CPC Definition - Subclass A01G

Last Updated Version: 2020.08
HORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING (picking of fruits, vegetables, hops or the like A01D 46/00; propagating unicellular algae C12N 1/12)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like

A01D 46/00

propagating unicellular algae

C12N 1/12

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques

A01H 4/00

Flowering plants characterised by their plant parts

A01H 5/00

Flowering plants characterised by their botanic taxonomy

A01H 6/00

devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs

A23N 15/08

plant cell culture

C12N 5/00

Vegetative propagation (plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques A01H 4/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods of asexual reproduction of plants, i.e. NOT involving seeds.

Methods of vegetative propagation involving specialized plant organs such as:

  • Stolons or runners, used for example by strawberries,
  • Rhizomes, used for example by ginger, lilies and irises,
  • Bulbs, used for example by shallots, lilies and tulips,
  • Root or stem tubers, used for example by (sweet) potatoes, yams and dahlias,
  • Corms, used for example by gladiolus and taro,
  • Suckers, used for example by apple and banana trees.

Methods of vegetative propagation involving suckering, i.e. transplanting suckers.

Specific apparatus therefor not otherwise provided for.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Plant reproduction by tissue culture techniques

A01H 4/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cultivation of cereals

A01G 22/20

Cultivation of root crops

A01G 22/25

Cultivation of bulbs

A01G 22/35

Cultivation of sugar cane

A01G 22/55

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • vegetative reproduction,
  • vegetative multiplication,
  • vegetative cloning
by means of cuttings
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods of vegetative propagation wherein a part of the plant, usually a stem or a leaf, is cut off and planted in a growth substrate (illustration in Fig.1).

Specific apparatus therefor not otherwise provided for.

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Layering
Definition statement

This place covers:

Ground layering methods, i.e. bending of plant branches or stems so that they touch the ground and are covered with soil to induce the development of roots (illustration in Fig.1).

Air layering, or marcotting, methods, i.e. wounding a target region of the plant and surrounding the wound with a lump of moisture-retaining medium to induce the development of roots (illustration in Fig.2).

Specific apparatus therefor not otherwise provided for.

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Grafting (grafting-wax  A01N 3/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Grafting methods, i.e. a part of the plant, called scion, usually a stem or a leaf, is cut off and attached to the stem of another plant called stock or rootstock that remains rooted in the growth substrate (illustration in Fig.1).

Inarching methods, wherein the scion is still attached to its own root system at the time of grafting (illustration in Fig.2).

Specific apparatus therefor not otherwise provided for.

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Grafting-wax

A01N 3/04

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • budding
Automatic apparatus therefor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus for mechanically grafting plants, operating partly or totally automatically.

Devices for mechanically cutting, inserting or ligating the scion and/or the stock, operating partly or totally automatically (illustration in Fig.1).

Seedling grafting robots (illustration in Fig.2).

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Cutting; Inserting
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus for manually (illustration in Fig.1) or automatically (illustration in Fig.2) cutting the scion and/or stock.

Apparatus for manually or automatically inserting the scion into the stock for joining them into a graft joint.

Methods therefor.

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Holding; Ligating
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus for manually or automatically holding the graft joint in position through ligating or clamping means, e.g. with clamps, clips, etc. (illustrations in Fig.1 and Fig.2);

Methods therefor.

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Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees (forestry delimbers A01G 23/095)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Tools and machines for cutting plants with the purpose of pruning, trimming, shaping, etc.

Also shredders for plant waste.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Forestry delimbers

A01G 23/095

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mowers having rotating flexible line cutters

A01D 34/416

Special adaptation of mowers for carrying by the operator

A01D 34/90

having elongated or extended handles
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Motor-driven blades

A01G 3/0335

Floral handling
Definition statement

This place covers:

Handling and processing of cut flowers, tools and machines for making bouquets and wreaths, devices and methods for preserving cut flowers

Devices for preserving flowers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices to help preserve cut flowers.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chemical substances for preserving flowers

A01N 3/02

Flower vases

A47G 7/06

Botany in general
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soilless Cultivation

A01G 31/00

Treatment of plants with carbon dioxide
References
Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Greenhouses therefor

A01G 9/18

{with electric lighting}
Definition statement

This place covers:

  • Illumination means for controlling plant photomorphogenesis, i.e. plant morphology, photoperiodism, or phototropism; for example: illumination means for inducing or delaying flowering, fruiting, bolting, etc.;
  • Illumination means for varying the light properties other than the propagation direction, depending on the plant cultivated; for example: illumination means with variable wavelength spectrum, intensity, polarization;

Illumination systems where illumination is controlled by measurements taken in the plant's direct environment, e.g. by cameras, light sensors, etc. (illustration in Fig.1);

Illumination methods for plants, e.g. lighting recipes (illustration in Fig.2).

