Cooperative Patent Classification


CPC Definition - Subclass B60Q

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Last Updated Version: 2018.02
ARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
Definition statement

This place covers:

The arrangement of lighting or signalling devices with relationship to the vehicle or to each other.

The mounting or supporting of lighting and signalling devices on the vehicle.

The circuits therefor.

The switches therefor.

The control and signal-initiating means therefor.

The monitoring therefor.

The devices mentioned being:

  • for illuminating areas inside or outside a vehicle or for giving signals to the outside of the vehicle or to the vehicle occupants; and
  • mounted to the vehicle in a fixed or adjustable manner or supported by the vehicle with the provision of being portable.
Relationships with other classification places

Subclass B60Q covers arrangements of lighting and signalling devices as a whole, i.e. as a complete unit dedicated to a given lighting or signalling function.

The relative arrangement of devices dedicated to different lighting or signalling functions within a single housing is also covered by B60Q.

Optical components (e.g. lenses, light sources) constituting of the lighting and signalling device itself are classified in other relevant classes and subclasses.

Arrangements of these optical components in relation to each other in order to generate a specific optical beam are covered by F21S 41/00, F21S 43/00.

Subclass B60Q covers arrangements of lighting and signalling devices mounted on vehicles in general, but not the arrangements of lighting and signalling devices specifically adapted to particular types of vehicles other than cars, trucks and buses; these are classified in the relevant subclasses for other types of vehicles. An exception to this are the arrangements of lighting and signalling devices specifically adapted to motorcycles which are classified in both subclasses B60Q and B62J.

Circuits for lighting and signalling devices that may have an application other than in a vehicle are also classified in H05B.

Subclass B60Q covers the mechanical arrangement of switches only if they apply to vehicle lighting and signalling. However B60Q covers the mechanical arrangement of all steering column stalk switches. Switches that may have an application other than in a vehicle are also classified in H01H.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements of cameras in vehicles

Vehicle electric circuits in general

Arrangement of lighting devices for rail vehicles

Arrangement of signalling and lighting devices for bicycles

Arrangement of signalling and lighting devices for ships

Arrangement of signalling and lighting devices for aircrafts

Mounting means

Lighting or signalling devices per se

Inter-vehicle communication for warning purposes

Illumination of logos, symbols, advertisement

Electric switches per se

Electric lighting not otherwise provided for

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

LED

Light Emitting Diode

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following abbreviations are often used:

DRL

Daytime Running Light

Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices (for lighting vehicle interior B60Q 3/00; {circuit arrangements for electric light sources in general H05B 37/00})
Definition statement

This place covers:

The arrangement or adaptation of non-portable devices on vehicles dedicated to:

  • illuminate areas outside of a vehicle in visible and non-visible wavelength range;
  • give optical signals to the outside of the vehicle.

The mounting thereof, also for adjustable devices.

The circuits thereof.

The switches thereof.

The manual or automatic control and signal-initiating means thereof.

Further details of subgroups

This subgroup covers only devices in which the cap has no mechanical link (no holding function) with the bulb. If the cap serves to hold the bulb, it is only classified in F21S 41/192 or F21S 43/19 and subgroups.

This subgroup covers only connections to the vehicle power supply or connections of several lamp units with each other.

Arrangements on headlights for positioning or indexing other vehicle parts (e.g. bumper cover or wing) are classified here and in the field relating to the other parts, e.g. B62D 25/00, B60R 19/00.

This subgroup covers arrangements in which the headlight can be entirely swivelled around an axis (for instance to change the bulb). Small swivelling for adjustment purposes B60Q 1/045, B60Q 1/068.

Details of headlight adjustment by electric actuating means, e.g. motors, shafts, ball-joints, are classified in B60Q 1/076 even for automatic systems because B60Q 1/115, B60Q 1/122 are intended for the control systems only excluding this general features.

