Cooperative Patent Classification

Indent Level

Version: 2016.11
CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
F28F
DETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION (water and air traps, air venting F16) [2013-01]
F28F 1/00
Tubular elements; Assemblies of tubular elements (specially adapted for movement F28F 5/00) [2013-01]
F28F 1/003
.
{Multiple wall conduits, e.g. for leak detection (leak-detection in metal cooled nuclear reactor steam generators F22B 1/066)} [2013-01]
F28F 1/006
.
{with variable shape, e.g. with modified tube ends, with different geometrical features (F28F 1/025, F28F 1/06, F28F 1/08, F28F 9/16, F28F 9/18 take precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 1/02
.
Tubular elements of cross-section which is non-circular (F28F 1/08, F28F 1/10 take precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/022
. .
{with multiple channels} [2013-01]
F28F 1/025
. .
{with variable shape, e.g. with modified tube ends, with different geometrical features (F28F 1/06, F28F 1/08, F28F 9/16, F28F 9/18 take precedence)} [2016-08]
F28F 2001/027
. .
{with dimples} [2013-01]
F28F 1/04
. .
polygonal, e.g. rectangular {(F28F 1/022 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 1/045
. . .
{with assemblies of stacked elements} [2013-01]
F28F 1/06
. .
crimped or corrugated in cross-section [2013-01]
F28F 1/08
.
Tubular elements crimped or corrugated in longitudinal section [2013-01]
F28F 1/10
.
Tubular lements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses (crimped or corrugated elements F28F 1/06, F28F 1/08) [2013-01]
F28F 1/105
. .
{the means being corrugated elements extending around the tubular elements} [2013-01]
F28F 1/12
. .
the means being only outside the tubular element [2013-01]
F28F 1/122
. . .
{and being formed of wires} [2013-01]
F28F 1/124
. . .
{and being formed of pins} [2013-01]
F28F 1/126
. . .
{consisting of zig-zag shaped fins (F28F 1/105 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 1/128
. . . .
{Fins with openings, e.g. louvered fins} [2013-01]
F28F 1/14
. . .
and extending longitudinally (F28F 1/38 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/16
. . . .
the means being integral with the element, e.g. formed by extrusion (F28F 1/22 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/18
. . . . .
the element being built-up from finned sections [2013-01]
F28F 1/20
. . . .
the means being attachable to the element (F28F 1/22 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/22
. . . .
the means having portions engaging further tubular elements [2013-01]
F28F 1/24
. . .
and extending transversely (F28F 1/38 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/26
. . . .
the means being integral with the element (F28F 1/32 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/28
. . . . .
the element being built-up from finned sections [2013-01]
F28F 1/30
. . . .
the means being attachable to the element (F28F 1/32 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/32
. . . .
the means having portions engaging further tubular elements [2013-01]
F28F 1/325
. . . . .
{Fins with openings} [2013-01]
F28F 1/34
. . .
and extending obliquely (F28F 1/38 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 1/36
. . . .
the means being helically wound fins or wire spirals [2013-01]
F28F 1/38
. . .
and being staggered to form tortuous fluid passages [2013-01]
F28F 1/40
. .
the means being only inside the tubular element [2013-01]
F28F 1/405
. . .
{and being formed of wires} [2013-01]
F28F 1/42
. .
the means being both outside and inside the tubular element [2013-01]
F28F 1/422
. . .
{with outside means integral with the tubular element and inside means integral with the tubular element (F28F 1/424 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 1/424
. . .
{Means comprising outside portions integral with inside portions} [2013-01]
F28F 1/426
. . . .
{the outside portions and the inside portions forming parts of complementary shape, e.g. concave and convex} [2013-01]
F28F 2001/428
. . .
{Particular methods for manufacturing outside or inside fins} [2013-01]
F28F 1/44
. . .
and being formed of wire mesh [2013-01]
F28F 3/00
Plate-like or laminated elements; Assemblies of plate-like or laminated elements (specially adapted for movement F28F 5/00) [2013-01]
F28F 3/005
.
{Arrangements for preventing direct contact between different heat-exchange media (F28F 3/10 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 3/02
.
Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations (F28F 3/08 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 3/022
. .
{the means being wires or pins} [2013-01]
F28F 3/025
. .
{the means being corrugated, plate-like elements} [2013-01]
F28F 3/027
. . .
{with openings, e.g. louvered corrugated fins; Assemblies of corrugated strips} [2013-01]
F28F 3/04
. .
the means being integral with the element [2013-01]
F28F 3/042
. . .
{in the form of local deformations of the element} [2013-01]
F28F 3/044
. . . .
{the deformations being pontual, e.g. dimples} [2013-01]
F28F 3/046
. . . .
{the deformations being linear, e.g. corrugations} [2013-01]
F28F 3/048
. . .
{in the form of ribs integral with the element or local variations in thickness of the element, e.g. grooves, microchannels} [2013-01]
F28F 3/06
. .
the means being attachable to the element [2013-01]
F28F 3/08
.
Elements constructed for building-up into stacks, e.g. capable of being taken apart for cleaning [2013-01]
F28F 3/083
. .
{capable of being taken apart} [2013-01]
F28F 3/086
. .
{having one or more openings therein forming tubular heat-exchange passages} [2013-01]
F28F 3/10
. .
Arrangements for sealing the margins [2013-01]
F28F 3/12
.
Elements constructed in the shape of a hollow panel, e.g. with channels {(F28D 1/02, F28D 1/03 take precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 3/14
. .
by separating portions of a pair of joined sheets to form channels, e.g. by inflation (manufacture thereof B23P) [2013-01]
F28F 5/00
Elements specially adapted for movement (arrangements for moving the elements, see the appropriate subclass for the apparatus concerned) [2013-01]
F28F 5/02
.
Rotary drums or rollers [2013-01]
F28F 5/04
.
Hollow impellers, e.g. stirring vane [2013-01]
F28F 5/06
.
Hollow screw conveyors [2016-05]
F28F 7/00
Elements not covered by group F28F 1/00, F28F 3/00 or F28F 5/00 [2013-01]
F28F 7/02
.
Blocks traversed by passages for heat-exchange media {(F28D 7/0008 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/00
Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings [2013-01]
F28F 9/001
.
{Casings in the form of plate-like arrangements; Frames enclosing a heat exchange core} [2013-01]
F28F 9/002
. .
{with fastening means for other structures} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/004
. .
{Common frame elements for multiple cores} [2013-01]
F28F 9/005
.
{Other auxiliary members within casings, e.g. internal filling means or sealing means} [2013-01]
F28F 9/007
.
Auxiliary supports for elements [2013-01]
F28F 9/0075
. .
{Supports for plates or plate assemblies} [2013-01]
F28F 9/013
. .
for tubes or tube-assemblies [2013-01]
F28F 9/0131
. . .
{formed by plates (F28F 9/0138 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0132
. . .
{formed by slats, tie-rods, articulated or expandable rods} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0133
. . .
{formed by concentric strips} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0135
. . .
{formed by grids having only one tube per closed grid opening (F28F 9/0132 and F28F 9/0133 take precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0136
. . . .
{formed by intersecting strips} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0137
. . .
{formed by wires, e.g. helically coiled (F28F 9/0135 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0138
. . .
{formed by sleeves for finned tubes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/02
.
Header boxes; End plates [2013-01]
F28F 9/0202
. .
{Header boxes having their inner space divided by partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0204
. . .
{for elongated header box, e.g. with transversal and longitudinal partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0207
. . . .
{the longitudinal or transversal partitions being separate elements attached to header boxes (F28F 9/0212, F28F 9/0217 take precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0209
. . . .
{having only transversal partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0212
. . . . .
{the partitions being separate elements attached to header boxes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0214
. . . .
{having only longitudinal partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0217
. . . . .
{the partitions being separate elements attached to header boxes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0219
. .
{Arrangements for sealing end plates into casing or header box; Header box sub-elements (F28F 9/0236 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0221
. . .
{Header boxes or end plates formed by stacked elements} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0224
. . .
{Header boxes formed by sealing end plates into covers (F28F 9/0221 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0226
. . . .
