CPC Definition - Subclass G08G

Last Updated Version: 2019.05
TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS (guiding railway traffic, ensuring the safety of railway traffic B61L; arrangement of road signs or traffic signals E01F 9/00; radar or analogous systems, sonar systems, lidar systems specially adapted for traffic control G01S 13/91, G01S 15/88, G01S 17/88; {radar or analogous systems, sonar systems, lidar systems specially adapted for anti-collision purposes G01S 13/93, G01S 15/93, G01S 17/93})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Traffic control; traffic monitoring.

Identification of traffic offenders.

Anti-collision systems.

Navigation systems wherein the calculation of the navigation route takes into account traffic situation. The navigation route can be carried out onboard or offboard.

Relationships with other classification places

Subclass G08G covers arrangements, located in land, water, air or space vehicles or on the ground, for controlling road vehicles, marine craft or aircraft within a traffic environment, e.g. anti-collision systems.

This subclass does not cover arrangements for the control of position, course, altitude or attitude of land, water, air or space vehicles, not being specific to a traffic environment, e.g. automatic pilots, unmanned vehicles, which are covered by group G05D 1/00.

Radar or analogous systems, sonar systems or lidar systems specially adapted for traffic control or anti-collision systems are covered by specific groups of subclass G01S (see below).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Guiding railway traffic, ensuring the safety of railway traffic

B61L

Radar or analogous systems, sonar systems or lidar systems specially adapted for traffic control

G01S 13/91, G01S 15/88, G01S 17/88

Radar or analogous systems, sonar systems or lidar systems specially adapted for anti-collision purposes

G01S 13/93, G01S 15/93, G01S 17/93

Control of position, course, altitude or attitude of land, water, air or space vehicles, not being specific to a traffic environment, e.g. automatic pilots

G05D 1/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Navigation, i.e. determining the position and course of land vehicles, ships, aircrafts or space vehicles

G01C 21/00

Combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value

G01C 23/00

Head-up displays

G02B 27/01

Pattern recognition

G06K 9/00

Image analysis

G06T 7/00

Maps, route diagrams

G09B 29/00

Services making use of the location of users or terminals, specially adapted for wireless communication networks

H04W 4/02

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Fleet

Designates (land, water, air or space) vehicles belonging to a group for a specific purpose and monitored by a common central station

Traffic control systems for road vehicles (arrangement of road signs or traffic signals E01F 9/00 {; automatic vehicle control B62D})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements for controlling road vehicles within a traffic environment, e.g. anti-collision systems.

Traffic signal control.

Traffic lights per se.

Vehicle position monitoring for fleet management.

Management of passenger vehicles circulating according to a fixed time schedule, e.g. buses, trains or trams. Indication of free spaces in parking areas.

Platooning, i.e. the control of the admission or release of vehicles to or from a platoon (a synonym for "convoy", see Glossary). This includes the organisation of vehicles within platoons, involving an exchange of information between the control system and the vehicles, i.e. the number of vehicles, acceptance or refusal of new vehicles in the platoon, and where in the platoon the new vehicle may be inserted.

Relationships with other classification places

Group B60W 30/00 covers drive control systems using conjoint control of vehicle sub-units for road vehicles under the drive of a human being, whereby the control is of single vehicles. Examples are: drive control systems for predicting or avoiding probable or impending collision otherwise than by control of a particular sub-unit, covered by group B60W 30/08; cruise control, covered by group B60W 30/14; and cruise control of distance between vehicles, e.g. keeping a distance to preceding vehicle, covered by B60W 30/16.

This group covers traffic lights per se (under G08G 1/095). Mechanical aspects of light devices for fixed installations are covered by group F21S 8/00, advertising or display means on roads are covered by group G09F 19/22, circuits arrangements for electric light sources in general are covered by group H05B 37/00.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Guiding railway traffic, ensuring the safety of railway traffic

