CPC Definition - Subclass A47C

Last Updated Version: 2019.01
CHAIRS (seats specially adapted for vehicles B60N 2/00); SOFAS; BEDS (upholstery in general B68G)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating/lying furniture or objects convertible to/from seating/lying furniture not provided for in other part of the classification (see list below).

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

A01K 97/22

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

A01M 31/02

Tables; Desks; Cabinets in general

A47B

Children's furniture

A47D

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

A47G 9/00

Bath seats

A47K 3/12

Shower seats

A47K 3/282

Chairs with toilet means

A47K 11/04

Chairs for disable persons

A61G 5/00

Medical beds

A61G 7/00

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

A61G 15/00

Beds with massage means

A61H 2201/0142

Mattresses with massage means

A61H 2201/0146

Chairs with massage means

A61H 2201/0149

Producing upholstery articles, e.g. cushions, seats

B29D 99/0092

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

B60N 2/00

Sleeping accommodation for caravans

B60P 3/38

Ski-lift seats

B61B 12/002

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

B61D 31/00

Rail vehicles seats

B61D 33/00

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

B62D 33/0612

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

B63B 29/04

Berths for vessels

B63B 29/10

Aircraft seats

B64D 11/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Production of upholstery by moulding

B29L 2031/58

Production of mattresses or cushions by moulding

B29L 2031/751

Production of seats by moulding

B29L 2031/771

Upholstery in general

B68G

Jointing of furniture

F16B 12/00

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001

Special rules of classification

References B60N 2/00 and B68G are non-limiting in the subclass A47C. CPC will be updated/corrected once this inconsistency is resolved.

Chairs adapted for special purposes (features relating to vertical adjustability A47C 3/20; convertible chairs A47C 13/00; chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons A61G 5/00; operating chairs, dental chairs A61G 15/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs adapted for special purposes e.g. reclining or easy chairs (see A47C 1/02); hairdressers' chair (see A47C 1/04); Theatre, auditorium or similar chairs (see A47C 1/12); beach or outdoor chairs (see A47C 1/14); chairs or seats detachably mounted on stadium benches (see A47C 1/16).

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Seating furniture for specified purposes not covered by main groups

A47C 1/00 or A47C 9/00, A47C 15/004

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

A01K 97/22

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

A01M 31/02

Bath seats

A47K 3/12

Shower seats

A47K 3/282

Chairs with toilet means

A47K 11/04

Seats for surgeons or dentists

A61B 90/60

Chairs for disabled persons

A61G 5/00

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

A61G 15/00

Chairs with massage means

A61H 2201/0149

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

A63B 21/16

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

B60N 2/00

Ski-lift seats

B61B 12/002

Rail vehicles seats

B61D 33/00

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

B63B 29/04

Aircraft seats

B64D 11/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

A47C 3/00

Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs

A47C 4/00

Chairs of special materials

A47C 5/00

Part, details or accessories of chairs

A47C 7/00

Stools for specified purposes

A47C 9/00

Benches

A47C 11/00

Convertible chairs

A47C 13/00

Other seating furniture

A47C 15/00

Sofas; Couches

A47C 17/02, A47C 17/04

Special rules of classification

References A47C 3/20, A47C 13/00, A61G 5/00 and A61G 15/00 are non-limiting in the main group A47C 1/00. CPC will be updated/corrected once this inconsistency is resolved.

Reclining or easy chairs (supports for parts of body A47C 7/36, A47C 7/50, A47C 7/54)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Support for the head or the back

A47C 7/36

Support for the feet or legs

A47C 7/50

Supports for the arms

A47C 7/54

Special rules of classification

References A47C 7/36, A47C 7/50 and A47C 7/54 are non-limiting in the subgroup A47C 1/02. CPC will be updated/corrected once this inconsistency is resolved.

having independently-adjustable supporting parts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit or arm-rest

the parts being horizontally-adjustable seats {; Expandable seats or the like, e.g. seats with horizontally adjustable parts}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seats having seating depth adjustment by horizontal adjustment of the seat or by horizontal movement of the backrest.media205.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Chairs for disabled persons having adjustable depth seats

A61G 5/1064

Adjustable vehicles seat-cushion length

B60N 2/0284

the parts, being the back-rest, or the back-rest and seat unit, having adjustable {and lockable} inclination
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:media206.pngmedia207.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Adjustable children's chairs

A47D 1/002

Vehicle seats with adjustable backrest

B60N 2/22

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs having movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

A47C 1/032

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest connected to movable backrest or backrest-seat-unit

A47C 1/0342

Rocking chairs with central column and with backrest-seat-unit elastically mounted in a ridged frame

A47C 3/026

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

A47C 7/44

Seating furniture convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting the back-rest

A47C 17/16

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Backrest-seat-unit

backrest and a seat permanently connected to each other

for changing a straight chair into an easy chair {, e.g. by inverting or tilting seat and back-rest in the base frame or by overturning the whole chair}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs convertible from a straight chair into an easy chair, e.g. by inverting or tilting seat and back-rest in the base frame or by overturning the whole chair

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Children's chairs convertible from high chair to low chair by reversing

A47D 1/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chair or stool bases for uneven surfaces

A47C 7/008

Standing-up or seating -down aids

A61G 5/14

the parts being arm-rests {(conversion into a bed A47C 17/12)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Adjustable armrests adaptable to suitable arm position or to the size of the usermedia208.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sofas convertible to bed by tilting or extending the armrests

A47C 17/12

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Armrest for disabled persons' chairs

A61G 5/125

Armrest for vehicles seats

B60N 2/75

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arm supports for non-reclining and non-easy chairs

A47C 7/54

Chairs with armrest tables

A47C 7/68

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

A47C 17/18

having coupled {concurrently} adjustable supporting parts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having coupled simultaneously movable support parts with adjustable inclination, e.g. backrest-seat-coupled, leg-rest-seat-coupled, headrest-backrest-coupled.

The movements between the parts is concurrent, in that both move simultaneously.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Movably-coupled parts

movement of one part, e.g. seat causes the different movement of the other coupled part e.g. backrest

the parts being movably-coupled seat and back-rest (A47C 1/035 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having coupled simultaneously movable seat and back-rest; having adjustable and lockable inclination; characterised by elastic means, e.g. coil spring.media209.png

media210.png

media211.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest connected to movable-coupled seat and backrest

A47C 1/035

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Adjustable children's chairs

A47D 1/002

Vehicle seats with adjustable backrest

B60N 2/22

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit

A47C 1/022

Rocking office chairs with central column having seat or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame

A47C 3/026

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

A47C 7/44

Adjustable children's chairs

A47D 1/002

Vehicle seats with adjustable backrest

B60N 2/22

{with a central column, e.g. rocking office chairs}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seat and back-rest not movably coupled

A47C 3/026

{with adjustable elasticity}
Special rules of classification

Applications classified here that use elastic components must also be classified under the type of spring used.

the parts including a leg-rest or foot-rest (A47C 1/037 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest coupled to other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat, wherein their movement is simultaneous.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with head-rest

A47C 1/037

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/127, A61G 5/128

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

B60N 2/995

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

B60N 3/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair

A47C 7/50

Stand-alone footrests or leg-rest

A47C 16/02

the parts including a head-rest
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having head-rest coupled to other movable parts of the chair, e.g. movable backrest or seat, wherein their movement is simultaneous.media212.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Head-rests for disabled persons' chairs

A61G 5/121

Head rest for operating or dental chairs

A61G 15/125

Head-rests for vehicle seats

B60N 2/80

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beauty salon chairs with head-rests

A47C 1/10

Head-rests connected to non-movable parts of the chair

A47C 7/38

Hairdressers' or similar chairs {, e.g. beauty salon chairs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

media213.png

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs (seats {detachably mounted on} stadium benches A47C 1/16)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs used in theatres, auditoriums,or stadiums

media214.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs or seats detachably mounted on stadium benches

