Cooperative Patent Classification

Indent Level

Version: 2016.11
CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
H01M
PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY (electrochemical processes or apparatus in general C25; semiconductor or other solid state devices for converting light or heat into electrical energy H01L, e.g. H01L 31/00, H01L 35/00, H01L 37/00) [2013-01]
NOTE

  • This subclass covers galvanic primary or secondary cells or batteries, fuel cells or batteries.
H01M 2/00
Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts [2013-01]
H01M 2/02
.
Cases, jackets or wrappings (working of plastics or substances in plastic state B29) [2013-01]
H01M 2/0202
. .
{for small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment (H01M 2/025 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2002/0205
. . .
{Cases with a shape not covered by groups H01M 2/0207 - H01M 2/0235} [2016-05]
H01M 2/0207
. . .
{Flat-shaped cells or batteries of flat cells (H01M 2/0222 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/021
. . . .
{with both terminals passing through the case or cover} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0212
. . . .
{with plate-like or sheet-like terminals (H01M 2/0215 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0215
. . . .
{with window-shaped terminals} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0217
. . .
{Cases of prismatic shape} [2013-01]
H01M 2/022
. . .
{Cases of cylindrical or round shape} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0222
. . . .
{Button or coin cell cases} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0225
. . . .
{with cup-shaped terminals} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0227
. . . . .
{with both cup-shaped terminals} [2013-01]
H01M 2/023
. . . . .
{with one cup-shaped terminal} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0232
. . . . . .
{with a passing-through terminal (H01M 2/0235 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0235
. . . . . .
{with a collector centrally disposed in the active mass, e.g. Leclanch cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0237
. .
{for large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries (H01M 2/025 takes precedence)} [2016-11]
H01M 2/024
. . .
{Details} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0242
. . .
{Monobloc manufactured cases comprising multiple compartments} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0245
. . .
{Assembly of different cases, i.e. modular battery or cases particularly provided with means for assembling} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0247
. . . .
{sealed to each other in a non-detachable manner} [2013-01]
H01M 2/025
. .
{for cells or batteries working under specific conditions such as high temperature, gas diffusion, external electrolyte circulation, external supply of reactants} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0252
. . .
{High- temperature cells or batteries, e.g. Na-S cells, Li-Cl2 cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0255
. . .
{Hybrid cells or batteries (H01M 2/0222 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0257
. .
{characterised by the material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/026
. . .
{for small-sized cells or batteries, batteries or cells for portable equipment} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0262
. . .
{for large-sized cells or batteries, batteries or cells for traction or motive power or standby power} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0265
. . .
{for high-temperature cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0267
. . .
{of wrappings, outside coatings, jackets around completely closed cell elements} [2013-01]
H01M 2/027
. . .
{Casing material forming terminal of the cell} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0272
. . . .
{characterized by the internal coating or internal conductive layer} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0275
. . .
{of flexible envelopes or bags around open cell elements} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0277
. . .
{Insulating material (H01M 2/029 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/028
. . . .
{being one layer} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0282
. . . . .
{having particulate or reinforced material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0285
. . .
{Conductive material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0287
. . .
{comprising layers} [2013-01]
H01M 2/029
. . . .
{consisting only of insulating material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0292
. . . .
{characterised by the external coating on the casing} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0295
. . .
{Composite material consisting of mixed or dispersed phases} [2013-01]
H01M 2002/0297
. . .
{characterised by physical parameters} [2013-01]
H01M 2/04
. .
Lids or covers [2013-01]
H01M 2/0404
. . .
{for small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment (H01M 2/0443 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0408
. . . .
{Crimp-sealed cells or batteries; Cells or batteries with turned-over edges} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0413
. . . . .
{provided with an intermediary sealing member between the crimped or curled edges (H01M 2/0417 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0417
. . . . .
{comprising an insulating cover provided with an axial bore for receiving a central current collector} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0421
. . . . . .
{with an external conductive cover} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0426
. . . .
{with a metallic cover of which the borders are soldered or welded with the case} [2013-01]
H01M 2/043
. . .
{for large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. LIS batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries (H01M 2/0443 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0434
. . . .
{Methods for assembling case and cover} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0439
. . . . .
{without provisions for disassembling} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0443
. . .
{for cells or batteries working under specific conditions such as high temperature, gas diffusion, external electrolyte circulation, external supply of reactants} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0447
. . . .
{High-temperature cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0452
. . . .
{Hybrid cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0456
. . .
{characterised by the shape} [2013-01]
H01M 2/046
. . . .
{Disk-like lids for cylindrical batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0465
. . . . .
{Button cell lids} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0469
. . . .
{Lids for flat or sheet-like batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0473
. . . .
{Lids for prismatic cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0478
. . .
{characterised by the material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0482
. . . .
{Insulating materials} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0486
. . . .
{Conducting materials} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0491
. . . .
{characterised by the coating} [2013-01]
H01M 2/0495
. . . . .
{Conductive coating material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/06
. .
Arrangements for introducing electric connectors into or through cases [2013-01]
H01M 2/065
. . .
{using glass or ceramic sealing material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/08
. .
Sealing materials [2013-01]
H01M 2/10
.
Mountings; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders (structural combination of accumulators with charging apparatus H01M 10/46) [2013-01]
H01M 2/1005
. .
{Carrying devices} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1011
. . .
{using the terminals or connecting links} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1016
. .
{Cabinets, cases, fixing devices, adapters, racks or battery packs} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1022
. . .
{for miniature batteries or batteries for portable equipment (batteries in portable systems H01M 2220/30)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1027
. . . .
{with the possibility of incorporating batteries of different sizes} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1033
. . . . .
{providing adapters around the batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1038
. . . .
{for button cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1044
. . . . .
{forming a whole with or incorporated in or fixed to the electronic appliance} [2013-01]
H01M 2/105
. . . .
{for cells of cylindrical configuration} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1055
. . . . .
{forming a whole with or incorporated in or fixed to the electronic appliance} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1061
. . . .
{for cells of prismatic configuration or for sheet-like batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1066
. . . . .
{forming a whole with or incorporated in or fixed to the electronic appliance} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1072
. . .
{for starting, lighting or ignition batteries; Vehicle traction batteries; Stationary or load leading batteries (batteries in stationary systems H01M 2220/10, batteries in motive systems H01M 2220/20)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1077
. . . .
{Racks, groups of several batteries (H01M 2/1088 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1083
. . . .
{Fixing on vehicles} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1088
. . . .
{for accumulators working at high temperature} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1094
. .
{Particular characteristics of materials used to isolate the battery from its environment, e.g. thermal insulation, corrosion resistance, pressure resistance, electrolyte leakage} [2013-01]
H01M 2/12
.
Vent plugs or other mechanical arrangements for facilitating escape of gases [2013-01]
H01M 2/1205
. .
{Vent arrangements incorporated in vent plugs or multiplug systems detachable from the battery or cell} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1211
. . .
{Multiplug systems or arrangements; Plurality of plugs surrounded by a common cover} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1217
. . . .
{in the shape of a one-piece member} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1223
. .
{Vent arrangements of resealable design (H01M 2/1205, H01M 2/1247-H01M 2/1294 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1229
. . .
{comprising a deformable, elastic or flexible valve member} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1235
. .
{Emergency or safety arrangements of non-resealable design (H01M 2/1205, H01M 2/1247-H01M 2/1294 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1241
. . .
{in the form of rupturable membranes or weakened parts, e.g. pierced with the aid of a sharp member} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1247
. .
{Explosion- or splash-preventing means contained in the head space of the battery, e.g. means floating on the electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1252
. .
{comprising elongated, tortuous or labyrinth-shaped exhaust passages in the battery cover or case; Double cover vent systems} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1258
. .
{containing electrolyte neutralising or absorbing means} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1264
. .
{comprising gas-pervious parts or elements} [2013-01]
H01M 2/127
. . .
{as flame arrester or ignition preventing means} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1276
. .
{Spring-loaded vent valves} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1282
. .
{Thermally responsive or sensitive vent means} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1288
. .
{Film- or sheet-like elastic valve members optionally coated with non-drying glue} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1294
. .
{Slit, perforated or punctured elastic valve members} [2013-01]
H01M 2/14
.
Separators; Membranes; Diaphragms; Spacing elements [2013-01]
H01M 2/145
. .
{Manufacturing processes} [2013-01]
H01M 2/16
. .
characterised by the material [2013-01]
H01M 2/1606
. . .
{comprising fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1613
. . . .
{Inorganic fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/162
. . . .
{Organic fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1626
. . . . .
{Natural fibres, e.g. cotton, cellulose} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1633
. . . .
{Mixtures of inorganic and organic fibres} [2013-01]
H01M 2/164
. . .
{comprising non-fibrous material (H01M 2/1606 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1646
. . . .
{Inorganic non-fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1653
. . . .
{Organic non-fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/166
. . . .
{Mixtures of inorganic and organic non-fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1666
. . .
{comprising a non-fibrous layer and a fibrous layer superimposed on one another} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1673
. . .
{Electrode-separator combination} [2013-01]
H01M 2/168
. . . .
{with adhesive layers between electrodes and separators} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1686
. . .
{Separators having two or more layers of either fibrous or non-fibrous materials} [2013-01]
H01M 2/1693
. . .
{Wood} [2013-01]
H01M 2/18
. .
characterised by the shape [2013-01]
H01M 2/185
. . .
{Separators made of one single microscopic fiber} [2013-01]
H01M 2/20
.
Current conducting connections for cells [2013-01]
H01M 2/202
. .
{Interconnectors for or interconnection of the terminals of adjacent or distinct batteries or cells} [2013-01]
H01M 2/204
. . .
{of small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment} [2013-01]
H01M 2/206
. . .
{of large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries} [2016-11]
H01M 2/208
. . .
