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SCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Moulds for making units for prefabricated buildings or prefabricated stair units
Forms or shutterings of the construction, permanent or lost forms.
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Scaffold
Temporary platform or support
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "formwork", "falsework", "shuttering" and "form" are often used as synonyms.

Scaffolds primarily resting on the ground
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Workmen's or safety scaffolds i.e. temporary platforms or supports, supported mainly by the ground.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Scaffolds supported essentially by the building are classified in E04G 3/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stagings, scaffolding, shores or struts usable both on slipways and in dry docks
Lifting devices for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations
Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
Ladders in general, accessories specific therefor
Ladders with platforms
Platforms on, or for use on, ladders
Trestles (per se). Work benches, portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby of trestle type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shelves characterised by their constructional features
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 1/18, B66F 11/04: Lifting devices for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations are classified in B66F 11/04; Scaffolds adjustable in height are classified in E04G 1/18.

E04G 1/32, F16M 11/00, B25H 1/08: Trestles per se are classified in F16M 11/00; Work benches, portable stands or supports for positioning portable tools or work to be operated on thereby of trestle type are classified in B25H 1/08; Scaffolds designed to provide support only at a low height using trestles are classified in E04G 1/32.

E04G 1/36, B65C 5/02: Stagings, scaffolding, shores or struts usable both on slipways and in dry docks are classified in B65C 5/02; Scaffolds for particular parts of buildings or buildings of particular shape are classified in E04G 1/36.

E04G 1/38; E04G 3/00: Scaffolds both resting on the ground and supported by the building should be classified in E04G 1/38 not E04G 3/00.

essentially comprising special means for supporting or forming platforms (E04G 1/20 takes precedence) ; Platforms (boards or planks therefor E04G 5/08, { clips or connections for securing boards E04G 7/28} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Scaffolds essentially comprising special means for supporting or forming platforms i.e. scaffolds with specific fastening features on the scaffold frame or on the board for supporting or forming platforms, e.g. hooks and corresponding holes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Scaffold boards or planks i.e. plain scaffold boards of planks without specific fastening features, e.g. hooks or corresponding holes.
Clips or connections for securing boards, i.e. clips which are part of neither the plank or board not the scaffold frame
Ladders with platforms
Platforms on, or for use on, ladders
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 1/15, E04G 5/08, E04G 7/28: Plain scaffold boards or planks without specific fastening means should be classified in E04G 5/08; Clips or connecting means for securing boards, i.e. clips which are part of neither the plank or board nor of the scaffold frame should be classified in E04G 7/28; Scaffolds essentially comprising specific fastening means on either the scaffold frame or on the board, e.g. hooks and corresponding holes, should be classified in E04G 1/15.

Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height (E04G 1/00 takes precedence { and E04G 21/3204 takes precedence} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Workmen's or safety scaffolds (i.e. temporary platforms or supports) supported mainly by the building construction.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Scaffolds primarily resting on the ground are classified in E04G 1/00. Scaffolds both resting on the ground and supported by the building are classified in E04G 1/38 not in E04G 3/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions
Scaffold consoles or brackets
Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the construction of buildings, i.e. with the function of preventing or catching a fall and without the function of supporting the persons performing their normal work
Stagings, scaffolding, shores or struts usable both on slipways and in dry docks
Devices or arrangements allowing walking on the roof or in the gutter
Movable inspection or maintenance platforms, e.g. travelling scaffolding or vehicles specially designed to provide access to the undersides of bridges
Lifting devices for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations
Scaffolds primarily resting on the ground
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for cleaning building facades i.e. the gondolas carrying the cleaning device of such arrangements are similar to the scaffolds' gondolas, however do not provide a support function for persons
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 3/00, E04G 5/06, E04G 21/3204: Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building and supporting persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 3/00; Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building with the function of preventing or catching a fall and without the function of supporting the persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 21/3204; Consoles for scaffoldings are classified in E04G 5/06.

