CPC Definition - Subclass F22G

Last Updated Version: 2018.05
SUPERHEATING OF STEAM (steam separating arrangements in boilers F22B 37/26)
Definition statement

This place covers:

This subclass covers general aspects of, or methods for, generating superheated steam. Methods of steam superheating characterised by the form of heating method and by location, arrangement and disposition, constructional features of steam superheaters, control systems for controlling superheat temperature and all component parts or details of steam superheaters are covered. Thereby this subclass is limited in only methods of, or apparatus for, the generation of superheated steam for heating or power purposes.

Relationships with other classification places

Methods of steam generation and steam boilers are classified in F22B, economisers and all aspect concerning feed water supply and circulation of feed water in boilers are classified in F22D, engine plants where engine aspects predominate are classified in F01K, domestic central heating systems using steam are classified in F24D, heat exchange or heat transfer in general is classified in F28 and the generation of vapour in cores of nuclear reactors is classified in G21.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steam accumulators specially adapted for superheated steam

F01K 1/10

Plants with steam conversion

F01K 3/002

Plants having heaters one heater being a fired superheater

F01K 3/183

Plants having heaters with heating by live steam for superheating or reheating

F01K 3/265

Boilers heated electrically

F22B 1/28

Boilers of once-through type built-up from tubes receiving water at one end and delivering superheated steam at the other end of the tubes

F22B 29/06

Boilers with separate combustion apparatus for the boiler and the superheater respectively

F22B 31/04

Central heating systems operating with superheated steam

F24D 1/06

Compression machines, plants or systems with non-reversible cycles comprising superheaters

F25B 40/06

Nuclear moderator wherein one zone is a superheating zone

G21C 5/22

Reactors with engines with the engine working fluid superheated by the reactor coolant

G21D 5/14

Reactors with engines with the engine working fluid superheated by a separate heat source

G21D 5/14

Special rules of classification

Attention is drawn to the definition of superheated "steam" and superheated "vapour". In cases where a specific entry for vapour is missing, documents related to special superheated vapours are classified in groups where only superheated "steam" is explicitly mentioned.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Desuperheater

Reduction of superheated steam temperature

Attemperator

Reduction of superheated steam temperature by bringing superheated steam into direct contact with water or steam or mixtures thereof.

Steam conditioners

Reduction of superheated steam to the needed temperature

Steam superheating characterised by heating method (exothermal chemical reactions not involving a supply of free oxygen gas, apparatus or devices for using the heat therefrom F24V 30/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Superheaters and methods of generation of superheated steam characterised by the heating method, such as the heat being supplied by steam, by hot flue gases from a furnace or a steam boiler, by radiation, by chemical radiation or by a separate heat source independent from heat supply of the steam boiler, including electrically heated superheaters. Furthermore methods of creating superheated steam by throttling such as reducing the pressure or direct superheaters such as devices and methods for mixing steam with furnace gases or other combustion products are classified in this main group

Relationships with other classification places

Methods of steam generation, where there is not mentioned, that the generated steam is superheated and characterised by form of heating method are classified in F22B 1/00.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling superheat temperature with water injection in combination with steam pressure reducing valves

F22G 5/126

Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators with steam conversion

F01K 3/002

Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators having heaters using nuclear heat with a fired superheater

F01K 3/183

Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators having heaters using heat from a specified chemical reaction

F01K 3/188

Steam engine plants using mixtures of steam gas (direct evaporator or superheater)

F01K 21/047

Plants with steam as working fluid created by combustion of hydrogen with oxygen

F01K 25/005

Steam production by combustion of hydrogen with oxygen

F22B 1/003

Steam boilers heated electrically

F22B 1/28

Steam boilers of furnace-tube type

F22B 7/00

Steam separating arrangements with separator reheaters

F22B 37/266

Special rules of classification

When superheated steam is created only by the exothermic combustion of oxygen and hydrogen, then the groups F22B 1/003 and F01K 25/005 should also be considered.

Steam superheaters characterised by constructional features; Details of component parts thereof (general aspects of enclosed heat-exchangers F28D)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Constructional features and details of component parts of steam superheaters such as steam tube arrangements, superheater drain arrangements, steam tubes with steam flowing in opposite direction in one pipe, annular steam tubes, steam superheaters with heating tubes, headers and collectors of superheaters. Furthermore arrangements for the protection of superheater elements and connecting or sealing of superheater tubes are covered.

Relationships with other classification places

Component parts or details of steam boilers are classified in F22B 37/00, which contains much more entries than F22G 3/00.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steam superheaters characterised by their location

F22G 7/00

Water tube boiler built-up from sets of spaced double-walled water tubes of return type

F22B 23/00

Water tube boiler built-up from sets of tubes with internally-arranged flue tubes (annular steam tubes)

F22B 25/00

Details and accessories of water tubes in steam boilers

F22B 37/10

Drums, headers and accessories therefor

F22B 37/22

Arrangements on drums or collectors for fixing tubes or for connecting collectors to each other

F22B 37/225

Controlling superheat temperature (control systems for steam boilers F22B; regulating or controlling in general G05)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods and devices for controlling superheat steam by regulating flue gas flow, by circulating flue gases, by displacing superheater sections, by attemperating the superheated steam (i. e. spraying water into steam), by indirectly cooling or heating the superheated steam in auxiliary enclosed heat-exchangers, by by-passing steam around superheater sections. Furthermore applications of combustion-control devices and combined control procedures for controlling superheat temperature are covered.

Relationships with other classification places

Control of steam boilers in general are covered by the group F22B 35/00

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steam superheating with the heat being supplied by steam

F22G 1/005

Steam superheating with provisions for superheating by throttling (pressure reduction)

F22G 1/10

Spray mixers

B01F 5/18

Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators with steam conversion

F01K 3/002

Control of steam boilers by flue gas dampers

F22B 35/001

Control of steam boilers by circulating flue gases

F22B 35/002

Control of steam boilers by injecting water

F22B 35/104

Control systems of steam boilers with auxiliary heating surfaces

F22B 35/107

Steam superheaters characterised by location, arrangement, or disposition
Definition statement

This place covers:

Steam superheaters, which are characterised by their location, arrangement or disposition, like superheaters being located in locomotive boilers, in fire tubes, in jackets around fire tubes, in furnace tubes, in fire boxes, in smoke boxes, in flues or in water-tube boilers.

Relationships with other classification places

Methods of steam generation and steam boilers are classified in F22B

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steam locomotives

F01K 15/025

Steam boilers of drum type

F22B 5/00

Steam boilers of furnace tube type

F22B 7/00

Steam boilers of fire tube type

F22B 9/00

Steam boilers of combined fire tube type and water tube type

F22B 11/00

Steam boilers of fire box type

F22B 13/00

Steam boilers of water tube type

F22B 15/00, F22B 17/00, F22B 19/00, F22B 21/00, F22B 23/00, F22B 25/00

Instantaneous of flash steam boilers

F22B 27/00

Steam boilers of forced flow type

F22B 29/00

Modifications of boiler construction

F22B 31/00