CPC Definition - Subclass A01D

Last Updated Version: 2018.02
HARVESTING; MOWING {(parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines or implements in general A01B 51/00 - A01B 75/00)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods, apparatus or hand tools for

Separation of useful parts of plants (e.g. seeds, fruits, roots, stalks or leaves) from the remainder of the plants in the place where the plants are grown;

Mowing of plants (e.g. grass or cereals), regardless of whether the intention is to make use of the mown plants or not;

Gathering of whole plants (e.g. root crops or onions) or their useful parts (e.g. fallen fruit) from where the plants grow or from the ground;

Haymaking, i.e. working on mown forage crop lying on the ground with the intention to make hay.

Hand rakes.

Forks

Non-abrasive sharpening devices for scythes, sickles or the like.

Containers for whetstones for use during harvesting.

Machines specially adapted for binding of harvested hay, straw or similar crops in the field.

Arrangements for making or setting of stacks, used in connection with harvesting.

Vehicles specially adapted for carrying harvested crops with means for self-loading or unloading.

Relationships with other classification places

Combined or convertible apparatus

This subclass covers mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations (e.g. threshing) while mowing, mowers convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing (e.g. for sweeping snow), and mowers capable of performing operations other than mowing (e.g. soil-working). The non-mowing parts of such mowers are only covered by this subclass if they are immediately associated with the mowing parts or the mowing process. Otherwise they are covered by the places for the non-mowing operations.

This subclass covers digging harvesters (e.g. for root crops) combined with apparatus performing additional operations (e.g. topping, separating or planting) while harvesting. The non-harvesting parts of such combinations are only covered by this subclass if they are immediately associated with the harvesting parts or the harvesting process. Otherwise they are covered by the places for the non-harvesting operations.

Hand tools for soil working

This subclass covers hand tools for soil working when specially adapted for harvesting, for example of root crops. This subclass also covers rakes and forks. A01B 1/00 covers hand tools for soil working in general, e.g. spades, shovels or hoes, with the exception of rakes and forks.

Binding

This subclass covers apparatus specially adapted for binding of harvested hay, straw or similar crops, with the exception of stationary apparatus or hand tools, which are covered by A01F 1/00, and binding apparatus specially adapted for baling presses, which is covered by A01F 15/14. Binding in general is covered by B65B, for example B65B 13/00 and B65B 27/12.

Shredding or pulverising

This subclass covers the shredding or pulverising of stubble or other vegetation in situ, e.g. for the purpose of producing mulch, but does not cover other mechanical destruction of unwanted vegetation, which is covered by group A01M 21/02.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Soil working tools or machines for weeding or thinning

A01B, A01B 1/16, A01B 39/18, A01B 41/00

Transplanting

A01C 11/00, A01G 23/04

Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes, e.g. flower shears, fruit shears, secateurs or hedge shears

A01G 3/00

Delimbing of standing trees

A01G 3/00

Machines for cutting sods or turf from lawns or meadows

A01G 20/12

Uprooting or felling of trees

A01G 23/02

Tapping of tree juices

A01G 23/10

Apparatus for destruction of unwanted vegetation

A01M 21/00

Application-oriented references

Examples of places where the subject matter of this place is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Machines that pick up mown material from the ground and bale it

A01F 15/00

Machines that pick up mown material from the ground and cut it, e.g. field choppers

A01F 29/01

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Agricultural soil working in general

A01B

Gatherers for removing stones, undesirable roots or the like from the soil

A01B 43/00

Parts, details or accessories of agricultural machines in general

A01B 51/00 - A01B 76/00

Threshing

A01F 5/00 - A01F 12/00, A01F 17/00 - A01F 21/00

Baling of hay, straw or the like

A01F 13/00 - A01F 21/00

Stacks for storing of harvested products

A01F 25/04

Cutting machines specially adapted for hay, straw or the like

A01F 29/00

Floral handling

A01G 5/00

"Harvesting" of oysters, mussels, sponges or the like

A01K 80/00

Treatment of harvested fruit or vegetables, not otherwise provided for, e.g. extracting juice, cleaning of vegetables or topping of onions