{for cells or batteries working under specific conditions such as high temperature, gas diffusion, external electrolyte circulation, external supply of reactants} [2013-01]
H01M 2/22
. .
Fixed connections, i.e. not intended for disconnection [2016-11]
H01M 2/24
. . .
Intercell connections through partitions, e.g. in a battery case [2013-01]
H01M 2/26
. . .
Electrode connections [2013-01]
H01M 2/263
. . . .
{Electrode connections overlying wound or folded electrode stacks} [2016-11]
H01M 2/266
. . . .
{Interconnections of several platelike electrodes in parallel, e.g. electrode pole straps or bridges} [2013-01]
H01M 2/28
. . . .
for lead-acid accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 2/30
. .
Terminals [2013-01]
H01M 2/302
. . .
{Terminal post members on carbon electrodes; Machines or processes for applying said terminal post members, e.g. capping of carbon rods} [2013-01]
H01M 2/305
. . .
{Poles or terminals for starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries} [2016-11]
H01M 2/307
. . . .
{the poles being connected and passing through hollow metallic terminals, e.g. terminal bushings} [2013-01]
H01M 2/32
. .
Methods or arrangements for affording protection against corrosion; Selection of materials therefor [2013-01]
H01M 2/34
. .
with provision for preventing undesired use or discharge, {e.g. complete cut of current (safety devices H01M 2200/00)} [2013-01]
H01M 2/341
. . .
{Anti-theft provisions} [2013-01]
H01M 2/342
. . .
{Protection against polarity reversal} [2013-01]
H01M 2/344
. . .
{Guarantee labels or covers} [2013-01]
H01M 2/345
. . .
{in response to pressure} [2013-01]
H01M 2/347
. . .
{in response to shock} [2013-01]
H01M 2/348
. . .
{in response to temperature} [2013-01]
H01M 2/36
.
arrangements for filling, topping-up or emptying cases with or of liquid, e.g. for filling with electrolytes, for washing-out [2013-01]
H01M 2/361
. .
{Filling of small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment} [2013-01]
H01M 2/362
. .
{Filling or topping up of large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries} [2016-11]
H01M 2/364
. .
{Removing or drainage of electrolyte; Cleaning battery or cell cases} [2013-01]
H01M 2/365
. .
{means or methods for closing or sealing the liquid supply hole} [2013-01]
H01M 2/367
. .
{with means for preventing spilling of liquid or electrolyte, e.g. when the battery is tilted or turned over} [2013-01]
H01M 2/368
. . .
{by closing the vent passages with a valve} [2013-01]
H01M 2/38
.
Arrangements for moving electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2/385
. .
{Electrolyte stirring by action of gases on or in the electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 2/40
. .
with external circulating path (H01M 8/04 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 4/00
Electrodes (electrodes for electrolytic processes C25, {electrodes for hybrid or electric double capacitor H01G 11/22}) [2013-01]
H01M 4/02
.
Electrodes composed of or comprising active material [2013-01]
H01M 2004/021
. .
{Physical characteristics, e.g. porosity, surface area} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/022
. .
{Electrodes made of one single microscopic fiber} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/023
. .
{Gel electrode} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/024
. .
{Insertable electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/025
. .
{with shapes other than plane or cylindrical} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/026
. .
{characterised by the polarity} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/027
. . .
{Negative electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/028
. . .
{Positive electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/029
. . .
{Bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/04
. .
Processes of manufacture in general [2013-01]
H01M 4/0402
. . .
{Methods of deposition of the material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0404
. . . .
{by coating on electrode collectors} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0407
. . . .
{by coating on an electrolyte layer} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0409
. . . .
{by a doctor blade method, slip-casting or roller coating} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0411
. . . .
{by extrusion} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0414
. . . .
{by screen printing} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0416
. . . .
{involving impregnation with a solution, dispersion, paste or dry powder (H01M 4/0438 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0419
. . . .
{involving spraying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0421
. . . .
{involving vapour deposition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0423
. . . . .
{Physical vapour deposition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0426
. . . . . .
{Sputtering} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0428
. . . . .
{Chemical vapour deposition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/043
. . .
{involving compressing or compaction} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0433
. . . .
{Molding} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0435
. . . .
{Rolling or calendering} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0438
. . .
{by electrochemical processing (electroless electrochemical plating C23C 18/54)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/044
. . . .
{Activating, forming or electrochemical attack of the supporting material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0442
. . . . .
{Anodisation, Oxidation (electrolytic coating by anodisation C25D 9/00)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0445
. . . . .
{Forming after manufacture of the electrode, e.g. first charge, cycling} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0447
. . . . . .
{of complete cells or cells stacks} [2013-01]
H01M 4/045
. . . .
{Electrochemical coating; Electrochemical impregnation} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0452
. . . . .
{from solutions} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0454
. . . . .
{from melts} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0457
. . . . .
{from dispersions or suspensions; Electrophoresis} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0459
. . . .
{Electrochemical doping, intercalation, occlusion or alloying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0461
. . . . .
{Electrochemical alloying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0464
. . . .
{Electro organic synthesis} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0466
. . . . .
{Electrochemical polymerisation} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0469
. . . .
{Electroforming a self-supporting electrode; Electroforming of powdered electrode material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0471
. . .
{involving thermal treatment, e.g. firing, sintering, backing particulate active material, thermal decomposition, pyrolysis} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0473
. . .
{Filling tube-or pockets type electrodes; Applying active mass in cup-shaped terminals} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0476
. . . .
{with molten material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0478
. . . .
{with dispersions, suspensions or pastes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/048
. . . .
{with dry powder} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0483
. . .
{by methods including the handling of a melt (H01M 4/0438, take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0485
. . . .
{Casting} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0488
. . . .
{Alloying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/049
. . .
{Manufacturing of an active layer by chemical means} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0492
. . . .
{Chemical attack of the support material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0495
. . . .
{Chemical alloying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/0497
. . . .
{Chemical precipitation} [2013-01]
H01M 4/06
. .
Electrodes for primary cells [2013-01]
H01M 4/08
. . .
Processes of manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 4/10
. . . .
of pressed electrodes with central core, i.e. dollies [2013-01]
H01M 4/12
. . . .
of consumable metal or alloy electrodes (use of alloy compositions as active materials H01M 4/38) [2013-01]
H01M 4/13
. .
Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof [2013-01]
NOTE

  • This group does not cover electrodes for accumulators working at high temperatures, e.g. molten sodium electrodes, which subject matter is classified in group H01M 10/39
H01M 4/131
. . .
Electrodes based on mixed oxides or hydroxides, or on mixtures of oxides or hydroxides, e.g. LiCoOx [2013-01]
H01M 4/1315
. . . .
containing halogen atoms, e.g. LiCoOxFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/133
. . .
Electrodes based on carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx [2013-01]
H01M 4/134
. . .
Electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys [2013-01]
H01M 4/136
. . .
Electrodes based on inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/137
. . .
Electrodes based on electro-active polymers [2013-01]
H01M 4/139
. . .
Processes of manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 4/1391
. . . .
of electrodes based on mixed oxides or hydroxides, or on mixtures of oxides or hydroxides, e.g. LiCoOx [2013-01]
H01M 4/13915
. . . . .
containing halogen atoms, e.g. LiCoOxFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/1393
. . . .
of electrodes based on carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx [2013-01]
H01M 4/1395
. . . .
of electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys [2013-01]
H01M 4/1397
. . . .
of electrodes based on inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/1399
. . . .
of electrodes based on electro-active polymers [2013-01]
H01M 4/14
. .
Electrodes for lead-acid accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 4/16
. . .
Processes of manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 4/18
. . . .
of Plantè electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/20
. . . .
of pasted electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/21
. . . . .
Drying of pasted electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/22
. . . .
Forming of electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/23
. . . . .
Drying or preserving electrodes after forming [2013-01]
H01M 4/24
. .
Electrodes for alkaline accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 4/242
. . .
{Hydrogen storage electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/244
. . .
{Zinc electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/246
. . .
{Cadmium electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/248
. . .
{Iron electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/26
. . .
Processes of manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 4/28
. . . .
Precipitating active material on the carrier [2013-01]
H01M 4/29
. . . . .
by electrochemical methods [2013-01]
H01M 4/30
. . . .
Pressing [2013-01]
H01M 4/32
. . .
Nickel oxide or hydroxide electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/34
. . .
Silver oxide or hydroxide electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/36
. .
Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids {(electrode materials of hybrid or double layer capacitors H01G 11/30-H01G 11/50)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/362
. . .
{Composites} [2013-01]
H01M 4/364
. . . .
{as mixtures} [2013-01]
H01M 4/366
. . . .
{as layered products} [2013-01]
H01M 4/368
. . .
{Liquid depolarisers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/38
. . .
of elements or alloys [2013-01]
H01M 4/381
. . . .
{Alkaline or alkaline earth metals elements (H01M 4/40 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/382
. . . . .
{Lithium (H01M 4/405 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/383
. . . .
{Hydrogen absorbing alloys} [2013-01]
H01M 4/385
. . . . .
{of the type LaNi5} [2013-01]
H01M 4/386
. . . .
{Silicon or alloys based on silicon} [2013-01]
H01M 4/387
. . . .
{Tin or alloys based on tin} [2013-01]
H01M 4/388
. . . .
{Halogens} [2013-01]
H01M 4/40
. . . .
Alloys based on alkali metals [2013-01]
H01M 4/405
. . . . .
{Alloys based on lithium} [2013-01]
H01M 4/42
. . . .
Alloys based on zinc [2013-01]
H01M 4/44
. . . .
Alloys based on cadmium [2013-01]
H01M 4/46
. . . .
Alloys based on magnesium or aluminium [2013-01]
H01M 4/463
. . . . .
{Aluminium based} [2013-01]
H01M 4/466
. . . . .
