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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL (electric coupling devices combined with mechanical couplings of vehicles B60D 1/62; electric heating for vehicles B60H; transmitting drive from electric motors to ultimate propulsive elements in vehicles B60K; disposition of electric propulsion equipment, other than current collectors, in vehicles B60K; auxiliary generator drives on vehicles B60K; lighting for vehicles B60Q; vehicle brake control systems in general B60T; preventing wheel slip by reducing power in rail vehicles B61C; railway track circuits in general B61L; lighting in general F21; H05B; switches in general H01H; coupling devices for electric connections in general H01R; dynamo-electric machines H02K; electric converters H02M; starting, controlling, braking of electric machines or converters in general H02P; electric heating in general H05B)
NOTE
-
This subclass, subject to the above references, covers:
feeding of power to auxiliary circuits;

current collectors; arrangements thereof on rail or road vehicles or on vehicles in general

electrodynamic brake systems;

electric propulsion of vehicles; control and regulation therefor


In this subclass it is desirable to classify any "additional information" which is of interest for search.

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Supplying electric power to auxiliary equipment of vehicles (circuit arrangements for charging batteries H02J 7/00)
.
{
to auxiliary motors, e.g. for pumps, compressors
}
.
{
to power outlets
}
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.
to electric heating circuits
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. .
fed by the power supply line
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. . .
using only one supply
B60L 1/08
. . . .
Methods and devices for control or regulation
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. . .
with provision for using different supplies
B60L 1/12
. . . .
Methods and devices for control or regulation
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.
to electric lighting circuits
. .
fed by the power supply line
.
{
Energy regeneration from auxiliary equipment
}
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Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration, power consumption (measuring in general G01)
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.
{
Measures or means for preventing or attenuating collisions
}
. .
{
Prevention of collisions
}
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.
{
Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
}
. .
{
relating to inverters
}
. .
{
relating to sensors
}
. .
{
relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
}
. .
{
relating to fuel cells
}
. .
{
relating to electrical machines
}
. .
{
relating to the isolation, e.g. ground fault or leak current
}
. .
{
relating to braking
}
. .
{
relating to control modules
}
.
{
with use of redundant elements for safety purposes
}
.
Dead-man`s devices
.
Cutting off the power supply under fault conditions (protective devices and circuit arrangements in general H01H; H02H)
B60L 3/06
.
Limiting the traction current under mechanical overload conditions
B60L 3/08
.
Means for preventing excessive speed of the vehicle
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.
Indicating wheel slip;
{
Correction of wheel slip
}
B60L 3/102
. .
{
of individual wheels
}
. .
{
by indirect measurement of vehicle speed
}
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. .
{
for maintaining or recovering the adhesion of the drive wheels
}
. . .
{
whilst braking , i.e. ABS
}
.
Recording operating variables;
{
Monitoring of operating variables
}
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Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles (current collectors in general H01R 41/00)
B60L 5/005
.
{
without mechanical contact between the collector and the power supply line
}
B60L 5/02
.
with ice-removing device
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.
using rollers or sliding shoes in contact with trolley wire (B60L 5/40 takes precedence)
B60L 5/045
. .
{
with trolley wire finders
}
B60L 5/06
. .
Structure of the rollers or their carrying means
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B60L 5/08
. .
Structure of the sliding shoes or their carrying means
B60L 5/085
. . .
{
with carbon contact members
}
B60L 5/10
. .
Devices preventing the collector from jumping off
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B60L 5/12
. .
Structural features of poles or their bases
B60L 5/14
. . .
Devices for automatic lowering of a jumped-off collector
. . .
Devices for lifting and resetting the collector (B60L 5/34 takes precedence)
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B60L 5/18
.
using bow-type collectors in contact with trolley wire
B60L 5/19
. .
using arrangements for effecting collector movement transverse to the direction of vehicle motion
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B60L 5/20
. .
Details of contact bow
B60L 5/205
. . .
{
with carbon contact members
}
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B60L 5/22
. .
