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WINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES (fastening, suspending, closing, or opening of such devices E05)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Windows, windscreens, non-fixed roofs, doors, or similar devices which are of general applicability, irrespective of whether described or claimed only for vehicles, are also classified in subclass E06B.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Devices for vehicles of the type: rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircrafts, space vehicles, hand carts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, or sledges
B61-B64
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fixed or movable closures for openings in buildings, vehicles, fences, or like enclosures, in general, e.g. doors windows, blinds, gates.
Locks; accessories therefor; handcuffs
Devices for moving wings into open or closed position; checks for wings; wing fittings not otherwise provided for, concerned with the functioning of the wing.
Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor (B60J 10/00 takes precedence; air curtains instead of windows B60J 9/04; [N: sealing strips for windshields B60J 10/02; sealing sash guides for sliding window panes B60J 10/04; glass partitions inside vehicles to protect occupants against personal attack B60R 21/12 ])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Front, rear or side windows of a vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fixed roof windows
Openable roof windows, e.g. sun roofs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bullet proof windows
Releasing window panes- by cutting seal for window removal with a wire
by cutting seal with laser
-severing seal other than cutting
Repairing windshields- using resin for repairing layered glass sheet-
-using liquid or paste-like material for repairing articles made from plastic
Manufacturing window panes:- joining of preformed parts (e.g. window and seal)
laminated glazing
-surface treatment by coating
reforming shaped glass (bending)
cutting glass
seals bonded or moulded to glass
compression moulding of seals onto window
injection moulding of seals onto window
production of double windows for vehicles
Partitioning windows in interior of vehicle - for acoustic insulation
as safety guard between passenger and load compartment
to protect passenger against attack
Roller blinds - in buildings
for covering luggage space
Obstruction detection for windows
Antiglare equipment associated with windows or windscreens (optical viewing arrangements for vehicles B60R 1/00); Sun visors for vehicles (sun visors having appliances for storing or holding personal property B60R 7/05 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means against intense light blinding the driver or passengers. The equipment is intended for use during driving, although sometimes it additionally could be used for vehicles not in use (e.g. parked). As the equipment is used to prevent blinding the eyes of the driver, it will mainly be arranged in the area of the windshield.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sun visors in motor helms
Doors (B60J 10/00 takes precedence; window aspects B60J 1/00; [N: side board or tailgate structures for open load compartments B62D 33/023 ])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The structural aspects of vehicle doors.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Boot lids
Hinges of doors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Window lifters
Inner door handles
E05B65/20H5
Locks for vehicles
E05B65/12
Hinges
Armrests
Door trims
Obstruction detection (anti pinch)
Remote sensoring using proximity fuzes
Remote sensoring using proximity switches
Electric wiring, connectors
Gas springs assisting in opening doors.
Hydraulic struts assisting in opening doors.
Production methods of hemming equipment
Doors for containers
- rotating about horizontal axis
- flexible side doors
Suspension of doors
- with pivoted arms and sliding guides (e.g. used in public transport)
- with two pairs of arms and opening parallel to themselves (e.g. used in public transport)
Special rules of classification within this group

Side curtains of lorries are considered as doors, not as being part of the roof.

The groups B60J 5/0497 and E05D 15/34 sometimes overlap, as well as the groups B60J 5/062 and E05D 15/34. As a general rule, the B60J 5/00 groups should contain the more structural aspects of the door, whereas the E05D 15/00 groups should contain the aspects of the hinges of the hinges of the door.

Non-fixed roofs; Roofs with movable panels [N: e.g. rotary sunroofs] (B60J 10/00 takes precedence; window aspects B60J 1/00; fixed roofs B62D 25/06; mechanisms for operating wings E05F 11/00, E05F 15/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Retractable or collapsible roof structures

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tarpaulins or nets directly placed over load on load transporting vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roller blinds for windows
Roll-over protection
Hydraulics
Soft top cloth material (laminar)
Rear windows in retractable roof
Containers for transport with the top being closable by a rigid element
Containers for transport with the top being closable by a flexible element
Obstruction detection (anti-pinch)
Trims for roofs
Special rules of classification within this group

The scheme is complex, but with the questions: "is the roof or roof element slidable or not" and "is the roof or roof element rigid or not" the correct group for classification can be identified.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Plate-like element
a more or less flat and rigid element, e.g. a glass plate for a sun roof
Non plate-like element
a rigid element with pronounced curvatures, e.g. a one-piece hardtop
Foldable
not only for a flexible cloth, but also for two or more rigid elements that are moving and connected to each other during opening of roof.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Landaulet
roof over rear seats is retractable, roof over front seats is fixed or non-existing
Targa
roof with completely removable roof section between windshield and full width roof structure behind the rear seats functioning as roll-over bar
T-top
like Targa, but with a central fixed beam running from windshield to roof structure behind the rear seats
Devices not provided for in one of main groups B60J 1/00 to B60J 7/00 (B60J 10/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Peculiar window, door, roof systems not covered by the main groups

  • Air curtains;
  • peculiar entrance or exit closures other than windows or doors, e.g. for emergency escape openings.
Sealing arrangements ([N: sealing arrangements for other vehicle parts B60R 13/06]; sealings in general F16J 15/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sealing of windows, doors or roofs of vehicles.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

F16J is the generic place for functional features of sealings, in this main group the sealings are specially adapted for vehicle openings, e.g. doors or windows

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Injection molding
with additional insert, e.g. fastening element
on a glass plate
positioning of article in mould
Extrusion molding
Blow molding
Extrusion blow molding
Sash guides and glass runs
Machines for fitting together the vehicle part and seal: by moving along the seal, e.g. inserting seal in a groove or on a profile
Machines for fitting together the vehicle part and seal: for seals in one piece encircling the window as a loop
B23P10/08B
Hand tools moving along seal for insertion in or removal from groove or profile
Special rules of classification within this group

The assembly of weather strips or seals with vehicle parts are classified in group B60J 10/0088 rather than in IPC group B62D65/08. This IPC group is not used in ECLA. Details about the machines used for fitting together a vehicle part and the seal are classified in B23P 19/00.

Removable external protective coverings specially adapted for vehicles or part of vehicles, e.g. parking covers (covering of load on vehicles B60P 7/00; guard strips for body finishing, identifying or decorating B60R 13/04; tents for use as garages E04H 15/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Protective covers for vehicles, the vehicle might be in use or not in use.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tents for use as garages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protection against rain when opening vehicle door
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013