A23N

Preparation of tobacco

A24B

Mechanical metal working without essentially removing material,e.g. making harvesting tools

B21, B21D 53/68, B21D 53/72, B21H 7/08, B21H 7/10, B21K 11/08, B21K 11/14, B21K 19/00

Grinding; Polishing,e.g. sharpening of cutting edges

B24B, B24D, B24B 3/00, B24D 15/06

Handles for hand implements in general

B25G

Hand-held cutting tools in general

B26B

Cutting in general

B26D

Wheels

B60B

Vehicles specially adapted for load transportation, or for transporting, carrying or comprising special loads or objects, in general

B60P

Wheel scrapers

B60S 1/68

Conveyors in general

B65G

Hoisting or lifting in general, e.g. hay hoists

B66, B66C 11/24

Removing undesired matter from land, not otherwise provided for

E01H 15/00

Dredging or soil-shifting in general

E02F, E02F 3/28, E02F 5/28

Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Combine (noun)

Harvester or mower combined with a threshing device.

Fork

Hand tool having two or more tines that are used for lifting, digging or pitching.

Harvest (verb)

Perform one of the methods defined in the definition statement in order to make use of the separated, mown or gathered plant material.

Hay

Mown forage crop in a dry or partially dry state.

Haymaking

Working on mown forage crop lying on the ground with the intention to make hay.

Mow (verb)

Cut down grass, cereals or other standing plants.

Thresh (verb)

Separate grains or seeds from harvested plants or plant parts (e.g. cereals, maize/corn, peas, beans or pine cones) by mechanical action (e.g. shaking, stamping, rubbing, beating or applying intermittent pressure).

Plant

Any of a kingdom (Plantae) of multicellular eukaryotic mostly photosynthetic organisms typically lacking locomotive movement or obvious nervous or sensory organs and possessing cellulose cell walls.

Hand-cutting implements for harvesting (hedge trimming means A01G 3/04; {hand-cutting in general B26; making from sheet metal B21D 53/72; making by rolling B21H 7/10})
Definition statement

This place covers:

Human-held tools for harvesting.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hedge trimming means

A01G 3/04

Making from sheet material

B21D 53/72

Making by rolling

B21H 7/10

Hand cutting in general

B26

Non-abrasive sharpening devices for scythes, sickles or the like (abrasive or similar sharpening devices B24D 15/06)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Abrasive or similar sharpening devices

B24D 15/06

Containers for whetstones for use during harvesting (whetting implements B24D 15/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Whetting implements

B24D 15/00

Rakes (mowers convertible to rakes or capable of raking A01D 42/02; mowers combined with rakes A01D 43/02; haymakers, crop conditioners A01D 76/00 - A01D 84/00; {making rakes from sheet metal B21D 53/68; making rakes by rolling B21H 7/08})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mowers convertible to rakes or capable of raking

A01D 42/02

Mowers combines with rakes

A01D 43/02

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Haymakers, crop conditioners

A01D 76/00 - A01D 84/00

Making rakes from sheet material

B21D 53/68

Making rakes by rolling

B21H 7/08

Forks {(making forks from sheet metal B21D 53/68; making forks by rolling B21H 7/08)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making forks from sheet metal

B21D 53/68

Making forks by rolling

B21H 7/08

Other hand implements {(for maize A01D 45/026, for cotton A01D 46/087)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Hand implements for harvesting maize

A01D 45/026

Hand implements for picking of cotton

A01D 46/087

Diggers, e.g. potato ploughs
Definition statement

This place covers:

the plough or blade itself which penetrates into the ground for loosening the root crops.

Example of a potato plough (from US2519761 by John R. Hobbs)

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Digging machines with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example of digging machine with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms from US2932354 by Bucher Guyer AG.Masch. media1.png

Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms
Definition statement

This place covers:

The sieving mechanism acts as conveying mechanism as well.

with conveyors arranged above the sieving device
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example of conveyor above a sieving device from US1876137 by Carls Engelen.

