Cooperative Patent Classification


CPC Definition - Subclass B65B

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Last Updated Version: 2018.08
MACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING (bundling and pressing devices for cigars A24C 1/44; devices for tensioning and securing binders adapted to be supported by the article or articles to be bound B25B 25/00; applying closure members to bottles, jars or similar containers B67B 1/00-B67B 6/00; concurrent cleaning, filling and closing of bottles B67C 7/00; emptying bottles, jars, cans, casks, barrels or similar containers B67C 9/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

The following general guidance can be applied in this subclass:

Main groups B65B 1/00-B65B 17/00 relate to general aspects of packaging, wrapping, bundling and closing of packages.

Main groups B65B 19/00-B65B 29/00 relate to the packaging, wrapping or bundling of articles/materials with special problems.

Main group B65B 31/00 relates to the packaging under special atmospheric conditions.

Main group B65B 33/00 relates to packaging by applying removable/strippable coatings.

Main groups B65B 35/00-B65B 39/00 relate to the feeding of material to be packaged.

Main groups B65B 41/00-B65B 45/00 relate to the feeding/supporting of the wrapping material/container.

Main groups B65B 47/00-B65B 53/00 and B65B 61/00 relate to operations preformed on the wrapping material/container.

Main group B65B 63/00 relates to auxiliary operations performed on the article/material to be packaged.

Main group B65B 55/00 relates to preserving/sterilising.

Main groups B65B 57/00-B65B 59/00 and B65B 65/00 relates to the control/adaptation/details of the packaging machine.

Main group B65B 67/00 relates to manual packaging.

Main group B65B 69/00 relates to unpacking.

Machines, apparatus, or methods of general application for packaging individual articles, groups of articles or quantities of material in solid, pulverulent, liquid, semi liquid or mixed solid and liquid form including mainly the following operations:

  • filling portable containers or receptacles with articles or materials to form packages;
  • inserting articles or groups of articles into containers or receptacles;
  • closing filled containers or receptacles otherwise than by metal-working, glass-working, or wood-working operations;
  • enclosing, or partially enclosing, articles or quantities of material, in sheets, strips, blanks, webs, or tubes of thin flexible material, e.g. wrapping;
  • applying removable coatings, e. g. strippable coatings;
  • bundling articles, e.g. holding articles together in groups by applying string or wire;
  • attaching articles to cards, sheets, or webs.

Machines, apparatus, or methods adapted for packaging articles or materials presenting special problems or for special packaging operations e. g. packaging of specially shaped articles, of fragile, sensitive, tacky objects or of all sorts of foodstuffs.

Machines, apparatus, or methods adapted for packaging of articles or materials in packages that can have an additional function e. g. packaging of tea in tea-bags or of food intended to be cooked in the package.

Machines, apparatus, or methods adapted for packaging of articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions.

Filling aerosol containers with propellants.

Packaging articles by applying removable e.g. strippable coatings.

Details of, auxiliary devices applied to, or auxiliary measures taken in, machines, apparatus, or methods

- relating to the articles or materials to be packed:

  • supplying, feeding, arranging, or orientating articles to be packed;
  • supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles to be packaged;
  • nozzles, funnels, or guides for introducing articles or materials into containers or wrappers;
  • miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for;

- relating to the containers, packages or receptacles in association with packaging:

  • forming, feeding, opening, or setting-up containers or receptacles;
  • supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material;
  • apparatus or devices for supporting or holding wrappers during wrapping operation;
  • apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs;
  • devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents;
  • devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures, e.g. twisted bag necks;
  • shrinking wrappers, containers, container covers or container cover securing members during or after packaging;
  • miscellaneous auxiliary devices for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages, and not otherwise provided for;

- relating to the machines, apparatus, or methods themselves:

  • automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices of packaging machines;
  • arrangements to give access for cleaning or maintenance purposes;
  • arrangements to enable machines to handle articles of different sizes, to produce packages of different sizes, to vary the contents of packages;
  • details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for, e. g. special gearing, anti- sticking material, devices for counting and registering;
  • preserving, protecting, or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging.

Apparatus or devices facilitating manual packaging operations.

Sack holders.

Unpacking of articles or materials.

Relationships with other classification places

Operations like filling, inserting, enclosing or bundling of articles or attaching articles to webs or cards that are employed in the manufacture of the articles and not part of a packaging process, are covered by the appropriate subclasses, e.g. making confectionery products by casting in moulds formed by wrappers A23G, filling ammunition, e.g. cartridges, F42B 33/02.

Similarly, operations like filling, inserting, enclosing of material into bags, webs and similar material that are employed in the manufacture of a wrapping material as such, are not considered to be packaging in the meaning of B65B and covered by the appropriate subclasses, e.g. making dunnage or cushion pads B31D 5/0039.

Packaging operations for a particular purpose, for which a special classification place exists and which is listed in the application oriented references, are only classified in B65B if the packaging operation is also of general interest and applicable to operations for other purposes.

Relationship with subclass B65D:

B65B does not cover methods of packaging, which are wholly characterised by the form of the package produced, or the form of the container or packaging-element used, which are covered by B65D.

Relationship with subclass B65G:

B65G covers storage or transport devices (e.g. conveyers) in general whereby B65B covers those devices if they are restricted to packaging.

Relationship with subclass B67C:

The group B67C 3/00 covers primarily the filling or bottling of bottles, cans, jars, barrels or casks with beverages or other (similar) liquids or semi-liquids, on a relatively large production scale, for example as is done in the beverage, soft drink or wine industry or in breweries. The filling of containers with liquids or semi-liquids using apparatus other than bottling or like apparatus is covered by the group B65B 3/00.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bundling and pressing devices for cigars

Devices for tensioning and securing binders adapted to be supported by the article or articles to be bound

Applying closure members to bottles jars, or similar containers;

Concurrent cleaning, filling and closing of bottles

Emptying bottles, jars, cans, casks, barrels or similar containers

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Machines for forming slabs of butter with packaging devices

Sausage filling or stuffing machines

Shopping bag or carton-dispensing systems specifically adapted for check-out counters

Shopping bag or paper bag holders for shops

Filling and assembling of medical capsules

Filling of syringes in situ

Inserting documents in envelopes and closing the latter

Filling fuel into fuel tanks

Packaging of matches

Cutting machines specially adapted for sugar in combination with sorting and packaging machines

Filling of grease guns

Packaging of ammunition or explosive charges

Devices for wrapping coins

References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Hand or power-operated devices not attached to, or not incorporated in, containers or container closures for opening closed containers

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preservation of foodstuffs in general

Manufacture and preparation of tobacco

Apparatus for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general

Cleaning machinery and conduits

Hand-held nailing or stapling tools; manually operated portable stapling tools

Cutting or severing in general

Nailing or stapling devices

Sealing thermoplastics in general by joining

Presses in general

Making bags and boxes in general

Printing in general

Labelling

Containers for storage or transport of articles or materials e.g. bags, barrels, bottles, boxes, cans, cartons, etc. and other packaging elements, e.g. binders, closures, protective caps

Transport or storage devices in general, e.g. conveyers for loading or tipping; Stacking and de-stacking of articles in general

Handling sheets or webs of interest apart from their application in packaging machines

Filling bottles or other containers with liquids or semi-liquids by bottling machines

Funnels, e.g. for bottling liquids

Volumetric measurement in general

Weighing in general

Special rules of classification

In subclass B65B all embodiments of a document and all aspects of that embodiment are to be classified, irrespective of it being subject-matter of a claim or not.

