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CUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING (soil-working A01B; for growing crops or plants A01D, G; for fodder or straw A01F; for bulk butter A01J; for dough A21C; slaughtering A22B; for tobacco, cigars or cigarettes A24; marking-out, perforating or making buttonholes A41H 25/00; manufacturing footwear A43D; brushmaking A46D; surgery A61B; disintegrating, mincing or shredding in general B02C; cutting wire, making pins or nails B21F, G; of the kind used formetal B23; cutting by abrasive fluid jets B24C 5/02; hand-held cutting tools B26B; perforating, cutting-out, stamping-out or punching, or severing by means other than cutting B26F; for wood B27; for stone B28D; working of plastics or substances in a plastic state B29; making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags, of paper or similarly worked materials, e.g. metal foil, B31B; article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices B65H 35/00; for leather or upholstery B68; C14B; for glass C03B; making matches C06F; for peat C10F; for sugar C13H; for textile materials D06H; civil engineering, building, mining, see Section E; for light guides G02B 6/25; cutting processed photographic material G03D 15/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting of non-metallic sheet material or metal foil in general and cutting other forms of non metallic materials not otherwise provided for; apparatus or machines therefor; cutting members therefor. Cutting is defined as a process of severing material with a sharp edge penetrating into material , e.g. a blade as cutting member, without removing material in form of chips.

  • Characterised by the nature or movement of a cutting member which does not travel with the work, e.g. stationary or linearly movable cutting members reciprocating or rotating cutting members;
  • Characterised by the nature or movement of a cutting member which travels with the work, i.e. flying cutter, e. g. mounted on a movable arm or carriage;
  • Characterised by the nature of the cut made, e. g. beveling, grooving, scoring, forming notches, or splitting/separating layers by cutting; Apparatus therefore;

Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping out, punching, perforating and also for severing by means other than cutting, e. g.

  • Means for moving the cutting member into its operative position for cutting, or for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut;
  • Arrangements with interrelated action between the cutting member and work feed, or between work feed and clamp, or with means operable by the moving work to initiate the cutting action;
  • Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping out, punching, perforating and also for severing by means other than cutting
  • Means for holding, positioning, clamping or for removing cut-out material or waste;
  • Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member or the stroke of the cutting member;
  • Means for treating work or cutting member to facilitate cutting, e.g. by sharpening the cutting member;
  • Means for performing other operations combined with cutting, e. g. counting the number of cuts, conveying ,weighting the cut product;
  • Cutting beds;
  • Safety devices specially adapted for cutting machines;
  • Cutting apparatus combined with punching or perforating apparatus or with dissimilar cutting apparatus or combinations of several similar cutting apparatus
Relationship between large subject matter areas

With regard to the aspect of cutting itself, irrespective of the material:

  • The term cutting as used in groups of subclass B26D covers severing material with a sharp edge penetrating into the material, e.g. a blade as cutting member, without removing material in the form of chips. Therefore severing otherwise than by cutting, e.g. by shearing or tearing, and cutting whereby chips of material are removed, e.g. working material by turning, boring, milling, sawing is not covered by the subclass B26D.
  • Perforating, cutting-out, punching, stamping-out or severing by means other than cutting regardless of the material is covered by other places especially by B26F or B21D.
  • Hand- held cutting tools are covered by subclass B26B, particularly hand- held motor- driven cutting tools.

With regard to the material to be cut:

  • For the material aspect, subclass B26D covers cutting non-metallic sheet material or metal foil in general, whereby metal foils are covered in so far as they are workable in a manner analogous to paper (as typical non-metallic sheet material). Other forms of non-metallic materials not otherwise provided for are also covered by subclass B26D.
  • B26D does not cover cutting metal other than the aforementioned metal foils:
  • Cutting by machine tools used for working metal by removing material is covered by class B23, e.g. for turning, boring, milling, planing, slotting, sawing metal.
  • Shearing or similarly severing metal is covered by B23D 15/00 - B23D 35/00.
  • Cutting of sheet metal or other metal stock material like metal rods, metal tubes or metal profiles, is covered by subclass B21D, e.g. press-cutting in B21D 28/00. Cutting or splitting metal wire is covered by B21F 11/00 and B21F 13/00.
  • Particular aspects of cutting other forms of non-metallic materials are covered by places within subclasses of B27 for wood and similar materials and within main group B28D 1/00 for stone or stone-like materials. B27L covers for example cutting veneer strips from trunks or splitting wood, B28D 1/22 covers working stone by cutting, e.g. by incising with cutting discs.
  • Cutting plastic material (or other non-metallic materials) is covered by places within subclasses of B23, where the term 'metal working' covers other materials unless the context requires otherwise.

With regard to details common to machines for severing:

  • This subclass also covers features specific to machines for cutting, perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out, or severing by means other than cutting, which relate to a requirement or problem of a nature which is not peculiar to a machine for these purposes, that is, details of or arrangements for operating or controlling such machines, although the realisation of such features may differ according to the kind of machine concerned. This subclass covers such features in general even if the feature, in any particular case, is to some extent peculiar to, or is claimed only for, a machine designed for perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out, or for severing other than by cutting.
  • If the details or arrangements have no essential features specific to cutting, perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out or severing machines, the more general classes, e.g. F16, take precedence.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

.