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with smooth conveyor belts, lath bands or rake bands
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example of a lath band from EP0212146 by Franz Grimme Landmaschf. media3.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Endless belts in binders or combines

A01D 61/02

Special rules of classification

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2017/103 (construction), A01D 2017/105 (driving means), A01D 2017/106 (fingers on belt), and A01D 2017/108 (paddles on belt).

Digging machines with centrifugal wheels, drums or spinners
Definition statement

This place covers:

Digging machines comprising centrifugal wheels, drums or spinners in order to clean and convey the root crop after having been lifted from the ground.

Example of centrifugal wheels from EP0418985 by Hack

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Digging machines with potato-picking implements
Definition statement

This place covers:

Digging machines in which the root crop is picked up by a conveying element immediately after having been loosened by a very short plough.

Example from EP0719495 by Amac BV. media5.png

Topping machines
Definition statement

This place covers:

Removing the top part of root crops (e.g. sugar beet).

Example from US2587258 by Wilkinson Read A. media6.png

cutting the tops before being lifted
Special rules of classification

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2023/022 (rotatable non cutting devices), A01D 2023/024 (fix blades), A01D 2023/026 (movable knives), and A01D 2023/028 (cutters on a shaft)

cutting the tops after being lifted (processing of harvested produce in bulk A01F 29/00, A23N)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Removing the top part of root crops after the root crop has been lifted (i.e. extracted from the soil).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Processing of harvested produce in bulk

A01F 29/00, A23N

Lifters for beet or like crops
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices which lift the root crop from ground level upwards.

Example from US1331957 by Utah Idaho Sugar Co.

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Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines comprising means for both lifting the root crop from ground level upwards and removing the top part of said crop (simultaneously or not).

Harvesters for peanuts
Definition statement

This place covers:

Machines explicitly intended for harvesting peanuts

Other digging harvesters {(for harvesting asparagus A01D 45/007)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Harvesting asparagus

A01D 45/007

Accessories for digging harvesters
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories for digging harvesters, i.e. devices which do not form part of the digging and topping arrangements covered by the previous groups (A01D 13/00 - A01D 31/00), but which also form part of a root crop harvester (e.g. special cleaning devices, drives, etc). See subgroups for some particular accessories which should be classified in one of those and not in this head group.

Special rules of classification

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group and subgroups, which relate to yield crop determination are further classified using an Indexing Code of A01D 2033/005.

Special sorting and cleaning mechanisms
Definition statement

This place covers:

Sorting and cleaning in general (e.g. for removing attached earth).

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for removing foliage

A01D 33/02

Devices for removing stones

A01D 33/04

Crop collecting devices, with or without weighing apparatus
Definition statement

This place covers:

Collecting devices for root crops which have been lifted from the ground and left on the field.

Tanks and containers for root crop harvesters.

Mowers (combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing A01D 37/00 - A01D 41/00, A01D 43/00; convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing or capable of performing operations other than mowing A01D 42/00); Mowing apparatus of harvesters
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing

A01D 37/00, A01D 41/00, A01D 43/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing or capable of performing operations other than mowing

A01D 42/00

{Accessories not otherwise provided for}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Carrying and storage means

{for automated or remotely controlled operation}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Robotic devices (working independently or autonomous)

with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Protection devices

A01D 34/4167

Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material

A01D 43/06

Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers

A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30

{Flail harvesters or mowers (cutting flails A01D 34/535)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cutting flails

A01D 34/535

hand-guided by a walking operator (A01D 34/43 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cutters mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle

A01D 34/43

{Driving mechanisms (for the cutters A01D 34/56)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving mechanisms for the cutters

A01D 34/56

with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material

A01D 43/06

Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers

A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30

mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle (A01D 34/695 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cutters supported by an air cushion

A01D 34/695

with motor driven cutters or wheels
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control levers on the handle of the mower

A01D 2034/6843

with means for discharging mown material (A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30 take precedence; combined with means for gathering or loading mown material A01D 43/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Combined with means for gathering or loading mown material

A01D 43/06

Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers

A01D 57/26 - A01D 57/30

{Cutting-blade mounting means}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Flail type cutting-blade

Cutting-height adjustment
Definition statement

This place covers:

Means for following ground contours

electric
Definition statement

This place covers:

Electric drive for the wheels.