Supporting means for the contact bow
B60L 5/24
. . .
Pantographs
B60L 5/26
. . .
Half pantographs, e.g. using counter rocking beams
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B60L 5/28
. . .
Devices for lifting and resetting the collector
B60L 5/30
. . . .
using springs
B60L 5/32
. . . .
using fluid pressure
B60L 5/34
.
with devices to enable one vehicle to pass another one using the same power supply line
B60L 5/36
.
with means for collecting current simultaneously from more than one conductor, e.g. from more than one phase
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.
for collecting current from conductor rails (B60L 5/40 takes precedence)
. .
from third rail
B60L 5/40
.
for collecting current from lines in slotted conduits
.
for collecting current from individual contact pieces connected to the power supply line
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Electrodynamic brake systems for vehicles in general
.
{
Dynamic electric braking by short circuiting the motor
}
.
{
Dynamic electric braking by reversing current, i.e. plugging
}
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.
Dynamic electric resistor braking (B60L 7/22 takes precedence)
. .
for vehicles propelled by dc motors
. .
for vehicles propelled by ac motors
. .
Controlling the braking effect (B60L 7/04, B60L 7/06 take precedence)
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.
Dynamic electric regenerative braking (B60L 7/22 takes precedence)
. .
for vehicles propelled by dc motors
. .
for vehicles propelled by ac motors
B60L 7/16
. .
for vehicles comprising converters between the power source and the motor
. .
Controlling the braking effect (B60L 7/12, B60L 7/14, B60L 7/16 take precedence)
.
Braking by supplying regenerated power to the prime mover of vehicles comprising engine-driven generators
.
Dynamic electric resistor braking, combined with dynamic electric regenerative braking
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.
with additional mechanical or electromagnetic braking
. .
Controlling the braking effect
.
Eddy-current braking
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Electric propulsion with power supply from force of nature, e.g. sun, wind
.
{
Converting light into electric energy, e.g. by using photo-voltaic systems
}
.
{
Converting flow of air into electric energy, e.g. by using wind turbines
}
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Electric propulsion with power supply external to vehicle (B60L 8/00, B60L 13/00 take precedence)
B60L 9/005
.
{
Interference suppression
}
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B60L 9/02
.
using dc motors
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B60L 9/04
. .
fed from dc supply lines
. . .
with conversion by metadyne
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B60L 9/08
. .
fed from ac supply lines
B60L 9/10
. . .
with rotary converters
B60L 9/12
. . .
with static converters
B60L 9/14
. .
fed from different kinds of power-supply lines
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.
using ac induction motors
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B60L 9/18
. .
fed from dc supply lines
B60L 9/20
. . .
single-phase motors
B60L 9/22
. . .
polyphase motors
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B60L 9/24
. .
fed from ac supply lines
B60L 9/26
. . .
single-phase motors
B60L 9/28
. . .
polyphase motors
B60L 9/30
. .
fed from different kinds of power-supply lines
B60L 9/32
.
using ac brush displacement motors
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Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle(B60L 8/00 ,B60L 13/00 take precedence; arrangements or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsionB60K 6/20 ; control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles B60W 20/00)
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.
{
using electric power supply other than engine driven generators, electrical or fuel-cells
}
. .
{
using capacitors
}
. .
{
using auxiliary power supplied by humans
}
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.
using engine-driven generators
B60L 11/04
. .
using dc generators and motors
B60L 11/06
. .
using ac generators and dc motors
B60L 11/08
. .
using ac generators and motors
B60L 11/10
. .
using dc generators and ac motors
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B60L 11/12
. .
with additional electric power supply, e.g. accumulator
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. . .
{
using range extenders, e. g. series hybrid vehicles
}
. . . .
{
the range extender having low power output with respect to maximum power output of the vehicle
}
. .
with provision for direct mechanical propulsion
.
using power stored mechanically, e.g. in fly-wheel
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.
using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
. .
{
combined with an external power supply
}
. .
{
for vehicles propelled by ac-motors
}
. .
