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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class D19]   CLASS D19,OFFICE SUPPLIES, ARTISTS’ AND TEACHERS’ MATERIALS
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

This class provides for design patents claiming ornamental designs for:

1. Paper or Pasteboard for Writing or Printing

2. Credit Card, Certificate, or Stamp

3. Calendar or Calendar Holder

4. Bookend

5. Book, Album, or Cover

6. Equipment for Writing, Drawing, or for Fine Arts

For marker or writing instrument parts, as in D562,390 and the pencil top in D397,390.

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Legend for the three drawings shown above:

Push button — Button at top of writing instrument that ejects or retracts the writing tip at the other end.

Shoulder — The top portion of the barrel that makes the transition from supporting the push button to the rest of the barrel or if there is no push button, it is the top edge of the top surface.

Collar — This is the band around the barrel that frequently supports the clip.

Clip — The clip is the attaching feature by which the marker or writing instrument is attached to a pocket or anything outside the marking instrument itself.

Grip — The portion of the barrel or a sleeve slipped over the barrel that is grasped by the hand to hold the marking instrument.

Writing tip housing — This is the portion underneath the barrel that holds the writing tip, into which it is retracted, and out of which it is ejected.

Writing tip — This is the usually bottom end of the marking or writing instrument that leaves a mark. It can be either a ballpoint, an ink nib or a lead pencil tip.

Barrel or casing — The main body of the marking or writing instrument, distinguished as separate from the push button at the top, the cap, the clip, and the writing tip housing.

Ferrule — A ring or band that encircles a pencil to strengthen it and frequently holds an eraser.

Terms Used to Identify the Orientation of Markers or Writing Instruments

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Axis — A straight, imaginary line drawn down through the center of the barrel in its longest dimension. The arrow in the diagram above points to the center of the top where the axis starts as in D554,291.

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Barrel shape in top plan — If a marking instrument is oriented with the writing tip at the bottom and the push button (if it has one) at the top, this view on the top row shows the barrel from up above the top or the opposite direction from the writing tip, showing the most limited view of the instrument. It is a two-dimensional view showing only width and length of the barrel from above. The great majority of marking instruments are round in top plan view, as D640,319 on left above, but top plan view also shows many other barrel shapes, such as square in D639,338 in the middle row above, and triangular as in D457,916 on the bottom row, right above. The view in each pair above identified by arrows shows the barrel shape in top plan view.

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Barrel shape in side elevation or long axis A marking instrument is shown above oriented vertically with the writing point at the bottom and the push button (if it has one) at the top. This view shows the front or rear or either side but not the top as does the top plan view. It shows the other dimension that is not shown in the top plan view, namely, height and width but not depth. It describes the shape of the barrel as if imaginary straight vertical lines were drawn on either side of the barrel at the outside edges so that the shape of the barrel in relation to those lines could be described, as D418,163.

7. Teaching Equipment

8. Office Equipment Not Elsewhere Specified

9. Miscellaneous

(1) Note. Design patents in this class are classified by what is claimed and shown in full lines only. Broken, hatched, or stippled lines, which may be included in design patent drawings, are considered as environment only.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D2Apparel and Haberdashery,   subclasses 861 through 864for apron or bib.
D3Travel Goods and Personal Belongings,   subclass 206 for pencil box or case for writing implement; subclasses 247-253 for checkbook cover.
D4Brushware,   subclass 103 for finger cot; subclasses 127-136 for artists’ -type paintbrush.
D5Textile or Paper Yard Goods; Sheet Material,   for sheet wrapping paper; subclasses 7 through 19for shelf paper.
D6Furnishings,   subclasses 300 through 314for photograph, picture frame, or easel; subclasses 407-635 for media disc holder or storage container; subclass 595 for napkin; subclasses 613-616 for placemat; subclass 641 for drafting table; subclass 657 for calling card receiver; subclasses 663-671.4 for general purpose, enclosed file cabinet or storage furniture; and subclass 700 for lectern or furniture-type book reading stand.
D8Tools and Hardware,   subclass 47 for chisel; subclass 48 for staple remover; subclasses 49-50 for stapler; subclasses 51-69 for pliers-type punch; subclasses 75-81 for hammer; subclass 98 for scissors; subclasses 98-105 for sculpting tool, knife, or spatula.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 516 through 575for ink bottle; subclass 305-306 for packaging bag, wrapper, or envelope.
D10Measuring, Testing, or Signalling Instruments,   subclasses 61 through 73for measuring instrument; subclass 64 for geometric-type drafting template; subclass 65 for protractor, triangle, or T-square; subclasses 71-73 for rule; subclass 73 for caliper or divider.
D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 158 for voice synthesizer unit; subclasses 341-347 for electronic book; subclasses 435-438 for data processing cartridge, chip, or card.
D15Machines Not Elsewhere Specified,   subclasses 127 through 134for paper cutter; subclass 144.1 for kiln, crucible, or furnace.
D16Photography and Optical Equipment,   subclasses 221 through 236for film projector or viewer.
D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclasses 4.1 through 4.6for point-of-sale terminal; subclasses 15-18 for imprinting or embossing stamp; subclasses 50-55 for printing machine or press.
D20Sales and Advertising Equipment,   subclasses 10 through 44for educational material in the form of graphics, e.g., sign, chart, etc., including bulletin board; subclass 11 for decal or transfer.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 376 through 384for game or gambling-type card; subclasses 468-482 for coordination or hand manipulative toy; subclasses 698-810 for training aid for sport.
D23Environmental Heating and Cooling; Fluid Handling and Sanitary Equipment,   subclasses 223 through 227for air brush.
D24Medical and Laboratory Equipment,   subclass 175 for speech reflector.
D27Tobacco and Smokers’ Supplies,   subclass 101 for cigarette wrapper; subclass 146 for writing instrument combined with tobacco lighter; subclass 196 for pipe cleaner.
D29Equipment for Safety, Protection, and Rescue,   subclass 114 for finger stall.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 1]    1PAPER OR PASTEBOARD FOR WRITING OR PRINTING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for stationery or cardboard used for hand written or printed communication.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 1

Example of a design for a card for writing.

