CPC Definition - Subclass A44C

Last Updated Version: 2019.05
JEWELLERY; BRACELETS; OTHER PERSONAL ADORNMENTS; COINS
Special rules of classification

For classification of additional funtions or features the non-mirror Indexing Code symbols of A44D should be used.

Brooches or clips in their decorative or ornamental aspect
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Brooches with a safety pin fastening

A44B 9/16

Recycling

B09B 3/00

Bio-degradable packaging materials

B65D 65/466

Localisation means

G01S 5/12

Special rules of classification

Comprises brooches in their decorative aspect. For brooches with a safety pin class in A44B 9/16. Comprises decorative ornaments or jewellery to be fastened on clothing.

{Badges}
References
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Brooches in their decorative aspect

A44C 1/00

Buttons for fastening

A44B 1/00

Brooches with a safety pin fastening

A44B 9/16

Identification means

G09F 3/00

Fastening for badge label

G09F 3/207

Special rules of classification

In American English "Button" is used for "Badge", correct class for Badges is A44C 3/001.

For removable buttons that look like badges but are used as a fastener, class in A44B 1/18 and in A44C 3/001.

If they fasten through a safety pin, should also be classed in A44B 9/16.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Button

A knob or stud of metal or other material sewn or fixed by a shank or neck to articles of dress, usually for the purpose of fastening one part of the dress to another by passing through a button-hole, but often merely for ornament.

Badge

Any distinctive device, emblem, or mark worn to indicate a person's affiliation, rank, office, name, etc., or membership of an organization or support for a cause; also a small piece of metal, card, plastic, etc., bearing a distinguishing design or words and often worn purely for ornament.

{Honorific badges, e.g. ribbon holders for decoration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises honorific medals hold as badges. For medals suspended from chains or ribbons, class in A44C 3/004 and lower groups.

{Medals}
Special rules of classification

Comprises only medals which are suspended from chain or ribbon. For honorific medals hold as badges, class in A44C 3/002.

{which can be separated into parts, e.g. to be worn by two persons}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Suspension loops or rings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Contains also supension loops or rings for pendants.

Bracelets; Wrist-watch straps; Fastenings for bracelets or wrist-watch straps {(settings for holding gems or the like A44C 17/02; devices for putting-on or pulling-off bracelets A47G 25/901)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

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Devices for putting-on or pulling-off bracelets

A44C 17/02

Settings for holding gems or the like

A47G 25/901

Ratchet type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

B65B 13/027, B65D 63/1072, E05B 75/00, F16L 3/2334, F16B 2/08, G07C 9/00007, G09F 3/03

{Bracelets specially adapted for other functions or with means for attaching other articles}
References
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Wearable computers

G06F 1/163

Transmitters carried on body

H04B 1/0343

Transceivers / phones carried on body

H04B 1/385

{providing information, e.g. bracelets with calendars (identification bracelets G09F 3/005)}
References
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Bracelets combined with games

A63F 2009/0021

Ratchet- type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

B65B 13/027, B65D 63/1072, E05B 75/00, F16L 3/2334, F16B 2/08, G07C 9/00007, G09F 3/03

Localisation means

G01S 5/12

Abaccus

G06C 1/00

Hand computing conversion

G06G 1/0068

Calendars

G09D 3/04

Devices using visible light signalling for partner search

S08B5/36W14

{for therapeutic purposes}
References
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Detecting pulse rate with devices worn on patient

A61B 5/02438

{Flexible straps}
References
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Ratchet- type straps (for bundling or identification), that cannot be opened

B65B 13/027, B65D 63/1072, E05B 75/00, F16B 2/08, F16L 3/2334, G07C 9/00007, G09F 3/03

Link constructions
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links threaded on at least one filamentary core (ornamental chains made of pearls A44C 11/002)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
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Ornamental chains made of pearls

A44C 11/002

{with links threaded on a band}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{the band also made of links}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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having lazy-tongs
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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having separate links
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of one piece with integral connecting means}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of one piece and linked together by one connecting element}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with links made of more than two elements including connecting elements}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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C-spring-type bracelets or wrist-watch holders
Definition statement

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characterised by the way of fastening to a wrist-watch or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

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Fastening of bracelet to watch case

G04B 37/1486, G04B 37/16

Ornamentation in watches

G04B 47/042

Special rules of classification

Irrespective of giving this class or not, always forward to watch cases in G04B 37/1486.

{Padlocks}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{of the ring type}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{of the spring ring type}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Hooks}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Sliding hooks}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with spring closure means}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Hooks provided with pivoting closure means}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Swivels}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises swivels with springs

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Swivel

A simple fastening device made so that each half or part of the swivel itself can turn independently; e.g. a ring or staple with two parts where one is turning on a pin or the like.

