CPC Definition - Subclass C12R

Last Updated Version: 2017.08
PROCESSES USING MICROORGANISMS
Definition statement

This place covers:

Subclass C12R covers microorganisms which are a new natural isolate or a new mutant where the mutated gene is not known.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Algae other than microalgae

A01G 33/00, A01H 13/00

Plant cells

A01H

Medicinal preparations containing materials from microorganisms

A61K 35/66

Medicinal preparations containing materials from algae

A61K 36/02

Medicinal preparations containing materials from fungi

A61K 36/06

Mutant microorganisms in which the mutation is defined

C07K 14/00, C12N 9/00, C12Y

Microorganisms expressing a defined gene, according to the defined gene

C07K 14/00, C12N 9/00, C12Y

Viruses

C12N 7/00

Microorganisms expressing a defined gene if an operon is expressed

C12N 15/52

Processes for the preparation of compounds or compositions using a microorganism

C12P

Measuring or testing process involving microorganisms

C12Q 1/00

Measuring or testing process involving nucleic acid hybridization techniques for detection of microorganisms

C12Q 1/68, C12Q 1/70

Measuring or testing process involving immunological detection of microorganisms

G01N 33/569, G01N 33/571

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Microorganisms, compositions thereof

C12N 1/00

Carrier-bound or immobilised microorganisms

C12N 11/00

Fermentation and enzyme processes for the preparation of compounds and compositions

C12P

Measuring or testing process involving microorganisms

C12Q 1/00

Special rules of classification

All information should be given a symbol: for example, if new natural isolates of Clostridium, Streptococcus, Hansenula and Petromyces are part of the invention in the application, then classification in C12R 1/145, C12R 1/46, C12R 1/78 and C12R 1/645 should be given.

Subgroup C12R 1/91 is not any longer used for viruses (C12N 7/00).

Subclass C12R covers microorganisms which are a new natural isolate or a new mutant where the mutated gene is not known. Thus subject-matter of the type "A novel isolated bacterial strain of Gluconacetobacter oboediens having accession number MTCC 5610, wherein the said strain being deposited at the Microbial Type Culture Collection, MTCC, Chandigarh, India a depository recognized under the Budapest Treaty" is classified under C12R 1/02 only.

However when there is further characterizing information present, e.g. a method for culturing said microorganism , such subject-matter is classified under C12N 1/00+. Thus subject-matter of the type "The strain as above, wherein it is isolated from mixed fruit residue mixed with sugar and water in the ratio of l to 3 : 0.1 to 0.5 : 2 to 4 respectively followed by incubating at a temperature of 25 to 35 degree C for 10 to 15 days under static culture conditions" is classified under C12N 1/20.

When both types of disclosure are present then both classification symbols are allocated.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Microorganism

includes bacteria and other generally unicellular organisms with dimensions beneath the limits of vision which can be propagated and manipulated in a laboratory, including fungi (including yeasts), microalgae and protozoa