A47C 1/16

Stackable chairs, Nesting chairs

A47C 3/04

Benches

A47C 11/00

Auditoriums

E04F3/30

Tribunes, grandstands, terraces or amphitheatres for spectators

E04H 3/12

Coin-freed apparatus for seats or footstools

G07F 17/08

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stackable chairs, Nesting chairs

A47C 3/04

Parts or details of tipping-up chairs, e.g. of theatre chairs

A47C 7/56

Benches

A47C 11/00

Modular seating

A47C 13/005

Tribunes, grandstands, terraces or amphitheatres for spectators

E04H 3/12

Auditoriums

E04H 3/30

Coin-freed apparatus for seats or footstools

G07F 17/08

Beach chairs {; Chairs for outdoor use, e.g. chairs for relaxation or sun-tanning}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs designed for relaxation and outdoor use, e.g. beach chairs, relaxation chairs, sun-tanning chairs or chaise lounges.media215.png

media216.png

media217.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with means to protect against weather

A47C 7/66

Camp, travelling, or sports stools

A47C 9/10

Stand-alone backrests without connected seat

A47C 16/005

Travelling and camp beds

A47C 17/64

{Chairs or} seats detachably mounted on stadium benches (detachably mounted children's chairs A47D 1/10)
Definition statement

This place covers:

media218.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Detachably mounted children's chairs

A47D 1/10

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs

A47C 1/12

Detachable or loose seat cushions

A47C 7/021

Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats (A47C 1/00, A47C 4/00 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Rocking, stackable, nesting, shell shaped, of asymmetric shape and legless chairs; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs

A47C 4/00

Chairs adapted for special purposes

A41C 1/00

Rocking chairs (specially for children A47D 13/10)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Rocking chairs having elastic frame, having seat elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame or having a curved rocking member resting on the floor.

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Children's rocking chairs

A47D 13/10

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs having elastically movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

A47C 1/03261

Elastically mounted seats

A47C 7/14

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame

A47C 7/44

Stools with exercising means

A47C 9/002

Beds with Oscillating or balancing mechanisms

A47C 21/006

Small beds fro newborns or infants with rocking means

A47D 9/02

Swings in General

A63G 9/00

Rocking horses

A63G 15/00

Devices for rocking or oscillating perambulators

B62B 9/22

Special rules of classification

Reference A47D 13/10 is non-limiting in the subgroup A47C 3/02. CPC will be updated/corrected once this inconsistency is resolved.

Stackable chairs; Nesting chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

media219.png

media220.png

with shell-shape seat and back-rest unit, e.g. having arm rests
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having backrest-seat-unit made of one continuous element, e.g. plastic shell

media221.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Shell shaped bus seats

B60N 2/242

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Basket chairs

A47C 5/02

Chairs made of plastic

A47C 5/12

of asymmetrical shape
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs asymmetrical with regard to a central vertical plane.

media222.png

of legless type, e.g. with seat directly resting on the floor (A47C 3/14 takes precedence; detachably mounted on stadium benches A47C 1/16; children's chairs mounted on back-rest of chair A47D 1/10 {, legless beach chairs A47C 1/146; inflatable chairs A47C 4/54}); Hassocks; Pouffes
Definition statement

This place covers:

media223.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Legless beach chairs

A47C 1/146

Chairs or seats detachable mounted on the stadium benches

A47C 1/16

Chairs of asymmetrical shape

A47C 3/14

Inflatable chairs

A47C 4/54

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Children's chairs capable of being suspended from tables or adult's chair

A47D 1/10

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs completely made of foam material

A47C 5/125

Stools for specified purposes

A47C 9/00

Bean bags

A47C 27/086

Chairs or stools with rotatable seat (adjustable in height by rotation A47C 3/24)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs adjustable in height by rotation

A47C 3/24

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stools for specified purposes

A47C 9/00

Chairs or stools with vertically-adjustable seats (tables with variable height A47B 9/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

media224.png

media225.png

media226.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Height adjustable children's chairs

A47D 1/004

Chairs for disabled persons having adjustable height

A61G 5/1059

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stools for specified purposes

A47C 9/00

Table with variable heights

A47B 9/00

Locking of telescopic system in general

F16B 7/10

Special rules of classification

Reference A47B 9/00 is non-limiting in the subgroup A47C 3/20. CPC will be updated/corrected once this inconsistency is resolved.

Dismountable chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having detachably interconnected joints configured to be dismounted without causing their destruction

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media22.jpgmedia23.png

US5429417

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Modular seating

A47C 13/005

Dismountable Travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/645

Dismountable bedsteads

A47C 19/005

Dismountable children's chairs

A47D 1/006

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tubular metal chairs of dismountable type

A47C 5/10

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

A47C 9/105

Folding chairs with inflexible seats
Definition statement

This place covers:

media24.jpg

US2003011218

media25.jpg

US6361107

media26.jpg

DEU29909571

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Folding chair with flexible coverings for the seat or back

A47C 4/28

Foldable travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/68, A47C 17/70, A47C 17/74

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

Upholstery attaching means for chairs in general

A47C 31/02

Locking of telescopic systeml

A47C 31/02

Foldable children's chairs

A47D 1/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs collapsible into trunk shape

A47C 4/52

Tubular metal chairs of foldable or collapsible type

A47C 5/10

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

A47C 9/105

Special rules of classification

If in the document there is no clear indication about material of the frame, e.g. made of wood, plastic or metal, this document should be classified in both classes A47C 4/08 (made of wood or plastic) and A47C 4/18 (made of metal).

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Inflexible seat

rigid seat or seat with flexible fabric stretched in the frame in all stages of folding

Flexible seat

not rigid seat usually with fabric, being unstretched when unfolded

Folding chairs with flexible coverings for the seat or back elements
Definition statement

This place covers:

media27.jpg

FR2712158

media28.jpg

US2003052518

media29.jpg

WO8102383

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Folding chairs with inflexible seats

A47C 4/04

Inflatable chairs

A47C 4/54

Foldable travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/68, A47C 17/70, A47C 17/74

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

Foldable children's chairs

A47D 1/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs collapsible into trunk shape

A47C 4/52

Tubular metal chairs of foldable or collapsible type

A47C 5/10

Camp, travelling, or sports stool having several foldable or detachable legs converging in one point

A47C 9/105

Special rules of classification

If in the document there is no clear indication about material of the frame, e.g. made of wood, plastic or metal, this document should be classified in both classes A47C 4/32 (made of wood or plastic) and A47C 4/42 (made of metal).