(1) Note. Includes carbon paper, greeting card or place card.
(2) Note. Includes business form.
(3) Note. Includes planar or sheet material for artwork.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20through 25 , for calendar.
26,for book or writing tablet.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D5Textile or Paper Yard Goods; Sheet Material,   for sheet wrapping paper; subclasses 7 through 19for shelf paper; subclass 595 for napkin; subclasses 613-616 for place mat.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 305 through 306for packaging, bag, wrapper or envelop.
D20Sales and Advertising Equipment,   subclasses 10 through 44for educational material in the form of graph, sign, or chart, including bulletin board; subclass 11 for decal or transfer.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 376 through 384for game or gambling-type card.
D27Tobacco and Smokers’ Supplies,   subclass 101 for cigarette-type paper.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 9]    9CREDIT CARD, CERTIFICATE, OR STAMP:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for card authorizing purchases by charge or debit account, printed official forms or gummed-type seal.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 9

Example of a design for a credit card.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

20through 25 , for calendar or calendar holder.
26through 34 , for book, album or cover.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 117 for data processing record card.
D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclasses 50 through 55for imprinting or embossing stamp; subclasses 50-55 for printing machine or press.
D20Sales and Advertising Equipment,   subclasses 10 through 44for educational material in the form of graph, sign, or chart, including bulletin board; subclass 11 for decal or transfer.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 376 through 384for game or gambling-type card.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 20]    20CALENDAR OR CALENDAR HOLDER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for chart showing the day of the week, month, or year or support therefor.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 20

Example of a handheld design for calendar.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 26]    26BOOK, ALBUM OR COVER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for series of plain, written or printed sheets fastened together at one edge or binding-type surround therefor.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 26

Example of a design for a cover.

(1) Note. Includes writing tablet.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

59,for electronic dictionary or speller.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D3Travel Goods and Personal Belongings,   subclasses 247 through 253for checkbook cover.
D6Furnishings,   subclass 700 for lectern or furniture-type book reading stand.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 305 through 306for packaging bag, wrapper or envelope; D18, Printing and Office Machinery, subclasses 50-55 for imprinting or embossing stamp; subclasses 50-55 for printing machine or press.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 34.1]    34.1BOOKEND:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for support for keeping row of books upright.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 34.1

Example of a design for a bookend.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 59]    59TEACHING MATERIAL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for articles used instruction.

Example of a design for teaching material.

Example of a design for teaching material.

(1) Note. Includes element.
(2) Note. Includes electronic dictionary or speller.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 65]    65OFFICE EQUIPMENT NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for general-type articles used in a business-type environment not elsewhere provided for.

Example of a design for office equipment not elsewhere specified.

Example of a design for office equipment not elsewhere specified.

(1) Note. Includes paper fastener or paper clip.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D3Travel Goods and Personal Belongings,   subclass 206 for pencil box or case for writing implement.
D4Brushware,   subclass 103 for finger cot.
D5Textile or Paper Yard Goods; Sheet Material,   appropriate subclassesfor sheet wrapping paper.
D6Furnishings,   subclasses 300 through 314for photograph, picture frame or easel; subclasses 407-635 for media disc holder or storage container; subclass 641for drafting table; subclass 657 for calling card receiver; subclasses 663-671.4 for general purpose, enclosed file cabinet or storage furniture; and subclass 700 for lectern or furniture-type book reading stand.
D8Tools and Hardware,   subclass 48 for staple remover; subclasses 49 and 50, for stapler; subclasses 51-69 for pliers-type punch; subclass 98 for scissors.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 516 through 575for ink bottle.
D10Measuring, Testing, or Signalling Instruments,   subclasses 61 through 73for measuring instrument; subclass 64 for geometric-type drafting template; subclass 65 for protractor, triangle, or T-square; subclasses 71-73 for rule; subclass 73 for caliper or divider.
D15Machines Not Elsewhere Specified,   subclasses 127 through 134for paper cutter.
D16Photography and Optical Equipment,   subclasses 221 through 236film projector or viewer.
D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclasses 50 through 55for imprinting or embossing stamp; subclasses 50-55 for printing machine or press.
D29Equipment for Safety, Protection, and Rescue,   subclass 114 for fingerstall.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 99]    99Element or attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 65.  Design for a portion of office equipment rather than the entire office equipment.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 100]    100MISCELLANEOUS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for office supplies, artists’, and teachers’ material not elsewhere specified.

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Example of a design for miscellaneous subject matter forthis class.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 101]    101EQUIPMENT FOR WRITING, DRAWING, OR FOR FINE ARTS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for articles for forming characters, symbols or images on a surface with an instrument, art, and arts and crafts.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 102]    102Holder for artists’ materials:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for supports of the paint, ink, etc., and tools used in practicing a writing, drawing, fine arts, or craft activity.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 103]    103Palette or paint holding tray:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Design for a tray either flat or with depressions for individual coloring mediums.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a palette.

