Cooperative Patent Classification

Indent Level

Version: 2016.11
CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
B22D
CASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES (shaping of plastics or substances in a plastic state B29C; metallurgical processing, selection of substances to be added to metal C21, C22) [2016-05]
B22D 1/00
Treatment of fused masses in the ladle or the supply runners before casting {(for continuous casting B22D 11/10; metallurgical processing, e.g. refining of iron or other metal C21, C22, C25C)} [2013-01]
B22D 1/002
.
{Treatment with gases (C21C 7/072, C22B 9/05 take precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 1/005
. .
{Injection assemblies therefor (features relating to gas injection, provided on closures of the sliding gate type B22D 41/42; provided on pouring nozzles B22D 41/58; provided on closures of the stopper-rod type B22D 41/186)} [2013-01]
B22D 1/007
.
{Treatment of the fused masses in the supply runners (B22D 1/002, B22D 1/005 take precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 2/00
Arrangement of indicating or measuring devices, e.g. for temperature or viscosity of the fused mass [2016-05]
B22D 2/001
.
{for the slag appearance in a molten metal stream} [2013-01]
B22D 2/003
.
{for the level of the molten metal (B22D 11/181 and B22D 11/201 take precedence; level indicators in general G01F 23/00)} [2013-01]
B22D 2/005
.
{for the thickness of a frozen shell (B22D 11/188 and B22D 11/207 take precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 2/006
.
{for the temperature of the molten metal (measuring temperature in general G01K)} [2013-01]
B22D 2/008
.
{for the viscosity of the molten metal (measuring viscosity in general G01N 11/00)} [2013-01]
Casting of pigs, i.e. metal castings suitable for subsequently melting; similar casting [2013-01]
B22D 3/00
Pig or like casting (equipment for conveying molten metal B22D 35/00) [2013-01]
B22D 3/02
.
Moulding of beds [2013-01]
B22D 5/00
Machines or plants for pig or like casting [2013-01]
B22D 5/005
.
{Devices for stacking pigs; Pigforms to be stacked} [2013-01]
B22D 5/02
.
with rotary casting tables [2013-01]
B22D 5/04
.
with endless casting converyers [2013-01]
Casting of ingots, i.e. metal castings suitable for subsequently rolling or forging [2013-01]
B22D 7/00
Casting ingots, {e.g. from ferrous metals }(equipment for conveying molten metal B22D 35/00) [2016-05]
B22D 7/005
.
{from non-ferrous metals} [2013-01]
B22D 7/02
.
Casting compound ingots of two or more different metals in the molten state, i.e. integrally cast [2013-01]
B22D 7/04
.
Casting hollow ingots [2013-01]
B22D 7/06
.
Ingot moulds or their manufacture [2013-01]
B22D 7/062
. .
{Stools for ingot moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 7/064
. .
{Cooling the ingot moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 7/066
. .
{Manufacturing, repairing or reinforcing ingot moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 7/068
. . .
{characterised by the materials used therefor} [2013-01]
B22D 7/08
. .
Divided ingot moulds [2013-01]
B22D 7/10
. .
Hot tops therefor {(heating the top discard of ingots B22D 27/06)} [2015-10]
B22D 7/102
. . .
{from refractorial material only} [2013-01]
B22D 7/104
. . .
{from exothermic material only} [2013-01]
B22D 7/106
. . .
{Configuration of hot tops} [2013-01]
B22D 7/108
. . .
{Devices for making or fixing hot tops} [2013-01]
B22D 7/12
.
Appurtenances, e.g. for sintering, for preventing splashing [2013-01]
B22D 9/00
Machines or plants for casting ingots [2013-01]
B22D 9/003
.
{for top casting} [2013-01]
B22D 9/006
.
{for bottom casting} [2013-01]
Particular casting processes; Machines or apparatus therefor [2013-01]
B22D 11/00
Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths (metal drawing, metal extruding B21C) [2013-01]
B22D 11/001
.
{of specific alloys} [2013-01]
B22D 11/002
. .
{Stainless steels} [2013-01]
B22D 11/003
. .
{Aluminium alloys} [2013-01]
B22D 11/004
. .
{Copper alloys} [2013-01]
B22D 11/005
.
{of wire (casting on wire B22D 19/14)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/006
.
{of tubes} [2013-01]
B22D 11/007
.
{of composite ingots, i.e. two or more molten metals of different compositions being used to integrally cast the ingots (casting of composite ingots in definite lengths B22D 7/02)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/008
.
