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CLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL (brushes A46B; devices for domestic or like cleaning, dishwashers A47L; [N: cleaning golf-clubs or golf accessories A63B 57/0087; cleaning grips of bats on rackets A63B 59/0062]; separation of particles from liquids or gases B01D; separation of solids B03, B07; spraying or applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05; cleaning devices for conveyers B65G 45/10; concurrent cleaning, filling and closing of bottles B67C 7/00; inhibiting corrosion or incrustation in general C23; cleaning streets, permanent ways, beaches or land E01H; parts, details or accessories of swimming or splash baths or pools, specially adapted for cleaning E04H 4/16 ; preventing or removing electrostatic charges H05F; cleaning semiconductor wafers H01L21/02041, H01L21/6704)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This subclass covers only inventions relating to cleaning which are 3 usually classified according to one (or more) of the aspects mentioned below if they are not fully classifiable in a subclass providing for any of the following aspects: the articles cleaned, e.g. bed-pans, urinal or other sanitary devices for bed-ridden persons A61G 9/02, filters, semi-permeable membres B01D, castings and moulds B22D 29/00, vehicles B60S, coke ovens C10B 43/00, building forms E04G, boilers F22, combustion apparatus F23, furnaces F27, solar panels for the production of heat F24J2/461;the general nature of the cleaning, e.g. preparing for sugar manufacture A23N, domestic cleaning A47L, treatment of textiles D06, laundry D06F, air-conditioning F24F; the particular operation performed, e.g. filtering B01D, separating of solids B03, B07, sand-blasting B24C;the particular apparatus or device, e.g. brushes A46B, mops A47L, centrifuges B04, hand tools B25 [N: devices for cleaning paint-applying hand tools after use B44D 3/006]; the substance cleaned, e.g. metals B21C, C23, water C02, glass C03B, leather C14B, textile fibres D01; the substance removed (or prevented from depositing or forming) e.g. [N: removing paint B44D 3/00, e.g.] implements or apparatus for removing dry paint from surfaces B44D 3/16; chemical paint-removers C09D 9/00; preventing rust C23F; the substance used, e.g. macromolecular compounds or compositions C08, anti-icing materials C09K, detergents C11D, reactive gases C23C16/445;the operation in connection with which cleaning is done, e.g. metal rolling B21B, metal boring B23B, soldering B23K, textile fabrication D01G, H, D03J, D04B; the surroundings of a surface to be cleaned or kept clean, e.g. water in a boiler C02F, air in a room F24F.

Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members (B08B 3/12, B08B 6/00, [N: B08B 7/02], B08B 9/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The mechanical cleaning of objects by means of mechanical members such as tools, brushes, or analogous members, with or without the application of fluid.

[N: having means to clean the cleaning members before, during or after use]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members, further comprising means to clean or regenerate the cleaning members.

Example: EP-A2-1101542

[N: using translating operative members]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of cleaning members comprising guiding means for performing a translatory movement along the object to be cleaned.

Example: WO-A1-2009/046916

Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyer
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are travelling past at least one cleaning member.

Example: DE-A1-19770602

using rotary operative members (B08B 1/02 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of cleaning members which are arranged to perform a rotary movement during cleaning.

Example: WO-A1-01/78910

Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam (B08B 9/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The mechanical cleaning of objects by means of liquid. The cleaning of objects by means of contacting with steam.

[N: Cleaning involving contact with foam]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of contacting with a foam.

[N: Cabinets or cupboards specially adapted for cleaning articles by hand]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manual cleaning of objects while these are located within a cabinet such as a parts washer.

Example: EP-A2-1524040

Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of the mechanical action of a liquid or steam jet.

Example: WO-A1-03/092524

[N: Cleaning travelling work (B08B 3/042 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are travelling past at least one fluid jet.

[N: Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of fluid jets comprising guiding means for performing a controlled movement along the object to be cleaned.

[N: Cleaning by making use of hand-held spray guns; Fluid preparations therefor]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of hand-held spray guns.

[N: Spray guns]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Gun lances used in the cleaning of objects by means of hand-held spray guns.

Cleaning involving contact with liquid
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of contacting with a liquid.

[N: Cleaning travelling work]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are travelling and in contact with a liquid.

Example: GB-A-2469605

[N: the loose articles or bulk material travelling gradually through a drum or other container, e.g. by helix or gravity]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are travelling gradually through a

container in contact with a liquid.

[N: using agitated containers in which the liquid and articles or material are placed(by means of ultrasonic vibrationsB08B 3/12; cleaning casks or barrels by agitatingB08B9/12D; mixers with shaking, oscillating or vibrating mechanismsB01F 11/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are within an agitated container filled with a liquid.

[N: using perforated containers, e.g. baskets, or racks immersed and agitated in a liquid bath (using perforated drums B08B 3/06)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are within a perforated container which is agitated within a liquid bath.

Example: US-A-3794053

[N: Containers specially adapted therefor]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specially adapted perforated containers.

using perforated drums in which the article or material is placed [N: (B08B 3/042 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are within a perforated drum and contacted with a liquid.

Example: US-A1-2010/126537

the liquid having chemical or dissolving effect (substances used, see the relevant classes)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The non-chemical cleaning of objects by means of contacting with a liquid having chemical or dissolving effect.

with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects while these are contacted with a liquid and whereby the liquid or the object is subjected to an additional treatment.

[N: with means for agitating the liquid (by agitating the container B08B 3/042, B08B 3/044, B08B 3/045, B08B 3/06)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subjecting the liquid to agitation.

