CPC Definition - Subclass A63C

Last Updated Version: 2019.05
SKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE (devices for underwater sports A63B 31/00, A63B 33/00, B63C 11/00; devices for gliding on water, e.g. water skis, B63B 35/79, B63B 35/81, B63B 35/83)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sport and recreation equipment with runners, rollers or any surface traversing device, where steering is achieved by body movement. The body movement can be supported by means for leaning, e.g. handle bars without a direct steering function.

In particular:

  • Skis and snowboards;
  • Roller skates; inline skates, skateboards or roller skis;
  • Bindings therefor;
  • Devices preventing skis or snowboards from slipping back, e.g. stoppers or brakes;
  • Other accessories therefor.

Snow shoes.

Sport courts.

In particular:

  • Design or layout of playing courts, rinks, or areas for water-skiing;
  • Covers therefor.
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Footwear for skating, skiing or snowboarding

A43B 5/00

Training devices for skiing, snowboarding or skating

A63B 69/00

Fittings on vehicles for carrying skis

B60R 9/12

Sledges with runners

B62B 13/00

Ice boats or sailing sledges

B62B 15/00

Non-motorised scooters; Kickboards

B62K 3/00

Waterskis; Watersledges

B63B 35/81

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chutes; Helter skelters

A63G 21/00

Race courses; Race tracks

A63K 1/00

Handcarts

B62B

Surfboards

B63B 35/79

Water shoes; Bog shoes

B63B 35/83

Surface construction for playgrounds or sports

E01C 13/10

Skates (roller skates or skate boards A63C 17/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skates with blade runners, e.g. ice runner, skateboards with such runners.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sledges with runners

B62B 13/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Blade

due to lack of normalisation, the term blade is used indifferently for the blade holder or the part, usually made of metal, contacting the ice or surface

Blade holder

is the part making the junction between the shoe holder and the blade itself, is also referred to as chassis or blade

Pivotally-mounted plates
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skates with a plate pivoting on the skate chassis during use, e.g. clap-skates

with special blades
Definition statement

This place covers:

Special construction or structure of the blade holder

Special constructions of the simple blade
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of the simple blade itself, i.e. the part being in use in contact with the ice or surface

Multi-part blades
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skates where the ice or surface contacting part is formed of several sub-blades in line and/or comprises more than 2 edges.

with several blades
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skates where the ice or surface contacting part is formed of several blades, e.g. side by side, e.g. in the form of several ice wheels

Accessories for skates
Definition statement

This place covers:

-Accessories for use during skating, e.g. support for the foot joint, with the exclusion of apparel like garments, shoes, body protectors or goggles.

Accessories related to the practice of skating, e.g. supporting frames, e.g. for transportation or storage of skates, as so far as these are especially adapted for skis or snowboards or the above.

Accessories implying the use of a skate, or mounted thereon, e.g. special spikes, guards.

Supporting frames or gliders for skaters
Definition statement

This place covers:

Supporting frames or gliders, e.g. auxiliary support device, for helping skaters to stabilise on ice, e.g. for learning skating

Auxiliary devices for sharpening blades
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sharpening cutting edges for skate blades

B24B 3/003

Hand tools for sharpening skate blades

B24D 15/066

Guards for skate blades
Definition statement

This place covers:

Guards that fit over the blade or that keep the blade from contacting the ice or surface, e.g. for transportation, e.g. for walking on it.

Skis or snowboards (sledges with runners, e.g. ski-bobs, B62B 13/00; runners for sledges B62B 17/02; runners for carrying wheeled vehicles to facilitate travel on snow or ice B62B 19/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Snow runners where steering is achieved by body movement, e.g. skis, snow skates, monoskis, snowboards, snow skateboards

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Snow shoes

A63C 13/00

Sledges with runners

B62B 13/00

Runners for sledges

B62B 17/02

Runners for carrying wheeled vehicles to facilitate travel on snow or ice

B62B 19/00

Sky surf

B64C 39/026

{Structure, covering or decoration of the upper ski surface}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Structure, covering or decoration on the upper ski surface

In particular integrated elements, e.g. rails or anchoring elements.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shaping and joining of plastics

B29L 2031/5263

Printing

B41M

After-treatment of printing

B41M 7/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Covering

any layer or device positioned over the ski and attached to it in use

{Appearance of the ski-tip, the rear end or the upper ski-edge}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Structure of the tips or rear ends

