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ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS; AUXILIARY DRIVES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST, OR FUEL SUPPLY, OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Particular arrangements or mounting in vehicles of:

  • Propulsion units or diverse prime movers (electrical, steam, internal-combustion, jet-propulsion, hybrid or other propulsion units),
  • Transmissions.
  • Diverse elements of propulsion units: cooling system, air intake or gas exhaust, fuel supply, element in connection with the power supply from force of nature (e.g. sun, wind),
  • Auxiliary drives devices,
  • Instrumentation or dashbord.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

The following subject matters are not covered by this subclass:

  • Subclass B60B and B60C embrace all vehicle wheels and tyres, except wheels for roller skates A63C 17/22, wheels for model railway vehicles A63H 19/22, and special adaptations of wheels or tyres for aircraft B64C 25/36.
  • Subclass B60C embraces the connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies in general, and in this respect it is not limited to vehicles.
  • Subclass B60L embraces certain electric equipment of all electrically-propelled vehicles.
  • Subclass B60M embraces certain power supply for, but external to, any kind of electrically-propelled vehicle
  • Subclass B60R embraces safety belts or body harnesses used in all types of land vehicles
  • Subclass B60S is a residual group for servicing, cleaning, repairing, supporting or lifting of vehicles.
  • Subclass B60T includes brake control systems of general applicability, and in this respect it is not limited to vehicles. It also includes rail-vehicle power-brake systems and some features of rail-vehicle brake systems

Conjoint control of different drive units are not any more in this subclass; they are classified in subclass B60W.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheel chairs
Suspension
Cooling, heating, venting devices especially for passenger, these groups comprise also the devices which are used for conjoint climatisation for the passenger space and for other devices (like a battery for example).
Seats in a vehicle
Power driven steering
Dynamo electric machines
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Automatic control
Using control systems for automatizing or assisting, to a full- or partial extent, tasks associated with driving of the vehicle, e.g. those normally carried out by the driver or those necessary to control the motion of the vehicle.
Auxiliary equipment
A subsidiary or supplementary device of the propulsion, transmission or other units of the vehicle, e.g. a pump for supply of pressure for the control unit.
Conjoint Control
A programmed or condition-responsive automatic controller on-board the vehicle, embodying control logic for plural vehicle sub-units and sends control signals to actuators of two or more vehicle sub-units, so that the sub-units act together to solve a particular problem or in response to a particular driving condition.
Cruise controlACC
A system for automatically controlling vehicle speed, which may include additional functions e.g. control of distance between vehicles, so-called "Adaptive Cruise Control" (ACC).
Drive control system
An electronic system in a road vehicle for automatically controlling the movement of that vehicle in order to take certain actions.
Driving parameter
All input or output parameters of the road vehicle drive control systems, e.g. road specific parameters, driver or passenger related parameters, state variables of motion of the vehicle body or parameters related to the vehicle itself like load or weight of the vehicle
Hybrid vehicles HEV
Vehicles having two or more prime movers of more than one type for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. HEV: electrical and internal combustion motors, and that are either singularly or in combination used for propulsion of the vehicle.
Road vehicle
A motorised passenger vehicle normally under the control of a human driver for transportation on roads, e.g. an automobile, truck or bus
Drive-unit
Propulsion unit together with transmission, a "drive-unit" can additionally include the ultimate driven unit
Sub-Unit
One of the following vehicle systems: propulsion systems; clutch system; change-speed gearing system; system for distributing drive torque between front and rear axles; axle differential system; brake system; steering system or suspension system; energy storage means; fuel cells or other auxiliary equipments
Transmission
All propulsion parts linking propulsion units, e.g. engines, to ultimate propulsive elements, e.g. wheels
Vehicle
All vehicles except those restricted to one of the following types of vehicles: rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircraft, space vehicles, hand carts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, and sledges, which are covered by the relevant subclasses of B61 to B64. Thus, the term "vehicle" includes:- vehicular characteristics which are common to more than one of the above listed types;- certain characteristics restricted to automobiles, road or cross-country trailers
Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units (B60K 7/00 takes precedence; arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion B60K 6/00; electric transmission arrangements B60K 17/12; electric equipment or sropulsion of electrically-propelled vehicles per se B60L; current-collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles B60L 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electric transmission arrangements
Four wheel drive vehicle with one electric motor for driving one axle
Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion
Hybrid vehicles having transmission units for driving a plurality of drive axles, e.g. four-wheel drive
Disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel;the motor being electric
Method, circuits or devices for controlling the traction motor speed of electric vehicle
Current-collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
Conjoint control of electric propulsion units
Conjoint control of hybrid vehicles.
B60W20/00B
Steering non-deflectable wheels by differentially driving ground-engaging elements
Arrangement for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo electric machine.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Motor driven wheel chairs
Electric equipment or propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles
Current-collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
Superstructure for passenger vehicles
Dynamo-Electric Machines : also the direct association of the dynamo-Electric Machine with another component
Machines with counter rotating rotors
Control of electric motors
of the electric storage means for propulsion (for auxiliary purposes only B60R 16/04; supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles B60S 5/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cooling of the batteries using HVAC of the vehicle
Arrangement of non- propulsive batteries
Servicing station for replacing batteries
Heating and cooling of batteries
Heating and cooling of batteries in the vehicle
Fixing of the housing of the batteries to the vehicle if the invention is on the housing of the batteries
Fuel cells
Heating of fuel cell
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electric storing means specially adapted for HEVs
Fuel cells specially adapted for HEVs
Connecting elements for charging the batteries
Exchange of the energy storage elements for electric vehicles
Batteries or fuel cell security problems in electric vehicles
Braking elements using wheel movement for accumulating energy, e.g. by driving air compressors
Batteries per se
Housings or Holders for batteries
Special rules of classification within this group

If there exist a second prime mover, e.g. internal combustion engine (ICE) or hydraulic accumulator, classification should also be given in B60K 6/00.

Arrangement or mounting of steam or gaseous-pressure propulsion units (B60K 7/00 takes precedence; arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion B60K 6/00; gaseous-pressure transmission arrangements B60K 17/10)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This groups comprise documents concerning the arrangement or mounting in the vehicle of the steam engine or gaseous-pressure propulsion. The engine per se is classified in F01K, F01B, F02C.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel
Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion
Gaseous-pressure transmission arrangements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hybrid vehicles using fluid storing means
Engines using uniflow principle
Steam engines
Steam engine plants; For driving vehicles
Turbines
Arrangement or mounting of internal-combustion or jet-propulsion units (B60K 7/00 takes precedence; arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion B60K 6/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

These groups comprise documents concerning the arrangement of an internal combustion motor in the vehicle. A damping means, rubber or the control of a damping means per se are in F16F.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Motor arranged in or approximate to the wheel
Understructures of the vehicle with resilient means for suspension
Understructures : front and rear frame of the vehicle
Combustion engines per se
Combinations of the engines with mechanical gearing.
Shock absorbers; Means for damping vibration, fluid dampers and control therefore.
with the engine main axis, e.g. crankshaft axis, substantially in or parallel to the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle
Special rules of classification within this group

This group is given only if the fact that the crankshaft axis is parallel to the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle is important for the invention.

with the engine main axis, e.g. crankshaft axis, transversely to the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle
Special rules of classification within this group

This group is given only if the fact that the crankshaft axis is transversal to the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle is important for the invention.

with the engine main axis substantially vertical
Special rules of classification within this group

This group is given only if the fact that the crankshaft axis is vertical is important for the invention.

Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines { ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units (arrangement or mounting in vehicles of electrical gearing, in which an electrical machine serves only as reduction gearing and not as the prime mover and in which no electrical storing means are used B60K 17/12; control and regulation of purely electrical prime movers B60L; prime-movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors in a common engine block or housing per se F02B 65/00; electric motors or motor-generators used for starting the combustion engine F02N 11/04; electric motors for synchronising gearing F16H 3/12) } { Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric driveF16H 3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K 7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K 51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K 57/00}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement and mounting of different prime-movers for common propulsion of a vehicle.

Hybrid propulsion systems comprising electrical and combustion engines.

