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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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STREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING
{
or preventing
}
FOG IN GENERAL
{
Cleaning street or railway furniture or tunnel walls
}
(cleaning in general B08B)
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Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface (for snow or ice E01H 5/00; cleaning tramway rails E01H 8/00; obstruction removers on vehicles B60R 19/00; in combination with application of bitumen or the like E01C 19/16; in combination with application of traffic line E01C 23/16;
{
Sweeping apparatus, particularly for lawns A01G 1/12; Removing undesirable matter from floors and similar surfaces A47L 5/00 to A47L 13/00
}
)
E01H 1/001
.
{
Treatment of dispersed oil or similar pollution on roads, for instance devices for applying treating agents (hydraulic loosening or removal of liquids E01H 1/10; from surface of open water E02B 15/04)
}
E01H 1/003
.
{
Upkeep of road sides along the pavement, for instance cleaning devices particularly for side strips (control of undesirable vegetation E01H 11/00; mowers for embankments A01D 34/86; soil working E02F; trimming pavement edges E01C 23/09)
}
E01H 1/005
.
{
Mobile installations, particularly for upkeeping in situ road or railway furniture, for instance road barricades, traffic signs; Mobile installations particularly for upkeeping tunnel walls (built-in cleaning devices E21D 11/003)
}
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E01H 1/006
.
{
Specially adapted for removing excrements (hand implements E01H 1/12)
}
E01H 1/008
. .
{
in situ treatment of excrements
}
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E01H 1/02
.
Brushing apparatus,
{
e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
}
(
{
E01H 1/003, E01H 1/005, E01H 1/006 and
}
E01H 1/08 to E01H 1/14 take precedence;
{
loosening by means of gas jets or streams E01H 1/0818, E01H 1/0872; with brushes functioning under vacuum or combined with independent suction nozzles E01H 1/0827; loosening by means of liquid streams E01H 1/101; mechanical loosening instruments other than brushes E01H 1/105; for railway tracks E01H 8/00
}
; brushes in general A46B;
{
for floors or similar surfaces A47L 11/22, A47L 11/24
}
)
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E01H 1/04
. .
taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
{
with dust collector; E01H 1/0854 takes precedence; suction machines with brushes E01H 1/0845, E01H 1/0872; taking- up devices with other mechanical loosening instruments E01H 1/106
}
E01H 1/042
. . .
{
the loading means being an endless belt or an auger
}
E01H 1/045
. . .
{
the loading means being a rotating brush with horizontal axis (E01H 1/042 takes precedence)
}
E01H 1/047
. . .
{
Collecting apparatus characterised by the hopper or by means for unloading the hopper
}
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E01H 1/05
. .
with driven brushes (E01H 1/04 takes precedence)
{
rotary brushes for snow removal E01H 5/092
}
E01H 1/053
. . .
{
having vertical axes
}
E01H 1/056
. . .
{
having horizontal axes
}
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E01H 1/08
.
Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter
{
or small objects
}
(
{
E01H 1/006 and E01H 1/005 take precedence;
}
suction cleaners in general A47L 5/00 to A47L 9/00;
{
sucking-off liquids or semi-liquids E01H 1/108
}
)
; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas (permanently-installed heating or blowing devices E01C 11/26; heating or drying for road- building or repairing E01C 23/14;
{
devices for melting snow or ice in situ E01H 5/10, E01H 8/08; for scorching undesirable vegetation E01H 11/00
}
)
; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles (sand-blasting in general B24C;
{
roughening of road surfaces E01C 23/08; cleaning of road joints E01C 23/0906
}
)
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E01H 1/0809
. .
{
Loosening or dislodging by blowing (with steam E01H 1/10 combined with suction E01H 1/0863; removing snow by blowing E01H 5/106; removing fog by blowing E01H 13/00; cleaning rails by blowing E01H 8/105, E01H 8/125; cleaning joints in road construction by blowing E01C 23/0906); Drying by means of gas streams (by heat only E01H 1/08; combined with snow or ice melting E01H 5/10, E01H 5/106, E01H 5/108)
}
E01H 1/0818
. . .
{
in apparatus with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments, e.g. brushes, scrapers (brushing devices per se E01H 1/02, other loosening devices per se E01H 1/105)
}
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E01H 1/0827
. .
