CPC Definition - Subclass B62B

Last Updated Version: 2017.08
HAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
Definition statement

This place covers:

"Hand carts" also embraces hand-propelled wheeled devices in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts and also embraces pedestrian controlled power-driven vehicles in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for disabled persons

A61G 5/00

Carriages for welding

B23K 37/02

Vehicles drawn by animals

B62C

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles with the driver not being seated

B62D 51/00

Devices for moving or tilting heavy loads

B65G 7/00

Special rules of classification

Although wheels or skis can be mounted to almost every mechanical item, not every such item should be classified in B62B; e.g. items characterised by their functions for special applications are classified in the appropriate subclasses, e.g. office furniture on wheels in A47B, lawn-mowers in A01D 34/00, wheeled vacuum cleaners in A47L, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "rollers" and "wheels"
Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand carts with only a single wheel axis and hand carts with a single wheel axis that can be converted to a two-axis hand cart

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

B62B 2206/00

in which the load is intended to be transferred totally to the wheels
Special rules of classification

Sack barrows should normally be classified here, irrespective of their loading condition that may influence the weight distribution

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

B62B 2206/00

involving parts being collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

B62B 2206/00

Hand carts having more than one axis carrying transport wheels; Steering devices therefor; Equipment therefor {(convertible from one-axled to two-axled vehicle B62B 1/002)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand carts with at least two wheel axes, one behind the other

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hand carts having more than one wheel axis that can be converted into single-axis hand carts

B62B 1/002

Hand carts having essentially one wheel axis and a load being disposed between this wheel axis and the handles and comprising an additional wheel, e.g. wheel mounted on a strut

B62B 1/186

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles with the driver not being seated

B62D 51/00

{characterised by a rectangular shape, involving sidewalls or racks}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wheeled stands or shelves

A47F 5/137

Wheeled pallets

B65D 19/42

Collapsible large containers

B65D 88/52

{Coaster wagons}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand carts with side walls and drawbar, commonly used for transporting children, beer crates, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "wagon", "kid's wagon" and "Bollerwagen"
involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being foldable or dismountable when not in use

B62B 2205/00

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

B62B 2206/00

{Foldable roll containers}
Definition statement

This place covers:

"roll containers" which can be folded in some way to achieve a smaller storage volume, for example by folding down their side walls, by folding up the bottom, etc. The term "roll container" means that the container is being provided with wheels, casters or the like to enable the container to be rolled along a surface. The term "foldable" refers to the "container" as a whole, and not only to the rolls.

Collapsible or detachable roll containers are also covered by this group.

{collapsible shopping trolleys}
Special rules of classification

Used also for foldable or detachable shopping trolleys

for simply clearing the load from the ground (masted lift trucks B66F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Low-lift hand trucks for transporting goods

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Pallets on wheels

B65D 19/42

Supporting frames or bases for conveyors

B65G 41/00

Hoisting, lifting, hauling or pushing

B66F

Fork-lift trucks

B66F 9/06

{the objects being bags}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart

B62B 3/1464

characterised by provisions for nesting or stacking, e.g. shopping trolleys {(collapsible shopping trolleys B62B 3/027)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Collapsible shopping trolleys

B62B 3/027

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Commerce, e.g. marketing, shopping, billing

G06Q 30/00

Coin locks

G07F 5/00

Displaying, advertising

G09F

{Means for facilitating stowing or transporting of the trolleys; Antitheft arrangements (B62B 5/0423 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Braking or blocking when leaving a particular area

B62B 5/0423

Coin-freed or like apparatus

G07F

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Storing or handling self-service hand-carts or baskets

A47F 10/04

{Display devices mounted on it, e.g. advertisement displays}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Displaying, advertising

G09F

Mobile visual advertising by land vehicles

G09F 21/04

Advertising on or in articles for restaurants, shops or offices

G09F 23/06

{Mounting of toys}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Toys

A63H

{Supports for specific articles (B62B 3/1468 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Display devices

B62B 3/1408

Adaptations for calculators, memory aids, reading aids

B62B 3/1428

Lockers, hooks

B62B 3/146

Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart

B62B 3/1464

Additional trays

B62B 3/1468

{Adaptations facilitating the transport to the counter}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Handling at checkout counters

