CPC Definition - Subclass A62B

Last Updated Version: 2019.02
DEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING (valves specially adapted for medical use A61M 39/00; life-saving devices, apparatus or methods specially adapted for use in water B63C 9/00; divers' equipment B63C 11/00; specially adopted for use with aircraft, e.g. parachutes, ejector seats, {B64D 17/00, B64D 25/10}; rescue devices peculiar to mining E21F 11/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Life-saving devices in the sense of rescuing persons in immediate and physical danger due to possibly harmful surroundings, e.g. fire, toxic gases, falling from heights.

Relationships with other classification places

Life-saving in the medical sense is in A61M

Life-saving for use in water/on sea: B63C 9/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Medical transport, e.g. stretchers

A61G 1/00

Rescue devices for use in water/on sea

B63C 9/00

Rescue devices specific for mining

E21F 11/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing

A63B 29/02

Safety during construction of buildings(this includes anchors for safety-lines, lifelines and similar)

E04G 21/32

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following abbreviations are often used:

PAPR

Powered Air Purifying Respirator(Filter and Blower)

SC(U)BA

Self-Contained (Underwater) Breathing Apparatus(Breathing apparatus with compressed air, or closed circuit breathing apparatus)

Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices to lower persons from heights, e.g. high-rise buildings.

Relationships with other classification places

Mountaineering : A63B 29/00

Climbing devices for poles, trees or similar: A63B 27/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Emergency escape exits for airplanes (e.g. inflatable chutes)

B64D 25/08

Elevators

B66B

Karabiners / snap-hook devices

F16B 45/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Belay-devices/mountaineering/climbing devices

A63B 29/02

Chutes, slides or similar for amusement

A63G 21/00

Conveying of suspended loads

B65G 9/00

Rope, cable or chain winding mechanisms

B66D 1/00

Brakes for load-lifting or hoisting

B66D 5/00

Anchors for scaffolds

E04G 5/04

Safety nets

E04G 21/3261

Self-acting brakes

F16D 59/00

Special rules of classification

A62B 1/06: also includes rope-lowering devices for mountaineering.

Devices or single parts for facilitating escape from buildings or the like, e.g. protection shields, protection screens; Portable devices for preventing smoke penetrating into distinct parts of buildings (A62B 1/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices to allow persons to find their way out of dangerous situations; e.g. emergency exit signs, cutting implements (e.g. hydraulic scissors), emergency hammers, ropes with feelable indicators towards the next exit.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for lowering persons

A62B 1/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Axes

B26B 23/00

Safety belt cutters in vehicles

B60R 22/32

Crowbars or levers

B66F 15/00

Construction of visible, audible or tactile signalling devices (e.g. emergency exit signs)

G08B

Special rules of classification

A62B 3/005: Devices forcing an action, e.g. cutting implements, emergency hammers.

Other devices for rescuing from fire (ladders E06C)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working platforms suspended from booms

B66F 11/044

Ladders in general

E06C

Platforms for use on ladders; liftable and lowerable platforms

E06C 7/00

Respiratory apparatus (for medical purposes A61M 16/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Breathing devices used in emergency cases, where breathing is otherwise not possible or potentially dangerous.

Relationships with other classification places

Breathing devices for medical purposes: A61M 16/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for storing, carrying or holding respiratory apparatus

A62B 25/00

Breathing devices for medical purposes

A61M 16/00

Breathing devices for divers

B63C 11/12, B63C 11/18

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Breathing masks and helmets

A62B 18/00

Filters for breathing-protection purposes

A62B 23/00

Filtering face masks

A62B 23/025, A41D 13/11

Air-treatment apparatus for aircraft crew or passengers

B64D 13/00

Component parts for respiratory or breathing apparatus (A62B 19/00, A62B 21/00, A62B 23/00 take precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Elements used for respiratory or breathing apparatuses not provided for elsewhere, e.g. valves, breathing demand regulators, couplings, supporting frames for breathing apparatus (e.g. backpacks.)