{
Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles (combined with blowing E01H 1/0872); Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
}
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E01H 1/0836
. . .
{
Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction (liquids or semi-liquids E01H 1/108; combined with loosening by blowing E01H 1/0863; for cleaning rails E01H 8/105, E01H 8/125; removing snow by suction E01H 5/106, E01H 8/08); Suction nozzles (independent suction nozzles in mechanical dislodging-cleaning devices E01H 1/0827; suction and blowing nozzles E01H 1/0863)
}
E01H 1/0845
. . . .
{
with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be sucked- up, e.g. brushes, scrapers (brushing installations per se E01H 1/02; other loosening devices per se E01H 1/105)
}
E01H 1/0854
. . .
{
Apparatus in which the mechanically dislodged dirt is partially sucked-off, e.g. dislodging- sweeping apparatus with dirt collector in brush housing or dirt container (mechanical dislodging machines with independent suction nozzles E01H 1/0827; combined with blowing and suction E01H 1/0872)
}
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E01H 1/0863
. .
{
Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction (liquids or semi-liquids E01H 1/108); Combined suction and blowing nozzles
}
E01H 1/0872
. . .
{
with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be removed pneumatically, e.g. brushes, scrapers (brushing installations per se E01H 1/02; other loosening devices per se E01H 1/105)
}
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E01H 2001/0881
. .
{
Details for pneumatically dislodging or removing not related to the mouth-piece
}
E01H 2001/089
. . .
{
Suction-effect created through blowing, e.g. using the venturi effect
}
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E01H 1/10
.
Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter (stationary flushing devices E01H 3/04); Raking or scraping apparatus (hand implements E01H 1/12);
{
Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud (removing pneumatically E01H 1/08; steam-cleaning E01H 11/00)
}
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E01H 1/101
. .
{
Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers (E01H 1/005 takes precedence; cleaning rails E01H 8/105, E01H 8/125; applying liquids in general E01H 3/00; scrubbing machines for floors or similar surfaces A47L 11/26 to A47L 11/30)
}
E01H 1/103
. . .
{
in which the soiled loosening or washing liquid is removed, e.g. by suction (removing liquids in general E01H 1/108)
}
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E01H 1/105
. .
{
Raking, scraping or other mechanical loosening devices, e.g. for caked dirt (loosening ice or hard snow E01H 5/12; working the road surface E01C 23/08); Apparatus for mechanically moving dirt on road surfaces, e.g. wipers for evacuating mud (wipers as accessories for road washing machines E01H 1/101; of devices for removing liquids or semi-liquids E01H 1/108; of snow scrapers for evacuating wet snow E01H 5/06; wipers for spreading bitumen or the like E01C 19/16, E01C 19/178)
}
E01H 1/106
. . .
{
in which the loosened or dislodged dirt is picked up, e.g. shoveling carts (E01H 1/108 takes precedence)
}
E01H 1/108
. .
{
Removing liquids or semi- liquids, e.g. absorbing rain water, sucking-off mud (in road washing machines E01H 1/103; in snow melting E01H 5/108; applying absorbing agents on oil or the like E01H 1/001; constructional measures for draining roads E01C 11/224)
}
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E01H 1/12
.
Hand implements, e.g. litter pickers (
{
blowing or suction instruments E01H 1/08; spraying instruments E01H 1/101
}
; rakes A01D 7/00;
{
brushes or brooms A46B, A46D; floor scrapers A47L 13/02; floor squeegees A47L 13/11
}
)
E01H 1/1206
. .
{
for picking up excrements (manure or urine pouches for animal husbandry A01K 23/00)
}
E01H 1/1213
. .
{
in situ treatment of excrements
}
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E01H 2001/122
. .
{
Details
}
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E01H 2001/1226
. . .
{
characterised by way of removing material
}
E01H 2001/1233
. . . .
{
by pressing a tool in the material to be removed
}
E01H 2001/124
. . . .
{
Glove-like means
}
E01H 2001/1246
. . . .
{
Double or multiple closing means making horizontal sliding movement (not applied for grabs)
}
E01H 2001/1253
. . . .