{Magnesium based} [2013-01]
H01M 4/48
. . .
of inorganic oxides or hydroxides [2013-01]
H01M 4/481
. . . .
{of mercury} [2013-01]
H01M 4/483
. . . .
{for non-aqueous cells (H01M 4/485 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/485
. . . .
of mixed oxides or hydroxides for inserting or intercalating light metals, e.g. LiTi2O4 or LiTi2OxFy (H01M 4/505, H01M 4/525 take precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 4/50
. . . .
of manganese [2013-01]
H01M 4/502
. . . . .
{for non-aqueous cells (H01M 4/505 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/505
. . . . .
of mixed oxides or hydroxides containing manganese for inserting or intercalating light metals, e.g. LiMn2O4 or LiMn2OxFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/52
. . . .
of nickel, cobalt or iron [2013-01]
H01M 4/521
. . . . .
{of iron for aqueous cells} [2013-01]
H01M 4/523
. . . . .
{for non-aqueous cells (H01M 4/525 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/525
. . . . .
of mixed oxides or hydroxides containing iron, cobalt or nickel for inserting or intercalating light metals, e.g. LiNiO2, LiCoO2 or LiCoOxFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/54
. . . .
of silver [2013-01]
H01M 4/56
. . . .
of lead [2013-01]
H01M 4/57
. . . . .
of "Grey lead", i.e. powders containing lead and lead oxide [2013-01]
H01M 4/58
. . .
of inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy [2013-01]
H01M 4/5805
. . . .
{Phosphides} [2013-01]
H01M 4/581
. . . .
{Chalcogenides or intercalation compounds thereof} [2013-01]
H01M 4/5815
. . . . .
{Sulfides} [2013-01]
H01M 4/582
. . . .
{Halogenides} [2013-01]
H01M 4/5825
. . . .
{Oxygenated metallic slats or polyanionic structures, e.g. borates, phosphates, silicates, olivines} [2013-01]
NOTE

  • Polyanionic structures comprises elements not changing oxidation state during electrochemical reaction, e.g. P, Si, B
H01M 4/583
. . . .
Carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx [2013-01]
H01M 4/5835
. . . . .
{Comprising fluorine or fluoride salts} [2013-01]
H01M 4/587
. . . . .
for inserting or intercalating light metals [2013-01]
H01M 4/60
. . .
of organic compounds [2013-01]
H01M 4/602
. . . .
{Polymers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/604
. . . . .
{containing aliphatic main chain polymers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/606
. . . . .
{containing aromatic main chain polymers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/608
. . . . . .
{containing heterocyclic rings} [2013-01]
H01M 4/62
. .
Selection of inactive substances as ingredients for active masses, e.g. binders, fillers [2013-01]
H01M 4/621
. . .
{Binders} [2013-01]
H01M 4/622
. . . .
{being polymers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/623
. . . . .
{fluorinated polymers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/624
. . .
{Electric conductive fillers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/625
. . . .
{Carbon or graphite} [2013-01]
H01M 4/626
. . . .
{Metals} [2013-01]
H01M 4/627
. . .
{Expanders for lead-acid accumulators} [2013-01]
H01M 4/628
. . .
{Inhibitors, e.g. gassing inhibitors, corrosion inhibitors} [2013-01]
H01M 4/64
. .
Carriers or collectors {(current collector for hybrid or electric double layer capacitors H01G 11/66)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/66
. . .
Selection of materials [2013-01]
H01M 4/661
. . . .
{Metal or alloys, e.g. alloy coatings (H01M 4/669 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/662
. . . . .
{Alloys (collectors of lead alloys H01M 4/685)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/663
. . . .
{containing carbon or carbonaceous materials as conductive part, e.g. graphite, carbon fibres} [2013-01]
H01M 4/664
. . . .
{Ceramic materials} [2013-01]
H01M 4/665
. . . .
{Composites} [2013-01]
H01M 4/666
. . . . .
{in the form of mixed materials (H01M 4/668 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/667
. . . . .
{in the form of layers, e.g. coatings} [2013-01]
H01M 4/668
. . . .
{Composites of electroconductive material and synthetic resins} [2013-01]
H01M 4/669
. . . .
{Steels} [2013-01]
H01M 4/68
. . . .
for use in lead-acid accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 4/685
. . . . .
{Lead alloys} [2013-01]
H01M 4/70
. . .
characterised by shape or form [2013-01]
H01M 4/72
. . . .
Grids [2013-01]
H01M 4/73
. . . . .
for lead-acid accumulators, e.g. frame plates [2013-01]
H01M 4/74
. . . . .
Meshes or woven material; Expanded metal [2013-01]
H01M 4/742
. . . . . .
{perforated material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/745
. . . . . .
{Expanded metal} [2013-01]
H01M 4/747
. . . . . .
{Woven material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/75
. . . .
Wires, rods or strips [2013-01]
H01M 4/76
. . . .
Containers for holding the active material, e.g. tubes, capsules [2013-01]
H01M 4/762
. . . . .
{Porous or perforated metallic containers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/765
. . . . .
{Tubular type or pencil type electrodes; tubular or multitubular sheaths or covers of insulating material for said tubular-type electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/767
. . . . . .
{Multitubular sheaths or covers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/78
. . . .
Shapes other than plane or cylindrical, e.g. helical [2013-01]
H01M 4/80
. . . .
Porous plates, e.g. sintered carriers [2013-01]
H01M 4/801
. . . . .
{Sintered carriers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/803
. . . . . .
{of only powdered material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/805
. . . . . .
{of powdered and fibrous material} [2013-01]
H01M 4/806
. . . . .
{Nonwoven fibrous fabric containing only fibres} [2013-01]
H01M 4/808
. . . . .
{Foamed, spongy materials} [2013-01]
H01M 4/82
. . .
Multi-step processes for manufacturing carriers for lead-acid accumulators (single step processes see the relevant subclasses, e.g. B21D; B22D) [2013-01]
H01M 4/84
. . . .
involving casting [2013-01]
H01M 4/86
.
Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells [2013-01]
H01M 4/8605
. .
{Porous electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/861
. . .
{with a gradient in the porosity} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8615
. . .
{Bifunctional electrodes for rechargeable cells} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8621
. . .
{containing only metallic or ceramic material, e.g. made by sintering or sputtering} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8626
. . .
{characterised by the form} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8631
. . . .
{Bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8636
. .
{with a gradient in another property than porosity (H01M 4/861 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8642
. . .
{Gradient in composition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8647
. .
{consisting of more than one material, e.g. consisting of composites} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8652
. . .
{as mixture} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8657
. . .
{layered} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8663
. .
{Selection of inactive substances as ingredients for catalytic active masses, e.g. binders, fillers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8668
. . .
{Binders} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8673
. . .
{Electrically conductive fillers} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/8678
. .
{characterised by the polarity} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/8684
. . .
{Negative electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/8689
. . .
{Positive electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 2004/8694
. . .
{Bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/88
. .
Processes of manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 4/8803
. . .
{Supports for the deposition of the catalytic active composition (H01M 4/90 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8807
. . . .
{Gas diffusion layers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/881
. . . .
{Electrolytic membranes} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8814
. . . .
{Temporary supports, e.g. decal} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8817
. . .
{Treatment of supports before application of the catalytic active composition (coated porous composites H01M 8/0245)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8821
. . . .
{Wet proofing} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8825
. . .
{Methods for deposition of the catalytic active composition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8828
. . . .
{Coating with slurry or ink} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8832
. . . . .
{Ink jet printing} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8835
. . . . .
{Screen printing} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8839
. . . . .
{Painting} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8842
. . . .
{Coating using a catalyst salt precursor in solution followed by evaporation and reduction of the precursor} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8846
. . . .
{Impregnation} [2013-01]
H01M 4/885
. . . . .
{followed by reduction of the catalyst salt precursor} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8853
. . . .
{Electrodeposition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8857
. . . .
{Casting, e.g. tape casting, vacuum slip casting} [2013-01]
H01M 4/886
. . . .
{Powder spraying, e.g. wet or dry powder spraying, plasma spraying} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8864
. . . .
{Extrusion} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8867
. . . .
{Vapour deposition} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8871
. . . . .
{Sputtering} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8875
. . .
{Methods for shaping the electrode into free-standing bodies, like sheets, films or grids, e.g. moulding, hot-pressing, casting without support, extrusion without support} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8878
. . .
{Treatment steps after deposition of the catalytic active composition or after shaping of the electrode being free-standing body} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8882
. . . .
{Heat treatment, e.g. drying, baking} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8885
. . . . .
{Sintering or firing} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8889
. . . . . .
{Cosintering or cofiring of a catalytic active layer with another type of layer} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8892
. . . .
{Impregnation or coating of the catalyst layer, e.g. by an ionomer} [2013-01]
H01M 4/8896
. . . .
{Pressing, rolling, calendering (membrane electrode assemblies H01M 8/1004)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/90
. .
Selection of catalytic material [2013-01]
H01M 4/9008
. . .
{Organic or organo-metallic compounds} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9016
. . .
{Oxides, hydroxides or oxygenated metallic salts} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9025
. . . .
{Oxides specially used in fuel cell operating at high temperature, e.g. SOFC} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9033
. . . . .
{Complex oxides, optionally doped, of the type M1MeO3, M1 being an alkaline earth metal or a rare earth, Me being a metal, e.g. perovskites} [2016-08]
H01M 4/9041
. . .
{Metals or alloys (H01M 4/92 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/905
. . . .
{specially used in fuel cell operating at high temperature, e.g. SOFC} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9058
. . . . .
{of noble metals or noble-metal based alloys} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9066
. . . . .
{of metal-ceramic composites or mixtures, e.g. cermets} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9075
. . .
{Catalytic material supported on carriers, e.g. powder carriers (H01M 4/8807, H01M 4/881, H01M 4/8814, H01M 4/925 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9083
. . . .
{on carbon or graphite} [2013-01]
H01M 4/9091
. . .