Prime-movers comprising internal combustion motor and energy storing means.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 6/00 is the place where the layout and arrangement of hybrid propulsion systems will be classified. The control of these systems will be classified in subclass B60W 20/00 and B60W 10/00 for the type of the controlled unit with additional classification symbol in this group when the type of hybrid propulsion system is of interest. Combustion engine features are classified per se in the relevant subclasses F02B, F02D, F02N. Transmission or clutch features per se are classified in the relevant subclasses F16H or F16D.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Propulsion of purely electrically-propelled vehicles with power supplied within the vehicle
Control of the hybrid vehicles
Propulsion control with common controlling member for different functions
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydrostatic gearing, in which pump/motors serve only as a reduction gearing and not as prime-mover, in which no accumulators are used
Electric gearing, in which electric machines serve only as a reduction gearing and not as prime-mover and in which no storing means are used
Transmission arrangements for driving front and rear wheels, having one or more electric or hydraulic motors for driving wheels
Electric motors mounted in or adjacent to the wheels
Prime movers comprising electric motors and ICE in a common engine block or housing
Electric motors or motor-generators used for starting the combustion engine
Electric motors for synchronizing gearing
Mechanical gearings having orbital motion with secondary drive in order to vary speed continuously
Control of gear shifting per se
Control of hydrostatic gearings, also using accumulators
Dynamo-electric gears, i.e. dynamoelectric means for transmitting mechanical power comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts
Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine
Special rules of classification within this group

Multi-aspect classification practice is used in this group for hybrid vehicles. Whenever one or more specific aspects of subunits are concerned, classification should be given for each of the different subunit in B60K 6/22 and a classification symbol should be added in the relevant place for the architecture B60K 6/42 and also for the driveline architecture B60K 6/50.

When classifying in one of groups B60K 6/22, B60K 6/42 or B60K 6/50, further technical classification, which is considered to represent information of interest for search should be classified in the other subgroups of B60K 6/00 to enable searching using combination of classification symbols. Where appropriate, classification symbols should be given for the architecture of the hybrid propulsion system in groups B60K 6/42 - B60K 6/485 and for the arrangement or kind of transmission units in groups B60K 6/50 - B60K 6/547.

The flywheel storing means are classified in B60K 6/105 if the power transmission is mechanical and in B60K 6/30 if the power transmission is purely electrical.

The power split transmission architecture B60K 6/445 is to be classified also in F16H 2037/0866 for distributing type, in F16H 2037/088 for summing type and F16H 2037/101 for parallel type, F16H 2037/102 or F16H 2037/104 for crossed connections of several planetary sets, F16H 2037/103 for Ravigneaux type.

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory. When classifying in group B60K 6/00 classification must also be made in groups L60K6/00L60K6/54 for additional features, in L60Y200/00 for vehicle type, in L60Y400/00 for special features in general, in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose and in L60W10/00 for multiple controlled sub-units and in L60W510/00 - L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and in L60W710/00 - L60W720/40G for the output target values.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Energy storing means
Apparatus for storing propulsive energy and providing stored energy to drive the prime-mover or the ultimate propulsive elements, e.g. wheels.
Hybrid electric vehicle
Vehicles having an electric prime-mover and a combustion engine, in which the electric prime-mover and the combustion engine either singly or in combination, drive the ultimate propulsive elements, e.g. wheels.
Motor-generator
An electric machine, such as a motor or a generator or a mechanical combination thereof, which can provide positive mechanical output force or torque and which can function at other times as an electric generator.
Prime-mover
A propulsion unit or source of motive power providing a mechanical output, e.g. via a rotating shaft.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

HEV
Hybrid electric vehicle
characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Series type or Range extender
HEVs having at least two motor-generators in which the first motor-generator is mechanically connected for driving or braking the wheels supplied by a battery which power is mostly generated by the second motor-generator mechanically connected to the combustion engine. Example: The combustion engine is mechanically connected to a motor-generator. The combustion engine is not mechanically connected to the wheels. All the output energy of the combustion engine is converted to electrical energy. The energy is used to drive a second electric machine connected to the wheels and/or to charge the energy storing means. The second electric machine will be used as generator during braking. (US5214358, example also classified in B60K 6/30 for mechanical accumulators )
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Parallel type
HEVs having a single motor-generator in which both the combustion engine and the motor-generator can directly drive the wheels. Parallel type HEVs in which the motor-generator only assist the combustion engine and cannot drive the wheels alone are specially defined as 'motor assist type'. Therefore 'parallel type' is assigned to HEVs in which the motor generator can drive the wheels alone without the engine being connected to the wheels. Example: There is a single motor-generator and the combustion engine is mechanically connected to the motor-generator, via a clutch or via differential gearing. The motor-generator is also mechanically connected to the wheels. The vehicle is driven electrically by the motor-generator or mechanically by the engine or by both in combination. (EP941883)
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Motor-assist type
Parallel type HEV in which the motor-generator only assist the combustion engine and cannot drive the wheels alone. Example: The motor-generator is mechanically connected to the engine. There is no clutch or differential gearing between motor-generator and engine. The combustion engine is mechanically connected to the wheels. (FR2480042)
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Series-parallel type
HEV having at least two motor-generators, which include the functions of both the series type and the parallel type.
Series-parallel switching type
Series-parallel type HEV in which the mode can be switched between series mode and parallel mode. Example: The combustion engine is directly connected to a first motor-generator. There is a second motor-generator mechanically connected to the wheels and a clutch between the two motor-generators. In the series mode the clutch will be disengaged and the second motor generator will drive the wheels by using the electric power generated by the first motor generator. In the parallel mode the clutch will be engaged and the engine directly drives the wheels with or without assistance by the motor generators. (US5513719)
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Differential gearing distribution type
Series-parallel type HEVs in which the combustion engine power is distributed or summed by a differential, e.g. a planetary gearing, to the first motor-generator and the wheels, and the electric power generated by the first motor-generator is used to drive the second motor-generator mechanically connected to either the wheels or the combustion engine. The series-mode energy flow path is established when the second motor-generator is driven by the electric power generated by the first motor-generator, while the parallel-mode energy flow path is established when the wheels are driven by both the combustion engine and the second motor-generator. Motor-generator currents are controlled to determine the energy flow path through the drive units.Example: The combustion engine is mechanically connected to a motor-generator via a first element of a differential gearing. A second motor-generator is connected to a second element of the differential gearing. The differential gearing also connects one or both of the motor-generators to the wheels. (US20010049570, example also classified in F16H 2037/102 )
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Electrical distribution type
Series-parallel type HEVs in which the engine power is distributed, using a first motor-generator which is specific as a double rotor-type motor-generator, into mechanical power for driving the wheels and electric power for driving a second motor-generator connected to either the wheels or the combustion engine. The series-mode energy flow path is established when the second motor-generator is driven by the electric power generated by the first motor-generator, while the parallel-mode energy flow path is established when the wheels are driven by both the combustion engine and the second motor-generator. Motor-generator currents are controlled to determine the energy flow path through the drive units. Example: The combustion engine shaft is mechanically connected to the inner rotor of a double-rotor type motor-generator. The outer rotor of the double-rotor type is connected to the second motor generator which is connected to the shaft driving the wheels. (US5988307)
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Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Particular arrangements of transmission units.

Kind or type of transmission units, e.g. CVT.

Driving a plurality of drive axles, e.g. four-wheel drive
Special rules of classification within this group

If the invention information is related to the transfer gearing independent of the hybrid layout it will be also classified in B60K 17/34. Example: US6533692

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Transmission for changing ratio
Special rules of classification within this group

The aspect of the transmission unit per se are to be classified in the relevant groups of subclass F16H, for example if the invention is related to the Ravigneaux planetary set placed downstream of a power split electric transmission, the classification F16H 3/666 is also given. Example: US7363996

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Disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel (roller-skate driving mechanisms A63C 17/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Inventions related to a particular disposition of the motor regarding to the wheel. The term "in, or adjacent to" means there is one motor to drive one wheel (or dual wheels forming a unit). No differential there in between.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
One motor mounted directly on a propulsion axle for rotating right and left wheels of this axle (for example using a differential between the motors and the driven wheels)
L60K1/02A
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheelchairs
Resilient suspension
Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
Transmission disposed in or adjacent the vehicle wheel
Hybrid vehicles
Electric equipment or propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles
Arrangements of braking elements
Steering linkages
Dynamo electric machines (electric motors)
Arrangement in connection of cooling a propulsion unit
Special rules of classification within this group

All documents showing in a schematic way a hybrid or electric vehicle having hub motors in the wheels should not be classified in this group. However, a code for additional information could be given.

