CPC Definition - Subclass A41D

Last Updated Version: 2019.02
OUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Straps, bands

A45C 13/30

Carrying straps around neck

A45F 2003/002

Carrying straps around waist

A45F 3/005

Carrying straps

A45F 3/14

Carriers for hand articles

A45F 5/00

Fastening articles to the garment

A45F 5/02

Carriers for holding garments

A45F 5/06

Garment bags

A47G 25/54

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

A61B 5/02438

Orthopaedic slings, straps for holding arms

A61F 5/3746

Electromedical stimulation with electrodes

A61N 1/36014

Magnetotherapy

A61N 2/00

Radiation therapy

A61N 5/00

Packaging for clothing

B65D 85/18

Supports for musical instruments, straps

G10G 5/005

Special rules of classification

A41D does not comprise therapeutic devices.

Outerwear covers dressing-gowns, bathing costumes and pyjamas.

Outerwear does not cover shirts A41B 1/00, hosiery A41B 11/00, baby linen A41B 13/00 and hankerchiefs A41B 15/00.

For garments fastenings and suspenders class in A41F.

Machines, appliances or methods for making a particular article of apparel should be classed in the relevant group for the machine, appliance or method concerned in A41H and also as additional information under the symbol of the particular article of apparel concerned in A41B - A41F.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Dressing-gown

a loose gown worn while making one's toilet or when in dishabille.

Garments (for children A41D 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Also covers costumes and religious outfits.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use

A41G 7/00

Sacks for dead corpses

A61G 17/06

Disguises for artists for life-like imitation of creatures

A63J 7/005

{adapted to accommodate electronic equipment (patients' garments for medical monitoring A41D 13/1281; luminous ornaments A41D 27/085)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

A61B 5/02438

Electromedical stimulation with electrodes

A61N 1/36014

Magnetotherapy

A61N 2/00

Radiation therapy

A61N 5/00

Wearable computers

G06F 1/163

Remote control of information storage system (audio/video media)

G11B 19/025

Conductors dispersed in non-conductive materials

H01B 1/20

Switches

H01H 1/00

Mechanisms of switches

H01H 3/16

Semiconductors in flexible layers

H01L 23/5387

Connections (switches)

H01R 4/58

Portable transceivers carried on body

H04B 1/385

Sound systems

H04R 1/10, H04R 1/025, H04R 5/023

Multilayer printed circuits

H05K 1/036

Printed circuits on textiles

H05K 1/038

Special rules of classification

When the subject is focused mainly on electronic equipment classify in this group as "additional information" only, and consider main classification in the relevant field.

For pockets adapted to receive electronic equipment consider classification in A41D 27/205.

{made by a helically or spirally wound material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seaming making a tubular fabric by helically winding it

D06H 5/007

Jackets {(anoraks A41D 3/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Vests, jerseys, sweaters or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Knitting

D04B 1/24

Trousers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Also covers details of trouser cuffs.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For all types of shorts classify in A41D 1/089. For trousers adjusting its length classify in A41D 15/002 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For details of hems of trousers classify in A41D 27/24 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For protectors of the underedges of trousers classify only in A41D 27/145.

For fastening the trouser cuff to the shoe classify in A41F 17/00 and as additional information in A41D 1/06.

For leggings (leg outer coverings, over trousers) classify in A41D 17/00.

For waist details or expansible/adjustable waist classify also in A41F 9/00 and lower groups.

specially adapted for sporting purposes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bermuda swimming shorts

A41D 7/005

Underwear panti-hose

A41B 11/14

Special rules of classification

For underwear panti-hose classify in A41B 11/14 and subgroups.

For sportive tights classify in A41D 1/08 and subgroups.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression, classify in A41D 31/18.

For compression tights, elastic trousers with curative purposes consider classification in A61F 13/08.

for skiing
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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for cycling
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

A41D 1/088

Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area

A41D 13/0537

Special rules of classification

Comprises padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, class in A41D 13/0537.

for horse riding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Riding equipment or accessories

A63K 3/00

Saddling equipment

B68C 1/126

{with crotch reinforcement}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises sports trousers with crotch area reinforcements, i.e. garment protection.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cycling trousers (with saddle reinforcements and padding)

A41D 1/084

Buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area

A41D 13/0537

Protectors for clothing, not in crotch area of sports trousers

A41D 27/12

Special rules of classification

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, classify only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

For buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area, classify in A41D 13/0537.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear and tear, not in crotch area of sports trousers, classify in A41D 27/12.

Means for maintaining the crease
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Crease

the line or mark produced on the surface of anything by folding; a furrow in a surface, such as is caused by folding; a fold, wrinkle, ridge, specifically in trousers.

Means for hiding bandy legs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bandy legs

curved laterally with the concavity inward

Skirts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Hooped skirts; Crinolines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Crinoline

a stiffened petticoat or underskirt made with a stiff fabric comprising a weft of horsehair and a warp of cotton or linen thread or an imitation fabric made of stiffened muslin or other material, designed to support the skirts of a woman's dress.

Hooped skirt

stiffened or expanded by hoops of whalebone, cane etc.

Blouses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brassieres combined with corsets

A41C 1/06

Brassieres combined with other garments

A41C 3/08

Special rules of classification

Comprises vests with features specially meant for women. For vests in general class in A41D 1/04

Maternity clothing; Clothing specially adapted for persons caring for infants
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Maternity corsets

A41C 1/10

Nursing clothing, e.g. for breastfeeding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Comprises also other clothes worn by infant carer, i.e. stimulating baby

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Baby-carriers

A47D 13/025

Infant toys

A63H 33/006

Educational appliances

G09B 1/00

Clothing specially adapted for women, not otherwise provided for
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises dresses and cleavage covers.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Cleavage cover

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Overgarments (fur garments A41D 5/00; for children A41D 11/00; professional or sporting protective garments A41D 13/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hoods attachable to clothing

A42B 1/048

Special rules of classification

For suit jackets classify in A41D 1/02.