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Figure 2. Example of a design for a paint holdingtray.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 104]    104Paint container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Design for a receptacle to hold at least one color medium.
(1) Note. The container can be enclosed or open.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a paint container.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 105]    105Paint applying tool holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Design for device to contain or hold one or more brushes, rollers, sponges.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a paint applyingtool holder.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 106]    106Enclosed art supplies container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Design for an equipment holding receptacle that includes a cover.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D3Travel Goods and Personal Belongings, subclass 206 for a carrier or storage container for writing or marking supplies.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for an enclosed artsupplies container.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 107]    107Open top art supplies container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 102.  Design for an equipment holding receptacle that lacks a cover.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 107

Figure 1. Example of a design for an open topart supplies container.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 108]    108Art or craft tool:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for an implement, usually hand-held, to manipulate materials used during a visual arts activity.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for an art tool.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D4Brushware,   subclass 116 for brush combined with a diverse article.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 109]    109Pottery or ceramic tool or equipment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Design for manipulation of clay or clay-like material.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass is a pottery wheel (D644,671).

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a pottery tool.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 110]    110Palette knife:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Design for a flexible blade used to mix or apply colors.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 110

Figure 1. Example of a design for a palette knife.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 111]    111Craft set:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 108.  Design for a kit for including tools, and sometimes materials, used in a creative writing, drawing, fine arts or craft activity.
(1) Note. This subclass includes children’s craft set and adult’s craft set.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a craft set.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D21Games, Toys,   and Sports Goods, subclasses 334 through 368for a game board; and subclass 469 for children’s drawing-type board.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 112]    112Color wheel or color selector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for pigment samples arranged in a particular order.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 112

Figure 1. Example of a design for a color wheel.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 113]    113Board for writing, drawing, marking, or displaying:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for blackboard, whiteboard, dry erase board, bulletin board, memo board etc., includes board for attaching photos, documents, posters, etc.
(1) Note. Boards in this subclass can be electronic and use software.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a board.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

86through 92, for paper or document holder.
88,for clipboard.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D6Furnishings,   subclasses 300 and 310-312 for easel; and subclasses 406.3-406.6 for lap desk.
D7Equipment for Preparing or Serving Food or Drink not Elsewhere Specified, subclass 698 for cutting board.
D12Transportation,   subclass 426.1 for writing board attached to steering wheel or other car part.
D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 126 , subclasses 336-337; subclass 371, and subclasses 373-376 for monitor or display screen.
D20Sales and Advertising Equipment,   subclass 10 and subclasses 39-43 for signboard.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 334 through 368for game board; and subclass 469 for children’s drawing-type board.
D26Lighting,   subclass 58 for light table.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 114]    114Means to stand on floor:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 113.  Design for a board including a freestanding frame to support the board.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

434Education and Demonstration,   subclasses 408 through 425for boards.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a board with afloor stand.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 115]    115Marking or writing instrument:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for marking or writing instrument and attachment or element.

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401Coating Implements with Materials Supply,   subclass 99 for projectable and retractable tool; and subclass 221 for bifurcated, pointed nib tool, e.g., fountain pen, etc.
426Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products,   subclass 115 for a dispensing or serving utility, specifically, a marking pen for decorating food.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 116]    116Plural tips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument with more than one tip.
(1) Note. Tips may be on the same or separate instruments, e.g., multiple instruments may be physically attached in some manner.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 116

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentwith plural tips.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 117]    117Opposed tips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Design for instrument with tips at opposite ends.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 117

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withopposed tips.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 118]    118Stacked tips:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Design for instrument with superimposed tips oriented in the same direction.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 118

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withstacked tips.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 119]    119Tips on same end or mounted parallel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Design for instrument with more than one tip on one end or more than one tip with the same orientation.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 119

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withtips on the same end.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 119

Figure 2. Example of a design for a writing instrument withtips mounted parallel.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 120]    120Tips radiate out from center:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 116.  Design for instrument with multiple tips radiating out from center.
(1) Note. Tips can be equally or unequally spaced around the center.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 120

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentwith tips radiating from the center.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 121]    121Suspendable by rigid means, e.g., ring, carabineer, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument with a stiff loop or opening for hanging.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 121

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writinginstrument suspendable by a ring.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 122]    122Suspendable by flexible means, e.g., cord or chain, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument with a cord or linked elements for hanging.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 122

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writinginstrument suspendable by a chain.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 123]    123Combined with diverse article other than eraser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument combined with an article that, if disclosed separately, would be proper subject matter for a subsequent utility subclass or design patent class.
(1) Note. Claimed USB port or flash drive combined with a writing instrument is classified in D14 Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment, subclasses 480.1-480.7. If the USB port or flash drive is not claimed, it is classified in D19 Office Supplies; Artists’ and Teachers’ Materials, subclass 115.

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Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentwith a nail file.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 124]    124Bookmark:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with a device to indicate a particular page in bound pages.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

34,for bookmark.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 124

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand a bookmark.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 125]    125Brush:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with a bristled tool.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 125

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda brush.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D4Brushware,   subclass 116 for combined with diverse article other than marking or writing instrument.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 126]    126Bubble blower:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with bubble blower.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 126

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda bubble blower.

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D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclass 401 for bubble- or smoke-making toy.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 127]    127Clock:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with traditional or digital timepiece.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 127

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda timepiece.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D10Measuring, Testing, or Signaling Instruments,   subclasses 1 through 29for clock.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 128]    128Computer or calculator:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with computer or calculator.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 128

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda calculator.

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D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 411 for stylus that is electronic and uses software, subclass 431 for stylus-type scanner or reader that is electronic and uses software.
D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclass 2 for calculator combined with device other than marking or writing instrument.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 129]    129Jewelry:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with an earring, necklace, ring, etc.
(1) Note. This subclass includes tie clips.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 129

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand an earring.