Classification is done in the lowest subgroup that applies. If several subgroups apply equally, for example for various embodiments of a document, the document is classified in all of those subgroups, but not collectively in the higher ranking group, unless the higher group is the only group that applies for a particular embodiment.

Characteristics merely mentioned in the description as possible embodiments but not allowing complete understanding of its implementation are classified as additional information. For example, in the following disclosure:

"The seal head which has been described in detail in this application is also applicable to vertical form fill seal machines as known from the prior art."

-the seal head should be classified as invention information and the vertical form fill seal machine as additional information.

Similarly, features identifiable from the drawings but not described in the description should be classified as additional information.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Packaging

Should be understood as including mainly the following operations: - Filling portable containers or receptacles with materials or small articles to form packages; - inserting articles, or groups of articles, into containers or receptacles; - closing filled containers or receptacles otherwise than by metal-, glass-, or wood-working operations; - enclosing, or partially enclosing, articles or quantities of material, in sheets, strips, blanks, webs, or tubes of thin flexible material, e.g. wrapping; - bundling articles, e.g. holding articles together in groups by applying string or wire;- attaching articles to cards, sheets, or webs.

Package

Is used to mean the end product of a packaging operation, e.g. a filled and closed container, an article enclosed in a wrapper, a group of articles held together by string or wire, a crate of bottles.

Materials

Is to be understood as embracing matter, or masses of articles, which are to be packaged, as distinct from separate or individual articles.

Container/Receptacle

An individual structure comprising a barrier for confining its content, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars.

Wrapper

A wrapper can refer both to the wrapping material as such, e.g. in form of a strip or a sheet of flexible material, as well as to the finished flexible structure for containing the product.When a wrapper is used as an alternative to a container in the titles of B65B, it is to be understood as a more flexible structure than the container.

Wrapping material

Blanks, sheets, and webs (see definition below).

Blanks

Sheets pre-cut and creased for being folded into an individual container.

Strips/Sheets

Individual pre-cut sections of flexible material used for forming a single container or for producing a single package.

Webs

Continuous sections of flexible material used for partially or wholly enclosing the contents before separating the so formed package from the web supply.

Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Packaging materials presenting special problems

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging liquids in individual containers

Packaging articles in individual containers

Packaging materials presenting special problems

Packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions

Filling bags at stream, river, coast or marine sites, e.g. sandbags

Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material B65B 9/00; making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see the appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Forming or setting-up containers just before filling, the material being subsequently filled into these preformed containers.

Machines incorporating means for making the containers or receptacles from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material, but which containers or receptacles are separated from the web before being filled

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging successive quantities of material in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

by vibration
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supplying or feeding material by vibratory feeders

Controlling escape of air or dust from containers or receptacles during filling
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cleaning of, or removing dust from, containers, wrappers or packaging

by weighing (check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles B65B 1/46)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by weighing

Weighing of cut products

Weighing in general

Loss-in-weight type feed control in general, i.e. differential dosing

Combinatorial weighing in general

by volumetric devices or methods (checking volume of filled material B65B 1/48)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Checking volume of filled material

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by volume measurement

Volumetric measurement in general

by pistons co-operating with measuring chambers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of pistons

Check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Check weighing in general

Packaging plastic material, semiliquids, liquids or mixed solids and liquids, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Dispensing a measured quantity of ingredients into a cup or other receptacle as part of a beverage making apparatus

Filling fuel into fuel tanks

Filling lubricants into machine tanks

Filling liquids with coin-freed apparatus, i.e. vending

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging powders in individual containers

Packaging articles in individual containers

Packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers

Filling bottles or other containers with liquids or semi-liquids by bottling machines

{Filling medical containers such as ampoules, vials, syringes or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Filling of medical containers with semi-liquids, liquids, mixed solids and liquids and fluidised powder.

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Filling and assembling of medical capsules

Filling of syringes in situ

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing filled ampoules

Applying plugs/stoppers to filled syringes

Fraction collection sampling

Automatic devices for transferring samples to, in or from the analysis apparatus

Computer assisted distribution of medication

Mixing different liquid (medication) in a vending machine

Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (making containersor receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Forming or setting-up containers just before filling, the material being subsequently filled into these preformed containers.

Machines incorporating means for making the containers or receptacles from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material, but which containers or receptacles are separated from the web before being filled.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging successive quantities of material in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{Making containers by moulding of a thermoplastic material}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For blow moulding preforms by hot liquids that remain in the finished container see also the indexing scheme of

Moulds for blow-moulding

{Making parallelepipedal containers from a single carton blank}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material by folding

Making boxes independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{Making containers from separate body and end-parts}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods of, or means for filling the material into individual containers or receptacles and interconnected bags.

Defoaming liquids in connection with filling
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Foam dispersion or prevention

Preventing foaming in bottles

Topping-up containers or receptacles to ensure complete filling
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Head space air removing device

by weighing
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by weighing

Weighing in general

by volumetric measurement
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by volume measurement

Volumetric measurement in general

by pistons co-operating with measuring chambers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of pistons

Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Packaging bottles

Packaging articles presenting special problems

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging powders in individual containers

Packaging liquids in individual containers

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Packages for surgical instruments

Machines characterised by incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see the appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Forming or setting-up containers just before filling, the articles being subsequently filled into these preformed containers.

The container can be a collapsed carton sleeve; accent remaining on filling.

Machines incorporating means for making the containers or receptacles from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material, but which containers or receptacles are separated from the web before being filled.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging successive articles in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{for making bags}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making containers from preformed blanks}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Cartons formed adjacent to the articles, the articles being subsequently inserted into these preformed cartons.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging by wrapping a carton blank around the article

Opening, erecting or setting up cartons

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making trays}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making trays independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making containers from two or more blanks (B65B 5/026 takes precedence)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{in bags}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging of bread

Packaging groups of articles, the articles being individually gripped or guided for transfer to the containers or receptacles
Definition statement

This place covers:

This subgroup covers the gripping of a group of articles, wherein the articles are being gripped individually and simultaneously by the gripper.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers

Grippers in general

Grippers for transferring articles to/from/between conveyors

Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stacking one article or groups of articles upon another before packaging

Special rules of classification

Containers filled in stages by introducing complete "layers" of articles, the documents are additionally to be classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 5/06 or B65B 5/08.

{for packaging pills or tablets}
Definition statement

This place covers:

This group covers the packaging pills or tablets in containers or receptacles and in a blister web.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Checking correctness of packaged medicine, such as tablets, capsules, or the like, with optical means

Assembling and dispensing pharmaceutical articles in a coin-freed apparatus (i.e. vending machine)

Special rules of classification

Packaging pills or tablets in a blister web are additionally classified in B65B 9/045 or B65B 11/52 according to the method in which the blister-web is produced.