{of clad ingots, i.e. the molten metal being cast against a continuous strip forming part of the cast product} [2013-01]
B22D 11/009
.
{of work of special cross-section, e.g. I-beams, U-profiles} [2013-01]
B22D 11/01
.
without moulds, e.g. on molten surfaces [2013-01]
B22D 11/015
. .
{using magnetic field for conformation, i.e. the metal is not in contact with a mould} [2013-01]
B22D 11/04
.
into open-ended moulds (B22D 11/06, B22D 11/07 take precedence; plants for continuous casting, e.g. for upwardly drawing the strand B22D 11/14) [2013-01]
B22D 11/0401
. .
{Moulds provided with a feed head} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0403
. .
{Multiple moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0405
. .
{Rotating moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0406
. .
{Moulds with special profile} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0408
. .
{Moulds for casting thin slabs} [2013-01]
B22D 11/041
. .
for vertical casting (B22D 11/043, B22D 11/049 - B22D 11/059 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 11/043
. .
Curved moulds (B22D 11/049 - B22D 11/059 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 11/045
. .
for horizontal casting (B22D 11/049 - B22D 11/059 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 11/0455
. . .
{Bidirectional horizontal casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/047
. . .
Means for joining tundish to mould [2013-01]
B22D 11/0475
. . . .
{characterised by use of a break ring} [2013-01]
B22D 11/049
. .
for direct chill casting, e.g. electromagnetic casting [2013-01]
B22D 11/05
. .
into moulds having adjustable walls [2013-01]
B22D 11/051
. .
into moulds having oscillating walls [2013-01]
B22D 11/053
. .
Means for oscillating the moulds [2013-01]
B22D 11/0535
. . .
{in a horizontal plane} [2013-01]
B22D 11/055
. .
Cooling the moulds {(B22D 11/04 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/057
. .
Manufacturing or calibrating the moulds [2013-01]
B22D 11/059
. .
Mould materials or platings [2013-01]
B22D 11/06
.
into moulds with travelling walls, e.g. with rolls, plates, belts, caterpillars [2013-01]
B22D 11/0602
. .
{formed by a casting wheel and belt, e.g. Properzi-process} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0605
. .
{formed by two belts, e.g. Hazelett-process} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0608
. .
{formed by caterpillars} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0611
. .
{formed by a single casting wheel, e.g. for casting amorphous metal strips or wires} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0614
. . .
{the casting wheel being immersed in a molten metal bath, and drawing out upwardly the casting strip} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0617
. . .
{the casting wheel having its axis vertical and a casting strip formed in a peripheral groove of the wheel} [2013-01]
B22D 11/062
. . .
{the metal being cast on the inside surface of the casting wheel} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0622
. .
{formed by two casting wheels} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0625
. . .
{the two casting wheels being immersed in a molten metal bath and drawing out upwardly the casting strip} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0628
. .
{formed by more than two casting wheels} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0631
. .
{formed by a travelling straight surface, e.g. through-like moulds, a belt} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0634
. .
{formed by a casting wheel and a co-operating shoe} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0637
. .
{Accessories therefor} [2013-01]
B22D 11/064
. . .
{for supplying molten metal (supplying molten metal to open-ended moulds B22D 11/10)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0642
. . . .
{Nozzles (nozzles used in open-ended moulds B22D 41/50)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0645
. . . .
{Sealing means for the nozzle between the travelling surfaces} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0648
. . .
{Casting surfaces} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0651
. . . .
{Casting wheels (B22D 11/0682 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0654
. . . .
{Casting belts (B22D 11/0685 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0657
. . . .
{Caterpillars (B22D 11/0688 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/066
. . . .
{Side dams (B22D 11/0691 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0662
. . . . .
{having electromagnetic confining means} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0665
. . .
{for treating the casting surfaces, e.g. calibrating, cleaning, dressing, preheating} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0668
. . . .
{for dressing, coating or lubricating} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0671
. . . .
{for heating or drying} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0674
. . . .
{for machining} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0677
. . .
{for guiding, supporting or tensioning the casting belts} [2013-01]
B22D 11/068
. . .
{for cooling the cast product during its passage through the mould surfaces (cooling open-ended moulds B22D 11/04; secondary cooling B22D 11/124)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0682
. . . .
{by cooling the casting wheel} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0685
. . . .
{by cooling the casting belts (B22D 11/0677 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0688
. . . .
{by cooling the caterpillars} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0691
. . . .
{by cooling the side dams} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0694
. . .
{for peeling-off or removing the cast product} [2013-01]
B22D 11/0697
. . .
