Skip over navigation
Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
Search Symbol
CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
Collapse
ACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with meanings indicated:
    • "bridged" means the presence of at least one fusion other than ortho, peri or spiro;
    • two rings are "condensed" if they share at least one ring member, i.e. "spiro" and "bridged" are considered as condensed;
    • "condensed ring system" is a ring system in which all rings are condensed among themselves;
    • "number of rings" in a condensed ring system equals the number of scissions necessary to convert the ring system into one acyclic chain;
    • "quinones" are compounds derived from compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring or a system comprising six-membered aromatic rings (which system may be condensed or not condensed) by replacing two or four CH groups of the six-membered aromatic rings by C=O groups, and by removing one or two carbon-to-carbon double bonds, respectively, and rearranging the remaining carbon-to-carbon double bonds to give a ring or ring system with alternating double bonds, including the carbon-to-oxygen bonds; this means that acenaphthenequinone or camphorquinone are not considered as quinones.
  • In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, a process is classified in the last appropriate place.
  • In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, "quaternary ammonium compounds" are classified with the corresponding "non-quaternised nitrogen compounds".
  • For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 1/00 to C07C 71/00 and C07C 401/00 to C07C 409/00:
    • a compound is classified considering the molecule as a whole (rule of the "whole molecule approach");
    • a compound is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds;
    • a compound is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds, which includes six-membered aromatic ring, unless otherwise specified or implicitely derivable from the subdivision.
  • For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 201/00 to C07C 395/00, i.e. after the functional group has been determined according to the"last place rule", a compound is classified according to the following principles:
    • compounds are classified in accordance with the nature of the carbon atom to which the functional group is attached;
    • a carbon skeleton is a carbon atom, other than a carbon atom of a carboxyl group, or a chain of carbon atoms bound to each other, a carbon skeleton is considered to be terminated by every bond to an element other than carbon or to a carbon atom of a carboxyl group;
    • when the molecule contains several functional groups, only functional groups linked to the same carbon skeleton as the one first determined are considered;
    • a carbon sekeleton is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds;
    • a carbon skeleton is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds, which includes a six-membered aromatic ring.
  • When classifying in this subclass, classification is also made in group B01D 15/08 insofar as subject matter of general interest relating to chromatography is concerned.
  • When a process is classified in a process group, combination sets are used to indicate the product of the process. A combination set consists of a process group, followed by and linked to the group of the product. The products are selected from the corresponding product groups.
WARNING

Collapse
Guidance heading:
Hydrocarbons (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsatureted part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; preparation of macromolecular compounds C08; production or separation from undefined hydrocarbon mixtures such as petroleum oil C10G; natural gas, synthetic natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/00; electrolytic or electrophoretic processes C25B)
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from one or more compounds, none of them being a hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/02
.
from oxides of a carbon (preparation of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures of undefined compostion C10G 2/00; of synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/04
. .
from carbon monoxide with hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/0405
. . .
{
Apparatus
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/041
. . . .
{
Reactors
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0415
. . . . .
{
with moving catalysts
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/042
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling devices; Heat exchangers
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/0425
. . .
{
Catalysts; their physical properties
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/043
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/0435
. . . . .
{
containing a metal of group 8 or a compound thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/044
. . . . . .
{
containing iron
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0445
. . . .
{
Preparation; Activation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/045
. . . .
{
Regeneration
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/0455
. . .
{
Reaction conditions
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/046
. . . .
{
Numerical values of parameters (only to be used if no other subgroup of C07C 1/04 is used)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0465
. . . .
{
concerning fluidisation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/047
. . . .
{
Processes in which one or more parameters are changed during the process; Starting-up of the process
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0475
. . . .
{
Regulating
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/048
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling measures
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/0485
. . .
{
Set-up of reactors or accessories; Multi-step processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/049
. . . .
{
Coupling of the reaction and regeneration of the catalyst
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0495
. . .
{
Non-catalytic processes; Catalytic processes in which there is also another way of activation, e.g. radiation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/06
. . .
in the presence of organic compounds, e.g. hydrocarbons
{
(multi-step processes in which the feed to a subsequent reaction zone comprises at least a part of the reaction-product of a previous reaction zone C07C 1/0485)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/063
. . . .
{
the organic compound being the catalyst or a part of the catalyst system
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/066
. . . . .
{
used for dissolving, suspending or transporting the catalyst
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/08
. . .
Isosyntheses [2013‑01]
C07C 1/10
. .
from carbon monoxide with water vapour [2013‑01]
C07C 1/12
. .
from carbon dioxide with hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/20
.
starting from organic compounds containing only oxygen atoms as heteroatoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/207
. .
from carbonyl compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/2072
. . .
{
by condensation (C07C 2/86 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2074
. . . .
{
of only one compound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2076
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)- moiety is eliminated
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2078
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)-O- moiety is eliminated
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/213
. . .
by splitting of esters [2013‑01]
C07C 1/22
. .
by reduction [2013‑01]
C07C 1/24
. .
by elimination of water [2013‑01]
C07C 1/247
. .
by splitting of cyclic ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/26
.
starting from organic compounds containing only halogen atoms as hetero-atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 1/28
. .
by ring closure [2013‑01]
C07C 1/30
. .
by splitting-off the elements of hydrogen halide from a single molecule [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/32
.
starting from compounds containing hetero-atoms other than or in addition to oxygen or halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/321
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a non-metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/322
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a sulfur atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/323
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a nitrogen atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/324
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a phosphorus atom (C07C 1/34 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 1/325
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/326
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a magnesium atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/327
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an aluminium atom (C07C 2/88 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/328
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an alkali metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/34
. .
reacting phosphines with aldehydes or ketones, e.g. Wittig reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 1/36
.
by splitting of esters (C07C 1/213, C07C 1/30 take precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a smaller number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/02
.
by addition between unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/04
. .
by oligomerisation of well-defined unsaturated hydrocarbons without ring formation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/06
. . .
of alkenes, i.e. acyclic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/08
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/10
. . . . .
with metal oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/12
. . . . .
with crystalline alumino-silicates
{
or with catalysts comprising
}
molecular sieves [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/14
. . . . .
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids [2013‑01]
C07C 2/16
. . . . . .
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/18
. . . . . .
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/20
. . . . . .
Acids of halogen; salts thereof
{
Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/22
. . . . . . .
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 2/24
. . . . .
with metals [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/26
. . . . .
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 2/20 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 2/28
. . . . . .
with ion-exchange resins [2013‑01]
C07C 2/30
. . . . . .
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/32
. . . . . .
as complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates
{
(complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 2/20)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/34
. . . . . . .
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/36
. . . . . .
as phosphines, arsines, stilbines or bismuthines [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/38
. . .
of dienes or alkynes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/40
. . . .
of conjugated dienes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/403
. . . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/406
. . . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/42
. .
homo- or co-oligomerisation with ring formation, not being a Diels-Alder conversion [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/44
. . .
of conjugated dienes only [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/46
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/465
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/48
. . .
of only hydrocarbons containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/50
. .
Diels-Alder conversion [2013‑01]
C07C 2/52
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/54
.
by addition of unsaturated hydrocarbons to saturated hydrocarbons or to hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/56
. .
Addition to acyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/58
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/60
. . . .
with halides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/62
. . . .
with acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/64
. .
Addition to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/66
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/68
. . . .
with halides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/70
. . . .
with acids [2013‑01]
C07C 2/72
. .
Addition to a non-aromatic carbon atom of hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 2/74
.
by addition with simultaneous hydrogenation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/76
.
by condensation of hydrocarbons with partial elimination of hydrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 2/78
. .
Processes with partial combustion [2013‑01]
C07C 2/80
. .
Processes with the aid of electrical means [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/82
. .
Oxidative coupling [2013‑01]
C07C 2/84
. . .
catalytic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/86
.
by condensation between a hydrocarbon and a non-hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
C07C 2/861
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only halogen as hetero-atoms
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 2/862
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only oxygen as hetero-atoms
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/864
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an alcohol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/865
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an ether
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/867
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an aldehyde or a ketone
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/868
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains sulfur as hetero-atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/88
. .
{
Growth and elimination reactions (preparation of metallo-organic compounds C07F)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a larger number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00; cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 4/02
.
by cracking a single hydrocarbon or a mixture of individually defined hydrocarbons or a normally gaseous hydrocarbon fraction [2013‑01]
C07C 4/025
. .
{
Oxidative cracking, autothermal cracking or cracking by partial combustion
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 4/04
. .
Thermal processes
{
(C07C 4/025 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 4/06
. .