{
by using shoes to remove the material
}
E01H 2001/126
. . . .
{
the implement being for single use but not glove-like
}
E01H 2001/1266
. . .
{
having lighting means
}
E01H 2001/1273
. . .
{
having a dog leash
}
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E01H 2001/128
. . .
{
having means for storing bags or the like
}
E01H 2001/1286
. . . .
{
storing used bags
}
E01H 2001/1293
. . .
{
Walking cane or the like, i.e. implements allowing handling while in an upright position
}
E01H 1/14
.
Removing by magnetic effect
{
(general household magnetic cleaning implements A47L 13/41; as equipment for road vehicles B60R 19/00)
}
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Applying liquids to roads or like surfaces, e.g. for dust control; Stationary flushing devices (combined with removal of undesirable matter E01H 1/00; spray heads, other outlets B05B;
{
applying hot water for melting snow E01H 5/10; applicators for melting liquids E01H 10/00; weed destruction E01H 11/00
}
)
E01H 3/02
.
Mobile apparatus, e.g. watering-vehicles (vehicle features B60P 3/22;
{
moistening combined with the removal of undesirable matter E01H 1/00; mobile flushing or washing installations E01H 1/101
}
applying liquid materials for road paving materials E01C 19/16)
{
applying curing agents on concrete roads E01C 23/03; applying marking-out agents E01C 23/16; Road moistening devices in cleaning machines per se
}
{
(mobile apparatus specially adapted for applying liquid or semi-liquid thawing materials E01H 10/007)
}
E01H 3/04
.
Fixed devices, e.g. permanently- installed flushing means (
{
fixed applicators for defrosting agents E01H 10/00; fixed flushing installations for tramway rails E01B 21/02; built-in irrigation devices for sports grounds E01C 13/02
}
; hydrants E03B 9/00)
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Working on surfaces of snow or ice in order to make them suitable for traffic or sporting purposes, e.g. by compacting snow (production of artificial snow F25C 3/04)
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E01H 4/02
.
for sporting purposes, e.g. preparation of ski trails;
{
Construction of artificial surfacings for snow or ice sports (construction of ice skating rinks E01C 13/102); Trails specially adapted for on-the-snow vehicles
}
, e.g. devices adapted for ski-trails (production of snow or ice for winter sports or similar recreational purposes F25C 3/00)
E01H 4/023
. .
{
Maintaining surfaces for ice sports, e.g. of skating rinks
}
E01H 2004/026
. .
{
for making half pipes
}
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Removing snow or ice from roads or like surfaces; Grading or roughening snow or ice (by applying de-icing agents E01H 10/00; obstruction removers on vehicles B60R 19/00; sand, gravel or salt spreaders E01C 19/20)
E01H 5/02
.
Hand implements (E01H 5/04, E01H 5/10, E01H 5/12 take precedence)
{
shovels or spades in general A01B 1/02; brooms, brushes A46B
}
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E01H 5/04
.
Apparatus propelled by animal or engine power; Apparatus propelled by hand with driven dislodging or conveying
{
levelling
}
elements, conveying pneumatically
{
for the dislodged material
}
(E01H 5/10, E01H 5/12 take precedence)
E01H 5/045
. .
{
Means per se for conveying or discharging the dislodged material, e.g. rotary impellers, discharge chutes (dislodging apparatus provided therewith E01H 5/07, E01H 5/08, E01H 5/104, E01H 5/12)
}
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E01H 5/06
. .
dislodging essentially by non-driven elements, e.g. scraper blades,
{
snow-plough blades, scoop blades
}
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E01H 5/061
. . .
{
by scraper blades
}
E01H 5/062
. . . .
{
by scraper blades displaceable for shock-absorbing purposes
}
E01H 5/063
. . .
{
by snow-plough blades tiltable for shock-absorbing purposes
}
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E01H 5/065
. . .
{
characterised by the form of the snow-plough blade, e.g. flexible, or by snow-plough blade accessories (E01H 5/061 ,E01H 5/063 take precedence)
}
E01H 5/066
. . . .
{
Snow-plough blade accessories, e.g. deflector plates, skid shoes
}
E01H 5/067
. . .
{
by side-wing snow-plough blades
}
E01H 5/068
. . .
