Cooperative Patent Classification


CPC Definition - Subclass A41D

Printable version [PDF]
Last Updated Version: 2017.05
OUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES (eye or ear protectors A61F 9/00, A61F 11/00; sweating suits A61H 36/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Straps, bands

Carrying straps around neck

Carrying straps around waist

Carrying straps

Carriers for hand articles

Fastening articles to the garment

Carriers for holding garments

Garment bags

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

Orthopaedic slings, straps for holding arms

Electromedical stimulation with electrodes

Magnetotherapy

Radiation therapy

Packaging for clothing

Supports for musical instruments, straps

Special rules of classification

A41D does not comprise therapeutic devices.

Outerwear covers dressing-gowns, bathing costumes and pyjamas.

Outerwear does not cover shirts A41B 1/00, hosiery A41B 11/00, baby linen A41B 13/00 and hankerchiefs A41B 15/00.

For garments fastenings and suspenders class in A41F.

Machines, appliances or methods for making a particular article of apparel should be classed in the relevant group for the machine, appliance or method concerned in A41H and also as additional information under the symbol of the particular article of apparel concerned in A41B - A41F.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Dressing-gown

a loose gown worn while making one's toilet or when in dishabille.

Garments (for children A41D 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use

Sacks for dead corpses

Disguises for artists for life-like imitation of creatures

Special rules of classification

Comprises costumes and religious outfits.

{adapted to accommodate electronic equipment (patients' garments for medical monitoring A41D 13/1281; luminous ornaments A41D 27/085)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

Electromedical stimulation with electrodes

Magnetotherapy

Radiation therapy

Wearable computers

Remote control of information storage system (audio/video media)

Conductors dispersed in non conductive materials

Switches

Mechanisms of switches

Semiconductors in flexible layers

Connections (switches)

Portable transceivers carried on body

Sound systems

Multilayer printed circuits

Printed circuits on textiles

Special rules of classification

When invention is based mainly on electronic equipment give only the Indexing Code, and forward to relevant field.

For pockets adapted to receive electronic equipment class in A41D 27/205

{made by a helically or spirally wound material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seaming making a tubular fabric by helically winding it

Jackets {(anoraks A41D 3/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Vests, jerseys, sweaters, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Knitting

Special rules of classification

For vests with features specially meant for women, class in A41D 1/18

Trousers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises details of trouser cuffs.

For all types of shorts classify in A41D 1/08. For trousers adjusting its length classify in A41D 15/002 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For details of hems of trousers classify in A41D 27/24 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For protectors of the underedges of trousers classify only in A41D 27/145.

For fastening the trouser cuff to the shoe classify in A41F 17/00 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For leggings (leg outer coverings, over trousers) classify in A41D 17/00.

for sporting purposes, e.g. ski trousers, riding breeches
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bermuda swimming shorts

Underwear panti-hose

Special rules of classification

Comprises all types of shorts.

For underwear panti-hose class in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights class in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression tights, elastic trousers with curative purposes forward to A61F 13/08.

{for skiing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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{for cycling}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area

Special rules of classification

Comprises padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, class in A41D 13/0537.

{for horse riding}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Riding equipment or accessories

Saddling equipment

{Crotch reinforcement}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)

Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area

Protectors for clothing, not in crotch area of sports trousers

Special rules of classification

Comprises sports pants with crotch area reinforcements, i.e. garment protection.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers e.g. garment protection, class only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, class in A41D 13/0537.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, not in crotch area of sports trousers, class in A41D 27/12.

Means for maintaining the crease
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Crease

the line or mark produced on the surface of anything by folding; a furrow in a surface, such as is caused by folding; a fold, wrinkle, ridge. specifically in trousers.

Means for hiding bandy legs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bandy legs

curved laterally with the concavity inward

Skirts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Hooped skirts; Crinolines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Crinoline

a stiffened petticoat or underskirt made with a stiff fabric comprising a weft of horsehair and a warp of cotton or linen thread or an imitation fabric made of stiffened muslin or other material, designed to support the skirts of a woman’s dress.

Hooped skirt

stiffened or expanded by hoops of whalebone, cane etc.

