CPC Definition - Subclass F16M

Last Updated Version: 2018.05
FRAMES, CASINGS, OR BEDS OF ENGINES OR OTHER MACHINES OR APPARATUS NOT SPECIFIC TO AN ENGINE, MACHINE, OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS OR SUPPORTS
Definition statement

This place covers:

Frames, casings, beds for machines or engines not otherwise provided for in the classification. The machines or engines are attached to the frames, casings or beds in order to provide stability to the machines or engines, and also to make easier the use, the handling and the transportation of the machines or engines. This subclass also covers stands or support for one or more articles not otherwise provided for in the classification. The stands or supports can lie on the floor, can be attached to another object, can be attached to a human body, or can be attached to the wall or the ceiling. The object attached is heldi or resting steady on the support or stand and can also possibly move relatively to the surface on which the support is attached or lies thanks to the different degrees of freedom that the support of stand allows.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Furniture in general

A47B

Desk provided with computers

A47B 21/007

Book or Notebook rest holder

A47B 23/042

Chairs, sofas, beds

A47C

Support to show or support objects in shops, restaurants etc.

A47F, A47F 3/00, A47F 5/00, A47F 7/00

Support to hang frames and mirrors

A47G 1/16

Support for Christmas trees

A47G 33/12

Support for medical instrument

A61B 90/00

Dental work stand

A61G 15/14

Stand for blood infusion device

A61M 5/1414

Support for laboratory devices

B01L 9/00

Supports for painting articles

B05B 13/0285 , B25H 1/0007

Tool support for machine tools

B23Q 1/25

XY translation tables

B23Q 1/54

Holding, supporting or positioning device removable from a machine tools

B23Q 3/00

Work benches, portable stands

B25H 1/00

Storage means for tools or instruments

B25H 3/00

Seat for vehicles

B60N 2/00

Arrangements for holding or mounting articles in a vehicle

B60R 11/00

Lifting means provided on a vehicle

B60S 9/00

Dolly

B62B 3/00

Lifting Jacks

B66F 1/06

Camera dolly

B66F 11/048

Foldable scaffold

E04G 1/34

Structure allowing erecting telescopic mast

E04H 12/18

Sockets or holder for poles or posts

E04H 12/22

Device for locking portable objects

E05B 73/00, A47F

Fixation means

F16B

Support for lighting devices

F21V 21/00

Support for ventilation/heating/air-conditioning systems

F24F 13/32

Solar panel supports

F24S 25/00

Support for measuring arrangements

G01B 5/0002

Supports specially adapted for a measuring instrument or a set of measuring instruments

G01D 11/30

Supports for optical elements (telescopes, periscopes)

G02B 23/16

Accessories (support) for cameras

G03B 17/56

Projectors and accessories

G03B 21/00

Constructional details of laptops

G06F 1/1601

Surveillance camera

G08B 13/196

Arrangements for displaying variable information

G09F

Supports for musical instruments

G10G 5/00

Supports for measuring instruments

G12B 5/00, G12B 9/00

Antenna supports

H01Q 1/00

Supports for electric motor

H02K 5/00

Support for solar panel

H02S 20/00

Casings for radio

H04B 1/08

Supports for phones

H04M 1/02

Accessories for video cameras for television

H04N 5/225

Constructional details of display screens (television)

H04N 5/64

Video projectors

H04N 5/7475

Supports for loudspeaker

H04R 1/02

Supports for microphones

H04R 1/08

Details of casings for electric apparatus

H05K 5/00

Frames or casings of engines, machines or apparatus; Frames serving as machinery beds
Definition statement

This place covers:

This group concerns frames or casings for machines or engines or the like, in order to make easier handling, transportation, fixation or use of the machines or engines or the like.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: DE102009052748

media0.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chassis frames in vehicles

B62D 21/00

for reciprocating engines or similar machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Crankcase or casings for reciprocating engines in general. If the crankcase is used in relation with a special type of engine (e.g. internal combustion engine) then it has to be classified in the specific domain and not in F16M 1/02.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Casings for internal combustion engines