{
by backblades (scraper blades mounted on the rear of a tractor E02F 3/7622)
}
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E01H 5/07
. . .
and conveying dislodged material by driven or pneumatic means
{
removing and melting E01H 5/104; picking-up installations scraping off dirt E01H 1/105
}
E01H 5/073
. . . .
{
by belt or chain conveyers (dislodging by means of elements secured to endless belts or chainsE01H 5/08)
}
E01H 5/076
. . . .
{
by rotary or pneumatic conveying means, e.g. impeller wheels (dislodging by rotary means E01H 5/09)
}
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E01H 5/08
. .
dislodging essentially by driven elements,
{
e.g. vibrated; removing and melting E01H 5/104; with heated instruments E01H 5/10
}
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E01H 5/09
. . .
the elements being rotary or moving along a closed circular path, e.g. rotary cutter, digging wheels
E01H 5/092
. . . .
{
Brushing elements
}
E01H 5/094
. . . .
{
about vertical or substantially vertical axises
}
E01H 5/096
. . . .
{
about axes parallel or substantially parallel to the direction of clearing
}
E01H 5/098
. . . .
{
about horizontal or substantially horizontal axises perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the direction of clearing
}
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E01H 5/10
.
by application of heat
{
for melting snow or ice, whether cleared or not, combined or not with clearing or removing mud or water, e.g. burners for melting in situ, heated clearing instruments
}
(
{
drying by heat E01H 1/0809; melting by application of defrosting agents E01H 10/00; weed scorching devices which can also melt snow E01H 11/00;
}
stationary blowing or paving heating means E01C 11/26)
;
{
Cleaning snow by blowing or suction only
}
E01H 5/102
. .
{
Self-contained devices for melting dislodged snow or ice, e.g. built-in melting chambers, movable melting tanks (combined with removing devices E01H 5/104)
}
E01H 5/104
. .
{
Removing devices for dislodging snow or ice; followed by melting the removed material (removing by suction only and subsequent melting E01H 5/106)
}
E01H 5/106
. .
{
Clearing snow or ice exclusively by means of rays or streams of gas or steam, or by suction with or without melting (E01H 5/108 takes precedence; drying by means of gas streams, blowing- off dirt E01H 1/0809; sucking-off dirt E01H 1/0827)
}
E01H 5/108
. .
{
Devices for melting snow or ice in situ and removing subsequently for the mud or melting water (melting in situ E01H 5/10; by means of hot gases or steam E01H 5/106; removing water or mud E01H 1/108)
}
E01H 5/12
.
Apparatus or implements specially adapted for breaking, disintegrating, or loosening layers of ice or hard snow
{
with or without clearing or removing (E01H 5/10 takes precedence); Roughening ice or hard snow by means of tools (by means of gritting materialsE01H 10/00 ; roughening or breaking-up pavementsE01C 23/08 ,E01C 23/12)
}
Apparatus equipped with, or having provisions for equipping with, both elements
{
for especially
}
removal of refuse or the like and elements for removal of snow or ice (E01H 8/10 takes precedence)
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Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way of railways; Removing undesirable matter from tramway rails (E01H 1/00 to E01H 6/00 take precedence;
{
controlling vegetation E01H 11/00; removing ballast from rails or sleepers E01B 27/023; removing, cleaning the ballast itself E01B 27/04, E01B 27/06
}
)
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E01H 8/02
.
Methods or apparatus for removing ice or snow from railway tracks, e.g. using snow-ploughs
{
Devices for dislodging snow or ice which are carried or propelled by tramway vehicles
}
(operating only on rails or flange grooves E01H 8/10);
{
Moving or removing ballast; (E01B 27/02, E01B 27/04 take precedence; removing snow or ice in general E01H 5/00)
}
E01H 8/04
. .
essentially by non-driven elements
{
Clearing instruments, e.g. scraping blades, scoop plates (with oscillating or vibrating tools E01H 8/06; with heated instruments or combined with melting E01H 8/10; ballast ploughs E01B 27/025; track clearing devices B61F 19/06)
}
E01H 8/06
. .
essentially by driven tools
{
clearing instruments, e.g. rotary cutting tools or brushes (with heated instruments or combined with melting E01H 8/08; for spreading or redistributing ballast E01B 27/026)
}
E01H 8/08
. .
by application of heat,
{
e.g. by means of heated clearing instruments, melting in situ
}
(
{
weed scorching devices which may also melt snow E01H 11/00;
}
heated track E01B 19/00)
;
{
Clearing devices which melt the dislodged snow; Clearing exclusively by means of rays or streams or gas or stream, or by suction
}
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E01H 8/10
.