Blouses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brassieres combined with corsets

Brassieres combined with other garments

Special rules of classification

Comprises vests with features specially meant for women. For vests in general class in A41D 1/04

Maternity clothing
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Maternity corsets

{Nursing clothing (brassiéres for nursing mothers A41C 3/04)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Comprises also other clothes worn by infant carer, i.e. stimulating baby

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Infant toys

Educational appliances

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Baby-carriers

Other garments for ladies {(nursing clothing A41D 1/205)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises dresses and cleavage covers

Overgarments (fur garments A41D 5/00; for children A41D 11/00; professional or sporting protective garments A41D 13/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hoods attachable to clothing

Special rules of classification

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Overcoats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Raincoats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with leg-protecting means
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Leggings, rain protectors for legs alone

Capes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cover for sitting person

Fur garments; Garments of fur substitutes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making garments from natural or artificial fur

Making articles from leather

Manufacture and treatment of leather

Artificial leather

{Garments of fur substitutes}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Accessories for fur garments, e.g. fur fasteners, artificial animal heads (fastening devices specially adapted for garments in general A41F 1/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Bathing gowns; Swim-suits, drawers, or trunks; Beach suits (bathing caps A42B 1/12)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Non-sinkable swim-suits, drawers or trunks (life-saving equipment in water B63C 9/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{provided with inflatable elements}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Bathing drawers or trunks (A41D 7/001 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises bermuda swimming shorts.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Beach clothing not designed for swimming}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

UV or other ranges of light protection

UV or other ranges of light permeability

Umbrellas

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

Radiation therapy

Fiber treatment

Dyeing textiles

Outdoor fabrics for tents

Sun-shades

Tents

Filters with dyes

{Beach capes or robes}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Towels, body-drying implements

Pyjamas; Nightdresses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for adults.

For sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for babies class in A41B 13/06.

Always forward also sleeping-bags to A47G 9/08.

Garments for children
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Height measuring

Babies' nappies or holders therefore

Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns (helmets A42B 3/00; clothing affording protection against {heat or harmful} chemical agents or for use at high altitudes A62B 17/00; life-saving garments for use at sea, diving-bell suits B63C; bulletproof or armoured clothing F41H; clothing affording protection against radiation G21F 3/02; electric heating elements H05B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fire-fighters' clothes

ABC suits (against chemical/ biological/ toxic environment)

Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents

Bulletproof vest

Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets

Clothing protecting against X radiations

Special rules of classification

Comprises protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

For materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 31/0011.

For ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) forward to A62B 17/006 and do not class in A41D 13/00.

{Joints}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises sealing attachments between protective garments, also glove and protective garment sealing attachments.

For glove and sleeve attachments without sealing class either in A41D 19/0089 or A41D 19/0041.

{Garments with built-in harnesses (safety harnesses A62B 35/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Carrying straps

Safety harnesses for already walking children

Devices for lifting disabled patients

Life-saving, parachutes with clothing

Parachutes with harnesses

B67D17/30

{Garments protecting against insects}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For layered textiles in garments protecting against insects class only in A41D 13/001.

{Professional or protective garments with pockets for particular uses, e.g. game pockets or with holding means for tools or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se class in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and as additional information in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies class in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

{Sports garments other than provided for in groups A41D 13/0007 - A41D 13/088 (sports overalls A41D 13/02)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sportive tights

Professional or sportive protective overalls

Underwear panti-hose /body stocking

Elastic trousers with curative purposes, compression stockings

Elastic bands for exercising muscles

Weighted exercise suits

Elastic bands for exercising muscles worn on body

Special rules of classification

Comprises garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression garments which have a curative or medical effect.

For underwear panti-hose class in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights class in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression stockings forward to A61F 13/08.

{specially adapted for women}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with controlled internal environment {(ventilating means A41D 27/28)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): as additional information in A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc): as additional information in A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add as additional information in A41D 2400/60 or A41D400/620.
{by means of forced air circulation}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Furniture ventilated covers

Vehicle's seat with ventilation

Portable air-conditioner units

with controlled temperature
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits

{Heated garments (heated divers' suits B63C 11/28)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

Ohmic resist. heating in clothes

{Cooled garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits

{by means of dry ice}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises dry ice, ice packs, gel packs.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ice-bags for therapeutic uses

Cold exchangers, ice pockets

Heat-storage apparatus in general, using latent heat

protecting against electric shocks or static electricity
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lightning conductors

with reflective or luminous safety means {(visible signalling arrangements G08B 5/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting signalling worn by driver

Lighting with clothing

Refracting surfaces

Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts

Indicating arrangements with diodes

Illuminated signs

Reflective surfaces radiated with aerials/antena

for aquatic activities, e.g. with buoyancy aids
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Boots with waterproof legs

Life-jackets

Diving suits

{with buoyancy aids}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable body suits

with shock-absorbing means (A41D 13/05 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)

Special rules of classification

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se, it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means class in A41D 31/0044 and lower groups.

For padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts, class in A41D 1/084.

{Shooting jackets with a recoil pad}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises also archery protectors in the form of a garment.

Illustrative example:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Archery

Accessories for archery

Special rules of classification

When protector is only for the arm, classify in A41D 13/08.

inflatable automatically
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Backpacks with shoulder straps

Airbag triggering

Motorcycle safety equipment

Overalls {(patients' suits A41D 13/1263, babies' overalls A41B 13/005)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Underwear body stockings

Flying suits

Packaging for clothing

Special rules of classification

Class drop-seat opening in A41D 2400/44 (donning facilities).

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015.

For compression tights, elastic garments with curative purposes forward to A61F 13/08.

Aprons; Fastening devices for aprons
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)

Napkins attachable to clothing

Napkin with separate holding devices

Lap trays

Surgical drapes

Special rules of classification

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

{Aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. butcher's aprons}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armour plate constructions

{Aprons secured to the user by means of one or more split hoops of resilient material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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protecting only a particular body part (sports brassiéres A41C 3/00 {crotch reinforcement for sports trousers A41D 1/088})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Helmets with chin protectors integrated

Hearing and cold protectors for the ear (internal & external)

Body protectors for players / sports

Special rules of classification

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence over A41D 13/015, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

Comprises protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment.

Comprises external impact protection for the ears.

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means class in A41D 31/0044 and lower groups.

When protection is for clothing and not for body part, class in A41D 13/04 or A41D 27/12

{Hip}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises groin, genitalia area.

Illustrative example:

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Special rules of classification

Includes hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, not shaping pads. For hip shaping pads classify in A41D 27/26.

{Neck or shoulders area}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Chest}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Loin or waist area}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Spine}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Back strengthening devices (orthopaedic corsets)

{Buttocks}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

Special rules of classification

Comprises buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

{Legs (knee or foot A41D 13/06; protectors for the legs of players or sportmen A63B 71/1225)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media82.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Leggings

Protectors for clothing

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

Special rules of classification

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, class in A41D 27/12.

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class in A41H 27/00.

Knee or foot {(protectors for the legs of players or sportsmen A63B 71/1225)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media83.png

Special rules of classification

Socks with protection for the feet should be classified in A41B 11/02 and as additional information in A41D 13/06.

{Knee protectors}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media84.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Kneelers, prayer supports

Arm or hand (protective gloves A41D 19/015; {protectors for the hands of players or sportsmen A63B 71/14})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media85.png
media86.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

Elbow protectors for sportsmen

{Hand protectors}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises partial covering of hand.

Illustrative example:

media87.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

Guards for hand cutting tools

Data gloves

Capacitive touch screens

Special rules of classification

For complete covering of hand with fingers class in A41D 19/00 and lower classes (gloves).

{especially for the inner part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media88.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Palm protectors for hand sewing

{especially for the outer part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media89.jpg

{with at least one hole for a handle or a stick}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media90.jpg

{especially for fingers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media91.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manicuring implements

Orthopaedic devices for fingers

Devices for preventing finger-sucking

Nail protectors, finger stalls

Leaf turners

Thimbles, finger shields, protectors for hand sewing

Finger worn pointing device

Pointing devices

Mobile pen-type handsets

Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices

{especially for the wrist}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media92.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

Bandages for supporting wrist

Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres (eye-masks A61F 9/04; {hoods affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents A62B 17/04})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media93.png

media94.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use

Masks for cosmetic treatment of the face

Ear, face or lip protectors (cosmetics)

Hearing and cold protectors for the ear

Masks for respiratory patient treatment

Respiratory apparatus (with filters)

Masks protecting chemical agents or high altitude

Filters for breathing protection purposes (with shape of mask)

Nose filters

Filter Cloth material

Special rules of classification

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classify in A41D 13/11 and lower groups.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classify in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protection are specified, both classes should be given in A41D 13/11 and A62B 23/025.