B61L

Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals

E01F 9/00

Arrangements for measuring levels and bearings for surveillance and navigation

G01C

Radio navigation systems, e.g. for locating, measuring distances or velocity

G01S

Automatic vehicles

G05D

Road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users

G07B 15/06

Details of display instrumentation

G09F, G09G

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for or arranged in vehicles

B60K 28/00

Vehicle fittings for automatically controlling vehicle speed

B60K 31/00

Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lightning devices

B60Q 1/00

Optical viewing arrangements for cars

B60R 1/00

Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks

B60R 21/00

Vehicle fittings for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles

B60R 25/00

Vehicle brake control system

B60T

Road vehicle drive control systems for predicting or avoiding probable or impending collision otherwise than by control of a particular sub-unit

B60W 30/08

Road vehicle cruise control, e.g. for controlling the distance between vehicles

B60W 30/14

Cruise control of distance between road vehicles, e.g. keeping a distance to preceding vehicle

B60W 30/16

Steering controls

B62D 1/00

Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals

E01F 9/00

Light devices intended for fixed installation

F21S 8/00

Radar or analogous systems, sonar systems, lidar systems specially adapted for traffic control

G01S 13/91, G01S 15/88, G01S 17/88

Radar or analogous systems, sonar systems, lidar systems specially adapted for anti-collision purposes

G01S 13/93, G01S 15/93, G01S 17/93

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles

G07C 5/00

Parking meters

G07F 17/24

Advertising or display means on roads

G09F 19/22

Circuits arrangements for electric light sources in general

H05B 37/00

Special rules of classification

In this group, multi-aspect classification is applied, so that subject matter characterised by aspects covered by more than one of its subgroups, which is considered to represent information of interest for search, should be classified in each of these subgroups.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

C onvoy / platoon

means a group of vehicles which is controlled as a whole by exchange of data or information between the vehicles themselves (i.e. inter‑vehicle communication) or with one or more external sources (i.e. central source or distributed sources)

including pedestrian guidance indicator
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for pedestrians in road traffic situations.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Aiding invalids to walk about with electronic detecting means

A61H 3/061, G09B 21/00

Counting means; controlling and registering access of persons to restricted areas or devices

G07C 9/00

The pass performing a presence indicating function

G07C 9/00111

Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled (G08G 1/07 - G08G 1/14 take precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Controlling traffic signals to indicating individual free spaces in parking areas

G08G 1/07 - G08G 1/14 )

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at a control point

G07B 15/00

{Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Statistic measurements by means of data collection.

Traffic data analysis by means of mathematical methods.

Floating car (FCD): the data is collected by the vehicle and it is then

transferred to a central station.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machine learning

G06N 20/00

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles

G07C 5/00:

Communicating information to a remotely located station

G07C 5/008

Locating users or terminals

H04W 64/00

With additional information processing

H04W 64/006

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

FCD

Floating Car Data

xFCD

extended Floating Car Data

with provision for distinguishing between two or more types of vehicles, e.g. between motor-cars and cycles
Definition statement

This place covers:

to distinguish between car, bus, truck and different categories of vehicles being able to make a distinction between the type of vehicles.

identifying vehicles (G08G 1/015, G08G 1/054 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

To identify a specific car, for example plate number, driver, colour etc. How to recognize specific vehicles overtrading a highway rule.

Identifying the specific vehicle, plate number, colour etc.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Distinguishing between two or more types of vehicles

G08G 1/015

Photographing over speeding vehicles

G08G 1/054

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gantries or semi-gantries

E01F 9/696

Image acquisition, target detection

G06K 9/3241

Toll systems

G07B 15/00

Individual entry or exit registers

G07C 9/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

AVI

Automatic Vehicle Identification

using treadles built into the road (pads or other sensitive devices responsive to passage of vehicles E01F 11/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Road surface markings, informing road users e.g. illuminated

E01F 9/50

Pads or other sensitive devices responsive to passage of vehicles

E01F 11/00

Piezo-electric devices; electrostrictive devices; magnetostrictive devices

H01L 41/00

Sensors

H01L 41/113

using optical or ultrasonic detectors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Housing arrangements

G01S 7/4813:

Imaging using radar

G01S 13/89

Interferometer, Doppler SAR

G01S 13/90

Systems using the reflection or reradiating of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves

G01S 17/00

For detecting the presence of an object

G01S 17/026

Recognising traffic patterns

G06K 9/00785

Video recorder in combination with video camera

G07C 5/0891

Television

H04N 1/38

Closed TV Systems

H04N 7/18

using inductive or magnetic detectors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting

G01V 3/00:

Operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices

G01V 3/08

Using induction coils

G01V 3/10

Antennas in association with traffic control

H01Q 1/3225

with provision for compensation of environmental or other condition, e.g. snow, vehicle stopped at detector
Definition statement

This place covers:

With the aim that the identification systems work properly

To ensure the proper functioning of the device.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Meteorology

G01W 1/00

with provision for determining speed or overspeed {(speed measuring in general G01P)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling speed by externally generated signals

B60K 31/0058

Including a device to audibly, visibly or otherwise signal the existence of unusual or unintended speed

B60K 31/18

Speed measuring in general

G01P

Velocity or direction measurement instrument designed for traffic control

G01S 13/92

Cameras for overspeed

H04N 5/232

Controlling traffic signals
Definition statement

This place covers:

For crossings or accesses to highways.

Refers especially to traffic lights / for control or monitoring of a multiplicity of traffic signals and not individual ones

Cycle: of traffic light, i.e. red/green/yellow / Green wave etc.

{Ramp control}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Access to highways: e.g. monitoring driving on the wrong way, warning when entering in the wrong direction etc.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Road crossings on different levels; interconnections between roads on different levels; Structure of roads

E01C 1/04

using a free-running cyclic timer
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fixed frequency without external triggers.

Override of traffic control, e.g. by signal transmitted by an emergency vehicle
Definition statement

This place covers:

When emergency vehicle brakes the cycle for passing and in this way it changes the light of traffic lights to prevent collisions with emergency vehicle

Changing the green light cycles so that emergency vehicles find the traffic lights always in green and avoid possible accidents.

Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions ({railroad crossing signals B61L; reflectors E01F, G08B}; indicating arrangements for variable information by selection or combination of individual elements G09F 9/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric circuits in a car

B60R 16/02

Railroad crossing signals

B61L

Reflectors

E01F, G08B

Road surface markings

E01F 9/50, E01F 9/576, E01F 9/594

Specially adapted for audible or vibrational signalling, e.g. rumble strips across a lane, or for enforcing reduced speed, e.g. speed

E01F 9/529

Arrangements for executing specific programmes

G06F 9/44

Information retrieval

G06F 16/00

Systems or methods specially adapted for administrative, commercial, financial, managerial, supervisory or forecasting purposes,not involving significant data processing.

G06Q 90/00

Traffic signs

G09F 7/00, G09F 9/00, G09F 11/00

Indicating arrangements for variable information by selection or combination of individual elements

G09F 9/00

Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field

H04B 7/00

Adapted for handsfree use in a vehicle

H04M 1/6075

By interfacing with the vehicle audio system

H04M 1/6083

Including a wireless interface

H04M 1/6091

{Traffic information broadcasting (broadcasting communication H04H)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Structure and reception of radio messages such as RDS, TMC.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Construction details of receivers to be used in vehicles

H04B 1/082

Broadcasting communication

H04H

Digital broadcasting

H04H 20/00- H04H 60/98

Broadcasting communication, signal waveform

H04H 20/65

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

DAB

Digital Audio Broadcasting

RDS-TMC

Traffic Message Control

Traffic lights
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control

G08G 1/07

Supervision

G08G 1/097

Appliances for aiding invalids to walk about

A61H 3/00

Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals. Only for mechanical aspects

E01F 9/00

Mobile luminous signs

E01F 9/615

Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic, e.g. gates, barricades (for railway crossings B61L); preventing passage of vehicles of selected category or dimensions ( E01F 13/12, E01F 13/126 take precedence)]

E01F 13/00

free-standing; portable, e.g. for guarding open manholes

E01F 13/02

For supporting on, or attaching to, an object, e.g. tree, gate, window-frame, cycle

F16M 13/02

Traffic lights, pillar shaped lights

F21S 8/00

Traffic lights; devices intended for fixed installation; pillar shaped lights; lights arranged on top of each other

F21S 8/00

Optical elements other than lenses

G02B 5/00

With means for preventing ghost images

G02B 27/0018

Audible signalling systems

G08B 3/00

Audible signalling systems; Audible personal calling systems

G08B 3/00

Signalling systems according to more than one of groups

G08B 7/00

Signalling systems according to more than one of groups, personal calling systems.