Cutting of the kind used for metal-working
Blast guns generating high velocity abrasive fluid jets for cutting materials
Hand-held cutting tools
Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
Perforating, cutting out, stamping out or punching, or severing by means other than cutting
Punching or perforating of metal

Examples of places where the subject matter of this subclass is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Soil-working
Harvesting or mowing
Hand-operated implements for cutting-up straw, hay or the like
Cutting of straw, hay or the like
Cutting implements specially adapted for horticulture and forestry
Cutting of butter during butter manufacturing
Cutting, stamping, slotting, slitting or perforating of dough and cutting or slicing of baked articles other than bread
Slaughtering
Processing meat, poultry, or fish
Cutting for tobacco, cigars or cigarettes
Marking-out, perforating or making buttonholes
Manufacturing or repairing footwear
Brushmaking
Surgical instruments, devices or methods
Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms
Cutting of wood or similar material
Cutting shaped articles made of clay or other ceramic compositions
Cutting of stone
Working of plastics or substances in a plastic state
Making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags, of paper or similarly worked materials, e.g. metal foil
Cutting related to typewriters or selective printing mechanisms
Auxiliary cutting of sheets or webs in rotary printing presses
Cutting related to apparatus or devices for manifolding, duplicating, or printing or related to addressing machines or like series-printing machines
Sharpeners for pencils or leads
Devices for opening envelopes
Cutting for severing webs for packaging, or for separating joined packages
Cutting-off the web from the wound web roll, cutting of the web for changing web rolls
Article or web delivery apparatus incorporating cutting or line-perforating devices
Hand- or power-operated cutting devices for opening closed containers
B67B7/46
Cutting of leather or upholstery
Cutting of glass
Cutting explosives
Making matches
Cutting of peat
Cutting of soap
Reducing the size of material from which sugars are to be extracted
Cutting of sugar
Cutting of textile material
Working rails, sleepers, baseplates, or the like
Forming cuts into roads or like surfaces
Cutting in earth or rock drilling and mining
Cutting in connection with devices or accessories for making or mounting lamellar blinds or parts thereof
Devices for withdrawing samples by cutting
Preparing the ends of light guides, e.g. cutting
Cutting processed photographic material
Cutting of a semiconductor body into separate parts
Cutting for removing insulation or armouring from cables
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Crushing, pulverising or disintegrating in general
Sharpening cutting edges
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of deburring
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of removal of extended surface areas
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of jet milling of local recessions like e.g. grooves
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
guillotine
a cutter with a knife moving down and guided on both sides
Thin material
material that can be handled similar to paper, e.g. aluminium foils
Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member {or particular materials not otherwise provided for} ; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor. E.g. cutting blades, linearly moving blades, cutting members rotating about an axis or rotating about a movable axis.

{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machines having a stationary cutting member; e.g. trimming the edges of a running web with a stationary cutting member.

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having a linearly-movable cutting member (B26D 1/46, B26D 1/547 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting by band knives
Involving a cutting member which travels with the work
Cutting by wires
{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting device having a linearly-movable cutting member, e.g. photo cutter with a cutting member mounted on a carriage and cutting can be performed only in one direction.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Paper cutters where the cutting is performed by moving the cutting element back and forth
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Inserting blades in running web; e.g. for tearing goes to
B26F3/002B
wherein the cutting member reciprocates (cup or like cutting members B26D 1/44)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting device having a linearly-movable cutting member wherein the cutting member reciprocates, e.g. mechanics for oscillating cutters, cutting in both directions..

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting by cup or disc cutter on a carriage
Cutting by cup or like cutting members
{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting device having a linearly-movable cutting member wherein the cutting member reciprocates, e.g. paper cutters having a blade suitable for cutting in both directions.

of the guillotine type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

guillotines in general

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blind cutters for metal
with a plurality of cutting members
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting device having a plurality of linearly-movable cutting members wherein the cutting members reciprocate, e.g. so-called three side trimmers for printed products.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bookbinding in general
in, or substantially in, a direction parallel to the cutting edge
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting device having a plurality of linearly-movable cutting members wherein the cutting members reciprocate like a "jig saw".

having a cutting member moving about an axis (B26D 1/547 takes precedence; cup or like cutting members B26D 1/44)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting by cup or like cutting members
rotating about a stationary axis (B26D 1/20 to B26D 1/24 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machines having a cutting member moving about a stationary axis, e.g. a food slicer as shown below.

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{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine having a cutting member moving about an axis and mounted on a movable carriage for thin material; e.g. a disc cutter mounted on a carriage and operating on a cutting mat.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The disc cutter cooperates with a fixed member
{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine having a cutting member moving about an axis and mounted on a movable carriage for thin material and coacting with a fixed member like a counter blade.

coacting with a movable member, e.g. a roller (B26D 1/24 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine having a cutting member moving about an axis coacting with a movable member, e.g. a slitter with an anvil drum.

and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a non-circular cutting member and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting; even when the cutting member is rotated manually.

