Cooperative Patent Classification

CPC Definition - Subclass A43B

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Last Updated Version: 2016.11
CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear, shoes, shoe components, assembling of these components, shape, and use of the shoes.

Footwear characterised by the material (layered products B32B)
Definition statement

This place covers:

General features of the material the footwear presents, either in the sole or in the upper.

Basically when it does not really matter where in the upper or in the sole the feature has to be (e.g. the use of a transparent material, to cover a logo while still displaying it).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Soles

Sole Insert

Heels

Upper parts

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products

Footwear characterised by the shape or the use
Definition statement

This place covers:

General or special shape of the footwear, or a special use.

Examples of what will found here are footwear equipped with electronic devices, adjustable in length, slippers with all kind of straps, shoes to help or protect a person (e.g. military person) walking on landmines (by absorbing energy, deflecting shock wave, or limit the pressure of the person on the ground by increasing the ground contact surface of the sole, avoiding by such to trigger the landmine to activate).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Footwear for all kind of sport

Features concerning a support or resilient pad

Features concerning the sole

Features concerning the sole insert

Features concerning the heel

Footwear for sporting purposes (non-skid devices, e.g. ice-spurs, studs for football shoes, A43C 15/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear especially adapted for the practice of sport.

For example ski boots, neoprene footwear for use in the water, golf shoes.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

All cleats and studs

Studs for Football /Rugby/Soccer shoes

Special rules of classification

If the document concerns the stud for a football shoe, and does not bring any information about the shoe, it does not have to be classified in A43B 5/02.

Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear with health (protection against injuries, walking aid for injured people, people with diseases) or hygienic.

Examples: ventilation systems for footwear, waterproof arrangements, support pads, resilients pads, located under strategic bones/regions of the foot.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hygienic overshoes (mostly disposable from sheet)

{provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any pad, or resilient cushion, recess filled with resilient part.

Special rules of classification

A43B 7/1415 and subgroups will locate geographically the pad under the foot.

A43B 7/1475 and subgroups will specify the type of pad/cushion.

It is important to give a class in both subgroups.

Additional information can be given by attributing a class in A43B 17/00 if the document concerns an insole to be inserted, in A43B 13/18 or A43B 13/20 if it concerns the midsole/the sole (even if in the heel, like Nike Air).

Footwear characterised by the assembling of the individual parts {(assembling parts of upper together A43B 23/0245; assembling sole parts together A43B 13/12)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Assembling an upper to a sole, e.g. by stitching, gluing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Assembling different layers of sole

Assembling different pieces of soles

Assembling different parts of the upper together

Assembling of an upper to a sole by moulding/vulcanising

Special rules of classification

A43B 9/16, A43B 9/18, A43B 9/20 are not really used anymore. B29D 35/06 and B29D 35/10 are more appropriate.

Footwear with soles moulded on to uppers or welded on to uppers without adhesive
Special rules of classification

not used: B29D 35/10 (having preformed soles or heels joined on the preformed uppers using moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting material between the parts to be joined.

moulded {(moulding soles or heels to preformed uppers B29D 35/06)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Footwear having soles or heels formed and joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by injection moulding, pressing and vulcanising

Footwear having preformed soles or heels joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting plastics material between the parts to be joined.

Special rules of classification

Not used, use instead B29D31/06, B29D31/10.

welded
Special rules of classification

Not used: B29D 35/10: having preformed soles or heels joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting plastics material between the parts to be joined.

Footwear with miscellaneous arrangements to facilitate putting-on or removing, e.g. with straps
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any arrangement to help putting-on of the shoes. It can be the shape, that makes it easier to put the foot inside the shoe, or built-in shoe horns which have a dedicated sub-group.

Soles ({Skating boots characterised by the sole A43B 5/1641,} socks A43B 17/00); Sole and heel units
Definition statement

This place covers:

This group concerns the sole that is a part of the upper. The insole, the midsole, the outsole.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Sole of a skate

Feature related to an insole to be inserted, after assembly of the upper and the sole

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Material to be used

characterised by the material
Special rules of classification

If the material can be component of the sole, of a part of it or a layer of it, a class in A43B 13/02 and subgroups has to be assigned. On top of that, in case of multilayer, A43B 13/12 and subgroup defines where the material is expected to be found.

If the insole is multilayered, a class in A43B 13/386 has to be attributed. If the material concerns a part of the sole/layer (e.g. the front, the middle part, the heel, and not the rest, the sole/layer is call "pieced" A43B 13/16 has to be attributed (A43B 13/38 in case of a pieced insole).

Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sole made anti skid, either by impregnation, either by antiskid devices monolithic to the sole, or multilayer soles, with a part of it in contact with the ground, but excluding the cleats, and studs attached to the sole, like for football or soccer boots or shoes which have this group dedicated: A43C 15/16 and subgroups.

Relationships with other classification places

A43C 15/00 and especially A43C 15/16, dedicated to studs and cleats.

Welts for footwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

The welt that is used when assembling, mainly by stitching the sole to the upper.

Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined (special medical insertions for shoes A61F 5/14)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Insoles to be inserted.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Socks as a cloth covering the foot, up to the ankle, the knee, or even higher, and worn inside a shoe

Special medical insertions for shoes

Special rules of classification

Inserted insole with cushion/pads are also to be classified in A43B 7/1405.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Sock

Insole to be put in a shoe as to make it fit better.

Shoe-shaped inserts; Inserts covering the instep {(for ski boots or similar boots A43B 5/0405, for skating boots A43B 5/1616)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Boot shape insert like inner boot for ski boot

Inner boot for skate

Insole shaped insert

Heels; Top-pieces, {e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole (sole and heel units A43B 13/37)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Heels of the type protruding from the sole, like high heels for women or some leather classical shoes for men with a heel attached to a sole.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

High heels monolithic with the sole (e.g. pneumatic heels of the classical Nike Air

Sole and heel units

Uppers; Boot legs; Stiffeners; Other single parts of footwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

Shoe uppers, boot legs, toe and heel cups, linings, and anything that would be attached for decorating the upper.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Straps of sandals and slippers

Ornaments with fastening function

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening

Special rules of classification

Even if slippers and sandals should be in the A43B 3/10 and A43B 3/12 and sub-groups, if the upper of the slipper has some very special feature which can be of interest for common shoes, it would be classified also in the A43B 23/00.

Heel-protectors for car-drivers
Special rules of classification

Not used: A43B 5/007 footwear for car drivers instead.