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MACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING (bundling and pressing devices for cigars A24C 1/44; paper-bag holders as shop or office accessories A47F 13/08; apparatus for coating, e.g. by dipping, B05C; devices for tensioning and securing binders adapted to be supported by the article or articles to be bound B25B, B65B 13/00; nailing or stapling devices per se B25C, B27F; { cutting or severing in general B26D, B26F;} inserting documents in envelopes and closing the latter B43M 3/00, B43M 5/00; wrappers, containers or other packaging elements, e.g. binders protective caps B65D; stacking articles in, or removing them from, pallets B65G; devices for handling sheets or webs of interest apart from their application in packaging machines B65H; packaging of matches C06F; wrapping sugar during manufacture C13H; { filling of grease guns F16N 37/02; packing of shotgun cartridges for immediate use F42B; wrapping of coins G07D 9/00}; making containers or receptacles per se, see the appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

The following general guidance can be applied in this subclass:

Main groups B65B 1/00-B65B 17/00 relate to general aspects of packaging, wrapping, bundling and closing of packages.

Main groups B65B 19/00-B65B 29/00 relate to the packaging, wrapping or bundling of articles/materials with special problems.

Main group B65B 31/00 relates to the packaging under special atmospheric conditions.

Main group B65B 33/00 relates to packaging by applying removable/strippable coatings.

Main groups B65B 35/00-B65B 39/00 relate to the feeding of material to be packaged.

Main groups B65B 41/00-B65B 45/00 relate to the feeding/supporting of the wrapping material/container.

Main groups B65B 47/00-B65B 53/00 and B65B 61/00 relate to operations preformed on the wrapping material/container.

Main group B65B 63/00 relates to auxiliary operations performed on the article/material to be packaged.

Main group B65B 55/00 relates to preserving/sterilising.

Main groups B65B 57/00-B65B 59/00 and B65B 65/00 relates to the control/adaptation/details of the packaging machine.

Main group B65B 67/00 relates to manual packaging.

Main group B65B 69/00 relates to unpacking.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Operations of these types employed in the manufacture of articles other than packages are classified in other appropriate subclasses, e. g. making confectionery products by casting in moulds formed by wrappers

Filling ammunition cartridges

Methods of packaging which are wholly characterised by the form of the package produced, or the form of the container or packaging-element utilised

Special rules of classification within this subclass

In subclass B65B all embodiments of a document and all aspects of that embodiment are to be classified, irrespective of it being subject-matter of a claim or not.

Classification is done in the lowest subgroup that applies. If several subgroups apply equally, for example for various embodiments of a document, the document is classified in all of those subgroups, but not collectively in the higher ranking group, unless the higher group is the only group that applies for a particular embodiment.

Characteristics merely mentioned in the description as possible embodiments but not allowing complete understanding of its implementation are classified as additional information. For example, in the following disclosure:

"The seal head which has been described in detail in this application is also applicable to vertical form fill seal machines as known from the prior art."

-the seal head should be classified as invention information and the vertical form fill seal machine as additional information.

Similarly, features identifiable from the drawings but not described in the description should be classified as additional information.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Packaging

Should be understood as including mainly the following operations: - Filling portable containers or receptacles with materials or small articles to form packages; - inserting articles, or groups of articles, into containers or receptacles; - closing filled containers or receptacles otherwise than by metal-, glass-, or wood-working operations; - enclosing, or partially enclosing, articles or quantities of material, in sheets, strips, blanks, webs, or tubes of thin flexible material, e.g. wrapping; - bundling articles, e.g. holding articles together in groups by applying string or wire;- attaching articles to cards, sheets, or webs.

Package

Is used to mean the end product of a packaging operation, e.g. a filled and closed container, an article enclosed in a wrapper, a group of articles held together by string or wire, a crate of bottles.

Materials

Is to be understood as embracing matter, or masses of articles, which are to be packaged, as distinct from separate or individual articles.

Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans jars (under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging liquids

Packaging articles

Packaging materials presenting special problems

Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material B65B 9/00; making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

by weighing (check-weighing of filled containers or receptacles B65B 1/46; weighing in general G01G)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by weighing

Weighing of cut products

by volumetric devices or methods (checking volume of filled material B65B 1/48; volumetric measurement in general G01F)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by volume measurement

Packaging plastic material, semi-liquids, liquids, or mixed solids and liquids, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars (packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions, adding propellants to aerosol containers B65B 31/00; filling bottles or other containers with liquids or semi-liquids by bottling machines B67C; filling of gas bottles at high pressure for storing gases F17C)
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Filling fuel into fuel tanks

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging powders

Packaging articles

{Filling medical containers such as ampoules, vials, syringes or the like}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Filling of medical containers with semi-liquids, liquids, mixed solids and liquids and fluidised powder.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Filling of medical capsules

Filling of syringes in situ

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing filled ampoules

Assembling of medical capsules

Fraction collection sampling

Applying plugs/stoppers to filled syringes

Machines characterised by the incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (making containersor receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{Making containers by moulding of a thermoplastic material}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Moulds for blow-moulding

For blow moulding preforms by hot liquids that remain in the finished container see also the indexing scheme of

{Making parallelepipedal containers from a single carton blank}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material by folding

Making boxes independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{Making containers from separate body and end-parts}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

Methods of, or means for, filling the material into the containers or receptacles
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Methods of, or means for filling the material into individual containers or receptacles and interconnected bags.

