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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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GUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC (power supply lines for electrically-propelled vehicles B60M; vehicle signalling in general B60Q; brakes or auxiliary equipment B61H, B61K; point or crossing construction E01B; insulated rail joints E01B 11/54; optical devices in general G02; controlling in general G05; electric communication technique H04)
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Devices along the route controlled by interaction with the vehicle or vehicle train,
{
e.g. pedals
}
(detonators B61L 5/20; operation of points or signals by passage of the vehicle B61L 11/00, B61L 13/00; central traffic control systems controlled by train B61L 27/04; operation of gates, or gates and signals, by approaching vehicle B61L 29/18)
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B61L 1/02
.
Electric devices associated with track
{
e.g. rail contacts
}
B61L 1/025
. .
{
actuated by variation of resistance or by piezo-electricity
}
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B61L 1/04
. .
mechanically actuated by a part of the vehicle
B61L 1/045
. . .
{
actuated by fluid-pressure
}
B61L 1/06
. .
actuated by deformation of rail; actuated by vibration in rail
B61L 1/08
. .
magnetically actuated; electrostatically actuated
B61L 1/10
. .
actuated by electromagnetic radiation; actuated by particle radiation
B61L 1/12
.
Electric devices associated with overhead trolley wires
B61L 1/14
.
Devices for indicating the passing of the end of the vehicle or vehicle train
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B61L 1/16
.
Devices for counting axles; Devices for counting vehicles (counting moving objects in general G06M)
B61L 1/161
. .
{
characterised by the counting methods
}
B61L 1/162
. .
{
characterised by the error correction
}
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B61L 1/163
. .
{
Detection devices
}
B61L 1/164
. . .
{
Mechanical
}
B61L 1/165
. . .
{
Electrical
}
B61L 1/166
. . .
{
Optical
}
B61L 1/167
. .
{
Circuit details
}
B61L 1/168
. .
{
Specific transmission details
}
B61L 1/169
. .
{
Diagnosis
}
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B61L 1/18
.
Railway track circuits (automatically-operated track circuits specially adapted for section blocking for controlling traffic B61L 23/00; rail joints E01B 11/00)
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B61L 1/181
. .
{
Details
}
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B61L 1/182
. . .
{
Use of current of indifferent sort or a combination of different current types
}
B61L 1/183
. . . .
{
Use of means on the vehicle for improving short circuit e.g. in vehicles with rubber bandages
}
B61L 1/184
. . . .
{
Use of additional conductors for examining leakages between rails
}
B61L 1/185
. . .
{
Use of direct current
}
B61L 1/186
. . .
{
Use of rectified alternating current
}
B61L 1/187
. . .
{
Use of alternating current
}
B61L 1/188
. . .
{
Use of coded current
}
B61L 1/20
.
Safety arrangements for preventing or indicating malfunction of the device, e.g. by leakage current, by lightning
{
remote indicating means for abnormal operations conditions G08B 21/00, G08B 23/00; detectors for indicating the overheating of axle bearings B61K 9/00
}
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Devices along the route for controlling devices on the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. to release brake, to operate a warning signal
B61L 3/002
.
{
Recorders on the vehicle
}
B61L 3/004
.
{
Memory means reproducing during the running of the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. smart cards
}
B61L 3/006
.
{
On-board optimisation of vehicle or vehicle train operation (track-side optimisation of operation B61L 27/0027)
}
B61L 3/008
.
{
On-board target speed calculation or supervision (track-side control of safe travel B61L 27/0038; speed control circuitry B60L 3/08; speed control of electric drives B60L 15/20)
}
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B61L 3/02
.
at selected places along the route, e.g. intermittent control
{
simultaneous mechanical and electrical control
}
B61L 3/04
. .
controlling mechanically
{
arrangements of making elements acting directly on tread B60T 1/04
}
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B61L 3/06
. .
controlling by electromagnetic or particle radiation, e.g. by light beam (using radio waves B61L 3/12)
B61L 3/065
. . .
{
controlling optically
}
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B61L 3/08
. .
controlling electrically
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B61L 3/10
. . .
using current passing between devices along the route and devices on the vehicle train
B61L 3/103
. . . .
{
Details of current transmitting conductors or contact brushes
}
B61L 3/106
. . . .
