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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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PICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION( measuring, testing G01; systems for autographic writing, e.g. writing telegraphy, which involve following an outline
{
G08C 21/00
}
; information storage based on relative movement between record carrier and transducer G11B; coding, decoding or code conversion, in general H03M; broadcast distribution or the recording of use made thereof H04H )
NOTE
-
1. This subclass covers :
{
generation, recording or
}
transmission of pictures or their transient or permanent reproduction either locally or remotely
{
and the corresponding electronic image capture and reproduction process employing image representative electric signals,
}
by methods or arrangements
{
involving at least one of
}
the following steps:
step (a): the
{
electronic acquisition or
}
scanning of a picture
{
or scene
}
, i.e. resolving the whole picture-containing area into individual picture-elements and the derivation of picture-representative electric signals related thereto, simultaneously or in sequence
{
, e.g. by reading an electronic solid-state image sensor [SSIS
}
pickup device (e.g. CCD or CMOS image sensor) as electronic image sensor converting optical image information into said electrical signals;]

step (b): the reproduction of the whole picture-containing area
{
or scene
}
by the reproduction of individual picture-elements into which the picture is resolved by means of picture representative electric signals derived therefrom, simultaneously or in sequence by converting an electric image signal into light e.g. with an electronic spatial light modulator;


concerning cameras or projectors:
video cameras or TV cameras, e.g. in studios, CCTV cameras, surveillance cameras, camcorders; constructional or mechanical details related to such cameras even when not peculiar to the presence of an electronic image sensor [EIS] e.g. housings;

arrangements or methods for image capture using an EIS or image projection using an electronic spatial light modulator [ESLM], i.e.
(i) sensor read-out;

(ii) processing of electrical image signals from the EIS or provided to the ESLM for the generation of respective camera or projector control signals,
for controlling the EIS or its read-out for e.g. exposure, scene selection for auto focussing, or electronic image enhancement or processing of the image signals captured by the EIS, e.g. white balance, electronic motion blur correction, noise suppression H04N 5/00 ,

for controlling the ESLM, e.g. control of the light source based on electronic image signal, light conditioning specially adapted for the ESLM, or

for controlling other camera functions, e.g. exposure, shaking by influencing optical parts of the camera (generation of control signals for focussing for optical elements G02B 7/28 ; using such signals to control focus of particular apparatus, see the subclasses for the apparatus, e.g. G03B, G03F, H04N);



electronic image data storage (data storage in general G11B, G11C);

in-camera image processing e.g. correction of lens distortion, defect pixel correction, noise suppression, removal of motion blur, improving of the dynamic range of the image, in-projector image processing, electronic image data manipulation, e.g. during display or projection (image processing per se G06T);

electronic viewfinders e.g. control of image pickup devices based on information indicated by the electronic viewfinder displaying an image signal generated by the EIS ;

electrical or mechanical aspects of camera modules using electronic image sensors, as well as related constructional details as in webcams or mobile phones (see H04M 1/0264 for mounting structure in mobile phones);

details of projectors peculiar to the use of an ESLM, e.g. dichroic or polarizing arrangements specially adapted for the ESLM (dichroic or polarizing arrangements in general G02B, G03B);

remote control of cameras or projectors peculiar to the EIS or the ESLM, e.g. affecting their operation, or based on a generated image signal;

adaptations peculiar to the use of a EIS or ESLM and/or the display, the transmission, recording or other use of electrical image data and related circuitry, e.g. mounting of EIS or ESLM, integrated cleaning system for the EIS, dust mapping, cooling of the EIS, controlling the operation of the EIS by external input signals;

systems or apparatus wherein the inventive contribution lies in the interaction between features covered in Notes 1 above, concerning cameras and projectors, when interacting with those covered in Note 1 of G03B, e.g. switch-over between electronic motion-blur correction of electronic viewfinder during focussing and optical motion-blur correction of the lens during exposure, electronic motion blur correction of the electronic image sensor based on output signals of additional sensor, or interaction between mechanical shutter and electronic control of the charge accumulation period of the EIS;]


(in group H04N 1/00 ) systems for the transmission or the reproduction of arbitrarily composed pictures or patterns in which the local light variations composing a picture are not subject to variation with time, e.g. documents (both written and printed), maps, charts, photographs (other than cinematograph films);

circuits specially designed for dealing with pictorial communication signals, e.g. television signals, as distinct from merely signals of a particular frequency range.

2. This subclass does not cover :
circuits or other parts of systems which form the subject of other subclasses, which are covered by the corresponding subclasses, e.g. H03C, H03F, H03J, H04B, H04H;

systems in which legible alphanumeric or like character forms are analysed according to step (a) of Note (1) to derive an electric signal from which the character is recognised by comparison with stored information, which are covered by subclass G06K;

systems for the direct photographic copying of an original picture in which an electric signal representative of the picture is derived according to the said step (a) of and employed to modify the operation of the system, e.g. to control exposure, which are covered by class G03;

systems for the reproduction according to step (b) of Note (1) of pictures comprising alphanumeric or like character forms but involving the production of the equivalent of a signal which would be derived according to the abovementioned step (a), e.g. by cams, punched card or tape, coded control signal, or other means, which are covered by the subclass for the application, e.g. G01D, G06T, H04L;

systems for the reproduction to the above-mentioned step (b) of pictures comprising alphanumeric or like character forms and involving the generation according to the abovementioned step (a) of picture-representative electric signals from a pre-arranged assembly of such characters, or records thereof, forming an integral part of the systems, which are covered by the subclass for the application, e.g. B41B, G06K, subject to those applications which are covered by this subclass;

printing, duplication or marking methods, or materials or processes therefor, which are covered by the relevant subclasses, e.g. B41C, B41M, G03C, G03F, G03G;

apparatus or methods for taking photographs using light sensitive film for image capture, apparatus/methods for printing, for projecting or viewing images using film stock, photographic film or slides by optical means, e.g. mounting of optical elements, flashes, and their related controls, e.g. exposure, focus, (opto-)mechanical motion blur (anti-shake), cooling, beam shaping;

aspects of apparatus or methods for taking photographs using an electronic image sensor [EIS] for image capture, insofar as they correspond to those of said apparatus methods for taking photographs using light sensitive film, i.e. insofar as not peculiar to the presence of the EIS, e.g. mounting of optical elements or flashes not peculiar to the presence of the EIS, and their related controls insofar as they are not peculiar to the presence or use of the EIS, e.g. exposure, focus, (opto-)mechanical motion blur (anti-shake);

aspects of apparatus or methods for projecting or viewing images using an electronic spatial light modulator [ESLM], insofar as they correspond to those of said apparatus/ methods for projecting or viewing images using film stock, photographic film or slides, i.e. insofar as not peculiar to the presence of the ESLM, e.g. mounting of optical elements not peculiar to the presence of the ESLM, and their related controls not peculiar to the presence of the ESLM, e.g. cooling, beam shaping, optical keystone correction;

(opto-)mechanical image enhancement in printers or projectors, e.g. keystone correction;

optical viewfinders;

remote control of cameras and projectors insofar not peculiar to the EIS or ESLM, e.g. not affecting their operation, or being based on a generated image signal;

optical aspects of camera modules using electronic image sensors and related constructional details (optical elements or arrangements associated with solid state imager structures H01L 27/14625 );

constructional aspects of projectors, e.g. cooling, beam shaping, light integrating means not peculiar to the ESLM;]

3. In this subclass, the following expression is used with the meaning indicated:
"television systems" means those systems for the
{
electronic generation
}
, transmission and reproduction of arbitrarily composed pictures in which the local light variations composing a picture may change with time, e.g. natural "live" scenes,
{
electronic
}
recordings of such scenes such as cinematograph films].

4. In this subclass, as in subclass G03B, the following terms are used with the meaning indicated:
"camera": a device capturing image information represented by light patterns reflected or emitted from objects, and exposing a light sensitive film or a main electronic image sensor during a timed exposure, usually through a photographic lens, and producing an image on a light sensitive film or an electrical image information signal respectively;

"projector": a device displaying image information by projection of light patterns, usually through an optical lens, wherein the light patterns are generated by illuminating an image, e.g. film or slide, or by converting an electric image signal into an optical signal using an electronic spatial light modulator;

"electronic image sensor [EIS]": optoelectronic transducer, converting optical image information into an electrical signal susceptible of being processed, stored, transmitted or displayed;

"additional sensor": a sensor, other than the main electronic image sensor, used for controlling a camera;

"electronic spatial light modulator [ESLM]": optoelectronic transducer converting electric signals representing image information into optical image information.]


WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups :
- H04N5/31 covered by G01S 7/52 , G01S 15/89 - H04N5/761 covered by H04N 5/782 - H04N5/7613 covered by H04N 5/782 - H04N5/7617 covered by H04N 5/782 - H04N5/922 covered by H04N 5/92 - H04N5/924 covered by H04N 5/92 - H04N7/40 covered by H04N 7/38 - H04N7/42 covered by H04B 14/06 - H04N7/44 covered by H04B 14/06 - H04N9/815 covered by H04N 9/81 - H04N11/24 covered by H04N 11/002 - H04N15/00 covered by H04N 13/00