Defoaming liquids in connection with filling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Foam dispersion or prevention

Preventing foaming in bottles

Topping-up containers or receptacles to ensure complete filling
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Head space air removing device

by weighing (in general G01G)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by weighing

by volumetric measurement (in general G01F)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Separating measured quantities from supply by volume measurement

Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Packaging surgical instruments

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging powders

Packaging liquids

Packaging articles presenting special problems

Packaging bottles

Machines characterised by incorporation of means for making the containers or receptacles (from flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material B65B 9/00; making containers or receptacles of interest apart from this application, see appropriate subclasses)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The container can be a collapsed carton sleeve; accent remaining on filling.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{for making bags}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making bags independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making containers from preformed blanks}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Cartons formed adjacent to the articles, the articles being subsequently inserted into these preformed cartons.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging by wrapping a carton blank around the article

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Opening, erecting or setting up cartons

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making trays}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making trays independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{for making containers from two or more blanks (B65B 5/026 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

{in bags}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging of bread

Packaging groups of articles, the articles being individually gripped or guided for transfer to the containers or receptacles
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

This subgroup covers the gripping of a group of articles, wherein the articles are being gripped individually and simultaneously by the gripper.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Grippers for transferring articles to/from/between conveyors

Grippers in general

Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers

Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Stacking one article or groups of articles upon another before packaging

Special rules of classification within this group

Containers filled in stages by introducing complete "layers" of articles, the documents are additionally to be classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 5/06 or B65B 5/08.

{for packaging pills or tablets}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

This group covers the packaging pills or tablets in containers or receptacles and in a blister web.

Special rules of classification within this group

Packaging pills or tablets in a blister web are additionally classified in B65B 9/045 or B65B 11/52 according to the method in which the blister-web is produced.

{by grippers (B65B 5/12 and B65B 5/108 take precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Grippers for transferring articles to/from/between conveyors

Grippers in general

Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers

Arranging and feeding separate articles by grippers

Closing containers or receptacles after filling (combinations of container-closing apparatus with apparatus for filling containers B65B 1/00, B65B 3/00, B65B 5/00; under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Conditioning packages in combination with closing/sealing containers

Closing boxes or bags independently from packaging operations see

Securing package folds or closures, securing necks of bags

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers

Sterilisation of packages or package contents

Control

Machine modularity/adaptability

Closing containers or receptacles deformed by, or taking-up shape, of, contents, e.g. bags, sacks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing of bags by generating heat or pressure

and twisting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags

Closing collapsible or resilient tubes, e.g. for tooth paste, for lighter fuel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating tube ends to facilitate their sealing

Details of tools for joining the tube end by welding plastics materials

B29C66/463123

Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes, cartons (closing cans by metal-working operations B21D 51/26; stoppering or capping bottles or jars B67B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Concurrent cleaning filling and sealing of bottles

{Sealing filled ampoules}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling ampoules

Scoring ampoules

{by feeding web material to securing means}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The closing of containers by feeding web material across the open container and securing it thereto.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making of container by forming pockets in a lower sheet or web to which the web is fed for securing is classified in the relevant subgroups of

Machines incorporating means for making the container

Cutting of web

{Securing by heat-sealing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying or generating heat

Joining thermoplastic materials by heat in general

{Securing by heat-shrinking}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for heat shrinking

by applying separate preformed closures, e.g. lids, covers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Applying separate securing members, e.g. clips, staples, adhesive tape, stitches

{Feeding closures}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding of auto-adhesives by labelling machines

{by deformation of the closure}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Forming the circumferential seam of a can by deformation

{by adhesive tape}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Applying adhesive tape for securing package folds or package closures

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of tools for joining plastic material by applying adhesive tape

Adhesive tape dispensers

{by gluing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying adhesives or sealing liquids

Details of gluing tools

{by heat-sealing}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for applying or generating heat

Joining plastics by heating in general

{by heat-shrinking (in general B65B 53/02)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for heat shrinking

Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semi-liquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
Definition statement
This group covers:

Packaging in webs of flexible sheet material. The typical form fill seal machines (FFS) are classified here.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Packaging in strips sheets or blanks of flexible material (wrapping) and packaging by wrapping several layers of web material around article

Making cushion pads or dunnage products from paper of film

Special rules of classification within this group

In this main group, the following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Packaging special articles

Conditioning packages

Feeding webs

Securing package folds or closures

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers

Sterilisation of packages or package contents

Control

Machine modularity/adaptability

Operations on the web

Details of machines

{the webs forming a curtain}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacturing absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels

one or both webs being formed with pockets for the reception of the articles, or of the quantities of material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming tool details for thermoforming plastic materials are classified in

Special rules of classification within this group

In this group and its subgroups the tool detail rotary pocket former is also given the classification

{for fluent material}
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Fluent

liquid or gas or granular or pulverulent

{for single articles, e.g. tablets}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Blister packages where the pockets are formed before insertion of the articles.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Blister packs formed around articles

Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in a longitudinally-folded web, or in a web folded into a tube about the articles or quantities of material placed upon it
Special rules of classification within this group

In this group and its subgroups the detail forming shoulder is additionally given the classification B65B 2009/063

the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073

the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/08 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/067 and B65B 9/073

the web advancing continuously
Special rules of classification within this group

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/087 and B65B 9/093

the web having intermittent motion
Special rules of classification within this group

If the document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/087 and B65B 9/093

Devices for distending tubes supplied in the flattened state
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Distending tubes that are to be applied to bottles

the webs being formed into tubes in situ around the filling nozzles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Evacuating, gassifying, or pressurising in combination with filling

Special rules of classification within this group

Packages of special shape are also classified in B65B 9/2056 or B65B 9/2063. Examples of packages classified in B65B 9/2056 comprise for instance pyramide bags, bags with double chambers and bags with varying cross-sections.

Packages produced with an apparatus/method of this subgroup(s) and which are additionally packaged into a further container are also classified in the Indexing Codes of B65B 2220/16.

{combined with longitudinal welding devices}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Heated belts, heated rollers.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Structural features of longitudinal welding devices

{Tube guiding means}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tube formers

Guiding of the web by rollers before the tube is formed

Special rules of classification within this group

Rollers for guiding and for forming tubes are classified both here and in B65B 9/22

{Means for altering the cross-section of the tube filling opening prior to transversal sealing, e.g. tube spreading devices (subdividing filled tubes to form two or more packages by sealing involving displacement of contents B65B 9/12)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Spreading devices.

Gusset tucking devices.

Creation of additional edge welds after forming of tube for giving the package more stability.

{Package shaping devices acting on filled tubes prior to sealing the filling opening (shaping or reshaping completed packages B65B 61/24)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Folding in corners

Rotary forming devices, etc.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

If shaping takes place after cutting the container off, e.g. reshaping completed packages

Means for stripping to remove air or products from sealing area

the web advancing continuously (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

If document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/213 and B65B 9/207

the web having intermittent motion (B65B 9/22 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

If document discloses both continuous and intermittent operation, classification is done in both B65B 9/213 and B65B 9/207

Forming shoulders; Tube formers
Special rules of classification within this group

If tube is formed by rollers, then classification B65B 9/2035 is also given.

If document shows a form fill seal (FFS) machine then classification is also done in B65B 9/207 and/or B65B 9/213 or B65B 9/20

Wrapping, e.g. partially or wholly enclosing, articles, or quantities of material, in strips, sheets or blanks, of flexible material (bundling articles by applying narrow strips or bands of flexible material B65B 13/00; devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00; devices for gathering or twisting wrappers B65B 51/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Two main aspects:

  • Wrapping by application of a web in (several) layers onto the articles, the web not necessarily being a pre-cut strip, sheet or blank;
  • packaging in (cut off) strips sheets and blanks of flexible material.

The first aspect is covered by subgroups B65B 11/006, B65B 11/008, B65B 11/02 and B65B 11/04.

The second aspect is covered by subgroups B65B 11/004, B65B 11/06, B65B 11/48, B65B 11/50, B65B 11/54, B65B 11/56 and B65B 11/58.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Packaging in webs of flexible sheet material

Cartons pre-formed adjacent to article the article subsequently being inserted into the preformed carton

Special rules of classification within this group

The following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Packaging bottles B65B 21/00

Packaging special articles B65B 25/00

Conditioning packages B65B 31/00

Feeding webs B65B 41/00

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00

Details of securing package folds or closures B65B 51/00 .

Shrinking wrappers containers or container covers B65B 53/00 .

Sterilisation of packages or package contents B65B 55/00.

Control B65B 57/00.

Machine modularity/adaptability B65B 59/00

Operations on the web B65B 61/00.

Details of machines B65B 65/00.

{in blanks, e.g. sheets precut and creased for folding (devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents B65B 49/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding blanks around a mandrel to create a container see

Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified here are additionally classified in B65B 11/06 and its subgroups, provided they apply.

{Helical strip wrapping combined with roping}
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Roping

gathering the flat web into a rope, which is applied helically around the object or to finish the wrapping operation.

{by webs revolving around articles moved along the axis of revolution}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Helicoidal wrapping, the article being moved:

media0.jpg

JP2002225807

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Helicoidal wrapping around stationary or merely rotating articles

{by webs revolving around stationary articles}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

media1.jpg

WO2006050440 Rotary arm type

media2.jpg

EP1471004 stationary ring type, the dispenser alone moving along the ring

media3.jpg

EP1705119 rotary ring type

Wrapping articles, or quantities of material, by conveying wrapper and contents in {common} defined paths
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

the conveying of wrapper and article along common paths.

Emphasis is put on the word common, meaning the path taken by the article from the point where it first touches the wrapper.