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting systems for greenhouses

A01G 9/249

Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses (of mushrooms A01G 18/00; soilless cultivation A01G 31/00); Edging for beds, lawn or the like
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cultivation rooms for mushrooms; Equipment therefor

A01G 18/60

Soilless cultivation

A01G 31/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Constructional aspect of greening roofs

E04D 11/002

Flat containers for turf, lawn or the like, e.g. for covering roofs
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Constructional aspect of greening roofs

E04D 11/002

Greenhouses (cloches A01G 13/04)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cloches for protecting plants

A01G 13/04

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glazing bars, glazing clips

E04D 3/06

Forcing-frames; Lights {, i.e. glass panels covering the forcing-frames}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Low gardening beds, with covering frames like glass panes, for forcing or propagating young plants (illustration in Fig.1).

Covering frames for use in forcing-frames, e.g. glass frames, etc. (illustration in Fig.2).

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Important note: the term "light" is an outdated term referring to said glass frames and has nothing to do with artificial lighting (see the Figures below: the "lights" with reference signs 2 and 6).

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting treatment of plants

A01G 7/045

Greenhouses

A01G 9/14

Lighting systems for greenhouses

A01G 9/249

Raised beds; Planting beds

A01G 9/28

Tunnels

A01G 13/0231

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "forcing frames", "horticultural frames", "garden frames", "cold frames", propagating frames", "hotbeds"
Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Canopies for protecting plants

A01G 13/0206

Devices {or systems} for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature {, illuminating}, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Systems or devices for managing the environment in greenhouses, forcing-frames or the like, such as:

Ventilating systems for greenhouses or the like.

Heating systems.

Air-conditioning systems.

Illumination arrangements other than for a lighting treatment of the plant.

Watering arrangements of plants cultivated in greenhouses or the like.

{Lighting means (with special arrangements for promoting growth A01G 7/045)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Spatial arrangements of lamps for controlling the light propagation direction towards the plants, e.g. to increase photosynthetic activity, such as:

Vertical lamp arrays (illustration in Fig.1),

Lighting means for illuminating the bottom leaves,

Movable illumination means, etc.

Illumination systems with structural features for controlling the light propagation direction towards the plants, such as:

Screens, shades in association with horticultural lamps;

Horticultural lamps with lenses;

Horticultural lamps with reflectors (illustration in Fig.2), etc.

Horticultural illumination systems with cooling means (illustration in Fig.3).

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References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lighting treatment of plants

A01G 7/045

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reflectors for light sources

F21V 7/00

Cooling arrangements for lighting devices

F21V 29/50

Electric devices {(A01G 9/249 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Lighting means

A01G 9/249

Sterilising soil by steam
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials

C09K 17/00

Protecting plants (apparatus for the destruction of vermin or noxious animals A01M; use of chemical materials therefor, composition of protective materials, e.g. grafting wax, A01N)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Destruction of pests and weeds

A01M

Phytosanitary compositions

A01N

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coverings around trees forming part of a road

E01C 9/005

Protective coverings for plants; {Coverings for the ground;} Devices for laying-out {or removing}coverings
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective materials for covering soil and plants

A01G 9/1438

Cloches{, i.e. protective full coverings for individual plants (individual canopies A01G 13/0212)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Individual canopies for protecting plants

A01G 13/0212

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dismountable or portable greenhouses

A01G 9/16

Devices for generating heat, smoke or fog in gardens, orchards or forests, e.g. to prevent damage by frost
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chemical aspects of generating smoke or mist

C06D 3/00

Heating devices in general, see the appropriate classes

F24

Devices for affording protection against animals, birds or other pests ({A01G 13/0243 takes precedence;} scaring or repelling devices A01M 29/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protective shelters for young plants

A01G 13/0243

Scaring or repelling devices

A01M 29/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices or methods for influencing weather conditions
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dispersing fog in general

E01H 13/00

Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Forestry

A01G 23/00

Cultivation of mushrooms
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Harvesting of standing crops

A01D 45/00

Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like

C05F 11/08

Fungi

C12N 1/14

Growth guides for fruiting bodies, e.g. paper rolls
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for guiding the fruiting body, or carpophore, of a mushroom during growth, e.g. to obtain a desired form (illustration in Fig.1).