{with resilient gaskets} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0229
. .
{Double end plates; Single end plates with hollow spaces} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0231
. .
{Header boxes having an expansion chamber} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0234
. .
{having a second heat exchanger disposed there within, e.g. oil cooler} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0236
. .
{floating elements} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0239
. . .
{floating header boxes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0241
. . .
{floating end plates} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0243
. .
{Header boxes having a circular cross-section} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0246
. .
{Arrangements for connecting header boxes with flow lines} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0248
. . .
{Arrangements for sealing connectors to header boxes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0251
. . .
{Massive connectors, e.g. blocks; Plate-like connectors} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0253
. . . .
{with multiple channels, e.g. with combined inflow and outflow channels} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0256
. . .
{Arrangements for coupling connectors with flow lines} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0258
. . . .
{of quick acting type, e.g. with snap action} [2013-01]
F28F 9/026
. .
{with static flow control means, e.g. with means for uniformly distributing heat exchange media into conduits} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0263
. . .
{by varying the geometry or cross-section of header box} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0265
. . .
{by using guiding means or impingement means inside the header box} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0268
. . . .
{in the form of multiple deflectors for channeling the heat exchange medium} [2013-01]
F28F 9/027
. . .
{in the form of distribution pipes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0273
. . . .
{with multiple holes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0275
. . . .
{with multiple branch pipes} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0278
. . .
{in the form of stacked distribution plates or perforated plates arranged over end plates} [2013-01]
F28F 9/028
. . .
{by using inserts for modifying the pattern of flow inside the header box, e.g. by using flow restrictors or permeable bodies or blocks with channels} [2013-01]
F28F 9/0282
. . .
{by varying the geometry of conduit ends, e.g. by using inserts or attachments for modifying the pattern of flow at the conduit inlet or outlet} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/0285
. .
{Other particular headers or end plates} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/0287
. . .
{having passages for different heat exchange media} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/029
. . .
{with increasing or decreasing cross-section, e.g. having conical shape} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/0292
. . .
{with fins} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/0295
. . .
{comprising cooling circuits} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/0297
. . .
{Side headers, e.g. for radiators having conduits laterally connected to common header} [2013-01]
F28F 9/04
. .
Arrangements for sealing elements into header boxes or end plates {(arrangements for sealing flow lines connectors to header boxes F28F 9/0248)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/06
. . .
by dismountable joints [2013-01]
F28F 9/08
. . . .
by wedge-type connections, e.g. taper ferrule [2013-01]
F28F 9/10
. . . .
by screw-type connections, e.g. gland [2013-01]
F28F 9/12
. . . .
by flange-type connections [2013-01]
F28F 9/14
. . . .
by force-joining [2013-01]
F28F 9/16
. . .
by permanent joints, e.g. by rolling (metal-working procedures in general B21, B32; particularly B21D 39/06, B23K) [2013-01]
F28F 9/162
. . . .
{by using bonding or sealing substances, e.g. adhesives (F28F 9/18 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/165
. . . .
{by using additional preformed parts, e.g. sleeves, gaskets (F28F 9/185 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/167
. . . . .
{the parts being inserted in the heat-exchange conduits} [2013-01]
F28F 9/18
. . . .
by welding [2013-01]
F28F 9/182
. . . . .
{the heat-exchange conduits having ends with a particular shape, e.g. deformed; the heat-exchange conduits or end plates having supplementary joining means, e.g. abutments} [2013-01]
F28F 9/185
. . . . .
{with additional preformed parts} [2013-01]
F28F 9/187
. . . . .
{at least one of the parts being non-metallic, e.g. heat-sealing plastic elements} [2013-01]
F28F 9/20
.
Arrangements of heat reflectors, e.g. separately-insertible reflecting walls [2013-01]
F28F 9/22
.
Arrangements for directing heat-exchange media into successive compartments, e.g. arrangements of guide plates [2013-01]
F28F 2009/222
. .
{Particular guide plates, baffles or deflectors, e.g. having particular orientation relative to an elongated casing or conduit} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/224
. . .
{Longitudinal partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/226
. . .