{for casting in a protected atmosphere} [2013-01]
B22D 11/07
.
Lubricating the moulds [2013-01]
B22D 11/08
.
Accessories for starting the casting procedure [2013-01]
B22D 11/081
. .
{Starter bars} [2013-01]
B22D 11/083
. . .
{Starter bar head; Means for connecting or detaching starter bars and ingots} [2013-01]
B22D 11/085
. .
{Means for storing or introducing the starter bars in the moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 11/086
. .
{Means for connecting cast ingots of different sizes or compositions} [2013-01]
B22D 11/088
. .
{Means for sealing the starter bar head in the moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 11/10
.
Supplying or treating molten metal (B22D 41/00 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 11/103
. .
Distributing the molten metal, e.g. using runners, floats, distributors [2013-01]
B22D 11/106
. .
Shielding the molten jet {(B22D 41/50 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/108
. .
Feeding additives, powders, or the like [2013-01]
B22D 11/11
. .
Treating the molten metal [2013-01]
B22D 11/111
. . .
by using protecting powders [2013-01]
B22D 11/112
. . .
by accelerated cooling [2013-01]
B22D 11/113
. . .
by vacuum treating [2013-01]
B22D 11/114
. . .
by using agitating or vibrating means (B22D 11/117 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 11/115
. . . .
by using magnetic fields [2013-01]
B22D 11/116
. . .
Refining the metal [2013-01]
B22D 11/117
. . . .
by treating with gases (B22D 11/118, B22D 11/119 take precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 11/118
. . . .
by circulating the metal under, over or around weirs (B22D 11/119 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 11/119
. . . .
by filtering [2013-01]
B22D 11/12
.
Accessories for subsequent treating or working cast stock in situ (rolling immediately subsequent to continuous casting B21B 1/46, B21B 13/22) [2013-01]
B22D 11/1206
. .
{for plastic shaping of strands (rolling mills B21B 1/46)} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1213
. .
{for heating or insulating strands} [2013-01]
B22D 11/122
. .
{using magnetic fields} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1226
. .
{for straightening strands} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1233
. .
{for marking strands} [2013-01]
B22D 11/124
. .
for cooling [2013-01]
B22D 11/1241
. . .
{by transporting the cast stock through a liquid medium bath or a fluidized bed} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1243
. . .
{by using cooling grids or cooling plates} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1245
. . .
{using specific cooling agents} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1246
. . .
{Nozzles; Spray heads} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1248
. . .
{Means for removing cooling agent from the surface of the cast stock} [2013-01]
B22D 11/126
. .
for cutting [2013-01]
B22D 11/1265
. . .
{having auxiliary devices for deburring} [2013-01]
B22D 11/128
. .
for removing [2013-01]
B22D 11/1281
. . .
{Vertical removing} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1282
. . .
{Vertical casting and curving the cast stock to the horizontal} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1284
. . .
{Horizontal removing} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1285
. . .
{Segment changing devices for supporting or guiding frames} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1287
. . .
{Rolls; Lubricating, cooling or heating rolls while in use} [2013-01]
B22D 11/1288
. . .
{Walking bar members} [2013-01]
B22D 11/14
.
Plants for continuous casting [2013-01]
B22D 11/141
. .
{for vertical casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/142
. .
{for curved casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/143
. .
{for horizontal casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/144
. .
{with a rotating mould} [2013-01]
B22D 11/145
. .
{for upward casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/146
. .
{for inclined casting} [2013-01]
B22D 11/147
. .
{Multi-strand plants} [2013-01]
B22D 11/148
. .
{Safety arrangements} [2013-01]
B22D 11/16
.
Controlling or regulating processes or operations [2013-01]
B22D 11/161
. .
{for automatic starting the casting process} [2013-01]
B22D 11/163
. .
{for cutting cast stock} [2013-01]
B22D 11/165
. .
{for the supply of casting powder} [2013-01]
B22D 11/166
. .
{for mould oscillation} [2013-01]
B22D 11/168
. .
{for adjusting the mould size or mould taper} [2013-01]
B22D 11/18
. .
for pouring (B22D 11/20 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 11/181
. . .
{responsive to molten metal level or slag level} [2013-01]
B22D 11/182
. . . .
{by measuring temperature} [2013-01]
B22D 11/183
. . . .
{by measuring molten metal weight} [2013-01]
B22D 11/185
. . . .
{by using optical means} [2013-01]
B22D 11/186
. . . .
{by using electric, magnetic, sonic or ultrasonic means} [2013-01]
B22D 11/187
. . . .