{by grippers (B65B 5/12 and B65B 5/108 take precedence)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding separate articles by grippers

Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers

Grippers in general

Grippers for transferring articles to/from/between conveyors

{Article support means temporarily arranged in the container}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guides or funnels for introducing articles into containers or wrappers

Closing containers or receptacles after filling
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling into individual containers

Packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions

Conditioning packages in combination with closing/sealing containers

Securing package folds or closures, securing necks of bags

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers

Sterilisation of packages or package contents

Control

Machine modularity/adaptability

Closing boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see

Closing containers or receptacles deformed by, or taking-up shape, of, contents, e.g. bags, sacks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing of bags by generating heat or pressure

and twisting
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags

Closing collapsible or resilient tubes, e.g. for tooth paste, for lighter fuel
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating tube ends to facilitate their sealing

Details of tools for joining the tube end by welding plastics materials

B29C66/463123

Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Closing metal cans or tins by metal-working operations

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying closure members to bottles, jars or similar containers

Concurrent cleaning filling and sealing of bottles

Special rules of classification

B65B 7/16 does not cover the closing of metal containers with metal closures nor the closing of metal containers using purely metal-working operations, which are both covered by B21D 51/2653. Classification is done in both places for example when a filled non-metal container is covered by a metal closure using metal-working operations.

{Sealing filled ampoules}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling ampoules

Scoring ampoules

Applying plugs or stoppers to filled syringes

{by feeding web material to securing means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The closing of containers by feeding web material across the open container and securing it thereto.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines incorporating means for making the container

Making of container by forming pockets in a lower sheet or web to which the web is fed for securing is classified in the relevant subgroups of

Cutting of web

{Securing by heat-sealing}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying or generating heat

Joining thermoplastic materials by heat in general

{Securing by heat-shrinking}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for heat shrinking

by applying separate preformed closures, e.g. lids, covers
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Applying separate securing members, e.g. clips, staples, adhesive tape, stitches

{Feeding closures}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding of auto-adhesives by labelling machines

{applying plugs or threadless stoppers (for bottles or jars B67B 1/04)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The application of plugs or stoppers to filled syringes.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bottles or jars

{Securing closures on containers (in general B65B 51/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Securing closures on containers in general

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Securing package folds or closures, securing necks of bags

{by deformation of the closure}
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Forming the circumferential seam of a metal can by deformation

Special rules of classification

B65B 7/285 does not cover the closing of metal containers with metal closures, which is covered by B21D 51/30. Classification is done in both places for example when a filled non-metal container is covered by a metal closure using metal-working operations.

{by adhesive tape}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying adhesive tape for securing package folds or package closures

Details of tools for joining plastic material by applying adhesive tape

Adhesive tape dispensers

{by gluing}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying adhesives or sealing liquids

Details of gluing tools

{by heat-sealing}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying or generating heat

Joining plastics by heating in general

{by heat-shrinking (in general B65B 53/02)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for heat shrinking

Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semiliquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging successive articles or quantities of material in webs of flexible sheet material. The typical form fill seal machines (FFS) are classified here. "Successive" in the title should be understood such, that packaging of the next article or material in-line is started before the packaging of the present article is brought to an end. The present packaged article is normally not separated from the web before the next article is enclosed therein.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Enclosing articles in strips, sheets, blanks or webs of flexible material by wrapping

Packages for surgical instruments

Making cushion pads or dunnage products from paper or film

Fixing semiconductor or solid state devices or parts thereof (e.g. wafers) on specially adapted carriers

Loading electric components into containers during manufacture of printed circuits

Special rules of classification

Operations like filling, inserting, enclosing of material into webs of flexible material that are employed in the manufacture of a wrapping material as such, are not considered to be enclosing in the meaning of B65B 9/00 and covered by the appropriate subclasses, e.g. making dunnage or cushion pads B31D 5/0039.

In this main group, the following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Packaging special articles

Conditioning packages

Feeding webs

Securing package folds or closures

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers

Sterilisation of packages or package contents

Control

Machine modularity/adaptability

Operations on the web

Details of machines

Packaging special material

{the webs forming a curtain}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacturing absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels

one or both webs being formed with pockets for the reception of the articles, or of the quantities of material
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming tool details for thermoforming plastic materials are classified in

Special rules of classification

In this group and its subgroups the tool detail rotary pocket former is also given the classification

{for fluent material}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Fluent

liquid or gas or granular or pulverulent

{for single articles, e.g. tablets}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Blister packages where the pockets are formed before insertion of the articles.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Blister packs formed around articles

Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in a longitudinally-folded web, or in a web folded into a tube about the articles or quantities of material placed upon it
Special rules of classification

In this group and its subgroups the detail forming shoulder is additionally given the classification B65B 2009/063

the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073

the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073

the web advancing continuously
Special rules of classification

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/087 and B65B 9/093

the web having intermittent motion
Special rules of classification

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/087 and B65B 9/093

Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in preformed tubular webs, or in webs formed into tubes around filling nozzles, e.g. extruded tubular webs
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Sausage filling or stuffing machines

Devices for distending tubes supplied in the flattened state
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Distending tubes that are to be applied to bottles

the webs being formed into tubes in situ around the filling nozzles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Evacuating, gassifying, or pressurising in combination with filling

Special rules of classification

Packages of special shape are also classified in B65B 9/2056 or B65B 9/2063. Examples of packages classified in B65B 9/2056 comprise for instance pyramide bags, bags with double chambers and bags with varying cross-sections.

Packages produced with an apparatus/method of this subgroup(s) and which are additionally packaged into a further container are also classified in the Indexing Codes of B65B 2220/16.

{combined with longitudinal welding devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Heated belts, heated rollers.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Structural features of longitudinal welding devices

{Tube guiding means}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tube formers

Guiding of the web by rollers before the tube is formed

Special rules of classification

Rollers for guiding and for forming tubes are classified both here and in B65B 9/22

{Means for altering the cross-section of the tube filling opening prior to transversal sealing, e.g. tube spreading devices (subdividing filled tubes to form two or more packages by sealing involving displacement of contents B65B 9/12)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Spreading devices.

Gusset tucking devices.

Creation of additional edge welds after forming of tube for giving the package more stability.

{Package shaping devices acting on filled tubes prior to sealing the filling opening (shaping or reshaping completed packages B65B 61/24)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Folding in corners

Rotary forming devices, etc.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Means for stripping to remove air or products from sealing area

If shaping takes place after cutting the container off, e.g. reshaping completed packages

the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification

If document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/213 and B65B 9/207

the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification

If document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/213 and B65B 9/207

Forming shoulders; Tube formers
Special rules of classification

If tube is formed by rollers, then classification B65B 9/2035 is also given.

If document shows a form fill seal (FFS) machine then classification is also done in B65B 9/207 and/or B65B 9/213 or B65B 9/20

Wrapping, e.g. partially or wholly enclosing, articles or quantities of material, in strips, sheets or blanks, of flexible material (bundling articles by applying narrow strips or bands of flexible material B65B 13/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Two main aspects:

  • Wrapping by application of a web in (several) layers onto the articles or quantities of material, the web not necessarily being a pre-cut strip, sheet or blank;
  • Packaging in (cut off) strips sheets and blanks of flexible material applied around the articles or quantities of material.

The first aspect is covered by subgroups B65B 11/006, B65B 11/008, B65B 11/02 and B65B 11/04.

