Cooperative Patent Classification


CPC Definition - Subclass F41C

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Last Updated Version: 2016.11
SMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES (functional features or details common to both smallarms and ordnance, mountings therefor F41A; projecting missiles without use of explosive or combustible propellant charge F41B); ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
Definition statement

This place covers:

Small arms means a firearm which is generally held with one or both hands for firing. Small arms in the sense of man-portable firearms, i.e. a weapon capable of launching a projectile by confined deflagration of a pyrotechnic propellant, such as pistols, rifles, shotguns or the like, and details and accessories that are unique to small arms

Pistols:

  • Pistols including revolvers,
  • Signal, starting and alarm pistols,
  • Cap-firing pistols (including toy pistols),

Shoulder-fired small arms:

  • Rifles, carbines, shotguns,
  • Submachine guns, machine carbines,
  • Machine guns Other types of small arms:
  • Hidden small arms, e.g. in pencils, walking-stick guns
  • Small arms specially adapted for underwater use,
  • Muzzle-loading small arms; small arms with flintlock mechanism; accessories therefor

Parts of small arms:

  • Butts; butt plates; stocks,
  • Attachment of slings,
  • Stocks or grips for pistols
  • Forestocks; handgrips; hand guards

Miscellaneous attachments for small arms; accessories:

  • Arrangements for mounting accessories for small arms including means for mounting of monopods, bipods, tripods or shields,
  • Adaptations of small arms for firing grenades or ammunitions for special purposes, e.g. signaling, smoke producing, deterrent dispersing, marking or sensor carrying; barrel attachments therefor
  • Small arms combined with thrusting or cutting weapons; bayonets; bayonet mounts,
  • Attachments for wire cutting,
  • Balancing or stabilizing arrangements

Means for wearing or carrying small arms

  • Holsters including special attachments therefor
  • Containers for carrying small arms
  • Handles for carrying small arms
Relationships with other classification places

In addition to the classification of the small arm as whole in subclass F41C the functional details of these weapons should be classified in the relevant groups of subclass F41A. F41A is added to F41C if the functional feature is a part of invention, for example F41A 3/76, F41A 9/27, F41A 15/02, F41A 3/58, F41A 19/41, F41A9/08, F41A 5/06, F41A 11/04, F41A 23/02.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Pistols or machine guns operated without detonators

Pistols for shooting bolts into concrete constructions, metal walls or the like

Hand-held nailing tools operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge

Arrangement of guns on vessels

Arrangement of military equipment in aircraft

Functional features or details common to both small arms and ordnance, mountings therefor

Weapons for projecting missiles without use of explosive or combustible propellant charge

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Spades per se

Slaughtering pistols

Supports for articles placed thereon in general

Thrusting or cutting weapons

Rocket launchers adapted to be carried by a person, e.g. bazookas

Sighting devices

Armour shields

Shields for small arms

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Under-barrel grenade launcher

firearm for launching grenades, can be an auxiliary firearm attach to a primary firearm, usually single shot

Machine gun

firearm with a long rifled barrel capable of sustained firing in full automatic mode, the projectiles are fed form a belt or a high capacity magazine can be fitted or portable

Carbine

short shoulder-fired firearm, originally for cavalry use

Submachine gun

short, light weight machine gun, designed to fire pistol cartridges

Rifle

shoulder-fired firearm with a long rifled barrel. Rifles can be capable for firing with magazine fed projectiles in single shot mode (repeater rifle) or in semi automatic and full automatic mode (assault rifle)

Shotgun

smooth booth bore shoulder-fired firearm for firing shot at a relatively short distance

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents, the following words/expressions are often used as synonyms:

  • "machine carbine", "submachine gun" and "automatic firearm"
  • "shotgun", "scattergun" and "peppergun"
  • "repeater rifle" and "repeating rifle"
Pistols, e.g. revolvers (specially adapted for underwater use F41C 9/06; for slaughtering or stunning animals A22B; for shooting bolts into concrete constructions, metal walls or the like B25C)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Includes both general types of handheld (as opposed to shoulder-fired) firearms, pistols, i.e. handgun with a chamber that is integral with the barrel, and revolvers, i.e. handgun that has a cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing. Further includes toy, signal and cap-firing pistols.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Small arms specially adapted for underwater use

Muzzle-loading small arms

Devices for slaughtering or stunning animals

Devices for shooting bolts into concrete constructions, metal walls or the like

{Toy guns, e.g. cannons, firing a projectile by means of the combustion of a propellant charge, e.g. a cap}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cap firing toy pistols

Cap-firing pistols, e.g. toy pistols
Definition statement

This place covers:

A cap gun is a toy gun that creates a loud sound simulating a gunshot and a puff of smoke when the trigger is pulled.

