CPC Definition - Subclass E04D

Last Updated Version: 2018.05
ROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS (coverings of outer walls by plaster or other porous material E04F 13/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof coverings including any similar kind of watertight covering against rain, snow, hail, or the like for other parts of buildings; sky-lights for flat or sloped roofs; roof drainage and gutters; roof-working tools

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Coverings of outer walls by plaster of other porous material

E04F 13/00

Outer coverings for walls not suitable for roof coverings

E04F 13/007

Solar heat collectors on roofs

F24S 20/67

Photovoltaic panels on or for roofs

H02S 20/25

Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements (roofing supports {and underlayers} E04D 12/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Small roof covering elements, like grooved or vaulted tiles, slates, shingles (E04D 1/02 - E04D 1/22); Special small roof covering elements characterized by their structure or their purpose (E04D 1/24 - E04D 1/30); Fastenings for small roof covering elements and devices for sealing the spaces between small roof covering elements (E04D 1/34 - E04D 1/365).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing supports and under-layers

E04D 12/00

Outer covering for walls not suitable for roof covering

E04F 13/007

Solar heat collectors in the form of shingles or tiles

F24S 20/69

Roof tile elements including solar cells

H02S 20/23

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 1/00 - E04D 1/36 to classify the additional non-inventive aspects

Grooved or vaulted roofing elements (E04D 1/28, E04D 1/30 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Small grooved or vaulted roof covering elements, like Spanish, Roman or Barrel tiles

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing elements comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

E04D 1/28

Special roof-covering elements, e.g. ridge tiles, gutter tiles, gable tiles, ventilation tiles

E04D 1/30

Special rules of classification

Classify in E04D 1/04 - E04D 1/10 if the materials of the roofing elements are specified and in E04D 1/02 if they are not.

Classify according to the composition of the roofing elements and their geometry

Roofing elements shaped as plain tiles or shingles, i.e. with flat outer surface (E04D 1/28, E04D 1/30 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Small roof covering elements having a flat outer surface, like plain tiles, shingles or slates

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing elements comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

E04D 1/28

Special roof-covering elements, e.g. ridge tiles, gutter tiles, gable tiles, ventilation tiles

E04D 1/30

Special rules of classification

Classify in E04D 1/14 - E04D 1/22 if the materials of the roofing elements are specified and in E04D 1/12 if they are not.

Classify according to the composition of the roofing elements and their geometry.

Roofing elements with cavities, e.g. hollow tiles (E04D 1/28 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Small roof covering elements having internal cavities in the thickness of the roof covering elements, e.g. hollow tiles

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing elements comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

E04D 1/28

Roofing elements comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roofing elements comprising two or more layers, the layers having a thickness and not being simple coating layers

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products

B32B

Special roof-covering elements, e.g. ridge tiles, gutter tiles, gable tiles, ventilation tiles (E04D 3/40, {E04D 13/03, E04D 13/14} take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Special small roof covering elements, characterized by their special purpose, like ridge tiles, turfing tiles, gutter tiles, gable tiles, ventilation tiles, special tiles allowing walking on the roof

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Slabs or sheets locally modified for auxiliary purposes

E04D 3/40

Sky-lights; domes; ventilating sky-lights

E04D 13/03

Junction of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above the roof

E04D 13/14

Devices for sealing the spaces or joints between roof-covering elements (sealing joints not restricted to roof-covering elements E04B 1/68; {channels at the intersection of roof surfaces E04D 13/0445})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for sealing the spaces or joints between small roof covering elements, like sealing-strips

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Channels at the intersection of roof surfaces

E04D 13/0445

Sealing joints not restricted to roof-covering elements

E04B 1/68

Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets (E04D 1/00 takes precedence; built-up roofs E04D 11/02)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates shingles, or other small roofing elements

E04D 1/00

Strip-shaped roofing elements appearing as a row of shingles

E04D 1/26

Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. roofing membranes

E04D 5/00

Built-up roofs

E04D 11/02

Roofing supports and under-layers

E04D 12/00

Sunshades; Awnings

E04F 10/00

Outer covering for walls not suitable for roof covering

E04F 13/007

Coverings for buildings of particular purpose, e.g. bus shelters

E04H

Roof slab elements comprising solar collectors

F24S 20/67

Roof slab elements comprising solar cells

H02S 20/23

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 3/00 - E04D 3/405 to classify additional information

of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant (E04D 3/35 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roofing elements consisting of plane slabs, slates, or sheets not having ribs, corrugations or profiles protruding neither from the plane nor from the margins of the roofing element.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

E04D 3/35

Special rules of classification

Classify in E04D 3/04 - E04D 3/18 if the materials of the roofing elements are specified and in E04D 3/02 if they are not.

of concrete or ceramics (of asbestos cement E04D 3/18)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Plane slabs of asbestos cement

E04D 3/18

of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor (fixing glass panes by means applicable to windows E06B 3/54)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering for buildings by making use of plane slabs or sheets of glass or other translucent material.

Fixing means specially adapted therefor.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sky-lights

E04D 13/03

Dormer-windows

E04B 7/18

Fixing glass panes by means applicable to windows

E06B 3/54

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering for buildings by making use of slabs or sheets of glass or other translucent material having special cross-sections, i.e. curved, corrugated

E04D 3/28

Greenhouses

A01G 9/14

Loggias

E04B 1/0046

Curtain walls

E04B 2/88

Hollow multi-walled translucent panels with integrated webs

E04C 2/543

Small buildings for limited occupation

E04H 1/12

Telephone cabinets

E04H 1/14

Bay windows

E06B 1/363

Windows

E06B 3/00

Special rules of classification

Classify in E04D 3/08 - E04D 3/14 if glazing bars are included. Classify in E04D 3/06 either if glazing bars are not included, or if the plane slabs or sheets of glass or other translucent material have some special technical features.

