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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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ACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with meanings indicated:
- "bridged" means the presence of at least one fusion other than ortho, peri or spiro;
- two rings are "condensed" if they share at least one ring member, i.e. "spiro" and "bridged" are considered as condensed;
- "condensed ring system" is a ring system in which all rings are condensed among themselves;
- "number of rings" in a condensed ring system equals the number of scissions necessary to convert the ring system into one acyclic chain;
- "quinones" are compounds derived from compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring or a system comprising six-membered aromatic rings (which system may be condensed or not condensed) by replacing two or four CH groups of the six-membered aromatic rings by C=O groups, and by removing one or two carbon-to-carbon double
bonds, respectively, and rearranging the remaining carbon-to-carbon double bonds to give a ring or ring system with alternating double bonds, including the carbon-to-oxygen bonds; this means that acenaphthenequinone or camphorquinone are not considered as quinones.

In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, a process is classified in the last appropriate place.

In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, "quaternary ammonium compounds" are classified with the corresponding "non-quaternised nitrogen compounds".

For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 1/00 to C07C 71/00 and C07C 401/00 to C07C 409/00:
- a compound is classified considering the molecule as a whole (rule of the
"whole molecule approach");
- a compound is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon atoms bound
to each other by multiple bonds;
- a compound is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound to
each other by multiple bonds, which includes six-membered aromatic ring, unless
otherwise specified or implicitely derivable from the subdivision.

For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 201/00 to C07C 395/00, i.e. after the functional group has been determined according to the"last place rule", a compound is classified according to the following principles:
- compounds are classified in accordance with the nature of the carbon atom to
which the functional group is attached;
- a carbon skeleton is a carbon atom, other than a carbon atom of a carboxyl group,
or a chain of carbon atoms bound to each other, a carbon skeleton is considered to
be terminated by every bond to an element other than carbon or to a carbon atom of
a carboxyl group;
- when the molecule contains several functional groups, only functional groups linked
to the same carbon skeleton as the one first determined are considered;
- a carbon sekeleton is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon
atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds;
- a carbon skeleton is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound
to each other by multiple bonds, which includes a six-membered aromatic ring.

When classifying in this subclass, classification is also made in group B01D 15/08 insofar as subject matter of general interest relating to chromatography is concerned.

When a process is classified in a process group, combination sets are used to indicate the product of the process. A combination set consists of a process group, followed by and linked to the group of the product. The products are selected from the corresponding product groups.


WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

C07C27/02 covered by C07C 29/00, C07C 51/00
C07C47/042, C07C47/045, C07C47/048, C07C47/052, C07C47/055, C07C47/058 covered by C07C 47/04
C07C47/07, C07C47/09 covered by C07C 47/06
C07C53/04 covered by C07C 53/02
C07C57/045, C07C57/05, C07C57/055, C07C57/065, C07C57/07, C07C57/075 covered by C07C 57/04
C07C69/025, C07C69/03, C07C69/035 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/02C07C69/347, C07C69/353 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/34C07C69/527 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/52C07C69/767, C07C69/773 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/76C07C69/83 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/82


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Guide Heading:
Hydrocarbons (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsatureted part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; preparation of macromolecular compounds C08; production or separation from undefined hydrocarbon mixtures such as petroleum oil C10G; natural gas, synthetic natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/00; electrolytic or electrophoretic processes C25B)
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from one or more compounds, none of them being a hydrocarbon
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C07C 1/02
.
from oxides of a carbon (preparation of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures of undefined compostion C10G 2/00; of synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06)
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C07C 1/04
. .
from carbon monoxide with hydrogen
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C07C 1/0405
. . .
{
Apparatus
}
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C07C 1/041
. . . .
{
Reactors
}
C07C 1/0415
. . . . .
{
with moving catalysts
}
C07C 1/042
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling devices; Heat exchangers
}
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C07C 1/0425
. . .
{
Catalysts; their physical properties
}
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C07C 1/043
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition
}
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C07C 1/0435
. . . . .
{
containing a metal of group 8 or a compound thereof
}
C07C 1/044
. . . . . .
{
containing iron
}
C07C 1/0445
. . . .
{
Preparation; Activation
}
C07C 1/045
. . . .
{
Regeneration
}
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C07C 1/0455
. . .
{
Reaction conditions
}
C07C 1/046
. . . .
{
Numerical values of parameters (only to be used if no other subgroup of C07C 1/04 is used)
}
C07C 1/0465
. . . .
{
concerning fluidisation
}
C07C 1/047
. . . .
{
Processes in which one or more parameters are changed during the process; Starting-up of the process
}
C07C 1/0475
. . . .
{
Regulating
}
C07C 1/048
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling measures
}
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C07C 1/0485
. . .
{
Set-up of reactors or accessories; Multi-step processes
}
C07C 1/049
. . . .
{
Coupling of the reaction and regeneration of the catalyst
}
C07C 1/0495
. . .
{
Non-catalytic processes; Catalytic processes in which there is also another way of activation, e.g. radiation
}
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C07C 1/06
. . .
in the presence of organic compounds, e.g. hydrocarbons
{
(multi-step processes in which the feed to a subsequent reaction zone comprises at least a part of the reaction-product of a previous reaction zone C07C 1/0485)
}
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C07C 1/063
. . . .
{
the organic compound being the catalyst or a part of the catalyst system
}
C07C 1/066
. . . . .
{
used for dissolving, suspending or transporting the catalyst
}
C07C 1/08
. . .
Isosyntheses
C07C 1/10
. .
from carbon monoxide with water vapour
C07C 1/12
. .
from carbon dioxide with hydrogen
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C07C 1/20
.
starting from organic compounds containing only oxygen atoms as heteroatoms
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C07C 1/207
. .
from carbonyl compounds
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C07C 1/2072
. . .
{
by condensation (C07C 2/86 takes precedence)
}
C07C 1/2074
. . . .
{
of only one compound
}
C07C 1/2076
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)- moiety is eliminated
}
C07C 1/2078
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)-O- moiety is eliminated
}
C07C 1/213
. . .
by splitting of esters
C07C 1/22
. .
by reduction
C07C 1/24
. .
by elimination of water
C07C 1/247
. .
by splitting of cyclic ethers
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C07C 1/26
.
starting from organic compounds containing only halogen atoms as hetero-atoms
C07C 1/28
. .
by ring closure
C07C 1/30
. .
by splitting-off the elements of hydrogen halide from a single molecule
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C07C 1/32
.
starting from compounds containing hetero-atoms other than or in addition to oxygen or halogen
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C07C 1/321
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a non-metal atom
}
C07C 1/322
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a sulfur atom
}
C07C 1/323
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a nitrogen atom
}
C07C 1/324
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a phosphorus atom (C07C 1/34 takes precedence)
}
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C07C 1/325
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a metal atom
}
C07C 1/326
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a magnesium atom
}
C07C 1/327
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an aluminium atom (C07C 2/88 takes precedence)
}
C07C 1/328
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an alkali metal atom
}
C07C 1/34
. .
reacting phosphines with aldehydes or ketones, e.g. Wittig reaction
C07C 1/36
.
by splitting of esters (C07C 1/213, C07C 1/30 take precedence)
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a smaller number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00)
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C07C 2/02
.
by addition between unsaturated hydrocarbons
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C07C 2/04
. .
by oligomerisation of well-defined unsaturated hydrocarbons without ring formation
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C07C 2/06
. . .
of alkenes, i.e. acyclic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
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C07C 2/08
. . . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 2/10
. . . . .
with metal oxides
C07C 2/12
. . . . .
with crystalline alumino-silicates
{
or with catalysts comprising
}
molecular sieves
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C07C 2/14
. . . . .
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
C07C 2/16
. . . . . .
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
C07C 2/18
. . . . . .
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
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C07C 2/20
. . . . . .
Acids of halogen; salts thereof
{
Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 2/22
. . . . . . .
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
C07C 2/24
. . . . .
with metals
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C07C 2/26
. . . . .
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 2/20 takes precedence)
C07C 2/28
. . . . . .
with ion-exchange resins
C07C 2/30
. . . . . .
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
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C07C 2/32
. . . . . .
as complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates
{
complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 2/20
}
C07C 2/34
. . . . . . .
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
C07C 2/36
. . . . . .
as phosphines, arsines, stilbines or bismuthines
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C07C 2/38
. . .
of dienes or alkynes
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C07C 2/40
. . . .
of conjugated dienes
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C07C 2/403
. . . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
C07C 2/406
. . . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
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C07C 2/42
. .
homo- or co-oligomerisation with ring formation, not being a Diels-Alder conversion
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C07C 2/44
. . .
of conjugated dienes only
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C07C 2/46
. . . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 2/465
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
C07C 2/48
. . .
of only hydrocarbons containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond
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C07C 2/50
. .
Diels-Alder conversion
C07C 2/52
. . .
Catalytic processes
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C07C 2/54
.
by addition of unsaturated hydrocarbons to saturated hydrocarbons or to hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
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C07C 2/56
. .
Addition to acyclic hydrocarbons
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C07C 2/58
. . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 2/60
. . . .
with halides
C07C 2/62
. . . .
with acids
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C07C 2/64
. .
Addition to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
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C07C 2/66
. . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 2/68
. . . .
with halides
C07C 2/70
. . . .
with acids
C07C 2/72
. .
Addition to a non-aromatic carbon atom of hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 2/74
.
by addition with simultaneous hydrogenation
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C07C 2/76
.
by condensation of hydrocarbons with partial elimination of hydrogen
C07C 2/78
. .
Processes with partial combustion
C07C 2/80
. .
Processes with the aid of electrical means
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C07C 2/82
. .
Oxidative coupling
C07C 2/84
. . .
catalytic
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C07C 2/86
.
by condensation between a hydrocarbon and a non-hydrocarbon
C07C 2/861
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only halogen as hetero-atoms
}
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C07C 2/862
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only oxygen as hetero-atoms
}
C07C 2/864
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an alcohol
}
C07C 2/865
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an ether
}
C07C 2/867
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an aldehyde or a ketone
}
C07C 2/868
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains sulfur as hetero-atom
}
C07C 2/88
. .
{
Growth and elimination reactions (preparation of metallo-organic compounds C07F)
}
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a larger number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00; cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G)
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C07C 4/02
.
by cracking a single hydrocarbon or a mixture of individually defined hydrocarbons or a normally gaseous hydrocarbon fraction
C07C 4/025
. .
{
Oxidative cracking, autothermal cracking or cracking by partial combustion
}
C07C 4/04
. .
Thermal processes
{
C07C 4/025 takes precedence
}
C07C 4/06
. .
Catalytic processes
{
C07C 4/025 takes precedence
}
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C07C 4/08
.
by splitting-off an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic part from the molecule
C07C 4/10
. .
from acyclic hydrocarbons
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C07C 4/12
. .
from hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring, e.g. propyltoluene to vinyltoluene
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C07C 4/14
. . .
splitting taking place at an aromatic-aliphatic bond
C07C 4/16
. . . .
Thermal processes
C07C 4/18
. . . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 4/20
. . . .
Hydrogen being formed in situ, e.g. from steam
C07C 4/22
.
by depolymerisation to the original monomer, e.g. dicyclopentadiene to cyclopentadiene
C07C 4/24
.
by splitting polyarylsubstituted aliphatic compounds at an aliphatic-aliphatic bond, e.g. 1,4-diphenylbutane to styrene
C07C 4/26
.
by splitting polyaryl compounds at a bond between uncondensed six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. biphenyl to benzene
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing the same number of carbon atoms
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C07C 5/02
.
by hydrogenation (simultaneous hydrogenation and dehydrogenation C07C 5/52)
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C07C 5/03
. .
of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds
C07C 5/05
. . .
Partial hydrogenation
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C07C 5/08
. .
of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
C07C 5/09
. . .
to carbon-to-carbon double bonds
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C07C 5/10
. .
of aromatic six-membered rings
C07C 5/11
. . .
Partial hydrogenation
C07C 5/13
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation
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C07C 5/22
.
by isomerisation (with simultaeous hydrogenation C07C 5/13; with simultaneous dehydrogenation C07C 5/373)
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C07C 5/2206
. .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/23 to C07C 5/31
}
C07C 5/2213
. . .
{
with metal oxides
}
C07C 5/222
. . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
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C07C 5/2226
. . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salt or anhydrides of acids
}
C07C 5/2233
. . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
C07C 5/224
. . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
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C07C 5/2246
. . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
C07C 5/2253
. . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/226
. . .
{
with metals
}
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C07C 5/2266
. . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2246 takes precedence)
}
C07C 5/2273
. . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
C07C 5/228
. . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
C07C 5/2286
. . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2246)
}
C07C 5/2293
. . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines, or bismuthines
}
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C07C 5/23
. .
Rearrangement of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
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C07C 5/25
. . .
Migration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds
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C07C 5/2506
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
C07C 5/2512
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
C07C 5/2518
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
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C07C 5/2525
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
C07C 5/2531
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
C07C 5/2537
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
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C07C 5/2543
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
C07C 5/255
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/2556
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
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C07C 5/2562
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2543 takes precedence)
}
C07C 5/2568
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
C07C 5/2575
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
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C07C 5/2581
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2543)
}
C07C 5/2587
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
C07C 5/2593
. . . . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines or bismuthines
}
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C07C 5/27
. .
Rearrangement of carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon skeleton
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C07C 5/2702
. . .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/2732 to C07C 5/31; Catalytic processes covered by both C07C 5/2732 and C07C 5/277 simultaneously
}
C07C 5/2705
. . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
C07C 5/2708
. . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
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C07C 5/271
. . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
C07C 5/2713
. . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
C07C 5/2716
. . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
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C07C 5/2718
. . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof; complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/2721
. . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/2724
. . . .
{
with metals
}
C07C 5/2727
. . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2718 takes precedence)
}
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C07C 5/2729
. . .
{
Changing the branching point of an open chain or the point of substitution on a ring
}
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C07C 5/2732
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
C07C 5/2735
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
C07C 5/2737
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
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C07C 5/274
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
C07C 5/2743
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
C07C 5/2745
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus acids
}
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C07C 5/2748
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
C07C 5/2751
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/2754
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
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C07C 5/2756
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2748 takes precedence)
}
C07C 5/2759
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
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C07C 5/2762
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2748)
}
C07C 5/2764
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
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C07C 5/2767
. . .
{
Changing the number of side-chains
}
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C07C 5/277
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
C07C 5/2772
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
C07C 5/2775
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
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C07C 5/2778
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
C07C 5/2781
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
C07C 5/2783
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
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C07C 5/2786
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
C07C 5/2789
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
C07C 5/2791
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
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C07C 5/2794
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2786 takes precedence)
}
C07C 5/2797
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
C07C 5/29
. . .
changing the number of carbon atoms in a ring while maintaining the number of rings
C07C 5/31
. . .
changing the number of rings
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C07C 5/32
.
by dehydrogenation with formation of free hydrogen
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C07C 5/321
. .
{
Catalytic processes
}
C07C 5/322
. . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
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C07C 5/324
. . .
{
with metals
}
C07C 5/325
. . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
Collapse
C07C 5/327
. .
Formation of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds only
Collapse
C07C 5/333
. . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 5/3332
. . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
Collapse
C07C 5/3335
. . . .
{
with metals
}
C07C 5/3337
. . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
C07C 5/35
. .
Formation of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds only
C07C 5/367
. .
Formation of an aromatic six-membered ring from an existing six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of ethylcyclohexane to ethylbenzene
Collapse
C07C 5/373
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation
C07C 5/387
. . .
of cyclic compounds containing non six-membered ring to compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 5/393
. . .
with cyclisation to an aromatic six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of n-hexane to benzene
Collapse
C07C 5/41
. . . .
Catalytic processes
C07C 5/412
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
Collapse
C07C 5/415
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
C07C 5/417
. . . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
Collapse
C07C 5/42
.
by dehydrogenation with a hydrogen acceptor
NOTE
-
The catalyst is considered as forming part of the acceptor system in case of simultaneous catalyst reduction.