Examples:

  • The article is conveyed along a straight path and pushed into a seat of a wrapping machine - this would be a common straight path whereby the wrapper is folded around the article.
  • The article is conveyed along a straight path and pushed into a seat of a wrapping machine, the wrapping machine subsequently completing the wrapping of the article along a different straight direction than the first straight path -this would be a two straight paths taken by wrapper and article.
  • The wrapper with the article undergo a folding operation along the rotary path of a turret - this would be a common curved path taken by the article and wrapper.
  • A wrapping operation comprising both a straight path and a curved path would be a combination of straight and curved paths.
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wrapping of coins

Special rules of classification within this group

Articles wrapped in preformed blanks, e.g. blanks precut and creased for

Folding, are additionally classified in

to fold the wrappers in tubular form about contents
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

{the axis of the tube being parallel to the conveying direction}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

the ends of the tube being subsequently twisted
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting devices

one sheet being rendered plastic, e.g. by heating, and forced by fluid pressure, e.g. vacuum, into engagement with the other sheet and contents, e.g. skin-, {blister-, or bubble-} packaging
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Blister packs formed around the articles

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Enclosing articles in blister packages where the pockets are formed into webs before insertion of the articles

Wrapping by causing the wrapper to embrace one end and all sides of the contents, and closing the wrapper onto the opposite end by forming regular or irregular pleats
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twisting the end of the wrapper

Flexible brushes or diaphragms to bend wrapper around contents

Bundling articles (bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire or narrow tape or band B65B 27/00; { straining wire in general B21F 9/00; connecting wire to wire in general B21F 15/00})
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Securing cargo in vehicles

Special rules of classification within this group

Bundling special articles are additionally classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 27/00

{Hand-held tools}
Special rules of classification within this group

Elongated bars for manually guiding a strap underneath a pallet are additionally to be classified in B65B 13/08

{for applying straps having preformed connecting means, e.g. cable ties}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. a buckle.

Single guide or carrier for the free end of material movable part-away around articles from one side only
Special rules of classification within this group

Guides in the form of elongated bars for manual guidance under a pallet are additionally classified in B65B 13/025

{applying edge protecting members during bundling}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

bundling or wrapping

{Hand tools}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Hand held tools for twisting ends of binding material on building sites

{Friction welding}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of friction sealing tools

{Ultrasonic welding}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of ultrasonic sealing tools

{Hand tools}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools of hand held type

Attaching articles to cards, sheets, strings, webs, or other carriers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding cards or other inserts to package contents

Other machines, apparatus, or methods for packaging articles or materials
Definition statement
This group covers:

This main group covers all packaging machines, apparatus or methods that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

Joining articles, e.g. cans, directly to each other for convenience of storage, transport, or handling
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Bundling cans

Packaging rod-shaped or tubular articles susceptible to damage by abrasion or pressure, e.g. cigarettes, cigars, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws, welding electrodes (final treatment of cigars or cigarettes after manufacture A24C 1/38, A24C 5/60)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Packaging finished cigarettes, cigars and other rod-shaped articles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacture or preparation of tobacco for smoking, the making of the cigarette and the making of chewing tobacco (snuff)

Packaging tobacco in bags (snus)

into boxes with hinged lids
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Everything about "collars"

Packaging other rod-shaped articles, e.g. sausages, macaroni, spaghetti, drinking straws, welding electrodes
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Bundling rod-shaped articles

Packaging or unpacking of bottles (bundling bottles B65B 27/04)
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

Arranging, assembling, feeding, or orientating the bottles prior to introduction into, or after removal from, containers {(B65B 21/025 takes precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, assembling, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Arranging, feeding, transferring or orientating of articles in association with conveyers are classified in the relevant subgroups of

Introducing or removing single bottles, or groups of bottles, e.g. for progressive filling or emptying of containers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Picking up and depositing groups of bottles for filling the container in a single step

using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks (grippers in general B25J)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding bottles in groups by grippers

Devices for picking-up and depositing articles in combination with conveyors

Introducing or removing groups of bottles, for filling or emptying containers in one operation
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Picking up and depositing single bottles and progressively filling/emptying a container with several groups of bottles is classified in

using grippers engaging bottles, e.g. bottle necks (grippers in general B25J)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging and feeding bottles in groups by grippers

Devices for picking-up and depositing articles in general

{Inflatable grippers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Inflatable grippers for engaging bottle necks in combination with packaging

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable grippers for picking up and depositing articles in combination with conveying

Enclosing bottles in wrappers
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in B65B 21/24 and its subgroups are also classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 9/00 or B65B 11/00

{in collapsed carton sleeves}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding carton blanks

Erecting or setting up carton blanks

Machines incorporating means for making the containers from preform blanks

{in flexible wrappers, e.g. foils (B65B 21/26 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Enclosing bottles in narrow bands, i.e. bundling

Packaging fragile or shock-sensitive articles other than bottles; Unpacking eggs (embedding articles in shock-absorbing media B65B 55/20)
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

Packaging or unpacking eggs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preservation of eggs

Testing, sorting or cleaning of eggs

Arranging, feeding, or orientating the eggs to be packed; Removing eggs from trays or cartons
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Arranging, feeding, transferring or orientating of articles in association with conveyers in general

Arranging, feeding, or orientating the biscuits to be packaged (in connection with baking A21C 15/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arranging, feeding or orientating of articles to be packaged in general

Packaging plate glass, tiles, or shingles {(measures for preventing damage to stacked glass sheets B65G 49/068)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling of bricks or other building blocks