Classify also in E04D 3/06 the plane multi-walled plastic roof-panels, even if only implicitly transparent or translucent, e.g. made of a plastic that is known for being transparent.

with metal glazing bars
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

constructions of roof intersections or hipped ends

E04B 7/06, E04B 7/063

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

details of the cross-sections of metallic profiles

E04C 2003/0404

with special cross-section, e.g. with corrugations on both sides, with ribs, flanges, or the like (E04D 3/35 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roofing elements consisting of curved slabs or stiff sheets or of plane slabs or stiff sheets having ribs, corrugations, flanges or profiles protruding from the surface or the margins of the roofing element.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

E04D 3/35

Special rules of classification

Classify in E04D 3/26 - E04D 3/34 if the materials of the roofing elements are specified and in E04D 3/24 if they are not.

of glass {or other translucent material}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering for buildings by making use of curved slabs or sheets or of plane slabs or sheets having ribs, corrugations, etc., the slabs or sheets being made of glass or other translucent material.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering slabs or sheets of glass of other translucent material with specially profiled marginal portions for connecting purposes

E04D 2003/285

Hollow multi-walled translucent panels with integrated webs

E04C 2/543

Special rules of classification

When glazing bars are present classify also in E04D 3/08 - E04D 3/14

of metal
Special rules of classification

If the special technical features disclose only how the metal roofing elements are connected between themselves or in how they are fastened to the underlying roof structure, then classify only in E04D 3/36 or in its sub-groups.

Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation {(self-supporting roofing slabs laminated with layers of insulating material E04B 7/22; insulating devices or arrangements in the roof covering E04D 13/16; connecting, fastening of double roof covering E04D 3/3608)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Waterproof roofing slabs or stiff sheets either flat or corrugated comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation, and used as roof covering.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connecting, fastening of double roof covering

E04D 3/3608

Insulating devices or arrangements in the roof covering

E04D 13/16

Multi-layered self-supporting roof slabs, and not generally used as roof covering

E04B 7/20 - E04B 7/24

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products

B32B

Sandwich panels

E04C 2/288, E04C 2/292, E04C 2/296, E04C 2/365

Special rules of classification

Self-supporting multi-layered roof slabs, also used as roof coverings are classified both in E04B 7/20 - E04B 7/24 and in E04D 3/35 or its sub-groups.

Connecting; Fastening
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting, in the sense of connecting means to connect adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together along their margins, directly or indirectly, e.g. through a bridging element.

Fastening, in the sense of fastening means to fasten roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the underlying roof structure.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastenings for attaching small roof-covering elements to the supporting elements

E04D 1/34

Roof covering slabs or sheets of glass of other translucent material with specially profiled marginal portions for connecting purposes

E04D 2003/285

Multi-layered roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising insulating layers, and in which the insulating layers of adjacent slabs have cooperating edges

E04D 3/355

Separate fastening elements fixed to the roof structure and consisting of parts permitting relative movement to the roof structure of the marginal portions of the slabs or sheets

E04D 2003/3615

Fastening means for roof coverings made of flexible materials

E04D 5/14

Apparatus or tools for roof working, for roof coverings comprising slabs or stiff sheets

E04D 15/04

Connection of slab-shaped building elements with each other

E04B 1/61

Separate fastening elements for wall coverings

E04F 13/0801

Devices for fastening constructional elements together

F16B

Special rules of classification

Fastening means of roofing slabs or stiff sheets, in their fields, to the underlying roof structure are classified in groups E04D 3/3601 - E04D 3/3608.

Fastening means of the borders of roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the underlying roof structure are classified in groups E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369.

Connecting means between adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets are classified in groups E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369.

In groups E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/368, additional small fastening elements, e.g. nails, screws, are not considered as separate connecting elements.

{of roof covering supported by the roof structure with interposition of a insulating layer (E04D 3/3607, E04D 3/3608, E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fastening means comprising spacer means adapted to the shape of the profiled roof covering

E04D 3/3607

Fastening means for double roof covering or over-roofing

E04D 3/3608

Connecting means between adjacent roofing slabs

E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369

{the fastening means being screws or nails}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working, for roof coverings comprising slabs or stiff sheets

E04D 15/04

Apparatus or tools for fixing roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the roof structure, by nailing, by screwing

E04D 2015/042, E04D 2015/045, E04D 2015/047

{of roof covering supported directly by the roof structure (E04D 3/3607, E04D 3/3608, E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fastening means comprising spacer means adapted to the shape of the profiled roof covering

E04D 3/3607

Fastening means for double roof covering or over-roofing

E04D 3/3608

Connecting means between adjacent roofing slabs

E04D 3/361 - E04D 3/369

{the fastening means being screws or nails}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working, for roof coverings comprising slabs or stiff sheets

E04D 15/04

Apparatus or tools for fixing roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the roof structure, by nailing, by screwing

E04D 2015/042, E04D 2015/045, E04D 2015/047

{the fastening means comprising spacer means adapted to the shape of the profiled roof covering}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fastening means for a profiled roof-covering, comprising spacer means in between the roof covering and the underlying roof structure, the spacer means being adapted to the shape of the profiled roof covering.

{for double roof covering or overroofing}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inverted roofs

E04D 13/1662

Insulating of pre-existing roofs

E04D 13/1681

by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets, e.g. standing seams, optionally with additional fastening of the border of the slabs or sheets to the underlying roof structure.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Connections of slab-shaped building elements, by means between frontal surfaces, i.e. edge surfaces

E04B 1/612

Joining sheets or panels to one another or to strips parallel to them; in abutting relationship

F16B 5/00; F16B 5/0004

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 3/36 - E04D 3/369 to classify additional information.