B60Q 1/08 and its subgroups, B60Q 1/1423, B60Q 1/143

Documents in these subgroups are also classified in B60Q 2300/00 according to the parameters used for the automatic adjustment or switching. However, classification in B60Q 2300/00 is only done for parameters whose contribution in the automatic process is clearly shown. Statements such as that "parameter x could be used for the adjustment" or "parameter x is measured by a sensor and fed into the control unit" without further details are not sufficient for classification in B60Q 2300/00. B60Q 2300/00 is not used for other subgroups than B60Q 1/08 and its subgroups, B60Q 1/1423, B60Q 1/143.

Devices in which automatic cornering is done by an additional, separate headlamp are classified in B60Q 1/12 and B60Q 1/18.

If of interest classification is also given in B60R 1/1207.

Although portable and not mounted on vehicles, lighting and signalling devices worn by a (motorcycle) driver or passenger are classified here, but only when the device repeats or replaces a lighting or signalling function of the vehicle.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interior, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor

Assembling headlights on an assembly line

Calibration of headlight

Control circuits of light sources for camera capture

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Horn switches integrated in steering wheel covers with tear lines

Gear selector levers

Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices in vehicles dedicated to illuminate in visible and non-visible wavelength range areas or parts located inside a vehicle, e.g. in the passenger or engine compartment.

The arrangement thereof.

The mounting thereof.

The circuits therefor.

The switches specifically adapted therefor.

The manual or automatic control means therefor.

Relationships with other classification places

Arrangements or adaptations of lighting devices for the interior of aircrafts (B64D 47/02) and rail vehicles (B61D 29/00) are classified also in B60Q 3/00 and subgroups, because they are similar to arrangements for buses.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices for door or window locks

Non-portable lighting devices in general

Details of lighting devices, of general application

Lighting devices for individual instruments, e.g. speedometers

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

LED

Light Emitting Diode

for dashboards
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices for illuminating the dashboard or parts thereof, from inside or outside the dashboard.

Circuits and control means therefor.

Relationships with other classification places

Lighting devices internal to instruments are classified in G01D 11/28, G01D 13/28, but lighting devices for illuminating onto or around the instruments from outside the instruments are classified in B60Q 3/10 and subgroups.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangement or adaptations of instruments in vehicles

Arrangement of instruments or fittings on dashboard

Lighting devices for individual instruments

Internal illumination of Liquid Crystal Displays

Illuminated signs

lighting onto the surface to be illuminated
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices or arrangements where the light impinges on the dashboard or parts thereof.

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lighting through the surface to be illuminated
Definition statement

This place covers:

Backlight arrangements of the dashboard or parts thereof.

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Circuits; Control arrangements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Circuits or control arrangements for the illumination of the dashboard as a whole or parts thereof, e.g. illuminating the dashboard when starting the vehicle, changing illumination colors for decoration purposes.

Circuits or control arrangements for the illumination of the instruments and buttons when it is not related to the function of the instruments or buttons themselves, e.g. adjusting the color of the illumination of instruments or buttons depending on the time of the day.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Circuits for electric light sources in general

for varying the light intensity
Definition statement

This place covers:

Circuits or control arrangements for varying the intensity of illumination onto or from the dashboard, e.g. to compensate for variations in ambient light intensity.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling light sources in displays

for lighting specific fittings of passenger or driving compartments; mounted on specific fittings of passenger or driving compartments (lighting for dashboards B60Q 3/10)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices associated with a particular vehicle fitting, either by being mounted on or in the fitting, or by illuminating from or onto the fitting.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lighting devices on or for dashboards

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Receptacle for food or beverages, e.g. cup holders

Sun roofs; Windows
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle windows

Vehicle sun roofs

Doors, e.g. door sills; Steps
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices for indicating vehicle sides to the exterior, e.g. mounted on doors or steps

Vehicle doors

Special rules of classification

Lighting devices mounted on doors or steps may be classified in both B60Q 3/217 and B60Q 1/32 if light can be cast inside and outside the vehicle, e.g. depending on whether the door is open or closed.

