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BUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL (foundations E02D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Structures specially adapted for buildings for special purposes; general layout of buildings as a whole, e.g. modular co-ordination; details which are peculiar to different types of the buildings for special purposes specified in the groups

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Canopies having special application, which are covered by the relevant place, e.g. protecting chairs against the weather
Bed canopies
Sanitary equipment
Bridges
Additional construction work
Foundations
General building constructions
Structural elements for building constructions
Roofs
Finishing work on buildings
Scaffolding; Shuttering
Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General lay-out, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys {small buildings} (E04H 3/00 takes precedence; buildings for two or more purposes, e.g. drive-in buildings E04H 14/00; building construction in general E04B 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buildings made of building modules;

Dwelling houses in generally, i.e. apartment houses arranged in two or more levels;

Office buildings

Small buildings for limited occupation

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Furniture or fittings for shops, storehouses or the like
General building constructions
Collapsible, erectable or rotatable buildings
Drive-in buildings
Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Extraordinary structures
Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection for buildings
Domestic public installations
Canalisation per se
Conducts for ventilation, heating, systems or air-conditioning
Special rules of classification within this group

Use also E04B 2001/0053 to E04B 2001/0092 to classify buildings characterised by their shape or layout grid

Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens` huts, dressing cubicles (movable screens as household equipment A47G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Movable screens as household equipment
Cabins for artificial hot-air or cold-air baths
Fume cabinets,
Lavatories, urinals
Collapsible, erectable or rotatable buildings
Air-conditioning
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Transformer houses
Structures against air-raid or other war like actions, arranged in or forming part of buildings, independent shelters
Bathing or beach cabins
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2001/1288 to classify sauna cabins, E04H 2001/1283 to classify small buildings of the ISO-containers type, E04H 2001/1294 to classify the booths for smoking

Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries, prisons (portions of buildings for individual occupation, e.g. cubicles E04H 1/00; structures covering a large free area E04B 1/342)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buildings for hotels, restaurants, shops, department stores, museums, hospitals, mobile medical centres;

Public institutions like schools, prisons;

Buildings like e.g. stadiums, arenas or halls for meetings, entertainment and sport; Tribunes, grandstands and terraces for spectators, i.e. telescopic grandstands as well as foldable retractable or tiltable tribunes;

Other sporting buildings, like e.g. buildings housing swimming pools;

Buildings for theatres, concert halls, studios;

Stages, i.e. revolving stages or stages with shiftable or portable platforms;

Constructional features of auditoriums

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chairs, stools, benches
Furnishing or fitting in generally, like e.g. paying counters, furniture or installations specially adapted for supermarkets
Equipment for theatres or concert halls
Vehicles specially adapted to carry a theatre or stage
B60P/025
Transport aspects
Structures covering a large free area
Building details providing acoustical effects
Coin-freed apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Collapsible, erectable or rotatable buildings
Roof structures with movable roof parts
Portions of buildings for individual occupation, e.g. cubicles
Swimming pool coverings consisting of rigid elements
Buildings against air-raid or other war-like actions or against adverse climate conditions
Buildings of drive-in type
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2003/142 to classify sporting buildings with vertically movable or tillable playing fields or sections, E04H 2003/145 for those with reconfigurable seating arrangement and E04H 2003/147 for those using horizontally movable sections of tribunes.

Swimming or splash baths or pools (wave-producers for baths A47K 3/10; separation B01D; treatment of water C02F; wave-producing pumps F04D 35/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for producing waves in swimming pools;

Floating swimming pools;

Easy movable and transportable swimming pools, i.e. with inflatable parts or made of shell type elements or of panes;

Safety devices for swimming pools, i.e. floors adjustable in height;

Swimming pool coverings made of rigid elements or of flexible materials; Devices or arrangements for circulating water, i.e. devices for removal of polluted water, cleaning baths or for water treatment;

Devices and accessories peculiar to swimming pools, i.e. coping elements, liner fixing means, step units, lighting means;

Devices and apparatuses specially adapted for cleaning, i.e. hand-held strainers, powered cleaners, suction cleaners, self-propelled cleaners

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
Sanitary equipment in general
Wave producers for baths
Wave producing pumps
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for generating a current of water in swimming pools, e.g. for teaching swimming
Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ , e.g. in permanent forms
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2004/0068 to classify pools made of plastic shells or plastic elements including at least parts of walls and floors

Devices or arrangements for circulating water, {i.e. devices for removal of polluted water, cleaning baths or for water treatment}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Treatment of water for swimming pools;

Devices for removal of polluted water, i.e. circumferential gutters;

Bottom drains;