The acceptor system is classified according to the supplying substances in case of in situ formation of the acceptor system or of in situ regeneration of the reduced acceptor system.

Compounds added for binding the reduced acceptor system are not considered as belonging to the acceptor system.

C07C 5/44
. .
with halogen or a halogen-containing compound as an acceptor
C07C 5/46
. .
with sulfur or a sulfur-containing compound as an acceptor
C07C 5/48
. .
with oxygen as an acceptor
Collapse
C07C 5/50
. .
with an organic compound as an acceptor
C07C 5/52
. . .
with a hydrocarbon as an acceptor, e.g. hydrocarbon disproportionation, i.e. 2CnHp -> CnHp+q + CnHp-q
Collapse
C07C 5/54
. .
with an acceptor system containing at least two compounds provided for in more than one of the sub-groups C07C 5/44 to C07C 5/50
C07C 5/56
. . .
containing only oxygen and either halogens or halogen-containing compounds
Collapse
Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a different number of carbon atoms by redistribution reactions
Collapse
C07C 6/02
.
Metathesis reactions at an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond
Collapse
C07C 6/04
. .
at a carbon-to-carbon double bond
C07C 6/06
. . .
at a cyclic carbon-to-carbon double bond
Collapse
C07C 6/08
.
by conversion at a saturated carbon-to-carbon bond
C07C 6/10
. .
in hydrocarbons containing no six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 6/12
. .
of exclusively hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 6/123
. . .
{
of only one hydrocarbon
}
C07C 6/126
. . .
{
of more than one hydrocarbon
}
Collapse
Purification; Separation; Use of additives (working-up undefined gaseous mixtures obtained by cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G 70/00)
C07C 7/005
.
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
Collapse
C07C 7/04
.
by distillation
Collapse
C07C 7/05
. .
with the aid of auxiliary compounds
C07C 7/06
. . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 7/08
. . .
by extractive distillation
C07C 7/09
.
by fractional condensation
C07C 7/10
.
by extraction, i.e. purification or separation of liquid hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids
C07C 7/11
.
by absorption, i.e. purification or separation of gaseous hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids
Collapse
C07C 7/12
.
by adsorption, i.e. purification or separation of hydrocarbons with the aid of solids, e.g. with ion-exchangers
C07C 7/13
. .
by molecular-sieve technique
C07C 7/135
.
by gas-chromatography
C07C 7/14
.
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals
C07C 7/144
.
using membranes, e.g. selective permeation
Collapse
C07C 7/148
.
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound
NOTE
-
In the following sub-groups contact masses and catalysts are disregarded for classification purposes

Collapse
C07C 7/14808
. .
{
with non-metals as element (hydrogenation C07C 7/163)
}
C07C 7/14816
. . .
{
oxygen; ozone
}
C07C 7/14825
. . .
{
halogens
}
Collapse
C07C 7/14833
. .
{
with metals or their inorganic compounds
}
C07C 7/14841
. . .
{
metals
}
C07C 7/1485
. . .
{
oxides; hydroxides; salts (C07C 7/156 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
C07C 7/14858
. .
{
with inorganic compounds not provided for before (acids, sulfur oxides C07C 7/17)
}
C07C 7/14866
. . .
{
water (hydrate formation C07C 7/152)
}
Collapse
C07C 7/14875
. .
{
with organic compounds (organo-metallic compounds C07C 7/173)
}
C07C 7/14883
. . .
{
hydrocarbons
}
C07C 7/14891
. . .
{
alcohols
}
Collapse
C07C 7/152
. .
by forming adducts or complexes
C07C 7/156
. . .
with solutions of copper salts
Collapse
C07C 7/163
. .
by hydrogenation
C07C 7/167
. . .
for removal of compounds containing a triple carbon-to-carbon bond
Collapse
C07C 7/17
. .
with acids or sulfur oxides
C07C 7/171
. . .
Sulfuric acid or oleum
C07C 7/173
. .
with the aid of organo-metallic compounds
C07C 7/177
. .
by selective oligomerisation or polymerisation of at least one compound of the mixture
C07C 7/20
.
use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
Aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 9/02
.
with one to four carbon atoms (liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/12)
C07C 9/04
. .
Methane (production by treatment of sewage C02F 11/04; natural gas, synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06)
C07C 9/06
. .
Ethane
C07C 9/08
. .
Propane
Collapse
C07C 9/10
. .
with four carbon atoms
C07C 9/12
. . .
Iso-butane
Collapse
C07C 9/14
.
with five to fifteen carbon atoms
C07C 9/15
. .
Straight-chain hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 9/16
. .
Branched-chain hydrocarbons
C07C 9/18
. . .
with five carbon atoms
C07C 9/21
. . .
2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane
C07C 9/22
.
with more than fifteen carbon atoms
Collapse
Aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 11/02
.
Alkenes
C07C 11/04
. .
Ethylene
C07C 11/06
. .
Propene
Collapse
C07C 11/08
. .
with four carbon atoms
C07C 11/09
. . .
Isobutene
C07C 11/10
. .
with five carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 11/107
. .
with six carbon atoms
C07C 11/113
. . .
Methylpentenes
Collapse
C07C 11/12
.
Alkadienes
C07C 11/14
. .
Allene
Collapse
C07C 11/16
. .
with four carbon atoms
C07C 11/167
. . .
1, 3-Butadiene
Collapse
C07C 11/173
. .
with five carbon atoms
C07C 11/18
. . .
Isoprene
C07C 11/20
. . .
1, 3-Pentadiene
C07C 11/21
.
Alkatrienes; Alkatetraenes; Other alkapolyenes
Collapse
C07C 11/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
C07C 11/24
. .
Acetylene (production of acetylene gas by wet methods C10H)
Collapse
C07C 11/28
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds and carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
C07C 11/30
. .
Butenyne
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing rings other than, or in addition to, six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 13/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof
C07C 13/04
. .
with a three-membered ring
C07C 13/06
. .
with a four-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/08
. .
with a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/10
. . .
with a cyclopentane ring
C07C 13/11
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups
C07C 13/12
. . .
with a cyclopentene ring
C07C 13/15
. . .
with a cyclopentadiene ring
Collapse
C07C 13/16
. .
with a six-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/18
. . .
with a cyclohexane ring
C07C 13/19
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups
Collapse
C07C 13/20
. . .
with a cyclohexene ring
C07C 13/21
. . . .
Menthadienes
C07C 13/23
. . .
with a cyclohexadiene ring
C07C 13/24
. .
with a seven-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/26
. .
with an eight-membered ring
C07C 13/263
. . .
with a cyclo-octene or cyclo-octadiene ring
C07C 13/267
. . .
with a cyclo-octatriene or cyclo-octatetraene ring
C07C 13/271
. .
with a nine- to ten- membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/273
. .
with a twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 13/275
. . .
the twelve-membered ring being unsaturated
C07C 13/277
. . . .
with a cyclododecatriene ring
Collapse
C07C 13/28
.
Polycyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof
NOTE
-
Ring systems consisting only of condensed six-membered ring with maximum number of non-cumulative double bonds are classified in group C07C 15/00.