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D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclass 26 for ring; subclass 40 for brooch or earring; and subclass 89 for jewel.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 130]    130Light or laser pointer:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with an illumination device or an aimed coherent light generator.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 130

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda signaling light.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D26Lighting,   subclasses 37 and 38 for penlights or small flashlights sometimes in the shape of a pen.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 131]    131Lottery:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with lottery or gambling item, e.g., ball selector or scratch device, etc.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 131

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda spin-and-pick lottery device.

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D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclass 371 for lottery number selector.
D32Washing, Cleaning, or Drying Machine,   subclass 46 for lottery ticket scraper.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 132]    132Retractable sheet, e.g., map, advertising, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument that holds a usually rectangular flexible material.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 132

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument andan advertisement.

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D5Textile or Paper Yard Goods; Sheet Material,   subclass 29 for simulative architectural or geographical theme.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 133]    133Ruler or measuring device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with a T-square, level, caliper, compass, tire gauge, or other gauge-like device.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 133

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda ruler.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D10Measuring, Testing, or Signaling Instruments,   subclass 62 for other measuring device; subclass 65 for T-square; subclass 68 for compass; subclass 69 for level; subclass 71 for ruler; subclass 73 for caliper; and subclass 86 for tire gauge.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 134]    134Sheet dispenser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument containing multiple sheets of material or flags that can be removed one at a time.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 134

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda sheet dispenser.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

86,for paper dispenser or holder, per se.

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D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclass 734 for dispenser for folded sheet material.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 135]    135Attached stand or holder:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with stand or holder.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 135

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda holder.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 135

Figure 2. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda holder (side view).

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 136]    136Toy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 123.  Design for instrument combined with a toy.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D21Games, Toys and Sports Goods,   subclass 398 for toys.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 136

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand a toy.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 137]    137Simulative:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument that includes a feature or features that simulate the appearance of another object either in form or as applied ornamentation.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 137

Figure 1. Example of a writing instrument androtary phone dial.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 138]    138Aircraft or spacecraft:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument that simulates form or appearance of aircraft or spacecraft.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 138

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument inthe shape of an airplane.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

D1Edible Products,   subclass 113 for aircraft-shaped food product.
D12Transportation,   subclass 319 for aircraft.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclass 430 and 447-452 for aircraft toy.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 139]    139Animate:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for an instrument that simulates an animal form or appearance.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 139

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument inan animal shape.

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D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 601 through 630for animate in form or motif.
D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclasses 100 , 127, 134, and 158 for animate sculpture.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 576 through 661for animate toys.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 140]    140Human:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Design for instrument that simulates form or appearance of human figure or face, or human characteristics.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 140

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda human shape.

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D1Edible Products,   subclass 108 and 109 for humanoid and head or appendage.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 614 through 628for humanoid packages.
D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   various subclasses, subclasses 32, 53-56, 83, 101-105, 128, 136, 150, 160, and 240 for human designs.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 621 through 648for humanoid figure or doll.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 141]    141Caricature or gross exaggeration:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 140.  Design for instrument with a representation of a human figure with distorted proportions or appearance.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 141

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument ina caricature shape.

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D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclass 620 for grotesque figure.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclass 622 for alien monster, subclass 630 for grossly exaggerated head.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 142]    142Quadruped:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 139.  Design for instrument in the form of a four-legged animal.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 142

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda cat.

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D1Edible Products,   subclass 110 for quadruped food product.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 607 through 613for quadruped packages.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 610 through 620for various four-legged animals, subclasses 651-657 for other animal toys.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 143]    143Architecture or building:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in form of architecture or building.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 143

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda building.

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D9Packages and containers for goods,   subclasses 636 through 641for building or component.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 506 through 511for building or structure.
D25Building Units and Construction Elements,   subclasses 1 through 34for various buildings, and subclass 22 for structure having an angular roof.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 144]    144Car or truck:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in form of car or truck.
(1) Note. This subclass includes railway cars.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 144

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand a truck.

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D1Edible Products,   subclass 113 for vehicle-shaped food product.
D12Transportation,   subclass 82 for car, bus, or truck.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 424 and 533 for vehicle toy; and subclasses 433, 434, 548-560 for automobile, truck, or bus toy.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 145]    145Clothing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in form of clothing.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 145

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda cap and gown.

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D2Apparel and Haberdashery,   appropriate subclasses for garments.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 631 through 632for apparel packages.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 631 through 648for figures wearing various kinds of garments.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 146]    146Feather:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in the form of a feather or with feather design applied.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 146

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument shapedas a flexible quill.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 147]    147Heart:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in the form or a heart or with heart design applied.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 147

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda heart.

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D1Edible Products,   subclass 112 for heart-shaped edible products.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclass 629 for heart-shaped packages.
D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclass 56 and 103 for heart-shaped jewelry.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 148]    148Indicia:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument that simulates form or appearance of letters, numbers, or symbols, such as the @ mark in an email address.
(1) Note. Barrel is in the shape of indicia; indicia are not printed on surface.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 148

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand indicia.

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D1Edible Products,   subclass 114 for alpha or numeric shape.
D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclass 61 for indicia forming part of jewelry.
D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclass 24 for font or type face.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 149]    149Medical device:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in the form of a device that is used to diagnose or treat illnesses or wounds.
(1) Note. This subclass includes instruments where pills are contained in a portion of instrument, normally a transparent portion.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 149

Figure 1. Example of a design for a syringe-shapedwriting instrument.

