The National Medal of Technology and Innovation 2000 Laureates
Douglas C. Engelbart
Director, Bootstrap Institute
For creating the foundations of personal computing including continuous, real-time interaction based on cathode-ray tube displays and the mouse, hypertext linking, text editing, on-line journals, shared-screen teleconferencing, and remote collaborative work. More than any other person, he created the personal computing component of the computer revolution.
Medical Entrepreneur DEKA Research & Development Corp.
For inventions that have advanced medical care worldwide, and for innovative and imaginative leadership in awakening America to the excitement of science and technology. At age 49 this self-made inventor has founded three medical device companies and earned more than 100 U.S. and foreign patents. And he still has found time to start and run a national youth organization and robotics competition to catch young imaginations and start their inventive potential humming.
Donald B. Keck, Robert D. Maurer, and Peter C. Schultz
In 1970, Drs. Donald Keck, Robert Maurer, and Peter Schultz teamed up at the Corning Glass Corporation to co-invent low-loss fiber optic cable. Their invention has enabled the telecommunications revolution, rapidly transformed our society, the way we work, learn and live - and our expectations for the future. It is the basis for one of the largest, most dynamic industries in the world today.
The IBM Corporation (Division Award)
For 40 years of innovations in the technology of hard disk drives and information storage products. IBM is widely recognized as the world's leader in basic data storage technologies, and holds over 2000 US patents. IBM is a top innovator of component technologies-such as flying magnetic heads (thin film heads, and magneto resistive heads), film disks, head accessing systems, digital signal processing and coding, as well as innovative hard disk drive systems. Some specific IBM inventions are used in every modern hard drive today: thin film inductive heads, MR and GMR heads, rotary actuators, sector servos and advanced disk designs. These advances outran foreign hard disk technology and enabled the US industry to maintain the lead it holds today.