For multi-layered roofing slabs classify according to the marginal portions of the upper roofing layer of the roofing slabs.

Connections of opaque roofing slabs, by specially profiled marginal portions of the slabs, and in the thickness of the slab, should also be classified in E04D 2003/3617; connections of glass, transparent or translucent roofing slabs, by specially profiled marginal portions of the slabs, should be classified in E04D 2003/285.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Standing seam

A seam between two adjacent roofing slabs or sheets, consisting of two adjacent and upwardly oriented marginal portions of the two slabs or sheets

by locking the edge of one slab or sheet within the profiled marginal portion of the adjacent slab or sheet, e.g. using separate connecting elements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets and by locking the specially-profiled marginal portion of one slab or sheet within the profiled marginal portion of the adjacent slab or sheet, with or without separate connecting means.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets by folding of the edges

E04D 3/364

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With snap action

E04D 3/363

Special rules of classification

Additional small fastening elements, e.g. nails, screws, are not considered to be separate connecting elements.

When it is explicit that there is a snap action, E04D 3/363 takes precedence

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Locking the marginal portions of the slabs or sheets

Completely limiting movement of the marginal portions of the slabs or sheets in a direction perpendicular to the edge of the slabs or sheets

with snap action (E04D 3/366 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets with snap action, the snap action occurring directly between the two adjacent specially-profiled marginal portions or between at least one specially-profiled marginal portion and a fastening element to the underlying roof structure.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

By closing the space between the slabs or sheets by gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, e.g. strips

E04D 3/366

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by locking the specially-profiled marginal portion of one slab or sheet within the specially-profiled marginal portion of the adjacent slab or sheet

E04D 3/362

Special rules of classification

Connecting means between adjacent roofing slabs or sheets in which there is only a snap action between the slabs or sheets and a bridging element, and not directly between the marginal portions of the slabs or sheets or between said marginal portions and a fastening element to the underlying roof structure, are classified in E04D 3/366.

{by folding of the edges}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets, by folding of the edges of the roofing slabs or stiff sheets, e.g. rolled seams, after the roofing slabs or stiff sheets have been mounted on the roof.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

By forcing together the marginal portions of adjacent slabs or sheets, e.g. crimping, clamping

E04D 3/368

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working apparatus or tools for roof covering comprising flexible sheets, e.g. metallic sheets

E04D 15/04

Connecting metallic sheets by folding

B21D 39/02, B21D 39/021

by simple overlapping of the marginal portions with use of separate connecting elements, e.g. hooks or bolts for corrugated sheets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting of adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets by simple overlapping of the marginal portions, with or without the use of separate connecting elements, e.g. roof-tile like connections and connections allowing movement in a direction perpendicular to the joint.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connecting by means of standing seams

E04D1/361 - E04D1/364

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Connecting adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets together by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets

E04D 3/361

Special rules of classification

Additional small fastening elements, e.g. nails, screws, are not considered to be separate connecting elements.

For multi-layered roofing slabs classify according to the features of the marginal portions of the upper roofing layer.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Standing seam

A seam between two adjacent roofing slabs or sheets, consisting of two adjacent and upwardly oriented marginal portions of the two slabs or sheets

by closing the space between the slabs or sheets by gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, e.g. strips
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting of adjacent roofing slabs or stiff sheets by closing the space between the slabs or sheets by structural or non-structural gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, not forcing together the marginal portions of the slabs or sheets, e.g. by caps protecting the connection against the weather, by bridging elements having also a structural function, by non-structural strip like bridging elements inserted into grooves in the thickness of the roofing slabs, by gutters draining the water at the joint between the slabs.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bridging elements forcing, e.g. crimping or clamping, the marginal portions of adjacent slabs or sheets

E04D 3/368

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for sealing spaces or joints between roof-covering elements

E04D 3/38

Connections of slab-shaped building elements, by means between frontal surfaces, i.e. edge surfaces

E04B 1/612

Joining sheets or panels to one another in abutting relationship

F16B 5/0004

Special rules of classification

Connections between adjacent roofing slabs or sheets not presenting a gap between the slabs or sheets are also classified in E04D 3/366, provided there is a bridging element, e.g. cap, gutter, strip.

Connections between adjacent roofing slabs or sheets through a bridging element exerting a snap action are also classified here.

Roofs having rafters or supporting elements which also perform the function of bridging elements between the roofing slabs should also be classified in this group.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bulge

separate bridging element

by forcing together the marginal portions of adjacent slabs or sheets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Connecting adjacent roofing slab or sheets by forcing together, e.g. crimping or clamping, the marginal portions of the adjacent slabs or sheets.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connecting by folding of the edges of the roofing slabs or stiff sheets, e.g. rolled seams

E04D 3/364

Connecting by means of bridging elements not forcing together the marginal portions of adjacent slabs or sheets

E04D 3/366

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working apparatus or tools for roof covering comprising flexible sheets, e.g. metallic sheets

E04D 15/04

Connecting metallic sheets by folding

B21D 39/02, B21D 39/021

by welding of the marginal portions of adjacent slabs or sheets {also by soldering, glueing}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working apparatus or tools for roof covering comprising flexible sheets, e.g. metallic sheets

E04D 15/04

Resistance welding of metals

B23K 11/00

Welding of plastics

B29C 65/00

Devices for sealing spaces or joints between roof-covering elements (E04D 3/36 takes precedence; sealing joints not restricted to roof-covering elements E04B 1/68)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof-covering elements connecting means; roof-covering elements fastening means