G08B 7/00

Combination of elements; lights composed of LED's. No lightning, more arrangement

G09F 9/33

Lights composed of LEDs

G09F 9/33

Illuminated signs / luminous advertising

G09F 13/00

Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere

G09F 19/00

Using special optical effects

G09F 19/12

Combined visual and audible advertising or displaying

G09F 27/00

Combined visual and audible advertising or displaying, e.g. for public address

G09F 27/00

Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation.

H01L 31/00

Including a panel or array of photoelectric cells, e.g. solar cells

H01L 31/042

Electroluminescent light sources.

H05B 33/00

LEDs

H05B 33/00

Electric light sources using a combination of different types of light generation.

H05B 35/00

Detecting lamp failure, circuits for controlling signals. lightning

H05B 37/03, H05B 37/04

provided with indicators in which a mark progresses showing the time elapsed, e.g. of green phase
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Illuminated signs in general

G09F 13/00

Advertising or display means on roads, walls, or similar surfaces, e.g. illuminated

G09F 19/22

having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
Definition statement

This place covers:

Management of the information to be presented to the driver. Docs in this group cover two possible aspects:

  • The information is neither traffic nor navigation information, since we have 0967 and 0968 for these. "Other" information such as events, advertisements, weather, emails, agenda, music, films, games etc. It can also be the combination of different kinds of information and how the information is outputted e.g. definition of priority, factors for selecting information.
  • Details on the output of information to the driver. e.g. on the display using map (not for navigation route! for route display use G08G 1/0969), highlighting, acoustic, haptic etc. Documents concerning the display of information to the driver, from a general perspective. Also the voice information provided.
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Instruments for indicating weather conditions

G01W 1/02

Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits (transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle G08G 1/0968)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle

G08G 1/0968

Controlling speed by externally generated signals

B60K 31/0058

For measuring distance travelled or combinations of speed and distance

G01C

Engine indicators

G01L

Devices for measuring speed or acceleration

G01P

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles

G07C 5/00

Systems involving transmission of navigation instructions to the vehicle {(navigation or navigational instruments specially adapted for navigation in a road network G01C 21/26)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Navigation systems where traffic info is being transmitted or taken into account for the route

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dashboard

B60K 37/00

Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups

G01C 21/00

Navigation or navigational instruments specially adapted for navigation in a road network

G01C 21/26

With correlation of data from several navigational instruments

G01C 21/28

Map- or contour-matching

G01C 21/30

Structuring or formatting of map data

G01C 21/32

Route searching; Route guidance

G01C 21/34

Input/output arrangements for on-board computers

G01C 21/36

Measuring distance traversed on the ground by a vehicle

G01C 22/00

Measuring linear or angular speed or acceleration

G01P

Beacons or beacon systems transmitting signals having a characteristic or characteristics capable of being detected by non-directional receivers and defining directions, positions, or position lines fixed relatively to the beacon transmitters

G01S 1/00

GPS NAVSTAR

G01S 5/145

Control of position, course, altitude or attitude of vehicles

G05D 1/00

Digital computing for optimisation of routes

G06Q 10/047

Optimisation

G06Q 10/047

Locate: mobile terminal for navigation through cellular network

H04Q

{where the output is provided in a suitable form to the driver (details on I/O arrangements for onboard navigation computers G01C 21/36)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

"Suitable" means in this context route instructions readable and understandable by a driver, contrary to coded information which should be interpreted.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details on I/O arrangements for onboard navigation computers

G01C 21/36

{where the input to the navigation device is provided by a suitable I/O arrangement (details of I/O arrangements for onboard navigation computers G01C 21/36; I/O arrangements for general purpose computers G06F 3/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of I/O arrangements for onboard navigation computers

G01C 21/36

I/O arrangements for general purpose computers

G06F 3/00

having a display in the form of a map
Definition statement

This place covers:

Systems with display appearance of the route in the navigation systems (e.g. bird's eye view, division of the display into different areas, way of representing an arrow).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

2D image generation

G06T 11/00

3D modeling

G06T 17/00

advertisements

G06Q 30/02

dashboards

B60K 37/00

data computing in geographical databases

G06F 16/29

electronic maps

G09B 29/106

head-up displays

G02B 27/01

input and output arrangements for transferring data into a form capable to be handled