A63C 5/052

collapsible; divided
Definition statement

This place covers:

Collapsible, divided, e.g. foldable, e.g. articulated. Short skis, e.g. snow skates.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Snowboards with two or more runners or skis connected together by a rider-supporting platform

A63C 5/031

Mono skis; Snowboards
Definition statement

This place covers:

Snow runners devices where both feet are positioned in use, e.g. snowboards, monoskis, snow skateboards

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Training apparatus for snowboarding

A63B 69/0093

Snow sledges having one single runner

B62B 13/043

with ground engaging rolls or belts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skis or snowboard with rolling or like devices where the main surface engaging element is a snow runner

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roller skis

A63C 17/045

Structure of the surface thereof
Definition statement

This place covers:

Structure or shape of the surface

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

with fins or longitudinal protrusions on the running sole

A63C 5/0417

{Other in-relief running soles (tooth-shaped running sole-plates A63C 7/06)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tooth-shaped running sole-plates

A63C 7/06

Materials for the running sole
Definition statement

This place covers:

Materials for the running sole; processes for making the running sole

with special devices thereon, e.g. steering devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

Comprises steering devices in the form of means for leaning, e.g. handle bars without a direct steering function for supporting the body movement

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sledges with runners arranged in a single line

B62B 13/04

{Protection or reinforcement devices for the ski-tip or the ski rear end}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Protection or reinforcement devices for the ski-tip or the rear ski rear end, e.g. add-on device, e.g. removable, e.g. protective caps

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Structure of the tips or rear ends

A63C 5/052

Protectors for skis, e.g. containers on the roof of cars

A63C 11/027

Vibration dampers (vibration dampers per se F16F 7/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vibration dampers

F16F 7/00

motor-driven (A63C 5/035 takes precedence; {apparatus for towing skis A63C 11/10})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

with ground engaging rolls or belts

A63C 5/035

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for towing skis

A63C 11/10

Making thereof; Selection of particular materials (materials for the running sole A63C 5/056)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Materials for the running sole

A63C 5/056

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skis with plurality of bonded layers of synthetic material (IPC only)

A63C5/14

Wood manufacturing for sport articles

B27M 3/22

Foam cores

B29C 44/12

Drum surface shaping

B29C 59/00

Compression shaping of composites

B29C 70/40

~using matched molds

B29C 70/46

Materials processing for skis

B29L2031/5364

{Selection of particular materials for the upper ski surface}
Definition statement

This place covers:

also methods of making for the upper ski surface

Devices enabling skis to be used whilst held in a particular configuration with respect to each other, e.g. for training purposes
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Training apparatus with guided foot support

A63B 23/0417

Training appliances or apparatus for skiing

A63B 69/18

Devices preventing skis from slipping back; Ski-stoppers or ski-brakes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices opposed to snow traversing of the running sole.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

In-relief running soles

A63C 5/0428

Special rules of classification

For push-off or walking motion.

For laterally braking when canting on steep slippery slopes.

For braking during use.

After the ski has separated from the shoe.

Ski bindings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ski bindings and closely related accessories.

Special rules of classification

Cross-country, telemark and mountaineering ski bindings are to be found mostly in groups A63C 9/02, A63C 9/06, A63C 9/0807, A63C 9/20

Safety ski bindings, e.g. alpine ski bindings, are found in groups A63C 9/08 and lower.

Groups A63C 9/04, and A63C 9/10 - A63C 9/20 mostly relate to outdated types of bindings.

Arrangements for adjusting ski bindings A63C 9/22 and tighteners A63C 9/24.

Interfaces and spacer plates for ski bindings are found in group A63C 9/003.

Arrangements for positional adjustment of the bindings or the shoe holder thereof relative to the ski are found in A63C 9/005 and its sub-groups.

Bindings designed for snowboards are classified in A63C 10/00 and/or its sub-groups. Bindings that are suitable for both skis and snowboards are classified in the main groups and/or sub-groups of both A63C 9/00 and A63C 10/00.

{Anti-friction devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. gliding pads or rolls to ease safety release of the shoe

{Strap closures or latches; Leashes}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Straps closures or latches to tighten the shoes on the ski, e.g. for soft shoes, e.g. for short skis; leashes or tether to keep to shoe attached to the ski when the binding is released.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Straps for snowboard bindings

A63C 10/06

{Non-swivel sole plate fixed on the ski}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g interfaces, spacer plates between ski and binding

{with means for adjusting the position of a shoe holder or of the complete binding relative to the ski}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ski bindings with means for adjusting the position of a shoe holder or of the complete binding relative to the ski.

