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CONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR (forming roads or like surfaces by compacting or grading snow or ice E01H)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Outdoor pavements and their foundations:

• General design or layout of roads;

• Paving made of prefabricated single units;

• Coherent paving made in situ;

• Special paving;

• Details of paving;

• Paving or foundation specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds;

• Paving specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks;

• Pavements lights.

Machines and methods for making, placing, working or repairing road surfacing and its foundations.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bridges
Equipments for roads; traffic islands; drainage of the sub-base of roads
Forming roads or like surfaces by compacting or grading snow or ice
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Foundations in general
Indoor flooring
Dredging; Soil shifting
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Further details of paving elements not covered by the groups E01C 5/00, E01C 9/00 and E01C 11/00, e.g. spacing features, interlocking, joining or drainage details are additionally classified in E01C 2201/00.

Further machine characteristics, parts or accessories not covered by the groups E01C 19/00, E01C 21/00, E01C 23/00, i.e. feeding devices for pavers, heated screeds, extendable screeds, screed or paver accessories and cabin details are additionally classified in E01C 2301/00.

Outdoor paving surfaces made of, or comprising synthetic grass are always classified in E01C 13/08, even when not disclosed as being adapted for sports.

Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption (design or layout of sports grounds A63C 19/00; design or layout of airfields B64F, [N: of helicopter landing stages E01F 3/00 ])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General layout of roads incl.

• street systems and cross-sections of roads, as well as

• special road design for noise abatement or for compelling drivers to slow down,

• arrangements for gas absorption and

• road crossings.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Design or layout of sports grounds
Design or layout of airfields
Construction of traffic islands
Design or layout of helicopter landing stages
[N: Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections (E01C 1/005E01C 1/007 take precedence; of footpaths, sidewalks, berms, hard shoulders or cycle tracks E01C 15/00); Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road (reducing transmission of structure-born noise E01C 3/06; arrangement of means for absorbing surfacings see the groups for the respective surfacings; other arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air transmitted road traffic noise, e.g. barriers E01F 8/00 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air transmitted road traffic noise, e.g. barriers
[N: Means permanently installed along the road for removing or neutralising exhaust gases (collecting exhaust gases with central suction systems, e.g. in workshops or tunnels, B08B 15/002 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ventilation of tunnels
[N: Design or auxiliary structures for compelling drivers to slow down or to proceed with caution, e.g. tortuous carriageway; Arrangements for discouraging high-speed or non-resident traffic (decelerating or arresting surfacings E01C 9/007; road surface configurating or surface arrangements for enforcing reduced speed or required caution, e.g. speed-control humps E01F 9/047 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Speed bumps
Vehicle decelerating or arresting surfacings
Foundations for pavings (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/02 ; foundations in general E02D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements of foundations; Use of special materials for building up the foundation layers of the road; Protecting foundations from destructive influences.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Prefabricated foundation elements for prefabricated paving elements
Foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds
Draining the subbase of roads
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Foundations in general
Apparatus or processes for surface stabilisation for road building
Soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials
Stabilising soil under existing surfacing
Special rules of classification within this group

E01C 3/02 is not used.

Pavings made of prefabricated single units (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/04, for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00 ; making artificial stones C04B; building stones E04C; flooring E04F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The covering of roads or sidewalks consisting of prefabricated single units:

• paving units characterised by their materials;

• reinforced paving units;

• paving units characterised by the material used for beds or joints or characterised by the way of laying.

Prefabricated foundation elements and individual couplings for these paving units.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Prefabricated paving units for sidewalk are generally classified here if they concern paving slabs for forming the surface covering the sidewalk; if they concern special paving elements or sets for forming the sidewalk itself, then they should be classified in E01C 15/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Prefabricated paving units specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds
Prefabricated pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks and not being simple paving slabs (for example prefabricated elements for forming elevated sidewalks).
Gratings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shaping cementitious materials incl. moulds
Shaping plastic materials incl. moulds
Working stone
Making artificial stones
Indoor flooring
Structural elements for building incl. building blocks or building slabs
Special paving
Special rules of classification within this group

Paving elements consisting of material not defined or consisting of several possible different materials should be classified in E01C 5/00.

