Cooperative Patent Classification

CPC Definition - Subclass A44C

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Last Updated Version: 2017.01
JEWELLERY; BRACELETS; OTHER PERSONAL ADORNMENTS; COINS (jewel boxes A45C 11/16)
Special rules of classification

For classification of additional funtions or features the non-mirror Indexing Code symbols of A44D should be used.

Brooches or clips in their decorative or ornamental aspect
References
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Brooches with a safety pin fastening

Recycling

Bio-degradable packaging materials

Localisation means

Special rules of classification

Comprises brooches in their decorative aspect. For brooches with a safety pin class in A44B 9/16. Comprises decorative ornaments or jewellery to be fastened on clothing.

{Badges}
References
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Brooches in their decorative aspect

Buttons for fastening

Brooches with a safety pin fastening

Identification means

Fastening for badge label

Special rules of classification

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

If they fasten through a safety pin, should also be classed in A44B 9/16.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Button

A knob or stud of metal or other material sewn or fixed by a shank or neck to articles of dress, usually for the purpose of fastening one part of the dress to another by passing through a button-hole, but often merely for ornament.

Badge

Any distinctive device, emblem, or mark worn to indicate a person's affiliation, rank, office, name, etc., or membership of an organization or support for a cause; also a small piece of metal, card, plastic, etc., bearing a distinguishing design or words and often worn purely for ornament.

{Honorific badges, e.g. ribbon holders for decoration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises honorific medals hold as badges. For medals suspended from chains or ribbons, class in A44C 3/004 and lower groups.

{Medals}
Special rules of classification

Comprises only medals which are suspended from chain or ribbon. For honorific medals hold as badges, class in A44C 3/002.

{which can be separated into parts, e.g. to be worn by two persons}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Suspension loops or rings}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Contains also supension loops or rings for pendants.

Bracelets; Wrist-watch straps; Fastenings for bracelets or wrist-watch straps {(settings for holding gems or the like A44C 17/02; devices for putting-on or pulling-off bracelets A47G 25/901)}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
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Devices for putting-on or pulling-off bracelets

Settings for holding gems or the like

Ratchet type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

{Bracelets specially adapted for other functions or with means for attaching other articles}
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Wearable computers

Transmitters carried on body

Transceivers / phones carried on body

{providing information, e.g. bracelets with calendars (identification bracelets G09F 3/005)}
References
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Bracelets combined with games

Ratchet- type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

Localisation means

Abaccus

Hand computing conversion

Calendars

Devices using visible light signalling for partner search

S08B5/36W14

{for therapeutic purposes}
References
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Detecting pulse rate with devices worn on patient

{Flexible straps}
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Ratchet- type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

Link constructions
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links threaded on at least one filamentary core (ornamental chains made of pearls A44C 11/002)}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Ornamental chains made of pearls

{with links threaded on a band}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{the band also made of links}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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having lazy-tongs
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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having separate links
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of one piece with integral connecting means}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of one piece and linked together by one connecting element}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of more than two elements including connecting elements}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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C-spring-type bracelets or wrist-watch holders
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characterised by the way of fastening to a wrist-watch or the like
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
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Fastening of bracelet to watch case

Ornamentation in watches

Special rules of classification

Irrespective of giving this class or not, always forward to watch cases in G04B 37/1486.

{Padlocks}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{of the ring type}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{of the spring ring type}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Hooks}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Sliding hooks}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with spring closure means}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Hooks provided with pivoting closure means}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Swivels}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises swivels with springs

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Swivel

A simple fastening device made so that each half or part of the swivel itself can turn independently; e.g. a ring or staple with two parts where one is turning on a pin or the like.

{Fasteners provided with a turnable clamping lever}
Definition statement

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{Fasteners provided with a V-shaped spring-tongue male member}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Fasteners provided with at least one push-button acting parallel to the main plane of the fastener and perpendicularly to the direction of the fastening (A44C 5/2047 takes precedence)}
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Special rules of classification

When push button is present, class in A44C 5/2052. When there's no push button but only locking means, class in A44C 5/2066.

{Fasteners locked by sliding or rotating of the male element of the fastener; Turn-button fasteners}
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{combined with spring means}
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{Fasteners with locking means acting parallel to the main plane of the fastener and perpendicularly to the direction of the fastening}
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Special rules of classification

When push button is present, class in A44C 5/2052. When there's no push button but only locking means, class in A44C 5/2066.

{with the two ends of the strap or chain overlapping each other and fastened by an action perpendicularly to the main plane of these two ends (A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2057 take precedence)}
Definition statement

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References
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Fasteners for open straps

{with the two ends of the strap or chain abutting each other or sliding in the main plane or a plane parallel to the main plane of these two ends (A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2061 take precedence)}
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References
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Fasteners for open straps

{being screwed to each other}
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{with the two ends sliding transversally to the main plane of the strap or chain}
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{Fasteners specially adapted for necklaces or bracelets made of pearls}
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{provided with retaining means for several strings of pearls}
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for closed straps
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with folding devices
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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{Devices for piercing the ear-lobes}
References
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Puncturing needles for implanting / removing devices

Body-piercing guide needles, cathethers

{Ear-studs or their catch devices}
Definition statement

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{Ear-clips}
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Special rules of classification

Comprises earrings for ears without piercing.

{made of one piece}
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{with a pivotable back clamping arm}
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{with an ear gripping member mounted, e.g. pivotably, at the upper end of a back arm}
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{movable axially}
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{Earrings covering the upper portion of the ear}
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Handsfree headsets for mobile phones

{made of several rings}
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{connected or interlinked to each other}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{in a separable way}
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{in a rotatable way}
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{openable or able to be broken for safety reasons}
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Special rules of classification

For adjustable rings in size, class in A44C 9/02.