Collapse
C07C 13/32
. .
with condensed rings
C07C 13/34
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms
C07C 13/36
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms
C07C 13/38
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 13/39
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing seven carbon atoms
C07C 13/40
. . . .
with a bicycloheptane ring structure
Collapse
C07C 13/42
. . . .
with a bicycloheptene ring structure
C07C 13/43
. . . . .
substituted by unsaturated acyclic hydrocarbon
C07C 13/44
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 13/45
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing nine carbon atoms
C07C 13/465
. . . .
Indenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated indenes
Collapse
C07C 13/47
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing ten carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 13/48
. . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes
C07C 13/50
. . . . .
Decahydronaphthalenes
C07C 13/52
. . . .
Azulenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated azulenes
Collapse
C07C 13/54
. . .
with three condensed rings
Collapse
C07C 13/547
. . . .
at least one ring not being six-membered, the other rings being at the most six-membered
C07C 13/553
. . . . .
with an indacene or hydrogenated indacene ring system
C07C 13/567
. . . . .
with a fluorene or hydrogenated fluorene ring system
Collapse
C07C 13/573
. . . .
with three six-membered rings
C07C 13/58
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes
C07C 13/60
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes
Collapse
C07C 13/605
. . . .
with a bridged ring system
C07C 13/61
. . . . .
with a bridged indene ring, e.g. dicyclopentadiene
C07C 13/615
. . . . .
with an adamantane ring
Collapse
C07C 13/62
. . .
with more than three condensed rings
C07C 13/64
. . . .
with a bridged ring system
Collapse
C07C 13/66
. . . .
the condensed ring system contains only four rings
C07C 13/68
. . . . .
with a bridged ring system
C07C 13/70
. . .
with a condensed ring system consisting of at least two, mutually uncondensed aromatic ring systems, linked by an annular structure formed by carbon chains on non-adjacent positions of the aromatic ring, e.g. cyclophanes
C07C 13/72
. . .
Spiro hydrocarbons
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts
Collapse
C07C 15/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons
C07C 15/04
. .
Benzene
C07C 15/06
. .
toluene
Collapse
C07C 15/067
. .
C8H10 hydrocarbons
C07C 15/073
. . .
Ethylbenzene
C07C 15/08
. . .
Xylenes
C07C 15/085
. .
Isopropylbenzene
Collapse
C07C 15/107
. .
having saturated side-chain containing at least six carbon atoms, e.g. detergent alkylates
C07C 15/113
. . .
having at least two saturated side-chains, each containing at least six carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 15/12
.
Polycyclic non-condensed hydrocarbons
C07C 15/14
. .
all phenyl groups being directly linked
C07C 15/16
. .
containing at least two phenyl groups linked by one single acyclic carbon atom
C07C 15/18
. .
containing at least one group with formula
Collapse
C07C 15/20
.
Polycyclic condensed hydrocarbons
C07C 15/24
. .
containing two rings
Collapse
C07C 15/27
. .
containing three rings
C07C 15/28
. . .
Anthracenes
C07C 15/30
. . .
Phenanthrenes
C07C 15/38
. .
containing four rings
Collapse
C07C 15/40
.
substituted by unsaturated carbon radicals
Collapse
C07C 15/42
. .
Monocyclic
Collapse
C07C 15/44
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon double bond
C07C 15/46
. . . .
Styrene; Ring-alkylated styrenes
C07C 15/48
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond
Collapse
C07C 15/50
. .
Polycyclic non-condensed
C07C 15/52
. . .
containing a group with formula
C07C 15/54
. . .
containing a group with formula
Collapse
C07C 15/56
. .
Polycyclic condensed
C07C 15/58
. . .
containing two rings
C07C 15/60
. . .
containing three rings
C07C 15/62
. . .
containing four rings
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Compounds containing carbon and halogens with or without hydrogen (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene having an unsaturated side chain with at least four carbon atoms C07C 403/00)
Collapse
Preparation of halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/007
.
from carbon or from carbides and halogens
Collapse
C07C 17/013
.
by addition of halogens
C07C 17/02
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/04
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/06
. .
combined with replacement of hydrogen atoms by halogens
Collapse
C07C 17/07
.
by addition of hydrogen halides
C07C 17/08
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/087
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 17/093
.
by replacement by halogens
Collapse
C07C 17/10
. .
of hydrogen atoms (combined with addition of halogens to unsaturated hydrocarbons C07C 17/06)
C07C 17/12
. . .
in the ring of aromatic compounds
C07C 17/14
. . .
in the side-chain of aromatic compounds
Collapse
C07C 17/15
. .
with oxygen as auxiliary reagent, e.g. oxychlorination
Collapse
C07C 17/152
. . .
of hydrocarbons
C07C 17/154
. . . .
of saturated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/156
. . . .
of unsaturated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/158
. . .
of halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/16
. .
of hydroxyl groups
C07C 17/18
. .
of oxygen atoms of carbonyl groups
Collapse
C07C 17/20
. .
of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
Collapse
C07C 17/202
. . .
{
two or more compounds being involved in the reaction
}
C07C 17/204
. . . .
{
the other compound being a halogen
}
C07C 17/206
. . . .
{
the other compound being HX
}
C07C 17/208
. . . .
{
the other compound being MX
}
C07C 17/21
. . .
with simultaneous increase of the number of halogen atoms
C07C 17/23
.
by dehalogenation
C07C 17/25
.
by splitting-off hydrogen halides from halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 17/26
.
by reactions involving an increase in the number of carbon atoms in the skeleton
Collapse
C07C 17/263
. .
by condensation reactions
C07C 17/2632
. . .
{
involving an organo-magnesium compound, e.g. Grignard synthesis
}
C07C 17/2635
. . .
{
involving a phosphorus compound, e.g. Wittig synthesis
}
C07C 17/2637
. . .
{
between a compound containing only oxygen and possibly halogen as hetero-atoms and a halogenated hydrocarbon
}
C07C 17/266
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/269
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 17/272
. .
by addition reactions
C07C 17/275
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 17/278
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 17/281
. . . .
of only one compound
C07C 17/30
. .
by a Diels-Alder synthesis
C07C 17/32
. .
by introduction of halogenated alkyl groups into ring compounds
Collapse
C07C 17/35
.
by reactions not affecting the number of carbon or of halogen atoms in the reaction
C07C 17/354
. .
by hydrogenation
C07C 17/357
. .
by dehydrogenation
C07C 17/358
. .
by isomerisation
Collapse
C07C 17/361
.
by reactions involving a decrease in the number of carbon atoms
C07C 17/363
. .
by elimination of carboxyl groups
C07C 17/367
. .
by depolymerisation
C07C 17/37
.
by disproportionation of halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 17/38
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
C07C 17/383
. .
by distillation
C07C 17/386
. . .
with auxiliary compounds
C07C 17/389
. .
by adsorption on solids
C07C 17/392
. .
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals
C07C 17/395
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound
C07C 17/42
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
Acyclic saturated compounds containing halogen atoms
Collapse
C07C 19/01
.
containing chlorine
Collapse
C07C 19/03
. .
Chloromethanes
C07C 19/04
. . .
Chloroform
C07C 19/041
. . .
Carbon tetrachloride
Collapse
C07C 19/043
. .
Chloroethanes
C07C 19/045
. . .
Dichloroethanes
C07C 19/05
. . .
Trichloroethanes
C07C 19/055
. . .
Tetrachloroethanes
C07C 19/07
.
containing iodine
C07C 19/075
.
containing bromine
Collapse
C07C 19/08
.
containing fluorine
Collapse
C07C 19/10
. .
and chlorine
C07C 19/12
. . .
having two carbon atoms
C07C 19/14
. .
and bromine
C07C 19/16
. .
and iodine
Collapse
Acyclic unsaturated compounds containing halogen atoms
Collapse
C07C 21/02
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds
Collapse
C07C 21/04
. .
Chloro-alkenes
C07C 21/06
. . .
Vinyl chloride
C07C 21/067
. . .
Allyl chloride; Methallyl chloride
Collapse
C07C 21/073
. . .
Dichloro-alkenes
C07C 21/08
. . . .
Vinylidene chloride
C07C 21/09
. . . .
Dichloro-butenes
C07C 21/10
. . .
Trichloro-ethylene
C07C 21/12
. . .
Tetrachloro-ethylene
Collapse
C07C 21/14
. .
containing bromine
C07C 21/16
. . .
Crotyl bromide
C07C 21/17
. .
containing iodine
Collapse
C07C 21/18
. .
containing fluorine
C07C 21/185
. . .
tetrafluorethene
Collapse
C07C 21/19
. .
Halogenated dienes
Collapse
C07C 21/20
. . .
Halogenated butadienes
C07C 21/21
. . . .
Chloroprene
C07C 21/215
. .
Halogenated polyenes with more than two carbon-to-carbon double bonds
C07C 21/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
Collapse
Cyclic compounds containing halogen atoms bound to an acyclic carbon atom
Collapse
C07C 22/02
.
having unsaturation in the rings
Collapse
C07C 22/04
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 22/06
. . .
Trichloromethylbenzene
C07C 22/08
. . .
containing fluorine
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 23/02
.
Monocyclic halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 23/04
. .
with a three-membered ring
C07C 23/06
. .
with a four-membered ring
C07C 23/08
. .
with a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 23/10
. .
with a six-membered ring
C07C 23/12
. . .
Hexachlorocyclohexanes
C07C 23/14
. .
with a seven-membered ring
C07C 23/16
. .
with an eight-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 23/18
.
Polycyclic halogenated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 23/20
. .
with condensed rings none of which is aromatic
C07C 23/22
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms
C07C 23/24
. . .
wiht a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms
C07C 23/26
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 23/27
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system contaning seven carbon atoms
C07C 23/28
. . . .
Saturated bicyclo ring system
C07C 23/30
. . . .
Mono-unsaturated bicyclo ring system
C07C 23/32
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms
C07C 23/34
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated indenes
C07C 23/36
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes
Collapse
C07C 23/38
. . .
with three condensed rings
C07C 23/40
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated fluorenes
C07C 23/42
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes
C07C 23/44
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes
C07C 23/46
. . .
with more than three condensed rings
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 25/02
.
Monocyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 25/06
. .
Monochloro-benzene
C07C 25/08
. .
Dichloro-benzenes
C07C 25/10
. .
Trichloro-benzenes
C07C 25/12
. .
Hexachloro-benzene
C07C 25/125
. .
Halogenated xylenes
C07C 25/13
. .
containing fluorine
Collapse
C07C 25/18
.
Polycyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons
C07C 25/20
. .
Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane
C07C 25/22
. .
with condensed rings
Collapse
C07C 25/24
.
Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons with unsaturated side chains
C07C 25/28
. .
Halogenated styrenes
Collapse
Guide Heading:
Compounds containing carbon and oxygen, with or without hydrogen or halogens (irradiation products of cholesterol or its derivatives C07C 401/00; vitamin D derivatives, 9,10-seco cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene or analogues obtained by chemical preparation without irradiation C07C 401/00; derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsaturated part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; prostaglandins or derivatives thereof C07C 405/00; peroxy compounds C07C 407/00, C07C 409/00)
Collapse
Processes involving the simultaneous production of more than one class of oxygen-containing compounds
Collapse
C07C 27/04
.
by reduction of oxygen-containing compounds (C07C 29/14 takes precedence)
Collapse
C07C 27/06
. .
by hydrogenation of oxides of carbon
C07C 27/08
. . .
with moving catalysts
Collapse
C07C 27/10
.
by oxidation of hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 27/12
. .
with oxygen
C07C 27/14
. . .
wholly gaseous reactions
C07C 27/16
. .
with other oxidising agents
C07C 27/18
.
by addition of alkynes to aldehydes, ketones, or alkylene oxides
Collapse
C07C 27/20
.
by oxo-reaction
C07C 27/22
. .
with the use of catalysts which are specific for this process
C07C 27/24
. .
with moving catalysts
Collapse
C07C 27/26
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation
Collapse
C07C 27/28
. .
by distillation
C07C 27/30
. . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 27/32
. . .
by extractive distillation
C07C 27/34
. .
by extraction
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom not belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 29/03
.
by addition of hydroxy groups to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with the aid of H2O2 (by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens C07C 29/64)
Collapse
C07C 29/04
. .
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds
Collapse
C07C 29/05
. . .
with formation of absorption products in mineral acids and their hydrolysis (characterised by the method of hydrolysis C07C 29/12)
C07C 29/06
. . . .
the acid being sulfuric acid
C07C 29/08
. . . .
the acid being phosphoric acid
Collapse
C07C 29/09
.
by hydrolysis
C07C 29/095
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
Collapse
C07C 29/10
. .
of ethers, including cyclic ethers, e.g. oxiranes
Collapse
C07C 29/103
. . .
{
of cyclic ethers
}
C07C 29/106
. . . .
{
of oxiranes
}
Collapse
C07C 29/12
. .
of esters of mineral acids
C07C 29/124
. . .
of halides
Collapse
C07C 29/128
.
by alcoholysis
C07C 29/1285
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
Collapse
C07C 29/132
.
by reduction of an oxygen containing functional group
Collapse
C07C 29/136
. .
of >C=O containing groups, e.g. -COOH
Collapse
C07C 29/14
. . .
of a -CHO group
C07C 29/141
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
Collapse
C07C 29/143
. . .
of ketones
C07C 29/145
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
Collapse
C07C 29/147
. . .
of carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof
C07C 29/149
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
Collapse
C07C 29/15
.
by reduction of oxides of carbon exclusively
Collapse
C07C 29/151
. .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
Collapse
C07C 29/1512
. . .
{
characterised by reaction conditions
}
C07C 29/1514
. . . .
{
the solvents being characteristic
}
Collapse
C07C 29/1516
. . .
{
Multisteps
}
C07C 29/1518
. . . .
{
one step being the formation of initial mixture of carbon oxides and hydrogen for synthesis
}
C07C 29/152
. . .
characterised by the reactor used
Collapse
C07C 29/153
. . .
characterised by the catalyst used
C07C 29/154
. . . .
containing copper, silver, gold, or compounds thereof
Collapse
C07C 29/156
. . . .
containing iron group metals, platinum group metals or compounds thereof
Collapse
C07C 29/157
. . . . .
containing platinum group metals or compounds thereof
C07C 29/158
. . . . . .
containing rhodium or compounds thereof
C07C 29/159
. .
with reducing agents other than hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases
C07C 29/16
.
by oxo-reaction combined with reduction
Collapse
C07C 29/17
.
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds
C07C 29/172
. .
{
with the obtention of a fully saturated alcohol
}
C07C 29/175
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of an oxo group
}
C07C 29/177
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of a carboxy group
}
Collapse
C07C 29/19
. .
in six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 29/20
. . .
in a non-condensed ring substituted with hydroxy groups
Collapse
C07C 29/32
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions without formation of -OH groups
C07C 29/34
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups or the mineral ester groups derived therefrom, e.g. Guerbet reaction
Collapse
C07C 29/36
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions with formation of hydroxy groups, which may occur via intermediates being derivatives of hydroxy, e.g. O-metal
Collapse
C07C 29/38
. .
by reaction with aldehydes or ketones
C07C 29/40
. . .
with compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds
C07C 29/42
. . .
with compounds containing triple carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with metal-alkynes
Collapse
C07C 29/44
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon double or triple bond (C07C 29/16 takes precedence)
C07C 29/46
. .
by diene-synthesis
Collapse
C07C 29/48
.
by oxidation reactions with formation of hydroxy groups
Collapse
C07C 29/50
. .
with molecular oxygen only
C07C 29/52
. . .
in the presence of mineral boron compounds with, when necessary, hydrolysis of the intermediate formed
C07C 29/54
. . .
starting from compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds and followed by conversion of the -O- metal to -OH groups
C07C 29/56
.
by isomerisation
C07C 29/58
.
by elimination of halogen, e.g. by hydrogenolysis, splitting-off (C07C 29/124 takes precedence)
C07C 29/60
.
by elimination of -OH groups, e.g. by dehydration (C07C 29/34 takes precedence)
C07C 29/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
Collapse
C07C 29/64
.
by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens
C07C 29/66
. .
by addition of hypohalogenous acids, which may be formed in situ, to carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
Collapse
C07C 29/68
.
Preparation of metal alcoholates (C07C 29/42, C07C 29/54 take precedence)
C07C 29/685
. .
{
by converting O-metal groups to other O-metal groups
}
Collapse
C07C 29/70
. .
by converting hydroxy groups to O-metal groups
{
C07C 29/09 takes precedence
}
C07C 29/705
. . .
{
by transalcoholysis (for the same reaction with the emphasis on alcohol preparation see C07C 29/128)
}
C07C 29/72
. .
by oxidation of carbon-to-metal bonds
Collapse
C07C 29/74
.
Separation; purification; use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
C07C 29/76
. .
by physical treatment
C07C 29/78
. . .
by condensation or crystallisation
Collapse
C07C 29/80
. . .
by distillation
C07C 29/82
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 29/84
. . . .
by extractive distillation
C07C 29/86
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment
Collapse
C07C 29/88
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound (chemisorption C07C 29/76)
C07C 29/90
. . .
using hydrogen only
C07C 29/92
. . .
by a consecutive conversion and reconstruction
C07C 29/94
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
Saturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 31/02
.
Monohydroxylic acyclic alcohols
C07C 31/04
. .
Methanol
C07C 31/08
. .
Ethanol
C07C 31/10
. .
containing three carbon atoms
C07C 31/12
. .
containing four carbon atoms
C07C 31/125
. .
containing five to twenty-two carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 31/13
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings
Collapse
C07C 31/133
. .
Monocyclic
C07C 31/1333
. . .
{
with a three-membered ring
}
C07C 31/1336
. . .
{
with a four-membered ring
}
Collapse
C07C 31/135
. . .
with a five or six-membered ring; naphthenic alcohols
C07C 31/1355
. . . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
C07C 31/137
. .
Polycyclic with condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 31/18
.
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols
Collapse
C07C 31/20
. .
Dihydroxylic alcohols
C07C 31/202
. . .
{
Ethylene glycol
}
C07C 31/205
. . .
{
1,3-Propanediol; 1,2-Propanediol
}
C07C 31/207
. . .
{
1,4-Butanediol; 1,3-Butanediol; 1,2-Butanediol; 2,3-Butanediol
}
Collapse
C07C 31/22
. .
Trihydroxylic alcohols, e.g. glycerol
C07C 31/225
. . .
{
Glycerol
}
Collapse
C07C 31/24
. .
Tetrahydroxylic alcohols, e.g. pentaerythritol
C07C 31/245
. . .
{
Pentaerythritol
}
C07C 31/26
. .
Hexahydroxylic alcohols
Collapse
C07C 31/27
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings
Collapse
C07C 31/272
. .
{
Monocyclic
}
C07C 31/274
. . .
{
with a three to five-membered ring
}
C07C 31/276
. . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
C07C 31/278
. .
{
Polycyclic with condensed rings
}
Collapse
C07C 31/28
.
Metal alcoholates (titanates, zirconates C07F 7/00)
C07C 31/30
. .
Alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alcoholates
C07C 31/32
. .
Aluminium alcoholates
Collapse
C07C 31/34
.
Halogenated alcohols
C07C 31/36
. .
the halogen not being fluorine
C07C 31/38
. .
containing only fluorine as halogen
C07C 31/40
. .
Perhalogenated
C07C 31/42
. .
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols
C07C 31/44
. .
Halogenated alcohols containing saturated rings
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
NOTE
-
In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to a benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon, e.g. the 1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydronaphtalene ring is considered to be saturated outside the aromatic ring

