance made of the traverser}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media297.png

{Control of the rotating speed of the reel or the traversing speed for aligned winding}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. calculating the traversing speed from the diameter of the material and other parameters relating to the reel.

{by detection of the incidence angle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media298.jpg

{by detecting or following the already wound material, e.g. contour following}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media299.jpg

{by detection of incorrect conditions on the wound surface, e.g. material climbing on the next layer, a gap between windings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media300.jpg

Incorrect conditions are often detected from the speed variation of the material.

{Traversing devices with a plurality of guides for winding on a plurality of bobbins ( forming multiple packages B65H 54/20) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media301.jpg

media302.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Winding filamentary material forming multiple packages
{ Microprocessor-controlled traversing devices in so far the control is not special to one of the traversing devices of groups B65H 54/2803 - B65H 54/325 or group B65H 54/38}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media303.png

{Superposed traversing, i.e. traversing or other movement superposed on a traversing movement}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media304.png

{Flyers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media305.png

with thread guides reciprocating or oscillating with fixed stroke { (B65H 54/2803 to B65H 54/2896 take precedence ) }
Special rules of classification within this group

This class is not used any more.

with thread guides reciprocating or oscillating with variable stroke
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media306.png

media307.png

{in accordance with growth of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media308.png

for laying subsidiary winding, e.g. transfer tails
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Winding reserve length in spinning machines
{when starting winding on an empty bobbin}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media309.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing materials to cores or formers
{on or outwardly of the fully wound yarn package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media310.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing end of yarn in the wound or completed package
Yarn-guide advancing or raising mechanisms, e.g. cop-building arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media311.png

{for cops of pirn winding machine (B65H 54/14 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media312.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding filamentary material on tubes, cores or formers having generally parallel sides
Arrangements for preventing ribbon winding; {Arrangements for preventing irregular edge forming, e.g. edge raising or yarn falling from the edge}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In random winding (constant traversing frequency, constant winding angle, decreasing winding rotational speed, decreasing winding ratio) the winding ratio continuously decreases, thereby causing "mirror windings" at certain winding ratios. Devices and methods for preventing such mirror windings other than by "precision winding" or "stepped precision winding" are classified here. See US5447277 and XP000409312 for an explanation of precision winding, stepped precision winding and random winding.

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{Preventing ribbon winding in a precision winding apparatus, i.e. with a constant ratio between the rotational speed of the bobbin spindle and the rotational speed of the traversing device driving shaft}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In precision winding the winding ratio (ratio of rotational speed to traversing frequency) is constant. Therefore, since the winding rotational speed decreases with increasing diameter of the package, the traversing frequency also decreases. The winding angle therefore also decreases with increasing diameter. Since the winding ratio is constant, "mirror windings" at certain winding ratios are avoided.

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{in a stepped precision winding apparatus, i.e. with a constant wind ratio in each step}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In stepped precision winding the winding ratio K (ratio of rotational speed to traversing frequency) is decreasing stepwise (constant) around a decreasing winding ratio as would be obtained in random winding to avoid "mirror windings" at certain winding ratios. The winding angle can still be kept constant as in random winding.

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{Preventing edge raising, e.g. creeping arrangements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. oscillating traversing width:

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E.g. apparatus providing such oscillations:

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{with energy storing means for recovering the kinetic energy at the end of the traversing stroke}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{Preventing the yarn from falling off the edge of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Guides and traversing control.