Packaging other articles presenting special problems (bundling B65B 27/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Packaging surgical instruments

Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

{of foodstuffs, combined with their conservation (B65B 25/041, B65B 25/062, B65B 25/067 take precedence)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

Packages specially adapted herefor

Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general

General methods for preserving meat, sausages, fish or fish products

Preservation of fruits and vegetables

Preservation of edible seeds

{packaging of information carriers, e.g. records, CD, DVD}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Packaging of all kind of information carriers (CD's,DVD's,videos,etc.)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

CD cases

{packaging of confectionery}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for measuring, weighing or wrapping of chocolate or candies

{packaging of ice-cream}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Filling ice-cream into containers

{packaging of contact lenses}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Immersing lenses in protective liquids

Moulding of contact lenses

Making of optical lenses

Contact lens cases

Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging tobacco

Packaging fruit or vegetables (bag or sack-filling devices associated with digging harvesters A01D 33/10)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Packaging fruit and vegetables in trays.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying stretch film over trays

{in crates or boxes (B65B 25/045 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging fruit and vegetables in trays

Packaging slices or specially-shaped pieces of meat, cheese, or other plastic or tacky products
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Extrusion combined with cutting and packaging (e.g. butter)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Conveying or stacking cut products

Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general

General methods for preserving meat, sausages, fish or fish products

{combined with its conservation}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

{of meat}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Sausage making

{combined with its conservation}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging

Packaging paper or like sheets, envelopes, or newspapers, in flat, folded, or rolled form
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Inserting (packaging) documents into envelopes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling paper or like sheets

{packaging folded articles}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Examples of folded articles are: towels, napkins, diapers, absorbent articles in general

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for folding articles

{packaging rolled-up articles}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. toilet or kitchen rolls.

{Jumbo paper rolls}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. applying covers at the ends of the rolls.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Applying tape on the paper roll

Sliced bread (cutting or slicing machines specially adapted for bakeries A21C 15/04; breadslicing machines or apparatus B26D)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Packaging bread in general, e.g. by wrapping.

Packaging garments, e.g. socks, stockings, shirts
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging garments in combination with folding

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Folding of garments without packaging

Packaging articles of food, e.g. fish fillets, intended to be cooked in the package
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Edible articles

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging edible materials (i.e. powder/liquid) which are to be cooked/infused in the package

Packaging annular articles, e.g. tyres
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundling annular objects

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "tyres" and "tires" are often used as synonyms.

Bundling particular articles presenting special problems using string, wire, or narrow tape or band; Baling fibrous material, e.g. peat, not otherwise provided for (bundling articles in general B65B 13/00)
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 13/00

Bundling bricks or other building blocks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging plate glass, tiles or shingles

Bundling groups of cans or bottles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Joining cans directly to each other

Joining cans by top carrier element

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wrapping bottles

Special rules of classification within this group

In cases where the cans or bottles are bundled together by a "top carrier element" in addition to a strap, classification B65B 17/025 is given in addition to B65B 27/04.

media4.jpg

EP1886921

Bundling coils of wire or like annular objects
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. bundling of rolls of sheet metal

media5.jpg

US5540142 Bundling through coil

media6.jpg

US3662628 Bundling around coil

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging annular articles

Bundling paper sheets, envelopes, bags, newspapers, or other thin flat articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging paper or like articles

Bundling rods, sticks, or like elongated objects
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging rods, sticks or like elongated objects

Baling or bundling compressible fibrous material, e.g. peat (baling presses for straw, hay, or the like A01F 15/00; baling presses in general B30B 9/30)
Special rules of classification within this group

Bailing presses with integral bundling apparatus are classified both here and in B30B 9/30.

Packaging of materials presenting special problems
Definition statement
This group covers:

Packaging tobacco in bags (snus)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacture or preparation of tobacco for smoking, the making of the cigarette and the making of chewing tobacco (snuff)

Packaging finished cigarettes, cigars and other rod-shaped articles

Special rules of classification within this group

Documents classified in this main group should additionally be classified in the relevant subgroups of:

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Snus

snuff

Packaging of substances, e.g. tea, which are intended to be infused in the package
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. packaging of coffee tabs or pads

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coffee making machines

Disposable containers that are infused, such as tea bags or coffee cartridges like Nespresso™

Packaging of edible materials intended to be cooked in the package (infusible substances B65B 29/02)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Edible materials, i.e. in powder or liquid form.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Packaging edible articles that are to be cooked in the package

Packaging articles or materials under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions; Adding propellants to aerosol containers (auxiliary treatments during loading or unloading in a fluid medium other than air B65G 69/20)
Definition statement
This group covers:

E.g. the deaeration of packages with mechanical means (e.g. compressing package before sealing).

{Adding propellants in fluid form to aerosol containers (in solid form B65B 31/10)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Everything concerning the filling and refilling of aerosols.

Special rules of classification within this group

Pressurisation by nozzle cooperating with a check valve is additionally classified in B65B 31/047.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "aerosol container" and "spray can" are often used as synonyms.