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory for this main group. Additional information should be given in B60K 17/043 if a transmission is used.

{the motor being electric}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Structural association of electro motor with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys etc.
with two or more motors driving a single wheel
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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the motor moving together with the vehicle body, i.e. moving independently from the wheel axle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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the motor moving relative to the vehicle body and to the wheel axle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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the motor axle being parallel to the wheel axle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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the motor axle being horizontal
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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the motor axle being vertical
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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media39.jpg

the motor axle being coaxial to the wheel axle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheelchairs
Resilient suspensions
Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
Transmission disposed in or adjacent the vehicle wheel
Hybrid vehicles
Electric equipment or propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles
Arrangements of braking elements
Steering linkages
Dynamo electric machines (electric motors)
One motor mounted directly on a propulsion axle for rotating right and left wheels of this axle (for example using a differential between the motors and the driven wheels).
L60K1/02A
Arrangement in connection of cooling a propulsion unit
Special rules of classification within this group

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory for this main group. Addition information should be given in B60K 17/043 if a transmission is used.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
In, or adjacent to
there is one motor to drive one wheel (or one dual wheels). No differential therebetween.
Arrangement or mounting of propulsion units not provided for in one of the preceding main groups
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

These groups comprise documents concerning the arrangement of a motor in a vehicle. The drive motor per se should be classified elsewhere.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hot gas displacement engines, use of waste heat of combustion engines
Spring, weight inertia or like motors
Arrangement in connection with cooling of propulsion units (heating the interior space B60H; cooling internal combustion engines per se F01P)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Documents concerning the arrangement in connection with cooling of the propulsion units in the vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Combustion air intakes
Cooling of internal combustion engines
Ventilators, fans
Radiators
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of heat exchanger/condenser/evaporator for passenger spaces of vehicles
Sound isolating elements
Guiding or ducting cooling air
Filtering, silencing cooling air
Guiding or ducting air to, or from, ducted fan
With multiple heat exchangers
with liquid cooling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

These groups comprise an arrangement whereby the element to be cooled (for example the motor) is cooled by liquid.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Air inlets
Arrangement or mounting of radiators, radiator shutters, or radiator blinds { (B60K 11/085 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Mounting or arrangement of radiators
  • Radiator shutters or blinds mounted directly on the radiator.
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shutters or blinds in the air Inlet; details of the air inlet
Combustion air intakes
Cooling of internal combustion engines
Arrangement or mounting of radiator
Radiators
Special rules of classification within this group

Invention classification is given only when the fixing part is on the vehicle. When the fixing part is on the radiator, see groups F01P 3/18 or F28F.

with air cooling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

These groups comprise an arrangement whereby the element to be cooled (for example the motor) is cooled by air. The way the air is ducted to a radiator (air to liquid heat exchanger) is therefore classified in groups B60K 11/02 or B60K 11/08.

Air inlets for cooling; Shutters or blinds therefor { (radiator or grille guards B60R 19/52) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Also air guiding walls in the air inlet passage.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Shutters or blinds directly mounted for the radiator
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guiding or ducting cooling air to, or from, liquid to air heat exchangers
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Air Inlet
space between the car body opening to the radiator (directly on the radiator: see B60K 11/04, after the radiator: see B60K 11/02 or B60K 11/06)
{with adjustable shutters or blinds}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Controlling of coolant flow for engines by throttling amount of air flowing to heat exchanger
Air flow control member (e.g. louvres, grilles or flaps) in air conditioning apparatus
Using more than one tilting member
With parallel lamellae
Arrangement in connection with combustion air intake or gas exhaust of propulsion units (extensions for melting snow or ice on roads or like surfaces E01H 5/00, E01H 6/00; forming part of the engine F01N; supplying combustion engines with combustible mixtures or constituents F02M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

arrangement in the vehicle of combustion air intake or gas exhaust of propulsion unit.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gas exhausts per se
Air intakes/cleaners for combustion motor
Pipes in general
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Additives to exhaust also
Pipes used for noise absorbing in form of hangers or supports
concerning intake
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group comprises for example arrangement of air intake in the car body and the arrangements made in the vehicle between the air intake to the air cleaner.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supplying combustion engine with combustible mixture or constituents thereof
Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems for internal-combustion engines
Air intake with filter
Arrangement of the air intake system in the engine compartment.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bumper
Intercooler
concerning exhaust ( {collecting exhaust gases with central suction systems not forming part of vehicles, e.g. in workshops or tunnels B08B 15/002, otherwise along carriageways E01C 1/005;} extensions for melting snow on roads E01H 5/00, E01H 6/00; exhaust or silencing apparatus for internal combustion engines per se F01N; {pipes, joints or supports therefor F16L} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific arrangement in the vehicle of exhaust element or structure used to fasten exhaust element to a vehicle if the invention is on the vehicle side (special adaptation of the vehicle structure) and not on the exhaust side.

  • Fixing element of the exhaust if the invention is related to the fixing element mounted on the vehicle frame and not on the exhaust, e.g. fixing bracket adapted to vehicle frame.
  • Arrangement of a urea tank in the vehicle.
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixing exhaust manifold, exhaust pipes to the vehicle body
Thermal isolation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Exhaust or silencing apparatus
Special rules of classification within this group

"Fixing means for the exhaust manifold or exhaust pipes to the vehicle body" are not classified in B60K 13/04 but in F01N 13/1805. These groups only comprise arrangement of the vehicle frame for mounting the exhaust, like for example, a specific fixing bracket on the vehicle frame. Further examples of documents classified in B60K 13/04 could be a pipe or a urea tank extending through a specific area in the vehicle.

using structural parts of the vehicle as ducts, e.g. frame parts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
A specific form of the carroserie to duct the air in an air intake
Understructure forming fluid or electrical conduit means
Superstructure
Floor or bottom sub- units
Arrangement in connection with fuel supply of combustion engines {or other fuel consuming energy converters, e.g. fuel cells} ; Mounting or construction of fuel tanks (tanks in general B65D, F17C; supplying combustion engines with combustible mixtures or constituents F02M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement of tanks in connection with fuel supply of combustion engines. Also for arrangement of gas tank in the vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement of the urea tank in the vehicle
Tank vehicles
Fuel tanks specially adapted for motor cycles
Tank for aircraft
Urea Tank
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Delivering dispensing transferring liquid to reservoir of vehicle
Controlling the feeding of liquid fuel from storage container to carburettors.
Supplying combustion engine with combustible mixture or constituent thereof.
Apparatus for feeding liquid fuel from storage container to carburettors.
Valves
Gas tank in general
Measuring liquid level
Fuel cell
Reactant storage in fuel cell
Arrangement of fuel conduits (chassis frame forming fluid conduit means B62D 21/17)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Injection moulding
Layered tubular products
Pipes in general and connection thereof
Fuel tanks (chassis frame comprising fluid storage compartment B62D 21/16; { Details of the fuel feeding system related to the fuel tank F02M 37/0076} )
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of the urea tank in the vehicle
Additives to exhaust (urea)
Constructional details; Manufacturing or assembly of elements of fuel system; Materials therefor
Fuel feeding system for combustion engine for multiple separate fuel tanks
Fuel feeding system for combustion engine for saddle tanks
Armoured vehicle
Urea tanks per se (storage means for substances, e.g. tanks or reservoirs)
{Gas tanks (B60K 15/07 takes precedence) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Of gas tanks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Engines characterised by operating on gaseous fuels; Plants including such engines
Controlling engines characterised by their use of non-liquid fuels, pluralities of fuels, or non-fuel substances added to the combustible mixtures
Apparatus for supplying engines with non-liquid fuels, e.g. gaseous fuels stored in liquid form
Vessels for containing or storing compressed, liquefied or solidified gases; fixed capacity gas holders
Pressure vessels, gas tank
Pipe-line systems for liquid gas
{made of non-metallic material, e.g. plastics, or of a combination of non-metallic and metallic material (B60K 15/03006 takes precedence) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Blow moulding
Blow moulding with insert
For specific joining process
Joining elements to hollow article
B29C65/00K2D
Welding
Riveting
Shaping techniques and joining techniques together
B29C69/00D2
For layered tanks
Special rules of classification within this group