Special rules of classification

This place also covers ski bindings with means for adjusting the position of a shoe holder or of the complete binding relative to the ski, provided that a binding element sliding along a rail is provided. In this case, double classification into A63C 9/005 and A63C 2009/008 may apply.

If a ski binding is provided with means for adjusting the position both in length and height, double classification into sub-groups A63C 9/0053 and A63C 9/0057 is required.

Any type of adjustment other than in length or height requires classification into A63C 9/005. Classification into A63C 9/005 may apply either alone, or in addition to classification into sub-groups A63C 9/0053 and A63C 9/0057.

{with a climbing wedge}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Climbing wedge

heel elevator, e.g. collapsible, to ease uphill walking by helping to keep the feet closer to an horizontal position

{Systems preventing accumulation of forces on the binding when the ski is bending}
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. such systems constituted by an intermediate element on which a part of the binding is resiliently and slidingly supported

{with a binding element sliding along a rail during use or setting}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ski bindings with a binding element sliding along a rail during use or setting.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ski bindings; Systems preventing accumulation offorces on the binding when the ski is bending

A63C 9/007

Ski safety bindings; Adjustment of the toe or heelholders; Indicators therefor

A63C 9/0805

Special rules of classification

If the ski binding, comprising an element sliding along a rail, also comprises means for adjusting the position of a shoe holder or of the complete binding relative to the ski, double classification into A63C 9/005 and A63C 2009/008 may apply. These means may be provided additionally to the element sliding along a rail or may comprise the element sliding along a rail.

Non-self-releasing bindings with swivel sole-plate or swivel parts, i.e. Ellefsen-type
Definition statement

This place covers:

With swivel plate or plate-like structure extending under or along the foot

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

With cable extending under or along the foot

A63C 9/06

In a safety release binding

A63C 9/0807

Non-self-releasing heel-engaging cable bindings fastened to the front end of the ski
Definition statement

This place covers:

With cable extending under or along the foot, e.g. telemark

yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ski boots

A43B 5/04

{for both towing and downhill skiing}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ski bindings allowing both downhill skiing and push-off skiing e.g. mountaineering bindings

with swivel sole-plate
Definition statement

This place covers:

With swivel plate or plate-like of structure extending under or along the foot; encompasses swivelling about a vertical axis

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

For both towing and downhill skiing

A63C 9/0807

with heel hold-downs, e.g. swingable
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Pivoting about [an axis]

where at least one kinematic component of the movement is a pivoting motion, possibly about a virtual axis

Transverse

intersecting the general longitudinal vertical plane of the ski binding

with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sole hold-downs, e.g. safety toe holders

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Pivoting about [an axis]

where at least one kinematic component of the movement is a pivoting motion, possibly about a virtual axis

Transverse

intersecting the general longitudinal vertical plane of the ski binding

using parts which are fixed on the shoe of the user and are releasable from the ski binding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Step-in ski bindings where a part, or several parts, of the shoe are specially adapted to interact with specific parts of the binding. In general this part is made out of rigid material which is fastened to the outsole of the boot.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Accessories for ski boots

A43B 5/0415

Accessories for ski boots located underneath the sole

A43B 5/0421

Accessories for ski boots located on the sides of the sole

A43B 5/0423

Non-self-releasing bindings without heel-straps, but with a clamping device arranged at the front end of, or behind, the binding
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. stirrup

Non-self-releasing bindings with special sole edge holders instead of toe-straps
Definition statement

This place covers:

With sole edge holder, e.g. toe holder, toe swivel axis holder, e.g. cross-country ski bindings

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski bindings with swivel plate or plate like structure extending under or along the foot

A63C 9/02

Tighteners for ski bindings (tighteners for self-releasing ski bindings A63C 9/08)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tighteners for safety ski bindings

A63C 9/08

Snowboard bindings
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bindings for monoskis

A63C 9/00

Water skis or wakeboards

B63B 35/81

Special rules of classification

When classifying in this group, classification is made in all appropriate subgroups

Synonyms and Keywords

Step-in

Liquid Crystal Display

Shoe holders for passing over the shoe
Definition statement

This place covers:

Snowboard bindings particular suited for soft boots for encompassing the shoe from the upper side and tighten it against the boot. Most of the shoe holders are made from a strap or soft cover. This group further comprises:

  • details how the strap or cover is attached to the binding base;
  • adjustment systems to position the strap or cover on the binding base;
  • releasable connections between strap and base to allow easy entry of the boot;
  • shoe holders passing over the shoe which are not a strap or soft cover (see figure).

media0.png

Straps therefor, e.g. adjustable straps
Definition statement

This place covers:

Details of straps which encompass the shoe from upper side, e.g. structure of the strap, tensioning means for the strap, cushioning of the strap, relative arrangement between front and rear strap.

media1.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clamp-buckle fastenings; Fastenings with toggle levers

A43C 11/14

Toe or heel stirrups; Clamps
Definition statement

This place covers:

Snowboard bindings dedicated to hard boots, i.e. to boots whose structure is rigid enough to hold the foot tight and transmit front to rear holding forces. Consequently only a small part of the boot is held by a stirrup (ref. 5 on the example drawing) or a clamp (ref. 6,7 on the example drawing).

media2.png

using parts which are fixed on the shoe, e.g. means to facilitate step-in
Definition statement

This place covers:

Step-in snowboard bindings where a part, or several parts, of the shoe are specially adapted to interact with specific parts of the binding. In general this part is made out of rigid material (ref. 20 in the example drawing) which is fastened to the outsole of the boot. This kind of bindings usually allow easy fastening and manual release of the boot and are particular suited for a semi-rigid boots.

media3.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety ski bindings using parts which are fixed on the shoe of the user and are releasable from the ski bindings

A63C 9/086

Snowboard boots

A43B 5/0401

Calf or heel supports, e.g. adjustable high back or heel loops
Definition statement

This place covers:

Calf or heel supports which are mostly used for non-rigid type boots, where the back part of the shaft is soft and pliable. These types of supports are mostly found in combination with the bindings of groups A63C 10/04 and A63C 10/10. Calf and heel support allow the transmission of forces pointing to the heel when riding on the back edge of the snowboard. A calf support is usually called high back (ref. 30 in the first example drawing, ref. 2 in the second example drawing). Heel supports are usually in the form of a heel loop (ref. 56 in the first example drawing, ref. 17 in the second example drawing).

media4.pngmedia5.png

Shock or vibration dampers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skis or snowboards ; Vibration dampers

A63C 5/075

Accessories for skiing or snowboarding (fittings on vehicles for carrying skis B60R 9/12)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories for use during skiing or snowboarding, e.g. ski sticks, with the exclusion of apparel like garments, shoes, body protectors or goggles.

Accessories related to the practice of skiing, e.g. anti-theft, for transportation or storage of skis, for treating skis, as so far as these are especially adapted for skis or snowboards or the above.

Accessories implying the use of a ski or snowboard or mounted thereon, e.g. ski chips.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski boots; similar boots

A63C 5/04

Gloves

A41D 19/00

Devices for ski training

A63B 69/18; A63B 23/0417

{Seats formed of skis or of accessories for skis}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks convertible into seats

A45B 5/00, A47C 9/10

{Stretchers formed of skis or of accessories for skis}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stretchers with skis or sled runners in general

A61G 1/007

{Signalling devices, e.g. acoustical or visual (A63C 11/225 takes precedence; means for indicating the location of accidentally snow-buried persons A63B 29/021)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Signalling devices mounted on or especially adapted to fit ski, snowboard or accessory thereof.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski sticks with ~

A63C 11/225

Means for indicating the location of accidentally snow-buried persons

A63B 29/021

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lights

F21K7/00, F21S 9/04

Portable traffic signalling device

G08B 5/006

Horns

G10K 9/00

{Anti-theft devices for skis or ski equipment (A63C 11/003 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Signalling devices, e.g. acoustical or visual

A63C 11/003

{Portable locking means}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Portable locks in general

E05B6/00

Devices for stretching, clamping or pressing skis or snowboards for transportation or storage
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fittings on vehicles for carrying skis

B60R 9/12

{on wheels}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Carts for skis

B62B 2202/401

{Storage in cupboards or ski-racks, e.g. with clamping devices}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Racks especially adapted for storing guns or skis

A47B 81/00

Hanger or shelves for long articles

A47F 7/0021

Edge-sharpeners
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sharpening cutting edges for ski edges

B24B 3/006

Hand tools for sharpening ski edges

B24D 15/068

Apparatus for waxing or dewaxing (ski waxes C09G 3/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski waxes