Small compartments, e.g. glove compartments
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stowing small appliances in vehicles

Seats; Arm rests; Head rests
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle seats

Arm-rests for vehicle seats

Head-rests for vehicle seats

Safety belts; Body harnesses
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Buckles

Vehicle safety belts or harnesses

Sun visors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sun visors

Rear-view mirrors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Signalling devices mounted on exterior side mirrors

Rear-view mirrors

Vehicle mirrors assemblies combined with other articles

Special rules of classification

Lighting devices in vehicle interior combined with rear-view mirrors are also classified in B60R 1/12.

Door handles; Hand grips
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Signalling devices mounted on exterior door handles

Vehicle hand grips

Illuminating devices on, or for, locks or keys

Vehicle inner door handles

Smoking-related fittings, e.g. cigarette lighters or ashtrays
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ashtrays in vehicles

Cigarette lighters

Steering wheels; Gear levers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steering wheels

Gear levers

Indicating ratio on gear levers

Ignition locks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Illuminating devices on, or for, locks or keys

for compartments other than passenger or driving compartments, e.g. luggage or engine compartments
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices for illuminating the inside of the engine compartment, the vehicle trunk, pick-up truck beds or vehicle cargo areas. The device may be dedicated to this single illuminating function or combined with a signalling or illuminating function towards the vehicle exterior.

Systems switching on the device according to the movement of the hood or trunk door.

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Portable lighting devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices intended to be attached to the vehicle in their normal lighting use and that can be detached to illuminate other areas, e.g. outside the vehicle.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable lighting devices in general

specially adapted for specific vehicle types
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices specially adapted in their size, structure, function, arrangement or control to be used or fulfil special needs of specific vehicle types, e.g. emergency lighting in buses.

for mass transit vehicles, e.g. buses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices specially adapted for buses, trains, or aircrafts.

Relationships with other classification places

Lighting devices for the interior of aircrafts are classified also in B64D 47/02. Lighting devices for the interior of rail vehicles are classified also in B61D 29/00.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices for rail vehicles

Aircraft passenger or crew accommodation

Aircraft signal or lighting devices

General lighting
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices of a large size for lighting the whole or large parts of the passenger compartment, for illumination purposes or for generating a particular ambience.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

General lighting in personal vehicles

Spotlighting, e.g. reading lamps
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices for illuminating individual areas, of restricted surface, and specially adapted to mass transit vehicles, e.g. spherical type of reading lamps that can be oriented at 360 degrees; cluster of reading lamps associated with air conditioning units.

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Emergency lighting, e.g. for escape routes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Active or passive illuminated marking to guide passengers towards exits.

Lighting devices with stand-alone electrical supply to be activated by failure of the main vehicle power supply.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Signalling systems in general

Illuminated signs in general

Circuits; Control arrangements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Circuits and control arrangements specifically adapted to mass transit vehicles, e.g. for creating different ambiences in different parts of a vehicle, for changing light characteristics for waking up passengers in an aircraft.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Circuits for electric light sources in general

for vehicles with non-fixed roofs, e.g. convertibles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices specially adapted for the moving part of the non-fixed roof, e.g. adapted to the soft material of a convertible, with an electric supply adapted to the moving roof.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle non-fixed roofs

Mounting arrangements (for compartments other than passenger or driving compartments B60Q 3/30; specially adapted for specific vehicle types B60Q 3/40)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mounting arrangements of lighting devices in the passenger compartment, e.g. on an arm, embedded in interior trim panel.

Details of fastening means for mounting the lighting device as a whole to the vehicle interior.

Arrangements for connecting the lighting device as a whole to the vehicle electrical wiring.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mounting arrangements of lighting device in vehicle compartments other than the passenger compartment

Mounting arrangements of lighting device in specific vehicle types

Fastening of component parts of lighting devices in general

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening of component parts of lighting devices in general

for mounting lighting devices onto vehicle interior, e.g. onto ceiling or floor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements for mounting lighting devices onto vehicle interior panels or liners, e.g. for mounting a dome lamp in a hole of a panel or liner.