{Fasteners provided with a turnable clamping lever}
Definition statement

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{Fasteners provided with a V-shaped spring-tongue male member}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Fasteners provided with at least one push-button acting parallel to the main plane of the fastener and perpendicularly to the direction of the fastening (A44C 5/2047 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

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Special rules of classification

When push button is present, class in A44C 5/2052. When there's no push button but only locking means, class in A44C 5/2066.

{Fasteners locked by sliding or rotating of the male element of the fastener; Turn-button fasteners}
Definition statement

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{combined with spring means}
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{Fasteners with locking means acting parallel to the main plane of the fastener and perpendicularly to the direction of the fastening}
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Special rules of classification

When push button is present, class in A44C 5/2052. When there's no push button but only locking means, class in A44C 5/2066.

{with the two ends of the strap or chain overlapping each other and fastened by an action perpendicularly to the main plane of these two ends (A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2057 take precedence)}
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Fasteners for open straps

A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2057

{with the two ends of the strap or chain abutting each other or sliding in the main plane or a plane parallel to the main plane of these two ends (A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2061 take precedence)}
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Fasteners for open straps

A44C 5/2009 - A44C 5/2061

{being screwed to each other}
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{with the two ends sliding transversally to the main plane of the strap or chain}
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{Fasteners specially adapted for necklaces or bracelets made of pearls}
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{provided with retaining means for several strings of pearls}
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for closed straps
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with folding devices
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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{Devices for piercing the ear-lobes}
References
Limiting references

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Puncturing needles for implanting / removing devices

A61B 17/3468

Body-piercing guide needles, cathethers

A61M 25/06

{Ear-studs or their catch devices}
Definition statement

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{Ear-clips}
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Special rules of classification

Comprises earrings for ears without piercing.

{made of one piece}
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{with a pivotable back clamping arm}
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{with an ear gripping member mounted, e.g. pivotably, at the upper end of a back arm}
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{movable axially}
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{Earrings covering the upper portion of the ear}
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Handsfree headsets for mobile phones

H04M 1/05

{made of several rings}
Definition statement

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{connected or interlinked to each other}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{in a separable way}
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{in a rotatable way}
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{openable or able to be broken for safety reasons}
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Special rules of classification

For adjustable rings in size, class in A44C 9/02.

When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046

{comprising a hinge}
Special rules of classification

For adjustable rings in size, class in A44C 9/02. When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes, class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046.

{Holding articles}
Definition statement

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{Storing articles, e.g. pills}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{worn on several fingers or between fingers}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Ring protectors}
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adjustable
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References
Limiting references

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Measuring devices for rings

G01B 3/34

Special rules of classification

Comprises adjustable rings in size. Adjustable rings do not comprise rings which open to allow easier donning.

For rings which are openable with a hinge class in A44C 9/0046.

When ring is openable with a hinge and can be adjusted to different sizes, class in A44C 9/02 and in A44C 9/0046.

Watch chains; Ornamental chains {(fastening devices for watch or ornamental chains A44C 5/18)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fastening devices for watch or ornamental chains

A44C 5/18

Making ornamental chains

B21L 11/005

Special rules of classification

Comprises chains in their ornamental aspect.

When link construction is relevant classify in A44C 5/02 and lower groups.

{Ornamental chains composed of pearls (rosaries A44C 23/00; making such chains D04D 9/00)}
References
Limiting references

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Rosaries

A44C 23/00

Making such chains

D04D 9/00

Special rules of classification

Comprises also chains composed of gems or the like.

Connectible jewellery
Definition statement

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References
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Buidling blocks, toys

A63H 33/062

Teaching elements, supports

G09B 1/02

Atomic models for teaching

G09B 23/26

Special rules of classification

When connection is a fastener for straps classify in A44C 5/18 and lower groups.

Other forms of jewellery
References
Limiting references

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Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

B44C 5/00

{Jewels transformable into other jewels, e.g. finger rings transformable into ear-rings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Illuminated or sound-producing jewellery}
References
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Electroluminiscent light source, LEDs

H05B 33/00

Devices using visible light signalling for partner search

S08B5/36W14

{Jewellery dispersing perfume or the like}
References
Limiting references

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Holders for insecticides

A01M 1/2044

Containers for holding perfume

A45D 34/00

Holders for air deodorants

A61L 9/12

{Reversible or double face jewellery}
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{Jewellery holding or retaining articles, e.g. eyeglasses}
Definition statement

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{Piercing type jewellery (earrings A44C 7/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

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Earrings

A44C 7/00

{Jewellery with monograms or other inscription}
Definition statement

This place covers:

llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{combined with other jewels, e.g. earrings}
Definition statement

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llustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{on the teeth, e.g. settings or decorations}
References
Limiting references

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Dental brackets

A61C 7/14

Gems or the like
References
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Devices for grinding edges or bevels, specially designed with respect to properties of diamonds, jewels..