A47F 9/045

Checkout procedure

G07G 1/0036

{Wheel arrangements}
Special rules of classification

Details of wheel arrangements should additionally be classified in B62B 2301/00

nestable by means of pivoted supports or support parts, e.g. baskets {(B62B 3/1476 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Nestable hand carts having a platform as main support

B62B 3/1476

Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts ({B62B 3/1404} , B62B 9/00 take precedence; wheels, axles, or axle bearings for vehicles B60B; castors for vehicles, castors in general B60B 33/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories or details for all hand carts irrespective of their number of wheel axes

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Runners for carrying hand carts to facilitate travel on ice or snow

B62B 19/00

Wheels, castors, axles

B60B

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of wheel arrangements

B62B 2301/00

{Bumpers; Safety devices}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices in general

F16P

{Protection covers, e.g. against rain}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Protection covers against rain, sun or germs; attachment of umbrellas or parasols

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts

B62B 3/1436

Removable sleeves on handle bars

B62B 5/069

Covers or hoods for perambulators

B62B 9/14

Details of umbrellas

A45B 25/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles

B60J 7/00

{Propulsion aids}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories comprising propulsion means which aid the walking operator to push or pull such a hand cart.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Propulsion aids for prams and strollers

B62B 9/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles

B60L

Motor vehicles characterized by the driver walking

B62D 51/04

Special rules of classification

Details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers are classified in B62B 5/0026.

{Wheeled supports connected to the transported object}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Wheeled supports not forming a complete hand cart on their own, but only in combination with the load to be transported

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Equipment attachable to vessels for facilitating transport over land

B63C 13/00

Wheeled pallets

B65D 19/42

Wheeled devices for moving or tilting heavy loads

B65G 7/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pallets, platforms

B65D 19/00

{Identification of the cart or merchandise, e.g. by barcodes or radio frequency identification [RFID]}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Commerce, shopping, billing, invoicing

G06Q 30/00

Checkout procedures

G07G 1/0036

providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs (chairs or multi-track cycles specially adapted for invalids A61G 5/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Perambulators providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

B62B 9/02

Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs

A61G 5/06

Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Brakes for perambulators

B62B 9/08

Brakes for wheelchairs

A61G 5/1005

Brakes for wheeled walking aids

A61H 3/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle braking elements

B60T

Brakes

F16D 49/00 - F16D 65/00

Hand moving equipment, e.g. handle bars (for cycles B62K 11/14, B62K 21/12)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Handles for perambulators

B62B 9/20

Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers

B65D 25/28

{Platforms to stand upon}
Special rules of classification

B62B 5/087 is used in addition to B62B 9/28 for classifying platforms for children's carriages to stand upon

Carriages for children; Perambulators, e.g. dolls' perambulators
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Furniture specially adapted for children

A47D

Special rules of classification

Generic features of any type of carriage for children, perambulator or dolls perambulator

{Carriages supporting a hammock-style seat}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of the seat itself

B62B 9/102

{Carriages supporting a rigid seat (when detachable or rotatable B62B 7/145)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Detachable or rotatably-mounted seats

B62B 7/14

Details of the seat itself

B62B 9/102

Baby-carriers; carry-cots

A47D 13/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle

B60N 2/2848

{three wheeled}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Carriages for children having three wheels only, whereby a double wheel is considered as one wheel

{Coupling unit between front wheels, rear wheels and handle}
Definition statement

This place covers:

In side view, the frame part holding the front wheels, the frame part holding the rear wheels and the handles meeting at a common coupling unit

{becoming smaller in all three dimensions}
Definition statement

This place covers:

The wheel axes are moved towards each other, the right and left wheels or sides are moved towards each other, and the handle is retracted or folded

convertible, e.g. into children's furniture or toy (children's chairs convertible to pushchairs A47D 1/06)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Children's chairs convertibe to a push chair

A47D 1/06

Special rules of classification

Perambulators convertible into children's chairs should be classified in B62B 7/12 as well as in A47D 1/06

{from seat to bed (B62B 7/147, B62B 9/104 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

