CPC Definition - Subclass E04F

Last Updated Version: 2017.08
FINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS (windows, doors E06B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Finishing work on buildings, like:

  • sunshades, Florentine blinds, awnings, outside screens (E04F 10/00);
  • fixed and moveable stairways, ramps, balustrades, handrails (E04F 11/00);
  • coverings or linings for walls or ceilings (E04F 13/00);
  • floor coverings, parquet, sectional false floors (E04F 15/00)
  • vertical ducts, chimneys, air ducts, light shafts, lift shafts, utility lines channels, disposal chutes, channels for drainage (E04F 17/00);
  • borders, finishing strips, built-in cup-boards, niches (E04F 19/00);
  • implements for finishing work on buildings, e.g. for mounting doors or windows, for mounting plinths, for plastering, for finishing joints, for setting wall or ceiling slabs, for laying floor coverings (E04F 21/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Kitchen equipment

A47J

Sanitary equipment

A47K

Tapestry work

B44C

Floor structures

E04B 5/00

Roof structures

E04B 7/00

Suspended ceilings

E04B 9/00

Roof coverings

E04D

Repairing

E04G

Windows, doors

E06B

Ladders

E06C

Sunshades, {e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens (E06B 9/26 takes precedence)}; Awnings {or baldachins (for caravans B60P 3/343)}; (trailer awnings E04H 15/08; for tents E04H 15/58)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies;

Screens on the outside of buildings which provide a shading function;

Outside shading elements mounted to the building;

Awnings; Baldachins

Relationships with other classification places

This subgroup contains outdoor screens, which are designed withstand outside environmental changes, like wind, rain and snow. Screens mounted on the inner side of a window or door, so called indoor screens are classified in E06B 9/24. Operating means for indoor and outdoor screens are classified in E06B 9/68. Venetian-type lamellar outdoor and indoor screens are classified in E06B 9/26. Free-standing screens which are not attached to the exterior of a building are classified in E04H 15/00. Umbrellas in A45B.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Awnings for tents

E04H 15/58

Venetian-type lamellar screens

E06B 9/26

Operating means

E06B 9/68

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Awnings for caravans

B60P 3/343

Awnings for vessels

B63F17/02

Sunshades for a roof

E04D 13/00

Roller blinds inside a building

E06B/40

Screening devices inside building

E06B 9/24

Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds

E06B 9/26

{Rigidly-arranged sunshade roofs with coherent surfaces}
Definition statement

This place covers:

This class contains shading elements for which the surface that provides the shading function is of a rigid inflexible material, e.g. plexiglass, metal.

media0.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Gutters for roofs

E04D 13/064

Special rules of classification

Details which are not-specific to this kind of non-rollable/foldable surface (e.g. fixing to the supporting structure) should be classified in E04F 10/06

of flexible canopy materials, e.g. canvas{; Baldachins}
Definition statement

This place covers:

This class contains shading elements for which the surface that provides the shading function is of a flexible material, e.g. canvas

media1.png

Special rules of classification

Details which are not-specific to this kind of non-rollable/non-foldable surface (e.g. fixing to the supporting structure) should be classified in E04F 10/0603 - E04F 10/0685

of a plurality of similar rigid parts, e.g. slabs, lamellae {(E04F 10/005 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

This class contains shading elements for which the surface that provides

the shading function is of a series of rigid parts. e.g. lamellae

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Rigidly-arranged sunshade roofs with coherent surfaces

E04F 10/005

media2.png

collapsible {or extensible; metallic Florentine blinds; awnings with movable parts such as louvres; (shutters E06B 9/04; louvre windows E06B 7/08)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Louvre windows

E06B 7/08

Shutters

E06B 9/04

Stairways, ramps, or like structures (mounting or marking-off stairways E04F 21/26; of temporary {use during building} construction E04G 27/00; means for facilitating access to swimming pools E04H 4/144; {means for facilitating access to swimming pools E04H 4/144; appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk A61H 3/00}); Balustrades; Handrails (ladders permanently attached to fixed structures E06C 9/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fixed stairways and movable stairways, e.g. loft ladders, and their components, e.g. treads and risers; Ramps; Balustrades; Handrails

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mounting or marking-off stairways