[N: using propellers]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subjecting the liquid to agitation by means of propellers.

by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations (washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware using sonic or ultrasonic wavesA47L 15/13; of natural teeth, of protheses using ultrasonic techniques similar to those used for natural teethA61C 17/20; application of ultrasonic vibrations to chemical, physical, or physico-chemical processes in generalB01J 19/10)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subjecting the object or the liquid to sonic or ultrasonic vibrations.

Example: WO-A2-2005/124885

[N: Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, articles on a conveyer (conveyers B65G; handling webs B65H)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subjecting the object or the liquid to sonic or ultrasonic vibrations while the objects are travelling.

Removing waste, e.g. labels, from cleaning liquid; [N:Regenerating cleaning liquids] (treatment of water in general C02F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The additional treatment of the liquid consists in removing contaminants from the liquid.

Example: FR-A1-2820995

Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow (B08B 6/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of a gas.

Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities [N: (airguns or nozzles per se B05B 1/005)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of the mechanical action of a gas jet.

Cleaning by suction, with or without auxiliary action ([N: 08B9/03TAKES precedence;](suction cleanersA47L))
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of the mechanical action of suction.

Cleaning by electrostatic means (domestic cleaning implements functioning electrostatically A47L 13/40; cleaning of grooved record carriers G11B 3/58)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of electrostatic action on the contaminants.

Example: WO-A1-2010/109755

[N: by explosions]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of subjecting the objects to an explosion.

Example: US-A1-2004216698

[N: by incorporation in a layer which is removed with the contaminants]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of applying a layer to a contaminated surface, into which layer contaminants become incorporated, and removing the layer with the contaminants.

Example US-A-6123777

[N: by liquid gases or supercritical fluids]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of subjecting the objects to the washing action of a liquid gas or a supercritical fluid.

[N: by adhesive surfaces]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of applying a tacky layer to a contaminated surface, onto which layer contaminants become attached, and removing the layer with the contaminants.

Example: JP-A-8274059

[N: by radiant energy, e.g. UV, laser, light beam or the like]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of subjecting the objects to the action of

radiant energy.

Example: WO-A1-02/052347

[N: by laser]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of subjecting the objects to laser radiation.

Example: US-A1-2011/007308

[N: by temperature changes]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of objects by means of subjecting the objects to temperature changes.

by distortion, beating, or vibration of the surface to be cleaned [N: (B08B 7/0007 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: GB-A-2336428

Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto (B08B 3/12, B08B 6/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of hollow objects by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto, the objects being other than containers, pipes.

[N: using pressurised, pulsating or purging fluid (E04F17/12B takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: WO-A-97/15406

by suction
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: WO85/02565

moved by externally powered mechanical linkage, e.g. pushed or drawn through the pipes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: WO-A1-03/095792

having self-contained propelling means for moving the cleaning devices along the pipes [N: i.e. self-propelled]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: US-A1-2008/001005

moved along the pipes by a fluid, e.g. by fluid pressure or by suction
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: US-A1-2010/012151

Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of inner and/or outer surfaces of containers by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto.

[N: Cleaning containers having tubular shape, e.g. casks, barrels, drums (B08B 9/20 take precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of containers, whereby the tubular shape of the container is essential to the definition of the cleaning method or apparatus.

[N: by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. by brushes, scrapers]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of containers by means of mechanical members, whereby the shape of the container is essential to the definition of the mechanical member used.

Example: EP-A1-1236521

[N: by the force of jets or sprays]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of containers by means of a fluid jet, whereby the shape of the container is essential to the definition of the fluid jet applied.

by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. brushes, scrapers ([N: B08B 9/0808], B08B 9/20 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of containers by means of mechanical members, whereby the shape of the container is not essential to the definition of the mechanical member used.

Example: DE-C1-3311117

by the force of jets or sprays ([N: B08B 9/0813],B08B 9/20 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning of containers by means of a fluid jet, whereby the shape of the container is not essential to the definition of the fluid jet applied.

[N: Removing sludge or the like from tank bottoms]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The removal of sludge, sediment or the like from container bottoms, using a fluid jet to fluidize the sludge, sediment or the like.

by using apparatus into or on to which containers e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought [N: (washing or rinsing crockery or tableware A47L 15/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods and apparatus for the cleaning of series of bottles.

Example: WO-A1-2009/124688

[N: Conveying containers to or from the cleaning machines]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning method or apparatus being characterized by the method or

apparatus for conveying the bottles to or from the cleaning machine.

the means being for loading or unloading the apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning method or apparatus being characterized by the method or apparatus for loading or unloading the bottles.

Inspecting cleaned containers for cleanliness
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The cleaning method or apparatus being characterized by the method or apparatus for inspecting cleaned bottles.

[N: using a central suction system, e.g. for collecting exhaust gases in workshops (removing dust from textile machines D01H 11/00; ventilation of mines, galleries or tunnels, e.g. traffic tunnels, E21F 1/00)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from the area where these are produced using a central suction system to which a plurality of collecting or removing devices are connected.

[N: comprising a stationary main duct with one or more branch units, the branch units being freely movable along a sealed longitudinal slit in the main duct]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Branch units configured to move along a sealed longitudinal slit in a main

duct, the branch units travelling with a source of dirt or fumes.

Example: EP-A1-0174481

[N: Fume suction nozzles arranged on a closed or semiclosed surface, e.g. on a circular, ring-shaped or rectangular surface adjacent the area where fumes are produced (B08B 15/04 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example: DE-A1-102004031881

by giving articles subject to fouling a special shape or arrangement
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Preventing fouling or deposition of fouling or of dust by means of giving articles subject to fouling a shape or arrangement such that fouling or deposition of fouling or of dust will be minimized or eliminated, e.g. by application of the lotus effect.

Example: DE-A1-102005013560

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013