F02F 7/00

of tunnel type, i.e. wherein the crankshaft can only be introduced axially (for engines or machines with star-shaped cylinder arrangement F16M 1/023)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Engines or machines with star-shaped cylinder arrangement

F16M 1/023

for rotary engines or similar machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Crankcase or casings for rotary engines in general. If the crankcase is used in relation with a special type of engine, then it has to be classified in the specific domain and not in F16M 1/02.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electrical and mechanical couplings

H01R 13/00

Portable or wheeled frames or beds, e.g. for emergency power-supply aggregates, compressor sets (construction of vehicles in general B60 - B62)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP0976967

media1.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Construction of vehicles in general

B60- B62

Portable electric generator

F02B 63/04

Mobile piston pumps

F04B 35/06

Engine beds, i.e. means for supporting engines or machines on foundations
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP1832799

media2.jpg

and: US2005263669

media3.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machine beds

B23Q 1/015

Supports for engines in vehicles

B60K 5/12

Details of attaching or adjusting engine beds, frames, or supporting-legs on foundation or base; Attaching non-moving engine parts, e.g. cylinder blocks (elastic or equivalent mounting for absorbing vibrations F16F, especially F16F 15/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2009032654

media4.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Levelling devices for furniture

A47B 91/02

Supports for engines in vehicles

B60K 5/12

Supporting arrangements for washing machines

D06F 39/125

Elastic or equivalent mounting for absorbing vibrations

F16F, F16F 15/04

Special layout of foundations with respect to machinery to be supported (foundations for machinery E02D 27/44)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: GB1440426

media5.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Foundations for machinery

E02D 27/44

Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon {Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters} (without heads F16K 13/00; easels or stands for blackboards or the like A47B 97/04; show-stands A47F 7/00; for workmen E04G 1/32; {sockets or holders for poles or posts E04H 12/22} ; supporting, suspending for lighting devices F21V 21/00; special modifications for particular apparatus or articles, see the appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement

This place covers:

F16M 11/00 and F16M 13/00 and the depending lower groups are used to classify the features in relation:

  • With the place where the support is to be fixed, attached or rests;
  • With the movements of the object that the support allows.
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Easels or stands for blackboard or the like

A47B 97/04

Show-stands

A47F 7/00

For workmen

E04G 1/32

Sockets or holders for poles or posts

E04H 12/22

Supporting, suspending for lighting devices

F21V 21/00

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/00 should not be used to classify any documents, because if a document fits in F16M 11/00, there is a more relevant class in one of the subgroups of F16M 11/00 or in Indexing Code F16M 2200/08. It is in

this relevant subgroup or Indexing Code that the document should be classified.

F16M 2200/00 is used to classify other type of features than the one of F16M 11/00 or F16M 13/00.

The following method should be followed to classify a document under F16M 11/00, F16M 13/00, F16M 2200/00 and the depending lower groups.

The following items should be first identified:

  • The stand or support (S),
  • The apparatus (A) to be supported,
  • The surface or the object (F) on or to which the support S should be fixed, attached or rest.

-Once these items are identified, two portions of the support should be then identified:

  • The head: includes the means for attachment of the apparatus A and when existing, the first cinematically independent joint assembly directly attached to the latter.
  • The undercarriage: includes everything making up the stand S under the head but not including this one.

-Then the first feature to be classified is where the support S should be fixed, attached or rest. This can be done after having identified the surface or object F defined before:

  • If the support S is attached or fixed to a wall, a post, a ceiling or another object then the support S should be classified in F16M 13/02 or a depending lower group;
  • If the support S is meant to support a handheld apparatus A, a class should be given in F16M 13/00, F16M 13/005 or F16M 13/04;
  • If the support S is meant to be attached or held by a person , F16M 13/04 should be given;
  • If the support S is connected to an arrangement for propelling the support, e.g. dolly with wheels, camera moving on a cable or on rails, it should be classified in F16M 11/42 and the depending lower groups;
  • If none of these cases are verified (e.g. for a stand simply resting on the floor), it is not necessary to classify this feature. If details of the foot or base of the stand or support are interesting (constructional feature, cable arrangement...) F16M 2200/08 should be given. The fact that only groups in F16M 11/00 and depending lower groups will be given to a document means that this one will rest on the floor, and cannot be attached or fixed to an other object or wall or ceiling or person body..