{characterised by their shape}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media95.png

{with a horizontal pleated pocket}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media96.jpg

{with a duckbill configuration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media97.jpg

{with a vertical fold or weld}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media98.jpg

{with a cup configuration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media99.jpg

{obtained by moulding}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media100.jpg

{with a hood}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media101.jpg

{Means for fastening to the user's head}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media102.png

{forming a complete seal at the edges of the mask}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media103.jpg

{with protection for the eyes, e.g. using shield or visor}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media104.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Eye-masks

Surgeons' or patients' gowns or dresses {(operating gloves A61B 42/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises garments for medical staff other than surgeons, i. e. nursing personel. Illustrative examples:

media105.jpg

media106.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Surgeon's gowns or dresses

Special rules of classification

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify here and in A41D 13/0012.

{Surgeons' gowns or dresses}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media107.png

{Patients' garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media108.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insulin pumps portable on the body

Special rules of classification

Comprises gown shapes.

{for the upper part of the body}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media109.png

{for the lower part of the body (A41D 13/0506 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media110.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Incontinence trousers for men

Clothing for holding urine or other body fluid receptacles

A61F9/449

{Suits}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media111.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Underwear body stockings

Patient restraining devices

Special rules of classification

Comprises pants and shirt shape

{specially adapted for babies}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media112.png

{with incorporated means for medical monitoring}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The garment construction to hold means for medical monitoring. Illustrative example:

media113.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting for diagnostic purposes

Diagnosis by temperature mapping of body parts

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

Marking methods by using thermochromic compounds, liquid crystals

Tenebrescent material (change wavelength)(darken or bleachen) i.e. crystals lenses

Dyeing with phototropic dyes

Photometry, using change in colour

Supports for thermometers

Measuring temperature upon phisical/ chemical changes, change of colour

Special rules of classification

When the means for medical monitoring are relevant per se forward to A61B 5/00 and lower groups.

Convertible garments
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media114.png

{in their length}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media115.jpg
media116.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjusting sleeve lengths

Special rules of classification

For pants adjusting its length class in A41D 15/002 and A41D 1/06.

{reversible garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media117.jpg

Skirts convertible into trousers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media118.jpg

Garments convertible into other articles (for travelling or camp articles A45F 4/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media119.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling/sleeping rugs convertible into robes

Parking covers for cycles

B60J19/00

Gaiters; Spats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media120.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stockings without foot parts

Overshoes

Overshoes for sporting purposes

Special rules of classification

When worn under garments or shoes, class in stockings without foot parts A41B 11/08.

When worn over garments and/or shoes, class in Gaiters/Spats A41D 17/00 and lower groups.

When worn only over shoes, forward to Overshoes A43B 3/16, A43B 5/18.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Gaiter

a covering of cloth, leather, etc. for the ankle, or ankle and lower leg.

Spat

a short gaiter worn over the instep and reaching only a little way above the ankle, usually fastened under the foot by means of a strap.

{Fastening means for gaiters}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media121.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Straps on the lower end of legs of trousers for holding-down

Overshoes

Overshoes for sporting purposes

Leggings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Rain protectors for legs.

Illustrative example:

media122.jpg
media123.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Outerwear tights

Outerwear sportive tights

Panti-hose (underwear tights)

Special rules of classification

Does not comprise tights worn as underwear, outerwear or for sporting purposes.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Legging

leg outer covering, i.e. over trousers.

Puttees
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media124.jpg

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Puttee

a long strip of cloth or leather wound spirally round the leg from the ankle to the knee and worn by soldiers, walkers, etc., for protection and support in rough terrain.

Gloves (brush bodies shaped as gloves A46B 5/04; gloves for washing the body A47K 7/02; gloves for domestic washing or cleaning A47L 13/18; surgical gloves A61B 42/10; swimming gloves A63B 31/02; as accessories for games or sports, e.g. baseball, boxing or golf gloves A63B 71/14; gloves for glove-boxes B25J 1/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises complete covering of hand with fingers.

Illustrative examples:

media125.png
media126.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glove for curing / therapy

Gloves delivering cosmetics

Yarns (for gloves)

Knitting gloves

Special rules of classification

For partial covering or protection of hand class in A41D 13/081 (hand protectors).