For outer jackets classify in A41D 3/00.

Overcoats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Raincoats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with leg-protecting means
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Leggings, rain protectors for legs alone

A41D 17/02

Capes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cover for sitting person

A47G 9/066

Fur garments; Garments of fur substitutes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making garments from natural or artificial fur

A41H 41/00

Making articles from leather

B68F 1/00

Manufacture and treatment of leather

C14B 1/00

Artificial leather

D06N 3/00

{Garments of fur substitutes}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Accessories for fur garments, e.g. fur fasteners, artificial animal heads (fastening devices specially adapted for garments in general A41F 1/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Bathing gowns; Swim-suits, drawers, or trunks; Beach suits
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Figure 1.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bathing caps

A42B 1/12

{Non-sinkable swim-suits, drawers or trunks (life-saving equipment in water B63C 9/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{provided with inflatable elements}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Bathing drawers or trunks (A41D 7/001 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises bermuda swimming shorts.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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{Beach clothing not designed for swimming}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

UV or other ranges of light protection

A41D 2400/26

UV or other ranges of light permeability

A41D 2400/28

Umbrellas

A45B 25/20

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

A61K 8/0208, A61Q 17/04

Radiation therapy

A61N 5/0613 , A61N 2005/0645

Fiber treatment

D06M 11/67, D06M 23/00

Dyeing textiles

D06P 1/00

Outdoor fabrics for tents

D10B 2505/18

Sun-shades

E04F 10/02

Tents

E04H 15/54

Filters with dyes

G02B 5/223, G02B 5/208

{Beach capes or robes}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Towels, body-drying implements

A47K 10/02

Pyjamas; Nightdresses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for adults.

For sleeping-bags with the shape of a garment used as pyjamas for babies class in A41B 13/06.

Always forward also sleeping-bags to A47G 9/08.

Garments for children
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Height measuring

A61B 5/1072

Babies' nappies or holders therefore

A61F 13/15

Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches (helmets A42B 3/00; clothing affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes A62B 17/00; life-saving garments for use at sea, diving suits B63C; bulletproof or armoured clothing F41H; clothing affording protection against radiation G21F 3/02)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Helmets

A42B 3/00

Clothing affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes

A62B 17/00

Fire-fighters' clothes

A62B 17/003

ABC suits (against chemical/ biological/ toxic environment)

A62B 17/006

Life-saving garments for use at sea, diving suits

B63C

Bulletproof or armoured clothing

F41H

Bulletproof vest

F41H 1/02

Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets

F41H 3/02

Clothing affording protection against radiation

G21F 3/02

Clothing protecting against X radiations

G21F 3/025

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents

A62D 5/00

Special rules of classification

Comprises protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

For materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 31/04.

Looping references between A41D 13/00 and A62B 17/00 have been identified. Until this inconsistency is resolved, the current classification practice in CPC is as follows: for clothing affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes classify in A62B 17/00 and do not classify in A41D 13/00.

In particular for ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) classify in A62B 17/006 and do not classify in A41D 13/00.

{Joints}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

Comprises sealing attachments between protective garments, also glove and protective garment sealing attachments.

For glove and sleeve attachments without sealing class either in A41D 19/0089 or A41D 19/0041.

{Garments with built-in harnesses (safety harnesses A62B 35/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Carrying straps

A45F 3/14

Safety harnesses for already walking children

A47D 13/086

Devices for lifting disabled patients

A61G 7/1023

Life-saving, parachutes with clothing

A62B 35/00

Parachutes with harnesses

B67D17/30

{Garments protecting against insects}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For layered textiles in garments protecting against insects class only in A41D 13/001.

{Professional or protective garments with pockets for particular uses, e.g. game pockets or with holding means for tools or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Special rules of classification

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se class in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and as additional information in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies class in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

{Sports garments other than provided for in groups A41D 13/0007 - A41D 13/088}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Figure 1.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sportive tights

A41D 1/08

Professional or sportive protective overalls

A41D 13/02

Elastic materials in outerwear

A41D 31/18

Layered elastic materials in outerwear

A41D 31/185

Underwear panti-hose /body stocking

A41B 11/14

Elastic trousers with curative purposes, compression stockings

A61F 13/08

Elastic bands for exercising muscles

A63B 21/0552

Weighted exercise suits

A63B 21/065

Elastic bands for exercising muscles worn on body

A63B 21/4025

Special rules of classification

Comprises garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression garments which have a curative or medical effect.

For underwear panti-hose class in A41B 11/14 and lower groups.

For sportive tights class in A41D 1/08 and lower groups.

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015 or A41D 31/18 or A41D 31/185.

For compression stockings forward to A61F 13/08.

{specially adapted for women}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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with controlled internal environment {(ventilating means A41D 27/28)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

  • Figure 1.

