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 [Search a list of Patent Appplications for class 147]   CLASS 147,COOPERING
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SECTION I - CLASS DEFINITION

Includes machines which are used exclusively in the manufacture of wooden barrels, fruit-boxes, baskets, or crates. Coopering does not include machines for sawing, bending, or planing staves or machines for sawing, splitting, cutting, or coiling hoops, except such as separate the hoops from a scored rod by racking or abruptly bending the rod or which combine two or more operations in the production of hoops, as planing and bending or planing and lapping or pointing.

SECTION II - REFERENCES TO OTHER CLASSES

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29Metal Working,   subclasses 592 through 559for a method of, and subclasses 700-283.5 for a machine for, assembling articles, as those indicated in the note to Class 227 below, not elsewhere classified.
83Cutting,   appropriate subclasses for stave-cutting devices.
144Woodworking,   subclasses 114.1 through 130.2for a machine for planing staves, subclasses 182-184 for a machine for skiving or splitting hoops, and subclasses 256.1-258 for a machines for bending staves.
227Elongated-Member-Driving Apparatus,   appropriate subclasses for apparatus for assembling a basket or barrel combined with means to apply a member, e.g., nail, etc., thereto.

SUBCLASSES

[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 1]    1BARREL-MAKING MACHINES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Machines which perform some operation not specifically classified and those which do more than merely set up and truss a barrel. They usually croze, howel, and head the barrel and sometimes plane it off.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 2]    2SETTING-UP MACHINES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Two circularly grooved end plates into which the staves are fed until the grooves are filled. Most of them shape the barrel, and the staves are secured by truss-hoops.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 3]    3SETTING-UP FORMERS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Frames within or around which the staves are arranged on end and then confined by truss-hoops.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 4]    4BARREL-COMPRESSING MACHINES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Machines for compressing the staves of barrels to receive the truss-hoops.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 5]    5Cone:
 This subclass is indented under subclass 4.  Machines for compressing the staves of a barrel by means of conical formers forced upon the ends of the barrel. In some instances, hoops are driven by the conical formers.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 6]    6HEADING MACHINES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Machines which place the heads in the barrel and in some instances form the barrel and insert the head.

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100Presses,   subclasses 54 through 64for portable receptacle lid applying presses not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 7]    7Miscellaneous:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines or implements which force hoops upon barrels by mechanism, not otherwise specifically classified.

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100Presses,   appropriate subclasses for presses not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 8]    8Cam-operated:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines which force the hoops upon barrels by means of cam-gearing presses.

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100Presses,   subclasses 291 through 292for reciprocating platen presses, not elsewhere provided for, and in which a cam acts directly to actuate a platen.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 9]    9Hydraulic and steam:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines which comprise hydraulic or steam presses for forcing hoops upon the barrel.

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100Presses,   subclasses 269.01 through 269.21for fluid actuated reciprocating platen presses, not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 10]    10Lever-operated:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines which force hoops upon barrels by lever or crank gearing.

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100Presses,   subclass 293 for reciprocating platen presses, not elsewhere provided for, in which a lever acts directly upon a platen to actuate it.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 11]    11Screw-operated:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines which force hoops upon barrels by screw-gearing presses.

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100Presses,   subclasses 289 through 290for reciprocating platen presses having a screw and a nut actuator and not elsewhere provided for.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 12]    12Weight:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP DRIVERS.  Machines in which the hoops are forced upon barrels by the impact of a falling weight.

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100Presses,   subclasses 265 through 268for reciprocating platen presses, not elsewhere provided for, having a spring or weight actuator.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 13]    13Rotary cutter head:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Clamped barrel.  The barrel is clamped in a nonrotating clamp, and a rotary cutter-head carried by a frame which rotates on an axis concentric with the axis of the barrel cuts the croze, howel, or chamfer.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 14]    14Expansible cutter head:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotating barrel.  Machines in which the barrel is rotated on its axis and while rotating cutting-tools are projected radially from a fixed head to croze, howel, or chamfer the staves.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 15]    15Rotary cutter head:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotating barrel.  Machines in which the staves of the rotating barrel are successively brought into engagement with a rotary cutter-head for cutting the croze, howel, or chamfer.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 16]    16Sliding tool:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotating barrel.  Machines in which the cutter is carried upon a slide or rest and which is projected into the rotating barrel for cutting the croze, howel, or chamfer.