Relationships with other classification places

Cartridges with absorbing substances (e.g. active carbon): A62B 19/00

Devices for producing oxygen by a chemical reaction: A62B 21/00

Filters: A62B 23/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus

A62B 19/00

Devices producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus

A62B 21/00

Filters for breathing protection purposes

A62B 23/00

Breathing devices for medical purposes

A61M 16/00

Valves for use in medical breathing devices

A61M 16/20

Breathing devices for divers

B63C 11/12, B63C 11/18

Breathing demand valves for divers

B63C 11/22

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Breathing masks and helmets

A62B 18/00

Valves in breathing masks or helmets

A62B 18/10

Filters for breathing-protection purposes

A62B 23/00

Valves in general

F16K

Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms (chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air A61L; in aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction B63B, B64D, respectively; air-conditioning in general F24F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for reconditioning breathing air in sealed rooms, e.g. air-raid shelters, high-security rooms, by filtering and reconditioning the air in the room (no outside air, no compressed air).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Chemical purification, disinfection, or sterilisation of air

A61L

In aircraft or submarines, insofar as they influence the construction of the vehicle or are influenced by its construction

B63B, B64D

Air conditioning in general

F24F

Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters (ventilating in general F24F)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Special devices for ventilating gasproof shelters, e.g. air-raid shelters with provisions to filter chemical and/or biological and/or nuclear contaminants from outside air before delivering this air to the inside of the shelter (specifically if including provisions to protect the inside of the shelter agains shockwaves from explosions).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ventilating in general

F24F

Installations affording protection against poisonous or injurious substances, e.g. with separate breathing apparatus ({preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced B08B 15/00}; building aspects E04H 9/00 {; use of air currents for screening F24F 9/00})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Installed devices necessary to protect against poisonous or injurious substances.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection

A62B 31/00

Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced

B08B 15/00

Building aspects

E04H 9/00

Use of air currents in for screening

F24F 9/00

Protective clothing affording protection against heat or harmful chemical agents or for use at high altitudes (protective clothing for work or sport A41D 13/00, {e.g. overalls A41D 13/02, surgical gowns A41D 13/12; materials for protecting clothing A41D 31/04 }; protecting eyes or ears A61F 9/00; composition of materials for protective clothing A62D 5/00; life-saving garments for use at sea B63C; diving suits B63C 11/02; flying suits, {anti-g suits} B64D 10/00; space suits B64G 6/00; bullet-proof clothing F41H 1/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Clothing which protects against high or low temperatures,this concerns especially adaptations to clothing which improve the suitability to use this clothing in certain circumstances, e.g. joint construction to improve flexibility while maintaining full protection, sealings of clothing to ensure air-tightness between the clothing and the wearer.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Half-masks which are made out of filter-material

A62B 23/025

Protective clothing for work or sport

A41D 13/00

Clothing combined with harnesses

A41D 13/00

Overalls

A41D 13/02

Surgical gowns

A41D 13/12

Selection of Materials for outerwear

A41D 31/00

Materials for protecting clothing

A41D 31/04

Protection of eyes and ears

A61F 9/00

Composition of materials for protective clothing

A62D 5/00

Life-saving garments for use at sea

B63C

Diving suits

B63C 11/02

Flying suits, anti-g suits

B64D 10/00

Space suits

B64G 6/00

Bullet-proof clothing

F41H 1/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clothing with controlled internal environment

A41D 13/002

Details of garments, e.g. closures, seams

A41D 2300/30

Headwear, hoods

A42B

Clothing for nuclear engineering

G21F 3/02

Breathing masks or helmets, e.g. affording protection against chemical agents or for use at high altitudes {or incorporating a pump or compressor for reducing the inhalation effort} (A62B 17/00 takes precedence; anaesthetic masks A61M 16/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Breathing masks or helmets where the construction of the mask or helmet is concerned.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Respiratory apparatus for aircraft

A62B 7/14

Protective clothing

A62B 17/00

Storing devices for breathing masks or helmets

A62B 25/00

Testing respiratory or breathing devices

A62B 27/00

Anaesthetic masks

A61M 16/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Helmets with ventilation

A42B 3/28

Fastening of respirators or breathing masks to helmets

A42B 3/288

Cartridges with absorbing substances for respiratory apparatus {(carbon dioxide absorbing devices A61M 16/22)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

the mechanical construction of cartridges with absorbing substances.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Filters for breathing protection purposes

A62B 23/00

Carbon dioxide absorbing devices

A61M 16/22

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

B01D 53/00

Devices for producing oxygen from chemical substances for respiratory apparatus
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices producing oxygen for respiratory apparatus from chemical substances where the construction of the device or the relationship with the breathing apparatus is concerned. E.g. the construction of the housing of "candles" burning chemicals to produce oxygen which is fed to breathing apparatus in regard to form, thermal optimisation (shedding of heat without endangering the user).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Filters for breathing protection purposes

