Cooperative Patent Classification

CPC Definition - Subclass D05B

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Last Updated Version: 2016.11
SEWING (appliances for the tailoring trade A41H; sewing tables A47B 29/00; sewing in bookbinding B42B 2/00; sewing machines modified for knitting D04B 39/08)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines

Sewing processes dependent on their use

The thread seams produced thereby

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Details of garments (e.g. stitches) or of their making

Sewing tables (as furniture)

Permanently attaching together sheets, quires or signatures by stitching with filamentary material, e.g. textile thread (i.e. sewing in bookbinding)

Sewing machines modified for knitting

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making non-wovens

Embroidering and tufting

Special rules of classification

The classification in D05B is desirably complemented by a classification in the indexing scheme relating to sewing, embroidering and tufting

Selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind D05D 2203/00

Interface between the operator and the machine D05D 2205/00

Use of special elements D05D 2207/00

Use of special materials D05D 2209/00

Applied objects or articles D05D 2303/00

Operations on the work before or after sewing D05D 2305/00

In addition, the classification in D05B is desirably complemented by a classification for the application in the indexing scheme relating to textiles

Wearing apparel D10B 2501/00

Domestic or personal D10B 2503/00

Industrial D10B 2505/00

Sport; military D10B 2507/00

Medical; hygiene D10B 2509/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Sewing

Uniting or fastening by stitches.

General types of sewing apparatus or machines without mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines wherein neither the needle nor the work moves laterally.

Running-stitch seams
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

A running-stitch

Basic stitch done through one or more layers, worked by passing the needle in and out the workpiece

Single chain-stitch seams
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Single chain stitch seams

Seams forming a chain on the upper surface of the workpiece.

Lock-stitch seams
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Lock-stitch seams

Seams using two threads, an upper and a lower, which lock together in the hole in the workpiece they pass through

Overedge seams
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Overedge seams

Seams that are typically used for sewing together and edge-finishing two fabric layers in one step

for making blind-stitch seams
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Blind stitch seams

Seams that are typically used for attaching lining to a garment where the stitches should not show on either side.

for making fluid-tight seams (sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams D05B 17/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus or machines for making non-welded fluid tight seams by sewing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams

Sewing apparatus or machines with mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both for making ornamental pattern seams, for sewing buttonholes, for reinforcing openings, or for fastening articles, e.g. buttons, by sewing (programme-controlled sewing machines D05B 19/00; with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier D05B 21/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing apparatus or machines with mechanism for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both, e.g. for bar-tacking, i.e. forming series of stitches used for reinforcing areas of stress on a garment, such as pocket openings.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sewing machines characterised by the programme control for lateral movement of the needle or the work or both

Sewing machines characterised by devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam

for making piped openings
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Piped openings

are openings e.g. formed for making pockets in a garment. The machines for making piped openings may have two needles

for fastening articles by sewing
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Sewing machines for temporarily connecting articles, e.g. pairs of socks
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing machines for temporarily connecting articles, e.g. for joining knitted articles.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pairing socks

Devices for keeping articles together during laundering, e.g. for keeping socks in pairs

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Overlocking machine

Type of machine often used for temporarily connecting articles

Linking machines, e.g. for joining knitted fabrics
Definition statement

This place covers:

linking machines, e.g. for joining knitted fabrics, e.g. overlocking machines.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Code related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Special rules of classification

Machines provided with means for sewing and knitting to create a single article are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined knitting-sewing machine where the invention lies in the sewing is classified in sewing only.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Linking

Coupling or connecting by or as if by a link

Hem-stitch sewing machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hem-stitch machines, i.e. machines having one or two needles, and a piercer.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Hem

Border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression "hem-stitch sewing machines" is often used as synonym for " hemming machine".

Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses (control of workpiece-holding frames, or of sewing machines, in order to obtain particular seam configuration D05B 21/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Control of workpiece-holding frames, or of sewing machines, in order to obtain particular seam configuration

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Spring mattresses

Stuffed mattresses

Worktables or workframes specially for upholstery

Worktables or workframes specially for upholstery

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Quilt

Coverlet of two or more layers of cloth filled with padding held in place by stitched designs

Mattress

Fabric case filled with resilient material (as cotton, hair, feathers, foam rubber, or an arrangement of coiled springs), used either alone as a bed or on a bedstead

Machines for sewing sacks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Inflatable occupant restraints or confinements designed to inflate upon impact or impending impact, e.g. air bags

for closing filled bags or sacks (combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus B65B)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Machines for sewing sacks combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus

Machines for sewing sacks combined with bag- or sack-filling apparatus

Machines for sewing leather goods (making pseudo-lock-stitch seams D05B 1/16)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines specifically designed for sewing leather goods, i.e. suitcases, bags, and shoes.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Machines for making pseudo-lock-stitch seams

Seat coverings for vehicles by sewing, stitching or threading

Manufacturing methods specially adapted for seat coverings

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Seat coverings in general

Sewing machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams (for making non-welded fluid-tight seams D05B 1/26)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines for concurrently making thread and welded seams using i.e. heat, pressure, ultrasonic means, infrared means, laser or fusible materials.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sewing machines for making non-welded fluid-tight seams

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Welding

Uniting by heating and allowing the products to flow together, i.e. by compressing

Programme-controlled sewing machines (with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier D05B 21/00; devices for stopping drive when sewing tools have reached a predetermined position D05B 69/22)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Programme-controlled sewing machines, i.e. machines using computer means.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Programme-controlled sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam

Programme-controlled devices for stopping drive when sewing tools have reached a predetermined position

{Zig-zag sewing machines with electric or electronic programming}
Special rules of classification

Group D05B 19/003 is no longer used for classification. Documents are in the process of being reorganised to groups D05B 19/02 - D05B 19/16.

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam, e.g. programme-controlled for sewing collars, for attaching pockets
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam, e.g. programme-controlled for sewing collars, for attaching pockets, bar tacking.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Bar tacking or bartacking

Specialized sewing stitch designed to provide tensile strength to the product it is used on, for reinforcing areas of stress on a garment, such as pocket openings.

{consisting of lateral displacement of the workpieces by a feed-dog or a fluted presser foot}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. machines with accessory devices controlled by the presser foot, with fluted means having grooves to improve friction.

Sewing apparatus or machines not otherwise provided for (for making zip closures A44B 19/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. sewing machines for sewing straw hats, straw cases, wisps of straw, canvas shoes, for hemming hats, ribbing corsets, binding or uniting carpets, assembling parts of knitted panties or closing toe parts of stockings.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sewing apparatus or machines for making zip closures

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to use of special elements

Indexing Codes related to use of special materials

Indexing Codes related to use of special materials

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

{Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part, after the knitting operation has been processed.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hosiery, panti-hose

Indexing Codes related to use of special materials

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Indexing Code related to hosiery, panti-hose

Special rules of classification

Machines for assembling knitted panties or stockings provided with means for sewing and other operations (e.g. turning the material inside-out, trimming the seam edges) are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined sewing machine with a turning inside-out mechanism where the invention lies in the turning inside-out of the material is classified in D06G 3/00 only. A combined sewing machine with trimming of the hosiery or seamed edges where the invention lies in the trimming is classified in D06C 13/12 only.

Sewing units consisting of combinations of several sewing machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sewing units consisting of combinations of several sewing machines which can be mounted in series or in parallel, incorporating e.g. conveying devices and devices not incorporated in the sewing machines for supplying and removing the work.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to use of special materials

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Indexing Codes related to textile applications

Special rules of classification

Machines provided with means for sewing and other operations (e.g. turning the material inside-out) are classified in the field where the alleged invention lies. A combined sewing machine with a turning inside-out mechanism where the invention lies in the turning inside-out of the material is classified in D06G 3/00 only.