E04F 21/26

Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk

A61H 3/00

Stairways of temporary use during building construction

E04G 27/00

Means for facilitating access to swimming pools

E04H 4/144

Ladders permanently attached to fixed structures

E06C 9/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ladders

E06C

Spiral stairways supported by a central column
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only spiral stairways supported by a central column, where "by a central column" is to be read strictly

collapsible, e.g. folding, telescopic
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ship ladders

B63B

Stairs for aircraft

B64F

Escalators or moving walkways

B66B

Treads
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products in general

B32B

Producing decorative panels or veneers

B44C 5/04

Special rules of classification

Veneer panels should be classified in E04F 11/108, i.e. of wood, as well as in E04F11/128, i.e. composed of several layers.

Surfaces thereof; Protecting means for edges or corners thereof ({loosely laid coverings,} floor fabrics, fastenings therefor A47G 27/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Loosely laid coverings, floor fabrics, fastenings therefor

A47G 27/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guard covers of stairs

E04G 21/30

Special rules of classification

Documents describing both aspects, i.e. surfaces and protecting means for edges or corners of treads, are classified in E04F 11/16 only.

Balustrades; Handrails (guard-rails on ships B63B; for bridges E01D 19/10; for roads E01F 13/00, E01F 15/00; fences E04H 17/00{; safety measures for persons during the construction of buildings E04G 21/32})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Balustrades, balcony balustrades, and handrails.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Guard-rails on ships

B63B 17/04

Handrails for bridges

E01D 19/10

Handrails for roads

E01F 13/00, E01F 15/00

Safety measures for persons during the construction of buildings, e.g. temporary balustrades

E04G 21/32

Balustrades not having a handrail, i.e. picket fences, fences

E04H 17/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Balustrades being an integral part of the structure of a balcony.

E04B 1/003

{Balustrades}
Special rules of classification

Use E04F 11/1812 - E04F 11/1851 to completely classify each aspect of the documents to be classified.

{Built-in aids for ascending or descending stairs (lifts associated with stairs B66B 9/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Balustrades or handrails comprising aids for ascending or descending stairs , e.g. for elderly or disabled people e.g. : media3.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lifts associated with stairs

B66B 9/08

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lifts or other hoisting devices on ladders

E06C 7/12

Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings (flooring E04F 15/00; decoration of surfaces, mosaic work B44, e.g. paper-hanging B44C 7/00; made of webs, e.g. of fabrics or wallpaper{, as such, or their manufacturing} D03D, D04G, D04H, D06N, D21H; construction of {false} ceilings E04B 9/00; roofings or similar water-tight coverings against precipitation E04D)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings, either made of plastic materials hardening after applying, like plaster, or composed of covering or lining elements and their fastening means.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Flooring

E04F 15/00

Decoration of surfaces, mosaic work

B44C

Decoration of surfaces, paper-hanging

B44C 7/00

Webs, e.g. of fabrics or wallpaper, as such and their manufacturing

D03D, D04G, D04H, D06N, D21H

Construction of false ceilings

E04B 9/00

{made of webs, e.g. of fabrics, or wallpaper, used as coverings or linings (of a number of similar elements carried by a common web E04F 13/0862; paperhanging, tapestry work B44C 7/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings, made of webs, e.g. of fabrics, or wallpaper e.g. :media4.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Of a number of similar elements carried by a common web

E04F 13/0862

Paper-hanging and tapestry-work

B44C 7/00

of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster (surface treatment in painting technique B44D; inorganic or bituminous masses C04B; organic plastics C08L {; implements for applying plasticised materials E04F 21/02})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for applying plasticised materials

E04F 21/02

Surface treatment in painting technique

B44D

Inorganic or bituminous masses

C04B

Organic plastics

C08L

Bases for plaster (sub-ceilings with plaster-carrying means E04B 9/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sub-ceilings with plaster-carrying means

E04B 9/06

Edge-protecting borders {(borders for joints between plaster layers and window or door frames or like E06B 1/62)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Borders for joints between plaster layers and window or door frames or the like

E06B 1/62

composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Stretched foil- or web-like elements attached with edge gripping devices