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in which the package, core, or former is rotated by frictional contact of its periphery with a driving surface
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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in which the package, core, or former is engaged with, or secured to, a driven member rotatable about the axis of the package
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Package drive drums
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Grooved drums
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{with an auxiliary guide}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Slotted or split drums
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Drive contact pressure control, e.g. pressing arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{Securing cores or holders to supporting or driving members, e.g. collapsible mandrels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing cores or formers for unwinding filamentary material
Expansible spindles, mandrels or chucks, e.g. for securing or releasing cores, holders or packages for filamentary or web-like material
Arrangements for coupling bobbins or the like to spindles (Spinning)
Cantilever supporting arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Both-ends supporting arrangements
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Swifts or reels adapted solely for the formation of hanks or skeins (B65H 49/30 takes precedence )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Swifts or skein holders for unwinding filamentary material
{Reels for rolling tape-like material, e.g. flat hose or strap, into flat spiral form; Means for retaining the roll after removal of the reel}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Winding straps for securing loads
Binding of skeins
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band; Baling fibrous material, e.g. peat, not otherwise provided for
Bundling coils of wire or like annular objects
Winding of balls; { ( Forming hollow objects by winding on to fusible or soluble cores, e.g. forming pressure vessels B29C 53/56) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forming hollow objects by winding on to fusible or soluble cores
Winding yarns into balls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Winding on to cards or other flat cores, e.g. of star form
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{Arrangements for confining or removing dust ( for spinning D01H 11/00 ; cleaning in general B08B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cleaning in general
For spinning
For weaving
For knitting
{Suction generating system}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Arrangements for severing filamentary materials
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Framework; Casings; Coverings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Driving arrangements ( arrangements for preventing ribbon winding B65H 54/38 ; arrangements for rotating packages B65H 54/40)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for preventing ribbon winding
Arrangements for rotating packages
Depositing materials in cans or receptacles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Folding webs in combination with laying, forming a zig-zag pile
Lap-forming devices in preliminary treatment of fibres
Fibres being oriented in non woven fabrics
Apparatus in which the depositing device or the receptacle is reciprocated
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Apparatus in which the depositing device or the receptacle is rotated
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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and in which coils are formed before deposition
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Arrangements for compacting materials in receptacles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Arrangements for taking-up waste material before or after winding or depositing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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by means of pneumatic arrangements, e.g. suction guns
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatic end-finding and material interconnection arrangements
Threading up and starting the false-twisting machine for producing crimped or curled fibres
Wound packages of filamentary material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Wound packages of filamentary material not provided for in subgroups.

{with two or more filaments wound in parallel on the bobbin}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Self-supporting packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Packages without a core.

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characterised by method of winding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{the yarn paying off through the centre of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{packages having a radial opening through which the material will pay off}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Guides for filamentary materials; Supports therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Contains for ex. documents relating to guiding methods e.g. how the yarn is guided between unwinding and winding station.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guides for slivers, rovings or yarns in spinning machines
Handling the weft between bulk storage and weft-inserting means in weaving looms
Thread guides in weft knitting machines
Guides in thread-tensioning arrangements in embroidering machines
{Arrangements for threading or unthreading the guide}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements and methods for threading or unthreading the guide.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for threading warp stop-motion droppers, healds, or reeds
{Traversing guides}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of the guide of a traversing device.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Traversing devices
Traversing arrangements for guides in spinning machines
Stationary rods or plates
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Guiding surfaces within slots or grooves
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Annular guiding surfaces; Eyes, e.g. pigtails
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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formed of wire or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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with flared apertures
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Tubes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Coiling metal wire by means of a rotating guide tube
Guide tubes for slivers, rovings or yarns in spinning machines
Laying electric cables trough tubing or conduit
Installation of electric cables in underground tubes or conduits
Pulleys, rollers, or rotary bars
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Freely rotating pulleys, rollers or rotary bars.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Driven rollers, pulleys, capstans or intermeshing rotary elements for forwarding filamentary material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guiding of ropes, cables or chains in winding mechanism
Supporting moving filaments during manufacture using rollers with mutually inclined axes
Producing crimped or curled fibers, filaments, yarns or threads by false-twisting
formed to maintain a plurality of filaments in spaced relation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Physical treatment of artificial filaments, the filaments being maintained parallel
Guiding means preventing threads from sticking together in textile treating arrangements
Reeds or combs for determining the spacing of threads in warping or beaming arrangements
Thread sheet, e.g. sheet of parallel yarns or wires
mounted to facilitate unwinding of material from packages
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Guides for aligned unwinding from rotating bobbins
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dereeling means for welding wire, e.g. retaining plate
Tension devices acting on the material leaving the package
Means to facilitate the unwinding of the yarn in twisting
Flyers ( for inserting twist D01H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Axially movable following in alignment the point at which the material leaves the package
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Flyers for inserting twist
adapted to prevent excessive ballooning of material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Anti-ballooning devices in spinning or twisting machines
Arrangements on spinning spindles for suppressing yarn balloons
Anti-ballooning devices on spindles for spinning or twisting arrangements
Yarn braking means acting on the drum of a weft feeder for a weaving loom
Supports for guides
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

'Characterised by its support' e.g. swing-over or turn-over supports.