The seat being rotatable as a whole to transform from seating to lying

B62B 7/147

Seats with adjustable or reclining backrests

B62B 9/104

{into a trailer, e.g. bicycle trailer}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bicycle trailers

B62K 27/00

with detachable or rotatably-mounted body {(the body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle B60N 2/2848)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of the seat itself

B62B 9/102

Baby-carriers; carry-cots

A47D 13/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle

B60N 2/2848

Accessories or details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators (providing for travelling on snow B62B 19/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories or constructional details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators and not otherwise provided for in B62B 7/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Runners for carrying children's carriages or perambulators to facilitate travel on ice or snow

B62B 19/00

Special rules of classification

For propulsion aids use B62B 9/00; details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers should be classified in B62B 5/0026

providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hand carts provided for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

B62B 5/02

Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs

A61G 5/06

Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Brakes for hand carts

B62B 5/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle braking elements

B60T

Brakes

F16D 49/00 - F16D 65/00

Special rules of classification

Details of brakes for prams and strollers should additionally also be classified in B62B 5/04

{by locking in a braking position}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Brakes being locked in the braking position, e.g. parking brakes

Perambulator bodies; Equipment therefor (collapsible or foldable B62B 7/06; convertible B62B 7/12)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sleeping rugs

A47G 9/068

{with adjustable or reclining backrests}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Convertible from seat to bed

B62B 7/123

{with head guards}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle seats for children with head-rests

B60N 2/2851

involving parts that are adjustable, attachable or detachable {(B62B 9/102, B62B 9/14 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of seats

B62B 9/102

Equipment protecting from environmental influences

B62B 9/14

{Equipment protecting from environmental influences, e.g.} Hoods; Weather screens; Cat nets
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts

B62B 3/1436

Protection covers for hand carts

B62B 5/0013

Details of umbrellas

A45B 25/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles

B60J 7/00

Mud-guards or protecting devices for wheels
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protection against mud for all types of hand-propelled vehicles

B62B 2301/34

Resilient suspensions of bodies
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resilient wheel suspension using springs

B62B 2301/20

Handle bars; Handles
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Handle bars for hand carts

B62B 5/06

Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers

B65D 25/28

Devices for rocking or oscillating
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Beds with rocking mechanism

A47D 9/02

Rocking chairs

A47D 13/10

Securing devices for bags or toys{; Arrangements of racks, bins, trays or other devices for transporting articles}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Handbags

A45C 3/00

Travelling equipment

A45F

Toys

A63H

Auxiliary dismountable seats{; Additional platforms for children in standing-up position}
Special rules of classification

B62B 5/087 is used to additionally classify standing platforms of childrens carriages

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for (rider propulsion of vehicles B62M 1/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for, such as comprising walking legs, etc.

Sledges with runners (ice boats or sailing sledges B62B 15/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sledges with runners or ski-like gliding elements

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ice boats or sailing sledges

B62B 15/00

with swivelling portions of the runners; with a swivelling middle runner
Definition statement

This place covers:

Swivelling runners: pivoting about a vertically oriented axis

with tilting or bending runners
Definition statement

This place covers:

Tilting runners: pivoting about a horizontal-longitudinal oriented axis

bending runners: the runners themselves are deformed by bending around vertical axes

Other sledges; Ice boats or sailing sledges
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sledges not already provided for in B62B 13/00, such as sledges without runners, ice boats or sailing sledges

{propelled by sails}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ships or other waterborne vessels

B63B 1/00

Sails and rigging of sails

B63H 9/04

Special rules of classification

Also used for landsailers on wheels and amphibious landsailers

{Towed sledges}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles drawn by animals

B62C 1/00

Accessories or details of sledges {(propulsion devices for sledges B62M 27/00, B62M 29/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories or details of sledges not otherwise provided for in B62B 13/00, in B62B 15/00 or in B62B 19/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Propulsion devices for sledges or the like

B62M 27/00, B62M 29/00

Runners (attachable to or replacing vehicle wheels B62B 19/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skates

A63C 1/00

Skis

A63C 5/00

Braking devices
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sledges with runners combined with braking devices