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Inflexible seat

seat doesn't fold when folding the chair e.g. seats with flexible not foldable fabric stretched in the seat frame in all stages of folding

Flexible seat

seat folds when folding the chair, e.g. seats with flexible foldable fabric

Trunk chairs, i.e. chairs collapsible to {self contained carrying case, e.g.} trunk shape (trunk tables A47B 3/10)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Trunk beds; Travelling-case beds

A47C 17/82

Luggage or hand carried bags convertible into other articles or into objects for other use e.g. supplementary seats

A45C 9/00

Trunk tables

A47B 3/10

Inflatable chairs (connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies B60C 29/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture having inflatable means

media30.jpg

WO0074533

media31.jpg

US4932721

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable inclination by fluid means

A47C 1/0244, A47C 1/03216

Fluid mattresses specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas

A47C 27/08

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with inflatable means

A47G 2009/003

Inflatable pillows

A47G 9/1027

Connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies

B60C 29/00

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

B60N 2/7082, B60N 2/914

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detachable or loose seat cushions

A47C 7/021

{of paper, cardboard or similar pliable material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs of 2-dimensional pliable materials, e.g. paper, cardboard or plastic sheet materials

media32.jpg

WO2004032685

{of woven material, e.g.} basket chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs made of woven material, e.g. basket chairs.

media33.jpg

US2006225399

Metal chairs, e.g. tubular (of rocking type A47C 3/023; of non-tubular folding, collapsible, or dismountable type A47C 4/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

media34.jpg

DE19950872

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tubular chairs of rocking type

A47C 3/023

Foldable chairs with inflexible seat having a frame made of metal

A47C 4/18

Foldable chairs with flexible coverings for the seat or backrest having a frame made of metal

A47C 4/42

characterised by the use of laminated wood
Definition statement

This place covers:

media35.png

DE867740

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seats made of wooden, plastics, or metal sheet material, Panel seats

A47C 7/16

Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools (attaching to floor A47B 91/08)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Attaching to floor

A47B 91/08

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

A01K 97/22

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

A01M 31/02

Bath seats

A47K 3/12

Shower seats

A47K 3/282

Seats for surgeons or dentists

A61B 90/60

Chairs for disabled persons

A61G 5/00

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynecological chairs

A61G 15/00

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

A63B 21/16

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

B60N 2/00

Ski-lift seats

B61B 12/002

Rail vehicles seats

B61D 33/00

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

B63B 29/04

Aircraft seats

B64D 11/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with toilet means

A47K 11/04

Chairs with massage means

A61H 2201/0149

{Chair or stool bases (A47C 3/20 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs or stools substructures at the ground level, e.g. legs, castors, pedestals.

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media227.png

media228.png

media38.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs or stools with vertically-adjustable seats

A47C 3/20

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reclining chairs by changing the length or inclination of the legs

A47C 1/029

Chairs or stools with additional seat or legs of the chair or stool for varying height of seat

A47C 3/38

Bedsteads' legs

A47C 19/024

Feet for furniture in general

A47B 91/00

Castors in general

B60B 33/00

Seat parts (adaptation of seats to mounting in tubular chairs A47C 5/06; such parts not restricted to chairs A47C 23/00; removable upholstered units or cushions A47C 27/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Specific features related to the chair or stool seats, e.g. seat cushions, profiled seats, double seats, seats with adjustable shape, elastically mounted seats, panel seats, seats with foam material, upholstered seats, seats with springs.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adaptation of seats to mounting in tubular chairs

A47C 5/06

Seat parts not restricted to chairs

A47C 23/00

Removable upholstered units or cushions

A47C 27/00

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Seat cushions specially adapted for wheelchairs

A61G 5/1045

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs having horizontally-adjustable seats

A47C 1/023

Seats detachable mounted on the stadium benches

A47C 1/16

Legless chairs with seat directly resting on the floor

A47C 3/16

Measuring means for adapting chairs to the shape or weight of persons

A47C 31/126

Producing upholstery articles, e.g. cushions, seats

B29D 99/0092

Production of upholstery by moulding

B29L 2031/751

Production of seats by moulding

B29L 2031/771

Upholstery in general

B68G

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001

{Detachable or loose seat cushions}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media201.png

media202.png

of adjustable shape; elastically mounted {; adaptable to a user contour or ergonomic seating positions (movably-coupled seat and backrests with elastic adjustment means A47C 1/03261; elastically-mounted back-rests or backrest-seat units in the base frame A47C 7/44)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Movably-coupled seat and backrests with elastic adjustment means

A47C 1/03261

Elastically-mounted back-rests or backrest-seat units in the base frame

A47C 7/44

for the head {(adjustable coupled to reclining or easy chairs A47C 1/036)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Headrests connected to non-movable parts of the chair; Detachable or loose headrests

media229.png

media230.png

media231.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having head-rest coupled simultaneously movable with other movable parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat

A47C 1/036

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Head-rests for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/121

Head rest for operating or dental chairs

A61G 15/125

Head-rests for vehicle seats

B60N 2/80

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beauty salon chairs with head-rests

A47C 1/10

Pillows

A47G 9/10

for the back
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture having adjustable in height backrest, double backrests, collapsible backrest, detachable or loose backrests.

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Back cushions specially adapted for wheel chairs

A61G 5/1048

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

A47C 20/027

{adjustable in height}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs with height adjustable backrest

media232.png

{with double backrests}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs with double or split backrest

media233.png

{of collapsible type}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs with collapsible backrest

media234.png

of detachable {or loose} type
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having detachable or loose backrest, e.g. portable

media235.png

media236.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Backrest for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/122

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dismountable chairs

A47C 4/02

Modular seating

A47C 13/005

Seating furniture convertible to beds by removing parts only

A47C 17/14

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

A47C 20/027

with elastically-mounted {back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base} frame
Definition statement

This place covers:

media237.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs having movable-coupled seat and backrest characterised by elastic means

A47C 1/03261

Rocking chairs having elastic frames

A47C 3/021

Rocking chairs with seat, or with seat and back-rest unit, elastically mounted in a rigid frame

A47C 3/025

{with adjustable elasticity}
Special rules of classification

Applications classified here that use elastic components must also be classified under the type of spring used.

with special, e.g. adjustable {, lumbar region support} profile; "Ackerblom" profile chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs with lower back supports, e.g. adjustable lumbar support

media238.png

media239.png

media240.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Vehicle seat lumbar support

B60N 2/66

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

"Akerblom" chair

chair having special backrest profile corresponding to the curvature of the human back

of freely-rotatable type
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having freely-rotatable and non-lockable backrest

media241.png

media242.png

Supports for the feet or the legs {coupled to fixed parts of the chair} (coupled to other adjustable parts {of the reclining or easy chair} A47C 1/034, A47C 1/037; {stand-alone rests or supports for the feet or the legs, e.g.} footstools A47C 16/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture having supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair; Seating furniture with double foot-rests or leg-rests

media243.png

media244.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest coupled simultaneously movable with other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat.

A47C 1/034

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest simultaneously movable with head-rest

A47C 1/037

Stand-alone footrests or leg-rest

A47C 16/02

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/127, A61G 5/128

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

B60N 2/995

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

B60N 3/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Detachable or loose foot or leg supports for beds

A47C 20/021

Supports for the arms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

media245.png

media246.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Armrest for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/125

Armrest for vehicles seats

B60N 2/75

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with armrest tables

A47C 7/68

Sofas convertible to bed by tilting or extending the armrests

A47C 17/12

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

A47C 17/18

Detachable or loose foot or leg supports for beds

A47C 20/021

{of adjustable type (adjustable arm-rests of reclining or easy chairs A47C 1/03)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arm-rests adjustable to multiple use positions.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adjustable armrests for reclining or easy chairs

A47C 1/03

Parts or details of tipping-up chairs, e.g. of theatre chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

media247.png

media248.png

media249.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs

A47C 1/12

Theatre, auditorium, or similar chairs having tipping-up seats

A47C 1/121

Separate chairs, connectable together into a row

A47C 1/124

Stackable chairs or nesting chairs with tipping-up seats

A47C 3/045

Coin-freed apparatus for seats or footstools

G07F 17/08

Accessories for chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories for chairs, e.g. hat or coat holders, means for protecting against weather, arm-rest tables, illumination, radios, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating, cooling.

