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FRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Furniture in general
Desk provided with computers
Book or Notebook rest holder
Chairs, sofas, beds
Support to show or support objects in shops, restaurants etc.
Support to hang frames and mirrors
Support for Christmas trees
Support for medical instrument
Dental work stand
Stand for blood infusion device
Support for laboratory devices
Supports for painting articles
Tool support for machine tools
XY translation tables
Holding, supporting or positioning device removable from a machine tools
Work benches, portable stands
Storage means for tools or instruments
Seat for vehicles
Arrangements for holding or mounting articles in a vehicle
Lifting means provided on a vehicle
Dolly
Lifting Jacks
Camera dolly
Foldable scaffold
Structure allowing erecting telescopic mast
Sockets or holder for poles or posts
Device for locking portable objects
Fixation means
Support for lighting devices
Support for ventilation/heating/air-conditioning systems
Solar panel supports
Support for measuring arrangements
Supports specially adapted for a measuring instrument or a set of measuring instruments
Supports for optical elements (telescopes, periscopes)
Accessories (support) for cameras
Projectors and accessories
Constructional details of laptops
Surveillance camera
Arrangements for displaying variable information
Supports for musical instruments
Supports for measuring instruments
Support for solar panel
Antenna supports
Supports for electric motor
Casings for radio
Supports for phones
Accessories for video cameras for television
Constructional details of display screens (television)
Video projectors
Supports for loudspeaker
Supports for microphones
Details of casings for electric apparatus
Frames or casings of engines, machines or apparatus; Frames serving as machinery beds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: DE102009052748

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chassis frames in vehicles
for reciprocating engines or similar machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Crankcase or casings for reciprocating engines in general. If the crankcase is used in relation with a special type of engine (e.g. internal combustion engine) then it has to be classified in the specific domain and not in F16M 1/02.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Casings for internal combustion engines
of tunnel type, i.e. wherein the crankshaft can only be introduced axially (for engines or machines with star-shaped cylinder arrangement F16K1/023)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Engines or machines with star-shaped cylinder arrangement
F16K1/023
for rotary engines or similar machines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Crankcase or casings for rotary engines in general. If the crankcase is used in relation with a special type of engine, then it has to be classified in the specific domain and not in F16M 1/02.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electrical and mechanical couplings
Portable or wheeled frames or beds, e.g. for emergency power-supply aggregates, compressor sets (construction of vehicles in general B60 to B62)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP2347164

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Construction of vehicles in general
B60-B62
Portable electric generator
Mobile piston pumps
Engine beds, i.e. means for supporting engines or machines on foundations
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP1832799

and: US2005263669

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machine beds
Supports for engines in vehicles
Details of attaching or adjusting engine beds, frames, or supporting-legs on foundation or base; Attaching non-moving engine parts, e.g. cylinder blocks (elastic or equivalent mounting for absorbing vibrations F16F, especially F16F 15/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2009032654

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Levelling devices for furniture
Supports for engines in vehicles
Supporting arrangements for washing machines
Elastic or equivalent mounting for absorbing vibrations
Special layout of foundations with respect to machinery to be supported (foundations for machinery E02D 27/44)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: GB1440426

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Foundations for machinery
Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon [N: Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters] (without heads F16K 13/00; easels or stands for blackboard or the like A47B 97/04; show-stands A47F 7/00; for workmen E04G 1/32; [N: sockets or holders for poles or posts E04H 12/22]; supporting, suspending for lighting devices F21V 21/00; special modifications for particular apparatus or articles, see the appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

F16M 11/00 and F16M 13/00 and the depending lower groups are used to classify the features in relation:

• With the place where the support is to be fixed, attached or rests;

• With the movements of the object that the support allows.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Easels or stands for blackboard or the like
Show-stands
For workmen
Sockets or holders for poles or posts
Supporting, suspending for lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/00 should not be used to classify any documents, because if a document fits in F16M 11/00, there is a more relevant class in one of the subgroups of F16M 11/00 or in Indexing Code F16M 2200/08. It is in

this relevant subgroup or Indexing Code that the document should be classified.