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D24Medical and Laboratory Equipment,   subclass 130 for syringe.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 150]    150Musical instrument:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument in the form of a musical instrument or including part of a musical instrument.

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D17Musical Instruments,   subclasses 10 through 18for wind instruments and string instruments.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 150

Figure 1. Example of a design for a guitar-shapedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 151]    151Plant:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument that simulates the form or appearance of a plant.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 151

Figure 1. Example of a design for a tree-shapedwriting instrument.

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D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclasses 33 , 63, 67, 68, 84, 115, 117, 139, 151, and 241, for plant life-related jewelry and sculpture.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 152]    152Fruit or vegetable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 151.  Design for instrument that simulates the form or appearance of a fruit or vegetable.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 152

Figure 1. Example of a design for a carrot-shapedwriting instrument.

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D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclass 645 for container with fruit shape or decoration, and subclass 644 for container with vegetable shape or decoration.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 153]    153Flower:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 151.  Design for instrument in the form of a flower.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 153

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda flower.

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D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclass 117 for flowers.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 154]    154Military:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for an instrument that simulates form or appearance uniforms, cartridges, guns, and other materials or devices that would be used by personnel in combat.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 154

Figure 1. Example of a design for a rifle-shapedwriting instrument.

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138,for aircraft and spacecraft.
144,for vehicles, such as military jeeps, etc.
911,for a cross-reference art collection of instruments with a camouflage pattern.

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D7Equipment for Preparing or Serving Food or Drink Not Elsewhere Specified,   subclasses 649 through 652for knife or blade.
D8Tools and Hardware,   subclasses 98 through 100for knife or blade.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 567 through 575for toy weapons.
D22Arms, Pyrotechnics, Hunting and Fishing Equipment,   subclass 103 and 104 for rifle, shotgun and pistol; subclass 118 for sword or knife.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 155]    155Sport:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for an instrument that simulates form or appearance of helmets, uniforms, baseball bats, etc.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 155

Figure 1. Example of a design for a golf-shapedwriting instrument.

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D7Equipment for Preparing or Serving Food or Drink Not Elsewhere Specified,   subclass 901 for equipment with sports shape or decoration.
D9Packages and Containers for Goods,   subclasses 618 , 619, and 668 for containers with sports shape or decoration.
D11Jewelry, Symbolic Insignia, and Ornaments,   subclass 157 for sculpture with sports shape or decoration.
D21Games, Toys, and Sports Goods,   subclasses 698 through 810for sport-specific equipment.
D29Equipment for Safety, Protection, and Rescue,   subclasses 102 through 107for sports helmet.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 156]    156Tool or hardware:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 137.  Design for instrument with the form or appearance of a hammer, saw, pair of pliers, nail, screw, hinge, lock, and fastener, etc.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 156

Figure 1. Example of a design for a hinge shapedwriting instrument.

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D8Tools and Hardware,   subclasses 75 through 107for tools, such as hammer, screwdriver, saw, etc.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 157]    157Folding or retractable:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument that can be rotated about a hinge or telescoped inward, creating a shortened version to be more compact.
(1) Note. Writing or marking instrument may be articulated.
(2) Note. Usually at least one-third of instrument can be retracted.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 157

Figure 1. Example of a design for a folding writinginstrument.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 157

Figure 2. Example of a design for an articulatedwriting instrument.

Image 3 for class D19 subclass 157

Figure 3. Example of a design for an articulatedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 158]    158Finger instrument or finger stylus with point:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument, particularly a marking point that is directly attached to a digit of a human hand.
(1) Note. Instead of being held by hand, the instrument is attachable to a finger.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 158

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentfitting a finger.

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D4Brushware,   subclass 103 for attachment to finger with brush or texture on end instead of point.
D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 411 for stylus that is electronic and uses software; and subclass 431 for stylus-type grip that is electronic and uses software.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 159]    159Non-electronic stylus:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument for marking or incising a groove that usually does not leave a trail of ink, e.g. lettering scriber, etc.
(1) Note. Instruments in this subclass are not electronic and do not use software.
(2) Note. This subclass also provides for a combination of a stylus with a regular marking or writing instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 159

Figure 1. Example of a design for a stylus.

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D14Recording, Communication, or Information Retrieval Equipment,   subclass 411 for stylus that is electronic and uses software, subclass 431 for stylus-type grip that is electronic and uses software.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 160]    160Point suspended at an angle from instrument arm, e.g. recording pen, etc.:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument point that is held from at least 1° -to-135° from a support.
(1) Note. A recording pen is normally attached to a machine used to record data on a chart.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 160

Figure 1. Example of a design for a recording writinginstrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 161]    161Correction pen:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument that produces fluid or tape to cover writing or marking errors or mistakes.
(1) Note. Only correction pens in the elongated shape of writing instruments should be classified in this subclass.
(2) Note. This subclass includes instruments with correction fluid applicators.

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67through 69, for strip material dispenser or correction tape dispenser that is not in the shape of a marking or writing instrument, such as a bottle or tape dispenser, etc.
187,for eraser separate from a marking or writing instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 161

Figure 1. Example of a design for a correction instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 162]    162Bingo marker, bingo dauber, or game card marker:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for an instrument used for marking in a recreational activity involving randomly drawn numbers matched to corresponding numbers on a sheet game, such as bingo, where the instrument colors the number.
(1) Note. The instrument normally has a broad body and a broad stamping or marking end that is at least one-third to one-half the width of body.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 162

Figure 1. Example of a design for a bingo dauber.