Devices supporting multiple guides.

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Reciprocating or oscillating guides ( traversing devices for winding, coiling, or depositing filamentary material B65H 54/28)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reciprocating or oscillating other than for B65H 54/28 e.g. guides following the traversing motion of the material leaving the reel.

Contains pivoting or oscillating guides supported by a traversing mechanism but not influencing the traversing (superposed traversing movements B65H 54/2893).

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Traversing devices for winding, coiling or depositing filamentary material
Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling; Application of tension indicators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods and devices related to adjusting or controlling tension not provided for in subgroups.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Regulation of tension or speed for winding metal wire or band
Devices for tensioning saw wires
Wire-electrode tension control
Tension devices in spinning and twisting
Tensioning devices in warping, beaming or leasing machines
Control of tension in a warp supplied by a creel
Tensioning devices in knitting
Thread tensioning arrangements in embroidering or tufting
Tensioning in making pile fabrics
Brakes or tension regulating means in cables, conductors or insulators
Tensioning or braking devices in winding magnets, inductances or transformers
{Means compensating the yarn tension in relation with its moving due to traversing arrangements}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means which compensate variation in tension due to varying length of the yarn in the traversing triangle, e.g. curved rods, length accumulators or control means for controlling the winding, forwarding or unwinding speed.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
By controlling speed of the driving mechanism of unwinding, payout or forwarding devices
by regulating delivery of material from supply package ( by contact of package with support B65H 49/02 ; by controlling speed of driving machanism of unwinding or paying-out devices B65H 59/38)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
By contact of package with support
By controlling speed of the driving mechanism of unwinding, payout or forwarding devices
Controlling the forwarding speed to synchronise with supply, treatment or take-up apparatus
by devices acting on package or support
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. devices which induce drag on the package or support by friction, rheological or magnetic effects.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Spool carriers in braiding or lacing machines
Brakes for supply bobbins or reels in rope or cable making machines
{with a braking force varying proportionally to the diameter or the weight of the package being unwound}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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{varying proportionally to the weight only}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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by devices acting on material leaving the package
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guides mounted to facilitate unwinding of material from packages
Means to facilitate the unwinding of the yarn in twisting
Yarn braking device acting on a weft feeding drum
Yarn braking means acting on the drum in knitting
by contact of running length of material with supply package
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Running length of material is contacting the package, e.g. by wrapping around the package.

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by devices acting on running material and not associated with supply or take-up devices ( by controlling speed of driving mechanism of material-forwarding devices B65H 59/38)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tension devices in spinning and twisting acting on the running yarn
{the material being subjected to the action of a fluid}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding by means of a fluid
Stationary elements arranged to deflect material from straight path
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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and provided with surfaces imposing additional retarding forces on material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Additional measures to increase friction on the contact area of deflection.

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Braked elements rotated by material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rollers with drag (e.g. magnetic, friction or rheological) driven by the yarn.

