CPC Definition - Subclass B61D

Last Updated Version: 2017.08
BODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES (vehicles in general B60; adaptation of vehicles to special systems B61B; underframes B61F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Constructional features of the body of railway vehicles and the different types of railroad freight cars. It covers also details and arrangement of interior equipment, e.g. chairs, tables.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adaptation of vehicles to special systems

B61B

Underframes

B61F

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles in general

B60

Carriages for ordinary railway passenger traffic (mine cars B61D 11/00; tramcars B61D 13/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangement details for sleeping and seating facilities in the carriages of railway vehicles to increase comfort and loading capacity. This main-group covers also arrangement in multiple deck, e.g. double deck, carriages.

Following drawing shows one example:

media0.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mine cars

B61D 11/00

Tramcars

B61D 13/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Superstructure for passenger vehicles with more than one deck

B62D 31/04

Omnibus

B62D 47/02

General arrangements in sleeping or couchette carriages (B61D 1/08 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangement details of sleeping or couchette accomodation inside the railway vehicles. See example drawing:

media32.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sleeping arrangement for multiple deck carriages

B61D 1/08

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of sleeping facilities

B61D 31/00

General arrangements of seats (B61D 1/06 takes precedence; seats per se B61D 33/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seat arrangement for multiple deck carriages

B61D 1/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of seats and accessories therefore

B61D 33/00

Wagons or vans (tank wagons B61D 5/00; hopper wagons B61D 7/00; tipping wagons B61D 9/00; mine cars B61D 11/00; vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation B60P 3/04; {container traffic B65G})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details and arrangements of railway cars for transporting goods.

Typical examples are:

  • Railway wagons for carrying road vehicles.
  • Low level freight wagons.
  • Swivel platform for rail vehicles.
  • Convertible freight cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media1.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tank wagons

B61D 5/00

Hopper wagons

B61D 7/00

Tipping wagons

B61D 9/00

Mine cars

B61D 11/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Train with lorries

B60F 1/04

Vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation

B60P 3/04

Omnibus

B62D 47/02, B62D 47/025

Container traffic

B65G

Transferring at storage areas

B65G 63/00

Auxiliary measures taken in connection with loading/unloading

B65G 69/00

with movable floors, e.g. rotatable or floors which can be raised or lowered
Definition statement

This place covers:

The vehicle is able to raise, lower or rotate at least part of the floor, e.g. a container could be rotated by the floor from a first position in which the container is parallel to the roadway to a second position in which the container is parallel to the railway vehicle. The drawing shows an example:

media2.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wagons or vans; loading platforms

B61D 3/184, B61D 3/20, B61D 47/00, B61D 47/005

{specially adapted for heavy vehicles, e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example:

A rail transport vehicle for carrying a hydraulic crawler crane.

media3.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Articulated vehicles comprising running gear interconnected by loads

B61D 3/12

Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials
Definition statement

This place covers:

Railroad rolling stock designed for transporting liquid and gaseous commodities. This main-group further covers design and improvements of the container as also devices and methods for filling and emptying the railroad tank car.

Following drawing shows one example:

media4.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For cleaning container

B08B 9/08

Closure members for pressure vessels

F16J 13/08

Hopper cars (flat bottomed cars convertible into hoppers B61D 3/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Railroad freight cars used to transport loose bulk commodities such as coal, ore, grain, track ballast, and the like. This main-group comprises also devices and methods, e.g. closure elements, for discharging the freight from the hopper cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media5.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Flat bottoned cars convertible into hoppers

B61D 3/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle for transporting loads

B60P 1/00

Tipping wagons
Definition statement

This place covers:

Goods wagons designed primarily for the transportation of bulk goods and can usually be tipped, dumped or shovelled.

Following drawing shows one example:

media6.jpg

Mine cars (B61D 5/00 - B61D 9/00 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Railroad wagons specially adapted to be used as mining cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media7.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tank wagons

B61D 5/00

Tipping wagons

B61D 9/00

Tramway vehicles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Tramways for public transport, used principally in the city.

Following drawing shows one example:

media8.png

Other railway vehicles, e.g. scaffold cars; Adaptations of vehicles for use on railways (conveyor frames mounted for movement on rail tracks B65G 41/02; wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance E01B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Peculiar railway vehicles that are not in B61D 1/00 - B61D 13/00.