{located on side of seat, e.g. on armrest}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group:

media203.png

Hat or coat holders
Definition statement

This place covers:

media250.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Hats, clothes or clothes hangers used in vehicles

B60R 7/10

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Domestic hat or coat Holders

A47G 25/00

Means to protect against weather
Definition statement

This place covers:

media251.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beach chairs

A47C 1/12

Liquid impermeable removable or loose chair covers

A47C 31/113

Bathing or beach cabins

E04H 15/003

{of umbrella type}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Umbrellas to be used in combination with a chair.

media204.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Umbrellas characterised by attachment type or shape

A45B 11/00

Arm-rest tables {; or back-rest tables}
Definition statement

This place covers:

media252.png

media253.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Children's chairs with trays

A47D 1/008

Tables, working plates, trays for disabled persons chairs

A61G 5/1094

Tables or trays for use in vehicles

B60N 3/001

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable armrests for reclining or easy chairs

A47C 1/03

Stackable and nesting chairs

A47C 3/04

Arm supports for non-reclining and non-easy chairs

A47C 7/54

Suspended or hinged panels forming a table

A47B 5/00

Bed tables

A47B 23/00

Tables combined with seats

A47B 83/02

Adaptations for incorporating lamps, radio sets, bars, telephones, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Chairs having accessories, e.g. lamps, radio, bars, telephones, display screens, ventilation, heating or cooling arrangements or the like

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body

A61F 7/00

Heating or ventilating devices for vehicle seats

B60N 2/56

Accessories for vehicle, e.g. for vehicle seats such as radio sets, television sets, telephones

B60R 11/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with lumbar support adjustable by fluid means

A47C 7/467

Beds with lighting, radio or telephone means

A47C 21/003

Beds with ventilating, cooling or heating devices

A47C 21/04

Pillows with cooling or heating means

A47G 9/1036

Combination of lighting devices with furniture

F21V 33/0012

Stools for specified purposes (with rotatable seats A47C 3/18; with vertically adjustable seats A47C 3/20; footstools A47C 16/02; prayer stools A47C 16/04; platforms or seat-boxes specially adapted for angling A01K 97/22 {other seating furniture for specified purposes A47C 15/004})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stools for specified purposes not provided in other part of the classification and seating furniture for specified purposes not provided in other part of the classification.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs of legless type; Hassocks, Pouffes

A47C 3/16

Stools with rotatable seats

A47C 3/18

Stools with vertically adjustable seats

A47C 3/20

Stool bases

A47C 7/002

Other seating furniture for specific purpose

A47C 15/004

Footstools

A47C 16/02

Prayer stools

A47C 16/04

Seats, e.g. seat-boxes adapted for angling

A01K 97/22

{with exercising means or having special therapeutic or ergonomic effects}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Domestic or office stools having therapeutic or ergonomic effect, e.g. using dynamic seat support.

media66.jpg

NL1017456C

media67.jpg

GB2348124

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rocking chairs

A47C 3/02

Chairs' seats especially profiled and adapted to the body contour

A47C 7/029

Chairs' seats of adjustable shape; elastically mounted

A47C 7/14

Exercising apparatus combined with chairs

A63B 21/16

{High stools, e.g. bar stools (children's high chairs A47D 1/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

media68.jpg

DE9400912U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Children's chairs, e.g. height chairs

A47D 1/00

Office stools {not provided for in main groups A47C 1/00, A47C 3/00 or A47C 7/00}; Workshop stools
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stools used in offices or while working

media69.jpg

US6520609

media70.jpg

CH362190

media71.jpg

US2003080524

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Beauty salon chair with auxiliary seat

A47C 1/08

Chairs characterised by structural features, chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats

A47C 3/00

Parts, details or accessories of chairs or stools

A47C 7/00

Kneeling stools; kneeling supports

A47C 16/04

Carriers for supporting persons when working in the field

A01B 75/00

Workshop workers' supports, e.g. mechanics' creepers

B25H 5/00

Milking stools
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media72.jpg

US2100877

Wall stools {; Stools hingedly mounted against the wall}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stools and chairs mounted to the wall

media73.jpg

GB2419084

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wall beds

A47C 17/38

Shower seats

A47K 3/282

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with tipping-up seats

A47C 1/121, A47C 7/58

Chairs stowable in floor or wall

A47C 1/126

Music stools
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media74.jpg

US2004145221

Camp, travelling, or sports stools (walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats, hunting sticks A45B 5/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stools used for camping, travelling or sport

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seats, e.g. seat-boxes adapted for angling

A01K 97/22

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

A01M 31/02

Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats

A45B 5/00

Hanging seats for travelling or camping

A45F 3/26

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Foldable, collapsible or dismountable chairs

A47C 4/00

Chairs or stools bases for uneven surface

A47C 7/008

Benches not otherwise provided for (school forms A47B 39/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Benches e.g. church benches or benches having multiple separate seats fixed to the bench frame

media75.jpgmedia76.png

BE892829

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Theatre, auditorium or similar chairs

A47C 1/12

Separate chairs, connectable together into a row

A47C 1/124

School forms

A47B 39/00

Step-stools
Definition statement

This place covers:

Low stool having steps, e.g. convertible into a short stepladder

media77.jpg

DE29606175U

Convertible chairs, stools or benches (step-stools requiring conversion between the step and seat functions A47C 12/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture convertible to different seating arrangement not provide for in other part of the classification (see list below)

media78.jpgUS4733905

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Step-stool requiring conversion between the step an seat function

A47C 12/02

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Seating furniture, couches, settees convertible into beds

A47C 17/04

Walking sticks or umbrellas convertible into seats

A45B 5/00

Luggage or hand carried bags convertible into other articles or into objects for other use e.g. supplementary seats

A45C 9/00

Tables convertible into chairs

A47B 85/04

Children's chairs convertible from high chair to a low one by reversing

A47D 1/04

Children's chairs convertible to push chairs

A47D 1/06

Children's chairs convertible to a rocking chair

A47D 1/08

Children's chairs convertible into tables

A47D 11/002

Chairs convertible into children's chairs

A47D 11/02

Stretchers, for patients or disable persons, convertible into chairs

A61G 1/017

Medical beds convertible into a chair

A61G 7/16

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Modular seating

A47C 13/005

Other seating furniture (school forms A47B 39/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture not provide for in other part of the classification, e.g. corner seating furniture, floating seats, seats for sexual intercourse.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Pneumatic mattresses

A47C 27/081

School forms

A47B 39/00

{Corner seating furniture, e.g. corner sofas (changing corner couches into double bed A47C 17/36)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

media79.jpg

DE29500436U

media80.png

WO9907258

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Corner couches convertible into a double bed

A47C 17/36

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sofas without movable parts

A47C 17/02

{Seating furniture for specified purposes not covered by main groups A47C 1/00 or A47C 9/00}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture for specific purpose not elsewhere covered in A47C or A47D, e.g. shoe shining type chairs, meditation seats, video games chairs, seats for photographer's, astronomical observation seats, underwater chairs, high umpire seats, for sexual intercourse

media81.jpg

GB2422102

media82.jpg

DE202004011613U

media83.jpg

US4705274

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hairdressers' or similar chairs

A47C 1/04

High stools, e.g. bar stools

A47C 9/007

Seats adapted for angling, e.g. fisherman's seats

A01K 97/22

Hunting stands, e.g. hunting seats

A01M 31/02

Bath seats

A47K 3/12

Shower seats

A47K 3/282

Chairs with toilet means

A47K 11/04

Seats for surgeons or dentists

A61B 90/60

Chairs for disable persons

A61G 5/00

Operating chairs, dental chairs, physiotherapeutic chairs, gynaecological chairs

A61G 15/00

Chairs with massage means

A61H 2201/0149

Seats specially adapted for vehicles

B60N 2/00

Ski-lift seats

B61B 12/002

Rail vehicles seats

B61D 33/00

Vessel furniture, e.g. boat seats

B63B 29/04

Aircraft seats

B64D 11/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Body floating supports for relaxation in water

A61H 37/005

Floating devices with seat for pleasure or sports

B63B 35/74

Floatable furniture

B63C 9/30

{Stand-alone} rests or supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head (associated with chairs A47C 7/00; associated with beds or sofas A47C 20/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Rests or supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head not connected in any way with the seating furniture

media84.jpg

US6270160

media85.jpg

US5303890

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with not-movable parts of chairs

A47C 7/00

Supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with beds

A47C 20/00

Loos or removable covers for chairs

A47C 31/11

Baby feeding cushions

A47D 13/083

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

stand-alone

not connected in any way with the seating furniture

{Back-rests}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stand-alone backrests

media86.jpg

US2384234

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having independently-adjustable supporting parts, e.g. having independently-adjustable backrest, backrest-seat-unit

A47C 1/022

Chairs having movably-coupled adjustable seat and backrest

A47C 1/032

Beach chairs of legless type

A47C 1/146

Detachable or loose back supports associated with beds

A47C 20/027

Footstools; Foot-rests; Leg-rests
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stand-alone foot-rests or leg-rests; Footstools

media87.jpg

US6045192

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs having leg-rest or foot-rest movable-coupled to other parts of the chair, e.g. backrest or seat.