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Driven rotary elements ( material-forwarding devices B65H 51/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Material forwarding devices
Co-operating surfaces mounted for relative movement
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Co-operating surfaces mounted for relative movement not provided for in subgroups.

and arranged to apply pressure to material
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tensioning devices for double twist spindle
{Tension discs}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Surfaces movable automatically to compensate for variation in tension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Automatically
Involving active elements such as actuators
and arranged to deflect material from straight path
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arranged to deflect material from straight path with surfaces not urged towards or away from each other.

the surfaces being urged towards each other
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Surfaces movable automatically to compensate for variation in tension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Automatically
Involving active elements such as actuators
the surfaces being urged away from each other
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Surfaces movable automatically to compensate for variation in tension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Automatically
Involving active elements such as actuators
Floating elements compensating for irregularities in supply or take-up of material ( buffer storage devices B65H 51/20)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Buffer storage device
by regulating speed of driving mechanism of unwinding, paying-out, forwarding, winding, or depositing devices, e.g. automatically in response to variations in tension
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Controlling the forwarding speed to synchronise with supply, treatment or take-up apparatus
{using pneumatic or hydraulic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{using mechanical means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{using electronic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electronic control other than winding, unwinding and forwarding, e.g. traversing speed.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Loop control in advancing work to the die or other tool
B21D43/02B1
{Regulating winding speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media414.png

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{Regulating unwinding speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media416.png

{Regulating forwarding speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Thread-feeding devices in knitting
Applications of tension indicators
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring tension in ropes, cables, wires, threads or the like
Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material ( of general application G01B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Counting, measuring, recording or registering devices in spinning machines
Measuring length in general
{for measuring speed of running yarns}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media420.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring linear or angular speed
Warning or safety devices, e.g. automatic fault detectors, stop-motions ( safety devices in general F16P ; indicating devices in general G08B) {Quality control of the package}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Warning and safety devices in spinning
Warning and safety devices in warping/beaming
Warning and safety devices in weaving
Warning and safety devices in knitting
Safety devices in general
Measuring optically length, thickness, diameter
Investigating presence of flaws or contamination
Prediction of the effect of yarn quality on the final textile
Indicating devices in general
{responsive to winding of yarns around rotating cylinders}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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{quality control of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

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characterised by the detecting or sensing element
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media423.jpg

e.g. mechanical.

electrical or pneumatic
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detecting or sensing elements not provided for in subgroups.

{using electronic actuators}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also contains the devices using indifferently more than one of the sensing means types provided in subgroups.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by the preceding groups - filiform textiles
{using capacitor sensing means, i.e. the defect signal is a variation of impedance}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media425.png

{using photo-electric sensing means, i.e. the defect signal is a variation of light energy}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media426.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Warning or safety devices responsive to reduction in material tension, failure of supply or breakage of material characterized by photo-electric sensing means
Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means for non-woven textile material
{using fluid sensing means, e.g. acoustic}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media427.png

{using piezo-electric sensing means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media428.png

{using pneumatic sensing means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media429.png

{by a plate separating the package from the driving drum}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media430.png

{by lifting or raising the package away from the driving roller}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media431.png

{Braking means for the raised or lifted package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media432.png

{by clutching or de-clutching the package from its driving means (package secured to a rotary driven member) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media433.png

responsive to presence of irregularities in running material, e.g. for severing the material at irregularities {Control of the correct working of the yarn cleaner}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Control processes and apparatuses not provided for in subgroups.

{Mechanical slub catcher and detector}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media434.png

{Electronic slub detector}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Warning or safety devices responsive to presence of irregularities in running material
Investigating or analysing material by specific methods not covered by the preceding groups for filiform textiles
{using capacitor sensing means, i.e. the defect signal is a variation of impedance}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media435.png

{using photo-electric sensing means, i.e. the defect signal is a variation of light energy}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media436.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring arrangements characterized by the use of optical means for measuring of diameters of objects while moving using photoelectric detection means
{using fluid sensing means, e.g. acoustic}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media437.png

{using piezo-electric sensing means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media438.png

responsive to delivery of a measured length of material, completion of winding of a package, or filling of a receptacle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media439.png

{responsive to a predetermined size or diameter of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media440.png

{responsive to a predetermined weight of the package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media441.png

{responsive to completion of unwinding of a package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media442.png