Paving elements consisting of al least two different materials in one element, e.g. rubber topping over concrete layer, should be classified in E01C 5/22.

Details within the paving unit itself concerning special surface design, special paving arrangements, drainage or interconnection should also be classified in E01C 2201/00.

Coherent pavings made in situ (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/06; for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Roads surfaces incl. road toppings, consisting of coherent paving made at the place of use, the road surfaces being made of road-metal with or without binders or by subjecting soil to stabilisation.

Repairing of concrete or bituminous roads.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Foundations for paving made in situ are usually classified in E01C 3/00, except of concrete base foundation for bituminous paving, which is classified in E01C 7/32 and in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 7/08.

If the chemical aspect of the composition of the concrete or bituminous paving layer is relevant it should normally belong to C04B or C08L 95/00 and not to E01C 7/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coherent pavings made in situ specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds
Coherent pavings made in situ specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks
Individual units made from concrete cast in situ
Foundations for roads
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods or material for repairing pavings in general
Devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
Auxiliary devices for constructing, repairing, reconditioning, or taking-up road surfaces
Apparatus or processes for surface stabilisation for road building
Reinforcements in roads
Cement like composition
Bituminous composition
Soil stabilising materials
Foundations made by soil stabilisation
Special rules of classification within this group

Classes E01C 7/20, E01C 7/22 and E01C 7/24 are not used.

If the coherent paving is made of courses of different kind made in situ, it should be classified in E01C 7/32, except for thin intermediate or thin surface layers such as surface dressing, which should be classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 7/35.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Road-metal
Aggregate
Coherent paving
Paving made of a mass of cohering material
Special pavings (specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds E01C 13/00, for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks E01C 15/00); Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields (pavement lights E01C 17/00; manhole or like covers or frames E02D 29/14 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Paving elements poured in situ.

Coverings, the surface of which consists partly of prefabricated units and partly of sections made in situ.

Pavings for special parts of roads or with special functionality, incl.:

  • pavings specially adapted for allowing vegetation,
  • vehicle decelerating or arresting surfacings,
  • paving take-off areas for vertically starting aircraft,
  • wheel tracks,
  • pavings for railroad level-crossings,
  • pavings adjacent tramways rails,
  • temporary pavings or
  • steel gratings.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Details of special paving should also be classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 5/00, E01C 11/00 and/or E01C 2201/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Paving specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds
Paving specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks
Pavement lights
Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes
Bridge deck gratings
Speed control bumps
Manhole or like covers or frames
Gully gratings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protecting plants (trees) in general
Machines or methods for applying material to surfaces to form a permanent layer thereon
Moulds and cores for cementitious compositions
Arresting surface arrangements for aircrafts
Rail tracks for guiding vehicles
Landing platform for helicopters
Revetment of banks, dams, water-courses
Indoor flooring
Foot scrapers
Details of pavings [N: (E01C 1/005, E01C 5/003, E01C 5/005, E01C 7/145, E01C 7/185, E01C 7/325 take precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Methods or materials for repairing paving.

Details of paving incl.:

  • joint constructions,
  • reinforcements,
  • gutters and kerbs and
  • methods for preventing slipperiness on roads, including permanently installed heating devices.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Gutters for roads are normally classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 11/22, but if the invention relates to gully gratings, gullies adapted to be used with kerbs or interconnections of pipes with gutters, then it should be classified in E03F.

Methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather are normally classified in E01C 11/24 if they concern methods or arrangements applying within the paving itself, such as use of special additives to the paving material or permanently installed heating elements. If they concern methods or arrangements applying on the surface such as spreading gripping or thawing materials, then they should be classified in E01H10 or in E01C 19/20 if they concern spreading machines for wintry services, which are not specially adapted for treating wintry roads but could also be used for spreading other materials.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tactile arrangements on paving surface for the visually impaired
[N: Methods or materials for repairing pavings (E01C 7/35 takes precedence; for concrete coverings E01C 7/147; for bituminous coverings E01C 7/187; devices for repair works E01C 23/06; repairing bridge floorings E01D 22/00 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Methods or materials for repairing specific concrete paving
Methods or materials for repairing specific bituminous paving
Repairing bridge floorings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for repairing the surface of roads
Arrangement or construction of joints [N: (for pavings consisting of prefabricated units E01C 5/00)]; Methods of making joints [N: (machines therefor E01C 23/02E01C 23/09; removable joint shutterings E01C 23/021)]; Packing for joints (sealing joints not restricted to road or airfield paving E04B 1/68 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Prefabricated paving characterised by the material used for joints
Bridge joints
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sealing joints for buildings and the like
Machines for making joints
Removable joint shuttering
Reinforcements ([N: as anchoring elements between layers E01C 7/145E01C 7/185E01C 7/325 ]; for building in general E04C)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Reinforced paving elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Removable holder for dowel
Reinforcements for building in general
Bituminated textile webs
Gutters; [N: Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas (for sports grounds E01C 13/00)]; Kerbs [N: or like edging members (for sports grounds E01C 13/00 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Preformed sidewalk paving with integral kerb
Kerbs for guiding traffic or for display purposes
Kerbs specially adapted for traffic islands
Kerbs for sport grounds
Draining the sub-base of roads
Sewers and surface drainage in general, incl. pipe connections in sewer systems
Surface drainage of bridges
Gully gratings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Edging for beds, lawns, e.g. using tiles
Methods or arrangements for preventing slipperiness or protecting against influences of the weather [N: (measures taken in connection with the foundation E01C 3/06; paving elements with anti-slip inlays E01C 5/22; aggregates resisting to grinding E01C 7/085E01C 7/142E01C 7/182; specially for surface layers E01C 7/35; reinforcements extending up to the surface E01C 11/16E01C 11/18E01C 11/185; drainage E01C 11/22; windscreens E01F 7/02; snow fences E01F 7/02; combating fog E01H 13/00 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Improving gripping of ice bound or other slippery traffic surfaces by spreading gritting or thawing materials on the surface of the road
Spreading machines for wintry services, if they are not specially adapted for treating wintry roads but could also be used for spreading other materials
Thawing materials in general
Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds; [N: Drainage, irrigation or heating of sports grounds] (general layout A63C 19/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pavings for playgrounds or sports grounds (made of prefabricated single units or in situ) and their foundations, also incl.

  • construction of rinks or tracks for roller skating or the like;
  • construction of grass surfaces (natural grown or synthetic);
  • artificial surfaces for outdoor or indoor practice of snow or ice sports.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Details of paving should also be classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 5/00, E01C 11/00 and/or E01C 2201/00, if necessary.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
General layout of sport grounds
Race tracks
Golf courses
Mechanical ski trails
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indoor sport flooring
Yarns or threads
Drainage of soil in general
Materials for simulating ice or snow
Layered products in general
Pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specially adapted paving elements or systems for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks, such as:

a walkway or cycle track in the countryside, see for example US4176982:

a set of paving elements for constructing an elevated walkway, see for example WO2008025201:

or a tactile walk path, see for example US2009162143:

Pavements lights, i.e translucent constructions forming part of the surface (blocks specially designed for marking roads E01F 9/04 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Lamp constructions incorporated in pavings or paving elements, e.g. paving block or tile.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blocks specially designed for marking roads
Illuminated advertising or display means on roads
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lamp or lighting constructions in general
Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving (surface stabilisation E01C 21/00; apparatus specially adapted for reconditioning or repairing paving E01C 23/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices or methods for preparing and/or applying paving material, and/or consolidating and/or finishing the road surface.

Devices for guiding or controlling the machines along a predetermined path.

Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes.

Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements, e.g. kerbs or by sectioning a freshly laid slab, in situ.

Apparatus for laying individual preformed surfacing elements.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

The devices or methods for placing paving material treat paving material as such and not joint material, curing means, prefabricated underlays, reinforcing elements or traffic markings, which are classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 23/00.

The devices or methods for finishing the road surface are devices for smoothing, roughening or patterning freshly laid paving. Devices for working existing road surfaces are classified in E01C 23/06. Devices for making grooves or like channels in not-yet-hardened paving, or for curing, heating or drying paving are classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 23/00.

Spreaders for gripping or thawing materials are also classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 19/20, if they concern spreaders for wintry services, which are not specially adapted for treating wintry roads but could also be used for spreading other materials. If they are specially adapted for that use, they are classified in E01H10.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for setting-out or checking the configuration of new surfacing
Producing hydraulic cement concrete in general
Stationarily-arranged melting boiler for tar or asphalt
Smoothing tools for mass made in situ for indoor paving
Apparatus or process for surface stabilisation for road building
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fertiliser distributors
Crushing, pulverising or disintegrating in general
Apparatus for generating vibrations in general
Apparatus specially adapted for reconditioning or repairing paving
Spreaders specially adapted for treating wintry roads
Compacting soil in general
Drives or control devices for graders
Drives or control devices for other soil-shifting machines
E02F9/20H
Special rules of classification within this group

Only the sub-groups of E01C 19/50 are used, E01C 19/50 itself is not used.

E01C 19/20 and its lower groups are subdivided by way of spreading. Classifying additional information in E01C 19/20.

Apparatus or processes for surface [N: soil] stabilisation for road building or like purposes, e.g. mixing local aggregate with binder ([N: recycling in place or on the road involving soil stabilisation E01C 23/065]; stabilising soil under existing surfacing E01C 23/10; soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials C09K 17/00; soil consolidation in general E02D 3/12 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Recycling in place or on the road involving soil stabilisation
Stabilising soil under existing surfacing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials
Soil consolidation in general
Road surfaces made by soil stabilisation
Foundations made by soil stabilisation
Auxiliary devices or arrangements for constructing, repairing, reconditioning, or taking-up road or like surfaces (apparatus for reconditioning of salvaged non-hydraulic compositions [N: for- in plant recycling of salvaged bituminous mixtures] E01C 19/10 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Apparatus or methods focussed on work carried out on existing surfaces, like roughening, cutting, reconditioning or marking out.

Devices for setting-out or checking the configuration of new surfacing; Applications of apparatus for measuring, indicating, or recording the surface configuration of existing surfacing.

Devices for making, treating or filling grooves in not-yet-hardened paving; Devices for introducing inserts or removable insert-supports in not-yet-hardened paving.

Arrangements for curing paving; Devices for applying curing means; Devices for laying prefabricated underlay; Protecting paving under construction or while curing.

Devices for laying reinforcing elements or dowel bars; Removable support for reinforcing elements; Devices for making essentially horizontal ducts in paving.

Devices for installing or removing forms.

Devices for heating or drying foundation, paving, or materials thereon.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Devices for working existing road surfaces are classified in the relevant sub-groups of E01C 23/06. Devices for smoothing, roughening or patterning freshly laid paving are classified in E01C 19/42 to E01C 19/44.

Milling drums for working road surfaces are classified in E01C 23/088; however, if the invention concerns the cutter bits as such, then it should be classified in B28D 1/186.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Marking out playing courts
Apparatus for reconditioning of salvaged non-hydraulic compositions for in plant recycling of salvaged bituminous mixtures
Removing matter not bonded to the road surface
Roughening or detaching ice
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Working stone or stone-like materials by milling
In plant recycling
Road surface markings per se
Hydraulic cleaning
Measuring in general
Special rules of classification within this group

Filling potholes is classified in E01C 23/06 if the potholes are filled with new material, and in E01C 23/065 if the potholes are filled with material which has been reprocessed in place.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013