E04F 13/005

Composed of several layers, e.g. sandwich panels

E04F 13/0866

Characterised by the joints between neighbouring elements

E04F 13/0889

For insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise

E04B 1/00

Accommodating lighting devices

F21V 33/006

Accommodating heating conduits

F24D

Accommodating electrical cables or lines

H02G 3/00

Special rules of classification

Sub-groups E04F 13/074 - E04F 13/078 are not used; documents are classified according to the table here above.

composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements, (E04F 13/072 takes precedence; borders, skirtings E04F 19/02; {of webs or fabrics E04F 13/002; fixing strips E04F 19/06; separate provisional spacers between adjacent tiles E04F 21/0092; implements or means for setting tiles E04F 21/18})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Elements of webs or fabrics

E04F 13/002

Specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements

E04F 13/072

Borders, skirtings

E04F 19/02

Fixing strips

E04F 19/06

Separate provisional spacers between adjacent tiles

E04F 21/0092

Implements or means for setting tiles

E04F 21/18

{fixed by means of spring action}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate fastening elements for coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements, and with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements, (any of the elements being) fixed by means of spring action, e.g. effecting a clamping, the spring element being integral to or separate from the other elements. e.g. : (spring 8) media5.png

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used with the meaning indicated:

" snap action"

"spring action"

{fixed by means of clamping action}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate fastening elements for coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements, and with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements, (any of the elements being) fixed by means of clamping action. e.g. : (Clamping effected by elements 12-15)media6.png

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used with the meaning indicated:

" holding tight "

" clamping action "

{not adjustable (E04F 13/0857 takes precedence; not used, see subgroups)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate fastening elements for coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements, (the fastening element being) not adjustable e.g. : no adjustment or compensation means for tolerances, inaccuracy, ... by means of screws, teeth, wedges,...

Special rules of classification

Not used, see subgroups

{the fastening elements engaging the outer surface of the covering elements, not extending through the covering (E04F 13/0839 and E04F 13/0846 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate fastening elements for coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements, not adjustable, and with fastening elements retaining the edges of the covering elements e.g. : media7.png media8.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

The fastening elements situated at the corners of the covering elements, not extending through the covering

E04F 13/0839

The fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the side faces of the covering elements

E04F 13/0846

{the fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the side faces of the covering elements (E04F 13/0835 and E04F 13/0839 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate fastening elements for coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, without load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements, not adjustable, and with fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the lateral edge side of the covering elements e.g.: media9.png media10.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

The fastening elements extending into the back side of the covering elements

E04F 13/0835

The fastening elements situated at the corners of the covering elements, and not extending through the covering

E04F 13/0839

{fixed by means of spring action}
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used with the meaning indicated:

" snap action"

"spring action"

{fixed by means of clamping action}
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used with the meaning indicated:

" holding tight "

" clamping action "

{composed of superposed elements which overlap each other and of which the flat outer surface includes an acute angle with the surface to cover}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Coverings or linings composed of superposed elements which overlap each other and of which the flat outer surface includes an acute angle with the surface to cover, where the expression "acute angle" is to be read strictly

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Case of absence of an acute angle

E04F 13/10 - E04F 13/18

{composed of several layers, e.g. sandwich panels or layered panels (layered products as such in general B32B; producing decorative panels or veneers B44C 5/04; E04F 13/0864, E04F 13/0875 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Composed of superposed elements which overlap each other and of which the flat outer surface includes an acute angle with the surface to cover

E04F 13/0864

Having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer

E04F 13/0875

Layered products as such in general

B32B

Producing decorative panels or veneers

B44C 5/04

{with sealing elements between coverings (sealings of joints between building constructions in general E04B 1/68)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Coverings composed of a plurality of similar covering elements, characterised by the joints between neighbouring elements, with sealing elements between coverings (regardless if the sealings are integral with the panel or separate elements ) e.g. : media11.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sealing of joints between building constructions in general

E04B 1/68

of elements attached to a common web, support plate or grid {(not used, see E04F 13/0862)}
Special rules of classification

Not used, see E04F 13/0862

stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics {concrete,}; of glass {or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass (E04F 13/0864 takes precedence; producing shaped elements from concrete, ceramic compositions or other stone-like materials B28B; prefabricated panels in general E04C 2/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Composed of superposed elements which overlap each other and of which the flat outer surface includes an acute angle with the surface to cover

E04F 13/0864

Producing shaped elements from concrete, ceramic compositions or other stone-like materials

