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NON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF (burners F23D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices or systems intended for fixed installation, e.g. vehicle lighting, or for use at a permanent location, e.g. free-standing floor- or table lamps.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
LED lamps
Candle holders
Burners
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of lighting devices or systems or structural combination of lighting devices with other articles not otherwise provided for
Electric light sources per se
Special rules of classification within this subclass

- "Invention information" is identified with ECLA symbols, whereas "additional information" is identified with Indexing Code symbols, e.g. additional information of the kind of light source used in the lighting device is identified with F21Y, e.g. additional information of some applications is identified with F21W

- Non-electric lighting devices or systems are classified in groups F21S 11/00-F21S 15/00 only if a special adaptation related to the use of a non-electric light source is of interest

Synonyms and Keywords
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Systems of lighting devices, not provided for in main groups F21S 4/00 to F21S 10/00 or F21S 19/00, e.g. of modular construction
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting devices or systems using a string or strip of light sources
Lighting devices intended to be free standing
[N: of modular construction]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- System of identical lighting modules forming a lighting device with a plurality of light sources

Ex.: US2008080188

Ex.: EP2075505

Articulated light source assembly

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Module
A self-contained assembly of light emitting devices that can be installed as a unit, for insertion in a housing in order to form a lighting device, e.g. for street lighting
Lighting devices or systems using a string or strip of light sources
[ N: using a string, i.e. lighting devices or systems, whereby the light sources are supported by loose electric cables , e.g. Christmas tree lights]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- String of lights for decorative purposes, e.g. for Christmas trees

- String of lights for illuminating working places

- String of lights interconnected by loose cables adapted for Christmas trees

Ex.: US1972687

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
String rigidly mounted on a frame or included in a resin
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Christmas tree decorations
Lamp holder for string of lights interconnected by loose cables
Special rules of classification within this group

- Luminous garlands for Christmas trees, these documents should be given the Indexing Code F21W 2121/04.

[Using a strips, i.e. lighting devices or systems, whereby the light sources are supported on a linear support ]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Strip of lights for display case in shops

- Strip of lights for handrail or balustrade

- Strip of lights embedded in a flexible resin or housed within a flexible or rigid transparent hose, e.g. illuminated rope

- Flexible LED lighting rod device

- Decorative frames for holding string of light sources

- Strip of lights for under-shelf lighting

Ex.: WO2006081707 - Flexible strip with multiple light emitting diodes

Ex.: WO2004070262 - Flexible illuminated device for simulating neon lighting

Ex.: EP2306068

Ex.: WO2006067777 - Display cabinet illumination

Ex.: US2011044030 - Under-shelf lighting system

Ex.: WO2011055488 - Strip of lights for handrail illumination

Ex.: US2008112169

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
- Elongated LED (Light Emitting Diode) lamps with connectors for retrofitting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting devices for show cases or show cabinets
Stairways, ramps; Balustrades; Handrails
Channel letter lighting system
Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided fo
Special rules of classification within this group

- Strip of lights for display case in shops are classified with the appropriate Indexing Code, F21W 2131/405 or (F21W 2131/405 and F21W 2131/305) and forwarded for classification in A47F 3/001. Sometimes also classified in F21V 33/0012 if attachable to a shelf. Forward for classification in F25D 27/00 if intended for refrigerated display case.

[N: the lighting device being rigid or comprising an elongated rigid housing, e.g. LED bars]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Strips of lights, the lights being of elongated shapes

- Strips of elongated lighting devices

Ex.: US2009225546

Ex.: US2003081413

Ex.: DE202010008114U - Printed circuit board with diodes connected end-to-end

Ex.: EP1847760

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Systems of lighting devices, e.g. of modular construction
Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices for several lighting devices in an end-to-end arrangement
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of F21Y

