CPC Definition - Subclass A43B

Last Updated Version: 2022.01
CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear, shoes, shoe components, assembling of these components, shape, and use of the shoes.

Footwear characterised by the material
Definition statement

This place covers:

General features of the material the footwear presents, either in the sole or in the upper.

Basically when it does not really matter where in the upper or in the sole the feature has to be (e.g. the use of a transparent material, to cover a logo while still displaying it).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shaping or joining of plastics

B29C

Producing particular articles from plastic, footwear

B29D 35/00

Layered products

B32B

Printing, marking or copying

B41M

Macromolecular compounds, e.g. polyethylene or polypropylene copolymers

C08F

Macromolecular compounds, e.g. polyurethane or silicones

C08G

Manufacture of polymeric films or sheets

C08J 5/00

Coating of polymeric articles

C08J 7/00

Production of macromolecular porous or cellular articles

C08J 9/00

Compositions of macromolecular compounds

C08L

Coating compositions

C09D

Adhesive processes

C09J 5/00

Adhesive tapes, films or sheets

C09J 7/00

Skins; Hides; Pelts or leather

C14

Woven materials

D03D

Knitted materials

D04B

Non-woven materials

D04H

Treatment of fabrics

D06M

Polymeric coatings on fibrous web

D06N

Impregnation or coating of paper; Special paper

D21H

made of wood, cork, card-board, paper or like fibrous material 
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soles

A43B 13/00

Making of wooden shoes

B27M 3/20

made of metal 
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soles made of metal

A43B 13/10

made of rubber
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear made from natural or synthetic rubber material.

made of plastics (A43B 1/028 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear made from synthetic polymers, e.g. polyethylene, polyurethane or artificial leathers.

Relationships with other classification places

Synthetic rubber should be classified in A43B 1/10.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Footwear made of synthetic or artificial fibres

A43B 1/028

Footwear characterised by the shape or the use
Definition statement

This place covers:

General or special shape of the footwear, or a special use.

Examples of what will found here are footwear equipped with electronic devices, adjustable in length, slippers with all kind of straps, shoes to help or protect a person (e.g. military person) walking on landmines (by absorbing energy, deflecting shock wave, or limit the pressure of the person on the ground by increasing the ground contact surface of the sole, avoiding by such to trigger the landmine to activate).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Footwear for all kind of sport

A43B 5/00

Features concerning a support or resilient pad

A43B 7/1405

Features concerning the sole

A43B 13/00

Features concerning the sole insert

A43B 17/00

Features concerning the heel

A43B 21/00

Boots covering the lower leg
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gaiters; Spats

A41D 17/00

Low shoes {, e.g. comprising only a front strap}; Slippers
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sandals

A43B 3/12

Sandals; Strap guides thereon
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sandals are an open type of footwear, consisting of a sole held to the wearer's foot by straps going over the instep and around the ankle.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Low shoes; Slippers

A43B 3/10

Overshoes
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heel-protectors for car-drivers

A43B 23/30

Collapsible or convertible
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Multi-purpose skate boots

A43B 5/1633

Easily-exchangeable soles

A43B 13/36

adjustable as to length or size
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Adjustable ski boots or similar boots

A43B 5/0427

Adjustable skating boots

A43B 5/1608

with electrical or electronic arrangements
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Footwear with cooling arrangements

A43B 7/005

Footwear with heating arrangements

A43B 7/02

Footwear for sporting purposes (non-skid devices, e.g. ice-spurs or studs for football shoes, A43C 15/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear especially adapted for the practice of sport.

For example ski boots, neoprene footwear for use in the water, golf shoes.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

All cleats and studs

A43C 15/00

Special rules of classification

If the document concerns the stud for a football shoe, and does not bring any information about the shoe, it does not have to be classified in A43B 5/02.

{for horse riding}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stirrups

B68C 3/00

{Linings, paddings or insertions; Inner boots}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shoe-shaped inserts; Inserts covering the instep

A43B 19/00

Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Footwear with health (protection against injuries, walking aid for injured people, people with diseases) or hygienic.

Examples: ventilation systems for footwear, waterproof arrangements, support pads, resilient pads, located under strategic bones/regions of the foot.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hygienic overshoes (mostly disposable from sheet)

A43B 3/163

with heating arrangements  (with electric heating arrangements A43B 3/35)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

With electric heating arrangements

A43B 3/35

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the foot

A61F 2007/0045

Electric heating arrangements

H05B

ventilated
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Skating boots with ventilation means in the sole

A43B 5/165

Skating boots with ventilation means in the upper

A43B 5/1675

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ventilated socks, insoles or inserts

A43B 17/08

with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any pad, or resilient cushion, recess filled with resilient part.

Special rules of classification

A43B 7/1415 and subgroups will locate geographically the pad under the foot.

A43B 7/1475 and subgroups will specify the type of pad/cushion.

It is important to give a class in both subgroups.

