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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 508]   CLASS 508,SOLID ANTI-FRICTION DEVICES, MATERIALS THEREFOR, LUBRICANT OR SEPARANT COMPOSITIONS FOR MOVING SOLID SURFACES, AND MISCELLANEOUS MINERAL OIL COMPOSITIONS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class is an integral part of Class 252, as shown by the position of the box identifying this class in the Class 252 schedule. As such, this class is subject to the Class Definition and Notes of Class 252.

A. GENERAL STATEMENT

Patents which contain a claim to a lubricant composition are placed in this Class as original patents, and are cross-referenced wherever necessary or desirable. Patents which disclose the use of claimed compositions as lubricants, and recite no claims to a use provided for elsewhere, are similarly classified in this Class. If no composition claims limited to a specific use are recited, and plural utilities are disclosed, or if composition claims to plural utilities are recited, reference should be made to the superiority listing in the (5) note of the Class 252 Definition to determine the original classification of the patent.

This class provides for:

(1) compositions of matter which are solid antifriction devices or articles described in terms of their chemical composition,

(2) materials from which said solid antifriction devices or articles are fashioned,

(3) compositions which serve as lubricants or separants for moving solid surfaces,

(4) compositions of mineral oils admixed with non-hydrocarbon materials and not limited to a function or utility provided for elsewhere in Class 252 or any other class.

B. DETAILED STATEMENT

(1) The solid antifriction devices or articles described in terms of their chemical composition are characterized by having a lubricant material as a permanent part of the article or device. This permanence may be accomplished by permanent coating, impregnation into the interstices of the article or device, or by being part of the composition of matter from which the article or device is fashioned. The articles and devices are further characterized by retention of their shape during use.

The type of solid antifriction article or device provided for herein is exemplified by: bearings, rings, seals, journal boxes, bushings, brakes, clutches, gun wads, or liners for bearings, brakes or clutches.

Any processes of making such solid antifriction articles or devices, or peculiar to making such articles or devices, for which there is no provision elsewhere are provided for herein.

Mere or nominal use of such solid antifriction articles or devices as lubricating elements is provided for herein, if there is no provision elsewhere.

(2) The discussion of solid antifriction articles and devices in the Detailed Statement, paragraph 1, supra, is generally applicable also to the materials from which these articles and devices are fashioned.

The materials provided for herein from which said solid antifriction articles or devices are made are the aggregate materials, not individual components of the materials or anything less than the entirety of the material suitable to be fashioned into said article or device.

(3) The lubricant or separant compositions for moving solid surfaces provided for herein may be liquid, plastic, or fluent compositions specialized and designed for use between two relatively moving surfaces and in contact therewith for reducing friction therebetween or preventing said surfaces from contacting each other. The compositions must include at least one component that is not a hydrocarbon (except if the hydrocarbon is a solid synthetic polymer).

Any process of making such compositions, or peculiar to making such compositions, for which there is no provision elsewhere is provided for herein.

(4) This class is the generic home for mineral oils admixed with non-hydrocarbon materials and not limited to a function or utility provided for elsewhere in Class 252 or any other class. Examples of such compositions are mineral oils mixed with antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, gum inhibitors, stabilizers, etc.

SECTION II - NOTES TO THE CLASS DEFINITION

(1) Note. Components of compositions, if described purely in functional terms such as "antioxidant," "VI improver," etc., will not be considered as determinative of classification. In other words, one should not classify a claim in a particular subclass of this class by referring to the specification for the chemical structure identity of a component described in the claims in purely functional language. If the claims of a patent are devoid of chemical structure for the components of a composition, the original classification of the patent will be subclass 200 or subclass 220, assuming that the patent claims are not provided for in another class or classes.
(2) Note. Mere or nominal methods of use of a chemical compound as a lubricant or separant within the meaning of the class definition are classified in this class.
(3) Note. When the term "hydrocarbon" is used in this class, it means an organic compound which consists exclusively of carbon and hydrogen.
(4) Note. When a component of a composition classified in this Class (508) is of indeterminate chemical structure, the following principles shall apply to the classification thereof:
(a) a number of subclasses herein provide for components of a composition described in terms of their being reaction products of indeterminate structure derived from the reaction of a particular type compound of known structure.
(b) a composition component of indeterminate structure that can not be classified as described in (a), supra, shall be classified by considering two additional possible methods for classifying it and employing the one which results in the highest classification in the class. The two methods are: (1) Classify according to a partial structure known to be part of the component. (2) Classify based on a reactant utilized to make the component, and place in the highest reactant classification, with priority given to organic reactants. If no organic reactants are used, classify based on the highest inorganic reactant classification.

SECTION III - LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS

(1) Note. When the expression "organic compound" is used in this class, it means a compound which meets the requirements of the Class 260 class definition, i.e., the molecule is characterized by two carbons bonded together, one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of hydrogen or halogen, or one atom of carbon bonded to at least one atom of nitrogen by a single or double bond. Certain compounds are exceptions to this rule, i.e., HCN, CN-CN, HNCO, HNCS, cyanogen halides, cyanamide, fulminic acid and metal carbides. Said exceptions and all other chemical compounds shall be regarded as inorganic.
(2) Note. The organic chemical structure terminology used in this class is consistent with that used in the Glossary for the Class 532 - Organic Compounds - part of the Class 532-570 Series (Published May 22, 1984 in Addendum No. 1-Order No. 946) except as otherwise noted.
(3) Note. The rules for determining Class placement of the Original Reference (OR) for claimed chemical compositions are set forth in the Class Definition of Class 252 in the section LINES WITH OTHER CLASSES AND WITHIN THIS CLASS, subsection COMPOSITION CLASS SUPERIORITY, which includes a hierarchical ORDER OF SUPERIORITY FOR COMPOSITION CLASSES.

SECTION IV - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

29Metal Working,   subclass 404 for a process of breaking in an engine using a break-in lubricant.
44Fuel and Related Compositions,   subclasses 300+ particularly (5) Note to subclass 300 for the line between Class 44 and this class (252).
75Specialized Metallurgical Processes, Compositions for Use Therein, Consolidated Metal Powder Compositions, and Loose Metal Particulate Mixtures,   appropriate subclasses for a bearing containing a continuous phase of metal made by consolidating metal particles, particularly subclass 231 for such a bearing containing molybdenum disulfide or other solid or other solid lubricant.
102Ammunition and Explosives,   particularly subclass 511 for such devices embodying lubricants wherein there is claimed the structure of the device which is more than a mere recitation of the composition or of a carrier including a lubricant.
106Compositions: coating or Plastic,   subclasses 38.2 through 38.9for compositions used in preparing molds and in coating molds. These subclasses have not been exhaustively screened for patents which meet the definition of this Class 508; a search of these subclasses may thus be appropriate to ensure a complete search.
148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 206 through 238for carburizing or nitriding metal substrates using externally supplied carbon or nitrogen, subclasses 240-287 for processes of reactive coating of a metal substrate, particularly subclass 246 wherein the reactive coating composition contains a lubricant, and subclasses 316-319 for carburized or nitrided metal stock. These subclassees have not been exhaustively screened for patents which meet the definition of this Class 508; a search of these subclasses, in particular subclasses 316-319, may thus be appropriate to ensure a complete search.
184Lubrication,   for lubricating processes or apparatus.
208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   subclasses 14+ for compositions consisting of mineral oils or mixtures thereof, regardless of the use or function, as for example, fuels, lubricating oils, etc.
252Compositions,   subclasses 71+ for similar compositions which are heat exchange, low freezing or pour point or high boiling.
252Compositions,   subclasses 570+ , for fluent dielectric compositions ("insulating oils") which contain a hydrocarbon and a nonhydrocarbon.
384Bearings,   appropriate subclasses for bearings that include lubricants and significant structure of the bearing. Bearings that include lubricants when claimed solely in terms of the composition of which they are composed are classified in this class (Class 252).
420Alloys or Metallic Compositions,   appropriate subclasses for a bearing distinguished solely by its alloy or metallic composition.
516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   appropriate subclasses for subject matter relating to: colloid systems (such as sols*, emulsions, dispersions, foams, aerosols, smokes, gels, or pastes) or wetting agents (such as leveling, penetrating, or spreading); subcombination compositions of colloid systems containing at least an agent specialized and designed for or peculiar to use in making or stabilizing colloid systems; compositions and subcombination compositions specialized and designed for or peculiar to use in breaking (resolving) or inhibiting colloid systems; processes of making the compositions or systems of the class; processes of breaking (resolving) or inhibiting colloid systems; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is no hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
520Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers,   appropriate subclasses, particularly Class 523, subclasses 149+ for a composition containing a synthetic resin or natural rubbers having utility as a friction element or to processes of preparing said composition.
585Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Compounds,   subclasses 1+ for a composition consisting only of hydrocarbons, regardless of the use or function, as for example, fuels, lubricating oils, etc. Such hydrocarbons may not be solid synthetic polymers.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 100]    100SOLID ANTIFRICTION DEVICE, ARTICLE OR MATERIAL THEREFOR (i.e., SHAPED SOLID ARTICLES WHICH RETAIN THEIR SHAPE DURING USE, SUCH AS BEARINGS, RINGS, SEALS, JOURNAL BOXES, BUSHINGS, BRAKES, CLUTCHES, GUN WADS, JOURNAL BEARINGS, OR LINERS FOR BEARINGS, BRAKES OR CLUTCHES, OR MATERIAL THEREFOR, WHEREIN A LUBRICANT IS A PERMANENT PART OF THE SOLID ANTIFRICTION DEVICE, ARTICLE OR MATERIAL, WHETHER BY PERMANENT COATING, IMPREGNATION INTO THE INTERSTICES THEREOF, OR BY BEING PART OF THE COMPOSITION) (E.G., SYNTHETIC RESIN TYPE SOLID ANTIFRICTION DEVICES, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Antifriction devices, articles or materials therefor under the ... which, in the case of the articles or devices, are: (1) solid, (2) shaped, (3) shape-retaining during use and (4) characterized by having a lubricant substance as a permanent part of the device or article, which permanence may be accomplished by permanent coating, impregnation into the interstices thereof, or by being part of the composition from which the article or device is fashioned; the materials therefor are the aggregate materials which differ from the articles or devices only in that they have not been shaped.
(1) Note. This subclass and its indents provide for a backing which is coated with a layer of lubricating substance, provided that not enough structure is recited to warrant classification elsewhere.
(2) Note. This subclass and its indents provide for a backing which is coated with plural layers only if (a) each layer is a lubricant layer, and (b) not enough structure is recited to warrant classification elsewhere.
(3) Note. This subclass and its indents provide for articles, devices or materials therefor wherein a composition containing metal powder is sintered, compacted or compressed, only if a lubricant substance is (1) layered or (2) impregnated on or into the composition after the composition is sintered, compacted or compressed.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

148Metal Treatment,   subclasses 206 through 238for carburizing or nitriding metal substrates using externally supplied carbon or nitrogen, subclasses 240-287 for processes of reactive coating of a metal substrate, particularly subclass 246 wherein the reactive coating composition contains a lubricant, and subclasses 316-319 for carburized or nitrided metal stock. These subclassees have not been exhaustively screened for patents which meet the definition of this Class 508; a search of these subclasses, in particular subclasses 316-319, may thus be appropriate to ensure a complete search.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 101]    101Animal or plant matter (e.g., blood, hair, skin, wood, hemp, cotton, paper, lard, castor oil, shellac, glue, beeswax, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain animal or plant matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 102]    102With graphite or elemental carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain, in addition to the animal or plant matter, elemental carbon or graphite.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 103]    103Elemental or alloyed metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain elemental metal or alloyed metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 104]    104With fluorine compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain, in addition to the elemental or alloyed metal, a fluorine compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 105]    105With graphite, coal, or elemental carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 103.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain, in addition to the elemental or alloyed metal, elemental carbon, coal or graphite.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 106]    106Halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain a halogen compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 107]    107Silicon compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain a silicon compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 108]    108Heavy metal or aluminum compound (e.g., MoS2, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain a heavy metal compound or an aluminum compound.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 109]    109Graphite, coal, or elemental carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 100.  Devices, articles, or materials which contain elemental carbon, coal, or graphite.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 110]    110LUBRICANTS OR SEPARANTS FOR MOVING SOLID SURFACES AND MISCELLANEOUS MINERAL OIL COMPOSITIONS (E.G., WATER CONTAINING, ETC.):
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Compositions which are miscellaneous mineral oil compositions, or are lubricants or separants for moving solid surfaces.
(1) Note. Compositions classifiable in this subclass contain at least one component that is not a hydrocarbon (except as a solid synthetic polymer) or a mineral oil.
(2) Note. This subclass and its indents provide not only for compositions of lubricants, per se, but also for compositions of additives intended to enhance the lubricating properties of a lubricant base. An example of such an additive composition is a viscosity improving additive composition.
(3) Note. Since additives to lubricant compositions may serve more than a single purpose, the primary basis of classification for this subclass and its indents is the chemical structure of the nonhydrocarbon ingredients of the composition.
(4) Note. In classifying compositions in this and indented subclasses, all ingredients intentionally present in the composition are given equal weight for purposes of classification without regard to the amount present or whether the component is a lubricant additive or lubricant base.
(5) Note. An example of a composition provided for herein is an emulsion of a hydrocarbon oil and water.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 111]    111Processes of purifying or recovering used lubricant compositions, and purified or recovered products thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Processes which are directed to the chemical or physical treatment of used lubricant compositions of this class for the purpose of purification or recovery, or to lubricant compositions described in terms of a method of purification or recovery thereof after use.
(1) Note. To be classified herein, the process can not simply be for the purification or recovery of a mineral oil or hydrocarbon lubricating base. The composition whose purification or recovery is desired must include at least one component that is not a hydrocarbon (except if the hydrocarbon is a solid synthetic polymer).