Casings; Housings (A01D 34/71 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Cutting apparatus with means for discharging mown material

A01D 34/71

Other details
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mounting means for accessories

Driving means for accessories

{for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble (mowers combined with means for cutting up, crushing or bruising, the mown crop A01D 43/08, A01D 43/10; apparatus for crushing or bruising mown stalks A01D 82/00; apparatus for cutting up the mown crop A01F 29/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mowers combined with means for cutting up, crushing or bruising, the mown crop

A01D 43/08, A01D 43/10

Apparatus for crushing or bruising mown stalks

A01D 82/00

Apparatus for cutting up the mown crop

A01F 29/00

for edges of lawns or fields, e.g. for mowing close to trees or walls ({for embankments A01D 34/86 takes precedence; } hand-held edge trimmers A01G 3/06)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

For use on sloping ground, e.g. on embankments

A01D 34/86

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-held edge trimmers

A01G 3/06

for use on sloping ground, e.g. on embankments {or in ditches} (undercarriages or frames specially adapted for harvesters or mowers A01D 67/00; control mechanisms for harvesters or mowers when moving on slopes A01D 75/28)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Undercarriages or frames adapted for harvesters or mowers

A01D 67/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Control mechanisms for harvesters or mowers when moving on slopes

A01D 75/28

Apparatus for trimming edges

A01G 3/04

{and for mowing around obstacles, e.g. posts, trees, fences or the like (A01D 34/866 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mounting means

A01D 34/866

{Mounting means}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Combinations of shearing, sawing or milling apparatus specially adapted for felling trees

A01G 23/093

for carrying by the operator
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus carried by an operator, i.e. not supported by wheels

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ergonomic provisions

A01D 34/902

Vibration dampening means

A01D 34/905

Reaper-binders (features relating to mowing only A01D 34/00, to binding only A01D 39/00; equipment thereon for binding harvested produce, e.g. knotters, A01D 59/00; {bundling articles B65B 13/00})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Knotters

A01D 59/00

Knotting

D04G

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Features relating to mowing only

A01D 34/00

Features relating to binding only

A01D 39/00

Bundling articles

B65B 13/00

with receiving platform and binding apparatus but without elevating canvases {(knotting D04G)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Knotting

D04G

conveying the stalks in vertical position {(delivering devices for standing stalks A01D 57/22)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Delivering devices for standing stalks

A01D 57/22

binding with stalks or straw bands {(implements for laying-out bands for sheaves A01D 75/16)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Implements for laying-out bands for sheaves

A01D 75/16

Independent binders, e.g. for hay; Binders attachable to mowers (equipment thereon for binding harvested produce, e.g. knotters, A01D 59/00; stationary apparatus or hand tools for forming or binding hay or straw into bundles A01F 1/00; {bundling articles B65B 13/00; knotting D04G})
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Equipment thereon for binding harvested produce, e.g. knotters

A01D 59/00

Stationary apparatus or hand tools for forming or binding hay or straw into bundles

A01F 1/00

Bundling articles

B65B 13/00

Knotting

D04G

Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices (threshing devices for combines A01F 7/00 - A01F 12/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Threshing devices for combines

A01F 7/00 - A01F 12/00

{Tanks for grain or chaff (for threshing machines A01F 12/60)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Emptying, filling tanks

Unloading

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Grain tanks for threshing machines

A01F 12/60

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Unloading mechanisms

A01D 41/1217

Extension mechanisms

A01D 41/1226

Mowers convertible to apparatus for purposes other than mowing; Mowers capable of performing operations other than mowing (mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing A01D 43/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing

A01D 43/00

{Mulching (shredders or like cutting implements for comminuting plant waste per se A01G 3/002)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shredders or like cutting implements for comminuting plant waste per se

A01G 3/002

Sweeping or cleaning lawns or other surfaces {(sweeping apparatus for lawns per se A01G 20/43)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines for sweeping lawns and for collecting or disintegrating

A01G 20/43

Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing (A01D 37/00, A01D 39/00, A01D 41/00, take precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Reaper-binders

A01D 37/00

Independent binders, e.g. for hay

A01D 39/00

Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices

A01D 41/00

with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material {(A01D 43/086 takes precedence; for hay or the like A01D 87/00)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mowers combined with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material

A01D 43/086

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loaders for hay or like field drops

A01D 87/00

in or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor (A01D 43/077 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

With auxiliary means, e.g. fans, for transporting the mown crop

A01D 43/077

{Control devices specially adapted therefor}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Determined filling degree (the height of what is in the containers)

with means for cutting up the mown crop {, e.g. forage harvesters (threshing machines having chaff-cutters A01F 12/40; cutting apparatus of chaff-cutters or of apparatus for cutting up mown crop A01F 29/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Threshing machines having chaff-cutters

A01F 12/40

Cutting apparatus of chaff-cutters or of apparatus for cutting up mown crop

A01F 29/00

with means for crushing or bruising the mown crop {(stalk crushers or bruisers per se for standing stalks or stubbles A01D 34/8355, for mown crop A01D 82/00, for straw A01F 12/40)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for standing stalks or stubbles

A01D 34/8355

Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for mown crop

A01D 82/00

Stalk crushers or bruisers per se for straw

A01F 12/40

Harvesting of standing crops (A01D 44/00 takes precedence; threshing machines adapted for special crops, threshing devices for combines adapted for special crops A01F 11/00; harvesting of mushrooms A01G 18/70)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Harvesting of underwater plants, e.g. harvesting of seaweed

A01D 44/00

Threshing devices for combines adapted for special crops

A01F 11/00

Harvesting of Mushrooms

A01G 18/70

of maize {, i.e. kernel harvesting (for ensilage maize A01D 43/081)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Harvesting of ears or corn ears

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mowers combined with means for cutting up the mown crop specially adapted for ensilage maize

A01D 43/081

of sugar cane {(for digging sugar cane A01D 31/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Digging sugar cane

A01D 31/00

of beans
Definition statement

This place covers:

Harvesting of soya beans

of cabbage or lettuce
Definition statement

This place covers:

Harvesting of celery, cauliflower

Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
Definition statement

This place covers:

Harvesting of strawberries

{picking or shaking pneumatically (of cotton A01D 46/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Removing leaves

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Pneumatically picking cotton

A01D 46/10

pneumatically {(A01D 46/081 - A01D 46/088 take precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Harvesters characterised by transversally adjustable row units, by basket means, by the lubricant distribution systems

A01D 46/081 - A01D 46/088

Devices for picking apples or like fruit (A01D 46/28 {and A01D 46/005} takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Picking or shaking pneumatically

A01D 46/005

Vintaging machines

A01D 46/28

Devices for shaking trees or shrubs; Fruit catching devices to be used therewith (A01D 46/28 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Vintaging machines, i.e. grape harvesting machines

A01D 46/28

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Collecting surfaces extended around a tree in order to catch the fruit when shaken

A01D 2046/262

Portable devices to shaken branches

A01D 2046/266

Portable shaking device for branches which are pneumatically powered

A01D 2046/268

with supplementary controlled movement of the crop-engaging members, e.g. of the tines {(A01D 57/025 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for leading crops to the mowing apparatus using reels with synchronised driving means

A01D 57/025

Equipment for binding harvested produce (specially adapted for baling presses A01F 15/14; bundling articles for packaging in general B65B 13/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Specially adapted for baling presses

A01F 15/14

Bundling articles for packaging in general

B65B 13/00

Containers for the twine (twine balls or their manufacture B65H)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Twine balls or their manufacture

B65H

Elevators or conveyors for binders or combines {(conveying in general B65G; hoisting, lifting in general B66)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Conveying in general

B65G

Hoisting, lifting, in general

B66

{transversal conveying devices}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Transversal

Perpendicular to the direction of movement of the machine.