Recirculating pumps for swimming pool water, arm-mounted debris traps; floating skimmers and skimmers integrated in the pool wall;

Devices for distributing chemical products in the water of swimming pools and systems for heating the water content of swimming pools

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Water separation aspects, i.e. filters
Treatment of water
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Solar collectors using pools
F24J2/04B16, F24J 2/0461
Solar heat systems for swimming pools
Parts, details or accessories not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and accessories peculiar to swimming pools, i.e. coping elements; Liner fixing means;

Means for facilitating access, e.g. step units or slides;

Dividing means for swimming pool, e.g. panels, bulkheads;

Lighting means

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sanitary equipment
Invalid-lifting devices for swimming pools
A61G7/10D
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2004/146 and E04H 2004/147 to classify the fixing aspects of the liners

specially adapted for cleaning (cleaning devices peculiar to vessels B63B 59/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and apparatuses specially adapted for cleaning the swimming pool, e.g. hand-held strainers, powered cleaners, suction cleaners, self-propelled cleaners, cleaners wherein the propulsion results from an intermittent interruption of the waterflow through the cleaner;

Connection between the cleaners and the water circulation system;

Cleaning whips;

Pool nozzles

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brushes and bristles
Cleaning devices peculiar to vessels
Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water
Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes (building construction in general E04B 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buildings for industrial purposes, e.g. for power-plants, factories, data processing centers;

Buildings forming pars of cooling plants;

Transformer houses;

Substations or switchgear houses;

Pits for inspection or services and coverings therefore;

Buildings for agricultural purposes;

Cooling towers

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manure storage places
Greenhouses
Manhole shafts or other inspection chambers in general
Computer floors
Silos
Ventilation
Cooling equipment
Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus, e.g. computers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Spray booths
Servicing, maintaining, repairing or refitting vehicles
Building constructions in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2005/005 to classify the buildings for data processing centers

Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages (tents for use as garages E04H 15/00; bicycle stands B62H; storing of vessels on land B63C 15/00; construction of ground-supported surfaces E01C; marking of parking areas on the ground E01F 9/00; building construction in general E04B 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Garages for vehicles on two wheals;

Small garages, for one or two cars, like e.g. carports, small garages of the wheeled, hinged, foldable, telescopic, swinging or otherwise movable type, small garages using tiltable floors or ramps;

Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles or without mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles, like e.g. with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions, either the cars rolling freely from the transfer means or using different transfer means or by the use of movable platforms for horizontal transport or characterised by the use of turntables, rotary elevators or the like on which the cars are not permanently parked;

Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, automatically operated car-parks, devices for collecting oil or further fluids under parked cars.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Storing of vessels on land
Bicycle stands
Structures covering a large free area
Collapsible, erectable or rotatable buildings; prefabricated and with undivided interior
Construction of ground-supported surfaces
Marking of parking areas on the ground
Tents for use as garages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Servicing, maintaining, repairing or refitting vehicles
Turntables
Lifting frames
Storage devices
Building constructions in general
Solar heat collectors
Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site (tower aspects E04H 12/00; storage aspects, e.g. floating roofs, sealing means, filling or discharging means B65D, B65G, F17B, F17C; foundations E02D 27/38)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Containers for fluids or gases mainly made of metal, with vertical axis, roof constructions therefore, with horizontal axis or ball shaped or mainly made of reinforced or prestressed concrete;

Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers, supports therefore, e.g. with or without perforated walls mainly made of reinforced concrete, of metal or of wood

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Covers, roofs or other structures for covering manure storage places
Filling or discharging means
Foundations
Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply
Tower aspects
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Storing agricultural produces
Drying solid materials
Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification; Details of the apparatus used
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2007/225 to classify the silos with retaining wall type elements, e.g. trench silos

Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate (floatable buildings B63B; foundation aspects E02D; building constructions in general E04B; bearings or like supports allowing movement E04B 1/36; special details in regard to insulation or other protection E04B 1/62; supporting structures for endangered or damaged existing buildings or parts thereof E04G 23/04; doors, windows E06B 5/00; air-conditioning, ventilation F24F; camouflage F41H 3/00; cells or rooms shielded against dangerous radiation G21F 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Respiratory apparatus
Floatable buildings
Special details in regard to insulation or other protection
Doors, windows
Protecting building openings
Tunnels, mines, galleries
Air-conditioning, ventilation
Camouflage
Cells or rooms shielded against dangerous radiation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Building constructions in general
Shelters for decontamination
Safety arrangements
Suppression of vibrations
withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground (foundations E02D 27/34; {making use of active or passive dynamic mass damping systems E04B 1/985} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Earthquake withstanding structures, having e.g. steel columns and beams or concrete columns;