A47C 1/034

Chairs having adjustable leg-rest or foot-rest in combination with head-rest

A47C 1/037

Supports for the feet or the legs coupled to non-movable parts of the chair

A47C 7/50

Leg-rests or foot-rests for disable persons chairs

A61G 5/127, A61G 5/128

Lower-leg-rests for vehicles, e.g. calf-rests

B60N 2/995

Foot-rests for vehicle seats

B60N 3/06

Prayer-stools; Kneeling stools; Kneeling supports (hassocks or pouffes A47C 3/16)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media88.jpg

GB2405327

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hassocks or Pouffes

A47C 3/16

Stools with forward inclined seat, e.g. with knee-supports

A47C 9/005

Stools for working at ground level

A47C 9/027

Church benches, confessionals

A47C 11/02

Sofas; Couches; Beds (bedsteads A47C 19/00; spring mattresses A47C 23/00; divan bases A47C 23/00; stuffed mattresses A47C 27/00; beds with special provisions for nursing A61G 7/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sofas, couches, wall beds, cabinet beds, travelling beds, camp beds, suspended beds

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bed frames, Bedsteads

A47C 19/00

Rests for beds or sofas, e.g. headrests, footrests

A47C 20/00

Attachments for beds; Ventilating, cooling or heating means for beds

A47C 21/00

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

A47C 23/00

Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses for beds or sofas

A47C 27/00

Bed canopies, Mosquito nets

A47C 29/00

Details and accessories for beds

A47C 31/00

Hammocks

A45F 3/22

Show stands for furniture e.g. beds or mattresses

A47F 7/30

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

A47G 9/00

Devices for preventing wetting or pollution of the bed, e.g. absorbent protective pads

A61F 5/48

Stretchers

A61G 1/00

Medical beds

A61G 7/00

Beds with massage means

A61H 2201/0142

Exercising apparatus combined with beds or mattresses

A63B 21/16

Production of upholstery by moulding

B29L 2031/58

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

B29L 2031/751

Sleeping accommodation for caravans

B60P 3/38

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

B61D 31/00

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

B62D 33/0612

Berths for vessels

B63B 29/10

Upholstery in general

B68G

Jointing of furniture

F16B 12/00

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001

Sofas, couches, settees, or the like, without movable parts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sofas, couches, settees or the like having neither adjustable nor convertible parts

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs, stools or Benches

A47C 1/00 - A47C 16/00

{Seating furniture, e.g.} sofas, couches, settees, or the like, with movable parts {changeable to beds}; Chair beds
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Convertible chairs, stools or benches (except conversion to bed)

A47C 13/00

Convertible children's beds

A47D 11/005

Stretchers convertible into chairs

A61G 1/017

Medical beds convertible into a chair

A61G 7/16

Vehicle seats convertible to beds

B60N 2/34

{Seating furniture having loose or by fabric hinge connected cushions changeable to beds}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media89.png

DE2136598

media90.png

FR2401638

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Several spring, stuffed or fluid mattress/cushions to be put together in one cover

A47C 27/001

changeable to beds by tilting or extending the arm-rests
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media91.jpg

DE19947187

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable armrests

A47C 1/03

Non-adjustable support armrests, e.g. movable to inoperative position or of detachable type.

A47C 7/54

Chairs with armrest tables

A47C 7/68

Sofa convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting a backrest with tilting or pivoting the armrest

A47C 17/18

Detachable or loose armrest for beds

A47C 20/023

Armrest for disable persons chairs

A61G 5/125

Armrest for vehicles seats

B60N 2/75

{Seating furniture having non-movable backrest} changeable {to beds} by increasing the available {seat} part, e.g. by drawing {seat cushion} forward
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by pulling the seat cushion.

media92.jpg

GB1171323

media93.jpg

GB406768

media94.jpg

DE20007132

media95.jpg

NL109206C

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the movable-coupled backrests and seat

A47C 17/17

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest with seat cushion consisting of multiple superposed parts, wherein at list on lower hidden part is sliding forward out of the frame

A47C 17/2073

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest with seat cushion consisting of multiple superposed parts, wherein at list on lower hidden part is pivoted by linkages out of the frame

A47C 17/2076

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden

A47C 17/22

changeable to beds by removing parts only
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media96.png

DE202005010087U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture with loose or connected by the fabric hinge cushions, convertible to bed

A47C 17/045

Dismountable bedsteads

A47C 19/005

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dismountable chairs

A47C 4/02

Chairs with dismountable or loose backrest

A47C 7/42

Modular seating

A47C 13/005

{Seating furniture} changeable to beds by tilting or pivoting the back-rest
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by tilting or pivoting the backrest.

The backrest can also be connected to the movable seat parts.

media97.jpg

GB883581

media98.jpg

DE4017809

media99.jpg

FR2880247

media100.jpg

US3867730

media101.jpg

US5956785

media102.jpg

EP395531

media103.jpg

FR1385325

media104.jpg

EP1208772

media105.jpg

DE19750571

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture having non-movable backrest changeable to beds by increasing the available seat part, e.g. by drawing seat cushion forward

A47C 17/13

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden mattress or articulated bed cushions

A47C 17/22

{Seating furniture having non-movable back-rest changeable to beds} with means for uncovering a previously hidden mattress or similar bed part
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating furniture with non-movable backrest convertible to bed by uncovering previously hidden mattress or articulated bed cushions.

media106.png

GB322523

media107.jpg

BE765002

media108.jpg

DE20000226U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible to bed by pivoting the backrest thereby uncovering previously hidden parts

A47C 17/20

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating furniture having non-movable backrest changeable to beds by increasing the available seat part, e.g. by drawing seat cushion forward.