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Scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, e.g. facsimile transmission ; Details thereof
{
( recording arrangements for measuring instruments G01D ; sensing record carriers G06K 7/00 ; character or pattern recognition G06K 9/00 ; mosaïc printer telegraph systems H04L 21/00 )
}
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.
{
Diagnosis, testing or measuring; Detecting, analysing or monitoring not otherwise provided for( error detection, error correction or monitoring in digital computers or digital computer components G06F 11/00 )
}
H04N 1/00005
. .
{
relating to image data
}
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H04N 1/00007
. .
{
relating to particular apparatus or devices
}
H04N 1/0001
. . .
{
Transmission systems or arrangements
}
H04N 1/00013
. . .
{
Reading apparatus
}
H04N 1/00015
. . .
{
Reproducing apparatus
}
H04N 1/00018
. . .
{
Scanning arrangements
}
H04N 1/00021
. . .
{
Picture signal circuits
}
H04N 1/00023
. . .
{
Colour systems
}
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H04N 1/00026
. .
{
Methods therefor
}
H04N 1/00029
. . .
{
Diagnosis, i.e. identifying a problem by comparison with a normal state
}
H04N 1/00031
. . .
{
Testing, i.e. determining the result of a trial( H04N 1/00029 takes precedence; using test signals for transmission mode changing H04N 2201/33371 )
}
H04N 1/00034
. . .
{
Measuring, i.e. determining a quantity by comparison with a standard( H04N 1/00031 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00037
. . .
{
Detecting, i.e. determining the occurrence of a predetermined state( H04N 1/00031 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00039
. . .
{
Analysis, i.e. separating and studying components of a greater whole
}
H04N 1/00042
. . .
{
Monitoring, i.e. observation( H04N 1/00029 to H04N 1/00039 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00045
. . .
{
using a reference pattern designed for the purpose, e.g. a test chart
}
H04N 1/00047
. . .
{
using an image not specifically designed for the purpose
}
H04N 1/0005
. . .
{
in service, i.e. during normal operation
}
H04N 1/00053
. . .
{
out of service, i.e. outside of normal operation
}
H04N 1/00055
. . .
{
automatically on a periodic basis
}
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H04N 1/00058
. . .
{
using a separate apparatus
}
H04N 1/00061
. . . .
{
using a remote apparatus( H04N 1/00066 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00063
. . .
{
using at least a part of the apparatus itself, e.g. self-testing
}
H04N 1/00066
. . .
{
using a program downloaded or received from another apparatus
}
H04N 1/00068
. . .
{
Calculating or estimating
}
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H04N 1/00071
. .
{
characterised by the action taken
}
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H04N 1/00074
. . .
{
Indicating or reporting( details of user-machine interface H04N 1/0035 )
}
H04N 1/00076
. . . .
{
locally
}
H04N 1/00079
. . . .
{
remotely
}
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H04N 1/00082
. . .
{
Adjusting or controlling( interrupting an operation H04N 1/00915 ; inhibiting an operation H04N 1/00925 )
}
H04N 1/00084
. . . .
{
Recovery or repair, e.g. self-repair
}
H04N 1/00087
. . . .
{
Setting or calibrating( picture signal circuits H04N 1/40 )
}
H04N 1/0009
. . .
{
Storage
}
H04N 1/00092
. .
{
relating to the original or to the reproducing medium, e.g. imperfections or dirt( detecting properties of a sheet H04N 1/00681 )
}
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.
{
Systems or arrangements for the transmission of the picture signal
}
H04N 1/00098
. .
{
via a television channel, e.g. for a series of still pictures with or without sound
}
H04N 1/001
. .
{
specially adapted for transmission via digital wireline networks( H04N 1/00098 takes precedence )
}
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H04N 1/00103
. .
{
specially adapted for radio transmission, e.g. via satellites( H04N 1/00098 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00106
. . .
{
using land mobile radio networks, e.g. mobile telephone
}
H04N 1/00108
. . .
{
of digital signals
}
H04N 1/00111
. .
{
specially adapted for optical transmission
}
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H04N 1/00114
. .
{
with transmission of additional information signals( for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver H04N 1/32101 )
}
H04N 1/00116
. . .
{
of multimedia information
}
H04N 1/00119
. . .
{
of sound information only
}
H04N 1/00122
. . .
{
of text or character information only
}
H04N 1/00124
. . .
{
of video information only
}
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H04N 1/00127
.
{
Connection or combination of a still picture apparatus with another apparatus, e.g. for storage, processing or transmission of still picture signals or of information associated with a still picture
}
H04N 1/00129
. .
{
with a display device, e.g. CRT or LCD monitor( with a television apparatus H04N 1/00283 ; arrangements for control of display devices G09G )
}
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. .
{
in a digital photofinishing system, i.e. a system where digital photographic images undergo typical photofinishing processing, e.g. printing ordering
}
H04N 1/00135
. . .
{
Scanning of a photographic original
}
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H04N 1/00137
. . .
{
Transmission
}
H04N 1/0014
. . . .
{
via e-mail
}
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H04N 1/00143
. . .
{
Ordering
}
H04N 1/00145
. . . .
{
from a remote location
}
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H04N 1/00148
. . .
{
Storage( information retrieval G06F 17/30 )
}
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H04N 1/00151
. . . .
{
with selective access
}
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H04N 1/00153
. . . . .
{
for sharing images with a selected individual or correspondent
}
H04N 1/00156
. . . . . .
{
with a group of selected individuals or correspondents
}
H04N 1/00159
. . . .
{
for sharing images without access restriction, e.g. publishing images
}
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H04N 1/00161
. . .
{
Viewing or previewing
}
H04N 1/00164
. . . .
{
at a remote location
}
H04N 1/00167
. . .
{
Processing or editing( H04N 1/00196 to H04N 1/00201 take precedence )
}
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H04N 1/00169
. . .
{
Digital image input
}
H04N 1/00172
. . . .
{
directly from a still digital camera or from a storage medium mounted in a still digital camera( H04N 1/0018 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00175
. . . .
{
from a still image storage medium( H04N 1/00172 , H04N 1/0018 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00177
. . . .
{
from a user terminal, e.g. personal computer
}
H04N 1/0018
. . . .
{
of images captured using a loaned, rented or limited-use still digital camera, e.g. recyclable or disposable camera
}
H04N 1/00183
. . .
{
Photography assistance, e.g. displaying suggestions to the user
}
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H04N 1/00185
. . .
{
Image output( for details of particular output arrangements see the relevant sub-class, e.g. B41J, G03B, G09G, G11B )
}
H04N 1/00188
. . . .
{
Printing, e.g. prints or reprints( H04N 1/0019 , H04N 1/00196 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/0019
. . . .
{
on souvenir-type products or the like, e.g. T-shirts or mugs
}
H04N 1/00193
. . . .
{
to a portable storage medium, e.g. a read-writable compact disk
}
H04N 1/00196
. . . .
{
Creation of a photo-montage, e.g. photoalbum( H04N 1/0019 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00198
. . . .
{
Creation of a soft photo presentation, e.g. digital slide-show
}
H04N 1/00201
. . . .
{
Creation of a lenticular or stereo hardcopy image
}
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H04N 1/00204
. .
{
with a digital computer or a digital computer system, e.g. an internet server( programmed control between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device H04N 1/32561 )
}
H04N 1/00206
. . .
{
Transmitting or receiving computer data via an image communication device, e.g. a facsimile transceiver( H04N 1/00236 takes precedence )
}
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. . .
{
Transmitting or receiving image data, e.g. facsimile data, via a computer, e.g. using e-mail, a computer network, the internet, I-fax
}
H04N 1/00212
. . . .
{
Attaching image data to computer messages, e.g. to e-mails
}
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H04N 1/00214
. . . .
{
details of transmission
}
H04N 1/00217
. . . . .
{
only involving computer data transmission protocols, e.g. SMTP, WAP or HTTP( communication protocol aspects and techniques in packet data networks H04L 69/00 ; network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications H04L 67/00 )
}
H04N 1/0022
. . . . .
{
involving facsimile protocols or a combination of facsimile protocols and computer data transmission protocols
}
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H04N 1/00222
. . . .
{
details of image data generation or reproduction, e.g. scan-to-email or network printing
}
H04N 1/00225
. . . . .
{
details of image data generation, e.g. scan-to-email or network scanners( using an image reading device as a local input to a computer H04N 1/00241 )
}
H04N 1/00228
. . . . .
{
Image push arrangements, e.g. from an image reading device to a specific network destination( push based network services H04L 67/26 )
}
H04N 1/0023
. . . . .
{
Image pull arrangements, e.g. to a multifunctional peripheral from a networked computer
}
H04N 1/00233
. . . . .
{
details of image data reproduction, e.g. network printing or remote image display( using an image reproducing device as a local output from a computer H04N 1/00238 ; digital output from computer to printer unit G06F 3/12 )
}
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. . .
{
using an image reading or reproducing device, e.g. a facsimile reader or printer, as a local input to or local output from a computer( image input to or image output from a computer via a network H04N 1/00209 )
}
H04N 1/00238
. . . .
{
using an image reproducing device as a local output from a computer( output via network, e.g. network printing H04N 1/00233 )
}
H04N 1/00241
. . . .
{
using an image reading device as a local input to a computer( input via network, e.g. network scanners H04N 1/00225 )
}
H04N 1/00244
. . .
{
with a server, e.g. an internet server( fax-servers or the like for store and forward H04N 1/324 )
}
H04N 1/00246
. .
{
with an optical device, e.g. an optical viewing aid
}
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. .
{
with a photographic apparatus, e.g. a photographic printer or a projector( photographic apparatus per se G03B, G03D )
}
H04N 1/00251
. . .
{
with an apparatus for taking photographic images, e.g. a camera
}
. . .
{
with an electrophotographic copying machine, i.e. a photocopier
}
H04N 1/00257
. . .
{
with an electro-developing recording medium, e.g. generating image signals by reading such a medium in a still camera
}
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H04N 1/00259
. . .
{
with an apparatus for processing exposed photographic materials
}
H04N 1/00262
. . . .
{
Reading a film during its processing, e.g. generating image signals from a film while the photographic image on the film is in the process of being developed
}
H04N 1/00265
. . .
{
with a photographic printing apparatus
}
H04N 1/00267
. . .
{
with a viewing or projecting apparatus, e.g. for reading image information from a film( H04N 1/00262 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/0027
. . .
{
Reading or writing of non-image information from or to a photographic material, e.g. processing data stored in a magnetic track
}
H04N 1/00273
. . .
{
with apparatus for handling photographic material
}
H04N 1/00275
. . .
{
Recording image information on a photographic material
}
. .
{
with a printing apparatus, e.g. a laser beam printer
}
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. .
{
with a telecommunication apparatus, e.g. a switched network of teleprinters for the distribution of text-based information, a selective call terminal( details of transmission H04N 1/00095 ; establishing a communication with one of a facsimile machine or another apparatus sharing a single line H04N 1/32704 ; interfacing cordless telephone terminals with an accessory to increase the functionality of user interface H04M 1/72527 )
}
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. . .
{
with a television apparatus
}
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. . . .
{
with studio circuitry, devices or equipment, e.g. television cameras( television studio circuitry, devices or equipment per se H04N 5/222 )
}
H04N 1/00289
. . . . .
{
in a video photo booth or the like
}
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. . . .
{
with receiver circuitry( television receiver circuitry per se H04N 5/44 )
}
H04N 1/00294
. . . . .
{
for printing images at a television receiver
}
H04N 1/00297
. . . .
{
with a television signal recorder, e.g. for recording facsimile images on a VCR( motion video recording combined with still video recording in a still video camera H04N 1/212 )
}
H04N 1/00299
. . . .
{
with a television transmission apparatus, e.g. a videophone, a teletext system or a digital television system
}
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H04N 1/00302
. . .
{
with a telephonic apparatus, e.g. telephone answering machine or videotex terminal( H04N 1/00307 takes precedence; telephonic communication H04M )
}
H04N 1/00305
. . . .
{
with a cordless telephone apparatus
}
H04N 1/00307
. . .
{
with a mobile telephone apparatus( constructional features of portable telephone sets H04M 1/02 A; mobile radio systems H04W 84/00 )
}
H04N 1/0031
. . .
{
with a selective call apparatus, e.g. a paging device( selective call receivers H04W 88/022 ; selective call encoders H04W 88/185 )
}
H04N 1/00312
. . .
{
with a digital transmission apparatus, e.g. a switched network of teleprinters for the distribution of text-based information, SMS or ISDN device( transmitting or receiving via a computer e.g. using e-mail, a computer network or the internet H04N 1/00214 ; transmission of digital information H04L )
}
H04N 1/00315
. . .
{
with a radio transmission apparatus( with a cordless telephone H04N 1/00305 ; systems or arrangements for the transmission of a picture signal specially adapted for transmission via radio H04N 1/00103 ; H04N 1/00307 takes precedence; radio transmission systems H04B 7/00 ; wireless communication networks H04W )
}
H04N 1/00318
. . .
{
with a multi-media apparatus
}
H04N 1/0032
. .
{
with a medium handling apparatus, e.g. a sheet sorter( handling thin or filamentary material, e.g. sheets B65H )
}
H04N 1/00323
. .
{
with a measuring, monitoring or signaling apparatus, e.g. for transmitting measured information to a central location
}
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. .
{
with a data reading, recognizing or recording apparatus, e.g. with a bar-code apparatus( arrangements for the associated working of recording or reproducing apparatus with related apparatus G11B 31/00 )
}
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H04N 1/00328
. . .
{
with an apparatus processing optically-read information
}
H04N 1/00331
. . . .
{
with an apparatus performing optical character recognition( arrangements for recognising printed or written characters G06K 9/00 )
}
H04N 1/00334
. . . .
{
with an apparatus processing barcodes or the like( arrangements for sensing record carriers G06K 7/00 )
}
H04N 1/00336
. . . .
{
with an apparatus performing pattern recognition, e.g. of a face or a geographic feature( arrangements for recognising patterns G06K 9/00 )
}
H04N 1/00339
. . .
{
with an electronic or magnetic storage medium I/O device( RFID or the like H04N 1/00342 )
}
H04N 1/00342
. . .
{
with a radio frequency tag transmitter or receiver( storage of additional information in an RFID tag attached to an image bearing paper sheet H04N 1/32138 )
}
H04N 1/00344
. .
{
with a management, maintenance, service or repair apparatus( monitoring H04N 1/00 A )
}
H04N 1/00347
. .
{
with another still picture apparatus, e.g. hybrid still picture apparatus( circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between image input and image output device H04N 1/32 )
}
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H04N 1/0035
.
{
User-machine interface; Control console( input or output arrangements for computers G06F 3/00 )
}
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H04N 1/00352
. .
{
Input means( H04N 1/00411 takes precedence; input arrangements for computers G06F 3/00 )
}
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H04N 1/00355
. . .
{
Mark-sheet input( sensing record carriers G06K 7/00 ; recognising printed or written characters G06K 9/00 )
}
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H04N 1/00358
. . . .
{
Type of the scanned marks
}
H04N 1/0036
. . . . .
{
Alphanumeric symbols
}
H04N 1/00363
. . . . .
{
Bar codes or the like
}
H04N 1/00366
. . . . .
{
Marks in boxes or the like, e.g. crosses or blacking out( H04N 1/0036 takes precedence )
}
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H04N 1/00368
. . . .
{
Location of the scanned marks
}
H04N 1/00371
. . . . .
{
on a separate sheet
}
H04N 1/00374
. . . . .
{
on the same page as at least a part of the image
}
H04N 1/00376
. . . .
{
Means for identifying a mark sheet or area
}
H04N 1/00379
. . . .
{
Means for enabling correct scanning of a mark sheet or area, e.g. registration or timing marks
}
H04N 1/00381
. . .
{
Input by recognition or interpretation of visible user gestures( manual input means, e.g. digitisers, writing tablets H04N 1/00392 ; recognition algorithms G06K 9/00335 ; gesture input to computers G06F3/00B8 )
}
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H04N 1/00384
. . .
{
Key input means, e.g. buttons or keypads( electromechanical details of key input means in general H01H 13/00 )
}
H04N 1/00387
. . . .
{
Multiple functions per key
}
H04N 1/00389
. . . .
{
Programmable function keys, e.g. for one-touch operation( H04N 1/00387 takes precedence; for automation of transmitter jobs H04N 1/32058 )
}
H04N 1/00392
. . .
{
Other manual input means, e.g. digitisers or writing tablets
}
H04N 1/00395
. . .
{
Arrangements for reducing operator input( input arrangements for job or mode instructions or parameters H04N 1/00962 ; intelligent menu interfaces H04N 1/00437 )
}
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H04N 1/00397
. . .
{
Switches, knobs or the like
}
H04N 1/004
. . . .
{
Rocker or tumbler switches
}
H04N 1/00403
. . .
{
Voice input means, e.g. voice commands
}
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H04N 1/00405
. .
{
Output means( output arrangements for computers G06F 3/00 )
}
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H04N 1/00408
. . .
{
Display of information to the user, e.g. menus
}
H04N 1/00411
. . . .
{
the display also being used for user input, e.g. touch screen
}
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H04N 1/00413
. . . .
{
using menus, i.e. presenting the user with a plurality of selectable options( H04N 1/00464 takes precedence )
}
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H04N 1/00416
. . . . .
{
Multi-level menus
}
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H04N 1/00419
. . . . . .
{
Arrangements for navigating between pages or parts of the menu
}
H04N 1/00421
. . . . . . .
{
using drop-down menus
}
H04N 1/00424
. . . . . . .
{
using a list of graphical elements, e.g. icons or icon bar
}
H04N 1/00427
. . . . . . .
{
using a menu list( H04N 1/00421 , H04N 1/00424 , H04N 1/00429 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00429
. . . . . . .
{
using a navigation tree
}
H04N 1/00432
. . . . . . .
{
using tabs
}
H04N 1/00435
. . . . . .
{
arranged in a predetermined sequence, e.g. using next and previous buttons
}
H04N 1/00437
. . . . .
{
Intelligent menus, e.g. anticipating user selections
}
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H04N 1/0044
. . . .
{
for image preview or review, e.g. to help the user position a sheet
}
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H04N 1/00442
. . . . .
{
Simultaneous viewing of a plurality of images, e.g. using a mosaic display arrangement of thumbnails
}
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H04N 1/00445
. . . . . .
{
arranged in a one dimensional array
}
H04N 1/00448
. . . . . . .
{
horizontally
}
H04N 1/0045
. . . . . . .
{
vertically
}
H04N 1/00453
. . . . . .
{
arranged in a two dimensional array
}
H04N 1/00456
. . . . . .
{
for layout preview, e.g. page layout
}
H04N 1/00458
. . . . .
{
Sequential viewing of a plurality of images, e.g. browsing or scrolling
}
H04N 1/00461
. . . . .
{
marking or otherwise tagging one or more displayed image, e.g. for selective reproduction
}
H04N 1/00464
. . . .
{
using browsers, i.e. interfaces based on mark-up languages
}
H04N 1/00466
. . . .
{
displaying finishing information, e.g. position of punch holes or staple or orientation references
}
H04N 1/00469
. . . .
{
with enlargement of a selected area of the displayed information
}
H04N 1/00472
. . . .
{
using a pop-up window
}
H04N 1/00474
. . .
{
outputting a plurality of functional options, e.g. scan, copy or print
}
H04N 1/00477
. . .
{
Indicating status, e.g. of a job( for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device H04N 1/3219 )
}
H04N 1/0048
. . .
{
Indicating an illegal or impossible operation or selection to the user
}
H04N 1/00482
. . .
{
outputting a plurality of job set-up options, e.g. number of copies, paper size or resolution
}
H04N 1/00485
. . .
{
providing a hardcopy output to the user, e.g. print out
}
H04N 1/00488
. . .
{
providing an audible output to the user
}
H04N 1/0049
. . .
{
providing a visual indication to the user, e.g. using a lamp( H04N 1/00408 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00493
. .
{
Particular location of the interface or console
}
H04N 1/00496
. .
{
Constructional details of the interface or console not otherwise provided for, e.g. rotating or tilting means
}
H04N 1/00498
. .
{
Multi-lingual facilities
}
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H04N 1/00501
. .
{
Tailoring a user interface [UI] to specific requirements
}
H04N 1/00503
. . .
{
Customising to a particular machine or model, machine function or application
}
H04N 1/00506
. . .
{
Customising to the data to be displayed
}
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H04N 1/00509
. . .
{
Personalising for a particular user or group of users, e.g. a workgroup or company
}
H04N 1/00511
. . . .
{
for a group of users, e.g. a workgroup , company, or a service provider
}
H04N 1/00514
. . . .
{
for individual users
}
H04N 1/00517
. . . .
{
involving favourite or frequently used settings
}
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H04N 1/00519
.
{
Constructional details not otherwise provided for, e.g. housings, covers
}
H04N 1/00522
. .
{
Reducing apparatus footprint, e.g. wall-mounted or vertically arranged apparatus
}
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H04N 1/00525
. .
{
Providing a more compact apparatus, e.g. sheet discharge tray in cover
}
H04N 1/00527
. . .
{
Discharge tray at least partially sandwiched between image generating and reproducing components
}
H04N 1/0053
. . .
{
Discharge tray in cover
}
H04N 1/00533
. . .
{
using slidably mounted components, e.g. reader in drawer
}
H04N 1/00535
. . .
{
using rotatably mounted or foldable components
}
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H04N 1/00538
. .
{
Modular devices, i.e. allowing combinations of separate components, removal or replacement of components
}
H04N 1/00541
. . .
{
with detachable image reading apparatus
}
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H04N 1/00543
. .
{
Allowing easy access, e.g. for maintenance or in case of paper jam( H04N 1/00538 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00546
. . .
{
using a side opening
}
H04N 1/00549
. .
{
Counter-measures for mechanical vibration not otherwise provided for
}
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H04N 1/00551
. .
{
Top covers or the like
}
H04N 1/00554
. . .
{
Latches or hinges therefor
}
H04N 1/00557
. .
{
Connection or assembly of components or elements( H04N 1/00538 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00559
. .
{
Mounting or support of components or elements( H04N 1/00538 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00562
. .
{
Supporting the apparatus as a whole, e.g. stands
}
H04N 1/00564
. .
{
Constructional details relating to ergonomic aspects
}
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.
{
Handling of original or reproduction media, e.g. cutting, separating, stacking
}
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H04N 1/0057
. .
{
Conveying sheets before or after scanning( arrangements for conveying sheets as part of the scanning operation H04N 1/04 and subgroups )
}
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H04N 1/00572
. . .
{
with refeeding for double-sided scanning, e.g. using one scanning head for both sides of a sheet
}
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H04N 1/00575
. . . .
{
Inverting the sheet prior to refeeding
}
H04N 1/00578
. . . . .
{
using at least part of a loop, e.g. using a return loop
}
H04N 1/0058
. . . . .
{
using at least one dead-end path, e.g. using a sheet ejection path
}
H04N 1/00583
. . . . .
{
by rotating the sheet about an axis lying in its plane
}
H04N 1/00586
. . . .
{
Inverting the scanning elements with respect to the scanning plane prior to refeeding
}
H04N 1/00588
. . .
{
to the scanning position( H04N 1/00572 , H04N 1/00594 take precedence )
}
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H04N 1/00591
. . .
{
from the scanning position( H04N 1/00572 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00594
. . . .
{
along at least a part of the same path as transport to the scanning position( H04N 1/00575 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00596
. . .
{
using at least a part of the apparatus in common for transporting to or from a plurality of scanning positions, e.g. for reading and printing
}
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H04N 1/00599
. . .
{
Using specific components( details of components related to handling thin or filamentary material B65H )
}
H04N 1/00602
. . . .
{
Feed rollers
}
H04N 1/00604
. . . .
{
Transport trays
}
H04N 1/00607
. . . .
{
Grippers or the like, e.g. suction grippers
}
H04N 1/0061
. . . .
{
Feed belts
}
H04N 1/00612
. . . .
{
Path switches( H04N 1/00575 , H04N 1/00623 , H04N 1/00633 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00615
. . . .
{
Guiding elements, e.g. plates
}
H04N 1/00618
. . .
{
Transporting curved sheets or curving sheets during transportation, e.g. for feeding to a drum-type scanner
}
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H04N 1/0062
. .
{
Removing sheets from a stack or inputting media
}
H04N 1/00623
. . .
{
Selectively inputting media from one of a plurality of input sources, e.g. input trays
}
H04N 1/00625
. . .
{
Removing sheets selectively from the top or bottom of a single stack or tray
}
H04N 1/00628
. .
{
Separating, e.g. preventing feeding of two sheets at a time
}
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H04N 1/00631
. .
{
Ejecting or stacking( H04N 1/00641 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00633
. . .
{
selectively to one of a plurality of output trays( H04N 1/00641 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00636
. . .
{
Ejecting sheets selectively to the top or bottom of a single stack or tray
}
H04N 1/00639
. .
{
Binding, stapling, folding or perforating, e.g. punching
}
H04N 1/00641
. .
{
Sorting, reordering or inverting( postal sorting or sorting individual articles B07C )
}
H04N 1/00644
. .
{
Counting or calculating, e.g. a number of remaining sheets
}
H04N 1/00647
. .
{
Decurling
}
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H04N 1/00649
. .
{
Control or synchronising different handling operations( H04N 1/00657 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00652
. . .
{
Control of feeding speed, e.g. fast feeding to scanning position( H04N 1/00673 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00655
. .
{
Apparatus in common for different handling operations( H04N 1/00575 , H04N 1/00594 , H04N 1/00596 , H04N 1/00618 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00657
. .
{
Compensating for different handling speeds of different apparatus or arrangements for handling a plurality of sheets simultaneously, e.g. mechanical buffering
}
H04N 1/0066
. .
{
Aligning or positioning related to handling
}
H04N 1/00663
. .
{
Indicating relating to handling of media
}
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H04N 1/00665
. .
{
Details specific to handling of web-shaped media, e.g. paper or film rolls
}
H04N 1/00668
. . .
{
Removing the medium from a cassette, spindle or the like
}
H04N 1/00671
. . .
{
Winding or feeding the medium into a cassette or onto a spindle or the like
}
H04N 1/00673
. . .
{
Controlling the amount of slack or tension control
}
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H04N 1/00676
. . .
{
Cutting
}
H04N 1/00679
. . . .
{
after scanning
}
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H04N 1/00681
.
{
Detecting the presence, position or size of a sheet or correcting its position before scanning( H04N 1/047 takes precedence; mode signalling H04N 1/333 ; skew detection or correction in image signals H04N 1/3878 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00684
. .
{
Object of the detection
}
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H04N 1/00687
. . .
{
Presence or absence
}
H04N 1/00689
. . . .
{
Presence
}
H04N 1/00692
. . . .
{
Absence
}
H04N 1/00694
. . . .
{
in an input tray
}
H04N 1/00697
. . . .
{
in an output tray
}
H04N 1/007
. . . .
{
of holder, e.g. film mount
}
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H04N 1/00702
. . .
{
Position
}
H04N 1/00705
. . . .
{
at a plurality of spaced apart locations, e.g. as a sheet is fed through the apparatus
}
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H04N 1/00708
. . .
{
Size or dimensions
}
H04N 1/0071
. . . .
{
Width
}
H04N 1/00713
. . . .
{
Length
}
H04N 1/00716
. . . .
{
Thickness
}
H04N 1/00718
. . .
{
Skew
}
H04N 1/00721
. . .
{
Orientation
}
H04N 1/00724
. . .
{
Type of sheet, e.g. colour of paper or transparency
}
H04N 1/00726
. . .
{
Other properties of the sheet, e.g. curvature or reflectivity
}
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H04N 1/00729
. .
{
Detection means
}
H04N 1/00732
. . .
{
Mechanical detectors
}
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H04N 1/00734
. . .
{
Optical detectors
}
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H04N 1/00737
. . . .
{
using the scanning elements as detectors
}
H04N 1/0074
. . . . .
{
using inactive scanning elements, e.g. elements outside the scanning area
}
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H04N 1/00742
. .
{
Detection methods
}
H04N 1/00745
. . .
{
Detecting the leading or trailing ends of a moving sheet
}
H04N 1/00748
. . .
{
Detecting edges, e.g. of a stationary sheet
}
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H04N 1/0075
. . .
{
Detecting a change in reflectivity
}
H04N 1/00753
. . . .
{
of a sheet relative to a particular backgroud
}
H04N 1/00755
. . .
{
Detecting an interruption of light
}
H04N 1/00758
. . .
{
using a prescan
}
H04N 1/00761
. . .
{
using reference marks, e.g. on sheet, sheet holder or guide
}
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H04N 1/00763
. .
{
Action taken as a result of detection
}
H04N 1/00766
. . .
{
Storing data
}
H04N 1/00769
. . .
{
Comparing, e.g. with threshold
}
H04N 1/00771
. . .
{
Indicating or reporting, e.g. issuing an alarm
}
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H04N 1/00774
. . .
{
Adjusting or controlling
}
H04N 1/00777
. . . .
{
Inhibiting, e.g. an operation
}
H04N 1/00779
. . . .
{
Adjusting settings, e.g. mode, feeding rate or type of paper
}
H04N 1/00782
. . . .
{
Initiating operations
}
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H04N 1/00785
. .
{
Correcting the position of a sheet before scanning
}
H04N 1/00787
. . .
{
using mechanical means
}
H04N 1/0079
. . .
{
using guide or holder
}
H04N 1/00793
. . .
{
using paper feeding mechanism, e.g. operate drive rollers at different speeds
}
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H04N 1/00795
.
{
Reading arrangements( details of scanning heads H04N 1/024 ; scanning arrangements therefor H04N 1/04 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00798
. .
{
Circuits or arrangements for the control thereof, e.g. using a programmed control device or according to a measured quantity
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00801
. . .
{
according to characteristics of the original
}
H04N 1/00803
. . . .
{
Presence or absence of information
}
H04N 1/00806
. . . .
{
According to type of the original, e.g. colour paper or transparency, or reading a plurality of different types of original
}
H04N 1/00809
. . . .
{
Orientation
}
H04N 1/00811
. . .
{
according to user specified instructions, e.g. user selection of reading mode
}
H04N 1/00814
. . .
{
according to a detected condition or state of the reading apparatus, e.g. temperature
}
H04N 1/00816
. . .
{
Determining the reading area, e.g. eliminating reading of margins
}
H04N 1/00819
. . .
{
Self-calibrating reading means
}
H04N 1/00822
. . .
{
Selecting or setting a particular reading mode, e.g. from amongst a plurality of modes, simplex or duplex, or high or low resolution
}
H04N 1/00824
. . .
{
for displaying or indicating, e.g. a condition or state( details of displaying or indicating means H04N 1/00405 )
}
H04N 1/00827
. .
{
Arrangements for reading an image from an unusual original, e.g. 3-dimensional objects
}
H04N 1/0083
.
{
Arrangements for transferring signals between different components of the apparatus, e.g. arrangements of signal lines or cables( for control or supervision between image input and output device H04N 1/32 )
}
H04N 1/00832
.
{
Recording use, e.g. counting number of pages copied
}
H04N 1/00835
.
{
Detecting external or ambient light
}
Collapse
.
{
Preventing unauthorised reproduction
}
Collapse
H04N 1/0084
. .
{
Determining the necessity for prevention
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00843
. . .
{
based on recognising a copy prohibited original, e.g. a banknote( recognising characters or patterns G06K 9/00 ; testing paper currency or similar valuable papers for genuineness G07D 7/00 )
}
H04N 1/00846
. . . .
{
based on detection of a dedicated indication, e.g. marks or the like
}
H04N 1/00848
. . . .
{
by detecting a particular original
}
H04N 1/00851
. . . .
{
externally to or remotely from the reproduction apparatus, e.g. using a connected apparatus
}
H04N 1/00854
. . .
{
Recognising an unauthorised user or user-associated action
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00856
. .
{
Preventive measures
}
H04N 1/00859
. . .
{
Issuing an alarm or the like
}
H04N 1/00862
. . .
{
Retaining the original
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00864
. . .
{
Modifying the reproduction, e.g. outputting a modified copy of a scanned original( details of composing or otherwise geometrically modifying originals H04N 1/387 )
}
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H04N 1/00867
. . . .
{
with additional data, e.g. by adding a warning message( details of embedding additional information in an image H04N 1/32144 )
}
H04N 1/0087
. . . . .
{
with hidden additional data, e.g. data invisible to the human eye
}
H04N 1/00872
. . . .
{
by image quality reduction, e.g. distortion or blacking out
}
H04N 1/00875
. . .
{
Inhibiting reproduction, e.g. by disabling reading or reproduction apparatus
}
H04N 1/00877
. . .
{
Recording information, e.g. details of the job
}
H04N 1/0088
. .
{
Detecting or preventing tampering attacks on the reproduction system
}
H04N 1/00883
. .
{
Auto-copy-preventive originals, i.e. originals that are designed not to allow faithful reproduction
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00885
.
{
Power supply means, e.g arrangements for the control of power supply to the apparatus or components thereof
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00888
. .
{
Control thereof
}
H04N 1/00891
. . .
{
Switching on or off, e.g. for saving power when not in use( H04N 1/00896 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00893
. . .
{
using a back-up supply, e.g. in case of main-supply failure
}
H04N 1/00896
. . .
{
using a low-power mode, e.g. standby
}
H04N 1/00899
. .
{
Detection of supply level or supply failure
}
H04N 1/00901
. .
{
Using different supplies or connection to an external supply( H04N 1/00893 , H04N 1/00896 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00904
. .
{
Arrangements for supplying power to different circuits or for supplying power at different levels( H04N 1/00896 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00907
. .
{
Details of supply connection, e.g. arrangement of power cables( H04N 1/00901 and H04N 1/00904 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00909
.
{
Cleaning arrangements or preventing or counter-acting contamination from dust or the like( cleaning in general, prevention of fouling in general B08B )
}
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H04N 1/00912
.
{
Arrangements for controlling a still picture apparatus or components thereof not otherwise provided for
}
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H04N 1/00915
. .
{
Assigning priority to, or interrupting, a particular operation
}
H04N 1/00917
. . .
{
Resuming after an intentional interruption, e.g. resetting parameters
}
H04N 1/0092
. . .
{
Assigning priority according to size job or task, e.g. small jobs first
}
H04N 1/00923
. . .
{
Variably assigning priority( H04N 1/0092 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/00925
. .
{
Inhibiting an operation
}
H04N 1/00928
. .
{
Initialisation or control of normal start-up or shut-down, i.e. non failure or error related
}
H04N 1/00931
. .
{
Synchronising different operations or sub-apparatus, e.g. controlling on-times taking into account different warm-up times
}
H04N 1/00933
. .
{
Timing control or synchronising( H04N 1/00928 , H04N 1/00931 , H04N 1/00954 and H04N 1/0096 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/00936
. .
{
Skipping a function or process step
}
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H04N 1/00938
. .
{
Software related arrangements, e.g. loading applications( program loading in general G06F 9/445 )
}
H04N 1/00941
. . .
{
Interaction of different applications( H04N 1/00949 takes precedence; multiprogramming arrangements of computers G06F 9/46 )
}
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H04N 1/00944
. . .
{
using hot folders, i.e. folders or directories which trigger an action when written to or accessed
}
H04N 1/00946
. . . .
{
Details of actions associated with a hot folder
}
H04N 1/00949
. . .
{
Combining applications, e.g. to create workflows( allocation of computer machine resources considering the execution order of a plurality of tasks G06F 9/5038 )
}
H04N 1/00952
. .
{
Using a plurality of control devices, e.g. for different functions
}
H04N 1/00954
. .
{
Scheduling operations or managing resources( H04N 1/0096 takes precedence; program initiating or switching G06F 9/48 ; allocation of computer resources G06F 9/50 )
}
H04N 1/00957
. .
{
Compiling jobs, e.g. for batch processing( H04N 1/3208 takes precedence; program code compilation G06F 8/41 )
}
H04N 1/0096
. .
{
Simultaneous or quasi-simultaneous functioning of a plurality of operations( H04N 1/32545 takes precedence; multiprogramming arrangements of computers G06F 9/46 )
}
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H04N 1/00962
.
{
Input arrangements for operating instructions or parameters, e.g. updating internal software( program loading in general G06F 9/445 ; network-specific protocols involving the movement of software or configuration parameters H04L 67/34 )
}
H04N 1/00965
. .
{
using a plug-in memory module, e.g. memory card, memory stick
}
H04N 1/00968
. .
{
by scanning marks on a sheet( mark-sheet input means H04N 1/00355 ; sensing record carriers G06K 7/00 )
}
H04N 1/0097
. .
{
Storage of instructions or parameters, e.g. customised instructions or different parameters for different user IDs
}
H04N 1/00973
. .
{
from a remote device, e.g. receiving via the internet instructions input to a computer terminal
}
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H04N 1/00976
.
{
Arrangements for regulating environment, e.g. removing static electricity
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00978
. .
{
Temperature control
}
Collapse
H04N 1/00981
. . .
{
by forced convection, e.g. using fans
}
H04N 1/00984
. . . .
{
using fins or the like
}
H04N 1/00986
. . .
{
Heating
}
H04N 1/00989
. . .
{
by natural convection, e.g. using fins without a fan
}
H04N 1/00992
. .
{
Humidity control, e.g. removing condensation
}
H04N 1/00994
. .
{
Compensating for electric noise, e.g. electromagnetic interference
}
H04N 1/00997
. .
{
Light control, e.g. shielding from ambient light or preventing light leakage
}
Collapse
.
Details of scanning heads;
{
Means for illuminating the original( circuit details thereof H04N 1/40 )
}
H04N 1/02409
. .
{
Focusing, i.e. adjusting the focus of the scanning head
}
Collapse
H04N 1/02418
. .
{
for picture information pick up and reproduction
}
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H04N 1/02427
. . .
{
in different planes
}
H04N 1/02436
. . . .
{
using a single head selectively and alternately arranged to scan in the different planes
}
H04N 1/02445
. . .
{
in the same plane
}
H04N 1/02454
. . .
{
using interchangeable heads
}
H04N 1/02463
. . .
{
using heads mounted on the same support or substrate
}
H04N 1/02472
. . .
{
using a single head, i.e. for pick up and reproduction( H04N 1/02436 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/02481
. .
{
Arrangements for positioning elements within a head( H04N 1/02409 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/0249
. .
{
Arrangements for mounting or supporting elements within a scanning head( H04N 1/02481 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
for picture information pick-up
H04N 1/02805
. . .
{
with photodetectors arranged in a two-dimensional array
}
. . .
{
with means for collecting light from a line or an area of the original and for guiding it to only one or a relatively low number of picture element detectors( light-guides per se G02B 6/00 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/02815
. . .
{
Means for illuminating the original, not specific to a particular type of pick-up head
}
Collapse
H04N 1/0282
. . . .
{
Using a single or a few point light sources, e.g. a laser diode
}
H04N 1/02825
. . . . .
{
in combination with at least one reflector which is fixed in relation to the light source( H04N 1/02835 and H04N 1/0284 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/0283
. . . . .
{
in combination with a light deflecting element, e.g. a rotating mirror
}
H04N 1/02835
. . . . .
{
in combination with a light guide, e.g. optical fibre, glass plate( light-guides per se G02B 6/00 )
}
H04N 1/0284
. . . . .
{
in combination with a light integrating, concentrating or diffusing cavity
}
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H04N 1/02845
. . . .
{
using an elongated light source, e.g. tubular lamp, LED array
}
H04N 1/0285
. . . . .
{
in combination with at least one reflector which is in fixed relation to the light source
}
H04N 1/02855
. . . . .
{
in combination with a light guide, e.g. optical fibre, glass plate( light-guides per se G02B 6/00 )
}
H04N 1/0286
. . . . .
{
in combination with a light integrating, concentrating or defusing cavity
}
H04N 1/02865
. . . . .
{
using an array of light sources or a combination of such arrays, e.g. an LED bar
}
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H04N 1/0287
. . . . .
{
using a tubular lamp or a combination of such lamps
}
H04N 1/02875
. . . . . .
{
comprising a reflective coating
}
H04N 1/0288
. . . .
{
using a two-dimensional light source, e.g. two-dimensional LED array
}
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H04N 1/02885
. . . .
{
Means for compensating spatially uneven illumination, e.g. an aperture arrangement
}
H04N 1/0289
. . . . .
{
Light diffusing elements, e.g. plates or filters( optical diffusing elements per se G02B 5/02 )
}
H04N 1/02895
. . . .
{
