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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
Search Symbol
CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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ACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with meanings indicated:
- "bridged" means the presence of at least one fusion other than ortho, peri or spiro;
- two rings are "condensed" if they share at least one ring member, i.e. "spiro" and "bridged" are considered as condensed;
- "condensed ring system" is a ring system in which all rings are condensed among themselves;
- "number of rings" in a condensed ring system equals the number of scissions necessary to convert the ring system into one acyclic chain;
- "quinones" are compounds derived from compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring or a system comprising six-membered aromatic rings (which system may be condensed or not condensed) by replacing two or four CH groups of the six-membered aromatic rings by C=O groups, and by removing one or two carbon-to-carbon double
bonds, respectively, and rearranging the remaining carbon-to-carbon double bonds to give a ring or ring system with alternating double bonds, including the carbon-to-oxygen bonds; this means that acenaphthenequinone or camphorquinone are not considered as quinones.

In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, a process is classified in the last appropriate place.

In this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, "quaternary ammonium compounds" are classified with the corresponding "non-quaternised nitrogen compounds".

For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 1/00 to C07C 71/00 and C07C 401/00 to C07C 409/00:
- a compound is classified considering the molecule as a whole (rule of the
"whole molecule approach");
- a compound is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon atoms bound
to each other by multiple bonds;
- a compound is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound to
each other by multiple bonds, which includes six-membered aromatic ring, unless
otherwise specified or implicitely derivable from the subdivision.

For the classification of compounds in groups C07C 201/00 to C07C 395/00, i.e. after the functional group has been determined according to the"last place rule", a compound is classified according to the following principles:
- compounds are classified in accordance with the nature of the carbon atom to
which the functional group is attached;
- a carbon skeleton is a carbon atom, other than a carbon atom of a carboxyl group,
or a chain of carbon atoms bound to each other, a carbon skeleton is considered to
be terminated by every bond to an element other than carbon or to a carbon atom of
a carboxyl group;
- when the molecule contains several functional groups, only functional groups linked
to the same carbon skeleton as the one first determined are considered;
- a carbon sekeleton is considered to be saturated if it does not contain carbon
atoms bound to each other by multiple bonds;
- a carbon skeleton is considered to be unsaturated if it contains carbon atoms bound
to each other by multiple bonds, which includes a six-membered aromatic ring.

When classifying in this subclass, classification is also made in group B01D 15/08 insofar as subject matter of general interest relating to chromatography is concerned.

When a process is classified in a process group, combination sets are used to indicate the product of the process. A combination set consists of a process group, followed by and linked to the group of the product. The products are selected from the corresponding product groups.


WARNING
-
The following IPC groups are not used in the CPC scheme. Subject matter covered by these groups is classified in the following CPC groups:

C07C27/02 covered by C07C 29/00, C07C 51/00
C07C47/042, C07C47/045, C07C47/048, C07C47/052, C07C47/055, C07C47/058 covered by C07C 47/04
C07C47/07, C07C47/09 covered by C07C 47/06
C07C53/04 covered by C07C 53/02
C07C57/045, C07C57/05, C07C57/055, C07C57/065, C07C57/07, C07C57/075 covered by C07C 57/04
C07C69/025, C07C69/03, C07C69/035 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/02 C07C69/347, C07C69/353 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/34 C07C69/527 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/52 C07C69/767, C07C69/773 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/76 C07C69/83 covered by C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 and C07C 69/82


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Guidance heading:
Hydrocarbons (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsatureted part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; preparation of macromolecular compounds C08; production or separation from undefined hydrocarbon mixtures such as petroleum oil C10G; natural gas, synthetic natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/00; electrolytic or electrophoretic processes C25B)
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from one or more compounds, none of them being a hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/02
.
from oxides of a carbon (preparation of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures of undefined compostion C10G 2/00; of synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06) [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/04
. .
from carbon monoxide with hydrogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/0405
. . .
{
Apparatus
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/041
. . . .
{
Reactors
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0415
. . . . .
{
with moving catalysts
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/042
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling devices; Heat exchangers
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/0425
. . .
{
Catalysts; their physical properties
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/043
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/0435
. . . . .
{
containing a metal of group 8 or a compound thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/044
. . . . . .
{
containing iron
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0445
. . . .
{
Preparation; Activation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/045
. . . .
{
Regeneration
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/0455
. . .
{
Reaction conditions
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/046
. . . .
{
Numerical values of parameters (only to be used if no other subgroup of C07C 1/04 is used)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0465
. . . .
{
concerning fluidisation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/047
. . . .
{
Processes in which one or more parameters are changed during the process; Starting-up of the process
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0475
. . . .
{
Regulating
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/048
. . . .
{
Temperature controlling measures
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/0485
. . .
{
Set-up of reactors or accessories; Multi-step processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/049
. . . .
{
Coupling of the reaction and regeneration of the catalyst
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/0495
. . .
{
Non-catalytic processes; Catalytic processes in which there is also another way of activation, e.g. radiation
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/06
. . .
in the presence of organic compounds, e.g. hydrocarbons
{
(multi-step processes in which the feed to a subsequent reaction zone comprises at least a part of the reaction-product of a previous reaction zone C07C 1/0485)
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/063
. . . .
{
the organic compound being the catalyst or a part of the catalyst system
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/066
. . . . .
{
used for dissolving, suspending or transporting the catalyst
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/08
. . .
Isosyntheses [2013‑01]
C07C 1/10
. .
from carbon monoxide with water vapour [2013‑01]
C07C 1/12
. .
from carbon dioxide with hydrogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/20
.
starting from organic compounds containing only oxygen atoms as heteroatoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/207
. .
from carbonyl compounds [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/2072
. . .
{
by condensation (C07C 2/86 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2074
. . . .
{
of only one compound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2076
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)- moiety is eliminated
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/2078
. . .
{
by a transformation in which at least one -C(=O)-O- moiety is eliminated
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/213
. . .
by splitting of esters [2013‑01]
C07C 1/22
. .
by reduction [2013‑01]
C07C 1/24
. .
by elimination of water [2013‑01]
C07C 1/247
. .
by splitting of cyclic ethers [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/26
.
starting from organic compounds containing only halogen atoms as hetero-atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 1/28
. .
by ring closure [2013‑01]
C07C 1/30
. .
by splitting-off the elements of hydrogen halide from a single molecule [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/32
.
starting from compounds containing hetero-atoms other than or in addition to oxygen or halogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 1/321
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a non-metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/322
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a sulfur atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/323
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a nitrogen atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/324
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a phosphorus atom (C07C 1/34 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 1/325
. .
{
the hetero-atom being a metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/326
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being a magnesium atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/327
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an aluminium atom (C07C 2/88 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/328
. . .
{
the hetero-atom being an alkali metal atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 1/34
. .
reacting phosphines with aldehydes or ketones, e.g. Wittig reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 1/36
.
by splitting of esters (C07C 1/213, C07C 1/30 take precedence) [2013‑01]
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a smaller number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00) [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/02
.
by addition between unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/04
. .
by oligomerisation of well-defined unsaturated hydrocarbons without ring formation [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/06
. . .
of alkenes, i.e. acyclic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/08
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/10
. . . . .
with metal oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/12
. . . . .
with crystalline alumino-silicates
{
or with catalysts comprising
}
molecular sieves [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/14
. . . . .
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids [2013‑01]
C07C 2/16
. . . . . .
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/18
. . . . . .
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/20
. . . . . .
Acids of halogen; salts thereof
{
Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/22
. . . . . . .
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 2/24
. . . . .
with metals [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/26
. . . . .
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 2/20 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 2/28
. . . . . .
with ion-exchange resins [2013‑01]
C07C 2/30
. . . . . .
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/32
. . . . . .
as complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates
{
complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 2/20
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/34
. . . . . . .
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/36
. . . . . .
as phosphines, arsines, stilbines or bismuthines [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/38
. . .
of dienes or alkynes [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/40
. . . .
of conjugated dienes [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/403
. . . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/406
. . . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 2/42
. .
homo- or co-oligomerisation with ring formation, not being a Diels-Alder conversion [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/44
. . .
of conjugated dienes only [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/46
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/465
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/48
. . .
of only hydrocarbons containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/50
. .
Diels-Alder conversion [2013‑01]
C07C 2/52
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/54
.
by addition of unsaturated hydrocarbons to saturated hydrocarbons or to hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/56
. .
Addition to acyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/58
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/60
. . . .
with halides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/62
. . . .
with acids [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/64
. .
Addition to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/66
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 2/68
. . . .
with halides [2013‑01]
C07C 2/70
. . . .
with acids [2013‑01]
C07C 2/72
. .
Addition to a non-aromatic carbon atom of hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 2/74
.
by addition with simultaneous hydrogenation [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/76
.
by condensation of hydrocarbons with partial elimination of hydrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 2/78
. .
Processes with partial combustion [2013‑01]
C07C 2/80
. .
Processes with the aid of electrical means [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/82
. .
Oxidative coupling [2013‑01]
C07C 2/84
. . .
catalytic [2013‑01]
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C07C 2/86
.
by condensation between a hydrocarbon and a non-hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
C07C 2/861
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only halogen as hetero-atoms
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 2/862
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains only oxygen as hetero-atoms
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/864
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an alcohol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/865
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an ether
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/867
. . .
{
the non-hydrocarbon is an aldehyde or a ketone
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/868
. .
{
the non-hydrocarbon contains sulfur as hetero-atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 2/88
. .
{
Growth and elimination reactions (preparation of metallo-organic compounds C07F)
}
[2013‑01]
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a larger number of carbon atoms (redistribution reactions involving splitting C07C 6/00; cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G) [2013‑01]
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C07C 4/02
.
by cracking a single hydrocarbon or a mixture of individually defined hydrocarbons or a normally gaseous hydrocarbon fraction [2013‑01]
C07C 4/025
. .
{
Oxidative cracking, autothermal cracking or cracking by partial combustion
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 4/04
. .
Thermal processes
{
C07C 4/025 takes precedence
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 4/06
. .
Catalytic processes
{
C07C 4/025 takes precedence
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 4/08
.
by splitting-off an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic part from the molecule [2013‑01]
C07C 4/10
. .
from acyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
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C07C 4/12
. .
from hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring, e.g. propyltoluene to vinyltoluene [2013‑01]
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C07C 4/14
. . .
splitting taking place at an aromatic-aliphatic bond [2013‑01]
C07C 4/16
. . . .
Thermal processes [2013‑01]
C07C 4/18
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 4/20
. . . .
Hydrogen being formed in situ, e.g. from steam [2013‑01]
C07C 4/22
.
by depolymerisation to the original monomer, e.g. dicyclopentadiene to cyclopentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 4/24
.
by splitting polyarylsubstituted aliphatic compounds at an aliphatic-aliphatic bond, e.g. 1,4-diphenylbutane to styrene [2013‑01]
C07C 4/26
.
by splitting polyaryl compounds at a bond between uncondensed six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. biphenyl to benzene [2013‑01]
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing the same number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/02
.
by hydrogenation (simultaneous hydrogenation and dehydrogenation C07C 5/52) [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/03
. .
of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 5/05
. . .
Partial hydrogenation [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/08
. .
of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 5/09
. . .
to carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/10
. .
of aromatic six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 5/11
. . .
Partial hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 5/13
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/22
.
by isomerisation (with simultaeous hydrogenation C07C 5/13; with simultaneous dehydrogenation C07C 5/373) [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2206
. .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/23 to C07C 5/31
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2213
. . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/222
. . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2226
. . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salt or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2233
. . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/224
. . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2246
. . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2253
. . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/226
. . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2266
. . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2246 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2273
. . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/228
. . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2286
. . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2246)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2293
. . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines, or bismuthines
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/23
. .
Rearrangement of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/25
. . .
Migration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2506
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2512
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2518
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2525
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2531
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2537
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2543
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/255
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2556
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2562
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2543 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2568
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2575
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2581
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2543)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2587
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2593
. . . . . .
{
containing phosphines, arsines, stibines or bismuthines
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/27
. .
Rearrangement of carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon skeleton [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2702
. . .
{
Catalytic processes not covered by C07C 5/2732 to C07C 5/31; Catalytic processes covered by both C07C 5/2732 and C07C 5/277 simultaneously
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2705
. . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2708
. . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/271
. . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2713
. . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2716
. . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2718
. . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof; complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2721
. . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2724
. . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2727
. . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2718 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2729
. . .
{
Changing the branching point of an open chain or the point of substitution on a ring
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2732
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2735
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2737
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/274
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2743
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2745
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus acids
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2748
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2751
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2754
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2756
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2748 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2759
. . . . . .
{
containing metal-to-carbon bond; Metal hydrides
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2762
. . . . . .
{
containing complexes, e.g. acetyl-acetonates (complexes of salts of acids of halogen C07C 5/2748)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2764
. . . . . . .
{
Metal-hydrocarbon complexes
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/2767
. . .
{
Changing the number of side-chains
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/277
. . . .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2772
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2775
. . . . .
{
with crystalline alumino-silicates, e.g. molecular sieves
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2778
. . . . .
{
with inorganic acids; with salts or anhydrides of acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2781
. . . . . .
{
Acids of sulfur; Salts thereof; Sulfur oxides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2783
. . . . . .
{
Acids of phosphorus; Salts thereof; Phosphorus oxides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2786
. . . . . .
{
Acids of halogen; Salts thereof
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2789
. . . . . . .
{
Metal halides; Complexes thereof with organic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2791
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/2794
. . . . .
{
with hydrides or organic compounds (C07C 5/2786 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/2797
. . . . . .
{
with ion-exchange resins
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/29
. . .
changing the number of carbon atoms in a ring while maintaining the number of rings [2013‑01]
C07C 5/31
. . .
changing the number of rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/32
.
by dehydrogenation with formation of free hydrogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/321
. .
{
Catalytic processes
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/322
. . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/324
. . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/325
. . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/327
. .
Formation of non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds only [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/333
. . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 5/3332
. . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/3335
. . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/3337
. . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/35
. .
Formation of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds only [2013‑01]
C07C 5/367
. .
Formation of an aromatic six-membered ring from an existing six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of ethylcyclohexane to ethylbenzene [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/373
. .
with simultaneous isomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 5/387
. . .
of cyclic compounds containing non six-membered ring to compounds containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/393
. . .
with cyclisation to an aromatic six-membered ring, e.g. dehydrogenation of n-hexane to benzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 5/41
. . . .
Catalytic processes [2013‑01]
C07C 5/412
. . . . .
{
with metal oxides or metal sulfides
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/415
. . . . .
{
with metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 5/417
. . . . . .
{
of the platinum group
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 5/42
.
by dehydrogenation with a hydrogen acceptor [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
The catalyst is considered as forming part of the acceptor system in case of simultaneous catalyst reduction.