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   various subclasses, for the purification and recovery of mineral oils, per se.
585Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Compounds,   subclasses 800+ , for the purification and recovery of mixtures of hydrocarbons that are neither mineral oils nor solid synthetic polymers.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 112]    112Halogenated graphite, or microorganism metabolic product or culture product of indeterminate structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a product of indeterminate structure resulting from a micro-organism culture medium or from a micro-organism"s metabolic process, or which contain halogenated graphite.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are fluorinated graphite, and the indeterminate product of yeast fermentation of a water, wood-pulp, rye-meal, and glue mixture.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 113]    113Graphite, coal, or elemental carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain elemental carbon, coal or graphite.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclass 32 for colloid systems of colloid-sized carbon (e.g., diamond, graphite) dispersed in primarily organic continuous liquid phase, subclasses 38+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized bituminous, coal, or Carbon phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, cross-reference 901 for colloid systems of substantially pure elemental carbon (graphite, lamp black, carbon black, fullerenes); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is no hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 114]    114With silk, sponge, hair, skin, leather, meat, or fibrous plant matter (e.g., cork, bamboo, bark, sawdust, cotton, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, at least one of fibrous plant matter, meat, leather, skin, hair, sponge or silk.
(1) Note. Meat is intended to indicate the flesh of animals.
(2) Note. Sponge is intended to encompass natural sponge, or synthetic sponge which is identified as sponge rather than as a particular chemical substance. If a component is identified both as sponge and in terms of its chemical structure, said component should be classified as an original here and should be cross-referenced to the appropriate chemical structure subclass.
(3) Note. Hair is intended to encompass the fine, threadlike outgrowths from the skin of an animal; skin is intended to encompass the outer covering or integument of an animal body.
(4) Note. Fibrous plant matter indicates plant matter in which the plant fibers have not been destroyed.
(5) Note. Chemically modified cellulose (e.g. CMC, cellulose ethers, etc.) is not considered as fibrous plant matter.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 115]    115With naturally occurring resin, salt thereof, agar, natural rubber, tar, pitch, animal glue, turpentine, or carbohydrate gum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal or elemental carbon, at least one of carbohydrate gum, turpentine, animal glue, pitch, tar, natural rubber, agar, naturally occurring resins, or salts of naturally occurring resins.
(1) Note. For the definition of naturally occurring resin, see the definition of subclass 200 in Class 530, Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives; Peptides or Proteins: Lignins or Reaction Products Thereof.
(2) Note. Animal glue is intended to encompass the normally impure animal matter of proteinaceous nature which found early use as an adhesive, etc. A substance identified as "glue", without further elucidation, will be construed as animal glue.
(3) Note. Carbohydrate gum is intended to encompass the complex carbohydrate mucilaginous plant stem excretions which normally yield sugar on hydrolysis. Examples are gum arabic and gum tragacanth. A substance identified as gum, without further elucidation, will be construed as carbohydrate gum.
(4) Note. Tar and pitch are generally considered as mineral oils for purposes of classification.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   especially subclasses 18+ for lubricating compositions which are mixtures of mineral oils only.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 116]    116With organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one in which the carbon of the -C(=O)O- is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(3) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is castor oil.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 117]    117Phosphorus, nitrogen, or halogen attached directly or indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly to phosphorus, nitrogen, or halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are (1) vinyl pyrrolidone-hexyl methacrylate copolymers and (2) lecithin.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 118]    118The organic -C(=O)O- compound is a polymer resulting from polymerization of an olefinic double bond (e.g., ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyacrylate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions wherein polymerization of an olefinic double bond in a monomer containing the -C(=O)O- group affords the organic -C(=O)O- compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 119]    119The organic -C(=O)O- compound is sulfurized, or elemental sulfur is present (e.g., sulfurized sperm oil, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions wherein (1) elemental sulfur is present in addition to the organic -C(=O)O- compound and the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, or (2) the organic -C(=O)O- compound present is sulfurized.
(1) Note. Sulfurized compounds are generally the result of reaction of sulfur or sulfur chloride with the original compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is sulfurized sperm oil.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 120]    120The organic -C(=O)O- compound is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax, or a reaction product thereof of indeterminate structure (e.g., beeswax, spermaceti, lanolin, degras, Japan wax, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions wherein the organic -C(=O)O- compound is (1) a reaction product of a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax, which product is of indeterminate structure, or (2) a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 121]    121With boron or silicon compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic -C(=O)O- compound and the graphite, coal or elemental carbon, a compound which contains boron or silicon.
(1) Note. Example of components provided for herein are borax and silica.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 122]    122The organic -C(=O)O- compound is a carboxylic acid or salt thereof, or inorganic base is present with the organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Compositions wherein (1) inorganic base is present in addition to the organic -C(=O)O- compound and the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, or (2) the organic -C(=O)O- compound is a carboxylic acid or salt thereof.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is zinc stearate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 123]    123With elemental or alloyed metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, an elemental metal or a metal alloy.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 124]    124With silicon compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the elemental metal or metal alloy and the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, a compound that contains silicon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 125]    125With boron compound or elemental sulfur:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, a boron compound or elemental sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 126]    126With silicon compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, a compound that contains silicon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 127]    127With non-silicon inorganic compound (except water):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 126.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon compound and the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, an inorganic compound (excluding water) that does not contain silicon.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound. Any chemical compound not regarded as organic therein shall be considered inorganic.
(2) Note. Water may be present as a component herein, providing that a further non-siliceous inorganic compound is present.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 128]    128With organic sulfur, phosphorus, or nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, an organic nitrogen compound, an organic phosphorus compound, or an organic sulfur compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one in which nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic phosphorus compounds and organic sulfur compounds are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 129]    129With inorganic compound (except water):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal or elemental carbon, an inorganic compound (except water).
(1) Note. Water may be present as a component herein, provided that an additional inorganic compound is present.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound. Any chemical compound not regarded as organic therein shall be considered inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 130]    130With organic oxygen or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, an organic oxygen compound or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one in which oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic halogen compounds are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 131]    131With synthetic polymer (e.g., ethylene-propylene copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the graphite, coal, or elemental carbon, a polymer prepared by synthetic means.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 132]    132Tar, tar distillate, or chemically reacted tar or tar distillate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a chemically reacted tar, a chemically reacted tar distillate, a tar distillate, or tar.
(1) Note. Tar and tar distillate are generally considered as mineral oils.
(2) Note. An example of chemically reacted tar provided for herein is sulfurized tar.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   especially subclasses 18+ for lubricant compositions which are mixtures of mineral oils only.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 133]    133Asphalt, pitch, pitch distillate, or chemically reacted asphalt or pitch (e.g., sulfurized, salified, reduced, blown, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain chemically reacted asphalt, chemically reacted pitch, pitch distillate, pitch, or asphalt.
(1) Note. Pitch, pitch distillate, and asphalt are generally considered as mineral oils.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

208Mineral Oils: Processes and Products,   especially subclasses 18+ for lubricant compositions which are mixtures of mineral oils only.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 134]    134With carboxylic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 133.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the asphalt, pitch, pitch distillate, or chemically reacted asphalt or pitch, a carboxylic acid or salt thereof.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is lead naphthenate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 135]    135Distillation residues of crude chemical reaction mixtures, or such residues chemically reacted (e.g., oxo still bottoms, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain residues from distillation of crude chemical reaction mixtures, or the chemical reaction products of such residues.
(1) Note. The reaction of carbon monoxide, olefin, and hydrocarbon is referred to as the "oxo" reaction. Desired products are generally removed from the reaction mixture by a distillation process. The residue remaining in the still pot after distillation, a mixture of diverse compounds, is an example of the materials encompassed by this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 136]    136Silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, including surface-treated (e.g., clays, onium clays, estersils, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate; these materials may be present either per se or in a surface-treated state.
(1) Note. Surface-treated encompasses both physical and chemical surface treatment. Silicon dioxide, e.g., may be simply coated, or its outer layer may be made to chemically react with a surface treating agent.
(2) Note. Silicon dioxide is also known as silica, SiO2.
(3) Note. Silicic acids encompass inorganic compounds wherein silicon is bonded directly to a hydroxyl group.
(4) Note. An inorganic compound is any compound not specified to be organic in (3) Note of the class definition.
(5) Note. Orthosilicates (M4SiO4) and metasilicates (M2SiO3) may combine to form polysilicates, M being metal or in some cases ammonium. They are salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. All the common clays are included under this umbrella.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

516Colloid Systems and Wetting Agents; Subcombinations Thereof; Processes of Making, Stabilizing, Breaking, or Inhibiting,   subclasses 31+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid or semisolid phase dispersed in primarily organic continuous liquid phase, subclasses 38+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized bituminous, coal, or Carbon phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase, subclasses 77+ for colloid systems of colloid-sized solid phase dispersed in aqueous continuous liquid phase; subclasses 98+ for colloid systems of continuous or semicontinuous solid phase with discontinuous liquid phase (gels, pastes, flocs, coagulates); or agents for such systems or making or stabilizing such systems or agents; in each instance, when generically claimed or when there is no hierarchically superior provision in the USPC for the specifically claimed art.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 137]    137With non-siliceous boron compound as additional component or surface-treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, metasilicate, or orthosilicate, a compound that contains boron but does not contain silicon; the compound may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are boron nitride, boric acid, and trialkyl borate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 138]    138With non-siliceous fluorine-containing polymer as additional component or surface-treating agent (e.g., polytetrafluoroethylene, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, a polymer that contains fluorine but does not contain silicon; the polymer may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is polytetrafluoroethylene.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 139]    139With elemental sulfur, elemental metal, or alloy as additional component or surface-treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate or metasilicate, an alloy, elemental metal, or elemental sulfur; the elemental sulfur, alloy, or elemental metal may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 140]    140Asbestos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain asbestos, which may or may not be surface-treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 141]    141With non-siliceous inorganic heavy metal or aluminum compound as additional component or surface-treating agent (e.g., molybdenum disulfide, alumina, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, a compound which contains heavy metal or aluminum but does not contain silicon; the compound may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are molybdenum sulfide and aluminum sulfate.
(2) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(3) Note. Heavy metals are those with a specific gravity greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 142]    142With carbohydrate or fibrous plant matter as additional component or surface-treating agent (e.g., starch, elm bark, cellulose compounds, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, a carbohydrate or fibrous plant matter; the fibrous plant matter or carbohydrate may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are dextrine and elm bark.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 143]    143With added water:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, water that has been intentionally added.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 144]    144With carboxylic acid, salt thereof, sulfonic acid, or salt thereof as additional component or surface-treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, a carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid salt, a sulfonic acid, or a sulfonic acid salt; the carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, or salts may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 145]    145With triazine or triazole hetero ring compound as additional component or surface-treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate or metasilicate, a compound that contains a triazine hetero ring or a triazole hetero ring; the compound may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. A triazine hetero ring consists of three ring carbons and three ring nitrogens. A triazole hetero ring consists of two ring carbons and three ring nitrogens.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 146]    146With heterocyclic ring compound that has ring sulfur or has chalcogen double bonded to heterocyclic ring carbon as additional component or surface-treating agent; a heterocyclic ring is one having as ring members only carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) and nitrogen (e.g., thiadiazoles, cyclic carbonates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, a compound which has a heterocyclic ring having ring sulfur or having chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) double bonded to hetero ring carbon; the compound may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 147]    147With azo compound, inorganic phosphorus salt, or oxidate of undetermined composition as additional component or surface-treating agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate, an azo compound, an inorganic compound that is a phosphorus salt, or an oxidate of indeterminate composition; the azo compound, inorganic compound, or oxidate may be present as an additional component or as a surface-treating agent for the silicon dioxide, silicic acid, orthosilicate, or metasilicate.
(1) Note. An azo compound is an organic compound characterized by the group -N=N- wherein both nitrogens are acyclic and each is bonded directly to carbon.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 148]    148Talc, mica, or ultramarine blue:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 136.  Compositions which contain talc, mica, or ultramarine blue, any of which may or may not be surface-treated.
(1) Note. Talc is 3MgO-4SiO2-H2O. It is also called soapstone, French chalk, steatite, etc.
(2) Note. Ultramarine blue is of the approximate formula
Na3Al3Si3-4S2O13
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 149]    149Elemental halogen or elemental phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain elemental phosphorus or elemental halogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 150]    150Elemental metal or boron, or alloyed metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a metal alloy or elemental metal, or elemental boron.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 151]    151With nitrogen, sulfur, or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 150.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the metal alloy or elemental metal, a compound that contains nitrogen, sulfur, or halogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 152]    152Elemental sulfur, selenium, or tellurium:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain elemental sulfur, elemental selenium, or elemental tellurium.
(1) Note. The elemental sulfur must be elemental sulfur that is added to the composition. Mineral oils, etc. that naturally contain a small amount of elemental sulfur do not meet the requirement of this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 153]    153With compound containing nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, boron, or halogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 152.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the elemental sulfur, elemental selenium, or elemental tellurium, a compound that contains nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, boron, or halogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 154]    154Inorganic compound (except water) (Overbased or carbonated organic acidic compounds are not classified in this subclass or its indents on the basis of inorganic overbasing or carbonating agents; the overbased or carbonated compounds are treated as complexes, and are classified with the particular organic acidic compound):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain an inorganic compound that is not (1) water or (2) an inorganic overbasing agent or inorganic carbonating agent used to overbase or carbonate an acidic organic compound.
(1) Note. The compositions provided for by this subclass may contain water or an inorganic overbasing or carbonating agent, provided that there is also present an inorganic compound that is not water or an inorganic overbasing or carbonating agent.
(2) Note. An inorganic compound is any chemical compound that is not within the definition of organic compound in Notes to the Class Definition.
(3) Note. Overbased or carbonated organic acidic compounds are treated as complexes, and are classified with the particular acidic organic compound.