Specific fabrication process should be classified in B29C or B32B.

characterised by venting means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apparatus for adding fuel vapours drawn from engine fuel reservoir
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Valves
Arrangements for preventing explosion of gas bottles
{adapted to avoid loss of fuel or fuel vapour, e.g. with vapour recovery systems}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Adding fuel vapours drawn from engine fuel reservoir
Judging failure of purge control system
Arrangement of valves controlling the admission of fuel vapour to an engine, e.g. valve being disposed between fuel tank or absorption canister and intake manifold
Details of the absorption canister
Details of the fuel vapour pipes or conduits
Layout of the fuel vapour installation
{Valve arrangements in the vent line}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement of valves controlling the admission of fuel vapour to an engine, e.g. valve being disposed between fuel tank or absorption canister and intake manifold
Details of the fuel vapour pipes or conduits
Layout of the fuel vapour installation
Tank inlets (B60K 15/077 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
With means modifying or controlling distribution or motion of fuel
Inlet and filling arrangements for urea tanks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Filters rigidly mounted on reservoirs or tanks
Manufacturing process
Supplying fuel to vehicle
Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids
B67D5/00
Arrangements for controlling, indicating registering quantity or price of liquid transferred
B67D5/08
{Filler caps for fuel tanks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Filler caps is the detachable/movable cap at the end of the inlet pipe.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Closure caps for liquid coolant
Sealing in general
Special rules of classification within this group

A flap/baffle/trap door inside of the pipe is not considered as been a filler cap and should be classified in B60K 15/04

{Provided with a lock}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lock in general
Electrically actuated locks
E05B47/00D
For fuel inlet covers of vehicle
E05B65/12F
Inlet covers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of the inlet covers and inlet box

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Superstructure sub-units with access opening having movable or removable closures
Superstructure sub-units with access [N: or drainage] openings having movable or removable closures
Lock in general
Electrically actuated locks
E05B47/00D
For fuel inlet covers of vehicle
E05B65/12F
(for fuel inlet covers)
E05B65/12F
Hinges or pivots for doors in general
characterised by fuel reserve systems
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Filtering elements in the tanks
Fuel tanks specially adapted for motor cycles
Feeding apparatus for carburettors with multiple separate fuel tanks
Mounting of pumps on fuel tank
The pump being installed in a sub tank
Apparatus for feeding liquid fuel to the carburettors with a main and auxiliary pump
{with level control}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Controlling the feeding of liquid fuel from the tank to the carburettors
Devices of the fuel feeding system inside the tank other than pumps or filter
Measuring liquid level
Arrangement of tanks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In particular tanks having a specific position in the vehicle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of the urea tank in the vehicle
Understructure having a fluid storage compartment
Floor and bottom sub units of the superstructure of the vehicle
Engine working with a plurality of fuel
Urea Tank
of gas tanks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mounting arrangements for vessels
Tank construction specially adapted to the vehicle (B60K 15/077 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fuel container shape designed to fit framework

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tanks specially adapted for motor cycles
Saddle tanks in feeding apparatus for the carburettors
with means modifying or controlling distribution or motion of fuel, e.g. to prevent noise, surge, splash or fuel starvation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Container including devices to influence the motion or distribution of the fuel, e.g. swirl pots or fuel level control between dual tanks.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Anti-slosh devices in large containers
Details on the fuel return circuit
Feeding by a liquid fuel driven jet pump
Submerged in fuel, e.g. in reservoir
Mounting pumps on fuel tanks
The pump being installed in a sub-tank
Feeding apparatus characterized by main and auxiliary pump
concerning gas-producing plants
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Plants mounted in the vehicle and used for producing gas for the propulsion of the vehicle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electric vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
Combustion engine using plants for generating gaseous fuel from solid fuel.
Fuel cells combines with other electrochemical generator
Fuel cells
Arrangements in connection with power supply from force of nature, e.g. sun, wind (electric propulsion with power supply from force of nature, e.g. sun, wind, B60L 8/00; effecting propulsion by wind motors driving water-engaging propulsive elements B63H 13/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electric vehicles with power supply from force of nature, e.g. wind, sun
Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicle with additional power source comprising solar cells
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wind motors;
controlling
Alleged perpetua mobilia;
- of buoyancy principle
Circuit for charging battery comprising light sensitive cells
Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles (clutches per se, e.g. construction thereof, F16D; gearing per se, e.g. construction thereof, F16H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group is given only if there is a specific arrangement/montage of the transmission in the vehicle. The different elements of the transmission per see are classified elsewhere and should not be classified in B60K 17/00 (F16H Gearings, F16D Clutches...). Even the connection between the elements is to be classified elsewhere in most of the case ( see for example H02K 7/10 Structural association of electric machines with clutches, brakes, gears etc.)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suspension for vehicle
Control of transmission
Conjoin control of propulsion units
Steering non deflectable wheels by differentially driving ground engaging elements on opposite sides of the vehicle
Understructures
Endless track vehicles
Assembling motor vehicles by joining sub-units or components, the components being engines, clutches or transmissions, with respect to the body shell or other sub-units or components.
Steering of deflectable wheels
Combinations of engines with mechanical gearing
Clutches in general, e.g. construction thereof.
Suppression of vibrations
Gearing in general, e.g. construction thereof.
characterised by arrangement, location, or kind of clutch
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Braking elements acting on transmission parts
Control of drivelines clutches and change speed gearing speed in vehicles
Steering non deflectable wheels using brakes or clutches as main steering effecting means
Vehicles with variable number of ground engaging wheels
Clutches per se, e.g. construction thereof; Control of clutches
Clutches with interengaging parts
Friction clutches
Fluid actuated clutches
Magnetically actuated clutches
Automatic clutches
characterised by arrangement, location, or kind of gearing (electric equipment or propulsion of electrically-propelled vehicles B60L)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement of propulsion on amphibious vehicle
Hybrid vehicles
Transmission gearings specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
Relative disposition of components in hybrid propulsion (combustion engine and electromotor)
Architecture of the driveline in hybrid vehicles
Combinations of mechanical gearings
Combinations of mechanical gearing with fluid gearing
Gearboxes, Mounting gearing therein
Support of transmission casing, e.g. torque arms, or attachment to other devices
Gearboxes using a combination of several standardised units
Lubrication / cooling of gearings
{Transmission unit disposed in on near the vehicle wheel, or between the differential gear unit and the wheel}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suspension
Motor arranged in or near the wheels
Brake
Steering linkage
Counter rotating rotors of electric machines
Structural association of electric machines with clutches brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starter
Association of electric motors with gears
Special rules of classification within this group

Code for additional information B60K 17/043 is systematically given for documents classified in group B60K 7/00 having a transmission gear between motor and vehicle wheel.

{with planetary gearing having orbital motion}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media8.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gearings with gears having orbital motion
Gearing with variable gear ratio using gear having orbital motion
Lubrication/cooling of planetary gearings
of change-speed gearing (B60K 17/10 to B60K 17/16 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gearing with variable gear ratio
F16H03/00
of fluid gearing
of differential gearing
of fluid gearing (of fluid clutches B60K 17/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fluid or electric gearing with a motor near the wheel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pumps: positive displacement machines for liquids
Machines for liquids or pumps of rotary piston or oscillating piston type
Non positive displacement pumps
Pumping of fluid by direct contact of another fluid or by using inertia of fluid to be pumped
Rotary fluid gearing using pumps and motors of the volumetric type
Combinations of mechanical gearing with fluid clutches or gearings
Control of hydrostatic gearings
{Units comprising at least a part of the gearing and a torque-transmitting axle, e.g. transaxles (B60K 17/14 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media9.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The motor of fluid or electric gearing being disposed in or adjacent to traction wheel
of electric gearing (of electrically-actuated clutches B60K 17/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement of electric propulsion units
Arrangement in the vehicle of electric actuated clutches.
Fluid or electric gearing with a motor near the wheel
Motors disposed in the wheels
Electric equipment or propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles
Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
Methods for controlling the speed/torque of electric vehicles
Electric device for safety purposes, monitoring variables on electric vehicles
Conjoint control including the control of electric propulsion units
Electric control of combustion engine
Dynamo electric clutches or brakes
H02F49/00
Dynamo- Electric gears, i.e. dynamo electric means for transmitting mechanical power from a driving shaft to a driven shaft and comprising Structurally interrelated motor and generator parts
the motor of fluid or electric gearing being disposed in or adjacent to traction wheel (B60K 7/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electric or fluid gearing whereby the motor (electric or hydraulic) is disposed in or adjacent to the traction wheel. In these groups are in particular documents showing "electric or hydraulic differential".