Following drawings show two examples:

media9.jpg

media10.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric devices for preventing crash collisions

B60L 3/0007

Repairing trolley lines

B60M 1/28

Conveyor frames mounted for movement on rail tracks

B65G 41/02

Cranes

B66C25/50

Track building vehicles

E01B

Wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance

E01B

Dredgers

E02F 9/022

Shock testing of vehicles

G01M 17/0078, G01M 7/08

Anti-collision systems

G08G 1/16, B60L 3/0007

Buffer cars; Arrangements or construction of railway vehicles for protecting them in case of collisions (buffers B61G 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example:

Rail vehicle having a driver's cab provided with an energy-absorbing structure adapted to cope with a collision above the frame of the vehicle.

media11.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Buffers

B61G 11/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For end walls

B61D 17/06

Obstruction removers

B61F 19/00

Construction details of vehicle bodies (for tank wagons B61D 5/00; for hopper cars B61D 7/00; body details specially adapted for tipping wagons B61D 9/06; for mine cars B61D 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of designing the structure of the vehicle body. This main-group also comprises details of interior walls, end walls, sides, floors, roofs and internal lining of the vehicle body.

Typical examples are:

  • Modular double-decker passenger carriage for railway car.
  • Lightweight profiles of a railway vehicle body.
  • Aerodynamic drag reducing devices.
  • Communication passage, e.g. of the bellow type.
  • Improved vehicle insulation and method for making using same.
  • Height adjustable floor of a railway vehicle.

Following drawings show two examples:

media12.jpg

media13.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

For tank wagons

B61D 5/00

For hopper cars

B61D 7/00

Body details specially adapted for tipping wagons

B61D 9/06

For mine cars

B61D 11/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bellows for gangways

B23Q 11/0816, B60D 5/00, F16J 3/04

Internal lining

B60R 13/00

Underframes of railway vehicle

B61F 1/00

Vehicles in general

B62D 21/00

Superstructure for vehicles

B62D 33/04

Streamlining

B62D 35/00

Joining sheets or plates;

F16B 5/00

Sound damping

G10K 11/16

reducing air resistance by modifying contour{; Constructional features for fast vehicles sustaining sudden variations of atmospheric pressure, e.g. when crossing in tunnels}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Examples:

Rail vehicle has rail vehicle ends that are aerodynamically arranged such that rail vehicle is provided with low driving resistance.

media14.png

Covering for a bogie of a rail vehicle for reducing the aerodynamic drag

media15.png

Streamlined rail vehicle front end for better aerodynamics.

media16.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active systems

B61D 27/0009

Braking by creating air resistance

B60T 1/16, B61H 11/10

End walls
Definition statement

This place covers:

End wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protection in case of collision

B61D 15/06

Sides
Definition statement

This place covers:

Side wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Door arrangements

B61D 19/007

Hatches in roofs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example:

A railroad car with a hatch cover for releasably closing a hatch opening in a roof of a railroad hopper car.

media17.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roofs cover

B61D 39/00

Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles (locks for vehicles E05B 77/00 - E05B 85/00; door-operating mechanisms E05F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of doors arrangements for railway vehicles. It concerns also methods and devices for operation of the vehicle doors.

Following drawing shows one example:

media18.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle door arrangements in general

B60J

Door leaves

B60J 5/00, E06B

Emergency escape

B60J 9/02

Locking means for railway freight cars

E05B65/14, E05B65/20

Vehicle locks in general

E05B 77/00 - E05B 85/00

Locking by electric means

E05B 77/46, E05B 77/48 , E05B 77/50, E05B 83/02 , E05B 83/06, E05B 83/363

Door mechanism especially for railways

E05D 15/00

Door-operating mechanisms in general

E05F

Door motorisation

E05F 15/00

Power-operated mechanism for wings for mass transport

E05F 15/40, E05Y 2900/51

Construction of steps for railway vehicles (ladders in general E06C)
Definition statement

This place covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media19.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangement of steps in general

B60R 3/00

Ladders in general

E06C

Window arrangements peculiar to rail vehicles (vehicle window arrangements in general B60J; cleaning vehicle windows B60S; heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas H05B 3/84)
Definition statement

This place covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media20.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Windows for vehicles in general

B60J

Cleaning vehicle windows in general

B60S

Aircraft window

B64C 1/1484, B64C 1/1492

Heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas

H05B 3/84

Heating, cooling, ventilating, or air-conditioning {(heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general B60H 1/00; devices for moistening air in vehicles B60H 3/02; devices for filtering air in vehicles B60H 3/06)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices and methods for heating, cooling, ventilating passenger carriages as also for refrigerating railroad freight cars.