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Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric (i.e. with channels): give A41D 31/14 in addition to A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc): as additional information in A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, (i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels): give additionally A41D 31/12 or A41D 31/125.
{by means of forced air circulation}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Furniture ventilated covers

A47C 7/742

Vehicle's seat with ventilation

B60N 2/5621

Portable air-conditioner units

F24F 1/04

with controlled temperature
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

A61F 7/02

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

A61F 2007/0233

Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits

F28D 15/00

{Heated garments (heated divers' suits B63C 11/28)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

A61F 7/02

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

A61F 2007/0233

Ohmic resist. heating in clothes

H05B 3/342

{Cooled garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / Cooling therapy

A61F 7/02

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

A61F 2007/0233

Heat-exchange apparatus (also coolers) with conduits

F28D 15/00

{by means of dry ice}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises dry ice, ice packs, gel packs.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ice-bags for therapeutic uses

A61F 7/10

Cold exchangers, ice pockets

F25D 3/08

Heat-storage apparatus in general, using latent heat

F28D 20/02

protecting against electric shocks or static electricity
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lightning conductors

H02G 13/00

with reflective or luminous safety means {(visible signalling arrangements G08B 5/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting signalling worn by driver

B60Q 1/2673, B60Q 7/00

Lighting with clothing

F21V 33/0008

Refracting surfaces

G02B 5/126

Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts

G08B 5/004

Indicating arrangements with diodes

G09F 9/33

Illuminated signs

G09F 13/00

Reflective surfaces radiated with aerials/antena

H01Q 15/14, H01Q 1/273

for aquatic activities, e.g. with buoyancy aids
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Boots with waterproof legs

A43B 23/06

Life-jackets

B63C 9/11

Diving suits

B63C 11/04

{with buoyancy aids}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable body suits

B63C 9/1055

with shock-absorbing means (A41D 13/05 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads.

Illustrative examples:

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)

A41D 1/084

Special rules of classification

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se, it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means classify in A41D 31/28 and lower group.

For padding for buttocks protection in cycling shorts, class in A41D 1/084.

{Shooting jackets with a recoil pad}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises also archery protectors in the form of a garment.

Illustrative example:

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Archery

A63B 2244/04

Accessories for archery

F41B 5/14

Special rules of classification

When protector is only for the arm, classify in A41D 13/08.

inflatable automatically
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Backpacks with shoulder straps

A45F 3/04

Airbag triggering

B60R 21/0132

Motorcycle safety equipment

B62J 27/00

Overalls (sweating suits A61H 36/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sweating suits

A61H 36/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Underwear body stockings

A41B 11/14

Flying suits

B64D 10/00

Packaging for clothing

B65D 85/18

Special rules of classification

Class drop-seat opening in A41D 2400/44 (donning facilities).

For underwear body stockings class in A41B 11/14.

For professional or sportive protective overalls class in A41D 13/02.

For sportive garments with embedded elastic bands but no compression class in A41D 13/0015 or A41D 31/18 or A41D 31/185.

For compression tights, elastic garments with curative purposes forward to A61F 13/08.

Aprons; Fastening devices for aprons
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media70.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)

A45D 44/08

Napkins attachable to clothing

A47G 11/002

Napkin with separate holding devices

A47G 21/165

Lap trays

A47G 23/0608

Surgical drapes

A61B 46/00

Special rules of classification

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

{Aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. butcher's aprons}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media71.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armour plate constructions

F41H 5/0492

{Aprons secured to the user by means of one or more split hoops of resilient material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media72.png

protecting only a particular body part (ear protectors A61F 11/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Figure 1.

media273.png

Figure 2.

media274.png

Figure 3.

media275.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ear protectors

A61F 11/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sports brassières

A41C 3/00

Helmets with chin protectors integrated

A42B 3/205

Hearing and cold protectors for the ear (internal & external)

A61F 11/06

Body protectors for players / sports

A63B 71/08

Special rules of classification

Even if A41D 13/05 takes precedence over A41D 13/015, if the shock-absorbing is relevant per se it should also be classed in A41D 13/015.

Comprises protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment.

Comprises external impact protection for the ears.

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

For materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means class in A41D 31/28 and lower group.

When protection is for clothing and not for body part, class in A41D 13/04 or A41D 27/12

{Hip}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises groin, genitalia area.

Illustrative example:

media76.png

Special rules of classification

Includes hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, not shaping pads. For hip shaping pads classify in A41D 27/26.

{Neck or shoulders area}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media77.jpg

{Chest}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media78.jpg

{Loin or waist area}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media79.jpg

{Spine}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media80.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Back strengthening devices (orthopaedic corsets)

A61F 5/026

{Buttocks}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media81.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cycling pants (with saddle reinforcements & padding)

A41D 1/084

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

A41D 1/088

Special rules of classification

Comprises buttocks protection in sports trousers not for cycling and not at crotch area.

When reinforcements are used as interface between body and cycling saddle, e.g. for impact or pressure reduction, or for saddle shaped reinforcements, even if the word "cycling" is not used, class only in A41D 1/084, and not in A41D 1/088. For all other crotch area reinforcements in sports trousers, e.g. garment protection, classify only in A41D 1/088.

{Legs (knee or foot A41D 13/06; protectors for the legs of players or sportmen A63B 71/1225)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media82.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Leggings

A41D 17/02

Protectors for clothing

A41D 27/12

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

A41H 27/00

Special rules of classification

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02.

For clothing protection, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, class in A41D 27/12.

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class in A41H 27/00.

Knee or foot {(protectors for the legs of players or sportsmen A63B 71/1225)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media83.png

Special rules of classification

Socks with protection for the feet should be classified in A41B 11/02 and as additional information in A41D 13/06.

{Knee protectors}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media84.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Kneelers, prayer supports

A47C 16/04

Arm or hand (protective gloves A41D 19/015 {; protectors for the hands of players or sportsmen A63B 71/14})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media85.pngmedia86.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

A61F 5/013

Elbow protectors for sportsmen

A63B 71/08

{Hand protectors}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises partial covering of hand.

Illustrative example:

media87.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

A61F 5/013

Guards for hand cutting tools

B26B 29/00

Data gloves

G06F 3/014

Capacitive touch screens

G06F 3/044

Special rules of classification

For complete covering of hand with fingers class in A41D 19/00 and lower classes (gloves).