Additional elements in the illumination means or cooperating with the illumination means, e.g. filters( H04N 1/02885 takes precedence; optical elements other than lenses per se G02B 5/00 )
}
. . .
Heads optically focused on only one picture element at a time
{
( H04N 1/0281 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/03
. . .
with photodetectors arranged in a substantially linear array( scanning of linear arrays H04N 1/19 )
Collapse
H04N 1/0301
. . . .
{
using a bent optical path between the scanned line and the photodetector array, e.g. a folded optical path
}
H04N 1/0303
. . . . .
{
with the scanned line and the photodetector array lying in non-parallel planes
}
H04N 1/0305
. . . . .
{
with multiple folds of the optical path
}
H04N 1/0306
. . . .
{
using a plurality of optical elements arrayed in the main scan direction, e.g. an array of lenses
}
H04N 1/0308
. . . .
{
characterised by the design of the photodetectors, e.g. shape
}
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H04N 1/031
. . . .
the photodetectors having a one-to-one and optically positive correspondence with the scanned picture elements, e.g. linear contact sensors
Collapse
H04N 1/0311
. . . . .
{
using an array of elements to project the scanned image elements onto the photodetectors( H04N 1/0318 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/0312
. . . . . .
{
using an array of optical fibres or rod-lenses
}
H04N 1/0313
. . . . .
{
Direct contact pick-up heads, i.e. heads having no array of elements to project the scanned image elements onto the photodectors
}
H04N 1/0314
. . . . .
{
using photodetectors and illumination means mounted in the same plane on a common support or substrate
}
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H04N 1/0315
. . . . .
{
using photodetectors and illumination means mounted on separate supports or substrates or mounted in different planes
}
H04N 1/0316
. . . . . .
{
illuminating the scanned image elements through the plane of the photodetector, e.g. back-light illumination
}
H04N 1/0317
. . . . . .
{
detecting the scanned image elements through the plane of the illumination means
}
H04N 1/0318
. . . . .
{
Integral pick-up heads, i.e. self-contained heads whose basic elements are a light-source, a lens array and a photodetector array which are supported by a single-piece frame
}
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. .
for picture information reproduction
H04N 1/0323
. . .
{
Heads moving to and away from the reproducing medium, e.g. for pressure sensitive reproducing
}
H04N 1/0326
. . .
{
Magnetic heads
}
H04N 1/034
. . .
using ink, e.g. ink-jet heads
{
( H04N 1/0323 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/036
. . .
for optical reproduction
Collapse
.
Scanning arrangements,
{
i.e. arrangements for the displacement of active reading or reproducing elements relative to the original or reproducing medium, or vice versa
}
( H04N 1/387 takes precedence;
{
scanning by varying the direction of light in general G02B 26/10
}
)
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H04N 1/0402
. .
{
Scanning different formats; Scanning with different densities of dots per unit length, e.g. different numbers of dots per inch (dpi); Conversion of scanning standards( H04N 1/00283 takes precedence; picture signal circuits for modification of image resolution H04N 1/3935 , H04N 1/40068 )
}
H04N 1/0405
. . .
{
Different formats, e.g. A3 and A4
}
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H04N 1/0408
. . .
{
Different densities of dots per unit length
}
H04N 1/0411
. . . .
{
in the main scanning direction
}
H04N 1/0414
. . . .
{
in the sub scanning direction
}
H04N 1/0417
. . .
{
Conversion of standards
}
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H04N 1/042
. . .
{
Details of the method used
}
H04N 1/0423
. . . .
{
Switching between or selecting from a plurality of optical paths
}
H04N 1/0426
. . . .
{
using different sized scanning elements, e.g. reproducing different sized dots
}
H04N 1/0429
. . . .
{
Varying the size of apertures
}
H04N 1/0432
. . . .
{
Varying the magnification of a single lens group
}
H04N 1/0435
. . . .
{
Optical element switching, e.g. switching lenses into a single optical path
}
H04N 1/0437
. . . .
{
Tilting an array with respect to the main or sub scanning direction
}
H04N 1/044
. . . .
{
Tilting an optical element, e.g. a refractive plate( H04N 1/0423 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/0443
. . . .
{
Varying the scanning velocity or position
}
H04N 1/0446
. . . .
{
Varying the modulation time or intensity
}
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H04N 1/0449
. . . .
{
using different sets of scanning elements, e.g. for different formats
}
H04N 1/0452
. . . . .
{
mounted on the same support or substrate
}
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H04N 1/0455
. . . .
{
using a single set of scanning elements, e.g. the whole of and a part of an array respectively for different formats
}
H04N 1/0458
. . . . .
{
using different portions of the scanning elements for different formats or densities of dots
}
H04N 1/0461
. .
{
part of the apparatus being used in common for reading and reproducing( simultaneous scanning of the original picture and the reproduced picture with a common scanning device H04N 1/207 )
}
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H04N 1/0464
. .
{
capable of performing non-simultaneous scanning at more than one scanning station
}
H04N 1/0467
. . .
{
the different stations being used for transmissive and reflective originals
}
Collapse
. .
Detection, control or error compensation of scanning velocity or position(
{
H04N 1/0402 and
}
H04N 1/17 take precedence )
. . .
{
in subscanning direction, e.g. picture start or line-to-line synchronisation
}
H04N 1/0476
. . .
{
Indicating the scanning velocity
}
. . .
in main scanning direction, e.g. synchronisation of line start or picture elements in a line
Collapse
H04N 1/06
. .
using cylindrical picture-bearing surfaces,
{
i.e. scanning a main-scanning line substantially perpendicular to the axis and lying in a curved cylindrical surface( for feeding a sheet in the subscanning direction by rotation about its axis only H04N 1/12 )
}
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H04N 1/0607
. . .
{
Scanning a concave surface, e.g. with internal drum type scanners( H04N 1/0657 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/0614
. . . .
{
with main-scanning by rotation of the picture-bearing surface
}
Collapse
H04N 1/0621
. . . .
{
using a picture-bearing surface stationary in the main-scanning direction
}
H04N 1/0628
. . . . .
{
using several scanning heads circumferentially spaced from one another and circumferentially aligned, e.g. mounted on a rotating disk
}
H04N 1/0635
. . . . .
{
using oscillating or rotating mirrors
}
H04N 1/0642
. . . . .
{
Scanners capable of scanning the total circumference of a closed cylinder
}
H04N 1/065
. . . . .
{
using rotating prisms
}
H04N 1/0657
. . .
{
Scanning a transparent surface, e.g. reading a transparency original
}
H04N 1/0664
. . .
{
with sub-scanning by translational movement of the picture-bearing surface
}
Collapse
H04N 1/0671
. . .
{
with sub-scanning by translational movement of the main-scanning components
}
H04N 1/0678
. . . .
{
using a lead-screw or worm
}
H04N 1/0685
. . . .
{
using a belt or cable
}
H04N 1/0692
. . .
{
Details of the cylindrical surface( for mounting or holding the sheet H04N 1/08 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/08
. . .
Mechanisms for mounting or holding the sheet around the drum
Collapse
H04N 1/0804
. . . .
{
Holding methods
}
H04N 1/0808
. . . . .
{
Holding corners of the sheet
}
H04N 1/0813
. . . . .
{
Holding sides of the sheet which are substantially parallel to the drum axis
}
H04N 1/0817
. . . . .
{
Holding sides of the sheet which are substantially perpendicular to the drum axis
}
H04N 1/0821
. . . . .
{
Holding substantially the whole of the sheet, e.g. with a retaining sheet
}
H04N 1/0826
. . . . .
{
Holding or supporting the sheet in the vicinity of the scanning element
}
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H04N 1/083
. . . .
{
Holding means
}
H04N 1/0834
. . . . .
{
Flexible holding means, e.g. envelopes or sheaths
}
H04N 1/0839
. . . . .
{
Mechanical clamps, i.e. means for holding the sheet against the drum by mechanical force
}
H04N 1/0843
. . . . .
{
Pins or the like
}
H04N 1/0847
. . . . .
{
Magnetic means
}
H04N 1/0852
. . . . .
{
Adhesive means
}
Collapse
H04N 1/0856
. . . . .
{
Suction or vacuum means
}
H04N 1/086
. . . . . .
{
using grooves
}
H04N 1/0865
. . . . .
{
Single holding means holding both ends of a sheet
}
H04N 1/0869
. . . . .
{
capable of holding different sized sheets
}
H04N 1/0873
. . . . .
{
for holding the sheet on the internal surface of the drum
}
H04N 1/0878
. . . . .
{
for holding a sheet adjacent an aperture on an opaque drum
}
H04N 1/0882
. . . .
{
Registering or guiding means other than the holding means
}
H04N 1/0886
. . . .
{
Mounting the sheet from a roll
}
H04N 1/0891
. . . .
{
Detecting failure of the holding, e.g. by detecting a loose sheet
}
H04N 1/0895
. . . .
{
Means other than holding means for removing the sheet form the drum
}
Collapse
H04N 1/10
. .
using flat picture-bearing surfaces
{
( H04N 1/113 , H04N 1/195 take precedence; arrangements for the main-scanning H04N 1/12 )
}
. . .
{
using two-dimensional electrical scanning, e.g. cathode-ray tubes( using two-dimensional arrays H04N 1/195 )
}
H04N 1/1008
. . .
{
with sub-scanning by translatory movement of the picture-bearing surface
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1013
. . .
{
with sub-scanning by translatory movement of at least a part of the main-scanning components( H04N 1/107 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/1017
. . . .
{
the main-scanning components remaining positionally invariant with respect to one another in the sub-scanning direction
}
H04N 1/1021
. . . .
{
using a lead screw or worm
}
H04N 1/1026
. . . .
{
using a belt or cable
}
H04N 1/103
. . . .
{
by engaging a rail
}
H04N 1/1035
. . . .
{
by other means, e.g. linear motor or hydraulic system
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1039
. . . .
{
Movement of the main scanning components
}
H04N 1/1043
. . . . .
{
of a sensor array
}
H04N 1/1048
. . . . .
{
of a lens or lens arrangement
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1052
. . . . .
{
of a mirror
}
H04N 1/1056
. . . . . .
{
of two or more separate mirror arrangements
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1061
. . .
{
Details relating to flat picture-bearing surfaces, e.g. transparent platen
}
H04N 1/1065
. . . .
{
Support or mounting of the flat picture-bearing surface
}
Collapse
H04N 1/107
. . .
with manual scanning
H04N 1/1071
. . . .
{
using a folded light path
}
H04N 1/1072
. . . .
{
Means for guiding the scanning, e.g. rules( H04N 1/1077 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/1074
. . . .
{
Apparatus incorporating a hardcopy reproducing device, e.g. a printer, not working directly by manual scanning
}
H04N 1/1075
. . . .
{
Arrangements for facilitating holding of the scanner, e.g. shapes, grips
}
H04N 1/1077
. . . .
{
Arrangements for facilitating movement over the scanned medium, e.g. disposition of rollers
}
H04N 1/1078
. . . .
{
by moving the scanned medium
}
Collapse
. .
using oscillating or rotating mirrors
. . .
{
for the main-scan only
}
Collapse
. .
using the sheet-feed movement
{
or the medium-advance or the drum-rotation movement
}
as the slow scanning component,
{
e.g. arrangements for the main-scanning
}
(
{
sheet-feed movement by translatory movement of a flat picture-bearing surface H04N 1/1008 ; main-scanning using oscillating or rotating mirrors H04N 1/113 ;
}
using multi-element arrays H04N 1/19 )
. . .
{
using a device, e.g. an optical fibre bundle, converting rectilinear scanning into circular line scanning or vice versa
}
Collapse
H04N 1/121
. . .
{
Feeding arrangements( transporting sheets to or from the scanning position H04N 1/0057 ; control or error compensation of sub-scanning velocity H04N 1/0473 )
}
H04N 1/1215
. . . .
{
Feeding using one or more cylindrical platens or rollers in the immediate vicinity of the main scanning line
}
H04N 1/122
. . . .
{
using a feed belt( feed belts for transporting to or from the scanning position H04N 1/0061 )
}
H04N 1/1225
. . . .
{
Means for maintaining contact between the sheet and the image sensor, e.g. pressing means
}
H04N 1/123
. . . .
{
Using a dedicated sheet guide element
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1235
. . . .
{
Feeding a sheet past a transparent plate; Details thereof
}
H04N 1/124
. . . . .
{
Plate shape
}
H04N 1/1245
. . . . .
{
Arrangements for mounting or holding the plate
}
H04N 1/125
. . . .
{
the sheet feeding apparatus serving an auxiliary function, e.g. as a white reference
}
H04N 1/1255
. . .
{
Electronic copy boards
}
Collapse
H04N 1/126
. . .
{
Arrangements for the main scanning
}
H04N 1/1265
. . . .
{
using a holographic scanning element
}
H04N 1/127
. . . .
{
using a cathode ray tube or the like
}
H04N 1/1275
. . . .
{
using a solid-state deflector, e.g. an acousto-optic deflector or a semiconductor waveguide device
}
H04N 1/128
. . . .
{
using a scanning head arranged for linear reciprocating motion
}
H04N 1/1285
. . . .
{
using apertures arranged in a spiral
}
H04N 1/129
. . . .
{
using an element rotating or oscillating about an axis not covered by any other group or code
}
H04N 1/1295
. . . .
{
using an optical guide, e.g. a fibre-optic bundle between the scanned line and the scanning elements
}
. . .
using a rotating endless belt carrying the scanning heads
{
or at least a part of the main scanning components
}
. . .
using a rotating helical element
H04N 1/17
. .
the scanning speed being dependent on content of picture
Collapse
. .
using multi-element arrays
H04N 1/1903
. . .
{
Arrangements for enabling electronic abutment of lines or areas independently scanned by different elements of an array or by different arrays
}
H04N 1/1906
. . .
{
Arrangements for performing substitution scanning for a defective element
}
Collapse
H04N 1/191
. . .
the array comprising a one-dimensional array,
{
or a combination of one-dimensional arrays, or a substantially one-dimensional array, e.g. an array of staggered elements
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Simultaneously or substantially simultaneously scanning picture elements on more than one main scanning line, e.g. scanning in swaths
}
H04N 1/1912
. . . . .
{
Scanning main scanning lines which are spaced apart from one another in the sub-scanning direction
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1913
. . . . .
{
Scanning adjacent picture elements in different scans of the array, e.g. in complementary checkerboard patterns
}
H04N 1/1915
. . . . . .
{
with subscan displacement of the array between successive scans
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1916
. . . . .
{
using an array of elements displaced from one another in the main scan direction, e.g. a diagonally arranged array
}
H04N 1/1917
. . . . . .
{
Staggered element array, e.g. arrays with elements arranged in a zigzag
}
H04N 1/1918
. . . . .
{
Combination of arrays
}
Collapse
. . . .
Simultaneously
{
or substantially simultaneously
}
scanning picture elements on one main scanning line
{
( details of the sub-scanning H04N 1/10 , H04N 1/12 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/193
. . . . .
using electrically scanned linear arrays,
{
e.g. linear CCD arrays
}
H04N 1/1931
. . . . . .
{
with scanning elements electrically interconnected in groups
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1932
. . . . . .
{
using an array of elements displaced from one another in the sub scan direction, e.g. a diagonally arranged array
}
H04N 1/1933
. . . . . . .
{
Staggered element arrays, e.g. arrays with elements arranged in a zigzag
}
H04N 1/1934
. . . . . .
{
Combination of arrays
}
Collapse
H04N 1/1935
. . . . . .
{
Optical means for mapping the whole or part of a scanned line onto the array
}
H04N 1/1936
. . . . . . .
{
using a light guide, e.g. an optical fibre bundle or array
}
H04N 1/1937
. . . . . . .
{
using a reflecting element, e.g. a mirror or a prism
}
H04N 1/1938
. . . . . .
{
Details of the electrical scanning
}
Collapse
H04N 1/195
. . .
the array comprising a two-dimensional array
{
or a combination of two-dimensional arrays
}
Collapse
H04N 1/19505
. . . .
{
Scanning picture elements spaced apart from one another in at least one direction
}
H04N 1/1951
. . . . .
{
in one direction
}
H04N 1/19515
. . . . .
{
in two directions
}
Collapse
H04N 1/19521
. . . . .
{
Arrangements for moving the elements of the array relative to the scanned image or vice versa
}
Collapse
H04N 1/19526
. . . . . .
{
Optical means
}
H04N 1/19531
. . . . . . .
{
Reflecting elements
}
H04N 1/19536
. . . . . . .
{
Refracting elements
}
H04N 1/19542
. . . . . . .
{
Fibre bundles
}
H04N 1/19547
. . . . . . .
{
Apertures
}
Collapse
H04N 1/19552
. . . . . . .
{
Rotation of optical elements
}
H04N 1/19557
. . . . . . . .
{
about an axis parallel to the optical axis
}
H04N 1/19563
. . . . . . . .
{
about an axis perpendicular to the optical axis
}
H04N 1/19568
. . . . . .
{
Displacing the array
}
H04N 1/19573
. . . . . .
{
Displacing the scanned image
}
H04N 1/19578
. . . . . .
{
Hybrid systems, i.e. systems combining more than one arrangement for moving the elements of the array relative to the scanned image or vice versa
}
H04N 1/19584
. . . .
{
Combination of arrays
}
H04N 1/19589
. . . .
{
Optical means, e.g. an optical fibre bundle, for mapping the whole or a part of a scanned image onto the array
}
H04N 1/19594
. . . .
{
using a television camera or a still video camera
}
Collapse
H04N 1/203
. .
Simultaneous scanning of two or more separate pictures,
{
e.g. two sides of the same sheet( refeeding a sheet for double-sided scanning H04N 1/00572 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2032
. . .
{
of two pictures corresponding to two sides of a single medium( refeeding a sheet for double-sided scanning H04N 1/00572 )
}
H04N 1/2034
. . . .
{
at identical corresponding positions, i.e. without time delay between the two image signals
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2036
. . .
{
of a plurality of pictures corresponding to a single side of a plurality of media
}
H04N 1/2038
. . . .
{
lying in the same plane
}
H04N 1/207
. .
Simultaneous scanning of the original picture and the reproduced picture with a common scanning device
Collapse
.
Intermediate information storage( H04N 1/387 , H04N 1/41 take precedence;
{
for control between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device H04N 1/32358
}
; information storage in general G11 ;
{
indexing, editing G11B 27/00
}
)
Collapse
H04N 1/2104
. .
{
for one or a few pictures
}
H04N 1/2108
. . .
{
for one picture only
}
Collapse
. . .
{
using still video cameras
}
H04N 1/2116
. . . .
{
Picture signal recording combined with imagewise recording, e.g. photographic recording( photographic cameras G03B 19/00 )
}
H04N 1/212
. . . .
{
Motion video recording combined with still video recording( television signal recording H04N 5/76 )
}
H04N 1/2125
. . . .
{
Display of information relating to the still picture recording
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2129
. . . .
{
Recording in, or reproducing from, a specific memory area or areas, or recording or reproducing at a specific moment
}
H04N 1/2133
. . . . .
{
Recording or reproducing at a specific moment, e.g. time interval or time-lapse
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2137
. . . .
{
with temporary storage before final recording, e.g. in a frame buffer
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2141
. . . . .
{
in a multi-frame buffer
}
H04N 1/2145
. . . . . .
{
of a sequence of images for selection of a single frame before final recording, e.g. from a continuous sequence captured before and after shutter-release
}
H04N 1/215
. . . .
{
Recording a sequence of still pictures, e.g. burst mode
}
H04N 1/2154
. . . .
{
the still video camera incorporating a hardcopy reproducing device, e.g. a printer
}
H04N 1/2158
. . .
{
using a detachable storage unit
}
H04N 1/2162
. . .
{
using a non electronic storage unit, e.g. by recording marks on a sheet
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2166
. .
{
for mass storage, e.g. in document filing systems( information retrieval G06F 17/30 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/217
. . .
{
Interfaces allowing access to a single user
}
H04N 1/2175
. . . .
{
with local image input
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2179
. . .
{
Interfaces allowing access to a plurality of users, e.g. connection to electronic image libraries
}
H04N 1/2183
. . . .
{
the stored images being distributed among a plurality of different locations, e.g. among a plurality of users
}
H04N 1/2187
. . . .
{
with image input from a plurality of different locations or from a non-central location, e.g. from one or more users
}
H04N 1/2191
. . . .
{
for simultaneous, independent access by a plurality of different users
}
H04N 1/2195
. . .
{
with temporary storage before final recording or on play-back, e.g. in a frame buffer
}
Collapse
H04N 1/23
.
Reproducing arrangements( details of scanning heads H04N 1/024 ; scanning arrangements therefor H04N 1/04 )
{
perforating or marking objects by electrical discharge B26F 1/28
}
Collapse
H04N 1/2307
. .
{
Circuits or arrangements for the control thereof, e.g. using a programmed control device, according to a measured quantity( H04N 1/27 , H04N 1/29 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/2315
. . .
{
according to characteristics of the reproducing apparatus, e.g. capability
}
H04N 1/2323
. . .
{
according to characteristics of the reproducing medium, e.g. type, size or availability
}
H04N 1/233
. . .
{
according to characteristics of the data to be reproduced, e.g. number of lines
}
H04N 1/2338
. . .
{
according to user specified instructions, e.g. user selection of reproduction mode
}
H04N 1/2346
. . .
{
according to a detected condition or state of the reproducing device, e.g. temperature or ink quantity
}
H04N 1/2353
. . .
{
Selecting a particular reproducing medium from amongst a plurality of media or from a particular tray, e.g. paper or transparency
}
H04N 1/2361
. . .
{
Selecting a particular reproducing device from amongst a plurality of devices, e.g. high or low resolution devices
}
H04N 1/2369
. . .
{
Selecting a particular reproducing mode from amongst a plurality of modes, e.g. paper saving or normal, or simplex or duplex
}
H04N 1/2376
. . .
{
Inhibiting or interrupting a particular operation or device( preventing unauthorised reproduction H04N 1/00838 )
}
H04N 1/2384
. . .
{
for fitting data onto a particular reproducing medium without modifying the image data
}
H04N 1/2392
. . .
{
for displaying or indicating, e.g. a condition or state( details of displaying or indicating means H04N 1/00405 )
}
. .
involving production of a magnetic intermediate picture
Collapse
. .
involving production of an electrostatic intermediate picture
H04N 1/295
. . .
{
Circuits or arrangements for the control thereof, e.g. using a programmed control device, according to a measured quantity
}
. .
Mechanical arrangements for picture transmission, e.g. adaptation of clutches, gearing, gear transmissions
{
contains no documents
}
Collapse
.
Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver
{
or between image input and image output device( H04N 1/38 , H04N 1/387 take precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
Automation of particular receiver jobs, e.g. rejecting unwanted calls( requesting a communication from a transmitter H04N 1/32771 ; with picture signal storage for forwarding messages H04N 1/32358 )
}
H04N 1/3201
. . .
{
Rejecting unwanted calls
}
H04N 1/32016
. . .
{
according to the caller's identification, e.g. fax number( H04N 1/3201 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32021
. . .
{
according to the type of received information
}
H04N 1/32026
. . .
{
Changing the receiver mode of operation, e.g. paper reception to memory reception or vice versa( H04N 1/32673 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32032
. . .
{
Polling of transmitters
}
Collapse
. .
{
Automation of particular transmitter jobs, e.g. multi-address calling, auto-dialing
}
H04N 1/32042
. . .
{
with reading of job-marks on a page
}
H04N 1/32048
. . .
{
Auto-dialling or Auto-calling( H04N 1/32053 to H04N 1/32074 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/32053
. . .
{
Delayed transmission, e.g. to make use of reduced connection rates( H04N 1/32074 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32058
. . .
{
Abbreviated dialing, e.g. one-touch dialing
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32064
. . .
{
Multi-address calling
}
H04N 1/32069
. . . .
{
simultaneously to a plurality of destinations, e.g. multi-casting
}
H04N 1/32074
. . .
{
Redialing, e.g. after failure to make a connection
}
H04N 1/3208
. . .
{
Transmitting a plurality of separate messages to a common destination in a single transmission
}
H04N 1/32085
. . .
{
Automation of other tasks, e.g. repetitive execution or sequencing
}
H04N 1/3209
. . .
{
according to the called number
}
H04N 1/32096
. . .
{
Checking the destination, e.g. correspondence of manual input with stored destination
}
Collapse
. .
{
Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32106
. . .
{
separate from the image data, e.g. in a different computer file
}
H04N 1/32112
. . . .
{
in a separate computer file, document page or paper sheet, e.g. a fax cover sheet( H04N 1/32122 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32117
. . . .
{
in a separate transmission or protocol signal prior to or subsequent to the image data transmission, e.g. in digital identification signal (DIS), in non standard setup (NSS) or in non standard field (NSF)( for mode signalling H04N 1/333 )
}
H04N 1/32122
. . . .
{
in a separate device, e.g. in a memory or on a display separate from image data
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32128
. . .
{
attached to the image data, e.g. file header, transmitted message header, information on the same page or in the same computer file as the image( for information embedded in the image H04N 1/32144 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32133
. . . .
{
on the same paper sheet, e.g. a facsimile page header
}
H04N 1/32138
. . . . .
{
in an electronic device attached to the sheet, e.g. in an RFID tag
}
Collapse
. . .
{
embedded in the image data, i.e. enclosed or integrated in the image, e.g. watermark, super-imposed logo or stamp
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32149
. . . .
{
Methods relating to embedding, encoding, decoding, detection or retrieval operations
}
Collapse
. . . . .
{
Transform domain methods( H04N 1/32309 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/3216
. . . . . .
{
using Fourier transforms
}
H04N 1/32165
. . . . . .
{
using cosine transforms
}
H04N 1/3217
. . . . . .
{
using wavelet transforms
}
H04N 1/32176
. . . . . .
{
using Walsh, Hadamard or Walsh-Hadamard transforms
}
H04N 1/32181
. . . . . .
{
using Karhunen-Loeve transforms
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32187
. . . . . .
{
with selective or adaptive application of the additional information, e.g. in selected frequency coefficients
}
H04N 1/32192
. . . . . . .
{
according to calculated or estimated visibility of the additional information in the image
}
H04N 1/32197
. . . . . . .
{
according to the spatial domain characteristics of the transform domain components
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32203
. . . . .
{
Spatial or amplitude domain methods( H04N 1/32309 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32208
. . . . . .
{
involving changing the magnitude of selected pixels, e.g. overlay of information or super-imposition( H04N 1/32219 , H04N 1/32224 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/32213
. . . . . . .
{
Modulating the least significant bits of pixels
}
H04N 1/32219
. . . . . .
{
involving changing the position of selected pixels, e.g. word shifting, or involving modulating the size of image components, e.g. of characters( H04N 1/32224 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32224
. . . . . .
{
Replacing pixels of an image with other pixels from the same image, e.g. texture block coding
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32229
. . . . . .
{
with selective or adaptive application of the additional information, e.g. in selected regions of the image( H04N 1/32213 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32235
. . . . . . .
{
in highly textured regions
}
H04N 1/3224
. . . . . . .
{
in edge regions
}
H04N 1/32245
. . . . . . .
{
Random or pseudorandom selection of pixels
}
H04N 1/32251
. . . . . .
{
in multilevel data, e.g. greyscale or continuous tone data
}
H04N 1/32256
. . . . . .
{
in halftone data
}
H04N 1/32261
. . . . . .
{
in binary data( H04N 1/32256 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32267
. . . . .
{
combined with processing of the image
}
H04N 1/32272
. . . . . .
{
Encryption or ciphering
}
H04N 1/32277
. . . . . .
{
Compression
}
H04N 1/32283
. . . . . .
{
Hashing
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32288
. . . . .
{
Multiple embedding, e.g. cocktail embedding, or redundant embedding, e.g. repeating the additional information at a plurality of locations in the image
}
H04N 1/32293
. . . . . .
{
Repeating the additional information in a regular pattern
}
H04N 1/32299
. . . . . .
{
using more than one embedding method
}
H04N 1/32304
. . . . . .
{
Embedding different sets of additional information
}
H04N 1/32309
. . . . .
{
in colour image data
}
H04N 1/32315
. . . . .
{
Selecting a particular method from amongst a plurality of methods
}
Collapse
H04N 1/3232
. . . . .
{
Robust embedding or watermarking
}
H04N 1/32325
. . . . . .
{
the embedded data being visible
}
H04N 1/32331
. . . . .
{
Fragile embedding or watermarking
}
H04N 1/32336
. . . . .
{
Informed embedding, i.e. the original image being known for the encoding or decoding method
}
H04N 1/32341
. . . . .
{
Blind embedding, i.e. the original image not being known beforehand
}
H04N 1/32347
. . . . .
{
Reversible embedding, i.e. lossless, invertible, erasable, removable or distorsion-free embedding
}
H04N 1/32352
. . . .
{
Controlling detectability or arrangements to facilitate detection or retrieval of the embedded information, e.g. using markers( for decoding, detection or retrieval operations H04N 1/32149 and subgroups take precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
{
using picture signal storage, e.g. at transmitter( H04N 1/17 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32363
. . .
{
at the transmitter or at the receiver
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32368
. . . .
{
Functions of a still picture terminal memory associated with transmission
}
H04N 1/32374
. . . . .
{
Storage subsequent to an attempted transmission
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32379
. . . .
{
Functions of a still picture terminal memory associated with reception
}
H04N 1/32384
. . . . .
{
Storage subsequent to an attempted output at the receiver, e.g. in case of printer malfunction
}
H04N 1/3239
. . . . .
{
Forwarding image data, e.g. to an absent recipient
}
H04N 1/32395
. . . . .
{
Informing an absent addressee of receipt
}
Collapse
. . .
{
intermediate the transmitter and receiver terminals, e.g. at an exchange
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32406
. . . .
{
in connection with routing or relaying, e.g. using a fax-server or a store-and-forward facility( stored and forward data switching systems H04L 12/54 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32411
. . . . .
{
Handling instructions for routing or relaying
}
H04N 1/32416
. . . . . .
{
Storage of instructions or retrieval of prestored instructions
}
H04N 1/32422
. . . . . .
{
Reprocessing messages, e.g. in case the intended destination is busy
}
H04N 1/32427
. . . . .
{
Optimising routing, e.g. for minimum cost
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32432
. . . .
{
in a particular memory file for retrieval by the user, e.g. in a facsimile mailbox
}
H04N 1/32438
. . . . .
{
Informing the addressee of reception
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32443
. . .
{
with asynchronous operation of the image input and output devices connected to the memory
}
H04N 1/32448
. . . .
{
Controlling data flow to or from the memory in relation to the available memory capacity
}
H04N 1/32454
. . . .
{
Controlling data flow to or from the memory in relation to the amount of data, e.g. file size
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32459
. . .
{
for changing the arrangement of the stored data
}
H04N 1/32464
. . . .
{
Changing the arrangement of pages or documents, e.g. for producing pages to be bound
}
H04N 1/3247
. . . .
{
Changing the arrangement of data in a page, e.g. reversing the order to produce a mirror image
}
H04N 1/32475
. . . .
{
Changing the format of the data, e.g. parallel to serial or vice versa
}
H04N 1/3248
. . .
{
Storage of at least a part of one of two image bearing sides of a single sheet, e.g. for two sided copying
}
H04N 1/32486
. . .
{
Storage for making a plurality of copies or reproductions
}
H04N 1/32491
. . .
{
alternate storage in and retrieval from two parallel memories, e.g. using ping-pong buffers
}
H04N 1/32496
. .
{
Changing the task performed, e.g. reading and transmitting, receiving and reproducing, copying( facsimile mode changing H04N 1/333 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32502
. .
{
in systems having a plurality of input or output devices
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32507
. . .
{
a plurality of input devices
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32512
. . . .
{
of different type, e.g. internal and external devices
}
H04N 1/32518
. . . . .
{
details of interfacing
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32523
. . .
{
a plurality of output devices
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32529
. . . .
{
of different type, e.g. internal and external devices
}
H04N 1/32534
. . . . .
{
details of interfacing
}
H04N 1/32539
. . . .
{
Detecting or indicating the status of the output devices
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32545
. . .
{
Distributing a job or task among a plurality of input devices or a plurality of output devices
}
H04N 1/3255
. . . .
{
Hybrid jobs, i.e. performing different parts of the same job on different devices, e.g. colour and B/W pages on different devices
}
H04N 1/32555
. . . .
{
Large jobs, i.e. performing identical parts of the same job on different devices
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32561
. .
{
using a programmed control device, e.g. a microprocessor
}
H04N 1/32566
. . .
{
at the transmitter or at the receiver
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32571
. . .
{
Details of system components
}
H04N 1/32577
. . . .
{
Input interface
}
H04N 1/32582
. . . .
{
Output interface
}
H04N 1/32587
. . . .
{
Controller
}
H04N 1/32593
. . .
{
Using a plurality of controllers, e.g. for controlling different interfaces
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32598
. . .
{
Bus based systems
}
H04N 1/32603
. . . .
{
Multi-bus systems
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32609
. .
{
Fault detection or counter-measures, e.g. original mis-positioned, shortage of paper
}
Collapse
. . .
{
related to a single-mode communication, e.g. at the transmitter or at the receiver
}
H04N 1/32619
. . . .
{
with retransmission( retransmission after changing the mode H04N 1/3333 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32625
. . .
{
Fault detection
}
H04N 1/3263
. . . .
{
of reading apparatus or transmitter, e.g. original jam
}
H04N 1/32635
. . . .
{
of reproducing apparatus or receiver, e.g. out of paper
}
H04N 1/32641
. . . .
{
of transmission or transmitted data, e.g. interruption or wrong number of pages
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32646
. . .
{
Counter-measures( inhibiting an operation H04N 1/00925 , interrupting an operation H04N 1/00915 )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32651
. . . .
{
Indicating or reporting( details of user-machine interface H04N 1/0035 )
}
H04N 1/32657
. . . . .
{
locally
}
H04N 1/32662
. . . . .
{
remotely, e.g. to the transmitter from the receiver
}
H04N 1/32667
. . . .
{
Restarting a communication or performing a recovery operation
}
H04N 1/32673
. . . .
{
Adjusting or controlling an operating mode, e.g. from paper reception to memory reception( H04N 1/32678 takes precedence; Inhibiting an operation H04N 1/00925 )
}
H04N 1/32678
. . . .
{
Performing substitution, e.g. substitute reception or substituting a corrupted line of data( H04N 1/32384 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32683
. . . .
{
Preventive counter-measures, e.g. using redundant hardware, or anticipating a fault( arrangements for keeping a communication line open H04N 1/32795 )
}
H04N 1/32689
. . . . .
{
Involving the use of error correction codes
}
H04N 1/32694
. . . .
{
Storing a fault condition in memory
}
Collapse
H04N 1/327
. .
Initiating, continuing or ending a single-mode communication ; Handshaking therefor
{
( H04N 1/32614 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/32702
. . .
{
using digital control signals( H04N 1/32704 , H04N 1/32614 , H04N 1/32771 take precedence )
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Establishing a communication with one of a facsimile and another telecommunication apparatus sharing a single line
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32706
. . . .
{
Type of the other apparatus
}
H04N 1/32708
. . . . .
{
Telephone
}
H04N 1/3271
. . . . .
{
Telephone answering machine
}
H04N 1/32713
. . . . .
{
Data transmission device, e.g. switched network of teleprinters for the distribution of text-based information transceiver
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32715
. . . .
{
Detecting
}
H04N 1/32717
. . . . .
{
a calling tone, e.g. CI
}
H04N 1/32719
. . . . .
{
a facsimile calling signal, e.g. CNG
}
H04N 1/32721
. . . . .
{
facsimile protocol signals, e.g. DCS or TSI
}
H04N 1/32723
. . . . .
{
speech signals
}
H04N 1/32726
. . . . .
{
signals other than facsimile protocol signals, e.g. DTMF signals
}
H04N 1/32728
. . . . .
{
an off-hook condition
}
H04N 1/3273
. . . . .
{
a loop current
}
H04N 1/32732
. . . . .
{
within a predetermined time
}
H04N 1/32734
. . . . .
{
Maintaining the detecting operation after an apparatus has been connected to the line
}
H04N 1/32736
. . . . .
{
a state or mode of the facsimile apparatus( H04N 1/32728 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32739
. . . .
{
Generating signals
}
H04N 1/32741
. . . . .
{
Generating ringing or calling signals or tones
}
H04N 1/32743
. . . . .
{
Generating ring-back signals or tones
}
H04N 1/32745
. . . . .
{
Generating messages, indications or warnings locally
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32747
. . . .
{
Controlling the connection of the apparatus
}
H04N 1/3275
. . . . .
{
Giving priority to one of the apparatus
}
H04N 1/32752
. . . . .
{
Manual connection of one of the apparatus other than by putting a telephone off-hook
}
H04N 1/32754
. . . . .
{
Automatically connecting another apparatus when a first one has finished
}
H04N 1/32756
. . . . .
{
Inhibiting connection of another apparatus when a first one is connected
}
H04N 1/32758
. . . .
{
Sending a voice message other than from a telephone answering machine
}
H04N 1/3276
. . . .
{
Ring suppression
}
H04N 1/32763
. . . .
{
Supplying power to the apparatus
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32765
. . .
{
Initiating a communication
}
H04N 1/32767
. . . .
{
in response to a user operation, e.g. actuating a switch( H04N 1/32769 and H04N 1/32771 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/32769
. . . .
{
in response to detection of an original
}
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H04N 1/32771
. . . .
{
in response to a request, e.g. for a particular document
}
H04N 1/32773
. . . . .
{
to capture an image, e.g. at a location or event remote from the requester
}
H04N 1/32776
. . . . .
{
using an interactive, user-operated device, e.g. a computer terminal, mobile telephone( H04N 1/32782 , H04N 1/32784 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/32778
. . . . .
{
using a mark-sheet or machine-readable code request
}
H04N 1/3278
. . . . .
{
using a protocol or handshaking signal, e.g. non-standard set-up [NSS]
}
H04N 1/32782
. . . . .
{
using a tone- or pulse-coded request
}
H04N 1/32784
. . . . .
{
using a voice request
}
H04N 1/32786
. . .
{
Ending a communication( H04N 1/32614 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/32789
. . .
{
Details of handshaking( H04N 1/32793 , H04N 1/32795 and H04N 1/32797 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/32791
. . . .
{
Arrangements for reducing the handshaking procedure or protocol time
}
H04N 1/32793
. . .
{
Controlling a receiver or transmitter non-communication function in response to a communication control signal
}
H04N 1/32795
. . .
{
Arrangements for keeping the communication line open
}
H04N 1/32797
. . .
{
Systems adapted to communicate over more than one channel, e.g. via ISDN( changing transmission mode according to type of channel H04N 2201/33364 ; multichannel or multilink communication protocols H04L 69/14 )
}
Collapse
. .
Mode signalling or mode changing ; Handshaking therefor
Collapse
H04N 1/33307
. . .
{
prior to start of transmission, input or output of the picture signal only
}
H04N 1/33315
. . . .
{
reading or reproducing mode only, e.g. sheet size, resolution
}
H04N 1/33323
. . . .
{
transmission mode only, e.g. speed
}
. . .
{
during transmission, input or output of the picture signal; within a single document or page
}
H04N 1/33338
. . .
{
adapting to particular facsimile group, e.g. G3
}
H04N 1/33346
. . .
{
adapting to a particular standardised protocol
}
H04N 1/33353
. . .
{
according to the available bandwidth used for a single communication, e.g. the number of ISDN channels used
}
H04N 1/33361
. . .
{
according to characteristics or the state of the communication line( H04N 1/33353 and H04N 2201/33371 take precedence )
}
H04N 1/33369
. . .
{
Storage of mode or retrieval of prestored mode
}
Collapse
H04N 1/33376
. . .
{
according to characteristics or state of one of the communicating parties, e.g. available memory capacity
}
H04N 1/33384
. . . .
{
according to transient characteristics or state
}
H04N 1/33392
. . .
{
Details of handshaking
}
Collapse
H04N 1/34
. .
for coin-freed systems;
{
pay systems( telephonic metering H04M 15/00 , coin-freed or like apparatus per se G07F )
}
H04N 1/342
. . .
{
Accounting or charging based on content, e.g. charging for access to a particular document
}
H04N 1/344
. . .
{
Accounting or charging based on type of function or service used, e.g. copying, faxing
}
H04N 1/346
. . .
{
Accounting or charging based on a number representative of the service used, e.g. number of operations or copies produced
}
H04N 1/348
. . .
{
Accounting or charging based on time or day
}
. .
for synchronising or phasing transmitter and receiver
.
Circuits or arrangements for blanking or otherwise eliminating unwanted parts of pictures( H04N 1/387 takes precedence )
Collapse
.
Composing, repositioning or otherwise
{
geometrically
}
modifying originals( photoelectronic composing of characters B41B 19/00 ;
{
image data processing or generation, in general G06T
}
)
. .
{
the composed originals being of different kinds, e.g. low- and high-resolution originals
}
Collapse
. .
{
Repositioning or masking
}
Collapse
. . .
{
defined only by a limited number of coordinate points or parameters, e.g. corners, centre; for trimming
}
. . . .
{
combined with enlarging or reducing( enlarging or reducing per se H04N 1/393 )
}
. .
{
Recombination of partial images to recreate the original image
}
Collapse
. .
{
Image rotation
}
. . .
{
Skew detection or correction
}
Collapse
. .
Enlarging or reducing
. . .
{
with modification of image resolution, i.e. determining the values of picture elements at new relative positions
}
Collapse
.
Picture signal circuits( H04N 1/387 takes precedence )
H04N 1/40006
. .
{
Compensating for the effects of ageing, i.e. changes over time
}
. .
{
Conversion of colour to monochrome
}
H04N 1/40018
. .
{
Halftoning, i.e. converting the picture signal of a continuous-tone original into a corresponding signal showing only two levels
}
WARNING
-
The group H04N 1/40018 is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from April 1st, 2004. The backlog of this group is being continuously reclassified to H04N 1/405 and sub-groups