{Transversal partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 2009/228
. . .
{Oblique partitions} [2013-01]
F28F 9/24
.
Arrangements for promoting turbulent flow of heat-exchange media, e.g. by plates (F28F 1/38 takes precedence; in general F15D) [2013-01]
F28F 9/26
.
Arrangements for connecting different sections of heat-exchange elements, e.g. of radiators (connecting different sections in water heaters F24H 9/14, {connecting headers with inlet or outlet fittings F28F 9/0246}) [2013-01]
F28F 9/262
. .
{for radiators (F28D 1/0408 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 9/264
. . .
{by sleeves, nipples} [2013-01]
F28F 9/266
. . .
{by screw-type connections} [2013-01]
F28F 9/268
. . .
{by permanent joints, e.g. by welding} [2013-01]
F28F 11/00
Arrangements for sealing leaky tubes and conduits (stopping flow from or in pipes in general F16L 55/10) [2013-01]
F28F 11/02
.
using obturating elements, e.g. washers, inserted and operated independently of each other (F28F 11/06 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 11/04
.
using pairs of obturating elements, e.g. washers, mounted upon central operating rods (F28F 11/06 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 11/06
.
using automatic tube obturating appliances [2013-01]
F28F 13/00
Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing (F28F 1/00 - F28F 11/00 take precedence) [2016-05]
F28F 2013/001
.
{Particular heat conductive materials, e.g. superconductive elements (for thermal joints F28F 2013/006)} [2013-01]
F28F 13/003
.
{by using permeable mass, perforated or porous materials (F28F 13/18 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 2013/005
.
{Thermal joints} [2013-01]
F28F 2013/006
. .
{Heat conductive materials} [2013-01]
F28F 2013/008
. .
{Variable conductance materials; Thermal switches} [2013-01]
F28F 13/02
.
by influencing fluid boundary (boundary-layer control in general F15D) [2013-01]
F28F 13/04
.
by preventing the formation of continuous films of condensate on heat-exchange surfaces, e.g. by promoting droplet formation {(F28F 13/18 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 13/06
.
by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media {(F28F 13/003 takes precedence; static flow control means in header boxes F28F 9/026)} [2013-01]
F28F 13/08
. .
by varying the cross-section of the flow channels [2013-01]
F28F 13/10
. .
by imparting a pulsating motion to the flow, e.g. by sonic vibration [2013-01]
F28F 13/12
. .
by creating turbulence, e.g. by stirring, by increasing the force of circulation (F28F 13/08 takes precedence) [2013-01]
F28F 13/125
. . .
{by stirring} [2013-01]
F28F 13/14
.
by endowing the walls of conduits with zones of different degrees of conduction of heat [2013-01]
F28F 13/16
.
by applying an electrostatic field to the body of the heat-exchange medium [2013-01]
F28F 13/18
.
by applying coatings, e.g. radiation-absorbing, radiation-reflecting; by surface treatment, e.g. polishing [2013-01]
F28F 13/182
. .
{especially adapted for evaporator or condenser surfaces (F28F 13/187 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 13/185
. .
{Heat-exchange surfaces provided with microstructures or with porous coatings} [2013-01]
F28F 13/187
. . .
{especially adapted for evaporator surfaces or condenser surfaces, e.g. with nucleation sites} [2013-01]
F28F 17/00
Removing ice or water from heat-exchange apparatus [2013-01]
F28F 17/005
.
{Means for draining condensates from heat exchangers, e.g. from evaporators (F28B 9/08 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 19/00
Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters {or scrapers} [2013-01]
F28F 19/002
.
{by using inserts or attachments} [2013-01]
F28F 19/004
.
{by using protective electric currents, voltages, cathodes, anodes, electric short-circuits} [2013-01]
F28F 19/006
.
{Preventing deposits of ice} [2013-01]
F28F 19/008
.