B62B 13/14

Runners for carrying wheeled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow
Definition statement

This place covers:

Runners for carrying wheeled hand-propelled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow, thus being more versatile

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skates

A63C 1/00

Skis

A63C 5/00

Indexing codes relating to type or characteristics of transported articles
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being adapted to transport special articles

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

For surgery or diagnosis

A61B 50/10

For medicaments

A61G 12/001

For percussive power tools

B25D 17/32

Gas bottles
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wheeled vessels

F17C 13/085

Beverage holders, e.g. for a cup, tin or bottle
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glass or bottle holders

A47G 23/02

Holders for bottles

A61J 9/06

Bales of hay or grass
Special rules of classification

Used also for non-cylindrically bales of hay or grass

Wheels, tires
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Dolly with means for (dis)mounting wheels

B60B 29/002

Dustbins, refuse containers
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Refuse receptacles

B65F 1/00

Vehicles adapted for collecting refuse

B65F 3/00

Flexible bags, e.g. for rubbish
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flexible refuse receptables

B65F 1/0006

Refuse receptacle with wheels or rolls

B65F 1/1468

Suit-cases, other luggage
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of luggage

A45C 5/00

Handbags, e.g. shopping bags
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of handbags

A45C 3/00

Shopping bags, shopping nets

A45C 3/04

Skis
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wheeled carrying-devices for skis

A63C 11/026

for fishing
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Accessories for angling

A01K 97/22

Golf articles, e.g. golfbags
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wheeled carriers for golf bags

A63B 55/60

Persons or animals, dead or alive
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adaptations for transporting children on shopping carts, etc

B62B 3/144

Carriages for children

B62B 7/00

Stretchers

A61G 1/00

Wheelchairs

A61G 5/00

Invalid beds

A61G 7/00

Tools
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Workshop equipment

B25H

Cleaning or gardening articles
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Domestic washing or cleaning

A47L

Computers; Screens
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Computer tables

A47B 21/00

Tiles, bricks, paving slabs or the like
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Laying paving slabs

E01C 19/528

Service trolleys, e.g. in aircraft
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Service tables adapted to the use in vehicles

A47B 31/06

Grasping, holding, supporting the objects
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of how to grasp, hold or support the transported objects

comprising a crane
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Jib cranes for workshops

B66C 23/48

comprising a self levelling surface
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Self levelling storage devices

B65G 1/07

Guiding the forks into the pallets
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guiding means for fork-lift

B65D 2519/00796

comprising weighing means
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of weighing means

G01G 19/083

Comprising means for facilitating loading or unloading
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Rocking means for tilting carts

B62B 2203/05

Comprising a moving platform

B62B 2203/07

Ventilation; Heating; Cooling; Insulation
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges comprising means for ventilation (with or without air-filters), heating, cooling or insulation

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Kitchen equipment

A47J

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling or freezing apparatus

F25D

Catches; Locking or releasing an articulation
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for locking pivotal connections

F16C 11/10

Joining hand-propelled vehicles or sledges together
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Perambulators for two or more children

B62B 7/008

Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of wheel arrangements, steering, stability, wheel suspension should be classified here when being specially adapted to hand carts.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle wheels, castors, axles

B60B

Vehicle suspension arrangements

B60G

Special rules of classification

Special features of wheels, castors, axles or suspension arrangements should also be classified in B60B or in B60G.

comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling, or comprising wheels that can be oriented in different directions for this purpose

combined with means for braking the wheel
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steering or braking devices for castor wheels

A61G 7/0528

comprising additional wheels to increase stability
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprising additional wheels, runners or skis to increase stability

Resilient wheel suspension using springs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Resilient suspensions of the wheel units using any type of spring

characterised by the ground engaging elements, e.g. wheel type
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle wheels

B60B

by using ball-shaped wheels
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball-type wheels

B60B 19/14

by using roller-shaped wheels
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roller-type wheels

B60B 19/12

Manufacturing; Constructional features
Definition statement

This place covers:

Manufacturing and constructional details of hand-propelled vehicles or sledges not otherwise provided for

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making wire network

B21F 27/00

Devices for fastening or securing elements together

F16B