Collapse
C07C 33/02
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon double bonds
Collapse
C07C 33/025
. .
with only one double bond
C07C 33/03
. . .
in beta-position, e.g. allyl alcohol, methallyl alcohol
C07C 33/035
. . .
Alkenediols
Collapse
C07C 33/04
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
Collapse
C07C 33/042
. .
with only one triple bond
Collapse
C07C 33/044
. . .
Alkynediols
C07C 33/046
. . . .
Butynediols
C07C 33/048
. .
with double and triple bonds
Collapse
C07C 33/05
.
Alcohols containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 33/12
. .
containing five-membered rings
C07C 33/14
. .
containing six-membered rings
C07C 33/16
. .
containing rings with more than six ring members
Collapse
C07C 33/18
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part
Collapse
C07C 33/20
. .
Monocyclic
C07C 33/22
. . .
Benzylalcohol; phenethyl alcohol
C07C 33/24
. .
Polycyclic without condensed ring systems
C07C 33/26
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part
Collapse
C07C 33/28
.
Alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 33/30
. .
Monocyclic
C07C 33/32
. . .
Cinnamyl alcohol
C07C 33/34
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 33/36
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 33/38
.
Alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 33/40
.
Halogenated unsaturated alcohols
Collapse
C07C 33/42
. .
Acyclic
C07C 33/423
. . .
{
containing only double bonds as unsaturation
}
C07C 33/426
. . .
{
containing only triple bonds as unsaturation
}
C07C 33/44
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 33/46
. .
containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts
Collapse
C07C 33/48
. . .
with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 33/483
. . . .
{
Monocyclic
}
C07C 33/486
. . . .
{
Polycyclic
}
C07C 33/50
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 35/02
.
Monocyclic
Collapse
C07C 35/04
. .
containing a three or four-membered ring
C07C 35/045
. . .
{
containing a four-membered ring
}
C07C 35/06
. .
containing a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 35/08
. .
containing a six-membered ring
C07C 35/12
. . .
Menthol
Collapse
C07C 35/14
. . .
with more than one hydroxy group bound to the ring
C07C 35/16
. . . .
Inositols
C07C 35/17
. . .
with unsaturation only outside the ring
C07C 35/18
. . .
with unsaturation at least in the ring
C07C 35/20
. .
containing a seven or eight-membered ring
C07C 35/205
. .
containing a nine to twelve-membered ring, e.g. cyclododecanols
C07C 35/21
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a non-condensed ring
Collapse
C07C 35/22
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a condensed ring system
Collapse
C07C 35/23
. .
with hydroxy on a condensed ring system having two rings
Collapse
C07C 35/24
. . .
the condensed ring system containing five carbon atoms
C07C 35/26
. . . .
bicyclopentadienols
C07C 35/27
. . .
the condensed ring system containing six carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 35/28
. . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 35/29
. . . .
being a (2.2.1) system
C07C 35/30
. . . . .
Borneol; Isoborneol
C07C 35/31
. . .
the condensed ring system containing eight carbon atoms
C07C 35/32
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.3.0) system, e.g. indenols
C07C 35/34
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (5.3.0.) system, e.g. azulenols
C07C 35/36
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.4.0) system, e.g. naphols
Collapse
C07C 35/37
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed system having three rings
C07C 35/38
. . .
derived from the fluorene skeleton
C07C 35/40
. . .
derived from the anthracene skeleton
C07C 35/42
. . .
derived from the phenanthrene skeleton
C07C 35/44
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed ring system having more than three rings
C07C 35/46
.
O-metal derivatives of the cyclically bound hydroxy groups
Collapse
C07C 35/48
.
Halogenated derivatives
C07C 35/50
. .
Alcohols with at least two rings
C07C 35/52
. .
Alcohols with a condensed ring system
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 37/001
.
{
by modification in a side chain
}
C07C 37/002
. .
{
by transformation of a functional group, e.g. oxo, carboxyl
}
C07C 37/003
. .
{
by hydrogenation of an unsaturated part
}
C07C 37/004
.
{
by obtaining phenols from plant material or from animal material
}
Collapse
C07C 37/005
.
{
by obtaining phenols from products, waste products or side-products of processes, not directed to the production of phenols, by conversion or working-up
}
C07C 37/006
. .
{
from the petroleum industry
}
C07C 37/007
. .
{
from the tar industry
}
C07C 37/008
. .
{
from coke ovens
}
C07C 37/009
. .
{
from waste water (treatment of waste water C02F)
}
Collapse
C07C 37/01
.
by replacing functional groups bound to a six-membered aromatic ring by hydroxy groups, e.g. by hydrolysis
C07C 37/02
. .
by substitution of halogen
C07C 37/04
. .
by substitution of SO3H groups or a derivative thereof
Collapse
C07C 37/045
. .
by substitution of a group bound to the ring by nitrogen
C07C 37/05
. . .
by substitution of a NH2 group
Collapse
C07C 37/055
. .
the substituted group being bound to oxygen, e.g. ether group
C07C 37/0555
. . .
{
being esterified hydroxy groups
}
Collapse
C07C 37/06
.
by conversion of non-aromatic six-membered rings or of such rings formed in situ into aromatic six-membered rings, e.g. by dehydrogenation
C07C 37/07
. .
with simultaneous reduction of C=O group in that ring
C07C 37/08
.
by decomposition of hydroperoxides, e.g. cumene hydroperoxide
Collapse
C07C 37/11
.
by reaction increasing the number of carbon atoms
C07C 37/115
. .
{
using acetals
}
C07C 37/14
. .
by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond
C07C 37/16
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups of phenols or alcohols or the ether or mineral ester group derived therefrom
C07C 37/18
. .
by condensation involving halogen atoms of halogenated compounds
C07C 37/20
. .
using aldehydes or ketones
C07C 37/48
.
by exchange of hydrocarbon groups, which may be substituted, from the same of other compounds, e.g. transalkylation
Collapse
C07C 37/50
.
by reactions decreasing the number of carbon atoms (C07C 37/04, C07C 37/045, C07C 37/055, C07C 37/08 take precedence)
Collapse
C07C 37/52
. .
by splitting polyaromatic compounds, e.g. polyphenolalkanes
C07C 37/54
. . .
by hydrolysis of lignin or sulfite waste liquor
C07C 37/56
. .
by replacing a carboxyl or aldehyde group by a hydroxy group
C07C 37/58
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of molecular oxygen
C07C 37/60
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of other oxidants than molecular oxygen or their mixtures with molecular oxygen
C07C 37/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
Collapse
C07C 37/64
.
Preparation of O-metal compounds with O-metal group bound to a carbon atom belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 37/66
. .
by conversion of hydroxy groups to O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 37/68
.
Purification; separation; Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
{
(C07C 37/004 and C07C 37/005 take precedence)
}
C07C 37/685
. .
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
Collapse
C07C 37/70
. .
by physical treatment
C07C 37/72
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment
Collapse
C07C 37/74
. . .
by distillation
C07C 37/76
. . . .
by steam distillation
C07C 37/78
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 37/80
. . . .
by extractive distillation
C07C 37/82
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption
C07C 37/84
. . .
by crystallisation
C07C 37/86
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (chemisorption C07C 37/82)
C07C 37/88
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
NOTE
-
In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to the benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon.

Collapse
C07C 39/02
.
monocyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
C07C 39/04
. .
Phenol
Collapse
C07C 39/06
. .
Alkylated phenols
C07C 39/07
. . .
containing only methyl groups, e.g. cresols, xylenols
C07C 39/08
. .
Dihydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof
C07C 39/10
. .
Polyhydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof (C07C 39/08 takes precedence)
C07C 39/11
. .
alkylated hydroxy benzenes containing also acyclically bound hydroxy groups, e.g. satigenol
Collapse
C07C 39/12
.
polycyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 39/14
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings
Collapse
C07C 39/15
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings,
{
e.g. phenylphenol
}
C07C 39/16
. . .
Bis-(hydroxyphenyl) alkanes; Tris-(hydroxyphenyl)alkanes
C07C 39/17
. .
containing other rings in addition to the six-membered aromatic rings,
{
e.g. cyclohexylphenol
}
Collapse
C07C 39/18
.
monocyclic with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 39/19
. .
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds but no carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
C07C 39/20
. . .
Hydroxy-styrenes
Collapse
C07C 39/205
.
polycyclic, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts with unsaturation outside the rings
Collapse
C07C 39/21
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a non-condensed ring
C07C 39/215
. . .
containing , e.g. diethylstilbestrol
C07C 39/225
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system
C07C 39/23
.
polycyclic, containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 39/235
.
Metal derivatives of a hydroxy group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 39/24
.
Halogenated derivatives
C07C 39/245
. .
{
monocyclic polyhydroxylic containing halogens bound to ring carbon atoms
}
Collapse
C07C 39/26
. .
monocyclic monohydroxylic containing halogen bound to ring carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 39/27
. . .
all halogen atoms being bound to ring carbon atoms
C07C 39/28
. . . .
the halogen being one chlorine atom
C07C 39/30
. . . .
the halogen being two chlorine atoms
C07C 39/32
. . . .
the halogen being three chlorine atoms
C07C 39/34
. . . .
the halogen being four chlorine atoms
C07C 39/36
. . . .
Pentachlorophenol
C07C 39/367
. .
polycyclic non-condensed, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts e.g. halogenated poly-hydroxyphenylalkanes
C07C 39/373
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings and with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 39/38
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings
C07C 39/40
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings
C07C 39/42
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 39/44
. .
Metal derivatives of an hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
Preparation of ethers; Preparation of compounds having groups, groups or groups
Collapse
C07C 41/01
.
Preparation of ethers
Collapse
C07C 41/02
. .
from oxiranes
C07C 41/03
. . .
by reaction of oxirane rings with hydroxy groups
Collapse
C07C 41/05
. .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated compounds
Collapse
C07C 41/06
. . .
by addition of organic compounds only
C07C 41/08
. . . .
to carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
C07C 41/09
. .
by dehydratation of compounds containing hydroxy groups
C07C 41/14
. .
by exchange of organic parts on the ether-oxygen for other organic parts, e.g. by trans-etherification
C07C 41/16
. .
by reaction of esters of mineral or organic acids with hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 41/18
. .
by reactions not forming ether-oxygen bonds
C07C 41/20
. . .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds
C07C 41/22
. . .
by introduction of halogens; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
C07C 41/24
. . .
by elimination of halogens, e.g. elimination of HCl
C07C 41/26
. . .
by introduction of hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 41/28
. . .
from acetals, e.g. by dealcoholysis
C07C 41/30
. . .
by increasing the number of carbon atoms, e.g. by oligomerisation
C07C 41/32
. .
by isomerisation
Collapse
C07C 41/34
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
C07C 41/36
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption
C07C 41/38
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment
Collapse
C07C 41/40
. . .
by change of physical state, e.g. by crystallisation
C07C 41/42
. . . .
by distillation
C07C 41/44
. . .
by treatments giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 41/36)
C07C 41/46
. . .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
C07C 41/48
.
Preparation of compounds having group
Collapse
C07C 41/50
. .
by reactions producing groups
C07C 41/52
. . .
by substitution of halogen only
C07C 41/54
. . .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
C07C 41/56
. . .
by condensation of aldehydes, paraformaldehyde, or ketones
C07C 41/58
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
C07C 41/60
.
Preparation of compounds having groups or groups
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Ethers; Compounds having groups, groups or groups
Collapse
C07C 43/02
.
Ethers
Collapse
C07C 43/03
. .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms
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C07C 43/04
. . .
Saturated ethers
C07C 43/043
. . . .
{
Dimethyl ether
}
C07C 43/046
. . . .
{
Alkyl tert-alkyl ether, e.g. CH3OC(CH3)3
}
C07C 43/06
. . . .
Diethyl ether
Collapse
C07C 43/10
. . . .
of polyhydroxy compounds
C07C 43/11
. . . . .
Polyethers containing -O-(C-C-O-)n units with < 2 n < 10
C07C 43/115
. . . .
containing carbocyclic rings
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C07C 43/12
. . . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/123
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains are substituted by halogen atoms
}
C07C 43/126
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
Collapse
C07C 43/13
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups (C07C 43/11 takes precedence)
C07C 43/132
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains being substituted by hydroxy or O-metal groups
}
C07C 43/135
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
C07C 43/137
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
Collapse
C07C 43/14
. . .
Unsaturated ethers
Collapse
C07C 43/15
. . . .
containing only non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds
C07C 43/16
. . . . .
Vinyl ethers
C07C 43/162
. . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 43/164
. . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/166
. . . . .
having unsaturation ouside the aromatic rings
C07C 43/168
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
Collapse
C07C 43/17
. . . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/172
. . . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 43/174
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/1742
. . . . . .
{
with halogen atoms bound to the aromatic rings
}
C07C 43/1745
. . . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
C07C 43/1747
. . . . . .
{
containing six membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
C07C 43/176
. . . . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 43/178
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 43/1781
. . . . .
{
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
}
Collapse
C07C 43/1782
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings
}
C07C 43/1783
. . . . . .
{
with hydroxy or -O-metal groups bound to the aromatic rings
}
C07C 43/1785
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
C07C 43/1786
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
C07C 43/1787
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
}
C07C 43/1788
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
Collapse
C07C 43/18
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 43/184
. . .
to a carbon atom of a non-condensed ring
C07C 43/188
. . .
Unsaturated ethers
C07C 43/192
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/196
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 43/20
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 43/202
. . .
{
the aromatic ring being a naphthalene
}
Collapse
C07C 43/205
. . .
the aromatic ring being a non-condensed ring
C07C 43/2055
. . . .
{
containing more than one ether bond
}
C07C 43/21
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/215
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 43/225
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/23
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 43/235
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring and to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 43/243
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/247
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/253
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 43/257
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to carbon atoms both belonging to six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/263
. . .
the aromatic rings being non-condensed
C07C 43/267
. . .
containing other rings
C07C 43/275
. . .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/285
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/29
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 43/295
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 43/30
.
Compounds having groups
NOTE
-
The acetal carbon atom is the carbon atom of the
group