{by using scrapers} [2013-01]
F28F 19/01
.
by using means for separating solid materials from heat-exchange fluids, e.g. filters [2013-01]
F28F 19/02
.
by using coatings, e.g. vitreous or enamel coatings [2013-01]
F28F 19/04
. .
of rubber; of plastics material; of varnish [2013-01]
F28F 19/06
. .
of metal [2013-01]
F28F 21/00
Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials {(coatings for modifying heat-transfer F28F 13/18; coatings for preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion F28F 19/02)} [2013-01]
F28F 21/003
.
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/006
.
{of glass} [2013-01]
F28F 21/02
.
of carbon, e.g. graphite [2013-01]
F28F 21/04
.
of ceramic; of concrete; of natural stone [2013-01]
F28F 21/045
. .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/06
.
of plastics material [2013-01]
F28F 21/061
. .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/062
. .
{the heat-exchange apparatus employing tubular conduits} [2013-01]
F28F 21/063
. . .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/065
. .
{the heat-exchange apparatus employing plate-like or laminated conduits} [2013-01]
F28F 21/066
. . .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/067
. .
{Details} [2013-01]
F28F 21/068
. . .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/08
.
of metal [2013-01]
F28F 21/081
. .
{Heat exchange elements made from metals or metal alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/082
. . .
{from steel or ferrous alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/083
. . . .
{from stainless steel} [2013-01]
F28F 21/084
. . .
{from aluminium or aluminium alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/085
. . .
{from copper or copper alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/086
. . .
{from titanium or titanium alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/087
. . .
{from nickel or nickel alloys} [2013-01]
F28F 21/088
. .
{for domestic or space-heating systems} [2013-01]
F28F 21/089
. .
{Coatings, claddings or bonding layers made from metals or metal alloys (F28F 19/06 takes precedence)} [2013-01]
F28F 23/00
Features relating to the use of intermediate heat-exchange materials, e.g. selection of compositions (heat-transfer, heat-exchange or heat-storage materials C09K 5/00) [2013-01]
F28F 23/02
.
Arrangements for obtaining or maintaining same in a liquid state [2013-01]
F28F 25/00
Component parts of trickle coolers (arrangements for increasing heat transfer F28F 13/00; controlling arrangements F28F 27/00) [2013-01]
F28F 2025/005
.
{Liquid collection; Liquid treatment; Liquid recirculation; Addition of make-up liquid} [2013-01]
F28F 25/02
.
for distributing, circulating, and accumulating liquid (spraying or atomising in general B05B, B05D) [2013-01]
F28F 25/04
. .
Distributing or accumulator troughs [2013-01]
F28F 25/06
. .
Spray nozzles or spray pipes [2013-01]
F28F 25/08
. .
Splashing boards or grids, e.g. for converting liquid sprays into liquid films; Elements or beds for increasing the area of the contact surface (packing elements per se B01J 19/30, B01J 19/32) [2013-01]
F28F 25/082
. . .
{Spaced elongated bars, laths; Supports therefor} [2013-01]
F28F 25/085
. . .
{Substantially horizontal grids; Blocks} [2013-01]
F28F 25/087
. . .
{Vertical or inclined sheets; Supports or spacers} [2013-01]
F28F 25/10
.
for feeding gas or vapour [2013-01]
F28F 25/12
. .
Ducts; Guide vanes, e.g. for carrying currents to distinct zones [2013-01]
F28F 27/00
Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus (control arrangements in general G05) [2013-01]
F28F 27/003
.
{specially adapted for cooling towers} [2013-01]
F28F 27/006
.
{specially adapted for regenerative heat-exchange apparatus} [2013-01]
F28F 27/02
.
for controlling the distribution of heat-exchange media between different channels ({static flow control means in header boxes F28F 9/026 }; arrangements of guide plates or guide vanes F28F 9/22, F28F 25/12) [2013-01]
F28F 99/00
Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass [2013-01]
F28F 2200/00
Prediction; Simulation; Testing (measuring quantity of heat conveyed by flowing mediums G01K 17/06) [2013-01]
F28F 2200/005
.
Testing heat pipes [2013-01]
F28F 2210/00
Heat exchange conduits [2013-01]
F28F 2210/02
.
with particular branching, e.g. fractal conduit arrangements [2013-01]
F28F 2210/04
.