The acceptor system is classified according to the supplying substances in case of in situ formation of the acceptor system or of in situ regeneration of the reduced acceptor system.

Compounds added for binding the reduced acceptor system are not considered as belonging to the acceptor system.

C07C 5/44
. .
with halogen or a halogen-containing compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/46
. .
with sulfur or a sulfur-containing compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/48
. .
with oxygen as an acceptor [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/50
. .
with an organic compound as an acceptor [2013‑01]
C07C 5/52
. . .
with a hydrocarbon as an acceptor, e.g. hydrocarbon disproportionation, i.e. 2CnHp -> CnHp+q + CnHp-q [2013‑01]
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C07C 5/54
. .
with an acceptor system containing at least two compounds provided for in more than one of the sub-groups C07C 5/44 to C07C 5/50 [2013‑01]
C07C 5/56
. . .
containing only oxygen and either halogens or halogen-containing compounds [2013‑01]
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Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a different number of carbon atoms by redistribution reactions [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/02
.
Metathesis reactions at an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/04
. .
at a carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 6/06
. . .
at a cyclic carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 6/08
.
by conversion at a saturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
C07C 6/10
. .
in hydrocarbons containing no six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 6/12
. .
of exclusively hydrocarbons containing a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 6/123
. . .
{
of only one hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 6/126
. . .
{
of more than one hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
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Purification; Separation; Use of additives (working-up undefined gaseous mixtures obtained by cracking hydrocarbon oils C10G 70/00) [2013‑01]
C07C 7/005
.
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 7/04
.
by distillation [2013‑01]
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C07C 7/05
. .
with the aid of auxiliary compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 7/06
. . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/08
. . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/09
.
by fractional condensation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/10
.
by extraction, i.e. purification or separation of liquid hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids [2013‑01]
C07C 7/11
.
by absorption, i.e. purification or separation of gaseous hydrocarbons with the aid of liquids [2013‑01]
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C07C 7/12
.
by adsorption, i.e. purification or separation of hydrocarbons with the aid of solids, e.g. with ion-exchangers [2013‑01]
C07C 7/13
. .
by molecular-sieve technique [2013‑01]
C07C 7/135
.
by gas-chromatography [2013‑01]
C07C 7/14
.
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals [2013‑01]
C07C 7/144
.
using membranes, e.g. selective permeation [2013‑01]
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C07C 7/148
.
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In the following sub-groups contact masses and catalysts are disregarded for classification purposes

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C07C 7/14808
. .
{
with non-metals as element (hydrogenation C07C 7/163)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14816
. . .
{
oxygen; ozone
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14825
. . .
{
halogens
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 7/14833
. .
{
with metals or their inorganic compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14841
. . .
{
metals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/1485
. . .
{
oxides; hydroxides; salts (C07C 7/156 takes precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 7/14858
. .
{
with inorganic compounds not provided for before (acids, sulfur oxides C07C 7/17)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14866
. . .
{
water (hydrate formation C07C 7/152)
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 7/14875
. .
{
with organic compounds (organo-metallic compounds C07C 7/173)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14883
. . .
{
hydrocarbons
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 7/14891
. . .
{
alcohols
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/152
. .
by forming adducts or complexes [2013‑01]
C07C 7/156
. . .
with solutions of copper salts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 7/163
. .
by hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 7/167
. . .
for removal of compounds containing a triple carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
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C07C 7/17
. .
with acids or sulfur oxides [2013‑01]
C07C 7/171
. . .
Sulfuric acid or oleum [2013‑01]
C07C 7/173
. .
with the aid of organo-metallic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 7/177
. .
by selective oligomerisation or polymerisation of at least one compound of the mixture [2013‑01]
C07C 7/20
.
use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
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Aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
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C07C 9/02
.
with one to four carbon atoms (liquefied petroleum gas C10L 3/12) [2013‑01]
C07C 9/04
. .
Methane (production by treatment of sewage C02F 11/04; natural gas, synthetic natural gas C10L 3/06) [2013‑01]
C07C 9/06
. .
Ethane [2013‑01]
C07C 9/08
. .
Propane [2013‑01]
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C07C 9/10
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/12
. . .
Iso-butane [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 9/14
.
with five to fifteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/15
. .
Straight-chain hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
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C07C 9/16
. .
Branched-chain hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 9/18
. . .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 9/21
. . .
2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane [2013‑01]
C07C 9/22
.
with more than fifteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
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Aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/02
.
Alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 11/04
. .
Ethylene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/06
. .
Propene [2013‑01]
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C07C 11/08
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/09
. . .
Isobutene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/10
. .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/107
. .
with six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/113
. . .
Methylpentenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/12
.
Alkadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 11/14
. .
Allene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/16
. .
with four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/167
. . .
1, 3-Butadiene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/173
. .
with five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 11/18
. . .
Isoprene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/20
. . .
1, 3-Pentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 11/21
.
Alkatrienes; Alkatetraenes; Other alkapolyenes [2013‑01]
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C07C 11/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 11/24
. .
Acetylene (production of acetylene gas by wet methods C10H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 11/28
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds and carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 11/30
. .
Butenyne [2013‑01]
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing rings other than, or in addition to, six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 13/04
. .
with a three-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/06
. .
with a four-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/08
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/10
. . .
with a cyclopentane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/11
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups [2013‑01]
C07C 13/12
. . .
with a cyclopentene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/15
. . .
with a cyclopentadiene ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/16
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/18
. . .
with a cyclohexane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/19
. . . .
substituted by unsaturated hydrocarbon groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 13/20
. . .
with a cyclohexene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/21
. . . .
Menthadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/23
. . .
with a cyclohexadiene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/24
. .
with a seven-membered ring [2013‑01]
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C07C 13/26
. .
with an eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/263
. . .
with a cyclo-octene or cyclo-octadiene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/267
. . .
with a cyclo-octatriene or cyclo-octatetraene ring [2013‑01]
C07C 13/271
. .
with a nine- to ten- membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/273
. .
with a twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/275
. . .
the twelve-membered ring being unsaturated [2013‑01]
C07C 13/277
. . . .
with a cyclododecatriene ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/28
.
Polycyclic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbon derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
Ring systems consisting only of condensed six-membered ring with maximum number of non-cumulative double bonds are classified in group C07C 15/00.