B28B

Prefabricated panels in general

E04C 2/00

of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials (of plastic-bound fibres or chips E04F 13/16 ){or with an outer layer of organic plastics with or without reinforcements or filling materials; plastic tiles (E04F 13/0864 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Composed of superposed elements which overlap each other and of which the flat outer surface includes an acute angle with the surface to cover

E04F 13/0864

Of plastic-bound fibres or chips

E04F 13/16

Fastening means specially adapted for covering or lining elements {(not used, see E04F 13/0801)}
Special rules of classification

Sub-groups E04F 13/21 - E04F 13/30 are not used. Documents which fall under the title of sub-groups E04F 13/21 - E04F 13/28 are classified in E04F 13/0801, documents falling under the title of E04F 13/30 are classified in E04F 13/0883. E04F 13/30 takes precedence over E04F 13/24.

Flooring (stair treads E04F 11/104; coverings not specially adapted for floors E04F 13/00; borders, skirtings E04F 19/02; {implements for laying flooring E04F 21/20;} gratings for cleaning soles of footwear A47L 23/24; {built-in gratings E04F 19/10; removing floor coverings E04G 23/00; carpets A47G 27/00;} of similar materials to roads E01C; basic or rough floors {, structural floors} E04B 5/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Floor coverings, parquet, resiliently-mounted floors, joints in floor coverings, sectional false floors, e.g. computer floors

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Stair treads

E04F 11/104

Coverings not specially adapted for floors

E04F 13/00

Borders, skirting

E04F 19/02

Built-in gratings

E04F 19/10

Implements for laying flooring

E04F 21/20

Carpets

A47G 27/00

Gratings for cleaning soles

A47L 23/24

Road paving

E01C

Structural floors

E04B 5/00

Removing floor coverings

E04G 23/00

Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements (of webs E04F 15/16)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Flooring composed of webs

E04F 15/16

{Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips (E04F 15/024, E04F 15/04, E04F 15/06, E04F 15/10 and E04F 15/14 take precedence; separate provisional spacers E04F 21/0092)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Construction of joints for flooring composed of a number of similar elements, with sealing elements between coverings (regardless if the sealings are integral with the panel or separate elements) e.g. : media12.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sectional false-floors

E04F 15/024

Flooring only of wood

E04F 15/04

Flooring of metal

E04F 15/06

Flooring of other material

E04F 15/10

Construction of joints in flooring made of masses in situ

E04F 15/14

Separate provisional spacers

E04F 21/0092

Sealing of joints between building constructions in general

E04B 1/68

Sectional false floors, e.g. computer floors {(height-adjustable supports for terrace roof coverings E04D 11/00; underfloor heating using water F24D 3/142, using air F24D 5/10; installation of cables, lines or protective tubing in floors H02G 3/28)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Height-adjustable supports for terrace roof coverings

E04D 11/00

Underfloor heating using water

F24D 3/142

Underfloor heating using air

F24D 5/10

Installation of cables, lines or protective tubing in floors

H02G 3/28

{with integrated feet (E04F 15/02417 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sectional false floors composed of a number of similar elements, comprising floor panels with integrated feet e.g. : media13.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Floor panels made of casing elements filled with plastic materials hardening after application

E04F 15/02429

only of wood {or with a top layer of wood}, e.g. with wooden {or metal} connecting members (rollable parquet E04F 15/16)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Rollable parquet

E04F 15/16

of metal, whether or not in combination with other material (gratings as building elements E04C 2/42{; of elements with a metal upper layer; E04F 15/02405 takes precedence; metal treads E04F 11/112})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Metal treads

E04F 11/112

Floor panels for sectional false floors

E04F 15/02405

Gratings as building elements

E04C 2/42

only of stone or stone-like material, e.g. {ceramics}, concrete; of glass {or with a top layer of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete or glass (E04F 15/02005 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Construction of joints in floorings

E04F 15/02005

of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite {tiles}, hardboard {, or with a top layer of other materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products

B32B

Producing decorative panels or veneers

B44C 5/04

Flooring or floor layers made of masses in situ, e.g. seamless magnesite floors, terrazzo {gypsum floors} (inorganic or bituminous masses C04B; organic plastic masses C08L)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inorganic or bituminous masses