{Clamping device ( connected with slub-catcher B65H 63/061) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media443.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Connected with slub-catcher
Securing material to cores or formers ( arrangements for securing ends of material to cores, formers, supports or holders, e.g. reels, B65H 75/28)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media444.png

media445.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Laying a subsidiary winding, e.g. transfer tails
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Continuous winding apparatus for winding on two or more winding heads in succession
Loading a starter winding on an empty core
Arrangements for securing ends of material to cores, formers, supports or holders, e.g. reels
Arrangements for winding reserve lengths of yarn on take-up packages or spindles. e.g. transfer tails in spinning or twisting machines
{Securing end of yarn in the wound or completed package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media446.png
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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for removing completed packages
Replacing or removing cores, receptacles, or completed packages at paying-out, winding, or depositing stations
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Transferring coils to or from winding apparatus in winding or unwinding metal wire or band
Changing web rolls
In carding
In spinning and twisting
Special rules of classification within this group

Replacing the cross-wound package in spinning and twisting are classified in B65H 67/00 and subgroups.

Arrangements for removing spent cores or receptacles and replacing by supply packages at paying-out stations ( { for cans D01H 9/008 ; arrangement of the service carriage B65H 54/26 ; } supports for packages B65H 49/04 , B65H 49/20)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media448.jpg
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Relationship between large subject matter areas

Supply to and transport from the unwinding position B65H 67/06.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports for packages
For cans
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of the service carriage
Arrangements for removing completed take-up packages and {or} replacing by cores, formers, or empty receptacles at winding or depositing stations; Transferring material between adjacent full and empty take-up elements { ( arrangement of the service carriage B65H 54/26) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transferring material between adjacent full and empty take-up elements.

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

Securing material to core or formers:B65H 65/00.

Arrangements for securing ends of material to cores or formers:B65H 75/28.

Continuous winding apparatus for winding on two or more winding heads in succession: B65H 67/044.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of the service carriage
Special rules of classification within this group

Details with regard to the arrangements for removing the take-up package and/or replacing by cores are classified in B65H 67/0405 and subgroups.

{Arrangements for removing completed take-up packages or for loading an empty core (B65H 67/044 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for removing completed take-up package as well as for loading an empty core.

media452.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Continuous winding apparatus for winding on two or more winding heads in succession
Special rules of classification within this group

Arrangements for only removing completed take-up package are classified in B65H 67/0411.

Arrangements for only loading an empty core are classified in B65H 67/0417.

{for removing completed take-up packages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media453.png

{for loading an empty core}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loading an empty core at the winding position.

media454.png

{for loading a starter winding, i.e. a spool core with a small length of yarn wound on it; preparing the starter winding}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. when replacing cross-wound packages in spinning machines, the empty core is provided with a starter winding from an auxiliary bobbin provided on the service carriage in order to piece with the spun yarn.

media455.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing material to cores or formers
Laying subsidiary windings
{for cans, boxes and other receptacles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

e.g. Removing completed (sliver) cans and/or replacing by empty (sliver) cans.

media456.jpg

{Transferring material devices between full and empty cans}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media457.png

Continuous winding apparatus for winding on two or more winding heads in succession
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Configurations of two or more winding heads to be wound on in succession, not provided for in subgroups.

having winding heads arranged on rotary capstan head
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media458.png

having two or more winding heads arranged in parallel to each other
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

With parallel rotary axis.

media459.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding heads arranged parallel to each other and arranged on a rotary capstan head
having two or more winding heads arranged in series with each other
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

With in-line rotary axis.

media460.jpg

Supplying cores, receptacles, or packages to, or transporting from, winding or depositing stations { ( between spinning and winding machines D01H 9/18 , e.g. transporting cans D01H 9/185) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aspects of supplying and transporting cores or packages not provided for in subgroups.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Supplying cores between spinning and winding machines
{Orientating devices}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. correctly positioning cops to be placed on the peg.

media461.png

{Sorting devices for full/empty packages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Detection of the winding amount on a cops or bobbin and further routing dependent thereon.