Catalytic processes
{
(C07C 4/025 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 4/08
.
by splitting-off an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic part from the molecule [2013‑01]
C07C 4/10
. .
from acyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 4/12
. .
from hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring, e.g. propyltoluene to vinyltoluene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 4/14
. . .
splitting taking place at an aromatic-aliphatic bond [2013‑01]
C07C 4/16
. . . .
Thermal processes [2013‑01]
C07C 4/18
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 4/20
. . . .
Hydrogen being formed in situ, e.g. from steam [2013‑01]
C07C 4/22
.
by depolymerisation to the original monomer, e.g. dicyclopentadiene to cyclopentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 4/24
.
by splitting polyarylsubstituted aliphatic compounds at an aliphatic-aliphatic bond, e.g. 1,4-diphenylbutane to styrene [2013‑01]
C07C 4/26
.
by splitting polyaryl compounds at a bond between uncondensed six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. biphenyl to benzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing the same number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/02
.
by hydrogenation (simultaneous hydrogenation and dehydrogenation C07C 5/52) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/03
. .
of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 5/05
. . .
Partial hydrogenation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/08
. .
of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 5/09
. . .
to carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/10
. .
of aromatic six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 5/11
. . .
Partial hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 5/13
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/22
.
by isomerisation (with simultaeous hydrogenation C07C 5/13; with simultaneous dehydrogenation C07C 5/373) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2206
. .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/23 to C07C 5/31
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2213
. . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/222
. . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2226
. . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salt or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2233
. . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/224
. . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2246
. . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2253
. . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/226
. . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2266
. . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2246 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2273
. . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/228
. . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2286
. . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2246)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2293
. . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines, or bismuthines
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/23
. .
Rearrangement of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/25
. . .
Migration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2506
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2512
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2518
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2525
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2531
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2537
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2543
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/255
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2556
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2562
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2543 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2568
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2575
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2581
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2543)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2587
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2593
. . . . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines or bismuthines
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/27
. .
Rearrangement of carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon skeleton [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2702
. . .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/2732 to C07C 5/31; Catalytic processes covered by both C07C 5/2732 and C07C 5/277 simultaneously
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2705
. . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2708
. . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/271
. . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2713
. . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2716
. . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2718
. . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof; complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2721
. . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2724
. . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2727
. . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2718 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2729
. . .
{
Changing the branching point of an open chain or the point of substitution on a ring
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2732
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2735
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2737
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/274
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2743
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2745
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus acids
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2748
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2751
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2754
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2756
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2748 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2759
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2762
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2748)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2764
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2767
. . .
{
Changing the number of side-chains
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/277
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2772
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2775
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2778
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2781
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2783
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2786
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2789
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2791
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2794
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2786 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2797
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/29
. . .
changing the number of carbon atoms in a ring while maintaining the number of rings [2013‑01]
C07C 5/31
. . .
changing the number of rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/32
.
by dehydrogenation with formation of free hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/321
. .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/322
. . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/324
. . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/325
. . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/327
. .
Formation of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds only [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/333
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 5/3332
. . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/3335
. . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/3337
. . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/35
. .
Formation of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds only [2013‑01]
C07C 5/367
. .
Formation of an aromatic six-membered ring from an existing six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of ethylcyclohexane to ethylbenzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/373
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 5/387
. . .
of cyclic compounds containing non six-membered ring to compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/393
. . .
with cyclisation to an aromatic six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of n-hexane to benzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/41
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 5/412
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/415
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/417
. . . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/42
.
by dehydrogenation with a hydrogen acceptor [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • The catalyst is considered as forming part of the acceptor system in case of simultaneous catalyst reduction.
  • The acceptor system is classified according to the supplying substances in case of in situ formation of the acceptor system or of in situ regeneration of the reduced acceptor system.
  • Compounds added for binding the reduced acceptor system are not considered as belonging to the acceptor system.
C07C 5/44
. .
with halogen or a halogen-containing compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/46
. .
with sulfur or a sulfur-containing compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/48
. .
with oxygen as an acceptor [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/50
. .
with an organic compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/52
. . .
with a hydrocarbon as an acceptor, e.g. hydrocarbon disproportionation, i.e. 2CnHp -> CnHp+q + CnHp-q [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/54
. .
with an acceptor system containing at least two compounds provided for in more than one of the sub-groups C07C 5/44 to C07C 5/50 [2013‑01]
C07C 5/56
. . .
containing only oxygen and either halogens or halogen-containing compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a different number of carbon atoms by redistribution reactions [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/02
.
Metathesis reactions at an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/04
. .
at a carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 6/06
. . .
at a cyclic carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/08
.
by conversion at a saturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
C07C 6/10
. .
in hydrocarbons containing no six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/12
. .
of exclusively hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 6/123
. . .
{
of only one hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 6/126
. . .
{
of more than one hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Purification; Separation; Use of additives (working-up undefined gaseous mixtures obtained by cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G 70/00) [2013‑01]
C07C 7/005
.
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/04
.
by distillation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/05
. .
with the aid of auxiliary compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 7/06
. . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/08
. . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/09
.
by fractional condensation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/10
.
by extraction, i.e. purification or separation of liquid hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids [2013‑01]
C07C 7/11
.
by absorption, i.e. purification or separation of gaseous hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/12
.
by adsorption, i.e. purification or separation of hydrocarbons with the aid of solids, e.g. with ion-exchangers [2013‑01]
C07C 7/13
. .
by molecular-sieve technique [2013‑01]
C07C 7/135
.
by gas-chromatography [2013‑01]
C07C 7/14
.
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals [2013‑01]
C07C 7/144
.
using membranes, e.g. selective permeation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/148
.
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • In the following sub-groups contact masses and catalysts are disregarded for classification purposes
Collapse
C07C 7/14808
. .
{
with non-metals as element (hydrogenation C07C 7/163)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14816
. . .
{
oxygen; ozone
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14825
. . .
{
halogens
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/14833
. .
{
with metals or their inorganic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14841
. . .
{
metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/1485
. . .
{
oxides; hydroxides; salts (C07C 7/156 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/14858
. .
{
with inorganic compounds not provided for before (acids, sulfur oxides C07C 7/17)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14866
. . .
{
water (hydrate formation C07C 7/152)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/14875
. .
{
with organic compounds (organo-metallic compounds C07C 7/173)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14883
. . .
{
hydrocarbons
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14891
. . .
{
alcohols
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/152
. .
by forming adducts or complexes [2013‑01]
C07C 7/156
. . .
with solutions of copper salts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/163
. .
by hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/167
. . .
for removal of compounds containing a triple carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/17
. .
with acids or sulfur oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 7/171
. . .
Sulfuric acid or oleum [2013‑01]
C07C 7/173
. .
with the aid of organo-metallic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 7/177
. .
by selective oligomerisation or polymerisation of at least one compound of the mixture [2013‑01]
C07C 7/20
.
use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 9/02
.
with one to four carbon atoms (liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/12) [2013‑01]
C07C 9/04
. .
Methane (production by treatment of sewage C02F 11/04; natural gas, synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06) [2013‑01]
C07C 9/06
. .
Ethane [2013‑01]
C07C 9/08
. .
Propane [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 9/10
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/12
. . .
Iso-butane [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 9/14
.
with five to fifteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/15
. .
Straight-chain hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 9/16
. .
Branched-chain hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 9/18
. . .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/21
. . .
2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane [2013‑01]
C07C 9/22
.
with more than fifteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
Aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/02
.
Alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 11/04
. .
Ethylene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/06
. .
Propene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/08
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/09
. . .
Isobutene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/10
. .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/107
. .
with six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/113
. . .
Methylpentenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/12
.
Alkadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 11/14
. .
Allene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/16
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/167
. . .
1, 3-Butadiene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/173
. .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/18
. . .
Isoprene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/20
. . .
1, 3-Pentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/21
.
Alkatrienes; Alkatetraenes; Other alkapolyenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 11/24
. .
Acetylene (production of acetylene gas by wet methods C10H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/28
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds and carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 11/30
. .
Butenyne [2013‑01]
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing rings other than, or in addition to, six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 13/04
. .
with a three-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/06
. .
with a four-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/08
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/10
. . .
with a cyclopentane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/11
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups [2013‑01]
C07C 13/12
. . .
with a cyclopentene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/15
. . .
with a cyclopentadiene ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/16
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/18
. . .
with a cyclohexane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/19
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/20
. . .
with a cyclohexene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/21
. . . .
Menthadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/23
. . .
with a cyclohexadiene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/24
. .
with a seven-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/26
. .
with an eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/263
. . .
with a cyclo-octene or cyclo-octadiene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/267
. . .
with a cyclo-octatriene or cyclo-octatetraene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/271
. .
with a nine- to ten- membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/273
. .
with a twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/275
. . .
the twelve-membered ring being unsaturated [2013‑01]
C07C 13/277
. . . .
with a cyclododecatriene ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/28
.
Polycyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • Ring systems consisting only of condensed six-membered ring with maximum number of non-cumulative double bonds are classified in group C07C 15/00.
Collapse
C07C 13/32
. .
with condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/34
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/36
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/38
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/39
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/40
. . . .
with a bicycloheptane ring structure [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/42
. . . .
with a bicycloheptene ring structure [2013‑01]
C07C 13/43
. . . . .
substituted by unsaturated acyclic hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
C07C 13/44
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/45
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing nine carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/465
. . . .
Indenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated indenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/47
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/48
. . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/50
. . . . .
Decahydronaphthalenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/52
. . . .
Azulenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated azulenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/54
. . .
with three condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/547
. . . .
at least one ring not being six-membered, the other rings being at the most six-membered [2013‑01]
C07C 13/553
. . . . .
with an indacene or hydrogenated indacene ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/567
. . . . .
with a fluorene or hydrogenated fluorene ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/573
. . . .
with three six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/58
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/60
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/605
. . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/61
. . . . .
with a bridged indene ring, e.g. dicyclopentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 13/615
. . . . .
with an adamantane ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/62
. . .
with more than three condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/64
. . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/66
. . . .
the condensed ring system contains only four rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/68
. . . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/70
. . .
with a condensed ring system consisting of at least two, mutually uncondensed aromatic ring systems, linked by an annular structure formed by carbon chains on non-adjacent positions of the aromatic ring, e.g. cyclophanes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/72
. . .
Spiro hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/04
. .
Benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 15/06
. .
toluene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/067
. .
C8H10 hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/073
. . .
Ethylbenzene [2013‑01]
C07C 15/08
. . .
Xylenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/085
. .
Isopropylbenzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/107
. .
having saturated side-chain containing at least six carbon atoms, e.g. detergent alkylates [2013‑01]
C07C 15/113
. . .
having at least two saturated side-chains, each containing at least six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/12
.
Polycyclic non-condensed hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/14
. .
all phenyl groups being directly linked [2013‑01]
C07C 15/16
. .
containing at least two phenyl groups linked by one single acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 15/18
. .
containing at least one group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/20
.
Polycyclic condensed hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/24
. .
containing two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/27
. .
containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/28
. . .
Anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/30
. . .
Phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/38
. .
containing four rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/40
.
substituted by unsaturated carbon radicals [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/42
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/44
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 15/46
. . . .
Styrene; Ring-alkylated styrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/48
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/50
. .
Polycyclic non-condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 15/52
. . .
containing a group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
C07C 15/54
. . .
containing a group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/56
. .
Polycyclic condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 15/58
. . .
containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/60
. . .
containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/62
. . .
containing four rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Guidance heading:
Compounds containing carbon and halogens with or without hydrogen (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene having an unsaturated side chain with at least four carbon atoms C07C 403/00) [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/007
.
from carbon or from carbides and halogens [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/013
.
by addition of halogens [2013‑01]
C07C 17/02
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/04
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/06
. .
combined with replacement of hydrogen atoms by halogens [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/07
.
by addition of hydrogen halides [2013‑01]
C07C 17/08
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/087
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/093
.
by replacement by halogens [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/10
. .
of hydrogen atoms (combined with addition of halogens to unsaturated hydrocarbons C07C 17/06) [2013‑01]
C07C 17/12
. . .
in the ring of aromatic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 17/14
. . .
in the side-chain of aromatic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/15
. .
with oxygen as auxiliary reagent, e.g. oxychlorination [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/152
. . .
of hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/154
. . . .
of saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/156
. . . .
of unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/158
. . .
of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/16
. .
of hydroxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 17/18
. .
of oxygen atoms of carbonyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/20
. .
of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/202
. . .
{
two or more compounds being involved in the reaction
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/204
. . . .
{
the other compound being a halogen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/206
. . . .
{
the other compound being HX
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/208
. . . .
{
the other compound being MX
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/21
. . .
with simultaneous increase of the number of halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 17/23
.
by dehalogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/25
.
by splitting-off hydrogen halides from halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/26
.
by reactions involving an increase in the number of carbon atoms in the skeleton [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/263
. .
by condensation reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 17/2632
. . .
{
involving an organo-magnesium compound, e.g. Grignard synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/2635
. . .
{
involving a phosphorus compound, e.g. Wittig synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/2637
. . .
{
between a compound containing only oxygen and possibly halogen as hetero-atoms and a halogenated hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/266
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/269
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/272
. .
by addition reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 17/275
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/278
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/281
. . . .
of only one compound [2013‑01]
C07C 17/30
. .
by a Diels-Alder synthesis [2013‑01]
C07C 17/32
. .
by introduction of halogenated alkyl groups into ring compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/35
.
by reactions not affecting the number of carbon or of halogen atoms in the reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 17/354
. .
by hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/357
. .
by dehydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/358
. .
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/361
.
by reactions involving a decrease in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 17/363
. .
by elimination of carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 17/367
. .
by depolymerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/37
.
by disproportionation of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/38
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/383
. .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/386
. . .
with auxiliary compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 17/389
. .
by adsorption on solids [2013‑01]
C07C 17/392
. .
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals [2013‑01]
C07C 17/395
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound [2013‑01]
C07C 17/42
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Acyclic saturated compounds containing halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/01
.
containing chlorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/03
. .
Chloromethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/04
. . .
Chloroform [2013‑01]
C07C 19/041
. . .
Carbon tetrachloride [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/043
. .
Chloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/045
. . .
Dichloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/05
. . .
Trichloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/055
. . .
Tetrachloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/07
.
containing iodine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/075
.
containing bromine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/08
.
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/10
. .
and chlorine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/12
. . .
having two carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 19/14
. .
and bromine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/16
. .
and iodine [2013‑01]
Collapse
Acyclic unsaturated compounds containing halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/02
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/04
. .
Chloro-alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/06
. . .
Vinyl chloride [2013‑01]
C07C 21/067
. . .
Allyl chloride; Methallyl chloride [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/073
. . .
Dichloro-alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/08
. . . .
Vinylidene chloride [2013‑01]
C07C 21/09
. . . .
Dichloro-butenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/10
. . .
Trichloro-ethylene [2013‑01]
C07C 21/12
. . .
Tetrachloro-ethylene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/14
. .
containing bromine [2013‑01]
C07C 21/16
. . .
Crotyl bromide [2013‑01]
C07C 21/17
. .
containing iodine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/18
. .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 21/185
. . .
tetrafluorethene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/19
. .
Halogenated dienes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/20
. . .
Halogenated butadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/21
. . . .
Chloroprene [2013‑01]
C07C 21/215
. .
Halogenated polyenes with more than two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 21/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
Cyclic compounds containing halogen atoms bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 22/02
.
having unsaturation in the rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 22/04
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 22/06
. . .
Trichloromethylbenzene [2013‑01]
C07C 22/08
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/02
.
Monocyclic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 23/04
. .
with a three-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/06
. .
with a four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/08
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/10
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/12
. . .
Hexachlorocyclohexanes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/14
. .
with a seven-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/16
. .
with an eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/18
.
Polycyclic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/20
. .
with condensed rings none of which is aromatic [2013‑01]
C07C 23/22
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/24
. . .
wiht a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/26
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/27
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system contaning seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/28
. . . .
Saturated bicyclo ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 23/30
. . . .
Mono-unsaturated bicyclo ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 23/32
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/34
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated indenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/36
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/38
. . .
with three condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 23/40
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated fluorenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/42
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/44
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/46
. . .
with more than three condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/02
.
Monocyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 25/06
. .
Monochloro-benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 25/08
. .
Dichloro-benzenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/10
. .
Trichloro-benzenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/12
. .
Hexachloro-benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 25/125
. .
Halogenated xylenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/13
. .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/18
.
Polycyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 25/20
. .
Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane [2013‑01]
C07C 25/22
. .
with condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/24
.
Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons with unsaturated side chains [2013‑01]
C07C 25/28
. .