C04B

Organic plastic masses

C08L

Structural floors

E04B 5/00

Filling elements for building-up floors

E04B 5/26

Installation of cables, lines or protective tubing in floors

H02G 3/28

Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips ({E04F 15/02005 takes precedence;} sealing joints not restricted to flooring E04B 1/68{, construction of joints in roads or airfields E01C 11/02})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Construction of joints for floorings composed of a number of similar elements

E04F 15/02005

Construction of joints not restricted to flooring

E04B 1/68

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Construction of joints in roads and airfields

E01C 11/02

Flooring, e.g. parquet on flexible web, laid as flexible webs; Webs specially adapted for use as flooring; {Parquet on flexible web} (resiliently-mounted floors, e.g. sprung floors, E04F 15/22; linoleum D06N; {carpets A47G 27/00})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Resiliently mounted floors, e.g. sprung floors

E04F 15/22

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Carpets

A47G 27/00

Linoleum

B32, D06N

Webs in general, manufacturing of webs

B65H

Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors (insulating of buildings in general E04B 1/62)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Boundary strips in layers made of masses in situ

E04F 15/142

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insulating of buildings in general

E04B 1/62

Resiliently-mounted floors, e.g. sprung floors (laid as webs E04F 15/16)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Resiliently-mounted floors laid as webs

E04F 15/16

Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage (pipes in general F16L; pipe-line systems F17D{; drainage devices in floors E03F 5/04; roof drainage E04D 13/04})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Vertical ducts for carrying away gases, chimneys, air ducts, light shafts, channels for receiving utility lines, channels for drainage, chutes for the disposal of refuse, lift shafts.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drainage devices in floors

E03F 5/04

Roof drainage

E04D 13/04

Pipes in general

F16L

Pipe-line systems

F17D

for carrying away waste gases, e.g. flue gases (free-standing chimneys E04H 12/28; connections between fireplace and chimney, chimney fittings, covers for cleaning holes of chimneys F23J; chimney tops F23L); Building elements specially designed therefor, e.g. shaped bricks or sets thereof {(coke-ovens C10B; working measures on existing vertical ducts E04G 23/02; apparatus for inserting new lining elements in existing ducts E04G 21/16; metallic chimneys, linings, joints and spacers therefor F23J 11/00, F23J 13/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Coke-ovens

C10B

Apparatus for inserting new lining elements in existing ducts

E04G 21/16

Working measures on existing vertical ducts

E04G 23/02

Free-standing chimneys

E04H 12/28

Connections between fireplace and chimney, chimney fittings, covers for cleaning holes for chimneys

F23J

Metallic chimneys, linings, joints and spacers therefor

F23J 11/00; F23J 13/00

Chimney tops

F23L

{Exterior cladding, e.g. of chimney parts extending above the roof; Rain covers for chimney tops without draught-inducing aspects (inducing draught in chimneys F23L 17/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Vertical ducts or channels for carrying away waste gases, e.g. flue gases comprising an exterior cladding, e.g. of chimney parts extending above the roof or rain covers for chimney tops without draught-inducing aspects e.g. : or media14.png media15.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Inducing draught in chimneys

F23L 17/00

Air-ducts or air channels {(heating in general F24; ventilating rooms in general F24F)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating in general

F24

Ventilating rooms in general

F24F

Light shafts, e.g. for cellars
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Daylight conveying tubular skylights

E04D 2013/034

for receiving utility lines, e.g. cables, pipes (covers giving access to the ducts or channels, covers of inspection holes E04F 19/08)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Covers giving access to the ducts or channels, covers of inspection holes

E04F 19/08

Shafts or channels arranged underground outside buildings

E02D 29/10

Arrangements in buildings for the disposal of refuse (refuse bins, gathering or removal of refuse B65F)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Refuse bins, gathering or removal of refuse

B65F

Other details of constructional parts for finishing work on buildings (ladders, e.g. climbing irons, E06C 9/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Borders, finishing strips, light-coves, built-in cup-boards, niches, covers of holes enabling access to installations, built-in gratings, chimney mantel pieces

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Borders for protecting edges of plaster

E04F 13/06

Climbing irons

E06C 9/04

Borders; Finishing strips, e.g. beadings; Light coves (for protecting edges of plaster E04F 13/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Borders for protecting edges of plaster