E04D 3/36

Bridging devices connecting adjacent roofing slabs or sheets and sealing the spaces or joints in between

E04D 3/366

Bridging devices forcing together the marginal portions of adjacent roofing slabs or sheets and sealing the spaces or joints in between

E04D 3/368

Sealing joints not restricted to roof-covering elements

E04B 1/68

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for sealing the spaces or joints between small roof-covering elements, ridge sealing

E04D 1/36

Slabs or sheets locally modified for auxiliary purposes, e.g. for resting on walls, for serving as guttering; Elements for particular purposes, e.g. ridge elements, specially designed for use in conjunction with slabs or sheets {(E04D 13/15 and E04D 13/174 take precedence; ridge sealing E04D 1/36; solar collectors F24S 20/67; photovoltaic devices H01L 31/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ridge sealing

E04D 1/36

Gutters

E04D 13/064

Trimming strips; edge strips; fascias

E04D 13/15

Ventilation of roof coverings, on the ridge of the roof

E04D 13/174

Solar collectors on roofs

F24S 20/67

Photovoltaic devices on roofs

H02S 20/23

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drainage of the roof surface

E04D 13/04

Ventilation of roof coverings

E04D 13/17

{Wall copings}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Top wall-plates

E04C 1/39

Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. supplied in roll form (using stiff sheets E04D 3/00; gravelling of flat roofs E04D 7/00 {; granulated roof covering E04D 7/005}; built-up roofs E04D 11/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible material of substantial dimensions, like flexible membranes, flexible sheets, flexible foils supplied in roll form

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering using stiff sheets

E04D 3/00

Gravelling of flat roofs; roof covering exclusively consisting of sealing masses applied in situ

E04D 7/00

Granulated roof covering

E04D 7/005

Built-up roofs

E04D 11/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working, for roof coverings comprising flexible material

E04D 15/04

Apparatus or tools for handling roofing or sealing material in roll form

E04D 15/06

Layered products

B32B

Roofing felt

D06N 5/00

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 5/00 - E04D 5/149 to classify the additional information

of materials impregnated with sealing substances, e.g. roofing felt
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible materials impregnated with sealing substances, e.g. roofing felt impregnated with asphalt or bitumen

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen

E04D 5/10

Roof covering by making use of flexible material specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roofing felt

D06N 5/00

by making use of metal foils
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible metal foils. like flexible metal foils supplied in roll form

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen

E04D 5/10

Roof covering by making use of flexible material specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

by making use of plastics
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible sheets, membranes or foils of plastics, like plastic sheets supplied in roll form

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen

E04D 5/10

Roof covering by making use of flexible material specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Producing foils from plastics or substances in a plastic state

B29D 7/00, C08J 5/18

Special rules of classification

Asphalt or bitumen are not considered plastics in E04D 5/06

by making use of other materials
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible foils, sheets or membranes consisting of materials not covered by groups E04D 5/02 - E04D 5/06

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen

E04D 5/10

Roof covering by making use of flexible material specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of flexible foils. sheets or membranes consisting of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. flexible metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of flexible material specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products

B32B

Special rules of classification

Flexible roofing materials impregnated with sealing substances, e.g. roofing felt impregnated with asphalt or bitumen, are not considered compounded or laminated materials in E04D 5/10, and are classified in E04D 5/02

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Compounded materials

Combination of materials, except flexible roofing materials impregnated with sealing substances

specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof covering by making use of specially modified flexible foils. sheets or membranes, like flexible foils, sheets or membranes having features that are not continuous in both length and/or width directions, e.g. perforated membranes, or having a surface that is not smooth, e.g. a granulated surface, or having attached pads

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening means for roof coverings comprising flexible materials

E04D 5/14 - E04D 5/148

Fastening means therefor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fastening means for roof coverings comprising flexible materials

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening means to fasten roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the roof structure

E04D 3/36

Flexible roof covering materials specially modified, e.g. perforated, with granulated surface, with attached pads

E04D 5/12

Apparatus or tools for roof working, for roof coverings comprising flexible material

E04D 15/04

Devices for fastening constructional elements together

F16B

{Mechanical fastening means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mechanical fastening means for flexible roof covering material, like nails, screws, discs, clips, strips perforating or not the flexible material

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mechanincal fasteners per se, e.g. nails, bolts, screws, discs, clips, if not specially adapted or indicated as fastening means for flexible roof covering material

F16B

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for fixing a flexible material to the roof supporting structure, by nailing, by screwing

E04D 2015/042, E04D 2015/045, E04D 2015/047

{Discrete fastening means, e.g. discs or clips}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening of roofing slabs or stiff sheets to the roof structure, the fastening means being screws or nails

E04D 3/3603, E04D 3/3606

{not perforating the flexible material}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fastening by gluing

E04D 5/148

Fastening by welding

E04D 5/149

{fastening by gluing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fastening of flexible roof covering material by making use of glue or adhesive

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tools for applying glue in general

B05C

Joining sheets or webs of paper, cardboard, metal foil or plastic by adhesives

B29C 65/00, B65H 21/00

Gluing of plastics

B29C 65/48

Adhesive films or foils

C09H 9/02

Adhesives

C09J

Attachment devices using adhesives

F16B 47/00

{fastening by welding}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fastening of flexible roof covering material by welding

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soldering, welding of metal

B23K

Welding of plastics

B29C 65/00

Roof covering {exclusively consisting of} sealing masses applied in situ; Gravelling of flat roofs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof coverings where the roof covering layer is formed by sealing masses, e.g. asphalt, bitumen, applied in situ;