Halogenated styrenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
Guidance heading:
Compounds containing carbon and oxygen, with or without hydrogen or halogens (irradiation products of cholesterol or its derivatives C07C 401/00; vitamin D derivatives, 9,10-seco cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene or analogues obtained by chemical preparation without irradiation C07C 401/00; derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsaturated part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; prostaglandins or derivatives thereof C07C 405/00; peroxy compounds C07C 407/00, C07C 409/00)
[2013‑01]
Collapse
Processes involving the simultaneous production of more than one class of oxygen-containing compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/04
.
by reduction of oxygen-containing compounds (C07C 29/14 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/06
. .
by hydrogenation of oxides of carbon [2013‑01]
C07C 27/08
. . .
with moving catalysts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/10
.
by oxidation of hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/12
. .
with oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 27/14
. . .
wholly gaseous reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 27/16
. .
with other oxidising agents [2013‑01]
C07C 27/18
.
by addition of alkynes to aldehydes, ketones, or alkylene oxides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/20
.
by oxo-reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 27/22
. .
with the use of catalysts which are specific for this process [2013‑01]
C07C 27/24
. .
with moving catalysts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/26
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/28
. .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/30
. . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/32
. . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/34
. .
by extraction [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom not belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/03
.
by addition of hydroxy groups to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with the aid of H 2O 2 (by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens C07C 29/64) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/04
. .
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/05
. . .
with formation of absorption products in mineral acids and their hydrolysis (characterised by the method of hydrolysis C07C 29/12) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/06
. . . .
the acid being sulfuric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 29/08
. . . .
the acid being phosphoric acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/09
.
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 29/095
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/10
. .
of ethers, including cyclic ethers, e.g. oxiranes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/103
. . .
{
of cyclic ethers
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/106
. . . .
{
of oxiranes
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/12
. .
of esters of mineral acids [2013‑01]
C07C 29/124
. . .
of halides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/128
.
by alcoholysis [2013‑01]
C07C 29/1285
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/132
.
by reduction of an oxygen containing functional group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/136
. .
of >C=O containing groups, e.g. -COOH [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/14
. . .
of a -CHO group [2013‑01]
C07C 29/141
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/143
. . .
of ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 29/145
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/147
. . .
of carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/149
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/15
.
by reduction of oxides of carbon exclusively [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/151
. .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/1512
. . .
{
characterised by reaction conditions
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/1514
. . . .
{
the solvents being characteristic
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/1516
. . .
{
Multisteps
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/1518
. . . .
{
one step being the formation of initial mixture of carbon oxides and hydrogen for synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/152
. . .
characterised by the reactor used [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/153
. . .
characterised by the catalyst used [2013‑01]
C07C 29/154
. . . .
containing copper, silver, gold, or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/156
. . . .
containing iron group metals, platinum group metals or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/157
. . . . .
containing platinum group metals or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/158
. . . . . .
containing rhodium or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/159
. .
with reducing agents other than hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
C07C 29/16
.
by oxo-reaction combined with reduction [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/17
.
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 29/172
. .
{
with the obtention of a fully saturated alcohol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/175
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of an oxo group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/177
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of a carboxy group
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/19
. .
in six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 29/20
. . .
in a non-condensed ring substituted with hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/32
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions without formation of -OH groups [2013‑01]
C07C 29/34
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups or the mineral ester groups derived therefrom, e.g. Guerbet reaction [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/36
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions with formation of hydroxy groups, which may occur via intermediates being derivatives of hydroxy, e.g. O-metal [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/38
. .
by reaction with aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 29/40
. . .
with compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 29/42
. . .
with compounds containing triple carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with metal-alkynes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/44
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon double or triple bond (C07C 29/16 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/46
. .
by diene-synthesis [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/48
.
by oxidation reactions with formation of hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/50
. .
with molecular oxygen only [2013‑01]
C07C 29/52
. . .
in the presence of mineral boron compounds with, when necessary, hydrolysis of the intermediate formed [2013‑01]
C07C 29/54
. . .
starting from compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds and followed by conversion of the -O- metal to -OH groups [2013‑01]
C07C 29/56
.
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/58
.
by elimination of halogen, e.g. by hydrogenolysis, splitting-off (C07C 29/124 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/60
.
by elimination of -OH groups, e.g. by dehydration (C07C 29/34 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/64
.
by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens [2013‑01]
C07C 29/66
. .
by addition of hypohalogenous acids, which may be formed in situ, to carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/68
.
Preparation of metal alcoholates (C07C 29/42, C07C 29/54 take precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/685
. .
{
by converting O-metal groups to other O-metal groups
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/70
. .
by converting hydroxy groups to O-metal groups
{
(C07C 29/09 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/705
. . .
{
by transalcoholysis (for the same reaction with the emphasis on alcohol preparation see C07C 29/128)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/72
. .
by oxidation of carbon-to-metal bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/74
.
Separation; purification; use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/76
. .
by physical treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 29/78
. . .
by condensation or crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/80
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/82
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/84
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/86
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/88
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound (chemisorption C07C 29/76) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/90
. . .
using hydrogen only [2013‑01]
C07C 29/92
. . .
by a consecutive conversion and reconstruction [2013‑01]
C07C 29/94
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/02
.
Monohydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/04
. .
Methanol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/08
. .
Ethanol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/10
. .
containing three carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 31/12
. .
containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 31/125
. .
containing five to twenty-two carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/13
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/133
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 31/1333
. . .
{
with a three-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/1336
. . .
{
with a four-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/135
. . .
with a five or six-membered ring; naphthenic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/1355
. . . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/137
. .
Polycyclic with condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/18
.
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/20
. .
Dihydroxylic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/202
. . .
{
Ethylene glycol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/205
. . .
{
1,3-Propanediol; 1,2-Propanediol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/207
. . .
{
1,4-Butanediol; 1,3-Butanediol; 1,2-Butanediol; 2,3-Butanediol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/22
. .
Trihydroxylic alcohols, e.g. glycerol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/225
. . .
{
Glycerol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/24
. .
Tetrahydroxylic alcohols, e.g. pentaerythritol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/245
. . .
{
Pentaerythritol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/26
. .
Hexahydroxylic alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/27
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/272
. .
{
Monocyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/274
. . .
{
with a three to five-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/276
. . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/278
. .
{
Polycyclic with condensed rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/28
.
Metal alcoholates (titanates, zirconates C07F 7/00) [2013‑01]
C07C 31/30
. .
Alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alcoholates [2013‑01]
C07C 31/32
. .
Aluminium alcoholates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/34
.
Halogenated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/36
. .
the halogen not being fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 31/38
. .
containing only fluorine as halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 31/40
. .
Perhalogenated [2013‑01]
C07C 31/42
. .
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/44
. .
Halogenated alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to a benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon, e.g. the 1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydronaphtalene ring is considered to be saturated outside the aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 33/02
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/025
. .
with only one double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 33/03
. . .
in beta-position, e.g. allyl alcohol, methallyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/035
. . .
Alkenediols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/04
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/042
. .
with only one triple bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/044
. . .
Alkynediols [2013‑01]
C07C 33/046
. . . .
Butynediols [2013‑01]
C07C 33/048
. .
with double and triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/05
.
Alcohols containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/12
. .
containing five-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/14
. .
containing six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/16
. .
containing rings with more than six ring members [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/18
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/20
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/22
. . .
Benzylalcohol; phenethyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/24
. .
Polycyclic without condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
C07C 33/26
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/28
.
Alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/30
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/32
. . .
Cinnamyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/34
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/36
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/38
.
Alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/40
.
Halogenated unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/42
. .
Acyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/423
. . .
{
containing only double bonds as unsaturation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/426
. . .
{
containing only triple bonds as unsaturation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/44
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/46
. .
containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/48
. . .
with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/483
. . . .
{
Monocyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/486
. . . .
{
Polycyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/50
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/02
.
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/04
. .
containing a three or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/045
. . .
{
containing a four-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 35/06
. .
containing a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/08
. .
containing a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/12
. . .
Menthol [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/14
. . .
with more than one hydroxy group bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/16
. . . .
Inositols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/17
. . .
with unsaturation only outside the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/18
. . .
with unsaturation at least in the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/20
. .
containing a seven or eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/205
. .
containing a nine to twelve-membered ring, e.g. cyclododecanols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/21
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/22
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/23
. .
with hydroxy on a condensed ring system having two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/24
. . .
the condensed ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 35/26
. . . .
bicyclopentadienols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/27
. . .
the condensed ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/28
. . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/29
. . . .
being a (2.2.1) system [2013‑01]
C07C 35/30
. . . . .