G06F 3/00

Supervising of traffic control systems, e.g. by giving an alarm if two crossing streets have green light simultaneously
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting lamp failure

H05B 37/03, H05B 37/04

indicating the position of vehicles, e.g. scheduled vehicles; {Managing passenger vehicles circulating according to a fixed timetable, e.g. buses, trains, trams} (transmission of navigation instructions to vehicles G08G 1/0968)
Definition statement

This place covers:

for public transport, scheduled vehicles (bus, trams, information transmitted to trains, vehicles using scheduled routes AND scheduled times, bus stop and time table related devices)

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Non-scheduled vehicles

G08G 1/20

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bus stop signs (constructional details)

E01F 9/60

Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations

G01S 5/00

Digital computing for optimisation of routes

G06Q 10/047

Location of subscribers

H04Q7/3855

to a central station {; Indicators in a central station}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of containers

B67D5/01

Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at a control point with provision for taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport (RENTAL)

G07B 15/02

Communicating information to a remotely located station

G07C 5/008

Adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments

H04L 29/08558

Ad-hoc network

H04W 84/18

Devices in which the computing operation is performed by varying electric or magnetic quantities

/ analogue computers / for direction-finding, locating, velocity

G06G 7/78

Emergency signalling

G08B 25/016

Freight tracking

G06Q 10/08 , G06F 16/40

Digital computing for logistics, e.g. distribution or shipping

G06Q 10/08

Subscribers connected via radiolinks or inductive links: supplementary selecting services

H04Q7/221

Transmission from mobile station to base station

G01S 5/0018

Transmission of position information

G01S 2205/001, G01S 2205/002, G01S 2205/006

Transmission of position of a stolen car to a central station

B60R 25/102

Wireless LAN (WAN)

H04W 88/02

indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Using electronic distance sensors

B60Q 1/48

Vehicle fittings for preventing or indicating unauthorized use or theft of vehicles

B60R 25/00

Parking in general as buildings

E04H 6/42

Collecting fares, tolls

G07B 15/00

Parking meter

G07C 1/30

Parking time

G07C 5/02

Coin-free apparatus for payments

G07F 17/24

Anti-collision systems (road vehicle drive control systems for predicting or avoiding probable or impending collision otherwise than by control of a particular sub-unit B60W 30/08)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stand-alone systems, like for example distance regulating systems or parking. Anti-collision when a real danger exists

Collision with another vehicle or an obstacle.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

3D modeling

G06T 17/00

Action on the steering wheel; steering control; changing direction of vehicle

B62D 1/28

Adaptative cruise control (ACC), including means for detecting potential obstacles in vehicle path, speed control (distance)

B60K 31/0008

Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons

G08B 21/02

Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for 718 status alarms

G08B 21/00

Arrangements for adjusting wheel-braking force to meet varying vehicular or ground-surface conditions

B60T 8/00

Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices.

B60Q 1/00

Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks

B60R 21/00

Automatic changing of lane, e.g. for passing another vehicle]

B62D 15/0255

Automatic obstacle avoidance by steering]

B62D 15/0265

Brake-action initiating means

B60T 7/00

Burglar, theft, or intruder alarms / using television cameras

G08B 13/196

Closed circuit television systems, i.e. systems in which the signal is not broadcast

H04N 7/18

Combined with automatic distance control, i.e. electronic to bar]

B62D 15/026

Control of position / involving a plurality of land vehicles, e.g. fleet or convoy travelling /

G05D 1/0287

Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles /for occupant comfort

B60R 16/037

Extraction of features or characteristics of the image / Detecting partial patterns or configurations, e.g. loops, strokes, intersections] Image recognition

G06K 9/4604

For automatic initiation; for initiation not subject to will of driver or passenger

B60T 7/12

For land vehicles.

G01S 13/931

For receiving images from a plurality of remote sources

H04N 7/181

Head-up displays

G02B 27/01

Image analysis, e.g. from bit-mapped to non bit-mapped Algorithms, mathematical calculations

G06T 7/00

Indicating a condition of sleep, e.g. anti-dozing alarms

G08B 21/06

Indicating risk of collision between vehicles (active). Signalling inside and outside the vehicle.