{for longitudinal conveying, especially for combines}
Glossary of terms

In this place, the following terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:

Longitudinal

In the direction of movement of the machine.

Undercarriages or frames specially adapted for harvesters or mowers (coupling arrangements between animal or tractor and harvester or mower A01B 59/00); Mechanisms for adjusting the frame (adjusting devices for the cutter-bar A01D 34/28); Platforms
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanisms for adjusting the frame (adjusting for the cutter-bar)

A01D 34/28

Coupling arrangements between animal and tractor

A01B 59/00

{Arrangements of coupling devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Couplings between tractor and harvesting machine

Driving mechanisms or parts thereof for harvesters or mowers (driving mechanisms for the cutters of mowers or harvesters A01D 34/00)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Driving mechanisms for the cutters of mowers or harvesters

A01D 34/00

electric
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hybrid systems

A01D 69/025

Sharpening apparatus fixed to the harvester or mower (sharpening machines or devices per se B24B, B24D)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sharpening machines or devices per se

B24B, B24D

Safety devices for parts of the machines (safety devices in general F16P)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Avoiding overload

A01D 75/182

Avoiding collision with obstacles

A01D 75/185

Removing foreign objects

A01D 75/187

Safety devices in general

F16P

Devices for protecting men or animals (safety devices in general F16P)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices in general

F16P

{acting on the grain cleaning and separating device (grain cleaners, separators per se A01F 12/44)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Grain cleaners, separators per se

A01F 12/44

{acting on the mowing table (A01D 75/285 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Acting on the grain cleaning and separating device

A01D 75/285

{Hand-operated wheeled rakes (hand-operated rakes A01D 7/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-operated rakes in general

A01D 7/00

{Hay-sweeps (rakes for making stacks A01D 85/001; sweep rakes A01D 87/08)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rakes for making stacks

A01D 85/001

Sweep rakes

A01D 87/08

{Side-delivery rakes (A01D 78/04 takes precedence)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Folding and adjusting arrangements

the tines rotating about a substantially vertical axis
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Having only one rotor

A01D 78/1071

Having only one row of rotors on a horizontal transversal line

A01D 78/1078

Having only two rows of rotors on different transversal lines

A01D 78/1085

Having more than two rows of rotors on different transversal lines

A01D 78/1092

{Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor (A01D 78/1021 takes precedence; for other agricultural machines or implements A01B 73/00; carriers A01D 80/005)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Telescopic frames

A01D 78/1021

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Carriers

A01D 80/005

For other agricultural machines or implements

A01B 73/00

{Pivotable rotor support arms (A01D 78/1007 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor

A01D 78/1007

{Arrangements of tines (A01D 78/1007 takes precedence)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Arrangements to facilitate transportation specially adapted therefor

A01D 78/1007

{Carriers for the transport of haymakers (arrangements of the haymaker to facilitate transportation A01D 78/1007)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements of the haymaker to facilitate transportation

A01D 78/1007

Crop conditioners, i.e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks (combined with harvesters A01D 43/10)
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Combined with harvesters

A01D 43/10

Haymakers not provided for in a single one of groups A01D 76/00 - A01D 82/00
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Haymakers with tines that are stationary with respect to the machine during operation but that may be liftable for dumping

A01D 76/00

Crop conditioners, i. e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks

A01D 82/00

Arrangements for making or setting stacks
Definition statement

This place covers:

Creating a stack of loose products or of bales.

Example from FR1366404 by Berghoff Werner.

media8.jpg

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Storing in stacks

A01F 25/04

{making or setting stacks of cereals or grass, e.g. rack formers, fixed haystacks (rakes for making windrows, haysweeps A01D 76/006; drying racks A01F 25/12)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Subdivision of the previous group which covers devices where loose product is actively accumulated in order to create a stack.