Lighting devices intended to be free standing, e.g. table lamp or floor lamp (F21S 9/00, F21S 10/00 take precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
Non-electric lighting devices or systems employing a point-like light source; Non-electric lighting devices or systems employing a light source of unspecified shape; Devices intended to be free-standing
Shades for light sources
[N: being candle-shaped (with varying lighting effect of simulating flames F21S 10/04; string of light source F21S 4/00]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- individual electric candle lamps

- Single battery powered candle lamps

Warning: this group includes also lighting devices for fixed installation and electric lamps simulating candles and forming strips of lamps . Reorganisation is planned

Ex.: DE202009005470U

Ex.: US2010207538 - Single Candle Lamp

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
- Christmas tree decorations
Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
Lighting devices intended for fixed installation and decorative purposes
F21S 8/00 in combination with F21W 2121/00
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect changing colour or simulating flames
Candle holders
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2121/00 when used for particular applications or related to systems for decorative purposes

Lighting devices intended for fixed installation (F21S 9/00, F21S 10/00 take precedence; using a string or strip of light sources F21S 4/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Desk lamps not being a movable lighting device

Ex.: US5934787 - Wall or picture frame mounted illuminating device

Ex.: US5769529 - Under-cabinet light fixture

Ex.: US5530628 - Task light

- Lighting devices for lighting inside a domestic oven

- Lighting devices for lighting the interior of a closed vessel, e.g. a pressure tank

- Lighting devices for decorative purposes

Ex.: US5803594 - A stone-like shell

- Lighting devices for fountain lighting

- Lighting devices for swimming pool lighting

Ex.: US4661893 - Underwater lighting system

- Lighting devices for aquarium

- Lighting devices for signalling other than those adapted to be mounted on a vehicle

- Marker lights, e.g. navigation lights, airfield runway lights or beacon lights

Ex.: WO8800157 - An airfield marker light (B64F 1/20)

Ex.: DE20309405U - Underground corridor lights for airport runways.

Ex.: US5890794

Ex.: WO2011029127 - Lighting device for guiding a vessel or aircraft

Ex.: EP0330392 - Illuminated warning cone (E01F 9/0122, B60Q 7/00)

- Traffic lights; Pillar shaped lights; Lights arranged on top of each other

Ex.: JP6314509 - Signalling lights on top of each other

- Indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards

Ex.: Indicator

Ex.: US2008135690 - Mounting apparatus for indicator device

- Lamps on antennas or powerlines or aerial markers

Ex.: US2009086465 - Wind-powered generator and blade therefor

Ex.: DE10348994 - Wind powered generator with aircraft warning lights

Ex.: US6762695 - Radio tower lighting system

Ex.: US6070994 - Dual beacon for marking obstructions

Ex.: US5361018 - Intermediate voltage cable marker with enhanced conspicuity

- Lighting devices for illuminating an indoor working place

- Lighting devices for dentistry

Ex.: DE102008023840 - Dental lamp

- Lighting devices for medicine or surgery, i.e. fixed installation lighting apparatus in surgery rooms to light the surgeon's working places

Ex.: WO03072995 - Surgical lighting system

- Lighting devices for stage, circus, studio, theatre or indoor arena lighting

Ex.: US2010321940 - Washlight stage lighting fixture

Ex.: EP1898145 - Moving head projector for use in exhibitions, theatres or shops

- Lighting devices for outdoor lighting, e.g. of tunnels, building, gardens, arenas, sport fields or gas stations

Ex.: US5683176 - Garden lighting device attachable to ground

Ex.: EP2107295 - Wall lighting device with motion detector

Ex.: US2006187663 - Sports lighting fixture

- Lighting devices for lighting roadways or streets not provided in F21S 8/06, F21S 8/08, i.e. lighting devices for which the supports of the lighting devices are not disclosed

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

- When related to closely lighting a limited area:

Illuminating devices for liquid crystal display
G02F1/13357
Signs, boards or panels, illuminated from behind the insignia

- When related to lighting devices for fountain lighting or lighting devices for swimming pool lighting:

Structural combinations of lighting devices with sanitary equipments, e.g. shower head, water tap

- When related to lighting devices for signalling other than those adapted to be mounted on a vehicle

Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices, the devices being mounted on a shaft and primarily intended to indicate the vehicle
Triangle warning arrangements
Road hazard warning devices, e.g. for safety barrier systems

- When related to lighting devices for stage, circus, studio, theatre or indoor arena lighting

Details of colour television system; Projection devices for colour picture display
Apparatus or arrangements for projecting photographs; Projectors or projection-type viewers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Systems of lighting devices, e.g. of modular construction
Lighting devices or systems using a string or strip of light sources
Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
Details of lighting devices

- When related to closely lighting a limited area:

Lighting devices intended to be free standing, e.g. desk lamps
Structural combination of lighting devices with furniture

- When related to light inside a domestic oven:

Bakers'ovens; Means for illuminating ovens
Illumination for oven cavities
Aspects relating to lighting devices in the microwave cavity

- When related to lighting devices for decorative purposes

- Christmas tree decorations
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
String of lamps connected with electric wires
Electric candle lights

- When related to lighting devices for fountain lighting or lighting devices for swimming pool lighting:

Spaying apparatus
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect using liquids, e.g. water
Water projection screens

- When marker lights, e.g. navigation lights, airfield runway lights or beacon lights

Light signals for guiding railway
Arrangement of optical beacons for ground or aircraft-carrier-deck-installations
Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals three dimensional free-standing devices, e.g. traffic cones, foldable or inflatable devices
Illuminated marker posts or bollards

- When traffic lights or pillar shaped lights or lights arranged on top of each other

Illuminated marker posts or bollards
Traffic light control systems for road vehicles

- When indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards

Dashboards

- When lamps on antennas or powerlines or aerial markers

Wind turbines
Means for the lighting or illuminating of aerials, e.g. for purpose of warning

- When lighting devices for dentistry

Instruments, implements or accessories for surgery or diagnosis; Devices for illuminating a surgical field
A61B19/00N2

- When lighting devices for medicine or surgery

Devices for illuminating a surgical field
A61B19/00N2

- When related to lighting devices for stage, circus, studio, theatre or indoor arena lighting

Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
Details of lighting devices for changing the characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of parts
Adjustable mounting of a lighting device
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of subclasses F21W 2131/00 and/or classification in F21V 33/00 when applicable,

- When related to closely lighting a limited area like a working place: F21W 2131/402, lighting a painting: F21W 2131/304

- When related to lighting devices for lighting inside a domestic oven it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of F21W 2131/307 -This subject-matter should not to be classified in F21V 33/0044

- When related to lighting devices for lighting the interior of a closed vessel, e.g. a pressure tank it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/411

- When related to lighting devices for decorative purposes it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of F21W 2121/00

- When related to lighting devices for fountain lighting it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2121/02 - Documents classified here usually do not get classification in F21S8/00W, F21S 8/02 or F21S 8/04

- When related to lighting devices for swimming pool lighting it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2131/401 - Documents classified here usually do not get classification in F21S8/00W, F21S 8/02 or F21S 8/04

When related to lighting devices for aquarium it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of R21W131/08 - Documents classified here usually do not get classification in F21S8/00W, F21S 8/02 or F21S 8/04

When related to lighting devices for signalling other than those adapted to be mounted on a vehicle it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2111/00

- When marker lights, e.g. navigation lights, airfield runway lights or beacon lights

it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2111/06 or F21W 2111/02

- When traffic lights or pillar shaped lights or Lights arranged on top of each other it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2111/02

- When indicator lights, e.g. for mounting on control panels or dashboards it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2111/00

- When lamps on antennas or powerlines or aerial markers it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2111/00 or F21W 2111/06

- When lighting devices for illuminating an indoor working place it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/402

- When lighting devices for dentistry it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/202

- When lighting devices for medicine or surgery it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/205

- When lighting devices for stage, circus, studio, theatre or indoor arena lighting it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/406 - When the device uses variable lighting effect a class should be given also in F21S 10/00