{
for vehicles propelled by dc-motors
}
B60L 11/1807
. .
{
for vehicles propelled by position controlled motors
}
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. .
{
Charging electric vehicles
}
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. . .
{
using converters
}
. . . .
{
Physical arrangements or structures of charging converters specially adapted for charging electric vehicles
}
. . . .
{
the vehicle's propulsion converter is used for charging
}
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. . .
{
by conductive energy transfer, e.g. connectors
}
. . . .
{
Adaptations of plugs or sockets for charging electric vehicles
}
. . .
{
by inductive energy transfer
}
. . .
{
by exchange of energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
}
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. . .
{
Details of charging stations, e.g. vehicle recognition or billing (B60L 11/1811, B60L 11/182, B60L 11/1822 take precedence)
}
. . . .
{
Charging columns for electric vehicles
}
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. . . .
{
Automatic adjustment of relative position between charging device and vehicle
}
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. . . . .
{
for inductive energy transfer
}
. . . . . .
{
with position related activation of primary coils
}
. . . . .
{
the vehicle being positioned
}
. . . . .
{
with optical position determination, e.g. by a camera
}
B60L 11/1837
. . . .
{
by charging in short intervals along the itinerary, e.g. during short stops
}
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. . . .
{
Methods for the transfer of electrical energy or data between charging station and vehicle
}
. . . . .
{
Optimising energy costs, e.g. by charging depending on electricity rates
}
. . . . .
{
Energy stored in the vehicle is provided to the network, i.e. vehicle to grid (V2G) arrangements
}
. . . . .
{
the charging being dependent on network capabilities
}
. . . . .
{
Identification of the vehicle
}
. . . . .
{
Methods related to measuring, billing or payment
}
. . . . .
{
Fast charging
}
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. .
{
Battery monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of batteries, structures or switching circuits therefore
}
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. . .
{
by battery splitting
}
. . . .
{
by series/parallel switching
}
. . .
{
Battery age determination
}
. . .
{
Preventing deep discharging
}
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. . .
{
Monitoring or controlling state of charge (SOC)
}
. . . .
{
Target range for state of charge (SOC)
}
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. . .
{
Control of a battery packs, i.e. of a set of batteries with the same voltage
}
. . . .
{
Balancing the charge of multiple batteries or cells
}
. . .
{
Controlling two or more batteries with different voltages
}
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. . .
{
Battery temperature regulation
}
. . . .
{
by control of electric loads
}
B60L 11/1874
. . . .
{
by cooling
}
B60L 11/1875
. . . .
{
by heating
}
. . .
{
Arrangements of batteries
}
B60L 11/1879
. . .
{
Adaptation of battery structures for electric vehicles
}
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. .
{
Fuel cells monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of fuel cells, structures or switching circuits therefore
}
. . .
{
Details of fuel cells
}
. . .
{
Starting of fuel cells
}
. . .
{
combined with battery control
}
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. . .
{
Fuel cell temperature regulation
}
. . . .
{
by control of electric loads
}
B60L 11/1892
. . . .
{
by cooling
}
B60L 11/1894
. . . .
{
by heating
}
. . .
{
Arrangements of the fuel cells
}
B60L 11/1898
. . .
{
Adaptation of fuel cell structures for electric vehicles
}
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Electric propulsion for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways; Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles (
{
tracks for Maglev-type trains E01B 25/30;
}
electromagnets per se H01F 7/06; linear motors per se H02K 41/00)
B60L 13/003
.
{
Crossings; Points
}
.
{
Electric propulsion adapted for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways (B60L 13/03 takes precedence)
}
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B60L 13/03
.
Electric propulsion by linear motors
B60L 13/035
. .
{
Suspension of the vehicle-borne motorparts
}
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B60L 13/04
.
Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles
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B60L 13/06
. .
Means to sense or control vehicle position or attitude with respect to railway
B60L 13/08
. . .
for the lateral position
B60L 13/10
.
Combination of electric propulsion and magnetic suspension or levitation
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Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles
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.