{
with mechanically controlled electrical switch on the vehicle
}
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B61L 3/12
. . .
using magnetic or electrostatic induction; using radio waves
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B61L 3/121
. . . .
{
using magnetic induction
}
B61L 2003/122
. . . . .
{
German standard for inductive train protection, called "Induktive Zugsicherung"[INDUSI]
}
B61L 2003/123
. . . . .
{
French standard for inductive train protection, called "ContrĂ´le de vitesse par balises" [KVB]
}
B61L 3/125
. . . .
{
using short-range radio transmission (long-range radio transmission B61L 15/0027, B61L 27/0005)
}
B61L 3/126
. . . .
{
Constructional details
}
B61L 3/127
. . . .
{
for remote control of locomotives (remote control of locomotives within a train consist B61C 17/12)
}
B61L 3/128
. . . .
{
for control of tilting trains by external control devices, e.g. by Eurobalise (tilting details B61F 5/22)
}
B61L 3/14
. .
to cut-off the power supply to traction motors of electrically-propelled vehicles
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B61L 3/16
.
Continuous control along the route
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B61L 3/18
. .
using electric current passing between devices along the route and devices on the vehicle or vehicle train
B61L 3/185
. . .
{
using separate conductors
}
B61L 3/20
. . .
employing different frequences or coded pulse groups
{
e.g. using currents carried by traction current (operating and signalling systems using network power supply H02J 13/00)
}
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B61L 3/22
. .
using magnetic or electrostatic induction; using electromagnetic radiation
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B61L 3/221
. . .
{
using track circuits
}
B61L 3/222
. . . .
{
Arrangements on the track only
}
B61L 2003/223
. . . .
{
French cab signaling system, called "Transmission Voie-Machine" [TVM]
}
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B61L 3/225
. . .
{
using separate conductors along the route
}
B61L 2003/226
. . . .
{
German inductive continuous train control, called 'Linienzugbeeinflussung' [LZB]
}
B61L 3/227
. . .
{
using electromagnetic radiation
}
B61L 2003/228
. . .
{
Constructional details
}
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B61L 3/24
. . .
employing different frequencies or coded pulse groups
{
e.g. in combination with track circuits
}
B61L 3/243
. . . .
{
using alternating current
}
B61L 3/246
. . . .
{
using coded current
}
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Local operating mechanisms for points or track-mounted scotch-blocks (track-mounted scotch-blocks per se B61K); Visible or audible signals; Local operating mechanisms for visible or audible signals (B61L 11/00 takes precedence)
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B61L 5/02
.
Mechanical devices for operating points or scotch-blocks
{
e.g. local manual control
}
B61L 5/023
. .
{
using funicular driving means
}
B61L 5/026
. .
{
fixing switch-rails to the driving means
}
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B61L 5/04
.
Fluid-pressure devices for operating points or scotch-blocks
B61L 5/045
. .
{
using electrically controlled fluid-pressure operated driving means
}
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B61L 5/06
.
Electric devices for operating points or scotch-blocks
{
e.g. using electromotive driving means
}
B61L 5/062
. .
{
Wiring diagrams
}
B61L 5/065
. .
{
Construction of driving mechanism
}
B61L 5/067
. .
{
using electromagnetic driving means
}
B61L 5/08
.
Underground actuating arrangements, e.g. for tramways
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B61L 5/10
.
Locking mechanisms for points; Means for indicating the setting of points
B61L 5/102
. .
{
Controlling electrically
}
B61L 5/105
. .
{
Controlling funicularly
}
B61L 5/107
. .
{
electrical control of points position
}
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B61L 5/12
.
Visible signals
{
(signalling means on the vehicle B61L 15/00; signalling means for classification yards, or the like, with multiple indicating means B61L 17/023; signalling means for road crossings B61L 29/24; lighting in general F21; visible signalling arrangements in general G08B 5/00)
}
B61L 5/125
. .
{
Fixed signals, beacons, or the like
}
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B61L 5/14
. .
Form signals, e.g. semaphore arms
{
(illumination for points, form signals B61L 9/00)
}
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B61L 5/16
. . .
Local operating mechanisms for form signals
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B61L 5/161
. . . .