C09G 3/00

Apparatus for towing skis {(ski-lifts B61B 11/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories or arrangements or mobile apparatus for towing skiers

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski-lifts in general

B61B 11/00

One wheeled motorised towers

B62D 51/065

Special devices on boots for fastening skis thereto (A63C 9/00 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski bindings

A63C 9/00

Devices for removing snow from skis, snowboards, boots or bindings
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Ski-boot sole-scrapers

A63C 5/061

Ski-sticks
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Walking sticks in general

A45B 9/00

{Ski-stick handles or hand-straps}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gloves with connector

A41D 19/0037

{associated with timing devices}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gloves with measuring devices

A41D 19/0027

Multifunction wrist watch

G04G1/00

{with signalling devices, e.g. acoustical or visual (means for indicating the location of accidentally snow-buried persons A63B 29/021)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gloves with warning

A41D 19/0031

Gloves with light

A41D 19/0157

Means for indicating the location of accidentally snow-buried persons

A63B 29/021

Devices for use in mounting ski-bindings to skis, e.g. jigs; {Testing or measuring devices specially adapted therefor}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Testing material properties on sport articles

G01N 2033/008, B23B 47/285

{Devices for testing or measuring the release force of safety ski bindings}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for measuring release force of ski safety binding

G01L 5/03

Snow shoes
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear or devices fixed on the shoe for preventing sinking into the snow while walking on it

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Crampons

A43B 13/141

{Adjustable heel support therefor, e.g. climbing wedge}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Climbing wedge

heel elevator, e.g. collapsible, to ease uphill walking by helping to keep the feet closer to an horizontal position

Roller skates; Skate-boards
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sport and recreation equipment with rollers, where steering is achieved by body movement, e.g. roller skates; inline skates, skateboards. The body movement can be supported by means for leaning, e.g. handle bars without a direct steering function, e.g. some types of kickboards.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Spring shoes

A63B 25/10

Special rules of classification

Within this group, all appropriate symbols are attributed - multiple entry classification, with following exception: A63C 17/01 relates only to skateboards, A63C 17/02-A63C 17/08 relate only to roller skates.

{Devices used in combination with the skate but not fixed to it, e.g. supporting frames, sail, sticks, auxiliary wheel aid (uniaxle walk-type tractors B62D 51/06)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Uniaxle walk-type tractors

B62D 51/06

{Mechanisms transforming leaning into steering through an inclined geometrical axis, e.g. truck (A63C 17/011 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skateboards with a truck

A63C 17/012

Skateboards (A63C 17/02 - A63C 17/28 take precedence; {rolling devices on skis A63C 5/035})
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Training apparatus for skateboarding

A63B 69/0093

Hand carts

B62B

Children vehicles

B62B 7/00, B62B 9/00

Scooters, kickboards

B62K 3/002

Special rules of classification

Within this group, all appropriate symbols are attributed - multiple entry classification. This group takes precedence over groups A63C 17/02 - A63C 17/08.

with wheels arranged in two pairs {(A63C 17/01 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skateboards

A63C 17/01

with wheels arranged otherwise than in two pairs {(A63C 17/01 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skateboards

A63C 17/01

single-track type
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Roller skis

A63C 5/035

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skate boots

A43B 5/16

Special rules of classification

mutiple entry classification is used in Indexing Code

single-wheel type {with single axis}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Roller skates with a single wheel or a single wheel axis

with driving mechanisms
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Motor vehicles the driver not being seated

B62D 51/00

{contacting one or more of the wheels}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Where the brake contacts a wheel or any part rotating synchronous with the wheel(s).

{Freewheel roller clutches}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any mechanism braking or stopping the wheel and actuated by wheel rotation, e.g. backwards rotation, rotation above a given rotational speed

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clutch bearings

F16D 11/06

for use on specially shaped or arranged runways
Definition statement

This place covers:

Skates or skateboards adapted for use on special surfaces e.g. grass, off-road, bob-like tracks

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coaster wagons

B62B 3/007

with fixable wheels permitting the skates to be used for walking
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any system easing walking with the skates, e.g. blocking wheels, retractable wheels, skates that can be used in a way that wheels are not in contact with the surface, systems keeping wheels out of contact with the surface, e.g. guards, sole caps.