B60Q 1/525

Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of optical means

G01B 11/00

Measuring distances in light of sight (use of electric radiation detectors)

G01C 3/08

Methods or arrangements for reading or recognizing printed or written characters or for recognizing

G06K 9/00785

Optical viewing arrangements, mirrors

B60R 1/00

Or traffic control, mobile tracking, guidance, surveillance or anti-collision

G01S 2205/002

Position of lane controlled by optical means

G05D 1/0231

Position on lane controlled by optical means (guidage action sur les commandes)

G05D 1/0231

Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations

G01S 2205/00

Radars for anti-collision;

G01S 13/93

Recognition of pedestrian obstacles

G06K 9/00369

Recognition of scenes perceived from the perspective of a land vehicle (e.g.road recognition) (road lanes, markers, traffic signs; classifying obstacles)

G06K 9/00791

Recognizing scenes under surveillance. (surveillance equipment installed on the infrastructure, not portable)

G06K 9/00771

Recording in case of crash

G07C 5/08

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles

G07C 5/00

Responsive to centrifugal force acting on vehicle due to the path it is following

B60K 31/0083

Responsive to externally generated signalling

B60K 31/0058

Responsive to incapacity of driver

B60K 28/06

Responsive to vehicle path curvature, speed control.

B60K 31/0066

Responsive to vehicle steering angle

B60K 31/0075

Road vehicle drive control systems for predicting or avoiding probable or impending collision otherwise than by control of a particular sub-unit

B60W 30/08

Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions

B60K 28/00

Simulators for teaching or training purposes/ for teaching control of vehicles or other craft

G09B 9/02

Steering not otherwise provided for / parking aids

B62D 15/027

Systems using the reflection or reradiating of acoustic waves, e.g. sonar systems

G01S 15/00

Systems using the reflection or reradiation of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves, e.g. lidar systems

G01S 17/00

Transmission between mobile stations, e.g. anti-collision systems

G01S 5/0072

Transmission of position information to remote stations

G01S 2205/001

T ransmission of signalsmeasuring vehicle parameters and indicating critical, abnormal or dangerous conditions

B60R 16/0232

Travel path/likelihood collision

B60W 30/08

Use of optical means for parking

B60Q 1/48

Vehicle fittings for automatically controlling, i.e. preventing speed from exceeding an arbitrarily established velocity or maintaining speed at a particular velocity, as selected by the vehicle operator

B60K 31/00

With means for avoiding collisions between vehicles

G05D 1/0289

{Decentralised systems, e.g. inter-vehicle communication}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Two-way communication between vehicles.

{event-triggered}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Two way communication between vehicles determined or triggered by an event like turning, braking, accident,...

Alerting surrounding vehicles of an accident situation: emission of signal to oncoming vehicles after first collision.

{Monitoring the location of vehicles belonging to a group, e.g. fleet of vehicles, countable or determined number of vehicles}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fleet: vehicles responding to one or several criterias, e.g. vehicle under a common authority, vehicles in a determined area.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

This is a group which should be outside of G08G 1/123 but for historical reasons it was made a two dot group and we have to cope with this structure.

G08G 1/123

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

stolen cars

B60R25/10D2

ACC

B60W3/02

Distance control

B60W3/04

Transmission of location from mobile stations to central station

G01S 5/0018

Combination of GPS with other systems

G01S5/14B3

Transmission of position information

G01S 2205/001

Fleet control

G05D 1/0291

Convoy travelling

G05D 1/0293

By at least one leading vehicle of the fleet

G05D 1/0295

By controlling means in a control room]

G05D 1/0297

Organisation

G06Q

Organisation (data processing systems or methods, specially adapted for administrative, commercial, financial, managerial, supervisory or forecasting purposes)

G06Q

Cargo logistics / routing

G06Q 10/00

Systems or methods specially adapted for administrative, commercial, financial, managerial, supervisory or forecasting purposes, not involving significant data processing.