{
using electromotive driving means
}
B61L 5/162
. . . . .
{
Wiring diagrams
}
B61L 5/163
. . . . .
{
Driving mechanisms
}
B61L 5/165
. . . .
{
using electromagnetic driving means
}
B61L 5/166
. . . .
{
using electrically controlled gravity operated driving means
}
B61L 5/167
. . . .
{
using electrically controlled fluid-pressure operated driving means
}
B61L 5/168
. . . .
{
using funicular driving means
}
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B61L 5/18
. .
Light signals; Mechanisms associated therewith, e.g. blinders
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B61L 5/1809
. . .
{
Daylight signals
}
B61L 5/1818
. . . .
{
using mobile coloured screen
}
B61L 5/1827
. . . .
{
using light sources of different colours and a common optical system
}
B61L 5/1836
. . . .
{
using light sources of different colours and seperate optical systems
}
B61L 5/1845
. . . .
{
Optical systems, lenses
}
B61L 5/1854
. . . .
{
Mounting and focussing of the light source in a lamp, fixing means (focussing of the light source in reflecting mirrors F21S 48/00)
}
B61L 5/1863
. . . .
{
Lamp mountings on a mast
}
B61L 5/1872
. . . .
{
Mobile mounting arrangements on a mast; Arrangements for hoisting of the lamp along the mast
}
B61L 5/1881
. . . .
{
Wiring diagrams for power supply, control or testing
}
B61L 5/189
. . .
{
using flashing light sources (visible signalling in general using flashing light sources G08B 5/38; thermal switches operating intermittently H01H 61/06, H01H 61/08)
}
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B61L 5/20
.
Audible signals, e.g. detonator
{
audible signalling
}
B61L 5/203
. .
{
Detonators; Track mounting means; Composition of the detonative product
}
B61L 5/206
. .
{
Signalling means for special purposes
}
B61L 5/22
. .
Devices for initiating the release of detonators in a certain position of a signal
B61L 5/24
. .
Replacement of detonators
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Remote control of local operating means for points, signals, or trackmounted scotch-blocks (B61L 11/00 takes precedence; interlocking arrangements B61L 19/00; transmission per se, see the relevant classes)
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B61L 7/02
.
using mechanical transmission; e.g. wire, lever
B61L 7/021
. .
{
Driving wheels or supports for traction wires
}
B61L 7/022
. .
{
Guiding means or supporting foundations in beton
}
B61L 7/024
. .
{
Coupling for wires or traction bars
}
B61L 7/025
. .
{
Bracing or compensating arrangements
}
B61L 7/027
. .
{
Control levers
}
B61L 7/028
. .
{
Indicating or fixing arrangements in the event of breaking or tension difference of transmission wires for points, signals or similar
}
B61L 7/04
.
using fluid-pressure transmissing
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B61L 7/06
.
using electrical transmission
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B61L 7/061
. .
{
using electromotive driving means
}
B61L 7/062
. . .
{
Wiring diagrams
}
B61L 7/063
. . .
{
Construction of driving mechanism
}
B61L 7/065
. .
{
using electromagnetic driving means
}
B61L 7/066
. .
{
using electrically controlled fluid-pressure operated driving means
}
B61L 7/067
. .
{
Supply for electric safety arrangements
}
B61L 7/068
. .
{
Protection against eddy-currents, short-circuits, or the like, for electric safety arrangements
}
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B61L 7/08
. .
Circuitry
B61L 7/081
. . .
{
Direct line wire control
}
B61L 7/083
. . .
{
Common line wire control using currents of different amplitudes, polarities, frequencies, or the like
}
B61L 7/085
. . .
{
Common line wire control using synchronous distributors
}
B61L 7/086
. . .
{
Common line wire control using relay distributors
}
B61L 7/088
. . .
{
Common line wire control using series of coded pulses
}
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B61L 7/10
. . .
for light signals, e.g. for supervision, back-signalling
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B61L 7/103
. . . .
{
Electric control of the setting of signals
}
B61L 7/106
. . . . .
{
for form signals
}
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Illumination specially adapted for points, form signals, or gates (lighting in general F21)
B61L 9/02
.
non-electric
B61L 9/04
.
electric
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Operation of points from the vehicle or by the passage of the vehicle
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B61L 11/02
.