Arrangements of conduits common to different heat exchange sections, the conduits having channels for different circuits [2013-01]
F28F 2210/06
.
having walls comprising obliquely extending corrugations, e.g. in the form of threads [2013-01]
F28F 2210/08
.
Assemblies of conduits having different features [2013-01]
F28F 2210/10
.
Particular layout, e.g. for uniform temperature distribution [2013-01]
F28F 2215/00
Fins [2013-01]
F28F 2215/02
.
Arrangements of fins common to different heat exchange sections, the fins being in contact with different heat exchange media [2013-01]
F28F 2215/04
.
Assemblies of fins having different features, e.g. with different fin densities [2013-01]
F28F 2215/06
.
Hollow fins; fins with internal circuits [2013-01]
F28F 2215/08
.
with openings, e.g. louvers (zig-zag fins with openings F28F 1/128, common transversal fins with openings F28F 1/325, corrugated fins with openings F28F 3/027) [2013-01]
F28F 2215/10
.
Secondary fins, e.g. projections or recesses on main fins [2013-01]
F28F 2215/12
.
with U-shaped slots for laterally inserting conduits [2013-01]
F28F 2215/14
.
in the form of movable or loose fins [2013-01]
F28F 2220/00
Closure means, e.g. end caps on header boxes or plugs on conduits [2013-01]
F28F 2225/00
Reinforcing means [2013-01]
F28F 2225/02
.
for casings [2013-01]
F28F 2225/04
.
for conduits [2013-01]
F28F 2225/06
.
for fins [2013-01]
F28F 2225/08
.
for header boxes [2013-01]
F28F 2230/00
Sealing means [2013-01]
F28F 2235/00
Means for filling gaps between elements, e.g. between conduits within casings [2013-01]
F28F 2240/00
Spacing means [2013-01]
F28F 2245/00
Coatings; Surface treatments [2013-01]
F28F 2245/02
.
hydrophilic [2013-01]
F28F 2245/04
.
hydrophobic [2013-01]
F28F 2245/06
.
having particular radiating, reflecting or absorbing features, e.g. for improving heat transfer by radiation [2013-01]
F28F 2245/08
.
self-cleaning [2013-01]
F28F 2250/00
Arrangements for modifying the flow of the heat exchange media (in general F28F 13/06), e.g. flow guiding means (in casings F28F 9/22); Particular flow patterns [2013-01]
F28F 2250/02
.
Streamline-shaped elements [2013-01]
F28F 2250/04
.
Communication passages between channels [2013-01]
F28F 2250/06
.
Derivation channels, e.g. bypass [2013-01]
F28F 2250/08
.
Fluid driving means, e.g. pumps, fans [2013-01]
F28F 2250/10
.
Particular pattern of flow of the heat exchange media [2013-01]
F28F 2250/102
. .
with change of flow direction [2013-01]
F28F 2250/104
. .
with parallel flow [2013-01]
F28F 2250/106
. .
with cross flow [2013-01]
F28F 2250/108
. .
with combined cross flow and parallel flow [2013-01]
F28F 2255/00
Heat exchanger elements made of materials having special features or resulting from particular manufacturing processes [2013-01]
F28F 2255/02
.
Flexible elements [2013-01]
F28F 2255/04
.
comprising shape memory alloys or bimetallic elements [2013-01]
F28F 2255/06
.
composite, e.g. polymers with fillers or fibres [2013-01]
F28F 2255/08
.
pressed; stamped; deep-drawn [2013-01]
F28F 2255/10
.
made by hydroforming [2013-01]
F28F 2255/12
.
expanded or perforated metal plate [2013-01]
F28F 2255/14
.
molded [2013-01]
F28F 2255/143
. .
injection molded [2013-01]
F28F 2255/146
. .
overmolded [2013-01]
F28F 2255/16
.
extruded [2013-01]
F28F 2255/18
.
sintered [2013-01]
F28F 2255/20
.
with nanostructures [2013-01]
F28F 2260/00
Heat exchangers or heat exchange elements having special size, e.g. microstructures (micro heat pipes F28D 2015/0225; nanostructures F28F 2255/20) [2013-01]
F28F 2260/02
.