Component parts or accessories for scaffolds (connections E04G 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for scaffolds, in particular scaffolds' feet, fastening means to building construction, consoles or brackets, boards or planks, steps or ladders, canopies, railings and struts or stiffening rods, devices which are specifically designed to be attached to the scaffold and to store buildlng material or tools.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Consoles or brackets essentially supported by building constructions and supporting persons performing their normal work
Connections between parts of the scaffold
Scaffolds essentially comprising special means for supporting or forming platforms i.e. scaffolds with specific fastening features on the scaffold frame or on the board for supporting or forming platforms (e.g. hooks and corresponding holes, etc.)
Clips or connections for securing boards, i.e. clips which are part of neither the plank or board nor the scaffold frame
Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the construction of buildings, i.e. with the function of preventing or catching a fall and without the function of supporting the persons performing their normal work
Safety or protective measures preventing damage to building parts or finishing work during construction
Temporary arrangements for giving access from one level to another for men or vehicles, e.g. steps, ramps
Fastenings in general
Ladders in general
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shelves characterised by their constructional features
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 5/00, E04G 21/3204: Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the erection of scaffolding should be classified in E04G 5/00 not in E04G 21/3204.

E04G 3/00, E04G 5/06, E04G 21/3204: Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building and supporting persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 3/00; Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building with the function of preventing or catching a fall and without the function of supporting the persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 21/3204; Consoles for scaffoldings are classified in E04G 5/06.

E04G 5/08, E04G 1/15, E04G 7/28: Plain scaffold boards or planks without specific fastening means should be classified in E04G 5/08; Clips or connecting means for securing boards, i.e. clips which are part of neither the plank or board not the scaffold frame are classified in E04G 7/28; scaffolds essentially comprising specific fastening means on either the scaffold frame or on the board, e.g. hooks and corresponding holes are classified in E04G 1/15.

E04G 5/10, E04G 27/00: Steps or ramps as construction implements or construction aid are classified in E04G 27/00; Steps for scaffolds are classified in E04G 5/10

E04G 5/12, E04G 21/24: Details of scaffolds' canopies should be classified in E04G 5/12; Details about the use of scaffoldings with canopies to protect buildings during construction should be classified in E04G 21/24.

Connections between parts of the scaffold (for building structures in general E04B 1/38; connections in general F16B; { connection for tubes or rods in general F16B 7/00} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Connection between parts of the scaffold, e.g. with separate coupling elements e.g. ropes, cables, chains, clamps or with non-detachable coupling elements.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Connections for (permanent) building structures in general
Connections in general
Connections of rods or tubes in general
Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or to other objects
Scaffolds essentially comprising special means for supporting or forming platforms i.e. scaffolds with specific fastening features on the scaffold frame or on the board for supporting or forming platforms, e.g. hooks and corresponding holes.
Accessories for scaffolds, in particular scaffolds' feet, fastening means to building construction, consoles or brackets, boards or planks, steps or ladders, canopies, railings and struts or stiffening rods.
Scaffold boards or planks i.e. plain scaffold boards of planks without details of specific fastening features, e.g. hooks or corresponding holes.
Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables.
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 7/28, E04G 1/15, E04G 5/08: Plain scaffold boards or planks without specific fastening means are classified in E04G 5/08; Clips or connecting means for securing boards, i.e. clips which are part of neither the plank or board not the scaffold frame are classified in E04G 7/28; scaffolds essentially comprising specific fastening means on either the scaffold frame or on the board, e.g. hooks and corresponding holes, are classified in E04G 1/15.

Forming or shuttering elements for general use { (for prefabrication of concrete elements in a plant B28B 7/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Forming or shuttering elements for general use, re-usable and to be used in situ.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs, i.e. formworks showing features specific for the casting of walls, floors, ceiling
Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies, i.e. formworks showing features specific for the casting of particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies.
Forms or shutterings for making (i.e. formworks showing features specific for the casting of openings, cavities, slits, or channels) cf. E04G 15/00.
Moulds; Cores; Mandrels to be used for prefabrication of elements in prefabrication plants rather than in-situ.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
E02C2/00
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 9/00, B28B 7/00: forms to be used in situ are classified in E04G 9/00, forms to be used in prefabrication plants are classified in B28B 7/00.

Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs { (for prefabrication of concrete elements in a plant B28B 7/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs, re-usable and to be used in situ.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forming or shuttering elements for general use
Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies, i.e. formworks showing features specific for the casting of particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies
Forms or shutterings for making i.e. formworks showing features specific for the casting of openings, cavities, slits, or channels
Props, struts or chocks for the construction
Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements, i.e. floors with lost forms rather than re-usable forms
Moulds for making units for prefabricated buildings, i.e. moulds for the prefabrication of units for prefabricated buildings in a prefabrication site rather than in situ
Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms made of particular materials, e.g. layered products, rather than re-usable forms
Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms rather than in re-usable forms
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 11/00, B28B 7/22: Forms to be used in situ are classified in E04G 11/00; Forms to be used in prefabrication plants are classified in B28B 7/22.

E04G 11/00, E04B 5/32, E04B 1/167, E04B 2/86: Re-usable forms are classified in E04G 11/00; Lost forms are classified in E04B 5/32, E04B 1/167 or E04B 2/86.

E04G 11/48, E04G 25/00: Structures with features specific for supporting shutterings or frames for floors or roofs are classified in E04G 11/48; Props, struts and chocks for the construction in general are classified in E04G 25/00.

Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies { foundations, sills (E04G 11/365 takes precedence; flat foundations e.g. with lost forms E02D 27/01; removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes E01C 19/50) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies, re-usable and to be used in situ.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stop-end shutterings for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces
Flat foundations with lost forms rather than re-usable forms
Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes
Columns; Pillars; Struts of concrete other stone-like material, with or without permanent form elements, with or without internal or external reinforcement, e.g. metal coverings using permanent forms rather than in re-usable forms
Moulds for making units for prefabricated buildings in a prefabrication site rather than in situ; Moulds for making prefabricated stair units in a prefabrication site rather than in situ
Stairways; Layouts thereof, which are using permanent forms rather than in re-usable forms
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 13/00, E02D 27/01: Re-usable forms for foundations are classified in E04G 13/00, foundations with lost forms are classified in E02D 27/01.

E04G 13/02, E04C 3/34: Re-usable forms for columns are classified in E04G 13/02, columns with lost forms are classified in E04C 3/34.

E04G 13/06, B28B 7/225, E04F 11/02: Re-usable forms for stairs to be used in situ are classified in E04G 13/06, forms for stairs to be used in a prefabrication plant are classified in B28B 7/225, stairs elements with lost shuttering are classified in E04F 11/02.

Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels (forming part of shuttering for walls E04G 11/06, { e.g. double walls E04G 11/18; prefabricated elements with elements wholly or partly embedded therein B28B 23/00; core or mandrels for the prefabrication of concrete elements B28B 7/28} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels, to be used in situ.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forms forming part of shuttering for walls, [N: e.g. double walls E04G 11/18]
Forms forming part of shuttering for double walls
Means in or on the elements for connecting same to handling apparatus, i.e. anchors in or on building elements specially adapted for handling these elements
Templates or adjusting tools for anchoring elements or elements to be incorporated in the structure
Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material, to be used in the prefabrication process in prefabrication plants; Core or mandrels to be used in the prefabrication process in prefabrication plants
Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, distribution boxes
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 15/04, E04G 21/142: Cores for the anchors are classified in E04G 15/04; Anchors per se are classified in E04G 21/142.

E04G 15/00, B28B 23/00, B28B 23/005, B28B 23/0056, B28B 7/28: Forms or shutterings for making openings, re-usable or lost, to be used in situ are classified in E04G 15/00; Forms or shutterings for making openings, to be used in the prefabrication process in prefabrication plants are classified in B28B 23/00, B28B 23/005, B28B 23/0056, B28B 7/28

E04G 15/06, H02G 3/08: electric distribution boxes are classified in H02G 3/08 not in E04G 15/06.

Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structure, or shutterings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structure, or shutterings, for re-usable forms to be used in situ.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Forms for rooms as a whole, by which walls and floors are cast simultaneously, whole storeys, or whole buildings
Forms for vertical ducts
Forms for columns
Struts fro the construction
Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties going through the forms. i.e. ties for lost forms
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 17/04, E04B 2/8647: Ties for re-usable forms are classified in E04G 17/04; Ties for lost forms are classified in E04B 2/8647.

Auxiliary treatment of forms, e.g. dismantling; Cleaning devices (lubricating compositions C10M)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
Lubricating compositions
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 19/00, C10M: Lubricating compositions are classified in C10M not in E04G 19/00.

E04G 19/003, B66C 1/10: Arrangements for moving specifically forms from one place to the other are classified in E04G 19/003; Arrangements for moving general items from one place to the other are classified in B66C 1/10.

Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work (conveying in general B65G; lifting devices B66; working stone-like materials B28D; measuring instruments G01)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tying devices for hops, vines or trees with e.g. wire
Fastening devices for devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of jumping devices, e.g. jumping-sheets, jumping-mattresses
Climbing tools, e.g. climbing irons for masts
Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion
Generating vibration is general
Workshop marking tools
Producing shaped articles
Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material, with anchoring or fastening elements for the shaped articles
Working concrete in general, e.g. mixing machines
Working stone-line materials
Cord-line chalkers
Bundling articles, details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines, securing ends of binding material by twisting
Bundling articles by twisting e.g. wire
Conveying in general
Lifting in general
Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means comprising article-engaging members of a shape complementary to that of the articles to be handled for engaging holes, recesses, or abutments on articles specially provided for facilitating handling thereof for connection to anchor inserts embedded in concrete structures
Composition of concrete
Construction and surfacing of floorings made of similar material to roads or pavements
Road building
Barrages
Foundations
Devices for solidifying also soil
Ducts specially adapted to be used in prestressed construction
Anchoring devices specially adapted to be used in prestressed construction
Connections of reinforcing elements and spacers
Devices or arrangements allowing walking on the roof or in the gutter
Finishing work
Implements for after-treatment of plaster or the like, e.g. smoothing-tools, profile trowels
Adjusting tools, templates for coverings or linings
Implements for finishing work on buildings, for laying flooring of masses made in situ, e.g. smoothing tools
Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
Cores for anchor holes or the like
Struting existing buildings
Construction props or struts in general
Consoles; Brackets for scaffoldings
Canopies for scaffolds
Canopies for scaffolds
Devices for erecting fences
Concrete pumps
Measuring instruments
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 21/122, B65B 13/28: Bundling machines specific for bundling reinforcement bars in position are classified in E04G 21/125; Bundling machines in general are classified in B65B 13/28.

E04G 21/142, E04G 15/04: Core for the anchors are classified in E04G 15/04; Building elements with the anchors per se are classified in E04G 21/142.

E04G 21/142, B66C 1/666: Building elements with the anchors per se are classified in E04G 21/142; Features used to attach the sling to the anchor are classified in B66C 1/666.

E04G 21/24, E04G 5/12: Details of scaffolds' canopies should be classified in E04G 5/12; Details about the use of scaffoldings with canopies to protect buildings during construction should be classified in E04G 21/24.

E04G 21/3204, E04G 3/00, E04G 5/06: Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building and supporting persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 3/00; Consoles or brackets to be fastened directly to the building with the function of preventing or catching a fall and without the function of supporting the persons performing their normal work are classified in E04G 21/3204; Consoles for scaffoldings are classified in E04G 5/06.

E04G 21/3204, E04G 5/00: Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the erection of scaffolding should be classified in E04G 5/00.

E04G 21/3204, A62B 1/00, A62B 35/00: Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the construction of buildings are classified in E04G 21/3204; Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons in general are classified in A62B 1/00, A62B 35/00.