Using mechanical interaction between vehicle and track
B61L 11/04
. .
Trailable point locks
B61L 11/06
. .
with fluid-pressure transmission
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B61L 11/08
.
using electrical or magnetic interaction between vehicle and track
B61L 11/083
. .
{
Magnetic control
}
B61L 2011/086
. .
{
German radio based operations, called "Funkfahrbetrieb" [FFB]
}
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Operation of signals from the vehicle or by the passage of the vehicle
B61L 13/002
.
{
actuated by the passage of the vehicle
}
B61L 13/005
.
{
optically actuated
}
B61L 13/007
.
{
acoustically actuated
}
B61L 13/02
.
using mechanical interaction between vehicle and track
{
(pedals B61L 1/00)
}
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B61L 13/04
.
using electrical or magnetic interaction between vehicle and track
{
e.g. by conductor circuits using special means or special conductors
}
B61L 13/042
. .
{
using isolated rail sections
}
B61L 13/045
. .
{
using separated rail contacts, pedals or similar
}
(B61L 1/02 takes precedence )]
B61L 13/047
. .
{
controlling inductively or magnetically
}
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Indicators provided on the vehicle or vehicle train for signalling purposes;
{
On-board control or communication systems
}
B61L 15/0009
.
{
wiring diagrams for start- or stop-signals on vehicles having one or more carriages and having electrical communication lines between the carriages
}
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B61L 15/0018
.
{
Communication with or on the vehicle or vehicle train (line transmission systems H04B 3/00)
}
B61L 15/0027
. .
{
Radio-based, e.g. using GSM-R
}
B61L 15/0036
. .
{
Conductor-based, e.g. using CAN-Bus, train-line or optical fibres
}
B61L 15/0045
.
{
Destination indicators, identification panels or distinguishing signs on the vehicles (displaying in general G09F)
}
B61L 15/0054
.
{
Train integrity supervision, e.g. end-of-train (EOT) devices
}
B61L 15/0063
.
{
Multiple on-board control systems, e.g. "2 out of 3"-systems (trackside multiple control systems B61L 27/0061)
}
B61L 15/0072
.
{
On-board train data handling (trackside train data handling B61L 27/0077)
}
B61L 15/0081
.
{
On-board diagnosis or maintenance (trackside diagnosis or maintenance B61L 27/0083)
}
B61L 15/009
.
{
On-board display devices
}
B61L 15/02
.
Head or tail indicators, e.g. light
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Switching systems for classification yards (rail brakes B61K)
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B61L 17/02
.
Details, e.g. indicating degree of track filling
B61L 17/023
. .
{
Signalling; Signals with multiple indicating means
}
B61L 17/026
. .
{
Brake devices
}
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Arrangements for interlocking between points and signals by means of a single interlocking device,
{
e.g. central control (remote control B61L 7/00; station block arrangements B61L 21/00)
}
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B61L 19/02
.
Interlocking devices having mechanical or fluid-pressure operation
B61L 19/023
. .
{
purely mechanical (control levers B61L 7/027)
}
B61L 19/026
. .
{
using fluid-pressure operated points or signals
}
B61L 19/04
. .
Detail- e.g. hand lever, back-signalling device
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B61L 19/06
.
Interlocking devices having electrical operation
B61L 2019/065
. .
{
with electronic means
}
B61L 19/08
. .
Special arrangements for power supply for interlocking devices
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B61L 19/10
. .
with mechanical locks
B61L 19/12
. . .
Details
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B61L 19/14
. .
with electrical locks
B61L 19/16
. . .
Details
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Station blocking between signal boxes in one yard (interlocking between points and signals by means of a single interlocking device B61L 19/00)
B61L 21/02
.
Mechanical locking and release of the route; Repeat locks; Coupling of semaphores
B61L 21/04
.
Electrical locking and release of the route; Electrical repeat locks
{
(central interlocking B61L 19/00)
}
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B61L 21/06
.
Vehicle-on-line indication; Monitoring locking and release of the route
B61L 21/065
. .
{
for signals, including signals actuated by the vehicle
}
B61L 21/08
.
Order transmission and reception arrangements for giving or withholding permission
B61L 21/10
.