{especially for the inner part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media88.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Palm protectors for hand sewing

D05B 91/04

{especially for the outer part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media89.jpg

{with at least one hole for a handle or a stick}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media90.jpg

{especially for fingers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media91.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manicuring implements

A45D 29/00

Orthopaedic devices for fingers

A61F 5/013, A61F 5/10

Devices for preventing finger-sucking

A61F 5/50

Nail protectors, finger stalls

A61F 13/105

Leaf turners

B42D 9/04

Thimbles, finger shields, protectors for hand sewing

D05B 91/04

Finger worn pointing device

G06F

Pointing devices

G06F 3/033

Mobile pen-type handsets

H04M 1/0285

Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices

H04M 1/23

{especially for the wrist}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media92.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for arm / hand / finger

A61F 5/013

Bandages for supporting wrist

A61F 13/107

Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres (eye-masks A61F 9/04 {; hoods affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents A62B 17/04})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media93.png

media94.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks or dominoes for concealing identity, e.g. for theatrical use

A41G 7/00

Masks for cosmetic treatment of the face

A45D 44/002

Ear, face or lip protectors (cosmetics)

A45D 44/12

Hearing and cold protectors for the ear

A61F 11/00

Masks for respiratory patient treatment

A61M 16/06

Respiratory apparatus (with filters)

A62B 7/00

Masks protecting chemical agents or high altitude

A62B 18/00

Filters for breathing protection purposes (with shape of mask)

A62B 23/025

Nose filters

A62B 23/06

Filter Cloth material

B01D 39/08

Special rules of classification

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classify in A41D 13/11 and lower groups.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classify in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protection are specified, both classes should be given in A41D 13/11 and A62B 23/025.

{characterised by their shape}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media95.png

{with a horizontal pleated pocket}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media96.jpg

{with a duckbill configuration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media97.jpg

{with a vertical fold or weld}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media98.jpg

{with a cup configuration}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media99.jpg

{obtained by moulding}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media100.jpg

{with a hood}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media101.jpg

{Means for fastening to the user's head}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media102.png

{forming a complete seal at the edges of the mask}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media103.jpg

{with protection for the eyes, e.g. using shield or visor}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media104.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Eye-masks

A61F 9/04

Surgeons' or patients' gowns or dresses {(operating gloves A61B 42/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises garments for medical staff other than surgeons, i. e. nursing personel. Illustrative examples:

media105.jpg

media106.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Surgeon's gowns or dresses

A41D 13/1209.

Special rules of classification

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify here and in A41D 13/0012.

{Surgeons' gowns or dresses}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media107.png

{Patients' garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media108.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insulin pumps portable on the body

A61M 5/14244

Special rules of classification

Comprises gown shapes.

{for the upper part of the body}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media109.png

{for the lower part of the body (A41D 13/0506 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media110.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Incontinence trousers for men

A61F 5/453

Clothing for holding urine or other body fluid receptacles

A61F9/449

{Suits}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media111.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Underwear body stockings

A41B 11/14

Patient restraining devices

A61F 5/37

Special rules of classification

Comprises pants and shirt shape

{specially adapted for babies}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media112.png

{with incorporated means for medical monitoring}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The garment construction to hold means for medical monitoring. Illustrative example:

media113.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting for diagnostic purposes

A61B 5/00

Diagnosis by temperature mapping of body parts

A61B 5/015

Detecting heart/pulse rate for diagnostic purposes, worn by patient

A61B 5/02438

Marking methods by using thermochromic compounds, liquid crystals

B41M 5/287

Tenebrescent material (change wavelength)(darken or bleachen) i.e. crystals lenses

C09K 9/00

Dyeing with phototropic dyes

D06P 1/004

Photometry, using change in colour

G01J 1/50

Supports for thermometers

G01K 1/14

Measuring temperature upon phisical/ chemical changes, change of colour

G01K 11/12

Special rules of classification

When the means for medical monitoring are relevant per se forward to A61B 5/00 and lower groups.

Convertible garments
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media114.png

{in their length}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media115.jpgmedia116.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjusting sleeve lengths

A41F 19/005

Special rules of classification

For pants adjusting its length class in A41D 15/002 and A41D 1/06.

{reversible garments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media117.jpg

Skirts convertible into trousers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media118.jpg

Garments convertible into other articles (for travelling or camp articles A45F 4/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media119.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling/sleeping rugs convertible into robes

A47G 9/064

Parking covers for cycles

B60J19/00

Gaiters; Spats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media120.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stockings without foot parts

A41B 11/08

Overshoes

A43B 3/16

Overshoes for sporting purposes

A43B 5/18

Special rules of classification

When worn under garments or shoes, class in stockings without foot parts A41B 11/08.

When worn over garments and/or shoes, class in Gaiters/Spats A41D 17/00 and lower groups.

When worn only over shoes, forward to Overshoes A43B 3/16, A43B 5/18.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Gaiter

a covering of cloth, leather, etc. for the ankle, or ankle and lower leg.

Spat

a short gaiter worn over the instep and reaching only a little way above the ankle, usually fastened under the foot by means of a strap.

{Fastening means for gaiters}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media121.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Straps on the lower end of legs of trousers for holding-down

A41F 17/04

Overshoes

A43B 3/16

Overshoes for sporting purposes

A43B 5/18

Leggings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Rain protectors for legs.

Illustrative example:

media122.jpgmedia123.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Outerwear tights

A41D 1/06

Outerwear sportive tights

A41D 1/08

Panti-hose (underwear tights)

A41B 11/14

Special rules of classification

Does not comprise tights worn as underwear, outerwear or for sporting purposes.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Legging

leg outer covering, i.e. over trousers.