G06Q 90/00

Transmitting operation measurements to the central station

G07C 5/008

Emergency signalling

G08B 25/016

Simulators for teaching or training purposes

G09B 9/04

Wireless LANs

H04L12/28W

Communication control / in which the network application is adapted for the location of the user terminal

H04L 29/08657

Cordless telephones

H04M 1/725

Telephonic communication system with fire, police, burglar or other alarm systems

H04M 11/04

Mobile subscribers locations

H04Q7/3855

Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks making use of the location of users or terminals

H04W 4/02

Traffic control systems for marine craft (marking of navigational route B63B 22/16, B63B 51/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements, located in marine craft or in the sea, for controlling marine craft within a traffic environment, e.g. anti-collision systems.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Buoys specially adapted for marking a navigational route

B63B 22/16

Marking of navigational route

B63B 22/16, B63B 51/00

Anti-collision systems
Definition statement

This place covers:

Warning to avoid collision with other vessels or fixed obstacles.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements of nautical instruments or navigational aids

B63B 49/00

Traffic control systems for aircraft {, e.g. air-traffic control [ATC]}
Definition statement

This place covers:

This groups covers arrangements, located in the aircraft or on the ground, for controlling aircraft within a traffic environment, and anti-collision systems.

Automatic landing aids

Systems for air traffic control with exchange of information;

  • Plurality of aircrafts
  • Military including flight formation
  • Exchange of information
  • Stand-alone with multiple sources of information (e.g. for control)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Landing aids fitted in or to aircraft; safety measures fitted in or to aircraft to prevent collision with earth's surface

B64D 45/04

Visual or acoustic landing aids on the ground or on aircraft-carrier decks

B64F 1/18

Arrangements for control of position, course, altitude or attitude of aircraft not specific to a traffic environment, e.g. automatic pilots

G05D 1/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanical aspects of equipment for fitting in or to aircraft combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value

B64D, G01C 23/00

Refuelling during flight

B64D 39/00

Aircraft indicators

B64D 45/00 and subgroups

Devices specially adapted for the protection against criminal attack, e.g. anti-hijacking systems

B64D 45/0015

Ground installations (lighting, etc)

B64F

Combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value, e.g. for aircraft; Combined measuring devices for measuring two or more variables of movement, e.g. distance, speed, acceleration

G01C 23/00

Flight directors

G01C 23/005

GPS

G01S 5/145

Radar for traffic control

G01S 13/91 and subgroups

Radar for anti-collision

G01S 13/93 and subgroups

Radar for terrain avoidance

G01S 13/94 and subgroups

Radar for meteorological use mounted on aircraft

G01S 13/953

Lidar systems between aircrafts

G01S 17/933

Meteorology

G01W 1/00

With safety arrangements

G05D 1/0055

For transition from automatic pilot to manual pilot and vice versa

G05D 1/0061

Rolling phase

G05D 1/0083

Position of aircraft in 2D

G05D 1/0202

Altitude aircraft

G05D 1/042

Attitude aircraft

G05D 1/0808 and subgroups

Optimisation of routes

G06Q 10/047

Airborne radio transmission systems

H04B 7/185

Radio transmission via aircrafts

H04B 7/185 and subgroups

Communication protocol

H04L 29/02

Airborne wireless networks

H04W 84/06

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Air Traffic Control (ATC)

is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air

TCAS

traffic collision avoidance system ortraffic alert and collision avoidance system

{Transmission of traffic-related information to or from an aircraft (airborne radio transmission systems in general H04B 7/185; airborne wireless networks H04W 84/06)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements or adaptations of instruments

B64D 43/00

For indicating aircraft speed or stalling conditions

B64D 43/02

Airborne radio transmission systems in general

H04B 7/185

Airborne network topologies

H04W 84/06

{Arrangements for implementing traffic-related aircraft activities, e.g. arrangements for generating, displaying, acquiring or managing traffic information (head-up displays G02B 27/01; ground or aircraft-carrier-deck-installations B64F)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements or adaptations of instruments

B64D 43/00

For indicating aircraft speed or stalling conditions

B64D 43/02

Ground or aircraft-carrier-deck-installations

B64F

Head-up displays

G02B 27/01

{Traffic management of multiple aircrafts from the ground (G08G 5/003 takes precedence; data processing specially designed for resource management, e.g. scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources G06Q 10/06)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Flight plan management

G08G 5/003

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Data processing specially designed for resource management, e.g. scheduling or allocating time, human and machine resources