Arrangements for trains which are closely following one another (automatic central traffic control systems B61L 27/04)
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Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
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B61L 23/002
.
{
Control or safety means for heart-points and crossings of aerial railways, funicular rack-railway (points or safety systems for model railways A63H; points, crossings or hearts for aerial railway, funicular rack railway E01B 25/12)
}
B61L 23/005
. .
{
Automatic control or safety means for points for operator-less railway, e.g. transportation systems
}
B61L 23/007
.
{
Safety arrangements on railway crossings
}
B61L 23/02
.
for indicating along the route the failure of brakes
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B61L 23/04
.
for monitoring the mechanical state of the route
B61L 23/041
. .
{
Obstacle detection
}
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B61L 23/042
. .
{
Track changes detection
}
B61L 23/044
. . .
{
Broken rails
}
B61L 23/045
. . .
{
Rail wear
}
B61L 23/047
. . .
{
Track or rail movements
}
B61L 23/048
. . .
{
Road bed changes, e.g. road bed erosion
}
B61L 23/06
.
for warning men working on the route
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B61L 23/08
.
for controlling traffic in one direction only (station blocking between signal boxes in one yard B61L 21/00)
B61L 23/10
. .
manually operated
{
e.g. block arrangements
}
B61L 23/12
. .
partly operated by train
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B61L 23/14
. .
automatically operated
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B61L 23/16
. . .
Track circuits specially adapted for section blocking
B61L 23/161
. . . .
{
using current of indifferent sorte or a combination of different current types
}
B61L 23/163
. . . .
{
using direct current
}
B61L 23/165
. . . .
{
using rectified alternating current
}
B61L 23/166
. . . .
{
using alternating current
}
B61L 23/168
. . . .
{
using coded current
}
B61L 23/18
. . .
specially adapted for changing lengths of track sections in dependence upon speed and traffic density
B61L 23/20
. . .
with transmission of instructions to stations along the route
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B61L 23/22
.
for controlling traffic in two directions over the same pair of rails (station blocking between signal boxes in one yard B61L 21/00)
B61L 23/24
. .
using token systems, e.g. train staffs, tablets
B61L 23/26
. .
with means for actuating signals from the vehicle or by passage of the vehicle
B61L 23/28
. .
using non-automatic blocking from a place along the route
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B61L 23/30
. .
using automatic section blocking
B61L 23/32
. . .
with provision for the blocking or passing sidings
B61L 23/34
.
Control, warnings or like safety means indicating the distance between vehicles or vehicle trains by the transmission of signals therebetween
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Recording or indicating positions or identities of vehicles or vehicle trains or setting of track apparatus
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B61L 25/02
.
Indicating or recording positions or identities of vehicles or vehicle trains
B61L 25/021
. .
{
Measuring and recording of train speed
}
B61L 25/023
. .
{
Determination of driving direction of vehicle or vehicle train
}
B61L 25/025
. .
{
Absolute localisation, e.g. providing geodetic coordinates
}
B61L 25/026
. .
{
Relative localisation, e.g. using odometer
}
B61L 25/028
. .
{
Determination of vehicle position and orientation within a train consist, e.g. serialisation
}
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B61L 25/04
. .
Indicating or recording train identities
B61L 25/041
. . .
{
using reflecting tags
}
B61L 25/043
. . .
{
using inductive tags
}
B61L 25/045
. . .
{
using reradiating tags
}
B61L 25/046
. . .
{
using magnetic tags
}
B61L 25/048
. . .
{
using programmable tags
}
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B61L 25/06
.
Indicating or recording the setting of track apparatus, e.g. of points, of signals
B61L 25/065
. .
{
for signalling systems on the vehicle using current conduction
}
B61L 25/08
. .
Diagrammatic displays
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Central traffic control systems;
{
Track-side control or specific communication systems
}
B61L 27/0005
.
{
Details of track-side communication
}
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B61L 27/0011
.
{
Regulation, e.g. scheduling, time tables
}
B61L 27/0016
. .
{
Preparing schedules
}
B61L 27/0022
. .
{
Following schedules
}
B61L 27/0027
. .
{
Track-side optimisation of vehicle or vehicle train operation (on-board optimisation B61L 3/006)
}
B61L 27/0033
. .
