CPC Definition - Subclass C12R
This place covers:
This subclass is intended to enable a comprehensive search of subject matter related to microorganisms by combination of classification symbols of this subclass with classification symbols from other subgroups. Therefore, this subclass covers aspects of microorganisms that might also be entirely or partially covered elsewhere. This subclass is for secondary classification, i.e. supplementary classification of subject matter already classified as such in other classification places(C12C - C12Q).
The classification symbols of this subclass are not listed first when assigned to patent documents.
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Microorganisms, compositions thereof
Carrier-bound or immobilised microorganisms
Microorganisms expressing a defined gene if an operon is expressed
Fermentation and enzyme processes for the preparation of compounds and compositions
Measuring or testing process involving microorganisms
The last place rule is applicable, but all information should be given a symbol: for example, if Clostridium, Streptococcus, Hansenula and Petromyces are concerned, then classification in C12R 2001/145, C12R 2001/46, C12R 2001/78 and C12R 2001/645 should be given.
In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:
includes bacteria and other generally unicellular organisms with dimensions beneath the limits of vision which can be propagated and manipulated in a laboratory, including fungi (including yeasts), microalgae and protozoa