E04G 21/3204, E04D 13/12: Safety or protective measures against falling down for persons during the construction of buildings are classified in E04G 21/3204; Devices or arrangements allowing walking on the roof or in the gutter are classified in E04D 13/12.

Working measures on existing buildings, ( { domestic cleaning of walls or floors A47L 11/00; grinding floors or walls B24B 7/18; removing of wall coverings B44C 7/00; removing of paint from surfaces B44D 3/16; electrochemical desalination or re-alkalisation C04B 41/00} ; on foundations E02D 35/00, E02D 37/00; in connection with insulations E04B; subsequent or finishing work E04F)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Domestic washing or cleaning (of e.g. floors or windows)
Cleaning in general
Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades pivoted on a single axis
Grinding floors or walls
Removing of wall coverings
Removing of paint from surfaces
Compositions of filling material
Electrochemical desalination or re-alkalisation
Strengthening, widening, repairing of bridges
Straightening, lifting, or lowering of foundation structures or of constructions erected on foundations
Repair of damaged foundations or foundation structure
Mechanically-driven dredgers or soil shifting machines with arrangements on backhoes for alternate use of different metal-cutting or concrete-crushing implements
E02F3/96D4
Drying damp layers by temporary mechanical ventilation
Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
Finishing work
Struts or props for the construction
Repair or reinforcement of the post or pole
Wrecking of fences
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 23/002, A47L, B08B: Cleaning of fa├žades is classified in E04G 23/002; Domestic cleaning of e.g. floors and windows, is classified in A47L; Cleaning in general is classified in B08B.

E04G 23/02, C04B 41/00: Electrochemical desalination or re-alkalisation of buildings is classified in C04B 41/00 not in E04G 23/02.

E04G 23/0218, E04C 5/00: Retrofitting an existing building with new or additional reinforcement is classified in E04G 23/0218; Reinforcement to be applied in new building is classified in E04C 5/00.

E04G 23/0218, E02D 35/00, E02D 37/00: Repairing foundations of a building is classified in E02D 35/00 or E02D 37/00 respectively; Repairing a building is classified in E04G 23/02.

E04G 23/02, E04G 23/0218, E04H 12/2292: Repairing of buildings is classified in E04G 23/02, E04G 23/0218, Repairing of posts or poles is classified in E04H 12/2292.

Subject matter relating to working measures on existing buildings which are analogous to those used in constructing new buildings, are classified in the appropriate construction groups.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Building
In this group, the expression building defines a house, school, a store, etc. In this group, the expression building excludes other specialized civil works constructions such as bridges, dams, oil platform, nuclear plants, etc., working measures on such specialised constructions is usually dealt with in the subclasses/groups relating to these constructions
Shores or struts (specially designed for use in mines E21D 15/00 { ; E04G 21/26, E04G 23/04 take precedence} ) ; Chocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Shores, struts or chocks for the construction industry.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Props for mines
Bordering or stiffening the sides of ditches or trenches or narrow shafts for foundations
Supporting structures for shutterings or frames for floors or roofs
Strutting means for wall parts during construction e.g. for holding in position prefabricated walls
Strutting of existing buildings
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 25/00, E04G 11/48: Structures with features specific for supporting shutterings or frames for floors or roofs are classified in E04G 11/48; Props, struts and chocks for the construction in general are classified in E04G 25/00.

Temporary arrangements for giving access from one level to another for men or vehicles, e.g. steps, ramps (for scaffolds E04G 5/10; gangways B63; lifts B66)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Temporary arrangements for giving access from one level to another for men or vehicles, e.g. steps, ramps, as building implement or building aid.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gangways for ships
Lifts
Steps or ladders specially adapted for scaffolds
Ramps
Special rules of classification within this group

E04G 27/00, E04F 11/002: Steps or ramps as construction implements or construction aid are classified in E04G 27/00; Steps or ramps in general are classified in E04F 11/002.

E04G 27/00, E04G 5/10: Steps or ramps as construction implements or construction aid are classified in E04G 27/00; Steps for scaffolds are classified in E04G 5/10.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013