{Unsupported catalytic particles; loose particulate catalytic materials, e.g. in fluidised state} [2013-01]
H01M 4/92
. . .
Metals of platinum group (H01M 4/94, {H01M 4/9058 } take precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 4/921
. . . .
{Alloys or mixtures with metallic elements} [2013-01]
H01M 4/923
. . . .
{Compounds thereof with non-metallic elements} [2013-01]
H01M 4/925
. . . .
{supported on carriers, e.g. powder carriers} [2013-01]
H01M 4/926
. . . . .
{on carbon or graphite} [2013-01]
H01M 4/928
. . . .
{Unsupported catalytic particles; loose particulate catalytic materials, e.g. in fluidised state} [2013-01]
H01M 4/94
. .
Non-porous diffusion electrodes, e.g. palladium membranes, ion exchange membranes [2013-01]
H01M 4/96
. .
Carbon-based electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 4/98
. .
Raney-type electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 6/00
Primary cells; Manufacture thereof [2013-01]
NOTE

  • In this group, primary cells are electrochemical generators in which the cell energy is present in chemical form and is not regenerated.
H01M 6/005
.
{Devices for making primary cells} [2013-01]
H01M 6/02
.
Details (of non-active parts H01M 2/00; of electrodes H01M 4/00) [2013-01]
H01M 6/04
.
Cells with aqueous electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 6/045
. .
{characterised by aqueous electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 6/06
. .
Dry cells, i.e. cells wherein the electrolyte is rendered non-fluid [2013-01]
H01M 6/08
. . .
with cup shaped electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 6/085
. . . .
{of the reversed type, i.e. anode in the centre} [2013-01]
H01M 6/10
. . .
with wound or folded electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 6/103
. . . .
{Cells with electrode of only one polarity being folded or wound} [2013-01]
H01M 2006/106
. . . .
{Elliptic wound cells} [2013-01]
H01M 6/12
. . .
with flat electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 6/14
.
Cells with non-aqueous electrolyte {(H01M 10/05 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/145
. .
{containing ammonia} [2013-01]
H01M 6/16
. .
with organic electrolyte (H01M 6/18, {H01M 10/05 take precedence}) [2013-01]
H01M 6/162
. . .
{characterised by the electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 6/164
. . . .
{by the solvent (organic electrolyte solvents H01M 2300/0028)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/166
. . . .
{by the solute} [2013-01]
H01M 6/168
. . . .
{by additives} [2013-01]
H01M 6/18
. .
with solid electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 6/181
. . .
{with polymeric electrolytes (organic polymers electrolytes H01M 2300/0082)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/182
. . .
{with halogenide as solid electrolyte (halide solid electrolytes H01M 2300/008)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/183
. . . .
{with fluoride as solid electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 6/185
. . .
{with oxides, hydroxides or oxysalts as solid electrolytes (oxides solid electrolyte H01M 2300/0071)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/186
. . . .
{Only oxysalts-containing solid electrolytes} [2013-01]
H01M 6/187
. . .
{Solid electrolyte characterised by the form (layered solid electrolytes H01M 2300/0094)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/188
. . .
{Processes of manufacture} [2013-01]
H01M 6/20
. . .
working at high temperature (deferred-action thermal cells H01M 6/36) [2013-01]
H01M 6/22
.
Immobilising of electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 6/24
.
Cells comprising two different electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 6/26
.
Cells without oxidising active material, e.g. Volta cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/28
.
Standard cells, e.g. Weston cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/30
.
Deferred-action cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/32
. .
activated through external addition of electrolyte or of electrolyte components [2013-01]
H01M 6/34
. . .
Immersion cells, e.g. sea-water cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/36
. .
containing electrolyte and made operational by physical means, e.g. thermal cells (thermoelectric solid state devices H01L 35/00, H01L 37/00) [2013-01]
H01M 6/38
. . .
by mechanical means [2013-01]
H01M 6/385
. . . .
{by insertion of electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 6/40
.
Printed batteries, {e.g. thin film batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 6/42
.
Grouping of primary cells into batteries (H01M 6/40 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 6/425
. .
{Multimode batteries, batteries with "reserve cells"} [2013-01]
H01M 6/44
. .
of tubular or cup-shaped cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/46
. .
of flat cells [2013-01]
H01M 6/48
. . .
with bipolar electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 6/485
. . . .
{Side-by-side bipolar batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 6/50
.
Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance, e.g. maintaining operating temperature {(cells or batteries combined with safety devices H01M 2200/00)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5005
. .
{Auxiliary electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5011
. .
{for several cells simultaneously or successively} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5016
. . .
{Multimode utilisation} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5022
. .
{Arrangements for moving electrodes or separating elements} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5027
. .
{Dummy cells} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5033
. .
{used as charging means for another battery} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5038
. .
{Heating or cooling of cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5044
. .
{Cells or batteries structurally combined with cell condition indicating means (H01M 2/34 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 6/505
. . .
{Cells combined with indicating means for externally visualisation of the condition, e.g. by change of colour or of light intensity} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5055
. . .
{End of discharge indicated by a voltage step} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5061
. . .
{cells combined with sound indicating means} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5066
. .
{Type recognition} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5072
. .
{Preserving or storing cells} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5077
. .
{Regeneration of reactants or electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5083
. .
{Testing apparatus} [2013-01]
H01M 6/5088
. .
{Initial activation; predischarge; Stabilisation of initial voltage} [2013-01]
H01M 2006/5094
. .
{Aspects relating to capacity ratio of electrolyte/electrodes or anode/cathode} [2013-01]
H01M 6/52
.
Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste cells or batteries, {e.g. recycling} [2013-01]
H01M 8/00
Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof [2013-01]
NOTE

  • Fuel cells are electrochemical generators wherein the reactants are supplied from outside
H01M 8/002
.
{Shape, form of a fuel cell} [2013-01]
H01M 8/004
. .
{Cylindrical, tubular or wound} [2013-01]
H01M 8/006
. .
{Flat} [2013-01]
H01M 8/008
.
Disposal or recycling of fuel cells [2016-02]
H01M 8/02
.
Details (electrodes H01M 4/86 - H01M 4/98) [2016-02]
H01M 8/0202
. .
Collectors; Separators, e.g. bipolar separators; Interconnectors [2016-02]
H01M 8/0204
. . .
Non-porous and characterised by the material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0206
. . . .
Metals or alloys [2016-02]
H01M 8/0208
. . . . .
Alloys [2016-02]
H01M 8/021
. . . . . .
Alloys based on iron [2016-02]
H01M 8/0213
. . . .
Gas-impermeable carbon-containing materials [2016-02]
H01M 8/0215
. . . .
Glass; Ceramic materials [2016-02]
H01M 8/0217
. . . . .
Complex oxides, optionally doped, of the type AMO3, A being an alkaline earth metal or rare earth metal and M being a metal, e.g. perovskites [2016-02]
H01M 8/0219
. . . . . .
{Chromium complex oxides} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0221
. . . .
Organic resins; Organic polymers [2016-02]
H01M 8/0223
. . . .
Composites [2016-02]
H01M 8/0226
. . . . .
in the form of mixtures [2016-02]
H01M 8/0228
. . . . .
in the form of layered or coated products [2016-02]
H01M 8/023
. . .
Porous and characterised by the material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0232
. . . .
Metals or alloys [2016-02]
H01M 8/0234
. . . .
Carbonaceous material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0236
. . . .
Glass; Ceramics; Cermets [2016-02]
H01M 8/0239
. . . .
Organic resins; Organic polymers [2016-02]
H01M 8/0241
. . . .
Composites [2016-02]
H01M 8/0243
. . . . .
in the form of mixtures [2016-02]
H01M 8/0245
. . . . .
in the form of layered or coated products [2016-02]
H01M 8/0247
. . .
characterised by the form (characterised by a channel configuration H01M 8/0258) [2016-02]
H01M 8/025
. . . .
semicylindrical [2016-02]
H01M 8/0252
. . . .
tubular [2016-02]
H01M 8/0254
. . . .
corrugated or undulated [2016-02]
H01M 8/0256
. . . .
Vias, i.e. connectors passing through the separator material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0258
. . .
characterised by the configuration of channels, e.g. by the flow field of the reactant or coolant [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/026
. . . .
characterised by grooves, e.g. their pitch or depth [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/0263
. . . .
having meandering or serpentine paths [2016-02]
H01M 8/0265
. . . .
the reactant or coolant channels having varying cross sections [2016-02]
H01M 8/0267
. . .
having heating or cooling means, e.g. heaters or coolant flow channels [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/0269
. . .
{Separators, collectors or interconnectors including a printed circuit board} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0271
. .
Sealing or supporting means around electrodes, matrices or membranes [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/0273
. . .
with sealing or supporting means in the form of a frame [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/0276
. . .
Sealing means characterised by their form (H01M 8/0273 takes precedence) [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/0278
. . . .
{O-rings} [2016-02]
H01M 8/028
. . .
Sealing means characterised by their material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0282
. . . .
Inorganic material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0284
. . . .
Organic resins; Organic polymers [2016-02]
H01M 8/0286
. . .
Processes for forming seals [2016-02]
H01M 8/0289
. .
Means for holding the electrolyte (solid polymer electrolytes H01M 8/1018) [2016-02]
H01M 8/0293
. . .
Matrices for immobilising electrolyte solutions [2016-02]
H01M 8/0295
. . .
Matrices for immobilising electrolyte melts [2016-02]
H01M 8/0297
. .
Arrangements for joining electrodes, reservoir layers, heat exchange units or bipolar separators to each other (H01M 8/0271 takes precedence) [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/04
.
Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids [2016-02]
NOTE

  • In this group, multi-aspect classification is applied, so that subject matter characterised by aspects covered by more than one of its subgroups should be classified in each of those subgroups.