The second aspect is covered by subgroups B65B 11/004, B65B 11/06, B65B 11/48, B65B 11/50, B65B 11/54, B65B 11/56 and B65B 11/58.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bundling articles by applying narrow strips or bands of flexible material

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cartons pre-formed adjacent to the article, the article subsequently being inserted into the pre-formed carton

Enclosing successive articles or materials in flexible webs

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents

Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers

Shaping webs or sheets by stretching

Special rules of classification

The following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Packaging bottles B65B 21/00

Packaging special articles B65B 25/00

Conditioning packages B65B 31/00

Feeding webs B65B 41/00

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00

Details of securing package folds or closures B65B 51/00 .

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers B65B 53/00 .

Sterilisation of packages or package contents B65B 55/00.

Control B65B 57/00.

Machine modularity/adaptability B65B 59/00

Operations on the web B65B 61/00.

Details of machines B65B 65/00.

{in blanks, e.g. sheets precut and creased for folding }
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding blanks around a mandrel to create a container see

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents

Special rules of classification

Documents classified here are additionally classified in B65B 11/06 and its subgroups, provided they apply.

{Helical strip wrapping combined with roping}
Special rules of classification

Documents classified here are additionally classified in B65B 2210/14 and its subgroups, provided they apply.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Roping

gathering the flat web into a rope, which is applied helically around the object or to finish the wrapping operation.

{by webs revolving around articles moved along the axis of revolution}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Helicoidal wrapping, the article being moved:

media0.jpg

JP2002225807

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Helicoidal wrapping around stationary or merely rotating articles

Special rules of classification

Documents classified here are additionally classified in B65B 2210/14 and its subgroups, provided they apply.

Wrapping articles or quantities of material, without changing their position during the wrapping operation, e.g. in moulds with hinged folders (by doubling a wrapper and securing its opposed free margins to enclose contents B65B 11/48; by disposing contents between two sheets and securing their opposed free margins B65B 11/50)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wrapping articles by doubling a wrapper and securing its opposed free margins to enclose contents

Wrapping articles by disposing contents between two sheets and securing their opposed free margins

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Covering or wrapping cores by winding webs, tapes, or filamentary material

{by webs revolving around stationary articles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

media1.jpg

WO2006050440 Rotary arm type

media2.jpg

EP1471004 stationary ring type, the dispenser alone moving along the ring

media3.jpg

EP1705119 rotary ring type

Special rules of classification

Documents classified here are additionally classified in B65B 2210/14 and its subgroups, provided they apply.

the articles being rotated
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Wrapping devices for individual bales of straw, hay or the like, in particular as part of a bailing press

Wrapping articles, or quantities of material, by conveying wrapper and contents in {common} defined paths
Definition statement

This place covers:

the conveying of wrapper and article along common paths.

Emphasis is put on the word common, meaning the path taken by the article from the point where it first touches the wrapper.

Examples:

  • The article is conveyed along a straight path and pushed into a seat of a wrapping machine - this would be a common straight path whereby the wrapper is folded around the article.
  • The article is conveyed along a straight path and pushed into a seat of a wrapping machine, the wrapping machine subsequently completing the wrapping of the article along a different straight direction than the first straight path -this would be a two straight paths taken by wrapper and article.
  • The wrapper with the article undergo a folding operation along the rotary path of a turret - this would be a common curved path taken by the article and wrapper.
  • A wrapping operation comprising both a straight path and a curved path would be a combination of straight and curved paths.
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wrapping of coins

Special rules of classification

Articles wrapped in preformed blanks, e.g. blanks precut and creased for

Folding, are additionally classified in

to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

{the axis of the tube being parallel to the conveying direction}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

one sheet being rendered plastic, e.g. by heating, and forced by fluid pressure, e.g. vacuum, into engagement with the other sheet and contents, e.g. skin- {, blister-, or bubble-} packaging
Definition statement

This place covers:

Blister packs formed around the articles

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Enclosing articles in blister packages where the pockets are formed into webs before insertion of the articles

Wrapping by causing the wrapper to embrace one end and all sides of the contents, and closing the wrapper onto the opposite end by forming regular or irregular pleats
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flexible brushes or diaphragms to bend wrapper around contents

Twisting the end of the wrapper

Rolling articles with wrappers along a supporting surface
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

For bottles

Bundling articles
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band

Specially adapted for harvesting

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Straining wire in general

Connecting wire to wire in general

Securing cargo in vehicles

Special rules of classification

Bundling special articles are additionally classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 27/00

Applying and securing binding material around articles or groups of articles, e.g. using strings, wires, strips, bands or tapes
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Tying devices in bailing presses

Applying reinforcing means to non-metal sleepers

{Hand-held tools}
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Hand tools for applying strapping material on building sites

Special rules of classification

Elongated bars for manually guiding a strap underneath a pallet are additionally to be classified in B65B 13/08

{for applying straps having preformed connecting means, e.g. cable ties}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. a buckle.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Securing ends of binding material by applying separate securing members

Applying hose clamps

Single guide or carrier for the free end of material movable part-away around articles from one side only
Special rules of classification

Guides in the form of elongated bars for manual guidance under a pallet are additionally classified in B65B 13/025

{applying edge protecting members during bundling}
Definition statement

This place covers:

bundling or wrapping

{Affixing labels during bundling}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Labelling machines in general

Means for controlling tension of binding means
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tensioning load in cars and lorries

{Hand tools}
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Hand held tools for twisting ends of strapping material on building sites

{Friction welding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of friction sealing tools

{Ultrasonic welding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of ultrasonic sealing tools

{Hand tools}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools of hand held type

{Hand tools}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Securing straps having integral preformed connecting means

Hand tools for crimping metal

Attaching articles to cards, sheets, strings, webs, or other carriers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding cards or other inserts to package contents

Attaching small articles, e.g. buttons, to cards
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cards for buttons, collar-studs, or sleeve-links

Attaching a series of articles, e.g. small electrical components, to a continuous web {(ammunition filling F42B)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging ammunition using cartridge belts

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Placing of electric components on belts holding the terminals

Other machines, apparatus, or methods for packaging articles or materials
Definition statement

This place covers:

This main group covers all packaging machines, apparatus or methods that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

Joining articles, e.g. cans, directly to each other for convenience of storage, transport, or handling
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bundling cans

Packaging rod-shaped or tubular articles susceptible to damage by abrasion or pressure, e.g. cigarettes, cigars, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws or welding electrodes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging finished cigarettes, cigars and other rod-shaped articles

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging tobacco in bags (snus)

Manufacture or preparation of tobacco for smoking, the making of the cigarette and the making of chewing tobacco (snuff)

Final treatment of cigars or cigarettes after manufacture

Packaging cigarettes
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Auxiliary devices for drying glued or sealed packages

{using rotary drums for withdrawal of successive layers from a hopper}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Withdrawal of successive layers from a hopper using a pocketed conveyor

into boxes with hinged lids
Definition statement

This place covers:

Everything about "collars"

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cigarette boxes having hinged lids

{Preparing and feeding blanks}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding blanks in general

Control devices for cigarette or cigar packaging machines
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control devices of general application in packaging machines

responsive to presence of faulty articles, e.g. incorrectly filled cigarettes
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Examining cigarettes not in combination with packaging