Borneol; Isoborneol [2013‑01]
C07C 35/31
. . .
the condensed ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 35/32
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.3.0) system, e.g. indenols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/34
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (5.3.0.) system, e.g. azulenols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/36
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.4.0) system, e.g. naphols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/37
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed system having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/38
. . .
derived from the fluorene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/40
. . .
derived from the anthracene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/42
. . .
derived from the phenanthrene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/44
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed ring system having more than three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/46
.
O-metal derivatives of the cyclically bound hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/48
.
Halogenated derivatives [2013‑01]
C07C 35/50
. .
Alcohols with at least two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/52
. .
Alcohols with a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/001
.
{
by modification in a side chain
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/002
. .
{
by transformation of a functional group, e.g. oxo, carboxyl
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/003
. .
{
by hydrogenation of an unsaturated part
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/004
.
{
by obtaining phenols from plant material or from animal material
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/005
.
{
by obtaining phenols from products, waste products or side-products of processes, not directed to the production of phenols, by conversion or working-up
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/006
. .
{
from the petroleum industry
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/007
. .
{
from the tar industry
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/008
. .
{
from coke ovens
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/009
. .
{
from waste water (treatment of waste water C02F)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/01
.
by replacing functional groups bound to a six-membered aromatic ring by hydroxy groups, e.g. by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 37/02
. .
by substitution of halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/04
. .
by substitution of SO3H groups or a derivative thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/045
. .
by substitution of a group bound to the ring by nitrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/05
. . .
by substitution of a NH2 group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/055
. .
the substituted group being bound to oxygen, e.g. ether group [2013‑01]
C07C 37/0555
. . .
{
being esterified hydroxy groups
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/06
.
by conversion of non-aromatic six-membered rings or of such rings formed in situ into aromatic six-membered rings, e.g. by dehydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/07
. .
with simultaneous reduction of C=O group in that ring [2013‑01]
C07C 37/08
.
by decomposition of hydroperoxides, e.g. cumene hydroperoxide [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/11
.
by reaction increasing the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 37/115
. .
{
using acetals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/14
. .
by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond [2013‑01]
C07C 37/16
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups of phenols or alcohols or the ether or mineral ester group derived therefrom [2013‑01]
C07C 37/18
. .
by condensation involving halogen atoms of halogenated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 37/20
. .
using aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 37/48
.
by exchange of hydrocarbon groups, which may be substituted, from the same of other compounds, e.g. transalkylation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/50
.
by reactions decreasing the number of carbon atoms (C07C 37/04, C07C 37/045, C07C 37/055, C07C 37/08 take precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/52
. .
by splitting polyaromatic compounds, e.g. polyphenolalkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 37/54
. . .
by hydrolysis of lignin or sulfite waste liquor [2013‑01]
C07C 37/56
. .
by replacing a carboxyl or aldehyde group by a hydroxy group [2013‑01]
C07C 37/58
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/60
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of other oxidants than molecular oxygen or their mixtures with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/64
.
Preparation of O-metal compounds with O-metal group bound to a carbon atom belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 37/66
. .
by conversion of hydroxy groups to O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/68
.
Purification; separation; Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
{
(C07C 37/004 and C07C 37/005 take precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/685
. .
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/70
. .
by physical treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 37/72
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/74
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/76
. . . .
by steam distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/78
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/80
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/82
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 37/84
. . .
by crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/86
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (chemisorption C07C 37/82) [2013‑01]
C07C 37/88
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to the benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon.
Collapse
C07C 39/02
.
monocyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 39/04
. .
Phenol [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/06
. .
Alkylated phenols [2013‑01]
C07C 39/07
. . .
containing only methyl groups, e.g. cresols, xylenols [2013‑01]
C07C 39/08
. .
Dihydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 39/10
. .
Polyhydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof (C07C 39/08 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 39/11
. .
alkylated hydroxy benzenes containing also acyclically bound hydroxy groups, e.g. saligenol [2014‑10]
Collapse
C07C 39/12
.
polycyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/14
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/15
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings,
{
e.g. phenylphenol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 39/16
. . .
Bis-(hydroxyphenyl) alkanes; Tris-(hydroxyphenyl)alkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 39/17
. .
containing other rings in addition to the six-membered aromatic rings,
{
e.g. cyclohexylphenol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/18
.
monocyclic with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/19
. .
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds but no carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 39/20
. . .
Hydroxy-styrenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/205
.
polycyclic, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts with unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/21
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 39/215
. . .
containing Image, e.g. diethylstilbestrol [2013‑01]
C07C 39/225
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 39/23
.
polycyclic, containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/235
.
Metal derivatives of a hydroxy group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/24
.
Halogenated derivatives [2013‑01]
C07C 39/245
. .
{
monocyclic polyhydroxylic containing halogens bound to ring carbon atoms
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/26
. .
monocyclic monohydroxylic containing halogen bound to ring carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/27
. . .
all halogen atoms being bound to ring carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/28
. . . .
the halogen being one chlorine atom [2013‑01]
C07C 39/30
. . . .
the halogen being two chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/32
. . . .
the halogen being three chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/34
. . . .
the halogen being four chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/36
. . . .
Pentachlorophenol [2013‑01]
C07C 39/367
. .
polycyclic non-condensed, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts e.g. halogenated poly-hydroxyphenylalkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 39/373
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings and with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/38
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/40
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/42
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/44
. .
Metal derivatives of an hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of ethers; Preparation of compounds having Image groups,Image groups orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/01
.
Preparation of ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/02
. .
from oxiranes [2013‑01]
C07C 41/03
. . .
by reaction of oxirane rings with hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/05
. .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/06
. . .
by addition of organic compounds only [2013‑01]
C07C 41/08
. . . .
to carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/09
. .
by dehydratation of compounds containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/14
. .
by exchange of organic parts on the ether-oxygen for other organic parts, e.g. by trans-etherification [2013‑01]
C07C 41/16
. .
by reaction of esters of mineral or organic acids with hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/18
. .
by reactions not forming ether-oxygen bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/20
. . .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/22
. . .
by introduction of halogens; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 41/24
. . .
by elimination of halogens, e.g. elimination of HCl [2013‑01]
C07C 41/26
. . .
by introduction of hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/28
. . .
from acetals, e.g. by dealcoholysis [2013‑01]
C07C 41/30
. . .
by increasing the number of carbon atoms, e.g. by oligomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/32
. .
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/34
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 41/36
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 41/38
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/40
. . .
by change of physical state, e.g. by crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/42
. . . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/44
. . .
by treatments giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 41/36) [2013‑01]
C07C 41/46
. . .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/48
.
Preparation of compounds having Image group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/50
. .
by reactions producing Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/52
. . .
by substitution of halogen only [2013‑01]
C07C 41/54
. . .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/56
. . .
by condensation of aldehydes, paraformaldehyde, or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 41/58
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 41/60
.
Preparation of compounds having Image groups orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Ethers; Compounds having Image groups,Image groups orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/02
.
Ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/03
. .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/04
. . .
Saturated ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/043
. . . .
{
Dimethyl ether
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/046
. . . .
{
Alkyl tert-alkyl ether, e.g. CH3OC(CH3)3
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/06
. . . .
Diethyl ether [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/10
. . . .
of polyhydroxy compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 43/11
. . . . .
Polyethers containing -O-(C-C-O-)n units with < 2 n< 10 [2013‑01]
C07C 43/115
. . . .
containing carbocyclic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/12
. . . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/123
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains are substituted by halogen atoms
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/126
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/13
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups (C07C 43/11 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 43/132
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains being substituted by hydroxy or O-metal groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/135
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/137
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/14
. . .
Unsaturated ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/15
. . . .
containing only non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 43/16
. . . . .
Vinyl ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/162
. . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/164
. . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/166
. . . . .
having unsaturation ouside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/168
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/17
. . . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/172
. . . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/174
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/1742
. . . . . .
{
with halogen atoms bound to the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1745
. . . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1747
. . . . . .
{
containing six membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/176
. . . . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/178
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 43/1781
. . . . .
{
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/1782
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1783
. . . . . .
{
with hydroxy or -O-metal groups bound to the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1785
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1786
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1787
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1788
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/18
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/184
. . .
to a carbon atom of a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/188
. . .
Unsaturated ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/192
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/196
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/20
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/202
. . .
{
the aromatic ring being a naphthalene
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/205
. . .
the aromatic ring being a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/2055
. . . .
{
containing more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/21
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/215
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/225
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/23
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/235
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring and to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/243
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/247
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/253
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/257
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to carbon atoms both belonging to six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/263
. . .
the aromatic rings being non-condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 43/267
. . .
containing other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/275
. . .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/285
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/29
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/295
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/30
.