Gravelling of roofs by applying loss gravel or granules in situ

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bituminous sealing masses

C08L 95/00

Sealing of building surfaces with sealing masses applied in situ

E04B 1/66

Sealing of building joints with sealing masses applied in situ

E04B 1/6801

{characterised by loose or embedded gravel or granules as an outer protection of the roof covering}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Gravelling of roofs by applying loose gravel or granules in situ, as an outer protection of the roof covering

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Flexible roof covering materials, e.g. membranes or sheets, having a pre-made granulated surface

E04C 5/12

Roof covering by using straw, thatch, or like materials (impregnation against incendiary damage B27K)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Impregnation against incendiary damage

B27K

Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D 1/00 - E04D 9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D 1/00 - E04D 9/00, {e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings}
References
References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Supports for elevated load-supporting roof coverings

E04D 11/005

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 11/00 - E04D 11/02 to classify additional information

{consisting of two or more layers, at least one of the layers permitting turfing of the roof}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Turfing tiles

E04D 2001/308

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Growing turf

A01G 20/00

{Supports for elevated load-supporting roof coverings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supports, e.g. height-adjustable spacers, for load-supporting roof coverings on roofs, e.g. for elevated terrace floors on flat roofs.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices allowing walking on the roof or in the gutter

E04D 13/12

Supporting structures for sectional false floors

E04F 15/02447

Special rules of classification

Documents having tiles resting directly on the flat roofing surface without separate supports or spacers between the roofing surface and the tiles, e.g. normal terrace floors on flat roofs, should be classified in E04D 11/00.

Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition (gravelling of flat roofs E04D 7/00; venting or ventilation E04D 13/17)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Gravelling of flat roofs

E04D 7/005

Venting or ventilation of roof coverings

E04D 13/17

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. supplied in roll form

E04D 5/00

Roof underlay membranes

E04D 12/002

Special rules of classification

Roof covering consisting of only one layer of flexible material should be classified in E04D 5/00 - E04D 5/149.

Documents having tiles resting directly on the flat roofing surface without separate supports or spacers between the roofing surface and the tiles, e.g. normal terrace floors on flat roofs, should be classified in E04D 11/00

Non-structural supports for roofing materials, e.g. battens, boards (E04D 11/02 {and E04D 13/16} take precedence; {self-supporting slabs with non-structural supports for roofing materials E04B 7/205})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Built-up roofs

E04D 11/02

Roof covering insulation

E04D 13/16

Roof constructions consisting of a plurality of parallel similar trusses supporting load-bearing purlins

E04B 7/024

Self-supporting slabs with non-structural supports for roofing materials

E04B 7/205; E04B 7/225

Special rules of classification

Non-structural boards which support battens and/or roofing materials should be classified in E04D 12/00.

If the roof battens or roof purlins, as such, have some relevant special feature, then always give a class in E04D 12/004.

Use E04D 12/00 - E04D 12/008 to classify additional information.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Roof batten or roof purlin

In an inclined roof, an horizontal profile, e.g. wooden or metallic, for directly supporting the roof covering elements consisting of shingles, tiles, roofing slabs or stiff sheets; the roof battens or roof purlins are supported by the roof rafters, extending in the direction of the roof slope, or on the roof surface, e.g. for a roof made of concrete slabs.

{Sheets of flexible material, e.g. roofing tile underlay}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sheets of flexible material, both water/vapour permeable or not, used as roof underlay and not as roof covering

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering by making use of flexible material

E04D 5/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacture of semi-permeable membranes

B061D67/00 - B01D 71/00

House wraps, i.e. air or moisture barrier sheets or foils

E04B 1/625

{Battens}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Battens for supporting roof covering elements as defined in groups E04D 1/00 - E04D 3/40, i.e. small roof covering elements, roofing slabs or stiff sheets.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof constructions consisting of a plurality of parallel similar trusses supporting load-bearing purlins

E04B 7/024

Self-supporting slabs with non-structural supports for roofing materials

E04B 7/205; E04B 7/225

Special rules of classification

If the roof battens or roof purlins, as such, have some relevant special features, then always give a class in E04D 12/004

{Batten-supporting means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Batten-supporting means located between the roof structure, e.g. rafters, and the battens

{Ridge-batten brackets}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Specially adapted brackets to support the ridge-batten

Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; {Protection against birds}; Roof drainage; {Sky-lights} (ventilation tiles E04D 1/30; ventilation slabs E04D 3/40; internal channels E04F 17/00; elements therefor, see the relevant groups)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Provisions against atmospheric, e.g. wind vortex suppression, vegetal or animal influences on roofs (E04D 13/002 - E04D 13/008); Sky-lights, domes and roof covering aspects thereof (E04D 13/02 - E04D 13/0358); Roof drainage, roof gutters, down pipes (E04D 13/04 - E04D 13/08); Special devices or arrangements for roofs, e.g. snow-traps, junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys, roof trimming strips, roof edge strips, fascias (E04D 13/14 - E04D 13/1585); Insulating devices for the roof covering (E04D 13/16 - E04D 13/1693); Ventilation of roof coverings (E04D 13/17 - E04D 13/178)

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ventilation tiles

E04D 1/30

Solar collectors on roofs

, F24S 20/67

Photovoltaic devices on roofs, e.g. solar cells

, H02S 20/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation roofing slabs

E04D 3/40

Apparatus or tools for roof working

E04D 15/00

Internal channels, e.g. drainage channels, chimneys, air-ducts

E04F 17/00

{Provisions for preventing vegetational growth, e.g. fungi, algae or moss}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Biocides, plant growth regulators

A01N 25/00- A01N 65/00

{Protection against birds, mice or the like (scaring devices for birds in general A01M 29/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation on the eaves of the roof