H01M 8/04007
. .
related to heat exchange [2016-02]
H01M 8/04014
. . .
Heat exchange using gaseous fluids; Heat exchange by combustion of reactants [2016-02]
H01M 8/04022
. . . .
{Heating by combustion} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04029
. . .
Heat exchange using liquids [2016-02]
H01M 8/04037
. . .
{Electrical heating} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04044
. . .
Purification of heat exchange media [2016-02]
H01M 8/04052
. . .
{Storage of heat in the fuel cell system} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04059
. . .
{Evaporative processes for the cooling of a fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04067
. . .
{Heat exchange or temperature measuring elements, thermal insulation, e.g. heat pipes, heat pumps, fins} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04074
. . . .
{Heat exchange unit structures specially adapted for fuel cell (heat exchanger for fuel cells F28D 2021/0043)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04082
. .
Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration [2016-02]
H01M 8/04089
. . .
of gaseous reactants [2016-02]
H01M 8/04097
. . . .
{with recycling of the reactants (H01M 8/04119, H01M 8/04104 take precedence)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04104
. . . .
{Regulation of differential pressures} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04111
. . . .
using a compressor turbine assembly [2016-02]
H01M 8/04119
. . . .
with simultaneous supply or evacuation of electrolyte; Humidifying or dehumidifying [2016-02]
H01M 8/04126
. . . . .
{Humidifying} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04134
. . . . . .
{by coolants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04141
. . . . . .
{by water containing exhaust gases} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04149
. . . . . .
{by diffusion, e.g. making use of membranes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04156
. . . . .
{with product water removal} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04164
. . . . . .
{by condensers, gas-liquid separators or filters} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04171
. . . . . .
{using adsorbents, wicks or hydrophilic material} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04179
. . . . . .
{by purging or increasing flow or pressure of reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04186
. . .
of liquid-charged or electrolyte-charged reactants [2016-02]
H01M 8/04194
. . . .
{Concentration measuring cells} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04197
. . .
{Preventing means for fuel crossover} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04201
. . .
{Reactant storage and supply, e.g. means for feeding, pipes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04208
. . . .
{Cartridges, cryogenic media or cryogenic reservoirs} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04216
. . . .
{characterised by the choice for a specific material, e.g. carbon, hydride, absorbent} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04223
. .
during start-up or shut-down; Depolarisation or activation, e.g. purging; Means for short-circuiting defective fuel cells [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/04225
. . .
during start-up [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/04228
. . .
during shut-down [2016-02]
H01M 8/04231
. . .
{Purging of the reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04238
. . .
{Depolarisation} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04246
. . .
{Short circuiting means for defective fuel cells (detection of defective fuel cells H01M 8/04664, methods for shunting fuel cells H01M 8/04955)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04253
. . .
{Means for solving freezing problems} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04268
. . .
{Heating of fuel cells during the start-up of the fuel cells} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04276
. .
Arrangements for managing the electrolyte stream, e.g. heat exchange [2016-02]
H01M 8/04283
. . .
{Supply means of electrolyte to or in matrix-fuel cells} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04291
. .
Arrangements for managing water in solid electrolyte fuel cell systems (H01M 8/04119 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/04298
. .
Processes for controlling fuel cells or fuel cell systems [2016-02]
H01M 8/043
. . .
applied during specific periods [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/04302
. . . .
applied during start-up [2016-02]
H01M 8/04303
. . . .
applied during shut-down [2016-02]
H01M 8/04305
. . .
{Modeling, demonstration models of fuel cells, e.g. for training purposes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04313
. . .
characterised by the detection or assessment of variables; characterised by the detection or assessment of failure or abnormal function [2016-02]
H01M 8/0432
. . . .
Temperature; Ambient temperature [2016-02]
H01M 8/04328
. . . . .
{of anode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04335
. . . . .
{of cathode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04343
. . . . .
{of anode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0435
. . . . .
{of cathode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04358
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04365
. . . . .
{of other components of a fuel cell or fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04373
. . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. reformers, compressors, burners} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0438
. . . .
Pressure; Ambient pressure; Flow [2016-02]
H01M 8/04388
. . . . .
{of anode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04395
. . . . .
{of cathode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04402
. . . . .
{of anode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0441
. . . . .
{of cathode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04417
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04425
. . . . .
{at auxiliary devices, e.g. reformers, compressors, burners} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04432
. . . . .
{Pressure differences, e.g. between anode and cathode} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0444
. . . .
Concentration; Density (H01M 8/04492 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/04447
. . . . .
{of anode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04455
. . . . .
{of cathode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04462
. . . . .
{of anode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0447
. . . . .
{of cathode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04477
. . . . .
{of the electrolyte} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04485
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04492
. . . .
Humidity; Ambient humidity; Water content [2016-02]
H01M 8/045
. . . . .
{of anode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04507
. . . . .
{of cathode reactants at the inlet or inside the fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04514
. . . . .
{of anode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04522
. . . . .
{of cathode exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04529
. . . . .
{of the electrolyte} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04537
. . . .
Electric variables [2016-02]
H01M 8/04544
. . . . .
{Voltage} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04552
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04559
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04567
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04574
. . . . .
{Current} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04582
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04589
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04597
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04604
. . . . .
{Power, energy, capacity or load} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04611
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04619
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04626
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04634
. . . . .
{Other electric variables, e.g. resistance or impedance} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04641
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04649
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04656
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04664
. . . .
Failure or abnormal function [2016-02]
H01M 8/04671
. . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04679
. . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04686
. . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04694
. . .
characterised by variables to be controlled [2016-02]
H01M 8/04701
. . . .
Temperature [2016-02]
H01M 8/04708
. . . . .
{of fuel cell reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04716
. . . . .
{of fuel cell exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04723
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04731
. . . . .
{of other components of a fuel cell or fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04738
. . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. reformer, compressor, burner} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04746
. . . .
Pressure; Flow [2016-02]
H01M 8/04753
. . . . .
{of fuel cell reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04761
. . . . .
{of fuel cell exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04768
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04776
. . . . .
{at auxiliary devices, e.g. reformer, compressor, burner} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04783
. . . . .
{Pressure differences, e.g. between anode and cathode} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04791
. . . .
Concentration; Density (H01M 8/04828 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/04798
. . . . .
{of fuel cell reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04805
. . . . .
{of fuel cell exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04813
. . . . .
{of the coolant} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0482
. . . . .
{of the electrolyte} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04828
. . . .
Humidity; Water content [2016-02]
H01M 8/04835
. . . . .
{of fuel cell reactants} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04843
. . . . .
{of fuel cell exhausts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0485
. . . . .
{of the electrolyte} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04858
. . . .
Electric variables [2016-02]
H01M 8/04865
. . . . .
{Voltage} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04873
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0488
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04888
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04895
. . . . .
{Current} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04902
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0491
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04917
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04925
. . . . .
{Power, energy, capacity or load} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04932
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0494
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04947
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04949
. . . . .
{other electric variables, e.g. resistance or impedance} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04951
. . . . . .
{of the individual fuel cell} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04952
. . . . . .
{of fuel cell stacks} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04953
. . . . . .
{of auxiliary devices, e.g. batteries, capacitors} [2016-02]
H01M 8/04955
. . . .
Shut-off or shut-down of fuel cells [2016-02]
H01M 8/04992
. . .
characterised by the implementation of mathematical or computational algorithms, e.g. feedback control loops, fuzzy logic, neural networks or artificial intelligence [2016-02]
H01M 8/06
.
Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues (regenerative fuel cells H01M 8/18) [2016-02]
H01M 8/0606
. .
with means for production of gaseous reactants [2016-02]
H01M 8/0612
. . .
from carbon-containing material [2016-02]
H01M 8/0618
. . . .
{Reforming processes, e.g. autothermal, partial oxidation or steam reforming} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0625
. . . .
{in a modular combined reactor/fuel cell structure} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0631
. . . . .
{Reactor construction specially adapted for combination reactor/fuel cell (hydrogen C01B 3/00; reactors for physicochemical processes B01J 19/00)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0637
. . . .
Direct internal reforming at the anode of the fuel cell [2016-02]
H01M 8/0643
. . . .
{Gasification of solid fuel} [2016-02]
H01M 8/065
. . .
by dissolution of metals or alloys; by dehydriding metallic substances [2016-02]
H01M 8/0656
. . .
by electrochemical means (H01M 8/065 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/0662
. .
Treatment of gaseous reactants or gaseous residues, e.g. cleaning [2016-02]
H01M 8/0668
. . .
Removal of carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide [2016-02]
H01M 8/0675
. . .
{Removal of sulfur} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0681
. . .
{Reactant purification by the use of electrochemical cells} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0687
. . .
{Reactant purification by the use of membranes or filters} [2016-02]
H01M 8/0693
. .
{Treatment of the electrolyte residue, e.g. reconcentrating} [2013-01]
H01M 8/08
.
Fuel cells with aqueous electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 8/083
. .
Alkaline fuel cells [2016-02]
H01M 8/086
. .
Phosphoric acid fuel cells [PAFC] [2016-02]
H01M 8/10
.
Fuel cells with solid electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 8/1004
. .
characterised by membrane-electrode assemblies [MEA] (H01M 8/12 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/1006
. . .
Corrugated, curved or wave-shaped MEA [2016-02]
H01M 8/1007
. .
with both reactants being gaseous or vaporised (H01M 8/12 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/1009
. .
with one of the reactants being liquid, solid or liquid-charged (H01M 8/12 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/1011
. . .
Direct alcohol fuel cells [DAFC], e.g. direct methanol fuel cells [DMFC] [2016-02]
H01M 8/1013
. . . .
{Other direct alcohol fuel cells [DAFC] (DMFCs H01M 8/1011)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1016
. .
characterised by the electrolyte material (H01M 8/12 takes precedence) [2016-02]
H01M 8/1018
. . .