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement of the motor in the wheel
Steering of non deflectable wheels using gearings with differential power outputs on opposite sides;the additional power being supplied hydraulically
Rotary fluid gearing using pumps and motors of the volumetric type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hydraulic motors
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
In, or adjacent to
there is one motor to drive one wheel (or one dual wheels). No differential therebetween.
of differential gearing
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement of differential gearings in the vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Central differential for front and rear wheels driving
Mounting of ball or roller bearing, fixing them onto shaft or in housing
Universal joints
Differential gearing
Mechanical differentials gearings without member having orbital motion
Mounting or installation of gears in the gearbox casing
Housing for gearboxes with means for reducing vibrations
Gearboxes for accommodating differential gearings
Cooling/lubrication of differential gearings
Electric motor structurally associated with gears
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Gearings per se
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Axle units with differential
rigid casings comprising wheel drive shafts, bearings therefore and a differential, e.g. casing made of pressed sheet metal (see also axle units B60B 35/00, gearboxes with integrated axle drive).
Differential gearing
Differential or means having the same function
{provided between independent half axles (B60K 17/18, B60K 17/20 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

More the arrangement of such a differential in the vehicle

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles in which the differential movement is obtained by resilient means
Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles in which the differential movement is limited
Steering deflectable wheels with means for differentially distributing power on the deflectable wheels during cornering
Arrangement for suppressing or influencing the differential action, e.g. locking devices
in which the differential movement is obtained by resilient means
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement in the vehicle of differential means, whereby the difference of rotation speed between the two output shafts of the differential means is obtained using resilient means.

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in which the differential movement is limited
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The transfer gear being a differential gear
Arrangement of control for differentials
Combinations of mechanical gearing having orbital motion with fluid clutches
Arrangement for suppressing or influencing the differential action, e.g. locking devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Differentials with electric motor for torque vectoring per se
characterised by arrangement, location, or type of main drive shafting, e.g. cardan shaft
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Torque transmitting axles for the wheels
Shafts
Elastic or yielding bearings for exclusively rotary movement
Shaft, axle
Bearings of crankshafts or connecting rod in general
Couplings fro transmitting rotation
Suppression of vibration
characterised by arrangement, location, of type of freewheel device
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of control for freewheels
Freewheels or freewheel clutches per see
Automatic clutches actuated entirely mechanically
Differential gearings without members having orbital motion
characterised by arrangement, location, or type of power take-off
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Gearings comprising a power take off, which is for "extern" devices and not for other part of the vehicle like alternator, pump, fan for motor cooling etc.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Auxiliary drives from the transmission power take off (for example if the document describes a connection between the power take off shaft and the driven device
"Clutch-brake combinations" if it concerns the connection/disconnection of the power take off
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Auxiliary drives from the transmission power take-off if for example it is a connection between the power take-off shaft and the driven device
Tractors
Clutch-brake combinations if it concerns the connection disconnection of the power take off
Combination of mechanical gearing with fluid clutches or fluid gearings
Special rules of classification within this group

Power take-off only for "extern" devices and not for other part of the vehicle like alternator, pump/fan for motor cooling. Example:

media11.jpg

the ultimate propulsive elements, e.g. ground wheels, being steerable
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Motor disposed in the wheels
Steering controls, i.e. means for initiating a change of direction of the vehicle
Steering linkage, Stub axles or their mounting
Steering knuckles; king pins
Universal joints
{with a gearwheel on the steering knuckle or kingpin axis}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The ultimate propulsive element is steerable and the propulsive gearwheel being located on the steering knuckle or arranged in line with the kingpin axis.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media77.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Device for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading and unloading purposes
{with a universal joint in the axis of the steering knuckle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media13.jpg

the ultimate propulsive elements, e.g. ground wheels, being rockable about a horizontal pivot
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media14.jpg
media15.jpg
media16.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Suspensions
Vehicles with more than four wheels
for driving both front and rear wheels, e.g. four wheel drive vehicles (arrangement or mounting of control devices for changing number of driven wheels B60K 23/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

in this particular case, all four wheel transmissions per see are classified in these groups and not only the arrangement in the vehicle.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of control devices for changing the number of driven wheels
having a longitudinal, endless element, e.g. belt or chain, for transmitting drive to wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of propulsion means on amphibious vehicles
Vehicles with more than four wheels
having a transfer gear
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media17.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cooling or lubrication of gearing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Clutches
the transfer gear being a differential gear
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media18.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Differential gearings per se
F16H48/00/
Combinations of mechanical gearings with differential gearings and a plurality of driven shafts and one input shaft
Cooling lubrication of differentials
{with means for changing distribution of torque between front and rear wheels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transfer gears using for example clutches or differentials with a locking device. The locking device or other means for changing distribution of torque are arranged inside the transfer gear box.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media19.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of control devices for varying the torque distribution between the driven axles
Arrangements for regulating the brake forces specially adapted for four-wheel drive vehicles
Arrangements for suppressing or influencing the differential action per se
F16H48/20
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
with
inside of the transfer gear box
{self-actuated means, e.g. differential locked automatically by difference of speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using typically viscous couplings (difference of speed) or torque sensing differentials arranged inside the transfer gear box.

Illustrative example:

media20.jpg

{combined with a change speed gearing, e.g. range gear}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media21.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Toothed gearings with variable gear ratio and having an orbital motion
having differential means for driving one set of wheels, e.g. the front, at one speed and the other set, e.g. the rear, at a different speed (B60K 17/346 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Having a transfer gear
The transfer gear being a differential gear
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of control devices for varying the torque distribution between the driven wheels
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Differential means
means which permit the front and the rear axles to rotate at different speed like for example: clutches, viscous connecting means
including arrangements for suppressing or influencing the power transfer, e.g. viscous clutches (differential gearing with locking devices {F16H1/44} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media22.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Having a transfer gear
Transfer gear with means for changing the distribution of torque between front and rear wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of control devices for varying the torque distribution between the driven axles
Clutches
Arrangements for suppressing or influencing the differential action per se
{with self-actuated means, e.g. by difference of speed}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Front and rear wheel driven vehicle comprising a particular self actuated arrangement for influencing the power transfert between the front and the rear wheels

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Transfer gear with self actuating means for changing the distribution of torque between rear and front wheels
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self actuated
without using an external command. For example: one way clutch, viscous clutch
{comprising a viscous clutch}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media24.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Transfer case having self actuated means (if for example the viscous clutch is in the transfer case housing)
{with a clutch adjacent to traction wheel, e.g. automatic wheel hub}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media25.jpg