Removing undesirable matter from rails, flange grooves, or the like
{
railway parts
}
, e.g. removing ice from contact rails, removing mud from flange grooves (heating, blowing, or fluid-applying devices installed in the track E01B 19/00; built-in draining devices for rails E01B 21/02; removing ballast from rails E01B 27/04)
E01H 8/105
. .
{
Pneumatically or hydraulically loosening, removing or dislodging undesirable matter, e.g. removing by blowing, flushing, suction; Application of melting liquids; Loosening or removing by means of heat, e.g. cleaning by plasma torches, drying by burners (E01H 8/125 takes precedence; drying, blowing or liquid-applying devices incorporated in the permanent way E01B 19/00; heating or cooling rails during construction or maintenance E01B 31/18; wetting or lubricating rails B61K 3/00; plasma torches H05H 1/26)
}
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E01H 8/12
. .
specially adapted to grooved rails, flange-ways, or like
{
parts of the permanent way, e.g. level crossings or switches
}
E01H 8/125
. . .
{
Pneumatically or hydraulically loosening, removing or dislodging undesirable matter, e.g. removing by blowing, suction or flushing (flushing devices incorporated in tramay tracks E01B 21/02); Loosening or removing by means of heat (built-in heating, blowing or liquid applying devices for switches E01B 7/24)
}
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Improving gripping of ice-bound or other slippery traffic surfaces, e.g. using gritting or thawing materials
{
Roadside storage of gritting or solid thawing materials; Permanently installed devices for applying gritting or thawing materials; Mobile apparatus specially adapted for treating wintry roads by applying liquid, semi-liquid or granular materials
}
(roughening ice by means of tools E01H 5/12; applying de-icing agents to rails E01H 8/10; thawing materials C09K 3/18; by constructional features E01C 11/24;
{
apparatus for distributing granular materials for road building purposes E01C 19/20; treatment of dispersed oil or similar pollution on roads E01H 1/001
}
)
E01H 10/002
.
{
Roadside storage of gritting or solid thawing materials, e.g. grit or salt bins
}
E01H 10/005
.
{
Permanently-installed devices for applying gritting or thawing materials, e.g. for preading grit, for spraying de-icing liquids
}
E01H 10/007
.
{
Mobile apparatus specially adapted for preparing or applying liquid or semi-liquid thawing material or spreading granular material on wintry roads
}
Control of undesirable vegetation on roads
{
or similar surfaces
}
or permanent ways of railays,
{
e.g. devices for scorching weeds or for applying herbicides
}
(
{
destruction of undesirable vegetation in general A01M 7/00 to A01M 15/00, A01M 21/00; weeding involving working the ballast E01B 27/00; mowers for embankments A01D 34/86; hedge shearing machines A01G 3/04
}
)
; Applying liquids, e.g. water, weed-killer bitumen, to permanent ways (specially to rails E01H 8/10
{
E01H 8/105, E01H 8/125
}
; for preserving sleepers E01B 31/20)
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Cleaning beaches
{
or sandboxes
}
E01H 12/002
.
{
Treatment in situ (E01H 12/006 takes precedence)
}
E01H 12/004
.
{
using floating devices
}
E01H 12/006
.
{
Oil removal
}
E01H 12/008
.
{
cleaning sandboxes
}
Dispersing
{
or preventing
}
fog in general, e.g. on roads, on airfields
{
(condensing atmospheric humidity in general A01G 15/00; obtaining drinking water from atmospheric humidity E03B 3/28; heating or blowing devices for keeping roads or the like free from snow or ice E01C 11/26)
}
Removing undesirable matter, e.g. rubbish, from the land, not otherwise provided for (gatherers for removing stones, roots or the like from the soil A01B 43/00)
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013