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131,for writing instrument combined with lottery devices.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 163]    163Including a cap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument having a cover over the writing portion.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 163

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument witha cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 164]    164Cap or barrel includes clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 163.  Design for an instrument with a cap having clasping mechanism.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 164

Figure 1. Example of a design for an instrumentcap having a clip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 165]    165Short cap over tip only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Design for instrument a short cap overwriting tip only.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 165

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument witha short cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 166]    166Clip extends below bottom edge of cap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 165.  Design for instrument having a clip that hangs down below the bottom edge of the cap.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 166

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument clipextending beyond the cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 167]    167Top of cap has diagonal slant in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Design for instrument having a cap with a top surface that slants on a diagonal.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 167

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentwith slanted top surface below the button.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 168]    168Barrel has combination of shapes in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Design for instrument having a cap with clip and having more than one shape in the barrel.
(1) Note. For example, the barrel may include straight parallel sides combined with concave sides.
(2) Note. Variations of shape in barrel may be very subtle.
(3) Note. Can exclude ends.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 168

Figure 1. Example of a design for a combined-shapewriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 169]    169Whole barrel has straight parallel sides in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 164.  Design for instrument with cap and clip that has straight parallel sides.
(1) Note. Sides can exclude ends.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 169

Figure 1. Example of a design for a straight-sidedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 170]    170Including a clip only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument having a clip.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include caps.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 170

Figure 1. Example of a design for a clip on a writinginstrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 171]    171Including button at top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Design for instrument having a clip and button on the top.
(1) Note. Clip can be attached to button.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 171

Figure 1. Example of a design for a top-buttonedwriting instrument.

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934,for button on side of barrel.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 172]    172Top of barrel under button has diagonal slant in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Design for instrument having a top surface immediately under the button that slants diagonally.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 172

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withslanted top surface below button.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 173]    173Whole barrel has straight parallel sides in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Design for instrument with straight parallel sides.
(1) Note. Shape can exclude ends.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 173

Figure 1. Example of a design for a straight-sidedwriting instrument barrel.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 174]    174Grip has different shape from barrel in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 171.  Design for instrument having a clip and button (no cap) and a barrel with two or more different shapes.
(1) Note. Can be based on very slight differences of swelling or tapering.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 174

Figure 1. Example of a design for a different-shapedgrip and writing instrument barrel.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 175]    175Top of barrel has diagonal slant in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Design for instrument with a clip and top surface of the barrel has a diagonal slant.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 175

Figure 1. Example of a design for a slanted-topwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 176]    176Diagonal or horizontal break in barrel:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 170.  Design for instrument with a clip having a diagonal or horizontal break in barrel.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 176

Figure 1. Example of design for a diagonal breakon a writing instrument.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 176

Figure 2. Example of design for a horizontal breakon a writing instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 177]    177Includes button on top or side of barrel or both only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument having a button on top or side of barrel.
(1) Note. This subclass does not include clips or caps.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 177

Figure 1. Example of design for a button-on-topwriting instrument.

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934,for button on side of barrel.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 178]    178Barrel has curved, bent, or angled central axis and asymmetrical shape only, in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument with a central axis that is arcuate, crooked, or not symmetrical.
(1) Note. Included in the subclass are shapes that are not straight, are asymmetrical, lump, or ergonomic.
(2) Note. This subclass does not include clips, caps, or buttons.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 178

Figure 1. Example of a design for an asymmetricalwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 179]    179Barrel has straight central axis in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 115.  Design for instrument that has a straight central axis.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 179

Figure 1. Example of a design for a straight writing instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 180]    180Barrel has asymmetrical shape in relation to central axis in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument with a non-symmetrical or irregular configuration in one direction but not the other.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 180

Figure 1. Example of a design for an asymmetrically shapedwriting instrument.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 180

Figure 2. Example of a design for an asymmetrically shapedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 181]    181Barrel has geometric shape or simple shape in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument with a rectilinear, curvilinear, or other plain-shape outline.
(1) Note. Included in this subclass are writing instruments with two-dimensional or three-dimensional shape, such as a circle or polygon, etc.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 181

Figure 1. Example of a design for a square writinginstrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 182]    182Barrel is short and wide in proportion to length in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument that is short and wide in proportion to its length.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 182

Figure 1. Example of a design for a short andwide writing instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 183]    183Barrel is flared out at top in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument with a barrel that flares out at the top.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 183

Figure 1. Example of a design for a flared-topwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 184]    184Part of barrel has straight parallel sides in side view and part has other shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument that has straight parallel sides combined with other shape.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 184

Figure 1. Example of a design for a multi-shapedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 185]    185Barrel has straight parallel sides in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument having a barrel with straight parallel sides, such as a traditional- type of pencil, etc.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 185

Figure 1. Example of a design for a straight, parallel-sided writing instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 186]    186Barrel is elongated in proportion to width in side view:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 179.  Design for instrument with the top to bottom dimension significantly larger than the width.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 186

Figure 1. Example of a design for an elongatedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 187]    187Eraser:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for eraser that is not attached to an instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 187

Figure 1. Example of a design for an eraser.

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67through 69, for strip material dispenser or correction tape dispenser that is not combined with a marking or writing instrument.
161,for correction pen that dispenses correction fluid.