Earthquake withstanding shelters and protection cells arranged inside of buildings;

Preventing constructional measures against earthquake damage in existing buildings;

Bearing, supporting or connecting construction for withstanding earthquake, damping devices having e.g. laminated structures of alternating elastomeric and rigid layers or structures comprising rolling elements like balls, pins.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bearings or like supports allowing movement
Building protection making use of active or passive dynamic mass damping systems
Foundations
Foundations for sinking or earthquake territories
Working measures for endangered or damaged existing buildings or parts thereof
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2009/026 to classify anti-seismic devices with hydraulic or pneumatic damper and E04H 9/028 to classify structural braces with damping devices

Towers; Masts, poles; Chimney-stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures (cooling-towers E04H 5/12; devices for erecting masts or poles B66F; foundation piles E02D 5/22; foundations for masts, poles, chimneys E02D 27/42; structural elongated members in general E04C 3/00; fixed climbing irons E06C 9/04; derricks for oil drilling E21B 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Access covers or locks for openings in masts or poles;

Structures made of specified materials, like e.g. plastic or composite layer of resin and longitudinally arranged glass fibres;

Structures made of wood and truss-like structures made of wood;

Structures made of metal, truss-like structures made of metal, structures with truss-like sections combined with tubular-like sections, details of flanges for tubular masts;

Structures made of concrete, with or without internal or external reinforcements, pre-stressed structures;

Movable structures or having movable sections, e.g. rotatable, telescopic, with identical elements or with hinged sections;

Side support means for towers, masts or poles, e.g. using guy ropes, struts;

Sockets or holders for poles or posts;

Cross arms;

Winding-towers for mines;

Chimney stacks, e.g. free-standing or similar ducts;

Water-towers;

Flag poles;

Arrangements for erecting and lowering towers, masts, poles, chimney stacks or the like

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flexible slalom gate poles
Tanks
Use of high-level tanks
Rotary buildings
Structural elongated members in general
Fixed climbing irons
Flexible road sign supports
Chimneys as part of a building
Cooling-towers
Mounting structures for wind motors
Fastening means for cables or ropes
Supports for aerials
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Locking of telescopic systems in general
Street lamps
Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices
Chimney equipment
Flags, banners, mountings therefore
Suspension arrangements or devices for electric cables or lines
Sockets or holders for poles or posts { (for sports articles, e.g. floor sockets A63B 71/023; for road signs E01F 9/011; foundations for poles, masts or chimneys E02D 27/42) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sockets or holders for poles or posts driven or screwed into the ground;

Sockets or holders for poles or posts to be placed on the ground, e.g. filed with, water, sand or the like;

Mounting poles or posts to a holder, e.g. on a flat base, in a socket;

Clamping poles or posts on a stub;

Means for adjusting the orientation of the post or pole;

Holders used for protection, repair or reinforcement of the post or pole

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supports, e.g. poles for sports
Derricks for oil drilling
Foundation piles
Foundations for poles, masts or chimneys
Break away mountings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Other umbrellas
Article supports adapted to be stuck into the ground
Christmas tree stands
Ground anchors
Sockets or holders for road signs
Pegs, stakes or the like for tents
Anchoring means for fence posts
Arrangements for erecting or lowering towers, masts, poles, chimney stacks, or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for casting in situ concrete towers or the like;

Arrangements for stacking tower sections on top of each other;

Arrangements for lifting tower sections for placing additional sections under them;

Arrangements for tilting up whole structures or sections thereof;

Arrangements for setting poles in the ground;

Arrangements for demolition towers or the like

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Elevators
Devices for erecting masts or poles
Erecting methods for wind motors
Hoisting or lowering devices for lighting poles
Monuments; Tombs; Burial vaults; Columbaria, ( {coffins, urns A61G 17/00} ; sculpture or other artistic features B44)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories for grave sites, e.g. liners, covers, vault lowering devices;

Funeral monuments, grave sites curbing or markers not making part of vaults;

Ventilation systems for tombs and burial vaults;

Columbaria, mausoleum with frontal access to vaults;

Memorials for cremation ashes

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coffins, urns
Decorative arts
Buildings for combinations of different purposes not covered in a single previous group of this subclass, e.g. for double purpose (EO4H3/02, E04H 9/06 take precedence) ; Buildings of the drive-in type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hotels; Motels; Coffee houses; Restaurants; Shops; Department stores
Structures arranged in or forming part of buildings
Tents or canopies, in general
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hunting, fishing huts or the like;