Compounds having Image groups [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • The acetal carbon atom is the carbon atom of the
    Image
    group
C07C 43/303
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 43/305
. .
having acetal carbon atoms as rings members or bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/307
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/313
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/315
. .
containing oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms not being acetal carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 43/317
. .
having Image groups, X being hydrogen or metal [2013‑01]
C07C 43/32
.
Compounds having Image groups orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having >C = O groups bound only to carbon or hydrogen atoms; Preparation of chelates of such compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/002
.
{
by dehydrogenation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/004
.
{
by reaction with organometalhalides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/006
.
{
by hydrogenation of aromatic hydroxy compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/008
.
{
by reaction with tri- or tetrahalomethyl compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/26
.
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/27
.
by oxidation (with ozone C07C 45/40) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/28
. .
of CHx-moieties [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/29
. .
of hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/292
. . .
{
with chromium derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/294
. . .
{
with hydrogen peroxide
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/296
. . .
{
with lead derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/298
. . .
{
with manganese derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/30
. .
with halogen containing compounds, e.g. hypohalogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/305
. . .
{
with halogenochromate reagents, e.g. pyridinium cholorchromate
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/31
. .
with compounds containing mercury atoms, which may be regenerated in situ, e.g. by oxygen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/32
. .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/33
. . .
of CHx-moieties [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/34
. . . .
in unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/35
. . . . .
in propene or isobutene [2013‑01]
C07C 45/36
. . . . .
in compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/37
. . .
of C-O-functional groups to >C=O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/38
. . . .
being a primary hydroxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 45/39
. . . .
being a secondary hydroxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 45/40
.
by oxidation with ozone; by ozonolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 45/41
.
by hydrogenolysis or reduction of carboxylic groups or functional derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/42
.
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 45/43
. .
of >CX2 groups, X being halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 45/44
.
by reduction and hydrolysis of nitriles [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/45
.
by condensation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/455
. .
{
with carboxylic acids or their derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/46
. .
Friedel-Crafts reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 45/47
. .
using phosgene [2013‑01]
C07C 45/48
. .
involving decarboxylation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/49
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/50
. .
by oxo-reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 45/505
. . .
{
Asymmetric hydroformylation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/51
.
by pyrolysis, rearrangement or decomposition [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/511
. .
{
involving transformation of singly bound oxygen functional groups to >C = O groups (involving two hydroxy groups C07C 45/52; hydroperoxides C07C 45/53)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/512
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being a free hydroxyl group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/513
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an etherified hydroxyl group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/515
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an acetalised, ketalised hemi-acetalised, or hemi-ketalised hydroxyl group (cyclic acetals or ketals C07C 45/59, C07C 45/60)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/516
. .
{
involving transformation of nitrogen-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/517
. .
{
involving transformation of peroxy-compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/518
. .
{
involving transformation of sulfur-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/52
. .
by dehydration and rearrangement involving two hydroxy groups in the same molecule [2013‑01]
C07C 45/53
. .
of hydroperoxides [2013‑01]
C07C 45/54
. .
of compounds containing doubly bound oxygen atoms, e.g. esters [2013‑01]
C07C 45/55
. .
of oligo- or polymeric oxo-compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/56
.
from heterocyclic compounds (C07C 45/55 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/562
. .
{
with nitrogen as the only hetero atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/565
. . .
{
by reaction with hexamethylene-tetramine
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/567
. .
{
with sulfur as the only hetero atom
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/57
. .
with oxygen as the only heteroatom [2013‑01]
C07C 45/58
. . .
in three-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 45/59
. . .
in five-membered rings (from ozonides C07C 45/40) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/60
. . .
in six-membered rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/61
.
by reactions not involving the formation of >C = O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/62
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/63
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 45/64
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/65
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen atoms or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/66
. . .
by dehydration [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/67
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/673
. . .
{
by change of size of the carbon skeleton
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/676
. . . .
{
by elimination of carboxyl groups
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/68
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 45/69
. . . .
by addition to carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/70
. . . .
by reaction with functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 45/71
. . . . .
being hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/72
. . . .
by reaction of compounds containing >C = O groups with the same or other compounds containing >C = O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/73
. . . . .
combined with hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/74
. . . . .
combined with dehydration [2013‑01]
C07C 45/75
. . . . .
Reactions with formaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 45/76
. . .
with the aid of ketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 45/77
.
Preparation of chelates of aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/78
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 45/783
. .
{
by gas-liquid treatment, e.g. by gas-liquid absorption
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/786
. .
{
by membrane separation process, e.g. pervaporation, perstraction, reverse osmosis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/79
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 45/80
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/81
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/82
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/83
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/84
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/85
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 45/79) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/86
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/87
.
Preparation of ketenes or dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/88
. .
from ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 45/89
. .
from carboxylic acids, their anhydrides, esters or halides [2013‑01]
C07C 45/90
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of quinones [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 46/02
.
by oxidation giving rise to quinoid structures [2013‑01]
C07C 46/04
. .
of unsubstituted ring carbon atoms in six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 46/06
. .
of at least one hydroxy group on a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 46/08
. . .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 46/10
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/02
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to hydrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/04
. .
Formaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/06
. .
Acetaldehyde [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/105
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/11
. . .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/12
. .
containing more than one -CHO group [2013‑01]
C07C 47/127
. . .
Glyoxal [2013‑01]
C07C 47/133
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/14
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/16
. . .
Trichloroacetaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/17
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/19
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
C07C 47/192
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/195
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/198
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/20
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/21
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 47/22
. . .
Acryaldehyde; Methacryaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/222
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 47/225
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/228
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. phenylacetaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/23
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/232
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/235
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/238
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/24
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/26
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/263
. . .
acyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/267
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/27
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/273
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/277
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/28
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/293
. .
with three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/30
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/32
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/33
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/34
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/347
. . .
having a -CHO group on a condensed ring system [2014‑02]
C07C 47/353
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/36
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/37
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/38
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/395
. .
with a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/40
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/42
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/43
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/44
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/445
. . .
containing a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 47/45
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/453
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/457
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/46
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/47
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/52
.
Compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/54
. .
Benzaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/542
. .
Alkylated benzaldehydes [2013‑01]
C07C 47/544
. .
Diformyl benzenes; Alkylated derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 47/546
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/548
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/55
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/56
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/565
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/57
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/575
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/58
. . .
Vanillin [2013‑01]
Collapse
Ketones; Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D, e.g. beta-lactones C07D 305/12); Ketonic chelates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/04
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/08
. .
Acetone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/10
. .
Methyl-ethyl ketone [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/105
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/11
. . .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/12
. .
Ketones containing more than one keto group [2013‑01]
C07C 49/14
. . .
Acetylacetone, i.e. 2,4-pentanedione [2013‑01]
C07C 49/15
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/16
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/163
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/167
. . .
containing only fluorine as halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/17
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
C07C 49/172
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/173
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/175
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/185
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/20
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/203
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 49/205
. . .
Methyl-vinyl ketone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/207
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 49/21
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/213
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/215
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/217
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/223
. . . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/225
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/227
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/23
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/233
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/235
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/237
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/24
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/242
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/245
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/248
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/252
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/255
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/258
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/29
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/293
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/297
. .
to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/303
. .
to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/307
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/313
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/317
. . .
both carbon atoms bound to the keto group belonging to rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/323
. . .
having keto groups bound to condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/327
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/333
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/337
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/345
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/35
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/355
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/385
.
Saturated compounds containing a keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/39
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/395
. .
of a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/403
. .
of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/407
. . .
Menthones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/413
. .
of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/417
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/423
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/427
. . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/433
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/437
. . . . . .
Camphor; Fenchone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/443
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/447
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/453
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/457
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/463
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/467
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/473
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/477
. . . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/483
. . . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/487
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/493
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/497
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/503
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/507
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/513
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/517
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/523
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/527
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/533
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/537
. .
to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/543
. .
to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/547
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/553
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/557
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/563
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/567
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/573
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/577
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/583
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/587
.
Unsaturated compounds containing a keto groups being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/593
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/597
. .
of a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/603
. .
of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/607
. .
of a seven-to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/613
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/617
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/623
. . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/627
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/633
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbone atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/637
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/643
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/647
. .
having unsaturation outside the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/653
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/657
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/665
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/67
. . . .
having two rings, e.g. tetralones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/675
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/683
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/687
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/693
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/697
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/703
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/707
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/713
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/717
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/723
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/727
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/733
. . . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/737
. . . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/743
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings, e.g. humulones, lupulones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/747
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/753
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/755
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system with two or three rings, at least one ring being a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/757
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/76
.