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245

{made of several layers of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media127.jpg

{Linings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media128.jpg

{with openings, e.g. for the nails or for exposing jewellery}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media129.jpg

media130.png

{with slits for the fingers or part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media131.jpg

{with pockets}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media132.jpg

{with accessories}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media133.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for massage

Finger worn pointing device

Data gloves

Pointing devices

Capacitive touch screens

Mobile pen-type handsets

Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices

{Measuring instruments, e.g. watch, thermometer}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media134.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fixation of watch cases on items of clothing

{Whistles or other warning devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media135.jpg

{Retaining means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media136.png

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005

{for fastening an article to the glove}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media137.jpg

{for connecting the glove to the garment or the arm of the user}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media138.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment classify in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment classify in A41D 13/0005.

{Cuff portions}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media139.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment with sealing class in A41D 13/0005.

{Decorations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media140.jpg

{Plastic or rubber gloves}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glove dispensers in surgery / diagnosis

Surgery instruments detector

Gloves delivering cosmetics

Dipping process

Shaping by coating a mould

Encapsulating inserts in plastic

Producing gloves from plastics

Dispensing flat articles

Reinforced macromolecular compounds

Coating shaped articles

Magnet detectable rubber gloves

C08K33/22, C08L 21/00

Latex compounds

Oilcloth obtained by covering fibrous webs with rubber, PU

Safety control of machines

Tags for object detection

Alarms, ferromagnetic tags

{Three-dimensional gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media141.png

{made of one layer of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media142.jpg

{with a textile layer underneath}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media143.jpg
media144.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dipping process

Weft knitting for gloves

{Two-dimensional gloves, i.e. obtained by superposition of two sheets of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media145.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sanitary / disposable caps (food / hospital)

{made of one layer of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media146.jpg

{permitting handling and containing of waste materials}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media147.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand implements for removing excrements

{with channels for conveying fluids}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media148.jpg

{Details}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media149.png

{Nail-like attachments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media150.jpg

{Joints between glove and cuff or garment}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media151.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or here (A41D 19/0089).

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005.

{Retaining means, e.g. loops for hanging the gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media152.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices to assist donning of gloves

Glove hooks on walls

{Means for resisting mechanical agressions, e.g. cutting or piercing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media153.jpg

with undivided covering for all four fingers, i.e. mittens ({A41D 19/0055}, A41D 19/015 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media154.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Kitchen pot holders

Protective gloves {(A41D 19/0055 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media155.png

{resistant to mechanical agressions, e.g. cutting. piercing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media156.png
media157.png

{made of wire-mesh, e.g. butchers' gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media158.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armour plate constructions

{with protection against crushing, e.g. of the finger tips}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media159.png
media160.jpg

{absorbing shocks or vibrations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media161.jpg

{with thermal or fire protection}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media162.png
media163.png

{Heated gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media164.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / cooling therapy of human body

Hand heating / cooling

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

Ohmic-resist. heating in clothes

{Cooled gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media165.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / cooling therapy of human body

Hand heating / cooling

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

{with grip improving means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media166.png
media167.png

{using hooks and loops fastening system}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media168.jpg

{using a layer of grip improving material (A41D 19/01552 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media169.png

{using strips of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media170.png

{with luminous or reflective means (protective garments with reflective or luminous safety means A41D 13/01)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media171.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting signalling worn by driver

Structural combinations of lighting devices with clothing, gloves

Structural combination of light devices with fire-fighting equipment

Refracting surfaces

Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts

Indicating arrangements with diodes

Illuminated signs

Special rules of classification

Reflective means include mirrors.

{with means to restrain or support the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media172.png
media173.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for fingers

{including rigid elements}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media174.jpg
media175.png

{with accessories, e.g. tools, receptacles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media176.jpg

Arrangements for cutting-out, or shapes of, glove blanks
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media177.jpg

Appliances for making gloves; Measuring devices for glove-making
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media178.png

{Glove-turning machines (turning inside-out of tubular articles D06G 3/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media179.jpg
media180.png

{Measuring devices for glove-making}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media181.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring instruments

Wristbands or headbands, e.g. for absorbing sweat (hat fittings A42C 5/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media182.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Towels, body-drying implements

Special rules of classification

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and as additional information in A41B 15/00.

If it has the shape of an armband, class additionally in A41D 20/00.

Scarves; Head-scarves; Neckerchiefs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media183.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soft caps, turbans

Bonnets

Veils

Neckties
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media184.png
media185.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Decorative bow structures

Special rules of classification

Comprises ascot ties, bow ties and cravates.