{
for control of propulsion for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways; for control of magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles for propulsion purposes
}
. .
{
for control of propulsion for vehicles propelled by linear motors
}
.
{
Physical arrangements or structures of drive train converters specially adapted for the propulsion motors of electric vehicles
}
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B60L 15/02
.
characterised by the form of the current used in the control circuit
. .
{
using field orientation; Vector control; Direct Torque Control (DTC)
}
B60L 15/04
. .
using dc
B60L 15/06
. .
using substantially sinusoidal ac
B60L 15/08
. .
using pulses
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.
for automatic control superimposed on human control to limit the acceleration of the vehicle, e.g. to prevent excessive motor current (electric devices for safety purposes B60L 3/00)
B60L 15/12
. .
with circuits controlled by relays or contactors
. .
with main controller driven by a servomotor (B60L 15/18 takes precedence)
. .
with main controller driven through a ratchet mechanism (B60L 15/18 takes precedence)
B60L 15/18
. .
without contact making and breaking, e.g. using a transductor
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B60L 15/20
.
for control of the vehicle or its driving motor to achieve a desired performance, e.g. speed, torque, programmed variation of speed
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. .
{
for braking
}
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. . .
{
for braking on a slope
}
B60L 15/2027
. . . .
{
whilst maintaining constant speed
}
. .
{
Electric differentials, e.g. for supporting steering of vehicles (arrangement of control devices for differential gearing B60K 23/02)
}
. .
{
for optimising the use of energy
}
. .
{
by controlling transmissions or clutches
}
. .
{
for creeping
}
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. .
{
for drive off
}
B60L 15/2081
. . .
{
for drive off on a slope
}
. .
{
for overtaking
}
B60L 15/22
. .
with sequential operation of interdependent switches, e.g. relays, contactors, programme drum
B60L 15/24
. .
with main controller driven by a servomotor (B60L 15/28 takes precedence)
. .
with main controller driven through a ratchet mechanism (B60L 15/28 takes precedence)
B60L 15/28
. .
without contact making and breaking, e.g. using a transductor
B60L 15/30
. .
with means to change over to human control
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.
Control or regulation of multiple-unit electrically-propelled vehicles
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B60L 15/34
. .
with human control of a setting device
B60L 15/36
. . .
with automatic control superimposed, e.g. to prevent excessive motor current
B60L 15/38
. .
with automatic control
.
Adaptation of control equipment on vehicle for remote actuation from a stationary place (devices along the route for controlling devices on rail vehicles B61L 3/00; central rail-traffic control systems B61L 27/00)
.
Adaptation of control equipment on vehicle for actuation from alternative parts of the vehicle or from alternative vehicles of the same vehicle train (B60L 15/32 takes precedence)
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B60L 2200/00
Type of vehicles
B60L 2200/10
.
Air crafts
B60L 2200/12
.
Bikes
B60L 2200/14
.
Vehicles with one wheel only
B60L 2200/16
.
Single-axle vehicles
B60L 2200/18
.
Buses
B60L 2200/20
.
Vehicles specially adapted for children, e.g. toy vehicles
B60L 2200/22
.
Micro-cars, e.g. golf cars
B60L 2200/24
.
Personal mobility vehicles
B60L 2200/26
.
Rail vehicles
B60L 2200/28
.
Trailers
B60L 2200/30
.
Trolleys
B60L 2200/32
.
Waterborne vessels
B60L 2200/34
.
Wheel chairs
B60L 2200/36
.
Vehicles designed to transport cargo, e.g. trucks
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B60L 2200/40
.
Working vehicles
B60L 2200/42
. .
Fork lift trucks
B60L 2200/44
. .
Industrial trucks or floor conveyers
B60L 2200/46
.
Vehicles with auxiliary ad-on propulsions, e.g. add-on electric motor kits for bicycles
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B60L 2210/00
Converter types
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B60L 2210/10
.
DC to DC converters
B60L 2210/12
. .
Buck converters
B60L 2210/14
. .
Boost converters
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B60L 2210/20
.