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{Marking or identifying devices for packages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media463.png

{Supplying or transporting cross-wound packages, also combined with transporting the empty core}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transport of the cross-wound packages after they have been taken from the winding spindle (B65H 69/04).

media464.jpg

{Manipulators with gripping or holding means for transferring the packages from one station to another, e.g. from a conveyer to a creel trolley}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media465.png

{Depositing full or empty bobbins into a container or stacking them}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media466.png

{Removing full or empty bobbins from a container or a stack}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media467.jpg

media468.png

{Supplying or transporting empty cores}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media469.png

{Removing or fixing bobbins or cores from or on the vertical peg of trays, pallets or the pegs of a belt}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
At the unwinding position
Automatic end-finding and material-interconnecting arrangements ( knot-tying devices B65H 69/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for taking up waste material by means of pneumatic arrangements, e.g. suction guns
Knot-tying devices
In piecing arrangements for spinning
Special rules of classification within this group

Automatic end-finding at the take-up package after interruption of the ringspinning process are classified in B65H 67/08.

Automatic end-finding in combination with material interconnection in machines other than for winding cross-wound packages, e.g. weaving, carding are classified in B65H 67/08.

{acting after interruption of the winding process, e.g yarn breakage, yarn cut or package replacement}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Winding process for winding cross wound packages, e.g. in rewinders and open-rotor spinning machines.

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Special rules of classification within this group

B65H 67/081 and subgroups relates only to the winding process of winding cross wound packages, not ring spinning process.

{handling the yarn-end of the new supply package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Finding the yarn-end at the supply package and connecting it to the yarn-end of the cross-wound package.

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{end-finding at the take-up package, e.g. by suction and reverse package rotation}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media476.png

media477.png

Special rules of classification within this group

When the document contains further technical details with regard to handling the yarn taken from the take-up package, also the class B65H 67/081 is given.

{Preparing supply packages}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

The mechanisms for finding the yarn at the supply package in B65H 67/086 and subgroups are similar to the mechanisms for finding the yarn at the supply package in B65H 67/083.

Special rules of classification within this group

Mechanisms for finding the yarn at the supply package at the (re)winding station with means for further handling of the yarn-end and connecting to the cross-wound package are classified in B65H 67/083.

{Prepositioning the yarn end into the interior of the supply package}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media480.png

Methods of, or devices for, interconnecting successive lengths of material; Knot-tying devices {;Control of the correct working of the interconnecting device}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Joining
Automatic end-finding and material-interconnecting arrangements
Apparatus for joining warp ends
For joining, e.g. tying, a complete series of fresh warp threads to the used warp threads
Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or to other objects
Splicing of light guides, e.g. by fusion or bonding
by means of adhesives
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media481.png
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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Joining using adhesives
by knotting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media483.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Weavers' tools, e.g. knot-tying tools
Apparatus for joining warp ends
For joining, e.g. tying, a complete series of fresh warp threads to the used warp threads
{the threads are moved in ducts having the form of the wanted knot}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media484.png

{by a fluid}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media485.png

by splicing { Grommets made by splicing D07B 1/18 , auxiliary apparatus for splicing ropes or cables D07B 7/16}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media486.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Grommets made by splicing
Auxiliary apparatus for splicing ropes or cables
Splicing of light guides, e.g. by fusion or bonding
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Piecing arrangements in spinning machines
Piecing arrangements in open end spinning machines
{using pneumatic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media487.png

{Preparation of the yarn ends}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media488.png

{using mechanical means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media489.png
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{Wet splicing i.e. adding liquid to the splicing room or to the yarn ends preparing rooms}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media491.png

media492.png

{using a binding thread, e.g. sewing}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media493.jpg