C07C 43/303
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 43/305
. .
having acetal carbon atoms as rings members or bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/307
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 43/313
. .
containing halogen
C07C 43/315
. .
containing oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms not being acetal carbon atoms
C07C 43/317
. .
having groups, X being hydrogen or metal
C07C 43/32
.
Compounds having groups or groups
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having >C = O groups bound only to carbon or hydrogen atoms; Preparation of chelates of such compounds
C07C 45/002
.
{
by dehydrogenation
}
C07C 45/004
.
{
by reaction with organometalhalides
}
C07C 45/006
.
{
by hydrogenation of aromatic hydroxy compounds
}
C07C 45/008
.
{
by reaction with tri- or tetrahalomethyl compounds
}
C07C 45/26
.
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds
Collapse
C07C 45/27
.
by oxidation (with ozone C07C 45/40)
C07C 45/28
. .
of CHx-moieties
Collapse
C07C 45/29
. .
of hydroxy groups
C07C 45/292
. . .
{
with chromium derivatives
}
C07C 45/294
. . .
{
with hydrogen peroxide
}
C07C 45/296
. . .
{
with lead derivatives
}
C07C 45/298
. . .
{
with manganese derivatives
}
Collapse
C07C 45/30
. .
with halogen containing compounds, e.g. hypohalogenation
C07C 45/305
. . .
{
with halogenochromate reagents, e.g. pyridinium cholorchromate
}
C07C 45/31
. .
with compounds containing mercury atoms, which may be regenerated in situ, e.g. by oxygen
Collapse
C07C 45/32
. .
with molecular oxygen
Collapse
C07C 45/33
. . .
of CHx-moieties
Collapse
C07C 45/34
. . . .
in unsaturated compounds
C07C 45/35
. . . . .
in propene or isobutene
C07C 45/36
. . . . .
in compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 45/37
. . .
of C-O-functional groups to >C=O groups
C07C 45/38
. . . .
being a primary hydroxyl group
C07C 45/39
. . . .
being a secondary hydroxyl group
C07C 45/40
.
by oxidation with ozone; by ozonolysis
C07C 45/41
.
by hydrogenolysis or reduction of carboxylic groups or functional derivatives thereof
Collapse
C07C 45/42
.
by hydrolysis
C07C 45/43
. .
of >CX2 groups, X being halogen
C07C 45/44
.
by reduction and hydrolysis of nitriles
Collapse
C07C 45/45
.
by condensation
C07C 45/455
. .
{
with carboxylic acids or their derivatives
}
C07C 45/46
. .
Friedel-Crafts reactions
C07C 45/47
. .
using phosgene
C07C 45/48
. .
involving decarboxylation
Collapse
C07C 45/49
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide
Collapse
C07C 45/50
. .
by oxo-reactions
C07C 45/505
. . .
{
Asymmetric hydroformylation
}
Collapse
C07C 45/51
.
by pyrolysis, rearrangement or decomposition
Collapse
C07C 45/511
. .
{
involving transformation of singly bound oxygen functional groups to >C = O groups (involving two hydroxy groups C07C 45/52; hydroperoxides C07C 45/53)
}
C07C 45/512
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being a free hydroxyl group
}
C07C 45/513
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an etherified hydroxyl group
}
C07C 45/515
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an acetalised, ketalised hemi-acetalised, or hemi-ketalised hydroxyl group (cyclic acetals or ketals C07C 45/59, C07C 45/60)
}
C07C 45/516
. .
{
involving transformation of nitrogen-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
C07C 45/517
. .
{
involving transformation of peroxy-compounds to >C = O groups
}
C07C 45/518
. .
{
involving transformation of sulfur-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
C07C 45/52
. .
by dehydration and rearrangement involving two hydroxy groups in the same molecule
C07C 45/53
. .
of hydroperoxides
C07C 45/54
. .
of compounds containing doubly bound oxygen atoms, e.g. esters
C07C 45/55
. .
of oligo- or polymeric oxo-compounds
Collapse
C07C 45/56
.
from heterocyclic compounds (C07C 45/55 takes precedence)
Collapse
C07C 45/562
. .
{
with nitrogen as the only hetero atom
}
C07C 45/565
. . .
{
by reaction with hexamethylene-tetramine
}
C07C 45/567
. .
{
with sulfur as the only hetero atom
}
Collapse
C07C 45/57
. .
with oxygen as the only heteroatom
C07C 45/58
. . .
in three-membered rings
C07C 45/59
. . .
in five-membered rings (from ozonides C07C 45/40)
C07C 45/60
. . .
in six-membered rings
Collapse
C07C 45/61
.
by reactions not involving the formation of >C = O groups
C07C 45/62
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds
C07C 45/63
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
C07C 45/64
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form
Collapse
C07C 45/65
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen atoms or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
C07C 45/66
. . .
by dehydration
Collapse
C07C 45/67
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton
Collapse
C07C 45/673
. . .
{
by change of size of the carbon skeleton
}
C07C 45/676
. . . .
{
by elimination of carboxyl groups
}
Collapse
C07C 45/68
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms
C07C 45/69
. . . .
by addition to carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds
Collapse
C07C 45/70
. . . .
by reaction with functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form
C07C 45/71
. . . . .
being hydroxy groups
Collapse
C07C 45/72
. . . .
by reaction of compounds containing >C = O groups with the same or other compounds containing >C = O groups
C07C 45/73
. . . . .
combined with hydrogenation
C07C 45/74
. . . . .
combined with dehydration
C07C 45/75
. . . . .
Reactions with formaldehyde
C07C 45/76
. . .
with the aid of ketenes
C07C 45/77
.
Preparation of chelates of aldehydes or ketones
Collapse
C07C 45/78
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
C07C 45/783
. .
{
by gas-liquid treatment, e.g. by gas-liquid absorption
}
C07C 45/786
. .
{
by membrane separation process, e.g. pervaporation, perstraction, reverse osmosis
}
C07C 45/79
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption
C07C 45/80
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment
Collapse
C07C 45/81
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation
Collapse
C07C 45/82
. . .
by distillation
C07C 45/83
. . . .
by extractive distillation
C07C 45/84
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 45/85
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 45/79)
C07C 45/86
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
C07C 45/87
.
Preparation of ketenes or dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D)
C07C 45/88
. .
from ketones
C07C 45/89
. .
from carboxylic acids, their anhydrides, esters or halides
C07C 45/90
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
Preparation of quinones
Collapse
C07C 46/02
.
by oxidation giving rise to quinoid structures
C07C 46/04
. .
of unsubstituted ring carbon atoms in six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 46/06
. .
of at least one hydroxy group on a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 46/08
. . .
with molecular oxygen
C07C 46/10
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
Compounds having -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 47/02
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to hydrogen
C07C 47/04
. .
Formaldehyde
C07C 47/06
. .
Acetaldehyde
Collapse
C07C 47/105
. .
containing rings
C07C 47/11
. . .
monocyclic
C07C 47/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 47/12
. .
containing more than one -CHO group
C07C 47/127
. . .
Glyoxal
C07C 47/133
. . .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 47/14
. .
containing halogen
C07C 47/16
. . .
Trichloroacetaldehyde
C07C 47/17
. . .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 47/19
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H)
C07C 47/192
. . .
containing rings
C07C 47/195
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 47/198
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 47/20
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 47/21
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation
C07C 47/22
. . .
Acryaldehyde; Methacryaldehyde
C07C 47/222
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation
C07C 47/225
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 47/228
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. phenylacetaldehyde
C07C 47/23
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 47/232
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 47/235
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 47/238
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 47/24
. .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 47/26
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 47/263
. . .
acyclic
C07C 47/267
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/27
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/273
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 47/277
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 47/28
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/293
. .
with three- or four-membered ring
C07C 47/30
. .
with a five-membered ring
C07C 47/32
. .
with a six-membered ring
C07C 47/33
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 47/34
. .
polycyclic
C07C 47/347
. . .
having a -CHO group on a condensed ring system
C07C 47/353
. .
containing halogen
C07C 47/36
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 47/37
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 47/38
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/395
. .
with a three- or four-membered ring
C07C 47/40
. .
with a five-membered ring
C07C 47/42
. .
with a six-membered ring
C07C 47/43
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 47/44
. .
polycyclic
C07C 47/445
. . .
containing a condensed ring system
C07C 47/45
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings
C07C 47/453
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/457
. .
containing halogen
C07C 47/46
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 47/47
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 47/52
.
Compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/54
. .
Benzaldehyde
C07C 47/542
. .
Alkylated benzaldehydes
C07C 47/544
. .
Diformyl benzenes; Alkylated derivatives thereof
C07C 47/546
. .
polycyclic
C07C 47/548
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 47/55
. .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 47/56
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 47/565
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring
C07C 47/57
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 47/575
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 47/58
. . .
Vanillin
Collapse
Ketones; Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D, e.g. beta-lactones C07D 305/12); Ketonic chelates
Collapse
C07C 49/04
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 49/08
. .
Acetone
C07C 49/10
. .
Methyl-ethyl ketone
Collapse
C07C 49/105
. .
containing rings
C07C 49/11
. . .
monocyclic
C07C 49/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 49/12
. .
Ketones containing more than one keto group
C07C 49/14
. . .
Acetylacetone, i.e. 2,4-pentanedione
C07C 49/15
. . .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 49/16
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/163
. . .
containing rings
C07C 49/167
. . .
containing only fluorine as halogen
Collapse
C07C 49/17
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H)
C07C 49/172
. . .
containing rings
C07C 49/173
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 49/175
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/185
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/20
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 49/203
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation
C07C 49/205
. . .
Methyl-vinyl ketone
C07C 49/207
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation
C07C 49/21
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/213
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 49/215
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/217
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 49/223
. . . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/225
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
Collapse
C07C 49/227
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/23
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/233
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 49/235
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 49/237
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
Collapse
C07C 49/24
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/242
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/245
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 49/248
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 49/252
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 49/255
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/258
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/29
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings
C07C 49/293
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring
C07C 49/297
. .
to a five-membered ring
C07C 49/303
. .
to a six-membered ring
C07C 49/307
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/313
. .
polycyclic
C07C 49/317
. . .
both carbon atoms bound to the keto group belonging to rings
C07C 49/323
. . .
having keto groups bound to condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 49/327
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/333
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/337
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/345
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/35
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/355
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/385
.
Saturated compounds containing a keto group being part of a ring
C07C 49/39
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring
C07C 49/395
. .
of a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/403
. .
of a six-membered ring
C07C 49/407
. . .
Menthones
C07C 49/413
. .
of a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/417
. .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/423
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
Collapse
C07C 49/427
. . . .
having two rings
Collapse
C07C 49/433
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms
C07C 49/437
. . . . . .
Camphor; Fenchone
C07C 49/443
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbon atoms
C07C 49/447
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms
C07C 49/453
. . . .
having three rings
Collapse
C07C 49/457
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/463
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/467
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/473
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
C07C 49/477
. . . . .
having two rings
C07C 49/483
. . . . .
having three rings
Collapse
C07C 49/487
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/493
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring
C07C 49/497
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring
C07C 49/503
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/507
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/513
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
C07C 49/517
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/523
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/527
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 49/533
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring
C07C 49/537
. .
to a five-membered ring
C07C 49/543
. .
to a six-membered ring
C07C 49/547
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring
C07C 49/553
. .
polycyclic
C07C 49/557
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings
C07C 49/563
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 49/567
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/573
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/577
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/583
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/587
.
Unsaturated compounds containing a keto groups being part of a ring
C07C 49/593
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring
C07C 49/597
. .
of a five-membered ring
C07C 49/603
. .
of a six-membered ring
C07C 49/607
. .
of a seven-to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/613
. .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/617
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
Collapse
C07C 49/623
. . . .
having two rings
C07C 49/627
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms
C07C 49/633
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbone atoms
C07C 49/637
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms
C07C 49/643
. . . .
having three rings
Collapse
C07C 49/647
. .
having unsaturation outside the ring
C07C 49/653
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/657
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/665
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
C07C 49/67
. . . .
having two rings, e.g. tetralones
C07C 49/675
. . . .
having three rings
C07C 49/683
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/687
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/693
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/697
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/703
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/707
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring
C07C 49/713
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring
C07C 49/717
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 49/723
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/727
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system
C07C 49/733
. . . . .
having two rings
C07C 49/737
. . . . .
having three rings
C07C 49/743
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings, e.g. humulones, lupulones
C07C 49/747
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/753
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/755
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system with two or three rings, at least one ring being a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 49/757
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/76
.
Ketones containing a keto group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring (compounds having a keto group being part of a condensed ring system and being bound to a six-membered aromatic ring C07C 49/657 to C07C 49/757)
C07C 49/78
. .
Acetophenone
Collapse
C07C 49/782
. .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/784
. . .
with all keto groups bound to a non-condensed ring
C07C 49/786
. . . .
Benzophenone
C07C 49/788
. . .
with keto groups bound to a condensed ring system
C07C 49/792
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/794
. .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring
C07C 49/796
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/798
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 49/80
. .
containing halogen
C07C 49/807
. . .
all halogen atoms bound to the ring
C07C 49/813
. . .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 49/82
. .
containing hydroxy groups
C07C 49/825
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring
C07C 49/83
. . .
polycyclic
C07C 49/835
. . .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring
C07C 49/84
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 49/86
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 49/88
.
Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes
C07C 49/90
. .
Ketene, i.e. C2H2O
C07C 49/92
.
Ketonic chelates
Collapse
Quinones (for quinone methides, see unsaturated ketones with a keto group being part of a ring)
NOTE
-
In this group, quinhydrones are classified according to their quinoid part.