Collapse
. .
{
Circuits exciting or modulating particular heads for reproducing continuous tone value scales( H04N 1/401 , H04N 1/407 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
for a plurality of reproducing elements simultaneously
}
. . .
{
the reproducing element being a laser
}
H04N 1/40043
. . .
{
using more than one type of modulation, e.g. pulse width modulation and amplitude modulation
}
H04N 1/4005
. . .
{
with regulating circuits, e.g. dependent upon ambient temperature or feedback control
}
. .
{
Circuits for driving or energising particular reading heads or original illumination means( H04N 1/401 , H04N 1/407 take precedence )
}
. .
{
Discrimination between different image types, e.g. two-tone, continuous tone
}
. .
{
Modification of image resolution, i.e. determining the values of picture elements at new relative positions( H04N 1/3935 takes precedence )
}
. .
{
Descreening, i.e. converting a halftone signal into a corresponding continuous-tone signal; Rescreening, i.e. combined descreening and halftoning
}
. .
{
Soft dot halftoning, i.e. producing halftone dots with gradual edges
}
. .
{
Multi-toning, i.e. converting a continuous-tone signal for reproduction with more than two discrete brightnesses or optical densities, e.g. dots of grey and black inks on white paper
}
. .
{
Modification of content of picture, e.g. retouching( geometric modifications H04N 1/387 )
}
Collapse
. .
Compensating positionally unequal response of the pick-up or reproducing head( H04N 1/403 takes precedence )
. . .
{
of the reproducing head
}
H04N 1/403
. .
Discrimination between the two tones in the picture signal of a two-tone original( shaping pulses by limiting or thresholding, in general H03K 5/08 )
Collapse
. .
Halftoning, i.e. converting the picture signal of a continuous-tone original into a corresponding signal showing only two levels
WARNING
-
H04N 1/405 and sub-groups, except for H04N 1/4056 are not complete, see H04N 1/40018