{by using X-rays or nuclear radiation} [2013-01]
B22D 11/188
. . .
{responsive to thickness of solidified shell} [2013-01]
B22D 11/20
. .
for removing cast stock [2013-01]
B22D 11/201
. . .
{responsive to molten metal level or slag level} [2013-01]
B22D 11/202
. . . .
{by measuring temperature} [2013-01]
B22D 11/203
. . . .
{by measuring molten metal weight} [2013-01]
B22D 11/204
. . . .
{by using optical means} [2013-01]
B22D 11/205
. . . .
{by using electric, magnetic, sonic or ultrasonic means} [2013-01]
B22D 11/206
. . . .
{by using X-rays or nuclear radiation} [2013-01]
B22D 11/207
. . .
{responsive to thickness of solidified shell} [2013-01]
B22D 11/208
. . .
{for aligning the guide rolls} [2013-01]
B22D 11/22
. .
for cooling cast stock or mould [2013-01]
B22D 11/225
. . .
{for secondary cooling} [2013-01]
B22D 13/00
Centrifugal casting; Casting by using centrifugal force [2013-01]
B22D 13/02
.
of elongated solid or hollow bodies, e.g. pipes, in moulds rotating around their longitudinal axis [2013-01]
B22D 13/023
. .
{the longitudinal axis being horizontal} [2013-01]
B22D 13/026
. .
{the longitudinal axis being vertical} [2013-01]
B22D 13/04
.
of shallow solid or hollow bodies, e.g. wheels or rings, in moulds rotating around their axis of symmetry [2013-01]
B22D 13/06
.
of solid or hollow bodies in moulds rotating around an axis arranged outside the mould [2013-01]
B22D 13/063
. .
{for dentistry or jewellery} [2013-01]
B22D 13/066
. .
{several moulds being disposed in a circle} [2013-01]
B22D 13/08
.
in which a stationary mould is fed from a rotating mass of liquid metal [2013-01]
B22D 13/10
.
Accessories for centrifugal casting apparatus, e.g. moulds, linings therefor, means for feeding molten metal, cleansing moulds, removing castings (making or lining moulds B22C) [2013-01]
B22D 13/101
. .
{Moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 13/102
. . .
{Linings for moulds (making or lining moulds B22C)} [2013-01]
B22D 13/104
. . .
{Cores} [2013-01]
B22D 13/105
. . .
{Cooling for moulds or cores} [2013-01]
B22D 13/107
. .
{Means for feeding molten metal} [2013-01]
B22D 13/108
. .
{Removing of casting} [2013-01]
B22D 13/12
.
Controlling, supervising, specially adapted to centrifugal casting, e.g. for safety reasons (controlling or regulating in general G05) [2013-01]
B22D 15/00
Casting using a mould or core of which a part significant to the process is of high thermal conductivity, e.g. chill casting; Moulds or accessories specially adapted therefor [2013-01]
B22D 15/005
.
{of rolls, wheels or the like (B22D 19/16 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 15/02
.
of cylinders, pistons, bearing shells or like thin-walled objects [2013-01]
B22D 15/04
.
Machines or apparatus for chill casting ({B22D 15/005 }, B22D 15/02 take precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 17/00
Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure [2013-01]
B22D 17/002
.
{using movable moulds (for plastics B29C 45/04)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/005
.
{using two or more fixed moulds (for plastics B29C 45/12)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/007
.
{Semi-solid pressure die casting} [2013-01]
B22D 17/02
.
Hot chamber machines, i.e. with heated press chamber in which metal is melted [2013-01]
B22D 17/04
. .
Plunger machines [2013-01]
B22D 17/06
. .
air injection machines [2013-01]
B22D 17/08
.
Cold chamber machines, i.e. with unheated press chamber into which molten metal is ladled [2013-01]
B22D 17/10
. .
with horizontal press motion [2013-01]
B22D 17/12
. .
with vertical press motion [2013-01]
B22D 17/14
.
Machines with evacuated die cavity [2013-01]
B22D 17/145
. .
{Venting means therefor (for permanent moulds B22C 9/067)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/16
.
specially adapted for casting slide fasteners or elements therefor [2013-01]
B22D 17/18
.
Machines built up from units providing for different combinations [2013-01]
B22D 17/20
.
Accessories: Details [2013-01]
B22D 17/2007
. .
{Methods or apparatus for cleaning or lubricating moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2015
. .
{Means for forcing the molten metal into the die (for plastics B29C 45/46)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2023
. . .
{Nozzles or shot sleeves} [2013-01]
B22D 17/203
. . .