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186,for borated or boronated carbonated or overbased organic acid salts.
391+,for overbased or carbonated sulfonates.
460,for overbased or carbonated carboxylates.
574,for overbased or carbonated phenol sulfides.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 155]    155The inorganic compound contains boron (e.g., boron nitride, boramine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions wherein boron is in the inorganic compound.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are boramide, boron trifluoride, and titanium diboride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 156]    156Oxygen bonded directly to the boron (e.g., metal borates, boric oxide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 155.  Compositions wherein the boron is bonded directly to oxygen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are boric acid and potassium borate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 157]    157With triglyceride or naturally occurring ester wax (e.g., beeswax, palm oil, tallow, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic boron compound, a naturally occurring ester wax or a triglyceride.
(1) Note. To be classified herein as a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax, a substance must either be characterized as a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax or be known to be a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax.
(2) Note. Examples of known naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester waxes are lanolin, beeswax, carnauba oil, and spermaceti.
(3) Note. Triglycerides are compounds wherein glycerine has been esterified with three molar proportions of the same or different carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid halide, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 158]    158With carboxylic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic boron compound, a salt of a carboxylic acid or a carboxylic acid, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 159]    159With phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic boron compound, a compound that contains phosphorus.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 160]    160With acyclic organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (e.g., glycols, glycol ethers, alcohols, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 156.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic boron compound, an acyclic organic compound that consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are aldehydes, ketones, ethers, and alcohols.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 161]    161The inorganic compound contains phosphorus or silicon (e.g., phosphorus sulfide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions wherein silicon or phosphorus is in the inorganic compound.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are SiH2Cl2 and PCl3.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 162]    162Oxygen bonded directly to the phosphorus (e.g., orthophosphoric acid, phosphate salts, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 161.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is bonded directly to oxygen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are phosphoric acid and ammonium polyphosphate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 163]    163With inorganic compound not containing phosphorus (except water):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 162.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic phosphorus compound, an inorganic compound that does not contain phosphorus and is not water.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 164]    164With carboxylic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 162.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic phosphorus compound, a salt of a carboxylic acid or a carboxylic acid, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 165]    165The inorganic compound contains heavy metal or aluminum:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions wherein heavy metal or aluminum is in the inorganic compound.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those with a specific gravity greater than 4.0.
(3) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are tungsten carbonyl and titanium dioxide.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 166]    166Sulfide, selenide, or telluride of heavy metal or aluminum (e.g., lithopone, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Compositions wherein the heavy metal or aluminum is present as a sulfide, a selenide or a telluride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 167]    167The heavy metal is molybdenum or tungsten (e.g., molybdenum sulfide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 166.  Compositions which contain a sulfide, a selenide, or a telluride of molybdenum or tungsten.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 168]    168With organic nitrogen or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic molybdenum or tungsten compound, an organic nitrogen compound or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic halogen compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 169]    169With sulfur compound or additional inorganic metal compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 167.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic molybdenum or tungsten compound, an additional inorganic compound containing metal or a sulfur compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 170]    170Ammonium or additional diverse metal in the inorganic compound (e.g., alum, sodium molybdate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Compositions wherein the inorganic compound contains, in addition to heavy metal or aluminum, an additional diverse metal or ammonium.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are KMnO4 and ammonium uranate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 171]    171The heavy metal is iron or lead:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Compositions wherein iron or lead is the heavy metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 172]    172Aluminum or zinc in the inorganic compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Compositions wherein zinc or aluminum is present in the inorganic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 173]    173With organic compound containing silicon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic compound, an organic compound that contains silicon.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. There are no restrictions on the type of bonding between silicon and the remainder of the compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 174]    174With organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic compound, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 175]    175With organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., ester waxes, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 176]    176The inorganic compound contains nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 175.  Compositions wherein nitrogen is in the inorganic compound.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are sodium nitrite and ammonium carbonate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 177]    177With organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 175.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic compound and the organic -C(=O)O- compound, an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly to carbon of an organic compound by nonionic bonding.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 178]    178The inorganic compound is a metal hydroxide or metal oxide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 175.  Compositions wherein the inorganic compound is present as a metal hydroxide or as a metal oxide.
(1) Note. To be provided for herein, the hydroxide or oxide must be present by intention, rather than merely in a trace amount remaining from, e.g., a saponification reaction.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 179]    179With organic nitrogen or sulfur compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the inorganic compound, an organic nitrogen or an organic sulfur compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 180]    180The inorganic compound is a carbonate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 154.  Compositions wherein the inorganic compound is a carbonate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 181]    181PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain an addition homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene, CF2=CF2.
(1) Note. The addition polymers provided for herein have the general formula (-CF2-CF2-)n .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 182]    182With compound having ether group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 181.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polytetrafluoroethylene, a compound that contains an ether group.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 183]    183With silicon compound, or organic phosphorus or sulfur compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 181.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polytetrafluoroethylene, an organic phosphorus compound, an organic sulfur compound, or an organic compound that contains silicon.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(3) Note. The organic compound that contains silicon provided for herein can contain the silicon attached directly or indirectly to carbon of the organic compound by any type bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 184]    184Azo compound (i.e., compound having two acyclic nitrogens double bonded to each other, and carbon single bonded to each of the nitrogens):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain the acyclic group -N=N- wherein each nitrogen is single bonded directly to carbon.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 184

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 185]    185Organic compound containing boron:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain boron in an organic compound component.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is:
B(OC5H11)3
(2) Note. This subclass and its indents provide for organic compound components containing boron, regardless of the type bonding between boron and the rest of the compound.

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150+,for compositions containing elemental boron.
155+,for compositions containing boron compounds that are inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 186]    186Borated or boronated carbonated or overbased organic acid salts (e.g., borated overbased carbonated sulfonates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein boron is present in the component as a borated or boronated carbonated or overbased salt of an organic acid.
(1) Note. The organic acids most generally employed herein are sulfonic acids and phenols.
(2) Note. An overbased compound herein is one which an amount of metal (e.g., Mg, Ca, Ba, Sr) is present which is greater than the stoichiometric amount of metal which would be present if the organic acid were completely neutralized.
(3) Note. A carbonated compound herein is the complex resulting from the reaction of carbon dioxide with a metal salt of an organic acid.
(4) Note. The structure of the components provided for herein is generally not clear. The components are generally described in terms of their method of synthesis.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 187]    187Phosphorus or silicon containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein the boron component also contains silicon or phosphorus.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: [(CH3O)2-P(S)S-CH2CH2-0]3B
(2) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restrictions relative to the bonding between the boron and the phosphorus or silicon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 188]    188Nitrogen containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 187.  Compositions wherein the boron component contains (1) phosphorus and nitrogen or (2) silicon and nitrogen.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restrictions relative to the bonding among the boron, phosphorus, and nitrogen or the boron, silicon, and nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 189]    189Nitrogen containing (i.e., nitrogen and boron in the same compound):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein the boron component also contains nitrogen.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restrictions relative to the bonding between the boron and the nitrogen.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is dibutylammon­ ium tetrafluoroborate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 190]    190The nitrogen is in a heterocyclic ring, which ring either appears in the compound or has been reacted with a boron compound; a heterocyclic ring is one having as ring members only carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is present as a member of a heterocyclic ring, which ring either remains intact in the component or has been reacted with a boron compound.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 190

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 191]    191The nitrogen heterocyclic ring contains ring chalcogen (e.g., oxazoline compounds, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 190.  Compositions wherein chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is also a ring member in the nitrogen heterocyclic ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the borate salt of N-methyl morpholine.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 192]    192The nitrogen heterocyclic ring has chalcogen bonded directly to ring carbon adjacent to ring nitrogen (e.g., succinimide compounds, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 190.  Compositions wherein chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to ring carbon adjacent to ring nitrogen of the nitrogen heterocyclic ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the reaction product of a borated alkyl catechol and an alkyl succinimide.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 193]    193Sulfur containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Compositions wherein the boron component contains nitrogen and sulfur.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restriction relative to the bonding among the boron, nitrogen, and sulfur.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 194]    194Carbonyl containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Compositions wherein the boron component contains nitrogen and carbonyl, -C(=O)-.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restriction relative to the bonding among the boron, nitrogen, and carbonyl.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 195]    195Oxygen and nitrogen bonded directly to the same carbon atom or carbon chain (e.g., borated alkanolamines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 189.  Compositions wherein, in the boron component, a carbon atom or carbon chain is bonded directly to both nitrogen and oxygen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the reaction product of triethanolamine with orthoboric acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 196]    196With nitrogen heterocycle compound (e.g., thiadiazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 195.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the boron component, a nitrogen heterocycle compound.
(1) Note. A nitrogen heterocycle is a ring whose ring members are carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium). In this subclass, the heterocycle must contain ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 197]    197Sulfur or halogen bonded indirectly to boron:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein the boron is bonded indirectly to sulfur or to halogen.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are not subject to any restrictions relative to the bonding by which the boron is indirectly attached to sulfur or halogen.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 198]    198Carbonyl containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein the boron component also contains carbonyl, -C(=O)-.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the reaction product of calcium alkyl salicylate and orthoboric acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 199]    199Plural oxygens bonded directly to the same saturated carbon atom or saturated carbon chain (e.g., borated 1,2-glycols, borated alkoxylated alcohols, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein, in the boron component, a saturated carbon atom or a saturated carbon chain is bonded directly to plural oxygens.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 200]    200Benzene ring containing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 185.  Compositions wherein the boron component contains a benzene ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 200

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 201]    201Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting a silicon compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of a silicon compound of known structure.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are the reaction product of a poly (organo) silicone with an organic peroxide, and the reaction product of silicon disulfide with heptaldehyde.

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161,for compositions containing silicon compounds which are inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 202]    202Organic compound containing silicon (e.g., silicon esters):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain silicon in an organic compound component.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 202

(2) Note. This subclass and its indents provide for organic compound components containing silicon, regardless of the type bonding between silicon and the remainder of the compound.

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161,for compositions containing silicon compounds that are inorganic.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 203]    203The silicon is in a ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Compositions wherein a ring has silicon as one of its members.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are cyclosiloxanes and

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 204]    204Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the silicon by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Compositions wherein the silicon is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are (CH3O)2Si(NH2)2 and (CH3)2NC6H4Si(CH3)2C6H5
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 205]    205Phosphorus or -C(=X), wherein X is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the silicon by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Compositions wherein the silicon is attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to phosphorus or to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are CH3(C4H9)2SiCH2P(C6H5)2 and (C6H5)3Si-O-C(=O)-CF2-C(=O)O-Si(C6H5)3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 206]    206Halogen attached indirectly to the silicon by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Compositions wherein the silicon is attached indirectly to halogen by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is (ClC3H6O)4Si .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 207]    207Carbon or hydrogen bonded directly to the silicon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Compositions wherein the silicon is bonded directly to carbon or to hydrogen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are (CH3)2SiH2 and CH3Si(C6H5)3 .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 208]    208Two silicons bonded directly to the same chalcogen (e.g., methylphenyl silicone, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 207.  Compositions wherein a single chalcogen atom (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to the silicon and to an additional silicon.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 208

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 209]    209With organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon compound, an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 210]    210The nitrogen is in a hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is a ring member of a hetero ring.
(1) Note. A hetero ring is one whose ring members are carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium). In this subclass, the hetero ring must contain ring nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 211]    211Having -C(=X), wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 209.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 212]    212With organic -C(=O)O- compound (e.g., lithium 12-hydroxystearate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 213]    213Heavy metal or aluminum in the organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Compositions wherein the compound that contains the -C(=O)O- group also contains heavy metal or aluminum.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are considered to be those having a specific gravity greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 214]    214The single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to an additional carbon (e.g., carboxylic acid esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 212.  Compositions wherein an additional carbon is bonded directly to the single bonded oxygen of the -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. The most common type of additional component provided for herein is a carboxylic acid ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 215]    215With organic phosphorus, sulfur, or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 208.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the silicon compound, an organic phosphorus compound, an organic sulfur compound or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound and organic halogen compound are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 216]    216Protein, carbohydrate, lignin, plant matter of indeterminate structure, or their reaction product of indeterminate structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain (1) carbohydrate, (2) protein, (3) lignin, (4) plant matter of indeterminate structure, or (5) a product of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting any of (1), (2), (3) or (4).
(1) Note. Plant matter of indeterminate structure embraces both crude, unprocessed plant material and substances of indeterminate structure derived from processed or refined plant material.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

530Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives,   subclass 350 definition and notes for the definition of a protein; subclass 500 for the definition of a lignin.
536Organic Compound,   class definition for the definition of a carbohydrate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 217]    217Animal protein (e.g., fish scales, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Compositions which contain animal protein.
(1) Note. Included herein is animal protein in its raw and unprocessed forms (as in body parts or segments thereof), as well as in the form of partially or completely processed, refined, or isolated chemicals.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 218]    218Hair or leather:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 217.  Compositions wherein the animal protein is identified as hair or leather.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 219]    219Cellulose ether or cellulose ester (e.g., cellulose nitrate, carboxymethylcellulose, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Compositions which contain esterified or etherified cellulose.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 220]    220With carboxylic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 216.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the protein, carbohydrate, lignin, plant matter of indeterminate structure, or their reaction product of indeterminate structure, either a carboxylic acid or a salt of a carboxylic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 221]    221Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting a heterocyclic compound of known structure; a heterocyclic ring is one having as ring members only carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of a compound of known structure having a heterocyclic ring whose members are carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 222]    222The heterocyclic compound reactant contains a lactone or cyclic carbonate ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein a lactone or a cyclic carbonate ring is present in the heterocyclic compound reactant.
(1) Note. A lactone, for purposes of this subclass, is characterized by a hetero ring consisting of carbons and the -C(=O)O- group, e.g.,

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 222

(2) Note. A cyclic carbonate, for purposes of this subclass, is characterized by a hetero ring consisting of carbons and the -O-C(=O)O- group, e.g.,

Image 2 for class 508 subclass 222

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 223]    223The heterocyclic compound reactant contains a three- or four-membered hetero ring (e.g., aziridine, epoxy compounds, oxetane, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein a three- or four-membered hetero ring is present in the heterocyclic compound reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 224]    224An additional reactant contains phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.  Compositions wherein phosphorus is present in an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 225]    225An additional reactant contains nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 223.  Compositions wherein nitrogen is present in an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 226]    226The heterocyclic compound reactant is sulfurized by means of an inorganic sulfurizing agent:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein an inorganic sulfurizing agent is reacted with the heterocyclic compound reactant.
(1) Note. The most common inorganic sulfurizing agents are sulfur halide and elemental sulfur.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 227]    227An additional reactant contains phosphorus
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein phosphorus is present in an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 228]    228The heterocyclic compound reactant has plural chalcogens bonded directly to ring carbons of the hetero ring (e.g., succinimides, anhydrides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 227.  Compositions wherein plural chalcogens are bonded directly to ring carbons of the hetero ring of the heterocyclic compound reactant.
(1) Note. The most common hetero ring reactants provided for herein are succinimide, succinic anhydride and maleic anhydride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 229]    229An additional reactant is an aldehyde or ketone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein an aldehyde or ketone is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 230]    230An additional reactant is an inorganic compound containing heavy metal or aluminum (e.g., ammonium molybdate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein an inorganic compound which contains heavy metal or aluminum is an additional reactant.
(1) Note. An inorganic compound is any compound not specified as organic in Notes to the Class Definition.
(2) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(3) Note. Heavy metals are metals whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 231]    231The heterocyclic compound reactant contains a five-membered hetero ring with at least three ring hetero atoms (e.g., thiadiazole, benzotriazole, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein a five-membered hetero ring with at least three ring hetero atoms is present in the heterocyclic compound reactant.
(1) Note. Examples of heterocyclic compound reactants provided for herein are triazoles, tetrazoles, oxadiazoles and thiadiazoles.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 232]    232The heterocyclic compound reactant contains a carboxylic acid anhydride ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein a carboxylic acid anhydride ring is present in the heterocyclic compound reactant.
(1) Note. A carboxylic acid anhydride ring, for purposes of this subclass, is characterized by the presence of a -C(=O)-O-C(=O)- group as part of the ring structure.
(2) Note. Maleic anhydride and succinic anhydride are the two most common carboxylic acid anhydride reactants provided for herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 233]    233An additional reactant is an alkadiene polymer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein an alkadiene polymer is an additional reactant.
(1) Note. Examples of polymer reactants provided for herein are homopolymers and copolymers of butadiene.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 234]    234The alkadiene polymer is a terpolymer of ethylene, monoolefin, and alkadiene:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 233.  Compositions wherein a terpolymer of ethylene, monoolefin and alkadiene is the alkadiene polymer additional reactant.
(1) Note. The monoolefin may be a cycloolefin.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 235]    235An additional olefinic reactant is copolymerized with an unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride so that the anhydride moiety forms part of the polymer backbone (i.e., addition polymerization):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein an unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride is copolymerized by addition polymerization with an additional olefinic reactant so that the anhydride moiety forms part of the polymer backbone.
(1) Note. Maleic anhydride is the most common unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydride reactant provided for herein.
(2) Note. The additional olefinic reactant may be cycloolefinic.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 236]    236An additional reactant is a sulfur compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein a compound that contains sulfur is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 237]    237With organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the compound of indeterminate structure prepared by the reaction of the carboxylic acid anhydride reactant, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 238]    238An additional reactant is a polyoxyalkylene compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein a polyoxyalkylene compound is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 239]    239An additional reactant is a hydroxylamine or an alcoholic or phenolic hydroxy compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein an alcoholic hydroxy compound, phenolic hydroxy compound, or a hydroxylamine is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 240]    240Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the hydroxy group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 239.  Compositions wherein the hydroxy group of the additional reactant is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 241]    241An additional reactant is a copolymer having ethylene and acyclic olefin monomers (e.g., ethylene-alpha olefin copolymer or ethylene-butylene-styrene terpolymer grafted with maleic anhydride, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 232.  Compositions wherein a copolymer having acyclic olefin and ethylene monomers is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 242]    242An additional reactant is a phenol, a thiophenol, a carboxylic acid, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 221.  Compositions wherein a phenol, a phenol salt, a thiophenol, a thiophenol salt, a carboxylic acid, or a carboxylic acid salt is an additional reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 243]    243Heterocyclic ring compound; a heterocyclic ring is one having as ring members only carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound having a hetero ring whose members are carbon and at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen and chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are heterocyclic compounds having more than six or fewer than five ring atoms in the hetero ring, and having only carbon and nitrogen as ring members.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 244]    244The hetero ring contains six members including nitrogen and carbon (e.g., pyridine, picoline salts, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is six-membered with only carbon and nitrogen as ring members.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are lauryl pyridinium chloride and picoline. Picoline is methyl pyridine.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 245]    245Chalcogen in the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring with carbon and nitrogen ring members also has chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) as a ring member.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 245