G06Q 10/06

{Navigation or guidance aids for a single aircraft (details of equipment G08G 5/0017)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Navigation aids within the aircraft to help the pilots in a determined flight situation.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of equipment

G08G 5/0017

Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations

G01S 2205/00

Transmission of position information to remote stations

G01S 2205/001

or traffic control, mobile tracking, guidance, surveillance or anti-collision

G01S 2205/002

For aircraft positioning relative to the ground

G01S 2205/003

For aircraft positioning relative to other aircraft

G01S 2205/005

{for cruising (combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value G01C 23/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Cruising excludes the landing, take-off and taxiing phases.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value

G01C 23/00

{Surveillance aids (scene image recognition G06K 9/00624)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves

G01S 13/00

Systems using reradiation of radio waves, e.g. secondary radar systems; Analogous systems

G01S 13/74

Secondary surveillance radar (SSR) in general

G01S 13/781

Scene image recognition

G06K 9/00624

{for monitoring traffic from the aircraft (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for traffic control G01S 13/91)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for traffic control

G01S 13/91

{for monitoring traffic from a ground station (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for traffic control G01S 13/91)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for traffic control

G01S 13/91

{for monitoring terrain (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for terrain avoidance G01S 13/94)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for terrain avoidance

G01S 13/94

{for monitoring atmospheric conditions (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for meteorological use G01S 13/95; meteorology G01W)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for meteorological use

G01S 13/95

Meteorology

G01W

Automatic {approach or} landing aids, i.e. systems in which flight data of incoming planes are processed to provide landing data (landing aids fitted in or to aircraft B64D 45/04; visual or acoustic landing aids B64F 1/18)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Alighting gear for aircraft / brakes / hooks

B64C 25/00

Aircraft indicators or protectors not otherwise provided for / Devices specially adapted to indicate the position of a movable element of the aircraft, e.g. landing gear

B64D 45/0005

Landing aids fitted in or to aircraft

B64D 45/04

Ground or aircraft-carrier-deck-installations

B64F 1/00

Visual or acoustic landing aids

B64F 1/18

Radar or analogous systems, designed for traffic

G01S 13/91

For landing purposes

G01S 13/913

Automatic pilot

G05D 1/00

To help an aircraft pilot in the rolling phase (dispositifs embarqués qui aident à optimiser la performance au décollage, notamment la longueur de piste parcourue, l'angle au décollage ...)

G05D 1/0083

Scheduling in real time

G06F 9/48

{Navigation or guidance aids (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for landing purposes G01S 13/913)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for landing purposes

G01S 13/913

Anti-collision systems
Definition statement

This place covers:

This subgroup covers arrangements, located in the aircraft or on the ground, for warning the crew about a collision to be avoided with other aircrafts or flying itenties.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Avoid collision with earth for plane

B64D 45/04

Measuring height (altimeters for aircraft)

G01C 5/005

Contour matching (correction of navigation data)

G01C 21/005

Combined instruments indicating more than one navigational value, e.g. for aircraft; Combined measuring devices for measuring two or more variables of movement, e.g. distance, speed, acceleration

G01C 23/00

Indicating value of two or more variables simultaneously

G01D 7/02

Radar for anti-collision between aircraft

G01S 13/9303

Radars for terrain avoidance systems

G01S 13/94

Modification de trajectoire pour évitement.

G05D 1/00

To follow the profile of ground of aircraft

G05D 1/0646

Control of altitude for aircraft

G05D 1/0808

To ensure stability

G05D 1/0816

{Navigation or guidance aids, e.g. determination of anti-collision maneuvers (radar or analogous systems specially adapted for anti-collision between aircraft G01S 13/9303)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Anti-collision systems where maneuver instructions are given to the pilots to avoid collision and not limited to a warning indication.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Radar or analogous systems specially adapted for anti-collision between aircraft

G01S 13/9303

for control when on the ground
Definition statement

This place covers:

This subgroup covers arrangements, located in the aircraft or on the ground, for controlling aircraft when on the ground, i.e. on the airport

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ground or aircraft-carrier-deck-installations

B64F 1/00

Visual or acoustic landing aids

B64F 1/18

Arrangement of optical beacons

B64F 1/20

Rolling phase

G05D 1/0083