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Modular mounting systems, e.g. using tracks, rails or multiple plugs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements for mounting lighting devices at different places.

Arrangements for mounting different types of lighting devices at a given place.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supporting lighting devices displaceable along a guiding element

Lighting devices embedded in interior trim, e.g. in roof liners
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements where at least some components of the lighting device are part of a vehicle interior trim element, e.g. trim layer is light diffusing, light guide is integrated into the trim element layers.

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Lighting devices mounted on elongate supports, e.g. on flexible arms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements of elongate supports for bringing the lighting device closer to its place of use, e.g. telescopic, articulated arms.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices mounted on arms or standards in general

Adjustable mounting for lighting devices in general

Retractable or concealable lighting devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements where the lighting device is retractable or concealable as a whole with respect to the vehicle part on which it is mounted.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Movable parts in lighting devices for vehicle interiors for manually controlling the light emission

Lighting devices mounted in the vehicle interior and adapted for portability
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements whereby in its normal use, the lighting device is attached to the vehicle interior and provides light therefrom, and having possibly to be taken out of the mounting location as a portable lighting device, with or without a remaining link to the vehicle.

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Arrangements of vehicle interior specially adapted for holding self-powered portable lighting devices that can be recharged from vehicle, or for holding portable lighting devices permanently powered from the vehicle, e.g. by way of extensible cables.

Relationships with other classification places

Portable lighting devices characterised by means for in situ recharging of the batteries or cells are classified in F21L 4/08.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable lighting devices in general

Special rules of classification

Arrangements of self-powered lighting devices that can be recharged from the vehicle are also classified in B60Q 3/88.

using light guides
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Use of light guides in lighting devices in general

Light guides in general

for distributing light among several lighting devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements with one or several light guides for distributing the light of a single light source to several separated surfaces that illuminate different areas in the vehicle or provide different illumination functions.

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using ultra-violet light
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements in which ultra-violet light impinges on luminescent areas in the vehicle interior.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Luminescent materials

Electroluminescent light sources per se

for preventing the driver from being dazzled
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements in which visible or non-visible light is emitted in the vehicle interior in order to prevent the driver from being dazzled or to reduce eyestrain, e.g. by adjusting the light intensity falling on the driver's eyes according to the light level in front of the vehicle.

for overall compartment lighting; for overall compartment lighting in combination with specific lighting, e.g. room lamps with reading lamps (general lighting mounted on specific fittings B60Q 3/20; general lighting for mass transit vehicles B60Q 3/43)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details and arrangements of lighting devices for illuminating or creating a light ambience in large areas of the vehicle interior, e.g. starry sky lighting effect.

Devices combining room lamps and reading lamps, e.g. dome cluster.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

General lighting mounted on specific fittings

General lighting for mass transit vehicles

for spotlighting, e.g. reading lamps (spotlighting on or for specific fittings B60Q 3/20; spotlighting in mass transit vehicles B60Q 3/44)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lighting devices towards small surfaces, providing directional or focused light, e.g. using lenses or blends.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Spotlighting on or for specific fittings

Spotlighting in mass transit vehicles, e.g. reading lamps orientable at 360 degrees

for generating luminous strips, e.g. for marking trim component edges
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements using elongated light sources, light guides or series of lights sources to create illuminated lines, e.g. along or around parts.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting devices using a strip or string of light sources

Circuits; Control arrangements (for dashboards B60Q 3/16; for mass transit vehicles B60Q 3/47)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Vehicle circuit architecture specifically designed for interior lighting devices.

Electrical arrangements within lighting devices.

Means for plugging the lighting device directly to a vehicle socket.