Ketones containing a keto group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring (compounds having a keto group being part of a condensed ring system and being bound to a six-membered aromatic ring C07C 49/657 to C07C 49/757) [2013‑01]
C07C 49/78
. .
Acetophenone [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/782
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/784
. . .
with all keto groups bound to a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/786
. . . .
Benzophenone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/788
. . .
with keto groups bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/792
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/794
. .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/796
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/798
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/80
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/807
. . .
all halogen atoms bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/813
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/82
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/825
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/83
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/835
. . .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/84
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/86
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/88
.
Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 49/90
. .
Ketene, i.e. C2H2O [2013‑01]
C07C 49/92
.
Ketonic chelates [2013‑01]
Collapse
Quinones (for quinone methides, see unsaturated ketones with a keto group being part of a ring) [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • In this group, quinhydrones are classified according to their quinoid part.
Collapse
C07C 50/02
.
with monocyclic quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/04
. .
Benzoquinones, i.e. C6H4O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/06
. .
with unsaturation outside the quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/08
.
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/10
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/12
. .
Naphthoquinones, i.e. C10H6O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/14
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system, e.g. vitamin K1 [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/16
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/18
. .
Anthraquinones, i.e. C14H8O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/20
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 50/22
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing four or more rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/24
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/26
.
containing groups having oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 50/28
. .
with monocyclic quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/30
. .
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/32
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/34
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/36
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having four or more rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/38
.
containing -CHO or non-quinoid keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acids or their salts, halides or anhydrides (of acids by hydrolysis of oils, fats or waxes C11C) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/02
.
from salts of carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 51/04
.
from carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/06
.
from carboxylic acid amides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/08
.
from nitriles [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/083
.
from carboxylic acid anhydrides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/087
. .
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 51/09
.
from carboxylic acid esters or lactones [2013‑01]
C07C 51/093
.
by hydrolysis of -CX3 groups, X being halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 51/097
.
from or via nitro-substituted organic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/10
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
C07C 51/12
. .
on an oxygen-containing group in organic compounds, e.g. alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 51/14
. .
on a carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond in organic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/145
. .
with simultaneous oxidation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/15
.
by reaction of organic compounds with carbon dioxide, e.g. Kolbe-Schmitt synthesis [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/16
.
by oxidation (C07C 51/145 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/21
. .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/215
. . .
of saturated hydrocarbyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/225
. . . .
of paraffin waxes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/23
. . .
of oxygen-containing groups to carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/235
. . . .
of -CHO groups or primary alcohol groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/245
. . . .
of keto groups or secondary alcohol groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/25
. . .
of unsaturated compounds containing no six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 51/252
. . . .
{
of propene, butenes, acrolein or methacrolein
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/255
. . .
of compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings without ring-splitting [2013‑01]
C07C 51/265
. . . .
having alkyl side chains which are oxidised to carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • Reactions of the Katzschmann type, i.e. oxidation of a dialkyl-aromatic compound with intermediate esterification of the mono-acid, see relevant ester groups, even when the end product is a carboxylic acid
Collapse
C07C 51/27
. .
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids [2013‑01]
C07C 51/275
. . .
of hydrocarbyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/285
. .
with peroxy-compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/29
. .
with halogen-containing compounds which may be formed in situ [2013‑01]
C07C 51/295
. .
with inorganic bases, e.g. by alkali fusion [2013‑01]
C07C 51/305
. .
with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/31
. .
of cyclic compounds with ring-splitting [2013‑01]
C07C 51/313
. . .
{
with molecular oxygen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/316
. . .
{
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/34
.
by oxidation with ozone; by hydrolysis of ozonides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/347
.
by reactions not involving formation of carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/353
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 51/36
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/363
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 51/367
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 51/373
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in doubly bound form [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/377
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
{
(C07C 51/36 to C07C 51/373 take precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/38
. . .
by decarboxylation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/41
.
Preparation of salts of carboxylic acids (
{
C07C 51/093 to C07C 51/34 take precedence
}
preparation of soap C11D)
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/412
. .
{
by conversion of the acids, their salts, esters or anhydrides with the same carboxylic acid part
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/414
. .
{
Preparation of superbasic salts
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/416
. .
{
Henkel reaction and related reactions, i.e. rearrangement of carboxylate salt groups linked to six-membered aromatic rings, in the absence or in the presence of CO or CO2, (e.g. preparation of terepholates from benzoates); no additional classification for the subsequent hydrolysis of the salt groups has to be given
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/418
. .
{
Preparation of metal complexes containing carboxylic acid moieties
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/42
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/43
. .
by change of the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/44
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/445
. . . .
{
by steam distillation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/46
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/47
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 51/48
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/487
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 51/47) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/493
. . .
whereby carboxylic acid esters are formed [2013‑01]
C07C 51/50
. .
Use of additives e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/54
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid anhydrides (by oxidation C07C 51/16) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/56
. .
from organic acids, their salts, their esters
{
or their halides, e.g. by carboxylation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/567
. .
by reactions not involving carboxylic acid anhydride groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/573
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/58
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/60
. .
by conversion of carboxylic acids or their anhydrides
{
or esters, lactones, salts
}
into halides with the same carboxylic acid part [2013‑01]
C07C 51/62
. .
by reactions not involving the carboxylic acid halide group [2013‑01]
C07C 51/64
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/02
.
Formic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 53/06
. .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/08
.
Acetic acid (pyroligneous acid C10C; preparation of vinegar C12J) [2013‑01]
C07C 53/10
. .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 53/12
.
Acetic anhydride (ketene C07C 49/90) [2013‑01]
C07C 53/122
.
Propionic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 53/124
.
Acids containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/126
.
Acids containing more than four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/128
. .
the carboxylic group being bound to a carbon atom bound to at least two other carbon atoms, e.g. neo-acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/132
.
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 53/134
. .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/136
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
C07C 53/138
. . .
containing an adamantane ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/15
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/16
. .
Halogenated acetic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 53/18
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/19
. .
Acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/21
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 53/23
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/38
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/40
. .
Acetyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/42
. .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/44
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/46
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group [2013‑01]
C07C 53/48
. . .
Halogenated acetyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/50
. . .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having more than one carboxyl group bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/02
.
Dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/06
. .
Oxalic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/07
. . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 55/08
. .
Malonic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/10
. .
Succinic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/12
. .
Glutaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/14
. .
Adipic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/16
. .
Pimelic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/18
. .
Azelaic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/20
. .
Sebacic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/21
. .
Dicarboxylic acids containing twelve carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 55/22
.
Tricarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 55/24
.
containing more than three carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/26
.
containing rings
{
other than aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 55/28
. .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 55/30
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/32
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 55/34
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/36
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 55/38
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 55/40
. .
containing halogen outside the carboxyl halide group [2013‑01]
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/02
.
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/03
. .
Monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/04
. . .
Acrylic acid; Methacrylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/08
. . .
Crotonic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/10
. . .
Sorbic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/12
. . .
Straight chain carboxylic acids containing eighteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/13
. .
Dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/145
. . .
Maleic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/15
. . .
Fumaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/155
. . .
Citraconic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/16
. . .
Muconic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/18
.
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/20
. .
Propiolic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/22
. .
Acetylene dicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/24
. .
Diacetylene or polyacetylene dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/26
.
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/28
. .
containing an adamantane ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/30
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/32
. .
Phenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/34
. .
containing more than one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 57/36
. . .
Phenymalonic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/38
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 57/40
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/42
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/44
. . .
Cinnamic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/46
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, e.g. cyclohexylphenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/48
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/50
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/52
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 57/54
. .
Halogenated acrylic or methacrylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/56
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/58
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/60
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/62
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/64
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 57/66
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/68
. .
with only caron-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/70
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/72
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/74
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/76
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/01
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/06
. .
Glycolic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/08
. .
Lactic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/10
. .
Polyhydroxy carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/105
. . .
having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. aldonic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/11
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/115
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/125
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/13
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/135
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/147
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/153
. .
Glyoxylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/185
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/19
. .
Pyruvic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/195
. .
Acetoacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/205
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/21
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/215
. .
containing singly bound oxygen containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/225
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/235
.
Saturated compounds containing more than one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/245
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/255
. . .
Tartaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/265
. . .
Citric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/285
. . .
Polyhydroxy dicarboxylic acids having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. saccharic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/29
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/295
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/305
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/31
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/315
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/325
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/347
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/353
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/40
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/42
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/44
. . .
Ricinoleic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/46
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/48
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/50
. . . .