Polymeric electrolyte materials [2016-02]
H01M 8/102
. . . .
characterised by the chemical structure of the main chain of the ion-conducting polymer [2016-02]
NOTE

  • When classifying in this group, structures having two or more heteroatoms belonging to the groups O, P, N, S or Si must be completely identified by classification in all relevant subgroups.
H01M 8/1023
. . . . .
having only carbon, e.g. polyarylenes, polystyrenes or polybutadiene-styrenes [2016-02]
H01M 8/1025
. . . . .
having only carbon and oxygen, e.g. polyethers, sulfonated polyetheretherketones [S-PEEK], sulfonated polysaccharides, sulfonated celluloses or sulfonated polyesters [2016-02]
H01M 8/1027
. . . . .
having carbon, oxygen and other atoms, e.g. sulfonated polyethersulfones [S-PES] [2016-02]
H01M 8/103
. . . . .
having nitrogen, e.g. sulfonated polybenzimidazoles [S-PBI], polybenzimidazoles with phosphoric acid, sulfonated polyamides [S-PA] or sulfonated polyphosphazenes [S-PPh] [2016-02]
H01M 8/1032
. . . . .
having sulfur, e.g. sulfonated-polyethersulfones [S-PES] [2016-02]
H01M 8/1034
. . . . .
having phosphorus, e.g. sulfonated polyphosphazenes [S-PPh] [2016-02]
H01M 8/1037
. . . . .
having silicon, e.g. sulfonated crosslinked polydimethylsiloxanes [2016-02]
H01M 8/1039
. . . .
halogenated, e.g. sulfonated polyvinylidene fluorides [2016-02]
H01M 8/1041
. . . .
Polymer electrolyte composites, mixtures or blends [2016-02]
H01M 8/1044
. . . . .
Mixtures of polymers, of which at least one is ionically conductive [2016-02]
H01M 8/1046
. . . . .
Mixtures of at least one polymer and at least one additive [2016-02]
H01M 8/1048
. . . . . .
Ion-conducting additives, e.g. ion-conducting particles, heteropolyacids, metal phosphate or polybenzimidazole with phosphoric acid [2016-02]
H01M 8/1051
. . . . . .
Non-ion-conducting additives, e.g. stabilisers, SiO2 or ZrO2 [2016-02]
H01M 8/1053
. . . . .
consisting of layers of polymers with at least one layer being ionically conductive [2016-02]
H01M 8/1055
. . . . .
{Inorganic layers on the polymer electrolytes, e.g. inorganic coatings} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1058
. . . .
characterised by a porous support having no ion-conducting properties [2016-02]
H01M 8/106
. . . . .
characterised by the chemical composition of the porous support [2016-02]
H01M 8/1062
. . . . .
characterised by the physical properties of the porous support, e.g. its porosity or thickness [2016-02]
H01M 8/1065
. . . .
characterised by the form, e.g. perforated or wave-shaped [2016-02]
H01M 8/1067
. . . .
characterised by their physical properties, e.g. porosity, ionic conductivity or thickness [2016-02]
H01M 8/1069
. . . .
characterised by the manufacturing processes [2016-02]
H01M 8/1072
. . . . .
by chemical reactions, e.g. in situ polymerisation or in situ crosslinking [2016-02]
H01M 8/1074
. . . . . .
{Sol-gel processes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1076
. . . . .
{Micromachining techniques, e.g. masking, etching steps or photolithography} [2016-11]
H01M 8/1079
. . . . .
{Inducing porosity into non porous precursors membranes, e.g. leaching, pore stretching} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1081
. . . . .
starting from solutions, dispersions or slurries exclusively of polymers [2016-02]
H01M 8/1083
. . . . .
{Starting from polymer melts other than monomer melts} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1086
. . . . .
After-treatment of the membrane other than by polymerisation [2016-02]
H01M 8/1088
. . . . . .
Chemical modification, e.g. sulfonation [2016-02]
H01M 8/109
. . . . . .
{thermal other than drying, e.g. sintering} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1093
. . . . . .
{mechanical, e.g. pressing, puncturing} [2016-02]
H01M 2008/1095
. .
{Fuel cells with polymeric electrolytes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1097
. .
Fuel cells applied on a support, e.g. miniature fuel cells deposited on silica supports [2016-02]
H01M 8/12
. .
operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 8/1213
. . .
characterised by the electrode/electrolyte combination or the supporting material [2016-02]
H01M 8/122
. . . .
Corrugated, curved or wave-shaped MEA [2016-02]
H01M 8/1226
. . . .
characterised by the supporting layer [2016-02]
H01M 8/1231
. . .
with both reactants being gaseous or vaporised [2016-02]
H01M 8/1233
. . .
with one of the reactants being liquid, solid or liquid-charged [2016-02]
H01M 8/124
. . .
characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte [2016-02]
H01M 8/1246
. . . .
the electrolyte consisting of oxides [2016-02]
H01M 8/1253
. . . . .
the electrolyte containing zirconium oxide [2016-02]
H01M 8/126
. . . . .
the electrolyte containing cerium oxide [2016-02]
H01M 8/1266
. . . . .
{the electrolyte containing bismuth oxide} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1273
. . . . .
{Fuel cells with solid halide electrolytes (solid halide electrolyte H01M 2300/008)} [2016-02]
H01M 2008/128
. . .
{Fuel cells with solid halide electrolytes (solid halide electrolyte H01M 2300/008)} [2016-02]
H01M 8/1286
. . .
Fuel cells applied on a support, e.g. miniature fuel cells deposited on silica supports [2016-02]
H01M 2008/1293
. . .
{Fuel cells with solid oxide electrolytes} [2016-02]
H01M 8/14
.
Fuel cells with fused electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 8/141
. .
{the anode and the cathode being gas-permeable electrodes or electrode layers} [2013-01]
H01M 8/142
. . .
{with matrix-supported or semi-solid matrix-reinforced electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 8/143
. .
{with liquid, solid or electrolyte-charged reactants} [2013-01]
H01M 8/144
. .
{characterised by the electrolyte material} [2013-01]
H01M 8/145
. . .
{comprising carbonates} [2013-01]
H01M 8/146
. .
{Fuel cells with molten hydroxide (molten hydroxide electrolyte H01M 2300/006)} [2015-07]
H01M 2008/147
. .
{Fuel cells with molten carbonates} [2013-01]
H01M 8/148
. .
{Measures, other than selecting a specific electrode material, to reduce electrode dissolution} [2013-01]
H01M 8/16
.
Biochemical fuel cells, i.e. cells in which micro-organisms function as catalysts [2013-01]
H01M 8/18
.
Regenerative fuel cells [2013-01]
H01M 8/182
. .
{Regeneration by thermal means} [2013-01]
H01M 8/184
. .
{Regeneration by electrochemical means} [2013-01]
H01M 8/186
. . .
{by electrolytic decomposition of the electrolytic solution or the formed water product} [2013-01]
H01M 8/188
. . .
{by recharging of redox couples containing fluids; Redox flow type batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 8/20
.
Indirect fuel cells, e.g. Redox cells (H01M 8/18 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 8/22
.
Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising carbon or oxygen or hydrogen and other elements; Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising only elements other than carbon, oxygen or hydrogen [2013-01]
H01M 8/222
. .
{Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on compounds containing nitrogen, e.g. hydrazine, ammonia} [2013-01]
H01M 8/225
. .
{Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising particulate active material in the form of a suspension, a dispersion, a fluidised bed or a paste} [2013-01]
H01M 8/227
. .
{Dialytic cells or batteries; Reverse electrodialysis cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 8/24
.
Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2404
. .
Processes or apparatus for grouping fuel cells [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2405
(Frozen)
. .
{comprising spaced diffusion electrodes or electrode layers with interposed electrolyte layer or electrolyte compartment} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/241
. .
with solid or matrix-supported electrolytes [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2415
(Frozen)
. . .
{External manifolded battery stock} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2418
. . .
Grouping by arranging unit cells in a plane (H01M 8/2425, H01M 8/244 take precedence) [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/242
. . .
comprising framed electrodes or intermediary frame-like gaskets (H01M 8/2425, H01M 8/244 take precedence) [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2425
. . .
High-temperature cells with solid electrolytes [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2428
. . . .
Grouping by arranging unit cells on a surface of any form, e.g. planar or tubular [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/243
. . . .
Grouping of unit cells of tubular or cylindrical configuration [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2432
. . . .
Grouping of unit cells of planar configuration [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2435
. . . .
with monolithic core structure, e.g. honeycombs [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/244
. . .
with matrix-supported molten electrolyte [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2445
(Frozen)
. .
{comprising spaced diffusion electrodes or electrode layers with interposed electrolyte compartment with possible electrolyte supply or circulation} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/245
(Frozen)
. . .
{comprising framed electrodes or intermediary frame-like gaskets} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2455
. .
with liquid, solid or electrolyte-charged reactants [2016-02]
H01M 8/2457
. .
with both reactants being gaseous or vaporised [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2459
. .
{Comprising electrode layers with interposed electrolyte compartment with possible electrolyte supply or circulation} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/246
(Frozen)
. .
{having liquid, solid or electrolyte-charged reactants with framed electrodes or intermediary frame-like gaskets} [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2465
. .
Details of groupings of fuel cells [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/247
. . .
Arrangements for tightening a stack, for accommodation of a stack in a tank or for assembling different tanks [2016-02]
H01M 8/2475
. . . .
Enclosures, casings or containers of fuel cell stacks [2016-02]
H01M 8/248
. . . .
Means for compression of the fuel cell stacks [2016-02]
H01M 8/2483
. . .
characterised by internal manifolds [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2484
. . .
characterised by external manifolds [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/2485
. . . .