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 246]    246The chalcogen is oxygen (e.g., oxazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Compositions wherein the ring has nitrogen, carbon and oxygen as ring members.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 246

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 247]    247Chalcogen attached directly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached directly to chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are the copolymer of N-vinyl-3-morpholinone and butyl acrylate, and

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 247

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 248]    248Acyclic nitrogen attached indirectly to the hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Compositions wherein nitrogen, which is not a ring member, is attached indirectly to the hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 248

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 249]    249Acyclic chalcogen attached indirectly to the hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Compositions wherein chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), which is not a ring member, is attached indirectly to the hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is cobalt bis (morpholinodithiocarbamate).

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 250]    250Morpholine, per se, hydrocarbyl-substituted morpholine, or salts thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 246.  Compositions which contain morpholine, per se, salts thereof, hydrocarbyl substituted morpholine or salts thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 251]    251Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., phenothiazines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 245.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is 3,7-dibornylphenothiazine.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 252]    252With compound having saturated or unsaturated triazine, azole, or pyridine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos, a compound having a pyridine, triazine, or azole ring which may be saturated or unsaturated.
(1) Note. The pyridine ring is six-membered consisting of five carbons and one nitrogen. The triazine ring is six-membered consisting of three carbons and three nitrogens. The azole ring is five-membered and has at least two ring hetero atoms, of which at least one must be nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 253]    253With organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 254]    254With organic non-heterocyclic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 251.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos, an organic nitrogen compound which does not contain a heterocyclic ring.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 255]    255Plural nitrogens in the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the six-membered hetero ring has plural nitrogen ring members.
(1) Note. An example of the type component provided for herein is monocyclic pyrimidine (1,3-diazine) compounds.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 256]    256Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 255.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 256

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 257]    257Triazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 255.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring consists of three carbons and three nitrogens.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 258]    258Nitrogen bonded directly to the triazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 257.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is bonded directly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 259]    2591,4-Diazines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 255.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring consists of four carbons and two nitrogens, the nitrogens being in the 1- and 4-positions of the ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 260]    260Nitrogen and carbonyl attached indirectly to the 1,4-diazine ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 259.  Compositions wherein the 1,4-diazine ring is attached indirectly to both nitrogen and carbonyl, -C(=O)-, by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is poly (terephthaloyl piperazine), the repeating unit of which is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 261]    261Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 262]    262Piperidines:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is a completely saturated ring consisting of one nitrogen and five carbons.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 263]    263Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the piperidine ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 262.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is bonded directly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is zinc -N-pentamethylene dithiocarbamate.

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 264]    264Vinyl pyridine polymer (e.g., polyvinylpyridine, vinyl-pyridine-alkyl acrylate copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the component containing the six-membered hetero ring results from homopolymerization or copolymerization of a vinyl pyridine.
(1) Note. Homopolymerization or copolymerization normally occurs through the olefinic double bond.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 265]    265Non-pyridine organic nitrogen salt of the polymer, or a non-pyridine organic nitrogen compound is present:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 264.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the vinyl pyridine polymer, a non-pyridine organic nitrogen compound, or (2) contain the vinyl pyridine polymer in the form of its salt with a non-pyridine organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are (a) the N, N-dibutylcarbamic acid salt of lauryl methacrylate/2-methyl-5-vinyl pyridine copolymer, and (b) the combination of a vinyl pyridine/alkyl acrylate copolymer and an alkaline earth petroleum sulfonate-trialkylamine complex.
(2) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 266]    266Nitrogen attached to the hetero ring directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached to nitrogen directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 267]    267Chalcogen or nitrogen attached indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 244.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached indirectly to nitrogen or chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are:

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 268]    268The hetero ring contains five members including nitrogen and carbon (e.g., polyvinylpyrrolidone, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is five-membered with carbon and nitrogen as ring members.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the copolymer of N-vinyl pyrrolidone and cetyl vinyl ether.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 269]    269Plural hetero atoms in the hetero ring (e.g., pyrazoles, benzimidazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Compositions wherein no more than three ring members of the hetero ring are carbons.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 270]    270Chalcogen in the hetero ring (e.g., benzoxazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring with carbon and nitrogen ring members also has chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) as a ring member.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 271]    271The chalcogen is sulfur (e.g., 1,3-thiazole, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has nitrogen, carbon, and sulfur as ring members.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 272]    272Plural nitrogens or plural sulfurs in the hetero ring (e.g., thiadiazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has more than one nitrogen ring member or more than one sulfur ring member.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 272

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 273]    273Acyclic sulfur bonded directly to the 2- and 5- positions of a 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring or a hydrogenated 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 272.  Compositions wherein the 2- and 5-positions of a 1, 3, 4-thiadiazole ring or of a hydrogenated 1, 3, 4-thiadiazole ring are each bonded directly to acyclic sulfur.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 274]    274Oxygen or nitrogen attached indirectly to one of the acyclic sulfurs by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 273.  Compositions wherein one of the acyclic sulfurs is attached indirectly to oxygen or nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 275]    275Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., benzothiazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 271.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 275

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 276]    276The 2-position of the hetero ring is substituted by double bonded sulfur, a chain of sulfur atoms, or -SH (wherein H of -SH may be substituted by metal, ammonium, or substituted ammonium):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 275.  Compositions wherein double bonded sulfur, a chain of sulfur atoms, or -SH ( wherein H of -SH may be substituted by metal, ammonium, or substituted ammonium) is bonded directly to the 2-position of the hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 277]    277Chalcogen or nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the hetero ring (e.g., 2-oxazolidinones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Compositions wherein a ring carbon of the hetero ring is bonded directly to nitrogen or to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 278]    278Exactly one double bond in the hetero ring (e.g., bis-2-oxazolines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 270.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has exactly one double bond between ring members.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 279]    279Three or four nitrogens in the hetero ring (e.g., 1,2,4-triazole, tetrazole, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has three nitrogen ring members or four nitrogen ring members.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are monocyclic tetrazoles, monocyclic 1,2,3-triazoles, and monocyclic 1,2,4-triazoles.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 280]    280Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., alkyl benzotriazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 279.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 281]    281Chalcogen or nitrogen attached to the hetero ring directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding (e.g., methylene bis-benzotriazoles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding to nitrogen or to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 282]    282With organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 280.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 283]    283The hetero ring is a monocyclic 1,3-diazole or a monocyclic hydrogenated 1,3-diazole:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 269.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is a saturated or unsaturated monocyclic 1,3-diazole ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 284]    284Chalcogen or nitrogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the 1,3-hetero ring, or the 1,3-hetero ring has two double bonds between ring members:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 283.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has two double bonds between ring members, or ring carbon of the hetero ring is bonded directly to nitrogen or to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 285]    285Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, attached indirectly to the 1,3-hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 283.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 286]    286Organic phosphorus compound salt of the 1,3-hetero ring compound, or an organic phosphorus compound is present:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 283.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the hetero ring component, an organic phosphorus compound, or (2) wherein the hetero ring component is in the form of a salt with an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 287]    287Plural oxygens double bonded directly to ring carbons of the hetero ring which are adjacent to the ring nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Compositions wherein two carbons of the hetero ring, each adjacent to the ring nitrogen atom, are double bonded directly to oxygen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 288]    288Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (i.e., fused or bridged ring system):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is:

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 289]    289Sulfur attached directly or indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached to sulfur directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 290]    290Additional oxygen attached directly or indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached to an additional oxygen directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 291]    291Nitrogen attached indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding (e.g., bis-succinimide compounds, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 290.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 292]    292The oxygen is part of an ether linkage or is bonded directly to a benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 291.  Compositions wherein the oxygen is bonded directly to a benzene ring or is part of an ether linkage.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 293]    293Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 287.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to nitrogen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 294]    294With organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 295]    295With organic chalcogen or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 293.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component, an organic halogen compound or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound.
(1) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic chalcogen compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 296]    296Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., indigo, carbazole, phthalocyanine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 297]    297Having a -C(=X)X- group, wherein the X"s are the same or diverse chalcogens, attached directly or indirectly to the hetero ring by acyclic nonionic bonding (e.g., vinylpyrrolidone-acrylate copolymers, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 268.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding to a -C(=X)X- group, wherein the X"s are the same or diverse chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are: a copolymer of N-vinyl pyrrolidone and lauryl meth­acrylate, and