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C07C 13/32
. .
with condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/34
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/36
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/38
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/39
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/40
. . . .
with a bicycloheptane ring structure [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/42
. . . .
with a bicycloheptene ring structure [2013‑01]
C07C 13/43
. . . . .
substituted by unsaturated acyclic hydrocarbon [2013‑01]
C07C 13/44
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/45
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing nine carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 13/465
. . . .
Indenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated indenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/47
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/48
. . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/50
. . . . .
Decahydronaphthalenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/52
. . . .
Azulenes; Completely or partially hydrogenated azulenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/54
. . .
with three condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/547
. . . .
at least one ring not being six-membered, the other rings being at the most six-membered [2013‑01]
C07C 13/553
. . . . .
with an indacene or hydrogenated indacene ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/567
. . . . .
with a fluorene or hydrogenated fluorene ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/573
. . . .
with three six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/58
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/60
. . . . .
Completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/605
. . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/61
. . . . .
with a bridged indene ring, e.g. dicyclopentadiene [2013‑01]
C07C 13/615
. . . . .
with an adamantane ring [2013‑01]
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C07C 13/62
. . .
with more than three condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/64
. . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 13/66
. . . .
the condensed ring system contains only four rings [2013‑01]
C07C 13/68
. . . . .
with a bridged ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 13/70
. . .
with a condensed ring system consisting of at least two, mutually uncondensed aromatic ring systems, linked by an annular structure formed by carbon chains on non-adjacent positions of the aromatic ring, e.g. cyclophanes [2013‑01]
C07C 13/72
. . .
Spiro hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
Cyclic hydrocarbons containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/02
.
Monocyclic hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/04
. .
Benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 15/06
. .
toluene [2013‑01]
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C07C 15/067
. .
C8H10 hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/073
. . .
Ethylbenzene [2013‑01]
C07C 15/08
. . .
Xylenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/085
. .
Isopropylbenzene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/107
. .
having saturated side-chain containing at least six carbon atoms, e.g. detergent alkylates [2013‑01]
C07C 15/113
. . .
having at least two saturated side-chains, each containing at least six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 15/12
.
Polycyclic non-condensed hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/14
. .
all phenyl groups being directly linked [2013‑01]
C07C 15/16
. .
containing at least two phenyl groups linked by one single acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 15/18
. .
containing at least one group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/20
.
Polycyclic condensed hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 15/24
. .
containing two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/27
. .
containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/28
. . .
Anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/30
. . .
Phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/38
. .
containing four rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/40
.
substituted by unsaturated carbon radicals [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/42
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/44
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 15/46
. . . .
Styrene; Ring-alkylated styrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 15/48
. . .
the hydrocarbon substituent containing a carbon-to-carbon triple bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/50
. .
Polycyclic non-condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 15/52
. . .
containing a group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
C07C 15/54
. . .
containing a group with formulaImage [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 15/56
. .
Polycyclic condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 15/58
. . .
containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/60
. . .
containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 15/62
. . .
containing four rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Guidance heading:
Compounds containing carbon and halogens with or without hydrogen (derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene having an unsaturated side chain with at least four carbon atoms C07C 403/00)
Collapse
Preparation of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/007
.
from carbon or from carbides and halogens [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/013
.
by addition of halogens [2013‑01]
C07C 17/02
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/04
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/06
. .
combined with replacement of hydrogen atoms by halogens [2013‑01]
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C07C 17/07
.
by addition of hydrogen halides [2013‑01]
C07C 17/08
. .
to unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/087
. .
to unsaturated halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/093
.
by replacement by halogens [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/10
. .
of hydrogen atoms (combined with addition of halogens to unsaturated hydrocarbons C07C 17/06) [2013‑01]
C07C 17/12
. . .
in the ring of aromatic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 17/14
. . .
in the side-chain of aromatic compounds [2013‑01]
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C07C 17/15
. .
with oxygen as auxiliary reagent, e.g. oxychlorination [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/152
. . .
of hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/154
. . . .
of saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/156
. . . .
of unsaturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/158
. . .
of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/16
. .
of hydroxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 17/18
. .
of oxygen atoms of carbonyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/20
. .
of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/202
. . .
{
two or more compounds being involved in the reaction
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/204
. . . .
{
the other compound being a halogen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/206
. . . .
{
the other compound being HX
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/208
. . . .
{
the other compound being MX
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/21
. . .
with simultaneous increase of the number of halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 17/23
.
by dehalogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/25
.
by splitting-off hydrogen halides from halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/26
.
by reactions involving an increase in the number of carbon atoms in the skeleton [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/263
. .
by condensation reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 17/2632
. . .
{
involving an organo-magnesium compound, e.g. Grignard synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/2635
. . .
{
involving a phosphorus compound, e.g. Wittig synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/2637
. . .
{
between a compound containing only oxygen and possibly halogen as hetero-atoms and a halogenated hydrocarbon
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 17/266
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/269
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/272
. .
by addition reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 17/275
. . .
of hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/278
. . .
of only halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 17/281
. . . .
of only one compound [2013‑01]
C07C 17/30
. .
by a Diels-Alder synthesis [2013‑01]
C07C 17/32
. .
by introduction of halogenated alkyl groups into ring compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/35
.
by reactions not affecting the number of carbon or of halogen atoms in the reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 17/354
. .
by hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/357
. .
by dehydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/358
. .
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/361
.
by reactions involving a decrease in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 17/363
. .
by elimination of carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 17/367
. .
by depolymerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/37
.
by disproportionation of halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/38
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 17/383
. .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 17/386
. . .
with auxiliary compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 17/389
. .
by adsorption on solids [2013‑01]
C07C 17/392
. .
by crystallisation; Purification or separation of the crystals [2013‑01]
C07C 17/395
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound [2013‑01]
C07C 17/42
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
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Acyclic saturated compounds containing halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/01
.
containing chlorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/03
. .
Chloromethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/04
. . .
Chloroform [2013‑01]
C07C 19/041
. . .
Carbon tetrachloride [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/043
. .
Chloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/045
. . .
Dichloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/05
. . .
Trichloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/055
. . .
Tetrachloroethanes [2013‑01]
C07C 19/07
.
containing iodine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/075
.
containing bromine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/08
.
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 19/10
. .
and chlorine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/12
. . .
having two carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 19/14
. .
and bromine [2013‑01]
C07C 19/16
. .
and iodine [2013‑01]
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Acyclic unsaturated compounds containing halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/02
.
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/04
. .
Chloro-alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/06
. . .
Vinyl chloride [2013‑01]
C07C 21/067
. . .
Allyl chloride; Methallyl chloride [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/073
. . .
Dichloro-alkenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/08
. . . .
Vinylidene chloride [2013‑01]
C07C 21/09
. . . .
Dichloro-butenes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/10
. . .
Trichloro-ethylene [2013‑01]
C07C 21/12
. . .
Tetrachloro-ethylene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/14
. .
containing bromine [2013‑01]
C07C 21/16
. . .
Crotyl bromide [2013‑01]
C07C 21/17
. .
containing iodine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/18
. .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 21/185
. . .
tetrafluorethene [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/19
. .
Halogenated dienes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 21/20
. . .
Halogenated butadienes [2013‑01]
C07C 21/21
. . . .
Chloroprene [2013‑01]
C07C 21/215
. .
Halogenated polyenes with more than two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 21/22
.
containing carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
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Cyclic compounds containing halogen atoms bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 22/02
.
having unsaturation in the rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 22/04
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 22/06
. . .
Trichloromethylbenzene [2013‑01]
C07C 22/08
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/02
.
Monocyclic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 23/04
. .
with a three-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/06
. .
with a four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/08
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/10
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/12
. . .
Hexachlorocyclohexanes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/14
. .
with a seven-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 23/16
. .
with an eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/18
.
Polycyclic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/20
. .
with condensed rings none of which is aromatic [2013‑01]
C07C 23/22
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/24
. . .
wiht a bicyclo ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/26
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/27
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system contaning seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/28
. . . .
Saturated bicyclo ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 23/30
. . . .
Mono-unsaturated bicyclo ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 23/32
. . .
with a bicyclo ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 23/34
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated indenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/36
. . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated naphthalenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 23/38
. . .
with three condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 23/40
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated fluorenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/42
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated anthracenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/44
. . . .
Halogenated completely or partially hydrogenated phenanthrenes [2013‑01]
C07C 23/46
. . .
with more than three condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds containing at least one halogen atom bound to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/02
.
Monocyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 25/06
. .
Monochloro-benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 25/08
. .
Dichloro-benzenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/10
. .
Trichloro-benzenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/12
. .
Hexachloro-benzene [2013‑01]
C07C 25/125
. .
Halogenated xylenes [2013‑01]
C07C 25/13
. .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/18
.
Polycyclic aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C07C 25/20
. .
Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane [2013‑01]
C07C 25/22
. .
with condensed rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 25/24
.
Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons with unsaturated side chains [2013‑01]
C07C 25/28
. .
Halogenated styrenes [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Compounds containing carbon and oxygen, with or without hydrogen or halogens (irradiation products of cholesterol or its derivatives C07C 401/00; vitamin D derivatives, 9,10-seco cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene or analogues obtained by chemical preparation without irradiation C07C 401/00; derivatives of cyclohexane or of a cyclohexene
{
or of cyclohexadiene
}
, having a side-chain containing an acyclic unsaturated part of at least four carbon atoms, this part being directly attached to the cyclohexane or cyclohexene
{
or cyclohexadiene
}
rings C07C 403/00; prostaglandins or derivatives thereof C07C 405/00; peroxy compounds C07C 407/00, C07C 409/00)
Collapse
Processes involving the simultaneous production of more than one class of oxygen-containing compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/04
.
by reduction of oxygen-containing compounds (C07C 29/14 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/06
. .
by hydrogenation of oxides of carbon [2013‑01]
C07C 27/08
. . .
with moving catalysts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/10
.
by oxidation of hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/12
. .
with oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 27/14
. . .
wholly gaseous reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 27/16
. .
with other oxidising agents [2013‑01]
C07C 27/18
.
by addition of alkynes to aldehydes, ketones, or alkylene oxides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/20
.
by oxo-reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 27/22
. .
with the use of catalysts which are specific for this process [2013‑01]
C07C 27/24
. .
with moving catalysts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/26
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 27/28
. .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/30
. . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/32
. . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 27/34
. .
by extraction [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom not belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/03
.
by addition of hydroxy groups to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with the aid of H 2O 2 (by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens C07C 29/64) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/04
. .
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/05
. . .
with formation of absorption products in mineral acids and their hydrolysis (characterised by the method of hydrolysis C07C 29/12) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/06
. . . .
the acid being sulfuric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 29/08
. . . .
the acid being phosphoric acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/09
.
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 29/095
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/10
. .
of ethers, including cyclic ethers, e.g. oxiranes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/103
. . .
{
of cyclic ethers
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/106
. . . .
{
of oxiranes
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/12
. .
of esters of mineral acids [2013‑01]
C07C 29/124
. . .
of halides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/128
.
by alcoholysis [2013‑01]
C07C 29/1285
. .
{
of esters of organic acids
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/132
.
by reduction of an oxygen containing functional group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/136
. .
of >C=O containing groups, e.g. -COOH [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/14
. . .
of a -CHO group [2013‑01]
C07C 29/141
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/143
. . .
of ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 29/145
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/147
. . .
of carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/149
. . . .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/15
.
by reduction of oxides of carbon exclusively [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/151
. .
with hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/1512
. . .
{
characterised by reaction conditions
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/1514
. . . .
{
the solvents being characteristic
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/1516
. . .
{
Multisteps
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/1518
. . . .
{
one step being the formation of initial mixture of carbon oxides and hydrogen for synthesis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/152
. . .
characterised by the reactor used [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/153
. . .
characterised by the catalyst used [2013‑01]
C07C 29/154
. . . .
containing copper, silver, gold, or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/156
. . . .
containing iron group metals, platinum group metals or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/157
. . . . .
containing platinum group metals or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/158
. . . . . .
containing rhodium or compounds thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 29/159
. .
with reducing agents other than hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases [2013‑01]
C07C 29/16
.
by oxo-reaction combined with reduction [2013‑01]
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C07C 29/17
.
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 29/172
. .
{
with the obtention of a fully saturated alcohol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/175
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of an oxo group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/177
. .
{
with simultaneous reduction of a carboxy group
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/19
. .
in six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 29/20
. . .
in a non-condensed ring substituted with hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/32
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions without formation of -OH groups [2013‑01]
C07C 29/34
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups or the mineral ester groups derived therefrom, e.g. Guerbet reaction [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/36
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by reactions with formation of hydroxy groups, which may occur via intermediates being derivatives of hydroxy, e.g. O-metal [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/38
. .
by reaction with aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 29/40
. . .
with compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 29/42
. . .
with compounds containing triple carbon-to-carbon bonds, e.g. with metal-alkynes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/44
.
increasing the number of carbon atoms by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon double or triple bond (C07C 29/16 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/46
. .
by diene-synthesis [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/48
.
by oxidation reactions with formation of hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/50
. .
with molecular oxygen only [2013‑01]
C07C 29/52
. . .
in the presence of mineral boron compounds with, when necessary, hydrolysis of the intermediate formed [2013‑01]
C07C 29/54
. . .
starting from compounds containing carbon-to-metal bonds and followed by conversion of the -O- metal to -OH groups [2013‑01]
C07C 29/56
.
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/58
.
by elimination of halogen, e.g. by hydrogenolysis, splitting-off (C07C 29/124 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/60
.
by elimination of -OH groups, e.g. by dehydration (C07C 29/34 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 29/64
.
by simultaneous introduction of -OH groups and halogens [2013‑01]
C07C 29/66
. .
by addition of hypohalogenous acids, which may be formed in situ, to carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/68
.
Preparation of metal alcoholates (C07C 29/42, C07C 29/54 take precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/685
. .
{
by converting O-metal groups to other O-metal groups
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/70
. .
by converting hydroxy groups to O-metal groups
{
C07C 29/09 takes precedence
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/705
. . .
{
by transalcoholysis (for the same reaction with the emphasis on alcohol preparation see C07C 29/128)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 29/72
. .
by oxidation of carbon-to-metal bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/74
.
Separation; purification; use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/76
. .
by physical treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 29/78
. . .
by condensation or crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/80
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/82
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/84
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 29/86
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 29/88
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification of at least one compound (chemisorption C07C 29/76) [2013‑01]
C07C 29/90
. . .
using hydrogen only [2013‑01]
C07C 29/92
. . .
by a consecutive conversion and reconstruction [2013‑01]
C07C 29/94
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/02
.
Monohydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/04
. .
Methanol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/08
. .
Ethanol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/10
. .
containing three carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 31/12
. .
containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 31/125
. .
containing five to twenty-two carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/13
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/133
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 31/1333
. . .
{
with a three-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/1336
. . .
{
with a four-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/135
. . .
with a five or six-membered ring; naphthenic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/1355
. . . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/137
. .
Polycyclic with condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/18
.
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/20
. .
Dihydroxylic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/202
. . .
{
Ethylene glycol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/205
. . .
{
1,3-Propanediol; 1,2-Propanediol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/207
. . .
{
1,4-Butanediol; 1,3-Butanediol; 1,2-Butanediol; 2,3-Butanediol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/22
. .
Trihydroxylic alcohols, e.g. glycerol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/225
. . .
{
Glycerol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/24
. .
Tetrahydroxylic alcohols, e.g. pentaerythritol [2013‑01]
C07C 31/245
. . .
{
Pentaerythritol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/26
. .
Hexahydroxylic alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/27
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/272
. .
{
Monocyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/274
. . .
{
with a three to five-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/276
. . .
{
with a six-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 31/278
. .
{
Polycyclic with condensed rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/28
.
Metal alcoholates (titanates, zirconates C07F 7/00) [2013‑01]
C07C 31/30
. .
Alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alcoholates [2013‑01]
C07C 31/32
. .
Aluminium alcoholates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 31/34
.
Halogenated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/36
. .
the halogen not being fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 31/38
. .
containing only fluorine as halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 31/40
. .
Perhalogenated [2013‑01]
C07C 31/42
. .
Polyhydroxylic acyclic alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 31/44
. .
Halogenated alcohols containing saturated rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to a benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon, e.g. the 1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydronaphtalene ring is considered to be saturated outside the aromatic ring

