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TICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
Definition statement
This subclass covers:
  • Machines for printing and issuing tickets
  • Machines for issuing pre-printed tickets
  • Details of, or auxiliary devices for, ticket-issuing machines
  • Holders providing direct manual access to tickets
  • Ticket punches
  • Apparatus for validating or cancelling issued tickets
  • Taximeters
  • Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
  • Franking apparatus
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Punching or perforating pliers

Turnstiles with registering means

Handling of coins or of paper currency or similar valuable papers

Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring; Coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus

Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services

Parking meters per se

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Printing machines or presses

Output mechanism for digital computers in which all the computation is effected mechanically

Special rules of classification within this subclass

Use of Indexing Codes:

All ECLA classes have a corresponding G07B Indexing Code-code, which is to be used for secondary aspects (non-invention aspects).

In groups G07B 1/00 to G07B 15/00, from 01/03/2003 onwards, new documents are classified according to the ECLA Reform approach, i.e. "invention information" is identified with classification symbols, e.g. G07B 1/00, while "additional information" is identified with Indexing Code symbols, e.g. G07B 1/00.

Machines for printing and issuing tickets (printing mechanisms per se B41 ; output mechanisms of digital computers G06C 11/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Ticket printers dedicated to tickets.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Printing mechanisms per se; Type-printers

Output mechanisms of digital computers

Special rules of classification within this group

This group contains all mechanical aspect of the machine. For computer implemented ticket printing and issuing system, see G07B 15/00.

employing selectable printing plates
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Ticket printers comprising pre-defined printing plates (heads), e.g. "valid", "void".

wherein the plates are inserted
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Ticket printers comprising pre-defined removable printing plates (head).

without selectable printing plates
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Ticket printers comprising individual printing heads, e.g. numbers or letters turning on rollers.

portable
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The ticket printers are portable.

Machines for issuing preprinted tickets
Definition statement
This group covers:

the printing of tickets which are already pre-printed, meaning the ticket "data carrier" is already pre-printed with some information before storage in the ticket printer.

from stock in wound strip form
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Tickets paper supply in wound strip form.

from a stack
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Ticket paper supply from a stack.

Details of, or auxiliary devices for, ticket-issuing machines (for validating inserted tickets G07B 11/02)
Definition statement
This group covers:

The details of the machines for printing and issuing tickets.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Validation of inserted tickets

for cutting-off or separating tickets
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for separating tickets in the machine (e.g.. cutter).

for recording or registering tickets issued
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for recording or registering the issued tickets (e.g. storage means).

for preventing fraudulent operation
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for preventing unwanted operation (e.g.. preventing from being pulled out or printing an authorization mark).

for avoiding incorrect action of the machine
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for monitoring and avoiding incorrect action (e.g.. anti-jam, or testing printed ticket).

indicating when ticket supply is exhausted
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for indicating exhausted ticket supply (e.g. marking paper or paper sensor).

allowing manual writing on the tickets
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Specific tickets permitting additional manual writing on the tickets.

Holders providing direct manual access to the tickets
Definition statement
This group covers:

Holders for tickets with dispensing means for manual access to the tickets.

Ticket punches (perforating pliers B26F 1/36 ; marking record carriers in digital fashion by punching G06K 1/02)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Devices for punching tickets in order to only make a hole (basic validation).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Marking record carriers in digital fashion by punching

Portable ticket punches

Apparatus for validating issued tickets by perforation

Toy ticket-punches
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Portable ticket punch apparatuses (e.g.. for punching tickets before entering an attraction or selection on lottery ticket).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Perforating pliers or handheld punching

Marking record carriers in digital fashion by punching

Apparatus for validating or cancelling issued tickets
Definition statement
This group covers:

Apparatus for the validation or cancellation of issued ticket; for example in public transports or gaming tickets.

for validating inserted tickets
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The devices for "validating" or "cancelling" already issued tickets, for example by printing a "marking" on the ticket or by "cutting off" a part of the ticket. The ticket can be a ticket for accessing an event, public transportation or lottery tickets for example.

by printing
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Apparatus for validation of the tickets by printing some marking (e.g.. identification or date/time).

by perforating
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Apparatus for validation of tickets for validation by insertion in a slot and perforation.

by separating part of ticket
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The device comprises means for separating a part of the ticket in order to validate the ticket.

combined with receptacle for separated part of ticket (refuse receptacles in general B65F 1/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The device comprises means for separating a part of the ticket in order to validate the ticket.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Refuse receptacle in general

for cancelling tickets
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The device comprises means for cancelling the tickets (e.g.. by printing, perforating, cutting or other means).

Taximeters (measuring distance travelled G01C ; measuring time G04)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Taximeters in general.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring distance travelled

Measuring time

G04

{operating mechanically}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Devices comprising mechanical or electromechanical means for operation of the taximeter.

Details; Accessories
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The details and/or accessories of the taximeters (e.g. connectors, etc).

for indicating fare or state of hire
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for indicating price to be paid and/or fare (e.g. display means).

{with indicating means on the outside of the vehicle}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for indicating outside vehicle if taxi is occupied and/or fare.