Collapse
C07C 50/02
.
with monocyclic quinoid structure
C07C 50/04
. .
Benzoquinones, i.e. C6H4O2
C07C 50/06
. .
with unsaturation outside the quinoid structure
C07C 50/08
.
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure
Collapse
C07C 50/10
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing two rings
C07C 50/12
. .
Naphthoquinones, i.e. C10H6O2
C07C 50/14
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system, e.g. vitamin K1
Collapse
C07C 50/16
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing three rings
C07C 50/18
. .
Anthraquinones, i.e. C14H8O2
C07C 50/20
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system
C07C 50/22
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing four or more rings
C07C 50/24
.
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 50/26
.
containing groups having oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms
C07C 50/28
. .
with monocyclic quinoid structure
C07C 50/30
. .
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure
C07C 50/32
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having two rings
C07C 50/34
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having three rings
C07C 50/36
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having four or more rings
C07C 50/38
.
containing -CHO or non-quinoid keto groups
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acids or their salts, halides or anhydrides (of acids by hydrolysis of oils, fats or waxes C11C)
C07C 51/02
.
from salts of carboxylic acids
C07C 51/04
.
from carboxylic acid halides
C07C 51/06
.
from carboxylic acid amides
C07C 51/08
.
from nitriles
Collapse
C07C 51/083
.
from carboxylic acid anhydrides
C07C 51/087
. .
by hydrolysis
C07C 51/09
.
from carboxylic acid esters or lactones
C07C 51/093
.
by hydrolysis of -CX3 groups, X being halogen
C07C 51/097
.
from or via nitro-substituted organic compounds
Collapse
C07C 51/10
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide
C07C 51/12
. .
on an oxygen-containing group in organic compounds, e.g. alcohols
C07C 51/14
. .
on a carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond in organic compounds
C07C 51/145
. .
with simultaneous oxidation
C07C 51/15
.
by reaction of organic compounds with carbon dioxide, e.g. Kolbe-Schmitt synthesis
Collapse
C07C 51/16
.
by oxidation (C07C 51/145 takes precedence)
Collapse
C07C 51/21
. .
with molecular oxygen
Collapse
C07C 51/215
. . .
of saturated hydrocarbyl groups
C07C 51/225
. . . .
of paraffin waxes
Collapse
C07C 51/23
. . .
of oxygen-containing groups to carboxyl groups
C07C 51/235
. . . .
of -CHO groups or primary alcohol groups
C07C 51/245
. . . .
of keto groups or secondary alcohol groups
Collapse
C07C 51/25
. . .
of unsaturated compounds containing no six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 51/252
. . . .
{
of propene, butenes, acrolein or methacrolein
}
Collapse
C07C 51/255
. . .
of compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings without ring-splitting
C07C 51/265
. . . .
having alkyl side chains which are oxidised to carboxyl groups
NOTE
-
Reactions of the Katzschmann type, i.e. oxidation of a dialkyl-aromatic compound with intermediate esterification of the mono-acid, see relevant ester groups, even when the end product is a carboxylic acid

Collapse
C07C 51/27
. .
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids
C07C 51/275
. . .
of hydrocarbyl groups
C07C 51/285
. .
with peroxy-compounds
C07C 51/29
. .
with halogen-containing compounds which may be formed in situ
C07C 51/295
. .
with inorganic bases, e.g. by alkali fusion
C07C 51/305
. .
with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds
Collapse
C07C 51/31
. .
of cyclic compounds with ring-splitting
C07C 51/313
. . .
{
with molecular oxygen
}
C07C 51/316
. . .
{
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids
}
C07C 51/34
.
by oxidation with ozone; by hydrolysis of ozonides
Collapse
C07C 51/347
.
by reactions not involving formation of carboxyl groups
C07C 51/353
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton
C07C 51/36
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
C07C 51/363
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
C07C 51/367
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form
C07C 51/373
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in doubly bound form
Collapse
C07C 51/377
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
{
C07C 51/36 to C07C 51/373 take precedence
}
C07C 51/38
. . .
by decarboxylation
Collapse
C07C 51/41
.
Preparation of salts of carboxylic acids (preparation of soap C11D)
{
C07C 51/093 to C07C 51/34 take precedence
}
C07C 51/412
. .
{
by conversion of the acids, their salts, esters or anhydrides with the same carboxylic acid part
}
C07C 51/414
. .
{
Preparation of superbasic salts
}
C07C 51/416
. .
{
Henkel reaction and related reactions, i.e. rearrangement of carboxylate salt groups linked to six-membered aromatic rings, in the absence or in the presence of CO or CO2, (e.g. preparation of terepholates from benzoates); no additional classification for the subsequent hydrolysis of the salt groups has to be given
}
C07C 51/418
. .
{
Preparation of metal complexes containing carboxylic acid moieties
}
Collapse
C07C 51/42
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
C07C 51/43
. .
by change of the physical state, e.g. crystallisation
Collapse
C07C 51/44
. . .
by distillation
C07C 51/445
. . . .
{
by steam distillation
}
C07C 51/46
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation
C07C 51/47
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption
C07C 51/48
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment
Collapse
C07C 51/487
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 51/47)
C07C 51/493
. . .
whereby carboxylic acid esters are formed
C07C 51/50
. .
Use of additives e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
C07C 51/54
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid anhydrides (by oxidation C07C 51/16)
C07C 51/56
. .
from organic acids, their salts, their esters
{
or their halides, e.g. by carboxylation
}
C07C 51/567
. .
by reactions not involving carboxylic acid anhydride groups
C07C 51/573
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
C07C 51/58
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid halides
C07C 51/60
. .
by conversion of carboxylic acids or their anhydrides
{
or esters, lactones, salts
}
into halides with the same carboxylic acid part
C07C 51/62
. .
by reactions not involving the carboxylic acid halide group
C07C 51/64
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or hydrogen
Collapse
C07C 53/02
.
Formic acid
C07C 53/06
. .
Salts thereof
Collapse
C07C 53/08
.
Acetic acid (pyroligneous acid C10C; preparation of vinegar C12J)
C07C 53/10
. .
Salts thereof
C07C 53/12
.
Acetic anhydride (ketene C07C 49/90)
C07C 53/122
.
Propionic acid
C07C 53/124
.
Acids containing four carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 53/126
.
Acids containing more than four carbon atoms
C07C 53/128
. .
the carboxylic group being bound to a carbon atom bound to at least two other carbon atoms, e.g. neo-acids
Collapse
C07C 53/132
.
containing rings
C07C 53/134
. .
monocyclic
Collapse
C07C 53/136
. .
containing condensed ring systems
C07C 53/138
. . .
containing an adamantane ring system
Collapse
C07C 53/15
.
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 53/16
. .
Halogenated acetic acids
C07C 53/18
. . .
containing fluorine
Collapse
C07C 53/19
. .
Acids containing three or more carbon atoms
C07C 53/21
. . .
containing fluorine
C07C 53/23
. .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 53/38
.
Acyl halides
C07C 53/40
. .
Acetyl halides
C07C 53/42
. .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms
C07C 53/44
. .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 53/46
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group
C07C 53/48
. . .
Halogenated acetyl halides
C07C 53/50
. . .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms
Collapse
Saturated compounds having more than one carboxyl group bound to acyclic carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 55/02
.
Dicarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 55/06
. .
Oxalic acid
C07C 55/07
. . .
Salts thereof
C07C 55/08
. .
Malonic acid
C07C 55/10
. .
Succinic acid
C07C 55/12
. .
Glutaric acid
C07C 55/14
. .
Adipic acid
C07C 55/16
. .
Pimelic acid
C07C 55/18
. .
Azelaic acid
C07C 55/20
. .
Sebacic acid
C07C 55/21
. .
Dicarboxylic acids containing twelve carbon atoms
C07C 55/22
.
Tricarboxylic acids
C07C 55/24
.
containing more than three carboxyl groups
Collapse
C07C 55/26
.
containing rings
{
other than aromatic rings
}
C07C 55/28
. .
monocyclic
C07C 55/30
. .
containing condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 55/32
.
containing halogen
C07C 55/34
. .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 55/36
.
Acyl halides
C07C 55/38
. .
containing rings
C07C 55/40
. .
containing halogen outside the carboxyl halide group
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 57/02
.
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation
Collapse
C07C 57/03
. .
Monocarboxylic acids
C07C 57/04
. . .
Acrylic acid; Methacrylic acid
C07C 57/08
. . .
Crotonic acid
C07C 57/10
. . .
Sorbic acid
C07C 57/12
. . .
Straight chain carboxylic acids containing eighteen carbon atoms
Collapse
C07C 57/13
. .
Dicarboxylic acids
C07C 57/145
. . .
Maleic acid
C07C 57/15
. . .
Fumaric acid
C07C 57/155
. . .
Citraconic acid
C07C 57/16
. . .
Muconic acid
Collapse
C07C 57/18
.
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation
C07C 57/20
. .
Propiolic acid
C07C 57/22
. .
Acetylene dicarboxylic acid
C07C 57/24
. .
Diacetylene or polyacetylene dicarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 57/26
.
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 57/28
. .
containing an adamantane ring system
Collapse
C07C 57/30
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 57/32
. .
Phenylacetic acid
Collapse
C07C 57/34
. .
containing more than one carboxyl group
C07C 57/36
. . .
Phenymalonic acid
Collapse
C07C 57/38
. .
polycyclic
C07C 57/40
. . .
containing condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 57/42
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings
C07C 57/44
. . .
Cinnamic acid
Collapse
C07C 57/46
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, e.g. cyclohexylphenylacetic acid
C07C 57/48
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 57/50
. .
containing condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 57/52
.
containing halogen
C07C 57/54
. .
Halogenated acrylic or methacrylic acids
C07C 57/56
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 57/58
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 57/60
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings
C07C 57/62
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
Collapse
C07C 57/64
.
Acyl halides
C07C 57/66
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation
C07C 57/68
. .
with only caron-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation
C07C 57/70
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 57/72
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 57/74
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 57/76
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 59/01
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 59/06
. .
Glycolic acid
C07C 59/08
. .
Lactic acid
Collapse
C07C 59/10
. .
Polyhydroxy carboxylic acids
C07C 59/105
. . .
having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. aldonic acids
C07C 59/11
. .
containing rings
C07C 59/115
. .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 59/125
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 59/13
. .
containing rings
C07C 59/135
. .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 59/147
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing -CHO groups
C07C 59/153
. .
Glyoxylic acid
Collapse
C07C 59/185
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing keto groups
C07C 59/19
. .
Pyruvic acid
C07C 59/195
. .
Acetoacetic acid
C07C 59/205
. .
containing rings
C07C 59/21
. .
containing halogen
C07C 59/215
. .
containing singly bound oxygen containing groups
C07C 59/225
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 59/235
.
Saturated compounds containing more than one carboxyl group
Collapse
C07C 59/245
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 59/255
. . .
Tartaric acid
C07C 59/265
. . .
Citric acid
C07C 59/285
. . .
Polyhydroxy dicarboxylic acids having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. saccharic acids
C07C 59/29
. . .
containing rings
C07C 59/295
. . .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 59/305
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 59/31
. . .
containing rings
C07C 59/315
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 59/325
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 59/347
. .
containing keto groups
C07C 59/353
. . .
containing rings
Collapse
C07C 59/40
.
Unsaturated compounds
Collapse
C07C 59/42
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 59/44
. . .
Ricinoleic acid
C07C 59/46
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 59/48
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 59/50
. . . .
Mandelic acid
C07C 59/52
. . .
a hydroxy or O-metal group being bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 59/54
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 59/56
. . .
containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 59/58
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 59/60
. . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether being unsaturated
C07C 59/62
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 59/64
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 59/66
. . . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether containing six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 59/68
. . . . .
the oxygen atom of the ether group being bound to a non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 59/70
. . . . . .
Ethers of hydroxy-acetic acid,
{
e.g. substitutes on the ring
}
C07C 59/72
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 59/74
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 59/76
. .
containing keto groups
Collapse
C07C 59/80
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 59/82
. . . .
the keto group being part of a ring
C07C 59/84
. . .
containing six membered aromatic rings
C07C 59/86
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
C07C 59/88
. . .
containing halogen
C07C 59/90
. . .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups
C07C 59/92
. . .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
NOTE
-
The oxidation mixture of naphthenes containing naphthenic acids, is classified in C07C 61/005