Collapse
. . .
{
producing a dispersed dots halftone pattern, the dots having substantially the same size( different sizes H04N 1/4057 )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
by error diffusion, i.e. transferring the binarising error to neighbouring dot decisions
}
. . . . .
{
with threshold modulated relative to input image data or vice-versa
}
Collapse
. . .
{
producing a clustered dots or a size modulated halftone pattern
}
. . . .
{
the pattern varying in one dimension only, e.g. dash length, pulse width modulation (PWM)
}
. . . .
{
the pattern being a mixture of differently sized sub-patterns, e.g. spots having only a few different diameters( multi-toning H04N 1/40087 )
}
. . . .
{
with details for producing a halftone screen at an oblique angle( H04N 1/4056 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. .
Control or modification of tonal gradation or of extreme levels, e.g. background level
Collapse
. . .
{
dependent on the contents of the original
}
. . . .
{
using histograms
}
Collapse
. . .
{
dependent on references outside the picture
}
. . . .
{
using gradational references, e.g. grey-scale test pattern analysis
}
Collapse
. .
Edge or detail enhancement ; Noise or error suppression
. . .
{
Edge or detail enhancement
}
. . .
{
Correction of errors due to scanning a two-sided document, i.e. show-through correction
}
. . .
{
Removing errors due external factors, e.g. dust, scratches
}
Collapse
.
Bandwidth or redundancy reduction( by scanning H04N 1/17 ;
{
H04N 7/26 takes precedence; for data acquisition G06F 17/40 ; coding for image data processing in general G06T 9/00 ; data compression in general H03M 7/30
}
)
. .
{
for halftone screened pictures
}
Collapse
. .
for the transmission
{
or storage
}
or reproduction of two-tone pictures, e.g. black and white pictures
. . .
{
involving the recognition of specific patterns, e.g. by symbol matching
}
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. . .
Systems or arrangements allowing the picture to be reproduced without loss or modification of picture-information
H04N 1/4135
. . . .
{
in which a baseband signal showing more than two values or a continuously varying baseband signal is transmitted or recorded
}
. . . .
in which the picture-elements are subdivided or grouped into fixed one-dimensional or two-dimensional blocks
Collapse
. . . .
using predictive or differential encoding
. . . . .
{
Progressive encoding, i.e. by decomposition into high and low resolution components
}
. . . . .
{
involving the encoding of tone transitions with respect to tone transitions in a reference line
}
. . . . .
{
encoding document change data, e.g. form drop out data
}
. . . .
in which encoding of the length of a succession of picture-elements of the same value along a scanning line is the only encoding step
{
H04N 1/4135 to H04N 1/417 take precedence
}
.
Systems for two-way working
{
e.g. conference systems( H04N 1/32 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
.
Secrecy systems
Collapse
. .
{
Restricting access, e.g. according to user identity( mechanisms actuated y cards, PIN or the like in apparatus for dispensing G07F 7/08 )
}
H04N 1/4413
. . .
{
involving the use of passwords, ID codes or the like, e.g. PIN
}
H04N 1/442
. . .
{
using a biometric data reading device
}
H04N 1/4426
. . .
{
involving separate means, e.g. a server, a magnetic card
}
H04N 1/4433
. . .
{
to an apparatus, part of an apparatus or an apparatus function
}
H04N 1/444
. . .
{
to a particular document or image or part thereof
}
Collapse
H04N 1/4446
. .
{
Hiding of documents or document information
}
H04N 1/4453
. . .
{
Covering, i.e. concealing from above, or folding
}
H04N 1/446
. . .
{
Enclosing, i.e. retaining in an enclosure, or locking up
}
H04N 1/4466
. . .
{
Enveloping, wrapping, or sealing, i.e. keeping the document closed
}
H04N 1/4473
. . .
{
Destruction, e.g. shredding of documents
}
Collapse
. .
{
Rendering the image unintelligible, e.g. scrambling
}
. . .
{
using digital data encryption
}
H04N 1/4493
. . .
{
Subsequently rendering the image intelligible using a co-operating image, mask or the like
}
Collapse
.
Colour picture communication systems
{
( colorimetry G01J 3/46 )
}
. .
{
Conversion of monochrome to colour
}
Collapse
. .
Picture signal generators( for halftone screening H04N 1/52 )
Collapse
. . .
{
using the same detector device sequentially for different colour components
}
. . . .
{
with sequential colour illumination of the original
}
Collapse
. . .
{
with separate detectors, each detector being used for one specific colour component
}
. . . .
{
using beam-splitters
}
Collapse
. .
Picture reproducers( for halftone screening H04N 1/52 )
. . .
{
Reproducing the colour component signals dot-sequentially or simultaneously in a single or in adjacent picture-element positions
}
. . .
{
Reproducing the colour component signals line-sequentially
}
Collapse
. . .
{
Reproducing the colour component signals picture-sequentially, e.g. with reproducing heads spaced apart from one another in the subscanning direction
}
. . . .
{
using the same reproducing head for two or more colour components
}
. .
Circuits or arrangements for halftone screening
. .
Conversion of colour picture signals to a plurality of signals some of which represent particular mixed colours, e.g. for textile printing
Collapse
. .
Processing of colour picture signals( H04N 1/52 takes precedence )
. . .
Edge or detail enhancement ; Noise or error suppression, e.g. colour misregistration correction( H04N 1/62 takes precedence )
Collapse
. . .
Colour correction or control
{
( H04N 1/54 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 1/6002
. . . .
{
Corrections within particular colour systems
}
H04N 1/6005
. . . . .
{
with luminance or chrominance signals, e.g. LC1C2, HSL or YUV
}
H04N 1/6008
. . . . .
{
with primary colour signals, e.g. RGB or CMY(K)
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
with simulation on a subsidiary picture reproducer( H04N 1/622 takes precedence; matching two or more picture reproducers H04N 1/6052 )
}
. . . . .
{
by simulating several colour corrected versions of the same image simultaneously on the same picture reproducer
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Conversion to subtractive colour signals
}
. . . . .
{
using look-up tables( H04N 1/6025 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . . . .
{
Generating a fourth subtractive colour signal, e.g. under colour removal, black masking
}
. . . . . .
{
using look-up tables
}
. . . .
{
Correction or control of colour gradation or colour contrast( H04N 1/6058 takes precedence )
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
controlled by characteristics of the picture signal generator or the picture reproducer
}
Collapse
. . . . .
{
using test pattern analysis( H04N 1/6055 takes precedence )
}
H04N 1/6036
. . . . . .
{
involving periodic tests or tests during use of the machine
}
H04N 1/6038
. . . . . .
{
for controlling interaction among colorants
}
H04N 1/6041
. . . . . .
{
for controlling uniformity of color across image area
}
H04N 1/6044
. . . . . .
{
involving a sensor integrated in the machine or otherwise specifically adapted to read the test pattern
}
H04N 1/6047
. . . . . .
{
wherein the test pattern is part of an arbitrary user image
}
H04N 1/605
. . . . . .
{
for controlling ink amount, strike-through, bleeding soakage or the like
}
Collapse
. . . . .
{
Matching two or more picture signal generators or two or more picture reproducers
}
. . . . . .
{
using test pattern analysis
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Reduction of colour to a range of reproducible colours, e.g. to ink- reproducible colour gamut
}
H04N 1/6061
. . . . .
{
involving the consideration or construction of a gamut surface
}
Collapse
H04N 1/6063
. . . . .
{
dependent on the contents of the image to be reproduced
}
H04N 1/6066
. . . . . .
{
dependent on the gamut of the image to be reproduced
}
H04N 1/6069
. . . . . .
{
spatially varying within the image
}
. . . .
{
adapting to different types of images, e.g. characters, graphs, black and white image portions
}
. . . .
{
Corrections to the hue
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
Colour balance, e.g. colour cast correction
}
. . . . .
{
within the L, C1, C2 colour signals
}
Collapse
. . . .
{
controlled by factors external to the apparatus
}
H04N 1/6086
. . . . .
{
by scene illuminant, i.e. conditions at the time of picture capture, e.g. flash, optical filter used, evening, cloud, daylight, artificial lighting, white point measurement, colour temperature
}
. . . . .
{
by viewing conditions, i.e. conditions at picture output
}
H04N 1/6091
. . . . .
{
by environmental factors, e.g. temperature or humidity( H04N 1/6086 , H04N 1/6088 take precedence )
}
. . . .
{
depending on characteristics of the input medium, e.g. film type, newspaper
}
H04N 1/6097
. . . .
{
depending on the characteristics of the output medium, e.g. glossy paper, matt paper, transparency or fabrics
}
Collapse
. . . .
Retouching, i.e. modification of isolated colours only or in isolated picture areas only
. . . . .
{
with simulation on a subsidiary picture reproducer
}
H04N 1/624
. . . . .
{
Red-eye correction( control of camera based on recognised facial parts H04N 5/23219 )
}
H04N 1/626
. . . . .
{
Detection of non-electronic marks, e.g. fluorescent markers
}
H04N 1/628
. . . . .
{
Memory colours, e.g. skin or sky
}
Collapse
. .
Systems for the transmission or the storage of the colour picture signal ; Details therefor, e.g. coding or decoding means therefor
{
( H04N 7/26 takes precedence )
}
. . .
{
Adapting to different types of images, e.g. characters, graphs, black and white image portions
}
. . .
{
using a reduced set of representative colours, e.g. each representing a particular range in a colour space
}
. . .
{
Transmitting or storing colour television type signals, e.g. PAL, Lab; Their conversion into additive or subtractive colour signals or vice versa therefor( H04N 1/642 , H04N 1/644 take precedence )
}
. . .
{
Transmitting or storing the primary( additive or subtractive )colour signals; Compression thereof( H04N 1/642 to H04N 1/646 take precedence )
}
Collapse
Scanning details of television systems
Collapse
H04N 3/02
.
by optical-mechanical means only( H04N 3/36 takes precedence; optical scanning systems in general G02B 26/10 )
H04N 3/04
. .
having a moving aperture
{
also apertures covered by lenses
}
H04N 3/06
. .
having a moving lens or other refractor
Collapse
H04N 3/08
. .
having a moving reflector
H04N 3/09
. . .
for electromagnetic radiation in the invisible region, e.g. infra-red
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H04N 3/10
.
by means not exclusively optical-mechanical( H04N 3/36 takes precedence; electro-, magneto- or acousto-optical modulation or deflection of light beams G02F 1/00 )
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H04N 3/12
. .
by switched stationary formation of lamps, photocells or light relays
H04N 3/122
. . .
{
using cathode rays, e.g. multivision
}
H04N 3/125
. . .
{
using gas discharges, e.g. plasma
}
H04N 3/127
. . .
{
using liquid crystals
}
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H04N 3/14
. .
by means of electrically scanned solid-state devices( for picture generation H04N 5/335 )
WARNING
-
Constructional details 97DP12C2B