Driving arrangements
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for obtaining distance travelled and used by the meter for calculation.

Tariff-changing arrangements
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for changing tariff, e.g. push-buttons or remotely by downloading new data.

automatically actuated
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for automatically changing tariff, e.g. based on calendar, time or location with GPS.

Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points (handling coins or paper currency G07D; apparatus for vending or hiring articles or services activated by coins, credit cards, paper currency or the like G07F 7/00 , G07F 17/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Electronic tickets for accessing events
  • Access with payment with or without ticket
  • Systems for reserving, ordering, loading and using access tickets
  • Check-in (in airports)
  • Baggage handling system
  • Management of fleet of vehicles
  • Vehicle rental system
  • Car sharing
  • Vehicle infringement control, per se
  • Car rental systems
  • Systems for reserving and using access tickets, e.g. check-in systems
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles other than vehicles

Tickets, per se

Mechanisms for vending or hiring articles or services

Payment schemes

Airport related systems

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reservation systems

Handling coins or paper currency

Special rules of classification within this group

Tickets for public transportation without reference to time or distance travelled have to be classified in main group (G07B 15/00).

Tickets for public transportation based on time or distance travelled have to be classified in G07B 15/02,e.g.. the way the ticket is used.

Data processing aspects of payment systems or protocols relating to toll, entrance fee or fare collection, e.g. in road pricing or congestion charging, are also classified in G06Q 20/00.

taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems (G07B 15/06 takes precedence; taximeters G07B 13/00 ; parking meters per se G07F 17/24 ; { car rental systems per se G07B 15/00})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • public transportation payment based on the travelled journey; and
  • parking payment based on the parking time (parking reservation and parking management systems, parking ticket enforcement systems, parking meters for a plurality of parking spaces...).
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems

Parking meters, per se (for one parking meter)

Taximeter

Car rental systems per se

Parking meters without payment means installed inside vehicles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Availability of parking spaces

Vending services in function of time

Machines for vending or hiring services paid by card

Special rules of classification within this group

Toll Payment system have to be classified in G07B 15/06 .

Taximeter have to be classified in G07B 13/00.

Parking meters installed inside vehicle have to be classified in G07C 1/30.

Car rental systems, per se, have to be classified in G07B 15/00.

comprising devices to free a barrier, turnstile, or the like{(turnstiles with registering means G07C 9/02 ; coin-freed aspects G07F 17/00)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The person or vehicle has to free a fence (e.g.. turnstile, barrier, door).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Turnstiles with registering means

Coin-freed aspects

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanisms for vending or hiring articles or services

Special rules of classification within this group

Toll Payment system with barrier have to be classified in G07B 15/04 .

Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

the identification or tracking of vehicles or vehicle users for the purpose of road pricing or congestion charging, which means that vehicles or vehicle users are not necessarily channelled through fixed control points, e.g. toll booths or overhead gantries, but may be detected at a number of places when they travel in normal fashion in a pre-defined locality, e.g. a defined area in a city centre or an expressway, and where the information so generated is then used to determine a charge to be paid.

This group covers means for paying and using toll roads including:

  • tollbooths
  • kiosks for pre-payment
  • use GPS location
  • cameras for recognizing number plate or ID.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Traffic control systems for road vehicles

{using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station (identification of vehicles G08G)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Every wireless communication between the vehicle and a fixed station for use of toll road, which can be with a central station or local beacons (e.g.. wireless communication with toll booth).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Identification of vehicles

{being coin-operated}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Means for the payment of toll roads using coins, e.g. toll booths with coins collector.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Handling coins or paper currency

Special rules of classification within this group

Payment means using cards (credit cards) have to classified in G07B 15/06.

Franking apparatus (printing aspects B41)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Apparatus for franking mail items.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Type printers, selective printing mechanisms e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers

Systems and methods specially adapted for administrative, commercial, financial, managerial, supervisory or forecasting purposes

Postal sorting

Coin-freed apparatus for franking

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Printing aspects: Type printers, selective printing mechanisms e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers

Systems and methods specially adapted for administrative, commercial, financial, managerial, supervisory or forecasting purposes

Postal sorting

Handling sheets

Special rules of classification within this group

Use of Indexing Codes:

Sub-aspects of subclasses are classified with G07B 17/00 Indexing Codes.

Additional aspects are classified by corresponding Indexing Codes.

Each document is classified in principle with one subclass corresponding to the main aspect and optionally several Indexing Codes.

{operated by portable carriers, e.g. for inputting credit or information}
Special rules of classification within this group

Not to be used anymore.

Replaced by Indexing Code G07B 2017/00177.

{Relations between apparatus, e.g. franking machine at customer or apparatus at post office, in a franking system}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Relations between apparatuses in a franking system.

{Physical or organizational aspects of franking systems}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Physical or organisation aspects of franking systems (determining the location of an apparatus, determining the location of mail pieces outside apparatus, i.e. tracking of mail pieces, software architecture, e.g. client/server,...).