Switch arrangements specially designed for vehicle interior lighting devices.

Control arrangements for automatically switching on or off the lighting device, for automatically changing the illumination characteristics.

Control arrangements for manually changing the illumination characteristics.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Circuits and control arrangements for dashboards

Circuits and control arrangements for mass transit vehicles

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Circuits for electric light sources in general

Special rules of classification

Arrangements for connecting the lighting device as a whole to the vehicle electrical wiring are classified in B60Q 3/50 and subgroups.

Switches specially adapted for vehicle interior lighting, e.g. switching by tilting the lens
Definition statement

This place covers:

Switching arrangements with special application for vehicle interior lamps, e.g. three-position switches, switching by rotating the lamp housing.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Switches in general

Special rules of classification

Switching arrangements by closing or opening small compartments are also classified in B60Q 3/225.

Switching arrangements by tilting sun shades or courtesy mirrors are also classified in B60Q 3/252.

Means for plugging to the electrical power supply of the vehicle, e.g. by using cigarette lighter sockets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements for plugging vehicle interior lighting devices into vehicle sockets for use or recharge.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable lighting devices in general with means for in situ recharging

Arrangements or adaptations of acoustic signal devices {(sound producing devices in general G10K)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The arrangement or adaptation of acoustic devices for providing signals to the outside of the vehicle.

Vehicle horns to repel animals

The mounting thereof.

The circuits therefor.

The switches therefor.

Relationships with other classification places

Arrangements or adaptations of acoustic devices for providing signals to the inside of the vehicle, e.g. to the driver, are classified in B60Q 9/00.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Acoustic devices to repel animals in general

Horn switches integrated in steering wheel covers with tear lines

Sound producing devices per se, producing sound not determined by the supply frequency

Sound producing devices per se, e.g. loudspeakers or like acoustic electromechanical transducers

Arrangement or adaptation of portable emergency signal devices on vehicles
Definition statement

This place covers:

The arrangement or adaptation of portable emergency signal devices on vehicles, whereby the device is:

  • stored in the vehicle when not in use, and
  • placed remote from the vehicle, or on extending parts or overhanging loads of the vehicle when in use.
Relationships with other classification places

The arrangement or adaptation of portable or non-portable emergency signal devices placed on vehicles when in use is classified in B60Q 1/52.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for enforcing caution on roads, e.g. marker posts or traffic signals

Signs in general

Reflecting warning triangles

Arrangements or adaptations of signal devices not provided for in one of the preceding main groups, {e.g. haptic signalling}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The arrangement or adaptation of devices for providing signals, e.g. acoustic, optical or haptic signals, to the driver or the passengers of the vehicle, whereby the signal is not related to a particular vehicle function or parameter.

Specific signalling devices for anti-collision purposes.

Specific signalling devices for parking purposes.

Specific signalling devices to prevent vehicle battery discharge.

Relationships with other classification places

The subject-matter to be classified in this main group are devices that produce specific, elaborated signals.

For instance, a device for analysing a traffic environment to assess potential collision situations that merely generates an optical or acoustic signal to the driver when a potential collision situation is assessed is not classified in B60Q 9/00, but only in the group corresponding to traffic control for anti-collision purposes: G08G 1/16. If the device generates a signal that varies according to the situation, it is classified in B60Q.

Signalling devices to the driver related to a particular vehicle function, e.g. start of automatic braking, or to a vehicle parameter, e.g. reaching a particular speed, are not classified in B60Q 9/00, but only in the corresponding vehicle function group of class B60.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Instruction means for parking or steering aid

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for informing the driver, warning the driver or prompting driver intervention in vehicle conjoint control systems

Anti-collision systems

Arrangements of monitoring devices for devices provided for in groups B60Q 1/00 - B60Q 9/00 {(testing of electric installations on road vehicle G01R 31/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Testing of alignment of vehicle headlights at manufacture

Testing of electric installations on road vehicle

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detecting lamp failure in a circuit in general