Optical inspection of external surface of cylindrical bodies for the presence of flaws or contamination

Packaging other rod-shaped articles, e.g. sausages, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws, welding electrodes
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling rod-shaped articles

Packaging or unpacking of bottles (bundling bottles B65B 27/04)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bundling bottles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining bottles directly to each other e.g. by glueing

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

in or from preformed containers, e.g. crates
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Introducing bottles into cases via centering devices or grids

Arranging, assembling, feeding, or orientating the bottles prior to introduction into, or after removal from, containers {(B65B 21/025 takes precedence)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, assembling, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Arranging, feeding, transferring or orientating of articles in association with conveyors are classified in the relevant subgroups of

Introducing or removing single bottles, or groups of bottles, e.g. for progressive filling or emptying of containers
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Picking up and depositing groups of bottles for filling the container in a single step

using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding bottles in groups by grippers

Grippers in general

Devices for picking-up and depositing articles in combination with conveyors

Introducing or removing groups of bottles, for filling or emptying containers in one operation
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Picking up and depositing single bottles and progressively filling/emptying a container with several groups of bottles is classified in

using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding bottles in groups by grippers

Grippers in general

Devices for picking-up and depositing articles in general

{Inflatable grippers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Inflatable grippers for engaging bottle necks in combination with packaging

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable grippers for picking up and depositing articles in combination with conveying

Enclosing bottles in wrappers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Wrapping bottles with cardboard which has holes for the bottle necks.

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in B65B 21/24 and its subgroups are also classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 9/00 or B65B 11/00

{in collapsed carton sleeves}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines incorporating means for making the containers from preform blanks

Feeding carton blanks

Erecting or setting up carton blanks

{in flexible wrappers, e.g. foils (B65B 21/26 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Enclosing one or several bottles into a wrapper.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Applying wrappers to individual bottles by operations involving rotation or rolling of the bottles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Enclosing bottles in narrow bands, i.e. bundling

Labelling by placing tubular labels around the container

Special rules of classification

The application of sleeves to bottles is considered to be labelling B65C 3/065.

Applying wrappers to individual bottles by operations involving rotation or rolling of the bottles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

To articles in general

Straw-made wrappers

Packaging fragile or shock-sensitive articles other than bottles; Unpacking eggs (embedding articles in shock-absorbing media B65B 55/20)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Embedding articles in shock-absorbing media

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fixing semiconductor or solid state devices or parts thereof (e.g. wafers) on specially adapted carriers

Loading electric components into containers during manufacture of printed circuits

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

Packaging or unpacking eggs
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Testing, sorting or cleaning of eggs

Preservation of eggs

Arranging, feeding, or orientating the eggs to be packed; Removing eggs from trays or cartons
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Arranging, feeding, transferring or orientating of articles in association with conveyors in general

using grippers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Testing, sorting or cleaning eggs

Transferring eggs to an inoculation machine

Egg grippers for cooking purposes

Arranging, feeding or orientating the biscuits to be packaged
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Arranging and feeding biscuits in connection with baking

Packaging plate glass, tiles, or shingles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling of bricks or other building blocks

Measures for preventing damage to stacked glass sheets

Packaging other articles presenting special problems (bundling B65B 27/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bundling

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packages for surgical instruments

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

{of foodstuffs, combined with their conservation (B65B 25/041, B65B 25/062, B65B 25/067 take precedence)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding desiccant to the package, see also

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

General methods for preserving meat, sausages, fish or fish products

Preservation of fruits and vegetables

Preservation of edible seeds

Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general

Packages specially adapted herefor

{packaging of information carriers, e.g. records, CD, DVD}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging of all kind of information carriers (CD's,DVD's,videos,etc.)

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

CD cases

{packaging of confectionery}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for measuring, weighing or wrapping of chocolate or candies

{packaging of ice-cream}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling ice-cream into containers

{packaging of contact lenses}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Immersing lenses in protective liquids

Contact lens cases

Moulding of contact lenses

Making of optical lenses

Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging tobacco

Packaging fruit or vegetables
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging fruit and vegetables in trays.

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Bag or sack filling devices associated with digging harvesters

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying stretch film over trays

{combined with their conservation}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding desiccant to the package, see also

{in crates or boxes (B65B 25/045 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging fruit and vegetables in trays

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding desiccant to the package, see also

Packaging slices or specially-shaped pieces of meat, cheese, or other plastic or tacky products
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Extrusion combined with cutting and packaging (e.g. butter)

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

General methods for preserving meat, sausages, fish or fish products

Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general

Conveying or stacking cut products

{combined with its conservation}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

{of meat}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sausage making

{combined with its conservation}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

between layers or strips of sheet or web material, e.g. in webs folded to zig-zag form
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Slicing machines with inter-leavers for stacked slices

Packaging paper or like sheets, envelopes, or newspapers, in flat, folded, or rolled form
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Inserting (packaging) documents into envelopes

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling paper or like sheets

{packaging folded articles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Examples of folded articles are: towels, napkins, diapers, absorbent articles in general

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for folding articles

{packaging rolled-up articles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. toilet or kitchen rolls.

{Jumbo paper rolls}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. applying covers at the ends of the rolls.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Applying tape on the paper roll

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for folding down the protruding parts of the wrapper onto the end faces of the roll

Wrapping sliced bread
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging bread in general, e.g. by wrapping.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cutting or slicing machines or devices specially adapted for baked articles other than bread

For bread

Packaging garments, e.g. socks, stockings, shirts
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging garments in combination with folding

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding of garments without packaging

Packaging articles of food, e.g. fish fillets, intended to be cooked in the package
Definition statement

This place covers:

Edible articles

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging edible materials (i.e. powder/liquid) which are to be cooked/infused in the package

Packaging annular articles, e.g. tyres
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling annular objects

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "tyres" and "tires"
Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band; Baling fibrous material, e.g. peat, not otherwise provided for
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling articles in general

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 13/00

Bundling bricks or other building blocks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging plate glass, tiles or shingles

Bundling groups of cans or bottles
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Joining cans directly to each other

Joining cans by top carrier element

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

Special rules of classification

In cases where the cans or bottles are bundled together by a "top carrier element" in addition to a strap, classification B65B 17/025 is given in addition to B65B 27/04.

media4.jpg

EP1886921

Bundling coils of wire or like annular objects
Definition statement

This place covers:

e.g. bundling of rolls of sheet metal

media5.jpg

US5540142 Bundling through coil

media6.jpg

US3662628 Bundling around coil

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging annular articles

Bundling paper sheets, envelopes, bags, newspapers, or other thin flat articles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Bundling of banknotes

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging paper or like articles

Bundling rods, sticks, or like elongated objects
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging rods, sticks or like elongated objects

Baling or bundling compressible fibrous material, e.g. peat
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Bailing presses for straw, hay or the like

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Baling presses in general

Special rules of classification

Bailing presses with integral bundling apparatus are classified both here and in B30B 9/30.