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H04N 3/15
. . .
for picture signal generation
WARNING
-
This group is no longer used for classification of new documents as from December 1st, 2009. The backlog is continuously reclassified into group H04N 5/335 and subgroups]

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H04N 3/1506
. . . .
{
with addressing of the image-sensor elements( H04N 3/1575 takes precedence )
}
H04N 3/1512
. . . . .
{
for MOS image-sensors, e.g. MOS-CCD( H04N 3/1581 takes precedence )
}
H04N 3/1518
. . . . .
{
using charge injection within the image-sensor
}
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H04N 3/1525
. . . .
{
with charge transfer within the image-sensor, e.g. time delay and integration( H04N 3/1575 takes precedence )
}
H04N 3/1531
. . . . .
{
using frame-interline transfer
}
H04N 3/1537
. . . . .
{
using interline transfer
}
H04N 3/1543
. . . . .
{
using frame transfer
}
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H04N 3/155
. . . .
{
Control of the image-sensor operation, e.g. image processing within the image-sensor
}
H04N 3/1556
. . . . .
{
for variable integration time
}
H04N 3/1562
. . . . .
{
for selective scanning, e.g. windowing, zooming
}
H04N 3/1568
. . . . .
{
for disturbance correction or prevention within the image-sensor, e.g. biasing, blooming, smearing( correction circuits H04N 5/2175 )
}
H04N 3/1575
. . . .
{
Picture signal readout register, e.g. shift registers, interline shift registers
}
H04N 3/1581
. . . .
{
using linear image-sensor( time delay and integration H04N 3/1525 )
}
H04N 3/1587
. . . .
{
the image being sequentially picked-up by one device at different imaging positions, e.g. by shifting the image-sensor
}
H04N 3/1593
. . . .
{
the image being simultaneously picked-up by more than one device, e.g. the scene being partitioned into subimages
}
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H04N 3/16
. .
by deflecting electron beam in cathode-ray tube
{
also scanning corrections
}
( producing saw-tooth wave forms H03K 4/00 )
{
for scanning and focusing devices H01J ; cathode ray oscillographs G01R 13/20
}
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H04N 3/18
. . .
Generation of supply voltages, in combination with electron beam deflecting
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H04N 3/185
. . . .
Maintaining dc voltage constant( regulation of dc voltage in general G05F )
H04N 3/1853
. . . . .
{
using regulation in parallel
}
H04N 3/1856
. . . . .
{
using regulation in series
}
H04N 3/19
. . . .
Arrangements or assemblies in supply circuits for the purpose of withstanding high voltages
H04N 3/20
. . .
Prevention of damage to cathode-ray tubes in the event of failure of scanning
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H04N 3/22
. . .
Circuits for controlling dimension, shape or centering of picture on screen
H04N 3/223
. . . .
Controlling dimensions( by maintaining the cathode-ray tube high voltage constant H04N 3/185 )
H04N 3/227
. . . .
Centering
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H04N 3/23
. . . .
Distortion correction, e.g. for pincushion distortion correction, S-correction
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H04N 3/233
. . . . .
using active elements
H04N 3/2335
. . . . . .
{
with calculating means
}
H04N 3/237
. . . . .
using passive elements, e.g. diodes
H04N 3/24
. . .
Blanking circuits
H04N 3/26
. . .
Modifications of scanning arrangements to improve focusing( focusing circuits in general H01J )
H04N 3/27
. . .
Circuits special to multi-standard receivers( circuitry of multi-standard receivers in general H04N 5/46 )
H04N 3/28
. .
producing multiple scanning, i.e. using more than one spot at the same time
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H04N 3/30
. .
otherwise than with constant velocity or otherwise than in pattern formed by unidirectional, straight, substantially horizontal or vertical lines
H04N 3/32
. . .
Velocity varied in dependence upon picture information
H04N 3/34
. . .
Elemental scanning area oscillated rapidly in direction transverse to main scanning direction
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H04N 3/36
.
Scanning of motion picture films, e.g. for telecine
H04N 3/38
. .
with continuously moving film
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H04N 3/40
. .
with intermittently moving film
H04N 3/405
. . .
{
with film moving only during the field blanking interval
}
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Details of television systems( scanning details or combination thereof with generation of supply voltages H04N 3/00 ; specially adapted for colour television H04N 9/00 ;
{
servers specially adapted for the distribution of content H04N 21/20 ; client devices specially adapted for the reception of or interaction with content H04N 21/40
}
)
NOTE
-
Groups H04N 5/341 to H04N 5/378 are based on IPC2012.01

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H04N 5/04
.
Synchronising( for television systems using pulse code modulation H04N 7/24 ; in general H03L 7/00 )
H04N 5/05
. .
Synchronising circuits with arrangements for extending range of synchronisation, e.g. by using switching between several time constants
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H04N 5/06
. .
Generation of synchronising signals
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H04N 5/067
. . .
Arrangements or circuits at the transmitter end
H04N 5/0675
. . . .
{
for mixing the synchronising signals with the picture signal or mutually( electrical gates H03K 17/00 )
}
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H04N 5/073
. . . .
for mutually locking plural sources of synchronising signals, e.g. studios or relay stations
H04N 5/0733
. . . . .
{
for distributing synchronisation pulses to different TV cameras
}
H04N 5/0736
. . . . .
{
using digital storage buffer techniques
}
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H04N 5/08
. .
Separation of synchronising signals from picture signals
H04N 5/10
. . .
Separation of line synchronising signal from frame synchronising signal
{
or vice-versa
}
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H04N 5/12
. .
Devices in which the synchronising signals are only operative if a phase difference occurs between synchronising and synchronised scanning devices, e.g. flywheel synchronising
H04N 5/123
. . .
{
whereby the synchronisation signal directly commands a frequency generator
}
H04N 5/126
. . .
{
whereby the synchronisation signal indirectly commands a frequency generator
}
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H04N 5/14
.
Picture signal circuitry for video frequency region( H04N 5/222 takes precedence )
H04N 5/141
. .
{
Beam current control means
}
H04N 5/142
. .
{
Edging; Contouring
}
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H04N 5/144
. .
{
Movement detection( for video coding H04N 7/368 ; analysis of motion in general G06T 7/20 )
}
H04N 5/145
. . .
{
Movement estimation( for video coding H04N 7/2676 )
}
H04N 5/147
. .
{
Scene change detection
}
H04N 5/148
. .
{
Video amplifiers( amplifiers in general H03F )
}
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H04N 5/16
. .
Circuitry for reinsertion of dc and slowly varying components of signal ; Circuitry for preservation of black or white level
H04N 5/165
. . .
{
to maintain the black level constant
}
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H04N 5/18
. . .
by means of "clamp" circuit operated by switching circuit
H04N 5/185
. . . .
{
for the black level
}
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H04N 5/20
. .
Circuitry for controlling amplitude response
H04N 5/202
. . .
Gamma control
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H04N 5/205
. . .
for correcting amplitude versus frequency characteristic
H04N 5/208
. . . .
for compensating for attenuation of high frequency components, e.g. crispening, aperture distortion correction
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H04N 5/21
. .
Circuitry for suppressing or minimising disturbance, e.g. moirè, halo,
{
even if the automatic gain control is involved
}
( suppression of noise in television recording H04N 5/911 )
H04N 5/211
. . .
{
Ghost signal cancellation( H04N 5/217 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/213
. . .
Circuitry for suppressing or minimising impulsive noise( H04N 5/217 takes precedence )
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H04N 5/217
. . .
in picture signal generation
{
in cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, to be embedded in other devices, e.g. in mobile phones, computers or vehicles( noise reduction or noise suppression involving solid-state image sensors H04N 5/357 )
}
H04N 5/2171
. . . .
{
Dust removal e.g. from surfaces of image sensor or processing of the image signal output by the electronic image sensor
}
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H04N 5/2173
. . . .
{
in solid-state picture signal generation
}
H04N 5/2175
. . . . .
{
Suppression of excedentary charges, e.g. blooming, smearing( within the image sensor H04N 3/1556 , H04N 3/1568 )
}
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H04N 5/2176
. . . . .
{
Correction or equalization of amplitude response, e.g. dark current, blemishes, non-uniformity
}
H04N 5/2178
. . . . . .
{
by initial calibration, e.g. with memory means
}
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.
Studio circuitry ; Studio devices ; Studio equipment;
{
Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
}
H04N 5/2222
. .
{
Prompting
}
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H04N 5/2224
. .
{
related to virtual studio applications
}
H04N 5/2226
. . .
{
Determination of depth image, e.g. for foreground/background separation( determining depth by image analysis in general G06T 7/0051 ; segmentation by image analysis in general G06T 7/0079 )
}
H04N 5/2228
. .
{
Video assist systems used in motion picture production, e.g. video cameras connected to viewfinders of motion picture cameras or related video signal processing
}
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. .
Television cameras;
{
Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles( optical systems G02B; associated working of recording or reproducing apparatus with TV camera or receiver in which the television signal is not significantly involved G11B 31/006 ; tubes H01J )
}
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H04N 5/2251
. . .
{
Constructional details( arrangement comprising a plurality of cameras H04N 5/247 ; stereoscopic cameras having a single image sensor H04N13/02A1 )
}
H04N 5/2252
. . . .
{
Housings
}
H04N 5/2253
. . . .
{
Mounting of pick-up device, electronic image sensor, deviation or focusing coils
}
H04N 5/2254
. . . .
{
Mounting of optical parts, e.g. lenses, shutters, filters; optical parts peculiar to the presence of use of an electronic image sensor
}
H04N 5/2256
. . .
{
provided with illuminating means
}
H04N 5/2257
. . .
{
Mechanical and electrical details of cameras or camera modules for embedding in other devices( mounting structure in mobile phone see H04M 1/0264 ; optical details G03B )
}
H04N 5/2258
. . .
{
Cameras using two or more image sensors, e.g. a CMOS sensor for video and a CCD for still image( cameras having one image sensor for each colour H04N 9/045 , H04N 9/09 )
}
H04N 5/2259
. . .
{
Means for changing the camera field of view without moving the camera body, e.g. nutating or panning optics or image-sensors( picture signal generation using shifting image-sensors H04N 5/349 ; varying magnification e.g. angle of view for cameras using only optical means G03B )
}
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H04N 5/228
. . .
Circuit details for pick-up tubes
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H04N 5/2283
. . . .
{
Beam current control
}
H04N 5/2286
. . . . .
{
during retrace periods, e.g. circuits for ACT tubes, leg suppression
}
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. . .
Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g. remote control;
{
Control of cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
}
( H04N 5/235 takes precedence;
{
varying magnification for cameras, e.g. angle of view, by optical means only G02B 7/00
}
, G03B )
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H04N 5/23203
. . . .
{
Remote control signaling for cameras or for parts of camera, e.g. between main body and part of camera( distributing sync-signals to television cameras H04N 5/0733 )
}
H04N 5/23206
. . . . .
{
using a network, e.g. internet
}
H04N 5/23209
. . . . .
{
for interchangeable parts of camera involving control signals based on electric image signals provided by an electronic image sensor( interchangeably mounting lenses on cameras not involving a control signal based on electric image signals provided by a main electronic image sensor G03B 17/14 )
}
H04N 5/23212
. . . .
{
Focusing based on image signal provided by the electronic image sensor( generation of focusing signals in general G02B 7/28 )
}
H04N 5/23216
. . . .
{
Control of parameters e.g. field/angle of view of camera via graphical user interface e.g. touchscreen
}
H04N 5/23219
. . . .
{
Control of camera operation based on recognized human faces, facial parts, facial expressions or other parts of the human body( face recognition per se G06K 9/00221 )
}
H04N 5/23222
. . . .
{
Computer-aided capture of images, e.g. transfer from script file into camera, camera control checks quality of taken pictures, gives advices how to arrange picture composition or decides when to take image
}
H04N 5/23225
. . . .
{
Input of new or changed control program into camera control means
}
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H04N 5/23229
. . . .
{
comprising further processing of the captured image without influencing the image pickup process( image processing in general G06T )
}
H04N 5/23232
. . . . .
{
by using more than one image in order to influence resolution, frame rate or aspect ratio( providing high dynamic range image H04N 5/2355 )
}
H04N 5/23235
. . . . .
{
by using a single image in order to influence the resolution
}
H04N 5/23238
. . . .
{
Control of image capture or reproduction to achieve a very large field of view, e.g. panorama( panoramic or widescreen photography G03B27 )
}
H04N 5/23241
. . . .
{
Control of camera operation in relation to power supply, e.g. by reducing power consumption of electronic image sensor or image processor or by checking or displaying battery state( details of energy supply or management for digital still cameras not peculiar to the electronic image sensor G03B 2217/007 )
}
H04N 5/23245
. . . .
{
Operation mode switching of cameras, e.g. between still/video, sport/normal or high/low resolution mode
}
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H04N 5/23248
. . . .
{
for stable pick-up of the scene in spite of camera body vibration( image-sensor selective scanning per se H04N 3/1562 )
}
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H04N 5/23251
. . . . .
{
Motion detection
}
H04N 5/23254
. . . . . .
{
based on the image signal( analysis of motion by image processing in general G06T 7/20 )
}
H04N 5/23258
. . . . . .
{
based on additional sensors( cameras when not peculiar to the use or presence of the EIS G03B 2217/005 )
}
H04N 5/23261
. . . . . .
{
by distinguishing pan/tilt from motion
}
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H04N 5/23264
. . . . .
{
Vibration or motion blur correction
}
H04N 5/23267
. . . . . .
{
performed by a processor, e.g. controlling the readout of an image memory
}
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H04N 5/2327
. . . . . .
{
performed by controlling the image sensor readout, e.g. by controlling the integration time( controlling the image sensor readout in general H04N 5/345 , H04N 5/353 )
}
H04N 5/23274
. . . . . . .
{
by controlling the scanning position, e.g. windowing( windowed readout of image sensor in general H04N 5/3454 )
}
H04N 5/23277
. . . . . . .
{
by combination of a plurality of images sequentially taken
}
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H04N 5/2328
. . . . . .
{
performed by mechanical compensation( stabilization for imaging systems using optical elements in general s G02B 27/646 ; cameras when not peculiar to the use or presence of the EIS G03B 2205/0007 )
}
H04N 5/23283
. . . . . . .
{
with a variable apex prism
}
H04N 5/23287
. . . . . . .
{
by shifting the lens/sensor position
}
H04N 5/2329
. . . . .
{
Motion occurring during a rolling shutter mode
}
H04N 5/23293
. . . .
{
Electronic Viewfinder, e.g. displaying the image signal provided by an electronic image sensor and optionally additional information related to control or operation of the camera
}
H04N 5/23296
. . . .
{
Control of means for changing angle of the field of view, e.g. optical zoom objective, electronic zooming or combined use of optical and electronic zooming( optical details of zoom lenses G02B 15/14 ; optical zooming only for cameras G03B 5/00 )
}
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. . .
Circuitry
{
or methods
}
for compensating for variation in the brightness of the object
{
based on an electric image signals provided by an electronic image sensor( exposure control for film cameras or cameras using an additional sensor G03B 7/00 )
}
H04N 5/2351
. . . .
{
Circuitry for evaluating the brightness variations of the object( within the image sensor H04N 5/351 ; photometry in general G01J 1/00 )
}
H04N 5/2352
. . . .
{
Combination of two or more compensation controls
}
H04N 5/2353
. . . .
{
by influencing the exposure time, e.g. shutter( H04N 5/2352 takes precedence; within the image sensor H04N 5/353 )
}
H04N 5/2354
. . . .
{
by influencing the scene brightness using illuminating means( H04N 5/2352 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/2355
. . . .
{
by increasing the dynamic range of the final image compared to the dynamic range of the electronic image sensor , e.g. by adding correct exposed portions of short and long exposed images( image enhancement in general using more than one image G06T 5/50 )
}
H04N 5/2356
. . . .
{
Bracketing i.e. taking a series of images with varying, e.g. stepwise, exposure conditions or focusing conditions
}
H04N 5/2357
. . . .
{
Detection of flicker frequency or flicker suppression, e.g. due to fluorescent tube illumination
}
H04N 5/2358
. . . .
{
by influencing at least one of the pick-up tube voltages( H04N 5/2352 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/238
. . . .
by influencing the optical part of the camera,
{
e.g. diaphragm, intensifier, fibre bundle( H04N 5/2352 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/243
. . . .
by influencing the picture signal,
{
e.g. signal amplitude gain control( H04N 5/2352 takes precedence )
}
. . .
Arrangements of television cameras
{
( constructional details of cameras H04N 5/2251 ; stereoscopic picture signal generators H04N 13/0239 ; H04N 13/0242 )
}
. .
Picture signal generating by scanning motion picture films or slide opaques, e.g. for telecine( scanning details therefor H04N 3/36 ;
{
standard conversion therefor H04N 7/0112
}
)
. .
Picture signal generators using flying-spot scanners( H04N 5/253 takes precedence )
Collapse
. .
Studio circuits, e.g. for mixing, switching-over, change of character of image, other special effect ;
{
Cameras specially adapted for the electronic generation of special effects
}
H04N 5/2621
. . .
{
Cameras specially adapted for the electronic generation of special effects during image pickup, e.g. digital cameras, camcorders, video cameras having integrated special effects capability
}
H04N 5/2622
. . .
{
Signal amplitude transition in the zone between image portions, e.g. soft edges
}
H04N 5/2624
. . .
{
for obtaining an image which is composed of whole input images, e.g. splitscreen
}
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H04N 5/2625
. . .
{
for obtaining an image which is composed of images from a temporal image sequence, e.g. for a stroboscopic effect( sequence generated by event triggered capturing H04N 7/188 )
}
H04N 5/2627
. . . .
{
for providing spin image effect, 3D stop motion effect or temporal freeze effect( 2D image animation in general G06T 13/80 )
}
H04N 5/2628
. . .
{
Alteration of picture size, shape, position or orientation, e.g. zooming, rotation, rolling, perspective, translation
}
H04N 5/265
. . .
Mixing
H04N 5/268
. . .
Signal distribution or switching( for broadcasting H04H 20/00 )
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H04N 5/272
. . .
Means for inserting a foreground image in a background image, i.e. inlay, outlay
H04N 5/2723
. . . .
{
Insertion of virtual advertisement; Replacing advertisements physical present in the scene by virtual advertisement( data processing systems or methods specially adapted for marketing G06Q 30/02 )
}
H04N 5/275
. . . .
Generation of keying signals
H04N 5/278
. . .
Subtitling
. .
Mobile studios
Collapse
.
Transforming light or analogous information into electric information( H04N 5/222 takes precedence; scanning details H04N 3/00 ; light transforming elements H01J , H01L )
Collapse
. .
Transforming X-rays
{
( image transformers H01J 31/00 )
}
H04N 5/3205
. . .
{
using subtraction imaging techniques
}
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H04N 5/321
. . .
with video transmission of fluoroscopic images
WARNING
-
Not complete, for documents published prior to June 1996 see also H04N 5/32