{Injection pistons (B22D 17/2053 takes precedence; for plastics B29C 45/53)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2038
. . .
{Heating, cooling or lubricating the injection unit (for plastics B29C 45/74, B29C 45/83)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2046
. . .
{with provisions for damping the pressure peak} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2053
. . .
{using two or more cooperating injection pistons} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2061
. . .
{using screws} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2069
. . .
{Exerting after-pressure on the moulding material} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2076
. .
{Cutting-off equipment for sprues or ingates (for plastics B29C 45/38)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2084
. .
{Manipulating or transferring devices for evacuating cast pieces} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2092
. .
{Safety devices (for plastics B29C 45/84)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/22
. .
Dies (manufacture, see the appropriate class, e.g. B23P 15/24); Die plates; Die supports; Cooling equipment for dies; Accessories for loosening and ejecting castings from dies [2013-01]
B22D 17/2209
. . .
{Selection of die materials (for permanent moulds B22C 9/061)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2218
. . .
{Cooling or heating equipment for dies (for permanent moulds B22C 9/065; for plastics B29C 45/73)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2227
. . .
{Die seals (for plastics B29C 45/2608)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2236
. . .
{Equipment for loosening or ejecting castings from dies (for plastics B29C 45/40)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2245
. . .
{having walls provided with means for marking or patterning} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2254
. . .
{having screw-threaded die walls} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2263
. . .
{having tubular die cavities} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2272
. . .
{Sprue channels} [2013-01]
B22D 17/2281
. . . .
{closure devices therefor} [2013-01]
B22D 17/229
. . .
{with exchangeable die part (B22D 17/2245 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 17/24
. . .
Accessories for locating and holding cores or inserts [2013-01]
B22D 17/26
. .
Mechanisms or devices for locking or opening dies [2013-01]
B22D 17/263
. . .
{mechanically} [2013-01]
B22D 17/266
. . .
{hydraulically} [2013-01]
B22D 17/28
. .
Melting pots [2013-01]
B22D 17/30
. .
Accessories for supplying molten metal, e.g. in rations (supplying molten metal in ration in general B22D 39/00) [2013-01]
B22D 17/32
. .
Controlling equipment [2013-01]
B22D 18/00
Pressure casting; Vacuum casting (B22D 17/00 takes precedence; treating the metal in the mould by using pressure or vacuum B22D 27/00) [2013-01]
B22D 18/02
.
Pressure casting making use of mechanical pressure devices, e.g. cast-forging (B22D 18/04 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 18/04
.
Low pressure casting, i.e. making use of pressures up to a few bars to fill the mould [2013-01]
B22D 18/06
.
Vacuum casting, i.e. making use of vacuum to fill the mould [2013-01]
B22D 18/08
.
Controlling, supervising, e.g. for safety reasons (controlling or regulating in general G05) [2013-01]
B22D 19/00
Casting in, on, or around objects which form part of the product (B22D 23/04 takes precedence; alumino-thermic welding B23K 23/00; coating by casting molten material on the substrate C23C 6/00) [2013-01]
B22D 19/0009
.
{Cylinders, pistons} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0018
. .
{cylinders with fins} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0027
. .
{pistons} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0036
.
{gears} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0045
.
{household utensils} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0054
.
{rotors, stators for electrical motors} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0063
.
{finned exchangers (cylinders B22D 19/0018)} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0072
.
{for making objects with integrated channels} [2013-01]
B22D 19/0081
.
{pretreatment of the insert, e.g. for enhancing the bonding between insert and surrounding cast metal} [2013-01]
B22D 19/009
.
{for casting objects the members of which can be separated afterwards} [2013-01]
B22D 19/02
.
for making reinforced articles (B22D 19/14 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 19/04
.
for joining parts [2013-01]
B22D 19/045
. .
{for joining tubes} [2013-01]
B22D 19/06
.
for manufacturing or repairing tools [2013-01]
B22D 19/08
.
for building-up linings or coverings, e.g. of anti-frictional metal [2013-01]
B22D 19/085
. .
{of anti-frictional metal} [2013-01]
B22D 19/10
.
Repairing defective or damaged objects by metal casting procedures (by other procedures B23P 6/04; ingot mould B22D 7/06; B22D 19/06 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 19/12
.
for making objects, e.g. hinges, with parts which are movable relatively to one another [2013-01]
B22D 19/14
.
the objects being filamentary or particulate in form (making alloys containing fibres or filaments by contacting the fibres or filaments with molten metal C22C 47/08) [2013-01]
B22D 19/16
.
for making compound objects cast of two or more different metals, e.g. for making rolls for rolling mills (casting compound ingots B22D 7/02) [2013-01]
B22D 21/00
Casting non-ferrous metals or metallic compounds so far as their metallurgical properties are of importance for the casting procedure; selection of compositions therefor {(non-ferrous ingots B22D 7/005)} [2013-01]
B22D 21/002
.