E04D 13/178

Scaring devices for birds in general

A01M 29/00

Biocides, pest repellants or attractants

A01N 25/00- A01N 65/00

Roof-covering aspects of dormer windows (E04D 13/14 takes precedence; structures therefor E04B 7/18)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sealing between the structure of dormer windows and the roof covering

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof covering aspects of sky-lights

E04D 13/03 - E04D 13/0358

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above the roof

E04D 13/14

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Structures for dormer windows

E04B 7/18

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Dormer window

Roof window set in a structure that is protruding from the surface of a sloping roof; the window itself is substantially vertical

Sky-lights; Domes; Ventilating sky-lights (E04D 13/14 takes precedence; structures therefor, {e.g. dormer windows} E04B 7/18; {saw-tooth roofs with light-transmission E04B 7/12})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof sky-lights of flat, domed or vaulted shape, their structures, their mechanisms, their connecting means to the roof structure, their ventilating means, their safety means and other means or accessories therefor

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above the roof

E04D 13/14

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering by making use of plane slabs of glass or translucent material

E04D 3/06

Roof covering by making use of slabs having a special cross-section and made of glass or other translucent material

E04D 3/28

Saw-tooth roofs with light-transmission

E04B 7/12

Structures for dormer windows

E04B 7/18

Windows in general

E06B

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Sky-light

Window, roof lantern or oculus placed on the roof of a building and which is horizontal or parallel to the surface of the roof

Dome

Roof window having a domed shape, i.e. being curved along any two perpendicular directions

Vaulted shape

Having the shape of a vault, i.e. being curved along one direction only, like a cylinder

{characterised by a frame for connection to an inclined roof}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sky-lights or domes having a frame mainly installed in the plane of a sloping roof.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sky-lights or domes having a curb frame installed in the plane of a sloping roof

E04D 13/0315

{characterised by a curb frame}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sky-lights or domes having a curb frame installed either on a sloping roof or on a flat roof

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Curb frame

Raised frame, i.e. a frame that raises from the surface of the roof

Synonyms and Keywords

Curb

Kerb

{Supports or connecting means for sky-lights of vaulted shape}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supports or connecting means for all kinds of elongated sky-lights, i.e. comprising sky-lights of vaulted shape, but also saddle-roof like elongated sky-lights

{provided with ventilating means (roof ventilation F24F 7/02)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation roofing slabs

E04D 3/40

Junction of roof sheathings to parts extending above the roof with ventilating means

E04D 13/143

Ventilation of roof coverings not otherwise provided for, e.g. ridge or eaves ventilation

E04D 13/17

Roof ventilation

F24F 7/02

{provided with means for controlling the light-transmission or the heat-reflection, (e.g. shields, reflectors, cleaning devices)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Daylight conveying tubular skylights, with skylight shafts

E04D 2013/034, E04D 2013/0345

Light shafts, e.g. for cellars

E04F 17/06

Window shutters

E06B 9/02

Window screens affording protection against light

E06B 9/24

{Skylight guards, security devices protecting skylights or preventing objects or persons from falling through skylight openings}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety or protective measures for persons during the construction of buildings

E04G 21/32

Shutters, movable grilles for windows

E06B 9/02

Safety measure against unauthorised opening of windows

E06B 9/80

characterised by having movable parts {(preventing the spread of fire A62C 3/00; roof structures with movable roof parts E04B 7/16; operating mechanisms for sky-lights E05F 11/00; automatically acting closers E05F 17/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sky-lights or domes having movable parts for opening and/or closing, e.g. for ventilation or for preventing the spread of fire

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preventing the spread of fire

A62C 3/00

Roof structures with movable roof parts

E04B 7/16

Operating mechanisms for sky-lights

E05F 11/00

Automatically acting closers

E05F 17/00

Devices triggered by fire, excessive heat or smoke

F24F 11/33

Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, {balconies or the like} (gutter tiles E04D 1/30; gutter slabs E04D 3/40; {vessels for collecting rainwater E03B 3/03;} street gullies E03F 5/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Drainage in or on the field of the roof, drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like (E04D 13/04 - E04D 13/0481) .

Roof gutters, down pipes and accessories therefor (E04D 13/064 - E04D 13/08)

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gutter tiles

E04D 1/30

Gutter slabs

E04D 3/40

Vessels for collecting rainwater

E03B 3/03

Street gullies

E03F 5/04

{Drainage outlets, e.g. gullies}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Drainage devices located in or on the roof surface or its perimeter for receiving water from the roof surface before it reaches the ground, the devices having limited extension and being only located at specific locations in or on the roof surface or its perimeter, e.g. roof gullies

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Street gullies

E03F 5/04

{Drainage channels}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Gutters in or on the roof surface for draining water, e.g. inclined valley gutters

{Drainage borders, e.g. dripping edges, gravel stops or dispersers}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Trimming strips; Edge strips; Fascias

E04D 13/15

{Underroof drainage layers (layers permitting turfing of the roof E04D 11/002)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Drainage layers under the outer surface of the roof, e.g. drainage layer under the tiles of a terrazzo style flat roof

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

roofing tiles flexible underlays

E04D 12/002

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layers permitting turfing of the roof

E04D 11/002

Gutters {(drainage channels on the roof surface E04D 13/0445; gutters for greenhouses A01G 9/1476)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof gutters around the borders of sloping roofs

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Drainage channels on the roof surface, e.g. inclined valley gutters

E04D 13/0445

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working

E04D 15/00

Gutters for greenhouses

A01G 9/1476

Means for fastening gutter parts together
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connections between gutter and down pipe

E04D 13/0645

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working; for handling roofing material in roll form