{Communication details outside or between apparatus (coin-freed apparatus for franking per se G07F 17/26)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Communication details outside or between apparatus (landlines, wireless, LAN, Internet, for sending information from central location, e.g. for updating rates or software, for sending information from a franking apparatus, e.g. for verifying accounting, for sending information from a portable device, e.g. card or PCMCIA,...).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Coin-freed apparatus for franking per se

Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus for cashless transactions only

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric communication technique

H04

{Details internally of apparatus in a franking system, e.g. franking machine at customer or apparatus at post office (digital data processing G06F ; coin-freed apparatus for franking per se G07F 17/26)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Details internally of apparatus in a franking system.

The apparatus can be a local device or a distant server.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Digital data processing

Coin-freed apparatus for franking per se

System and methods specially adapted for administrative purposes

Payment schemes

Systems and methods specially adapted for Post and telecommunication

{Constructional details of apparatus in a franking system}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Constructional details of apparatus in a franking system (open franking system, i.e. the printer is not dedicated to franking only, e.g. personal computer, mailbox, i.e. container for mail, portable franking apparatus, i.e. the whole franking apparatus, not parts alone, vending machine or POS (Point of sale) apparatus, housing, e.g. lock or hardened casing, modular design, storage of e.g. ribbon, electronic hardware aspects, e.g. types of circuits used, man-machine interface on the apparatus, ...).

{Communication within apparatus, personal computer (PC) system, or server, e.g. between printhead and central unit in a franking machine}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Communication aspects within franking apparatus (communication between components, modules, parts, e.g. printer, keyboard, conveyor or central unit,communication with software components, error detection or handling, power handling,setting of date,...).

{Calculation or computing within apparatus, e.g. calculation of postage value}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Calculation or computing within apparatus (calculation of postage value, calculation of different sending options, currency calculation, memory organisation, redundant storage, software organisation, special accounting procedures,...).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Cryptography or similar procedures in a franking system

{Details specific to central, non-customer apparatus, e.g. servers at post office or vendor}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Details specific to central, non-customer apparatus, e.g. servers at post office or vendor (for verification of mail pieces by checking databases,...).

{Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Details relating to mail pieces in a franking system.

{Transporting mailpieces (postal sorting B07C)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Transporting mail pieces in a franking apparatus (sorting mail pieces, e.g. to get reduced postal rates, batch processing of mail pieces, mail/envelope/insert handling system, e.g. mechanical details or weight optimisation, measures for preventing or handling mailpieces stoppages, e.g. paper jam,...).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Postal sorting

Devices for inserting documents into envelopes

Devices for closing envelopes

Handling sheets

{Printing or attaching on mailpieces (printing mechanisms B41J ; security printing B41M 3/14 ; marking methods B41M 5/00 ; inks C09D 11/00 ; record carriers with at least a part designed to carry digital markings G06K 19/00)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Printing or attaching on mailpieces in a franking apparatus (details of printing apparatus, e.g. printheads, ensuring quality of print,details of printed item, e.g. code, address, advert or logo, attaching item on mail piece, e.g. label or circuit, special printing techniques, e.g. interlacing, separating fixed and variable parts, special inks, e.g. fluorescent,...).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Type printers, selective printing mechanisms

Security printing

Marking methods

Inks

Record carriers with at least a part designed to carry digital markings

{Sensing or measuring mailpieces (weighing G01G 19/00 ; methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns G06K 9/00)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Sensing or measuring mail pieces in a franking apparatus (sensing position of mail piece, measuring the dimensions of mail piece, measuring the speed of mail pieces inside apparatus, measuring the weight of mail pieces, scanning or imaging mail pieces, reading barcodes or symbols,...).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Weighing

Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns

{Cryptography or similar special procedures in a franking system}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Cryptography or similar special procedures in a franking system (specific cryptography algorithms, time dependency, e.g. timestamps, validity time, continuous communication, including postal data or personal data, i.e. biometrics, key management, passwords, compression techniques, error handling, e.g. EDC (Error Detection Codes), cryptographic mocules, e.g. PSD (Postal Security Device),...).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for secret or secure communication

Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus for cashless transactions only

Access-control involving the use of a pass in combination with an identity-check of the pass-holder by means of personal physical data, e.g. characteristic facial curves, hand geometry, voice spectrum, fingerprints

Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns

Random or pseudo-random generators

Circuits generating pulses having a predetermined statistical distribution

Security arrangements for protecting computers or computer systems against unauthorised activity

Record carriers with conductive marks and special arrangements for circuits, e.g. for protecting identification code in memory

Error detection and error correction

Coding, decoding or code conversion, for error detection or error correction

Special rules of classification within this group

Not necessarily standard mathematical cryptography.

Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

In this group, the following terms are used with the meaning indicated:

PSD

Postal Security Device

{using mechanical accounting means}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Franking apparatus using mechanical accounting means.

{with means for resetting the monetary value of the accounting means}
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Not to be used anymore.

Replaced by subgroup G07B 17/0008 and Indexing Code G07B 2017/00153.

{from a central point, e.g. post office}
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Not to be used anymore.

with means for computing or counting{(G07B 17/00975 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Franking apparatus using mechanical accounting means

Special rules of classification within this group

Not to be used anymore.

with means for avoiding misuse
Special rules of classification within this group

Not to be used anymore.

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013