{Castings of light metals} [2013-01]
B22D 21/005
. .
{with high melting point, e.g. Be 1280 degrees C, Ti 1725 degrees C} [2013-01]
B22D 21/007
. .
{with low melting point, e.g. Al 659 degrees C, Mg 650 degrees C} [2013-01]
B22D 21/02
.
Casting exceedingly oxidisable non-ferrous metals, e.g. in inert atmosphere (use of inert atmosphere in casting metals in general B22D 23/00; apparatus for vacuum casting B22D 27/15) [2013-01]
B22D 21/022
. .
{Casting heavy metals, with exceedingly high melting points, i.e. more than 1600 degrees C, e.g. W 3380 degrees C, Ta 3000 degrees C, Mo 2620 degrees C, Zr 1860 degrees C, Cr 1765 degrees C, V 1715 degrees C} [2013-01]
B22D 21/025
. .
{Casting heavy metals with high melting point, i.e. 1000 - 1600 degrees C, e.g. Co 1490 degrees C, Ni 1450 degrees C, Mn 1240 degrees C, Cu 1083 degrees C} [2013-01]
B22D 21/027
. .
{Casting heavy metals with low melting point, i.e. less than 1000 degrees C, e.g. Zn 419 degrees C, Pb 327 degrees C, Sn 232 degrees C} [2013-01]
B22D 21/04
. .
Casting aluminium or magnesium {(no material; see B22D 21/007)} [2013-01]
B22D 21/06
.
Casting non-ferrous metals with a high melting point, e.g. metallic carbides (B22D 21/02 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 23/00
Casting processes not provided for in groups B22D 1/00 - B22D 21/00 (making metallic powder by casting B22F 9/08; alumino-thermic welding B23K 23/00; remelting metals C22B 9/16) [2016-05]
B22D 23/003
.
{Moulding by spraying metal on a surface} [2013-01]
B22D 23/006
.
{Casting by filling the mould through rotation of the mould together with a molten metal holding recipient, about a common axis} [2013-01]
B22D 23/02
.
Top casting [2013-01]
B22D 23/04
.
Casting by dipping (hot-dipping or immersion processes for applying coating material in the molten state without affecting the shape C23C 2/00) [2013-01]
B22D 23/06
.
Melting-down metal, e.g. metal particles, in the mould [2013-01]
B22D 23/10
. .
Electroslag casting {(electroslag remelting C22B 9/18)} [2013-01]
B22D 25/00
Special casting characterised by the nature of the product (B22D 15/02, B22D 17/16, B22D 19/00 take precedence; casting stereotype plates B41D 3/00) [2013-01]
B22D 25/005
.
{Casting metal foams} [2013-01]
B22D 25/02
.
by its peculiarity of shape; of works of art {(cylinders, pistons B22D 15/02)} [2013-01]
B22D 25/023
. .
{Casting chains or the like} [2013-01]
B22D 25/026
. .
{Casting jewelry articles (B22D 13/063 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 25/04
. .
Casting metal electric battery plates or the like (manufacture thereof by multi-step processes H01M 4/82) [2013-01]
B22D 25/06
.
by its physical properties (B22D 27/00 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 25/08
. .
by uniform hardness (B22D 15/00 takes precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 27/00
Treating the metal in the mould while it is molten or ductile (B22D 7/12, B22D 11/10, B22D 43/00 take precedence); {Pressure or vacuum casting (B22D 17/00 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 27/003
.
{by using inert gases} [2013-01]
B22D 27/006
.
{by using reactive gases} [2013-01]
B22D 27/02
.
Use of electric or magnetic effects {(for continuous casting B22D 11/015, B22D 11/11)} [2013-01]
B22D 27/04
.
Influencing the temperature of the metal, e.g. by heating or cooling the mould [2013-01]
B22D 27/045
. .
{Directionally solidified castings} [2013-01]
B22D 27/06
. .
Heating the top discard of ingots (hot tops for ingot moulds B22D 7/10) [2013-01]
B22D 27/08
.
Shaking, vibrating, or turning of moulds [2013-01]
B22D 27/09
.
by using pressure [2013-01]
B22D 27/11
. .
making use of mechanical pressing devices [2013-01]
B22D 27/13
. .
making use of gas pressure [2013-01]
B22D 27/15
.
by using vacuum [2013-01]
B22D 27/18
.