-Then, the movements allowed by the head and the means of attachment of the apparatus A with the support S should be classified in F16M 11/02 and the depending lower groups.

-Then, the movements allowed by the undercarriage should be classified in F16M 11/20 and the depending lower groups.

-The additional relevant information should also be classified in the parallel scheme F16M 2200/00 or in the groups F16M 11/16, F16M 11/18.

Additional remarks:

  • If it is not clear how the support is to be used, e.g. no clear orientations in the space and therefore a precise definition of the movement can be done then general groups should be given.
  • If the product to be supported is not described and therefore the head can not be defined, only classes for the undercarriage should be given.
Heads
Definition statement

This place covers:

Means for attachment of an apparatus and when existing, the first cinematically independent joint assembly directly attached to the latter.

Particular case: If the support only consist of the connection and no movement of the object to be supported is allowed by the support once attached, then the head will be the attachment and the rest of the support is an undercarriage.

Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
Definition statement

This place covers:

The supports which do not allow any movement of the apparatus to be supported and which allow a permanent connection of the apparatus e.g. by screws, this connection is considered as being the head. Then the undercarriage (monolithic bloc not allowing any movements) should be classified in F16M 11/22 and eventually in F16M 2200/08 in case of other special features of the foot or base stand.

Illustrative example: JP2010175998

media6.jpg

Special rules of classification

Balancing means should be classified in the new scheme in F16M 2200/04 and lower dependent groups and arms: in F16M 2200/06 lower dependent groups

{Allowing quick release of the apparatus}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: ep2196720

media7.jpg

{Allowing translations}
Definition statement

This place covers:

F16M 11/043 should be used when the translation possible is not clearly defined with respect to the direction and that it is possible that the supports be positioned such that translation in all three directions is possible. If the support can only be used such that the translation is always a translation as defined in one of the dependent groups then this group should be given.

Illustrative example: EP2288960

media8.pngmedia9.png

{adapted to left-right translation movement}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Platform x-y: jp2297004

media10.jpg

{adapted to upward-downward translation movement}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2011108698

media11.jpg

and: EP1570203

media12.png

{adapted to forward-backward translation movement}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Platform x-y: jp2297004

media10.jpg

allowing pivoting
Definition statement

This place covers:

comprises heads which are generally described without any special applications and therefore not necessarily restricted to a rotation around a horizontal or a vertical axis.

around a vertical axis {, e.g. panoramic heads (F16M 11/12 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

Pan: US2009073643

media14.png

and: EP1570203

media12.png

around a horizontal axis {(F16M 11/12 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only contains heads allowing tilting movement.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group: EP2329645

media16.jpg

and: US2010193647

media17.jpg

{the horizontal axis being the roll axis, e.g. for creating a landscape-portrait rotation}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP2307784

media18.jpg

in more than one direction
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only the joints allowing tilting rolling and panning (the three possible rotations)

{constituted of several dependent joints}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: WO2010018241

media19.jpg

and: US2008072699

media20.jpg

{the axis of rotation intersecting in a single point, e.g. by using gimbals}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: GB2469344

media21.png

{for tilting and rolling (F16M 11/14 takes precedence)}
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

{for tilting and panning (F16M 11/14 takes precedence)}
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

{for panning and rolling (F16M 11/14 takes precedence)}
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/14 takes precedence

with ball-joint (ball-jointed hinges F16C 11/06 {; adjustable mountings employing universal joints for lighting devices F21V 21/26 - F21V 21/30})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: us2011020055 media22.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball jointed hinges

F16C 11/06

Adjustable mountings employing universal joints for lighting devices

F21V 21/26 - F21V 21/30

Special rules of classification
Undercarriages with or without wheels
Definition statement

This place covers:

Definition of undercarriage:

everything making up the stand under the head but not including this one (see definition of head in F16M 11/02).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting

F21V

Supporting arrangements for lighting devices

F21V 21/00

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/20 should not be used to classify any documents, because if a document fits in F16M 11/20, there is a more relevant class in one of the subgroups of F16M 11/20. It is in this relevant subgroup(s) that the document should be classified.