Collapse
C07C 33/02
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/025
. .
with only one double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 33/03
. . .
in beta-position, e.g. allyl alcohol, methallyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/035
. . .
Alkenediols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/04
.
Acyclic alcohols with carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/042
. .
with only one triple bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/044
. . .
Alkynediols [2013‑01]
C07C 33/046
. . . .
Butynediols [2013‑01]
C07C 33/048
. .
with double and triple bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/05
.
Alcohols containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/12
. .
containing five-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/14
. .
containing six-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/16
. .
containing rings with more than six ring members [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/18
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/20
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/22
. . .
Benzylalcohol; phenethyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/24
. .
Polycyclic without condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
C07C 33/26
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/28
.
Alcohols containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic part with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/30
. .
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/32
. . .
Cinnamyl alcohol [2013‑01]
C07C 33/34
.
Monohydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/36
.
Polyhydroxylic alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/38
.
Alcohols containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/40
.
Halogenated unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/42
. .
Acyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 33/423
. . .
{
containing only double bonds as unsaturation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/426
. . .
{
containing only triple bonds as unsaturation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/44
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/46
. .
containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 33/48
. . .
with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 33/483
. . . .
{
Monocyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/486
. . . .
{
Polycyclic
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 33/50
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/02
.
Monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/04
. .
containing a three or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/045
. . .
{
containing a four-membered ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 35/06
. .
containing a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/08
. .
containing a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/12
. . .
Menthol [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/14
. . .
with more than one hydroxy group bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/16
. . . .
Inositols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/17
. . .
with unsaturation only outside the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/18
. . .
with unsaturation at least in the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/20
. .
containing a seven or eight-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 35/205
. .
containing a nine to twelve-membered ring, e.g. cyclododecanols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/21
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/22
.
polycyclic, at least one hydroxy group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/23
. .
with hydroxy on a condensed ring system having two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/24
. . .
the condensed ring system containing five carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 35/26
. . . .
bicyclopentadienols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/27
. . .
the condensed ring system containing six carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/28
. . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/29
. . . .
being a (2.2.1) system [2013‑01]
C07C 35/30
. . . . .
Borneol; Isoborneol [2013‑01]
C07C 35/31
. . .
the condensed ring system containing eight carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 35/32
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.3.0) system, e.g. indenols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/34
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (5.3.0.) system, e.g. azulenols [2013‑01]
C07C 35/36
. . .
the condensed ring system being a (4.4.0) system, e.g. naphols [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/37
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed system having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/38
. . .
derived from the fluorene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/40
. . .
derived from the anthracene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/42
. . .
derived from the phenanthrene skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 35/44
. .
with a hydroxy group on a condensed ring system having more than three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/46
.
O-metal derivatives of the cyclically bound hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 35/48
.
Halogenated derivatives [2013‑01]
C07C 35/50
. .
Alcohols with at least two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 35/52
. .
Alcohols with a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of compounds having hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/001
.
{
by modification in a side chain
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/002
. .
{
by transformation of a functional group, e.g. oxo, carboxyl
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/003
. .
{
by hydrogenation of an unsaturated part
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/004
.
{
by obtaining phenols from plant material or from animal material
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/005
.
{
by obtaining phenols from products, waste products or side-products of processes, not directed to the production of phenols, by conversion or working-up
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/006
. .
{
from the petroleum industry
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/007
. .
{
from the tar industry
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/008
. .
{
from coke ovens
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/009
. .
{
from waste water (treatment of waste water C02F)
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/01
.
by replacing functional groups bound to a six-membered aromatic ring by hydroxy groups, e.g. by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 37/02
. .
by substitution of halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/04
. .
by substitution of SO3H groups or a derivative thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/045
. .
by substitution of a group bound to the ring by nitrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/05
. . .
by substitution of a NH2 group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/055
. .
the substituted group being bound to oxygen, e.g. ether group [2013‑01]
C07C 37/0555
. . .
{
being esterified hydroxy groups
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 37/06
.
by conversion of non-aromatic six-membered rings or of such rings formed in situ into aromatic six-membered rings, e.g. by dehydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/07
. .
with simultaneous reduction of C=O group in that ring [2013‑01]
C07C 37/08
.
by decomposition of hydroperoxides, e.g. cumene hydroperoxide [2013‑01]
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C07C 37/11
.
by reaction increasing the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 37/115
. .
{
using acetals
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/14
. .
by addition reactions, i.e. reactions involving at least one carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond [2013‑01]
C07C 37/16
. .
by condensation involving hydroxy groups of phenols or alcohols or the ether or mineral ester group derived therefrom [2013‑01]
C07C 37/18
. .
by condensation involving halogen atoms of halogenated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 37/20
. .
using aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 37/48
.
by exchange of hydrocarbon groups, which may be substituted, from the same of other compounds, e.g. transalkylation [2013‑01]
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C07C 37/50
.
by reactions decreasing the number of carbon atoms (C07C 37/04, C07C 37/045, C07C 37/055, C07C 37/08 take precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/52
. .
by splitting polyaromatic compounds, e.g. polyphenolalkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 37/54
. . .
by hydrolysis of lignin or sulfite waste liquor [2013‑01]
C07C 37/56
. .
by replacing a carboxyl or aldehyde group by a hydroxy group [2013‑01]
C07C 37/58
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/60
.
by oxidation reactions introducing directly hydroxy groups on a =CH-group belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring with the aid of other oxidants than molecular oxygen or their mixtures with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 37/62
.
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/64
.
Preparation of O-metal compounds with O-metal group bound to a carbon atom belonging to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 37/66
. .
by conversion of hydroxy groups to O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/68
.
Purification; separation; Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation
{
(C07C 37/004 and C07C 37/005 take precedence)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 37/685
. .
{
Processes comprising at least two steps in series
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/70
. .
by physical treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 37/72
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 37/74
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/76
. . . .
by steam distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/78
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/80
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/82
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 37/84
. . .
by crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 37/86
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (chemisorption C07C 37/82) [2013‑01]
C07C 37/88
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having at least one hydroxy or O-metal group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In condensed ring systems of six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, the double bond belonging to the benzene ring is not considered as unsaturated for the non-aromatic ring condensed thereon.