AC to AC converters
B60L 2210/22
. .
without intermediate conversion to DC
B60L 2210/30
.
AC to DC converters
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B60L 2210/40
.
DC to AC converters
B60L 2210/42
. .
Voltage source inverters
B60L 2210/44
. .
Current source inverters
B60L 2210/46
. .
with more than three phases
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B60L 2220/00
Electrical machine types; Structures or applications thereof
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B60L 2220/10
.
Electrical machine types
B60L 2220/12
. .
Induction machines
B60L 2220/14
. .
Synchronous machines
B60L 2220/16
. .
DC brushless machines
B60L 2220/18
. .
Reluctance machines
B60L 2220/20
. .
DC electrical machines
B60L 2220/30
. .
Universal machines
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B60L 2220/40
.
Electrical machine applications
B60L 2220/42
. .
with use of more than one motor
B60L 2220/44
. .
Wheel Hub motors, i.e. integrated in the wheel hub
B60L 2220/46
. .
Wheel motors, i.e. motor connected to only one wheel
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B60L 2220/50
.
Structural details of electrical machines
B60L 2220/52
. .
Clutch motors
B60L 2220/54
. .
Windings for different functions
B60L 2220/56
. .
with switched windings
B60L 2220/58
. .
with more than three phases
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B60L 2230/00
Charging station details
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B60L 2230/10
.
Parts thereof
B60L 2230/12
. .
Connection cables
B60L 2230/14
. .
Contact less plugs
B60L 2230/16
. .
Communication interfaces
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B60L 2230/20
.
Power generation within charging stations
B60L 2230/22
. .
by solar panels
B60L 2230/24
. .
by wind generators
B60L 2230/26
. .
by power stored mechanically, e.g. by fly wheel
B60L 2230/28
. .
by fuel cells
B60L 2230/30
. .
by batteries
B60L 2230/32
. .
by capacitors
B60L 2230/34
. .
Charging station being an island
B60L 2230/40
.
Remote controls for charging stations
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B60L 2240/00
Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
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B60L 2240/10
.
Vehicle control parameters
B60L 2240/12
. .
Speed
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B60L 2240/14
. .
Acceleration
B60L 2240/16
. . .
longitudinal
B60L 2240/18
. . .
lateral
B60L 2240/20
. . .
angular
B60L 2240/22
. .
Yaw angle
B60L 2240/24
. .
Steering angle
B60L 2240/26
. .
Vehicle weight
B60L 2240/28
. .
Door position
B60L 2240/30
. .
Parking brake position
B60L 2240/32
. .
Driving direction
B60L 2240/34
. .
Cabin temperature
B60L 2240/36
. .
Temperature of vehicle components or parts
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B60L 2240/40
.
Drive Train control parameters
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B60L 2240/42
. .
related to electric machines
B60L 2240/421
. . .
Speed
B60L 2240/423
. . .
Torque
B60L 2240/425
. . .
Temperature
B60L 2240/427
. . .
Voltage
B60L 2240/429
. . .
Current
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B60L 2240/44
. .
related to combustion engines
B60L 2240/441
. . .
Speed
B60L 2240/443
. . .
Torque
B60L 2240/445
. . .
Temperature
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B60L 2240/46
. .
related to wheels
B60L 2240/461
. . .
Speed
B60L 2240/463
. . .
Torque
B60L 2240/465
. . .
Slip
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B60L 2240/48
. .
related to transmissions
B60L 2240/485
. . .
Temperature
B60L 2240/486
. . .
Operating parameters
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B60L 2240/50
. .
related to clutches
B60L 2240/507
. . .
Operating parameters
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B60L 2240/52
. .
related to converters
B60L 2240/525
. . .
Temperature of converter or components thereof
B60L 2240/526
. . .
Operating parameters
B60L 2240/527
. . .
Voltage
B60L 2240/529
. . .
Current
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B60L 2240/54
. .
related to batteries
B60L 2240/545
. . .
Temperature
B60L 2240/547
. . .