{Adding fluids for preventing deformation of filled and closed containers or wrappers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Fluids including cryogenic fluids.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Package under superatmospheric pressure

Filling, closing, or filling and closing, containers { or wrappers} in chambers maintained under vacuum or super-atmospheric pressure or containing a special atmosphere, e.g. of inert gas
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Evacuating, pressurising or gasifiying a container or wrapper completely enclosed in a chamber.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skin packaging

{closed by a lid sealed to the upper rim of the container, e.g. tray-like container}
Special rules of classification within this group

If said lid is fed as a web to securing means, it is additionally to be classified in B65B 7/162.

Evacuating, pressurising, or gasifying filled containers or wrappers, {or containers or wrappers to be filled,} by means of nozzles through which air or other gas, e.g. an inert gas, is withdrawn or supplied (nozzles for introducing articles or materials into containers B65B 39/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The element "nozzle" is important for this group; otherwise it is classified in B65B 31/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Evacuating, pressurising or gasifiying a container or wrapper completely enclosed in a chamber

{of Vertical Form-Fill-Seal [VFFS] machines}
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional aspects of vertical form fill seal (VFFS) machines are classified in the relevant subgroups of B65B 9/20

{the nozzles co-operating, or being combined, with a device for opening or closing the container or wrapper (B65B 31/06 takes precedence)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Bag evacuating and sealing apparatus devices whereby only a part of the bag is enclosed in the apparatus.

{the nozzles co-operating with a check valve in the opening of the container or wrapper}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. nozzles co-operating with the valve of an aerosol.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pumps

the nozzle being arranged for insertion into, and withdrawal from, the mouth of a filled container and operating in conjunction with means for sealing the container mouth
Special rules of classification within this group

The details of sealing means are additionally classified in B65B 51/00.

Adding propellants in solid form to aerosol containers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding propellants in liquid form

Packaging articles by applying removable, e.g. strippable, coatings (applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05; wrapping cores by winding B65H 81/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coating compositions

Supplying, feeding, arranging, or orientating articles to be packaged (cigarettes B65B 19/04; bottles B65B 21/04; eggs B65B 23/06; biscuits B65B 23/12; { adjustable conveying means B65B 59/005} if not restricted to packaging machines B07C, B65G, B65H)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Supplying articles that are to be packaged

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Supplying powders or liquids to be packaged

Supplying, feeding containers to the filling position

using pocketed conveyers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for arranging articles or materials during feeding (rotating platform)

Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Stacking one article or groups of articles upon another directly in the packaging container

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stacking, not in conjunction with subsequent wrapping

Special features of the stacking apparatus

building-up the stack from the bottom
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Building a stack from the bottom, by adding objects to the bottom of the stack.

media7.jpg

GB616902

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stacking from below, not in conjunction with wrapping

Special features of the stacking apparatus

Feeding articles along multiple paths to a single packaging position
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Conveying from one conveyor to many conveyors and vice versa

Orientating, i.e. changing the attitude of, articles, e.g. of non-uniform cross-section
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Orientation in a passive way

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for arranging articles or materials during feeding (rotating platform)

Turning articles by positively-acting means, e.g. to present labelled portions in uppermost position
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Orientation in an active way

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for presenting articles in predetermined attitude or position at the labelling station, e.g. to receive the label

Supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles, to be packaged (methods of, or means for, filling individual containers with such materials or articles B65B 1/04, B65B 3/04)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Supplying powders or liquids that are to be packaged

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Silos

Emptying silos

Supplying articles

of screw type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods or means for filling the material into containers or receptacles by screw type rotary feeders

by weighing (in general G01G)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Devices or methods for controlling the quantity of material or liquid fed or filled into a container by weighing

by volume measurement (in general G01F)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Devices or methods for controlling the quantity of material or liquid fed or filled into a container by volume measurement

Nozzles, funnels, or guides for introducing articles or materials into containers or wrappers (nozzles in general B05B; funnels in general B67C 11/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Funnels for coffee mills

Fuel tank nozzles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sterilising or cleaning machinery or conduits

Special rules of classification within this group

The following features are additionally classified in the following places:

Strainer means B65B 2039/008

Multiple outlets B65B 2039/009

Cleaning arrangements B65B 2210/08 .

{with flow cut-off means, e.g. valves}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Nozzles with flow cut-off means contained in bottling machines

Supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material (in general B65H)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making of bags

Feeding webs from rolls
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Changing the rolls

Registering sheets, blanks, or webs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling web feed

Controlling transverse register of web

Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging (forming pockets in sheets, blanks or webs, by pressing the material into forming dies or moving it through folding dies B65B 47/00)
Special rules of classification within this group

The making of bags and the making and setting up boxes are additionally classified in the relevant subgroups of B31B.