Puttees
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media124.jpg

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Puttee

a long strip of cloth or leather wound spirally round the leg from the ankle to the knee and worn by soldiers, walkers, etc., for protection and support in rough terrain.

Gloves (brush bodies shaped as gloves A46B 5/04; gloves for washing the body A47K 7/02; gloves for domestic washing or cleaning A47L 13/18; surgical gloves A61B 42/10; swimming gloves A63B 31/02; as accessories for games or sports, e.g. baseball, boxing or golf gloves A63B 71/14; gloves for glove-boxes B25J 1/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises complete covering of hand with fingers.

Illustrative examples:

media125.pngmedia126.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glove for curing / therapy

A61F 5/10

Gloves delivering cosmetics

A61K 8/0208, A45D 34/00, A61M 35/003

Yarns (for gloves)

D02G 3/442

Knitting gloves

D04B 1/28

Special rules of classification

For partial covering or protection of hand class in A41D 13/081 (hand protectors).

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245

{made of several layers of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media127.jpg

{Linings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media128.jpg

{with openings, e.g. for the nails or for exposing jewellery}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media129.jpg

media130.png

{with slits for the fingers or part of the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media131.jpg

{with pockets}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media132.jpg

{with accessories}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media133.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for massage

A61H 7/00

Finger worn pointing device

G06F

Data gloves

G06F 3/014

Pointing devices

G06F 3/033

Capacitive touch screens

G06F 3/044

Mobile pen-type handsets

H04M 1/0285

Facilitating the use of keys in mobile devices

H04M 1/23

{Measuring instruments, e.g. watch, thermometer}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media134.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fixation of watch cases on items of clothing

G04B 37/1433

{Whistles or other warning devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media135.jpg

{Retaining means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media136.png

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005

{for fastening an article to the glove}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media137.jpg

{for connecting the glove to the garment or the arm of the user}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media138.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment classify in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment classify in A41D 13/0005.

{Cuff portions}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media139.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), class only in A41F 1/06 .

For fastening glove in other area, class only in A41F 1/06. For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or A41D 19/0089.

For attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment with sealing class in A41D 13/0005.

{Decorations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media140.jpg

{Plastic or rubber gloves}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glove dispensers in surgery / diagnosis

A61B 42/40

Surgery instruments detector

A61B 2090/0804

Gloves delivering cosmetics

A61K 8/0208, A45D 34/00, A61M 35/003

Dipping process

B05D 1/18

Shaping by coating a mould

B29C 41/00

Encapsulating inserts in plastic

B29C 70/70

Producing gloves from plastics

B29D 99/0067

Dispensing flat articles

B65D 83/0894

Reinforced macromolecular compounds

C08J 5/005

Coating shaped articles

C08J 7/04

Magnet detectable rubber gloves

C08K33/22, C08L 21/00

Latex compounds

C08L 11/02

Oilcloth obtained by covering fibrous webs with rubber, PU

D06N 3/14

Safety control of machines

F16P 3/12

Tags for object detection

G01V 15/00

Alarms, ferromagnetic tags

G08B 13/2408

{Three-dimensional gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media141.png

{made of one layer of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media142.jpg

{with a textile layer underneath}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media143.jpgmedia144.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dipping process

B05D 1/18

Weft knitting for gloves

D04B 1/28

{Two-dimensional gloves, i.e. obtained by superposition of two sheets of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media145.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sanitary / disposable caps (food / hospital)

A42B 1/043

{made of one layer of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media146.jpg

{permitting handling and containing of waste materials}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media147.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand implements for removing excrements

E01H 1/1206

{with channels for conveying fluids}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media148.jpg

{Details}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media149.png

{Nail-like attachments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media150.jpg

{Joints between glove and cuff or garment}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media151.jpg

Special rules of classification

For fastening glove in cuff area (but not to another garment), classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove in other area, classify only in A41F 1/06.

For fastening glove to another garment class in A41D 19/0041 or here (A41D 19/0089).

For sealing attachments of glove and sleeve from protective garment class in A41D 13/0005.

{Retaining means, e.g. loops for hanging the gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media152.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices to assist donning of gloves

A47G 25/904

Glove hooks on walls

A47G 25/92

{Means for resisting mechanical agressions, e.g. cutting or piercing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media153.jpg

with undivided covering for all four fingers, i.e. mittens ({A41D 19/0055}, A41D 19/015 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media154.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Kitchen pot holders

A47J 45/10

Protective gloves {(A41D 19/0055 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media155.png

{resistant to mechanical aggressions, e.g. cutting. piercing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media156.pngmedia157.png

{made of wire-mesh, e.g. butchers' gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media158.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armour plate constructions

F41H 5/0492

{with protection against crushing, e.g. of the finger tips}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media159.pngmedia160.jpg

{absorbing shocks or vibrations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media161.jpg

{with thermal or fire protection}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media162.pngmedia163.png

{Heated gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media164.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / cooling therapy of human body

A61F 7/00

Hand heating / cooling

A61F 2007/0036

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

A61F 2007/0233

Ohmic-resist. heating in clothes

H05B 3/342

{Cooled gloves}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media165.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating / cooling therapy of human body

A61F 7/00

Hand heating / cooling

A61F 2007/0036

Heating / cooling incorporated in clothing

A61F 2007/0233

{with grip improving means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media166.pngmedia167.png

{using hooks and loops fastening system}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media168.jpg

{using a layer of grip improving material (A41D 19/01552 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media169.png

{using strips of material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media170.png

{with luminous or reflective means (protective garments with reflective or luminous safety means A41D 13/01)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media171.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting signalling worn by driver

B60Q 1/2673, B60Q 7/00

Structural combinations of lighting devices with clothing, gloves

F21V 33/0008

Structural combination of light devices with fire-fighting equipment

F21V 33/0064

Refracting surfaces

G02B 5/126

Visible signalling arrangements attached on persons, reflective safety belts

G08B 5/004

Indicating arrangements with diodes

G09F 9/33

Illuminated signs

G09F 13/00

Special rules of classification

Reflective means include mirrors.

