CPC Definition - Subclass A23P

Last Updated Version: 2019.02
SHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus and processes for shaping and working of foodstuff in general, not particular to any special kind of food. Processes are concerned with apparatus or process parameters (equipment to be used, configuration of said equipment, parameters such as pressure, temperature, duration of progress by equipment setup), rather than referring to products characteristics, such as recipes, ingredients etc.

Relationships with other classification places

Pharmaceutical or cosmetic products: A61K;

References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Machines for making dough or baked dough products

A21C

Processing meat, poultry or fish

A22C

Preserving meat, fish, eggs, fruit, vegetables, edible seeds; chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables

A23B

Milk products

A23C

Edible oils or fats; e.g. margarines, shortenings, cooking oils

A23D

Coffee, tea or their substitutes; manufacture, preparation or infusion thereof

A23F

Cocoa, cocoa products, substitutes thereof, confectionery, chewing gum, ice-cream

A23G

Working-up proteins for foodstuffs

A23J 3/00

Animal foods

A23K

Post harvest processing of fruit and vegetables

A23N

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apiculture

A01K 47/00- A01K 59/00

Baker's ovens, machines or equipment for baking

A21B

Foods, foodstuff or non-alcoholic beverages not covered by subclasses A23B - A23J, their preparation or treatment, e.g. cooking, modification of nutritive qualities, physical treatment, preservation

A23L

Domestic, e.g. household or kitchen apparatus for processing food

A47J

Emulsifiers in general

B01F 17/00

Grain treatment

B02B

Cutting in general

B26D

Shaping of material in a plastic state, not otherwise provided for

B29C

Dispensing, delivering or transferring liquids

B67D

Purifying water, e.g. by ion-exchange

C02F, C02F 1/42

Essential oils in general

C11B 9/00

Preservation of alcoholic beverages

C12H

Devices for drying foodstuffs

F26B

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Food

In addition to the commonly accepted foods or foodstuffs, the term in this subclass also extends to cover food ingredients, such as thickening agents (e.g. starch), flavouring agents, artificial sweeteners, food colouring agents, etc.

Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the products
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus and process aspects of processing of food items in general, not related to specific food types

Securing foodstuffs on a non-edible supporting member
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines and process for fixation of foodstuff on a non-edible supporting member, not specific to a particular type of food products

References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Confectionery, chocolate, ice-cream

A23G

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Table service (dishes and tableware)

A47G 19/00

Agglomerating; Granulating; Tabletting
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines and processes for agglomerating, granulating, tabletting of food products in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationships with other classification places

Agglomeration, granulation, tabletting of pharmaceuticals: A61K 9/00

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Crushing or disintegrating in general

B02C

Shaping presses in general

B30B

Encapsulation of particles, e.g. foodstuff additives
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines and processes for encapsulation of particles, e.g. foodstuff additives in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationships with other classification places

Encapsulation of pharmaceuticals: A61K 9/48

References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Flavouring agents

A23L 27/00

free-flowing powder or instant powder, i.e. powder which is reconstituted rapidly when liquid is added (A23P 10/20, A23P 10/30 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines and processes for making free-flowing or instant food powders in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Agglomerating; Granulating; Tabletting

A23P 10/20

Encapsulation of particles, e.g. foodstuff additives

A23P 10/30

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chocolate drinks, in powdered form

A23G 1/56

Non-alcoholic beverages in dry form

A23L 2/39

Coating of foodstuffs; Coatings therefor; Making laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines and processes for coating of foodstuffs, coatings therefore, making of laminated, multilayered or stuffed foodstuffs in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

Relationships with other classification places

Coating of confectionery items: A23G 3/00

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coating processes and apparatus in general

B05C, B05D

Packaging

B65G

Apparatus or processes for coating with liquid or semi-liquid products
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coating processes and apparatus in general

B05C, B05D

by dipping in a bath
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus or processes for dip-coating in a liquid or semi-liquid bath

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dip-coating in general

B05C 3/02, B05D 1/18

by spray-coating, fluidised-bed coating or coating by casting (combined with breading A23P 20/12)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Other apparatus or processes for coating of food products with liquid or semi-liquid products, e.g. spray-coating, fluidised-bed coating, coating by casting, not provided for in other classes

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Apparatus for applying powders or particles to foodstuffs, e.g. for breading; Such apparatus combined with means for pre-moistening or battering

A23P 20/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coating processes and apparatus in general

B05C, B05D

Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the process or apparatus (A23P 10/00, A23P 20/00 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Shaping methods for food products, e.g. moulding, extruding etc., not specific to a particular type of food products, and their respective apparatus

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the products

A23P 10/00

Coating of foodstuffs; Coating therefor; Making laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs

A23P 20/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shaping of items in general

B29C

Extruding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Shaping of food products by extrusion in general, not specific to a particular type of food products

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Extrusion in general

B29C 48/00

Puffing or expanding
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Flakes or other shapes of the ready-to-eat type; Their preparation or treatment

A23L 7/117

Puffed cereals, e.g. popcorn, puffed rice; Their preparation or treatment

A23L 7/161

Preparation of roasted or fried products, e.g. snacks or chips

A23L 19/18

Foaming or whipping
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Cream substitutes; Their preparation or treatment

A23L 9/20