Example from US3402829 by Leedahl Alvin N.

media9.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Rakes for making windrows, haysweeps

A01D 76/006

Drying racks

A01F 25/12

{with binding equipment, e.g. binding groups of bales}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Arrangements for making or setting stacks comprising binding equipment for tying the whole stack.

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Devices for forming groups of bales without binding them

A01D 85/005

{Forming groups of bales, e.g. bale sledges (loaders for bales A01D 87/12; vehicles for loading bales A01D 90/08)}
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Binding means for a group of bales

A01D 85/002

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loaders for bales

A01D 87/12

Vehicles for loading bales

A01D 90/08

Special rules of classification

Special aspects of the documents classified in this group Are further classified using Indexing Codes of A01D 2085/007 (devices directly attached to a baler) and A01D 2085/008 (groups of bales just at horizontal level)

Loaders for hay or like field crops (combined with mowers A01D 43/06; {loading in forage silos A01F 25/18; } ; loading in general B65G, B66)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Devices for displacing on the fields hay or like field crops in loose form or as bales

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Loaders combined with mowers

A01D 43/06

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loading in forage silos

A01F 25/18

Loading in general

B65G, B66

{with chopping devices (harvesters with loaders A01D 43/06; forage harvesters A01D 43/08; special adaptations of cutting machines for hay, straw or fodder A01F 29/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Harvesters with loaders

A01D 43/06

Forage harvesters

A01D 43/08

Special adaptations of cutting machines for hay, straw or fodder

A01F 29/00

{Arrangements for making a strand (forming round bales A01F 15/07)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Loaders comprising means for producing a strand of product, e.g. by means of rollers.

Example from GB1150050 by Claas.

media10.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forming round bales

A01F 15/07

{Coupling arrangements between tractors, loaders or vehicles (for harvesters A01D 67/005)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Coupling arrangements for harvesters

A01D 67/005

{with gripping or clamping devices (manure loaders A01C 3/04)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manure loaders

A01C 3/04

{Tractor-mounted loaders (buck-rakes, transporting rakes A01D 87/08; manure loaders A01C 3/04; fork loaders, fork lifts B66F; earth-moving machines E02F)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Buck-rakes, transporting rakes

A01D 87/08

Manure loaders

A01C 3/04

Fork loaders, fork lifts

B66F

Earth-moving machines

E02F

with sweep rakes {, i.e. buck-rakes, e.g. transporting rakes (gripping or clamping devices A01D 87/003; fork loaders A01D 87/0053)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Gripping or clamping devices

A01D 87/003

Fork loaders

A01D 87/0053

with blowers {(blowing and conveying B65G 53/00; loading or distributing arrangements in forage silos A01F 25/18)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loading or distributing arrangements in forage silos

A01F 25/18

Blowing and conveying

B65G 53/00

{for sheaves, stacks}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Transport devices for hay racks

A01F 25/125

{for bales on the ground (vehicles for loading A01D 90/08)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Loaders directly connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor which lack their own means of displacement which would allow handling of bales in a broader range of movements.

Example from EP0638229 by Lowe Maurice Samuel. media11.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Loaders directly connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor comprising their own means of displacement, which allow handling of bales in a broader range of movements.

A01D 87/127

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles for loading

A01D 90/08

Forks for loads

B66F 9/12

Forks for loads with side clamps

B66F 9/183

Special rules of classification

If the documents classified in this group comprise a manual trolley, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2087/123

{mounted on the press without laying down the bales}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example from WO2009141692 by CAEB Internat. SRL

media12.png

{Loaders for stacks or groups of bales}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example from US3052366 by Duncan Wilber O.

media13.png

{Apparatus for handling, loading or unrolling round bales}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Apparatus requiring a certain degree of flexibility in displacing the bale in vertical and horizontal direction without depending on the movement of the vehicle alone, and/or the capacity of unrolling the round bale.