F16M 2200/00 is used to classify other type of features than the one of F16M 11/00 or F16M 13/00.

The following method should be followed to classify a document under F16M 11/00, F16M 13/00, F16M 2200/00 and the depending lower groups.

The following items should be first identified:

  • The stand or support (S),
  • The apparatus (A) to be supported,
  • The surface or the object (F) on or to which the support S should be fixed, attached or rest.

-Once these items are identified, two portions of the support should be then identified:

  • The head: includes the means for attachment of the apparatus A and when existing, the first cinematically independent joint assembly directly attached to the latter.
  • The undercarriage: includes everything making up the stand S under the head but not including this one.

-Then the first feature to be classified is where the support S should be fixed, attached or rest. This can be done after having identified the surface or object F defined before:

  • If the support S is attached or fixed to a wall, a post, a ceiling or another object then the support S should be classified in F16M 13/02 or a depending lower group;
  • If the support S is meant to support a handheld apparatus A, a class should be given in F16M 13/00, F16M 13/005 or F16M 13/04;
  • If the support S is meant to be attached or held by a person , F16M 13/04 should be given;
  • If the support S is connected to an arrangement for propelling the support, e.g. dolly with wheels, camera moving on a cable or on rails, it should be classified in F16M 11/42 and the depending lower groups;
  • If none of these cases are verified (e.g. for a stand simply resting on the floor), it is not necessary to classify this feature. If details of the foot or base of the stand or support are interesting (constructional feature, cable arrangement...) F16M 2200/08 should be given. The fact that only groups in F16M 11/00 and depending lower groups will be given to a document means that this one will rest on the floor, and cannot be attached or fixed to an other object or wall or ceiling or person body..

-Then, the movements allowed by the head and the means of attachment of the apparatus A with the support S should be classified in F16M 11/02 and the depending lower groups.

-Then, the movements allowed by the undercarriage should be classified in F16M 11/20 and the depending lower groups.

-The additional relevant information should also be classified in the parallel scheme F16M 2200/00 or in the groups F16M 11/16, F16M 11/18.

Additional remarks:

If it is not clear how the support is to be used, e.g. no clear orientations in the space and therefore a precise definition of the movement can be done then general groups should be given.

If the product to be supported is not described and therefore the head can not be defined, only classes for the undercarriage should be given.

Heads
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for attachment of an apparatus and when existing, the first cinematically independent joint assembly directly attached to the latter.

Particular case: If the support only consist of the connection and no movement of the object to be supported is allowed by the support once attached, then the head will be the attachment and the rest of the support is an undercarriage.

Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The supports which do not allow any movement of the apparatus to be supported and which allow a permanent connection of the apparatus e.g. by screws, this connection is considered as being the head. Then the undercarriage (monolithic bloc not allowing any movements) should be classified in F16M 11/22 and eventually in F16M 2200/08 in case of other special features of the foot or base stand.

Illustrative example: JP2010175998

Special rules of classification within this group

Balancing means should be classified in the new scheme in F16M 2200/04 and lower dependent groups and arms: in F16M 2200/06 lower dependent groups

[N: Allowing quick release of the apparatus]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: ep2196720

[N: Allowing translations]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

F16M 11/043 should be used when the translation possible is not clearly defined with respect to the direction and that it is possible that the supports be positioned such that translation in all three directions is possible. If the support can only be used such that the translation is always a translation as defined in one of the dependent groups then this group should be given.

Illustrative example: EP2288960

[N: adapted to left-right translation movement]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Platform x-y: jp2297004

[N: adapted to upward-downward translation movement]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2011108698

and: EP1570203

[N: Adapted to forward-backward translation movement]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Platform x-y: jp2297004

allowing pivoting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

comprises heads which are generally described without any special applications and therefore not necessarily restricted to a rotation around a horizontal or a vertical axis.

around a vertical axis, [N: e.g. panoramic heads (F16M 11/12 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Pan: US2009073643

and: EP1570203

around a horizontal axis [(F16M 11/12 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only contains heads allowing tilting movement.