Forming flat bags from individual sheets or blanks
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Making the bags just before filling them, e.g. on the same machine

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags from individual sheets or blanks independently from packaging operations see

Forming flat bags from webs
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Making the bags just before filling them, e.g. on the same machine

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags from webs independently from packaging operations see

Details of filled bags connected together

from more than one web
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming flat bags by joining superimposed webs independently from packaging operations see

Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making containers independently from packaging operations see the relevant groups of

B31B and its Indexing Codes

{Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of bags

{Feeding carton blanks in flat or collapsed state}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Mostly stacks of carton blanks

Breaking creases to facilitate setting-up cartons
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Prebreaking of creases

Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Opening bags or boxes independently of packaging operations

applied pneumatically
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

I.e. opening bags with air jets

Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Presses in general

Devices for folding or bending wrappers around contents
Special rules of classification within this group

The wrapping operation is additionally classified in B65B 11/00

Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Twisting wrappers in combination with wrapping in sheets of flexible material along predefined paths

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Closing containers after filling

Applying adhesives or sealing liquids (activating adhesives by applying heat or pressure B65B 51/10)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying adhesives for joining preformed parts

Glues in general

Applying separate sealing or securing members, e.g. clips, (applying separate lids or covers B65B 7/28)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Applying separate closure clips on sausages

{Applying springy clips around bag necks}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. applying clips around bread bags

{to the necks of bags}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manually operable apparatus for closing bag necks

Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof {(welding of plastics per se B29C 65/02; closing plastic tube ends in general B29C 57/10)}
Special rules of classification within this group

Heat seal temperature control is additionally classified in B65B 2051/105.

by reciprocating or oscillating members (B65B 51/148 takes precedence)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools reciprocating along only one axis

{Closing paperboard containers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The closing of the typical TETRA PAK container.

{Hand-operated members}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools of hand held type

by rotary members
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

by endless bands or chains
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

Joining tools of band or belt type

by fluid pressure acting directly on folds or on opposed surfaces, e.g. using hot-air jets (shrinking wrappers by heating B65B 53/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of joining tools

by friction or ultrasonic or high-frequency electrical means, {i.e. by friction or ultrasonic or induction welding}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Welding by laser for sealing or securing package closures.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sonotrodes

{by friction welding}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of friction sealing tools

{by ultrasonic welding}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of ultrasonic sealing tools

{by induction welding}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of induction sealing tools

to produce bead seals (combined with severing by heated wires or rods B65B 61/10)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Single flanged edge joints

Rollers for producing longitudinal and transverse seams simultaneously
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making flat seams in tubular articles in general

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined of roller/cylinder type

Joining tools of jaw type mounted on rollers/cylinders

Devices, e.g. jaws, for applying pressure and heat, e.g. for subdividing filled tubes (for subdividing filled tubes involving displacement of contents B65B 9/12)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making flat seams in tubular articles in general

Details of heated tools

{reciprocating along only one axis}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

devices moving according to box-motion.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools reciprocating along only one axis

{Counter-rotating devices}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

counter rotating devices along circular, oval or other paths

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining tools moving with the material to be joined

Cooling, or cooling and pressing, package closures after heat-sealing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling articles to be packaged

Cooling joints after joining thermoplastics in general

Shrinking wrappers, containers, or container covers during or after packaging
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bundles of articles in shrink foil

Articles in shrink foil

Preserving, protecting, or purifying packages or package contents in association with packaging (by packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions B65B 31/00; devices for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents B65B 61/22; if not restricted to packaging A23L, A61L)
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Devices for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging under special atmospheric or gaseous conditions

Preserving, protecting or purifying in general (i.e. sterilising)

Sterilising foodstuffs or beverages in general

Sterilising, e.g. of complete packages
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Sterilising of complete and incomplete packages

{Packaging in aseptic tunnels}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Aseptic filling of bottles

{Packaging in aseptic chambers}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Aseptic filling of bottles

Sterilising wrappers or receptacles prior to, or during, packaging {(sterilising bottles B67C 7/00)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Sterilising wrappers, or receptacles such as bags, cartons, cups, etc. Also sterilising of bottles as long as the sterilisation does not take place in combination with filling and/or closing of bottles.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Sterilising of bottles in combination with filling and/or closing of bottles, specially the mechanical details, e.g. conveying means, bottle carrying means, etc, and/or the combination with some form of subsequent process in a bottle filling line

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The sterilising of bottles which mainly concerns the sterilizing media, processes, treatment and the like

by heat
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of the sterilising apparatus

by irradiation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of the sterilising apparatus

Embedding contents in shock-absorbing media, e.g. plastic foam, granular material
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Embedding material applied only over contents

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making cushion pads or dunnage products from paper or film

Immersing contents in protective liquids
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging of contact lenses

Cleaning of, or removing dust from, containers, wrappers, or packaging; {Preventing of fouling}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cleaning machinery or conduits in general

Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices (registering wrapping or container-forming material fed from rolls B65B 41/18; accident-prevention measures applicable for general use F16P; {factory control systems G05B 19/418; operation of audible or visible signals besides this application G08G}; photoelectric cells H01J, H01L; such devices in general see the relevant classes)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Data processing equipment for special functions

Job scheduling, system modularity, factory control, machine resources, "recipe handling"

Check of leak tightness

Check of material

Application of counting devices for controlling the feed of articles (other applications B65B 65/08)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Counting the number of articles fed/produced without controlling the feed of articles

Arrangements to enable machines to handle articles of different sizes, to produce packages of different sizes, to vary the contents of packages, or to give access for cleaning or maintenance purposes
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification B65B 59/00 is allocated in addition to a classification in one of its subgroups, if the aspect of adjustment is related to the handling or production of different sized articles