Comprises protectors of neckties.

{Making neckties}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media186.png

{Neckties provided with holding devices, e.g. button holes or loops for securing them to a shirt or for holding the two ends of the necktie}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media187.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

with ready-made knot or bow, with or without bands
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media188.png

{with knot simulated by a ring or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media189.jpg

{Means for forming the knot or bow, e.g. combined with means for holding the tie}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media190.jpg

media191.png

{Means for holding the necktie (A41D 25/025 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media192.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

{Bands}; Fastening devices for the bands
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media193.jpg

with knot, bow or like tied by the user
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media194.png

media195.png

Means for forming or tying the knot, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media196.jpg

Means for holding the knot, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media197.jpg

attachable to the collar or stud
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media198.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

Means for forming and holding simultaneously
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media199.jpg

Linings; Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media200.jpg

Linings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media201.png

Removable linings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media202.png

Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media203.png

Trimmings; Ornaments (trimmings in general D04D)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brooches (Decorative ornament or jewellery to be fastened on clothing)

Printing imitating patterns

Decoration of surfaces

Decoration of surfaces by etching

Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

Decoration with light effects, holograms

Imitation of artists work

Labelling fabrics

Mechanical ornamentation of leather

Decorative bow structures

Embroidery

Decorating textiles

Decorating textiles with glass beads or other particulate material

Etching with laser for patterning surfaces

Labels/ identification means

Signs

Mobile advertising by a carrier person / animal

Mobile advertising fixed on human dresses

{Luminous ornaments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Decoration with light effects, holograms

Lighting with clothing

Indicating arrangements with diodes

Illuminated signs, luminous advertising being electroluminescent

Circuits for light sources, controlling

Special rules of classification

Light emitting electronic textiles classed & treated in G09F 13/22, G09F 9/33

Sleeves; Armholes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Shields or protectors
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

Aprons

Leggings

Protectors for shirt collars

Protectors for shirt cuffs

Protective undergarments, when protection done by textile only

Bibs for babies/children

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)

Napkins attachable to clothing

Napkin with separate holding devices

Lap trays

Surgical drapes

Special rules of classification

Comprises protection of interior of clothing, usually for absorbing sweat.

Comprises also protection of exterior of clothing, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, except in the cases mentioned below.

Does not comprise protection of shirt's collar, or shirt's cuffs.

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

For protecting exterior front part from getting dirty class in:

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and in A41B 15/00.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection) A41D 1/088

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class additionally in A41H 27/00

Under-arm shields
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective undergarments when protection done by textile only

Absorbent pads for breast / torso

Additives (for odour) of absorbent pads

A61F13/15H8

Absorbent pads attaching to the body

Body deodorants

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

Special rules of classification

For separate under-arm shields for underwear or outerwear, usually for absorbing sweat, classify in A41D 27/13.

For underwear having integral sweat/odor protection means classify in A41B 9/12.

on the underedge of the garment
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Piping edges; Protectors for the edges of trouser legs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Piping edges (clothing having trimming stitched in seams or along edges).

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Collar-shields
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises protectors for collars of outerwear, not of shirts.

Illustrative example:

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protection of shirt collars

Special rules of classification

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

Cloth collars
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Neckbands for shirts

Collars for shirts

Pockets; Making or setting-in pockets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se classify in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

{Pocket closures}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Making or setting-in pockets (machines or appliances for folding the edges of pockets while manufacturing A41H 33/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Pockets adapted to receive a mobile phone or other electronic equipment}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Loops or hooks for hanging-up (with locking devices E05B 69/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Show hangers

Clothes hangers

Hems; Seams
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Treating selvedges or other edges

Seaming textiles

Special rules of classification

Comprises stitch, when stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For details of hems of trousers class in A41D 27/24 and A41D 1/06.

{made by welding or gluing (joining of plastics by welding or gluing B29C 65/00; sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams D05B 17/00; thermal or chemical fixing of seams and hems D06M)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

Methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread

Joining of performed parts

Ultrasonic welding

Welding & severing by ultrasonic vibrations

Applying adhesive

Layered products using adhesive

Laminating using adhesive

Forming selvedges by adhesion

Thermal or chemical fixing of seams, hems and cuttings

Thermal or chemical fixing of seams, hems and cuttings

Special rules of classification

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For methods of joining garment parts or blanks by gluing or welding, class also in A41H 43/04.