If the undercarriage is monolithic (not allowing any movement), it should be classified in F16M 11/22 like e.g.: JP2010175998

media6.jpg

{comprising means allowing pivoting adjustment}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Undercarriages which are generally described without any special applications and therefore not necessarily restricted to a rotation around a horizontal or a vertical axis.

{around a vertical axis (F16M 11/2035 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010193647

media24.jpg

and: WO2008002728

media25.jpg

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/2035 takes precedence

{in more than one direction}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Contains the undercarriages constituted of several independent joints and/or allowing tilting, panning and rolling.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2007164176

media26.jpg

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/2035 takes precedence over F16M 11/2014 and F16M 11/2021

{for tilting and rolling (F16M 11/2078 takes precedence)}
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

{for tilting and panning (F16M 11/2078 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2007217134

media27.png

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

{for panning and rolling (F16M 11/2078 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

F16M 11/2078 takes precedence

{with ball-joint (ball-jointed hinges F16C 11/06)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2006237608

media28.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ball-jointed hinges

F16C 11/06

Special rules of classification
{comprising means allowing depth adjustment, i.e. forward-backward translation of the head relatively to the undercarriage}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: EP2108180

media29.jpg

and: US2009050763

media30.png

with approximately constant height, e.g. with constant length of column or of legs (F16M 11/42 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/42 takes precedence.

See also F16M 11/00 and F16M 11/20.

Here are supports with monolithic undercarriage not allowing any movement. Other details of this undercarriage should be classified under F16M 2200/08.

changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, {e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other} (F16M 11/42 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2008302926

media31.jpg

{by spreading of the legs (F16M 11/32 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Duopod or bipod, and supports having more than three legs not having telescopic legs.

Illustrative example

WO2009125194

media32.jpg

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/32 takes precedence.

{Members limiting spreading of legs, e.g. "umbrella legs" (for supports with three or more telescoping legs F16M 11/34)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

in the drawing of document EP2315552 here below, the circle is showing the "umbrella legs" construction.

media33.jpg

Special rules of classification

For supports with three or more telescoping legs: F16M 11/34 takes precedence.

{Members preventing slipping of the feet (for supports with three or more telescoping legs F16M 11/36)}
Special rules of classification

For supports with three or more telescoping legs: F16M 11/36 takes precedence.

by telescoping, with or without folding (details concerning the constructional features of telescoping parts only F16B 7/10)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Contains bipod

Illustratvie example: US2006278797

media34.jpg

Relationships with other classification places

Locking of telescopic tubes: F16B 7/10F16B 7/14F16B 2007/16

Undercarriages for supports with one single telescoping pillar
Definition statement

This place covers:

contains monopod (illustrative example: US5458306)

media35.jpg

or stand having one single telescopic column. The foot can be a tripod (with telescopic legs or not) and the single telescopic column can be the central column. Example: US2005092878

media36.jpg

and: US2011079692

media37.png

with co-moving side-struts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2008087775

media38.png

Undercarriages for supports with three or more telescoping legs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only tripod or supports having more than three legs and having telescopic legs as the title reads are classified here.

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/32 takes precedence over F16M 11/242

Members limiting spreading of legs {, e.g. "umbrella legs"}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: WO2010111544

media39.jpg.