media494.png

by welding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media495.png

media496.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Joining by heating, using heated tools
{using ultrasonic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media497.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Joining using ultrasonic vibrations
Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation ( applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Moistening or lubricating threads in knitting machines
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applying liquids to surfaces in general
Surface treatment of fibres or filaments from glass, minerals or slags
Humidity control, or oiling, of filaments, threads or the like, leaving spinnerettes
Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring, drying yarns during spinning or twisting
Treating warp, e.g. moistening on a weaving loom
D01J1/02
Treating weft on a weaving loom
D01J1/04
Applying liquids, gases or vapours on to textile materials to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
Passing individually handled yarns, threads or filaments through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment
Devices for softening, lubricating or impregnating ropes, cables or strands in rope- or cable-making machines
{Abrading, scraping ( in general D02J 3/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media500.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Modifying the surface of filaments, yarns, threads, cords, ropes or the like by abrading, scraping
Roughening of fibres
Producing crimped or curled fibres, filaments, yarns or threads, at least some of the filaments being simultaneously broken or cut
{Oiling, waxing by applying solid wax cake during spooling}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media501.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Applying solids, e.g. wax during spinning or twisting
{Oiling, waxing by applying liquid during spooling}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media502.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Moistening, sizing, oiling during spinning or twisting by applying fluids, e.g. steam or oiling liquids
Stripping waste material from cores or formers, e.g. to permit their re-use
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

"...waste material being webs, tapes, or filamentary material..."

media503.jpg

media504.png

media505.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Supplying cores to or transporting from winding or depositing stations
Removing waste reserve lengths from spinning spindles
Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels ( fishing reels A01K 89/00 ; storing means for record carriers, specially adapted for cooperation with the recording or reproducing apparatus G11B 23/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fishing reels
In metal wire coiling
Specially adapted for cooperation with the recording apparatus
{Working on damaged packages, e.g. reshaping collapsed cores ( working on cores, reels or the like to permit their reuse B65H 75/505) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reshaping collapsed cores with the material wound thereon.

media506.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Working on cores, reels or the like (without material wound thereon) to permit their reuse
Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans ( packaging aspects B65D 85/67)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes or cans not provided for in subgroups.

Special rules of classification within this group

The following Indexing Codes are to be used in combination with the subgroups:

{specially adapted for winding or storing webs with the confronting layers spaced from each other, e.g. frames for storing nap fabrics}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media507.jpg

Kinds or types (B65H 75/18 takes precedence )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Kinds or types not provided for in subgroups.

media508.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Constructional details
Flat cores, e.g. cards
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media509.png

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of circular or polygonal cross-section ( cans or receptacles B65H 75/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. details of winding shafts or chucks in contact with or near the core or material (web or filamentary).

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Relationship between large subject matter areas

Supporting the web roll for unwinding or winding: B65H 16/00, B65H 18/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Expansible winding shafts or chucks
without flanges, e.g. cop tubes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media513.png

media514.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dying tubes
{Pirns destined for use in shuttles, i.e. with a yarn receiving portion and a thicker base portion, this thicker portion being adapted to be engaged by a spindle in a spinning frame and also being adapted for fitting in a shuttle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media515.jpg

with a single end flange { (e.g. with a conical end flange) } ; formed with one end of greater diameter than the barrel
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media516.jpg

with two end flanges
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media517.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ink ribbon spools
{covers therefor}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media518.jpg

{at least one end flange being shaped to cover the windings}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media519.jpg

{Reinforcement or protection arrangements for the peripheral edge of the flanges}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media520.jpg

{with at least one intermediate flange between the two end flanges}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media521.png

{with at least one frustoconical end flange}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media522.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Winding on frusto-conical cores
Cans or receptacles, e.g. sliver cans
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media523.jpg

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Supporting devices enclosing the non-rotating package for unwinding: B65H 49/08

Constructional details
Special rules of classification within this group

B65H 75/18 should not be used. Only subgroups are to be used. Several constructional details may be classified.

{Identification means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media524.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Barcodes
Labels with barcode
{End caps, plugs or adapters}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media525.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Printer Roll
Wrapping apparatus
Plugs, sleeves or caps for packaging
Handles
{Reinforcing end caps}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media526.png

Skeleton construction, e.g. formed of wire { ( perforated supports for textile materials to be treated D06B 23/042) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media527.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Perforated supports for textile materials to be treated
collapsible; with removable parts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media528.jpg

media529.png

media530.jpg

adjustable in configuration, e.g. expansible
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

E.g. radially adjustable or expansible reels or cores.

media531.jpg

{axially adjustable reels or bobbins}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media532.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Core bodies axially expandable
3F058/JA12 (Japanese)
Core bodies axially expandable and of the sliding type
3F058/JA13 (Japanese)