Machines constructed with readily-detachable units or assemblies, e.g. to facilitate maintenance
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. modular machines

Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers, or packages, and not otherwise provided for (operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for B65B 63/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

devices and methods operating on the packaging material that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Operations on sheets webs and blanks without a packaging operation taking place

Attaching accessories to blanks, webs, bags or boxes independently from packaging operations see the Indexing Codes of

{for removing material by cutting}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Removing packaging material to unpack articles or materials

{Perforating strips of completed packages}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Perforating material prior to packaging

Severing/separating joined packages

for perforating, scoring, {slitting,} or applying code or date marks on material prior to packaging {(scoring ampoules B65B 3/006)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Making holes on films by laser beams, e.g. for vegetables

Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Scoring

weakening material

{for applying, e.g. printing, code or date marks on material prior to packaging}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Applying marks on material prior to and during packaging, e.g. during heat sealing.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Printing onto bottles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Labelling and printing of labels

Marking or coding articles prior to packaging

for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Perforating strips of completed packages

by cutting
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. cutting by laser

{by applying tear-strips or tear-tapes}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packages comprising tear strips/tapes

Applying tear strips or strings during the manufacture of boxes or bags see

{by applying tabs over discharge openings, e.g. over discharge openings defined by tear or score lines}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying closure elements to bags or boxes independently from the packaging operations see

{by applying or incorporating rigid fittings, e.g. discharge spouts}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Making or attaching spouts to cans, tins, bottles

Applying spouts to boxes or bags independently from the packaging operations see

{by applying or incorporating profile-strips, e.g. for reclosable bags}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Making bags having interengaging profile-strips see

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Slide fastener details

for adding cards, coupons, or other inserts to package contents {e.g. for adding or applying accessories or inserts to the inside or the outside of a container}(adding unpacking elements B65B 61/18; labelling B65C)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adding insertions between pallet layers

Devices for inserting documents into envelopes

Attaching articles to cards, sheets or other carriers

for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents, e.g. cotton-wool in bottles of pills
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Embedding contents in shock absorbing media

for shaping or reshaping completed packages
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. completely closed packages.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shaping not yet completed packages on form fill seal (FFS)

for marking or coding completed packages
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Coding by applying a label (labelling)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Printing in general

Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on articles or materials to be packaged and not otherwise provided for (operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, or packages, and not otherwise provided for B65B 61/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

All devices and methods operating on the article/material to be packaged that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

{for marking or coding articles prior to packaging}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applying code or date marks on packaging material prior to packaging

{for compressing by feeding articles through a narrowing space}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

E.g. feeding through converging belts.

{for folding garments, e.g. stockings, shirts}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Packaging garments in combination with folding.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Packaging folded articles other than garments

Folding of garments without packaging

for heating or cooling articles or materials to facilitate packaging
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling package closures after heat sealing

Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
Definition statement
This group covers:

All details of the packaging machine that are not covered by any other of the B65B main groups.

{Packaging lines, e.g. general layout}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Packaging lines of special shape, space reducing layouts, etc.

coated or treated with anti-friction or anti-sticking materials, e.g. polytetrafluoroethylene
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

treating with a anti-friction material as well as with a friction enhancing material

Devices for counting or registering the number of articles handled, or the number of packages produced by the machine
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Controlling number of articles fed by counting them

Apparatus or devices facilitating manual packaging operations; Sack holders
Definition statement
This group covers:

Manual packaging operations as well as sack holders for both manual and automatic packaging operations.

Manually-operable devices for closing bag necks, by applying and securing lengths of string, wire or tape
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for closing bag necks

Wrapping of articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manual strapping of articles

{using hand-held dispensers for stretch films}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Constructional details of packaging material holders for coiled, wound or folded material

Sack holders, i.e. stands or frames with means for supporting sacks in the open condition to facilitate filling with articles or materials {(nozzles, funnels or guides adapted to support sacks B65B 39/06)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Refuse receptacles

{characterised by mechanisms for temporarily closing the mouth of the sack, e.g. pedal-operated (B65B 67/1211, B65B 67/1255 take precedence; final closing or sealing of sacks B65B 7/02, B65B 51/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Means for gathering, closing or sealing sacks

{specially adapted for storing or dispensing sacks from a supply}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shopping bag holders per se, not in combination with means for supporting bag in open condition

Shopping bag holders on check-out counters

{for dispensing flexible tubular material gathered up in the shape of a ring}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preformed tubular webs stored on filling nozzles

Refuse receptacles with means for storing bags

Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Unpacking bottles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Counting, sorting coins

{by cutting (B65B 69/0008-B65B 69/0025 take precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture

For tetraeders

{by expelling contents, e.g. by squeezing the container}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pliable tubular containers with auxiliary devices for expelling contents

Large containers with deformable internal walls facilitating emptying

{Solid contents}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

e.g. pressing tablets from a blister

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Containers with special means for dispensing tablets from a blister web

{Heating materials to facilitate their unpacking}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Emptying large containers with use of heat

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating and cooling of liquids to be transferred

{Emptying systems for flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBC)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flexible large containers

Preventing escape of dust

Methods or devices for emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks

Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

FIBC

big bag

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013