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 298]    298With metal compound, or organic phosphorus or sulfur compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 297.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component, an organic sulfur compound, an organic phosphorus compound, or an organic compound that contains metal.
(1) Note. An organic sulfur compound is one wherein sulfur is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic phosphorus compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 299]    299Sulfur containing hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Compositions wherein sulfur and carbon are ring members of the hetero ring.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 300]    300Plural hetero atoms in the hetero ring (e.g., 1,3-dithiane, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring has more than one ring hetero atom.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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(2) Note. This subclass also provides for components having a hetero ring with more than six members, ring sulfur and ring nitrogen, e.g., thiadiazepines, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 301]    301Polycyclo ring system which contains the hetero ring as one of the cyclos (e.g., benzothiophenes, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is one of the cyclos of a polycyclo ring system.
(1) Note. Fused and bridged ring systems are considered to be polycyclo ring systems. Two rings joined solely by a spiro linkage are not considered to form a polycyclo ring system.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 302]    302The hetero ring is five-membered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 299.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring consists of one ring sulfur and four ring carbons.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 303]    303Chalcogen bonded directly to ring carbon of the hetero ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 302.  Compositions wherein ring carbon of the hetero ring is bonded directly to chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 304]    304Oxygen containing hetero ring (e.g., allyl glycidyl ether, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 243.  Compositions wherein oxygen and carbon are ring members of the hetero ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 305]    305Chalcogen double bonded directly to a ring carbon of the hetero ring which is adjacent to a ring oxygen (e.g., lactones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Compositions wherein a ring carbon of the hetero ring, which carbon is adjacent to a ring oxygen, is double bonded directly to chalcogen (i.e. oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 306]    306And chalcogen double bonded directly to the other ring carbon of the hetero ring which is adjacent to the ring oxygen (e.g., maleic anhydride copolymers, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 305.  Compositions wherein both carbons of the hetero ring that are adjacent to the ring oxygen are double bonded directly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 307]    307The hetero ring contains at least five ring members (e.g., 1,3-dioxane, furan, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 304.  Compositions wherein five or more ring members are present in the hetero ring.
(1) Note. This subclass provides, inter alia, for components having a hetero ring with more than six members ring oxygen and ring nitrogen, e.g., oxazepines, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 308]    308Having -C(=O)O- attached directly or indirectly to the hetero ring by nonionic bonding (e.g., sorbitan esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 307.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is attached directly or indirectly to a -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are various carboxylic acid esters of sorbitans.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 309]    309The carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to the hetero ring (e.g., furoic acid, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Compositions wherein the hetero ring is bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 310]    310With organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component, an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 311]    311With sulfonic or carboxylic acid, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 308.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the hetero ring containing component,a carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid salt, sulfonic acid, or sulfonic acid salt.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 312]    312Organic oxidate of indeterminate composition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure prepared by oxidation of an organic compound or of a mixture of organic compounds.
(1) Note. The oxidates of this subclass and its indents are generally complex mixtures. An indication that the oxidate contains carboxylic acids is not sufficient to remove it from this subclass or its indents.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 313]    313Substance oxidized contains nitrogen, chalcogen, halogen or phosphorus (e.g., oxidized sulfonate, phenol, ozonide, soap, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions wherein nitrogen, halogen, phosphorus, or chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is present in the substance oxidized.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 314]    314The substance oxidized is a carboxylic acid ester (e.g., blown lard oil, sperm oil, rapeseed oil, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 313.  Compositions wherein a carboxylic acid ester is the substance oxidized.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 315]    315Carboxylic acid ester subsequently formed from alcohol or acid of the organic oxidate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions which contain a carboxylic acid ester subsequently formed from an alcohol or acid that is part of the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition.
(1) Note. This subclass does not provide for carboxylic acid esters of known structure, per se; such are classified as components in subclass 459 and its indents.
(2) Note. This subclass provides for components wherein an organic oxidate of indeterminate composition is made to undergo esterification (of either alcohol or carboxylic acid) to yield (1) a mixture, still of indeterminate composition, containing a carboxylic acid ester, or (2) a carboxylic acid ester of indeterminate composition.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 316]    316With an organic nitrogen compound, which may or may not be reacted with the organic oxidate (e.g., reaction of oxidized olefinic copolymer with amine, formaldehyde, and phenol, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition, an organic nitrogen compound or (2) wherein the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition is reacted with an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See the Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 317]    317The organic oxidate is reacted with sulfur, a sulfur compound, halogen, phosphorus, or a phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions wherein sulfur, a sulfur compound, halogen, phosphorus, or a phosphorus compound is reacted with the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 318]    318With sulfonic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition, a sulfonic acid or salt thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 319]    319With organic sulfur, phosphorus, or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic oxidate of indeterminate structure, an organic sulfur compound, an organic phosphorus compound, or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic sulfur compound is one wherein sulfur is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic phosphorus compound and organic halogen compound are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 320]    320With a phenol, phenol salt, carboxylic acid, or carboxylic acid salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic oxidate of indeterminate structure, a carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid salt, a phenol, or a phenol salt.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 321]    321Salt of the organic oxidate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 312.  Compositions wherein the organic oxidate of indeterminate composition has been salified, and exists in salt form.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 322]    322Sulfurized compound of indeterminate structure, which is a reaction product of an organic compound with sulfur halide, elemental sulfur, or metal polysulfide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure which has been prepared by the reaction of an organic compound with elemental sulfur, with a sulfur halide, or with a metal polysulfide.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 323]    323Both sulfur and sulfur halide are reacted with the organic compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound is reacted with elemental sulfur and with sulfur halide, either simultaneously or sequentially in either order.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 324]    324Hydrogen sulfide or a salt thereof is also reacted with the organic compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound is additionally reacted with hydrogen sulfide or with a salt thereof; said additional reaction can be prior to, simultaneous with or subsequent to sulfurization via elemental sulfur, sulfur halide, or metal polysulfide.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 325]    325Phosphorus or an inorganic phosphorus compound is reacted with the organic compound either together with or subsequent to the sulfurizing agent (e.g., terpene-sulfur-phosphorus sulfide reaction products, reaction product of sulfurized olefin with phosphorus sulfide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound is also reacted with phosphorus or an inorganic phosphorus compound, either simultaneously with or subsequent to sulfurization via elemental sulfur, sulfur halide, or metal polysulfide.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 326]    326The organic compound is an organic-C(=O)O- compound (e.g., sulfurized and phosphosulfurized sperm oil, fats, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 325.  Compositions wherein the organic compound sulfurized and reacted with phosphorus or an inorganic phosphorus compound is an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one in which the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 327]    327With organic halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 326.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic -C(=O)O- compound which is sulfurized and reacted with phoaphorus, an inorganic phosphorus compound, or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 328]    328The organic compound is an organic nitrogen compound (e.g., sulfurized nitriles, phosphatides, unsaturated amines, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is sulfurized is an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein the nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 329]    329The organic compound is an organic phosphorus or sulfur compound (e.g., sulfurized phosphate esters, sulfonates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is sulfurized is an organic phosphorus compound or an organic sulfur compound..
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 330]    330The organic compound is rosin, tall oil, or a derivative thereof of indeterminate structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein tall oil, rosin, or a derivative thereof of indeterminate structure is the organic compound sulfurized.
(1) Note. If a derivative of rosin or of tall oil is known by its exact structure, such a sulfurized derivative is classified according to the known structure which is sulfurized.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 331]    331The organic compound is a carboxylic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein a carboxylic acid or a salt of a carboxylic acid is the organic compound sulfurized.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 332]    332The organic compound is an organic oxygen compound which does not contain a -C(=O)O- group, or is an organic halogen compound (e.g., sulfurized pentadecenylphenol, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound sulfurized is an organic halogen compound, or is an organic oxygen compound that does not contain a -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic oxygen compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 333]    333The oxygen compound is an ether or has hydroxy bonded directly to acyclic or alicyclic carbon (e.g., sulfurized pine oil or cardanol ether, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 332.  Compositions wherein an ether or a compound having hydroxy bonded directly to acyclic or alicyclic carbon is the organic compound sulfurized.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 334]    334With an organic nitrogen compound, which may or may not be reacted with the sulfurized compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic nitrogen compound or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 335]    335The nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, by nonionic bonding (e.g., phosphatides, amides, zinc diamyl dithiocarbamate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 334.  Compositions wherein-C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), is attached directly or indirectly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 336]    336With an organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound, which may or may not be reacted with the sulfurized compound (e.g., sulfates, mahogany sulfonates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound, or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic-S(=O)(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound is one in which the-S(=O)(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 337]    337With an organic phosphorus compound, which may or may not be reacted with the sulfurized compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic phosphorus compound, or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 338]    338The organic phosphorus compound is a phosphorus acid, a salt thereof, or an indeterminate reaction product of hydrocarbon and phosphorus sulfide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 337.  Compositions wherein the organic phosphorus compound is an indeterminate reaction product of hydrocarbon and phosphorus sulfide, or is a phosphorus acid, or a salt of a phosphorus acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 339]    339With an organic -C(=O)O- compound, which may or may not be reacted with the sulfurized compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound, or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic-C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one in which the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 340]    340The organic -C(=O)O- compound is naphthenic acid or a salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 339.  Compositions wherein the organic -C(=O)O- compound is naphthenic acid, per se, or a salt of naphthenic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 341]    341With organic halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic halogen compound, or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 342]    342With an organic oxygen compound, which may or may not be reacted with the sulfurized compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the sulfurized organic compound, an organic oxygen compound, or (2) wherein the sulfurized organic compound is reacted with an organic oxygen compound.
(1) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one in which oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 343]    343Sulfurized mixture of hydrocarbon and carboxylic acid ester (i.e., products produced by sulfurizing a mixture containing both hydrocarbon and carboxylic acid ester):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound is a component of a mixture of a carboxylic acid ester and a hydrocarbon, which mixture is sulfurized, resulting in a mixture of sulfurized hydrocarbon and sulfurized carboxylic acid ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 344]    344Sulfurized carboxylic acid ester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 322.  Compositions wherein the organic compound sulfurized is a carboxylic acid ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 345]    345The carboxylic acid ester is a naturally occurring triglyceride or a naturally occurring wax ester (e.g., sulfurized lard oil, degras, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 344.  Compositions wherein the carboxylic acid ester is a naturally occurring wax ester or a naturally occurring triglyceride.
(1) Note. Examples of naturally occurring ester waxes are lanolin, beeswax, degras, carnauba wax, etc.
(2) Note. Examples of naturally occurring triglycerides are corn oil, lard, soybean oil, palm oil, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 346]    346Phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized organic compound of indeterminate structure (i.e., indeterminate reaction products of organic compounds with phosphorus sulfides or oxides):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure which has been prepared by the reaction of an organic compound with a phosphorus sulfide or a phosphorus oxide.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 347]    347The organic compound is simultaneously reacted with an inorganic phosphorus halide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein an inorganic phosphorus halide and the phosphorus sulfide or oxide are simultaneously reacted with the organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 348]    348The organic compound is an organic nitrogen compound (e.g., phosphosulfurized nitriles, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized is an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 349]    349The organic compound is a phosphorus ester or an organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound (e.g., phosphosulfurized petroleum mahogany sulfonates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized is a phosphorus ester or an organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. A phosphorus ester is characterized by divalent chalcogen bonded to both phosphorus and carbon, wherein the carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to additional carbon.
(2) Note. An organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound is one wherein the-S(=O)(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 350]    350Phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized mixture of hydrocarbon and organic oxygen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound is a component of a mixture of hydrocarbon and an organic oxygen compound, which mixture is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized, resulting in a mixture of phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon and phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized organic oxygen compound.
(1) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition of the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 351]    351The organic compound is a carboxylic acid, salt, or ester (e.g., phosphosulfurized oleic acid, etc.)
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized is a carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid salt, or a carboxylic acid ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 352]    352The organic compound is a naturally occurring triglyceride or a naturally occurring wax ester (e.g., phosphosulfurized degras, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 351.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized is a naturally occurring wax ester or naturally occurring triglyceride.
(1) Note. Examples of naturally occurring wax esters are lanolin, beeswax, spermaceti, carnauba wax, etc.
(2) Note. Examples of naturally occurring triglycerides are corn oil, lard, soybean oil, palm oil, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 353]    353The organic compound contains -XH, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to carbon and H of -XH may be replaced by metal (e.g., phosphosulfurized alkyl phenol sulfides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized contains carbon bonded directly to -XH, wherein H of -XH may be replaced by metal and X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized phenols, thiophenols, alcohols, and their salts, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 354]    354The organic compound is a hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 346.  Compositions wherein the organic compound that is phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized is a hydrocarbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 355]    355With an organic nitrogen compound, which may or may not be reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon, an organic nitrogen compound or (2) wherein the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 356]    356The nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, by nonionic bonding (e.g., amides, aminocarboxylic acids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 355.  Compositions wherein-C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium or tellurium), is attached directly or indirectly to the nitrogen of the organic nitrogen compound by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 357]    357With an organic phosphorus compound, which may or may not be reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon, an organic phosphorus compound or (2) wherein the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 358]    358With an organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound, which may or may not be reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon, an organic-S(=O)(=O)O- compound or (2) wherein the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with an organic-S(=O)(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound is one wherein the-S(=O)(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 359]    359With an organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X"s may be same or diverse chalcogens, which compound may or may not be reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon, an organic-C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) or (2) wherein the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with such an organic -C(=X)X- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=X)X- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=X)X- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 360]    360With an organic chalcogen compound, which may or may not be reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon (e.g., phenols, alcohols, quinones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon, an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound or (2) wherein the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with an organic chalcogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic chalcogen compound is one in which chalcogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 361]    361The phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon is reacted with water, a base, a metal compound, or elemental metal (e.g., overbased phosphosulfurized hydrocarbon, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 354.  Compositions wherein water, a base, a metal compound, or elemental metal is reacted with the phosphosulfurized or phosphooxidized hydrocarbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 362]    362Nitrogen and heavy metal, or nitrogen and aluminum, in the same compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound containing heavy metal and nitrogen, or a compound containing aluminum and nitrogen.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are considered to be those having a specific gravity greater than 4.0.
(3) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are trioctylmethylammonium thiomolybdate and C6H5NHAsCl2 .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 363]    363The nitrogen is bonded directly to the carbon of a -C(=X)X- group, wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens (e.g., dithiocarbamates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Compositions wherein the carbon of a -C(=X)X- group, wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is bonded directly to the nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 364]    364With organic nitrogen, phosphorus, or chalcogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 363.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the nitrogen-heavy metal or nitrogen-aluminum compound, an organic phosphorus compound, an organic nitrogen compound, or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic nitrogen compound and organic chalcogen compound are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 365]    365With metal compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 364.  Compositions which contain, further, an organic compound that contains metal.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 366]    366The nitrogen is multiple bonded to carbon, or is bonded directly to additional nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Compositions wherein carbon is multiple bonded to the nitrogen, or an additional nitrogen is bonded to the nitrogen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are: the iron salt of N-nitroso phenyl hydroxylamine, and

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 366

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 367]    367Containing -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 362.  Compositions wherein the compound that contains nitrogen and heavy metal or nitrogen and aluminum also contains -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e, oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [(C8H17)2N-CH2CH2COO]2Pb
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 368]    368Heavy metal or aluminum in an organic phosphorus compound having four chalcogens bonded directly to the phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain an organic phosphorus compound which (1) contains heavy metal or aluminum and (2) has four chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) bonded directly to the phosphorus.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(3) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is (CH3O)2-P(S)S-Ti(OCH3)3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 369]    369The phosphorus is bonded indirectly to an additional diverse metal or to carbonyl (e.g., molybdenum-zinc dialkyldithiophosphates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Compositions wherein carbonyl or an additional diverse metal is bonded indirectly to the phosphorus.
(1) Note. There are no restrictions relative to the type of bonding between the phosphorus and the carbonyl or additional metal.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are [(CH3OC(O)CH2O-)2P(S)S]2Zn and ZnMo2O3[S(S)P(OAlkyl)2]6
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 370]    370The phosphorus is attached indirectly to chalcogen by nonionic bonding, or is part of a ring consisting of phosphorus, carbon, and chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Compositions wherein (1) the phosphorus is part of a ring consisting of phosphorus, carbon, and chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) or (2) chalcogen is attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are [(C9H19C6H4OCH2CH2O-)2P(=S)S]2Zn and