Wheels for roller skates
Definition statement

This place covers:

Wheels especially adapted for roller skating or skateboarding; Details of wheel associated parts, e.g. thread, hub, wheel mounting.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

moulding on inserts

B29C 70/68

wheels made of synthetic materials

B60B 5/02

castors

B60B 33/00

making of wheels in general

F16C 13/006

with special auxiliary arrangements, e.g. illuminating, marking, or push-off devices
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. foot bindings or support; handles or hand support; combinations with wings or sails; for aggressive skating or stunts

with arrangements for sitting
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. street luge or downhill racing carts, when these are steered by body movement or pedals

Design or layout of playing courts, rinks, bowling greens or areas for water-skiing; Covers therefor ({golf courses A63B 69/3691}; water roundabouts A63G 3/00; construction of surfaces of foundations E01C; roofs E04B 7/00; buildings or groups of buildings for sports E04H 3/10; swimming or splash baths or pools E04H 4/00; coverings for baths E04H 4/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

The layout per se is classified in this group, other aspects, items or methods related to sport courts are classified in the subgroups.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Golf courses

A63B 69/3691

References out of a residual place

Examples of places in relation to which this place is residual:

Water sports areas

A63C 19/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stream pools

A63B 69/125

Chutes and entertainment rides

A63G

Race courses

A63K 1/00

Buildings or groups of buildings for sports

E04H 3/10

Swimming or splash baths or pools

E04H 4/00

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Layout

refers to the relative arrangement of the items constituting the court

{Boxing rings}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any kind of boxing or martial arts rings

Shaping of the surface of courts according to the necessities of the different games {(surface construction E01C)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Shape of shaping of the court. The layout is classified in A63C 19/00

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Surface construction for playgrounds or sports

E01C 13/00

Surfaces simulating grass

E01C 13/08

Artificial for snow or ice sports

E01C 13/10

Woods floors

E04F 15/02, E04F 15/04

Apparatus for setting-out or dividing courts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Also fences, safety nets when these are especially adapted to the sport

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Tennis nets

A63B 61/00

Cages, backstops, spectator, protections, enclosures

A63B 71/022

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Swimming lane members

E04H 4/143

Fences in general

E04H 17/16

{Slalom gate poles, posts or marking sticks for sport fields}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sport posts

A63B 2210/50

Impact cushioning for roadworks

E01F 15/14

Posts

E04H 15/62

{Line markings, e.g. tapes; Methods therefor}
Definition statement

This place covers:

When these are especially adapted to the practise of sports

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Line detectors

A63B 71/0605

Mechanical means for marking-out
Definition statement

This place covers:

E.g. fence, boards, netting

Ice-skating or roller-skating rinks; Slopes or trails for skiing, ski-jumping or tobogganing (chutes A63G 21/00; ski-lifts B61B 11/00; making or maintaining surfaces of snow or ice suitable for traffic or sporting purposes E01H 4/00; removing snow or ice E01H 5/00; production of ice or snow F25C 3/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chutes

A63G 21/00

Ski-lifts

B61B 11/00

Pavings for snow sports

E01C 13/12

making or maintaining surfaces of snow or ice suitable for traffic or sporting purposes

E01H 4/00

Production of ice or snow

F25C 3/00

Removable protective covers for courts, rinks, or game pitches or the like
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Coverings for baths

E04H 4/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective covering for plants

A01G 13/02

Unwinding webs

B65H 18/00

Aggressive riding, e.g. grinding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Where the device is sliding with other parts of the device contacting the traversed surface, or in another direction than the main surface traversing means (sliding sole; rolling on wheels) or direction, e.g. in skate parks, snow parks, on a rail, curb or bench, e.g. grinding

Tandem riding
Definition statement

This place covers:

Where two persons use simultaneously the same device or are connected to each other while riding

enabling conversion into another device
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skates convertible into ice or snow-running skates

A63C 17/18

enabling folding, collapsing
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices being, or having parts being, foldable or divided, collapsible, retractable, e.g. wheels retractable in shoe sole

Shock or vibration absorbing
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Skis with vibration dampers

A63C 5/075

Roller skates or skate boards with shock absorption or suspension system

A63C 17/0046

Processing or storing data, e.g. with electronic chip
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Safety ski bindings with electronically controlled locking devices

A63C 9/088

Skis, skates or boards with shoe-like cradles comprising additional leg support
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Snowboard binding cradle

A63C 10/145

Direct actuation of steering of roller skate or skateboards, e.g. by a foot plate
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Direct actuation by a steering bar

B62K 3/002