Measures for using chemical processes for influencing the surface composition of castings, e.g. for increasing resistance to acid attack [2013-01]
B22D 27/20
.
Measures not previously mentioned for influencing the grain structure or texture; Selection of compositions therefor [2013-01]
Final measures after casting (cleaning of castings by sand-blasting B24C) [2013-01]
B22D 29/00
Removing castings from moulds, not restricted to casting processes covered by a single main group; Removing cores; Handling ingots {(B22D 13/10, B22D 11/124, B22D 17/00 take precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 29/001
.
{Removing cores} [2013-01]
B22D 29/002
. .
{by leaching, washing or dissolving} [2013-01]
B22D 29/003
. .
{using heat} [2013-01]
B22D 29/005
. .
{by vibrating or hammering} [2013-01]
B22D 29/006
. .
{by abrasive, water or air blasting} [2013-01]
B22D 29/007
. .
{by using explosive shock waves} [2013-01]
B22D 29/008
. . .
{in a liquid medium} [2013-01]
B22D 29/02
.
Vibratory apparatus specially designed for shaking out flasks [2013-01]
B22D 29/04
.
Handling or stripping castings or ingots (grippers in general, see the relevant subclasses, e.g. B66C) [2013-01]
B22D 29/06
. .
Strippers actuated by fluid pressure [2013-01]
B22D 29/08
. .
Strippers actuated mechanically [2013-01]
B22D 30/00
Cooling castings, not restricted to casting processes covered by a single main group (accessories for cooling cast stock in continuous casting of metals B22D 11/124; controlling or regulating processes or operations for cooling cast stock or mould in continuous casting of metals B22D 11/22; chill casting B22D 15/00) [2013-01]
B22D 31/00
Cutting-off surplus material, e.g. gates; {Cleaning and working on castings (B22D 17/2076 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 31/002
.
{Cleaning, working on castings} [2013-01]
B22D 31/005
. .
{Sealing or impregnating porous castings} [2013-01]
B22D 31/007
. .
{Tumbling mills} [2013-01]
Other equipment for casting (arrangement of indicating or measuring devices B22D 2/00) [2013-01]
B22D 33/00
Equipment for handling moulds [2013-01]
B22D 33/005
.
{Transporting flaskless moulds} [2013-01]
B22D 33/02
.
Turning or transposing moulds [2013-01]
B22D 33/04
.
Bringing together or separating moulds [2013-01]
B22D 33/06
.
Burdening or relieving moulds [2013-01]
B22D 35/00
Equipment for conveying molten metal into beds or moulds (B22D 37/00 - B22D 41/00 take precedence; specially adapted to particular processes or machines, see the relevant groups) [2016-05]
B22D 35/02
.
into beds [2013-01]
B22D 35/04
.
into moulds, e.g. base plates, runners [2013-01]
B22D 35/045
. .
{Runner base plates for bottom casting ingots} [2013-01]
B22D 35/06
.
Heating or cooling equipment [2013-01]
B22D 37/00
Controlling or regulating the pouring of molten metal from a casting melt-holding vessel ({B22D 11/18 takes precedence } B22D 39/00, B22D 41/00 take precedence; specially adapted to particular processes or machines, see the relevant groups of this subclass) [2013-01]
B22D 37/005
.
{Shielding the molten metal stream (B22D 11/106, B22D 41/50 take precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 39/00
Equipment for supplying molten metal in rations (specially adapted to particular processes or machines, see the relevant groups of this subclass) [2013-01]
B22D 39/003
.
{using electromagnetic field} [2013-01]
B22D 39/006
. .
{Electromagnetic conveyors} [2016-05]
B22D 39/02
.
having means for controlling the amount of molten metal by volume [2013-01]
B22D 39/023
. .
{using a displacement member} [2013-01]
B22D 39/026
. .
{using a ladler} [2013-01]
B22D 39/04
.
having means for controlling the amount of molten metal by weight [2013-01]
B22D 39/06
.
having means for controlling the amount of molten metal by controlling the pressure above the molten metal [2013-01]
B22D 41/00
Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like (B22D 39/00, B22D 43/00 take precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 41/001
.
{devices for cleaning ladles (cleaning in general B08B)} [2013-01]
B22D 41/003
.
{with impact pads} [2013-01]
B22D 41/005
.
with heating or cooling means [2013-01]
B22D 41/01
. .
Heating means [2013-01]
B22D 41/015
. . .
with external heating, i.e. the heat source not being a part of the ladle [2013-01]
B22D 41/02
.