Packaging of materials presenting special problems
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging tobacco in bags (snus)

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging finished cigarettes, cigars and other rod-shaped articles

Manufacture or preparation of tobacco for smoking, the making of the cigarette and the making of chewing tobacco (snuff)

Special rules of classification

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Snus

snuff

Packaging of substances, e.g. tea, which are intended to be infused in the package
Definition statement

This place covers:

Procedures or methods for packaging of tea, coffee, herbs, etc. intended to be infused in the package.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coffee making machines

Disposable containers that are infused, such as tea bags or coffee cartridges like Nespresso™

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Capsule

a rigid package.

Filter bag

a non-rigid package having loose contents.

Pod

a non-rigid package having compressed contents and possibly rigid inserts.

Packaging of edible materials intended to be cooked in the package (infusible substances B65B 29/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Edible materials, i.e. in powder or liquid form.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Packaging edible articles that are to be cooked in the package

Packaging two or more different substances isolated from one another in the package but capable of being mixed without opening the package, e.g. forming packages containing a resin and hardener isolated by a frangible partition
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging two different substances not isolated from each-other

More component mortars

Grouting cartridges

Packaging articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. the deaeration of packages with mechanical means (e.g. compressing package before sealing).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gas treatment of milk products, e.g. milk powder

Milk preparations containing gases

Auxiliary treatments during loading or unloading of large container and the like; Loading or unloading of large containers in a fluid medium other than air

{Adding propellants in fluid form to aerosol containers (in solid form B65B 31/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Everything concerning the filling and refilling of aerosols.

B65B 31/003 includes the filling of any liquid to an aerosol container the liquid does not specifically have to be the propellant because the propellant is implicitly added at one stage or another to the aerosol.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Aerosol containers per se

Special rules of classification

Pressurisation by nozzle cooperating with a check valve is additionally classified in B65B 31/047.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "aerosol container" and "spray can"
{Adding fluids for preventing deformation of filled and closed containers or wrappers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fluids including cryogenic fluids.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Package under superatmospheric pressure

Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers {or wrappers} in chambers maintained under vacuum or superatmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas
Definition statement

This place covers:

Evacuating, pressurising or gasifiying a container or wrapper completely enclosed in a chamber.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skin packaging

Laminar flow cabinets

Glove boxes

{closed by a lid sealed to the upper rim of the container, e.g. tray-like container}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skin packaging

Special rules of classification

If said lid is fed as a web to securing means, it is additionally to be classified in B65B 7/162.

Evacuating, pressurising or gasifying filled containers or wrappers by means of nozzles through which air or other gas, e.g. an inert gas, is withdrawn or supplied
Definition statement

This place covers:

The element "nozzle" is important for this group; otherwise it is classified in B65B 31/00

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Evacuating, pressurising or gasifiying a container or wrapper completely enclosed in a chamber

Nozzles for introducing articles or materials into containers

{of Vertical Form-Fill-Seal [VFFS] machines}
Special rules of classification

Additional aspects of vertical form fill seal (VFFS) machines are classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 9/20

{the nozzles co-operating, or being combined, with a device for opening or closing the container or wrapper (B65B 31/06 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Bag evacuating and sealing apparatus devices whereby only a part of the bag is enclosed in the apparatus.

{the nozzles co-operating with a check valve in the opening of the container or wrapper}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. nozzles co-operating with the valve of an aerosol.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pumps

the nozzle being arranged for insertion into, and withdrawal from, the mouth of a filled container and operating in conjunction with means for sealing the container mouth
Special rules of classification

The details of sealing means are additionally classified in B65B 51/00.

Adding propellants in solid form to aerosol containers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding propellants in liquid form

Aerosol containers per se

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "aerosol container" and "spray can"
Packaging articles by applying removable, e.g. strippable, coatings (B65B 11/52 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Enclosing by disclosing contents between two sheets, one sheet being rendered plastic

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general

Lining or sheating with plastic foil, e.g. phones

Wrapping cores by winding

Applying wax to closed wine bottles

Coating compositions

Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supplying articles that are to be packaged

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Cigarettes

Bottles

Eggs

Biscuits

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supplying powders or liquids to be packaged

Supplying, feeding containers to the filling position

Adjustable conveying means

If not restricted to packaging machines

using pocketed conveyors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for arranging articles or materials during feeding (rotating platform)

Separating single articles from loose masses of articles in general and not limited to packaging

Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orientating

Arranging and feeding articles in groups
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orientating

Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Stacking one article or groups of articles upon another directly in the packaging container

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stacking, not in conjunction with subsequent wrapping

Special features of the stacking apparatus

building-up the stack from the bottom
Definition statement

This place covers:

Building a stack from the bottom, by adding objects to the bottom of the stack.

media7.jpg

GB616902

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stacking from below, not in conjunction with wrapping

Special features of the stacking apparatus

Feeding articles along multiple paths to a single packaging position
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Multiple parallel packaging lines

Plurality of alternative input or output lines for improving machine flexibility

Conveying from one conveyor to many conveyors and vice versa

Orientating, i.e. changing the attitude of, articles, e.g. of non-uniform cross-section
Definition statement

This place covers:

Orientation in a passive way

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for arranging articles or materials during feeding (rotating platform)

Turning articles by positively-acting means, e.g. to present labelled portions in uppermost position
Definition statement

This place covers:

Orientation in an active way

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for presenting articles in predetermined attitude or position at the labelling station, e.g. to receive the label

Supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles, to be packaged (methods of, or means for, filling individual containers with such materials or articles B65B 1/04, B65B 3/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supplying powders or liquids that are to be packaged

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supplying articles

Silos

Emptying silos

of screw type
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods or means for filling the material into containers or receptacles by screw type rotary feeders

by weighing {(devices or methods for controlling the quantity of material or liquid fed or filled into a container by weighing B65B 1/32, B65B 3/28)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices or methods for controlling the quantity of material or liquid fed or filled into a container by weighing

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Weighing in general

by volume measurement
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices or methods for controlling the quantity of material or liquid fed or filled into a container by volume measurement

Volume measurement in general

Nozzles, funnels or guides for introducing articles or materials into containers or wrappers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sterilising or cleaning machinery or conduits

Funnels for coffee mills

Nozzles in general

Fuel tank nozzles

Funnels in general

Special rules of classification

The following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Strainer means B65B 2039/008

Multiple outlets B65B 2039/009

Cleaning arrangements B65B 2210/08 .

{with flow cut-off means, e.g. valves}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Nozzles with flow cut-off means contained in bottling machines

{Guides or funnels for introducing articles into containers or wrappers}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling individual containers with articles with article support means temporarily arranged in the container

Supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making of bags

Supplying or feeding sheet-like material in general

Feeding webs from rolls
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Changing the rolls

Registering sheets, blanks, or webs
Definition statement

This place covers:

The recognition of marks on the web and the control of the web-feed based on the mark.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling web feed

Controlling transverse register of web

Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging (forming pockets in sheets, blanks or webs, by pressing the material into forming dies or moving it through folding dies B65B 47/00)
Special rules of classification

The making of bags and the making and setting up boxes are additionally classified in the relevant subgroups of B31B.