E04F 13/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices in general

F21V

{for use at vertical intersections of walls (E04F 19/028 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Borders adapted for cushioning impacts at protruding corners

E04F 19/028

for use between floor or ceiling and wall, e.g. skirtings
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Edge details of ceilings

E04B 9/30

{characterised by the fixing method (not used, see subgroups)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Borders or finishing strips for use between floor or ceiling and wall, e.g. skirtings characterised by the fixing method (group not used, see subgroups) e.g. by hooking in a direction perpendicular (E04F 19/0463) or parallel (E04F 19/0468) to the wall, by means of magnets or hook and loop-type fasterners (E04F 19/0472), by means of glue (E04F 19/0477):

media16.png

media17.png

media18.png

media19.png

Special rules of classification

Only the subgroups of this group are used

specially designed for securing panels {or masking the edges of wall- or floor-covering elements (E04F 19/022, E04F 19/026 and E04F 19/04 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

For use at vertical intersections of walls

E04F 19/022

Specially adapted for cushioning impacts

E04F 19/026

For use between floor or ceiling and wall

E04F 19/04

{used to finish off an edge or corner of a wall or floor covering area (in connection with floor fabrics A47G 27/045; sealings between walls and baths A47K 3/008)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Borders or finishing strips, specially designed for securing panels, used to finish off an edge or corner of a wall or floor covering area e.g. floor transition piecesmedia20.png media21.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

In connection with floor fabrics

A47G 27/045

Sealings between walls and baths

A47K 3/008

{used between similar elements (separate provisional spacers E04F 21/0092)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Borders or finishing strips, specially designed for securing panels, used between similar elements, e.g., a bridger strip for a gap created by two panels, e.g. media22.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Separate provisional spacers

E04F 21/0092

Built-in cupboards; Masks of niches; Covers of holes enabling access to installations ({inspection openings in bathtub aprons A47K 3/1615; covers for electrical distribution boxes H02G 3/14; movable ceiling parts E04B 9/003; removable wall partitions E04B 2/74; } clean-out doors of chimneys F23J)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Inspection openings in bathtub aprons

A47K 3/1615

Removable wall partitions

E04B 2/74

Movable ceiling parts

E04B 9/003

Cleanout doors of chimneys

F23J

Covers for electrical distribution boxes

H02G 3/14

Implements for finishing work on buildings (for working or treating building elements of stone or stone-like material B28D; designed specifically for special details provided for in the other groups of this subclass, see the relevant groups for the details {working measures on existing buildings E04G 23/00; measuring angles or linear dimensions in general G01B, G01C; measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers or levels G01C 9/00; reference lines, planes or sectors, generated by active optical means G01C 15/004})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Implements for finishing work on buildings, e.g. for mounting doors or windows, for mounting plinths, for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, for finishing joints, for setting wall or ceiling slabs, for laying flooring, for mounting staircases, for glazing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for working or treating building elements of stone or stone-like materials

B28D

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working measures on existing buildings

E04G 23/00

Measuring angles or linear dimensions in general

G01B, G01C

Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers or levels

G01C 9/00

Reference lines, planes or sectors, generated by active optical means

G01C 15/004

Special rules of classification

Implements designed specifically for special details provided for in the preceding groups, see the relevant groups for the details

{for mounting doors, windows or frames; their fitting (door-lifters B66F 15/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Implements for mounting doors, windows or frames, e.g. door jamb setters media23.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Door-lifters

B66F 15/00

{for marking doors, windows or frames (templates for marking the position of hinges E05D 11/0009; templates for marking the position of doorlocks E05B 17/06)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Implements for marking doors, windows or frames, e.g. tools indicating the location of closures or closure frames media24.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Templates for marking the position of doorlocks

E05B 17/06

Templates for marking the position of hinges

E05D 11/0009

{Separate provisional spacers used between adjacent floor or wall tiles (E04F 13/0889, E04F 15/02005 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Separate provisional spacers used between adjacent floor or wall tiles, with at least parts of it being removed after installation. e.g. removable tile spacer media25.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sealing elements between coverings composed of a number of similar elements

E04F 13/0889

Construction of joints in floorings composed of a number of similar elements

E04F 15/02005

for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, e.g. plastering walls ({wall covering made of hardening materials E04F 13/02}; specially for flooring E04F 21/20; implements for painting or decorating B44; applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces, in general B05)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wall coverings made of hardening materials