Shoulder-pads; Hip-pads; Bustles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shoulder cushioning attachments for shoulder straps

Special rules of classification

Includes only shaping pads, not protection pads.

For hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, refer to A41D 13/0506 and A41D 13/015.

Means for ventilation
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation in shoes

Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.
Uniforms; Parts or accessories of uniforms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Selection of special materials for outerwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Composite separation membranes

Woven fabrics characterised by material

Knitted with synthetic threads

Making textile fabrics from fibers

Other non-woven fabrics

Mechanical treatment on fabrics

Coating fibres

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

Flexible sheet materials

{made from a plurality of interconnected elements (A41D 31/0011 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armoured clothing plate construction

{Selection of special materials for protective garments (composition of materials for clothing affording protection against harmful chemical agents A62D 5/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents

Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets

Clothing protecting against X radiations

Special rules of classification

For protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 13/00.

{of layered products (A41D 31/0022 - A41D 31/0077 take precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Laminated products with one fibrous layer

Two or more fibrous layers

Layered products, next to fibrous layer

Laminating processes

Double or multi-ply fabrics

Producing multi-layer textile fabrics

Special rules of classification

For layered textiles in garments protecting against insects classify only in A41D 13/001.

{against fire and heat}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fireproof yarns

Woven fabrics using heat / flame proof threads

Knitted with synthetic threads

{with thermal protective materials (heat and fire resistant materials A41D 31/0022)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only thermal protection against cold.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Thermal insulation in general

{using layered materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Duvets

Pillows

Loose filling materials for upholstery

Filling of cushions, mattresses

Non-woven fabrics formed by filamentary materials

Quilting and filling with feathers

Treatment of feathers

{with shock absorbing materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cushioning for helmets

Cushions in bicycle seats

Loose filling materials for upholstery

Chemical aspects of damping compositions

Springs, dampers

Shock absorbers

Protective helmets (bulletproof)

Special rules of classification

Comprises materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

{resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. pierceproof materials (aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions A41D 13/043)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cut resistant yarns

Armoured clothing plate construction

Special rules of classification

Also contains abrasion resistant materials

{against electric shocks or static electricity}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Anti-static materials

{with antibacterial or antimicrobial materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Anthrax

Special rules of classification

For ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) forward to A62B 17/006 and do not class in A41D 13/00.

{using layered materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Laminates for surgical drapes

{with retroreflective materials}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Reflective materials of electromagnetic waves, protecting against them.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods producing reflective surfaces

{using layered materials}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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of layered materials {(A41D 31/0011 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Waterproof/breathable material construction for non-protective garments, i.e. Gore-Tex.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Laminated products with one fibrous layer

Two or more fibrous layers

Layered products, next to fibrous layer

Laminating processes

Double or multi-ply fabrics

Treating fabrics with fluorine

Producing multi-layer textile fabrics

Hoods
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soft hoods

Hoods attachable to clothing

using straps or ties
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Drawstrings inside pants

Seams
Special rules of classification

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

made by welding or gluing
Special rules of classification

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

inflatable
Special rules of classification

Comprises also already inflated sealed structures, i .e. air bubbles

Air permeability; Ventilation
Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.
Reducing drag or turbulence in air or water
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flying suits

Special rules of classification

For increasing drag or turbulence in air or water, class in A41D 2400/80

UV light protection
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

Radiation therapy

Fiber treatment

Dyeing textiles

Outdoor fabrics for tents

Sun-shades

Tents

Filters with dyes

Special rules of classification

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

UV light permeability
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

Radiation therapy

Fiber treatment

Dyeing textiles

Outdoor fabrics for tents

Sun-shades

Tents

Filters with dyes

Special rules of classification

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

Deoderising or perfuming
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Containers for holding perfume

Holders for air deodorants

Body deodorants

Perfumes encapsulated in a carrier

Perfumes released by thermal or chemical activation

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

Donning facilities
Special rules of classification

Comprises drop-seat opening for overalls

Moisture handling or wicking function
Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.
through several layers
Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): A41D 2400/20 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): add A41D 2400/60 or A41D 2400/62.
Friction or grip reinforcement
Special rules of classification

Comprises function of increasing drag or turbulence in air or water

Welding
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks/eye protectors for welders

Welding protection for head