Arrangements for sealing external manifolds; Arrangements for mounting external manifolds around a stack [2016-02]
WARNING

H01M 8/249
. .
comprising two or more groupings of fuel cells, e.g. modular assemblies [2016-02]
H01M 8/2495
. . .
of fuel cells of different types [2016-02]
H01M 10/00
Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof [2013-01]
NOTE

  • Secondary cells are accumulators receiving and supplying electrical energy by means of reversible electrochemical reactions.
H01M 10/02
.
Details (of non-active parts H01M 2/00; of electrodes H01M 4/00) [2013-01]
H01M 10/04
.
Construction or manufacture in general (H01M 10/12, H01M 10/28, H01M 10/38 take precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 10/0404
. .
{Machines for assembling batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0409
. . .
{for cells with wound electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0413
. .
{Large-sized flat cells or batteries for motive or stationary systems with plate-like electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0418
. . .
{with bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0422
. .
{Cells or battery with cylindrical casing} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0427
. . .
{Button cells} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0431
. .
{Cells with wound or folded electrodes (H01M 10/045 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0436
. .
{Small-sized flat cells or batteries portable equipment} [2013-01]
H01M 10/044
. . .
{with bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0445
. .
{Multimode batteries, e.g. containing auxiliary cells or electrodes switchable in parallel or series connections} [2013-01]
H01M 10/045
. .
{Cells or batteries with folded plate-like electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0454
. . .
{Cells or batteries with electrodes of only one polarity folded} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0459
. .
{Cells or batteries with folded separator between plate-like electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0463
. .
{Cells or batteries with horizontal or inclined electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0468
. .
{Compression means for stacks of electrodes and separators} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0472
. .
{Vertically superposed cells with vertically disposed plates} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0477
. .
{with circular plates} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0481
. .
{Compression means other than compression means for stacks of electrodes and separators} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0486
. .
{Frames for plates or membranes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/049
. .
{Processes for forming or storing electrodes in the battery container} [2013-01]
H01M 2010/0495
. .
{Nanobatteries} [2013-01]
H01M 10/05
.
Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte (H01M 10/39 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 10/052
. .
Li-accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 10/0525
. . .
Rocking-chair batteries, i.e. batteries with lithium insertion or intercalation in both electrodes; Lithium-ion batteries [2013-01]
H01M 10/054
. .
Accumulators with insertion or intercalation of metals other than lithium, e.g. with magnesium or aluminium [2013-01]
H01M 10/056
. .
characterised by the materials used as electrolytes, e.g. mixed inorganic/organic electrolytes {(electrolytes for hybrid or electric double layer capacitors H01G 11/54)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/0561
. . .
the electrolyte being constituted of inorganic materials only [2013-01]
H01M 10/0562
. . . .
Solid materials [2013-01]
H01M 10/0563
. . . .
Liquid materials, e.g. for Li-SOCI2 cells [2013-01]
H01M 10/0564
. . .
the electrolyte being constituted of organic materials only [2013-01]
H01M 10/0565
. . . .
Polymeric materials, e.g. gel-type or solid-type [2013-01]
H01M 10/0566
. . . .
Liquid materials [2013-01]
H01M 10/0567
. . . . .
characterised by the additives [2013-01]
H01M 10/0568
. . . . .
characterised by the solutes [2013-01]
H01M 10/0569
. . . . .
characterised by the solvents [2013-01]
H01M 10/058
. .
Construction or manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 10/0583
. . .
of accumulators with folded construction elements except wound ones, i.e. folded positive or negative electrodes or separators, e.g. with "Z"-shaped electrodes or separators [2013-01]
H01M 10/0585
. . .
of accumulators having only flat construction elements, i.e. flat positive electrodes, flat negative electrodes and flat separators [2013-01]
H01M 10/0587
. . .
of accumulators having only wound construction elements, i.e. wound positive electrodes, wound negative electrodes and wound separators [2013-01]
H01M 10/06
.
Lead-acid accumulators (semi-lead accumulators H01M 10/20) [2013-01]
H01M 10/08
. .
Selection of materials as electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 10/10
. . .
Immobilising of electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 10/12
. .
Construction or manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 10/121
. . .
{Valve regulated lead acid batteries [VRLA]} [2013-01]
H01M 10/122
. . .
{Multimode batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 10/123
. . .
{Cells or batteries with cylindrical casing} [2013-01]
H01M 10/124
. . . .
{Button cells} [2013-01]
H01M 10/125
. . .
{Cells or batteries with wound or folded electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/126
. . .
{Small-sized flat cells or batteries for portable equipment (H01M 10/123 and H01M 10/125 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/127
. . . .
{with bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/128
. . .
{Processes for forming or storing electrodes in the battery container} [2013-01]
H01M 10/14
. . .
Assembling a group of electrodes or separators [2013-01]
H01M 10/16
. . .
Suspending or supporting electrodes or groups of electrodes in the case [2014-02]
H01M 10/18
. .
with bipolar electrodes [2013-01]
H01M 10/20
.
Semi-lead accumulators, i.e. accumulators in which only one electrode contains lead [2013-01]
H01M 10/22
. .
Selection of materials as electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 10/24
.
Alkaline accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 10/26
. .
Selection of materials as electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 10/28
. .
Construction or manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 10/281
. . .
{Large cells or batteries with stacks of plate-like electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/282
. . . .
{with bipolar electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/283
. . .
{Cells or batteries with two cup-shaped or cylindrical collectors (H01M 10/281 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/285
. . . .
{Button cells} [2013-01]
H01M 10/286
. . .
{Cells or batteries with wound or folded electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 10/287
. . .
{Small-sized flat cells or batteries for portable equipment (H01M 10/283 and H01M 10/286 take precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/288
. . .
{Processes for forming or storing electrodes in the battery container} [2013-01]
H01M 10/30
. .
Nickel accumulators (H01M 10/34 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 10/32
. .
Silver accumulators (H01M 10/34 takes precedence) [2013-01]
H01M 10/34
.
Gastight accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 10/342
. .
{Gastight lead accumulators (H01M 10/121 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/345
. .
{Gastight metal hydride accumulators} [2013-01]
H01M 10/347
. . .
{with solid electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 10/36
.
Accumulators not provided for in groups H01M 10/05-H01M 10/34 [2013-01]
H01M 10/365
. .
{Zinc-halogen accumulators} [2013-01]
H01M 10/38
. .
Construction or manufacture [2013-01]
H01M 10/39
. .
Working at high temperature [2013-01]
H01M 10/3909
. . .
{Sodium-sulfur cells} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3918
. . . .
{characterised by the electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3927
. . . . .
{Several layers of electrolyte or coatings containing electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3936
. . . . .
{Electrolyte with a shape other than plane or cylindrical} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3945
. . . .
{containing additives or special arrangements in the sodium compartment} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3954
. . . .
{containing additives or special arrangement in the sulfur compartment} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3963
. . . .
{Sealing means between the solid electrolyte and holders} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3972
. . . .
{Flexible parts} [2013-01]
H01M 10/3981
. . . .
{Flat cells} [2013-01]
H01M 10/399
. . .
{Cells with molten salts} [2013-01]
H01M 10/42
.
Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells (H01M 10/60 takes precedence) [2015-04]
H01M 10/4207
. .
{for several batteries or cells simultaneously or sequentially} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4214
. .
{Arrangements for moving electrodes or electrolyte} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4221
. .
{with battery type recognition} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4228
. .
{Leak testing of cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4235
. .
{Safety or regulating additives or arrangements in electrodes, separators or electrolyte (H01M 10/4242 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4242
. .
{Regeneration of electrolyte or reactants} [2013-01]
H01M 10/425
. .
{Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing (printed circuits H05K 1/00)} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4257
. . .
{Smart batteries, e.g. electronic circuits inside the housing of the cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4264
. . .
{with capacitors} [2013-01]
H01M 2010/4271
. . .
{Battery management systems including electronic circuits, e.g. control of current or voltage to keep battery in healthy state, cell balancing} [2013-01]
H01M 2010/4278
. . .
{Systems for data transfer from batteries, e.g. transfer of battery parameters to a controller, data transferred between battery controller and main controller} [2013-01]
H01M 10/4285
. .
{Testing apparatus} [2013-01]
H01M 2010/4292
. .
{Aspects relating to capacity ratio of electrodes/electrolyte or anode/cathode} [2013-01]
H01M 10/44
. .
Methods for charging or discharging (circuits for charging H02J 7/00) [2013-01]
H01M 10/441
. . .
{for several batteries or cells simultaneously or sequentially} [2013-01]
H01M 10/443
. . .
{in response to temperature} [2013-01]
H01M 10/445
. . .
{in response to gas pressure} [2013-01]
H01M 10/446
. . .
{Initial charging measures} [2013-01]
H01M 10/448
. . .
{End of discharge regulating measures} [2013-01]
H01M 10/46
. .
Accumulators structurally combined with charging apparatus (circuits for charging H02J 7/00) [2013-01]
H01M 10/465
. . .
{with solar battery as charging system} [2013-01]
H01M 10/48
. .
Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte ({H01M 10/44 takes precedence }; indicating or measuring level of liquid in general G01F 23/00; measuring density G01N, e.g. G01N 9/00; measuring electric variables G01R) [2013-01]
H01M 10/482
. . .
{for several batteries or cells simultaneously or sequentially} [2013-01]
H01M 10/484
. . .
{for measuring electrolyte level, electrolyte density or electrolyte conductivity} [2013-01]
H01M 10/486
. . .
{for measuring temperature} [2013-01]
H01M 10/488
. . .
{Cells or batteries combined with indicating means for externally visualisation of the condition, e.g. by change of colour or of light intensity} [2013-01]
H01M 10/52
. .
Removing gases inside the secondary cell, e.g. by absorption (vent plugs or other mechanical arrangements for facilitating escape of gases H01M 2/12) [2013-01]
H01M 10/523
. . .
{by recombination on a catalytic material} [2013-01]
H01M 10/526
. . .