Voltage
B60L 2240/549
. . .
Current
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B60L 2240/60
.
Navigation input
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B60L 2240/62
. .
Vehicle position
B60L 2240/622
. . .
by satellite navigation
B60L 2240/625
. . .
by GSM
B60L 2240/627
. . .
by WLAN
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B60L 2240/64
. .
Road conditions
B60L 2240/642
. . .
Slope of road
B60L 2240/645
. . .
Type of road
B60L 2240/647
. . .
Surface situation of road, e.g. type of paving
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B60L 2240/66
. .
Ambient conditions
B60L 2240/662
. . .
Temperature
B60L 2240/665
. . .
Light intensity
B60L 2240/667
. . .
Precipitation
B60L 2240/68
. .
Traffic data
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B60L 2240/70
.
Interactions with external data bases e.g. traffic centres
B60L 2240/72
. .
Charging station selection relying on external data
B60L 2240/80
.
Time limits
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B60L 2250/00
Driver interactions
B60L 2250/10
.
by alarm
B60L 2250/12
.
by confirmation, e.g. of the input
B60L 2250/14
.
by input of vehicle departure time
B60L 2250/16
.
by display
B60L 2250/18
.
by enquiring driving style
B60L 2250/20
.
by driver identification
B60L 2250/22
.
by presence detection
B60L 2250/24
.
by lever actuation
Collapse
B60L 2250/26
.
by pedal actuation
B60L 2250/28
. .
Accelerator pedal thresholds
B60L 2250/30
.
by voice
Collapse
B60L 2260/00
Operating Modes
Collapse
B60L 2260/10
.
Temporary overload
B60L 2260/12
. .
of combustion engines
B60L 2260/14
. .
of transmissions
Collapse
B60L 2260/16
. .
of electrical drive trains
B60L 2260/162
. . .
of electrical cells or capacitors
B60L 2260/165
. . .
of converters
B60L 2260/167
. . .
of motors or generators
Collapse
B60L 2260/20
.
Drive modes; Transition between modes
B60L 2260/22
. .
Standstill, e.g. zero speed
B60L 2260/24
. .
Coasting mode
B60L 2260/26
. .
Transition between different drive modes
B60L 2260/28
. .
Four wheel or all wheel drive
B60L 2260/30
. .
Engine braking emulation
B60L 2260/32
. .
Auto pilot mode
B60L 2260/34
. .
Stabilising upright position of vehicles, e.g. of single axle vehicles
Collapse
B60L 2260/40
.
Control modes
B60L 2260/42
. .
by adaptive correction
B60L 2260/44
. .
by parameter estimation
B60L 2260/46
. .
by self learning
B60L 2260/48
. .
by fuzzy logic
Collapse
B60L 2260/50
. .
by future state prediction
B60L 2260/52
. . .
drive range estimation e.g. of estimation of available travel distance
B60L 2260/54
. . .
Energy consumption estimation
B60L 2260/56
. . .
Temperature prediction e.g. for pre-cooling
B60L 2260/58
. . .
Departure time prediction
Collapse
B60L 2270/00
Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for
Collapse
B60L 2270/10
.
Emission reduction
B60L 2270/12
. .
of exhaust
Collapse
B60L 2270/14
. .
of noise
B60L 2270/142
. . .
acoustic
B60L 2270/145
. . .
Structure borne vibrations
B60L 2270/147
. . .
electro magnetic (EMI)
B60L 2270/20
.
Inrush current reduction, i.e. avoiding high currents when connecting the battery
Collapse
B60L 2270/30
.
Preventing theft during charging
B60L 2270/32
. .
of electricity
B60L 2270/34
. .
of parts
B60L 2270/36
. .
of vehicles
B60L 2270/38
. .
of data
B60L 2270/40
.
related to technical updates when adding new parts or software
B60L 2270/42
.
Means to improve acoustic vehicle detection by humans
B60L 2270/44
.
Heat storages, e.g. for cabin heating
B60L 2270/46
.
Heat pumps, e.g. for cabin heating
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013