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15Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning,   subclasses 105.51 and 424 for an eraser.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 188]    188Electric or battery powered:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 187.  Design for eraser that is motorized.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 188

Figure 1. Example of a design for an electriceraser

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 189]    189Combined with diverse article:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 187.  Design for eraser combined with another article.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 189

Figure 1. Example of a design for an eraser andpencil sharpener.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 190]    190Refill cartridge:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for a writing or printing material container, often cylindrical, for insertion into a writing instrument to replace an existing container.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 190

Figure 1. Example of a design for refill cartridge.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 191]    191Ink container:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for a container to hold ink that is separate from the instrument.
(1) Note. Inkwells classified in this Class (D19), subclass 93 are different from a refill cartridge because an inkwell is desk furniture for a user sitting at a desk and dipping a pen into ink.
(2) Note. This subclass includes ink containers for storing ink separate from being a desk furnishing.
(3) Note. This ink container would not be inserted whole with the casing into a pen, although the ink itself could be inserted into a pen.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 191

Figure 1. Example of a design for an India ink container.

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93,for inkwell.

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D18Printing and Office Machinery,   subclass 56 for ink stick or cartridge for printer.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 192]    192Element:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design element for a portion of an instrument rather than the whole instrument.
(1) Note. Patents in this subclass are classified only by what is claimed and shown in solid lines.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 192

Figure 1. Example of a design for an element ofan instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 193]    193Button on top or side:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for a button on top or side of barrel.
(1) Note. Button can have any shape.
(2) Note. Button can be a sliding, toggle, or push button.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 193

Figure 1. Example of a design for a button on theside.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 193

Figure 2. Example of a design for a button on top.

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171,for a clip with a button at top.
934,for button on side of barrel.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 194]    194Cap, cover, or tip protector only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for cap, cover, top or tip protector that is removable from instrument and does not have a clip.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 194

Figure 1. Example of a design for a cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 195]    195Including clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 194.  Design element for cap, cover, top, or tip protector with clip.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 195

Figure 1. Example of a design for cap and clip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 196]    196Clip only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for clip for instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 196

Figure 1. Example of a design for a clip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 197]    197Including attaching means as part of top or button:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 196.  Design element for clip for instrument that includes fastening structure holding the clip attached to the barrel.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 197

Figure 1. Example of a design for an attachmentand a clip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 198]    198Ferrule or pencil top:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for a ring around e.g., a pencil, etc., usually to strengthen the uppermost portion.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 198

Figure 1. Example of a design for a ferrule.

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16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance,   etc.), subclass 108 for ferrules.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 199]    199Grip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for a grip for instrument.
(1) Note: The grip portion is an integral part of instrument and cannot be removed.

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203,for grip separate from instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 199

Figure 1. Example of a design for grip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 200]    200Nib, writing point, or tip housing:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for nib, writing point, or tip housing.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 200

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing point (side view.)

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 200

Figure 2. Example of a design for a writing point(front view).

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 201]    201Top portion of barrel, other than cap:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 192.  Design element for top portion of barrel of instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 201

Figure 1. Example of a design for a barrel top.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 202]    202Attachment:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 101.  Design for article that can be attached to an instrument.
(1) Note. The attachment is not an integral part of the instrument and can be removed.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 202

Figure 1. Example of a design for an attachment.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 203]    203Gripping aid:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Design attachment for a device that is slipped onto an instrument to make it more secure or more comfortable to hold.
(1) Note. The device is only the size of what would be held by a hand and so it would not normally be longer than about one-third of the length of the barrel.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 203

Figure 1. Example of a design for a gripping aid.

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199,for grip that is integral to instrument.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 204]    204Sleeve or barrel protector:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 202.  Design attachment for a sleeve or barrel protector that can be removed from the instrument and is not an integral part of the instrument.
(1) Note. The sleeve or barrel protector usually extends the whole length of the barrel.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 204

Figure 1. Example of a design for a barrel protector.

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203,for grip that is separate from instrument.
  

CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS

[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 901]    901HIGHLIGHTER:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument that is wider and shorter than other instruments and usually has a broader marking point.
(1) Note. The only highlighter-type markers included in this subclass are those with shorter, wider proportions. The designs entitled highlighter or marker with the longer, thinner proportions of a typical pen or pencil are not proper for this subclass.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 901

Figure 1. Example of a design for a highlighter.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 902]    902With clip:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 901.  Design for a highlighter-type marker that includes clip.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 902

Figure 1. Example of a design for a highlighterwith a clip.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 903]    903SURFACE TEXTURE OR PATTERN:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with a pattern of repeated shapes.
(1) Note. The shapes can be raised, incised, or flat lines on surface.
(2) Note. Shapes can be as few as two or three or a multitude.
(3) Note. Shapes can be located on any portion of the instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 903

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentwith a surface pattern.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 904]    904Small repeated circles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes a pattern of small repeated circles.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 904

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withsmall repeated circles.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 905]    905Small repeated squares or rectangles:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes a pattern of small repeated squares or rectangles.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 905

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withsmall repeated rectangles.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 906]    906Small repeated ovals, oblongs, or crescents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes a repeated pattern of small elliptical, elongated, of half-moon shapes.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 906

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withsmall repeated ovals.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 907]    907Small repeated diamonds:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes a pattern of small repeated diamond shapes.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 907

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withsmall repeated diamonds shapes.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 908]    908Graduated size shapes:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes pattern of multiple shapes that gradually become larger or smaller as they are repeated.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 908

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withgraduated-sized shapes.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 909]    909Geometric:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument characterized by a design using straight lines, circles, squares, or abstract shapes.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 909

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withgeometric shapes.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 909

Figure 2. Example of a design for a writing instrument withgeometric shapes.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 910]    910Spiral:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that has lines or forms wound around the barrel in helix pattern.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 910