Paper rolls, paper wraps, wrapping papers, etc. for guiding the carpophores (illustration in Fig.2).

Apparatus for attaching the growth guides to the cultivation containers.

Methods therefor.

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Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor (hand-held edge trimmers or shears for lawn A01G 3/06; edging for lawn A01G 9/28; lawn-mowers A01D 34/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hand-held edge trimmers or shears for lawn

A01G 3/06

Edging for lawn

A01G 9/28

Lawn-mowers

A01D 34/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flat containers for turf, lawn or the like

A01G 9/033

Growth substrates in mat form

A01G 24/44

Hand tools for treating meadows or lawns

A01B 1/24

Machines for treating meadows or lawns

A01B 45/00

Rollers for consolidating or finishing laid-down unset materials

E01C 19/23

Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces

E01H 1/00

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • Turf, Sod, Grass, Lawn, Meadows
Apparatus for cutting sods or turfs
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines for lifting and treating soil

A01B 77/00

Cereals
Definition statement

This place covers:

This subgroup covers all cereal crops but also covers grasses other than cereals, e.g. grasses for bio-oil production.

Forestry
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cultivation of fruit trees or the like

A01G 17/00

Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees (delimbing standing trees A01G 3/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Delimbing standing trees

A01G 3/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Tree feeding devices

B27B 25/00

Felling trees
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Axes

B26B 23/00

Saws or sawing machines

B27B

Delimbers (A01G 23/083 takes precedence)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder or the like

B27L 11/00

Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor (for mushrooms A01G 18/20)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Growth substrates or culture media for mushrooms

A01G 18/20

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Planted mats for growing turf

A01G 20/20

Fertilisers; Manufacture thereof

C05F

Soil-conditioning or soil-stabilising materials

C09K 17/00

in block, mat or sheet form
Definition statement

This place covers:

Compressed growth substrates, e.g. compressed pots, blocks, slabs, bricks, plugs, pellets, wafers, mats, boards (illustrations in Fig.1).

Growth substrates with a coherent shape, e.g. cured with a binder.media11.png

Fig.1: Compressed growth substrates

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Grass cultivation on mats

A01G 20/20

Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like (special apparatus or adaptations for fertilising-liquids A01C 23/00; nozzles or outlets, spraying apparatus B05B)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adding fertilizers in irrigation

A01C 23/00

Spraying

B05B

Special rules of classification

Looping references between A01G 25/00 and A01C 23/00 have been identified. Until this inconsistency is resolved, the current classification practice in CPC is as follows: A01C 23/00 is limiting in A01G 25/00 and A01G 25/00 is informative in A01C 23/00.

Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Similar arrangements for drainage

E02B 11/00

Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
Definition statement

This place covers:

In addition to self-acting watering devices also plant containers having a water reservoir.

using wicks or the like
Definition statement

This place covers:

Self-acting watering devices with wicks (or the like) and possibly further including a water reservoir underneath.

Relationships with other classification places

If the water reservoir is wholly around or beside the container, classification should be made in group A01G 27/06.

having a water reservoir, the main part thereof being located wholly around or directly beside the growth substrate
Definition statement

This place covers:

Self-acting watering devices with wicks (or the like) and a water reservoir, the latter being wholly around or beside the container.

Relationships with other classification places

If the reservoir is only underneath the device, classification should be made in group A01G 27/04.

Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
Definition statement

This place covers:

In addition to root feeders and injecting fertilisers into the roots also irrigating or fertilising very close to the roots.

Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics (growth substrates therefor A01G 24/00; cultivation of seaweed A01G 33/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Growth substrates for soilless cultivation

A01G 24/00

Cultivation of seaweed or algae

A01G 33/00

Special apparatus therefor (self-acting watering devices A01G 27/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Self-acting watering devices

A01G 27/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Apparatus for cultivation in receptacles or greenhouses in general

A01G 9/00