Additional information can be given by attributing a class in A43B 17/00 if the document concerns an insole to be inserted, in A43B 13/18 or A43B 13/20 if it concerns the midsole/the sole (even if in the heel, like Nike Air).

with fixed flat-foot insertions, metatarsal supports, ankle flaps or the like
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic insertions

A61F 5/14

Elevating, i.e. height increasing (with elevated heel parts inside A43B 7/16; lengthening pieces for natural legs A61F 3/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

With elevated heel parts inside

A43B 7/16

Lengthening pieces for natural legs

A61F 3/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Orthopaedic insertions for conventional shoes

A61F 5/14

Footwear characterised by the assembling of the individual parts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Assembling an upper to a sole, e.g. by stitching, gluing.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Assembling different layers of sole

A43B 13/12

Assembling different pieces of soles

A43B 13/16

Assembling different parts of the upper together

A43B 23/0245

Assembling of an upper to a sole by moulding/vulcanising

B29D 35/06, B29D 35/10

Special rules of classification

A43B 9/16, A43B 9/18, A43B 9/20 are not really used anymore. B29D 35/06 and B29D 35/10 are more appropriate.

Footwear with soles moulded on to uppers or welded on to uppers without adhesive
Special rules of classification

not used: B29D 35/10 (having preformed soles or heels joined on the preformed uppers using moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting material between the parts to be joined.

moulded
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Footwear having soles or heels formed and joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by injection moulding, pressing and vulcanising

B29D 35/06

Footwear having preformed soles or heels joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting plastics material between the parts to be joined

B29D 35/10

Special rules of classification

Not used, use instead B29D 35/06 and B29D 35/10.

welded
Special rules of classification

Not used: B29D 35/10: having preformed soles or heels joined on to preformed uppers using a moulding technique, e.g. by feeding or injecting plastics material between the parts to be joined.

Footwear with arrangements to facilitate putting-on or removing, e.g. with straps
Definition statement

This place covers:

Any arrangement to help putting-on of the shoes. It can be the shape, that makes it easier to put the foot inside the shoe, or built-in shoe horns which have a dedicated sub-group.

Soles; Sole-and-heel integral units
Definition statement

This place covers:

This group concerns the sole that is a part of the upper. The insole, the midsole, the outsole.

References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Skating boots characterised by the sole

A43B 5/1641

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined

A43B 17/00

characterised by the material
Special rules of classification

If the material can be component of the sole, of a part of it or a layer of it, a class in A43B 13/02 and subgroups has to be assigned. On top of that, in case of multilayer, A43B 13/12 and subgroup defines where the material is expected to be found.

If the insole is multilayered, a class in A43B 13/386 has to be attributed. If the material concerns a part of the sole/layer (e.g. the front, the middle part, the heel, and not the rest, the sole/layer is call "pieced" A43B 13/16 has to be attributed (A43B 13/38 in case of a pieced insole).

{Soles with several layers of the same material}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soles with several layers of different materials

A43B 13/12

Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sole made anti skid, either by impregnation, either by antiskid devices monolithic to the sole, or multilayer soles, with a part of it in contact with the ground, but excluding the cleats, and studs attached to the sole, like for football or soccer boots or shoes which have this group dedicated: A43C 15/16 and subgroups.

Relationships with other classification places

A43C 15/00 and especially A43C 15/16, dedicated to studs and cleats.

characterised by their attachment, also attachment of combined soles and heels
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Attachment of heels

A43B 21/36

Attachment of heel parts

A43B 21/52

Easily-exchangeable soles (protecting-soles A43C 13/12)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protecting-soles

A43C 13/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Of metal

A43B 13/10

Welts for footwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

The welt that is used when assembling, mainly by stitching the sole to the upper.

Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined
Definition statement

This place covers:

Insoles to be inserted.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hosiery; Panti-hose

A41B 11/00

Special medical insertions for shoes

A61F 5/14

Special rules of classification

Inserted insole with cushion/pads are also to be classified in A43B 7/1405.

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Sock

Insole to be put in a shoe as to make it fit better.

Shoe-shaped inserts; Inserts covering the instep
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Linings, paddings, insertions for ski boots; Inner boots for ski boots

A43B 5/0405

Inner boots for skating boots

A43B 5/1616

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined

A43B 17/00

Heels; Top-pieces or top-lifts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Heels of the type protruding from the sole, like high heels for women or some leather classical shoes for men with a heel attached to a sole.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pneumatic soles filled with compressible fluid, e.g. air or gas

A43B 13/20

Sole and heel units

A43B 13/37

Uppers; Boot legs; Stiffeners; Other single parts of footwear
Definition statement

This place covers:

Shoe uppers, boot legs, toe and heel cups, linings, and anything that would be attached for decorating the upper.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Straps of sandals and slippers

A43B 3/12, A43B 3/10

Ornaments with fastening function

A43C 11/24

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Special rules of classification

Even if slippers and sandals should be in the A43B 3/10 and A43B 3/12 and sub-groups, if the upper of the slipper has some very special feature which can be of interest for common shoes, it would be classified also in the A43B 23/00.

Uppers; Boot legs
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Ski boots characterised by the material of the upper

A43B 5/0486

Skating boots characterised by the upper

A43B 5/1666

Linings therefor {(lining laminated with upper A43B 23/026)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lining laminated with upper

A43B 23/026

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Linings, paddings, insertions for ski boot; Inner boots for ski boot

A43B 5/0405

Heel stiffeners; Toe stiffeners
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Footwear with shock-absorbing means

A43B 7/32

Supports for the shank or arch of the uppers
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

For health or hygienic purposes

A43B 7/14

Heel-protectors for car-drivers
Special rules of classification

Not used: A43B 5/007 footwear for car drivers instead.