{by gas recombination on the electrode surface or by structuring the electrode surface to improve gas recombination} [2013-01]
H01M 10/54
.
Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators [2013-01]
H01M 10/60
.
Heating or cooling; Temperature control [2015-04]
H01M 10/61
. .
Types of temperature control [2015-04]
H01M 10/613
. . .
Cooling or keeping cold [2015-04]
H01M 10/615
. . .
Heating or keeping warm [2015-04]
H01M 10/617
. . .
for achieving uniformity or desired distribution of temperature [2015-04]
H01M 10/62
. .
specially adapted for specific applications [2015-04]
H01M 10/623
. . .
Portable devices, e.g. mobile telephones, cameras or pacemakers [2015-04]
H01M 10/6235
. . . .
Power tools [2015-04]
H01M 10/625
. . .
Vehicles [2015-04]
H01M 10/627
. . .
Stationary installations, e.g. power plant buffering or backup power supplies [2015-04]
H01M 10/63
. .
Control systems (measurement of temperature H01M 10/486; charging or discharging in response to temperature H01M 10/443) [2015-04]
H01M 10/633
. . .
characterised by algorithms, flow charts, software details or the like [2015-04]
H01M 10/635
. . .
based on ambient temperature [2015-04]
H01M 10/637
. . .
characterised by the use of reversible temperature-sensitive devices, e.g. NTC, PTC or bimetal devices; characterised by control of the internal current flowing through the cells, e.g. by switching (H01M 2/34 takes precedence) [2015-04]
H01M 10/64
. .
characterised by the shape of the cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/643
. . .
Cylindrical cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/647
. . .
Prismatic or flat cells, e.g. pouch cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/65
. .
Means for temperature control structurally associated with the cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/651
. . .
characterised by parameters specified by a numeric value or mathematical formula, e.g. ratios, sizes or concentrations [2015-04]
H01M 10/652
. . . .
characterised by gradients (for achieving a desired temperature gradient H01M 10/617) [2015-04]
H01M 10/653
. . .
characterised by electrically insulating or thermally conductive materials [2015-04]
H01M 10/654
. . .
located inside the innermost case of the cells, e.g. mandrels, electrodes or electrolytes [2015-04]
H01M 10/655
. . .
Solid structures for heat exchange or heat conduction [2015-04]
H01M 10/6551
. . . .
Surfaces specially adapted for heat dissipation or radiation, e.g. fins or coatings [2015-04]
H01M 10/6552
. . . .
Closed pipes transferring heat by thermal conductivity or phase transition, e.g.heat pipes [2015-04]
H01M 10/6553
. . . .
Terminals or leads [2015-04]
H01M 10/6554
. . . .
Rods or plates [2015-04]
H01M 10/6555
. . . . .
arranged between the cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/6556
. . . .
Solid parts with flow channel passages or pipes for heat exchange (closed pipes H01M 10/6552) [2015-04]
H01M 10/6557
. . . . .
arranged between the cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/656
. . .
characterised by the type of heat-exchange fluid [2015-04]
H01M 10/6561
. . . .
Gases [2015-04]
H01M 10/6562
. . . . .
with free flow by convection only [2015-04]
H01M 10/6563
. . . . .
with forced flow, e.g. by blowers [2015-04]
H01M 10/6564
. . . . . .
using compressed gas [2015-04]
H01M 10/6565
. . . . . .
with recirculation or U-turn in the flow path, i.e. back and forth [2015-04]
H01M 10/6566
. . . . .
Means within the gas flow to guide the flow around one or more cells, e.g. manifolds, baffles or other barriers (H01M 10/6565 takes precedence) [2015-04]
H01M 10/6567
. . . .
Liquids [2015-04]
H01M 10/6568
. . . . .
characterised by flow circuits, e.g. loops, located externally to the cells or cell casings [2015-04]
H01M 10/6569
. . . .
Fluids undergoing a liquid-gas phase change or transition, e.g. evaporation or condensation (heat pipes H01M 10/6552) [2015-04]
H01M 10/657
. . .
by electric or electromagnetic means [2015-04]
H01M 10/6571
. . . .
Resistive heaters (arrangements for heating the battery by its resistance to the internal current H01M 10/637) [2015-04]
H01M 10/6572
. . . .
Peltier elements or thermoelectric devices [2015-04]
H01M 10/658
. . .
by thermal insulation or shielding [2015-04]
H01M 10/659
. . .
by heat storage or buffering, e.g. heat capacity or liquid-solid phase changes or transition [2015-04]
H01M 10/6595
. . .
by chemical reactions other than electrochemical reactions of the cells, e.g. catalytic heaters or burners [2015-04]
H01M 10/66
. .
Heat-exchange relationships between the cells and other systems, e.g. central heating systems or fuel cells [2015-04]
H01M 10/663
. . .
the system being an air-conditioner or an engine [2015-04]
H01M 10/667
. . .
the system being an electronic component, e.g. a CPU, an inverter or a capacitor [2015-04]
H01M 12/00
Hybrid cells; Manufacture thereof [2013-01]
NOTE

  • Hybrid cells are electrochemical generators having two different types of half-cells, the half-cell being an electrode-electrolyte combination of either a primary, a secondary or a fuel cell.
H01M 12/005
.
{composed of a half-cell of the capacitor type and of a half-cell of the primary or secondary battery type (hybrid capacitors H01G 9/155)} [2013-01]
H01M 12/02
.
Details (of non-active parts H01M 2/00; of electrodes H01M 4/00) [2013-01]
H01M 12/04
.
composed of a half-cell of the fuel-cell type and of a half-cell of the primary-cell type (methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance H01M 6/50) [2013-01]
H01M 12/06
. .
with one metallic and one gaseous electrode [2013-01]
H01M 12/065
. . .
{with plate-like electrodes or stacks of plate-like electrodes} [2013-01]
H01M 12/08
.
composed of a half-cell of a fuel-cell type and a half-cell of the secondary-cell type (methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance, e.g. for charging, H01M 10/42) [2013-01]
H01M 12/085
. .
{Zinc-halogen cells or batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 14/00
Electrochemical current or voltage generators not provided for in groups H01M 6/00 - H01M 12/00; Manufacture thereof [2013-01]
H01M 14/005
.
{Photoelectrochemical storage cells (light sensitive devices H01G 9/20, semiconductors sensitive to light H01L 31/00)} [2015-07]
H01M 16/00
Structural combinations of different types of electrochemical generators [2013-01]
H01M 16/003
.
{of fuel cells with other electrochemical devices, e.g. capacitors, electrolysers} [2013-01]
H01M 16/006
. .
{of fuel cells with rechargeable batteries} [2013-01]
H01M 2200/00
Safety devices for primary or secondary batteries [2013-01]
H01M 2200/10
.
Temperature sensitive devices [2013-01]
H01M 2200/101
. .
Bimetal [2013-01]
H01M 2200/103
. .
Fuse [2013-01]
H01M 2200/105
. .
NTC [2013-01]
H01M 2200/106
. .
PTC [2013-01]
H01M 2200/108
. .
Normal resistors [2013-01]
H01M 2200/20
.
Pressure-sensitive devices [2013-01]
H01M 2200/30
.
Preventing polarity reversal [2013-01]
H01M 2220/00
Batteries for particular applications [2013-01]
H01M 2220/10
.
Batteries in stationary systems, e.g. emergency power source in plant [2013-01]
H01M 2220/20
.
Batteries in motive systems, e.g. vehicle, ship, plane [2013-01]
H01M 2220/30
.
Batteries in portable systems, e.g. mobile phone, laptop [2013-01]
H01M 2250/00
Fuel cells for particular applications; Specific features of fuel cell system [2013-01]
H01M 2250/10
.
Fuel cells in stationary systems, e.g. emergency power source in plant [2013-01]
H01M 2250/20
.
Fuel cells in motive systems, e.g. vehicle, ship, plane [2013-01]
H01M 2250/30
.
Fuel cells in portable systems, e.g. mobile phone, laptop [2013-01]
H01M 2250/40
.
Combination of fuel cells with other energy production systems [2013-01]
H01M 2250/402
. .
Combination of fuel cell with other electric generators (combination of fuel cells with other electrochemical generator H01M 16/003) [2013-01]
H01M 2250/405
. .
Cogeneration of heat or hot water [2013-01]
H01M 2250/407
. .
Combination of fuel cells with mechanical energy generators [2013-01]
H01M 2300/00
Electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0002
.
Aqueous electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0005
. .
Acid electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0008
. . .
Phosphoric acid-based [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0011
. . .
Sulfuric acid-based [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0014
. .
Alkaline electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0017
.
Non-aqueous electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/002
. .
Inorganic electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0022
. . .
Room temperature molten salts [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0025
. .
Organic electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0028
. . .
characterised by the solvent [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0031
. . . .
Chlorinated solvents [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0034
. . . .
Fluorinated solvents [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0037
. . . .
Mixture of solvents [2013-01]
H01M 2300/004
. . . . .
Three solvents [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0042
. . . . .
Four or more solvents [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0045
. . .
Room temperature molten salts comprising at least one organic ion [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0048
. .
Molten electrolytes used at high temperature [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0051
. . .
Carbonates [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0054
. . .
Halogenides [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0057
. . . .
Chlorides [2013-01]
H01M 2300/006
. . .
Hydroxides [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0062
. . .
Nitrates [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0065
. .
Solid electrolytes [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0068
. . .
inorganic [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0071
. . . .
Oxides [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0074
. . . . .
Ion conductive at high temperature [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0077
. . . . . .
based on zirconium oxide [2013-01]
H01M 2300/008
. . . .
Halides [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0082
. . .
Organic polymers [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0085
.
Immobilising or gelification of electrolyte [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0088
.
Composites [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0091
. .
in the form of mixtures [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0094
. .
in the form of layered products, e.g. coatings [2013-01]
H01M 2300/0097
. . .
with adhesive layers [2013-01]