Example 1 from FR2628088 by Mailleux.

media14.jpg

Example 2 from WO9911113 by Adolfsson Lars Gunnar.

media15.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Loaders connected to a 3-point hitch of a tractor with no displacing means of their own and without any unrolling mechanism for the bale.

A01D 87/122

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Forks for loads

B66F 9/12

Forks for loads with side clamps

B66F 9/183

Special rules of classification

If the documents classified in this group are capable of unrolling or breaking round bales, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2087/128

Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like {, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops (field threshers with windrow pick-up apparatus A01D 41/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops.

Example from EP1929854 by Class Salgau GmbH.

media16.png

References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mowing tables for combines

A01D 41/14

Headers for ears and similar crops

A01D 47/00

Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Field threshers with windrow pick-up apparatus

A01D 41/10

Loading means for loading wagons

A01D 90/02

Feeding means for balers

A01F 15/10

{Mountings, e.g. height adjustment, wheels, lifting devices}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Mounting means for the pick-up in order to connect it to the machine where it is installed (e.g. harverster, loading wagon, etc).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Movable wheels for vehicles and tractors

B60B 35/10, B62D 49/0678

{Accessories (feeding devices for baling presses A01F 15/10; for cutting machines A01F 29/10)}
Definition statement

This place covers:

Accessories for the pick-up, i.e. devices which do not form part of the pick-up arrangements covered by the previous groups (A01D 89/00 - A01D 89/005), but which also form part of a pick-up device. See subgroups for some particular accessories which should be classified in one of those and not in this head group.

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Feeding devices for baling presses

A01F 15/10

Acessories for cutting machines

A01F 29/10

Vehicles for carrying harvested crops with means for selfloading or unloading (combined with mowers A01D 43/06; load transporting vehicles modified to facilitate loading in general B60P; bucket cars, i.e. having scraper bowls E02F 3/64)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example from DE202008011744U by Class Salgau GmbH

media17.png

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Combined with mowers

A01D 43/06

Load transporting vehicles modified to facilitate loading in general

B60P

Bucket cars, i.e. having scraper bowls

E02F 3/64

Special rules of classification

If the documents classified in this group (and subgroups) are for transport of bunches of bananas, they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2090/005

Loading means {(loaders A01D 87/00; pick-ups A01D 89/00)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loaders per se

A01D 87/00

Pick-ups

A01D 89/00

Loaders for balers

A01F 15/10

with chaff cutters, {i.e. choppers} used as loading and cutting means (A01D 43/08 takes precedence)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Mowers combined with means for cutting up the mown crop

A01D 43/08

with bale-forming means additionally used for loading; with means for picking-up bales and transporting them into the vehicle
Definition statement

This place covers:

Example from US5813814 by Justice Enterprises Inc.

media18.png

Special rules of classification

If the documents classified in this group pick up loose product instead of bales, then they must be also indexed in the group A01D 2090/086

{Round-bale trailers (trailers in general B62D)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Trailers in general

B62D

Unloading means {(manure distributors A01C 3/06)}
References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Manure distributors

A01C 3/06

with additional devices or implements (arrangements of coupling devices A01B 59/00)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Additional devices or implements for the vehicles for carrying harvested crops with means for self-loading or unloading, i.e. devices which do not form part of the aspects covered by the previous groups (A01D 90/00 - A01D 90/105, A01D 90/14 and A01D 90/16), but which also form part of such vehicles (e.g. a drying mechanism for treating the product loaded onto the vehicle).

References
Informative references

Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements of coupling devices

A01B 59/00

Methods for harvesting agricultural products (essentially requiring the use of particular machines, see the relevant groups for the machines)
Definition statement

This place covers:

Methods for harvesting, but not particular machines or devices. Said methods must be characterised by a number of steps or procedures to be followed during harvesting (e.g. a method for harvesting sugar cane consisting of cutting the plant at 20%, 50% and 70% of its height, letting the different pieces dry on the ground for two days on different windrows, and collecting them separately).

Products growing above the soil (fruit, hops A01D 46/00)
References
Limiting references

This place does not cover:

Fruit, hops

A01D 46/00