H04N 5/325
. . . .
Image enhancement, e.g. by subtraction techniques using polyenergetic X-rays
WARNING
-
Not complete, for documents published prior to June 1996 see also H04N 5/32

Collapse
. .
Transforming infra-red radiation
H04N 5/332
. . .
{
Multispectral imaging comprising at least a part of the infrared region
}
Collapse
. .
using solid-state image sensors [SSIS]( H04N 5/32 , H04N 5/33 take precedence )
NOTE
-
In this group, at each hierarchical level, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the first appropriate place
Groups H04N 5/341 to H04N 5/378 are based on IPC2012.01

H04N 5/3355
. . .
{
with digital output of the sensor cell, e.g. dynamic RAM image sensors
}
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H04N 5/341
. . .
Extracting pixel data from an image sensor by controlling scanning circuits, e.g. by modifying the number of pixels having been sampled or to be sampled
H04N 5/3415
. . . .
{
for increasing the field of view by combining the outputs of a plurality of sensors, e.g. panoramic imaging( linear arrays using abutted sensors H04N 5/3692 )
}
H04N 5/343
. . . .
by switching between different modes of operation using different resolutions or aspect ratios, e.g. between still and video mode or between interlaced and non-interlaced mode
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H04N 5/345
. . . .
by partially reading an SSIS array,
{
i.e. by outputting a number of pixels less than the number of pixels present on the image sensor
}
H04N 5/3452
. . . . .
{
by reading contiguous pixels in one direction within a read portion of the array, e.g. without loss of resolution within the read portion, or every other field is skipped
}
H04N 5/3454
. . . . .
{
by reading contiguous pixels in two directions within a read portion of the array, e.g. without loss of resolution in two directions, windowing or electronic zooming
}
H04N 5/3456
. . . . .
{
by skipping some contiguous pixels within the read portion of the array, e.g. with loss of resolution, e.g. skipping or discarding pixels
}
H04N 5/3458
. . . . .
{
by preserving the color pattern with or without loss of information
}
H04N 5/347
. . . .
by combining or binning pixels in SSIS
H04N 5/349
. . . .
for increasing resolution by shifting the sensor relative to the scene,
{
e.g. microscanning
}
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H04N 5/351
. . .
Control of the SSIS depending on the scene, e.g. brightness or motion in the scene
{
( circuitry for evaluating the brightness variations of the object H04N 5/2351 )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/353
. . . .
Control of the integration time
{
( circuitry for compensating for variation in the brightness of the object by influencing the exposure time H04N 5/2353 )
}
H04N 5/3532
. . . . .
{
by controlling rolling shutters
}
Collapse
H04N 5/3535
. . . . .
{
with different integration times within the sensor
}
H04N 5/3537
. . . . . .
{
depending on the spectral component
}
Collapse
H04N 5/355
. . . .
Control of the dynamic range
Collapse
H04N 5/35509
. . . . .
{
involving a non-linear response
}
H04N 5/35518
. . . . . .
{
being of the logarithmic type
}
H04N 5/35527
. . . . . .
{
with a response composed of multiple slopes
}
Collapse
H04N 5/35536
. . . . .
{
involving multiple exposures( combination of exposures for increasing the dynamic range H04N 5/235 )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/35545
. . . . . .
{
being simultaneously taken
}
H04N 5/35554
. . . . . . .
{
with different integration times
}
H04N 5/35563
. . . . . . .
{
with pixels having different sensibilities within the sensor, e.g. fast/slow pixels, pixels having different sizes
}
Collapse
H04N 5/35572
. . . . . .
{
sequentially taken, e.g. using the combination of odd and even image fields
}
H04N 5/35581
. . . . . . .
{
with different integration times, e.g. short and long exposures
}
H04N 5/3559
. . . . .
{
by controlling the amount of charge storable in the pixel, e.g. modification of the charge conversion ratio of the floating node capacitance
}
Collapse
H04N 5/357
. . .
Noise processing, e.g. detecting, correcting, reducing or removing noise
H04N 5/3572
. . . .
{
the noise resulting only from the lens unit, e.g. flare, shading, vignetting or "cos4"( suppressing or minimizing noise in picture signal generation H04N 5/217 )
}
H04N 5/3575
. . . .
{
involving a correlated sampling function, e.g. correlated double or triple sampling
}
H04N 5/3577
. . . .
{
for reducing electromagnetic interferences, e.g. EMI reduction, clocking noise
}
Collapse
H04N 5/359
. . . .
applied to excess charges produced by the exposure, e.g. smear, blooming, ghost image, crosstalk or leakage between pixels
Collapse
H04N 5/3591
. . . . .
{
for the control of blooming
}
H04N 5/3592
. . . . . .
{
by controlling anti-blooming drains
}
H04N 5/3594
. . . . . .
{
by evacuation via the output or reset lines
}
H04N 5/3595
. . . . .
{
for the control of smearing, e.g. CCD being still exposed during the charge transfer
}
H04N 5/3597
. . . . .
{
being the residual charges remaining after reading an image, e.g. ghost images or after images
}
H04N 5/3598
. . . . .
{
applied when a phenomenon of inverted contrast occurs, e.g. eclipse phenomenon
}
H04N 5/361
. . . .
applied to dark current
H04N 5/363
. . . .
applied to reset noise, e.g. KTC noise
{
related to CMOS structures
}
Collapse
H04N 5/365
. . . .
applied to fixed-pattern noise, e.g. non-uniformity of response
Collapse
H04N 5/3651
. . . . .
{
for non-uniformity detection and correction
}
H04N 5/3653
. . . . . .
{
between adjacent sensors or output registers for reading a single image
}
Collapse
H04N 5/3655
. . . . . .
{
by using a reference source
}
H04N 5/3656
. . . . . . .
{
the reference source being based on the scene itself, e.g. defocusing
}
H04N 5/3658
. . . . . .
{
for reducing the column or line fixed pattern noise
}
Collapse
H04N 5/367
. . . . .
applied to defects, e.g. non-responsive pixels
H04N 5/3675
. . . . . .
{
by defect estimation performed on the scene signal, e.g. real time or on the fly detection
}
Collapse
H04N 5/369
. . .
SSIS architecture ; Circuitry associated therewith
Collapse
H04N 5/3692
. . . .
{
Line sensors
}
H04N 5/3694
. . . . .
{
using abutted sensors forming a long line, e.g. for flat bed scanners
}
H04N 5/3696
. . . .
{
SSIS characterized by non-identical, non-equidistant or non-planar pixel layout, sensor embedding other types of pixels not meant for producing an image signal, e.g. fovea sensors, display pixels, pixels for focusing
}
H04N 5/3698
. . . .
{
Circuitry for controlling the generation or the management of the power supply
}
Collapse
H04N 5/372
. . . .
Charge-coupled device [CCD] sensors ; Time delay and integration [TDI] registers or shift registers specially adapted for SSIS
{
( charge coupled imager structure H01L 27/148 )
}
H04N 5/37206
. . . . .
{
TDI registers or shift registers specially adapted for SSIS
}
H04N 5/37213
. . . . .
{
Details of transfer/readout registers; Split readout registers and multiple readout registers
}
H04N 5/3722
. . . . .
using frame interline transfer [FIT]
H04N 5/3725
. . . . .
using frame transfer [FT]
H04N 5/3728
. . . . .
using interline transfer [IT]
Collapse
H04N 5/374
. . . .
Addressed sensors, e.g. MOS or CMOS sensors
{
( MOS imager structure H01L 27/14643 )
}
H04N 5/3741
. . . . .
{
comprising control or output lines sharing a plurality of functions, e.g. output or driving or reset or power lines
}
H04N 5/3742
. . . . .
{
Details of transfer or readout registers; split readout registers and multiple readout registers
}
H04N 5/3743
. . . . .
{
using TDI registers
}
Collapse
H04N 5/3745
. . . . .
having additional components embedded within a pixel or connected to a group of pixels within a sensor matrix, e.g. memories, A/D converters, pixel amplifiers, shared circuits or shared components
H04N 5/37452
. . . . . .
{
comprising additional storage means( by controlling the amount of charges storable in the pixel H04N 5/3559 )
}
H04N 5/37455
. . . . . .
{
comprising A/D, V/T, V/F, I/T or I/F converters
}
H04N 5/37457
. . . . . .
{
comprising amplifiers shared between a plurality of pixels, e.g. at least one part of the amplifier has to be on the sensor array itself
}
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H04N 5/376
. . . .
Adressing circuits
H04N 5/3765
. . . . .
{
Timing or clock signal generating circuits
}
H04N 5/378
. . . .
Readout circuits, e.g. correlated double sampling [CDS] circuits, output amplifiers or A/D converters
Collapse
H04N 5/38
.
Transmitter circuitry( H04N 5/14 takes precedence )
H04N 5/40
. .
Modulation circuits
{
( in general H03C 1/00 , H03C 3/00 , H03C 5/00 )
}
H04N 5/42
. .
for transmitting at will black-and-white or colour signals
Collapse
H04N 5/44
.
Receiver circuitry( H04N 5/14 takes precedence )
H04N 5/4401
. .
{
for the reception of a digital modulated video signal
}
H04N 5/4403
. .
{
User interfaces for controlling a television receiver or set top box( STB )through a remote control device, e.g. graphical user interfaces (GUI); Remote control devices therefor( user interfaces for controlling a tuning device of a television receiver through a remote control H03J 9/00 ; constructive details of casings for the remote control device H01H 9/0235 ; remote control of peripheral devices connected to a television receiver through the remote control device of the television receiver H04B 1/205 ; remote control devices in general G08C )
}
H04N 5/4446
. .
{
IF amplifier circuits specially adapted for B&W TV( RF amplifiers in general H03F 3/189 )
}
H04N 5/4448
. .
{
for frame-grabbing
}
Collapse
H04N 5/445
. .
for displaying additional information( H04N 5/50 takes precedence )
H04N 5/44504
. . .
{
Circuit details of the additional information generator, e.g. details of the character or graphics signal generator, overlay mixing circuits( graphics pattern generators for visual indicators G09G 5/36 ; generation of individual character patterns for visual indicators G09G 5/24 )
}
H04N 5/44508
. . .
{
multiplexed with a digital video signal
}
H04N 5/44513
. . .
{
for displaying or controlling a single function of one single apparatus, e.g. TV receiver or VCR
}
H04N 5/44543
. . .
{
Menu-type displays( H04N 5/44582 , H04N 5/44591 take precedence )
}
H04N 5/44582
. . .
{
the additional information being controlled by a remote control apparatus
}
H04N 5/44591
. . .
{
the additional information being displayed in a separate window, e.g. by using splitscreen display
}
H04N 5/45
. . .
Picture in picture
H04N 5/455
. .
Demodulation-circuits( demodulation in general H03D )
H04N 5/46
. .
for receiving on more than one standard at will( deflecting circuits of multi-standard receivers H04N 3/27 )
Collapse
H04N 5/50
. .
Tuning indicators ; Automatic tuning control( tuning control in general H03J )
H04N 5/505
. . .
{
Invisible or silent tuning
}
Collapse
H04N 5/52
. .
Automatic gain control
{
( in general H03G )
}
H04N 5/53
. . .
Keyed automatic gain control
H04N 5/54
. . .
for positively-modulated picture signals( H04N 5/53 takes precedence )
H04N 5/56
. . .
for negatively-modulated picture signals( H04N 5/53 takes precedence )
Collapse
H04N 5/57
. .
Control of contrast or brightness
H04N 5/58
. . .
in dependence upon ambient light
H04N 5/59
. . .
in dependence upon beam current of cathode ray tube
Collapse
H04N 5/60
. .
for the sound signals
{
( for silent tuning, i.e. muting H04N 5/505 )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/602
. . .
{
for digital sound signals
}
H04N 5/605
. . . .
{
according to the NICAM system
}
H04N 5/607
. . .
{
for more than one sound signal, e.g. stereo, multilanguages( H04N 5/602 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/62
. . .
Intercarrier circuits, i.e. heterodyning sound and vision carriers
{
( H04N 5/607 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/63
.
Generation or supply of power specially adapted for television receivers( generation of supply voltages in combination with electron beam deflecting H04N 3/18 ; regulating of voltage or current in general G05F ; transformers H01F ; supplying or distributing electric power, in general H02J ; static converters H02M )
Collapse
H04N 5/64
.
Constructional details of receivers, e.g. cabinets, dust covers( furniture aspects A47B , e.g. A47B 81/06 )
H04N 5/642
. .
{
Disposition of sound reproducers
}
H04N 5/645
. .
Mounting of picture tube on chassis or in housing
H04N 5/65
. .
Holding-devices for protective discs or for picture masks
H04N 5/655
. .
Construction or mounting of chassis, e.g. for varying the elevation of the tube
Collapse
H04N 5/66
.
Transforming electric information into light information( scanning details H04N 3/00 ;
{
electro- or magneto optic devices G02F 1/00 ; CRT`s H01J
}
)
H04N 5/68
. .
Circuit details for cathode-ray display tubes
{
( deviation circuits H04N 3/16 , H03K 4/00 )
}
H04N 5/70
. .
Circuit details for electroluminescent devices
H04N 5/72
.
Modifying the appearance of television pictures by optical filters or diffusing screens( optical filters or diffusing screens per se G02B 5/00 )
Collapse
H04N 5/74
.
Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g. using eidophor( optical systems in general G02B )
WARNING
-
H04N 5/74 and subgroups are no longer used for the classification of new documents as from October 1, 2008. The backlog is being continuously reclassified to subgroups of H04N 9/31

H04N 5/7408
. .
{
Direct viewing projectors, e.g. an image displayed on a video CRT or LCD display being projected on a screen
}
Collapse
H04N 5/7416
. .
{
involving the use of a spatial light modulator, e.g. a light valve, controlled by a video signal
}
H04N 5/7425
. . .
{
the modulator being a dielectric deformable layer controlled by an electron beam, e.g. eidophor projector
}
H04N 5/7441
. . .
{
the modulator being an array of liquid crystal cells
}
H04N 5/7458
. . .
{
the modulator being an array of deformable mirrors, e.g. digital micromirror device (DMD)
}
Collapse
H04N 5/7475
. .
{
Constructional details of television projection apparatus
}
H04N 5/7491
. . .
{
of head mounted projectors
}
Collapse
.
Television signal recording( diagnosis, testing or measuring for television signal recorders H04N 17/06 ; recording in connection with measuring G01D ; information storage
{
in which the television signal is not involved, driving, starting, stopping, head switching, editing, indexing
}
in general G11 , e.g. G11B )
H04N 5/7605
. .
{
on discs or drums( H04N 5/781 , H04N 5/805 , H04N 5/83 , H04N 5/85 take precedence )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/765
. .
Interface circuits between an apparatus for recording and another apparatus( associated working of recording or reproducing apparatus with a television camera or receiver in which the television signal is not significantly involved G11B 31/00 )
Collapse
H04N 5/77
. . .
between a recording apparatus and a television camera
. . . .
{
the recording apparatus and the television camera being placed in the same enclosure
}
Collapse
. . .
between a recording apparatus and a television receiver
H04N 5/7755
. . . .
{
the recorder being connected to, or coupled with, the antenna of the television receiver
}
Collapse
H04N 5/78
. .
using magnetic recording( H04N 5/91 takes precedence;
{
mechanical details in so far as non typical for television circuitry G11B 5/00
}
)
H04N 5/7805
. . .
{
Recording or playback not using inductive heads, e.g. magneto-optical, thermomagnetic, magnetostrictive, galvanomagnetic( electrostatic recording H04N 5/80 , photographic recording H04N 5/84 )
}
. . .
on discs or drums
Collapse
. . .
on tape
H04N 5/78206
. . . .
{
Recording using a special track configuration, e.g. crossing, overlapping
}
H04N 5/78213
. . . .
{
involving recording in different depths of the magnetic tape
}
H04N 5/7822
. . . .
with stationary magnetic heads
Collapse
H04N 5/7824
. . . .
with rotating magnetic heads
WARNING
-
Not complete, see also H04N 5/782