{with means to restrain or support the hand}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media172.pngmedia173.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic devices for fingers

A61F 5/10

{including rigid elements}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media174.jpgmedia175.png

{with accessories, e.g. tools, receptacles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media176.jpg

Arrangements for cutting-out, or shapes of, glove blanks
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media177.jpg

Appliances for making gloves; Measuring devices for glove-making
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media178.png

{Glove-turning machines (turning inside-out of tubular articles D06G 3/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media179.jpgmedia180.png

{Measuring devices for glove-making}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media181.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring instruments

G01B 3/46

Wristbands or headbands, e.g. for absorbing sweat
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media276.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hat fittings

A42C 5/02

Towels, body-drying implements

A47K 10/02

Special rules of classification

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and as additional information in A41B 15/00.

If it has the shape of an armband, class additionally in A41D 20/00.

Scarves; Head-scarves; Neckerchiefs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media183.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soft caps, turbans

A42B 1/041

Bonnets

A42B 1/045

Veils

A42B 5/00

Neckties
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media184.pngmedia185.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Decorative bow structures

D04D 7/10

Special rules of classification

Comprises ascot ties, bow ties and cravates.

Comprises protectors of neckties.

{Making neckties}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media186.png

{Neckties provided with holding devices, e.g. button holes or loops for securing them to a shirt or for holding the two ends of the necktie}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media187.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

A41B 3/12

with ready-made knot or bow, with or without bands
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media188.png

{with knot simulated by a ring or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media189.jpg

{Means for forming the knot or bow, e.g. combined with means for holding the tie}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media190.jpg

media191.png

{Means for holding the necktie (A41D 25/025 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media192.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

A41B 3/12

{Bands}; Fastening devices for the bands
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media193.jpg

with knot, bow or like tied by the user
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media194.png

media195.png

Means for forming or tying the knot, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media196.jpg

Means for holding the knot, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media197.jpg

attachable to the collar or stud
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media198.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shirt collars with supports for neckties

A41B 3/12

Means for forming and holding simultaneously
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media199.jpg

Linings; Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media200.jpg

Linings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media201.png

Removable linings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media202.png

Stiffening-pieces
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media203.png

Trimmings; Ornaments
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media204.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brooches (Decorative ornament or jewellery to be fastened on clothing)

A44C 1/00

Printing imitating patterns

B41M 3/06

Decoration of surfaces

B44C 1/10

Decoration of surfaces by etching

B44C 1/22

Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

B44C 5/00

Decoration with light effects, holograms

B44F 1/10

Imitation of artists work

B44F 11/00

Labelling fabrics

B65C 5/00

Mechanical ornamentation of leather

C14B 1/56

Decorative bow structures

D04D 7/10

Embroidery

D05C 7/02

Decorating textiles

D06Q 1/00

Decorating textiles with glass beads or other particulate material

D06Q 1/10

Etching with laser for patterning surfaces

G03F 7/2053

Labels/ identification means

G09F 3/00

Signs

G09F 7/00

Mobile advertising by a carrier person / animal

G09F 21/02

Mobile advertising fixed on human dresses

G09F 2021/023

{Luminous ornaments}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media205.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Decoration with light effects, holograms

B44F 1/10

Lighting with clothing

F21V 33/0008

Indicating arrangements with diodes

G09F 9/33

Illuminated signs, luminous advertising being electroluminescent

G09F 13/22

Circuits for light sources, controlling

H05B 37/0227

Special rules of classification

Light emitting electronic textiles classed & treated in G09F 13/22, G09F 9/33

Sleeves; Armholes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media206.pngmedia207.png

Shields or protectors
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media208.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection)

A41D 1/088

Aprons

A41D 13/04

Leggings

A41D 17/02

Protectors for shirt collars

A41B 3/18

Protectors for shirt cuffs

A41B 7/12

Protective undergarments, when protection done by textile only

A41B 9/12

Bibs for babies/children

A41B 13/10

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

A41H 27/00

Toilet/cosmetic protecting mantles, shoulder-shields, bibs (hairdresser)

A45D 44/08

Napkins attachable to clothing

A47G 11/002

Napkin with separate holding devices

A47G 21/165

Lap trays

A47G 23/0608

Surgical drapes

A61B 46/00

Special rules of classification

Comprises protection of interior of clothing, usually for absorbing sweat.

Comprises also protection of exterior of clothing, i.e. patches avoiding wear & tear, except in the cases mentioned below.

Does not comprise protection of shirt's collar, or shirt's cuffs.

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

For protecting exterior front part from getting dirty class in:

When protection is for children/babies, class in bibs A41B 13/10. When protection is for adults, class in aprons A41D 13/04.

For exterior protection on arm to use as handkerchief, class in A41D 27/12 and in A41B 15/00.

For protectors of neckties class in A41D 25/00.

Sports pants with crotch reinforcement (not for cycling, i.e. garment protection) A41D 1/088

For protection of trousers from rain, soiling with leggings class in A41D 17/02

For mending garments by adhesive or adhesive patches, class additionally in A41H 27/00

Under-arm shields
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media209.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective undergarments when protection done by textile only

A41B 9/12

Absorbent pads for breast / torso

A61F 13/14

Additives (for odour) of absorbent pads

A61F13/15H8

Absorbent pads attaching to the body

A61F 13/82

Body deodorants

A61Q 15/00

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

D06M 13/005

Special rules of classification

For separate under-arm shields for underwear or outerwear, usually for absorbing sweat, classify in A41D 27/13.