Collapse
C07C 39/02
.
monocyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 39/04
. .
Phenol [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/06
. .
Alkylated phenols [2013‑01]
C07C 39/07
. . .
containing only methyl groups, e.g. cresols, xylenols [2013‑01]
C07C 39/08
. .
Dihydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 39/10
. .
Polyhydroxy benzenes; alkylated derivatives thereof (C07C 39/08 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 39/11
. .
alkylated hydroxy benzenes containing also acyclically bound hydroxy groups, e.g. saligenol [2014‑10]
Collapse
C07C 39/12
.
polycyclic with no unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/14
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/15
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings,
{
e.g. phenylphenol
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 39/16
. . .
Bis-(hydroxyphenyl) alkanes; Tris-(hydroxyphenyl)alkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 39/17
. .
containing other rings in addition to the six-membered aromatic rings,
{
e.g. cyclohexylphenol
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/18
.
monocyclic with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/19
. .
containing carbon-to-carbon double bonds but no carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 39/20
. . .
Hydroxy-styrenes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/205
.
polycyclic, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts with unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/21
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 39/215
. . .
containing Image, e.g. diethylstilbestrol [2013‑01]
C07C 39/225
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 39/23
.
polycyclic, containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/235
.
Metal derivatives of a hydroxy group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/24
.
Halogenated derivatives [2013‑01]
C07C 39/245
. .
{
monocyclic polyhydroxylic containing halogens bound to ring carbon atoms
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/26
. .
monocyclic monohydroxylic containing halogen bound to ring carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 39/27
. . .
all halogen atoms being bound to ring carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/28
. . . .
the halogen being one chlorine atom [2013‑01]
C07C 39/30
. . . .
the halogen being two chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/32
. . . .
the halogen being three chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/34
. . . .
the halogen being four chlorine atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 39/36
. . . .
Pentachlorophenol [2013‑01]
C07C 39/367
. .
polycyclic non-condensed, containing only six-membered aromatic rings as cyclic parts e.g. halogenated poly-hydroxyphenylalkanes [2013‑01]
C07C 39/373
. .
with all hydroxy groups on non-condensed rings and with unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/38
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/40
. .
with at least one hydroxy group on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/42
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 39/44
. .
Metal derivatives of an hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of ethers; Preparation of compounds having Image groups, Image groups or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/01
.
Preparation of ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/02
. .
from oxiranes [2013‑01]
C07C 41/03
. . .
by reaction of oxirane rings with hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/05
. .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/06
. . .
by addition of organic compounds only [2013‑01]
C07C 41/08
. . . .
to carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/09
. .
by dehydratation of compounds containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/14
. .
by exchange of organic parts on the ether-oxygen for other organic parts, e.g. by trans-etherification [2013‑01]
C07C 41/16
. .
by reaction of esters of mineral or organic acids with hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/18
. .
by reactions not forming ether-oxygen bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/20
. . .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/22
. . .
by introduction of halogens; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 41/24
. . .
by elimination of halogens, e.g. elimination of HCl [2013‑01]
C07C 41/26
. . .
by introduction of hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/28
. . .
from acetals, e.g. by dealcoholysis [2013‑01]
C07C 41/30
. . .
by increasing the number of carbon atoms, e.g. by oligomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/32
. .
by isomerisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/34
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 41/36
. . .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 41/38
. . .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/40
. . .
by change of physical state, e.g. by crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/42
. . . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 41/44
. . .
by treatments giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 41/36) [2013‑01]
C07C 41/46
. . .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/48
.
Preparation of compounds having Image group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 41/50
. .
by reactions producing Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 41/52
. . .
by substitution of halogen only [2013‑01]
C07C 41/54
. . .
by addition of compounds to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 41/56
. . .
by condensation of aldehydes, paraformaldehyde, or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 41/58
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 41/60
.
Preparation of compounds having Image groups or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Ethers; Compounds having Image groups, Image groups or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/02
.
Ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/03
. .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/04
. . .
Saturated ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/043
. . . .
{
Dimethyl ether
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/046
. . . .
{
Alkyl tert-alkyl ether, e.g. CH3OC(CH3)3
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/06
. . . .
Diethyl ether [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/10
. . . .
of polyhydroxy compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 43/11
. . . . .
Polyethers containing -O-(C-C-O-)n units with < 2 n < 10 [2013‑01]
C07C 43/115
. . . .
containing carbocyclic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/12
. . . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/123
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains are substituted by halogen atoms
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/126
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/13
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups (C07C 43/11 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 43/132
. . . . .
{
both carbon chains being substituted by hydroxy or O-metal groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/135
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/137
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/14
. . .
Unsaturated ethers [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/15
. . . .
containing only non-aromatic carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 43/16
. . . . .
Vinyl ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/162
. . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/164
. . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/166
. . . . .
having unsaturation ouside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/168
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/17
. . . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/172
. . . . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/174
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/1742
. . . . . .
{
with halogen atoms bound to the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1745
. . . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1747
. . . . . .
{
containing six membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/176
. . . . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/178
. . . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 43/1781
. . . . .
{
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/1782
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1783
. . . . . .
{
with hydroxy or -O-metal groups bound to the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1785
. . . . .
{
having more than one ether bound
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1786
. . . . .
{
containing halogen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1787
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/1788
. . . . .
{
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/18
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/184
. . .
to a carbon atom of a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/188
. . .
Unsaturated ethers [2013‑01]
C07C 43/192
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/196
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/20
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/202
. . .
{
the aromatic ring being a naphthalene
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/205
. . .
the aromatic ring being a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/2055
. . . .
{
containing more than one ether bond
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 43/21
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/215
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/225
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/23
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/235
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring and to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 43/243
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/247
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/253
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/257
. .
having an ether-oxygen atom bound to carbon atoms both belonging to six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/263
. . .
the aromatic rings being non-condensed [2013‑01]
C07C 43/267
. . .
containing other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/275
. . .
having all ether-oxygen atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/285
. . .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/29
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/295
. . .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 43/30
.
Compounds having Image groups [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
The acetal carbon atom is the carbon atom of the
Image
group