A62B 23/00

Carbon dioxide absorbing devices

A61M 16/22

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

B01D 53/00

Filters for breathing-protection purposes (gas-filters in general B01D)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Filters and filtering media used to protect users of breathing apparatus from toxic environments, also masks made out of a filtering material.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Gas filters in general

B01D

Chemical composition of absorbing substances

B01D 53/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Face masks of for use in foul atmosphere (protection during work against dust, splashes/liquids, or exterior impact)

A41D 13/11

Filters in breathing apparatus used for medical or therapeutical purposes

A61M 16/105

Special rules of classification

When mask protects against splashes/liquids, dust or exterior impact, classification should be in A41D 13/11.

When filtering or respiratory protection of the mask is relevant, classification should be done in A62B 23/025.

When both kind of protections are specified, both classes should be given.

Devices for storing {or holding or carrying} respiratory or breathing apparatus
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices, apparatus or similar to store, hold or carry breathing apparatus.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Carrying harness for divers equipment

B63C 11/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Storage of equipment in airplanes

B64D 11/00

Methods or devices for testing respiratory or breathing apparatus {for high altitudes} (apparatus for testing gastightness in general G01M)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Testing of respiratory or breathing apparatus to indicate readiness of use, certification for certain tasks (e.g. high altitudes (meaning in aircraft, for mountain climbing, but not in outer space/vacuum), legal, ergonomic, or other requirements);

Indicating devices to indicate necessary refill/service of the apparatus (e.g. after previous use)

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Apparatus for testing gastightness in general

G01M

"Artificial head" for testing gastightness of masks and helmets

G01M 3/00

Devices, e.g. installations, for rendering harmless or for keeping off harmful chemical agents (respiratory apparatus A62B 7/00; gasproof doors, windows, shutters E06B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Other devices for dealing with chemical agents which are not respiratory apparatus, e.g. devices including substances that eliminate chemical agents

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Respiratory apparatus

A62B 7/00

Gasproof windows, doors, shutters

E06B

Ventilation in general

F24F

Containers or portable cabins for affording breathing protection with devices for reconditioning the breathing air or for ventilating, {in particular those that are suitable for invalids or small children} (ventilation of gasproof shelters A62B 13/00; protective clothes or coverings A62B 17/00; treatment rooms for medical purposes A61G 10/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mobile shelters (e.g. containers, cabins, tents) including breathing protection apparatus.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ventilation of gasproof shelters

A62B 13/00

Protective clothing or coverings

A62B 17/00

Treatment rooms for medical purposes

A61G 10/00

Ventilation in general

F24F

Devices for allowing seemingly-dead persons to escape or draw attention; Breathing apparatus for accidentally buried persons
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices allowing accidentally buried person to indicate their location (e.g. victims of avalanches, earthquakes.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried person while mountaineering

A63B 29/021

Devices for in and under water

B63C 9/00

Detection of hidden masses in general

G01V

Distress signalling with visible signals

G08B 5/002

Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion (buckles A44B 11/00; accessories for children's furniture A47D 15/00; children's seats B60N 2/24; safety belts or body harnesses for land vehicles B60R 22/00; harnesses for parachutes B64D 17/30; harnessing in aircraft B64D 25/06; releasable fastenings F16B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices which keep people safe working at exposed position, e.g. catching devices for workers at heights; this includes lifeline constructions, harnesses, safety belts.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lowering of persons from heights

A62B 1/00

Hunting stands (shooting stands used for hunting)

A01M 31/02

Buckles

A44B 11/00

Baby-walk harnesses, harnesses to guide children

A47D 13/08

Accessories for childrens furniture

A47D 15/00

Restraining devices for orthopaedic means (attaching a body to e.g. bed, chair,...)

A61F 5/37

Children seats

B60N 2/24

Safety seat belts for vehicles

B60R 22/00

Harnesses for parachutes

B64D 17/30

Harnessing in aircraft

B64D 25/06

Fabrics for safety-belts

D03D 1/0005

Safety devices used in combination with a ladder

E06C 7/18

Releasable fastenings

F16B

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices for window cleaning

A47L 3/00

Harness for surfing

B63B 35/7993

Conveying of suspended loads

B65G 9/00

Safety devices used during construction of buildings

E04G 21/32

Karabiners / snap-hook devices

F16B 45/02

Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or other objects; e.g. tensioning devices

F16G 11/00

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Medical transport, e.g. stretchers

A61G 1/00