Illustrative example: EP2329645

and: US2010193647

[N: the horizontal axis being the roll axis, e.g. for creating a landscape-portrait rotation]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP2307784

in more than one direction
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only the joints allowing tilting rolling and panning (the three possible rotations)

[N: constituted of several dependent joints]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: WO2010018241

and: US2008072699

[N: the axis of rotation intersecting in a single point, e.g. by using gimbals]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: GB2469344

[N: for tilting and rolling; F16M 11/14 takes precedence]
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

[N: for tilting and panning (F16M 11/14 takes precedence)]
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

[N: for panning and rolling (F16M 11/14 takes precedence)]
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

with ball-joint (ball-jointed hinges F16C 11/06) [N: adjustable mountings employing universal joints for lighting devices F21V 21/26 to F21V 21/30]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: us2011020055

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ball jointed hinges
Adjustable mountings employing universal joints for lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group
Undercarriages with or without wheels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Definition of undercarriage:

everything making up the stand under the head but not including this one (see definition of head in F16M 11/02).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Supporting elements for portable lighting devices
Lighting
Supporting arrangements for lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/20 should not be used to classify any documents, because if a document fits in F16M 11/20, there is a more relevant class in one of the subgroups of F16M 11/20. It is in this relevant subgroup(s) that the document should be classified.

If the undercarriage is monolithic (not allowing any movement), it should be classified in F16M 11/22 like e.g.: JP2010175998

[N: comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Undercarriages which are generally described without any special applications and therefore not necessarily restricted to a rotation around a horizontal or a vertical axis.

[N: around a vertical axis; F16M 11/2035 takes precedence]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010193647

and: WO2008002728

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/2035 takes precedence

[N: in more than one direction]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Contains the undercarriages constituted of several independent joints and/or allowing tilting, panning and rolling.

Illustrative example: US2007164176

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/2035 takes precedence over F16M 11/2014 and F16M 11/2021

[N: for tilting and rolling (F16M 11/2078 takes precedence)]
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

[N: for tilting and panning (F16M 11/2078 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2007217134

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

[N: for panning and rolling; F16M 11/2078 takes precedence]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

[N: with ball-joint (ball-jointed hinges F16C 11/06)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2006237608

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ball-jointed hinges
Special rules of classification within this group
[N: comprising means allowing depth adjustment i.e. forward-backward translation of the head relatively to the undercarriage]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP2108180

and: US2009050763

with approximately constant height, e.g. with constant length of column or of legs (F16M 11/42 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/42 takes precedence.

See also F16M 11/00 and F16M 11/20.

Here are supports with monolithic undercarriage not allowing any movement. Other details of this undercarriage should be classified under F16M 2200/08.

changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, [N: e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other] (F16M 11/42 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2008302926

[N: by spreading of the legs (F16M 11/32 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Duopod or bipod, and supports having more than three legs not having telescopic legs.

Illustrative example

WO2009125194

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/32 takes precedence.

[N: Members limiting spreading of legs, e.g. "umbrella legs"]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example

EP2315552

Special rules of classification within this group

For supports with three or more telescoping legs: F16M 11/34 takes precedence.

[N: Members preventing slipping of the feet ]
Special rules of classification within this group
This subclass/group covers:

For supports with three or more telescoping legs: F16M 11/36 takes precedence.

by telescoping, with or without folding (details concerning the constructional features of telescoping parts only F16B 7/10)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Contains bipod

Illustratvie example: US2006278797

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Locking of telescopic tubes: F16B 7/10F16B 7/14F16B7/16

Undercarriages for supports with one single telescoping pillar
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

contains monopod (illustrative example: US5458306)

or stand having one single telescopic column. The foot can be a tripod (with telescopic legs or not) and the single telescopic column can be the central column. Example: US2005092878

and: US2011079692

with co-moving side-struts
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2008087775

Undercarriages for supports with three or more telescoping legs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only tripod or supports having more than three legs and having telescopic legs as the title reads are classified here.