C07C 43/303
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 43/305
. .
having acetal carbon atoms as rings members or bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/307
. .
having acetal carbon atoms bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 43/313
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 43/315
. .
containing oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms not being acetal carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 43/317
. .
having Image groups, X being hydrogen or metal [2013‑01]
C07C 43/32
.
Compounds having Image groups or Image groups [2013‑01]
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Preparation of compounds having >C = O groups bound only to carbon or hydrogen atoms; Preparation of chelates of such compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/002
.
{
by dehydrogenation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/004
.
{
by reaction with organometalhalides
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/006
.
{
by hydrogenation of aromatic hydroxy compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/008
.
{
by reaction with tri- or tetrahalomethyl compounds
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/26
.
by hydration of carbon-to-carbon triple bonds [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/27
.
by oxidation (with ozone C07C 45/40) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/28
. .
of CHx-moieties [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/29
. .
of hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/292
. . .
{
with chromium derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/294
. . .
{
with hydrogen peroxide
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/296
. . .
{
with lead derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/298
. . .
{
with manganese derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 45/30
. .
with halogen containing compounds, e.g. hypohalogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/305
. . .
{
with halogenochromate reagents, e.g. pyridinium cholorchromate
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/31
. .
with compounds containing mercury atoms, which may be regenerated in situ, e.g. by oxygen [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/32
. .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/33
. . .
of CHx-moieties [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/34
. . . .
in unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/35
. . . . .
in propene or isobutene [2013‑01]
C07C 45/36
. . . . .
in compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/37
. . .
of C-O-functional groups to >C=O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/38
. . . .
being a primary hydroxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 45/39
. . . .
being a secondary hydroxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 45/40
.
by oxidation with ozone; by ozonolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 45/41
.
by hydrogenolysis or reduction of carboxylic groups or functional derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/42
.
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 45/43
. .
of >CX2 groups, X being halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 45/44
.
by reduction and hydrolysis of nitriles [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/45
.
by condensation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/455
. .
{
with carboxylic acids or their derivatives
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/46
. .
Friedel-Crafts reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 45/47
. .
using phosgene [2013‑01]
C07C 45/48
. .
involving decarboxylation [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/49
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/50
. .
by oxo-reactions [2013‑01]
C07C 45/505
. . .
{
Asymmetric hydroformylation
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/51
.
by pyrolysis, rearrangement or decomposition [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/511
. .
{
involving transformation of singly bound oxygen functional groups to >C = O groups (involving two hydroxy groups C07C 45/52; hydroperoxides C07C 45/53)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/512
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being a free hydroxyl group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/513
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an etherified hydroxyl group
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/515
. . .
{
the singly bound functional group being an acetalised, ketalised hemi-acetalised, or hemi-ketalised hydroxyl group (cyclic acetals or ketals C07C 45/59, C07C 45/60)
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/516
. .
{
involving transformation of nitrogen-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/517
. .
{
involving transformation of peroxy-compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/518
. .
{
involving transformation of sulfur-containing compounds to >C = O groups
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/52
. .
by dehydration and rearrangement involving two hydroxy groups in the same molecule [2013‑01]
C07C 45/53
. .
of hydroperoxides [2013‑01]
C07C 45/54
. .
of compounds containing doubly bound oxygen atoms, e.g. esters [2013‑01]
C07C 45/55
. .
of oligo- or polymeric oxo-compounds [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/56
.
from heterocyclic compounds (C07C 45/55 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/562
. .
{
with nitrogen as the only hetero atom
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/565
. . .
{
by reaction with hexamethylene-tetramine
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/567
. .
{
with sulfur as the only hetero atom
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 45/57
. .
with oxygen as the only heteroatom [2013‑01]
C07C 45/58
. . .
in three-membered rings [2013‑01]
C07C 45/59
. . .
in five-membered rings (from ozonides C07C 45/40) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/60
. . .
in six-membered rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/61
.
by reactions not involving the formation of >C = O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/62
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 45/63
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 45/64
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/65
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen atoms or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/66
. . .
by dehydration [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/67
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/673
. . .
{
by change of size of the carbon skeleton
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/676
. . . .
{
by elimination of carboxyl groups
}
[2013‑01]
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C07C 45/68
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 45/69
. . . .
by addition to carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/70
. . . .
by reaction with functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 45/71
. . . . .
being hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 45/72
. . . .
by reaction of compounds containing >C = O groups with the same or other compounds containing >C = O groups [2013‑01]
C07C 45/73
. . . . .
combined with hydrogenation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/74
. . . . .
combined with dehydration [2013‑01]
C07C 45/75
. . . . .
Reactions with formaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 45/76
. . .
with the aid of ketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 45/77
.
Preparation of chelates of aldehydes or ketones [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/78
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
C07C 45/783
. .
{
by gas-liquid treatment, e.g. by gas-liquid absorption
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/786
. .
{
by membrane separation process, e.g. pervaporation, perstraction, reverse osmosis
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 45/79
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 45/80
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/81
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/82
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/83
. . . .
by extractive distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/84
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 45/85
. .
by treatment giving rise to a chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 45/79) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/86
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 45/87
.
Preparation of ketenes or dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D) [2013‑01]
C07C 45/88
. .
from ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 45/89
. .
from carboxylic acids, their anhydrides, esters or halides [2013‑01]
C07C 45/90
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
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Preparation of quinones [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 46/02
.
by oxidation giving rise to quinoid structures [2013‑01]
C07C 46/04
. .
of unsubstituted ring carbon atoms in six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 46/06
. .
of at least one hydroxy group on a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 46/08
. . .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
C07C 46/10
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
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Compounds having -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/02
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms or to hydrogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/04
. .
Formaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/06
. .
Acetaldehyde [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/105
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/11
. . .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/12
. .
containing more than one -CHO group [2013‑01]
C07C 47/127
. . .
Glyoxal [2013‑01]
C07C 47/133
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/14
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/16
. . .
Trichloroacetaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/17
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/19
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
C07C 47/192
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/195
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/198
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/20
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/21
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 47/22
. . .
Acryaldehyde; Methacryaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/222
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 47/225
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/228
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings, e.g. phenylacetaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/23
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/232
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/235
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/238
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/24
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/26
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/263
. . .
acyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/267
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/27
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/273
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/277
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/28
.
Saturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/293
. .
with three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/30
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/32
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/33
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/34
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/347
. . .
having a -CHO group on a condensed ring system [2014‑02]
C07C 47/353
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/36
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/37
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/38
.
Unsaturated compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/395
. .
with a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/40
. .
with a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/42
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/43
. .
with a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 47/44
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/445
. . .
containing a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 47/45
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/453
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/457
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 47/46
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/47
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/52
.
Compounds having -CHO groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/54
. .
Benzaldehyde [2013‑01]
C07C 47/542
. .
Alkylated benzaldehydes [2013‑01]
C07C 47/544
. .
Diformyl benzenes; Alkylated derivatives thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 47/546
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 47/548
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 47/55
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/56
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/565
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 47/57
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
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C07C 47/575
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 47/58
. . .
Vanillin [2013‑01]
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Ketones; Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes (heterocyclic compounds C07D, e.g. beta-lactones C07D 305/12); Ketonic chelates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/04
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/08
. .
Acetone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/10
. .
Methyl-ethyl ketone [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/105
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/11
. . .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/115
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/12
. .
Ketones containing more than one keto group [2013‑01]
C07C 49/14
. . .
Acetylacetone, i.e. 2,4-pentanedione [2013‑01]
C07C 49/15
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/16
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/163
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/167
. . .
containing only fluorine as halogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/17
. .
containing hydroxy groups (sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
C07C 49/172
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/173
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/175
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/185
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/20
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/203
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 49/205
. . .
Methyl-vinyl ketone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/207
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 49/21
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/213
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/215
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/217
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/223
. . . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/225
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/227
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/23
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/233
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/235
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/237
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/24
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/242
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/245
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/248
. . . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/252
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/255
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/258
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/29
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/293
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/297
. .
to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/303
. .
to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/307
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/313
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/317
. . .
both carbon atoms bound to the keto group belonging to rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/323
. . .
having keto groups bound to condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/327
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/333
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/337
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/345
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/35
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/355
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/385
.
Saturated compounds containing a keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/39
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/395
. .
of a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/403
. .
of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/407
. . .
Menthones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/413
. .
of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/417
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/423
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/427
. . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/433
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/437
. . . . . .
Camphor; Fenchone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/443
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/447
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/453
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/457
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/463
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/467
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/473
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/477
. . . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/483
. . . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/487
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/493
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/497
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/503
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/507
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/513
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/517
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/523
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
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C07C 49/527
.
Unsaturated compounds containing keto groups bound to rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/533
. .
to a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/537
. .
to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/543
. .
to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/547
. .
to a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/553
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/557
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/563
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/567
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/573
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/577
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/583
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/587
.
Unsaturated compounds containing a keto groups being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/593
. .
of a three- or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/597
. .
of a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/603
. .
of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/607
. .
of a seven-to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/613
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/617
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/623
. . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/627
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing seven carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/633
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing eight or nine carbone atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/637
. . . . .
the condensed ring system containing ten carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 49/643
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/647
. .
having unsaturation outside the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/653
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/657
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/665
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/67
. . . .
having two rings, e.g. tetralones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/675
. . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/683
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/687
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/693
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/697
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/703
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/707
. . .
a keto group being part of a three- to five-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/713
. . .
a keto group being part of a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/717
. . .
a keto group being part of a seven- to twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/723
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/727
. . . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/733
. . . . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/737
. . . . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 49/743
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings, e.g. humulones, lupulones [2013‑01]
C07C 49/747
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/753
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/755
. . .
a keto group being part of a condensed ring system with two or three rings, at least one ring being a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/757
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/76
.
Ketones containing a keto group bound to a six-membered aromatic ring (compounds having a keto group being part of a condensed ring system and being bound to a six-membered aromatic ring C07C 49/657 to C07C 49/757) [2013‑01]
C07C 49/78
. .
Acetophenone [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/782
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/784
. . .
with all keto groups bound to a non-condensed ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/786
. . . .
Benzophenone [2013‑01]
C07C 49/788
. . .
with keto groups bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 49/792
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/794
. .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/796
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/798
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/80
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 49/807
. . .
all halogen atoms bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/813
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/82
. .
containing hydroxy groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/825
. . .
all hydroxy groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/83
. . .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 49/835
. . .
having unsaturation outside an aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 49/84
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 49/86
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 49/88
.
Ketenes; Dimeric ketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 49/90
. .
Ketene, i.e. C2H2O [2013‑01]
C07C 49/92
.
Ketonic chelates [2013‑01]
Collapse
Quinones (for quinone methides, see unsaturated ketones with a keto group being part of a ring) [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In this group, quinhydrones are classified according to their quinoid part.