Collapse
H04N 5/7826
. . . . .
involving helical scanning of the magnetic tape
Collapse
H04N 5/78263
. . . . . .
{
for recording on tracks inclined relative to the direction of movement of the tape
}
H04N 5/78266
. . . . . . .
{
using more than one track for the recording of one television field or frame, i.e. segmented recording
}
H04N 5/7828
. . . . .
involving transversal scanning of the magnetic tape
WARNING
-
Not complete, see also H04N 5/782

. . . .
Adaptations for reproducing at a rate different from the recording rate
H04N 5/784
. . .
on a sheet
Collapse
H04N 5/80
. .
using electrostatic recording( H04N 5/91 takes precedence )
H04N 5/805
. . .
{
on discs or drums
}
Collapse
H04N 5/82
. . .
using deformable thermoplastic recording medium
H04N 5/83
. . . .
on discs or drums
Collapse
H04N 5/84
. .
using optical recording( H04N 5/80 , H04N 5/89 , H04N 5/91 take precedence )
Collapse
H04N 5/843
. . .
{
on film
}
H04N 5/846
. . . .
{
the film moving intermittently
}
. . .
on discs or drums
H04N 5/87
. . .
Producing a motion picture film from a television signal( scanning of motion picture films for television signal generation H04N 3/36 ; television signal generation by scanning a motion picture film H04N 5/253H04N 9/11 ;
{
standard conversion therefor H04N 7/0112
}
)
Collapse
H04N 5/89
. .
using holographic recording( H04N 5/91 takes precedence )
WARNING
-
Not complete, see also H04N 5/76 , H04N 5/7605 , H04N 5/84 , H04N 5/85

H04N 5/90
. . .
on discs or drums
H04N 5/903
. .
using variable electrical capacitive recording( H04N 5/91 takes precedence )
WARNING
-
Not complete, see also H04N 5/7605

H04N 5/907
. .
using static stores, e.g. storage tubes, semiconductor memories( H04N 5/91 takes precedence; based on relative movement between record carrier and transducer H04N 5/78 to H04N 5/903 )
Collapse
H04N 5/91
. .
Television signal processing therefor( of colour signals H04N 9/79 )
H04N 5/911
. . .
for the suppression of noise
{
( H04N 5/932 takes precedence )
}
. . .
for scrambling;
{
for copy protection
}
( scrambling of a television signal for transmission H04N 7/167 )
Collapse
H04N 5/915
. . .
for field- or frame-skip recording or reproducing
H04N 5/9155
. . . .
{
with sound multiplexing
}
Collapse
. . .
for bandwidth reduction( bandwidth reduction H04N 7/12 ; using pulse code modulation H04N 7/24 )
H04N 5/919
. . . .
by dividing samples or signal segments, e.g. television lines, among a plurality of recording channels
Collapse
. . .
Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing ; Inverse transformation for playback
{
( transmitter circuitry H04N 5/38 ; receiver circuitry H04N 5/44 )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/9201
. . . .
{
involving the multiplexing of an additional signal and the video signal
}
Collapse
H04N 5/9202
. . . . .
{
the additional signal being a sound signal( H04N 5/9155 , H04N 5/92 take precedence )
}
H04N 5/9203
. . . . . .
{
using time division multiplex
}
H04N 5/9204
. . . . . .
{
using frequency division multiplex
}
H04N 5/9205
. . . . .
{
the additional signal being at least another television signal
}
Collapse
H04N 5/9206
. . . . .
{
the additional signal being a character code signal
}
H04N 5/9207
. . . . . .
{
for teletext
}
H04N 5/9208
. . . . . .
{
involving the use of subcodes
}
H04N 5/921
. . . .
by recording or reproducing the baseband signal
H04N 5/923
. . . .
using preemphasis of the signal before modulation and deemphasis of the signal after demodulation
{
( volume compression or expansion in amplifiers in general H03G 7/00 )
}
Collapse
H04N 5/926
. . . .
by pulse code modulation( H04N 5/919 takes precedence )
Collapse
H04N 5/9261
. . . . .
{
involving data reduction
}
H04N 5/9262
. . . . . .
{
using predictive coding
}
H04N 5/9264
. . . . . .
{
using transform coding
}
Collapse
H04N 5/9265
. . . . .
{
with processing of the sound signal
}
Collapse
H04N 5/9267
. . . . . .
{
using time division multiplex of the PCM audio and PCM video signals
}
H04N 5/9268
. . . . . . .
{
with insertion of the PCM audio signals in the vertical blanking interval of the PCM video signal
}
H04N 5/928
. . . .
the sound signal being pulse code modulated and recorded in time division multiplex with the modulated video signal
Collapse
. . .
Regeneration of the television signal or of selected parts thereof
H04N 5/9305
. . . .
{
involving the mixing of the reproduced video signal with a non-recorded signal, e.g. a text signal
}
Collapse
H04N 5/931
. . . .
for restoring the level of the reproduced signal
H04N 5/9315
. . . . .
{
the level control being frequency dependent( H04N 5/923 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/932
. . . .
Regeneration of analogue synchronisation signals
H04N 5/935
. . . .
Regeneration of digital synchronisation signals
H04N 5/937
. . . .
by assembling picture element blocks in an intermediate store
Collapse
. . . .
Signal drop-out compensation
H04N 5/945
. . . . .
for signals recorded by pulse code modulation( error detection or correction of digital signals for recording in general G11B 20/18 )
Collapse
. . . .
Time-base error compensation
{
( H04N 5/932 takes precedence )
}
H04N 5/953
. . . . .
by using an analogue memory, e.g. a CCD shift register, the delay of which is controlled by a voltage controlled oscillator
H04N 5/956
. . . . .
by using a digital memory with independent write-in and read-out clock generators
Collapse
Television systems( details H04N 3/00 , H04N 5/00 ; systems specific to colour television H04N 11/00 ; stereoscopic television systems H04N 13/00 ; selective content distribution H04N 21/00 )
Collapse
.
{
Special television systems not provided for by H04N 7/007 to H04N 7/18( still pictures via a television channel H04N 1/00098 )
}
H04N 7/005
. .
{
using at least one opto-electrical conversion device
}
.
{
Systems with supplementary picture signal insertion during a portion of the active part of a television signal, e.g. during top and bottom lines in a HDTV letter-box system
}
Collapse
.
Conversion of standards
{
involving analogue television standards or digital television standards processed at pixel level( video transcoding H04N 7/26941 ; image scaling in general G06T 3/40 ; adapting incoming signals to the display format of the display terminal G09G 5/005 )
}
H04N 7/0102
. .
{
involving the resampling of the incoming video signal
}
Collapse
H04N 7/0105
. .
{
using a storage device with different write and read speed
}
H04N 7/0107
. . .
{
using beam gun storage
}
H04N 7/011
. . .
{
using magnetic recording
}
Collapse
H04N 7/0112
. .
{
one of the standards corresponding to a cinematograph film standard
}
H04N 7/0115
. . .
{
with details on the detection of a particular field or frame pattern in the incoming video signal, e.g. 3:2 pull-down pattern
}
Collapse
H04N 7/0117
. .
{
involving conversion of the spatial resolution of the incoming video signal( for graphics images G09G 2340/0407 )
}
H04N 7/012
. . .
{
Conversion between an interlaced and a progressive signal( for graphics images G09G 2310/0229 )
}
H04N 7/0122
. . .
{
the input and the output signals having different aspect ratios
}
H04N 7/0125
. .
{
one of the standards being a high definition standard
}
Collapse
H04N 7/0127
. .
{
by changing the field or frame frequency of the incoming video signal, e.g. frame rate converter
}
H04N 7/013
. . .
{
the incoming video signal comprising different parts having originally different frame rate, e.g. video and graphics
}
H04N 7/0132
. . .
{
the field or frame frequency of the incoming video signal being multiplied by a positive integer, e.g. for flicker reduction
}
Collapse
H04N 7/0135
. .
{
involving interpolation processes( interpolation-based image scaling G06T 3/4007 ; interpolation for video coding H04N 7/46 )
}
H04N 7/0137
. . .
{
dependent on presence/absence of motion, e.g. of motion zones( H04N 7/014 takes precedence; movement detection in television signals H04N 5/144 )
}
H04N 7/014
. . .
{
involving the use of motion vectors( motion estimation and compensation in video coding H04N 7/2676 , H04N 7/361 )
}
H04N 7/0142
. . .
{
the interpolation being edge adaptive( edge detection in television signals H04N 5/142 ; edge-driven scaling G06T 3/403 )
}
H04N 7/0145
. . .
{
the interpolation being class adaptive, i.e. it uses the information of class which is determined for a pixel based upon certain characteristics of the neighbouring pixels
}
H04N 7/0147
. . .
{
the interpolation using an indication of film mode or an indication of a specific pattern, e.g. 3:2 pull-down pattern
}
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.
High-definition television systems
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H04N 7/0152
. .
{
using spatial or temporal subsampling
}
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H04N 7/0155
. . .
{
using pixel blocks
}
H04N 7/0157
. . . .
{
with motion estimation, e.g. involving the use of motion vectors
}
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.
Systems for the transmission of digital non-picture data, e.g. of text during the active part of a television frame
{
( transmission of digital non-picture data during the vertical blanking interval only H04N 7/088 )
}
H04N 7/0255
. .
{
Display systems therefor
}
H04N 7/03
. .
Subscription systems therefor
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. .
Circuits for the digital non-picture data signal, e.g. for slicing of the data signal, for regeneration of the data-clock signal, for error detection or correction of the data signal
H04N 7/0352
. . .
{
for regeneration of the clock signal
}
H04N 7/0355
. . .
{
for discrimination of the binary level of the digital data, e.g. amplitude slicers
}
H04N 7/0357
. . .
{
for error detection or correction
}
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.
Systems for the transmission of one television signal, i.e. both picture and sound, by a single carrier
{
( H04N 7/084 , H04N 7/087 take precedence )
}
H04N 7/045
. .
the carrier being frequency modulated
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.
Systems for the simultaneous transmission of one television signal, i.e. both picture and sound, by more than one carrier
{
( H04N 7/084 , H04N 7/087 take precedence )
}
H04N 7/063
. .
{
Simultaneous transmission of separate parts of one picture
}
H04N 7/066
. .
{
the carriers being allocated to more than one television channel
}
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.
Systems for the simultaneous or sequential transmission of more than one television signal, e.g. additional information signals, the signals occupying wholly or partially the same frequency band,
{
e.g. by time division( H04N 7/007 takes precedence )
}
H04N 7/0803
. .
{
using frequency interleaving, e.g. with precision offset
}
H04N 7/0806
. .
{
the signals being two or more video signals( H04N 7/0803 , H04N 7/081 take precedence )
}
H04N 7/081
. .
the additional information signals being transmitted by means of a subcarrier
H04N 7/083
. .
with signal insertion during the vertical and the horizontal blanking interval,
{
e.g. MAC data signals
}
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H04N 7/084
. .
with signal insertion during the horizontal blanking interval
{
only
}
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H04N 7/085
. . .
the inserted signal being digital
H04N 7/0855
. . . .
{
the signal being time-compressed before its insertion and subsequently decompressed at reception
}
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H04N 7/087
. .
with signal insertion during the vertical blanking interval
{
only
}
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H04N 7/088
. . .
the inserted signal being digital
H04N 7/0881
. . . .
{
the signal being time-compressed before its insertion and subsequently decompressed at reception
}
H04N 7/0882
. . . .
{
for the transmission of character code signals, e.g. for teletext( circuits for the digital non-picture data signal H04N 7/035 )
}
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H04N 7/0884
. . . .
{
for the transmission of additional display-information, e.g. menu for programme or channel selection
}
H04N 7/0885
. . . . .
{
for the transmission of subtitles
}
H04N 7/0887
. . . .
{
for the transmission of programme or channel identifying signals
}
H04N 7/0888
. . . .
{
Subscription systems therefor
}
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.
Adaptations for transmission by electric cable( H04N 7/12 takes precedence;
{
transmission by lines H04B 3/00 ; wired broadcast systems H04H 20/76 ; CATV ( Community Antenna Television ) systems H04H 20/78
}
)
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H04N 7/102
. .
{
Circuits therefor, e.g. noise reducers, equalisers, amplifiers( H04N 7/108 takes precedence )
}
H04N 7/104
. . .
{
Switchers or splitters
}
H04N 7/106
. .
{
for domestic distribution
}
H04N 7/108
. .
{
the cable being constituted by a pair of wires
}
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.
Systems in which the television signal is transmitted via one channel or a plurality of parallel channels, the bandwidth of each channel being less than the bandwidth of the television signal( H04N 7/24 takes precedence;
{
by special scanning H04N 3/00
}
; high definition television systems H04N 7/015 )
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H04N 7/122
. .
{
involving expansion and subsequent compression of a signal segment, e.g. a frame, a line
}
H04N 7/125
. . .
{
the signal segment being a picture element
}
H04N 7/127
. .
{
Systems in which different parts of the picture signal frequency band are individually processed, e.g. suppressed, transposed
}
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.
Systems for two-way working(
{
H04N 7/12 ,
}
H04N 7/173 take precedence )
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H04N 7/141
. .
{
between two video terminals, e.g. videophone( telephonic communication systems combined with television receiver for reception of entertainment or information matter H04M 11/085 )
}
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H04N 7/142
. . .
{
Constructional details of the terminal equipment, e.g. arrangements of the camera and the display
}
H04N 7/144
. . . .
{
camera and display on the same optical axis, e.g. optically multiplexing the camera and display for eye to eye contact
}
H04N 7/147
. . .
{
Communication arrangements, e.g. identifying the communication as a video-communication, intermediate storage of the signals( selecting H04Q )
}
H04N 7/148
. . .
{
Interfacing a video terminal to a particular transmission medium, e.g. ISDN
}
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. .
Conference systems(
{
video terminal details H04N 7/141
}
; telephonic conference arrangements H04M 3/56 ;
{
computer conferencing H04L 12/1813
}
)
H04N 7/152
. . .
{
Multipoint control units therefor
}
H04N 7/155
. . .
{
involving storage of or access to video conference sessions( tracking arrangements for later retrieval of a computer conference content or participants activities H04L 12/1831 )
}
H04N 7/157
. . .
{
defining a virtual conference space and using avatars or agents( computer conference optimisation or adaptation H04L 12/1827 )
}
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.
Analogue secrecy systems ; Analogue subscription systems
. .
{
Constructional details of the subscriber equipment( H04N 7/164 takes precedence; coin-freed and like apparatus in general G07F )
}
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. .
{
Authorising the user terminal, e.g. by paying; Registering the use of a subscription channel, e.g. billing
}
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. . .
{
by receiver means only
}
H04N 7/164
. . . .
{
Coin-freed apparatus
}
. . .
{
Centralised control of user terminal( subsequent to an upstream request signal H04N 7/17345 ); Registering at central( by two-way working H04N 7/17309 )
}
H04N 7/166
. .
{
Passage/non-passage of the television signal, e.g. jamming, band suppression( scrambling and descrambling H04N 7/167 )
}
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. .
Systems rendering the television signal unintelligible and subsequently intelligible
{
secret communication in general H04K 1/00
}
. . .
{
Providing digital key or authorisation information for generation or regeneration of the scrambling sequence( pseudo-random number generators in general G06F 7/58 )
}
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H04N 7/169
. . .
Systems operating in the time domain of the television signal
H04N 7/1693
. . . .
{
by displacing synchronisation signals relative to active picture signals or vice versa
}
H04N 7/1696
. . . .
{
by changing or reversing the order of active picture signal portions
}
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H04N 7/171
. . .
Systems operating in the amplitude domain of the television signal
H04N 7/1713
. . . .
{
by modifying synchronisation signals
}
H04N 7/1716
. . . .
{
by inverting the polarity of active picture signal portions
}
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. .
with two-way working, e.g. subscriber sending a programme selection signal
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. . .
{
Transmission or handling of upstream communications
}
. . . .
{
Direct or substantially direct transmission and handling of requests
}
H04N 7/17327
. . . .
{
with deferred transmission or handling of upstream communications
}
. . . .
{
Handling of requests in head-ends
}
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H04N 7/17345
. . .
{
Control of the passage of the selected programme
}
H04N 7/17354
. . . .
{
in an intermediate station common to a plurality of user terminals
}
H04N 7/17363
. . . .
{
at or near the user terminal
}
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.
Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast
{
( television transmission of measured quantities G01D 5/39 ; intruder alarm or detection by television surveillance G08B 13/196 , G08B15/00B )
}
H04N 7/181
. .
{
for receiving images from a plurality of remote sources
}
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H04N 7/183
. .
{
for receiving images from a single remote source
}
H04N 7/185
. . .
{
from a mobile camera, e.g. for remote control
}
H04N 7/186
. . .
{
Video door telephones
}
H04N 7/188
. .
{
Capturing isolated or intermittent images triggered by the occurrence of a predetermined event, e.g. an object reaching a predetermined position( signal generation from motion picture films H04N 5/253 )
}
.
Adaptations for transmission via a GHz frequency band, e.g. via satellite
.
Adaptations for optical transmission
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.
Systems for the transmission of television signals using pulse code modulation( H04N 21/00 takes precedence )
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H04N 7/26
. .
using bandwidth reduction;
{
Source coding or decoding of digital video signal, e.g. digital video signal compression; Pre- or postprocessing therefor
}
( information reduction by code conversion in general H03M 7/30 )
NOTE
-
In this group classification is done in all relevant subgroups, e.g. a document disclosing a motion-adaptive MPEG bitrate transcoder using vector quantisation must be classified in H04N 7/26 T, H04N 7/28 , H04N 7/50 , H04N 7/26053 , H04N 7/26132 and any other relevant group

WARNING
-

This subgroup is no longer used for the classification of new documents as from 01.06.2012 and the backlog is being continuously reclassified in H04N 19/00 and subgroups

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H04N 7/26005
. . .
{
Adaptive or control aspects therefor
}
NOTE
-
In this group documents must be classified in all relevant subgroups of H04N 7/2601 (controlled element or parameter), H04N 7/26117 (controlling element, parameter or criteria), H04N 7/26239 (unit of control) and H04N 7/26303 (methods, elements or tools for adaptive control).

Control techniques that are specific only for a particular coding method are to be classified in all subgroups relating to such coding method, e.g. control of subband structure H04N 7/2642

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H04N 7/2601
. . . .
{
Controlled element or parameter
}
H04N 7/26015
. . . . .
Predictor
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H04N 7/26021
. . . . .
{
Coding or prediction mode selection( H04N 7/26111 takes precedence )
}
H04N 7/26026
. . . . . .
{
Intra coding, e.g. selection among a plurality of spatially predictive coding modes
}