Bathing or beach cabins;

Tents used as toys;

Tents or tent-like constructions composed partially of rigid panels;

Tents combined or specially associated with other devices, like e.g. of suspended type, partially supported by vehicles;

Heating, lighting aspects for tents. Ventilating of tents and of tent roofs;

Tents having plural sectional covers, e.g. pavilions, vaulted tents, marquees, circus tents, plural tents, e.g. modular;

Inflatable tents;

Cone shaped tents

Centre-pole supported tents, e.g. umbrella type tents;

Convertible tents, e.g. from one type to another type tent, from tent to canopy, from tent cover into diverse articles

Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds

Supporting means for tents, e.g. frames;

Covers, floors, closures, awnings sunshades;

Poles;

Pegs, stakes or the like;

Tent or canopy cover fastenings, e.g. the fixing members being a beading, the fixing members being locked by an additional locking member or the longitudinal recesses being made from two clamping members

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sacks or packs convertible into tents
Coats or capes convertible into tent coverings
Beds per se
Beach towels
Connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies
Trailer-type vehicles or caravans with foldable or readily disassembled living accommodation comprising flexible elements
Inflatable forms for making walls or the like
Devices for fastening or securing general constructional elements or machine parts together
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Umbrellas and umbrella details
Travelling or camp articles
Amusement arrangements
Sunshades, awnings, screens in general
Small buildings erected in open air
Holders for posts or poles to be driven into the ground
Heating or ventilating
Lighting
Special rules of classification within this group

Use E04H 2015/201 to P04H15/20H to classify different constructional aspects of the inflatable tents;

Use E04H 2015/326 to classify the frame members connected by elastic cords and E04H 2015/328 to classify the frames erected solely by guy lines

Supporting means, e.g. frames
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tent frames of arch-shaped type, expansible, e.g. extensible in a fan type manner, flexible and foldable;

External type frames, i.e. outside cover, also with flexible supporting means;

Collapsible, e.g. breakdown type, having connecting nodes, telescoping and foldable, foldable, i.e. having pivoted or hinged means, of lazy-tong type or characterised by connecting arches with lazy-tongues, of parallelogram type

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Buildings structures having collapsible parts in general
Devices for fastening or securing general constructional elements or machine parts together
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Small garages in the form of an overhead canopy and small garages of the hinged, foldable or otherwise movable type
Fencing, e.g. fences, enclosures, corrals (features peculiar to electrified fences A01K 3/00, H05C; means for allowing passage through fences, barriers, or the like E06B 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Anti-climbing devices, e.g. fixed or rotary spikes;

Wire fencing;

Fences constructed of rigid elements;

Fences using prefabricated panel-like elements;

Posts for fences and anchoring means therefore;

Devices for erecting and removing fences

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Features peculiar to electrified fences
A01K 3/00, H05C/00
Devices for preventing or obstructing access or passage of birds
Wire nettings
Means for allowing passage through fences, barriers, or the like
Devices for fastening or securing general constructional elements or machine parts together
Turnbuckles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Struts for masts
Sockets for posts entering the ground
Props, stays for agriculture
Fences constructed of rigid elements, e.g. with posts, with additional wire fillings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fences made of building blocks or of woven slats;

Post and rail fences with or without vertical cross-members and connections between rail and post for such fences;

Picket fences with pickets attached to the side or going through the horizontal members connections between the horizontal members and post for such fences;

Fences using prefabricated panel-like elements, e.g. panels or wired panels with or without frame, with cross members, fitted in grooves of posts;

Corrals;

Posts for frames and anchoring means therefore;

Connections for attaching additional wire to frames, posts or railings

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Removable non-load-bearing partitions
Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic
Handrails, balusters
Devices for fastening or securing general constructional elements or machine parts together
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for obstructing or restricting traffic
Safety devices for pool
Sockets for posts entering the ground
Special rules of classification within this group

See E04H 2017/006 to classify the caps for posts, E04H 2017/1447 to E04H 2017/1486 to classify the different details of the connections between rails and posts, E04H 2017/1495 to classify the fences with pivotable slats for reduced wind resistance or for adjusting visibility

Devices for erecting or removing fences { (hand-operated hammers having the impact head in form of a sleeve slidable on a shaft B25D 1/16) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for post and wire handling, e.g. for erecting, for removing posts or for stretching or winding wire or wire mesh;

Hand tools for winding fences, e.g. tying or splicing tools

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hand-operated hammers having the impact head in form of a sleeve slidable on a shaft
Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods
Pile driving
Removing sheets piles bulkheads, piles, mould-pipes or other moulds
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013