Linings [2013-01]
B22D 41/023
. .
{Apparatus used for making or repairing linings (equipment used for making or repairing converter linings C21C 5/441)} [2013-01]
B22D 41/026
. .
{Apparatus used for fracturing and removing of linings} [2013-01]
B22D 41/04
.
tiltable [2013-01]
B22D 41/05
. .
Tea-pot spout ladles [2013-01]
B22D 41/06
.
Equipment for tilting [2013-01]
B22D 41/08
.
for bottom pouring (B22D 41/14, B22D 41/50 take precedence) [2013-01]
B22D 41/12
.
Travelling ladles or similar containers; Cars for ladles (casting cranes B66C) [2013-01]
B22D 41/13
. .
Ladle turrets [2013-01]
B22D 41/14
.
Closures [2013-01]
B22D 41/16
. .
stopper-rod type, i.e. a stopper-rod being positioned downwardly through the vessel and the metal therein, for selective registry with the pouring opening [2013-01]
B22D 41/18
. . .
Stopper-rods therefor [2013-01]
B22D 41/183
. . . .
{with cooling means} [2013-01]
B22D 41/186
. . . .
{with means for injecting a fluid into the melt} [2013-01]
B22D 41/20
. . .
Stopper-rod operating equipment [2013-01]
B22D 41/22
. .
sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings [2013-01]
B22D 41/24
. . .
characterised by a rectilinearly movable plate (B22D 41/38 - B22D 41/42 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 41/26
. . .
characterised by a rotatively movable plate (B22D 41/38 - B22D 41/42 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 41/28
. . .
Plates therefor (B22D 41/38 - B22D 41/42 take precedence) [2016-05]
B22D 41/30
. . . .
Manufacturing or repairing thereof [2013-01]
B22D 41/32
. . . . .
characterised by the materials used therefor [2013-01]
B22D 41/34
. . . .
Supporting, fixing or centering means therefor [2013-01]
B22D 41/36
. . . .
Treating the plates, e.g. lubricating, heating (ladles, cups or the like with heating means B22D 41/01) [2013-01]
B22D 41/38
. . .
Means for operating the sliding gate [2013-01]
B22D 41/40
. . .
Means for pressing the plates together [2013-01]
B22D 41/42
. . .
Features relating to gas injection [2013-01]
B22D 41/44
. .
Consumable closure means, i.e. closure means being used only once [2013-01]
B22D 41/46
. . .
Refractory plugging masses [2013-01]
B22D 41/465
. . . .
{Unplugging a vessel discharge port} [2013-01]
B22D 41/48
. . .
Meltable closures [2013-01]
B22D 41/50
.
Pouring-nozzles [2013-01]
B22D 41/502
. .
{Connection arrangements; Sealing means therefor} [2013-01]
B22D 41/505
. .
{Rings, inserts or other means preventing external nozzle erosion by the slag} [2013-01]
B22D 41/507
. .
{giving a rotating motion to the issuing molten metal} [2013-01]
B22D 41/52
. .
Manufacturing or repairing thereof [2013-01]
B22D 41/54
. . .
characterised by the materials used therefor [2013-01]
B22D 41/56
. .
Means for supporting, manipulating or changing a pouring-nozzle [2013-01]
B22D 41/58
. .
with gas injecting means [2013-01]
B22D 41/60
. .
with heating or cooling means [2013-01]
B22D 41/62
. .
with stirring or vibrating means [2013-01]
B22D 43/00
Mechanical cleaning, e.g. skimming of molten metals [2013-01]
B22D 43/001
.
{Retaining slag during pouring molten metal} [2013-01]
B22D 43/002
. .
{by using floating means} [2013-01]
B22D 43/004
. .
{by using filtering means (B22C 9/086 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
B22D 43/005
.
{Removing slag from a molten metal surface} [2013-01]
B22D 43/007
. .
{by using scrapers} [2013-01]
B22D 43/008
. .
{by suction} [2013-01]
B22D 45/00
Equipment for casting, not otherwise provided for [2013-01]
B22D 45/005
.
{Evacuation of fumes, dust or waste gases during manipulations in the foundry (during steel manufacture C21C 5/38; evacuation from furnaces F27D 17/001)} [2013-01]
B22D 46/00
Controlling, supervising, not restricted to casting covered by a single main group, e.g. for safety reasons (controlling or regulating in general G05) [2013-01]
B22D 47/00
Casting plants [2013-01]
B22D 47/02
.
for both moulding and casting [2013-01]