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 370

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 371]    371The heavy metal is zinc:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Compositions wherein zinc is the heavy metal.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is zinc dihexyl dithiophosphate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 372]    372With organic sulfonate compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound, an organic sulfonate compound.
(1) Note. An organic sulfonate compound is one wherein an -S(=O)(O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 373]    373With organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound and the organic sulfonate compound, an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 374]    374With organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 372.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound and the organic sulfonate compound, an organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. An organic -C(=X)X- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=X)X- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 375]    375With organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound, an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 376]    376The nitrogen is bonded directly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (e.g., amides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 375.  Compositions wherein-C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), is bonded directly to the nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 377]    377With organic phosphorus compound that does not contain zinc:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound, an organic phosphorus compound that does not contain zinc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 378]    378With organic chalcogen compound that does not contain phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 371.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the zinc­organic phosphorus compound, an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that does not contain phosphorus.
(1) Note. An organic chalcogen compound is one wherein chalcogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 379]    379The heavy metal is molybdenum, a rare earth metal, gold, silver, or mercury:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Compositions wherein molybdenum, a rare earth metal, gold, silver, or mercury is the heavy metal.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 380]    380With organic chalcogen compound that does not contain phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 368.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound, an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that does not contain phosphorus.
(1) Note. An organic chalcogen compound is one wherein chalcogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 381]    381Heavy metal or aluminum in the same compound with alkali or alkaline earth metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions wherein an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal is present in the same organic compound as a heavy metal or aluminum.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is Li(C17H35CO2).2Al(OH)3
(2) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(3) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 382]    382Heavy metal or aluminum bonded directly to carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions wherein carbon is bonded directly to heavy metal or to aluminum.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
(3) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is (CH3)3Sn-Sn(C6H5)3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 383]    383The heavy metal or aluminum is bonded directly to carbonyl, or is double bonded directly to chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Compositions wherein carbonyl is bonded directly to the heavy metal or aluminum, or chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is double bonded directly to the heavy metal or aluminum.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are organo metal carbonyl compounds and (CH3)2Sn=S.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 384]    384The heavy metal or aluminum is directly bonded only to carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 382.  Compositions wherein only carbon is directly bonded to the heavy metal or aluminum.
(1) Note. An example of a compound provided for herein is tetraphenyl tin.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 385]    385Heavy metal or aluminum naphthenate, in combination with an organic nitrogen, sulfur, or phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain an organic nitrogen compound, an organic sulfur compound, or an organic phosphorus compound, in combination with a heavy metal or aluminum salt of naphthenic acid.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
(3) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound and organic phosphorus compound are similarly defined.
(4) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 386]    386Organic -XCN or -N=C=X compound, wherein X is chalcogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions wherein-XCN or -N=C=X, wherein X in each instance is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are C6H5-N=C=S and C6H5CH2SCN .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 387]    387Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic sulfonate compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of a compound of known structure having carbon of an organic compound attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to a sulfonate, -S(=O)(=O)O-, group.
(1) Note. Components of indeterminate structure prepared by the reaction of organic sulfate compounds of known structure are provided for herein, because the sulfate group, -O-S(=O)(=O)O-, contains-S(=O)(=O)O-.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 388]    388Organic sulfur compound, wherein the sulfur is single bonded directly to oxygen (e.g., sulfites, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein sulfur is (1) single bonded directly to oxygen, and (2) is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is p-ethyl benzene sulfinic acid, C2H5C6H4S(O)OH .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 389]    389The sulfur is part of an -O-S(=O)(=O)O- group (i.e., sulfates):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.  Compositions wherein the sulfur is present as part of a sulfate, -O-S(=O)(=O)O-, group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is sodium dodecyl sulfate,
Na-O-S(=O)(=O)OC12H25
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 390]    390The sulfur is part of an -O-S(=O)(=O)- group (i.e., sulfonates):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 388.  Compositions wherein the sulfur is present as part of a sulfonate, -S(=O)(=O)O-, group.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are light metal dinonyl naphthalene sulfonates and light metal mahogany sulfonates.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 391]    391Overbased or carbonated sulfonates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions wherein the organic -S(=O)(=O)O- compound is an overbased or carbonated sulfonic acid.
(1) Note. An overbased compound herein is one in which an amount of metal (e.g., Mg, Ca, Ba, Sr) is present which is greater than the stoichiometric amount of metal which would be present if the sulfonic acid were completely neutralized.
(2) Note. A carbonated compound herein is the complex resulting from the reaction of carbon dioxide with metal sulfonates.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 392]    392Prepared by addition of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or salt thereof to a reaction mixture containing alkylphenol, substituted alkylphenol or salt thereof and sulfonic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared by forming a reaction mixture containing (1) a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, and (2) an alkylphenol, a substituted alkylphenol or a salt thereof, and adding to said reaction mixture one of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or a salt thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 393]    393Prepared by chemical reaction of existing overbased sulfonate in the absence of additional base (e.g., converting overbased sulfonate to non-newtonian or thixotropic composition; further reacting overbased sulfonate with carboxylic acid, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared by chemically reacting a previously formed overbased sulfonate, which chemical reacting takes place in the absence of any additional base.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 394]    394Prepared with, or in the presence of, a halogen containing material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared (1) by reacting a halogen containing material, or (2) in the presence of a halogen containing material.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 395]    395Prepared by addition of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or salt thereof to a reaction mixture prior to addition of sulfonic acid or salt thereof (i.e., carbonating reaction mixture prior to addition of sulfonic acid or salt thereof):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared by adding a sulfonic acid or salt thereof to a reaction mixture in which carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or a salt thereof is already present.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 396]    396Prepared with, or in the presence of, a nitrogen containing material:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared (1) by reacting a nitrogen containing material, or (2) in the presence of a nitrogen containing material.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 397]    397The nitrogen containing material is an ammonium salt or a substituted ammonium salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 396.  Compositions wherein an ammonium salt or a substituted ammonium salt serves as the nitrogen containing material.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 398]    398With nonhydrocarbon organic compound in addition to those remaining from overbasing process (e.g., antioxidants, VI improvers, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the overbased or carbonated sulfonate and any material remaining from the overbasing process, an organic compound that is not a hydrocarbon.
(1) Note. This subclass is designed to encompass compositions which include (1) overbased or carbonated sulfonates, (2) any materials remaining from the overbasing process and (3) additional additives, which are nonhydrocarbon organic compounds.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 399]    399The compound is an organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 398.  Compositions wherein the nonhydrocarbon organic compound contains nitrogen which is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of the organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 400]    400The compound is a carboxylic acid ester (e.g., as lubricant base, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 398.  Compositions wherein a carboxylic acid ester is the nonhydrocarbon organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 401]    401Prepared by addition of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 391.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared by addition of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or a salt thereof to a reaction mixture containing a sulfonic acid or salt thereof, or by simultaneous addition of (1) carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or a salt thereof and (2) sulfonic acid or salt thereof to a reaction mixture.
(1) Note. The reaction mixture may not contain alkylphenol, substituted alkylphenol, or a salt thereof. Such processes are provided for in subclass 392, supra.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 402]    402Multiple additions thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 401.  Compositions wherein the overbased or carbonated sulfonate is prepared by a process utilizing multiple, separate additions of carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, or a salt thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 403]    403The single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to carbon (e.g., sulfonate esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions wherein carbon is bonded directly to the single bonded oxygen of the -S(=O)(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. This subclass encompasses primarily sulfonic acid esters.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C6H5-SO2OC5H11, benzene sulfonic acid, amyl ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 404]    404Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions wherein the sulfonate group is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are sulfamic acids and
C10H11-C(O)N(CH3)CH2CH2SO3H
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 405]    405Non-sulfonate chalcogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions wherein the sulfonate group is attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) that is not part of a sulfonate group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is CH3OC(O)CH(SO3H)CH2C(O)O H3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 406]    406Halogen attached indirectly to the sulfonate group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions wherein the sulfonate group is attached indirectly to halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is CF3SO2OLi.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 407]    407With rosin, tall oil, or derivatives thereof of indeterminate structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the sulfonate group containing compound, rosin, tall oil, or derivatives of indeterminate structure thereof.
(1) Note. If an additional component is identified as fatty acid(s) or abietic acid(s) of known structure derived from rosin or tall oil, such acids are classified on the basis of their structure. If the acids are identified solely by reference to their source, they are classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 408]    408With organic phosphorus compound (e.g., phosphate esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the sulfonate group containing compound, an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic phosphorus compound is one wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 409]    409With carboxylic acid ester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the sulfonate group containing compound, a carboxylic acid ester.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 410]    410Organic nitrogen compound salt of a sulfonic acid, or an organic nitrogen compound is present:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the sulfonate group containing compound, an organic nitrogen compound or (2) which contain an organic nitrogen compound salt of a sulfonic acid.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 411]    411The organic nitrogen compound is a guanidine or a carboxylic acid amide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 410.  Compositions wherein the organic nitrogen compound is a carboxylic acid amide or a guanidine.
(1) Note. A guanidine is NH2-C(=NH)NH2, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 412]    412Chalcogen attached indirectly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding (e.g., trialkanolamines, phenol-aldehyde-amine condensates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 410.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 413]    413With organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the sulfonate containing compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 414]    414Ring bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group (e.g., phthalates, naphthenates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 413.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- carbon is bonded directly to a ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 415]    415With compound having alcoholic or phenolic -OH, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 413.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic -C(=O)O- compound and the sulfonate containing compound, a compound having an alcoholic or phenolic hydroxyl group, or a salt thereof.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 416]    416With organic halogen or non-sulfonate chalcogen compound (e.g., haloparaffins, ethers, ketones, polyols, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the sulfonate containing compound, an organic halogen compound or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that does not contain a sulfonate group.
(1) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic chalcogen compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 417]    417The non-sulfonate chalcogen compound is a phenol, or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 416.  Compositions wherein the organic chalcogen compound that does not contain a sulfonate group is a phenol or a salt of a phenol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 418]    418Aluminum or heavy metal sulfonate salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 390.  Compositions which contain a heavy metal or an aluminum salt of a sulfonic acid.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 419]    419Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting a compound having phos­phorus single bonded directly to chalcogen by nonionic bonding and attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding (e.g., by reaction of phosphorus acids and esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, said compound being prepared by the reaction of a compound wherein chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) is single bonded directly to phosphorus by nonionic bonding, which phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly to carbon by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 420]    420A nitrogen compound is reacted with the phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 419.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus compound is reacted with a nitrogen compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 421]    421Organic phosphorus compound, wherein the phosphorus is single bonded directly to chalcogen by nonionic bonding (e.g., phosphorus acids, esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain an organic phosphorus compound wherein phosphorus is (1) single bonded directly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding and is (2) attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is (C6H5)2P-O-C6H5
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 422]    422The phosphorus is in a ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is a member of a ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 422

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 423]    423Additional phosphorus attached directly or indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein an additional phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [(C6H5O)2P-OCH2]4C
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 424]    424Plural phosphori bonded to the same chalcogen or chain of chalcogens (e.g., pyrophosphates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Compositions wherein a single chalcogen or a chain of chalcogens is bonded to plural phosphori.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [(C2H5O)2P(S)S-]3P
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 425]    425Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [(C6H5O)2P(O)]2NC12H25
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 426]    426Having -C(=O)O- attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 423.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is attached indirectly to-C(=O)O- by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is
[(CH3O)2P(S)SCH2OC(O)]2CH2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 427]    427Nitrogen or halogen bonded directly to the phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is bonded directly to nitrogen or to halogen.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are (CH3O)2PNHCOOC2H5 and CCl3P(O)(OH)Cl
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 428]    428Nitrogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding (e.g., phosphatides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C7H15CONHCH2PO3H2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 429]    429Chalcogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is attached indirectly to chalcogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is
(CH3O)2P(S)SCH2CH2OH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 430]    430The chalcogen, X, is part of a -C(=X)- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 429.  Compositions wherein the chalcogen, designated by X, is part of a -C(=X)- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is S=P(SCH2COOCH3)3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 431]    431Plural carbons bonded directly to the chalcogen or to a chain of chalcogens:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 429.  Compositions wherein the chalcogen or a chain of chalcogens is bonded directly to plural carbons.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [C8H17-(OCH2CH2)3-O]3P=O
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 432]    432The chalcogen is sulfur, or the chain of chalcogens is a chain of sulfurs:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 431.  Compositions wherein sulfur is the chalcogen, or a chain of sulfurs is the chain of chalcogens.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are O=P(OCH2SCH3)3 and C10H21-S-S-CH2P(O)(OCH3)2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 433]    433Divalent chalcogen double bonded directly to the phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus of the organic phosphorus compound is double bonded directly to divalent chalcogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is ClC6H4O-P(S)(OCH3)2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 434]    434Hydrogen bonded directly to the phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus is bonded directly to hydrogen.
(1) Note. An example of component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 434

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 435]    435Phosphorus acid salt with metal or ammonia (e.g., overbased or carbonated phosphorus acids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Compositions wherein the organic phosphorus compound is a phosphorus acid in the form of its salt with metal or ammonia.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 436]    436Organic nitrogen compound salt of phosphorus acid, or organic nitrogen compound is present with phosphorus acid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound present as a phosphorus acid, an organic nitrogen compound or (2) wherein the organic phosphorus compound is in the form of an organic nitrogen compound salt of an organic phosphorus acid.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 437]    437With organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 436.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the component of subclass 436, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 438]    438With organic nitrogen, sulfur, or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound, an organic nitrogen compound, an organic sulfur compound, or an organic halogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic sulfur compound and organic halogen compound are similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 439]    439With organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 438.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound and the organic nitrogen compound, organic sulfur compound or organic halogen compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 440]    440With organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 433.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound, an organic -C(=O)O- compound.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 441]    441Three divalent chalcogens single bonded directly to trivalent phosphorus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 421.  Compositions wherein the phosphorus of the organic phosphorus compound is trivalent and is single bonded directly to three divalent chalcogens.
(1) Note. The principal type of component provided for herein is phosphite esters, of the general formula P(OR)3.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 442]    442With organic chalcogen or nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 441.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the organic phosphorus compound, an organic chalcogen compound or an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic chalcogen compound is one wherein chalcogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic nitrogen compound is similarly defined.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 443]    443Organic -C(=X)X- compound, wherein the X"s are the same or diverse chalcogens, with at least one X being sulfur:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein the carbon of a -C(=X)X- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound, and wherein the X"s may be the same or diverse chalcogens (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium), with at least one X being sulfur.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are: C5H11-C(O)S-SC(O)C5H11 ; and (C6H5CSS)2Ca
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 444]    444The single bonded chalcogen is bonded directly to an additional carbon, which carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon (i.e, thiocarboxy esters):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 443.  Compositions wherein an additional carbon, which may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon, is bonded directly to the single bonded X.
(1) Note. The components provided for herein are esters of thiocarboxy compounds.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: C8H17-C(O)S-CH2-C(O)OCH3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 445]    445Chalcogen bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=X)X-group (e.g., xanthate esters, trithiocarbonate esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 444.  Compositions wherein the carbon of the -C(=X)X- group is bonded directly to an additional chalcogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: CH3-O-C(S)-S-CH3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 446]    446Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic cyano or isocyano compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of an organic cyano compound or an organic isocyano compound of known structure.
(1) Note. An organic cyano or isocyano compound is one wherein a cyano group (-CN) or an isocyano group (-N=C) is attached directly or indirectly to carbon of an organic compound by nonionic bonding.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 447]    447Organic cyano or isocyano compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein a cyano group (-CN) or an isocyano group (-N=C) is attached directly or indirectly to carbon of an organic compound by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is benzonitrile.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 448]    448Nitrogen attached directly or indirectly to the cyano group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 447.  Compositions wherein the cyano group is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are CN-CH2-CONH2 and NC-CH2CH2-CN
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 449]    449Rosin, tall oil, or derivatives of indeterminate structure thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain rosin, tall oil, or derivatives of indeterminate structure thereof.
(1) Note. If a component is identified as fatty acid(s) or abietic acid(s) of known structure derived from rosin or tall oil, such acids are classified on the basis of their structure. If the acids are identified solely by reference to their source, they are classified here.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 450]    450Purified or chemically reacted naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax (e.g., acidolized, hydrogenated, halogenated, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax that has been chemically reacted or that has been purified.
(1) Note. Examples of naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester waxes are lanolin, carnauba wax, beeswax, and sperma­ceti.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 451]    451Naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax (e.g., carnauba wax, lanolin, beeswax, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax.
(1) Note. To be classified herein, a component must be characterized as a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax, or must be a substance known to be a naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester wax.
(2) Note. Examples of known naturally occurring carboxylic acid ester waxes are lanolin, beeswax, carnauba oil, and spermaceti.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 452]    452Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic -C(=O)O- compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of an organic-C(=O)O- compound of known structure.
(1) Note. An organic -C(=O)O- compound is one in which the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 453]    453An aldehyde or azomethine is reacted with the -C(=O)O-compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is reacted with an aldehyde or with an azomethine.
(1) Note. An azomethine is a compound of the type:

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 453

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 454]    454A nitrogen compound is reacted with the-C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is reacted with a compound that contains nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 455]    455A polyhydroxy compound is reacted with the -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is reacted with a compound that contains plural hydroxy groups.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 456]    456Polymerized triglycerides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein the compound of indeterminate structure is a polymerized triglyceride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 457]    457Benzene ring compound reacted with the-C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is reacted with a compound that contains a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 458]    458A reactant contains halogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 452.  Compositions wherein halogen is present in a reactant.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 459]    459Organic -C(=O)O- compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein the carbon of a -C(=O)O- group is, or is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to, the carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are oleic acid and stearic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 460]    460Overbased or carbonated carboxylates:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the organic -C(=O)O- compound is an overbased or carbonated carboxylic acid.
(1) Note. An overbased compound herein is one in which an amount of metal (e.g., Mg, Ca, Ba, Sr) is present which is greater than the stoichiometric amount of metal which would be present if the carboxylic acid were completely neutralized.
(2) Note. A carbonated compound herein is the complex resulting from the reaction of carbon dioxide with metal carboxylates.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 461]    461Phosphorus attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to phosphorus by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: O=P(CH2CH2COOCH2CH3)3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 462]    462Additional chalcogen bonded directly to the carbon or the oxy of the -C(=O)O- group (i.e., carbonates, percarboxylates):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the oxy or the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to additional chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are: C6H11-O-C(O)-O-C6H11 and C6H5-C(O)-O-O-C(CH3)3

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

445,for components which contain an organic -S-C(=O)O- ester compound
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 463]    463Specified compound wherein the single bonded oxygen is bonded directly to an additional carbon, which carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon (i.e., specified carboxylic acid ester):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain a specified compound wherein an additional carbon is bonded directly to the single bonded oxygen, which carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon.
(1) Note. This subclass encompasses carboxylic acid esters.
(2) Note. The expression "specified compound" means that a carboxylic acid ester lubricant base component, in order to be classified in this subclass or its indents, must be structurally identified to the point where the component can be placed in this subclass or a specific indent on the basis of a complete structure. This structure may be expressed generically or specifically, but it must be expressed in the claims. Such descriptions as "ester," "carboxylic acid ester," "aryl ester," "aliphatic ester," "substituted carboxylic acid ester," etc. will not be deemed sufficient to warrant classification in this subclass or its indents. A generically expressed structure which would be properly classifiable herein may be exemplified by "an alkyl benzoate, substituted in the alkyl portion by halogen, amino or alkoxy." Such a generic expression allows identification of exact substances within its scope.
When a carboxylic acid ester is present as a lubricant additive rather than as a lubricant base, placement of such an additive will be effected in the normal manner.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 464]    464Nitrogen bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is
NH2-C(=O)O-(CH2CH2O)2-C(=O)-NH2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 465]    465Plural -C(=O)O- groups attached directly or indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding (e.g., estolides of hydroxy carboxylic acids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions wherein an additional -C(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. The additional -C(=O)O- group does not have to be present as part of a carboxylic acid ester group.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 465

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 466]    466Polymer of alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid ester monomer, or of esterified alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid or anhydride monomer (e.g., copolymer of maleic acid ester and vinyl alkyl ether, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the compound having plural -C(=O)O- groups is a polymer prepared from an alpha,beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid ester monomer, or from an alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid or anhydride monomer which is esterified before, during, or after polymerization.
(1) Note. The monomers are normally addition polymerized through the olefinic double bond.
(2) Note. The polymers encompassed herein may be homopolymers or copolymers.
(3) Note. Typical alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic ester monomers are maleates and fumarates.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 467]    467Monocarboxylic acid ester of olefinically unsaturated alcohol is an additional monomer of the polymer (e.g., dialkyl fumarate-vinyl acetate copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 466.  Compositions wherein a monomer that is a monocarboxylic acid ester of an olefinically unsaturated alcohol forms a copolymer with the alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic monomer.
(1) Note. More than two discrete olefinic­ally unsaturated monomers may form terpolymers, etc.
(2) Note. A typical monocarboxylic acid ester of an olefinically unsaturated alcohol is vinyl acetate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 468]    468Olefin or alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate is an additional monomer of the polymer (e.g., fumarate-ethylene or fumarate-acrylate copolymers, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 466.  Compositions wherein an olefin monomer or an alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer forms a copolymer with the alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic monomer.
(1) Note. More than two discrete olefinic­ally unsaturated monomers may form terpolymers, etc.
(2) Note. The alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate is typically an acrylate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 469]    469Polymer of alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer (e.g., polymethylmethacrylate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the compound having plural -C(=O)O- groups is a polymer prepared from an alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer.
(1) Note. The monomers are normally addition polymerized through the olefinic double bonds.
(2) Note. The polymers encompassed herein may be homopolymers or copolymers.
(3) Note. Methyl methacrylate is a typical alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 470]    470Nitrogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding (e.g., lauryl methacrylate-diethylaminomethyl­acryl copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 469.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups of the polymer are attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 471]    471Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, bonded directly to the nitrogen (e.g., acrylamide-methyl acrylate copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 470.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 472]    472Olefinically unsaturated compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester is an additional monomer of the polymer (e.g., ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 469.  Compositions wherein an olefinically unsaturated compound monomer that is not a carboxylic acid ester forms a copolymer with the alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer.
(1) Note. More than two discrete olefinic­ally unsaturated monomers may form terpolymers, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 473]    473With hydrocarbon polymer, carboxylic acid, or carboxylic acid salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 469.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polymer of the alpha, beta olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer, a carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid salt, or a hydrocarbon polymer.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 474]    474With non-acrylate organic chalcogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 469.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the polymer of the alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer, an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that is not an acrylate.
(1) Note. An organic chalcogen compound is one wherein chalcogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(3) Note. An acrylate has the basic structure H2C=CH-C(=O)O-, wherein substitution may be made for hydrogen only.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 475]    475Polymer of monocarboxylic acid ester of olefinically unsaturated alcohol (e.g., ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the compound having plural -C(=O)O- groups is a polymer prepared from a monocarboxylic acid ester of an olefinically unsaturated alcohol.
(1) Note. The monomers are normally addition polymerized through the olefinic double bonds.
(2) Note. The polymers encompassed herein may be homopolymers or copolymers.
(3) Note. Vinyl acetate is a typical monocarboxylic acid ester of an olefinically unsaturated alcohol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 476]    476Nitrogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 477]    477Benzene ring, chalcogen, or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, attached directly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 476.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached directly to a benzene ring, chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) or -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is
HO-N-[CH2-S-CH2-C(=O)OCH3]2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 478]    478Benzene ring attached directly or indirectly to the -C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached directly or indirectly to a benzene ring by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 479]    479The benzene ring is bonded directly to carbon of a -C(=O)O- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 478.  Compositions wherein carbon of a -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to the benzene ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 480]    480Carbons of plural -C(=O)O- groups are bonded directly to the same benzene ring (e.g., vanadium salt of oleyl acid phthalate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 479.  Compositions wherein the benzene ring is bonded directly to carbons of plural -C(=O)O- groups.
(1) Note. Phthalic acid monoesters are typical of the components provided for herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 481]    481Three or more -C(=O)O- groups attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 480.  Compositions wherein more than two -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 482]    482Phthalic acid dialkyl ester:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 480.  Compositions which contain dialkyl esters of phthalic acid.
(1) Note. Phthalic acid is o-benzene dicarboxylic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 483]    483The benzene ring is bonded directly to the single bonded oxygen of a -C(=O)O- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 478.  Compositions wherein a -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to the benzene ring through its single bonded oxygen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is [CH3C(=O)O-C6H4-]2S
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 484]    484Cycloaliphatic ring attached directly to carbon of a -C(=O)O- group:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein carbon of a -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to a cycloaliphatic ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 485]    485Esterified alcohol is polyhydroxy alcohol (e.g., pentaerythritol tetraalkanoate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein a single bonded oxygen of one of the-C(=O)O- groups is the oxygen of an esterified polyhydroxy alcohol.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: CH3C(=O)O-(CH2)2-O-(CH2)2-O(O=)CCH3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 486]    486Esterified polyhydroxy alcohol is glycerol (i.e., glycerides):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 485.  Compositions wherein glycerol is the polyhydroxy alcohol.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is a halogenated triglyceride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 487]    487With organic nitrogen or phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 486.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, an organic nitrogen compound or an organic phosphorus compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Similar considerations apply to an organic phosphorus compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 488]    488With carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 486.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, a carboxylic acid or a salt of a carboxylic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 489]    489With organic non-carboxylic acid ester oxygen compound or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 486.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, an organic halogen compound or an organic oxygen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(1) Note. An additional carboxylic acid ester may be present that is not the specified carboxylic acid ester of subclass 486, provided there is also present an organic halogen compound or an organic oxygen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(2) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. An organic halogen compound is similarly defined.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 490]    490With hydrocarbon polymer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 486.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, a polymeric hydrocarbon.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 491]    491Naturally occurring triglyceride (e.g., tallow, castor oil, corn oil, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 486.  Compositions which contain a naturally occurring triglyceride.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

486,for naturally occurring triglycerides that have been chemically treated.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 492]    492Polycarboxylic acid esterifies polyhydroxy alcohol:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 485.  Compositions wherein the specified carboxylic acid ester is formed by the esterification of a polyhydroxy alcohol with a polycarboxylic acid.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is:
C18H35OOCC2H4COOC2H4OOCC2H4COOH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 493]    493With organic non-carboxylic acid ester chalcogen compound, nitrogen compound, or halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 492.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, an organic nitrogen compound, an organic halogen compound, or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(1) Note. An additional carboxylic acid ester may be present that is not the specified carboxylic acid ester of subclass 492, provided there is also present one of an organic nitrogen compound, an organic halogen compound, or an organic chalcogen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(2) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Organic halogen compounds and organic chalcogen compounds are similarly defined.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 494]    494Ether or thioether chalcogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- groups (e.g., polyethyl­eneglycol esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 492.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to an ether or thioether chalcogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 495]    495With organic non-carboxylic acid ester chalcogen compound or nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 485.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, an organic nitrogen compound or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(1) Note. An additional carboxylic acid ester may be present that is not the specified carboxylic acid ester of subclass 485, provided there is also present one of an organic nitrogen compound or an organic chalcogen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(2) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. An organic chalcogen compound is similarly defined.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 496]    496Mono-, di-, or polyester of polycarboxylic acid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 465.  Compositions wherein the specified carboxylic acid ester is a polycarboxylic acid ester which is mono-, di- or polyesterified.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 497]    497Non-carboxylate chalcogen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding (e.g., tartaric acid esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 496.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to a chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) that is not part of a -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 498]    498With carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 496.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, a carboxylic acid or a carboxylic acid salt.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 499]    499With hydrocarbon polymer, organic halogen compound, or organic non-carboxylic acid ester chalcogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 496.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, an organic halogen compound, a polymeric hydrocarbon or an organic chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(1) Note. An additional carboxylic acid ester may be present that is not the specified carboxylic acid ester of subclass 496, provided there is also present one of an organic halogen compound, a hydrocarbon polymer, or an organic chalcogen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(2) Note. An organic halogen compound is one wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. An organic chalcogen compound is similarly defined.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 500]    500Nitrogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 501]    501Chalcogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding (e.g., pentaerythritol monooleate, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 502]    502The chalcogen and the carbon of the-C(=O)O- group are bonded to a single benzene ring (e.g., salicylic acid esters, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 501.  Compositions wherein a single benzene ring is bonded to the chalcogen and to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 503]    503With carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid salt, or organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 501.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, a carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid salt, or an organic nitrogen compound.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 504]    504Halogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: CCl3-CHCl-CHCl-COOCH3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 505]    505With hydrocarbon polymer or organic non-carboxylic acid ester oxygen compound (e.g., polybutene, dimer carboxylic acids, alcohols, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 463.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the specified carboxylic acid ester, a polymeric hydrocarbon or an organic oxygen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(1) Note. An additional carboxylic acid ester may be present that is not the specified carboxylic acid ester of subclass 463, provided that there is also present one of a polymeric hydrocarbon or an organic oxygen compound that is not a carboxylic acid ester.
(2) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 506]    506Plural -C(=O)O- groups attached directly or indirectly to each other by nonionic bonding (e.g., alkyl succinic acid, linoleic acid dimer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein an additional -C(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are oxalic acid and alkenyl succinic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 507]    507Polymer of alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer (e.g., acrylic acid-butadiene copolymer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions wherein the plural -C(=O)O- groups are in a polymer prepared from an alpha, beta-olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer.
(1) Note. The monomers are normally addition polymerized through the olefinic double bond.
(2) Note. The polymers encompassed herein may be homopolymers or copolymers.
(3) Note. Acrylic acid is a typical alpha, beta olefinically unsaturated carboxylate monomer.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 508]    508Nitrogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C10H21-NH-C(=O)-N(CH2COOH)2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 509]    509Halogen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly to halogen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 510]    510Non-carboxylate oxygen attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- groups by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- groups are attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to oxygen that is not part of a -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 511]    511Organic nitrogen salt of a polycarboxylic acid, or with organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions (1) which contain, in addition to the component having the additional -C(=O)O- group, an organic nitrogen compound, or (2) which contain an organic nitrogen compound salt of a polycarboxylic acid.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 512]    512With organic monocarboxylate or non-carboxylate oxygen compound (e.g., phenols, polyethers, hydroxystearates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 506.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the component having the additional -C(=O)O- group, an organic oxygen compound that contains one-C(=O)O- group or no -C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 513]    513Nitrogen attached to the -C(=O)O- group directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding (e.g., carbamic acids, amino acids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached directly or indirectly to nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are carbamic acids and 5-amino salicylic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 514]    514Having additional -C(=O)- bonded directly to the nitrogen (e.g., N-lauroyl sarcosine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 513.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to a -C(=O)- group that is not the -C(=O)- of the-C(=O)O- group.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C8H17CON(CH3)CH2COOH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 515]    515The additional -C(=O)- is bonded directly to a benzene ring, or additional nitrogen is attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding (e.g., terephthalamates, polyamide acids, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 514.  Compositions wherein (1) a benzene ring is bonded directly to the additional -C(=O)- group, or (2) the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to an additional nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are CH3CONHCH2NHCOCH2COONa and

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 516]    516Chalcogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- is attached indirectly to chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C2H5COCOONa
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 517]    517Plural carbons bonded directly to the chalcogen (e.g., ethers, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Compositions wherein the chalcogen is bonded directly to plural carbons.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is CH3CH2OCH2CH2COONa
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 518]    518The chalcogen and the carbon of the-C(=O)O- group are bonded to a single benzene ring (e.g., salicylic acid salts, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Compositions wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group and the chalcogen are bonded to a single benzene ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 519]    519The chalcogen is in an -OH group bonded to an acyclic carbon (wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal, ammonium, or substituted ammonium; e.g., lithium-12-hydroxy stear­ate, saponified castor oil, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 516.  Compositions wherein an acyclic carbon is bonded to the chalcogen, which is present as part of an -OH group (wherein the H of-OH may be replaced by metal, ammonium, or substituted ammonium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is lithium -12-hydroxy stearate.
(2) Note. Saponified castor oil is provided for herein.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 520]    520With ether or alcohol (except glycerin):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 519.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, an alcohol (except glycerin) or an ether.
(1) Note. Glycerin may be present in compositions of this subclass, provided that there is also present an ether or an alcohol that is not glycerin.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 521]    521With organic nitrogen compound (which may be present as the amine salt of the acid), hydrocarbon polymer or halohydrocarbon polymer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 519.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, a polymeric hydrocarbon, a polymeric halohydrocarbon, or an organic nitrogen compound (which may be present as the organic nitrogen compound salt of the -C(=O)O- compound).
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 522]    522With hydrocarbon fatty acid or salt thereof, or complexes of such salt mixtures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 519.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, (1) a salt of a hydrocarbon fatty acid or a hydrocarbon fatty acid, per se, or (2) a complex formed from the -C(=O)O- compound and the hydrocarbon fatty acid salt or hydrocarbon fatty acid, per se.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