A47C 17/13

Changing a single bed into a double bed by extending, pivoting, or tilting a previously hidden second mattress or other bed part
Definition statement

This place covers:

Single bed convertible into a double bed.

media109.jpg

DE29800162

media110.jpg

CH261593

media111.png

DE9408479U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Changing corner couches into a double beds

A47C 17/36

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Parts for jointing separate bedsteads

A47C 19/028

Extendible bedsteads

A47C 19/04

Extensible children's play-pens

A47D 13/068

Joining seats, chairs, or couches to form beds
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media112.png

US1825055

media113.jpg

AT200201891

Changing sofas or the like into beds by means of furniture other than seats or chairs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media114.jpg

GB2179849

Wall beds
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds firmly connected to/at the wall

media115.jpg

FR2177172

media116.jpg

EP0011531

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible into beds

A47C 17/04

Cabinet beds, Wardrobe beds

A47C 17/52

Travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/64

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

Wall attached dressing-tables

A47D 5/003

Cabinet beds; Table beds, or like beds; Wardrobe beds
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media117.jpg

US5913769

media118.jpg

FR595290

media119.jpg

US4631764

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Seating furniture convertible into beds

A47C 17/04

Wall beds

A47C 17/38

Travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/64

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

Travelling or camp beds (adjusting members for rests A47C 20/00; travelling or camp sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses A45F 4/06; stretchers A61G 1/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media120.png

US4914768

media121.jpg

WO0234089

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Beach chairs

A47C 1/14

Folding, collapsible or dismountable chairs

A47C 4/00

Trunk chairs

A47C 4/52

Camp, travelling or sport stools

A47C 9/10

Dismountable bedsteads

A47C 19/005

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

A47C 23/005

Hammocks

A45F 3/22

Convertible travelling/camp sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses

A45F 4/06

Foldable dressing tables for children

A47D 5/006

Foldable beds for children

A47D 7/002

Foldable small beds for newborns or infants

A47D 9/005

Foldable play-pens

A47D 13/061

Foldable or collapsible stretchers

A61G 1/013

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs or stool bases for uneven surfaces

A47C 7/008

Self inflating mattresses

A47C 27/084

Bed canopies

A47C 29/003

Mosquito nets

A47C 29/006

Suspended beds, e.g. suspended from ceiling (hammocks A45F 3/22)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds suspended from the horizontal support surface above the bed, e.g. ceiling or movable to non-use position against the ceiling.

media122.png

GB2276315

media123.jpg

US4888836

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wall beds

A47C 17/38

Hammocks

A45F 3/22

Parts or details for beds, sofas or couches only not fully covered in a single one of the sub-groups A47C 17/02, A47C 17/04, A47C 17/38, A47C 17/52, A47C 17/64, or A47C 17/84; {Drawers in or under beds}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Drawers in or under beds and parts or details for beds, sofas or couches not fully covered in the above groups and sub-groups

media124.jpg

EP1374741

media125.jpg

DE2004014824

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Accessories for chairs

A47C 7/62

Combinations of bedsteads with other additional furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets or tables

A47C 19/22

Bedsteads (spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead A47C 23/00; bed jointing members or fittings for bedsteads F16B)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/64

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

A47C 23/00

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

A47C 27/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fitting for bedsteads

F16B 12/54

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{dismountable}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds having detachably interconnected joints configured to be dismounted without causing their destruction.

media126.jpg

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Dismountable chairs

A47C 4/02

Dismountable travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/645

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

A47C 23/005

Dismountable children's beds

A47D 7/005

Dismountable children's pens

A47D 13/066

Collapsible stretchers

A61G 1/013

Parts or details of bedsteads not fully covered in a single one of the following subgroups, e.g. bed rails, post rails
Definition statement

This place covers:

Parts or details of bedsteads, e.g. bed rails, legs, head or foot boards; cross-bars

media127.pngmedia128.pngmedia129.jpg

WO2005112705

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fitting for bedsteads

F16B 12/54

Extensible bedsteads, e.g. with adjustment of length, width, height (for children's beds A47D 7/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media130.jpg

WO9422349

media131.jpg

US5713091

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Children's bed with adaptable length to the growth of the children

A47D 7/01

Extensible Children's play-pens

A47D 13/068

Medical beds with rising or lowering the whole mattress frame

A61G 7/012

Operating tables with rising or lowering the whole table surface

A61G 13/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Single bed convertible into a double bed by extending, pivoting or tilting

A47C 17/32

Folding bedsteads (travelling or camp beds A47C 17/64)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media132.jpg

EP1166685

media133.jpg

CH358910

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Folding, collapsible or dismountable chairs

A47C 4/00

Seating furniture convertible into beds

A47C 17/04

Foldable travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/68, A47C 17/70, A47C 17/74

Dismountable bedsteads

A47C 19/005

Foldable or dismountable spring mattress with rigid frame

A47C 23/005

Foldable dressing tables

A47D 5/006

Foldable beds for children

A47D 7/002

Foldable small beds for newborns or infants

A47D 9/005

Foldable play-pens

A47D 13/061

Foldable or collapsible stretchers

A61G 1/013

Multi-stage bedsteads; {e.g. bunk beds} (multiple-wall beds A47C 17/50; suspended beds A47C 17/84); Bedsteads stackable to multi-stage bedsteads
Definition statement

This place covers:

Bunk beds; Mezzanine bed; Stacking or nesting bedsteads

media134.jpg

DE1004052192

media135.png

DE29921485U

media136.jpg

EP1155642

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Multiple-wall beds

A47C 17/50

Suspended beds

A47C 17/84

Sleeping accommodation for rail vehicles

B61D 31/00

Sleeping accommodation for load-carrying vehicles

B62D 33/0612

Berths for vessels

B63B 29/10

Combinations of bedsteads with other furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets (bed-tables A47B 23/00 {; bedside cabinets A47B 79/00})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds combined with other furniture, e.g. tables, bedside cabinets, etc.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Drawers in or under beds

A47C 17/86

Bed-tables

A47B 23/00

Bedside cabinets

A47B 79/00

Headrests, footrest, armrest, backrests or like rests associated with beds, sofas or the like

Head -, foot -, or like rests for beds, sofas or the like (book rests or bed tables A47B 23/00; bed-rests specially adapted for nursing A61G 7/065)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Headrests, footrest, armrest, backrests or like rests associated with beds, sofas or the like

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Medical bed with rests, e.g. head, torso or limbs rests

A61G 7/065

of detachable {or loose} type (A47C 20/04, A47C 20/08 take precedence {; for chairs A47C 7/00; pillows A47G 9/10})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media137.png

US6874183

media138.png

US1156523

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Detachable or loose seat cushions for chairs or stools

A47C 7/021

Detachable or loose head or neck supports for chairs

A47C 7/383

Detachable or loose back supports for chairs

A47C 7/42

Detachable feet or the legs supports for chairs

A47C 7/52

Stan-alone supports for feet, legs, back or head

A47C 16/00

Baby feeding cushions

A47D 13/083

Restraining devices for children's beds

A47D 15/008

Pillows

A47G 9/10

Medical beds with head or torso support

A61G 7/07

Medical beds with limbs support

A61G 7/075

Medical beds with rests adapted for lifting patients or disabled persons

A61G 7/10

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds having backrest, footrests or headrests with adjustable inclination

A47C 20/04, A47C 20/08

with adjustable inclination (A47C 20/08 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds with independently-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrests.

media139.jpg

FR2871670

media140.jpg

US3277501

media141.png

US6857689

media142.jpg

WO2006135360

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with adjustable parts, e.g. backrest or footrest

A47C 1/022, A47C 1/031

Seating furniture convertible to beds

A47C 17/04

Beds with entire frame height or inclination adjustment

A47C 19/045

Beds with two or more rests adjustable simultaneously

A47C 20/08

Medical beds with adjustable mattress frame

A61G 7/002

Operating tables with adjustable sections

A61G 13/08

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/64

Bedsteads head or foot boards

A47C 19/022

Detachable or loose supports for feet, legs, arms, back or head associated with beds

A47C 20/02

with means for adjusting two or more rests simultaneously
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds with simultaneously-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrest.

media143.jpg

US7093312

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Beds with independently-adjustable backrests, footrests or headrests.

A47C 20/04

Medical beds with adjustable mattress frame

A61G 7/002

Operating tables with adjustable sections

A61G 13/08

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Medical beds divided in to different adjustable sections, e.g. Gatch position

A61G 7/015

Attachments or accessories for beds or mattresses not provided in other part of classification

Attachments for beds, e.g. sheet holders, bed-cover holders (bed tables supported on the bedstead A47B 23/02; for children's beds {A47D 7/00}, A47D 15/00); Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses
Definition statement

This place covers:

Attachments or accessories for beds or mattresses not provided in other part of classification

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Accessories for chairs

A47C 7/62

Drawers in or under beds

A47C 17/86

Combinations of bedsteads with other additional furniture or with accessories, e.g. with bedside cabinets or tables

A47C 19/22

Bed-tables

A47B 23/00

Bedside cabinets

A47B 79/00

Accessories of children's furniture

A47D 15/00

{Lighting, radio, telephone or the like connected to the bedstead}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds with electrical appliances, e.g. lighting, radio, telephone or etc.

media144.jpg

WO2006081162

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with lightning, radio, telephone or etc.