A driven wheel can be coupled independently.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Clutches
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Adjacent
between the wheel and the differential housing
manually operated
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media26.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manually actuated mechanical control mechanisms
having separate mechanical assemblies for transmitting drive to the front or to the rear wheels or set of wheels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media27.png
media28.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hybrid vehicles comprising electric and combustion engines
Hybrid vehicles driving a plurality of drive axles e.g. four wheel drive
Conjoin control including the control of driveline clutches
Conjoin control including the control of propulsion units
Conjoin control for hybrid vehicle characterized by a method for conjointly controlling different sub units
B60W20/00B
having fluid or electric motor, for driving one or more wheels (disposition of motor in, or adjacent to, traction wheel B60K 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The transmissions which comprise a main assembly for transmitting power and furthermore a fluid or electric motor(s) for driving one or more wheels. Examples:

media29.png
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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Prime movers comprising combustion engines and mechanical or fluid energy storing means
Hybrid vehicles comprising electric and combustion engines
Hybrid vehicles driving a plurality of drive axles, e.g. with four wheel drive
Conjoin control including the control of driveline clutches
Conjoin control including the control of propulsion units
Conjoin control for hybrid vehicle characterized by a method for conjointly controlling different sub units
B60W20/00B
all driven wheels being steerable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media31.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Steering for trailer for centrally pivoted axles
Vehicles with more than four wheels
for driving tandem wheels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media32.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tractors comprising traction increasing arrangements
Vehicles with more than four wheels
Arrangement or mounting of change-speed gearing control devices in vehicles (movable cabs having special adaptations of vehicle control devices B62D 33/06; such control devices per se F16H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement in the vehicle of the change speed gearing control devices. The change speed control device per see is not classified here (but in F16H 59/02).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Selector apparatus per se
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Control functions within change-speed-gearin
Controlling members for hand actuation per se, e.g. knobs, handles.
of initiating means (control mechanisms in general G05G)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only the arrangement or mounting in the vehicle. The change speed gearing control devices per se are classified in F16H 59/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Control inputs to change speed-, or reversings- gearings
Selector apparatus
Selector apparatus for automatic transmissions (tiptronic)
Selector apparatus with means for suppression of vibrations or reduction of noise
Constructional features of the selector lever, e.g. grip parts, mounting or manufacturing
Ratio selector apparatus
Consisting of electrical switches or sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adaptation for additional use of the arm-rests of vehicle seats
Adaptation of the arm-rests of vehicle seats for electrical control, e.g. by using switches
Control mechanism in general
fluid
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Generation or transmission movements for final actuating mechanism, the movement being made hydraulically
Special rules of classification within this group

The subgroup is abolished. Now F16H 59/045 is used instead.

Arrangement or mounting of control devices for vehicle transmissions, or parts thereof, not otherwise provided for (movable cabs having special adaptations of vehicle control devices B62D 33/06; such control devices per se F16D, F16H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Driver input members for controlling the main clutch comprising arrangements and mountings of pedals or paddles, clutch actuator transmission means of mechanical, electrical or hydraulic type and mounting of final actuators in the vehicle
  • Arrangements and mountings of automated clutch actuators using e.g. mechanical, electromechanical or hydraulic means
  • Driver input members for controlling differential gearings comprising arrangements and mountings of levers, pedals or switches to lock a differential or to modify torque or speed distribution
  • Manual or automatic actuating means for locking or opening a freewheel device
  • Manual or automatic actuating means for switching from two to four wheel drive
  • Automatic controllers for varying the torque distribution between axles, e.g. between the front and the rear wheels
Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 23/00 concerns the mountings or arrangements of control units related to a particular sub-unit not otherwise provided for in B60K.

The arrangements and mounting of input devices for change speed gearing are classified in B60K 20/00.

The arrangements and mounting of input devices for propulsion units are classified in B60K 26/00 .

Vehicle drive control systems in general that are used for conjoint control and not related to a particular sub-unit are classified in B60W 30/00.

Arrangement or mounting of gearings for driving both front and rear wheels B60K 17/34

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Control systems for conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function comprising clutch units
Propulsion control with common controlling member for different functions, e.g. conjoint engine and clutch control member
Movable cabs having special adaptations for vehicle control devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements and mounting of clutches in vehicles
Arrangements and mounting of differentials in vehicles
Arrangements and mounting of freewheels in vehicles
Fluid actuated clutches
Freewheel clutches in general
Control devices for clutches per se
Control devices for change speed gearings per se
Control of hydrostatic transmissions
Controlling members actuated by hand in general
Controlling members actuated by foot in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory. When classifying in group B60K 23/00 classification must also be made in groups B60K 23/00B60K 2023/0841 for special features of clutch control, in B60Y 2400/00 for special features in general and in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose and in B60W 10/00 for controlled sub-units and in L60W510/00- L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and L60W710/00- L60W720/40G for output target values.

Auxiliary drives (B60K 16/00 takes precedence; arrangements of tyre-inflating pumps mounted on vehicles B60C 23/10; driving tyre-inflating pumps B60C; driving engine auxiliaries F02B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drives for auxiliaries, including input power source, transmission and auxiliary output

The driving power source is determinant for the subgroup and is either:

  • directly from an engine shaft: B60K 25/02
  • from static or dynamic pressure or vacuum, developed by the engine: B60K 25/04
  • from a transmission power take-off, PTO shaft: B60K 25/06
  • from a ground wheel, e.g. engaging the wheel tread or rim: B60K 25/08
  • directly from oscillating movements due to vehicle running motion: B60K 25/10

The drives are of any transmission type: belts, chains, gear trains, hydrostatic transmissions or electric transmissions using alternators/motors connected to a battery:

  • Auxiliary are all kind of vehicle auxiliaries as:
  • Pumps for steering servos
  • Pumps for any hydraulic actuators for onboard implements
  • Compressors for air conditioning
  • Vacuum pumps for braking assistance
  • Alternators or generators
Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 25/00 concerns the mountings of auxiliary drives; the control of the auxiliary units is classified in the subclasses related to the particular auxiliary unit, as for example air conditioning.

The generator/motors drivingly connected to the engine crankshaft and driving also the vehicle are classified in subgroup B60K 6/485 for electric motor assisted hybrid vehicles.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements for driving tyre-inflating pumps mounted on vehicles
Auxiliaries driven by force of nature, e.g. wind, solar panels
Drives for power-take-off, e.g. PTO shafts
Engine accessories drives, e.g. inlet air compressors, camshafts, cooling fans, water pumps or engine oil pumps
F02D67/00
Electric motors or motor-generators used for starting the combustion engine
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Driving arrangements for vehicle air-conditioning systems
Arrangements of pumps or compressors for control devices of brake systems
Pumps for power assisted steering
Special rules of classification within this group

When classifying in group B60K 25/00 classification can also be made in codes for additional information:

  • in B60K 25/00B60K 25/10 for additional information,
  • in B60Y 2400/00 for special features in general,
  • in B60Y 2200/00 for the vehicle types
  • in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose
  • in B60W 10/00 for the type of controlled particular sub-unit, and further
  • in L60W510/00- L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and in L60W710/00- L60W720/40G for output target values.
Arrangements or mounting of propulsion unit control devices in vehicles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Driver input members for controlling the propulsion unit, prime mowers comprising arrangements and mountings of accelerator pedals or paddles,
  • Throttle or fuel injection actuator transmission means of mechanical, electrical or hydraulic type and mounting of control input devices in the vehicle
  • Arrangements and mountings of automatised actuators using actuating means e.g. electromechanical or hydraulic, secondary throttles and drive by wire engine controls
  • Driver input members for controlling electric drive motors in electric vehicles
  • Haptic driver feedback in pedal or increasing pedal force in case of dangerous driving conditions
  • Electrical transmission means between accelerator pedals and propulsion units
Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 26/00 concerns the mountings of control units related to propulsion units of vehicles.

The operator initiation means for internal combustion engines control in general are classified in F02D 11/00.

The arrangements and mounting of clutch control input devices, e.g. arrangement or mounting of pedals for clutches are classified in B60K 23/00.

Vehicle drive control systems in general that are used for conjoint control and not related to a particular sub-unit are classified in B60W 30/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Human control setting devices for electrically propelled vehicles
Control systems for hybrid vehicles
Movable cabs having special adaptations of vehicle control devices
Electric control of engine combustible supply
Starting and stopping engine by driver
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Propulsion control with common controlling member for different functions, e.g. common control member for engine and brake control
Control of tactile feedback to the driver
Control devices for engines by operator per se
Accelerator pedal transfer functions to engine controllers
Control of hydrostatic transmissions, inching pedals
Controlling members actuated by hand in general
Controlling members by foot in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory. When classifying in group B60K 26/00 classification must also be made in groups B60K 26/00 for additional features of accelerator, in B60Y 2400/00 for special features in general, in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose and in B60W 10/00 for the multiple controlled sub-units and in L60W510/00- L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and L60W710/00- L60W720/40G for the output target values.

Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions (for electrically-propelled vehicles B60L 3/00; road vehicle drive control systems for purposes not related to the control of a particular sub-units B60W 30/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangements and mountings of safety systems responsive to:

  • conditions relating to the driver, as presence or incapacity
  • conditions relating to the vehicle, as doors or cargo
  • skidding of the wheels

for inhibiting the vehicle driving connection by acting on a single particular sub-unit:

  • cutting ignition or fuel supply
  • switching off the battery
  • reducing engine torque
  • opening a clutch or other driving connection
  • sending a signal to the exterior
Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 28/00 is the place where the layout and arrangement of safety systems will be classified. The conjoint control of these systems will be classified in subclass B60W 10/00 for the type of the controlled unit with additional classification symbol in B60W 30/00 for the purpose. Combustion engine features per se are classified in the relevant subclasses F02B, F02D, F02N. Transmission or clutch features per se are classified in the relevant subclasses F16H or F16D.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes
Control of airbags or occupant passive safety systems
Propulsion control with conjoint control of two or more sub-units for wheel slip
Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons, anti-dozing alarms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Brake control systems for vehicle drive stability control of vehicle
Arrangements responsive to a speed conditions for adjusting wheel braking force
Driving stability by controlling multiple propulsion units
Active safety systems predicting or avoiding probable or impending collision by taking automatic action
Means for informing the driver, warning the driver or prompting a driver intervention
Limiting control by the driver depending on vehicle state, e.g. interlocking means for the control input for preventing unsafe operation
Preventing wheel slippage by reducing power in rail vehicles
Special rules of classification within this group

Multi-aspect classification practice is used in this group. Whenever one or more specific aspects of the system are concerned, classification should be given for each of the different aspects.

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory. When classifying in group B60K 28/00 classification must also be made in groups B60K 28/00L60K28/30 for additional features of safety control, in B60Y 2400/00 for special features in general, in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose and in B60W 10/00 for multiple particular sub-units and in L60W510/00 - L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and in L60W710/00- L60W720/40G for the output target values.

Vehicle fittings, acting on a single sub-unit only, for automatically controlling, i.e. preventing speed from exceeding an arbitrarily established velocity or maintaining speed at a particular velocity, as selected by the vehicle operator (fittings acting on two or more sub-units B60W 30/14; propulsion unit control in general, see the relevant classes or subclasses, e.g. F02D; speedometers G01P; systems or devices for controlling speed in general G05D 13/00;) { in traffic anti-collision system for road vehicles G08G 1/16}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Control systems for cruise control or speed limiting control of any particular single vehicle sub-unit.
  • Control systems of a single vehicle sub-unit for Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) or for controlling distance between vehicles, in particular distance from host vehicle to the preceding vehicle.
  • Driver inputs to the cruise control systems comprising switches or levers for setting a target or reference vehicle speed
  • Control methods for controlling a single sub-unit or algorithms therefore for:
  • - selecting a target vehicle,
  • - detecting a distance and/or a speed of a target vehicle and
  • - comparing to a reference distance,
  • - setting or adapting the reference distance according to driving conditions,
  • - releasing or inhibiting the speed control for example in case of brake pedal actuation and
  • - resuming the speed control
  • Servomechanisms of electric, hydraulic or mechanical type to regulate the vehicle speed
  • Target outputs (analogue or digital) to the controller of a particular sub-unit to regulate a vehicle speed
  • Interactions with the driver, displaying target speeds, warning in case of excessive speeds
Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 31/00 concerns the vehicle speed controls related to a particular sub-unit, as for example engine or electrical drive motor or brakes, if the invention concerns a cruise control by acting on two or more sub-units as for example engine and brakes than it is classified in B60W 30/14 which is the application-oriented place covering vehicle drive control systems in general that are not related to a particular sub-unit or used for conjoint control

Detecting means in general (e.g. ultrasonic radars G01S 7/00, TV cameras H04N, rear view cameras B60R 1/00, image processing, or measuring means) are covered by the classes G01, G06 or H04 and their appropriate subclasses.

Human-computer interfaces, e.g. Keyboards G06F 3/00

Displays in general are classified in B60K 35/00.

Driver warnings in general are classified in B60W 50/08.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Control systems for conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function.
Cruise control systems using conjoint control of two or more vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
Estimations or calculations of driving parameters for road vehicle drive systems that are used for purposes of cruise control.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Controlling combustion engines, such controlling being peculiar to the devices driven thereby, the devices being other than parts or accessories essential to engine operation, e.g. controlling of engines by signals external thereto
Electrical control of engine fuel injection
Control of hydrostatic transmissions for achieving a target output speed
Measuring linear, angular speeds, acceleration or deceleration
Systems for controlling position, course, altitude, or attitude of land, water, air, or space vehicles
Systems or devices for controlling speed in general, i.e. prime mower speed control
Traffic control systems i.e. systems transmitting information to a plurality of vehicles simultaneously in order to co-ordinate the flow of vehicles or systems controlling platoons of vehicles
Anti-collision systems
Special rules of classification within this group

In subgroups B60K 31/02 up to B60K 31/18 the last place priority rule is applied, i.e. at each hierarchical level, classification is made in the last appropriate place.

B60K 31/00 is a multi-aspect classification! Classifications have to be given for all features of the claims and the features of particular interest of the embodiments.

Use of the Indexing Code scheme is mandatory. When classifying in group B60K 31/00 classification must also be made in groups B60K 31/00L60K31/30 for additional features of cruise control, in B60Y 2400/00 for special features in general, in L60Y300/00 in order to identify the purpose and in B60W 10/00 for the controlled sub-units and in L60W510/00- L60W560/06 for controller input parameters and in L60W710/00- L60W720/40G for the output target values.

Arrangement of adaptations of instruments (arrangements on dashboard B60K 37/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements of instruments for and aspects of display of information in a vehicle. The main group is in particular directed to all instruments located in the dashboard (and surrounding areas like windscreen or centre console) indicating information to the driver or passengers.

This main group covers all instruments that are in a vehicle dashboard if they are defined by particular aspects in their relation to the vehicle dashboard (e.g. the way they are mounted) or at least to control or indicate vehicle functions.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 35/00 is the general home for documents comprising vehicle related aspects of indication devices.

B60K 37/00 is directed to adaptation of instruments in vehicles in general, to combined instruments and to vehicle related aspects of input devices in dashboards.

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of instruments in a dashboard, B62D 25/14 is related to the (internal) structure of the dashboard itself and to dashboards as superstructure sub units (e.g. dashboard structure, fixation).

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of vehicle instruments to the dashboard, B60R 11/00 is directed to mounting of electronic devices to dashboard (see in particular B60R 2011/0005).

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Instruments in airplanes
B60D43/00
Lighting for dashboard
Adaptations on rotatable parts of the steering wheel for accommodation of switches
Dashboard as superstructure
Indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards
F21S8/00Q6
Navigation
Indicating measures values (analogue and digital)
Components of measuring arrangements
Components of indicators
Engine indicators
Battery indicators
Head-up displays (HUD)
Taximeters
Toll collection
Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Monitoring tyres
Indicating over speed
Arrangements for holding articles - radio/television/telephone
Display devices for vehicle air conditioning
Arrangements or adaptations of lighting devices for vehicle interior
Measuring distance
Measuring speed or acceleration
Devices specially adapted for navigation in a road network
Measuring combinations of speed and distance
Input of data to computer
User interface programs, e.g. command shells, help systems, UIMS (interface arrangement
Remote windowing systems, e.g. X-windows; or window cell phone displayed in vehicle display
Traffic control systems for vehicles
Mobile visual advertising
Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
(radio) receivers to be used in vehicles
Digital radio
Details of television systems
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

In this group it is highly desired to add vertical Indexing Codes for all main aspects of the invention

  • either the invention is characterized by that aspect or
  • the aspect can be regarded as non-standard solution in that context (e.g. the vehicle context: adapted to vehicle requirements, controlling vehicle functions, displaying vehicle relevant information, device specific to a vehicle type ...).

Vertical Indexing Codes to be used are B60K 2350/00 for aspects of input/output devices or features thereof, optical features of instruments, hardware adaptations, control system arrangements, structural details, mounting and perception or visibility of information. Further L60Y300/00for purposes or special features of vehicle drive control systems, L60Y400/30 for sensors, L60W400/40 for actuators, L60W410/00 for constructional features of vehicle sub-units and production aspects, L60Y200/00 for the vehicle type.