519,for compositions containing saponified castor oil.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 523]    523Alkaline earth metal, aluminum, or heavy metal salt of the hydroxy carboxylic acid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 519.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is in the form of a salt, the salifying agent being an alkaline earth metal, aluminum, or a heavy metal.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered as a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those with a specific gravity greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 524]    524Halogen attached indirectly to the-C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is Cl3C(CH2)10COOH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 525]    525Benzene ring bonded directly to the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group (e.g., aluminum complex salts, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the carbon of the -C(=O)O- group is bonded directly to a benzene ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is benzoic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 526]    526Benzene ring attached indirectly to the -C(=O)O- group by nonionic bonding (e.g., phenylstearate salts, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions wherein the -C(=O)O- group is attached indirectly to a benzene ring by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the calcium salt of phenyl stearic acid.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 527]    527Organic nitrogen salt of a carboxylic acid, or an organic nitrogen compound is present:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which (1) contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, an organic nitrogen compound, or (2) wherein the -C(=O)O- compound is in the form of an organic nitrogen compound salt of a carboxylic acid.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 528]    528Having -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen, attached directly to the nitrogen (e.g., amides, polyureas, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 527.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached directly to -C(=X)-, wherein X is chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 529]    529Benzene ring bonded directly to the nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 527.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 530]    530The nitrogen is part of an alkanolamine:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 527.  Compositions wherein the organic nitrogen compound is an alkanolamine.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is:
N(CH2CH2OH)3,
which may be present as the cationic portion of a carboxylic acid salt.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 531]    531With phenol or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, a phenol or a salt of a phenol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 532]    532With ether or alcohol (except glycerin):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, an alcohol (except glycerin) or an ether.
(1) Note. Glycerin may be present in compositions of this subclass, provided that there is also present an ether or an alcohol that is not glycerin.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 533]    533With organic halogen or sulfur compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, an organic halogen or an organic sulfur compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An organic sulfur compound is one wherein sulfur is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound. Similar considerations apply to an organic halogen compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 534]    534With rubber, hydrocarbon polymer, petroleum resin, or hydrocarbon wax (e.g., polyisobutylene, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain, in addition to the -C(=O)O- compound, hydrocarbon wax, petroleum resin, polymeric hydrocarbon, or rubber.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 535]    535Mixture of salt of carboxylic acid of six or fewer carbons with salt of carboxylic acid of more than six carbons, or complexes of such mixtures:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain (1) a salt of a carboxylic acid of six or fewer carbon atoms, and (2) a salt of a carboxylic acid of more than six carbons, or contain a complex formed from (1) and (2).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 536]    536Mixture of carboxylic acid salts having different cations:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain carboxylic acid salts of more than one cation.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 537]    537One of the cations is aluminum or heavy metal:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 536.  Compositions wherein heavy metal or aluminum is one of the cations.
(1) Note. Arsenic is considered a heavy metal.
(2) Note. Heavy metals are those whose specific gravity is greater than 4.0.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 538]    538Naphthenic acid or salt thereof:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain a salt of a naphthenic acid or a naphthenic acid, per se.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 539]    539Carboxylate salt, with no free acid present:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 459.  Compositions which contain a salt a carboxylic acid, but do not contain a free carboxylic acid.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are alkaline earth metal carboxylates.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 540]    540Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting a compound of known structure having halogen attached directly to phosphorus or chalcogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting a compound of known structure having phosphorus or chalcogen (i.e., oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium) attached directly to halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the reaction product of a cyclized polymer of a polyolefin with phosphorus trichloride.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 541]    541Organic selenium or tellurium compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein selenium or tellurium is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are C2H5-Se-C2H5 and C12H25-Te-C12H25 .
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 542]    542Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an aldehyde, a phenol or phenol salt, and ammonia or substituted ammonia (e.g., reaction of formaldehyde, phenol, and amine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure which is prepared by reacting (1) ammonia or substituted ammonia, (2) a phenol or a phenol salt, and (3) an aldehyde.
(1) Note. Many of the compounds of indeterminate structure provided for as components herein are the class of compounds known as Mannich bases. Many compounds which result from this type reaction, however, are of known structure. In this class, subclasses 556+ provide for many compounds of this type.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 543]    543Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic nitrogen compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure prepared by the reaction of an organic nitrogen compound of known structure.
(1) Note. An organic nitrogen compound is one wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(2) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(3) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the product of indeterminate structure resulting from the reaction of a nitrosophenol with an alkylene polyamine.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 544]    544An aldehyde is reacted with the organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 543.  Compositions wherein the organic nitrogen compound is reacted with an aldehyde to yield the compound of indeterminate structure.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 545]    545Organic nitrogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein nitrogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is dicyclohexyl amine.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 546]    546Additional nitrogen bonded directly to the nitrogen (e.g., hydrazines, semicarbazones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to an additional nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 546

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 547]    547Quaternary ammonium salts or N-oxides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions which contain an amine oxide or a quaternary ammonium compound.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 547

and
(CH3)3N+CH2CH2OH-OH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 548]    548Oxygen, sulfur, or phosphorus attached directly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached directly to phosphorus or to oxygen or sulfur by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 548

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 549]    549Nitro or nitroso bonded directly to carbon:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 548.  Compositions wherein carbon is bonded directly to a nitro or a nitroso group.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 550]    550Carbon double bonded directly to the nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is double bonded directly to carbon.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 550

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 551]    551Having -C(=X)- bonded directly to the nitrogen, wherein X is oxygen or sulfur:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein-C(=X)-, wherein X is oxygen or sulfur, is bonded directly to the nitrogen.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 552]    552Additional nitrogen bonded directly to the -C(=X)- group (e.g., ureas, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 551.  Compositions wherein the -C(=X)- group is further bonded directly to an additional nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 552

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 553]    553Having -OH substituted benzene ring bonded directly to the -C(=X)- or to the nitrogen (wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal, ammonium, or substituted ammonium; e.g., salicylamides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 551.  Compositions whereineither the nitrogen or the -C(=X)- group is bonded directly to a benzene ring that is further substituted by -OH (wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal, ammonium or substituted ammonium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 553

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 554]    554Plural nitrogens bonded directly to a single acyclic hydrocarbon chain (e.g., amides of ethylene diamine, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 551.  Compositions wherein a single acyclic hydrocarbon chain is bonded directly to more than one nitrogen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C7H15C(=O)NHCH2CH2NHCH2CH2NHC(=O)C7H15
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 555]    555Additional oxygen or sulfur attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding (e.g., oxamides, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 551.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly to an additional oxygen or sulfur by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is HOCH2CH2CH2CONHC11H23
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 556]    556Nitrogen attached indirectly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly to an additional nitrogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 556

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 557]    557Plural nitrogens bonded directly to a single benzene ring:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 556.  Compositions wherein a single benzene ring is bonded directly to plural nitrogens.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 557

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 558]    558Plural nitrogens bonded directly to a single acyclic hydrocarbon chain:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 556.  Compositions wherein a single acyclic hydrocarbon chain is bonded directly to plural nitrogens.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 558

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 559]    559Oxygen or sulfur attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 558.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly to oxygen or sulfur by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is NH2-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-OH
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 560]    560Oxygen or sulfur bonded directly to a benzene ring (e.g., aniline disulfide, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 556.  Compositions wherein a benzene ring is bonded directly to oxygen or sulfur.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 560

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 561]    561Oxygen or sulfur attached indirectly to the nitrogen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly by nonionic bonding to oxygen or sulfur.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 561

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 562]    562The oxygen or sulfur is attached indirectly to the nitrogen by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 561.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is attached indirectly to the oxygen or sulfur by acyclic nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: C2H5-S-CH2CHOHCH2-NHCH3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 563]    563Benzene ring bonded directly to the nitrogen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 545.  Compositions wherein the nitrogen is bonded directly to a benzene ring.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 564]    564Organic phosphorus compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein phosphorus is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 565]    565Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic sulfur compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting a compound of known structure which has sulfur attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 566]    566Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of a phenol, an aldehyde, and at least one of carbon disulfide, metal sulfide, or ammonium sulfide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure prepared by reacting (1) one of carbon disulfide, metal sulfide, or ammonium sulfide, (2) an aldehyde, and (3) a phenol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 567]    567Organic sulfur compound (e.g., mercaptans, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein sulfur is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 568]    568Sulfur multiple bonded to another, different, atom (e.g., thioketones, sulfones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 567.  Compositions wherein another, different, atom is multiple bonded to sulfur.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are CH3S(=O)CH2OH and t-Bu-S-S(=O)-t-Bu
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 569]    569Sulfides (i.e., plural carbons bonded directly to a single sulfur atom or sulfur chain):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 567.  Compositions wherein the sulfur atom, or a chain of sulfur atoms of which the sulfur atom is a part, is bonded directly to plural carbons.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 570]    570Halogen, oxygen, or additional sulfur attached indirectly to the sulfur atom or sulfur chain by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 569.  Compositions wherein the sulfur atom or sulfur chain is attached indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding to halogen, oxygen, or additional sulfur.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is
C4H9CH(SC4H9)2
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 571]    571Benzene ring attached indirectly to the sulfur atom or sulfur chain by acyclic nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 569.  Compositions wherein the sulfur atom or sulfur chain is attached indirectly by acyclic nonionic bonding to a benzene ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is C6H5CH2-S-S-CH2C6H5
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 572]    572Having plural -OH substituted benzene rings bonded directly to the sulfur atom or sulfur chain wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal or ammonium; (e.g., sulfurized calcium alkylphenolates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 569.  Compositions wherein the sulfur atom or sulfur chain is bonded directly to plural benzene rings which are substituted by -OH (wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal or ammonium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 572

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 573]    573Halogen, a ring, carbonyl, or additional -OH bonded directly to one of the benzene rings:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 572.  Compositions wherein one of the benzene rings is bonded directly to halogen, a ring, carbonyl, or an additional -OH.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 573

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 574]    574Overbased or carbonated (e.g., overbased sulfurized phenates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 572.  Compositions wherein the organic sulfur compound is overbased or carbonated.
(1) Note. An overbased compound herein is one in which an amount of metal (e.g., Mg, Ca, Ba, Sr) is present which is greater than the stoichiometric amount of metal which would be present if the phenolic sulfur compound were completely neutralized.
(2) Note. A carbonated compound herein is the complex resulting from the reaction of carbon dioxide with metal phenate.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 575]    575Compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by reacting an organic oxygen compound of known structure:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound of indeterminate structure, prepared by the reaction of an organic oxygen compound of known structure.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the product of indeterminate structure prepared by the reaction of acetylacetone with stannic halide.
(2) Note. An organic oxygen compound is one wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(3) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 576]    576The organic oxygen compound of known structure is a carboxylic acid halide:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 575.  Compositions wherein a carboxylic acid halide is the organic oxygen compound of known structure.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is the condensation product of sebacic acid dihalide and a petroleum fraction.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 577]    577Organic oxygen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein oxygen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 578]    578Carbocyclic ring bonded directly to the carbon of a carbonyl group (e.g., phenyl ketones, anthraquinones, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 577.  Compositions wherein a carbonyl group, -C(=O)-, is bonded directly to a carbocyclic ring.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 578

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 579]    579Ethers:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 577.  Compositions wherein an oxygen atom is bonded directly to two carbon atoms, i.e., is an ether oxygen.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein are polyoxyalkylene glycol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 580]    580Ring bonded directly to the ether oxygen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 579.  Compositions wherein the ether oxygen is bonded directly to a ring.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 580

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 581]    581Two rings bonded directly to the ether oxygen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 580.  Compositions wherein the ether oxygen is bonded directly to two rings.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 581

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 582]    582Halogen attached indirectly to the ether oxygen by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 579.  Compositions wherein the ether oxygen is attached indirectly to halogen by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: CF3-O(CF2CF2O)nCF3
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 583]    583Having -OH bonded directly to carbon (wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal or ammonium):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 577.  Compositions wherein carbon is bonded directly to -OH ( wherein H of -OH may be replaced by metal or ammonium).
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is isopropanol.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 584]    584Benzene ring bonded directly to the -OH group (e.g., beta-naphthol, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 583.  Compositions wherein the -OH group is bonded directly to a benzene ring.
(1) Note. Examples of components provided for herein are

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[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 585]    585Plural benzene rings bonded to each other, to the same acyclic carbon or to the same acyclic carbon chain (e.g., phenol-aldehyde condensates, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 584.  Compositions wherein plural benzene rings are bonded to the same acyclic carbon, to the same acyclic carbon chain, or to each other.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 585

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 586]    586The -OH group is in salt form:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 584.  Compositions wherein the -OH group is salified (i.e., wherein H of -OH has been replaced by metal or ammonium).
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 587]    587Halogen or additional -OH attached directly or indirectly to the benzene ring by nonionic bonding:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 584.  Compositions wherein additional -OH or halogen is attached directly or indirectly to the benzene ring by nonionic bonding.
(1) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is

Image 1 for class 508 subclass 587

  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 588]    588Organic halogen compound:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a compound wherein halogen is attached directly or indirectly by nonionic bonding to carbon of an organic compound.
(1) Note. See Notes to the Class Definition for the definition of an organic compound.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is tetrachlorobenzene.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 589]    589Halogenated acyclic compound or halogenated petroleum fraction:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 588.  Compositions wherein an acyclic compound is halogenated or a petroleum fraction is halogenated.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 590]    590Fluorinated acyclic compound or fluorinated petroleum fraction (e.g., trifluorochloroethylene telomer, etc.):
 This subclass is indented under subclass 589.  Compositions wherein an acyclic compound is fluorinated or a petroleum fraction is fluorinated.
  
[List of Patents for class 508 subclass 591]    591Solid hydrocarbon polymer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 110.  Compositions which contain a polymeric component which is both solid and hydrocarbonaceous.
(1) Note. The polymers provided for herein can be homopolymeric or copolymeric.
(2) Note. An example of a component provided for herein is: polycyclopentadiene.
(3) Note. Hydrocarbon polymers prepared by addition polymerization of olefinic hydrocarbon monomers will be presumed to be solid unless otherwise stated.
  

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