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14,for expansible cutter head.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 17]    17Swinging tool:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotating barrel.  Machines in which a tool carried by a swinging rest is brought into engagement with the staves of the barrel as it is rotated on its axis for cutting the croze, howel, or chamfer.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 18]    18Miscellaneous:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, CROZING STAVES.  Machines which are designed for cutting the croze, howel, or chamfer of staves before the barrel is formed and which are not otherwise specifically classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 19]    19Endless stave carriage:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary cutter.  Machines having an endless feeding device for feeding the staves against a rotary cutter journaled in fixed bearings.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 20]    20Sliding stave carriage:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary cutter.  Machines in which the stave is carried upon a sliding support into engagement with a rotary cutter.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 21]    21Swinging stave carriage:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary cutter.  Machines in which the stave is carried into engagement with a rotary cutter by means of a swinging stave-supporting frame.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 22]    22Swinging:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary cutter.  Machines in which the crozing, howeling, or chamfering cutter is journaled in a swinging support.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 23]    23Sliding knife:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, CROZING STAVES.  Machines for crozing staves in which the stave is immovably supported and the croze, howel, or chamfer is cut by a knife carried in a reciprocating carrier.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 24]    24Hand crozes:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, CROZING AND CHAMFERING BARRELS.  Short curved places constructed to cut the croze, chamfer, or howel in trussed barrels.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 25]    25Miscellaneous:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by jointing-machines not otherwise designated.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 26]    26Vertically movable bed:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Inclined molding heads.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of staves by mechanism which lowers and raises the work-carrying platform as it passes between inclined or tapered revolving cutters.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 27]    27Pattern feed:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary cutter.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of rotary cutters mounted in movable bearings controlled by reciprocating patterns or rotating cams.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 28]    28Converging saws:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of saws placed at an inclination to each other.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 29]    29Disk cutter head:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of large rotating disks provided with knives in their faces.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 30]    30Sliding carriage:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Single saw.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves in which the stock is supported by a movable carriage controlled in movement past a single saw by a guiding-track.
(1) Note. Stave-jointing machines in which the stock slides past a single saw and in contact with an adjustable guide are included in this subclass.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 31]    31Tilting carriage:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Single saw.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves in which the stock is supported by a longitudinally-movable carriage capable of being tilted on trunnions which are located in the extended plane of the saw.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 32]    32Slicing knife:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of a suitable guiding-support and a reciprocating slicing-knife.

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144Woodworking,   subclasses 162.1 through 181.3for a wood slicer, generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 33]    33Sliding plane:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of reciprocating planes or shaving-tools which are made to follow the contour of a templet or pattern.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 34]    34Curved guide:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Traveling saw.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjoining edges of barrel-staves by means of a saw journaled in a movable frame controlled in its movement by a curved guide. The stock is clamped to a stationary support while being operated upon.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 35]    35Longitudinal cutter cylinder:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, JOINTING STAVES.  Machines for beveling and tapering the adjacent edges of laterally fed barrel-staves by knives placed longitudinally in the periphery of a rotating cylinder.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 35.5]    35.5SHAPING STAVES:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Machines for finishing staves with convex outer and concave inner surfaces; also, machines for reducing the thickness of staves between their ends, so that they may be more readily bent to give the proper bulge to the barrel.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 36]    36Miscellaneous:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, BARREL HEAD-MAKING.  Machines for cutting out barrel-heads and shaping the edge thereof to fit the barrel-croze. A few of these machines also plane the heads or bore the joints for dowel-pins.
(1) Note. This subclass comprises machines for forming barrel-heads which are not otherwise specifically classified.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 37]    37Rotary scribing tool:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Fixed chuck.  Machines for holding barrel-head stock concentric with a knife or cutting-tool carried on a rotary arm.

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144Woodworking,   subclass 150 for woodworking by a rotary disk cutter of the end thrust type.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 38]    38Rotary saw:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, BARREL HEAD-MAKING.  Machines in which the stock is carried by a rotating chuck into engagement with a rotary saw (plane or dished).
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 39]    39Chisel cutter:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary chuck.  Lathe-like machines exclusively adapted for forming barrel-heads.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 40]    40Double molding cutter:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, Rotary chuck.  Machines in which the stock is carried by a rotary chuck and is operated upon by rotating molding-cutters.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 41]    41Hand scribers:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, BARREL HEAD-MAKING.  Cutting-tools comprising a radial arm carrying at one end a centering-pin and near its outer end a cutting-tool to be operated by hand.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 42]    42CHAMFERING TOOLS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Tools for chamfering the staves when set up in barrel form.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 43]    43Miscellaneous:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP MACHINES.  Machines which perform two or more consecutive operations peculiar to the production of hoops, such as planing and bending, planing and lapping, or planing and pointing, etc.

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144Woodworking,   subclass 41 for a machine for sawing and planing of wood, generally.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 44]    44Racking:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP MACHINES.  Machines in which bars of wood, checked or split at one end, are separated into hoops by abruptly bending the bars progressively from the checked ends toward the opposite ends.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 45]    45Lapping and pointing:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP MACHINES.  Machines which cut the bevels and point the ends of hoops.

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46,for lock-cutting machines.

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144Woodworking,   subclass 147 for woodworking shaper machine which uses a reciprocating knife.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 46]    46Lock-cutting:
 This subclass is indented under the unnumbered subclass, HOOP MACHINES.  Machines which cut the notches near the ends of hoops, whereby the ends may be interlocked.

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45,for lapping and pointing machines.

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144Woodworking,   subclasses 75 through 76for a woodworking mortising machine having a chisel, and subclasses 147 for a woodworking shaping machine having a reciprocating knife.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 48]    48BASKET-FORMING:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Forms, male and female, for shaping baskets. Formers for shaping fruit-boxes and crates are also included.
  
[List of Patents for class 147 subclass 49]    49TRUSS HOOPS:
 This subclass is indented under the class definition.  Temporary hoops forced upon the barrel to secure the staves in barrel form until they become permanently bent and seasoned or dried.
  

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