For underwear having integral sweat/odor protection means classify in A41B 9/12.

on the underedge of the garment
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media210.png

{Piping edges; Protectors for the edges of trouser legs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Piping edges (clothing having trimming stitched in seams or along edges).

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media211.png

Collar-shields
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises protectors for collars of outerwear, not of shirts.

Illustrative example:

media212.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protection of shirt collars

A41B 3/18

Special rules of classification

For protection of shirt collars, class in A41B 3/18.

For protection of shirt cuffs, class in A41B 7/12.

Cloth collars
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media213.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Neckbands for shirts

A41B 1/12

Collars for shirts

A41B 3/00

Pockets; Making or setting-in pockets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media214.png

Special rules of classification

For professional or protective garments with pockets where the construction of the pocket is relevant per se classify in A41D 27/20 and lower groups and in A41D 13/0012.

For medical staff garments with pockets for holding medical supplies classify in A41D 13/12 and in A41D 13/0012.

{Pocket closures}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media215.png

{Making or setting-in pockets (machines or appliances for folding the edges of pockets while manufacturing A41H 33/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media216.png

{Pockets adapted to receive a mobile phone or other electronic equipment}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media217.jpg

Loops or hooks for hanging-up (with locking devices E05B 69/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media218.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Show hangers

A47F 7/00

Clothes hangers

A47G 25/14

Hems; Seams
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media219.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Treating selvedges or other edges

D06C 25/00

Seaming textiles

D06H 5/00

Special rules of classification

Comprises stitch, when stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For details of hems of trousers class in A41D 27/24 and A41D 1/06.

{made by welding or gluing (joining of plastics by welding or gluing B29C 65/00; sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams D05B 17/00; thermal or chemical fixing of seams and hems D06M)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media220.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mending garments by adhesives or adhesive patches

A41H 27/00

Methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread

B29C 65/00

Joining of performed parts

B29C 65/00

Ultrasonic welding

B29C 65/08

Welding & severing by ultrasonic vibrations

B29C 65/08

Applying adhesive

B29C 65/52

Layered products using adhesive

B32B 7/12

Laminating using adhesive

B32B 37/1284

Forming selvedges by adhesion

D03D 47/50

Thermal or chemical fixing of seams, hems and cuttings

D06M 23/18

Special rules of classification

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For methods of joining garment parts or blanks by gluing or welding, class also in A41H 43/04.

Shoulder-pads; Hip-pads; Bustles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

media221.pngmedia222.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shoulder cushioning attachments for shoulder straps

A41F 15/007

Special rules of classification

Includes only shaping pads, not protection pads.

For hip shock-absorbing / protection pads, refer to A41D 13/0506 and A41D 13/015.

Means for ventilation
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

Figure 1.

media277.png

Figure 2.

media278.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation in shoes

A43B 7/08

Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Everytime there's any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone.
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric, i.e. with channels: A41D 31/14 or A41D 31/145 combined with A41D 27/28.
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc) : add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels: add A41D 31/12 or A41D 31/125.
Uniforms; Parts or accessories of uniforms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media225.png

Materials specially adapted for outerwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media226.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Composite separation membranes

B01D 69/02, B01D 69/12

Woven fabrics characterised by material

D03D 15/00

Knitted with synthetic threads

D04B 1/16

Making textile fabrics from fibers

D04H 1/00

Other non-woven fabrics

D04H 13/00

Mechanical treatment on fabrics

D06C

Coating fibres

D06M

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

D06M 13/005

Flexible sheet materials

D06N 7/00

{made from a plurality of interconnected elements (A41D 31/04 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media279.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Layered materials specially adapted for outerwear characterised by special function or use

A41D 31/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Armoured clothing plate construction

F41H 5/0485

Layered materials (characterised by special function or use A41D 31/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Waterproof/breathable material construction for non-protective garments, i.e. Gore-Tex.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Figure 1.

media280.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Laminated products with one fibrous layer

B32B 5/24

Two or more fibrous layers

B32B 5/26

Layered products, next to fibrous layer

B32B 27/12

Laminating processes

B32B 38/12

Double or multi-ply fabrics

D03D 11/00

Treating fabrics with fluorine

D06M 15/277

Producing multi-layer textile fabrics

D06M 17/00

characterised by special function or use {(protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents A62B 17/00; composition of materials for clothing affording protection against harmful chemical agents A62D 5/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Materials of protective clothing having camouflage pattern.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Figure 1.

media260.png

Figure 2.

media261.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents

A62B 17/00

Materials for clothing protecting against harmful chemical agents

A62D 5/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Camouflage flexible covers, screens, nets

F41H 3/02

Clothing protecting against X radiations

G21F 3/025

Special rules of classification

For protective clothing having camouflage pattern class in A41D 13/00.

Thermally protective, e.g. insulating
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only thermal protection against cold.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Figure 1.

media262.png

Figure 2.

media263.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Thermal insulation in general

F16L 59/07

{using layered materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Duvets

A47G 9/0207

Pillows

A47G 9/10

Loose filling materials for upholstery

B68G 1/00

Filling of cushions, mattresses

B68G 7/06

Non-woven fabrics formed by filamentary materials

D04H 3/02

Quilting and filling with feathers

D05B 11/005

Treatment of feathers

D06M 19/00

Heat resistant; Fire retardant
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Figure 1.

media264.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fireproof yarns

D02G 3/443

Woven fabrics using heat / flame proof threads

D03D 15/12

Knitted with synthetic threads

D04B 1/16

Waterproof and breathable
Definition statement

This place covers:

Waterproof/breathable material construction for non-protective garments, i.e. Gore-Tex.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Figure 1.

media265.png

Figure 2.

media266.png

Hygroscopic; Water retaining
Definition statement

This place covers:

Materials having a moisture handling or wicking function.

Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Every time there is any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric, i.e. with channels: A41D 31/14 or A41D 31/145 combined with A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc.): add Indexing Code A41D 13/002
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels: add A41D 31/12 or A41D 31/125
{Moisture handling or wicking function through layered materials}
Special rules of classification

Special rules of classification

  • In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment
  • Every time there is any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric, i.e. with channels: A41D 31/14 or A41D 31/145 combined with A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc): add Indexing Code A41D 13/002
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels: add A41D 31/12 or A41D 31/125
Air permeable, i.e. capable of being penetrated by gases (waterproof and breathable A41D 31/102)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Waterproof and breathable materials for outerwear

A41D 31/102

Special rules of classification

In cases of ventilation without fans (or forced air circulation) of an outside garment:

  • Every time there is any kind of ventilation: A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is done transversally (perpendicular) to the fabric: A41D 27/28 alone
  • When ventilation is done parallel to the fabric, i.e. with channels: A41D 31/14 or A41D 31/145 combined with A41D 27/28
  • When ventilation is also used to regulate inside conditions (temperature, humidity etc): add Indexing Code A41D 13/002.
  • When there are sweat handling or wicking properties, i.e. sweat transport in ventilation channels: add A41D 31/12 or A41D 31/125
Resistant to mechanical stress, e.g. pierce-proof {(aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions A41D 13/043)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Aprons resistant to mechanical aggressions

A41D 13/043

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cut resistant yarns

D02G 3/442

Armoured clothing plate construction

F41H 5/0485

Special rules of classification

Also contains abrasion resistant materials

Electrically protective, e.g. preventing static electricity or electric shock
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Anti-static materials

C09K 3/16

Shock absorbing
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cushioning for helmets

A42B 3/12

Cushions in bicycle seats

B62J 1/26

Loose filling materials for upholstery

B68G 1/00

Chemical aspects of damping compositions

C08K, C08L, C08J

Springs, dampers

F16F 1/3605

Shock absorbers

F16F 9/306

Protective helmets (bulletproof)

F41H 1/04

Special rules of classification

Comprises materials of protective garments with shock absorbing means.

For protection of body parts not included in the subgroups of A41D 13/05 and protection for several body parts in the same garment, class in A41D 13/05.

For shock-absorbing means in general, i.e. pads, class in A41D 13/015.

Antimicrobial, e.g. antibacterial
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Anthrax

A61L

Special rules of classification

For ABC suits (used to protect against chemical/biological/toxic environment) forward to A62B 17/006 and do not class in A41D 13/00.

{using layered materials}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Laminates for surgical drapes

A61B 46/40

Retroreflective
Definition statement

This place covers:

Reflective materials of electromagnetic waves, protecting against them.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods producing reflective surfaces

B29D 11/00605

{using layered materials}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

Figure 1.

media267.png

Hoods
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soft hoods

A42B 1/04

Hoods attachable to clothing

A42B 1/048

using straps or ties
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Drawstrings inside pants

A41F 9/025

Seams
Special rules of classification

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class additionally in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

made by welding or gluing
Special rules of classification

When stitch and weld combined it should be classed in A41D 27/24 and A41D 27/245.

For methods of joining or sewing machines with adhesive without thread, always consult/forward to B29C 65/00.

For seams of gloves, where the seam is not relevant, class in A41D 2300/50 or A41D 2300/52.

For seams in general, class in A41D 27/24 or A41D 27/245.

inflatable
Special rules of classification

Comprises also already inflated sealed structures, i .e. air bubbles

Reducing drag or turbulence in air or water
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flying suits

B64D 10/00

Special rules of classification

For increasing drag or turbulence in air or water, class in A41D 2400/80

UV light protection
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

A45B 25/20

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

A61K 8/0208, A61Q 17/04

Radiation therapy

A61N 5/0613 , A61N 2005/0645

Fiber treatment

D06M 11/67, D06M 23/00

Dyeing textiles

D06P 1/00

Outdoor fabrics for tents

D10B 2505/18

Sun-shades

E04F 10/02

Tents

E04H 15/54

Filters with dyes

G02B 5/223, G02B 5/208

Special rules of classification

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

UV light permeability
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas

A45B 25/20

Topical barriers, i.e. suncreams

A61K 8/0208, A61Q 17/04

Radiation therapy

A61N 5/0613 , A61N 2005/0645

Fiber treatment

D06M 11/67, D06M 23/00

Dyeing textiles

D06P 1/00

Outdoor fabrics for tents

D10B 2505/18

Sun-shades

E04F 10/02

Tents

E04H 15/54

Filters with dyes

G02B 5/223, G02B 5/208

Special rules of classification

Comprises also protection for ranges other than UV, i.e. IR

Deoderising or perfuming
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Containers for holding perfume

A45D 34/00

Holders for air deodorants

A61L 9/12

Body deodorants

A61Q 15/00

Perfumes encapsulated in a carrier

C11D 3/505

Perfumes released by thermal or chemical activation

C11D 3/507

Textiles containing perfume or deodorants

D06M 13/005

Donning facilities
Special rules of classification

Comprises drop-seat opening for overalls

Friction or grip reinforcement
Special rules of classification

Comprises function of increasing drag or turbulence in air or water

Welding
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masks/eye protectors for welders

A61F 9/06

Welding protection for head

B23K 9/322