B24B 9/16

Fine working of gems

B28D 5/00

Coating of metal and marking stones (safety of diamonds)

C04B 41/00

Vapor deposition for forming diamonds

C30B 25/00, C23C 16/27

After-treatment of crystals

C30B 33/00

Investigating jewels by optical means

G01N 21/87

Diffraction gratings in optical elements

G02B 5/18

Optics

G02F 1/00

Theft alarms

G08B 13/14

{Faceting gems}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for grinding edges or bevels, specially designed with respect to properties of diamonds, jewels.

B24B 9/16

Fine working of gems

B28D 5/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Girdle

The line or rim dividing the two faces of a brilliant.

{Gems made of several cut pieces}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Doublet stones}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Gems provided with a cavity, e.g. for containing another gem}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Settings for holding gems {or the like, e.g. for ornaments or decorations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

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Dop holders (for grinding machines)

B24B 9/161

Supports for fine working of gems

B28D 5/0094

Optical means for visual inspection

G01N 21/8803, G01N 21/95

Special rules of classification

Difference between A44C 17/02 & A44C 17/04:

A44C 17/02 Removable or non removable settings not needing more than minor jewellery work.

A44C 17/04 More technical settings, needing a more intensive jewellery work, often claimed by a method.

{removable}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with automatic locking action, e.g. by using a spring}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{using screws or screwed elements}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{slidably arranged}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with the gem sliding along guiding rails}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{rotatably or pivotably arranged}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with means for maintaining a pivoted position}
Definition statement

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{in an oscillating way}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{moving freely inside a setting}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{in the same plane}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Setting gems in jewellery; Setting-tools
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Setting gems on metal parts, e.g. on tools

B23P 5/00

Special rules of classification

Difference between A44C 17/02 & A44C 17/04:

A44C 17/02 Removable or non removable settings not needing more than minor jewellery work.

A44C 17/04 More technical settings, needing a more intensiv jewellery work, often claimed by a method.

{Setting-tools}
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Setting gems on metal parts, e.g. on tools

B23P 5/00

Devices for preventing pilfering of watches or jewellery
Definition statement

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Coins (coins specially adapted to operate coin-freed mechanisms G07F 1/06); Emergency money; Beer or gambling coins or tokens, or the like
Definition statement

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References
Limiting references

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Purses

A45C 1/02

Games / playing pieces

A63F3/02P

Lottery-ticket scraper

A63F 3/068

Record carriers, integration of circuit chips, RFID

G06K10/077T

Holders for coins

G07D 9/002

Forming tokens inside vending machine

G07F 11/70

Circulation of gaming tokens

G07F17/32D2

Rosaries
Definition statement

This place covers:

All religious jewelry and beads, both electronic and mechanical to aid in the saying of prayer or meditation.

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References
Limiting references

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Religious or ritual equipment

A47G 33/00

Abacus

G06C 1/00

Teaching appliances for counting

G09B 19/02

{Pendants}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For supension loops or rings for pendants class in A44C 3/008.

{forming a container, e.g. for pictures}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{with articulated faces}
Definition statement

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Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Charms or amulets}
References
Limiting references

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Decoration of strap for carrying mobile phone

A45F 5/00

Decoration of covers of mobile phones

H04M 1/0283

Special rules of classification

Comprises also jewelry pending from mobile phones that is not used for carrying them, only for decoration purposes.

Making jewellery or other personal adornments
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Processing sheet metals for making jewelry products

B21D 53/44

Bead chains manufacturing

B21F 37/00

Making chain links

B21L 3/00

Making ornamental chains

B21L 11/005

Casting/moulding jewellery articles

B22D 25/026

Metal welding

B23K 23/00

Gold soldering chemical compositions

B23K 35/3013

Fitting metal parts together

B23P 19/00

Producing ornamental structures by stamping or bending with cutting

B44C 3/082

Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

B44C 5/00

Beadings, ribbons, tapes made of textile or analogous material

D04D 9/00

Chains (in general)

F16G 13/00

Special rules of classification

For wire wound around jewel, class in A44C 27/006

{Materials for manufacturing jewellery}
References
Limiting references

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Recycling

B09B 3/00

Bio-degradable packaging materials

B65D 65/466

{Metallic alloys (alloys in general C22C)}
References
Limiting references

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Noble metals alloys (gold, platinum, silver)

C22C 5/00 - C22C 5/10

{Coating layers for jewellery}
References
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Producing ornamental structures by stamping or bending with cutting

B44C 3/082

{Metallic coatings}
References
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Coating metal wires

B21C 37/042

Wire-working in the manufacture of particular articles

B21F 45/00

Metallic coating on metal

C23C 14/16

Special rules of classification

Comprises wire wound around jewel.