When lighting devices for outdoor lighting, e.g. of tunnels, building, gardens, arenas, sport fields or gas stations it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2131/10

When lighting devices for lighting roadways or streets not provided in F21S 8/06, F21S 8/08 it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21W 2131/103

[N: Searchlights, i.e. outdoor lighting devices producing powerful beam of parallel rays, e.g. for military or attraction purposes]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Searchlight mounted on a vehicle
Projector or searchlight on land vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means; Specially adapted optical and illumination features
[N: Solar simulators, e.g. for testing photovoltaic panels]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of light sources specially adapted for photometry; standard sources, also using luminescent or radioactive material-
Arrangements for testing electric properties of solar cells.
G01R31/26B2
[N: of recess-mounted type, e.g. downlighters
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Lighting devices intended for fixed installation specially adapted for vehicles
Recessed wall lighting device for swimming pools
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ceilings with means for hanging lighting fixtures or other appliances to the framework of the ceiling
E09B9/00D
[N of surface-mounted type (F21S 8/02, F21S 8/04 take precedence; details of wall bases F21V 21/02) ]
[N: the device consisting essentially only of a light source holder with an exposed light source, e.g. a fluorescent tube]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Elongated light source holding device for which the light source is mounted externally

Ex.: EP1433997

Ex.: US20110081806

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fastening of light sources or lamp holders of straight tubular light sources, e.g. straight fluorescent tubes
Line connectors; current collectors
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Code F21Y 2103/00

[N: the surface being a floor or like ground surface, e.g. pavement]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Free standing lamps on a floor
Fixed lighting devices of recess mounted types in a floor
Illuminated carpets, stairs
[N: the surface being a wall or like vertical structure, e.g. building façade]
[N: by means of plugging into a wall outlet, e.g. night lamp]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Lighting devices which are intended to be plugged into a power outlet

Ex.: DE202009014387U

Ex.: US5887802 - Night light

Ex.: US5727953

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for deodorisation of air using gaseous or vaporous substances using substances evaporated in the air by heating or combustion
Coupling devices in which a holder is adapted for supporting apparatus to which its counterpart is attached
Structural association of built-in electrical components with a built-in light source
Special rules of classification within this group

These plugs in devices are generally not to be classified in F21V 21/002 nor F21V 21/08

[N: for mounting in a corner, i.e. between adjacent walls or wall and ceiling]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Corner lighting device

Ex.: US2008205054 - Indirect wall mounted lighting apparatus

intended only for mounting on a ceiling or like overhead structure (F21S 8/02 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Lighting device essentially made of an elongated section for suspending at least one linear light source
by suspension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US394680

Ex.: US2011101181 - Hanging light fixture

[N: multi-branched, e.g. chandelier]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: EP2357394 - Ceiling chandelier

from a stretched wire
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US2008175011 - A suspended cable lighting system

Ex.: US5158360

Ex.: US3033978 - Catenary lighting apparatus

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of lighting devices suspended from a cable or suspension lines
with standard, [N: e.g. street lamp ]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Free standing lighting devices with a lamp housing distant from the floor or the ground via a support, e.g. standing lamp for ambient light
Spring-loaded poles fixed at both ends
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting device from a stretched wire
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of F21W 2131/10 whenever applicable

Synonyms and Keywords
Standard
Mast (De, En), pole (En), pillar (En), stem (En), Pfosten (De), Pfahl (De), Pfeiler (De), Stenge (De), mât (Fr), pylone (Fr), pieu (Fr), jalon (Fr), tuteur (Fr), pilier (Fr), poteau (Fr), tige (Fr)
specially adapted for vehicles
Special rules of classification within this group

This group must not to be used. Documents have to be classified in the group of F21S 48/00 instead.

Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
- Electric portable lighting devices with self-contained electric batteries or cells
the power supply being a battery or accumulator
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
- Alarm systems using visible light sources
Alarm systems using flashing light
Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
Batteries forming a whole with or incorporated in or fixed to the electronic appliance
rechargeable by exposure to light
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Lighting devices comprising solar cells and rechargeable batteries or capacitors

- Lighting devices using solar cells to get electric power supply from an artificial light, i.e. not using solar energy

- Lighting devices having nor power supply or accumulator but directly powered by the energy produced by solar cells, i.e. device not using electricity storing means

Relationship between large subject matter areas

- Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries are not covered by this group, they could be found in H02J 7/00

Special rules of classification within this group

- Contrary to the title, documents having no power supply nor accumulator but directly powered by the electric energy produced by solar cells, i.e. device not using electricity storing means, are classified in this group

Synonyms and Keywords
Solar cell
Photovoltaic cell (En), cellule photovoltaïque (Fr), panneau solaire (Fr), Solarpaneel (De)
the power supply being a generator
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- Lighting devices with power supply being a wind turbine

- Lighting devices with power supply being manual actuators being an electric generator

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
- Dynamo-electric machine
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Christmas tree decorations
Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
Decorative lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of parts
[N: using liquids, e.g. water]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US2011050104 or US2378934 - Decorative lamp with a lighted water container/reservoir.

or

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Decorative lighting devices intended for fixed installation for fountain lighting; for swimming pool lighting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting devices structurally combined with water taps or shower heads
Special rules of classification within this group

- In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2121/00, when the varying lighting effect is decorative

[N: using light guides (light guides specially adapted for lighting devices G02B 6/0001)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices
changing colors [N: (F21S 10/002 to F21S 10/007, F21S 10/04 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect using liquids
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect using rotating disks
Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect simulating flames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Light filter for producing coloured light
simulating flames
Relationship between large subject matter areas

F24C 7/004: Stoves or ranges heated by electrical energy (electric heating elements or arrangements H05B); Stoves (F24C 7/02 to F24C 7/10 take precedence) simulating flames

Auxiliaries for producing special effects on stages, or in circuses or arenas are classified in A63J 5/023, but illuminating arrangements therefor are classified in F21W 2131/406 - A63J 5/02 further covers arrangements for making stage effects and auxiliary stage appliances for making fire and flame simulations

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
- Electric candle lamps
- Stoves simulating flames
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group, it is desirable to add the Indexing Code of F21W 2121/00

flashing, e.g. with rotating reflector or light source
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US5954416 - Rotating reflector flashlight

Ex.: US4887197 - Apparatus for generating light patterns responsive to audio frequency input signals

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Changing the characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by movement of light sources
Changing the characteristics or distribution of the light emitted by movement of reflectors
Non-electric lighting devices or systems using daylight (building arrangements in general, building details E04; windows or the like E06B
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: DE102008055857 - Daylight deflecting device for use in double glass window for illuminating of building room

Ex.: DE10324852 - Daylight illumination system

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Building arrangements in general, building details
E04
Sky-lights; Domes; Ventilating sky-light
Windows or the like
Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
Non-electric lighting devices or systems employing a point-like light source (candle holders F21V 35/00); Non-electric lighting devices or systems employing a light source of unspecified shape
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Candle per se
Candle holder
Non-electric lighting devices or systems employing light sources not covered by main groups F21S 11/00, F21S 13/00 or F21S 19/00
Lighting devices or systems employing combinations of electric and non-electric light sources; Replacing or exchanging electric light sources with non-electric light sources or vice-versa
[N: Lighting devices or systems specially adapted for vehicles (arrangements or adaptations for ships or waterborne vessels B63B 45/00 )]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group is not part of the IPC. It replaces the group F21S 8/10

- Lighting devices adapted to be mounted on the front part of an automotive vehicle characterised by the shape or the kind of light emitter

- Lighting devices adapted to be mounted on the rear part of an automotive vehicle characterised by the shape or the kind of light emitter.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cycles
Arrangements or adaptations of signalling or lighting devices for ships or waterborne vessels
Aircraft signal or lighting devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of lighting devices on vehicles in general, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor
Details of lighting devices
Testing alignment of electric head-lighting or spot-lighting devices or systems for vehicles
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013