Special rules of classification

F16M 11/34 takes precedence over F16M 11/245

Members preventing slipping of the feet
Special rules of classification

F16M 11/36 takes precedence over F16M 11/247

by folding {, e.g. pivoting or scissors tong mechanisms}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Undercarriage that can be folded for e.g. transportation needs, see illustrative example: US2011114805 (here the head is element 50 and the first pivot under 50, the rest (30) is the undercarriage)

media40.jpg.

and: WO2010024538 (here the head is the connection with the plate 10, and the undercarriage the rest)

media41.png

by means of coilable or bendable legs {or spiral shaped legs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010301188

media42.png

and: US2010220992

media43.png

with arrangement for propelling the support {stands on wheels}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: DE102008047898

media44.jpg

and: DE102007020980

media45.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rollers in general

B60B 33/06

Dolly

B62B 3/00

Rollers for containers

B65D 90/18

Camera attached to hanging cables

H04N 5/225, B66C 13/085

{along guiding means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2009315288

media46.jpg

and: EP2115342

media47.jpg

Other supports for positioning apparatus or articles (heads thereof F16M 11/02 {; undercarriages thereof F16M 11/20} ; adapted to be stuck in the ground A45F 3/44 {; sockets or holders for poles or posts E04H 12/22}); Means for steadying hand-held apparatus or articles {(supports for measuring instruments G01D 11/30; supports for casings of remote control switching devices H01H 9/025)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

In F16M 13/00, the objects to be supported are hand-held apparatus (e.g. pda, tablet, gps, small portable screens, radio) and these objects are lying or resting on a support. The supports need also to be hand held support. A heavy tripod for a camera (which is a handheld apparatus) is not classified in F16M 13/00 and depending lower groups as this support is not handheld. A support classified in F16M 13/00 can also be classified in F16M 13/022, e.g. a support provided with suction cup for a GPS apparatus.

This group only contains support separated from the object to be supported contrary to F16M 13/005 and only support for handheld apparatus.

Illustrative example: US2009230161

media48.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adapted to be stuck on the ground

A45F 3/44

Holder for fastening hand article, attached to the garment

A45F 5/02

Book or Notebook rest holder

A47B 23/042

Show stands

A47F

Sockets or holders for poles or posts

E04H 12/22

Supports for measuring instruments

G01D 11/30

Docking station for laptop

G06F 1/1632

Pager with belt clip

G08B 3/1058, H04B 1/088

Supports for casings of remote control switching devices

H01H 9/025

Special rules of classification

For more details of how to classify in F16M 11/00, F16M 13/00 and F16M 2200/00 see the Special Rules of Classification of the main group F16M 11/00.

Detail of the head is to be classified in F16M 11/02.

Detail of the undercarriage is to be classified in F16M 11/20.

{integral with the apparatus or articles to be supported}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The support is integrated in the object.

For support integrated in the object see the illustrative example: US2009314915

media49.jpg

and: US2010133414

media50.jpg

Special rules of classification

The possible movements allowed by this support should still be classified under the head groups (F16M 11/02 and lower groups) and if necessary under the undercarriage groups (F16M 11/20 and lower groups).

for supporting on, or attaching to, an object, e.g. tree, gate, window-frame, cycle
Definition statement

This place covers:

The supports are attached to a wall or at another object like e.g. a post.

Support attached to the wall, see the illustrative example: WO2011003115

media51.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Holding, supporting or positioning device removable from a machine tools

B23Q 3/00

Clamps

F16B 2/02

Suction cups

F16B 47/00

Pager with belt clip

G08B 3/1058, H04B 1/088

{repositionable}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supports easily repositionable using e.g. clamps; see the illustrative example: US2010264281

media52.jpg

or suction cups: US2011/0024587

media53.jpg

{Ceiling supports}
Definition statement

This place covers:

See the illustrative example: EP2288960

media54.jpgmedia55.jpg

for supporting on, or holding steady relative to, a person, e.g. by chains {, e.g. rifle butt or pistol grip supports, supports attached to the chest or head (apparatus or arrangements for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them G03B)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group: US2010254696

media56.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Holder for fastening hand article, attached to the garment

A45F 5/02

Goggles

G02C

Apparatus or arrangement for taking photographs or for projecting or viewing them

G03B

Details of accessories for cameras

G03B 17/56

Pager with belt clip

G08B 3/1058, H04B 1/088