A47C 7/72

Illuminated bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs or pillows

A47G 2009/005

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs or pillows with sound equipment

A47G 2009/006

Combination of lightening devices with hospital beds

F21V 33/0072

{Oscillating, balancing or vibrating mechanisms connected to the bedstead (for children's beds A47D 9/02)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Beds having mechanisms causing oscillation or vibration of the bed.

media145.png

DE202006006297U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Rocking chairs in general

A47C 3/02

Small beds for newborns or infants with rocking mechanisms

A47D 9/02

Children's rocking chairs

A47D 13/105

Medical beds for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns having alternately movable parts

A61G 7/0573

Beds with massage means

A61H 2201/0149

Swings in general

A63G 9/00

Devices for rocking or oscillating perambulators

B62B 9/22

{Holders for loose bed elements, e.g.} sheet holders; bed cover holders
Definition statement

This place covers:

Holders for loose bed elements, e.g. sheet holders, bed cover holders, for airing duvets or covers, pillow holders, mattress holders, holders for facilitating making a bed

{Sheet holders; Bed cover holders}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media146.pngmedia147.jpgmedia148.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Children's beds with bed-cover holders preventing babies from throwing-off the bed cover

A47D 15/02

Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows

A47G 9/00

Medical beds with bed-cloth supports to alleviate the weight of the body-cloth on the patient

A61G 7/0501

{Pillow holders; Mattress holders}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media149.png

US3506988

media150.jpg

DE29907771U

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Spring mattresses with ridged frame, e.g. box springs

A47C 23/00

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

A47C 27/00

Pillows

A47G 9/10

{Holders for facilitating making the bed}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media151.jpg

US2006075557

media152.jpg

WO2003020082

Relationships with other classification places

Medical beds with dispensers of disposable sheets

A61G 7/0502

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds with entire frame height or inclination adjustment

A47C 19/045

Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lying furniture having ventilating, cooling or heating means

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with ventilating, cooling or heating devices

A47C 7/74

Pillows with cooling or heating means

A47G 9/1036

Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body

A61F 7/00

Medical beds for preventing bed-sores with ventilating means

A61G 7/05784

Heating or ventilating devices for vehicle seats

B60N 2/56

Mattress underlays {(mattress tickings or covers A47C 27/002)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mattress underlays are layers or inserts positioned between bed-frame/box- spring and the upper mattress to increase the upper mattress ventilation, firmness or protect from damage.

media153.png

FR2624711

Devices for prevention against falling-out, e.g. detachable sidewalls (for children's beds A47D 7/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media154.jpg

GB2286115

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Children's beds

A47D 7/00

Small beds for newborns or infants

A47D 9/00

Children's play-pans

A47D 13/06

Restrain devices for children's beds

A47D 15/008

Side bolsters for medical beds

A61G 7/0507

Side-rails for medical beds

A61G 7/0525

Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bedsteads

A47C 19/00

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas

A47C 27/00

Upholstery attaching means

A47C 31/02

Springs in general

F16F

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{with separate resilient support elements, e.g. elastomeric springs arranged in a two-dimensional matrix pattern}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media155.png

NL1021778C

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Spring mattress with rigid frame having springs of special type

A47C 23/0438

{foldable or dismountable}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Foldable travelling or camp beds

A47C 17/68, A47C 17/70, A47C 17/74

Dismountable bedsteads

A47C 19/005

Folding bedsteads

A47C 19/12

{Edge stiffeners (for chair seats A47C 7/342; for stuffed mattresses A47C 27/06)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media156.jpg

US2007011818

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with seat having compressed springs with edge reinforcement

A47C 7/342

Stuffed or fluid mattresses without a rigid frame having ticking or covers with edge welts or rolls

A47C 27/003

Stuffed or fluid mattresses without a rigid frame having spring inlays with edge stiffeners

A47C 27/066

Edge welts for upholstery in general

B68G 7/105

using leaf springs, e.g. metal strips (wooden springs A47C 23/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media157.png

WO2007049135

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with movable-coupled seat and backrest characterised by leaf spring

A47C 1/03277

Chairs with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type

A47C 7/28

Chairs with elastically-mounted backrest or backrest-seat-unit in the base frame characterised by leaf springs

A47C 7/445

Slatted wooden bed bases

A47C 23/06

Mattress with rigid frame using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type

A47C 23/12

using springs in compression, e.g. coiled
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media158.png

DE2536882

media159.jpg

DE2536882

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with seat parts having springs in compression, e.g. coil springs

A47C 7/34

Spring mattresses with rigid frame having combination of nets with springs in compression

A47C 23/32

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for beds or sofas with spring inlays

A47C 27/04

Upholstery attaching means

A47C 31/02

Making wire network, e.g. wire nets for spring mattresses

B21F 27/16

Mounting of mattress innersprings on border frames

B21F 33/025

Springs in general

F16F

using wooden springs, e.g. of slat type {; Slatted bed bases}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media160.png

DE202009005204U

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WO9917640

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with leaf springs

A47C 23/02

Mattress with rigid frame using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type

A47C 23/12

using tensioned springs, e.g. flat type (A47C 23/02 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media162.jpg

NL7302612

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DE19913523

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DE1237745

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type

A47C 7/28

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with leaf springs

A47C 23/02

Slatted wooden bed bases

A47C 23/06

using combinations of springs covered by more than one of the groups A47C 23/04, A47C 23/06 and A47C 23/12; Frames therefor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mattresses with rigid frame using combination of compressed springs, wooden springs and/or tensioned springs

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FR1012674

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GB511347

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chairs with seats having combination of different springs

A47C 7/35

Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses {or cushions} specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stuffed or fluid mattress without a rigid frame for chairs, beds or sofas

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Mattresses for children's beds

A47D 15/001

Medical beds with arrangement for preventing bed-sores or for supporting the patients with burns

A61G 7/057

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with detachable or loose seat cushions

A47C 7/021

Bedsteads

A47C 19/00

Mattresses with rigid frame, e.g. spring boxes

A47C 23/00

Upholstery attaching means

A47C 31/02

Sacks or packs convertible into beds or mattresses

A45F 4/06

Show stands for furniture e.g. beds or mattresses

A47F 7/30

Making wire network, e.g. wire nets for spring mattresses

B21F 27/16

Production of upholstery by moulding

B29L 2031/58

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

B29L 2031/751

Resilient upholstery pads in general

B68G 5/00

Manufacturing mattresses

B68G 7/00

Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses

D05B 11/00

Springs in general

F16F

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bedstead

Bed frame having non-elastic support forming lowest part of the bed

Spring mattress with rigid frame

Mattress having a rigid frame and elastic elements fixed to the rigid frame. Such mattress can be positioned on top of the bedstead, e.g. box-springs or directly on the floor, e.g. divan or slatted bed bases

Stuffed or fluid mattress

Mattress without a rigid frame stuffed with fibrous material, foam, fluid or springs.Such mattress can be placed on top of bedstead, box-spring, or directly on the floor, e.g. futon.