Work-feeding means
Definition statement

This place covers:

Work-feeding means forming part of the sewing machine, e.g. feed dogs, rotary circular feed members, sewing needles, used in order to move the work through the sewing machine.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Feed dogs

A part of a sewing machine that feeds the work under the needle.

Pressers; Presser feet (for feeding D05B 27/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

pressers and presser feet resting on the work and pressing it down upon the table of the sewing machine.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Presser feet for feeding the work

Workpiece holders or hold-downs in machines for sewing leather
Definition statement

This place covers:

Workpiece holders or hold-downs in machines for sewing leather, e.g. balls, shoes.

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for supplying or removing the work
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for supplying or removing the work, e.g. conveying devices, feeding workpieces separated from piles.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Work-feeding means, e.g. feed dogs, rotary circular feed members

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Indexing Codes related to textile applications

Work-feeding or -handling elements not otherwise provided for
Definition statement

This place covers:

Work-feeding or work-handling elements for specific applications, e.g. for facilitating seaming, hem-turning elements, for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, for binding, ruching, gathering, casing, filling lace, pleating devices, cuttlers, curlers, edge guides, indicators for positioning work.

for facilitating seaming; Hem-turning elements; Hemmers {(D05B 35/062 takes precedence)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Hem

Border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down.

for attaching bands, ribbons, strips, or tapes or for binding
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Label feeding

Attaching cords, tapes, bands or the like in embroidery machines

{for attaching slide fasteners (connection of the interlocking member to the stringer tape A44B 19/40)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Connection of separate, or one piece, interlocking members to stringer tapes and reinforcing such connections, e.g. by stitching

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sewing hooks, e.g. to a tape

for ruching, gathering, casing, or filling lace, ribbons, or bindings; Pleating devices; Cuttlers; Gathering feet; Crimpers; Curlers; Rufflers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Pleating, kilting, or goffering fabrics or wearing apparel by heat and/or steam

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Ruching lace

Forming a pleat of lace for trimming a work

Ruffler

Attachment on a sewing machine used for making frills

Crimper

A mechanical device consisting of a cylindrical tube around which the work is wound to curl it

{for making folds transversely to the sewing direction}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines for making folds transversely to the sewing direction, e.g. rufflers.

{Fixed or adjustable pin holding the work, e.g. for circular or spiral stitching}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sewing machines with devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch-forming mechanism in order to obtain spiral seams

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for slitting, grooving, or cutting (severing sewing-threads D05B 65/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for slitting, grooving or cutting the work.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for severing sewing-threads

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Slitting

Forming a long and narrow cut

Grooving

Forming a long narrow channel

with oscillating tools
Definition statement

This place covers:

Cutting devices with oscillating tools, i.e. tools swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm, not just moving up and down.

{Pinking}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Pinking

is forming a perforated pattern.

{Pinking}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Pinking

is forming a perforated pattern.

Workpiece carriers (for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier to obtain particular configuration of seam D05B 21/00; in general A41H 15/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Workpiece carriers, e.g. for cap, support structures, sewing frames.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices for automatically controlling movement of work-carrier relative to stitch forming mechanism in order to obtain particular configuration of seam

Cloth-holders

Indexing Code related to selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind

Indexing Codes related to use of special elements

Indexing Codes related to use of special materials

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

{Quilting frames}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Quilting frames in sewing machines.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines for sewing quilts or mattresses

Appliances for holding or feeding the base fabric in embroidering machines

Work-collecting devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Work-collecting devices, e.g. worktables, stack support assemblies.

Spool-pin assemblies incorporated in sewing machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Spool-pin assemblies incorporated in sewing machines for holding spools.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Applications of bobbin-winding or -changing devices

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Spool pin

is a pin on which the spool of thread is seated.

Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines (measuring devices in embroidery machines D05C, in general G01B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Applications of measuring devices for determining the length of threads used in sewing machines, e.g. in order to cut the thread after performing sewing, to control the speed, to determine the thread reserve.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applications of devices for metering predetermined lengths of running material

Measuring devices for use with embroidery machines

Measuring length in general

Needle-thread tensioning devices; Applications of tensometers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Needle thread tensioning devices and applications of tensometers, i.e. devices controlling the needle thread in order to avoid a defective stitching or a broken thread.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

thread tensioning arrangements in embroidery machines

Indexing Codes related to use of special elements

Applications of tensometers (application of tension indicators in handling thin or filamentary material B65H 59/40; for embroidery machines D05C 11/08; tensometers in general G01L)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applications of tension indicators in handling thin and filamentary material

Thread-tensioning arrangements in embroidering machines

Tensometers in general

Take-up devices, e.g. levers, for the needle thread
Definition statement

This place covers:

Take-up devices, e.g. levers, for the needle thread, in order to provide enough thread for the loop and preventing knotted wads of thread.

Applications of needle-thread guards; Thread-break detectors (for embroidery machines D05C 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Applications of needle-thread guards and thread-break detectors, i.e. devices for guiding the needle thread and for detecting the absence of the thread, respectively.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applications of needle-thread guards and thread-break detectors for embroidery machines

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Needle-thread guard

Mechanical element preventing skipping stitches

Thread- or cord-laying mechanisms; Thread fingers
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Thread laying mechanism

A device used to guide the thread in order to manage the stitches when a smooth and flat finish is desired.

Needle holders; Needle bars (needles D05B 85/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Needle holders and needle bars, e.g. devices for fastening needles to needle bars, needle guides, needle-bar drives.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Needles

Devices for fastening needles to needle bars
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for fastening needles to needle bars for all kinds of needles.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for fastening or inserting needles in bars or carriers in embroidery machines

Indexing Code related to selection of machines, accessories or parts of the same kind

Needle guides; Needle protectors (finger-protecting devices D05B 83/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Needle guides and needle protectors, exclusively designed to guide and protect the needle, not to guide with regard to the needle or protect from the needle.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Finger protecting devices

Loop takers, e.g. loopers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Loop takers and loopers, i.e. mechanisms placed underneath the workpiece for grabbing the loop of thread before the needle pulls up, and wrapping it around either another piece of thread or another loop in the same piece of thread.

Applications of bobbin-winding or -changing devices; Indicating or control devices associated therewith
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bobbin holders or casings, case guards, bobbin discharge devices

Application of bobbins for storing the lower thread

Loop holders; Loop spreaders; Stitch-forming fingers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Loop holders, loop spreaders and stitch-forming fingers, i.e. devices retaining the loop of the needle thread underneath the workpiece until the following operation.

Devices associated with the loop-taker thread, e.g. for tensioning
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices associated with the loop-taker thread, e.g. for tensioning, monitoring.

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread, e.g. knife, heated tool, and for disposing of the severed thread end. Cutting devices inside or associated with the thread disposal device are covered by D05B 65/06.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for cutting the needle or lower thread in embroidery machines

Indexing Codes related to applied objects or articles

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

and for disposing of the severed thread end; {Catching or wiping devices for the severed thread}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for severing the needle or lower thread and for disposing of the severed end, only if the cutting device is inside or associated with the thread disposal device, e.g. catching or wiping devices for the severed thread.

Devices incorporated in sewing machines for lubricating, waxing, or colouring the threads
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Moistening, sizing, oiling, waxing, colouring or drying filamentary material as additional measures during package formation

Devices for dyeing or impregnating the threads in embroidery machines

Treatment of fibres, threads and yarns not provided for elsewhere

Driving-gear; Control devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Driving gear and control devices defined by the structure, e.g. mechanical, fluid, electrical, or by the application, e.g. changing speed, stopping drive, or by details.