Forming flat bags from individual sheets or blanks
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Making the bags just before filling them, e.g. on the same machine

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags from individual sheets or blanks independently from packaging operations see

Forming flat bags from webs
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Making the bags just before filling them, e.g. on the same machine

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags from webs independently from packaging operations see

Details of filled bags connected together

from more than one web
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags by joining superimposed webs independently from packaging operations see

Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of bags

{Feeding carton blanks in flat or collapsed state}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mostly stacks of carton blanks

Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Shopping bag or carton-dispensing systems specifically adapted for check-out counters

Shopping bag or paper bag holders for shops

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating thin articles from piles in general

Breaking creases to facilitate setting-up cartons
Relationships with other classification places

Prebreaking of creases

Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Opening bags or boxes independently of packaging operations

{opening of valve bags}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling of valve bags

applied pneumatically
Definition statement

This place covers:

I.e. opening bags with air jets

Apparatus or devices for supporting or holding wrappers during wrapping operation
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling nozzles, funnels, guides

Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Presses in general

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents
Special rules of classification

The wrapping operation is additionally classified in B65B 11/00

Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Twisting wrappers in combination with wrapping in sheets of flexible material along predefined paths

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Closing containers after filling

Applying adhesives or sealing liquids
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Activating adhesives by applying heat or pressure

Glues in general

Applying adhesives for joining preformed parts

Applying separate sealing or securing members, e.g. clips, (applying separate lids or covers B65B 7/28)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Applying separate closure clips on sausages

{Applying springy clips around bag necks}
Definition statement

This place covers:

e.g. applying clips around bread bags

Applying adhesive tape
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesive tape dispensers

{to the necks of bags}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manually operable apparatus for closing bag necks

Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof {(welding of plastics per se B29C 65/02; closing plastic tube ends in general B29C 57/10)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Closing plastic tube ends in general

Joining plastics by heating in general

Special rules of classification

Heat seal temperature control is additionally classified in B65B 2051/105.

{Heat seal temperature control}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heat-seal temperature control in general

by reciprocating or oscillating members (B65B 51/148 takes precedence)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools reciprocating along only one axis

{Closing paperboard containers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The closing of the typical TETRA PAK container.

{Hand-operated members}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools of hand held type

by rotary members
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

by endless bands or chains
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

Joining tools of band or belt type

by fluid pressure acting directly on folds or on opposed surfaces, e.g. using hot-air jets (shrinking wrappers by heating B65B 53/02)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of joining tools

by friction or ultrasonic or high-frequency electrical means {, i.e. by friction or ultrasonic or induction welding}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Welding by laser for sealing or securing package closures.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sonotrodes

{by friction welding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of friction sealing tools

{by ultrasonic welding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of ultrasonic sealing tools

{by induction welding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of induction sealing tools

to produce bead seals (combined with severing by heated wires or rods B65B 61/10)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Single flanged edge joints

Devices specially adapted for producing transverse or longitudinal seams in webs or tubes
Special rules of classification

Documents classified here are additionally classified in groups B65B 2220/08, B65B 2220/10 or B65B 2220/12, provided they apply.

Rollers for producing longitudinal and transverse seams simultaneously
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making flat seams in tubular articles in general

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined of roller/cylinder type

Joining tools of jaw type mounted on rollers/cylinders

Devices, e.g. jaws, for applying pressure and heat, e.g. for subdividing filled tubes
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For subdividing filled tubes involving displacement of contents

Details of heated tools

Making flat seams in tubular articles in general

{reciprocating along only one axis}
Definition statement

This place covers:

devices moving according to box-motion.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools reciprocating along only one axis

{Counter-rotating devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

counter rotating devices along circular, oval or other paths

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

Cooling, or cooling and pressing, package closures after heat-sealing
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling articles to be packaged

Cooling joints after joining thermoplastics in general

Shrinking wrappers, containers, or container covers during or after packaging
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundles of articles in shrink foil

Articles in shrink foil

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging (by packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00; devices for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents B65B 61/22)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

By packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions

Devices for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sterilising foodstuffs or beverages in general

Preserving, protecting or purifying in general (i.e. sterilising)

Apparatus for cleaning or sterilizing or needles

Preserving alcoholic beverages

Sterilising, e.g. of complete packages
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sterilising of complete and incomplete packages

{Packaging in aseptic tunnels}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Aseptic filling of bottles

{Packaging in aseptic chambers}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Aseptic filling of bottles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Laminar flow cabinets

Clean rooms with manipulators

Clean rooms in general

Sterilising wrappers or receptacles prior to, or during, packaging {(sterilising bottles B67C 7/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sterilising wrappers, or receptacles such as bags, cartons, cups, etc. Also sterilising of bottles as long as the sterilisation does not take place in combination with filling and/or closing of bottles.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sterilising of bottles in combination with filling and/or closing of bottles, specially the mechanical details, e.g. conveying means, bottle carrying means, etc, and/or the combination with some form of subsequent process in a bottle filling line

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The sterilising of bottles which mainly concerns the sterilizing media, processes, treatment and the like

by heat
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of the sterilising apparatus

by irradiation
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of the sterilising apparatus

by liquids or gases
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sterilisation in general by liquids

Sterilisation in general by gases

by liquids or gases (B65B 55/14 takes precedence)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sterilisation in general by liquids

Sterilisation in general by gases

by adding materials intended to remove free oxygen or to develop inhibitor gases, e.g. vapour phase inhibitors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding desiccant to the package, see also

Embedding contents in shock-absorbing media, e.g. plastic foam, granular material
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Embedding material applied only over contents

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making cushion pads or dunnage products from paper or film

Immersing contents in protective liquids
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging of contact lenses

Cleaning of, or removing dust from, containers, wrappers, or packaging {; Preventing of fouling}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cleaning machinery or conduits if highly related to packaging

Cleaning machinery or conduits in general

Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices (registering wrapping or container-forming material fed from rolls B65B 41/18)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Registering wrapping or container-forming material

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Accident-prevention measures applicable for general use

Check of leak tightness

Check of material

Job scheduling, system modularity, factory control, machine resources, "recipe handling"

Photoelectric cells

responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Checking correctness of packaged medicine such as tablets, capsules, or the like, with optical means

Applications of counting devices for controlling the feed of articles (other applications B65B 65/08)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Counting the number of articles fed/produced without controlling the feed of articles

Arrangements to enable machines to handle articles of different sizes, to produce packages of different sizes, to vary the contents of packages or to give access for cleaning or maintenance purposes
Special rules of classification

The classification B65B 59/00 is allocated in addition to a classification in one of its subgroups, if the aspect of adjustment is related to the handling or production of different sized articles

Documents classified here are additionally classified in the indexing code B65B 2210/04 if relating to customised on-demand packaging.

Machines for packaging articles of different sizes wherein the machine does not undergo any active adjustment are not classified here.