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with cutting member mounted in the plane of a rotating disc, e.g. for slicing beans
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a non-circular cutting member and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting with cutting member mounted in the plane of a rotating disc.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Miscellaneous implements for preparing or holding food with grating discs or drums.
with limited pivotal movement to effect cut
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a non-circular cutting member with limited pivotal movement to effect cut, e.g. a paper cutting knife.

moving about an axis parallel to the line of cut
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a cutting member moving about an axis parallel to the line of cut.

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and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder (for flying cutting B26D 1/62)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a cutting member moving about an axis parallel to the line of cut and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting by flying cutting
and coacting with a rotary member
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a cutting member moving about an axis parallel to the line of cut and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting, and coacting with a rotary member; e.g. a cutter coacting with an anvil drum.

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{for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting by two cooperating rotary blades (e.g. flying shears on drums)
and slidably mounted in a rotary member
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a cutting member moving about an axis parallel to the line of cut and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting, and slidably mounted in a rotary member, e.g. a drum with a linearly in radial direction moving blade in the drum.

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moving about another axis, e.g. mounted on the surface of a cone or curved body
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine with a cutting member moving about another axis, e.g. mounted on the surface of a cone or curved body

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having a cup or like cutting member
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machines having a cup or like cutting member.

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References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
cutting out discs
having an endless band-knife or the like
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Strap saw sawing machines
involving a cutting member which travels with the work {otherwise than in the direction of the cut} i.e. flying cutter (flying shears for metal B23D 25/00; flying saws for metal B23D 45/18)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine involving a cutting member which travels with the work, e.g. flying cutter.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Flying shears for metal
Flying saws for metal
and is rotating about an axis parallel to the line of cut, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machine involving a cutting member which travels with the work and is rotating about an axis parallel to the line of cut, e.g. mounted on a rotary cylinder.

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rotary cutting cylinders cooperating with an anvil drum
Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made, apparatus therefore, e.g. cutting tubes, making grooves on surfaces, splitting layers from work, halving devices etc.

{ specially adapted for cutting rubber}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting through work of particular materials not otherwise provided for; cutting rubber strips, e.g. for tire production or so-called reinforced strips.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting profile in tyres
{ specially adapted for cutting blocs of plastic material}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting through work of particular materials not otherwise provided for; cutting of plastic blocks e.g. cutting foam blocs like styropor.

{ by sliding}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting through work of particular materials not otherwise provided for; where the material slides along the cutting member, e.g. cutting of plastic blocks e.g. cutting foam blocs like styropor.

Slitting marginal portions of the work, i.e. forming cuts, without removal of material, at an angle, e.g. a right angle, to the edge of the work
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machines for slitting marginal portions of the work, i.e. forming cuts, without removal of material, at an angle, e.g. a right angle, to the edge of the work.

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References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Making a superficial cut in the surface of the work without removal of material, e.g. scoring, incising.
Forming notches in marginal portion of work by cutting (by punching B26F 1/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cutting by punching
to obtain cubes or the like (ice harvesting F25C 5/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting machines to obtain cubes or the like.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ice harvesting
Splitting layers from work; Mutually separating layers by cutting (B26D 3/30 takes precedence; Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics B29B 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting for splitting layers from work; separating layers by cutting.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting. This includes all kind of electronic or computer control devices but also mechanical actuating mechanisms to effect the cut.

with interrelated action between work feed and clamp (work clamping arrangements B26D 7/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting with means operable by the moving work to initiate the cutting action with interrelated action between work feed and clamp.

Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting (cutters B26D 1/00; arrangements for guiding hand cutting tools B26B 29/06; punching tools or dies, cutting-out knives or dies B26F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting. All kind of devices dedicated to cutting machines such as hoods, safety devices, feeding arrangements, means for mounting the cutting member.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting blades, or cutting elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for guiding hand cutting tools
Punching tools or dies
Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form (feeding or discharging sheets, webs, or filaments B65H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form, e.g. pushers, carriages.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Feeding or discharging sheets, webs, or filaments
Means for treating work or cutting member to facilitate cutting (tensioning band cutters B26D 1/48)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for treating work or cutting member to facilitate cutting, e.g. vibrating the cutting blade ultrasonically.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tensioning band cutters
Safety devices specially adapted for cutting machines (safety devices in general F16P)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Safety devices specially adapted for cutting machines.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices in general
Cutting apparatus combined with punching or perforating apparatus or with dissimilar cutting apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting apparatus combined with punching or perforating apparatus or with dissimilar cutting apparatus, e.g. production processes with punching and cutting stations arranged sequentially or in parallel.

Combinations of several similar cutting apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Combinations of several similar cutting apparatus, being identical or working with the same cutting principle.

E.g. production processes with similar cutting stations arranged sequentially or in parallel.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013