When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046

{comprising a hinge}
Special rules of classification

For adjustable rings in size, class in A44C 9/02. When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes, class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046.

{Holding articles}
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{Storing articles, e.g. pills}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{worn on several fingers or between fingers}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Ring protectors}
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adjustable
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References
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Measuring devices for rings

Special rules of classification

Comprises adjustable rings in size. Adjustable rings do not comprise rings which open to allow easier donning.

For rings which are openable with a hinge class in A44C 9/0046.

When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes, class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046.

Watch chains; Ornamental chains {(fastening devices for watch or ornamental chains A44C 5/18)}
References
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Fastening devices for watch or ornamental chains

Making ornamental chains

Special rules of classification

Comprises chains in their ornamental aspect.

When link construction is relevant classify in A44C 5/02 and lower groups.

{Ornamental chains composed of pearls (rosaries A44C 23/00; making such chains D04D 9/00)}
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Rosaries

Making such chains

Special rules of classification

Comprises also chains composed of gems or the like.

Connectible jewellery
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Buidling blocks, toys

Teaching elements, supports

Atomic models for teaching

Special rules of classification

When connection is a fastener for straps classify in A44C/18 and lower groups.

Other forms of jewellery
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Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

{Jewels transformable into other jewels, e.g. finger rings transformable into ear-rings}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Illuminated or sound-producing jewellery}
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Electroluminiscent light source, LEDs

Devices using visible light signalling for partner search

S08B5/36W14

{Jewellery dispersing perfume or the like}
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Holders for insecticides

Containers for holding perfume

Holders for air deodorants

{Reversible or double face jewellery}
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{Jewellery holding or retaining articles, e.g. eyeglasses}
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Data processing equipment, with data carriers

{Piercing type jewellery (earrings A44C 7/00)}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Earrings

{Jewellery with monograms or other inscription}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{combined with other jewels, e.g. earrings}
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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{on the teeth, e.g. settings or decorations}
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Dental brackets

Gems or the like
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Devices for grinding edges or bevels, specially designed with respect to properties of diamonds, jewels..

Fine working of gems

Coating of metal and marking stones (safety of diamonds)

Vapor deposition for forming diamonds

After-treatment of crystals

Investigating jewels by optical means

Diffraction gratings in optical elements

Optics

Theft alarms

{Faceting gems}
References
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Devices for grinding edges or bevels, specially designed with respect to properties of diamonds, jewels.

Fine working of gems

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Girdle

The line or rim dividing the two faces of a brilliant.

{Gems made of several cut pieces}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Doublet stones}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Gems provided with a cavity, e.g. for containing another gem}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Settings for holding gems {or the like, e.g. for ornaments or decorations}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
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Dop holders (for grinding machines)

Supports for fine working of gems

Optical means for visual inspection

Special rules of classification

Difference between A44C 17/02 & A44C 17/04:

A44C 17/02 Removable or non removable settings not needing more than minor jewellery work.

A44C 17/04 More technical settings, needing a more intensive jewellery work, often claimed by a method.

{removable}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with automatic locking action, e.g. by using a spring}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{using screws or screwed elements}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{slidably arranged}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with the gem sliding along guiding rails}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{rotatably or pivotably arranged}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with means for maintaining a pivoted position}
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{in an oscillating way}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{moving freely inside a setting}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{in the same plane}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Setting gems in jewellery; Setting-tools
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Setting gems on metal parts, e.g. on tools

Special rules of classification

Difference between A44C 17/02 & A44C 17/04:

A44C 17/02 Removable or non removable settings not needing more than minor jewellery work.

A44C 17/04 More technical settings, needing a more intensiv jewellery work, often claimed by a method.

{Setting-tools}
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References
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Setting gems on metal parts, e.g. on tools

Devices for preventing pilfering of watches or jewellery
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Coins (coins specially adapted to operate coin-freed mechanisms G07F 1/06); Emergency money; Beer or gambling coins or tokens, or the like
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Purses

Games / playing pieces

A63F3/02P

Lottery-ticket scraper

Record carriers, integration of circuit chips, RFID

G06K10/077T

Holders for coins

Forming tokens inside vending machine

Circulation of gaming tokens

G07F17/32D2

Rosaries
Definition statement

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All religious jewelry and beads, both electronic and mechanical to aid in the saying of prayer or meditation.

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References
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Religious or ritual equipment

Abacus

Teaching appliances for counting

{Pendants}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For supension loops or rings for pendants class in A44C 3/008.

{forming a container, e.g. for pictures}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with articulated faces}
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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Charms or amulets}
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Decoration of strap for carrying mobile phone

Decoration of covers of mobile phones

Special rules of classification

Comprises also jewelry pending from mobile phones that is not used for carrying them, only for decoration purposes.

Making jewellery or other personal adornments (single step processes, see the relevant places, e.g. making rings from wire B21F 37/00)
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Processing sheet metals for making jewelry products

Bead chains manufacturing

Making chain links

Making ornamental chains

Casting / moulding jewellery articles

Metal welding

Gold soldering chemical compositions

Fitting metal parts together

Producing ornamental structures by stamping or bending with cutting

Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

Beadings, ribbons, tapes made of textile or analogous material

Chains (in general)

Special rules of classification

For wire wound around jewel, class in A44C 27/006

{Materials for manufacturing jewellery}
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Recycling

Bio-degradable packaging materials

{Metallic alloys (alloys in general C22C)}
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Noble metals alloys (gold, platinum, silver)

{Coating layers for jewellery}
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Producing ornamental structures by stamping or bending with cutting

{Metallic coatings}
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Coating metal wires

Wire-working in the manufacture of particular articles

Metallic coating on metal

Special rules of classification

Comprises wire wound around jewel.