C07C 61/005
.
Naphthenic acids
C07C 61/04
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a three or four-membered ring
C07C 61/06
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 61/08
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring
C07C 61/09
. .
Completely hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids
C07C 61/10
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 61/12
.
Saturated polycyclic compounds
Collapse
C07C 61/125
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system
C07C 61/13
. . .
having two rings
C07C 61/135
. . .
having three rings
C07C 61/15
.
Saturated compounds containing halogen
Collapse
C07C 61/16
.
Unsaturated compounds
C07C 61/20
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 61/22
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring
C07C 61/24
. . .
Partially hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids
C07C 61/26
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 61/28
. .
polycyclic
C07C 61/29
. . .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system
Collapse
C07C 61/35
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings
C07C 61/37
. . .
Chrysanthemumic acid
C07C 61/39
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 61/40
. .
containing halogen
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 62/02
.
Saturated compounds containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 62/04
. .
with a six-membered ring
C07C 62/06
. .
polycyclic
Collapse
C07C 62/08
.
Saturated compounds containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 62/10
. .
with a six-membered ring
Collapse
C07C 62/12
. .
polycyclic
C07C 62/14
. . .
having a carboxyl group on a condensed ring system
C07C 62/16
.
Saturated compounds containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 62/18
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups
C07C 62/20
. .
with a
{
saturated
}
six-membered ring
C07C 62/22
. .
polycyclic
C07C 62/24
. .
the keto group being part of a ring
C07C 62/26
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups
C07C 62/28
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 62/30
.
Unsaturated compounds
C07C 62/32
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
C07C 62/34
. .
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
C07C 62/36
. .
containing -CHO groups
C07C 62/38
. .
containing keto groups
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to a carbon atom of six-membered aromatic rings
Collapse
C07C 63/04
.
Monocyclic monocarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 63/06
. .
Benzoic acid
C07C 63/08
. . .
Salts thereof
C07C 63/10
. . .
Halides thereof
Collapse
C07C 63/14
.
Monocyclic dicarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 63/15
. .
all carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of the six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 63/16
. . .
1,2 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid
C07C 63/20
. . . .
Salts thereof
C07C 63/22
. . . .
Halides thereof
C07C 63/24
. . .
1,3 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid
Collapse
C07C 63/26
. . .
1,4 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid
C07C 63/28
. . . .
Salts thereof
C07C 63/30
. . . .
Halides thereof
C07C 63/307
.
Monocyclic tricarboxylic acids
C07C 63/313
.
Monocyclic acids containing more than three carboxyl groups
Collapse
C07C 63/33
.
Polycyclic acids
Collapse
C07C 63/331
. .
with all carboxyl groups bound to non-condensed rings
C07C 63/333
. . .
4,4` - Diphenyldicarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 63/337
. .
with carboxyl groups bound to condensed ring systems
Collapse
C07C 63/34
. . .
containing two
{
condensed
}
rings
C07C 63/36
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group
C07C 63/38
. . . .
containig two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system
C07C 63/40
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system
Collapse
C07C 63/42
. . .
containing three or more
{
condensed
}
rings
C07C 63/44
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group
C07C 63/46
. . . .
containing two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system
C07C 63/48
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system
C07C 63/49
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 63/64
.
Monocyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
C07C 63/66
.
Polycyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 63/68
.
containing halogen
C07C 63/70
. .
Monocarboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 63/72
. .
Polycyclic acids
C07C 63/74
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, groups, groups, or groups(cyclic anhydrides C07D)
Collapse
C07C 65/01
.
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups
Collapse
C07C 65/03
. .
monocyclic and having all hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to the ring
Collapse
C07C 65/05
. . .
o-Hydrocy carboxylic acids
C07C 65/10
. . . .
Salicylic acid
Collapse
C07C 65/105
. .
polycyclic
C07C 65/11
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing two rings
C07C 65/15
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings
C07C 65/17
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 65/19
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 65/21
.
containing ether groups, groups, groups, or groups
Collapse
C07C 65/24
. .
polycyclic
C07C 65/26
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 65/28
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 65/30
.
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
C07C 65/32
.
containing keto groups
Collapse
C07C 65/34
. .
polycyclic
C07C 65/36
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 65/38
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
C07C 65/40
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups
C07C 65/42
. .
containing -CHO groups
Collapse
Quinone carboxylic acids
C07C 66/02
.
Anthraquinone carboxylic acids
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acid esters
C07C 67/02
.
by interreacting ester groups, i.e. transesterification
C07C 67/03
.
by reacting an ester group with a hydroxy group
C07C 67/035
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with saturated hydrocarbons
Collapse
C07C 67/04
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides onto unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
Collapse
C07C 67/05
. .
with oxidation
C07C 67/055
. . .
in the presence of platinum group metals or their compounds
C07C 67/08
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with the hydroxy or O-metal group of organic compounds
Collapse
C07C 67/10
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with ester groups or with a carbon-halogen bond (preparation from carboxylic acid halides C07C 67/14)
C07C 67/11
. .
being mineral ester groups
C07C 67/12
.
from unsymmetrical anhydrides
C07C 67/14
.
from carboxylic acid halides
C07C 67/16
.
form carboxylic acids, esters or anhydrides wherein one oxygen atom has been replaced by a sulfur, selenium or tellurium atom
Collapse
C07C 67/18
.
by conversion of a group containing nitrogen into an ester group
C07C 67/20
. .
from amides or lactams
C07C 67/22
. .
from nitriles
Collapse
C07C 67/24
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof with a carbon-to-oxygen ether bond, e.g. acetal, tetrahydrofuran
C07C 67/26
. .
with an oxirane ring
C07C 67/27
.
from ortho-esters
Collapse
C07C 67/28
.
by modifying the hydroxylic moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group
C07C 67/283
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
C07C 67/287
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
C07C 67/29
. .
by introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups
C07C 67/293
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton
C07C 67/297
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
Collapse
C07C 67/30
.
by modifying the acid moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group
C07C 67/303
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
C07C 67/307
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms
C07C 67/31
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form
C07C 67/313
. .
by introduction of doubly bound oxygen containing functional groups, e.g. carboxyl groups
Collapse
C07C 67/317
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
C07C 67/32
. . .
Decarboxylation
C07C 67/327
. . .
by elimination of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form
Collapse
C07C 67/333
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton (introduction or elimination of carboxyl groups C07C 67/313, C07C 67/32)
C07C 67/34
. . .
Migration of groups in the molecule
Collapse
C07C 67/343
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms
C07C 67/347
. . . .
by addition to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
Collapse
C07C 67/36
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide or formates (C07C 67/02, C07C 67/03, C07C 67/10 take precedence)
C07C 67/37
. .
by reaction of ethers with carbon monoxide
C07C 67/38
. .
by addition to an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond
Collapse
C07C 67/39
.
by oxidation of groups which are precursors for the acid moiety of the ester
C07C 67/40
. .
by oxidation of primary alcohols
C07C 67/42
. .
by oxidation of secondary alcohols or ketones
C07C 67/44
.
by oxidation-reduction of aldehydes, e.g. Tishchenko reaction
C07C 67/46
.
from ketenes or polyketenes
C07C 67/465
.
by oligomerisation
C07C 67/47
.
by telomerisation (macromolecular compounds C08)
C07C 67/475
.
by splitting of carbon-to-carbon bonds and redistribution, e.g. disproportionation or migration of groups between different molecules
Collapse
C07C 67/48
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
Collapse
C07C 67/52
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation
C07C 67/54
. . .
by distillation
C07C 67/56
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption
C07C 67/58
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment
C07C 67/60
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 67/56)
C07C 67/62
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
Collapse
Preparation of esters of carbonic or haloformic acids
C07C 68/005
.
{
from carbon monoxide and oxygen
}
C07C 68/02
.
from phosgene or haloformates
C07C 68/04
.
from carbon dioxide or inorganic carbonates
Collapse
C07C 68/06
.
from organic carbonates
C07C 68/065
. .
{
from alkylene carbonates
}
C07C 68/08
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation
Collapse
Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids (ortho esters, see the relevant groups, e.g. C07C 43/32)
NOTE
-
In this group esters having a variably-specified acid moiety, i.e. covered by more than one of groups C07C 69/02, C07C 69/34, C07C 69/52, C07C 69/608, C07C 69/612, C07C 69/62, C07C 69/66, C07C 69/74, C07C 69/76, C07C 69/95, C07C 69/96, are covered by groups C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 according to their hydroxylic moiety

C07C 69/003
.
Esters of saturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom
Collapse
C07C 69/007
.
Esters of unsaturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom
C07C 69/01
. .
Vinyl esters
C07C 69/013
.
Esters of alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 69/017
.
Esters of hydroxy compounds having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 69/02
.
Esters of acyclic saturated monocarboxylic acids having the carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or to hydrogen
Collapse
C07C 69/04
. .
Formic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/06
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/07
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols
C07C 69/08
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/10
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds
Collapse
C07C 69/12
. .
Acetic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/14
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds
Collapse
C07C 69/145
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols
C07C 69/15
. . . . .
Vinyl acetate
C07C 69/155
. . . . .
Allyl acetate
C07C 69/157
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 69/16
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/18
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/21
. . .
of hydroxy compounds with more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H)
Collapse
C07C 69/22
. .
having three or more carbon atoms in the acid moiety
Collapse
C07C 69/24
. . .
esterified with monohydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/26
. . . .
Synthetic waxes
C07C 69/28
. . .
esterified with dihydroxylic compounds
C07C 69/30
. . .
esterified with trihydroxylic compounds (fats, oils C11B, C11C)
C07C 69/33
. . .
esterified with hydroxy compounds having more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H)
Collapse
C07C 69/34
.
Esters of acyclic saturated polycarboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom
C07C 69/36
. .
Oxalic acid esters
C07C 69/38
. .
Malonic acid esters
C07C 69/40
. .
Succinic acid esters
C07C 69/42
. .
Glutaric acid esters
C07C 69/44
. .
Adipic acid esters
C07C 69/46
. .
Pimelic acid esters
C07C 69/48
. .
Azelaic acid esters
C07C 69/50
. .
Sebacic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/52
.
Esters of acyclic unsaturated carboxylic acids having the esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom
Collapse
C07C 69/533
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
C07C 69/54
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters
C07C 69/56
. . .
Crotonic acid esters; Vinyl acetic acid esters
C07C 69/58
. . .
Esters of straight chain acids with eighteen carbon atoms in the acid moiety
C07C 69/587
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds
Collapse
C07C 69/593
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond
C07C 69/60
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters
C07C 69/602
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds
C07C 69/604
. .
Polycarboxylic acid esters, the acid moiety containing more than two carboxyl groups
C07C 69/606
. .
having only
{
or additionally
}
carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation in the carboxylic acid moiety
C07C 69/608
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety
Collapse
C07C 69/612
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety
C07C 69/614
. .
of phenylacetic acid
C07C 69/616
. .
polycyclic
C07C 69/618
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 69/62
.
Halogen-containing esters (haloformic acid esters C07C 69/96)
Collapse
C07C 69/63
. .
of saturated acids
C07C 69/635
. . .
containing rings in the acid moiety
Collapse
C07C 69/65
. .
of unsaturated acids
C07C 69/653
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters; Haloacrylic acid esters; Halomethacrylic acid esters
C07C 69/657
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters; Halomaleic acid esters; Halofumaric acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/66
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having esterified carboxylic groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and having any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, acyloxy, groups, groups, or in the acid moiety
Collapse
C07C 69/67
. .
of saturated acids
Collapse
C07C 69/675
. . .
of saturated hydroxy-carboxylic acids
C07C 69/68
. . . .
Lactic acid esters
C07C 69/70
. . . .
Tartaric acid esters
C07C 69/704
. . . .
Citric acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/708
. . .
Ethers
C07C 69/712
. . . .
the hydroxy group of the ester being etherified with a hydroxy compound having the hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 69/716
. . .
Esters of keto-carboxylic acids
{
or aldehydo-carboxylic acids
}
C07C 69/72
. . . .
Acetoacetic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/73
. .
of unsaturated acids
C07C 69/732
. . .
of unsaturated hydroxy carboxylic acids
Collapse
C07C 69/734
. . .
Ethers
C07C 69/736
. . . .
the hydroxy group of the ester being etherified with a hydroxy compound having the hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 69/738
. . .
Esters of keto-carboxylic acids
{
or aldehydo-carboxylic acids
}
Collapse
C07C 69/74
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring
Collapse
C07C 69/743
. .
of acids with a three-membered ring and with unsaturation outside the ring
C07C 69/747
. . .
Chrysanthemumic acid esters
C07C 69/75
. .
of acids with a six-membered ring
C07C 69/753
. .
of polycyclic acids
C07C 69/757
. .
having any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, acyloxy, groups, groups, or in the acid moiety
Collapse
C07C 69/76
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 69/78
. .
Benzoic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/80
. .
Phthalic acid esters
C07C 69/82
. . .
Terephthalic acid esters
Collapse
C07C 69/84
. .
of monocyclic hydroxy carboxylic acids, the hydroxy groups and the carboxyl groups of which are bound to carbon atoms of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 69/86
. . .
with esterified hydroxyl groups
C07C 69/88
. . .
with esterified carboxyl groups
C07C 69/90
. . .
with esterified hydroxyl and carboxyl groups
C07C 69/92
. . .
with etherified hydroxyl groups
C07C 69/94
. .
of polycyclic hydroxy carboxylic acids, the hydroxy groups and the carboxyl groups of which are bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 69/95
.
Esters of quinone carboxylic acids
C07C 69/96
.
Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids
Esters of oxyacids of halogens