{with several cushions, mattresses or the like, to be put together in one cover}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing bed-sores having modules blocks, or inserts, with layer of different material

A61G 7/05715

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating furniture convertible to bed with loose or connected by the fabric hinge cushions

A47C 17/045

Foamed mattresses with several layers

A47C 27/15

{Mattress or cushion tickings or covers (bed linen, blankets or counterpanes A47G 9/02)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mattress tickings or cover forming integral part of the mattress

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bed linens, blankets, or Counterpanes

A47G 9/02

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with dispensers of disposable sheets

A61G 7/0502

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Beds with sheet holders or bed cover holders

A47C 21/02

Use of three-dimensional fabrics

A47C 31/006

Anti-mite, anti-allergen or anti-bacterial means

A47C 31/007

Mattress hand straps

A47C 31/08

Loose or removable mattress covers

A47C 31/105

Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs

A47G 9/06

Sleeping bags

A47G 9/08

Devices for preventing wetting or pollution of the bed, e.g. absorbent protective pads

A61F 5/48

with spring inlays (A47C 27/20 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mattresses without a rigid frame stuffed with springs e.g. helical springs

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Foamed mattresses with springs moulded in, or situated in cavities or openings in foam materials

A47C 27/20

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs with seat parts having springs in compression, e.g. coil springs

A47C 7/34

Spring mattresses with rigid frame having springs in compression, e.g. coiled springs

A47C 23/04

Spring mattress with rigid frame having combination of nets with springs in compression

A47C 23/32

Upholstery attaching means

A47C 31/02

Manufacturing mattresses

B68G 7/00

Springs in general

F16F

{of pneumatic type}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media263.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having inflatable chambers

A61G 7/05769

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

B60N 2/914, B60N 2/7082

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable chairs

A47C 4/54

Chairs with lumbar support adjustable by fluid means

A47C 7/467

Beds with fluid means adjustable inclination

A47C 20/048

Spring mattresses with rigid frame with inflatable elements

A47C 23/047

Liquid mattresses

A47C 27/085

Fluid mattress with means for connecting opposite sides of the mattress, e.g. internal ties or strips

A47C 27/087

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

A47C 27/088

Fluid mattress with plurality independently-fillable chambers

A47C 27/10

Fibrous mattresses with inflatable elements

A47C 27/128

Foam mattresses with inflatable bodies

A47C 27/18

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with inflatable means

A47G 2009/003

Inflatable pillows

A47G 9/1027

Devices for lowering persons from buildings by making use of jumping devices, e.g. jumping-mattresses

A62B 1/22

Tents or canopies with inflatable mattresses

E04H 2015/208

{of liquid type, e.g. filled with water or gel}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media264.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having fluid like particles, e.g. sand, mud, seeds, gel, beads

A61G 7/05738

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

A47C 27/088

Fluid mattress with plurality independently-fillable chambers

A47C 27/10

Bed covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs or sleeping rugs with liquid means

A47G 2009/008

{with fluid-like particles, e.g. filled with beads}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mattresses or cushions filled with beans, balls, beads, granules, seeds, pellets, spheres, chips or other small particles

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References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having fluid like particles, e.g. sand, mud, seeds, gel, beads

A61G 7/05738

{with means for connecting opposite sides, e.g. internal ties or strips}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media266.png

{incorporating elastic bodies, e.g. foam}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fluid mattresses filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam spring or coil springs, forming additional suspension inside the mattress

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fluid-like particles mattresses or cushions, e.g. filled with beads

A47C 27/086

Foam mattresses with inflatable bodies

A47C 27/18

with two or more independently-fillable chambers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media267.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having two groups of alternately inflated chambers

A61G 7/05776

Vehicle seats with hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape

B60N 2/914, B60N 2/7082

with fibrous inlays, e.g. made of wool, of cotton
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Mattresses for children's beds

A47D 15/001

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mattresses with both fibrous and foamed inlays

A47C 27/22

Finishing upholstery mainly composed of fibrous material

B68G 11/02

with foamed material inlays
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

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media271.png

media272.png

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Mattresses for children's beds

A47D 15/001

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having integral body-bearing projections or protuberances

A61G 7/05707

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having modules blocks, or inserts, with layers of different material

A61G 7/05715

Medical beds with arrangements for preventing the bed-sores having cut-outs or depressions in order to relieve the pressure on the parts of the body

A61G 7/05723

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chairs completely made of foam material

A47C 5/125

Chairs with seats having foamed material including in cushioning part

A47C 7/18

Stuffed mattresses for beds or sofas with spring inlays having foam material in top, bottom or side layers

A47C 27/05

Fluid-like particles mattresses, e.g. filled with beads

A47C 27/086

Fluid mattress filled with elastic bodies, e.g. foam

A47C 27/088

Mattresses with both fibrous and foamed inlays

A47C 27/22

Production of upholstery by moulding

B29L 2031/58

Production of mattresses or cushion by moulding

B29L 2031/751

Production of seats by moulding

B29L 2031/771

Resilient upholstery pads of cellular material, e.g. sponge rubber

B68G 5/02

Finishing upholstery mainly composed of resilient material, e.g. foam rubber

B68G 11/04

with both fibrous and foamed material inlays
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media273.png

Nets for protection against insects in connection with chairs or beds (insect nets for animals A01K 13/00; insect nets as travelling equipment A45F 3/52); Bed canopies
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media187.pngmedia188.png

GB1210201

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Insects nets for animals

A01K 13/00

Travelling or camp articles with nets affording protection against insects

A45F 3/52

Isolation chambers used for isolating individuals from external stimuli

A61M 21/0094

Tents or canopies with inflatable mattresses

E04H 2015/208

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seating or laying furniture with anti-earthquake means

A47C 31/002

Children's beds

A47D 7/00

{Fireproof means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media189.jpg

US2006048301

{Anti-earthquake means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media190.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Isolation chambers used for isolating individuals from external stimuli

A61M 21/0094

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bed canopies

A47C 29/003

{Means for protecting against undesired influence, e.g. magnetic radiation or static electricity}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media191.jpg

WO0074461

{Use of aromatic materials, e.g. herbs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating or laying furniture using aromatic materials, e.g. herbs

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bed-covers, counterpanes, travelling rugs, sleeping rugs, sleeping bags or pillows comprising deodorising or fragrance realising substance

A47G 9/007

{Use of three-dimensional fabrics}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seating or laying furniture with three-dimensional fabric or spacer fabric

media192.png

Upholstery attaching means (quilting, quilting means, fastening, fixing or finishing upholstery B68G 7/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Upholstery attaching means of seating or laying furniture not provided for in other parts of the classification

media193.jpg

GB693314

media194.jpg

EP0372340

media195.jpg

USRE27336

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frames of foldable chairs with inflexible seats

A47C 4/06

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frames of foldable chairs with flexible coverings

A47C 4/30

Attachment of upholstery or fabric to frame of tubular metal chairs

A47C 5/06

Attachment of covering in vehicle seat

B60N 2/58

Making upholstery

B68G 7/00

Elements specially adapted for fastening, fixing, or finishing, in upholstery work

B68G 7/12

Mattress hand-straps {, hand-grips or the like}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media196.jpg

EP1741365

Loose {or removable} furniture covers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group

media197.png

US5007123

media198.jpg

US4838610

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Removable or loose covers for chairs' headrests

A47C 7/386

Children's beds with bed-cover holders preventing babies from throwing-off the bed cover

A47D 15/02

Bed linen, blankets or counterpanes

A47G 9/02

Seat covering for cars

B60N 2/58

Removable protective covers for car seats

B60N 2/60

Means, e.g. measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons (body measuring means for clothing manufacture A41H 1/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Body measuring means for adapting chairs, beds or mattresses to the shape or weight of persons

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FR2777077

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EP0792604

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for taking measurements on the human body for manufacturing clothing

A41H 1/02

Measuring of the body profile for diagnostic purpose

A61B 5/1077

Testing of furniture, e.g. seats or mattresses

G01M 99/001