Collapse
C07C 50/02
.
with monocyclic quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/04
. .
Benzoquinones, i.e. C6H4O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/06
. .
with unsaturation outside the quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/08
.
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/10
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/12
. .
Naphthoquinones, i.e. C10H6O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/14
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system, e.g. vitamin K1 [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/16
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/18
. .
Anthraquinones, i.e. C14H8O2 [2013‑01]
C07C 50/20
. .
with unsaturation outside the ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 50/22
.
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system containing four or more rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/24
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 50/26
.
containing groups having oxygen atoms singly bound to carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 50/28
. .
with monocyclic quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/30
. .
with polycyclic non-condensed quinoid structure [2013‑01]
C07C 50/32
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/34
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/36
. .
the quinoid structure being part of a condensed ring system having four or more rings [2013‑01]
C07C 50/38
.
containing -CHO or non-quinoid keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acids or their salts, halides or anhydrides (of acids by hydrolysis of oils, fats or waxes C11C) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/02
.
from salts of carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 51/04
.
from carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/06
.
from carboxylic acid amides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/08
.
from nitriles [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/083
.
from carboxylic acid anhydrides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/087
. .
by hydrolysis [2013‑01]
C07C 51/09
.
from carboxylic acid esters or lactones [2013‑01]
C07C 51/093
.
by hydrolysis of -CX3 groups, X being halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 51/097
.
from or via nitro-substituted organic compounds [2013‑01]
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C07C 51/10
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
C07C 51/12
. .
on an oxygen-containing group in organic compounds, e.g. alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 51/14
. .
on a carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond in organic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/145
. .
with simultaneous oxidation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/15
.
by reaction of organic compounds with carbon dioxide, e.g. Kolbe-Schmitt synthesis [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/16
.
by oxidation (C07C 51/145 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/21
. .
with molecular oxygen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/215
. . .
of saturated hydrocarbyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/225
. . . .
of paraffin waxes [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/23
. . .
of oxygen-containing groups to carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/235
. . . .
of -CHO groups or primary alcohol groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/245
. . . .
of keto groups or secondary alcohol groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/25
. . .
of unsaturated compounds containing no six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 51/252
. . . .
{
of propene, butenes, acrolein or methacrolein
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/255
. . .
of compounds containing six-membered aromatic rings without ring-splitting [2013‑01]
C07C 51/265
. . . .
having alkyl side chains which are oxidised to carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
Reactions of the Katzschmann type, i.e. oxidation of a dialkyl-aromatic compound with intermediate esterification of the mono-acid, see relevant ester groups, even when the end product is a carboxylic acid

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C07C 51/27
. .
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids [2013‑01]
C07C 51/275
. . .
of hydrocarbyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/285
. .
with peroxy-compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/29
. .
with halogen-containing compounds which may be formed in situ [2013‑01]
C07C 51/295
. .
with inorganic bases, e.g. by alkali fusion [2013‑01]
C07C 51/305
. .
with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/31
. .
of cyclic compounds with ring-splitting [2013‑01]
C07C 51/313
. . .
{
with molecular oxygen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/316
. . .
{
with oxides of nitrogen or nitrogen-containing mineral acids
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/34
.
by oxidation with ozone; by hydrolysis of ozonides [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/347
.
by reactions not involving formation of carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/353
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 51/36
. .
by hydrogenation of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 51/363
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 51/367
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 51/373
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in doubly bound form [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/377
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups
{
C07C 51/36 to C07C 51/373 take precedence
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/38
. . .
by decarboxylation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/41
.
Preparation of salts of carboxylic acids (preparation of soap C11D)
{
C07C 51/093 to C07C 51/34 take precedence
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/412
. .
{
by conversion of the acids, their salts, esters or anhydrides with the same carboxylic acid part
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/414
. .
{
Preparation of superbasic salts
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/416
. .
{
Henkel reaction and related reactions, i.e. rearrangement of carboxylate salt groups linked to six-membered aromatic rings, in the absence or in the presence of CO or CO2, (e.g. preparation of terepholates from benzoates); no additional classification for the subsequent hydrolysis of the salt groups has to be given
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/418
. .
{
Preparation of metal complexes containing carboxylic acid moieties
}
[2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/42
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/43
. .
by change of the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/44
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/445
. . . .
{
by steam distillation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/46
. . . .
by azeotropic distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 51/47
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 51/48
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/487
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 51/47) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/493
. . .
whereby carboxylic acid esters are formed [2013‑01]
C07C 51/50
. .
Use of additives e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/54
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid anhydrides (by oxidation C07C 51/16) [2013‑01]
C07C 51/56
. .
from organic acids, their salts, their esters
{
or their halides, e.g. by carboxylation
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 51/567
. .
by reactions not involving carboxylic acid anhydride groups [2013‑01]
C07C 51/573
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 51/58
.
Preparation of carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 51/60
. .
by conversion of carboxylic acids or their anhydrides
{
or esters, lactones, salts
}
into halides with the same carboxylic acid part [2013‑01]
C07C 51/62
. .
by reactions not involving the carboxylic acid halide group [2013‑01]
C07C 51/64
. .
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/02
.
Formic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 53/06
. .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/08
.
Acetic acid (pyroligneous acid C10C; preparation of vinegar C12J) [2013‑01]
C07C 53/10
. .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 53/12
.
Acetic anhydride (ketene C07C 49/90) [2013‑01]
C07C 53/122
.
Propionic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 53/124
.
Acids containing four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
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C07C 53/126
.
Acids containing more than four carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/128
. .
the carboxylic group being bound to a carbon atom bound to at least two other carbon atoms, e.g. neo-acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/132
.
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 53/134
. .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/136
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
C07C 53/138
. . .
containing an adamantane ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/15
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/16
. .
Halogenated acetic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 53/18
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/19
. .
Acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/21
. . .
containing fluorine [2013‑01]
C07C 53/23
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/38
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/40
. .
Acetyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/42
. .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 53/44
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 53/46
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group [2013‑01]
C07C 53/48
. . .
Halogenated acetyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 53/50
. . .
of acids containing three or more carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
Saturated compounds having more than one carboxyl group bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/02
.
Dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/06
. .
Oxalic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/07
. . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 55/08
. .
Malonic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/10
. .
Succinic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/12
. .
Glutaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/14
. .
Adipic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/16
. .
Pimelic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/18
. .
Azelaic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/20
. .
Sebacic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 55/21
. .
Dicarboxylic acids containing twelve carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 55/22
.
Tricarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 55/24
.
containing more than three carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/26
.
containing rings
{
other than aromatic rings
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 55/28
. .
monocyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 55/30
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/32
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 55/34
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 55/36
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 55/38
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 55/40
. .
containing halogen outside the carboxyl halide group [2013‑01]
Collapse
Unsaturated compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/02
.
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/03
. .
Monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/04
. . .
Acrylic acid; Methacrylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/08
. . .
Crotonic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/10
. . .
Sorbic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/12
. . .
Straight chain carboxylic acids containing eighteen carbon atoms [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/13
. .
Dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/145
. . .
Maleic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/15
. . .
Fumaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/155
. . .
Citraconic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/16
. . .
Muconic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/18
.
with only carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/20
. .
Propiolic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/22
. .
Acetylene dicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/24
. .
Diacetylene or polyacetylene dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/26
.
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/28
. .
containing an adamantane ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/30
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/32
. .
Phenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/34
. .
containing more than one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 57/36
. . .
Phenymalonic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/38
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 57/40
. . .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/42
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/44
. . .
Cinnamic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/46
.
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings, e.g. cyclohexylphenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 57/48
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/50
. .
containing condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/52
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 57/54
. .
Halogenated acrylic or methacrylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 57/56
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/58
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/60
. . .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/62
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 57/64
.
Acyl halides [2013‑01]
C07C 57/66
. .
with only carbon-to-carbon double bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/68
. .
with only caron-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation [2013‑01]
C07C 57/70
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/72
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/74
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 57/76
. .
containing halogen outside the carbonyl halide group [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/01
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/06
. .
Glycolic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/08
. .
Lactic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/10
. .
Polyhydroxy carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/105
. . .
having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. aldonic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/11
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/115
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/125
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/13
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/135
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/147
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/153
. .
Glyoxylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/185
.
Saturated compounds having only one carboxyl group and containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/19
. .
Pyruvic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/195
. .
Acetoacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/205
. .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/21
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/215
. .
containing singly bound oxygen containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/225
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/235
.
Saturated compounds containing more than one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/245
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/255
. . .
Tartaric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/265
. . .
Citric acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/285
. . .
Polyhydroxy dicarboxylic acids having five or more carbon atoms, e.g. saccharic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 59/29
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/295
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
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C07C 59/305
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/31
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/315
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/325
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/347
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/353
. . .
containing rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/40
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/42
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/44
. . .
Ricinoleic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/46
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/48
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/50
. . . .
Mandelic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 59/52
. . .
a hydroxy or O-metal group being bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/54
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/56
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/58
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/60
. . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether being unsaturated [2013‑01]
C07C 59/62
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/64
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/66
. . . .
the non-carboxylic part of the ether containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/68
. . . . .
the oxygen atom of the ether group being bound to a non-condensed six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/70
. . . . . .
Ethers of hydroxy-acetic acid,
{
e.g. substitutes on the ring
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 59/72
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/74
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/76
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 59/80
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/82
. . . .
the keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 59/84
. . .
containing six membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/86
. . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings and other rings [2013‑01]
C07C 59/88
. . .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 59/90
. . .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 59/92
. . .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
The oxidation mixture of naphthenes containing naphthenic acids, is classified in C07C 61/005