E04D 15/00; E04D 15/06

Hanging means (in combination with means for fastening gutter parts together {E04D 13/0685})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supports connecting gutter to roof

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Supports connecting gutter to roof in combination with means for fastening gutter parts together

E04D 13/0685

Devices or arrangements for removing snow, ice or debris from gutters or for preventing accumulation thereof
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus or tools for roof working

E04D 15/00

Special rules of classification

Devices for mechanically removing snow from gutters are classified in E04D 13/076

{De-icing devices or snow melters}
Definition statement

This place covers:

De-icing devices and snow melters for gutters

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

De-icing devices for roof gullies

E04D 2013/0418

Devices for mechanically removing snow from gutters

E04D 13/076

De-icing devices for down pipes

E04D 2013/088

Snow melters for roofs

E04D 13/103

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

De-icing of aircraft exteriors

B64D 15/00

De-icing of aerials

H01Q 1/02

De-icing of electric lines

H02G 7/16

{Cleaning tools}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Cleaning tools for roof gutters

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for mechanically removing snow from gutters

E04D 13/076

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Brushes in general

A46B

Cleaning devices in general

B08B

{Strainers at connection between gutter and down pipe}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Strainers for roof drainage outlets, e.g. gullies

E04D 2013/0413

Down pipes; Special clamping means therefor (clamping pipes in general F16B, F16L)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Down pipes for roof gutters, and clamping means therefor

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clamping pipes in general

F16B, F16L

{De-icing devices or snow melters (for drainage outlets E04D 13/0409, for gutters E04D 13/0762, for down pipes E04D 13/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Snow melters and de-icing devices on the roof surface

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

De-icing devices and snow melters for roof gullies

E04D 2013/0418

De-icing devices and snow melters for gutters

E04D 13/0762

De-icing devices and snow melters for down pipes

E04D 2013/088

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

De-icing of aircraft exteriors

B64D 15/00

Methods for preventing ice formation on roads

E01C 11/245

Embedded electrical heating elements in road surfaces

E01C 11/265

De-icing of aerials

H01Q 1/02

De-icing of electric lines

H02G 7/16

Devices or arrangements allowing walking on the roof or in the gutter
Definition statement

This place covers:

Permanent installation on flat and inclined roofs allowing walking

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Terraces on flat roofs; elevated terraces on flat roofs

E04D 11/00; E04D 11/005

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Step tiles

E04D 2001/308

Means for working on roofs, during the construction

E04G 21/3214

Arrangements on buildings for connecting safety-lines, during the construction

E04G 21/3261

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above the roof
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Internal channels, e.g. chimneys, air-ducts

E04F 17/00

{Junctions to walls extending above the perimeter of the roof (trimming strips, edge strips or fascias retaining the roof sheathing E04D 13/155)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Junctions of roof sheathings to parts extending above the roof with ventilating means

E04D 13/143

Junction to walls extending above the perimeter of inclined roofs

E04D 13/1478

Trimming strips, edge strips, or fascias retaining the roof sheathing

E04D 13/155

with ventilating means {in junctions of roof sheathings to parts extending above the roof}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above the roof provided with ventilating means

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Junction to walls extending above the perimeter of flat roofs

E04D 13/1415

Junction to walls extending above the perimeter of inclined roofs

E04D 13/1478

specially adapted for inclined roofs {(trays for cavity walls E04B 1/70)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts extending above an inclined roof, the junctions being specially adapted for inclined roofs

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Trays for cavity walls

E04B 1/70

Special rules of classification

Deformable junction strips which are shaped in situ should be classified here, e.g. junction strips made of a deformable material

{specially adapted to the cross-section of the parts extending above the roof}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Preformed junctions specially adapted for inclined roofs and to the cross-section of the parts extending above the inclined roof

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Deformable junction strips which are shaped in situ

E04D 13/147

Special rules of classification

Classify also in E04D 13/1478 when the part extending above the roof has walls, e.g. walls of a chimney made of bricks

Trimming strips; Edge strips; Fascias; {Expansion joints for roofs (wall copings E04D 3/405; drainage borders E04D 13/0459; joints in general E04B 1/68)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Trimming strips for roofs, roof edge strips, elements for covering the overhang at the eave side, e.g. soffits, or the verge of saddle roofs, roof fascias

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Wall copings

E04D 3/405

Junctions of roof sheathings to chimneys or other parts, e.g. walls, extending above the roof

E04D 13/14

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Drainage borders

E04D 13/0459

Joints in general

E04B 1/68

Special rules of classification

If drainage aspects are present, e.g. weeping holes, classify also in E04D 13/0459, E04D 13/0459

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Fascias

In a sloped roof, vertical covering part of the cornice, i.e. of the roof eaves overhang

Soffits

In a sloped roof, horizontal covering part of the underside of the cornice, i.e. of the roof eaves overhang

Edge strip

Finishing strip around the border of a roof

with ventilating means {in soffits or fascias; (on the eaves of the roof E04D 13/178)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With ventilating means on the eaves of the roof

E04D 13/178

retaining the roof sheathing
Definition statement

This place covers:

Edge strips or fascias retaining the roof sheathing

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Junctions of roof sheathings to walls, extending above the perimeter of a flat roof

E04D 13/1415

Junctions of roof sheathings to walls, extending above an inclined roof

E04D 13/1478

covering the overhang at the eave side, e.g. soffits, or the verge of saddle roofs
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilating means in soffits or fascias

E04D 13/152

Special rules of classification

Fascia boards and soffits coverings are classified in E04D 13/158

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

verge of saddle roof

the edge of a saddle (gable) roof at the gable wall

{covering the verge of saddle roofs (gable tiles E04D 1/30)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Gable tiles