{
Crew rosters and itineraries
}
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B61L 27/0038
.
{
Track-side control of safe travel of vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. braking curve calculation (on-board target speed calculation and supervision B61L 3/008)
}
B61L 2027/0044
. .
{
using European Train Control System (ETCS)
}
B61L 2027/005
. .
{
using Communication-based Train Control (CBTC)
}
B61L 27/0055
.
{
Testing or simulation
}
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B61L 27/0061
.
{
Track-side multiple control systems, e.g. switch-over between different systems, "2 out of 3"-systems (on-board multiple control systems B61L 15/0063)
}
B61L 27/0066
. .
{
Backup systems, e.g. switching when failures occur
}
B61L 27/0072
. .
{
Migration, e.g. parallel installations running simultaneously
}
B61L 27/0077
.
{
Track-side train data handling, e.g. vehicle or vehicle train data, position reports (on-board train data handling B61L 15/0072)
}
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B61L 27/0083
.
{
Track-side diagnosis or maintenance, e.g. software upgrades (on-board diagnosis or maintenance B61L 15/0081)
}
B61L 27/0088
. .
{
for track-side elements or systems, e.g. trackside supervision of trackside control system conditions
}
B61L 27/0094
. .
{
for vehicles or vehicle trains, e.g. trackside supervision of train conditions
}
B61L 27/02
.
Manual systems
B61L 27/04
.
Automatic systems, e.g. controlled by train; Change-over to manual control
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Safety means for rail/road crossing traffic
Collapse
B61L 29/02
.
Guards or obstacles for preventing access to the route (cattle guards connected to the permanent way E01B 17/00)
Collapse
B61L 29/023
. .
{
Special gates
}
B61L 29/026
. . .
{
Preventing access by means of obstacles raising across the route
}
Collapse
B61L 29/04
.
Gates for level crossings
B61L 29/06
. .
yielding to vehicles in one direction but operated in a different direction
Collapse
B61L 29/08
.
Operation of gates; Combined operation of gates and signals
B61L 29/10
. .
Means for securing gates in their desired position
Collapse
B61L 29/12
. .
Manual operation
B61L 29/14
. . .
mechanically
B61L 29/16
. . .
electrically
Collapse
B61L 29/18
. .
Operation by approaching rail vehicle or rail vehicle train
B61L 29/20
. . .
mechanically
Collapse
B61L 29/22
. . .
electrically
Collapse
B61L 29/222
. . . .
{
using conductor circuits with separate contacts or conductors
}
B61L 29/224
. . . . .
{
using rail contacts
}
B61L 29/226
. . . .
{
using track-circuits, closed or short-circuited by train or using isolated rail-sections
}
B61L 29/228
. . . .
{
using optical means
}
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B61L 29/24
.
Means for warning road traffic that a gate is closed or closing, or that rail traffic is approaching, e.g. for visible or audible warning
B61L 29/243
. .
{
Transmission mechanism or acoustical signals for gates
}
B61L 29/246
. .
{
Signals or brake- or lighting devices mounted on the road vehicle and controlled from the vehicle train
}
B61L 29/26
. .
mechanically operated
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B61L 29/28
. .
electrically operated
B61L 29/282
. . .
{
magnetic or inductive control by the vehicle
}
B61L 29/284
. . .
{
using rail-contacts, rail microphones, or the like, controlled by the vehicle
}
B61L 29/286
. . .
{
using conductor circuits controlled by the vehicle
}
B61L 29/288
. . .
{
Wiring diagram of the signal control circuits
}
B61L 29/30
. . .
Supervision, e.g. monitoring arrangements
B61L 29/32
. . .
Timing, e.g. advance warning of approaching train
Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
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B61L 2201/00
Control methods
B61L 2201/02
.
Fuzzy control
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B61L 2205/00
Communication or navigation systems for railway traffic
B61L 2205/02
.
Global system for mobile communication - railways (GSM-R)
B61L 2205/04
.
Satellite based navigation systems, e.g. GPS
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B61L 2207/00
Features of light signals
B61L 2207/02
.
using light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
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B61L 2210/00
Vehicle systems
B61L 2210/02
.
Single autonomous vehicles
B61L 2210/04
.
Magnetic elevation vehicles (maglev)
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013