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/32 takes precedence over F16M 11/242

Members limiting spreading of legs, [N: e.g. "umbrella legs"]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: WO2010111544

.

Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/34 takes precedence over F16M 11/245

Members preventing slipping of the feet
Special rules of classification within this group

F16M 11/36 takes precedence over F16M 11/247

by folding, [N: e.g. pivoting or scissors tong mechanisms]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Undercarriage that can be folded for e.g. transportation needs, see illustrative example: US2011114805 (here the head is element 50 and the first pivot under 50, the rest (30) is the undercarriage)

.

and: WO2010024538 (here the head is the connection with the plate 10, and the undercarriage the rest)

by means of coilable or bendable legs [N: or spiral shaped legs]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010301188

and: US2010220992

with arrangement for propelling the support [N: stands on wheels]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: DE102008047898

and: DE102007020980

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rollers in general
Dolly
Rollers for containers
Camera attached to hanging cables
[N: along guiding means]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2009315288

and: EP2115342

Other supports for positioning apparatus or articles (heads thereof F16M 11/02; adapted to be stuck in the ground A45F 3/44; [N: sockets or holders for poles or posts E04H 12/22]); Means for steadying hand-held apparatus or articles [N: (supports for measuring instruments G01D 11/30; supports for casings of remote control switching devices H01H 9/025)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In F16M 13/00, the objects to be supported are hand-held apparatus (e.g. pda, tablet, gps, small portable screens, radio) and these objects are lying or resting on a support. The supports need also to be hand held support. A heavy tripod for a camera (which is a handheld apparatus) is not classified in F16M 13/00 and depending lower groups as this support is not handheld. A support classified in F16M 13/00 can also be classified in F16M 13/022, e.g. a support provided with suction cup for a GPS apparatus.

This group only contains support separated from the object to be supported contrary to F16M 13/005 and only support for handheld apparatus.

Illustrative example: US2009230161

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holder for fastening hand article, attached to the garment
Book or Notebook rest holder
Show stands
Adapted to be stuck on the ground
A47F3/44
Sockets or holders for poles or posts
Supports for measuring instruments
Docking station for laptop
Pager with belt clip
Supports for casings of remote control switching devices
Special rules of classification within this group

For more details of how to classify in F16M 11/00, F16M 13/00 and F16M 2200/00 see the Special Rules of Classification of the main group F16M 11/00.

Detail of the head is to be classified in F16M 11/02.

Detail of the undercarriage is to be classified in F16M 11/20.

[N: Integral with the apparatus or articles to be supported]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The support is integrated in the object.

For support integrated in the object see the illustrative example: US2009314915

and: US2010133414

Special rules of classification within this group

The possible movements allowed by this support should still be classified under the head groups (F16M 11/02 and lower groups) and if necessary under the undercarriage groups (F16M 11/20 and lower groups).

for supporting on, or attaching to, an object, e.g. tree, gate, window-frame, cycle
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The supports are attached to a wall or at another object like e.g. a post.

Support attached to the wall, see the illustrative example: WO2011003115

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holding, supporting or positioning device removable from a machine tools
Clamps
Suction cups
Pager with belt clip
[N: Repositionable]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Supports easily repositionable using e.g. clamps; see the illustrative example: US2010264281

or suction cups: US2011/0024587

[N: Ceiling supports] [N: WARNING Not complete; see also F16M 13/02]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

See the illustrative example: EP2288960

for supporting on, or holding steady relative to, a person, e.g. by chains, [N: e.g. rifle butt or pistol grip supports, supports attached to the chest or head (apparatus or arrangements for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them G03B)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010254696

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holder for fastening hand article, attached to the garment
Goggles
Apparatus or arrangement for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them
Details of accessories for cameras
Pager with belt clip
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013