Arrangements to enable adjustments to be made while the machine is running
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Weight or volumetric adjustment of material to be packaged into an individual container

Machines constructed with readily-detachable units or assemblies, e.g. to facilitate maintenance
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. modular machines

Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
Definition statement

This place covers:

devices and methods operating on the packaging material that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for

Operations on sheets webs and blanks without a packaging operation taking place

Attaching accessories to blanks, webs, bags or boxes independently from packaging operations see the Indexing Codes of

{for removing material by cutting}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Removing packaging material to unpack articles or materials

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Removing waste material in combination with welding plastic material

{Perforating strips of completed packages}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Perforating material prior to packaging

Severing/separating joined packages

for perforating, scoring {, slitting,} or applying code or date marks on material prior to packaging {(scoring ampoules B65B 3/006)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Making holes on films by laser beams, e.g. for vegetables

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Scoring

weakening material

{for applying, e.g. printing, code or date marks on material prior to packaging}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Applying marks on material prior to and during packaging, e.g. during heat sealing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Printing onto bottles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Marking or coding articles prior to packaging

Labelling and printing of labels

for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Perforating strips of completed packages

by cutting
Definition statement

This place covers:

e.g. cutting by laser

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cutting webs along their longitudinal direction

{by punching out}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving gear herefor

{by applying tear-strips or tear-tapes}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying tear strips or strings during the manufacture of boxes or bags see

Packages comprising tear strips/tapes

{by applying tabs over discharge openings, e.g. over discharge openings defined by tear or score lines}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying closure elements to bags or boxes independently from the packaging operations see

{by applying or incorporating rigid fittings, e.g. discharge spouts}
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Attaching spouts to metal containers such as cans, tins or bottles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying spouts to boxes or bags independently from the packaging operations

{by applying or incorporating profile-strips, e.g. for reclosable bags}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Slide fastener details

Making bags having interengaging profile strips in general, i.e. independently from the packaging operation

for adding cards, coupons or other inserts to package contents (adding unpacking elements B65B 61/18)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adding desiccant to the package, see also

Adding unpacking elements

Labelling

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Attaching articles to cards, sheets or other carriers

Devices for inserting documents into envelopes

Adding insertions between pallet layers

for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents, e.g. cotton-wool in bottles of pills
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Embedding contents in shock absorbing media

for shaping or reshaping completed packages
Definition statement

This place covers:

e.g. completely closed packages.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shaping not yet completed packages on form fill seal (FFS)

for marking or coding completed packages
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Printing in general

Coding by applying a label (labelling)

Advertisement

Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on articles or materials to be packaged
Definition statement

This place covers:

All devices and methods operating on the article/material to be packaged that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, or packages, and not otherwise provided for

{for marking or coding articles prior to packaging}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying code or date marks on packaging material prior to packaging

for compressing or compacting articles or materials prior to wrapping or insertion in containers or receptacles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For compressing an article in a package in order to remove air from the package (deaerating) see

Presses for tabletting or compressing of powders

{for compressing by feeding articles through a narrowing space}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. feeding through converging belts.

for folding or winding articles, e.g. gloves or stockings
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding or winding webs or filamentary material in general

Folding textile articles not in connection with packaging

{for folding garments, e.g. stockings, shirts}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging garments in combination with folding.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging folded articles other than garments

Folding of garments without packaging

for heating or cooling articles or materials to facilitate packaging
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling package closures after heat sealing

Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
Definition statement

This place covers:

All details of the packaging machine that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

{Packaging lines, e.g. general layout}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Packaging lines of special shape, space reducing layouts, etc.

{Multiple parallel packaging lines}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding articles along multiple lines to single packaging position

Plurality of alternative input or output or alternative packaging units

Related to sealing plastic material

Driving gear
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drives for cutting stations

Drives for thermoforming stations

Drives for sealing stations for joining plastics

Presses in general

coated or treated with anti-friction or anti-sticking materials, e.g. polytetrafluoroethylene
Definition statement

This place covers:

treating with a anti-friction material as well as with a friction enhancing material

Devices for counting or registering the number of articles handled, or the number of packages produced by the machine
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Counting, sorting and wrapping coins

References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Controlling the number of articles fed by counting them

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Counting in general

Apparatus or devices facilitating manual packaging operations; Sack holders
Definition statement

This place covers:

Manual packaging operations as well as sack holders for both manual and automatic packaging operations.

Manually-operable devices for closing bag necks, by applying and securing lengths of string, wire or tape
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for closing bag necks

Wrapping of articles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manual strapping of articles

{using hand-held dispensers for stretch films}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Constructional details of packaging material holders for coiled, wound or folded material

Sack holders, i.e. stands or frames with means for supporting sacks in the open condition to facilitate filling with articles or materials {(nozzles, funnels or guides adapted to support sacks B65B 39/06)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Nozzles, funnels or guides adapted to support sacks

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sack holders on hand carts

Refuse receptacles

Laundry bags and supports

{characterised by mechanisms for temporarily closing the mouth of the sack, e.g. pedal-operated (B65B 67/1211, B65B 67/1255 take precedence; final closing or sealing of sacks B65B 7/02, B65B 51/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for gathering, closing or sealing sacks

{specially adapted for storing or dispensing sacks from a supply}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shopping bag holders on check-out counters

Shopping bag holders per se, not in combination with means for supporting bag in open condition

Refuse receptacles with spare bags

{for dispensing flexible tubular material gathered up in the shape of a ring}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preformed tubular webs stored on filling nozzles

Refuse receptacles with means for storing bags

{Means for gathering, closing or sealing the sacks}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Refuse receptacles with sealing means

Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Unpacking bottles

Containers for transporting blister-packs comprising means for dispensing articles, e.g. tablets therefrom

Hand or power-operated devices not attached to, or not incorporated in, containers or container closures for opening closed containers such as bottles, jars, cans and similar containers

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inhalators comprising devices for breaking, piercing or cutting capsules

Separating waste/refuse

Destroying/transforming solid waste; Removing gases or liquids from discarded articles, e.g. aerosols

Devices for opening envelopes

{Removing or cutting binding material, e.g. straps or bands}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand held metal wire cutters for shearing metal wire

Hand held cutting tools

{by cutting (B65B 69/0008-B65B 69/0025 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The cutting open of boxes with power-operated devices.

Cutting open of bags, wrappers, and coin wrappers, apart from hand-operated devices covered by B67B 7/30.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture

References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Hand operated cutting devices for opening closed containers such as cans, tetraeders and similar containers

Power operated cutting devices

{by expelling contents, e.g. by squeezing the container}
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Pliable tubular containers with auxiliary devices for expelling contents

Large containers with deformable internal walls facilitating emptying

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Crushing, pulverising or desintegrating in general

Dispensers for silicon type cartridges

Presses for squeezing liquid from for ex. fruit

{Solid contents}
Definition statement

This place covers:

For example, pressing tablets from a blister as long as the apparatus for opening does not form part of a container for storing the blister-pack.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Disposal of medical waste

Containers for storing a blister-package with special means for dispensing tablets from a blister web

{Heating materials to facilitate their unpacking}
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Emptying large containers with use of heat

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating and cooling of liquids to be transferred

{Emptying systems for flexible intermediate bulk containers [FIBC]}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flexible large containers

Means facilitating the emptying of large containers

Methods or devices for emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks

Preventing escape of dust

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

FIBC

big bag

Plurality of alternative input or output lines or plurality of alternative packaging units on the same packaging line for improving machine flexibility
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding along multiple lines to single packaging position

Multiple parallel packaging lines

Adding more than one type of material or article to the same package
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Volumetric dosing of several products into an individual container

Packaging two substances isolated from each-other but capable of being mixed in the package without opening the package

Containers having separate compartments isolated from one another (B65B 29/10 and B65B 2220/16 take precedence)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Such containers as such