E04F 13/02

Joint tapes

E04F 13/042

Drywall taper tools

E04F 21/1657

Specially for flooring

E04F 21/20

Applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces, in general

B05

Implements for painting or decorating

B44

Patterns or templates; Jointing rulers {(profile trowels E04F 21/16)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Profile trowels

E04F 21/16

Implements for applying plaster, insulating material, or the like {(finishing E04F 21/16)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for after treatment of plaster

E04F 21/16

Mechanical implements (E04F 21/14 takes precedence; spraying in general B05B; sand-blasting B24C)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for applying plaster in shafts

E04F 21/14

Spraying in general

B05B

Sandblasting

B24C

Implements for after-treatment of plaster or the like {before it has hardened or dried}, e.g. smoothing-tools, profile trowels {(E04F 21/04, E04F 21/165 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Patterns or templates; Jointing rulers

E04F 21/04

Implements for finishing joints

E04F 21/165

for finishing joints, e.g. implements for raking or filling joints, jointers (bricklayers' tools E04G 21/16; repairing, e.g. filling cracks, E04G 23/02{; wallpaper scrapers or the like B44C 7/02; implements for cleaning joints A47L 13/10})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for cleaning joints

A47L 13/10

Wallpaper scrapers

B44C 7/02

Bricklayers' tools

E04G 21/16

Repairing, e.g. filling cracks

E04G 23/02

for setting wall or ceiling slabs or plates (tools for mosaic work B44C)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tools for mosaic work

B44C

{Ceiling panel lifting devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lifting devices for installing ceiling panels in place e.g. media26.png media27.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Suspended ceilings comprising panels

E04B 9/04

{with hand-driven crank systems, e.g. rope, cable or chain winding or rack-and-pinion mechanisms (E04F 21/1816, E04F 21/1822 and E04F 21/1827 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lifting devices for installing ceiling panels in place, with hand-driven crank systems, e.g. rope, cable or chain winding or rack-and-pinion mechanisms e.g. media28.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fluid pressure-operated

E04F 21/1816

With pivotally mounted arms

E04F 21/1822

Lazy-tongs mechanisms

E04F 21/1827

{fluid pressure-operated (E04F 21/1822 and E04F 21/1827 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lifting devices for installing ceiling panels in place, operated by fluid pressure e.g.media29.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

With pivotally mounted arms

E04F 21/1822

Lazy-tongs mechanisms

E04F 21/1827

{for setting a plurality of similar elements (E04F 21/1805 and E04F 21/1894 take precedence; separate provisional spacers E04F 21/0092)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Implements for setting a plurality of similar wall or ceiling slabs or plates: e.g. media30.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Separate provisional spacers

E04F 21/0092

Ceiling panels lifting devices

E04F 21/1805

Lever-type lifters

E04F 21/1894

{Lever-type lifters gripping the bottom edge of wall panels (door lifters B66F 15/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lever-type lifters gripping the bottom edge of wall panels e.g. e.g. fulcrum-type device, e.g. media31.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Door lifters

B66F 15/00

for laying flooring (made of similar material to roads or pavements E01C{; arrangements for removing of previously fixed floor covering E04G 23/00})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Implements for laying flooring made of similar material to roads or pavements

E01C

Arrangements for removing of previously fixed floor covering

E04G 23/00

of single elements, e.g. flooring cramps{; flexible webs (cutting tiles B28D 1/225)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cutting tiles

B28D 1/225

of masses made in situ, e.g. smoothing tools {(E04F 21/04 takes precedence; finishing of concrete roads or pavings E01C 19/40; devices for levelling concrete floors E04G 21/10; devices for solidifying concrete floors by vibrating E04G 21/066)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Pattern or templates for applying plasticised masses to surfaces

E04F 21/04

Finishing of concrete roads or pavings

E01C 19/40

Devices for solidifying concrete floors by vibrating

E04G 21/066

Devices for levelling concrete floors

E04G 21/10

for glazing (glass cutters C03B 33/10)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glass cutters

C03B 33/10

Putty squeezers or guns {(not used, see B05C 17/002)}
Special rules of classification

Group not used, see B05C 17/002