C07C 61/005
.
Naphthenic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/04
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a three or four-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/06
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/08
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/09
. .
Completely hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/10
.
Saturated compounds having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/12
.
Saturated polycyclic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/125
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 61/13
. . .
having two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/135
. . .
having three rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/15
.
Saturated compounds containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/16
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 61/20
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a five-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/22
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 61/24
. . .
Partially hydrogenated benzenedicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 61/26
. .
having a carboxyl group bound to a seven-to-twelve-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/28
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 61/29
. . .
having a carboxyl group bound to a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 61/35
. .
having unsaturation outside the rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/37
. . .
Chrysanthemumic acid [2014‑02]
C07C 61/39
. .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 61/40
. .
containing halogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of rings other than six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/02
.
Saturated compounds containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/04
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/06
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/08
.
Saturated compounds containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/10
. .
with a six-membered ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/12
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 62/14
. . .
having a carboxyl group on a condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 62/16
.
Saturated compounds containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/18
.
Saturated compounds containing keto groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/20
. .
with a
{
saturated
}
six-membered ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/22
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 62/24
. .
the keto group being part of a ring [2013‑01]
C07C 62/26
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/28
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 62/30
.
Unsaturated compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 62/32
. .
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/34
. .
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/36
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
C07C 62/38
. .
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to a carbon atom of six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/04
.
Monocyclic monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/06
. .
Benzoic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/08
. . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/10
. . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/14
.
Monocyclic dicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/15
. .
all carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/16
. . .
1,2 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/20
. . . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/22
. . . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/24
. . .
1,3 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/26
. . .
1,4 - Benzenedicarboxylic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 63/28
. . . .
Salts thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/30
. . . .
Halides thereof [2013‑01]
C07C 63/307
.
Monocyclic tricarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 63/313
.
Monocyclic acids containing more than three carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/33
.
Polycyclic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/331
. .
with all carboxyl groups bound to non-condensed rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/333
. . .
4,4` - Diphenyldicarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/337
. .
with carboxyl groups bound to condensed ring systems [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/34
. . .
containing two
{
condensed
}
rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/36
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 63/38
. . . .
containig two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/40
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/42
. . .
containing three or more
{
condensed
}
rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/44
. . . .
containing one carboxyl group [2013‑01]
C07C 63/46
. . . .
containing two carboxyl groups both bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/48
. . . .
containing three or more carboxyl groups all bound to carbon atoms of the condensed ring system [2013‑01]
C07C 63/49
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 63/64
.
Monocyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 63/66
.
Polycyclic acids with unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/68
.
containing halogen [2013‑01]
C07C 63/70
. .
Monocarboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 63/72
. .
Polycyclic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 63/74
. . .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
Collapse
Compounds having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings and containing any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups (cyclic anhydrides C07D) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/01
.
containing hydroxy or O-metal groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/03
. .
monocyclic and having all hydroxy or O-metal groups bound to the ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/05
. . .
o-Hydrocy carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 65/10
. . . .
Salicylic acid [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/105
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/11
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/15
. . .
with carboxyl groups on a condensed ring system containing more than two rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/17
. .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/19
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/21
.
containing ether groups, Image groups, Image groups, or Image groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/24
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/26
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/28
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/30
.
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/32
.
containing keto groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 65/34
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 65/36
. . .
containing rings other than six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/38
. .
having unsaturation outside the aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 65/40
. .
containing singly bound oxygen-containing groups [2013‑01]
C07C 65/42
. .
containing -CHO groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
Quinone carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 66/02
.
Anthraquinone carboxylic acids [2013‑01]
Collapse
Preparation of carboxylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 67/02
.
by interreacting ester groups, i.e. transesterification [2013‑01]
C07C 67/03
.
by reacting an ester group with a hydroxy group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/035
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with saturated hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/04
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides onto unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/05
. .
with oxidation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/055
. . .
in the presence of platinum group metals or their compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/08
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with the hydroxy or O-metal group of organic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/10
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or symmetrical anhydrides with ester groups or with a carbon-halogen bond (preparation from carboxylic acid halides C07C 67/14) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/11
. .
being mineral ester groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/12
.
from unsymmetrical anhydrides [2013‑01]
C07C 67/14
.
from carboxylic acid halides [2013‑01]
C07C 67/16
.
form carboxylic acids, esters or anhydrides wherein one oxygen atom has been replaced by a sulfur, selenium or tellurium atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/18
.
by conversion of a group containing nitrogen into an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/20
. .
from amides or lactams [2013‑01]
C07C 67/22
. .
from nitriles [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/24
.
by reacting carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof with a carbon-to-oxygen ether bond, e.g. acetal, tetrahydrofuran [2013‑01]
C07C 67/26
. .
with an oxirane ring [2013‑01]
C07C 67/27
.
from ortho-esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/28
.
by modifying the hydroxylic moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/283
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/287
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/29
. .
by introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/293
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton [2013‑01]
C07C 67/297
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/30
.
by modifying the acid moiety of the ester, such modification not being an introduction of an ester group [2013‑01]
C07C 67/303
. .
by hydrogenation of unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 67/307
. .
by introduction of halogen; by substitution of halogen atoms by other halogen atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/31
. .
by introduction of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
C07C 67/313
. .
by introduction of doubly bound oxygen containing functional groups, e.g. carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/317
. .
by splitting-off hydrogen or functional groups; by hydrogenolysis of functional groups [2013‑01]
C07C 67/32
. . .
Decarboxylation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/327
. . .
by elimination of functional groups containing oxygen only in singly bound form [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/333
. .
by isomerisation; by change of size of the carbon skeleton (introduction or elimination of carboxyl groups C07C 67/313, C07C 67/32) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/34
. . .
Migration of Image groups in the molecule [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/343
. . .
by increase in the number of carbon atoms [2013‑01]
C07C 67/347
. . . .
by addition to unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/36
.
by reaction with carbon monoxide or formates (C07C 67/02, C07C 67/03, C07C 67/10 take precedence) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/37
. .
by reaction of ethers with carbon monoxide [2013‑01]
C07C 67/38
. .
by addition to an unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bond [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/39
.
by oxidation of groups which are precursors for the acid moiety of the ester [2013‑01]
C07C 67/40
. .
by oxidation of primary alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 67/42
. .
by oxidation of secondary alcohols or ketones [2013‑01]
C07C 67/44
.
by oxidation-reduction of aldehydes, e.g. Tishchenko reaction [2013‑01]
C07C 67/46
.
from ketenes or polyketenes [2013‑01]
C07C 67/465
.
by oligomerisation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/47
.
by telomerisation (macromolecular compounds C08) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/475
.
by splitting of carbon-to-carbon bonds and redistribution, e.g. disproportionation or migration of Image groups between different molecules [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/48
.
Separation; Purification; Stabilisation; Use of additives [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 67/52
. .
by change in the physical state, e.g. crystallisation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/54
. . .
by distillation [2013‑01]
C07C 67/56
. .
by solid-liquid treatment; by chemisorption [2013‑01]
C07C 67/58
. .
by liquid-liquid treatment [2013‑01]
C07C 67/60
. .
by treatment giving rise to chemical modification (by chemisorption C07C 67/56) [2013‑01]
C07C 67/62
. .
Use of additives, e.g. for stabilisation [2013‑01]
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Preparation of esters of carbonic or haloformic acids [2013‑01]
C07C 68/005
.
{
from carbon monoxide and oxygen
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 68/02
.
from phosgene or haloformates [2013‑01]
C07C 68/04
.
from carbon dioxide or inorganic carbonates [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 68/06
.
from organic carbonates [2013‑01]
C07C 68/065
. .
{
from alkylene carbonates
}
[2013‑01]
C07C 68/08
.
Purification; Separation; Stabilisation [2013‑01]
Collapse
Esters of carboxylic acids; Esters of carbonic or haloformic acids (ortho esters, see the relevant groups, e.g. C07C 43/32) [2013‑01]
NOTE
-
In this group esters having a variably-specified acid moiety, i.e. covered by more than one of groups C07C 69/02, C07C 69/34, C07C 69/52, C07C 69/608, C07C 69/612, C07C 69/62, C07C 69/66, C07C 69/74, C07C 69/76, C07C 69/95, C07C 69/96, are covered by groups C07C 69/003 to C07C 69/017 according to their hydroxylic moiety

C07C 69/003
.
Esters of saturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/007
.
Esters of unsaturated alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 69/01
. .
Vinyl esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/013
.
Esters of alcohols having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
C07C 69/017
.
Esters of hydroxy compounds having the esterified hydroxy group bound to a carbon atom of a six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/02
.
Esters of acyclic saturated monocarboxylic acids having the carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom or to hydrogen [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/04
. .
Formic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/06
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/07
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 69/08
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/10
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/12
. .
Acetic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/14
. . .
of monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/145
. . . .
of unsaturated alcohols [2013‑01]
C07C 69/15
. . . . .
Vinyl acetate [2013‑01]
C07C 69/155
. . . . .
Allyl acetate [2013‑01]
C07C 69/157
. . . . .
containing six-membered aromatic rings [2013‑01]
C07C 69/16
. . .
of dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/18
. . .
of trihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/21
. . .
of hydroxy compounds with more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/22
. .
having three or more carbon atoms in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/24
. . .
esterified with monohydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/26
. . . .
Synthetic waxes [2013‑01]
C07C 69/28
. . .
esterified with dihydroxylic compounds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/30
. . .
esterified with trihydroxylic compounds (fats, oils C11B, C11C) [2013‑01]
C07C 69/33
. . .
esterified with hydroxy compounds having more than three hydroxy groups (esters of sugars C07H) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/34
.
Esters of acyclic saturated polycarboxylic acids having an esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
C07C 69/36
. .
Oxalic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/38
. .
Malonic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/40
. .
Succinic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/42
. .
Glutaric acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/44
. .
Adipic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/46
. .
Pimelic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/48
. .
Azelaic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/50
. .
Sebacic acid esters [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/52
.
Esters of acyclic unsaturated carboxylic acids having the esterified carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/533
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 69/54
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/56
. . .
Crotonic acid esters; Vinyl acetic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/58
. . .
Esters of straight chain acids with eighteen carbon atoms in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/587
. .
Monocarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/593
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond [2013‑01]
C07C 69/60
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/602
. .
Dicarboxylic acid esters having at least two carbon-to-carbon double bonds [2013‑01]
C07C 69/604
. .
Polycarboxylic acid esters, the acid moiety containing more than two carboxyl groups [2013‑01]
C07C 69/606
. .
having only
{
or additionally
}
carbon-to-carbon triple bonds as unsaturation in the carboxylic acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/608
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a ring other than a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/612
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having a carboxyl group bound to an acyclic carbon atom and having a six-membered aromatic ring in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
C07C 69/614
. .
of phenylacetic acid [2013‑01]
C07C 69/616
. .
polycyclic [2013‑01]
C07C 69/618
. .
having unsaturation outside the six-membered aromatic ring [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/62
.
Halogen-containing esters (haloformic acid esters C07C 69/96) [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/63
. .
of saturated acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/635
. . .
containing rings in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
Collapse
C07C 69/65
. .
of unsaturated acids [2013‑01]
C07C 69/653
. . .
Acrylic acid esters; Methacrylic acid esters; Haloacrylic acid esters; Halomethacrylic acid esters [2013‑01]
C07C 69/657
. . .
Maleic acid esters; Fumaric acid esters; Halomaleic acid esters; Halofumaric acid esters [2013‑01]
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C07C 69/66
.
Esters of carboxylic acids having esterified carboxylic groups bound to acyclic carbon atoms and having any of the groups OH, O-metal, -CHO, keto, ether, acyloxy, Image groups, Image groups, or Image in the acid moiety [2013‑01]
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C07C 69/67
. .
of saturated acids