Lubricating or cooling devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Lbricating or cooling devices, e.g. for loop-taker, needle, taking the workpiece into consideration.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lubricating devices in embroidery machines

for free-arm sewing machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Fee-arm sewing machines, i.e. machines having an arm holding bobbin, shuttle and feed dogs.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for converting free-arm sewing machines into flat-bed machines

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

A free-arm sewing machine

has a shape allowing the fabric to slip around the arm.

Frames, stands, tables, or other furniture adapted to carry sewing machines (furniture aspects A47B, A47C)
Definition statement

This place covers:

frames, stands, tables, or the like adapted to carry sewing machines, e.g. for drop-head sewing machines, with noise-suppressing devices, and arrangements for mounting sewing-machine casings to frames, stands or tables.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Furniture aspects of frames, stands, tables or the like adapted to carry sewing machines

Chairs

for drop-head sewing machines
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

A drop-head sewing machine

machine e.g. foldable, with multi-position adjustment.

Covers, or portable enclosures, for sewing machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Covers, or portable enclosures, for sewing machines, e.g. case cover, bed extension table, shield assembly.

Incorporations or adaptations of lighting equipment
Definition statement

This place covers:

Incorporations or adaptations of lighting equipment in sewing machines, e.g. lights, magnifying glasses.

Sewing machines incorporating devices serving purposes other than sewing, e.g. for blowing air, for grinding
Definition statement

This place covers:

sewing machines incorporating devices serving purposes other than sewing, e.g. for blowing air, for grinding, for discharging material, vacuum boxes, brushes.

Guards or like devices for preventing injury to operator (machine safety devices in general F16P)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Guards or like devices for preventing injury to operator, e.g. preventing fingers to be pierced by the needle.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices in general

Needles (surgical needles A61B 17/06; manufacture of needles B21G 1/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Needles, e.g. hooked needles, curved needles, flexible needles, hollow needles.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Surgical needles, e.g. for sewing body parts

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making needles used for performing operations (i.e. manufacture of needles)

Quilting needles for making upholstery

Machine needles in embroidery machines

Needle- {or looper-} threading devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Needle- or looper-threading devices, i.e. devices for positioning the thread in the needle eye or in the looper, e.g. with mechanical means.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for filling or threading shuttles

Indexing Codes related to use of special elements

Seam-ripping devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Seam ripping devices, e.g. for ripping out or opening the seam.

Tools, implements, or accessories for hand sewing (needles, needle threaders D05B 85/00, D05B 87/00; appliances for the tailoring trade A41H)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Needles

Needle threading devices

Appliances or methods for making clothes, e.g. for dress making, for tailoring (e.g. boxes for needles)

Bodkins
Definition statement

This place covers:

Bodkins, i.e. small pointed instrument used for piercing holes in cloth or instrument with a knobbed point and a large eye for drawing tape or cord through a hem.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Needles for hand knitting

Crocheting tools

Tools for hand knotting carpets or tapestries

Hand tufting needles

Thimbles; Finger shields; Palm protectors
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Finger protectors for knitting

Tool receptacles
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Boxes for needles or pins

Thread-spool receptables
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tool receptacles for hand sewing

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Holders for embroidering needles or threads

Stitches; Stitch seams
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stitches and stitch seams, e.g. combined with machine sewing, knitting, strengthened by auxiliary elements.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Applied objects or articles

Operations on the work before or after sewing

Preparatory or finishing operations in connection with hand sewing
Definition statement

This place covers:

Preparatory or finishing operations in connection with hand sewing, e.g. softening material prior to sewing, flattening, pounding, or pressing stitched seams.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Indexing Codes related to operations on the work before or after sewing

Flattening, pounding, or pressing stitched seams (in shoemaking A43D 8/44)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Creasing presses in shoemaking

Hand sewing processes or apparatus for special work or not otherwise provided for
Definition statement

This place covers:

Hand sewing processes or apparatus for special work or not otherwise provided for, e.g. hand-guided apparatus, for darning, using special threads, for attaching buttons or fasteners, for attaching patches.