Mandelic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/52
. . .
a hydroxy or O-metal group being bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/54
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/56
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/58
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/60
. . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether being unsaturated [2013‑01]
C07C 59/62
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/64
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/66
. . . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/68
. . . . .
the oxygen atom of the ether group being bound to a non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/70
. . . . . .
Ethers of hydroxy-acetic acid,
{
e.g. substitutes on the ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 59/72
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/74
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/76
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/80
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/82
. . . .
the keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/84
. . .
containing six membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/86
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/88
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/90
. . .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/92
. . .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
NOTE

  • The oxidation mixture of naphthenes containing naphthenic acids, is classified in C07C 61/005
C07C 61/005
.
Naphthenic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/04
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a three or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/06
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/08
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/09
. .
Completely hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/10
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/12
.
Saturated polycyclic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/125
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 61/13
. . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/135
. . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/15
.
Saturated compounds containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/16
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 61/20
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/22
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/24
. . .
Partially hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/26
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/28
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 61/29
. . .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/35
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/37
. . .
Chrysanthemumic acid [2014‑02]
C07C 61/39
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/40
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/02
.
Saturated compounds containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/04
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/06
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/08
.
Saturated compounds containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/10
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/12
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 62/14
. . .
having a carboxyl group on a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 62/16
.
Saturated compounds containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/18
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/20
. .
with a
{
saturated
}
six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/22
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 62/24
. .
the keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/26
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/28
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/30
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 62/32
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/34
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/36
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/38
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to a carbon atom of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/04
.
Monocyclic monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/06
. .
Benzoic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/08
. . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/10
. . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/14
.
Monocyclic dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/15
. .
all carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/16
. . .
1,2 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/20
. . . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/22
. . . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/24
. . .
1,3 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/26
. . .
1,4 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/28
. . . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/30
. . . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/307
.
Monocyclic tricarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 63/313
.
Monocyclic acids containing more than three carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/33
.
Polycyclic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/331
. .
with all carboxyl groups bound to non-condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/333
. . .
4,4` - Diphenyldicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/337
. .
with carboxyl groups bound to condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/34
. . .
containing two
{
condensed
}
rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/36
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 63/38
. . . .
containig two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/40
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/42
. . .
containing three or more
{
condensed
}
rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/44
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 63/46
. . . .
containing two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/48
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/49
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/64
.
Monocyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 63/66
.
Polycyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/68
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 63/70
. .
Monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/72
. .
Polycyclic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 63/74
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups (cyclic anhydrides C07D) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/01
.
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/03
. .
monocyclic and having all hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/05
. . .
o-Hydrocy carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 65/10
. . . .
Salicylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/105
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/11
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/15
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/17
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/19
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/21
.
containing ether groups, Image groups,Image groups, orImage groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/24
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/26
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/28
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/30
.
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/32
.
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/34
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/36
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/38
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/40
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 65/42
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Quinone carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 66/02
.
Anthraquinone carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 67/02
.
by interreacting ester groups, i.e. transesterification [2013‑01]
C07C 67/03
.
by reacting an ester group with a hydroxy group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/035
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/04
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides onto unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/05
. .
with oxidation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/055
. . .
in the presence of platinum group metals or their compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/08
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with the hydroxy or O-metal group of organic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/10
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with ester groups or with a carbon-halogen bond (preparation from carboxylic acid halides C07C 67/14) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/11
. .
being mineral ester groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/12
.
from unsymmetrical anhydrides [2013‑01]
C07C 67/14
.
from carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 67/16
.
form carboxylic acids, esters or anhydrides wherein one oxygen atom has been replaced by a sulfur, selenium or tellurium atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/18
.
by conversion of a group containing nitrogen into an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/20
. .
from amides or lactams [2013‑01]
C07C 67/22
. .
from nitriles [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/24
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof with a carbon-to-oxygen ether bond, e.g. acetal, tetrahydrofuran [2013‑01]
C07C 67/26
. .
with an oxirane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 67/27
.
from ortho-esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/28
.
by modifying the hydroxylic moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/283
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/287
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/29
. .
by introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/293
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 67/297
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/30
.
by modifying the acid moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/303
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/307
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/31
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 67/313
. .
by introduction of doubly bound oxygen containing functional groups, e.g. carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/317
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/32
. . .
Decarboxylation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/327
. . .
by elimination of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/333
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton (introduction or elimination of carboxyl groups C07C 67/313, C07C 67/32) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/34
. . .
Migration of Image groups in the molecule [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/343
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/347
. . . .
by addition to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/36
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide or formates (C07C 67/02, C07C 67/03, C07C 67/10 take precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/37
. .
by reaction of ethers with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
C07C 67/38
. .
by addition to an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/39
.
by oxidation of groups which are precursors for the acid moiety of the ester [2013‑01]
C07C 67/40
. .
by oxidation of primary alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 67/42
. .
by oxidation of secondary alcohols or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 67/44
.
by oxidation-reduction of aldehydes, e.g. Tishchenko reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 67/46
.
from ketenes or polyketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 67/465
.
by oligomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/47
.
by telomerisation (macromolecular compounds C08) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/475
.
by splitting of carbon-to-carbon bonds and redistribution, e.g. disproportionation or migration of Image groups between different molecules [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/48
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/52
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/54
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/56
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 67/58
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 67/60
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 67/56) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/62
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of esters of carbonic or haloformic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 68/005
.
{
from carbon monoxide and oxygen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 68/02
.
from phosgene or haloformates [2013‑01]
C07C 68/04
.
from carbon dioxide or inorganic carbonates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 68/06
.
from organic carbonates [2013‑01]
C07C 68/065
. .
{
from alkylene carbonates
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 68/08
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids (ortho esters, see the relevant groups, e.g. C07C 43/32) [2013‑01]
NOTE

C07C 69/003
.
Esters of saturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/007
.
Esters of unsaturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 69/01
. .
Vinyl esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/013
.
Esters of alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 69/017
.
Esters of hydroxy compounds having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/02
.
Esters of acyclic saturated monocarboxylic acids having the carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or to hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/04
. .
Formic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/06
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/07
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 69/08
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/10
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/12
. .
Acetic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/14
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/145
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 69/15
. . . . .
Vinyl acetate [2013‑01]
C07C 69/155
. . . . .
Allyl acetate [2013‑01]
C07C 69/157
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 69/16
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/18
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/21
. . .
of hydroxy compounds with more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/22
. .
having three or more carbon atoms in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/24
. . .
esterified with monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/26
. . . .
Synthetic waxes [2013‑01]
C07C 69/28
. . .
esterified with dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/30
. . .
esterified with trihydroxylic compounds (fats, oils C11B, C11C) [2013‑01]
C07C 69/33
. . .
esterified with hydroxy compounds having more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/34
.
Esters of acyclic saturated polycarboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 69/36
. .
Oxalic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/38
. .
Malonic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/40
. .
Succinic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/42
. .
Glutaric acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/44
. .
Adipic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/46
. .
Pimelic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/48
. .
Azelaic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/50
. .
Sebacic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/52
.
Esters of acyclic unsaturated carboxylic acids having the esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/533
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 69/54
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/56
. . .
Crotonic acid esters; Vinyl acetic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/58
. . .
Esters of straight chain acids with eighteen carbon atoms in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/587
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/593
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 69/60
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/602
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/604
. .
Polycarboxylic acid esters, the acid moiety containing more than two carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 69/606
. .
having only
{
or additionally
}
carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation in the carboxylic acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/608
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/612
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/614
. .
of phenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 69/616
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 69/618
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/62
.
Halogen-containing esters (haloformic acid esters C07C 69/96) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/63
. .
of saturated acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/635
. . .
containing rings in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/65
. .
of unsaturated acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/653
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters; Haloacrylic acid esters; Halomethacrylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/657
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters; Halomaleic acid esters; Halofumaric acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/66
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having esterified carboxylic groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and having any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, acyloxy, Image groups,Image groups, orImage in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/67
. .
of saturated acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/675
. . .
of saturated hydroxy-carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/68
. . . .
Lactic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/70
. . . .
Tartaric acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/704
. . . .
Citric acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/708
. . .
Ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 69/712
. . . .
the hydroxy group of the ester being etherified with a hydroxy compound having the hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/716
. . .
Esters of keto-carboxylic acids
{
or aldehydo-carboxylic acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 69/72
. . . .
Acetoacetic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/73
. .
of unsaturated acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/732
. . .
of unsaturated hydroxy carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/734
. . .
<