E04D 1/30

Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, {e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Insulation of the roof covering integrated in the roof covering structure, e.g. the insulation being positioned above, between or below the roof purlins; insulation for roofs made of corrugated sheets; insulation applied above the roof covering, e.g. inverted roofs; insulation of pre-existing roofs; insulation of roof coverings, the insulation having provisions for roof drainage.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, at least one of the layers being of insulating material

E04D 3/351 - E04D 3/355

Self-supporting roof slabs having insulating properties

E04B 7/22, E04B 7/225

{Insulation of the roof covering characterised by its integration in the roof structure (self-supporting insulating slabs E04B 7/22, E04B 7/225)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof insulation arrangement in which the insulating material has provisions for roof drainage

E04D 13/1687

Ventilation of roof coverings not otherwise provided for

E04D 13/17

{the roof structure comprising a supporting framework of roof purlins or rafters}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The insulating material being masses or granules applied in situ

E04D 13/1668

{with means for fixing the insulating material between the roof covering and the upper surface of the roof purlins or rafters}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof insulating arrangements in which the insulating material is fixed between the roof covering and the upper surface of the roof purlins or rafters, with or without special fixing means

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Purlins

Battens

{with means for supporting the insulating material between the purlins or rafters (insulating layers disposed between two longitudinal supporting elements E04B 1/7654)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof insulating arrangements in which the insulating material is supported between the roof purlins or rafters, with or without special fixing means

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insulating layers disposed between two longitudinal supporting elements

E04B 1/7654

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Purlins

Battens

{the means deriving from the nature or the shape of the insulating material itself}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof insulating arrangements in which the insulating material is supported between the roof purlins or rafters, by means deriving from the nature or the shape of the insulating material itself, e.g. expanding insulation.

{the roof structure being formed by load bearing corrugated sheets, e.g. profiled sheet metal roofs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof insulating arrangements in which the insulating material is supported by load bearing corrugated sheets, e.g. profiled sheet metal roofs

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The insulating material being masses or granules applied in situ

E04D 13/1668

Insulating of pre-existing roofs with or without ventilating arrangements

E04D 13/1681

{Double skin roofs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Insulation for roof coverings comprising a double skin, i.e. two superposed water tight layers

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roofing slabs comprising two or more layers

E04D 3/35

Fastening means for double roof covering or over-roofing

E04D 3/3608

{Inverted roofs or exteriorly insulated roofs}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Inverted roofs or exteriorly insulated roofs, e.g. in which the insulation is exposed to the weather

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening means for double roof covering or over-roofing

E04D 3/3608

Insulating of pre-existing roofs with or without ventilating arrangements

E04D 13/1681

The insulating material having provisions for roof drainage

E04D 13/1687

{Insulating of pre-existing roofs with or without ventilating arrangements}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The roof purlins or rafters being mainly insulated from the interior

E04D 13/1637

The insulating material being masses or granules applied in situ

E04D 13/1668

{the upper surface of the insulating material forming an inclined surface}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roof insulating arrangements in which the upper surface of the insulating material forms an inclined surface, e.g. sloped insulating elements on a flat roof

Ventilation of roof coverings not otherwise provided for (ventilation of rooms or spaces F24F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ventilation of the spaces between the roof covering and the roof structure

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roof ventilation, i.e. ventilation of spaces or rooms located below the roof supporting structure

F24F 7/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilation tiles

E04D 1/30

Ventilation roofing slabs

E04D 3/40

Internal channels, e.g. chimneys, air-ducts

E04F 17/00

Ventilation of rooms or spaces, in general

F24F

{Roof insulating material with provisions for or being arranged for permitting ventilation of the roof covering}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ventilation of roof coverings provided through roof insulating material having provisions for or being arranged for permitting ventilation of the roof covering, e.g. insulation so arranged that it provides ventilation gaps

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Double skin roofs

E04D 13/165

Insulated roofs in which the insulating material has provisions for roof drainage

E04D 13/1687

{on the ridge of the roof}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ventilation of roof coverings provided through ventilating means located on the ridge of the roof

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ridge tiles

E04D 2001/305

Roof ridge slabs or sheets

E04D 3/40

{on the eaves of the roof}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ventilation of roof coverings provided through ventilating means located on the eaves of the roof

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protection against birds, mice, or the like

E04D 13/004

Ventilating means in soffits or fascias

E04D 13/152

Apparatus or tools for roof working
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus or tools for roof working like e.g. apparatus or tools for removing roof material, for cleaning the roof, for building roof coverings comprising tiles, shingles or the like, for building roof coverings comprising slabs, sheets or flexible material for handling, during construction of the roof covering, roofing or sealing material in roll or bulk form

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for removing snow, ice or debris from gutters

E04D 13/076

De-icing devices for gutters

E04D 13/0762

Cleaning tools for gutters

E04D 13/0765

Scaffolds for working on roofs

E04G 3/26

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ladders

E06C

Special rules of classification

Use E04D 15/00 - E04D 15/07 to classify additional information

{for removing roof material (for floor coverings E04G 23/006)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for removing floor coverings

E04G 23/006

for roof coverings comprising tiles, shingles, or like roofing elements {(E04D 15/003 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Apparatus or tools for removing roof material

E04D 15/003

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates , shingles or other small roofing elements

E04D 1/00 - E04D 1/36

for roof coverings comprising slabs, sheets or flexible material
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus or tools for handling, removing or applying slabs, sheets or flexible materials to roofs

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Apparatus for handling roofing or sealing material in roll form

E04D 15/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets

E04D 3/00 - E04D 3/40

Handling of sheet material

B65H

for handling roofing or sealing material in roll form
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. supplied in roll form

E04D 5/00- E04D 5/149

Handling of sheet material

B65H