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Systems containing only non-condensed rings
C07C 2101/02
.
with a three-membered ring
C07C 2101/04
.
with a four-membered ring
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C07C 2101/06
.
with a five-membered ring
C07C 2101/08
. .
The ring being saturated
C07C 2101/10
. .
The ring being unsaturated
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C07C 2101/12
.
with a six-membered ring
C07C 2101/14
. .
The ring being saturated
C07C 2101/16
. .
The ring being unsaturated
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C07C 2101/18
.
with a ring being at least seven-membered
C07C 2101/20
. .
The ring being twelve-membered
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Systems containing two condensed rings
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C07C 2102/02
.
The rings having only two atoms in common
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C07C 2102/04
. .
One of the condensed rings being a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 2102/06
. . .
The other ring being four-membered
C07C 2102/08
. . .
The other ring being five-membered (e.g. indane)
C07C 2102/10
. . .
The other ring being six-membered (e.d. tetraline)
C07C 2102/12
. . .
The other ring being at least seven-membered
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C07C 2102/14
. .
All rings being cycloaliphatic
C07C 2102/16
. . .
The ring system contains five carbon atoms
C07C 2102/18
. . .
The ring system contains six carbon atoms
C07C 2102/20
. . .
The ring system contains seven carbon atoms
C07C 2102/22
. . .
The ring system contains eight carbon atoms (e.g. pentalene)
C07C 2102/24
. . .
The ring system contains nine carbon atoms (e.g. perhydroindane)
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C07C 2102/26
. . .
The ring system contains ten carbon atoms
C07C 2102/28
. . . .
Hydrogenated naphthalenes
C07C 2102/30
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) azulenes
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C07C 2102/32
. . .
The ring system contains at least eleven carbon atoms
C07C 2102/34
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) heptalenes
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C07C 2102/36
.
The rings having more than two atoms in common
C07C 2102/38
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains five carbon atoms
C07C 2102/40
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains six carbon atoms
C07C 2102/42
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains seven carbon atoms
C07C 2102/44
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains eight carbon atoms
C07C 2102/46
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains nine carbon atoms
C07C 2102/48
. .
The bicyclo ring system contains ten carbon atoms
C07C 2102/50
.
Spiro compounds
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Systems containing at least three condensed rings
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C07C 2103/02
.
Ortho- or ortho- and peri-condensed systems
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C07C 2103/04
. .
containing three rings
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C07C 2103/06
. . .
containing at least one ring with less than six ring members
C07C 2103/08
. . . .
containing three- or four-membered rings
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C07C 2103/10
. . . .
containing five-membered rings
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C07C 2103/12
. . . . .
only one five-membered ring
C07C 2103/14
. . . . . .
(Hydrogenated) benz[f]indenes
C07C 2103/16
. . . . . .
(Hydrogenated) benz[e]indenes
C07C 2103/18
. . . . . .
(Hydrogenated) fluorenes
C07C 2103/20
. . . . . .
(Hydrogenated) acenaphthenes
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C07C 2103/22
. . .
containing only six-membered rings
C07C 2103/24
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) anthracenes
C07C 2103/26
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) phenanthrenes
C07C 2103/28
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) phenalenes
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C07C 2103/30
. . .
containing seven-membered rings
C07C 2103/32
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) dibenzocycloheptenes
C07C 2103/34
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) benzoheptalenes
C07C 2103/36
. . .
containing eight-membered rings
C07C 2103/38
. . .
containing rings with at least nine members
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C07C 2103/40
. .
containing four condensed rings
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C07C 2103/42
. . .
containing only six-membered rings
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C07C 2103/44
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) naphthacenes
C07C 2103/46
. . . . .
1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-Octahydronaphthacenes, e.g. tetracyclines
C07C 2103/48
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) chrysenes
C07C 2103/50
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) pyrenes
C07C 2103/52
. .
containing five condensed rings
C07C 2103/54
. .
containing more than five condensed rings
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C07C 2103/56
.
Ring systems containing bridged rings
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C07C 2103/58
. .
containing three rings
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C07C 2103/60
. . .
containing at least one ring with less than six members
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C07C 2103/62
. . . .
containing three- or four-membered rings
C07C 2103/64
. . . . .
having a tricyclo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]hept-structure
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C07C 2103/66
. . . .
containing five-membered rings
C07C 2103/68
. . . . .
(Hydrogenated) dicyclopentadienes
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C07C 2103/70
. . .
containing only six-membered rings
C07C 2103/72
. . . .
(Hydrogenated) ethanonaphthalenes
C07C 2103/74
. . . .
Adamantanes
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C07C 2103/76
. . .
containing at least one ring which contains more than six ring members
C07C 2103/78
. . . .
containing seven-membered rings
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C07C 2103/80
. . . .
containing eight-membered rings
C07C 2103/82
. . . . .
having three condensed rings with in total fourteen carbon atoms and having a having a [5.4.3.0(1,8)] ring structure, e.g. pleuromutiline
C07C 2103/84
. . . .
containing rings with more than eight members
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C07C 2103/86
. .
containing four rings
C07C 2103/88
. . .
(Hydrogenated) ethanoanthracenes
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C07C 2103/90
. .
containing more than four rings
C07C 2103/91
. . .
(Hydrogenated) polycyclopentadienes
C07C 2103/92
.
with a condensed ring system consisting of at least two mutually uncondensed aromatic ring systems, linked by an annular structure formed by carbon chains on non-adjacent positions of the aromatic system, e.g. cyclophanes
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C07C 2103/93
.
Spiro compounds
C07C 2103/94
. .
containing "free" spiro atoms
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C07C 2103/95
. .
containing "not free" spiro atoms
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C07C 2103/96
. . .
containing at least one ring which contains less than six members
C07C 2103/97
. . . .
containing five-membered rings
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C07C 2103/98
. . .
containing at least one ring which contains more than six ring members
C07C 2103/99
. . . .
containing eight-membered rings
Fullerenes, e.g. C60 (buckminsterfullerene) or C70
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Guide Heading:
Compounds containing carbon and nitrogen with or without hydrogen, halogens or oxygen (irradiation products of cholesterol or its derivatives C07C 401/00; vitamin D derivatives, 9,10-seco cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene or analogues obtained by chemical preparation without irradiation C07C 401/00; derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsaturated part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; protaglandins or derivatives thereof C07C 405/00; peroxy compounds C07C 407/00, C07C 409/00)
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Preparation of esters of nitric or nitrous acid or of compounds containing nitro or nitroso groups bound to a carbon skeleton
C07C 201/02
.
Preparation of esters of nitric acid
C07C 201/04
.
Preparation of esters of nitrous acid
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C07C 201/06
.
Preparation of nitro compounds
C07C 201/08
. .
by substitution of hydrogen atoms by nitro groups
C07C 201/10
. .
by substitution of functional groups by nitro groups
C07C 201/12
. .
by reactions not involving the formation of nitro groups
C07C 201/14
. .
by formation of nitro groups together with reactions not involving the formation of nitro groups
C07C 201/16
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives
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Esters of nitric or nitrous acid
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C07C 203/02
.
Esters of nitric acid
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C07C 203/04
. .
having nitrate groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 203/06
. . .
Glycerol trinitrate
C07C 203/08
. .
having nitrate groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 203/10
. .
having nitrate groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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Compounds containing nitro groups bound to a carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/01
.
having nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 205/02
. .
of a saturated carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/03
. .
of an unsaturated carbon skeleton
C07C 205/04
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/05
.
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/06
.
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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C07C 205/07
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by halogen atoms
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C07C 205/08
. .
having nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 205/09
. . .
of an unsaturated carbon skeleton
C07C 205/10
. .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
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C07C 205/11
. .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/12
. . .
the six-membered aromatic ring or a condensed ring system containing that ring being substituted by halogen atoms
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C07C 205/13
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by hydroxy groups
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C07C 205/14
. .
having nitro groups and hydroxy groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
C07C 205/15
. . .
of a saturated carbon skeleton
C07C 205/16
. . .
of a carbon skeleton containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/17
. .
having nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/18
. .
having nitro groups or hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/19
. .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and hydroxy groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms
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C07C 205/20
. .
having nitro groups and hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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C07C 205/21
. . .
having nitro groups and hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of the same non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 205/22
. . . .
having one nitro groups bound to the ring
C07C 205/23
. . . .
having two nitro groups bound to the ring
C07C 205/24
. . . .
having three, and only three, nitro groups bound to the ring
C07C 205/25
. . .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings being part of a condensed ring system
C07C 205/26
. .
and being further substituted by halogen atoms
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C07C 205/27
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by etherified hydroxy groups
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C07C 205/28
. .
having nitro groups and etherified hydroxy groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/29
. . .
the carbon skeleton being saturated
C07C 205/30
. . . .
the oxygen atom of at least one of the etherified hydroxy groups being further bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring
C07C 205/31
. . .
the carbon skeleton containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/32
. .
having nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and etherified hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/33
. .
having nitro groups or etherified hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/34
. .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and etherified hydroxy groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/35
. .
having nitro groups and etherified hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/36
. . .
to carbon atoms of the same non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring or to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings being part of the same condensed ring system
C07C 205/37
. . . .
the oxygen atom of at least one of the etherified hydroxy groups being further bound to an acyclic carbon atom
C07C 205/38
. . . .
the oxygen atom of at least one of the etherified hydroxy groups being further bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring, e.g. nitrodiphenyl ethers
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C07C 205/39
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by esterified hydroxy groups
C07C 205/40
. .
having nitro groups and esterified hydroxy groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/41
. .
having nitro groups or esterified hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/42
. .
having nitro groups or esterified hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/43
. . .
to carbon atoms of the same non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring or to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings being part of the same condensed ring system
C07C 205/44
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by -CHO groups
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C07C 205/45
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by at least one doubly-bound oxygen atom, not being part of a -CHO group
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C07C 205/46
. .
the carbon skeleton containing carbon atoms of quinone rings
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C07C 205/47
. . .
Anthraquinones containing nitro groups
C07C 205/48
. . . .
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by singly-bound oxygen atoms
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C07C 205/49
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by carboxyl groups
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C07C 205/50
. .
having nitro groups and carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/51
. . .
the carbon skeleton being saturated
C07C 205/52
. . . .
Nitro-acetic acids
C07C 205/53
. . .
the carbon skeleton containing six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 205/54
. .
having nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/55
. .
having nitro groups or carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/56
. .
having nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 205/57
. .
having nitro groups and carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings of the carbon skeleton
C07C 205/58
. . .
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by halogen atoms
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C07C 205/59
. . .
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by singly-bound oxygen atoms
C07C 205/60
. . . .
in ortho-position to the carboxyl group, e.g. nitro-salicylic acids
C07C 205/61
. . .
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by doubly-bound oxygen atoms
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Compounds containing nitroso groups bound to a carbon skeleton
C07C 207/02
.
the carbon skeleton not being further substituted
C07C 207/04
.
the carbon skeleton being further substituted by singly-bound oxygen atoms
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Preparation of compounds containing amino groups bound to a carbon skeleton
C07C 209/02
.
by substitution of hydrogen atoms by amino groups
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C07C 209/04
.
by substitution of functional groups by amino groups
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C07C 209/06
. .
by substitution of halogen atoms
C07C 209/08
. . .
with formation of amino groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 209/10
. . .
with formation of amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings or from amines having nitrogen atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 209/12
. . .
with formation of quaternary ammonium compounds
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C07C 209/14
. .
by substitution of hydroxy groups or of etherified or esterified hydroxy groups
C07C 209/16
. . .
with formation of amino groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 209/18
. . .
with formation of amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings or from amines having nitrogen atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 209/20
. . .
with formation of quaternary ammonium compounds
C07C 209/22
. .
by substitution of other functional groups
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C07C 209/24
.
by reductive alkylation of ammonia, amines or compounds having groups reducible to amino groups, with carbonyl compounds
C07C 209/26
. .
by reduction with hydrogen
C07C 209/28
. .
by reduction with other reducing agents
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C07C 209/30
.
by reduction of nitrogen-to-oxygen or nitrogen-to-nitrogen bonds
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C07C 209/32
. .
by reduction of nitro groups
C07C 209/325
. . .
{
reduction by other means than indicated in C07C 209/34 or C07C 209/36
}
C07C 209/34
. . .
by reduction of nitro groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
{
in presence of hydrogen-containing gases and a catalyst
}
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C07C 209/36
. . .
by reduction of nitro groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
{
in presence of hydrogen-containing gases and a catalyst
}
C07C 209/365
. . . .
{
by reduction with preservation of halogen-atoms in compounds containing nitro groups and halogen atoms bound to the same carbon skeleton
}
C07C 209/38
. .
by reduction of nitroso groups
C07C 209/40
. .
by reduction of hydroxylamino or oxyimino groups
C07C 209/42
. .
by reduction of nitrogen-to-nitrogen bonds
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C07C 209/44
.
by reduction of carboxylic acids or esters thereof in presence of ammonia or amines, or by reduction of nitriles, carboxylic acid amides, imines or imino-ethers
C07C 209/46
. .
by reduction of carboxylic acids or esters thereof in presence of ammonia or amines
C07C 209/48
. .
by reduction of nitriles
C07C 209/50
. .
by reduction of carboxylic acid amides
C07C 209/52
. .
by reduction of imines or imino-ethers (C07C 209/24 takes precedence)
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C07C 209/54
.
by rearrangement reactions
C07C 209/56
. .
from carboxylic acids involving a Hofmann, Curtius, Schmidt, or Lossen-type rearrangement
C07C 209/58
. .
from or via amides
C07C 209/60
.
by condensation or addition reactions, e.g. Mannich reaction, addition of ammonia or amines to alkenes or to alkynes or addition of compounds containing an active hydrogen atom to Schiff`s bases, quinone imines, or aziranes
C07C 209/62
.
by cleaving carbon-to-nitrogen, sulfur-to-nitrogen, or phosphorus-to-nitrogen bonds, e.g. hydrolysis of amides, N-dealkylation of amines or quaternary ammonium compounds (C07C 209/24 takes precedence)
C07C 209/64
.
by disproportionation
C07C 209/66
.
from or via metallo-organic compounds
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C07C 209/68
.
from amines, by reactions not involving amino groups, e.g. reduction of unsaturated amines, aromatisation, or substitution of the carbon skeleton
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C07C 209/70
. .
by reduction of unsaturated amines
C07C 209/72
. . .
by reduction of six-membered aromatic rings
C07C 209/74
. .
by halogenation, hydrohalogenation, dehalogenation, or dehydrohalogenation
C07C 209/76
. .
by nitration
C07C 209/78
. .
from carbonyl compounds, e.g. from formaldehyde, and amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings, with formation of methylene-diarylamines
C07C 209/80
.
by photochemical reactions; by using free radicals
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C07C 209/82
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation; Use of additives
C07C 209/84
. .
Purification
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C07C 2