having microchannels [2013-01]
F28F 2265/00
Safety or protection arrangements; Arrangements for preventing malfunction (control or monitoring devices F28F 27/00) [2013-01]
F28F 2265/02
.
in the form of screens or covers (heat shields F28F 2265/10) [2013-01]
F28F 2265/06
.
by using means for draining heat exchange media from heat exchangers [2013-01]
F28F 2265/10
.
for preventing overheating, e.g. heat shields (thermal insulation F28F 2270/00) [2013-01]
F28F 2265/12
.
for preventing overpressure [2013-01]
F28F 2265/14
.
for preventing damage by freezing, e.g. for accommodating volume expansion [2013-01]
F28F 2265/16
.
for preventing leakage [2013-01]
F28F 2265/18
.
for removing contaminants, e.g. for degassing [2013-01]
F28F 2265/20
.
for preventing development of microorganisms [2013-01]
F28F 2265/22
.
for draining [2013-01]
F28F 2265/24
.
for electrical insulation [2013-01]
F28F 2265/26
.
for allowing differential expansion between elements (floating header box elements F28F 9/0236) [2013-01]
F28F 2265/28
.
for preventing noise (by preventing vibrations F28F 2265/30) [2013-01]
F28F 2265/30
.
for preventing vibrations [2013-01]
F28F 2265/32
.
for limiting movements, e.g. stops, locking means [2013-01]
F28F 2270/00
Thermal insulation; Thermal decoupling [2013-01]
F28F 2270/02
.
by using blind conduits [2013-01]
F28F 2275/00
Fastening; Joining [2013-01]
F28F 2275/02
.
by using bonding materials (brazing F28F 2275/04); by embedding elements in particular materials [2013-01]
F28F 2275/025
. .
by using adhesives [2013-01]
F28F 2275/04
.
by brazing (brazing heat exchangers B23K 1/0012) [2013-01]
F28F 2275/045
. .
with particular processing steps, e.g. by allowing displacement of parts during brazing or by using a reservoir for storing brazing material [2013-01]
F28F 2275/06
.
by welding (welding heat exchangers B23K 2201/14) [2013-01]
F28F 2275/061
. .
by diffusion bonding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/062
. .
by impact pressure or friction welding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/064
. .
by induction welding or by using microwaves [2013-01]
F28F 2275/065
. .
by ultrasonic or vibration welding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/067
. .
by laser welding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/068
. .
by explosive welding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/08
.
by clamping or clipping [2013-01]
F28F 2275/085
. .
with snap connection [2013-01]
F28F 2275/10
.
by force joining [2013-01]
F28F 2275/12
.
by methods involving deformation of the elements [2013-01]
F28F 2275/122
. .
by crimping, caulking or clinching [2013-01]
F28F 2275/125
. .
by bringing elements together and expanding [2013-01]
F28F 2275/127
. .
by shrinking [2013-01]
F28F 2275/14
.
by using form fitting connection, e.g. with tongue and groove [2013-01]
F28F 2275/143
. .
with pin and hole connections [2013-01]
F28F 2275/146
. .
with bayonet connections [2013-01]
F28F 2275/16
.
with toothed elements, e.g. with serrations [2013-01]
F28F 2275/18
.
by using wedge effect [2013-01]
F28F 2275/20
.
with threaded elements [2013-01]
F28F 2275/205
. .
with of tie-rods [2013-01]
F28F 2275/22
.
by using magnetic effect [2013-01]
F28F 2280/00
Mounting arrangements; Arrangements for facilitating assembling or disassembling of heat exchanger parts [2013-01]
F28F 2280/02
.
Removable elements [2013-01]
F28F 2280/04
.
Means for preventing wrong assembling of parts [2013-01]
F28F 2280/06
.
Adapter frames, e.g. for mounting heat exchanger cores on other structure and for allowing fluidic connections [2013-01]
F28F 2280/08
.
Tolerance compensating means [2013-01]
F28F 2280/10
.
Movable elements, e.g. being pivotable (elements specially adapted for movements F28F 5/00) [2013-01]
F28F 2280/105
. .
with hinged connections [2013-01]