This main group does not cover the structure of instruments if no vehicle related aspect is present (e.g. the mere mechanical or electronic structure of an instrument).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
HUD
head-up display
LED
light emitting diode
OLED
organic light emitting diode
LCD
Liquid crystal display
TFT
thin film transistor
VFD
vacuum fluorescent display
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following words/expressions "dashboard liner", "cladding" and "padding" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following words/expressions "instrument cluster", "combined instrument" and "combi instrument" are often used as synonyms.

Dashboards (as road-vehicle superstructure sub-unit B62D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The adaptation of instruments in a vehicle dashboard. The main group is in particular directed to the mechanical mounting of instruments to the dashboard or the electrical integration of such instruments in the dashboard (e.g. connection to vehicle bus system). A dashboard related aspects must be present in all cases.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 35/00 is the general home for documents comprising vehicle related aspects of indication devices.

B60K 37/00 is directed to adaptation of instruments in vehicles in general, to combined instruments and to vehicle related aspects of input devices in dashboards.

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of instruments in a dashboard, B62D 25/14 is related to the (internal) structure of the dashboard itself and to dashboards as superstructure sub units (e.g. dashboard structure, fixation).

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of vehicle instruments to the dashboard, B60R 11/00 is directed to mounting of electronic devices to dashboard (see in particular B60R 2011/0005).

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Instruments in airplanes
B60D43/00
Lighting for dashboard
Dashboard as superstructure
Navigation
Components of measuring arrangements
Head-up displays (HUD)
Taximeters
Toll collection
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for holding articles - radio/television/telephone
Clips for joining vehicle mouldings or liners
Arrangements or adaptations of lighting devices for vehicle interior
Indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards
F21S8/00Q6
Input of data to computer
Connectors
Switches
Touch switches
(radio) receivers to be used in vehicles
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

In this main group it is highly desired to add vertical Indexing Codes for all main aspects of the invention

  • either the invention is characterized by that aspect or
  • the aspect can be regarded as non-standard solution in that context (e.g. the vehicle context: adapted to vehicle requirements, controlling vehicle functions, displaying vehicle relevant information, device specific to a vehicle type ...).

Vertical Indexing Codes to be used are B60K 2350/00 for aspects of input/output devices or features thereof, optical features of instruments, hardware adaptations, control system arrangements, structural details, mounting and perception or visibility of information, and L60Y30/00 for aspects of problems, L60Y500/30 for sensors, actuators, material and production aspects, B60Y 2300/00 for the vehicle type.

This main group does not cover the structure of instruments if no vehicle related aspect is present (e.g. the mere mechanical or electronic structure of an instrument).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
HUD
head-up display
LED
light emitting diode
OLED
organic light emitting diode
LCD
Liquid crystal display
TFT
thin film transistor
VFD
vacuum fluorescent display
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following words/expressions "dashboard liner", "cladding" and "padding" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following words/expressions "instrument cluster", "combined instrument" and "combi instrument" are often used as synonyms.

Arrangement of instruments (devices for lighting dashboard B60Q)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The adaptation of more than one instrument in the dashboard (combined instruments) to be arranged in a vehicle dashboard. The main group is in particular directed to the mechanical or electronic integration of instruments to become a combined instrument (interrelation between instruments).

Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 35/00 is the general home for documents comprising vehicle related aspects of indication devices.

B60K 37/00 is directed to adaptation of instruments in vehicles in general, to combined instruments and to vehicle related aspects of input devices in dashboards.

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of instruments in a dashboard, B62D 25/14 is related to the (internal) structure of the dashboard itself and to dashboards as superstructure sub units (e.g. dashboard structure, fixation).

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of vehicle instruments to the dashboard, B60R 11/00 is directed to mounting of electronic devices to dashboard (see in particular B60R 2011/0005).

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Instruments in airplanes
B60D43/00
Lighting for dashboard
Adaptations on rotatable parts of the steering wheel for accommodation of switches
Dashboard as superstructure
Indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards
F21S8/00Q6
Navigation
Indicating measures values (analogue and digital)
Components of measuring arrangements
Components of indicators
Engine indicators
Battery indicators
Head-up displays (HUD)
Taximeters
Toll collection
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring vehicle parameters
B60R16/02B6A
Circuits relating to the driving or the functioning of the vehicle
Display devices for vehicle air conditioning
Measuring distance
G01C/00
Measuring speed or acceleration
G01P/00
Devices specially adapted for navigation in a road network
Measuring combinations of speed and distance
Touch screen
G06F3/048A3
User interface programs, e.g. command shells, help systems
(radio) receivers to be used in vehicles
Digital radio
Details of television systems
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

In this main group it is highly desired to add vertical Indexing Codes for all main aspects of the invention

  • either the invention is characterized by that aspect or
  • the aspect can be regarded as non-standard solution in that context (e.g. the vehicle context: adapted to vehicle requirements, controlling vehicle functions, displaying vehicle relevant information, device specific to a vehicle type ...).

Vertical Indexing Codes to be used are B60K 2350/00 for aspects of input/output devices or features thereof, optical features of instruments, hardware adaptations, control system arrangements, structural details, mounting and perception or visibility of information.Further L60Y300/00 for purposes or special features of vehicle drive control systems , L60Y400/30 for sensors, L60W400/40 for actuators, L60W410/00 for constructional features of vehicle sub-units and L60Y200/00 for the vehicle type.

This main group does not cover the structure of instruments if no vehicle related aspect is present (e.g. the mere mechanical or electronic structure of an instrument).

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
HUD
head-up display
LED
light emitting diode
OLED
organic light emitting diode
LCD
Liquid crystal display
TFT
thin film transistor
VFD
vacuum fluorescent display
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following words/expressions "dashboard liner", "cladding" and "padding" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following words/expressions "instrument cluster", "combined instrument" and "combi instrument" are often used as synonyms:

of control, e.g. control knobs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The adaptation of input devices for instruments in a vehicle dashboard. The subclass is in particular directed to how the input is generated mechanically or electronically, the input however must be employed to control a vehicle related function (e.g. air condition).

Relationship between large subject matter areas

B60K 35/00 is the general home for documents comprising vehicle related aspects of indication devices.

B60K 37/00 is directed to adaptation of instruments in vehicles in general, to combined instruments and to vehicle related aspects of input devices in dashboards.

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of instruments in a dashboard, B62D 25/14 is related to the (internal) structure of the dashboard itself and to dashboards as superstructure sub units (e.g. dashboard structure, fixation).

Whilst B60K 35/00 is directed to the adaptation of vehicle instruments to the dashboard, B60R 11/00 is directed to mounting of electronic devices to dashboard (see in particular B60R 2011/0005).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Instruments in airplanes
B60D43/00
Lighting for dashboard
Adaptations on rotatable parts of the steering wheel for accommodation of switches
Navigation
Components of measuring arrangements
Components of indicators
Taximeters
Toll collection
Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Voice control
Control levers on arm rests
Arrangements or adaptations of lighting devices for vehicle interior
Brake control systems
B60T/00
Input of data to computer
User interface programs, e.g. command shells, help systems, UIMS (interface arrangement
Traffic control systems for vehicles
Connectors
Switches
(radio) receivers to be used in vehicles
Digital radio
Details of television systems
Special rules of classification within this group

In this main group it is highly desired to add vertical Indexing Codes for all main aspects of the invention

  • either the invention is characterized by that aspect or
  • the aspect can be regarded as non-standard solution in that context (e.g. the vehicle context: adapted to vehicle requirements, controlling vehicle functions, displaying vehicle relevant information, device specific to a vehicle type ...).

Vertical Indexing Codes to be used are B60K 2350/00 for aspects of input/output devices or features thereof, optical features of instruments, hardware adaptations, control system arrangements, structural details, mounting and perception or visibility of information. . Further L60Y300/00 for purposes or special features of vehicle drive control systems , L60Y400/30 for sensors, L60W400/40 for actuators, L60W410/00 for constructional features of vehicle sub-units and L60Y200/00 for the vehicle type.

This main group does not cover the structure of instruments if no vehicle related aspect is present (e.g. the mere mechanical or electronic structure of an instrument).

Conjoint control of drive units; Conjoint control of at least two sub-units thereof (arrangement of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsionB60K 6/00)
Special rules of classification within this group

The subgroup is abolished. B60W is used instead.

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013