Revolvers (F41C 3/10 takes precedence; sealing aspects F41A 3/76; using a revolving drum magazine for feeding revolver-type guns other than revolvers F41A 9/27; extractors or ejectors therefor F41A 15/02)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Handgun that has a cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cap firing pistol with rotatable cap carrier, e.g. drum

Obturating or packing devices for gas leak prevention in breech mechanisms specially adapted for sealing the gap between the forward end of the cartridge chamber and the rearward end of the barrel, e.g. sealing devices for revolvers or revolver-type guns

Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a revolving drum magazine in revolver-type guns other than revolvers

Extractors or ejectors for revolver-type guns

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cocking mechanisms for revolvers

Double action mechanisms for revolvers

Hinge-frame revolvers
Definition statement

This place covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shoulder-fired breakdown guns

Articulated or collapsible guns

Shoulder-fired smallarms, e.g. rifles, carbines, shotguns (specially adapted for underwater use F41C 9/06)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Long guns, normally supported against the shoulder for recoil absorbsion during the firing.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Small arms specially adapted for underwater use

Muzzle-loading small arms

with reciprocating handgrip under the buttstock for loading or cocking
Definition statement

This place covers:

The primary handgrip under the receiver, including the trigger arrangement is used for the reciprocation (pumping).

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

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Other smallarms, e.g. hidden smallarms or smallarms specially adapted for underwater use
Definition statement

This place covers:

This is a residual group for specific or exotic small arms, not particularly covered in F41C 3/00 and F41C 7/00

Butts; Butt plates; Stocks {(handles for carrying smallarms F41C 33/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Includes handgrips for handguns and handgrips/pistol grip for shoulder-fired small arms, i.e. the grip associated with the trigger system.

Includes stocks for shoulder-fired small arms, in particular: forestocks, i.e. the part which is held by the forward hand (not the shooting hand) for support during shooting and buttstocks, i.e. the part held against the shoulder during shooting.

Includes butts, i.e. the proximal ends of the buttstocks, the part actually contacting the shoulder.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Handles for carrying small arms

Weapon manufacture involving plastics

Attachment of slings
Definition statement

This place covers:

The attachement for attaching the sling, integral or fixed to the stock, forestock of handgrip.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Slings for carrying long guns

Folding or telescopic stocks or stock parts (articulated or collapsible guns F41A 11/04)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Only the stock is folding, telescopic or collapsible, no functional parts of the firarm is folding or articulated.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hinge frame revolvers

Breakdown guns

Articulated or collapsible guns

Stocks {or firearm frames} specially adapted for recoil reduction
Definition statement

This place covers:

Stocks with integrated recoil buffers only in the stock.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Bolt buffers or recuperators acting on the bolt but partially entering the stock

Stocks or grips for pistols, e.g. revolvers (F41C 23/12 takes precedence)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Also includes pistolgrips associated with the trigger group of a shoulder-fired small arm

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Auxiliary stocks for stabilising, or for transforming pistols, e.g. revolvers, into shoulder-fired guns

Adjustable stock or stock parts, i.e. adaptable to personal requirements, e.g. length, pitch, cast or drop
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Adaptations of guns to both right and left hand use

Stocks having space for the storage of objects
Definition statement

This place covers:

Also pistol grips or magazine extensions having space for the storage of objects.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Holders for extra ammunition mounted on the outside of the gun

Miscellaneous attachments for smallarms; Accessories; Details not otherwise provided for
Definition statement

This place covers:

Residual group for attachments, accessories and details especially adaped for small arms, but not covered in F41C 3/00 - F41C 23/22.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Accessories or details for firearms, common to both small arms and ordnance

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Devices to attach tubular or beam projecting sighting or aiming devices (telescopes, night sights, reflex sights, flashlights, etc) on handguns:

Camera guns or guns with a camera attached; cameras for guns

Balancing or stabilising arrangements {on the gun itself, e.g. balancing weights}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Stabilising devices worn on the body

Means for wearing or carrying smallarms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Includes shooting harnesses for supporting the gun during shooting.

Includes slings, holsters and other means for wearing or carrying small arms on the body of the shooter when not in use.

Includes stationary, closed containers for transport or storage of small arms.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling or camp equipment; sacks or packs carried on the body

Storing or displaying firearms

{Shooting harnesses; Stabilising devices, e.g. straps on the body (balancing arrangements on the gun itself F41C 27/22)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Balancing arrangements on the gun itself

Shooting stands, e.g. for firing hunting rifles from trees

Holsters, i.e. cases for pistols having means for being carried or worn, e.g. at the belt or under the arm
Definition statement

This place covers:

Includes carrying means for firearms including long guns or parts thereof (e.g. mortar parts) worn on the human or animal body in a non-shooting position in so far as not covered by F41C 33/003 - F41C 33/008

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Magazine holstes, magazine pouches

Special attachments therefor
Definition statement

This place covers:

Means for attaching holsters to a belt or webbing, i.e. intermediate parts between actual holster and belt/webbing

{Webbing, harnesses, belts or straps for wearing holsters}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For carrying articles on the body in general

Containers for carrying smallarms, e.g. safety boxes, gun cases (F41C 33/02 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Holsters

Rests for supporting small arms in non-shooting position

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Travelling or camp equipment; sacks or packs carried on the body

Storing or displaying firearms