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument witha spiral.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 911]    911Irregular or asymmetrical without repetition:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that has free form shapes or lines.
(1) Note. Pattern is typically organic or amoeba-like.
(2) Note. An example is camouflage or wood grain pattern.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 911

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand wood grain.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 912]    912Undulating or wavy:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that has fluctuating, undulating, wavy shapes or lines.
(1) Note. Pattern has some symmetry and repetition.
(2) Note. Pattern is characterized by up and down curve and re-curve repetition.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 912

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand wavy lines.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 912

Figure 2. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand undulating lines.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 913]    913Elongated curved forms:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes long curving shapes or lines.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 913

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument withelongated curves.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 914]    914Oval or circle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument includes a round or an elliptical shape.
(1) Note. Large circles or ovals can be spread over a large part of instrument surface.
(2) Note. Oval can have asymmetrical shape or tear drop shape.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 914

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand an oval.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

904,for instrument with pattern of small repeated circle.
906,for instrument with pattern of small repeated ovals or oblongs.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 915]    915Square or rectangle:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for instrument that includes one or two squares or rectangles.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 915

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument anda rectangle.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

905,for pattern of small repeated squares or rectangles spread over instrument surface.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 916]    916Lateral striation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that includes striations across the short dimension of barrel or other part of instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 916

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havinglateral striations.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 917]    917Longitudinal striation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that striations on the long dimension of barrel or other part of instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 917

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havinglongitudinal striations.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 918]    918Diagonal striation:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that includes diagonal striations on instrument.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 918

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havingdiagonal striations.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 919]    919Randomly repeated shape:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 903.  Design for an instrument that has separate shapes that are repeated without any discernible order or symmetry.
(1) Note. Shapes are not necessarily the same.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 919

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 919

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrumentand enlargement showing multi-colored shreds of glitters.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 920]    920ERGONOMIC-TYPE HANDLE:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with a handle that is the most efficient and comfortable form to fit the hand of the user.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 920

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 920

Figure 2. Example of a design for an ergonomic-type writinginstrument.

SEE OR SEARCH CLASS:

16Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance,   etc.), subclass 430 for ergonomic handle.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 921]    921TRANSPARENT:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument having at least half or more of barrel that is transparent.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 921

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havinga transparent portion.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 922]    922To display interior contents:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 921.  Design for instrument having part of barrel that is transparent to show interior contents.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 922

Figure 1. Example of a design for a transparent-portionedwriting instrument to display contents.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 923]    923Part or portion:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 921.  Design for instrument having a part that is transparent other than a cap.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 923

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havinga transparent portion.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 924]    924Cap only:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 923.  Design for an instrument having a transparent cap.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 924

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument havinga transparent cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 925]    925NON-CIRCULAR SHAPE IN TOP PLAN VIEW:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with at least half or more of body not in a ring shape.
(1) Note. Includes wedge-shaped, heart-shaped, or other-shaped.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 925

Figure 1. Example of a design for a non-circular-shapedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 926]    926Square or rectangular:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 925.  Design for instrument with barrel that has four flat sides joined at right angles.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 926

Figure 1. Example of a design for a rectangular-shaped writinginstrument.

Image 2 for class D19 subclass 926

Figure 2. Example of a design for a rectangular-shaped writinginstrument (end view).

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 927]    927Triangular:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 925. Design for instrument with barrel that has three-sided shape.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 927

Figure 1. Example of a design for a triangular-shaped writinginstrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 928]    928Five or more sides:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 925.  Design for instrument with barrel that has five or more sides.
(1) Note. Can include pentagonal, hexagonal, or octagonal shaped instruments.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 928

Figure 1. Example of a design for a six-sided writinginstrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 929]    929Oval:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 925.  Design for instrument with barrel that is elliptical.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 929

Figure 1. Example of a design for an oval-shapedwriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 930]    930Flattened:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 925.  Design for an instrument with a barrel having two flat sides and being wider in one dimension than the other in top plan.
(1) Note. Barrel is elongated in proportion to width in side view.
(2) Note. Includes carpenter’s pencil.

Figure 1. Example of a design for a flattened-side writing instrument.

Figure 1. Example of a design for a flattened-sidewriting instrument.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 931]    931TELESCOPED BARREL OR CAP:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with integral sleeve casing or telescoped body or cover.
(1) Note. Has at least one sleeve layer, but can have multiple layers as shown in Figure 1.
(2) Note. Instruments with a sleeve separate from instrument are not proper for this subclass.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 931

Figure 1. Example of a design for a telescoped-barrelwriting instrument.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

203,for grip that is separate from instrument.
204,for sleeve or barrel protector that is separate from instrument.
  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 932]    932CLIP ATTACHED BY BAND AROUND CAP, BARREL, OR BUTTON:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with clip attached by band around cap, barrel, or button.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 932

Figure 1. Example of a design for a clip attachedby a band around the cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 933]    933CLIP CONTINUES OVER PART OR ALL OF TOP OF BARREL OR TOP OF CAP:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for instrument with clip which continues unbroken over part or all of top of cap or top of barrel.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 933

Figure 1. Example of a design for a writing instrument witha clip continuing over the top of a cap.

  
[List of Patents for class D19 subclass 934]    934BUTTON ON SIDE OF BARREL:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Design for an instrument with a button anywhere on the side of the barrel.
(1) Note. Button can have any shape.
(2) Note. Button can be sliding, toggle, or push button.

Image 1 for class D19 subclass 934

Figure 1. Example of a design for a button ona writing instrument side.

SEE OR SEARCH THIS CLASS, SUBCLASS:

171,for a clip with button on top of barrel.
193,for button on top or side of barrel.
  

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