Following drawing show one example:

media21.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Internal lining design

B61D 17/18

Heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general

B60H 1/00

Devices for moistening air in vehicles

B60H 3/02

Devices for filtering air in vehicles

B60H 3/06

Refrigerated goods vehicles

B60P 3/20

Superstructures for load-carrying vehicles

B62D 33/048

Lighting
Definition statement

This place covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Typical examples are:

  • Arrangement for emergency illumination of emergency exit in rail vehicles.
  • Passenger compartment lighting device for rail vehicles.
  • Headlamp and signaling lights for railway vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media22.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting for vehicle interior

B60Q 3/00

Sleeping accommodation
Definition statement

This place covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media23.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting for vehicles in general

B60Q

Head or tail indicators

B61L 15/02

Lighting in general

F21

Seats
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details and accessories of seats for railway vehicle, seating arrangement and attachment of seats in the vehicle compartment, as also safety seats.

Following drawing shows one example:

media24.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of seats

A47C 7/00

Seats for dissabled persons

A61G

Vehicle seats in general

B60N 2/00

Sanitation
Definition statement

This place covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media25.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sanitary equipment

A47K

Toilets for vehicles in general

B60R 15/00

Toilets for ships

B63B 29/14

Toilets for air plane

B64D 11/02

Purification of waste

C02F 1/048

Water-closets or urinals with flushing devices

E03D

Sewers

E03F

Other furniture or furnishings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of furniture that are not covered in B61D 29/00 and B61D 35/00.

Typical examples are:

  • Foldable tables
  • Universal computer support
  • Drink holder

Following drawing shows one example:

media26.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stowage devices for air-planes

B64D 11/003

Wagon or like covers; Tarpaulins; Movable or foldable roofs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices and methods for covering/uncovering railway cars, specially used for freight vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media27.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing arrangements

B60J 10/00

Tarpaulins for vehicles in general

B60P 7/02, B60P 7/04

Covering for swimming pools

E04H 4/06 - E04H 4/108

{telescopic}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Railway wagon covered by telescopically movable roofs.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sliding doors

B61D 19/005, B61D 17/02

Indicators for reserved seats; Warning or like signs; Devices or arrangements in connection with tickets, e.g. ticket holders; Holders for cargo tickets or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media28.jpg

Devices for using the energy of the movements of the vehicles
Definition statement

This place covers:

All types of devices using the movement of the vehicle to provide energy.

Some examples are:

  • Regenerative train brakes
  • Bogies comprising flywheel and prime mover
  • Axle-driven generators
  • Generators in wheel set bearing

Following drawing shows one example:

media29.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Auxiliary drives

B60K 25/08

Generators

H02K 7/18

Means or devices for securing or supporting the cargo, including protection against shocks (for vehicles in general B60P 7/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices and methods for securing a load on the railway freight car.

Typical examples are:

  • Cable tightening devices and load binders.
  • Railway car loading rack.

Following drawing shows one example:

media30.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Paltform wagon

B61D 3/08

Securing of load in vehicle in general

B60P 7/00

Large containers

B65D 88/00

Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, {doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps} (combined with vehicles in general B60P)
Definition statement

This place covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and do not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media31.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loading/unloading devices for wheelchairs

B61D 23/00, A61G 3/02 - A61G 3/066

Loading/unloading devices for vehicles in general

B60P

Rail vehicle marshalling systems

B61B 1/005

Loading/unloading devices in general

B65G 63/00 - B65G 69/00

Other details
Definition statement

This place covers:

Body details and kinds of railway vehicles that are not covered in B61D 1/00 - B61D 47/00.

Typical examples are:

  • On-board display systems.
  • Passenger information system for inside rail vehicle.
  • Overhead wiring arrangement for a railway car.
  • Railway swimming poolcar.
  • Handgrips for use in a railway passenger vehicle.